Sir William Latimer, VI, KG, 4th Baron Latimer of Corby

Sir William Latimer, VI, KG, 4th Baron Latimer of Corby

Male 1330 - 1381  (51 years)

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  • Name William Latimer 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix VI, KG, 4th Baron Latimer of Corby 
    Born 24 Mar 1330  Danby Manor, Scampston, North Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Residence Gascony, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Also Known As The Lord Latimer  [2
    Died 28 May 1381  Corby, Kettering, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Buried Guisborough Priory, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Notes 
    • William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer, KG (24 March 1330 - 28 May 1381) was an English noble, soldier and diplomat. After serving in France and for the household of Edward III, he was impeached during the Good Parliament of 1376, the earliest recorded impeachment in the Parliament of England.

      Early life and service in France

      Born on 24 March 1330 in Scampston, Ryedale Wapentake, North Riding of Yorkshire (now North Yorkshire), England Latimer was the son of William Latimer, 3rd Baron Latimer, by Elizabeth, daughter of John de Botetourt, 1st Baron Botetourt. He had married Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne, by 1353 and they had a daughter, Elizabeth (1357-1395). She married firstly John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby and secondly Robert Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby.

      He was present at the Battle of Cr‚ecy in 1346, and by 1351 he had been knighted and was in royal service in Calais. In January 1356 he was present when Edward Balliol surrendered his claim to the Scottish throne and he served in Gascony in 1359. He was created a Knight of the Garter in 1361 in succession to Sir William FitzWarin and fought on the side of John de Montfort, Duke of Brittany at the Battle of Auray in 1364. In 1368 he was appointed Keeper of B‚echerel and in 1370 of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte.[2]

      Return to England and impeachment

      After returning to England, he served as Steward of the Household from 1368 to 1370 and Chamberlain of the Household from 1371. His son-in-law John Neville, Lord Neville de Raby was appointed Steward of the Household in the same year, and until 1376 they were prominent figures in court[2] and Latimer was high in favour with John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, the king's son. He became Constable of Dover Castle in 1373 and Warden of the Cinque Ports in 1374. He was also involved in negotiations with Portugal in 1373 and France in 1375.

      When Parliament was called in April 1376, known as the Good Parliament and led by Peter de la Mare, the members wanted to remove corrupt advisers from court. Latimer, Neville, London merchant Richard Lyons and Alice Perrers were accused, and the charges against Latimer were that he had been guilty of oppression in Brittany; had sold the castle of Saint-Sauveur to the enemy, and impeded the relief of B‚echerel in 1375; that he had taken bribes for the release of captured ships, and retained fines paid to the king, notably by Sir Robert Knolles, and the city of Bristol; and finally, that in association with Robert Lyons he had obtained money from the crown by the repayment of fictitious loans. Seconded by William of Wykeham, de la Mare sought to have Latimer immediately convicted, with the Commons acting on behalf of the king. They were unsuccessful and a trial took place.[3] The charges were proven and he was removed from his positions in the royal household and on the council, fined and imprisoned. He was pardoned in October 1376 and with Lancaster's recovered influence he returned to favour.

      Latimer's impeachment is the earliest recorded in Parliament.[4]

      Later life

      Latimer was named an executor of the will of Edward III, who died in June 1377. In 1377 he became governor of Calais, and took part against the Spaniards at the battle of Sluys. He also accompanied Thomas of Woodstock, Earl of Buckingham on his expedition through France into Brittany in 1380.

      Latimer died on 28 May 1381 and was buried at Guisborough, Yorkshire. He was survived by his wife and their daughter, Elizabeth who married John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby, and had descendants.

