Sir Walter Raleigh

Sir Walter Raleigh

Male 1552 - 1618  (66 years)

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  • Name Walter Raleigh 
    Title Sir 
    Born 22 Jan 1552  Hayes Barton, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 29 Oct 1618  Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • Raleigh was beheaded in the Old Palace Yard at the Palace of Westminster on 29 October 1618. "Let us dispatch", he said to his executioner. "At this hour my ague comes upon me. I would not have my enemies think I quaked from fear." After he was allowed to see the axe that would be used to behead him, he mused: "This is a sharp Medicine, but it is a Physician for all diseases and miseries." According to biographers, Raleigh's last words (as he lay ready for the axe to fall) were: "Strike, man, strike!"
    Person ID I48072  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 18 Mar 2017 

    Father Walter Raleigh,   b. ~ 1505, Fardle, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1581  (Age ~ 76 years) 
    Mother Katherine Campernon,   b. Bef 1518,   d. Aft 1552, Modbury, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 35 years) 
    Family ID F17715  Group Sheet

    Family Elizabeth "Bess" Throckmorton 
    Married 0___ 1593  [1
    Last Modified 21 Oct 2017 
    Family ID F17712  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 22 Jan 1552 - Hayes Barton, Devon, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 29 Oct 1618 - Westminster, London, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
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  • Photos
    Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618)
    Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618)

    was an English landed gentleman, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy and explorer. He was cousin to Sir Richard Grenville, a cousin to all the issue of Perry Green "Old Grandsir" Magness (1796-1884) and younger half-brother of Sir Humphrey Gilbert. He is also well known for popularising tobacco in England.

  • Notes 
    • Sir Walter Raleigh (/'r??li/, /'rµli/, or /'r??li/;[2] circa 1554 – 29 October 1618) was an English landed gentleman, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy and explorer. He was cousin to Sir Richard Grenville and younger half-brother of Sir Humphrey Gilbert. He is also well known for popularising tobacco in England.

      Raleigh was born to a Protestant family in Devon, the son of Walter Raleigh and Catherine Champernowne. Little is known of his early life, though he spent some time in Ireland, in Killua Castle, Clonmellon, County Westmeath, taking part in the suppression of rebellions and participating in the Siege of Smerwick. Later, he became a landlord of property confiscated from the native Irish. He rose rapidly in the favour of Queen Elizabeth I and was knighted in 1585. Raleigh was instrumental in the English colonisation of North America and was granted a royal patent to explore Virginia, which paved the way for future English settlements. In 1591, he secretly married Elizabeth Throckmorton, one of the Queen's ladies-in-waiting, without the Queen's permission, for which he and his wife were sent to the Tower of London. After his release, they retired to his estate at Sherborne, Dorset.

      In 1594, Raleigh heard of a "City of Gold" in South America and sailed to find it, publishing an exaggerated account of his experiences in a book that contributed to the legend of "El Dorado". After Queen Elizabeth died in 1603, Raleigh was again imprisoned in the Tower, this time for being involved in the Main Plot against King James I, who was not favourably disposed towards him. In 1616, he was released to lead a second expedition in search of El Dorado. During the expedition, men led by his top commander ransacked a Spanish outpost, in violation of both the terms of his pardon and a peace treaty with Spain. He returned to England and, to appease the Spanish, was arrested and executed in 1618.

      Raleigh was one of the most notable figures of the Elizabethan era. In 2002, he was featured in the BBC poll of the 100 Greatest Britons.

      end of biography [2]
    • Sir Walter Raleigh
      Born 1552 in Hayes Barton, Devon, Englandmap
      Son of Walter Raleigh MP and Katherine (Champernon) Raleigh
      Brother of Margaret (Raleigh) Ralegh of Fardell [half], George Raleigh [half], John Gilbert [half], Humphrey Gilbert [half], Mary Rawleigh [half], Adrian Gilbert [half], Wymund Rawleigh [half], John Raleigh [half], George Raleigh [half], Adam Rawleigh [half] and Carew Raleigh
      Husband of Elizabeth (Throckmorton) Raleigh — married 1593 [location unknown]
      Father of Damerei Raleigh Infant, Walter Raleigh and Carew Raleigh
      Died 29 Oct 1618 in Westminster, London, England


