1455 - 1501 (~ 46 years)
||Thomas Grey |
||KG, 1st Earl of Huntingdon |
||Groby Old Hall, Groby, Leicestershire, England [1, 2]
||22 Jun 1457 
|Also Known As
||1st Marquess of Dorset [1, 2, 4, 5] |
|Also Known As
||7th Baron Ferrers of Groby  |
|Also Known As
||Lord Astley  |
|Also Known As
||Lord Ferrers de Groby  |
|Also Known As
||Lord Harington and Bonville  |
||20 Sep 1501
||London, England [1, 2, 3]
||The Hennessee Family
||25 Feb 2017 |
||John Grey, 1st Baron Grey of Groby, b. 0___ 1432, Groby, Leicestershire, England , d. 17 Feb 1461, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England (Age ~ 29 years) |
||Elizabeth Lucy Wydeville, Queen of England, b. ~ 1437, Grafton Regis, Northampton, England , d. 8 Jun 1492, Bermondsey, London, England (Age ~ 55 years) |
||~ 1454 [4, 6]
||Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington, b. 30 Jun 1460, Axminster, Devon, England , d. 12 May 1529 (Age 68 years) |
||5 Sep 1474 [1, 2, 3, 6, 7]
| ||1. Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset, b. 22 Jun 1477, d. 22 Jun 1530 (Age 53 years)|
| ||2. Dorothy Grey, b. 0___ 1480, d. Aft 4 Apr 1552, Groby, Leicestershire, England (Age ~ 72 years)|
| ||3. Mary Grey, b. 0___ 1491, (England) , d. 22 Feb 1538 (Age ~ 47 years)|
||24 Mar 2017 |
||Sir Thomas Grey|
1st Marquess of Dorset, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and 7th Baron Ferrers of Groby KG (1455 - 20 September 1501)
- Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and 7th Baron Ferrers of Groby KG (1455 – 20 September 1501), was an English nobleman, courtier and the eldest son of Elizabeth Woodville and her first husband Sir John Grey of Groby. Her second marriage to King Edward IV made her queen consort of England, thus elevating Grey's status at court and in the realm as the stepson of the King. Through his mother's assiduous endeavours, he made two materially advantageous marriages to wealthy heiresses - his first wife being Anne Holland (daughter of the King's sister, Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter), and his second wife, Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington. By the latter he had 14 children.
Thomas Grey was born in 1455 close to Westminster on the north bank of the Thames. He was the elder son of Sir John Grey and his wife Elizabeth Woodville, who later became queen consort to Edward IV of England. His younger full brother, Sir Richard Grey (1457-1483), was arrested by Richard, Duke of Gloucester on 30 April 1483, after being accused of plotting to take the throne. Gloucester's forces later executed Richard Grey at Pontefract Castle. The Grey brothers had ten half-siblings by their mother's marriage to Edward IV.
His mother endeavoured to improve his estates by the conventional methods of their class and time, through his marriages and purchase of wardships.
On the death of his stepfather, Edward IV, and his 12-year-old half-brother, Edward V's, accession to the throne on 9 April 1483, Grey proved unable to maintain his family's position. It was not possible to arrange a Woodville regency. Internal fighting, particularly the long-established battle for ascendancy in Leicestershire between the Grey and Hastings families, now on the national stage, allowed Gloucester to seize power and usurp the throne. On 25 June 1483, an assembly of Parliament declared Richard III to be the legitimate king, and Thomas's uncle and brother, Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers and Richard Grey respectively, were executed. Later in the summer, learning of the apparent murder of both his young half-brothers, Grey joined the Duke of Buckingham's rebellion against Richard III. When the rebellion failed he fled to Brittany to join Henry Tudor, the future Henry VII, who pledged to marry Grey's half-sister Elizabeth of York and heal the Yorkist/Lancastrian division.
However, just before Henry and the Lancastrian army left to launch their ultimately successful invasion of England in August 1485, Grey heard rumours from England that his mother had come to terms with Richard III, and he was persuaded to desert Henry Tudor. He was intercepted at Compiáegne on his way to England, and played no part in the invasion or subsequent overthrow of Richard III. Grey was instead confined to Paris, as security for the repayment of a loan made to Henry Tudor by the French government, unable to return home until Henry VII was safely installed as king of England.
Thereafter Henry VII took good care to keep his Queen's half-brother under control and Grey was not permitted to recover his former influence. Thomas Grey was confined in the Tower in 1487 during Lambert Simnel's rising and not released until after the House of Tudor victory in the Battle of Stoke Field. Though he accompanied the King on his expedition to France in 1492, he was obliged to commit himself in writing to ensure he did not commit treason. He was permitted to assist in suppression of the Cornish rising in 1497.
Thomas Grey, Marquess of Dorset, died in London on 20 September 1501, aged about 48, and was buried in the collegiate church of Astley, Warwickshire. His wife survived him and married Grey's cousin, Henry Stafford, later Earl of Wiltshire.
Marriages and issue
His mother sought to make provision for him by marriage to wealthy heiresses. He married firstly, at Greenwich in October 1466, Lady Anne Holland (1461-c.1474), the only daughter of Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter, and Anne of York. His mother-in-law was the second child and eldest surviving daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville, thus sister to his mother's second husband King Edward IV.
