Charles I, King of England, Scotland and Ireland

Charles I, King of England, Scotland and Ireland

Male 1600 - 1649  (48 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Charles I 
    Suffix King of England, Scotland and Ireland 
    Born 19 Nov 1600  Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Died 30 Jan 1649  Whitehall, Westminster, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • Charles was tried, convicted, and executed for high treason in January 1649. The monarchy was abolished and a republic called the Commonwealth of England was declared. The monarchy was restored to Charles's son, Charles II, in 1660.
    Buried St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I45577  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 18 Mar 2016 

    Father James of Scotland, VI and I, King of Scots, King of England,   b. 16 Sep 1566, Edinburgh Castle, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Mar 1625, Theobalds House, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Mother Anne of Denmark 
    Married Y  [1
    Family ID F16634  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Henrietta Maria of France 
    Married Y  [2
    Children 
     1. James II, King of England, Scotland and Ireland,   b. 14 Oct 1633, St James's Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Sep 1701, Yvelines, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years)
     2. Mary Henrietta Stuart,   b. 4 Nov 1631, St James's Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Dec 1660, Whitehall Palace, Westminster, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years)
    Last Modified 16 Jul 2018 
    Family ID F16635  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 19 Nov 1600 - Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 30 Jan 1649 - Whitehall, Westminster, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Charles I 19 November 1600 - 30 January 1649
    Charles I 19 November 1600 - 30 January 1649

  • Notes 
    • Charles I (19 November 1600 30 January 1649)[a] was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.

      Charles was born into the House of Stuart as the second son of King James VI of Scotland, but after his father inherited the English throne in 1603, he moved to England, where he spent much of the rest of his life. He became heir apparent to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland on the death of his elder brother, Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, in 1612. An unsuccessful and unpopular attempt to marry him to the Spanish Habsburg princess Maria Anna culminated in an eight-month visit to Spain in 1623 that demonstrated the futility of the marriage negotiations. Two years later, he married the Bourbon princess Henrietta Maria of France instead.

      After his succession, Charles quarrelled with the Parliament of England, which sought to curb his royal prerogative. Charles believed in the divine right of kings and thought he could govern according to his own conscience. Many of his subjects opposed his policies, in particular the levying of taxes without parliamentary consent, and perceived his actions as those of a tyrannical absolute monarch. His religious policies, coupled with his marriage to a Roman Catholic, generated the antipathy and mistrust of Reformed groups such as the English Puritans and Scottish Covenanters, who thought his views were too Catholic. He supported high church Anglican ecclesiastics, such as Richard Montagu and William Laud, and failed to aid Protestant forces successfully during the Thirty Years' War. His attempts to force the Church of Scotland to adopt high Anglican practices led to the Bishops' Wars, strengthened the position of the English and Scottish parliaments and helped precipitate his own downfall.

      From 1642, Charles fought the armies of the English and Scottish parliaments in the English Civil War. After his defeat in 1645, he surrendered to a Scottish force that eventually handed him over to the English Parliament. Charles refused to accept his captors' demands for a constitutional monarchy, and temporarily escaped captivity in November 1647. Re-imprisoned on the Isle of Wight, Charles forged an alliance with Scotland, but by the end of 1648 Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army had consolidated its control over England. Charles was tried, convicted, and executed for high treason in January 1649. The monarchy was abolished and a republic called the Commonwealth of England was declared. The monarchy was restored to Charles's son, Charles II, in 1660.

      More biography & images ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_I_of_England

      end of biography [2]
    • "Charles I: King and Collector", view his art & paintings collection; https://www.vogue.com/article/royal-academy-arts-charles-i-king-and-collector

      end of suggestion [3]

  • Sources 
    1. [S9249] "James VI and I", biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_VI_and_I, retrieved March 18, 2016 by David A. Hennesse.

    2. [S9250] "Charles I of England" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_I_of_England, retrieved March 18, 2016 by David.

    3. [S12355] "Charles I: King and Collector", An article with images, link submitted by Martha Ann Millsaps, mam1280@gmail.com, Frida.