Malcolm I of Scotland, King of Alba

Malcolm I of Scotland, King of Alba

Male 0897 - 0954  (~ 57 years)

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  • Name Malcolm I of Scotland 
    Suffix King of Alba 
    Born 0897  Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As King of Scots  [3
    Also Known As M‚ael Coluim mac Domnaill  [3
    Died 0954  Auldearn, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Buried Isle of Iona, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Person ID I51109  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 24 Mar 2018 

    Father Donald II of Scotland, King of Alba,   b. (0850-0860), (Scotland) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0900, Forres, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother unnamed spouse 
    Married Y  [5
    Family ID F19041  Group Sheet

    Family unnamed spouse 
    Married Y  [1, 3
    Children 
     1. Kenneth II of Scotland, King of Alba,   b. 0932, (Scotland) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0995, Fettercairn, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 63 years)
    Last Modified 18 Apr 2018 
    Family ID F19040  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 0897 - Scotland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 0954 - Auldearn, Scotland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Isle of Iona, Scotland Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Malcolm I
    Malcolm I

  • Notes 
    • M‚ael Coluim mac Domnaill (anglicised Malcolm I) (died 954) was king of Scots (before 943 Ė 954), becoming king when his cousin Causant‚in mac Ńeda abdicated to become a monk. He was the son of Domnall mac Causant‚in.

      M‚ael Coluim was probably born during his father's reign (889Ė900).[1] By the 940s, he was no longer a young man, and may have become impatient in awaiting the throne. Willingly or notóthe 11th-century Prophecy of Berch‚an, a verse history in the form of a supposed prophecy, states that it was not a voluntary decision that Constantine II abdicated in 943 and entered a monastery, leaving the kingdom to M‚ael Coluim.[2]

      Seven years later, the Chronicle of the Kings of Alba says:

      [Malcolm I] plundered the English as far as the River Tees, and he seized a multitude of people and many herds of cattle: and the Scots called this the raid of Albidosorum, that is, Nainndisi. But others say that Constantine made this raid, asking of the king, Malcolm, that the kingship should be given to him for a week's time, so that he could visit the English. In fact, it was Malcolm who made the raid, but Constantine incited him, as I have said.[3]

      Woolf suggests that the association of Constantine with the raid is a late addition, one derived from a now-lost saga or poem.[4]

      He died in the shield wall next to his men.[citation needed] M‚ael Coluim would be the third in his immediate family to die violently, his father Donald II and grandfather Constantine I both having met similar fates 54 years earlier in 900 and 77 years earlier in 877 respectively.

      In 945, Edmund I of England, having expelled Amla‚ib Cuaran (Olaf Sihtricsson) from Northumbria, devastated Cumbria and blinded two sons of Domnall mac E‚ogain, king of Strathclyde. It is said that he then "let" or "commended" Strathclyde to M‚ael Coluim in return for an alliance.[5] What is to be understood by "let" or "commended" is unclear, but it may well mean that M‚ael Coluim had been the overlord of Strathclyde and that Edmund recognised this while taking lands in southern Cumbria for himself.[6]

      The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba says that M‚ael Coluim took an army into Moray "and slew Cellach". Cellach is not named in the surviving genealogies of the rulers of Moray, and his identity is unknown.[7]

      M‚ael Coluim appears to have kept his agreement with the late English king, which may have been renewed with the new king, Edmund having been murdered in 946 and succeeded by his brother Edred. Eric Bloodaxe took York in 948, before being driven out by Edred, and when Amla‚ib Cuaran again took York in 949Ė950, M‚ael Coluim raided Northumbria as far south as the Tees taking "a multitude of people and many herds of cattle" according to the Chronicle.[8] The Annals of Ulster for 952 report a battle between "the men of Alba and the Britons [of Strathclyde] and the English" against the foreigners, i.e. the Northmen or the Norse-Gaels. This battle is not reported by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and it is unclear whether it should be related to the expulsion of Amla‚ib Cuaran from York or the return of Eric Bloodaxe.[9]

      The Annals of Ulster report that M‚ael Coluim was killed in 954. Other sources place this most probably in the Mearns, either at Fetteresso following the Chronicle, or at Dunnottar following the Prophecy of Berch‚an. He was buried on Iona.[10] M‚ael Coluim's sons Dub and Cin‚aed were later kings.

      end of biography [3]
    • Malcolm I (a.k.a. M‚ael Coluim mac Domnaill) lived from 897 to 954 and was King of Alba from 943 to 954. The wider picture in Scotland at the time is set out in our Historical Timeline.

      Malcolm I was the son of Donald II of Alba, and succeeded to he throne on the abdication of his father's cousin, King Constantine II.

      Malcolm gained a reputation for his wisdom and Edmund I of England sought him out as an ally against the Vikings, giving Malcolm the province of Cumbria in return for an alliance. The alliance was invoked by Edmund's successor, who wanted Malcolm's support against King Anlaf of Northumberland which at that time still included the Lothians.

      In 954 Malcolm I was faced with a revolt by the men of Moray led by their maormor (or earl), Cellach. The revolt was suppressed, and Cellach was killed. But shortly afterwards Malcolm I was himself killed by one of Cellach's supporters at Auldearn. He was buried, as was now traditional for Scottish Kings, in the graveyard at Saint Oran's Chapel on the Isle of Iona.

      Malcolm I was succeeded by King Indulf, his second cousin and son of King Constantine II.

      end of biography [4]

  • Sources 
    1. [S12559] "Duncan I of Scotland", Biography & Pedigree, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duncan_I_of_Scotland, by David A. Hennessee,.

    2. [S12564] "Kenneth II of Scotland", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_II_of_Scotland, by David A. Hennessee, info@c.

    3. [S12568] "Malcolm I of Scotland", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malcolm_I_of_Scotland, by David A. Hennessee, info@cla.

    4. [S12576] "King Malcolm I", Biography, https://www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk/usbiography/monarchs/malcolmi.html, by David A. Henn.

    5. [S12569] "Donald II of Scotland", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_II_of_Scotland, by David A. Hennessee, info@cla.