William Pert

Male 1340 - Bef 1390  (~ 49 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  William Pert was born ~ 1340; died Bef 1390, Leyburne, Yorkshire, England.

    William — Joan Scrope. (daughter of Stephen Scrope, Knight and Isabel LNU) [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 2. Elizabeth Pert  Descendancy chart to this point was born 0___ 1380; died 14 Apr 1429, Leyburne, Yorkshire, England.


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Elizabeth Pert Descendancy chart to this point (1.William1) was born 0___ 1380; died 14 Apr 1429, Leyburne, Yorkshire, England.

    Elizabeth — Roger Aske. Roger was born 0___ 1380, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died 0Dec 1440. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 3. Euphemia Marie Aske  Descendancy chart to this point was born ~ 1399, Aske, Yorkshire, England.
    2. 4. Conan Aske  Descendancy chart to this point was born 1403; died 1440.


Generation: 3

  1. 3.  Euphemia Marie Aske Descendancy chart to this point (2.Elizabeth2, 1.William1) was born ~ 1399, Aske, Yorkshire, England.

    Euphemia — John Langton. John (son of John Langton and Joan Neville) was born ~ 1387; died 25 Feb 1459, Farnley, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 5. Euphemia Langton  Descendancy chart to this point was born 0___ 1444, Farnley, Yorkshire, England.

  2. 4.  Conan Aske Descendancy chart to this point (2.Elizabeth2, 1.William1) was born 1403; died 1440.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Conant Aske

    Conan — Alice Savile. Alice (daughter of Thomas Savile, (V) Knight and Margaret Pilkington) was born ~1397, Thornhill, West Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 6. Roger Aske, Esquire  Descendancy chart to this point was born ~1430, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died 1 Feb 1505.


Generation: 4

  1. 5.  Euphemia Langton Descendancy chart to this point (3.Euphemia3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.William1) was born 0___ 1444, Farnley, Yorkshire, England.

    Notes:

    Euphemia Darcy formerly Langton
    Born 1444 in Farnley, Yorkshire, England
    ANCESTORS ancestors
    Daughter of John Langton and Euphemia Marie (Aske) Langton
    Sister of John Langston Esq, John Langton V and Elizabeth Langton
    Wife of William Darcy — married 1461 in Farnley, Yorkshire, England
    DESCENDANTS descendants
    Mother of Jane (Darcy) Bassett, Elizabeth (Darcy) Harcourt, Joan (Darcy) Yorke, Thomas Darcy KG and Isabel (Darcy) Grey
    Died [date unknown] in England

    Biography

    Father John Langton, Esq. d. 17 Sep 1467

    Mother Agnes Sawley[1] d. 17 Sep 1467


    Euphemia Langton was born circa 1444 at of Farnley, Yorkshire, England.[2]

    She and Sir William Darcy obtained a marriage license on 23 January 1461 at Farnley, Yorkshire, England.[3]

    They had 2 sons (Sir Thomas, Lord Darcy; & Richard) and 1 daughter (Jane). The other two listed daughters are unknown to Plantagenet Ancestry.[4]


    Family

    Sir William Darcy b. c 1450, d. 30 May 1488
    Children

    Sir Thomas Darcy, Lord of Darcy, Constable of Bamburgh Castle, Captain & Treasurer of Berwick b. c 1467, d. 30 Jun 1537
    Joan Darcy b. c 1469
    Isabel Darcy b. c 1476
    Elizabeth Darcy b. c 1485
    Sources

    ? Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 533
    ? Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 441
    ? Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 5.
    ? Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 541

    end of biography

    Birth:
    Euphemia is a Greek name meaning "well-spoken." Derived from the ancient greek words e? "good" and f?µ? "to speak". The word "euphemism" derives from the same root.

    Euphemia married William Darcy 0___ 1461, Farnley, Yorkshire, England. William (son of Richard Darcy and Eleanor Scrope) was born 0___ 1443, Temple Newsam, Yorkshire, England; died 30 May 1488, Temple Newsam, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 7. Thomas Darcy, Knight, 1st Baron Darcy de Darcy  Descendancy chart to this point was born ~ 1467, Temple Newsam, Yorkshire, England; died 30 Jun 1537, Tower Hill, London, England; was buried St Botolph's Aldgate, London, England.

  2. 6.  Roger Aske, Esquire Descendancy chart to this point (4.Conan3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.William1) was born ~1430, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died 1 Feb 1505.

    Roger — unnamed spouse. unnamed was born (Yorkshire, England). [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 8. William Aske  Descendancy chart to this point was born 1455, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died 24 Aug 1512.


Generation: 5

  1. 7.  Thomas Darcy, Knight, 1st Baron Darcy de Darcy Descendancy chart to this point (5.Euphemia4, 3.Euphemia3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.William1) was born ~ 1467, Temple Newsam, Yorkshire, England; died 30 Jun 1537, Tower Hill, London, England; was buried St Botolph's Aldgate, London, England.

    Notes:

    Father Sir William Darcy7,8,3,9 b. c 1450, d. 30 May 1488

    Mother Euphemia Langton7,8,3,9 b. c 1444

    Sir Thomas Darcy, Lord of Darcy, Constable of Bamburgh Castle, Captain & Treasurer of Berwick was born circa 1467 at of Temple Hurst, Yorkshire, England; Age 21 in 1488.

