Alan la Zouche

Male 1205 - 1270  (~ 65 years)


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  • Name Alan la Zouche 
    Born 0___ 1205  (Ashby de La Zouch, Leicester, England) Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Occupation Justice of Chester  [3
    Occupation Justice of Ireland  [3
    Died 10 Aug 1270  [2, 3
    Person ID I46281  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 28 Feb 2017 

    Father Roger la Zouche,   b. ~ 1175, (Brittany, France) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 14 May 1238  (Age ~ 63 years) 
    Mother Margaret Biset 
    Married Y  [2
    Family ID F17560  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Helen de Quincy 
    Married Y  [1, 2
    Children 
     1. Roger La Zouche, Lord of Ashby,   b. ~ 1242, Ashby de La Zouch, Leicester, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 15 Oct 1288, Ashby Magna, Leicester, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 46 years)
     2. Margery Mary de la Zouche,   b. ~ 1245, Clavering, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1329, Clavering, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 84 years)
    Last Modified 18 Aug 2018 
    Family ID F16946  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 0___ 1205 - (Ashby de La Zouch, Leicester, England) Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Alan la Zouche (1205-1270) was an English nobleman and soldier of Breton descent.

      Background

      The surname "la Zouche" may have derived from souch or zuche in Norman French indicating someone of stocky build.

      He was the elder son of Roger de la Zouche and Margaret Biset and the grandson of Alain de Porhoet who took the name Alan la Zouche when he arrived in England. This elder Alan, the first of the family to be established in England, was a younger son of Geoffrey, viscount of Porhoet in Brittany (d. 1141); his elder brother, Eudes de Porhoet, was for a few years Count of Brittany, by marriage. Under Henry II Alain de Porhoet, or Alan la Zouche, established himself in England, and married Adeline de Belmais, sole heiress of the house of Belmais, her inheritance including Tong Castle in Shropshire, Ashby (afterwards called Ashby-de-la-Zouch) in Leicestershire, North Molton in Devonshire, and other lands in Cambridgeshire and elsewhere. Their son Roger la Zouche (1182-1238), succeeded in turn to these estates. Roger's support for Arthur of Brittany was almost fatal to him in 1203, but he managed to regain King John's favour. On 10 November 1228 he was appointed Sheriff of Devonshire. On 28 January 1237 he witnessed the signature of Henry III confirming the Magna Carta.

      Early service

      On 15 June 1242 Alan was summoned to attend the king, Henry III, with horses and arms in Gascony. He was at La Sauve in October, at Bordeaux in March and April 1243, and at La Râeole in November. Before 6 August 1250 la Zouche was appointed justice of Chester and of the four cantreds in North Wales. Matthew Paris says that he got this office by outbidding his predecessor, John de Grey. He offered to pay a twelve hundred marks for the post instead of five hundred. La Zouche boasted that Wales was nearly all reduced to obedience to the English laws, but his high-handed acts provoked royal interference and censure. He continued in office as the Lord Edward's deputy after the king's grant of Chester and Wales to his eldest son.

      In Ireland

      Ireland had been among the lands which Edward had received from Henry III in 1254. In the spring of 1256 la Zouche was sent to there on the service of the Lord Edward, and soon afterwards he was appointed justiciar of Ireland under Edward, his first official mandate being dated 27 June 1256.[1] In 1257 he was still in Ireland. On 28 June 1258 he received a mandate from the king, now under the control of the barons, not to admit any justice or other officer appointed by Edward to Ireland unless the appointment had the consent of the king and the barons. However, he ceased to hold office soon after this, Stephen Longespee being found acting as justiciar in October 1258.

      Loyalist

      During the barons' wars la Zouche adhered to the king. He was on 9 July 1261 appointed sheriff of Northamptonshire, receiving in October a letter from the king urging him to keep his office despite any baronial interlopers. He remained sheriff until 1264, and sometimes ignored the provisions of Magna Carta by acting as justice itinerant in his own shire and also in Buckinghamshire and Hampshire. In 1261 he was also made justice of the forests south of Trent, and in 1263 king's seneschal. In April 1262 he held forest pleas at Worcester.

