Sir John Stanley, I, Knight

Male 1362 - 1414  (~ 52 years)


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  • Name John Stanley 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix I, Knight 
    Born ~ 1362  Wirral Forest, Cheshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Occupation Justice of Chester in 1394  [4
    Occupation Lord Lieutenant of Ireland  [1
    Also Known As Sovereign Lord of the Isle of Man  [4
    Died 6 Jan 1414  Ardee, County Louth, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Buried Burscough Priory, Ormskirk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I43909  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 7 Mar 2016 

    Father William Stanley, Lord of Stourton,   b. ~ 1320, Storeton, Wirrall Forest, Cheshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. ~ 1398, Storeton, Cheshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 78 years) 
    Mother Alice Massey,   b. ~ 1329, Timperley, Cheshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. ~ 1380, Storeton, Cheshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 51 years) 
    Married Y  [3, 5, 6, 7
    Family ID F16403  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Isabel Lathom,   b. ~ 1364, (Lathom, Lancashire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Oct 1414, Lathom, Lancashire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years) 
    Married 0___ 1385  (Lathom, Lancashire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3, 8
    Children 
     1. John Stanley, II, Knight, of the Isle of Man,   b. ~ 1386, Lathom, Lancashire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Nov 1437, Anglesey, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 51 years)
     2. Henry Stanley
     3. Thomas Stanley,   b. ~ 1392, Elford, Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0May 1463  (Age ~ 71 years)
     4. Ralph Stanley
    Last Modified 25 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F15980  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~ 1362 - Wirral Forest, Cheshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 0___ 1385 - (Lathom, Lancashire, England) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 6 Jan 1414 - Ardee, County Louth, Ireland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Burscough Priory, Ormskirk, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Sir John I Stanley, KG (c. 1350-1414) was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and titular King of Mann, the first of that name. The Stanley family later became the Earls of Derby and remained prominent in English history into modern times.

      Early years

      John Stanley was the second son of Sir William de Stanley of Stourton and Alice Massey of Timperley, Cheshire, and grandson of John de Stanley and Emma Lathom of Lathom, Lancashire.[1]

      Stanley's father was Master-Forester of the Forest of Wirral, notorious for his repressive activities. Both Stanley and his older brother, William (who succeeded their father as Master-Forester), were involved in criminal cases which charged them with a forced entry in 1369 and in the murder of Thomas Clotton in 1376.[2]

      Conviction for the murder of Clotton resulted in Stanley being declared an outlaw. However, he was already distinguishing himself in military service in the French wars, and he was pardoned in 1378 at the insistence of his commander, Sir Thomas Trivet.[3]

      Marriage and rise to prominence

      In 1385 he married Isabel Lathom, heir to the extensive lands of Sir Thomas Lathom (great grandson of Humphrey VI De Bohun) in south-west Lancashire. The marriage took place despite the opposition of John of Gaunt and gave Stanley the sort of wealth and financial security he could never have hoped to have had as the younger son in his own family.[4] Stanley had four sons, John, Henry, Thomas and Ralph as well as two daughters.[5]

      The year 1386 saw his first appointment in Ireland as deputy to Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland.This occurred because of the insurrection created by the friction between Sir Philip de Courtenay, the then English Lieutenant of Ireland, and his appointed governor James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond. Stanley led an expedition to Ireland on behalf of de Vere and King Richard II to quell it. He was accompanied by Bishop Alexander de Balscot of Meath and Sir Robert Crull.[6] Butler joined them upon their arrival in Ireland. Because of the success of the expedition, Stanley was appointed to the position of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Alexander to chancellor, Crull to treasurer, and Butler to his old position as governor.[7] In 1389, Richard II appointed him justiciar of Ireland, a post he held until 1391. He was heavily involved in Richard's first expedition to Ireland in 13941395.[8]

      Throughout the 1390s he was involved in placating possible rebellion in Cheshire.[9] Between 1396 and 1398 he served as captain of Roxburgh. Stanley took part in Richard II's expedition to Ireland in 1399. However, on his return to England, Stanley, who had long proved adept at political manouevring, turned his back on Richard and submitted to Henry IV of England.[10]

      Under the Lancastrians

      Stanley's fortunes were equally good under the Lancastrians. He was granted lordships in the Welsh marches, and served a term as lieutenant of Ireland. In 1403 he was made steward of the household of Henry, prince of Wales, (later Henry V). Unlike many of the Cheshire gentry, he took the side of the king in the rebellion of the Percys. He was wounded in the throat at the Battle of Shrewsbury.[11]

      In 1405 he was granted the tenure of the Isle of Man,which had been confiscated from the rebellious Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland.[12] In this period he also became steward of the king's household, and was elected a Knight of the Garter. In 1413 King Henry V of England sent him to serve once more as lieutenant of Ireland. He died at Ardee, County Louth, in 1414, after being satirised by the O'Higgins of Meath for despoiling the lands and raiding the cows of Niall O'Higgins. He lasted but five weeks, according to the Four Masters, before succumbing "to the virulence of the lampoons". His body was returned to Lathom and buried at Burscough Priory near Ormskirk.[13] This was the second such Poet's Miracle performed by the O'Higgins.