    He married Dowsabel Tempest, daughter of Sir Richard Tempest and Mabel Strickland, circa 1493;

    They had 3 sons (Sir George, Lord Darcy; Richard; & Sir Arthur) and 1 daughter (Mabel). Sir Thomas Darcy, Lord of Darcy, Constable of Bamburgh Castle, Captain & Treasurer of Berwick married Edith Sandys, daughter of Sir William Sandys and Edith Cheney, before 7 December 1499;

    They had 1 daughter (Elizabeth, wife of Sir Marmaduke Constable). Sir Thomas Darcy, Lord of Darcy, Constable of Bamburgh Castle, Captain & Treasurer of Berwick died on 30 June 1537 at Tower Hill, London, Middlesex, England; Beheaded. Buried at St. Botolph's, Aldgate, London.

    Family 1

    Dowsabel Tempest b. c 1462, d. b 7 Dec 1499

    Children

    Sir Arthur Darcy, Lt. of the Tower of London b. c 1495, d. 3 Apr 1561
    Sir George Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy of Aston b. c 1497, d. 28 Aug 1558
    Family 2

    Edith Sandys d. 22 Aug 1529
    Bio Sources

    1. [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. XII/2, p. 553.
    2. [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 441-442.
    3. [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 5.
    4. [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 253.
    5. [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 542.
    6. [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 241.
    7. [S147] Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage, 1938 ed., by Sir Bernard Burke, p., 738.
    8. [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 441.
    9. [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 541.
    10. [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. IV, p. 75-76.
    11. [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 442.

    Note

    Note: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Darcy,_1st_Baron_Darcy_de_Darcy

    Tudor Era

    In 1536, the castle's guardian, Thomas Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy de Darcy handed over the castle to the leaders of the Pilgrimage of Grace, a Catholic rebellion from northern England against the rule of King Henry VIII. Lord Darcy was executed for this alleged "surrender," which the king viewed as an act of treason.

    In 1541, during a royal tour of the provinces, it was alleged that King Henry's fifth wife, Queen Catherine Howard, committed her first act of adultery with Sir Thomas Culpeper at Pontefract Castle, a crime for which she was apprehended and executed without trial. Mary, Queen of Scots was lodged at the castle on 28 January 1569, travelling between Wetherby and Rotherham.[7]

    View images, map & history of Pontefract Castle ... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pontefract_Castle

    *

    Thomas Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy of Darcy or of Temple Hurst, KG, PC, (c. 1467 – 30 June 1537)[1] was an English nobleman, the only son, and heir, of Sir William Darcy (1443 – 30 May 1488) and his wife, Euphemia Langton, the daughter of Sir John Langton.[1] Darcy was opposed to the Dissolution of the Monasteries and for his role in the Pilgrimage of Grace, was convicted of high treason for delivering up Pontefract Castle to the rebels.[2] He was executed on Tower Hill 30 June 1537.[3]

    Family

    The Darcy family had held lands in Lincolnshire since the Domesday survey, wherein it appears that one Norman de Areci held thirty lordships in that county by the Conqueror's gift. A little later the name became d'Arci, later d'Arcy and finally Darcy. In the reign of Edward III they acquired by marriage other possessions in various counties, among which was the family seat of Templehurst (or Temple Hurst), near Selby in Yorkshire. Sadly, Sir William Darcy died on 30 May 1488, leaving his only son and heir Thomas who was over twenty-one years of age.[3]

    Marriage and issue[edit]
    He married as his first wife, Dousabella Tempest, (died before 1500),[4][5] daughter and heiress of Sir Richard Tempest of Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire and Mabel, daughter of Walter Strickland.[2] They had three sons and a daughter:[6][7][8]

    George Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy of Aston (died 28 Aug 1558) married Dorothy Melton (died 21 Sep 1557), daughter of John Melton and Katherine, daughter of Hugh Hastings.[9] He was knighted 9 September 1513 at Flodden.[10][11]
    Richard Darcy
    Sir Arthur Darcy (died 3 Apr 1561) married Mary Carew, daughter of Sir Nicolas Carew.[12] He was knighted in 1523.[13]
    Mabel Darcy
    A letter signed "D. Darcy", believed to have been written by Dousabella to her husband in January 1537,[14] appears to have been written by Dorothy, the wife of George Darcy.[15]

    He married in or before 1500,[4][5] Edith Sandys, (died 22 August 1529),[2][16] daughter of Sir William Sandys and Elizabeth Cheney and widow of Ralph, Lord Neville, (died 1498), son of Ralph Neville, 3rd Earl of Westmorland.[2][3] They had a daughter:[6]

    Elizabeth Darcy (c. 1501 – ) married 26 Apr 1514, Sir Marmaduke Constable (c.1498 – 20 Apr 1560)[6][17][18]
    Through this marriage, Darcy became stepfather to Ralph Neville, 4th Earl of Westmorland.[1]

    His wife died at Stepney on 22 August 1529, and was buried at the Friars Observant, Greenwich.[2]

    Career

    It is evident that Darcy's early career chiefly involved his military abilities and he had distinguished himself in the reign of Henry VII.

