Rogvolod, Prince of Polotsk

Male ~920 - 978

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  • Name Rogvolod  
    Suffix Prince of Polotsk 
    Born ~920  Gothland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Ragnvald (Old Norse)  [1
    Also Known As Ragnvald Ulfsson the Old  [2
    Also Known As Rahvalod  [1
    Died 978  Polotsk, Belarus Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I51041  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 15 Feb 2019 

    Father Ulf Tostesson, Jarl of Skara,   b. 930, Gothland, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 950, (Kiev, Ukraine) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 20 years) 
    Mother Ingeborg,   b. (Gothland, Sweden) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. (Kiev, Ukraine) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Y  [1, 3
    Family ID F19002  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

     1. Rogneda of Polotsk, Princess Consort of Rus,   b. 0Apr 962, Polotsk, Russia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1002, Berestovo, Kiev, Ukraine Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 39 years)
     2. Stenkil
    Last Modified 23 Apr 2019 
    Family ID F19001  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~920 - Gothland, Sweden Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 978 - Polotsk, Belarus Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Ragnvald Ulfsson the Old (beginning 11th century) was a jarl of Včastergčotland or čOstergčotland, and married to a sister of Olav Tryggvason.[1]

      Ragnvald is mentioned in the skaldic poem Austrfaravâisur, ascribed to Sigvatr ´âorşarson, skald of King Olaf Haraldsson of Norway (Olaf the Holy), who had been on a diplomatic mission to Sweden. This poem is quoted in the 13th century sagas Fagrskinna and Snorri Sturluson's Heimskringla. In addition to the poem, Fagrskinna only briefly mentions Ragnvald, while Heimskringla contains a more elaborate account of him. This 13th-century prose text is not considered historically reliable.

      According to Snorri, Ragnvald was the son of jarl Ulf Tostesson and Ingeborg and the foster-son of ´orgnýr the Lawspeaker. He was the cousin of Olof Skčotkonung, through his aunt Sigrid the Haughty, and he was married to Ingeborg Tryggvasdotter.

      During his days the Norwegians pillaged in Včastergčotland, but then the Norwegian king, Olaf the Holy, proposed to the Swedish princess Ingigerd Olofsdotter, the daughter of Sweden's king Olof Skčotkonung. This pleased Ragnvald who was related to both.

      However, at the Thing at Gamla Uppsala, Ragnvald and his foster-father ´orgnýr the Lawspeaker had to force Olof, the Swedish king, to promise his daughter to Olaf, the Norwegian king, whom he did not like. When the Swedish king failed to deliver his daughter, Ragnvald realized that he was in trouble. He has not only fallen out of grace with the Swedish king, but he could also expect the revenge of the Norwegians.

      During a visit by the skald Sigvatr ´âorşarson, Ragnvald learned that Prince Jaroslav of Kievan Rus' has proposed to Ingigerd, and so he had the idea that Olaf the Holy should marry the illegitimate daughter of Olof Skčotkonung, Astrid, who was staying with Ragnvald. Sigvat promised to deliver the message, and the Norwegian king accepted.

      Ragnvald and Astrid arrive at Sarpsborg.
      Ragnvald delivered Astrid at Sarpsborg in Norway and she married the king after Christmas of 1019.

      Olof Skčotkonung was now so upset that he intended to hang Ragnvald at the next Thing. However, when Ingigerd Olofsdotter married Jaroslav, Ingigerd managed to arrange that Ragnvald became the jarl of Staraja Ladoga (Aldeigjuborg) and Ingria, and Olof let him depart with Ingigerd in the summer of 1019.

      Fagrskinna's account of Olaf the Holy's betrothal to Ingigerd, and eventual wedding with Astrid, differs significantly from the account in Heimskringla. In Fagrskinna's account, Ragnvald is not given a prominent role in the proceedings.

