Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile

Female 1162 - 1214  (52 years)


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  • Name Eleanor of England 
    Suffix Queen of Castile 
    Born 13 Oct 1162  Domfront Castle, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Female 
    Died 31 Oct 1214  Burgos, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Buried Burgos, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • at the Abbey of Santa Marâia la Real de Las Huelgas...
    Person ID I46811  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 11 Jan 2017 

    Father Henry II, King of England,   b. 5 Mar 1133, Le Mans, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1189, Chinon Castle, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Mother Eleanore de Aquitaine, Queen of England,   b. 0___ 1123, Chateau de Belin, Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Mar 1204, Poitiers, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 81 years) 
    Married 18 May 1152  Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    • thier marriage turned sour after Henry's affair with Rosamund Clifford...
    Residence (Family) England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F13745  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Alfonso VIII, King of Castile,   b. 11 Nov 1155, Soria, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1214, Avila, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Married 0___ 1174  Burgos, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Children 
     1. Berengaria of Castile, Queen of Castile,   b. 1179-1180, Burgos, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1246, Las Huelgas, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
    Last Modified 13 Nov 2018 
    Family ID F17162  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 13 Oct 1162 - Domfront Castle, Normandy, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 0___ 1174 - Burgos, Spain Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 31 Oct 1214 - Burgos, Spain Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Burgos, Spain Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Eleanor of England (Spanish: Leonor; 13 October 1162[1] – 31 October 1214[2]), or Eleanor Plantaganet,[3] was Queen of Castile and Toledo[4] as wife of Alfonso VIII of Castile.[5][6] She was the sixth child and second daughter of Henry II, King of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine.[7][8]

      Early life and family

      Eleanor was born in the castle at Domfront, Normandy on 13 October 1162,[9] as the second daughter of Henry II, King of England and his wife Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine,[3] and was baptised by Henry of Marcy. Her half-siblings were Marie and Alix of France, and her full siblings were Henry the Young, Duchess Matilda, King Richard, Duke Geoffrey, Queen Joan and King John.

      Queenship

      In 1174, when she was 12 years old, Eleanor married King Alfonso VIII of Castile in Burgos.[10][11] The couple had been betrothed in 1170, but due to the bride's youth as well as the uproar in Europe regarding her father's suspected involvement in the murder of Archbishop Thomas Becket, the wedding was delayed. Her parents' purpose in arranging the marriage was to secure Aquitaine’s Pyrenean border, while Alfonso was seeking an ally in his struggles with his uncle, Sancho VI of Navarre. In 1177, this led to Henry overseeing arbitration of the border dispute.[12]

      Around the year 1200, Alfonso began to claim that the duchy of Gascony was part of Eleanor's dowry, but there is no documented foundation for that claim. It is highly unlikely that Henry II would have parted with so significant a portion of his domains. At most, Gascony may have been pledged as security for the full payment of his daughter’s dowry. Her husband went so far on this claim as to invade Gascony in her name in 1205. In 1206, her brother John, King of England granted her safe passage to visit him, perhaps to try opening peace negotiations. In 1208, Alfonso yielded on the claim.[13] Decades later, their great-grandson Alfonso X of Castile would claim the duchy on the grounds that her dowry had never been fully paid.

      Of all Eleanor of Aquitaine’s daughters, her namesake was the only one who was enabled, by political circumstances, to wield the kind of influence her mother had exercised.[14] In her own marriage treaty, and in the first marriage treaty for her daughter Berengaria, Eleanor was given direct control of many lands, towns, and castles throughout the kingdom.[15] She was almost as powerful as Alfonso, who specified in his will in 1204 that she was to rule alongside their son in the event of his death, including taking responsibility for paying his debts and executing his will.[16] It was she who persuaded him to marry their daughter Berengaria to Alfonso IX of Leâon. Troubadours and sages were regularly present in Alfonso VIII’s court due to Eleanor’s patronage.[17]

      Eleanor took particular interest in supporting religious institutions. In 1179, she took responsibility to support and maintain a shrine to St. Thomas Becket in the cathedral of Toledo. She also created and supported the Abbey of Santa Marâia la Real de Las Huelgas, which served as a refuge and tomb for her family for generations, and its affiliated hospital.[18]

      When Alfonso died, Eleanor was reportedly so devastated with grief that she was unable to preside over the burial. Their eldest daughter Berengaria instead performed these honours. Eleanor then took sick and died only twenty-eight days after her husband, and was buried at Abbey of Santa Marâia la Real de Las Huelgas.[19]