    Some of the honours he achieved and the offices that he held included:[19]

    Knighthood 1489
    Knight Banneret 1497
    Constable of Bamburgh Castle 1498
    Captain of Berwick 1498-1515
    Treasurer of Berwick 1501
    Warden of the East Marches 1505
    Knight of the Garter 1509
    Warden of the Royal Forests, North of Trent 1509
    Baron Darcy (of Darcy or of Temple Hurst) by writ, 1509
    Warden of the East and Middle Marches 1511
    Privy Councillor 1513

    Political advancement

    In 1492 Darcy was bound by indenture to serve Henry VII beyond sea for a whole year with one thousand men, "himself having his costrel and page, 16 archers, and 4 bills, and 6 H." (apparently halberds) on foot. In the latter part of the same year he attended the king at the reception of the French embassy sent to treat for peace. In 1496 he was indicted at quarter sessions in the West Riding for giving to various persons a token or livery called the Buck's Head. But next year he marched with Surrey to raise the siege of Norham Castle, and pursued King James on his retreat into Scotland. He was a knight for the king's body, and is so designated in the patent by which, on 8 June 1498, he was made constable and doorward of Bamburgh Castle in Northumberland. On 16 December of the same year he, being then captain of Berwick, was appointed deputy to Henry, duke of York (then only 7 years old), warden of the east and middle marches. While thus engaged on the borders he had a good deal of correspondence with Henry's able minister Fox, Bishop of Durham, whose bishopric lay continually open to invasion.[3]

    In the same year, 1498, he was one of three commissioners appointed to assess fines on those who had taken part in the revolt on behalf of Perkin Warbeck in the previous year in Devon and Cornwall. He was also one of three appointed for a like purpose (but apparently two years later) for the counties of Somerset, Dorset, Wiltshire, and Hampshire, and he had a special commission to himself to execute the offices of constable and marshal of England on those who refused to compound. On 6 July 1499 he was appointed one of five ambassadors to settle disputes with Scotland. Besides being captain of Berwick, he was on 10 September 1501 appointed treasurer and chamberlain of that town, and customer of the port there. In the latter part of the year 1502 he and Henry Babington were despatched into Scotland to receive the oath of James IV to a treaty of peace, which they accordingly did at Glasgow on 10 December.[3]

    Shortly before this, in 1499/1500, he was appointed by the crown constable and steward of Sheriff Hutton; and afterwards, on 12 July 1503, receiver-general of the lordships, castles, and manors of Sheriff Hutton, Middleham, and Richmond in Yorkshire. On 8 June 1505 we first find him named Lord Darcy in a patent by which he was made steward of the lands of Raby and other possessions of the young Earl of Westmorland, then a minor. These offices, together with his new peerage, must have given him an influence in the north of England second only to that of the Earl of Northumberland, when on 1 September 1505 he was appointed warden of the east marches, a higher office in dignity than he had yet held, though he had discharged its duties before as deputy to another.[3]

    In 1508 he was one of fifteen lords bound by the treaty for the marriage of the king's daughter Mary with Charles of Castile (afterwards the Emperor Charles V) that that marriage should be completed when the bride came to marriageable age. He was also one of the witnesses of the celebration of the match by proxy at Richmond on 17 December following. Just after the accession of Henry VIII in the following spring he was made a knight of the Garter. He was installed on 21 May. Some changes were then made in his appointments and he gave up the constableship and stewardship of Sheriff Hutton, which were given to Sir Richard Cholmeley in his place. But most of the others were renewed, especially his commission as warden of the east marches and captain of Berwick. For these and a number of other offices new patents were granted to him on 18 June 1509, on which day he was also appointed warden, chief justice, and Justice in Eyre of forests beyond Trent. He was also named of the king's council, and when in London he took part in its deliberations, and signed warrants as a privy councillor. His name stood first in the commission of array for Northumberland; and when the bridge at Newcastle upon Tyne had to be repaired it was to be done under the supervision of Darcy and the prior of Durham.[3]

    On 17 October 1509, Darcy was summoned to parliament and was created Baron Darcy de Darcy. The same year he also was invested as Knight of the Order of the Garter (KG).

    Foreign expeditions

    In 1511 Darcy was sent to Spain at his own request to aid Ferdinand in his war against the Moors, the Spanish king having solicited the aid of fifteen hundred English archers. On 8 March, or rather apparently on the 28th, he received his commission from Henry VIII to serve as Ferdinand's admiral, and on the 29th Lord Willoughby de Broke and others were commissioned to muster men for him. The expedition sailed from Plymouth in May and arrived at Cadiz on 1 June. But no sooner had the troops landed than misunderstandings arose between them and the natives, and Ferdinand politely intimated that their services would not be required, as he had made a truce with the Moors in expectation of a war with France. Darcy, much disgusted, re-embarked on 17 June and returned home. On 3 August he had only reached Cape St. Vincent, where he was obliged to give out of his own money ¹20 to each of his captains for the victualling of his men; but apparently this was repaid a year after his return home by the Spanish ambassador, who in a letter of Wolsey's dated 30 September is said to have 'dealt liberally with Lord Darcy in the matter of his soldiers'.[3]

    Soon after his return, on 20 October 1511, he was appointed warden both of the east and middle marches against Scotland, which office, however, he resigned in or before December, when Lord Dacre was appointed warden in his place. In 1512 and 1513 he wrote to the king and Wolsey important information of what was doing in Scotland and upon the borders. In the summer of 1513 he accompanied the king in the invasion of France, and was at the siege of Thâerouanne. In January following he writes from his own house at Templehurst an interesting letter to Wolsey, in which he speaks of having recovered from recent sickness, says that his expeditions to Spain and France had cost him ¹4,000 in three years and a half, but declares his willingness to serve the king beyond sea in the following summer. He reminds Wolsey (whose growing influence at this time was marked by everyone) how they had been bedfellows at court and had freely spoken to each other about their own private affairs, and how Wolsey when abroad with the king in the preceding year regretted that Darcy had not been appointed marshal of the army at the beginning of the campaign.[3]

