Claiborne Chisum

Male 1797 - 1857  (60 years)

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  • Name Claiborne Chisum 
    Born 22 Jun 1797  Grainger County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 21 Oct 1857  Paris, Lamar County, Texas Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I43723  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 12 May 2017 

    Father James Stewart Chisum,   b. 26 Jan 1774, Halifax County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0Nov 1834, Bolivar, Hardeman County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth Gibbons,   b. 12 Nov 1774, Albermarle County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1857  (Age 82 years) 
    Married 26 Jan 1794  Hawkins County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Family ID F15602  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Lucinda Armstrong 
    Married Y  [1
     1. John Simpson Chisholm,   b. 27 Aug 1827, Hardeman County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Dec 1884, Eureka Springs, Carroll County, Arkansas Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years)
    Last Modified 26 May 2018 
    Family ID F15886  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 22 Jun 1797 - Grainger County, Tennessee Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 21 Oct 1857 - Paris, Lamar County, Texas Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Notes for CLAIRBORN CHISUM:
      Claiborne, m. lst unknown, maybe Nancy; 2nd Lucinda Armstrong Chisum (cousin) 1822, 3rd Mrs. Cynthia Ann Henderson Latimer

      The Mallary book list only 2 marriages. Claiborne would have been about 33 years old in 1820 when he married Lucinda, age 16. The Casey book confirms that there were two daughters who died while quite small.

      Claiborne and his father, James, came to western Tennessee as surveyors of the new lands purchased from the Chickasaw Indians by the Federal government.

      They often received land in payment for their services, i.e. James McIver of North Carolina signed over 1,280 acres north west of Bolivar on the branch of the Hatchie River called Clover Creek. Here the Chisums settled by late 1829. Claiborne purchased 800 acres near his father in March of 1830. He took his family to live here. Upstream, by 1837, lived Polly and her husband John Johnson.

      Skip Steely, regional writer and publisher of The Wright Press, suggested in his book, that westward expansion for the Chisums was just not desirable, but due to the large families they produced, an economically necessity . Neighbors such as the Leven Moore family had already successfully established themselves in Texas. Abner Kuykendall's move may have influenced, Steely says, especially John Johnson who was related to the Kuykendalls. To point out any one reason for the Chisums and Johnsons clearing out of Tenn. for Texas is almost impossible. They had families and did not simply pull up roots and aimlessly head west and apply their skills there. Friends, family or news articles gave them a basic direction and location in which to travel in their hunt for land and happiness...In August of 1837 they were preparing to leave Tenn. Johnson's son, James M., who was also married to a Chisum , was given power of Atty. to sell Johnson's home. Pitser Miller , a local Bolivar Atty. and friend, was given the same duties for Claiborne and T. G. Chisum.

      Steely states the Chisum and Johnsons traveled to Memphis, across the Mississippi River, through Little Rock, down the Southwest Trail to Washington, Ark. and across to Jonesboro, By late November the Chisum group forded the Red River at Ragsdale's Ferry. Their load was so large that it took three days to complete the crossing.

      The journey was hard on the now pregnant Lucinda Chisum and while the contingent was temporarily residing in Jonesboro area prior to moving to their new property west of where Paris now stands, she became ill.

      The land Chisum had purchased from Jarman contained over eleven and one half "labors of land." About 2,085 acres. They moved onto the land in the spring of 1838, near the Latimer family southeast of Jonesboro. Not long after the family planned just where to build their new home, Lucinda died , she had given the world four sons and a daughter, all of whom would make their mark in the history books of Texas.

      The following is from "The Chisholm Trail and Other Routes."

      "Claiborne C. Chisum was a typical pioneer of the Texas stamp; he was ever ready to help a neighbor or defend his home and country from the red warrior. Claiborne Chisum was on that historic punitive expedition that was organized in the early months of 1841 to follow and punish the Indians for raids on Bowie and all counties to the west as far as Parker . The members of this expedition were volunteers from Arkansas, and the counties of Bowie, Red River, Lamar, Fannin and others to the west, John Chisum (Cow John) was only seventeen years old at this time, and stayed at home in Paris, TX to guard the family hearthstone. There were seventy in the expeditionary force under the command of General Tarrant, for whom Tarrant County was later named".

