Sir William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness

Sir William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness

Male 1404 - Bef 1480  (~ 75 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name William Sinclair 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix 1st Earl of Caithness 
    Born ~1404  Roslyn, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As 3rd Earl (Jarl) of Orkney  [1
    Died Bef Mar 1480  Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I53551  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 28 Jul 2019 

    Father Henry Sinclair,   b. 1375, Rosslyn Castle, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Feb 1419  (Age 44 years) 
    Mother Egidia Jill Douglas,   b. 1391, Nithsdale, Dumfries-Shire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1438  (Age 47 years) 
    Married Y  [1
    Family ID F20078  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~1404 - Roslyn, Midlothian, Scotland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Bef Mar 1480 - Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Sir William Sinclair - 1st Earl of Caithness' Arms
    Sir William Sinclair - 1st Earl of Caithness' Arms
    William Sinclair is a member of Clan Sinclair
    William Sinclair is a member of Clan Sinclair
    Rosslyn Chapel, Midlothian, Scotland
    Rosslyn Chapel, Midlothian, Scotland

  • Notes 
    • William "1st Earl of Caithness, 3rd Earl of Orkney" Sinclair
      Born about 1404 in Roslin, Midlothian, Scotlandmap
      HIDE ANCESTORS
      Son of Henry Sinclair and Egidia Jill (Douglas) Sinclair
      Brother of Beatrice (Sinclair) Douglas
      Husband of Elizabeth (Douglas) Sinclair married about 1435 [location unknown]
      Husband of Marjory (Sutherland) Sinclair married before 15 Nov 1456 [location unknown]
      Husband of Janet Yeman married 1470 in Scotlandmap
      DESCENDANTS descendants
      Father of Elizabeth Sinclair, William Sinclair, Catherine Sinclair, William Sinclair, John Sinclair, Robert Sinclair, Marion Sinclair, Susan Sinclair, Arthur Sinclair, Oliver Sinclair, George Sinclair, Alexander Sinclair, Margaret (Sinclair) Boswell and Eleanor (Sinclair) Stewart
      Died before Mar 1480 in Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotlandmap
      Profile managers: Scottish Clans Project WikiTree Find Relationship private message [send private message], Alexander Sives Find Relationship private message [send private message], Kelly Sinclair Find Relationship private message [send private message], Eric Allen private message [send private message], and Dana Jones Find Relationship private message [send private message]
      Sinclair-144 created 31 Mar 2011 | Last modified 11 Jun 2019
      This page has been accessed 8,789 times.
      [categories]
      .
      Clan Sinclair tartan.
      William Sinclair is a member of Clan Sinclair.
      Join: Scottish Clans Project
      Discuss: SCOTTISH_CLANS
      Contents
      [hide]
      1 William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness
      1.1 Biography[1][2]
      1.2 Early Life
      1.3 Family
      1.4 Rosslyn Chapel
      2 Sources
      2.1 Footnotes
      3 Sources
      William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness
      Preceded by
      Henry St. Clair Baron of Roslin
      c.1420-1484 Succeeded by
      William St. Clair
      Preceded by
      Henry St. Clair] Earl of Orkney
      c.1420-1470 Succeeded by
      Resigned Earldom to King
      Preceded by
      First of that Title Earl of Caithness
      1455-1484 Succeeded by
      William St. Clair Afterwards designed Earl of Orkney and Caithness
      Biography[1][2]
      Sir William Sinclair (1404?-1480), third Earl of Orkney and first Earl of Caithness, was the only son of Henry Sinclair, second earl of Orkney, and Egidia or Giles Douglas. His maternal grandparents were Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale, and Robert II's daughter, Princess Egidia.

      In 1436, Sinclair was high admiral of Scotland. For a while, he was protector of young James Stuart, later James I of Scotland, and an ambassador to France.

      In 1420, his father's earldom of Orkney was given to a trustee after death. William traveled to ask Eric II of Norway, to grant it to him. He was finally invested as Earl of Orkney in 1435.

      In 1448, William fought English invaders, and from 1454 to 1456, he was chancellor of Scotland. When James II died in 1461, he was appointed as a Regent.

      In 1471, Norway ceded the Orkneys to Scotland, and William relinquished rights to the Crown. In exchange, he received Ravensleigh and Dysart in Fife, and a yearly pension of 400 merks. He probably died around early 1480 since his pension was not paid after that time.

      William had three wives, and at least 15 children. Two of his sons were named, William.