    Further public service

    In 1514/5 his son and heir apparent, Sir George Darcy, was included with him in some of the appointments he then held. In 1515 he gave up the captaincy of Berwick, and was succeeded by Sir Anthony Ughtred. He appears to have attended parliament in that year, and to have been present in London at the reception of Wolsey's cardinal's hat in November. In May 1516 he witnessed a decree in the Star Chamber. A year later he received Henry VIII's sister: Margaret, the widow of James IV, at her entry into Yorkshire on her return to Scotland. In July 1518 he was one of those who met Cardinal Campeggio on his first mission to England two miles out of London. A year later, a privy search having been ordered to be made throughout London and the neighbourhood for suspicious characters, Darcy and Sir John Nevill were appointed to conduct it in Stepney and the eastern suburbs. In 1519 he attended the feast of St. George on 28 and 29 May. In March 1520 he resigned his offices in Sheriff Hutton to his friend, Sir Robert Constable, whom he familiarly called his brother, in whose favour a new patent was granted by the king. His name occurs shortly afterwards in various lists of persons to accompany the king to the Field of the Cloth of Gold; but it is more than doubtful whether he went there, seeing that on 29 June, just after the interview, he and Lord Berners waited on three French gentlemen and conducted them to see the princess at Richmond, though their arrival the day before was only notified a few hours in advance by letters from Wolsey, who was still at Guisnes.[3]

    In 1523 he took an active part in the war against Scotland, making various raids on the borders with a retinue of 1,750 men. In the same year he obtained a principal share in the wardship of the son and heir of Lord Monteagle, which led to many complaints from one of the executors named Richard Bank. On 12 February 1525 he was again appointed to conduct a privy search at Stepney. The annual revenue of his lands in various counties is given in a contemporary document as ¹1,834 4s., and he was taxed for the first and second payment of the subsidy at no less than ¹1,050.[3]

    Wolsey’s downfall

    In 1529 Darcy prepared the way for his old comrade Wolsey's fall by drawing up a long paper of accusations against him, in which he professed that his motive was "only for to discharge my oath and most bounden duty to God and the king, and of no malice". In the same year he was one of the many witnesses examined on the king's behalf as to the circumstances of Prince Arthur's marriage with Catherine of Aragon, though he had limited evidence to give upon the subject, having been at that time in the king's service in the north of England.[3]

    He was one of the peers who signed the articles prepared against Wolsey in parliament on 1 December, partly founded on the charges drawn up by himself five months before; and in the following year he signed the memorial of the lords spiritual and temporal of England to Pope Clement VII, warning him of the danger of not gratifying the desire of Henry VIII in the matter of the divorce.

    Opposition to the king

    It was not long, however, before Darcy became a rather marked opponent of the court in reference to this very subject. In the parliament which met in January 1532 the Duke of Norfolk made a speech, declaring how ill the king had been used by the pope not remitting the cause to be tried in England, adding that it was maintained by some that matrimonial causes were a matter of temporal jurisdiction, of which the king was the head and not the pope, and finally asking whether they would not employ their persons and goods in defence of the royal prerogative against interference from abroad. To this appeal Darcy was the first to reply. He said his person and goods were at the king's disposal, but as to matrimonial causes he had always understood that they were spiritual and belonged to ecclesiastical jurisdiction; and if the question presented any difficulties it was for the king's council first to say what should be done without involving others in their responsibility. After this it is not surprising to learn that among other peers who were treated in a similar manner he was informed that his presence in the January session of 1534 would be dispensed with, although he had received a regular summons to attend.[3]

    Among matters of minor interest about this period we find him reminding Bishop Tunstall after his promotion to Durham of a promise of the offices of steward and sheriff of his bishopric. A long-standing dispute with his neighbours at Rothwell in Yorkshire comes to light in a commission obtained in April 1533 to examine certain of the inhabitants who had threatened, in defiance of a decree of the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, to pull down the gates and hedges of Rothwell park.[3]

    In July 1534 he was one of the jury of peers who acquitted Lord Dacre, an act which did little to make him more acceptable to the court. Thomas Cromwell, however, appears to have been his friend (although at the end of his life Darcy showed his deep hatred of and contempt for Cromwell) and obtained for his second son, Sir Arthur Darcy, the office of captain or governor of Jersey in September following, for whose appointment he wrote Cromwell a letter of thanks from Mortlake, regretting that he was unable to visit him personally, owing to his "fulsum diseassis." It appears that he was suffering from a rupture. He at the same time sent Sir Arthur with messages both to Cromwell and to the Duke of Norfolk, among other things complaining that he had not been allowed to go home into Yorkshire since the parliament began. And this must mean since November 1529 when the still existing parliament began, not since the beginning of a session, for it was then vacation time. A significant part of the instructions to Sir Arthur as regards the Duke of Norfolk was to deliver a letter to him "for no goodness in him but to stop his evil tongue."[3]

    Rebel

    In the same month in which his son was appointed captain of Jersey, Darcy began to hold secret communications with Eustace Chapuys, the imperial ambassador, along with Lord Hussey, whom he called his brother, to invite the emperor to invade England and put an end to what he described as a tyranny in matters secular and religious, which the nation endured only because there was no deliverer. His earnest application for leave to go home was with a view to aid the invaders when this scheme should be set on foot, and he actually succeeded in obtaining a license to absent himself from future feasts of St. George on account of his age and debility. On the same day (28 October) he also obtained a license of absence from future meetings of parliament and exemption from serving on any commission; but the latter did not pass the great seal till 12 February following.