      On 12 December 1263 he was one of the royalist barons who agreed to submit all points of dispute to the arbitration of Louis IX. According to some accounts he was taken prisoner early in the battle of Lewes by John Giffard. He escaped almost immediately and took refuge in Lewes Priory, where he is said to have been found after the fight disguised as a monk.

      In the summer of 1266 he was one of the committee of twelve arbitrators appointed to arrange the terms of the surrender of Kenilworth Castle. On 23 June 1267, after the peace between Henry III and Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Gloucester, he was appointed warden of London and constable of the Tower. He continued in office until Michaelmas, whereupon his tenure was prolonged until Easter 1268.

      In 1270 la Zouche had a suit against Earl Warenne with regard to a certain estate. On 19 June the trial was proceeding before the justices at Westminster Hall, and la Zouche seemed likely to win the case. He was murderously attacked by Earl Warenne and his followers. Roger, his son, was wounded and driven from the hall; Alan himself was seriously injured and left on the spot. He was still surviving when, on 4 August, Warenne made his peace with the crown and agreed to pay a substantial compensation to the injured Zouches. He died on 10 August, and on 20 October his son Roger inherited his estate.

      Alan's brother Eudo established the branch of the la Zouche family at Harringworth in Northamptonshire.

      Legacy

      Alan la Zouche was a benefactor of the Knights Templars, to whom he gave lands at Sibford, and to the Belmeis family foundation of Buildwas Abbey, after having carried on protracted lawsuits with that house.

      Family

      Alan la Zouche married Helen (d. 1296), one of the daughters and coheirs of Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester, and in 1267 succeeded to her share of the Quincy estates, and had issue:

      Roger la Zouche (1242-1285), married Ela Longespee, daughter of Stephen Longspee and Emmeline de Ridelsford and granddaughter of William Longspee an illegitimate son of King Henry II of England. He was the father of Alan la Zouche, 1st Baron la Zouche of Ashby.
      Helen who died in infancy
      William
      Oliver
      Margaret, married Roger Fitzroger, Lord of Clavering (Essex), and had issues:
      John de Clavering, Baron (1266-January 13, 1332), married Hawise de Tybetot
      Euphemia FitzRobert de Clavering (1267-1329), married Jollan de Neville and Ralph Neville (1st Baron Neville de Raby)
      Elizabeth Clavering, married John De Mauteby
      Robert Clavering
      Alexander Clavering
      Henry Clavering
      Roger Clavering, Of Burgh (b. 1278), married Beatrice de Clavering
      Edmund Clavering
      Anastasia, married Ralph de Neville
      Henry who died in infancy

      References

      Cokayne, George Edward (1893). Complete Peerage. London: George Bell & Sons.
      Nichols, John (1795). The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester. Leicester: John Nichols.
      'My History' by Lucy la Zouche - see www.lucylazouche.com
      Notes[edit]
      Jump up ^ O'Mahony, Charles (1912). The Viceroys of Ireland. p. 22.

      Attribution

      This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Zouche, Alan la". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

      * [2]
    • Alan (1205-1270) was justice of Chester and justice of Ireland under King Henry III (1216-1272). He was loyal to the king during his struggle with the barons, fought at the Battle of Lewes and helped to arrange the Peace of Kenilworth. As the result of a quarrel over some lands with John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey, he was seriously injured in Westminster Hall by the earl and his retainers, and died on 10 August 1270.

      Alan's grandson from the marriage of his son Roger to Ela Longespâee, namely Alan la Zouche, was summoned by writ to Parliament on 6 February 1299 as Baron la Zouche of Ashby. He was Governor of Rockingham Castle and Steward of Rockingham Forest. However, this barony fell into abeyance on his death in 1314 without male progeny.

      * [3]

  • Sources 
    1. [S9763] "Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester (c.1195 - 25 April 1264), biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_de_Qui.

    2. [S9791] "Alan la Zouche (1205-1270)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_la_Zouche_(1205%E2%80%931270), accessed from.

    3. [S10516] "Baron Zouche" a family overview, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Tuesday, February 28th, 2017 by David A.