Baroness Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville

Female 1286 - 1396  (110 years)


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  • Name Joan de Geneville 
    Title Baroness 
    Suffix 2nd Baroness Geneville 
    Born 2 Feb 1286  Ludlow Castle, Shropshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Female 
    Also Known As Baroness Mortimer  [3
    Also Known As Countess of March  [3
    Also Known As Jeanne de Joinville  [3
    Died 19 Oct 1396  King's Stanley, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Buried Wigmore Abbey, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I43548  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 24 Nov 2016 

    Father Piers de Geneville,   b. 0___ 1256, Dublin, Leinster, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0Jun 1292  (Age ~ 36 years) 
    Mother Joan of Lusigman, 2nd Baroness Geneville,   b. 0___ 1260, Angouleme, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Apr 1323  (Age ~ 63 years) 
    Married 0___ 1283  [3, 4
    Family ID F16139  Group Sheet

    Family Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March,   b. 25 Apr 1287, Wigmore Castle, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Nov 1330, Tyburn, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years) 
    Married 20 Sep 1301  [1, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
    Children 
     1. Edmund Mortimer,   b. ~ 1304, Wigmore Castle, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Dec 1331, Wigmore Castle, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 27 years)
     2. Margaret Mortimer, Baroness Berkeley,   b. 2 May 1304, (Wigmore Castle, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 May 1337  (Age 33 years)
     3. Joan de Mortimer, 2nd Baroness Geneville,   b. 2 Feb 1286, Ludlow Castle, Ludlow, Shropshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Oct 1356  (Age 70 years)
     4. Katherine de Mortimer, Countess of Warwick,   b. 0___ 1314, Wigmore Castle, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Aug 1369, (Warwickshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 55 years)
    Last Modified 27 Mar 2017 
    Family ID F15814  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 2 Feb 1286 - Ludlow Castle, Shropshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 19 Oct 1396 - King's Stanley, Gloucestershire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Wigmore Abbey, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville, Countess of March, Baroness Mortimer (2 February 1286 – 19 October 1356), also known as Jeanne de Joinville, was the daughter of Sir Piers de Geneville and Joan of Lusignan. She inherited the estates of her grandparents, Geoffrey de Geneville, 1st Baron Geneville, and Maud de Lacy, Baroness Geneville. She was one of the wealthiest heiresses in the Welsh Marches and County Meath, Ireland. She was the wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, the de facto ruler of England from 1327 to 1330. She succeeded as suo jure 2nd Baroness Geneville on 21 October 1314 upon the death of her grandfather, Geoffrey de Geneville.[1][2]

      As a result of her husband's insurrection against King Edward II of England, she was imprisoned in Skipton Castle for two years. Following the execution of her husband in 1330 for usurping power in England, Joan was once more taken into custody. In 1336, her lands were restored to her after she received a full pardon for her late husband's crimes from Edward II's son and successor, Edward III of England.

      Family and inheritance

      Ludlow Castle in Shropshire, the birthplace of Joan de Geneville
      Joan was born on 2 February 1286 at Ludlow Castle in Shropshire.[3] She was the eldest child of Sir Piers de Geneville, of Trim Castle and Ludlow, whose father Sir Geoffrey de Geneville, 1st Baron Geneville, was Justiciar of Ireland. Her mother Jeanne of Lusignan was part of one of the most illustrious French families, daughter of Hugh XII of Lusignan, Count of La Marche and of Angoulăeme, and sister of Yolanda of Lusignan, the suo jure Countess of La Marche. Joan had two younger sisters, Matilda and Beatrice who both became nuns at Aconbury Priory.[4] She also had two half-sisters from her mother's first marriage to Bernard Ezi III, Lord of Albret: Mathe, Dame d'Albret (died 1283), and Isabelle, Dame d'Albret (died 1 December 1294), wife of Bernard VI, Count of Armagnac.

      When her father died in Ireland shortly before June 1292, Joan became one of the wealthiest and most eligible heiresses in the Welsh Marches, with estates that included the town and castle of Ludlow, the lordship of Ewyas Lacy, the manors of Wolferlow, Stanton Lacy, and Mansell Lacy in Shropshire and Herefordshire as well as a sizeable portion of County Meath in Ireland.[5][6] She was due to inherit these upon the death of her grandfather, but in 1308, Baron Geneville conveyed most of the Irish estates which had belonged to his late wife Maud de Lacy to Joan and her husband Roger Mortimer. They both went to Ireland where they took seisin of Meath on 28 October of that same year. The baron died on 21 October 1314 at the House of the Friars Preachers at Trim, and Joan subsequently succeeded him, becoming the suo jure 2nd Baroness Geneville.[1][2]