    For these important privileges he writes to thank Cromwell on 13 November, dating his letter from Templehurst, where, however, he could hardly have been at that time, as Chapuys expressly says on 1 January 1535 that he had not yet been allowed to retire to his own country. The hope of soon going home to Templehurst seems to have influenced his pen to write as if he were actually there when he really was in or about London. The fact is that, although these exemptions were conceded to him on the ground of age and infirmity, permission to go back to his home in Yorkshire was still persistently withheld. The court apparently suspected that his presence in the north would do them little good, and he remained not only till the beginning of 1535, but through most part of the year, if not the whole of it. He kept up secret communications with Chapuys at intervals in January, March, May, and July, hoping now and again that matters were ripe for a great revolt, and sending the ambassador symbolic presents when he dared not express his meaning otherwise. In the beginning of May he was hopeful at last of being allowed to go home immediately. But in the middle of the month, this hope having apparently disappeared, he was thinking how to escape abroad and endeavour to impress upon the emperor in a personal interview the urgent necessity of sending an expedition against England to redeem the country from what he described as the heresy, oppression, and robbery to which it was constantly subjected. How long he was detained in London we do not know, but it was certainly till after July. He appears to have been at Templehurst in April 1536; but there is a blank in our information as to the whole preceding interval.[3]

    His presence not being required in the parliamentary session of February 1536, he escaped the pressure which was doubtless brought to bear upon others to vote for the dissolution of the smaller monasteries, a measure which was very unpopular in the north of England, whatever it might be elsewhere. This, indeed, was one of the chief causes of that great rebellion which, beginning in Lincolnshire in October following, soon spread to Yorkshire, and was called the Pilgrimage of Grace.[3]


    Reconstruction of Pontefract Castle

    Almost the only place which seemed for a time to hold out against the insurgents was Pontefract Castle, of which Darcy held the command. Thither fled Archbishop Lee of York, who put himself under Darcy's protection with some of the neighbouring gentry. But Darcy, pretending that his provisions had run short, yielded up the castle to the rebels, who compelled him and the archbishop to be sworn to the common cause. The compulsion, however, was more ostensible than real. Darcy, the archbishop, and nearly all the gentry, really sympathised with the insurgents, and it was in vain that Darcy afterwards pleaded that he was doing his utmost for the king by endeavouring to guide aright a power that he could not resist.[3]

    He stood by Robert Aske, the leader of the commons, when Lancaster Herald knelt before him, and he negotiated in their favour with the Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk when they were sent down to suppress the rising. His position as a friend and leader of the insurgents was recognised by the king himself, who instructed Norfolk and Fitzwilliam to treat with him as such, and authorised them to give him and the others a safe-conduct if necessary, to come to his presence, or else to offer them a free pardon on their submission. Norfolk, presumably at the King's desire, wrote to Darcy suggesting that he could redeem himself by breaking his word to Aske and arresting him. Darcy, who prided himself on being true to his sworn word, replied indignantly "Alas my good lord that ever you a man of so much honour and great experience should advise or choose me to ....betray or disserve any living man."[20] Both he and Aske wrote to the king to set their conduct in a more favourable light. A meeting with some of the king's council was arranged at Doncaster, and the king sent a pardon even to the chief offenders. But on 6 January following (1537) Henry sent him an imperative summons to come up to London; in reply to which he wrote from Templehurst on the 14th, stating that he had 'never fainted nor feigned' in the service of the king and his father within the realm or abroad for about fifty years; but since the meeting at Doncaster he had been confined to his chamber with two diseases, rupture and flux, as several of the council who saw him at Doncaster and the king's own physicians could bear witness.

    The country was at that moment in a very dangerous state, a new rebellion having been just begun by Sir Francis Bigod, which Aske and Darcy did their best to stay. Their services were so real that the king pardoned both of them, and encouraged Darcy to victual Pontefract, that his two sons, Sir George and Sir Arthur, might keep it in case of a new rising. Darcy was further assured, by letters addressed to the Earl of Shrewsbury, that if he would do his duty thenceforward it would be as favourably considered as if he had never done amiss. Encouraged by this he wrote to Aske on 10 February, asking him to redeliver secretly to Pontefract Castle (for the custody of which Darcy was responsible) all the bows and arrows that he had obtained out of it. The letter unluckily was intercepted, and it told a tale.[3]

    Information was collected to show that since his pardon Darcy had been guilty of different acts of treason, among which his intimating to the people that there would be a free parliament to consider their grievances was cited in evidence that he was still seeking to promote a change, and that if there were no parliament the rebellious spirit would revive with his approval. Even his recent acts in the king's behalf were construed to his disadvantage; for having given orders to stay the commons till Norfolk came, the words were taken to imply that he only wished them pacified for a season.[3]

    Arrest, trial and execution

    Darcy was apprehended, brought up to London, and lodged in the Tower of London, as were several other of the northern leaders at the same time.

    Examined by the Privy Council, Darcy used the occasion to make clear his hatred and contempt for Thomas Cromwell: "thou that art the very original and chief causer of this rebellion and mischief and likewise art the cause of apprehension to us that be noblemen and dost earnestly travail to bring us to our end and strike off our heads."[21] He warned Cromwell, prophetically, that he must not count on the King's favour towards him lasting, for : "others that have been in such favour with Kings that you now enjoy have come to the same end you bring me to" and expressed his hope that even if Cromwell struck off every nobleman's head, "yet one (i.e. the King) shall remain that shall strike off yours".[21]


    Sign at the Tower Hill scaffold location

    An indictment found against Darcy and the other northern leaders on 9 May at York says that they had conspired together in October, first to deprive the king of his royal dignity by disowning his title of Supreme Head of the Church of England, and secondly to compel him to hold a parliament; that they had afterwards committed divers acts of rebellion; that after being pardoned they had corresponded with each other, and that Darcy and others had abetted Bigod's rebellion in January. On these charges he and his old friend, John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford were arraigned at Westminster on 15 May before the Marquess of Exeter as Lord High Steward, and a number of their peers.[3]

