Sir John Scrope, KG, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton

Male 1437 - 1498  (61 years)


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  • Name John Scrope 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix KG, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton 
    Born 22 Jul 1437  Bolton Castle, North Leyburn, North Yorkshire, England DL8 4ET Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Residence London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Also Known As John le Scrope  [2
    Died 17 Aug 1498  [1
    Buried St Agatha, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I50005  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 20 Jun 2018 

    Father Henry Scrope, 4th Baron Scrope of Bolton,   b. 4 Jun 1418, Bolton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Jan 1459, (Bolton Castle, North Leyburn, North Yorkshire, England DL8 4ET) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth Scrope,   b. ~1420, Masham, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Aug 1498, (Bolton Castle, North Leyburn, North Yorkshire, England DL8 4ET) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 78 years) 
    Married ~1435  [2, 4
    Family ID F18504  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Joan FitzHugh,   b. (Ravensworth, Kirby, Yorkshire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 1447  [1
    Children 
     1. Thomas Saxby,   b. 1450, Calais, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1500, Ashwell, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years)
    Last Modified 20 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F18503  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 22 Jul 1437 - Bolton Castle, North Leyburn, North Yorkshire, England DL8 4ET Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - - London, Middlesex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - St Agatha, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • John le Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton

      John, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG, known in political ballads of his time as "the Cornish Crow" from his badge, a Cornish chough, which he adopted from the crest of his first wife's family; on his Garter stall plate is, beneath the crest of blue feathers, Scrope quartering "argent a saltire engrailed gules" (for Tiptoft);
      Vitals

      John le SCROPE[1]
      Birth: 22 JUL 1435 Bolton, Yorkshire, England[2]
      Death: 17 AUG 1498[3]
      Burial: Saint Agatha, YKS, England[4]
      Titles

      1459: 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton
      anti.1460: Knt.
      1463: Knight of the Garter
      Family

      m.1 22 Nov 1447 Joan FitzHugh.[5] Issue.[6]
      m.2 ante.10 Dec 1471 Elizabeth St John [7] (d. anti.03 Jul 1494)[8]
      m.3 after 09 Feb 1490/1 Anne Harling [9] (d.18 Sep 1498)[10]

      Occupation

      Yorkist
      Northampton 1460
      injured at Towton 1461
      end of 1469: Edward IV did not restore to him the Isle of Man, previously taken from his family by the Lancastrians so he began to raise Richmondshire for the Nevilles (also disappointed of their hopes in the Yorkist victory) but his cousin Warwick fled abroad and he made his peace with the King.
      Stood proxy for Edward IV's daughter, Cecily at her betrothal to the heir to the Scottish throne in Edinburgh 1474;
      took part in the invasion of France 1475, with 200 mounted archers and 20 men-at-arms, being ordered by the King to refrain from quartering the arms of Man (without prejudice to his claim); went with Earl Rivers on a mission to Rome 1476,
      Scottish campaigns up to 1497, when he was at the siege of Norham Castle; although among the peers who had sworn to support his wife's godson the young Edward V,
      present at the coronation of Richard III, who made him Gov of the Fleet and Constable of Exeter,
      pardoned by Henry VII 1487 for armed support - with cousin Ld Scrope of Masham - of the impostor Lambert Simnel;
      Links

      Wikipedia: John Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton
      www.scroope.net
      Sources

      ? LDS Endowment: 09 MAR 1944 #S4 Jun 20, 2011 by Michael Stephenson. S1211Ancestral File Number. S2 Pedigree Resource File CD 49 Publication: (Salt Lake City, UT: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., 2002). S3: Ancestral File Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day SAINTS Publication: June 1998. S4 hofundssonAnces.ged; 18 February 2011 Bishop Family Tree.ged; Acrossthepond.ged on 21 February 2011.
      ? #S4
      ? #S4
      ? #S4
      ? Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Vol IV, page 199i
      ? (dispensation), Joan, dau of William, 4th Baron Fitzhugh.
      ? Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Vol IV, page 199i
      ? widow of William Zouche, 5th Baron Zouche; Elizabeth, the sole godmother of Eward V, widow of William, 6th Baron Zouche, and daughter of Sir Oliver St John (see Burke's Peerage, St John of Bletso, B).
      ? Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Vol IV, page 199i
      ? widow of (1) Sir William Chamberlain, KG, and (2) Sir Robert Wingfield, MP, Controller of the Household, and dau of Sir Robert Harling, of East Harling, and d 17 Aug 1498, when he was succeeded by his son.

