Edward the Exile

Edward the Exile

Male 1016 - 1057  (41 years)

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  • Name Edward the Exile 
    Born 1016  (Wessex) England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Residence Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Died 19 Apr 1057  [1, 2
    Person ID I50584  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 16 Jan 2018 

    Father Edmund II, King of the English,   b. 990, (Wessex) England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Nov 1016, (London) England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 26 years) 
    Mother Ealdgyth,   b. Abt 992,   d. Aft 1016  (Age ~ 25 years) 
    Married Y  [1, 3
    Family ID F18779  Group Sheet

    Family Agatha,   b. >1030, (Hungary) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. <1070, (England) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 40 years) 
    Married (Hungary) Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Children 
     1. Margaret of Wessex,   b. ~ 1045, Hungary Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov 1093, Edinburgh Castle, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 48 years)
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2018 
    Family ID F18778  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1016 - (Wessex) England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - - Hungary Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - - (Hungary) Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Edward the Exile depicted on a medieval genealogical scroll.
    Edward the Exile depicted on a medieval genealogical scroll.

  • Notes 
    • Edward the Exile (1016 – 19 April 1057), also called Edward „theling, was the son of King Edmund Ironside and of Ealdgyth. He spent most of his life in exile in the Kingdom of Hungary following the defeat of his father by Canute the Great; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cnut_the_Great.

      Exile

      After the Danish conquest of England in 1016, Canute had Edward, said to be only a few months old, and his brother, Edmund, sent to the Swedish court of Olof Skčotkonung[1][2] (who was either Canute's half-brother or stepbrother), supposedly with instructions to have the children murdered. Instead, the two boys were secretly sent either to Kiev,[3] where Olof's daughter Ingigerd was the Queen, or to Poland, where Canute's uncle Boleslaw I Chrobry was duke.[4] Later Edward made his way to Hungary, probably in the retinue of Ingigerd's son-in-law, Andrāas in 1046.

      Return

      On hearing the news of his being alive, Edward the Confessor recalled him to England in 1056 and made him his heir. Edward offered the last chance of an undisputed succession within the Saxon royal house. News of Edward's existence came at a time when the old Anglo-Saxon monarchy, restored after a long period of Danish domination, was heading for catastrophe. The Confessor, personally devout but politically weak and without children, was unable to make an effective stand against the steady advance of the powerful and ambitious sons of Godwin, Earl of Wessex. From across the Channel William, Duke of Normandy, also had an eye on the succession. Edward the Exile appeared at just the right time. Approved by both king and by the Witan, the Council of the Realm, he offered a way out of the impasse, a counter both to the Godwinsons and to William, and one with a legitimacy that could not be readily challenged.

      In 1054 King Edward sent Ealdred, Bishop of Worcester, to the court of the German emperor to set in train negotiations with the king of Hungary for the return of Edward the Exile. Ealdred was not at first successful, and Earl Harold's journey to Flanders, and possibly on to Germany and Hungary, in 1056 was probably undertaken to further negotiations. The Exile finally arrived in England in 1057 with his wife and children, but died within a few days, on 19 April, without meeting the King. He was buried in Old St Paul's Cathedral.[5]

      Family

      Edward's wife was named Agatha, whose origins are disputed.[6] Their children were:

      Edgar „theling (c. 1051 - c. 1126) - Elected King of England after the Battle of Hastings but submitted to William the Conqueror.
      Saint Margaret of Scotland (c. 1045 - 16 November 1093) - Married King Malcolm III of Scotland.
      Cristina (c. 1057 - c. 1093) - Abbess at Romsey Abbey.
      Edward's grandchild Edith of Scotland, also called Matilda, married King Henry I of England, continuing the Anglo-Saxon line into the post-Conquest English monarchy.

      Ancestors

      Edward the Exile was a direct descendant of a line of Wessex kings dating back, at least on the pages of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, to the arrival of Cerdic of Wessex in 495AD, and from Alfred the Great in the English monarchs family tree.[7] Of his more immediate ancestors, all four of Edward's male-line ancestors shown in the diagram below were Kings of England before Cnut the Great took the crown and sent Edward into exile.[8] [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S12116] "Margaret of Wessex", Pedigree Chart, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_monarchs%27_family_tree, retrieved or revisi.

    2. [S12125] "Edward the Exile", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_the_Exile, retrieved or revisited, recorded & upload.

    3. [S12124] "Edmund Ironside", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Ironside, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded.