Sir Robert de Vere, Knight, 3rd Earl of Oxford

Sir Robert de Vere, Knight, 3rd Earl of Oxford

Male Aft 1165 - Bef 1221  (~ 55 years)

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  • Name Robert de Vere 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix Knight, 3rd Earl of Oxford 
    Born Aft 1165  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Died Bef 25 Oct 1221  [2
    Buried Hatfield Regis Priory, Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 4
    • Hatfield Broad Oak Priory, or Hatfield Regis Priory, is a former Benedictine priory in Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex, England. Founded by 1139, it was dissolved in 1536 as part of Henry VIII's dissolution of the monasteries.

      History & Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatfield_Regis_Priory
    Person ID I46155  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 26 Sep 2016 

    Father Aubrey de Vere, III, Knight, 1st Earl of Oxford,   b. ~ 1115,   d. 26 Dec 1194  (Age ~ 79 years) 
    Mother Agnes of Essex, Countess of Oxford,   b. ~ 1150,   d. Aft 1212  (Age ~ 63 years) 
    Married 1162-1163  [3, 5
    Residence (Family) Castle Hedingham, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Family ID F17750  Group Sheet

    Family Isabel de Bolebec, Countess of Oxford,   b. ~ 1164, Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Feb 1245  (Age ~ 81 years) 
    Married Y  [1
    Children 
     1. Hugh de Vere, Knight, 4th Earl of Oxford,   b. ~ 1208, (Essex, England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0Dec 1263, (Essex, England) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 55 years)
     2. Eleanor de Vere,   b. (Essex, England) Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 27 Jun 2017 
    Family ID F16880  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Hatfield Regis Priory, Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Sir Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford
    Sir Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford

    (after c. 1165 - before 25 October 1221)

    Ancient forefather of the grandchildren of Vernia Swindell Byars or Perry Green Byars

  • Notes 
    • Robert de Vere (after c. 1165 before 25 October 1221), hereditary Master Chamberlain of England,[1] was son of Aubrey de Vere, 1st Earl of Oxford, and Agnes of Essex. He succeeded his brother as the third Earl of Oxford, and was one of the twenty-five guarantors of Magna Carta.

      Arms of Robert de Vere

      de Vere effigy, St Mary's Church, Hatfield Broad Oak

      Robert de Vere was the second surviving son of Aubrey de Vere, 1st Earl of Oxford, and his third wife, Agnes of Essex. The date of his birth is not known, but he was likely born after 1164. Almost nothing is known of his life until 1207, when he married Isabel de Bolebec, the widow of Henry de Nonant (d.1206) of Totnes, Devon. In 1206-7 Isabel and her sister Constance were co-heiresses of their niece, another Isabel de Bolebec, the countess of Oxford by her marriage to Robert's brother, Aubrey de Vere, 2nd Earl of Oxford. They divided the barony of Whitchurch.[2] The fact that aunt and niece had identical names, Isabel de Bolbec, and were successively countesses of Oxford and heiresses of Whitchurch has led to confusion between the two women.

      When Robert's brother, Aubrey de Vere, 2nd Earl of Oxford, died in the latter half of 1214, Robert succeeded to his title and estates and the hereditary office of Master Chamberlain of England. The dower of Earl Aubrey's second wife, Alice (possibly his cousin, a daughter of Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk),[3] had not been formalized. In 1215 Oxford settled his sister-in-law's dower by lot, the earl drawing two knights' fees for every one drawn by Alice.[4] This is the only known instance of dower being settled in this manner.

      Oxford joined the disaffected barons who met at Stamford and forced King John to issue Magna Carta at Runnymede on 15 June 1215. The earl was elected one of the barons who were to guarantee the King's adherence to its terms. Together with other Magna Carta barons, he was excommunicated as a rebel by Pope Innocent III on 16 December 1215, and joined them in offering the crown to Prince Louis of France.[5]

      Oxford took up arms against King John, but pledged loyalty to him after the King had taken Castle Hedingham in March 1216. Later in the same year, however, he did homage to Prince Louis at Rochester.[6] Louis entered London and was proclaimed King. On 14 June 1216, he captured Winchester and soon controlled over half of England.[7]

      In the midst of this crisis, King John died, prompting many of the barons to desert Louis in favor of John's nine-year-old son, Henry III. In 1217 Prince Louis retook Castle Hedingham and restored it to Oxford, but despite this Oxford transferred his allegiance to the new King in October 1217. Although he did homage to Henry, he was not fully restored in his offices and lands until February 1218.

      Earl Robert served as a king's justice in 1220-21, and died before 21 October 1221. He was buried at Hatfield Regis Priory, where either his son, Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford, or his grandson, Robert de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford had an effigy erected in which he is depicted in chain mail, cross-legged, pulling his sword from its scabbard and holding a shield with the arms of the Veres.[8]

      Issue

      Robert de Vere and Isabel de Bolebec had a son, Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford.[9]

      Ancestry

      [show] Ancestors of Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford

      Footnotes

      Jump up ^ Richardson IV 2011, p. 261.
      Jump up ^ DeAragon, R. "Isabel de Bolebec, Countess of Oxford," Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 56:278-9;
      Jump up ^ Cokayne 1945, p. 210.
      Jump up ^ Cokayne 1945, p. 210.
      Jump up ^ Cokayne 1945, p. 211; Richardson IV 2011, p. 261.
      Jump up ^ Cokayne 1945, pp. 211212.
      Jump up ^ Alan Harding (1993), England in the Thirteenth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), p. 10.

      * [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S9743] "Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford (c. 1208 - December 1263)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_de_Vere,_4th_.

    2. [S9744] "Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_de_Vere,_3rd_Earl_of_Oxford, access.

    3. [S10733] "Aubrey de Vere, 1st Earl of Oxford" biography, was found, retrieved, uploaded and published March 23rd, 2017 by David A.

    4. [S10505] "Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_de_Vere,_3rd_Earl_of_Oxford, access.

    5. [S10734] "Agnes of Essex, Countess of Oxford" biography, was found, retrieved, uploaded and published March 23rd, 2017 by David A.