      See also:

      Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, (2011), Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Royal Ancestry series, 2nd edition, 4 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham, (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2011), volume IV, page 199i
      Hope, Sir William Henry St. John. The Stall Plates of the Knights of the Order of the Garter, 1348-1485 (A. Constable and Co., ltd., Westminster, 1901) Plate LXX-LXXI
      Note

      John Saxbie aka Saxby, married Lora FitzHugh, was shown as a son of Henry (Scrope) le Scrope and Elizabeth (Scrope) le Scrope. Lora's sister, Joan, married John le Scrope. So Saxbie was merged into John le Scrope's profile. Name of Saxbie needs an explanation. (See this page for details of Saxbie-8 prior to the merge. https://www.wikitree.com/index.php?title=Special:NetworkFeed&who=Saxbie-8

      end of biography [2]
    • John Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG (22 July 1437 17 August 1498) was an English Yorkist nobleman.

      Early life

      Born at Bolton Castle, Yorkshire, the eldest son of Henry Scrope, 4th Baron Scrope of Bolton and Elizabeth Scrope, he inherited his title on the death of his father in 1459.[1]

      Career

      He was invested as a knight before 1460 while serving as a Commissioner of the Peace for York. As a Yorkist sympathiser, he fought for the Earl of Warwick at the Battle of Northampton and was injured at the Battle of Towton. He was also at the Battle of Hexham. He was invested as a Knight of the Garter by Edward IV in 1463. In 1475 he joined the king with 20 men-at-arms and 200 archers to invade France. In 1482 he led the van of the English army under the Earl of Northumberland when invading Scotland.[2]

      He served the crown on a variety of important missions and commissions.[3]

      In 1485 he supported the Yorkist Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth but was pardoned by the victor Henry VII, possibly at the intercession of the King's mother, who was the half-sister of his second wife Elizabeth. After the accession of Henry VII he then supported the Yorkist pretender Lambert Simnel and in 1487, with Thomas, 6th Baron Scrope of Masham, made an unsuccessful attack on Bootham Bar in York, This time he had to pay a heavy fine and remain within the London area.[4][5] In 1497 he fought against the Scots and assisted in raising the siege of Norham Castle.

      On his death in 1498, his title passed to his son and heir, Henry Scrope, 6th Baron Scrope of Bolton. His daughter, Mary Scrope, married William Conyers, 1st Baron Conyers.[6]

      Marriages and issue

      John Scrope married, firstly in 1447, Joan FitzHugh, daughter of William FitzHugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh and Margery Willoughby. Their son and heir was Henry Scrope.

      He married secondly, before 10 December 1471, Elizabeth St John (d. before 3 July 1494), daughter of Sir Oliver St John (d.1437) and Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso, maternal grandmother of King Henry VII of England. She was the widow of William Zouche, 5th Baron Zouche (d. 25 December 1462) of Harringworth. In 1470, Elizabeth was godmother to the future King Edward V of England.[7] Her loyalty to the House of York was inevitably suspect since she was the half-sister of Lady Margaret Beaufort, who was the mother of the future King Henry VII.[citation needed] John and Elizabeth were proclaimed loyalists to the House of Lancaster, yet John seemed to stick by the Yorkist side.[citation needed] Their daughter was Mary Scrope, Baroness Conyers.

      He married thirdly, after 9 February 1490/1, Anne Harling, daughter and heir of Sir Robert Harling, and widow of Sir Robert Wingfield, MP.[8]

      Notes

      Jump up ^ Lundy, Darryl. "p20816.htm#i208152". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
      Jump up ^ http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/18/34246.htm
      Jump up ^ http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/18/34246.htm
      Jump up ^ http://everything2.com/title/Baron+Scrope+of+Bolton
      Jump up ^ http://www.palmspringsbum.org/genealogy/getperson.php?personID=I4493&tree=Legends
      Jump up ^ Lundy, Darryl. "p20816.htm#i208152". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
      Jump up ^ Richardson III, p. 477.
      Jump up ^ http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/18/34246.htm

      References

      Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966381.
      Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1460992709.
      Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]

      Lundy, Darryl. "thepeerage". The Peerage.[unreliable source]

      end of Biography [3]

  • Sources 
    1. [S11823] "Thomas Saxby (1450 - 1500)", Pedigree & Biography, https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Saxby-128, revisited or retrieved, rec.

    2. [S11824] "John (Scrope) le Scrope KG (1435 - 1498)", Biography & Pedigree, https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Scrope-23, revisited or.

    3. [S11826] "John Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Scrope%2C_5th_Baron_Scrope_of_B.

    4. [S11798] "Henry Scrope, 4th Baron Scrope of Bolton (1418-1459)", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Scrope,_4th_Baron.