      * [2]
    • BARONY OF LATIMER [OF CORBY] (IV)

      WILLIAM (LE LATIMER), LORD LATIMER, son and heir, was born on the Saturday before the Annunciation (24 March 1329/30), at Scampston, and baptized in the parish church, St. Andrew's, Rillington. At the battle of Cr‚ecy, being then aged 16, he was in the first division with the young Prince of Wales. On 7 April 1351, being then in the King's service at Calais, he had livery of all his father's lands, and on 1 February 1351/2 had seisin of the office of engraving and making the King's dies in the Tower of London and the city of Canterbury. On 30 October 1351 he obtained a charter confirming the lordship of Corby to him. He was then a knight and was going beyond the seas. In 1353 he made an agreement as to bounds with John Holme, lord of Great Edstone, North Riding, Yorks. On 5 July 1354 he had a grant of 500 marks per annum at the Exchequer until the lands hcld in dower by his mother Elizabeth should come into his hands. At Roxburgh on 20 January 1355/6 William dominus de Latimer was a witness to Balliol's surrender of his claim to the kingdom of Scotland. In 1359 he was in the expedition to Gascony, and was madc Lieutenant and Captain-General in that Duchy, first by Edward III in or before September 1360, and then by John de Montfort as Duke, the latter having attained his majority before 8 December. In October he had been superintending the defence of B‚echerel. He was nominated K.G. circa 1362, on the decease of Sir William FitzWarin. In 1362 William de Latymer and Robert le Latymer, captains of Vannes, were joined in a commission. On 29 September 1364 Charles of Blois, claiming the Duchy in right of his wife came suddenly on John de Montfort and Sir William Latimer, who were besieging Auray; Charles was slain in the battle with a thousand of his men, and Montfort's title was soon after acknowledged by the King of France. Latimer took a leading part in the negotiations for the peace. In 1365, as William Latymer, lord of Danby, he had licence to found a college of 13 chaplains in the church of Helpringham, where his ancestors were buried. He was still in Brittany in 1366. He was summoned to Parliament from 24 February 1367/8 to 2 October 1379, by writs directed Willelmo Latymer or de Latymer. There is proof of his presence in Parliament. In 1368 he was made warden of the forests north of Trent and the castle and town of B‚echerel were committed to him. In or before 1369 he was appointed Steward of the King's household, and is later called Chamberlain. He was also appointed to numerous commissions. He had grants of free warren at Willeby, Northants, in 1368 and at Knapton, &c., Yorks, in 1378. In 1369 William, baron de Latimer was witness to a truce with Scotland, and on 5 July 1370 was appointed one of the conservators of the truce on the Scottish marches, an appointment renewed by Richard II in May 1378. In 1370 also he was Captain of St. Sauveur le Vicomte. In April 1372 he was constable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Cinque Ports, and in May 1377 was made keeper of Eltham manor, Kent, with a salary of Ļ80 per annum. Among other wardships he paid Ļ1,500 for that of John, son and heir of Henry de Beaumont, 5 December 1373. Early in 1373 he mustered with the large force sent to Calais under the Duke of Lancaster, and in June was sent to treat with Ferdinand, King of Portugal, and Eleanor his consort. In 1374 the Pope urged him to use his influence to bring about peace between England and France, and in 1375 he was one of those sent to treat with France in September and in October with Flanders. The Count of St. Pol was his prisoner in 1375 and lodged in the Tower. He was high in the favour of John of Gaunt, and shared his unpopularity with the people, being involved in his temporary loss of power in 1376, and impeached by the Good Parliament. He surrendered, but was released on bail, and, soon regaining favour at Court, was fully restored. He was nominated one of the executors of the will of Edward III in 1376, and next year was a member of the Council appointed to act during the new King's minority, and was leader of those sent with a royal message to the city of London. In 1377 he was one of the commanders of the fleet which attempted, about Michaelmas, to surprise the Spaniards at Sluys, but was dispersed by a storm. In this year and later he made a settlement of his manors of Helpringham, &c. In view of the coming Coronation of Richard II he and John, son of John de Mowbray, of Axholme, tenants of the lands of William Beauchamp, of Bedford, claimed to perform the office of almoner, and to take the silver alms dish and a cask of wine. The claim was allowed except as to the cask of wine, and William did the service for himself and John, who was a minor. In February 1378/9 he was appointed one of the commissioners for making peace with Scotland. In July 1380 he accompanied Thomas of Woodstock in his expedition through France to assist Brittany. He was constable of this force, with which he served till its return, leaving Vannes 11 April 1381, after engaging that day in conversations with the French.

