Lady Eva Marshal, Countess of Abergavenny

Female 1203 - 1246  (~ 43 years)


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  • Name Eva Marshal 
    Title Lady 
    Suffix Countess of Abergavenny 
    Alt Birth 1194  [1
    Born 0___ 1203  Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Gender Female 
    Died 0___ 1246  [1, 3
    Person ID I46116  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2017 

    Father William Marshal, Templar Knight, 1st Earl Pembroke,   b. 1146-1147, (Berkshire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Apr 1219, Caversham, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years) 
    Mother Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke,   b. 0___ 1172, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Oct 1217, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 45 years) 
    Married 0Aug 1189  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 4, 5, 6
    Family ID F16620  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family William de Braose, Lord of Brycheiniog,   b. 0___ 1197, Brecon, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 May 1230, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 33 years) 
    Married 2 May 1230  Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 7
    Children 
     1. Isabella de Braose,   b. ~ 1222, (Wales) Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Maud de Braose, Lady Mortimer,   b. ~ 1224, (Wales) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1301  (Age ~ 77 years)
     3. Eva de Braose,   b. 0___ 1227,   d. 28 Jul 1255  (Age ~ 28 years)
     4. Eleanor de Braose,   b. ~ 1228, Breconshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1251  (Age ~ 23 years)
    Last Modified 16 Jul 2018 
    Family ID F16863  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 0___ 1203 - Pembroke Castle, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 2 May 1230 - Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Eva Marshal (1203 1246) was a Cambro-Norman noblewoman and the wife of the powerful Marcher lord William de Braose. She was the daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, and the granddaughter of Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster.

      She held de Braose lands and castles in her own right following the public hanging of her husband by the orders of Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Wales.

      Family and marriage

      Lady Eva was born in 1203, in Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales, the fifth daughter[1] and tenth child of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke. Her paternal grandparents were John Marshal and Sibyl of Salisbury, and her maternal grandparents were Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, known to history as Strongbow and Aoife of Leinster, for whom she was probably named.

      Lady Eva was the youngest of ten children, having had five older brothers and four older sisters. Eva and her sisters were described as being handsome, high-spirited girls.[2] From 1207 to 1212, Eva and her family lived in Ireland.

      Sometime before 1221, she married Marcher lord William de Braose, who in June 1228 succeeded to the lordship of Abergavenny,[n 1] and by whom she had four daughters. William was the son of Reginald de Braose and his first wife Grecia Briwere. He was much hated by the Welsh who called him Gwilym Ddu or Black William.

      Issue

      Isabella de Braose (b.1222), married Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn. She died childless.
      Maud de Braose (1224 1301), in 1247, she married Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore, by whom she had issue, including Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Mortimer and Isabella Mortimer, Countess of Arundel.
      Eva de Braose (1227 28 July 1255), married William de Cantelou, by whom she had issue.
      Eleanor de Braose (c.1228 1251). On an unknown date after August 1241, she married Humphrey de Bohun. They had two sons, Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and Gilbert de Bohun, and one daughter, Alianore de Bohun. All three children married and had issue. Eleanor was buried in Llanthony Secunda Priory.

      Widowhood

      Eva's husband was publicly hanged by Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Wales on 2 May 1230 after being discovered in the Prince's bedchamber together with his wife Joan, Lady of Wales. Several months later, Eva's eldest daughter Isabella married the Prince's son, Dafydd ap Llywelyn, as their marriage contract had been signed prior to William de Braose's death. Prince Llywelyn wrote to Eva shortly after the execution, offering his apologies, explaining that he had been forced to order the hanging due to the insistence by the Welsh lords. He concluded his letter by adding that he hoped the execution would not affect their business dealings.[3]

      Following her husband's execution, Eva held de Braose lands and castles in her own right. She is listed as holder of Totnes in 1230, which she held until her death. It is recorded on the Close Rolls (12341237) that Eva was granted 12 marks by King Henry III of England to strengthen Hay Castle. She had gained custody of Hay as part of her dower.[4]

      In early 1234, Eva was caught up in her brother Richard's rebellion against King Henry and possibly acted as one of the arbitrators between the King and her mutinous brothers following Richard's murder in Ireland.[5] This is evidenced by the safe conduct she received in May 1234, thus enabling her to speak with the King. By the end of that month, she had a writ from King Henry granting her seisen of castles and lands he had confiscated from her following her brother's revolt. Eva also received a formal statement from the King declaring that she was back in "his good graces again".[6]

      She died in 1246 at the age of forty-three.

      Royal descendants

      Most notably through her daughter Maud, who married Roger Mortimer, she was the ancestress of the English kings: Edward IV, Edward V, Richard III, and all monarchs from Henry VIII onwards. She was also the ancestress of Queen consorts Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr by three of her four daughters; Eleanor, Maud, and Eva de Braose.

      Ancestry

      [show]Ancestors of Eva Marshal

      Notes

      Jump up ^ Although he held the lordship in tenancy, he never held the title Lord Abergavenny.
      References[edit]
      ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Cawley, Charles (2010). Medieval Lands, Earls of Pembroke 1189-1245( Marshal)
      Jump up ^ Costain, Thomas B.(1959). The Magnificent Century. Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company Inc. p.103
      Jump up ^ Gen-Medieval-L Archives, retrieved on 7 November 2009
      Jump up ^ Close Rolls (1234-1237)
      Jump up ^ Linda Elizabeth Mitchell (2003). Portraits of Medieval Women: Family, Marriage and Politics in England 1225-1350. New York: Palgrave MacMillan. p.47
      Jump up ^ Mitchell, p.47

      Sources

      Cawley, Charles, ENGLISH NOBILITY MEDIEVAL: Earls of Pembroke 1189-1245, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy,[better source needed]
      de Braose family genealogy
      Cokayne, G. E. The Complete Peerage
      Costain, Thomas B. (1959). The Magnificent Century. Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company, Inc. [3]

  • Sources 
    1. [S4828] "Dermot Dairmait Mac MURCHADA (King of Leinster)", pedigree & registry, http://gw.geneanet.org/belfast8?n=murchada&oc=0&.

    2. [S9716] "Eleanor de Braose (c. 1228-1251)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_de_Braose, accessed September 23rd,.

    3. [S9727] "Eva Marshal (1203 - 1246)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eva_Marshal, downloaded September 23rd, 2016 by Dav.

    4. [S9219] "Joan de Munchensi" biography, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_de_Munchensi, updated March 12, 2016 by David A. Hennes.

    5. [S9221] "William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Marshal,_1st_Earl_of_Pembroke,.

    6. [S9222] "Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabel_de_Clare,_4th_Countess_of_Pe.

    7. [S11505] "Isabel de Clare", profile, http://gw.geneanet.org/belfast8?lang=en&p=isabel+de&n=clare, retrieved, recorded & uploaded.