Prince Charles Edward Stuart

Prince Charles Edward Stuart

Male 1720 - 1788  (67 years)

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  • Name Charles Edward Stuart 
    Title Prince 
    Born 31 Dec 1720  Rome, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    • at Palazzo Muti...

      Following James's failure, attention turned to his son Charles, "the Young Pretender", whose rebellion of 1745 came much closer to success than his father's. With the failure of this second rebellion, however, the Stuart hopes of regaining the British throne were effectively destroyed. James and Charles later clashed repeatedly, and relations between them broke down completely when James played a role in the election of his son Henry as a Cardinal (the celibacy required meaning that Henry would not have any legitimate children and thus could not carry on the line of succession), infuriating Charles, who had not been consulted.

      In 1759 the French government briefly considered a scheme to have James crowned King of Ireland, as part of their plans to invade Britain, but the offer was never formally made to James. Several separate plans also involved Charles being given control of a French-backed independent Ireland.
    Gender Male 
    Residence (Scotland) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Also Known As Bonnie Prince Charlie  [1
    Also Known As Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Silvester Severino Maria Stuart  [1
    Also Known As The Young Pretender 
    Died 31 Jan 1788  Rome, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    • at Palazzo Muti...

      The Palazzo Muti (officially the Palazzo Muti e Santuario della Madonna dell' Archetto) is a large townhouse in the Piazza dei Santi Apostoli, Rome, Italy, built in 1644. Together with the neighboring Palazzo Muti Papazzurri, it originally formed part of a complex of adjoining palazzi and other houses owned by the Muti Papazzurri family. During the 18th century this entire range of buildings was, by courtesy of the Pope, the residence of the exiled Stuart dynasty while in exile in Rome. They were recognised by the Catholic Church as the rightful kings of Great Britain and Ireland. The Palazzo Muti should not be confused with the Palazzo Muti Papazzurri in the Piazza della Pilotta which was designed by Mattia de' Rossi in 1660.

      Photo, history, drawing & source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palazzo_Muti
    Buried St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I45591  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 1 Dec 2016 

    Father James Francis Edward Stuart, III, Prince of Wales,   b. 10 Jun 1688, St James's Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Jan 1766, Rome, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years) 
    Mother Maria Clementina Sobleska 
    Family ID F16641  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 31 Dec 1720 - Rome, Italy Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - - (Scotland) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 31 Jan 1788 - Rome, Italy Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    'Bonnie Prince Charlie', The Young (last) Jacobite Pretender
    "Bonnie Prince Charlie", The Young (last) Jacobite Pretender
    Charles Edward Stuart, by Allan Ramsay, painted at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh, late autumn 1745.

    Charles is perhaps best known as the instigator of the unsuccessful Jacobite uprising of 1745, in which he led an insurrection to restore his family to the throne of Great Britain, which ended in defeat at the Battle of Culloden that effectively ended the Jacobite cause. Jacobites supported the Stuart claim due to hopes for religious toleration for Roman Catholics and a belief in the divine right of kings. Charles's flight from Scotland after the uprising has rendered him a romantic figure of heroic failure in some later representations.

  • Notes 
    • Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Sylvester Severino Maria Stuart (31 December 1720 31 January 1788), commonly known in Britain during his lifetime as The Young Pretender and The Young Chevalier, and often known in retrospective accounts as Bonnie Prince Charlie, was the second Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland (as Charles III) from the death of his father in 1766.

      This claim was as the eldest son of James Francis Edward Stuart, himself the son of James VII and II.

      Charles is perhaps best known as the instigator of the unsuccessful Jacobite uprising of 1745, in which he led an insurrection to restore his family to the throne of Great Britain, which ended in defeat at the Battle of Culloden that effectively ended the Jacobite cause. Jacobites supported the Stuart claim due to hopes for religious toleration for Roman Catholics and a belief in the divine right of kings.

      Charles's flight from Scotland after the uprising has rendered him a romantic figure of heroic failure in some later representations In 1759 he was involved in a French plan to invade Britain which was abandoned following British naval victories. [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S9258] "James Francis Edward Stuart" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Francis_Edward_Stuart, retrieved March 18,.

    2. [S9259] "Charles Edward Stuart" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Edward_Stuart, downloaded March 18, 2016 by Dav.