After Anne Holland died young without issue, Thomas married secondly, by papal dispensation 5 September 1474, Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington of Aldingham and 2nd Baroness Bonville, the wealthiest heiress in England. Cecily Bonville, born in 1461, was the daughter and heiress of William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington, by his wife Katherine Neville, daughter of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury. Katherine was sister to the late Earl of Warwick and thus aunt to his daughters.
By his second wife Grey had seven sons and seven daughters:
Lord Edward Grey, eldest son and heir, who predeceased his father, and was buried in the church of St Clement Danes, London. He married Anne (nâee Jerningham), daughter of Sir Edward Jerningham (d. 6 January 1515) of Somerleyton, Suffolk, by Margaret Bedingfield (d. 24 March 1504), by whom he had no issue. After his death she remarried four times, firstly to a husband surnamed Berkeley; secondly to Henry Barley (d. 12 November 1529) of Albury, Hertfordshire; thirdly to Sir Robert Drury; and fourthly to Sir Edmund Walsingham.
Anthony Grey, who predeceased his father.
Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset (22 June 1477 – 22 June 1530), who married firstly Eleanor St John, by whom he had no issue, and secondly Margaret Wotton, widow of William Medley, esquire, and daughter of Sir Robert Wotton by Anne Belknap, daughter of Henry Belknap esquire, by whom he had four sons, including Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, father of Lady Jane Grey, and four daughters.
Sir Richard Grey, who married Florence Pudsey. He is mentioned in the will of his brother, Sir John Grey.
Sir John Grey, who married firstly Elizabeth Catesby, widow of Roger Wake (d. 16 May 1504) of Blisworth, Northamptonshire, and daughter of Sir William Catesby, and secondly Anne Barley or Barlee (d. 1557 or 1558), widow of Sir Robert Sheffield of Butterwick, Lincolnshire, Speaker of the House of Commons. Grey apparently had no issue by either of his wives, as his will dated 3 March 1523 makes no mention of children. After Grey's death his widow, Anne, married Sir Richard Clement of Ightham Mote, Kent.
Leonard Grey, 1st Viscount Grane (c.1490 – 28 June 1541), According to Richardson, Grey married firstly Elizabeth Arundel, widow of Sir Giles Daubeney, and secondly Eleanor Sutton, daughter of Edward Sutton, 2nd Baron Dudley by Cecily Willoughby, daughter and coheiress of Sir William Willoughby; however according to Lyons it is unclear whether Grey ever married. He is mentioned in the will of his brother, Sir John Grey. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
George Grey, in holy orders. He is mentioned in the will of his brother, Sir John Grey.
Cecily Grey (d. 28 April 1554), who married John Sutton, 3rd Baron Dudley.
Bridget Grey, believed to have died young.
Dorothy Grey (1480–1552), who married firstly Robert Willoughby, 2nd Baron Willoughby de Broke, by whom she had issue, and secondly William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy.
Elizabeth Grey, who married Gerald FitzGerald, 9th Earl of Kildare.
Margaret Grey, who married Richard Wake, esquire, She is mentioned, as 'Margaret Grey', in the will of her brother, Sir John Grey.
Eleanor Grey (or "Elizabeth") Grey (d. by December 1503) who married, as his first wife, Sir John Arundell (1474–1545) of Lanherne, Cornwall, Receiver General of the Duchy of Cornwall and "the most important man in the county", by whom she was the mother of two sons and a daughter:
Sir John Arundell (c.1500 – 1557), eldest son and heir, MP for Cornwall in 1554;
Thomas Arundell, MP for Dorset, of Wardour Castle, who married Margaret Howard, daughter and coheiress of Lord Edmund Howard, and sister of Catherine Howard, fifth wife of King Henry VIII;
Elizabeth Arundel, who married Sir Richard Edgecombe;
Mary Grey (1493 – 22 February 1538), who married Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford.
Lord Astley, 1461–, inherited on the death of his father
Earl of Huntingdon, 1471–1475, created for him but after acquiring the next it was surrendered to the King so the King might be able to give it to the Earl of Pembroke whose title the King wanted for his own son
Lord Harington and Bonville in right of his (second) wife, 1474, his wife being unable to sit in Parliament
Marquess of Dorset, 1475–, created for Thomas Grey 14 May 1475 (Whitsunday) in place of the re-possessed earldom of Huntingdon
Lord Ferrers of Groby, 1483–, inherited on the death of his grandmother Elizabeth Ferrers.
Attainted 1484 following the bid to oust Richard III
After reversal of his attainder by Henry VII, styled himself marquess of Dorset, lord Ferrers of Groby, Bonville, and Harington
- [S10004] "Elizabeth Woodville" biography, accessed & downloaded Sunday, November 20th, 2016 by David A. Hennessee, https://en.wik.
- [S10471] "Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset" biography, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Saturday, February 25th,.
- [S9938] "Family Tree & Genealogy Tools for Charles Blount", pedigree, accessed November 14th, 2016 by David A. Hennessee, https:.
- [S10470] "John Grey of Groby" of biography, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Saturday, February 25th, 2017 by David.
- [S10538] "Ferrers of Groby, Baron (E, 1299 - forfeited 1554)" history, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Thursday, M.
- [S9943] "Descendants of William (Ferrers) de Ferrers" registry, accessed November 14th, 2016 by David A. Hennessee, https://www.
- [S10398] "Sir Richard Devereux" biography, abstracted, downloaded and published Wednesday, February 15th, 2017 by David A. Hennes.