Sir William Shareshull, Knight

Male 1290 - 1370  (80 years)


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  • Name William Shareshull 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix Knight 
    Born 1289-1290  Skareshull, Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Occupation Chief Baron of the Exchequer  [2
    Occupation Chief Justice of the King's Bench  [2
    Also Known As William de Shareshull  [4
    Died 1370  [2, 3
    Person ID I50662  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 26 Jan 2018 

    Family Dionysia Boteler,   b. ~1298, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 1321  Walsall, Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Children 
     1. Joan Shareshull,   b. Abt 1330,   d. Aft 1350  (Age ~ 21 years)
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2018 
    Family ID F18809  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1289-1290 - Skareshull, Staffordshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1321 - Walsall, Staffordshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Sir William de Shareshull KB (1289/1290–1370) was an English lawyer, and Chief Justice of the King's Bench from 26 October 1350 to 5 July 1361.

      Shareshull came from relatively humble Staffordshire origins in the village of Shareshill, rising to great prominence under the administration of Edward III of England; he was responsible for the 1351 Statute of Labourers and Statute of Treasons. He is also briefly mentioned in the poem Wynnere and Wastoure, dating from the 1350s.

      Shareshull's career was studied in-depth by the academic Bertha Putnam.

      Life

      He is mentioned among the advocates in the ‘Year Book’ of Edward II, and also as receiving a commission of oyer and terminer on 22 February 1327, and the two following years. In 1331, when he had risen to the rank of king's serjeant, he was appointed with others to assess a tallage in Oxfordshire, Gloucestershire, and Berkshire (25 June). In the following year he was one of the council selected by the king to advise him, was ordered on 11 October to attend the approaching parliament in Scotland for the confirmation of the treaty with Edward Balliol, and was made a Knight of the Bath.[1]

      On 20 March 1333 he was made a judge of the King's Bench, but was removed to the Common Pleas on 30 May following. In 1340 (30 November) Edward III suddenly returned from the Low Countries, and removed the chancellor and treasurer and other prominent officials, among them Shareshull, on a charge of maladministration. He was reinstated, however, on 10 May 1342, and on 2 July 1344 he was made Chief Baron of the Exchequer. On 10 November 1345 he was moved back to the Common Pleas, with the title of second justice. He was also appointed one of the guardians of the principality of Wales during the minority of the king's son. On 26 October 1350 he was advanced to the headship of the Court of King's Bench, and presided in it until 5 July 1357. While holding that office he declared the causes of the meeting of five parliaments, from 25 to 29 Edward III (1351–1355), and his functions seem to have more resembled those of a political and parliamentary official than those of a judge.[1]

      In the last year of his chief-justiceship he was excommunicated by the Pope, for refusing to appear when summoned to answer for a sentence he had delivered against Thomas Lisle, the Bishop of Ely for harbouring a man who had slain a servant of Blanche, Lady Wake.[1]

      According to George Rogers Clark's Borough of Ipswich (p. 14), in 1344 when some sailors thought Shareshull (there called Sharford) stayed too long at dinner when he was holding assizes in that town, one of them mounted the bench and fined the judge for non-attendance. He took such offence at the joke that he induced the king to take away the assizes from the town and seize the liberties of the corporation into his own hands for about a year. Though retired from the bench, he occupied confidential positions as late as 1361. He lived beyond 1364, in which year he granted his manor of Alurynton in Shropshire to Osney Priory, in addition to lands at Sandford in Oxfordshire, which he had given seven years before. He was a benefactor also to the priories of Bruera, near Chester, and Dudley. He left a son of the same name, who died in 1 Henry IV (1399–1400).[1]

      Notes[edit]
      ^ Jump up to: a b c d "Shareshull, William de". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

      end of biography [3]
    • Sir William de Shareshull, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, Chief Baron of the Exchequer1,2,3,4,5
      Last Edited 31 Jul 2013
      M, #80474, b. 1289 or 1290, d. 1370
      Sir William de Shareshull, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, Chief Baron of the Exchequer was born in 1289 or 1290 at of Skareshull, Staffordshire, England.6 He married Dionysia le Butler, daughter of Sir William le Boteler, 1st Lord Boteler of Wem and Ela de Herdeburgh, in 1321 at of Walsall, Staffordshire, England; Her 2nd husband.7 Sir William de Shareshull, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, Chief Baron of the Exchequer died in 1370.6
      Family
      Dionysia le Butler
      Child
      Joan de Shareshull+1,2,3,4,5 b. c 1330, d. a 1350
      Citations
      [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 46.
      [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 55.
      [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 344.
      [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 173.
      [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 207.
      [S31] Unknown author, Wikipedia.
      [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 108.

      end of profile [2]
    • Sir William de Shareshull
      KB
      30th Lord Chief Justice of England
      In office
      26 October 1350 – 5 July 1361
      Monarch Edward III
      Prime Minister Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster
      (as Lord High Steward)
      Chancellor John of Thoresby (1350-1356)
      William Edington (1356-1361)
      Preceded by William de Thorpe
      Succeeded by Henry Green
      Chief Baron of the Exchequer
      In office
      2 July 1344 – 10 November 1345
      Monarch Edward III
      Prime Minister Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster
      (as Lord High Steward)
      Chancellor Robert Sadington (1344-1345)
      John de Ufford (1345)
      Succeeded by John Stowford
      Second Justice of the Court of Common Pleas
      In office
      10 November 1345 – 26 October 1350
      Monarch Edward III
      Prime Minister Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster
      (as Lord High Steward)
      Chancellor John de Ufford (1345-1349)
      John of Thoresby (1349-1350)
      Personal details
      Born 1289
      Shareshill, Staffordshire
      Died Missing required parameter 1=month! , 1370 (aged 80–81)
      Nationality English
      Known for Statute of Labourers
      Statute of Treasons [3]

  • Sources 
    1. [S12189] "Dionysia (Denise) "Dionysa" Shareshull formerly Boteler aka de Cokesey", Biography, Ancestors & Descendants, https://ww.

    2. [S12193] "Sir William de Shareshull", Profile, http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p2678.htm#i80474, retriev.

    3. [S12194] "Sir William de Shareshull KB (1289/1290-1370)", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_de_Shareshull, retriev.

    4. [S12192] "Margaret Blount", Profile, http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p2678.htm#i80471, retrieved or revi.