John de Balliol, King of Scotland

Male Bef 1208 - 1268  (~ 60 years)


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name John de Balliol 
    Suffix King of Scotland 
    Born Bef 1208  Bernard Castle, Gainford, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 25 Oct 1268  St Waast, Bailleul, Nord, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I45625  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 3 Dec 2016 

    Family Dervorguilla of Galloway,   b. ~ 1210, (Galloway, Scotland) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jan 1290  (Age ~ 80 years) 
    Married ~ 1223  [1, 2
    Residence (Family) (Scotland) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence (Family) (England) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Cecilia de Balliol,   b. ~ 1240, Bernard Castle, Gainford, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1289  (Age ~ 49 years)
     2. Eleanor de Balliol,   b. 0___ 1246
     3. John Balliol, I, King of Scots,   b. ~ 1249, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Nov 1314, Picardy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years)
     4. Maud Balliol,   bur. Church of the Black Friars, York, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 14 Aug 2018 
    Family ID F16657  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Bef 1208 - Bernard Castle, Gainford, Durham, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 25 Oct 1268 - St Waast, Bailleul, Nord, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence (Family) - - (Scotland) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence (Family) - - (England) Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • John de Balliol (died 25 October 1268) was a leading figure of Scottish and Anglo-Norman life of his time. Balliol College, in Oxford, is named after him.

      Life

      John de Balliol was born before 1208 to Hugh de Balliol, Lord of Balliol and of Barnard Castle and Gainford (c. 1177-February 2, 1229) and Cecily de Fontaines, daughter of Al‚eaume de Fontaines, chevalier, seigneur of Fontaines and Longpr‚e-les-Corps-Saints. It is believed that he was educated at Durham School in the city of Durham.

      In 1223, Lord John married Dervorguilla of Galloway, the daughter of Alan, Lord of Galloway and Margaret of Huntingdon. By the mid-thirteenth century, he and his wife had become very wealthy, principally as a result of inheritances from Dervorguilla's family. This wealth allowed Balliol to play a prominent public role, and, on Henry III's instruction, he served as joint protector of the young king of Scots, Alexander III. He was one of Henry III's leading counsellors between 1258 and 1265.[1] and was appointed Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire from 1261 to 1262. He was captured at the Battle of Lewes in 1264 but escaped and rejoined King Henry. In 1265 Thomas de Musgrave owed him a debt of 123 marks. About 1266 Baldwin Wake owed him a debt of 100 marks and more.

      Following a dispute with the Bishop of Durham, he agreed to provide funds for scholars studying at Oxford. Support for a house of students began in around 1263; further endowments after his death, supervised by Dervorguilla, resulted in the establishment of Balliol College.

      Issue

      John and Dervorguilla had issue:

      Sir Hugh de Balliol, who died without issue before 10 April 1271. He married Agnes de Valence, daughter of William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke.[2]
      Alan de Balliol, who died before 10 April 1271 without issue.[2]
      Sir Alexander de Balliol, who died without issue before 13 November 1278. He married Eleanor de Genoure.[2]
      King John I of Scotland, successful competitor for the Crown in 1292.[2]
      Ada de Balliol, who married in 1266, William Lindsay, of Lambarton, and had a daughter, Christian de Lindsay.[2]
      Margaret de Balliol, who may have married Thomas de Moulton.
      Cecily de Balliol (d. before 1273), who married Sir John de Burgh (d. before 3 March 1280) of Wakerley, Northamptonshire, by whom she had three daughters, Devorguille de Burgh (c.1256 Ė 1284), who in 1259 married Robert FitzWalter, 1st Baron FitzWalter; Hawise de Burgh (d. before 24 March 1299), who married Sir Robert de Grelle (or Grelley) (d. 15 February 1282) of Manchester; and Margery de Burgh, who became a nun.[3][4][2]
      Mary (or Alianora) de Balliol, who married John II Comyn, Lord of Badenoch, and had a son, John 'The Red Comyn, Lord of Badenoch (d. 1306).[2]
      Maud (or Matilda) de Balliol, married to Bryan FitzAlan, Lord FitzAlan, and feudal Baron of Bedale. They were parents to Agnes FitzAlan (b. 1298), who married Sir Gilbert Stapleton, Knt., of Bedale [5] (1291-1324). Gilbert is better known for his participation in the assassination of Piers Gaveston, Earl of Cornwall. [1]

  • Sources 
    1. [S9287] "John I de Balliol" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_I_de_Balliol, abstracted March 20, 2016 by David A. He.

    2. [S10522] "Dervorguilla of Galloway" biography, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Tuesday, February 28th, 2017 by Dav.