    They were condemned to suffer the extreme penalty for treason, but the punishment actually inflicted upon them was decapitation, which Lord Hussey underwent at Lincoln, where he was conveyed on purpose to strike terror where the insurrection had begun. But Darcy was beheaded on Tower Hill on 30 June.[1] His head was set up on London Bridge, and his body, according to one contemporary writer, was buried at Crutched Friars. But if so, it must have been removed afterwards; at least, if a tombstone inscription may be trusted, it lies with the bodies of other Darcys in the church of St Botolph's Aldgate.[3]

    Following his arrest and conviction in 1537, his lands and property were seized,[1] and in 1539, he was posthumously attainted, the barony was forfeited and his knighthood degraded.[1][3] During the reign of Edward VI, his eldest son, Sir George Darcy, was restored in blood, by an Act of Parliament, in 1548, to the dignity of Baron Darcy.[22] Some sources state, however, that this was a new creation, rather than a restoration of his father's forfeited barony.[23] It is remarkable that the new Baron Darcy, took his place in the House of Lords as the junior baron and not in the 1509 precedence of the former Barony, whereas, his son took his seat in the House of Lords in the precedence of the former barony, which assumption seems to have been condoned by the House.[23] Although he never regained any of his father's lands,[1] the title of Lord Darcy of Aston, descended to his heirs male until it became extinct for lack of issue in 1635.[22]

    Fictional portrayals

    He is one of the principal characters in The Man on a Donkey by H.F.M. Prescott, which portrays him in a sympathetic light.

    In the TV drama The Tudors he is played by Colm Wilkinson.

    He features in the 2014 novel The King's Curse by Philippa Gregory.

    Footnotes[edit]
    ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g Hoyle Jan 2008.
    ^ Jump up to: a b c d e Cokayne IV 1916, p. 74.
    ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w DNB 14 1888, pp. 49–53.
    ^ Jump up to: a b Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry VII 1: 1485-1500, 1192.
    ^ Jump up to: a b Collins 1887, pp. 14–20.
    ^ Jump up to: a b c Flower 1881, p. 92.
    Jump up ^ Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, 12(II), 186(40).
    Jump up ^ Farrer & Brownbill 1911, pp. 262-266 footnote 14.
    Jump up ^ Cokayne IV 1916, pp. 75–76.
    Jump up ^ Shaw II 1906, p. 37.
    Jump up ^ J. Mackie, 'The English Army at Flodden', Miscellany of the Scottish History Society, VIII (Edinburgh 1951), p.79
    Jump up ^ Richardson III 2011, p. 6.
    Jump up ^ Shaw II 1906, p. 43.
    Jump up ^ Wood II 1847, p. 350.
    Jump up ^ Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, 12(I), 81 and footnote 17.
    Jump up ^ Stapeleton 1839, p. 268.
    Jump up ^ Foster III 1874, Pedigree: Constable of Flamborough.
    Jump up ^ Thorpe 1982.
    Jump up ^ Cokayne IV 1916, pp. 73–74.
    Jump up ^ Moorhouse 2003, p. 195.
    ^ Jump up to: a b Moorhouse 2003, p. 339.
    ^ Jump up to: a b Cokayne IV, p. 75.
    ^ Jump up to: a b Cracroft's Peerage.
    Attribution
    This article incorporates text from a work in the public domain: Gairdner, James (1888). "Darcy, Thomas". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 14. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 49–53.
    Sources[edit]
    Cokayne, G. E. (1916). Gibbs, Vicary, ed. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant. IV (new ed.). London: The St. Catherine Press.
    Collins, Francis (1887). "Yorkshire Fines: 1500-1505". Feet of Fines of the Tudor period [Yorks]. 1: 1486-1571. pp. 14–20. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
    "Darcy of Darcy or of Temple Hurst, Baron (E, 1509 - 1537)". Cracroft's Peerage. Cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
    Farrer, William, ed.; Brownbill, J., ed. (1911). "Townships: Little and Darcy Lever". A History of the County of Lancaster. 5. British-history.ac.uk. pp. 262–266. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
    Flower, William (1881). Charles Best Norcliffe, ed. The Visitation of Yorkshire in the years 1563 and 1564, Made by William Flower, Esquire, Norroy King of Arms. The Publications of the Harleian Society. XVI. London: Harleian Society.
    Foster, Joseph (1874). Pedigrees of the County Families of Yorkshire. III:North and East Riding. London: W. Wilfred Head.
    Gairdner, James (1888). "Darcy, Thomas". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 14. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 49–53.
    Hoyle, R. W. (January 2008) [2004]. "Darcy, Thomas, Baron Darcy of Darcy (b. in or before 1467, d. 1537)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7148. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
    Ledward, K. H., ed. (1955). "Close Rolls, Henry VII: 1497-1500". Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry VII. 1: 1485-1500. British-history.ac.uk. pp. 345–363. Retrieved 6 February 2014. (subscription required)
    "Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
    Moorhouse, Geoffrey (2003). The Pilgrimage of Grace, 1536-7: The Rebellion That Shook Henry VIII's Throne. London: Phoenix. ISBN 9781842126660.
    Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. III (2nd ed.). CreateSpace. ISBN 1449966357.
    Shaw, W. A. (1906). The Knights of England. II. London: Sherrat and Hughes.
    "Sir Marmaduke Constable, Knight". Family Search: Community Trees. Europe: Royal and Noble Houses of Europe. Histfam.familysearch.org. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
    Stapleton, Thomas, ed. (1839). Plumpton Correspondence: A Series of Letters, Chiefly Domestick, Written in the Reigns of Edward IV, Richard III, Henry VII, and Henry VIII. Camden Society. Publications. IV. London: John Bowyer Nichols and Son.
    Thorpe, S. M. (1982). "Constable, Sir Marmaduke II (by 1498-1560), of London and Nuneaton, Warws.". In Bindoff, S. T. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558. Historyofparliamentonline.org. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
    Wood, Mary Anne Everett (1846). Letters of Royal and illustrious Ladies from the Commencement of the Twelfth Century to the Close of the Reign of Queen Mary. II. London: Henry Colburn.
    External links[edit]
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pontefract Castle.
    Thomas Darcy, Lord Darcy Family tree
    Thomas Darcy Find A Grave