      He married Elizabeth (c), in or before 1353, when a Papal indult was granted to Sir William Latimer and Elizabeth his wife. He died s.p.m., 28 May 1381, aged 51, shortly after a stroke of paralysis while dismounting from his horse, when on a visit to Sir Robert Halys, and was buried, in accordance with his will, in the Priory of Guisborough, in Cleveland, before the high altar of our Lady, under a tomb of alabaster, in the presence of the Prior of Durham. His will, dated 10 July 1380, in the manor of Preston, Kent, was proved 31 May 1381. In 1383 his executors had confirmation of the pardon for the fine of 20,000 marks granted 8 October 1376. His widow had assignments of dower 9 October 1381 and later. She was living in March 1385/6, but died before 23 March 1388/9, when the escheator was ordered to give seisin of the manor and hundred of Corby, &c., to Elizabcth, wife of Sir John de Nevill, daughter and heir of Sir William Latimer. [Complete Peerage VII:470-5, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

      (c) She is said to have been a daughter of Edmund FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel. Beltz (p. 148) refers to a pedigree by Vincent (no. 5, p. 33), but gives no other authority.

      * [3]
    Person ID I47603  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 23 Feb 2017 

    Father William Latimer, V, 3rd Baron Latimer of Corby,   b. ~ 1301, Danby Manor, Scampston, North Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 2 Nov 1335, Corby, Kettering, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 34 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth Botetourt,   b. ~ 1313, St Briavels Castle, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Y  [2, 4
    • married Elizabeth, daughter of 1st Lord (Baron) Botetourt, and died by 2 Nov 1335. [Burke's Peerage]
    Family ID F17483  Group Sheet

    Family Elizabeth FitzAlan,   b. 0___ 1320, (England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1389  (Age ~ 69 years) 
    Married Bef 1327  Arundel, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 5
    Children 
     1. Elizabeth Latimer, Baroness of Willoughby,   b. 0___ 1351, Scrampston, Rillington, East Riding, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Nov 1395, (Raby-Keverstone, Staindrop, Durham, England) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 44 years)
    Last Modified 16 Aug 2017 
    Family ID F17482  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Bef 1327 - Arundel, Sussex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - - Gascony, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 28 May 1381 - Corby, Kettering, Northamptonshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Guisborough Priory, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Arms of Sir William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer, KG
    Arms of Sir William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer, KG
    William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer, KG (24 March 1330 - 28 May 1381) was an English noble, soldier and diplomat. After serving in France and for the household of Edward III, he was impeached during the Good Parliament of 1376, the earliest recorded impeachment in the Parliament of England.

    Born on 24 March 1330 in Scampston, Ryedale Wapentake, North Riding of Yorkshire (now North Yorkshire), England Latimer was the son of William Latimer, 3rd Baron Latimer, by Elizabeth, daughter of John de Botetourt, 1st Baron Botetourt. He had married Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne, by 1353 and they had a daughter, Elizabeth (1357-1395). She married firstly John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby and secondly Robert Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby.

  • Sources 
    1. [S10432] "Thomas de Camoys, 1st Baron Camoys" biography, abstracted, downloaded and published Saturday, February 18th, 2017 by Da.

    2. [S10442] "William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer, KG (24 March 1330 - 28 May 1381)" biography, abstracted, downloaded and published S.

    3. [S9845] "William VI 4th Baron LATIMER , of Corby, KG, Sir" biography, abstracted, downloaded and published Thursday, February 23.

    4. [S9626] "William V 3rd Baron le LATIMER , of Corby, Sir" biography, abstracted, downloaded and published Wednesday, February 22n.

    5. [S9270] "Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_FitzAlan,_9th_Earl_of_Arundel, re.