      For complete biography see Dictionary of National Biography at Google or Scots Peerage at Internet Archive.[3]

      Early Life
      Father: Henry Sinclair 2nd Earl of Orkney (b: abt 1375 Rosslyn Castle, Roslin, Midlothian)[2]
      Mother: Egida Douglas (b: ABT 1387 Nithsdale, Dumfriesshire)[2]
      Family
      m.1 Elizabeth Douglas (abt 1405 Douglas Castle, Douglas, Lanarkshire - abt 1451). Issue:[2]
      William "the Waster" Sinclair (b. abt 1450 Caithnesshire)
      Catherine Sinclair, Duchess of Albany (b: abt 1458)

      m.2 anti. 15 Nov 1456 Marjory Sutherland (b. abt 1441 Dunbeath Castle, Caithness). Issue: 13[2]
      Elizabeth Sinclair of Orkney ( b.1440)
      Eleanor Sinclair b: ABT 1457 Ravenscraig Castle, Kirkaldy, Fifeshire
      William Sinclair 2nd Earl of Caithness (b.1458 Girnigoe Castle, Wick, Caithness)
      Oliver Sinclair b: ABT 1460 Ravenscraig Castle
      David Sinclair
      John Sinclair, Bishop of Caithness[citation needed]
      Marjory Sinclair
      Robert Sinclair
      Alexander Sinclair
      George Sinclair
      Arthur Sinclair
      Katherine Sinclair
      Susan Sinclair
      m.3 Janet Yeman. No issue.[2]
      Rosslyn Chapel
      William founded the Collegiate Church at Rosslyn and built Rosslyn Chapel, which is pictured at the right. This Chapel was prominently featured in The Da Vinci Code and other recent books. In later years the Chapel has featured in speculative theories regarding Freemasonry and the Knights Templar. The chapel supposedly has many symbols of the Knights Templar. To read the Wikipedia article about Rosslyn Chapel, click [HERE].

      Sources
      Burke, J. (1831). A General And Heraldic Dictionary of The Peerages of England, Ireland, And Scotland, Exitinct, Dormant, and in Abeyance. London: Henry Colburn And Richard Bentley, New Burlington Street.
      Chisolm, W. G., (1985). Chisolm genealogy: Being a record of the name from A.D. 1254, with short sketches of allied families. (pp.81-84). New York: Knickerbocker Press. Ancestry.com. Note: Includes index.
      Cokayne, G.E. (n.d.). Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom (pp. II:477-478 ). Sutton Publishing Ltd.
      Foster, J. (1885). "The Royal Lineage of Our Noble and Gentle Families together with Their Paternal Ancestry." n.p. archive.org
      Genealogy of the Robertson, Small, and related families: Hamilton, McDougall, Livingston, Beveridge, McNaughton, Lourie, McDonald, Stewart. Author: Archibald Robertson Small Publication: Ancestry.com Online publication - Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005. Note: Preface signed: A.G. Small.|||Includes index. Repository: #R-1992163608
      Lee, S. ed. (n.d.). The Dictionary of National Biography. (Vol II, pp.309-310). NY: Macmillan. Google Books.
      Mosley, C. (1999). Burke's Peerage & Baronetage. (106th ed).
      Paul, J.B., ed. (1904). The Scots peerage, founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom. (Vol. I). Edinburgh: D. Douglas. Internet Archive.
      Weis, F.L. (n.d.) Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 (4th ed, pp. 45-46, 48, 101,166). Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing.
      Weis, F.L. (1999) Magna Charta Sureties, 1215 (5th ed, 41c-10, 41f-10, pp 45-46). Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing.
      Henderson, John. Caithness Family History (David Douglas, Edinburgh, 1884) Page 1
      http://www.fionamsinclair.co.uk/genealogy/Caithness/Earls.htm#Fifth
      http://www.thepeerage.com/p10829.htm#i108286

      Wikipedia: William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness
      Footnotes
      ? Lee, S. ed. (n.d.). The Dictionary of National Biography. (Vol LII, pp.309-310). NY: Macmillan. Google Books.
      ? 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Paul, J.B., ed. (1904). The Scots peerage, founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom. (Vol. II, pp. 332-336). Edinburgh: D. Douglas. archive.org.
      ? Ancestry Notes: Bio Sinclair / Orkney / Caithness ancestry.com; Bio William St. Clair, Earl of Orkney ancestry.com; [1]; 24279608; [2]
      Sources
      The Saint-Clairs of the Isles; being a history of the sea-kings of Orkney and their Scottish successors of the sirname of Sinclair Saint-Clair, Roland William, 1862-
      http://www.thepeerage.com/p10829.htm#i108286
      https://archive.org/details/saintclairsofisl00sain
      The details are contained in page 296ff

      end of biography [1]

  • Sources 
    1. [S14431] "William Sinclair (abt. 1404 - bef. 1480)", Ancestors, Descendants, Biography with sources & commentary, https://www.wik.