Siward, Earl of Northumbia

Male (1000-1010) - 1055


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  • Name Siward  
    Suffix Earl of Northumbia 
    Born (1000-1010)  Scandinavia Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Earl in York  [2
    Also Known As Sigurd  [2
    Died 1055  [2
    • "Siward, the stalwart earl, being stricken by dysentery, felt that death was near, and said, "How shameful it is that I, who could not die in so many battles, should have been saved for the ignominious death of a cow! At least clothe me in my impenetrable breastplate, gird me with my sword, place my helmet on my head, my shield in my left hand, my gilded battle-axe in my right, that I, the bravest of soldiers, may die like a soldier."

      He spoke, and armed as he had requested, he gave up his spirit with honour".

      — A description of Siward's death, taken from the Historia Anglorum of Henry of Huntingdon.
    Buried York, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I51123  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 26 Mar 2018 

    Family Aelfflaed 
    Married Y  [1
    Children 
     1. Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria,   b. (1030-1040), (Northumberland) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 May 1076, Winchester, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 13 Nov 2018 
    Family ID F19045  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - (1000-1010) - Scandinavia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - York, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Siward or Sigurd (/'su?w?rd/ or more recently /'si?w?rd/;[1] Old English: Sigeweard)[2] was an important earl of 11th-century northern England. The Old Norse nickname Digri and its Latin translation Grossus ("the stout") are given to him by near-contemporary texts.[3] Siward was probably of Scandinavian origin, perhaps a relative of Earl Ulf, and emerged as a powerful regional strongman in England during the reign of Cnut ("Canute the Great", 1016–1035). Cnut was a Scandinavian ruler who conquered England in the 1010s, and Siward was one of the many Scandinavians who came to England in the aftermath of that conquest. Siward subsequently rose to become sub-ruler of most of northern England. From 1033 at the latest Siward was in control of southern Northumbria, that is, present-day Yorkshire, governing as earl on Cnut's behalf.

      He entrenched his position in northern England by marrying Ąlfflµd, the daughter of Ealdred, Earl of Bamburgh. After killing Ealdred's successor Eadulf in 1041, Siward gained control of all Northumbria. He exerted his power in support of Cnut's successors, kings Harthacnut and Edward, assisting them with vital military aid and counsel. He probably gained control of the middle shires of Northampton and Huntingdon by the 1050s, and there is some evidence that he spread Northumbrian control into Cumberland. In the early 1050s Earl Siward turned against the Scottish ruler Mac Bethad mac Findlaâich ("Macbeth"). Despite the death of his son Osbjorn, Siward defeated Mac Bethad in battle in 1054. More than half a millennium later the Scotland adventure earned him a place in William Shakespeare's Macbeth. Siward died in 1055, leaving one son, Waltheof, who would eventually succeed to Northumbria. St Olave's church in York and nearby Heslington Hill are associated with Siward.

      read more... [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S12585] "Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waltheof,_Earl_of_Northumbria, https://www.und.

    2. [S12586] "Siward, Earl of Northumbria", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siward,_Earl_of_Northumbria, https://www.undisco.