      Offices

      During his career Stanley held the following offices:-

      Lord Lieutenant of Ireland between 1386 and 1388.
      Justiciary Ireland between 1389 and 1391.
      Justice of Chester in 1394
      Controller of the Royal Household in 1399
      Lieutenant of Ireland between 1399 and 1401
      Steward of the Household to the Prince of Wales circa 1403, later King Henry V
      Surveyor of the Forests of Macclesfield, Mare and Mondrem, Cheshire in 1403
      Governor of the City and County of Cheshire in 1403
      He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) circa 1405
      Steward of Macclesfield in 1406
      He was granted the Isle, Castle, Peel and Lordship of Mann, by King Henry IV of England

      Sovereign Lord of the Isle of Man in 1406
      Constable of Windsor Castle in 1409
      Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (second term) from 1413 until his death in 1414.
      See also[edit]
      Audley-Stanley family for Ancestors and descendants of John I Stanley
      Lathom Wikipedia article containing Stanley & Lathom history

      * [1]
    • more ...

      Biography

      John I Stanley of the Isle of Mann - Sir John I Stanley, KG (c. 1350 1414) was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and titular King of Mann, the first of that name. The Stanley family later became the Earls of Derby and remained prominent in English history into modern times.[1]

      Early years

      John Stanley[2] was the second son of Sir William de Stanley of Stourton and Alice Massey of Timperley, Cheshire and grandson of John de Stanley and Emma Lathom of Lathom, Lancashire.

      Stanley's father was Master-Forrester of the Forest of Wirral, notorious for his repressive activities. Both Stanley and his older brother, William (who succeeded their father as Master-Forrester), were involved in criminal cases which charged them with a forced entry in 1369 and in the murder of Thomas Clotton in 1376.

      Conviction for the murder of Clotton resulted in Stanley being declared an outlaw. However, he was already distinguishing himself in military service in the French wars, and he was pardoned in 1378 at the insistence of his commander, Sir Thomas Trivet.

      Marriage and rise to prominence

      In 1385 he married Isabel Lathom, heir to the extensive lands of Sir Thomas Lathom in south-west Lancashire. The marriage took place despite the opposition of John of Gaunt and gave Stanley the sort of wealth and financial security he could never have hoped to have had as the younger son in his own family. Stanley had four sons, John, Henry, Thomas and Ralph as well as two daughters.[3]

      The year 1386 saw his first appointment in Ireland as deputy to Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland. In 1389, Richard II appointed him justiciar of Ireland, a post he held until 1391. He was heavily involved in Richard's first expedition to Ireland in 13941395.

      Throughout the 1390s he was involved in placating possible rebellion in Cheshire. Between 1396 and 1398 he served as captain of Roxburgh. Stanley took part in Richard II's expedition to Ireland in 1399. However, on his return to England, Stanley, who had long proved adept at political manouevring, turned his back on Richard and submitted to Henry IV of England.

      Under the Lancastrians

      Stanley's fortunes were equally good under the Lancastrians. He was granted lordships in the Welsh marches, and served a term as lieutenant of Ireland. In 1403 he was made steward of the household of Henry, prince of Wales, (later Henry V). Unlike many of the Cheshire gentry, he took the side of the king in the rebellion of the Percys. He was wounded in the throat at the Battle of Shrewsbury.

      In 1405 he was granted the tenure of the Isle of Man by which had been confiscated from the rebellious Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland. In this period he also became steward of the king's household, and was elected a Knight of the Garter. In 1413 King Henry V of England sent him to serve once more as lieutenant of Ireland. He died at Ardee, County Louth in 1414. His body was returned to Lathom and buried at Burscough Priory near Ormskirk.[4]

      Offices

      During his career Stanley held the following offices:-

      Lord Lieutenant of Ireland between 1386 and 1388.
      Justiciary Ireland between 1389 and 1391.
      Justice of Chester in 1394
      Controller of the Royal Household in 1399
      Lieutenant of Ireland between 1399 and 1401
      Steward of the Household to the Prince of Wales circa 1403, later King Henry V
      Surveyor of the Forests of Macclesfield, Mare and Mondrem, Cheshire in 1403
      Governor of the City and County of Cheshire in 1403
      He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) circa 1405
      Steward of Macclesfield in 1406
      He was granted the Isle, Castle, peel and Lordship of Mann, by King Henry IV of England
      Sovereign Lord of the Isle of Man in 1406
      Constable of Windsor Castle in 1409
      Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (second term) from 1413 until his death in 1414.

      Sources

      ? Excerpted from Wikipedia:
      ? Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 677-678.
      ? Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 25
      ? Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 88
      Author: Douglas Richardson Title: Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2d ed., 2011.
      Verified from the Genealogy worksheets compiled by Ralph Pryor during his 40 years of research, traveling extensively in the military and in retirement. Entered by Greg Rose, Grandson.
      http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p364.htm#i10924 [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S7929] "John I Stanley of the Isle of Man (1350-1414)" biography,https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_I_Stanley_of_the_Isle_of_Ma.

    2. [S9153] "John Stanley KG (abt. 1362 - 1414)" biography, http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Stanley-987, profile manager, Katherine Pat.

    3. [S9200] "Dorothy (Melton) Darcy (abt. 1501 - 1557)" 7-generation ahnentafel, profile manager, Doug Lockwood, last updated March.

    4. [S9152] "John I Stanley of the Isle of Man (1350-1414)" biography,https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_I_Stanley_of_the_Isle_of_Ma.

    5. [S8782] "Ancestor List for William (Brereton) of Brereton Esq", http://www.wikitree.com/treewidget/Brereton-289/9, abstracted De.

    6. [S9594] "EAST CHESHIRE GENTRY IN THE 18TH AND EARLY 19TH CENTURIES MEN OF PROPERTY AND STATUS", http://www.thornber.net/cheshire.

    7. [S12165] "Anne Whitney formerly Talbot aka de Whitney", Ancestors & Descendants (no source citations), https://www.wikitree.com/w.

    8. [S7508] "Sir John II Stanley (c. 1386-1437)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_II_Stanley_of_the_Isle_of_Man.