Guy de Montfort, Count of Nola

Male 1244 - 1288  (~ 44 years)


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  • Name Guy de Montfort 
    Suffix Count of Nola 
    Born 0___ 1244  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Died 0___ 1288  Sicily Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    Person ID I43952  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 3 Nov 2017 

    Father Simon de Montfort, V, Knight, 6th Earl of Leicester,   b. ~ 1208, Montfort-l'Amaury, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Aug 1265, Evesham, Worcestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 57 years) 
    Mother Eleanor of Leicester,   b. 0___ 1215, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Apr 1275, Montargis Abbey, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 60 years) 
    Married 7 Jan 1238  [1, 4
    • In January 1238, Montfort married Eleanor of England, daughter of King John and Isabella of Angoulăeme and sister of King Henry III.

      While this marriage took place with the King's approval, the act itself was performed secretly and without consulting the great barons, as a marriage of such importance warranted. Eleanor had previously been married to William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, and she swore a vow of perpetual chastity upon his death, when she was sixteen, which she broke by marrying Montfort.

      The Archbishop of Canterbury, Edmund Rich, condemned the marriage for this reason.

      The English nobles protested the marriage of the King's sister to a foreigner of modest rank. Most notably, the King's and Eleanor's brother Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, rose up in revolt when he learned of the marriage. King Henry eventually bought off Richard with 6,000 marks and peace was restored.
    Family ID F15997  Group Sheet

    Family Margherita Aldobrandesca, Lady of Sovana 
    Married Tuscany, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Children 
     1. Anastasia de Montfort, Countess of Nola,   b. ~ 1274, (Siena) Italy Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Tomasina de Montfort,   b. (Siena) Italy Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 18 Nov 2017 
    Family ID F18430  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - 0___ 1288 - Sicily Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - - Tuscany, Italy Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Guy de Montfort, Count of Nola (1244 – 1291) was the son of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Eleanor of England.[1]

      Biography

      He participated in the Battle of Evesham against the royalist forces of his uncle, King Henry III of England, and his cousin, Prince Edward. Both his father and elder brother were traumatically killed during the disastrous battle, Guy de Montfort was extremely wounded and captured.[2]

      He was held at Windsor Castle until spring 1266, when he bribed his captors and escaped to France to rejoin his exiled family. Guy and his brother, Simon the younger, wandered across Europe for several years, eventually making their way to Italy.[2]

      Guy took service with Charles of Anjou, serving as his Vicar-General in Tuscany. He distinguished himself at the Battle of Tagliacozzo and was given Nola by Charles of Anjou.

      In 1271, Guy and Simon discovered that their cousin Henry of Almain (son of Richard, Earl of Cornwall) was in Viterbo at the church of San Silvestro.[3] In revenge for the deaths of their father and brother at Evesham, on 13 March, 1271, Guy and Simon murdered Henry while he clutched the altar, begging for mercy. "You had no mercy for my father and brothers", was Guy's reply. This murder was carried out in the presence of the Cardinals (who were conducting a papal Election), of King Philip III of France, and of King Charles of Sicily. For this crime the Montfort brothers were excommunicated, and Dante banished Guy to the river of boiling blood in the seventh circle of his Inferno (Canto XII).

      The news reached England, and King Edward I(Note: Edward didn't succeed to throne until 1272) dispatched a clerk of the royal household to inform the northern counties and Scotland about the excommunication.[2] Pope Gregory X wrote a letter (29 November, 1273) to King Edward from Lyons, where he was preparing for an ecumenical council, that Cardinal Riccardo Annibaldi and Cardinal Giovanni Orsini were still in Rome and had been ordered to find a secure place of imprisonment in the territories of the Church for Guy de Montfort.[4]

      Simon died later that year at Siena, "cursed by God, a wanderer and a fugitive". Guy was stripped of his titles and took service with Charles of Anjou again, but was captured off the coast of Sicily in 1287 by the Aragonese at the Battle of the Counts. He died in a Sicilian prison.[2]

      Family

      In Tuscany, he married an Italian noblewoman, Margherita Aldobrandesca, the Lady of Sovana.[5] With her he had two daughters:[6] Anastasia, who married Romano Orsini,[7] and Tomasina, who married Pietro di Vico.

      Among his direct descendants (via his elder daughter, Anastasia): late 15th century Kings of Naples, England's Queen-Consort Elizabeth Woodville, 16th century rulers of Poland, Dukes of Ferrera, and Dukes of Guise.

      end of biography [3]

  • Sources 
    1. [S7967] "Eleanor of Leicester (1215-1275)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_of_Leicester.

    2. [S9729] "Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester (c.?1208 - 4 August 1265)" biography, retrieved September 23rd, 2016 by David.

    3. [S11757] "Guy de Montfort, Count of Nola", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_de_Montfort,_Count_of_Nola, retrieved, re.

    4. [S7966] "Isabella of Angouleme (~ 1188-1246)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_of_Angoul%C3%AAme.