      Biography

      Sir Walter Raleigh (c. 1554 – 29 October 1618) was an English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy, and explorer. He is also well known for popularizing tobacco in England.[1]

      Little is known about Raleigh's birth.Some historians believe that he was born on 22 January 1552, although the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography currently favours a date of 1554. He grew up in the house of Hayes Barton, a farmhouse near the village of East Budleigh, not far from Budleigh Salterton in Devon. He was the youngest of five sons born to Catherine Champernowne in two successive marriages. His half-brothers John Gilbert, Humphrey Gilbert, and Adrian Gilbert, and his full brother Carew Raleigh were also prominent during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I. Catherine Champernowne was a niece of Kat Ashley, Elizabeth's governess, who introduced the young men at court.[2]

      Family and Education

      b. 1554, yr. s. of Walter Ralegh† of Fardel, Devon by his 3rd w. Katherine, da. of Philip Champernown, wid. of Otho Gilbert; bro. of Carew Ralegh and half-bro. of Adrian and Sir Humphrey Gilbert. educ. local g.s.; Oriel, Oxf. c.1572; Lyon’s Inn; travelled in France c.1573; M. Temple by 1576. m. Nov. 1591, Elizabeth, da. of Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, 3s. Kntd. 1585.[3]
      Sir Walter Raleigh Gender: Male Birth: 1552 - Hayes Barton, Devon, England Death: Oct 29 1618 - Middlesex, London, England Father: Walter Raleigh, Sr/Elder Mother: Katherine Champernon Wife: Elizabeth Raleigh (born Throckmorton) Children: John Small Son Raleigh Carew Raleigh Damerei Raleigh Edward Smalley Walter Raleigh

      Title

      Sir
      Birth

      1552 Hayes Barton, Devon, England.
      Marriage

      19 NOV 1591 Elizabeth Raleigh (born Throckmorton).

      Death

      29 OCT 1618 Middlesex, London, England.

      Legacy

      Raleigh County, West Virginia is named is his honor.

      Sources

      Foster, Joseph, Alumni Oxonienses (Parker and Co., 1892) Early Series 189 (1500-1714)
      Vol. 3, Page 1230: " of Oriel Coll. about 1568 (W. Rawley, 1572, in O.H.S.), a student of the Middle Temple 1574 (as son of Walter, of Budleigh, Devon), served in France, the Low Countries, and Ireland, discovered a new country which he called Virginia 1584, knighted 1 Jan., 1584-5, captain of Q. Elizabeth's guard, lord warden of the stannaries of Devon and Cornwall, governor of Jersey, took an active part against "the invincible Armada" 1588, M.P. Devon 1584-5, 1586-7, of St. Michael 1593, Dorset 1597-8, Cornwall 1601; in 1603 he was concerned in a plot against James I., Condemned to death but reprieved, with imprisonment in the Tower for lifew; in 1618 he set out with an expedition to Guiana, and for sacking St. Thomas was on his return beheaded on the former judgment in Old Palace Yard, Westminster, 29 Oct., 1618; buried in the chancel of St. Margaret's, Westminster; father of Carew, and of Walter 1607. See Ath. ii. 235; Foster's Parl. Dict.; & Lansdowne MS. 983. f. 331."
      http://www.thepeerage.com/p14661.htm#i146602
      Wikipedia:Walter_Raleigh

      Footnotes

      ? This is opening of article at Wikipedia
      ? Wikipedia:Walter_Raleigh
      ? The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981 [1]

      end of biography [1]

  • Sources 
    1. [S10690] "Sir Walter Raleigh" biography, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Saturday, March 18th, 2017 by David A. He.

    2. [S10692] "Sir Walter Raleigh" biography, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Saturday, March 18th, 2017 by David A. He.