Sir Henry Scrope, 4th Baron Scrope of Bolton

Male 1418 - 1459  (40 years)


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  • Name Henry Scrope 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix 4th Baron Scrope of Bolton 
    Born 4 Jun 1418  Bolton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Died 14 Jan 1459  (Bolton Castle, North Leyburn, North Yorkshire, England DL8 4ET) Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Person ID I50007  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 20 Jun 2018 

    Father Richard Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope,   b. 1393, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Aug 1420, Rouen, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years) 
    Mother Margaret Neville,   b. 1396, Raby, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. ~ 4 Mar 1463  (Age 67 years) 
    Married Y  [1
    Family ID F18505  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth Scrope,   b. ~1420, Masham, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Aug 1498, (Bolton Castle, North Leyburn, North Yorkshire, England DL8 4ET) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 78 years) 
    Married ~1435  [1, 2
    Children 
     1. John Scrope, KG, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton,   b. 22 Jul 1437, Bolton Castle, North Leyburn, North Yorkshire, England DL8 4ET Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Aug 1498  (Age 61 years)
    Last Modified 10 Jul 2018 
    Family ID F18504  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 4 Jun 1418 - Bolton, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 14 Jan 1459 - (Bolton Castle, North Leyburn, North Yorkshire, England DL8 4ET) Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Henry Scrope, 4th Baron Scrope of Bolton (1418-1459) was a member of the English peerage in Yorkshire in the 15th century.

      Born 4 June 1418 to Richard Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope of Bolton and Margaret Neville, he was still a minor when his father died in 1420. As such, his lands and marriageability were in the keeping of his uncle Sir Richard Neville until the young Scrope was 21. He appears to have remained living with his mother, who undertook not to marry him off (being held to a 1,000 bond not to do so).[1] His inheritance was the subject of a brief feud between Richard Neville and Marmaduke Lumley, later Bishop of Carlisle, who had been patronised by Richard Scrope.[2] Lumley's claim was, however, "successfully resisted" by Neville.[3] Henry Scrope received seisin of his estates on 2 February 1439, and two years later he was summoned to parliament as a knight.[1]

      Political and administrative career

      Much of his career was concerned with administering the royal will in Yorkshire,[1] which was undoubtedly a source of income for him. For example, in the 1440s, the City of York offered him gifts to gain his "friendship".[4] He sat on commissions of the peace in 1448 and 1458;[5] commissioned to collect a subsidy in 1450; and to negotiate with Burgundy over infractions of the truce in 1449.[1] He was even on the Commission of Oyer and terminer in 1453, appointed by the Crown to investigate the violent Percy-Neville feud; this, as historian Ralph A. Griffiths has pointed out, was while he was actually involved in the feud, standing with Salisbury's sons against the House of Percy at the confrontation at Topcliffe, for example.[6] Henry Scrope, in later years, became a supporter of Neville on the West March with Scotland,[7] and was also summoned to the parliament of 1454 during the protectorate of the Duke of York, as part of what has been called a "Neville bloc" supporting the duke.[8] He was again summoned, similarly, to the pro-Yorkist parliament of 1460, and oversaw the appointment of Salisbury's youngest son George as Chancellor.[9]

      Marriage and death

      Scrope married, around 1435, Elizabeth Scrope (his fifth cousin), who was a daughter of John Scrope, 4th Baron Scrope of Masham. Scrope died on 14 January 1459; his widow survived him until at least 1498.[1]

      References

      Cokayne, G.E., The complete peerage of England and Wales (Vol. XI, London, 1949), 543.
      Storey, R.L, 'Marmaduke Lumley, bishop of Carlisle, 1430-1450', Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, 2nd ser. 55 (1955), 115.
      Griffiths, R.A., The Reign of Henry VI (Berkeley, 1981), 85.
      Griffiths, R.A., 'Local Rivalries and National Politics- The Percies, the Nevilles, and the Duke of Exeter, 1452-55', Speculum, 4 (1968), 595.
      Griffiths, R.A., The Reign of Henry VI (Berkeley, 1981), 410.
      Griffiths, R.A., 'Local Rivalries and National Politics- The Percies, the Nevilles, and the Duke of Exeter, 1452-55', Speculum, 4 (1968), 595, 605. [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S11824] "John (Scrope) le Scrope KG (1435 - 1498)", Biography & Pedigree, https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Scrope-23, revisited or.

    2. [S11798] "Henry Scrope, 4th Baron Scrope of Bolton (1418-1459)", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Scrope,_4th_Baron.

    3. [S11826] "John Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Scrope%2C_5th_Baron_Scrope_of_B.