      Married to Ingeborg Tryggvasdotter. Children:

      Ulf Ragnvaldsson Jarl
      Eilif Ragnvaldsson Jarl
      Ostrida Ragnvalsdatter
      He is considered to have fathered king Stenkil,[2] with Astrid Nialsdotter from Norway, but this is based on later Icelandic sources,[3] and the identification of Ragnvald with Ragnvald the Old of Hervarar saga.[4]


      Winroth 1995–1997:616
      The entry Stenkil in Larsson 2000:33
      Stenkil anses ha varit son till Ragnvald jal i Včastergčotland. Translation: Stenkil is considered to have been the son of earl Ragnvald in Včastergčotland.
      Lagerquist 1997:41
      Den nye kungen hette Stenkil och den ganska kortlivade dynasti han grundade kallas efter honom den stenkilska. Enligt senare islčandska uppgifter var han son till jarlen Ragnvald i Včastergčotland och Astrid Nialsdotter fręan Norge. Translation: The name of the new king was Stenkil and the rather shortlived dynasty that he founded is named the House of Stenkil after him. According to later Icelandic reports, he was the son of the earl Ragnvald in Včastergčotland and Astrid Nialsdotter from Norway.
      Larsson 2002:154–157
      [...] ingenting om Ragnvald den gamle eller den norska hčovdingadottern Astrid som var Stenkils fčorčaldrar enligt den fornislčandska Hervararsagan. [...] Och lika lite kan jag fęa veta ifall Stenkils far Ragnvald var identisk med včastgčotajarlen med samma namn, som det ofta pęastęas i den historiska literaturen - en hypotes som i och fčor sig ocksęa skulle leda till slčaktskap med den gamla kungačatten genom att Ragnvald enligt sagorna var kusin till Olof Skčotkonung. Translation: [...] nothing on Ragnvald the Old or the Norwegian chieftain's daughter Astrid who were Stenkil's parents according to the Old Icelandic Hervarar saga. [...] And just as little can I be informed whether Stenkil's father Ragnvald was identical to the Včastergčotland jarl by the same name, as it is often stated in history books - a hypothesis which, as it were, would lead to kinship with the old dynasty through the fact that Ragnvald according to the sagas was the cousin of Olof Skčotkonung.
      Larsson, Lars-Ove (1993, 2000). Vem čar vem i svensk historia, fręan ęar 1000 till 1900. Prisma, Stockholm. ISBN 91-518-3427-8
      Larsson, Mats G (2002). Gčotarnas Riken : Upptčacktsfčarder Till Sveriges Enande. Bokfčorlaget Atlantis AB ISBN 978-91-7486-641-4
      Lagerquist, Lars O. (1997). Sveriges Regenter, fręan forntid till nutid. Norstedts, Stockholm. ISBN 91-1-963882-5
      Winroth, Anders (1995–1997) "Ragnvald Ulfsson", Svenskt Biografiskt Lexikon, volume 29, page 616.
      Wisâen, Theodor, revised by Erik Brate (1915), "Ragnvald Ulfsson", Nordisk familjebok, volume 22, 913–914 [2]
    • Rogvolod (Russian: ????????, Rogvolod; Belarusian: ????????, Rahvalod) (c. 920 – 978) was first chronicled prince of Polatsk (945–978). In the Russian Primary Chronicle, he is known as ??????????, probably a slavicized version of the Old Norse name Ragnvald. He came from overseas (i.e., from Scandinavia or Southern Baltic) and established himself at Polatsk in the mid-10th century. According to the Russian Primary Chronicle, Vladimir the Great sought an alliance with him in 980 by marrying his daughter Rogneda, but she insultingly refused, prompting Vladimir to attack Rogvolod and his sons and kill them, after which he forcibly took Rogneda as his wife.[1]

      Janet Martin, Medieval Russia 980-1584 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), 1.
      External links
      Oleg Latyszonek, Ales’ Bely. On the Scandinavian origin of Rahvalod // Annus Albaruthenicus/??? ????????? ?6. 2005.

      end of biography [1]

  • Sources 
    1. [S12435] "Rogvolod", Biography,, revisited or retrieved, recorded & uploaded to the websit.

    2. [S12437] "Ragnvald Ulfsson", Biography,, revisited or retrieved, recorded & upload.

    3. [S12438] "Ulf Tostesson (0930 - 0950)", Biography,, revisited or retrieved, recorded &.