Cnut the Great, King of Denmark, Norway and England

Cnut the Great, King of Denmark, Norway and England

Male 995 - 1035  (~ 40 years)

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  • Name Cnut the Great 
    Suffix King of Denmark, Norway and England 
    Born ~0995  Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Canute  [3
    Also Known As King of Denmark (1018-1035)  [3
    Also Known As King of England (1016-1035)  [3
    Also Known As King of Norway (1028-1035)  [3
    Died 12 Nov 1035  Shaftesbury, Dorset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Buried Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I51078  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 13 Mar 2018 

    Father Sweyn Forkbeard, King of Denmark, Norway & England,   b. ~0960, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Feb 1014, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 53 years) 
    Mother Sigrid the Haughty,   b. (Poland) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Y  [2
    Family ID F19024  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 ¥lfgifu of Northampton 
    Married Y  [2, 3
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2018 
    Family ID F19025  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Emma of Normandy, Queen consort of England,   b. ~0985, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Mar 1052, Winchester, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 66 years) 
    Married Y  [1
    Children 
     1. Hardicanute, King of England, King of Denmark,   b. ~1018, (London) Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jun 1042, Lambeth, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 23 years)
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2018 
    Family ID F19021  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~0995 - Denmark Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 12 Nov 1035 - Shaftesbury, Dorset, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    'Cnut the Great (995-1035)' 
King of England, King of Norway, King of Denmark
    "Cnut the Great (995-1035)" King of England, King of Norway, King of Denmark

  • Notes 
    • Cnut the Great[2] (Old English: Cnut se Micela, Old Norse: Knâutr inn râiki[3] c. 995[4] – 12 November 1035), also known as Canute—whose father was Sweyn Forkbeard (which gave him the patronym Sweynsson, Old Norse: Sveinsson)—was King of Denmark, England and Norway; together often referred to as the North Sea Empire. Yet after the deaths of his heirs within a decade of his own, and the Norman conquest of England in 1066, this legacy was lost. He is popularly invoked in the context of the legend of King Canute and the tide, which usually misrepresents him as a deluded monarch believing he has supernatural powers, contrary to the original legend which portrays a wise king who rebuked his courtiers for their fawning behaviour.

      As a Danish prince, Cnut won the throne of England in 1016 in the wake of centuries of Viking activity in northwestern Europe. His latter accession to the Danish throne in 1018 brought the crowns of England and Denmark together. Cnut sought to keep this power-base by uniting Danes and English under cultural bonds of wealth and custom, as well as through sheer brutality. After a decade of conflict with opponents in Scandinavia, Cnut claimed the crown of Norway in Trondheim in 1028. The Swedish city Sigtuna was held by Cnut (he had coins struck there that called him king, but there is no narrative record of his occupation).[5]

      Dominion of England lent the Danes an important link to the maritime zone between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, where Cnut, like his father before him, had a strong interest and wielded much influence among the Norse–Gaels.[6] Cnut's possession of England's dioceses and the continental Diocese of Denmark—with a claim laid upon it by the Holy Roman Empire's Archdiocese of Hamburg-Bremen—was a source of great prestige and leverage within the Catholic Church and among the magnates of Christendom (gaining notable concessions such as one on the price of the pallium of his bishops, though they still had to travel to obtain the pallium, as well as on the tolls his people had to pay on the way to Rome). After his 1026 victory against Norway and Sweden, and on his way back from Rome where he attended the coronation of the Holy Roman Emperor, Cnut, in a letter written for the benefit of his subjects, deemed himself "King of all England and Denmark and the Norwegians and of some of the Swedes".[7] The Anglo-Saxon kings used the title "king of the English". Cnut was ealles Engla landes cyning—"king of all England". Medieval historian Norman Cantor called him "the most effective king in Anglo-Saxon history".[8]

      end of this biography [3]

  • Sources 
    1. [S12486] "Gunnora", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunnora,.

    2. [S12487] "Emma of Normandy", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emma_of_Normandy, abstracted by David A. Hennessee, info@cl.

    3. [S12919] "Cnut the Great (995-1035)", King of England, King of Norway, King of Denmark, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnut_the_Gr.