Sir Thomas Hoo, 1st Baron Hoo and Hastings

Male 1396 - 1455  (~ 58 years)

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  • Name Thomas Hoo 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix 1st Baron Hoo and Hastings 
    Born ~1396  Luton Hoo, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Died 13 Feb 1455  [2, 3
    Person ID I48643  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 26 Nov 2017 

    Family 1 Elizabeth Wychingham,   b. (England) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Bef 1 Jul 1428  [1, 2, 3
     1. Anne Hoo,   b. 1424, (England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1484  (Age 60 years)
    Last Modified 23 Apr 2018 
    Family ID F17947  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Eleanor Welles 
    Married >1445  [2
     1. Anne Hoo,   b. Luton Hoo, Bedfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 23 Apr 2018 
    Family ID F18592  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~1396 - Luton Hoo, Bedfordshire, England Link to Google Earth
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  • Notes 
    • Thomas Hoo, 1st Baron Hoo and Hastings KG (c. 13961455) was a Knight of the Garter and English courtier.


      Thomas was the son of Sir Thomas Hoo (ca. 1370 Luton Hoo, Bedfordshire, 23 August 1420) and his first wife (m. 1395) Eleanor de Felton (Litcham, Norfolk, 1378 8 August 1400). After his mother's death his father remarried to Elizabeth Etchyngham, daughter of William Etchingham and Alice Batisford, of Etchingham, Sussex. Thomas succeeded his father in 1420, inheriting the family's ancestral home of Luton Hoo in Bedfordshire as well as Mulbarton, Norfolk and other estates. His stepmother remarried to Sir Thomas Lewknor of Horsted Keynes (c.1392-1452) as his second wife and the mother of his younger children.[1]

      Thomas fought for Henry VI of England in France, and for his services was made, first Keeper of the Seals, then Chancellor of France. In 1439, he was granted the castle, lordship and honour of Hastings, and in 1445 elected Knight of the Garter. Two years later he was created Baron of Hoo and Hastings.

      The Barony of Hoo and Hastings became extinct at his death. Lord Hoo died on 13 February 1454/5. He dated his will 12 February 33 Henry VI, making provision for a chantry for himself and his ancestors at the altar of St Benignus at Battle Abbey. He refers to his manors of Wartling, Cukstede and Brokesmayle, which, being held by his stepmother Lady Lewkenor for life, are then to pass to his widow Eleanor for life: the Rape of Hastings is to be sold, if possible to his half-brother (Sir) Thomas (born 1416), and the proceeds to make his daughters' marriage portions: Anne,[2] Elizabeth and Alianor are to share 1000 marks for their portions, and their marriages to be governed by his widow and brother Thomas. Joan however receives only 20 to her marriage. He mentions also the manors of Offley (Hertfordshire), Mulberton and Hoo.[3]

      The brothers Thomas and Thomas are believed to be represented by the two recumbent effigies now on the Dacre Tomb at All Saints Church, Herstmonceux, Sussex.[4] It is supposed that the tomb was set up for Thomas Fiennes, 8th Baron Dacre (d. 1534) and his son Sir Thomas Fiennes (d. 1528), but that the figures themselves (perhaps brought from Battle Abbey following its sale in 1539) were those of the brothers Hoo (as shown by the arms revealed on their tabards during restoration), re-used for the Dacres.[5]

      Marriages and issue

      Thomas Hoo married (1st) before 1 July 1428, Elizabeth Wychingham, daughter of Nicholas Wychingham, esquire, of Wichingham, Norfolk, by whom he had a daughter:

      Anne Hoo (born c.1424), who married Sir Geoffrey Boleyn, mercer and Lord Mayor of London.[6][7]
      He married (2nd) before 1445 Eleanor Welles, daughter of Lionel de Welles, 6th Baron Welles, and his first wife, Joan Waterton, by whom he had three daughters:[6]

      Anne Hoo (born c.1447), who married (1st) Roger Copley, Esquire (d. before 1488), Citizen and mercer of London, of Roughey (Roffey) in Horsham, Sussex,[8] by whom she had three sons and six daughters; (2nd) William Greystoke, Gentleman (living 1498), of London and St. Olave, Southwark, Surrey, and (3rd) Sir Thomas Fiennes.[9]
      Eleanor Hoo, who married Sir James Carew of Beddington, Surrey.[10]
      Elizabeth Hoo, who married firstly Thomas Masingbeard, and secondly Sir John Devenish.[11]
      After the death of Lord Hoo his widow Eleanor remarried to Sir James Laurence[12] (son and heir of Sir Robert Laurence of Lancashire and Agnes Croft), by whom she had two further daughters and three sons. After his death in 1490 she is reputed to have made a third marriage to Hugh Hastings. She died before 1504.[13]

      In popular culture

      Hoo makes a cameo appearance in the first few chapters of Harry Turtledove's alternate history novel Opening Atlantis. His purpose in the story is so that settlers in a fictitious continent, halfway between Europe and America, can found a city named Hooville after him. As the book was released around the Holiday season, this may be a humorous literary allusion to How the Grinch Stole Christmas!.

      end of biograpghy

  • Sources 
    1. [S11020] "Elizabeth Brooke (1503-1560)" Biography,, retrieved,.

    2. [S11887] "Thomas Hoo, 1st Baron Hoo and Hastings KG (c. 1396 -1455)", Biography,,_Baron_.

    3. [S11021] "Sir Geoffrey or Jeffery Boleyn (1406-1463)" Biography,, retrieved, record.