Sir Richard Mor de Burgh, 1st Lord of Connacht

Sir Richard Mor de Burgh, 1st Lord of Connacht

Male 1194 - 1242  (~ 48 years)

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  • Name Richard Mor de Burgh 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix 1st Lord of Connacht 
    Born ~ 1194  (Ireland) Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Occupation Justiciar of Ireland  [2
    Died 17 Feb 1242  [2
    Person ID I48108  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 21 Mar 2017 

    Family Egidia de Lacy,   b. ~ 1205, (Ireland) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Y  [1
    Residence (Family) Loughtrea, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence (Family) Connaught, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Margery de Burgh,   b. (Ireland) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft March 1253
     2. Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster,   b. ~ 1230, Connacht, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jul 1271, Galway, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 41 years)
    Last Modified 26 Jun 2017 
    Family ID F17731  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~ 1194 - (Ireland) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence (Family) - - Loughtrea, Ireland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence (Family) - - Connaught, Ireland Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Sir Richard Mór de Burgh
    Sir Richard Mór de Burgh
    1st Lord of Connacht (c. 1194 – 1242)

    was a Hiberno-Norman aristocrat and Justiciar of Ireland and
    the 25th great grandfather of the grandchildren of Vernia Elvira Swindell Byars.

  • Notes 
    • Richard Mâor de Burgh, 1st Lord of Connacht (c. 1194 – 1242),[1] was a Hiberno-Norman aristocrat and Justiciar of Ireland.

      Background

      De Burgh was the eldest son of William de Burgh and his wife who was a daughter of Domnall Mâor Ua Briain, King of Thomond. De Burgh's principal estate was in the barony of Loughrea where he built a castle in 1236 and a town was founded. He also founded Galway town and Ballinasloe. The islands on Lough Mask and Lough Orben were also part of his demesne.

      From the death of his father in 1206 to 1214, Richard was a ward of the crown of England until he received his inheritance. In 1215 he briefly served in the household of his uncle Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent. In 1223 and again in 1225 he was appointed seneschal of Munster and keeper of Limerick castle.[2]

      Connacht[edit]
      In 1224, Richard claimed Connacht, which had been granted to his father but never, in fact, conquered by him. He asserted that the grant to Cathal Crobdearg Ua Conchobair, the Gaelic king, after his father's death had been on condition of faithful service, and that his son Aedh mac Cathal Crobdearg Ua Conchobair, who succeeded Cathal that year, had forfeited it. He had the favour of the justiciar of England, Hubert de Burgh, and was awarded Connacht in May 1227. Having been given custody of the counties of Cork and Waterford and all the crown lands of Decies and Desmond, he was appointed Justiciar of Ireland from 1228 to 1232.

      When in 1232 Hubert de Burgh fell from grace, Richard was able to distance himself and avoid being campaigned against by the king of England, Henry III. It was only in 1235 when he summoned the whole feudal host of the English lords and magnates to aid him that he expelled Felim mac Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair, the Gaelic king, from Connacht. He and his lieutenants received great shares of land, while Felim was obliged to do homage and was allowed only to keep five cantreds Roscommon from the Crown. Richard de Burgh held the remaining 25 cantreds of Connacht in chief of the crown of England. De Burgh took the title of "Lord of Connacht".[1]

      Wife and children[edit]
      Before 1225 he married Egidia de Lacy, daughter of Walter de Lacy, and Margaret de Braose. With this alliance he acquired the cantred of Eâoghanacht Caisil with the castle of Ardmayle in Tipperary.

      Richard de Burgh had three sons and may have had four daughters:

      Sir Richard de Burgh, Lord of Connaught, Constable of Montgomery Castle, married a relative of Eleanor of Provence,[3] but died without issue in Poitou in 1248.
      Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster, Lord of Connaught, died 1271.
      William Óg de Burgh, who was the ancestor of the Mac William family, died 1270.
      Aleys married Muirchertach O Briain.
      Margery de Burgh (? – after March 1253), married Theobald Butler, 3rd Chief Butler of Ireland
      Unnamed daughter who married Sir Gerald de Prendergast of Beauvoir, by whom she had a daughter, Maud.
      Unnamed daughter who married Hamon de Valoynes and had a daughter, Mabel de Valoynes.
      Richard died on 17 February 1241/42.

      end [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S10715] "Margaret de Braose, Lady of Trim" biography, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Tuesday, March 21st, 2017 b.

    2. [S10716] "Richard Mâor de Burgh, 1st Baron of Connaught" biography, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Tuesday, March.