    Thomas married Dowsabel Tempest ~ 1490. Dowsabel (daughter of Richard Tempest and Mabel Strickland) was born ~ 1475. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 9. George Darcy, 1st Baron D'Arcy  Descendancy chart to this point was born 0___ 1487, Aston, Yorkshire, England; died 23 Aug 1558, County Meath, Ireland; was buried Brayton, Yorkshire, England.

    Thomas married Edith Sandys, Lady Neville 1499-1500, Sherborne Saint John, Hampshire, England. Edith (daughter of William Sandys and Margaret Cheney) was born ~ 1471, Saint John, Hampshire, England; died 22 Aug 1529, Stepney, London, England; was buried Friars Observant, Greenwich, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 8.  William Aske Descendancy chart to this point (6.Roger4, 4.Conan3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.William1) was born 1455, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died 24 Aug 1512.

    William — Felecia Strangeways. Felecia was born ~1469, Harlsey & Whorlton, Yorkshire, England; died <1511. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 10. Roger Aske  Descendancy chart to this point was born ~1480, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died >1511.


Generation: 6

  1. 9.  George Darcy, 1st Baron D'Arcy Descendancy chart to this point (7.Thomas5, 5.Euphemia4, 3.Euphemia3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.William1) was born 0___ 1487, Aston, Yorkshire, England; died 23 Aug 1558, County Meath, Ireland; was buried Brayton, Yorkshire, England.

    Notes:

    The Darcys were followers of the Conqueror, and, among those Barons who resisted the tyranny of King John. Philip, whose grandson John was Lord of Eckington, made himself memorable in history by accusing Henri, de Bathe, senior judge of England, of extortion

    One of the military heroes of the first half of the fourteenth century was John Darcy, Lord of Eckington, a peer of the realm, and husband of Elizabeth Meynell, of Meynell Langley. He was with Edward I at Falkirk, and with Edward III at Cressy. He was made Constable of the Tower, Sheriff of Nottingham, and Derby, and Lancaster, Justice of Ireland, Steward of the King's household, and employed as Ambassador to France.

    John, great grandson of John Lord of Eckington and founder of the Darcy's of Aston married Joan Greystock while in his teens without a licence.

    Thomas Lord Darcy (great-grandson of John Darcy and Joan Greystock) m1.Isabel, daughter and heiress of Richard Tempest of Giggleswick. m2. before 1520, Edith, widow of Ralph Nevill(d.1498). Thomas was beheaded in 1537, for his role in the Pilgrimage of Grace.

    Children:

    George Lord Darcy, King's servant, (living 1545) m.Dorothy daughter and heiress of Sir John Melton of Aston
    Sir Arthur Darcy m. Mary, daughter of Sir Nicholas Carew of Bedington

    Children of George Darcy and Dorothy (Nee Melton):

    John m. Agnes daughter of Thomas Babington of Dethick
    George
    Elizabeth m. Bryan Stapleton of Carlton
    Clara
    Mary m1. Henry Babington of Dethick, their son Anthony, page to Mary Queen of Scots, was executed in 1586 ; m2. Henry Foljambe (son of George Foljambe and Dorothy (Nee Barlow)
    Agnes m. William Fairfax of Gilling
    Edith m. Sir Thomas Dawney of Cowick
    Dorothy m. Sir Thomas Metham
    Dorothy (Nee Melton) died in 1557 and various estates including Aston, Ulley Grange, Stainton and Hellaby passed to her children.

    *

    more ...

    Click here to view George's 8-generational ahnentafel: http://www.wikitree.com/treewidget/Darcy-84/9

    George married Dorothy Melton 26 Mar 1521, Aston, Yorkshire, England. Dorothy (daughter of John Melton, Knight and Catherine Hastings) was born ~ 1501, Aston, Yorkshire, England; died 21 Sep 1557, (Aston, Yorkshire) England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 11. Edith Darcy  Descendancy chart to this point was born 0___ 1530, Aston, Yorkshire, England; died 0Oct 1585, Snaith, Yorkshire, England.

  2. 10.  Roger Aske Descendancy chart to this point (8.William5, 6.Roger4, 4.Conan3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.William1) was born ~1480, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died >1511.

    Roger — Margery Sedgwick. Margery was born ~1482, Walbrun, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 12. Elizabeth Aske  Descendancy chart to this point was born 1505, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died ~1572.


Generation: 7

  1. 11.  Edith Darcy Descendancy chart to this point (9.George6, 7.Thomas5, 5.Euphemia4, 3.Euphemia3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.William1) was born 0___ 1530, Aston, Yorkshire, England; died 0Oct 1585, Snaith, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Edith D'Arcy

    Notes:

    Sir Thomas Daunay of Cowick(d.1566) married Edith the daughter of Lord George Darcy of Aston

    Died:
    Map & History of Snaith... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snaith

    Edith — Thomas Dawnay. Thomas was born 0___ 1517, Shelvock Manor, Whitesand Bay, Torpoint, Plymouth, Cornwall, England; died 3 Sep 1566, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 13. Frances Dawnay  Descendancy chart to this point was born 0___ 1540, Sessay, Yorkshire, England; died 0___ 1605, (Yorkshire, England).

