Yaropolik, I, Prince of Rus'

Male ~958 - 980

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  • Name Yaropolik  
    Suffix I, Prince of Rus' 
    Born ~958  (Kiev) Ukraine Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Yaropolk Sviatoslavovich 
    Died 11 Jun 980  Kaniv, Ukraine Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I51058  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 15 Feb 2019 

    Father Sviatoslav, I, Grand Prince of Kiev,   b. ~941, Kiev, Ukraine Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Mar 972, Khortytsia, Dnieper, Ukraine Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Predslava 
    Married Y  [2
    Family ID F19014  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Rogneda of Polotsk, Princess Consort of Rus,   b. 0Apr 962, Polotsk, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1002, Berestovo, Kiev, Ukraine Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 39 years) 
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2020 
    Family ID F19027  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~958 - (Kiev) Ukraine Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 11 Jun 980 - Kaniv, Ukraine Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Yaropolk I Sviatoslavich (c. 958–960 – 11 June? 980) (East Slavic: ??????? I ???????????, sometimes transliterated as Iaropolk) was a young and rather enigmatic ruler of Kiev between 972 and 980. He was the oldest son of Svyatoslav. His royal title is traditionally translated as "Prince".

      Reign 972–980
      Coronation 972
      Predecessor Sviatoslav I
      Successor Vladimir the Great
      Born c. 958–960
      Died 11 June 980
      fort of Roden (near today Kaniv by Ros river), Kievan Rus'
      Burial Church of the Tithes, Kiev
      Spouse a Greek nun
      Issue possibly Sviatopolk the Accursed
      Full name
      Yaropolk Sviatoslavovich
      Dynasty Rurik Dynasty
      Father Sviatoslav I
      Mother Predslava


      Yaropolk was given Kiev by his father Sviatoslav I, who left on a military campaign against the Danube Bulgars. Soon after Svyatoslav's death, however, civil war began between Yaropolk and his brothers. According to one chronicle, Yaropolk's brother Oleg killed Lyut, the son of Yaropolk's chief adviser and military commander Sveneld. In an act of revenge and at the insistence of Sveneld, Yaropolk went to war against his brother and killed him. Then, Yaropolk sent his men to Novgorod, from which his other brother Vladimir had fled on receiving the news about Oleg's death. Yaropolk became the sole ruler of Rus'.

      Murder of Yaropolk

      In 980, Vladimir returned with the Varangian mercenaries and attacked Yaropolk (Varangian defined: http://thehennesseefamily.com/showmedia.php?mediaID=3071&medialinkID=3073). On his way to Kiev, Vladimir seized Polotsk because Rogneda, daughter of the Polotsk prince Rogvolod, had chosen Yaropolk over him. Vladimir forced Rogneda to marry him. Then, Vladimir seized Kiev with the assistance from a boyar Blud, who had become Yaropolk's chief adviser upon the death of Sveneld. Blud betrayed Yaropolk by advising him to flee from Kiev and go into retreat in the town of Rodnya at the mouth of the Ros' River. Vladimir besieged Rodnya and starved Yaropolk into negotiations. Yaropolk trusted Blud and his brother's promises of peace and left for Vladimir's headquarters, where he would be killed in an ambush by two Varangians.

      Purported baptism
      As for contemporary foreign sources, Lambert of Hersfeld records that, on the Easter of 973, the Holy Roman Emperor was visited by envoys from Rus' (legati gentium Ruscorum). In later centuries it was said that Yaropolk also exchanged ambassadors with the Pope. The Chronicon of Adâemar de Chabannes and the life of St. Romuald (by Pietro Damiani) document how St. Bruno of Querfurt was sent to Rus' (Latin: Russia) and succeeded in converting a local king (one of three brothers who ruled the land) to Christianity. As both texts are rife with anachronisms, Vladimir Parkhomenko reasons that Bruno's deeds were conflated with those of his predecessors, Adalbert of Prague and several anonymous missionaries active in Eastern Europe during Otto II's reign.[1]

      Following this line of thought, Alexander Nazarenko suggests that Yaropolk went through some preliminary rites of baptism, but was murdered by his pagan half-brother (whose own rights to the throne were questionable) before he could be formally received in the Christian faith. Any information on Yaropolk's baptism according to the Latin rite would be suppressed by later Orthodox chroniclers, zealous to keep Vladimir's image of the Russian Apostle untarnished for succeeding generations.[2] It is known that Vladimir's son Yaroslav had Yaropolk's bones exhumed, christened and interred in the Church of the Tithes.[3]

      Marriage and issues
      It is known that Yaropolk was married to a Greek nun. They had a son:

      Sviatopolk I of Kiev (c. 980 – 1019)

      end of biography [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S12447] "Sviatoslav I of Kiev", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sviatoslav_I_of_Kiev, by David A. Hennessee, info@class.

    2. [S12475] "Yaropolk I of Kiev", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yaropolk_I_of_Kiev, abstracted by David A. Hennessee, inf.

    3. [S12514] "List of rape victims from ancient history and mythology", https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rape_victims_from_ancie.