Sir Thomas of Brotherton, Knight, 1st Earl of Norfolk

Male 1300 - 1338  (38 years)


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  • Name Thomas of Brotherton 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix Knight, 1st Earl of Norfolk 
    Born 1 Jun 1300  Brotherton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Thomas Plantagenet of Brotherton 
    Died 23 Aug 1338  Framlington Castle, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Buried Bury St Edmunds Abbey, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Person ID I43821  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 13 Sep 2016 

    Father Edward I, King of England,   b. 17 Jun 1239, Westminster, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jul 1307, Burgh by Sands, Carlisle, Cumbria, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Mother Margaret of France, Queen Consort of England,   b. ~ 1279, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Feb 1318, Marlborough Castle, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 39 years) 
    Married 10 Sep 1299  Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 5
    • “An interlude in the political wrangling occurred on 10 September 1299, when Edward married Margaret of France at Canterbury, in a ceremony conducted by Archbishop Winchelsey, who was, at least briefly, on relatively good terms with the king.

      The bishops of Durham, Winchester and Chester were present, as were the earls of Lincoln, Warenne, Warwick, Lancaster, Hereford and Norfolk, along with a host of other magnates. After the ceremony, there was a splendid feast, with entertainment provided by a host of minstrels. The festivities took three days in all".
    Family ID F15936  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Alice Hales, Countess of Norfolk,   b. ~ 1305, Harwich, Essex , England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. ~ 1330  (Age ~ 25 years) 
    Married ~ 1321  [1, 4, 6
    Children 
     1. Margaret Brotherton, Countess of Norfolk,   b. ~ 1320, Norfolk, Norfolkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Mar 1399, Tower of London, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 79 years)
    Last Modified 25 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F15935  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1 Jun 1300 - Brotherton, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 23 Aug 1338 - Framlington Castle, Suffolk, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Bury St Edmunds Abbey, Suffolk, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1 June 1300 – August 1338), was a younger son of King Edward I (1272-1307) by his wife Margaret of France and was a younger half-brother of King Edward II (1307-1327). He occupied the office of Earl Marshal of England.

      Early life

      Thomas of Brotherton, born 1 June 1300, was the fifth son of Edward I, and the eldest son of his second marriage to Margaret (1279?–1318), the daughter of Philippe III of France (d.1285).[1] He was born at the manor house[2] at Brotherton, Yorkshire, while his mother was on her way to Cawood, where her confinement was scheduled to take place. According to Hilton, Margaret was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour.[3] The chronicler William Rishanger records that during the difficult delivery his mother prayed, as was the custom at the time, to Thomas Becket, and Thomas of Brotherton was thus named after the saint and his place of birth.[1]

      Edward I quickly rushed to the queen and the newborn baby and had him presented with two cradles. His brother Edmund was born in the year after that. They were overseen by wet nurses until they were six years old. Like their parents, they learned to play chess and to ride horses. They were visited by nobles and their half-sister Mary of Woodstock, who was a nun. Their mother often accompanied Edward on his campaigns to Scotland, but kept herself well-informed on their well-being.[3]

      His father died when he was 7 years old. Thomas's half-brother, Edward, became king of England and Thomas was heir presumptive until his nephew Edward was born in 1312. The Earldom of Cornwall had been intended for Thomas, but Edward instead bestowed it upon his favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1306. When Thomas was 10 years old, Edward assigned to him and his brother Edmund, the estates of Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk who had died without heirs in 1306.

      Career

      Ruins of the Abbey of Bury St Edmunds where Thomas of Brotherton was buried
      In 1312, he was titled "Earl of Norfolk" and on 10 February 1316 he was created Earl Marshal. While his brother was away fighting in Scotland, he was left Keeper of England. He was known for his hot and violent temper. He was one of the many victims of the unchecked greed of the king's new favourite, Hugh Despenser the Younger and his father Hugh Despenser the Elder, who stole some of the young earl's lands. He allied himself with Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer when they invaded England in 1326, and stood as one of the judges in the trials against both Despensers. When his nephew Edward III reached his majority and took the government into his own hands Thomas became one of his principal advisors. It was in the capacity of Lord Marshal that he commanded the right wing of the English army at the Battle of Halidon Hill on 19 July 1333.

      He died about 20 September 1338, and was buried in the choir of the Abbey of Bury St Edmunds.[1][4][5]

      He was succeeded by his daughter, Margaret, as Countess of Norfolk.[1] She was later created Duchess of Norfolk for life in 1397.[5]

      As a son of Edward I of England, he was entitled to bear the coat of arms of the Kingdom of England, differenced by a label argent of three points.[6]

      Marriages and issue
      He married firstly, before 8 January 1326, Alice de Hales (d. before 12 October 1330), daughter of Sir Roger de Hales of Hales Hall in Loddon in Roughton, Norfolk, by his wife, Alice, by whom he had a son and two daughters:[7][1]

      Edward of Norfolk, who married Beatrice de Mortimer, daughter of Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, but died without issue before 9 August 1334.[8]
      Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk, who married firstly John Segrave, 4th Baron Segrave, and secondly Sir Walter Manny.
      Alice of Norfolk, who married Sir Edward de Montagu.[9]
      Alice Hales died by October 1330, when a chantry was founded for her soul in Bosham, Sussex.[10]

      He married secondly, before 4 April 1336, Mary de Brewes (died 11 June 1362), widow of Sir Ralph de Cobham, (d. 5 February 1326), and daughter of Sir Peter de Brewes[1] (d. before 7 February 1312) of Tetbury, Gloucestershire, by Agnes de Clifford (d. before 1332), by whom he had no surviving issue.[11][12] [4]

  • Sources 
    1. [S7807] "Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk (1320-1399)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret,_Duchess_of_Norfolk.

    2. [S7809] "Edward I of England (1239-1307)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_I_of_England.

    3. [S7810] "Margaret of France, Queen of England (1279-1318), biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_of_France,_Queen_of.

    4. [S7811] "Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1300-1338)", biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_of_Brotherton,_.

    5. [S6651] "Princess Marguerite of France" profile, http://www.royaldescent.net/edward-i-plantagenet-king-of-england-2/, accessed S.

    6. [S6662] "Alice Hales" profile, http://www.royaldescent.net/alice-hales-countess-of-norfolk/, downloaded September 13th, 2016 by.