      Marriage

      Joan married Roger Mortimer, eldest son of Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Wigmore, and Margaret de Fiennes on 20 September 1301 at the manor of Pembridge.[7] Marriage to Joan was highly beneficial to Mortimer as it brought him much influence and prestige in addition to the rich estates he gained through their matrimonial alliance.[8][9] Three years later in 1304 he succeeded as Baron Mortimer, making Joan Baroness Mortimer. He was knighted on Whitsunday 22 May 1306 by King Edward I. The knighting ceremony took place in Westminster Abbey and was known as the Feast of the Swan as all those present made their personal vows upon two swans.[10] Two hundred and fifty-nine other young men received knighthoods along with Mortimer including the Prince of Wales who would shortly afterwards succeed his father as Edward II. Following the ceremony was a magnificent banquet held at the Great Hall of Westminster.[11]

      Upon taking seizen of her Irish lands in 1308, Joan and Mortimer travelled back and forth between their estates in Ireland and those in the Welsh Marches. Given that Joan opted to accompany her husband to Ireland rather than remain at home, and that she produced 12 surviving children over a period of just 17 years led Roger Mortimer's biographer Ian Mortimer to suggest they enjoyed a closer and more affectionate relationship than was typical of noble couples in the 14th-century. He described their union as having been " a mutually beneficial secure medieval partnership".[12]

      Issue

      Together Joan and Mortimer had twelve surviving children:[12][13][14]


      Effigies of Joan's daughter, Katherine Mortimer and her husband Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick. St. Mary's Church, Warwick

      Margaret Mortimer (2 May 1304- 5 May 1337), married Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley, by whom she had issue.
      Sir Edmund Mortimer (died 16 December 1331), married Elizabeth de Badlesmere, daughter of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere, and Margaret de Clare, by whom he had two sons, Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March, and John, who died young.
      Roger Mortimer, married Joan Le Botiller
      Geoffrey Mortimer, Lord of Towyth (died 1372/5 May 1376), married Jeanne de Lezay, by whom he had issue.
      John Mortimer. He was killed in a tournament at Shrewsbury sometime after 1328.
      Katherine Mortimer (1314- 4 August 1369), married Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, by whom she had fifteen children, including Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, and William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny, who married Lady Joan FitzAlan.
      Joan Mortimer (died between 1337–1351), married James Audley, 2nd Baron Audley, by whom she had issue.
      Agnes Mortimer, married Laurence Hastings, 1st Earl of Pembroke, by whom she had issue
      Isabella Mortimer (died after 1327)
      Beatrice Mortimer (died 16 October 1383), married firstly Edward of Norfolk, and secondly, Thomas de Braose, 1st Baron Braose. She had issue by her second husband.
      Maud Mortimer (died after August 1345), married John de Charlton, Lord of Powys, by whom she had issue.
      Blanche Mortimer (c.1321- 1347), married Peter de Grandison, 2nd Baron Grandison, by whom she had issue.
      Mortimer's affair with Queen Isabella[edit]

      Joan's husband Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, is allegedly depicted in the foreground with Queen Isabella in this 14th-century manuscript illustration
      Mortimer was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland on 23 November 1316 and left for Ireland with a large force in February 1317.[15] While there, he fought against the Scots Army led by Edward Bruce, the younger brother of Robert the Bruce (who hoped to make Edward king of Ireland), and Bruce's Norman-Irish allies, the de Lacy's. Joan accompanied her husband to Ireland. They returned to England in 1318 after Mortimer had driven the Scots north to Carrickfergus, and dispersed the de Lacys, who were Joan's relatives. For the next few years, Mortimer occupied himself with baronial disputes on the Welsh border; nevertheless, on account of the increasing influence of Hugh Despenser, the Elder, and Hugh Despenser the Younger over King Edward II, Roger Mortimer became strongly disaffected with his monarch, especially after the younger Despenser had been granted lands which rightfully belonged to Mortimer.[16]

      In October 1321 King Edward and his troops besieged Leeds Castle, after the governor's wife, Margaret de Clare, Baroness Badlesmere, refused Queen Isabella admittance and subsequently ordered her archers to fire upon Isabella and her escort after the latter attempted to gain entry to the castle. Elizabeth, the third Badlesmere daughter, was married to Joan and Mortimer's eldest son, Edmund. King Edward exploited his new popularity in the wake of his military victory at Leeds to recall to England the Despensers, whom the Lords Ordainers, led by Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, had forced him to banish in August 1321.[17] The Marcher lords, already in a state of insurrection for some time prior to the Despensers' banishment,[n 1] immediately rose up against the King in full force, with Mortimer leading the confederation alongside Ordainer Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford.[18] The King quelled the rebellion, which is also known as the Despenser War; Mortimer and his uncle Roger Mortimer de Chirk both surrendered to him at Shrewsbury on 22 January 1322. Mortimer and his uncle were dispatched as prisoners to the Tower of London,[16] where they were kept in damp, unhealthy quarters. This was likely a factor in Roger Mortimer de Chirk's death in 1326. Joan's husband had fared better; by drugging the constable and the Tower guards, he managed to escape to France on 1 August 1323.[19] It was there that he later became the lover of Queen Isabella, who was estranged from the King as a result of the Despensers' absolute control over him. She had been sent to France on a peace mission by Edward but used the occasion to seek help from her brother, Charles IV to oust the Despensers.[20] The scandal of their love affair forced them to leave the French court for Flanders, where they obtained help for an invasion of England.[21]