      On this account a short sketch will be given here on the "Village Creek" fight about eight miles east of Fort Worth. There were really two fights on that day of May 22, 1841; the first was near the tracks of the Dallas-Fort Worth Interurban on Village Creek, in which the whites routed and put to fight several hundred Indians about 9:30 A.M. . The second was later in the day when the Indians had concealed themselves on the north bank of the Clear Fork of the Trinity, and waited for the whites to follow into the ambush.

      This time the Indians routed the whites and killed Capt. John B. Denton in the bed of the river and wounded Capt. Henry Stout. The whites retreated, but returned about 4:40 P.M. to recover the body of Capt . Denton. They placed it across a gentle horse and transported it about six miles west, near the mouth of Fossil Creek, opposite old Birdville where they spent part of the night guarding the body of Capt . In the early hours the next morning the cavalcade began its march on the way toward Bonham in Fannin Co. After traveling until about eleven A.M., on May 23, 1841 they decided to bury the body. This was done in the southwest part of Denton Co. on Oliver Creek near Justine. A grave was excavated with tools captured from the Indians the day before. The body was wrapped in a blanket, buried by the frontiersmen and a witness tree was marked".

      Claiborne is credited with the building of the court house at Paris , TX.

      At some point, Epps Gibson and Claiborne Chisum brought the Bell Cousins, orphans, from East Texas to Lamar Co. so they could live with kinfolks.

      The Lillie Casey books credits Cow John with being the contractor for the court !built at Paris. I think it was more likely his father Claiborne who did the work, as related in A. W. Neville's "Backward Glances".

      In his story in the Paris Press of Sept. 16, 1878, Ed Gibbons tells of the building of the first brick court house in Paris. It was in the center of the square, now the plaza, a two-story building, part of the money for building it obtained for the sale of lots in the 50 acres donated for a town site by George W. Wright.

      Mr. Gibbon's father, Epps Gibbons, and Claiborne Chisum, another pioneer settler, took the contract for building the house. Unfortunately there is no record of the cost, the county records for that period being destroyed or lost. The bricks were burned by Epps Gibbons who had a brick yard near his home in the northwest part of town. The Gibbons home was on what is now West Cherry Street, west of Fourteenth and the brick yard was north of Cherry between Fifteenth and Fifteenth and a Half Street.

      Ed Gibbons, in the story in the Press, says the foundation was laid in 1846 and the house was completed in 1847. He naively adds that Epps Gibbons and Claiborne Chisum both had hands of their "to-wit" John S. Chisum of Cow notoriety in New Mexico, James Chisum, his brother and Ed and John C . Gibbons who are still here(1878). They all played part as common laborers and Z.M. Paul was mechanic. I presume from this that Mr. Paul was a sort of superintendent or maybe laid the brick.

      The Fourth of July 1847, says Mr. Gibbons, was celebrated in this courthouse, its first use and at which was used the first piano ever brought to Paris.

      After Lucinda's death Claiborne married the widow of Daniel Latimer , Sr. Claiborne's daughters, Lucinda and Nancy, filed suit against the third wife Cynthia and her son Daniel Latimer, Jr. and her children by Claiborne.

      The law suit lasted about two years and by 1870 Daniel Latimer, through Sheriff's sales to pay the debts of James, Pitzer and Jefferson, gained control of most of the Chisum estate.

      Vol. D,p. 516 of the probate records of Lamar Co., TX showed the estate to contain 640 acres in Lamar Co., 640 acres in Hunt Co., 1280 acres in the Prairie Farm tract of Lamar Co. and 10 acres on Aud's Creek in Lamar Co. as well as a number of slaves valued at $15,000.

      end of notes [1]

  • Sources 
    1. [S11013] "Descendants of James Chisum", cited in "The Prater/Walker Family Tree", by Steve Prater, 2663 27th Street, Clarkston, W.

    2. [S6952]