Sir Richard de Clare, Knight, 3rd Earl of Hertford

Male 1153 - 1217  (~ 64 years)


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  • Name Richard de Clare 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix Knight, 3rd Earl of Hertford 
    Born ~ 1153  Tonbridge Castle, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As 6th Lord of Cardigan  [2
    Also Known As 6th Lord of Clare  [2
    Also Known As 6th Lord of Tonbridge  [2
    Died 28 Nov 1217  [2, 4, 5
    Person ID I46129  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 25 Nov 2016 

    Father Richard de Clare, Knight, 2nd Earl Pembroke,   b. 0___ 1125, Tonbridge, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Apr 1176, Dublin, Leinster, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 51 years) 
    Mother Eva Aoife Mac Murchada, Countess Pembroke,   b. 26 Apr 1141, Dublin, Leinster, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1188, Waterford, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years) 
    Married 26 Aug 1171  Waterford, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6
    Family ID F18235  Group Sheet

    Family Amice FitzWilliam, 4th Countess of Gloucester,   b. 0___ 1160, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1220-1225  (Age ~ 65 years) 
    Married 0___ 1180  England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 5, 7
    Children 
     1. Gilbert de Clare, Knight, 4th Earl of Hertford,   b. 0___ 1180, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Oct 1230, Brittany, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years)
     2. Mathilde de Clare,   b. (Hertford, Hertfordshire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Hawise de Clare
    Last Modified 18 Apr 2018 
    Family ID F16869  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~ 1153 - Tonbridge Castle, Kent, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 0___ 1180 - England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Richard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, 6th Lord of Clare, 6th lord of Tonbridge, 5th Lord of Cardigan (c.?11531217), was a powerful Norman nobleman with vast lands in England and Wales.

      Career

      Richard was the son of Roger de Clare, 2nd Earl of Hertford and Maud, daughter of James de St. Hillary.[1] More commonly known as the Earl of Clare, he had the majority of the Giffard estates from his ancestor, Rohese.[2] He was present at the coronations of King Richard I at Westminster, 3 September 1189, and King John on 27 May 1199. He was also present at the homage of King William of Scotland as English Earl of Huntingdon at Lincoln.[citation needed]

      Marriage

      He married (c. 1172) Amice FitzWilliam, 4th Countess of Gloucester (c. 11601220), second daughter, and co-heiress, of William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester, and Hawise de Beaumont. Sometime before 1198, Earl Richard and his wife Amice were ordered to separate by the Pope on grounds of consanguinity. They separated for a time because of this order but apparently reconciled their marriage with the Pope later on.[citation needed]

      Magna Carta

      He sided with the Barons against King John, even though he had previously sworn peace with the King at Northampton, and his castle of Tonbridge was taken. He played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta, being one of the twenty five sureties. On 9 November 1215, he was one of the commissioners on the part of the Barons to negotiate the peace with the King. In 1215, his lands in counties Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun. He and his son were among the Barons excommunicated by the Pope in 1215. His own arms were: Or, three chevronels gules.[citation needed]

      Family

      Richard and Amice had children:

      Gilbert de Clare (ca. 1180 25 October 1230), 4th Earl of Hertford and 5th Earl of Gloucester, (or 1st Earl of Gloucester of new creation). Married in 1217 Isabel Marshal.
      Maud de Clare (ca. 11841213), married in 1206,[citation needed] Sir William de Braose, son of William de Braose and Maud de St. Valery.
      Richard de Clare (ca. 1184 4 Mar 1228, London)[citation needed]
      Mathilde, married Rhys Gryg son of Rhys ap Gruffydd, ruler of the kingdom of Deheubarth.

      References

      icon Normandy portal
      Jump up ^ George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant Extinct or Dormant, eds. H. A. Doubleday; Howard de Walden, Vol. V (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1926), p. 736
      Jump up ^ I. J. Sanders, English Baronies: A Study of Their Origin and Descent 10861327) (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1963), pp. 34, 62

      end of biography [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S9229] "Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Gloucester" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_de_Clare,_5th_Earl_of_Glouce.

    2. [S9724] "Richard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, 6th Lord of Clare, 6th lord of Tonbridge, 5th Lord of Cardigan (c.?1153-1217)".

    3. [S10039] "Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of Essex" biography, accessed & downloaded Monday, November 25th, 2016 by David A. Hennessee,.

    4. [S10040] "Roger de Clare, 2nd Earl of Hertford" biography, accessed & downloaded Monday, November 25th, 2016 by David A. Hennesse.

    5. [S4828] "Dermot Dairmait Mac MURCHADA (King of Leinster)", pedigree & registry, http://gw.geneanet.org/belfast8?n=murchada&oc=0&.

    6. [S11505] "Isabel de Clare", profile, http://gw.geneanet.org/belfast8?lang=en&p=isabel+de&n=clare, retrieved, recorded & uploaded.

    7. [S9730] "William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Fitz_Robert,_2nd_Earl_of_.