      Joan's imprisonment

      Skipton Castle, Yorkshire, where Joan was imprisoned from 1324 to 1326

      While the couple were still in France, King Edward had retaliated against Mortimer by taking Joan and all of their children into custody, and "treating them with severity".[22] In April 1324 Joan was removed from Hampshire where she had been confined in a lodging under house arrest and sent to Skipton Castle in Yorkshire; there she was imprisoned in a cell and endured considerable suffering and hardship.[23] Most of her household had been dismissed and she was permitted a small number of attendants to serve her. She was granted just one mark per day for her necessities, and out of this sum she had to feed her servants.[24] She was additionally allowed ten marks per annum at Easter and Michaelmas for new clothes.[25] Her daughters suffered worse privations having been locked up inside various religious houses with even less money at their disposal.[24] Joan was transferred from Skipton to Pontefract Castle in July 1326.[26]

      Countess of March

      Mortimer and Isabella landed in England two months later in September 1326, and they joined forces with Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster. On 16 November, King Edward was taken prisoner and eventually murdered at Berkeley Castle, presumably by Mortimer's hired assassins.[27] From 1327 to 1330, Mortimer and Isabella jointly held the Office of Regent for her son, King Edward III who was duly crowned following his father's death. Mortimer was made constable of Wallingford Castle; in September 1328, Mortimer was created Earl of March. This made Joan henceforth, the Countess of March; although it is not known what she thought about her husband's illegal assumption of power and flagrant affair with the Queen. What has been established is that Joan was never an active participant in her husband's insurrection against King Edward.[28]

      Mortimer and Queen Isabella were the de facto rulers of England. Hostility against the power Mortimer wielded over the kingdom and the young King Edward III, increased; his former friend Henry of Lancaster encouraged the King to assert his authority to oust Mortimer. When Mortimer ordered the execution of Edmund, Earl of Kent, half-brother of the late King Edward, anger and outrage engulfed the country. The King deposed his mother and her lover; Roger Mortimer was seized, arrested, and on 29 November 1330, hanged at Tyburn, London.[29]

      Following her husband's execution, Joan – as the wife of a traitor – was imprisoned again, this time in Hampshire where years before she had been placed under house arrest; her children were also taken into custody. In 1331, she was given an allowance for household expenses; however, her lands were only restored to her in 1336 after King Edward III granted her a full pardon for her late husband's crimes. In 1347 she received back the Liberty of Trim.[30]

      Death

      Joan de Geneville, Baroness Geneville, the widowed Countess of March, died on 19 October 1356 at the age of seventy. She was buried in Wigmore Abbey beside her husband, whose body had been returned to her by Edward III as she had requested. Her tomb no longer exists as the abbey was destroyed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries and only the ruins remain to this day.

      Lady Geneville's numerous direct descendants include the current British Royal Family, Sir Winston Churchill, and the 1st American President George Washington. [2]

  • Sources 
    1. [S7463] "Roger de Mortimer, 3rd Baron Mortimer, 1st Earl of March (25 April 1287 - 29 November 1330)" biography, https://en.wiki.

    2. [S7822] "Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville (1286-1356)", biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_de_Geneville,_2nd.

    3. [S10708] "Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville" biography, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Monday, March 20th.

    4. [S10712] "Maud de Lacy" biography, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Tuesday, March 21st, 2017 by David A. Hennessee.

    5. [S7462] "Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, KG (c. 14 February 1313 - 13 November 1369)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.

    6. [S7464] "Sir Edmund Mortimer (1302/1303 - 16 December 1331)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Mortimer_(1302%E2%8.

    7. [S9776] "Margaret Mortimer, Baroness Berkeley" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Mortimer,_Baroness_Berkeley, ac.

    8. [S9862] "Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Mortimer" biography, accessed & downloaded October 22nd, 2016 by David A. Hennssee, https://.

    9. [S10026] "Margaret Fiennes, Baroness Mortimer" biography, accessed & downloaded Thursday, Thanksgiving, November 24th, 2016 by Da.

    10. [S10711] "Joan of Lusignan" biography, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Tuesday, March 21st, 2017 by David A. Henne.