  2. 12.  Elizabeth Aske Descendancy chart to this point (10.Roger6, 8.William5, 6.Roger4, 4.Conan3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.William1) was born 1505, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died ~1572.

    Other Events:

    • Baptism: 0Aug 1505

    Notes:

    Elizabeth Bowes (nâee Aske; 1505 - c. 1572) was an English Protestant exile, and a follower of John Knox, her son-in-law.


    Life

    Elizabeth Aske, baptized in August 1505,[1] was the granddaughter of William Aske (d. 23 August 1512) and Felice Strangeways, and the daughter of Roger Aske (d. before 1510/11), esquire, of Aske, North Yorkshire, by Margery Sedgwick, the daughter of Humphrey Sedgwick of Walbrun, Yorkshire.[2][3]

    While they were still children, she and her sister Anne were coheiresses to their father, mother and grandfather.[1] Their wardships were sold in 1510 to her future husband's father, Sir Ralph Bowes (d.1482) of Streatlam.[4] Anne Aske married Ralph Bulmer.,[1] and in 1521 Elizabeth Aske was betrothed to her guardian's youngest son, Richard Bowes (c.1497–1558), to whom the King granted special livery of half the lands of William Aske, to be received at his marriage. Richard Bowes, like the rest of his family, was engaged in border business, but seems to have lived chiefly at Aske.

    In 1548 Richard Bowes was made captain of Norham. His wife and family followed him northwards and lived in Berwick. Elizabeth, religious and much affected by the Protestant Reformation, met John Knox, who was living at Berwick in 1549. Knox wished to marry Elizabeth's daughter, Margery Bowes, but Richard Bowes' family pride was hurt by Knox's offer, and he refused his consent. Nonetheless Knox, who was about the same age as Elizabeth, contracted himself to Margery, and in July 1553 they were married in spite of opposition from Margery's family. At this time Knox's fortunes were at a low ebb, and Queen Mary had just ascended the throne. His letters to Elizabeth were intercepted by spies, and in January 1554 he left England.

    In June 1556 Elizabeth and Margery joined Knox at Geneva, where two sons were born to Margery and her husband. Knox left Geneva for Scotland in 1559, followed shortly afterwards by his wife. After a short stay in England, where Elizabeth I was now Queen, Elizabeth Bowes too made her way to her son-in-law, who wrote for the Queen's permission for her journey. In 1560 Margery died, but her mother still stayed near Knox, leaving her own family. She died about 1572,[1] and after her death Knox gave an account of the relationship in the Advertisement to his Answer to a Letter of a Jesuit named Tyrie (1572), published a letter to Elizabeth, dealing with her troubled conscience.

    Marriage and issue

    She married Richard Bowes (d. 10 November 1558), esquire, by whom she had five sons and seven daughters:[5]

    Ralph Bowes.[6]
    Francis Bowes.[6]
    Sir George Bowes (d. 20 August 1580).[5][7]
    Christopher Bowes.[6]
    Robert Bowes.[6][8]
    Bridget Bowes, who married Thomas Hussey, esquire.[6]
    Anne Bowes, who married Marmaduke Vincent, esquire.[6]
    Muriel Bowes, who married John Jackson.[6]
    Margery Bowes, who married the Scottish reformer John Knox.[6]
    Elizabeth Bowes, who married George Bainbrigge.[6]
    Margaret Bowes, who married firstly Thomas Middleton and secondly Ambrose Birkbeck.[6]
    Jane Bowes.[6]

    end of biography

    Elizabeth married Richard Bowes, Esquire >8 Jul 1521. Richard (son of Ralph Bowes and Margery Conyers) was born 1497; died 10 Nov 1558. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 14. George Bowes, MP  Descendancy chart to this point was born ~1527, Streatlam, Durham, England; died 20 Aug 1580, Shetland Islands, Scotland.


Generation: 8

  1. 13.  Frances Dawnay Descendancy chart to this point (11.Edith7, 9.George6, 7.Thomas5, 5.Euphemia4, 3.Euphemia3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.William1) was born 0___ 1540, Sessay, Yorkshire, England; died 0___ 1605, (Yorkshire, England).

    Notes:

    Frances, daughter of Sir Thomas Dawney of Sessay was the second wife of Sir William Babthorpe (c.1529-1581) - married 1564.

    Frances married William Babthorpe, Knight 17 Oct 1554, (Yorkshire, England). William (son of William Babthorpe, Knight of the Bath and Agnes Palmes) was born ~ 1529, Osgodby Hall, Yorkshire, England; died 1 May 1581, Yorkshire, England; was buried Family Chapel, Hemingbrough Parish Church, Hemingbrough, North Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 15. Christianna Babthorpe  Descendancy chart to this point was born 0___ 1568, Osgodby, Yorkshire, England; died 0___ 1640, (Lancashire) England.

  2. 14.  George Bowes, MP Descendancy chart to this point (12.Elizabeth7, 10.Roger6, 8.William5, 6.Roger4, 4.Conan3, 2.Elizabeth2, 1.William1) was born ~1527, Streatlam, Durham, England; died 20 Aug 1580, Shetland Islands, Scotland.

    George married Jane Talbot 1 Jul 1558. Jane (daughter of John Talbot and Frances Giffard) was born ~1537. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. 16. Thomas Bowes  Descendancy chart to this point