      Children

      Name Birth Death Notes
      Berengaria Burgos,
      1 January/
      June 1180 Las Huelgas near Burgos,
      8 November 1246 Married firstly in Seligenstadt on 23 April 1188 with Duke Conrad II of Swabia, but the union (only by contract and never solemnized) was later annulled. Married in Valladolid between 1/16 December 1197 with King Alfonso IX of Leâon as his second wife.[20] After their marriage was dissolved on grounds of consanguinity in 1204, she returned to her homeland and became regent of her minor brother King Henry I. Queen of Castile in her own right after the death of Henry I in 1217, quickly abdicated in favour of her son Ferdinand III of Castile who would re-unite the kingdoms of Castile and Leâon.
      Sancho Burgos,
      5 April 1181 26 July 1181 Robert of Torigny records the birth "circa Pascha" in 1181 of "filium Sancius" to "Alienor filia regis Anglorum uxor Anfulsi regis de Castella".[21] “Aldefonsus...Rex Castellµ et Toleti...cum uxore mea Alienor Regina et cum filio meo Rege Sancio” donated property to the bishop of Segovia by charter dated 31 May 1181.[22] “Adefonsus...Rex Castellµ et Toleti...cum uxore mea Alienor Regina et cum filio meo Rege Sancio” donated property to the monastery of Rocamador by charter dated 13 Julu 1181.[23]
      Sancha 20/28 March 1182 3 February 1184/
      16 October 1185 King Alfonso VIII "cum uxore mea Alionor regina et cum filiabus meis Berengaria et Sancia Infantissis" exchanged property with the Templars by charter dated 26 January 1183.[24]
      Henry before July 1182 before January 1184 The dating clause of a charter dated July 1182 records “regnante el Rey D. Alfonso...con su mugier Doäna Lionor, con su fijo D. Anric”.[25] The dating of the document in which his sister Sancha is named suggests that they may have been twins.
      Ferdinand before January 1184 Died young, ca. 1184? The dating clause of a charter dated January 1184 (“V Kal Feb Era 1222”) records “regnante rege Alfonso cum uxore sua regina Eleonor et filio suo Fernando”.[26]
      Urraca 1186/
      28 May 1187 Coimbra,
      3 November 1220 Married in 1206 to Infante dom Afonso of Portugal, who succeeded his father as King Afonso II on 26 March 1212.
      Blanche Palencia,
      4 March 1188 Paris,
      27 November 1252 Married on 23 May 1200 to Prince Louis of France, who succeeded his father as King Louis VIII on 14 July 1223. Crowned Queen at Saint-Denis with her husband on 6 August 1223. Regent of the Kingdom of France during 1226-1234 (minority of her son) and during 1248-1252 (absence of her son on Crusade).
      Ferdinand Cuenca,
      29 September 1189 Madrid,
      14 October 1211 Heir of the throne since his birth. On whose behalf Diego of Acebo and the future Saint Dominic travelled to Denmark in 1203 to secure a bride.[27] Ferdinand was returning through the San Vicente mountains from a campaign against the Muslims when he contracted a fever and died.[28]
      Mafalda Plasencia,
      1191 Salamanca,
      1211 Szabolcs de Vajay says that she “died at the point of becoming the fiancâee of the Infante Fernando of Leâon” (without citing the primary source on which this information is based) and refers to her burial at Salamanca Cathedral.[29] Betrothed in 1204 to Infante Ferdinand of Leon, eldest son of Alfonso IX and stepson of her oldest sister.
      Eleanor 1200[30] Las Huelgas,
      1244 Married on 6 February 1221 with King James I of Aragon. They became separated on April 1229 on grounds of consanguinity.
      Constance c. 1202[30] Las Huelgas,
      1243 A nun at the Cistercian monastery of Santa Marâia la Real at Las Huelgas in 1217, she became known as the Lady of Las Huelgas, a title shared with later royal family members who joined the community.[30]
      Henry Valladolid,
      14 April 1204 Palencia,
      6 June 1217 Only surviving son, he succeeded his father in 1214 aged ten under the regency firstly of his mother and later his oldest sister. He was killed when he was struck by a tile falling from a roof.
      Later Depictions[edit]
      Eleanor was praised for her beauty and regal nature by the poet Ramâon Vidal de Besalâu after her death.[31] Her great-grandson Alfonso X referred to her as "noble and much loved".[32]

      Eleanor was played by Ida Norden in the silent film The Jewess of Toledo.[33]

      Ancestors

      [show]Ancestors of Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile
      Notes[edit]
      Jump up ^ Historians are divided in their use of the terms "Plantagenet" and "Angevin" in regards to Henry II and his sons. Some class Henry II to be the first Plantagenet King of England; others refer to Henry, Richard and John as the Angevin dynasty, and consider Henry III to be the first Plantagenet ruler. [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S10035] "Berengaria of Castile" biography, accessed & downloaded Monday, November 25th, 2016 by David A. Hennessee, https://en.w.

    2. [S10036] "Eleanor of England" biography, accessed & downloaded Monday, November 25th, 2016 by David A. Hennessee, https://en.wiki.

    3. [S7880] "Eleanor of Aquitaine (1124-1204) biography,.