Sir William Hastings, Knight, 1st Baron Hastings

Sir William Hastings, Knight, 1st Baron Hastings

Male 1431 - 1483  (~ 52 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name William Hastings 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix Knight, 1st Baron Hastings 
    Born ~ 1431  (Ashby de La Zouch, Leicester, England) Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Died 13 Jun 1483  Tower Hill, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • Lord Hastings was summarily beheaded on Tower Hill in 1483 following an accusation of treason by Richard of Gloucester during the events that led to the latter's usurpation of the throne.
    Person ID I43540  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 21 May 2017 

    Father Leonard Hastings, Knight, Lord of Leicestershire,   b. ~ 1396, Kirby Muxloe, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Oct 1455  (Age ~ 59 years) 
    Mother Alice Camoys,   b. ~ 1400, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Oct 1455, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 55 years) 
    Married ~ 1424  [2, 3, 4
    Family ID F17448  Group Sheet

    Family Katherine Neville, 2nd Baroness Hastings,   b. 0___ 1442, (Salisbury, Wiltshire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. EARLY 1504, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years) 
    Married Bef 6 Feb 1462  (Middleham Castle, Wensleydale, North Yorkshire, England) Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    • Hastings married, before 6 February 1462, Katherine Neville, sister of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick—known as "Warwick the Kingmaker"—and widow of William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington, slain at the Battle of Wakefield on 30 December 1460, by whom he had had four sons and two daughters...
    Residence (Family) Kirby Muxloe Castle, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Children 
     1. Edward Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings,   b. 26 Nov 1466, Kirby Muxloe Castle, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1506  (Age 39 years)
     2. Anne Hastings, Countess of Shrewsbury,   b. ~ 1471, (England) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1520  (Age ~ 49 years)
    Photos
    Katherine Neville Hasting's Brooch
    Katherine Neville Hasting's Brooch

    contributed by Martha Ann Millsaps, Sunday, May 21st, 2017
    Last Modified 19 Aug 2017 
    Family ID F15810  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~ 1431 - (Ashby de La Zouch, Leicester, England) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Bef 6 Feb 1462 - (Middleham Castle, Wensleydale, North Yorkshire, England) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 13 Jun 1483 - Tower Hill, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence (Family) - - Kirby Muxloe Castle, Leicestershire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Hastings Coat of Arms
    Hastings Coat of Arms
    William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings KG (c. 1431 - 13 June 1483) was an English nobleman. A loyal follower of the House of York during the Wars of the Roses, he became a close friend and one of the most important courtiers of King Edward IV, whom he served as Lord Chamberlain. At the time of Edward's death he was one of the most powerful and richest men in England. He was summarily executed following accusations of treason by Edward's brother and ultimate successor, Richard III.
    Kirby Muxloe Castle
    Kirby Muxloe Castle

    located in Kirby Muxloe, Leicestershire, (central) England

    and where the jewel was found. Built in 1480 by Baron William Hastings, who was later beheaded at the Tower of London.

  • Notes 
    • This fascinating article about the lost brooch was sent in by Martha Ann Millsaps, Sunday, May 21st, 2017 ...

      "Baron Hastings gift to his wife, Lady Katherine" ... <http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-leicestershire-39954553>

      All of Ma's grandchildren are related to both of these peers...

      Sir William's biography ... http://thehennesseefamily.com/getperson.php?personID=I43540&tree=hennessee

      Sir William' s kinships ... http://thehennesseefamily.com/relationship.php?altprimarypersonID=&savedpersonID=I3&secondpersonID=&maxrels=30&disallowspouses=0&generations=30&tree=hennessee&primarypersonID=I43540

      Lady Katherine's biography ... http://thehennesseefamily.com/getperson.php?personID=I43539&tree=hennessee

      Lady Katherine's kinships ... http://thehennesseefamily.com/relationship.php?altprimarypersonID=&savedpersonID=I3&secondpersonID=&maxrels=30&disallowspouses=1&generations=30&tree=hennessee&primarypersonID=I43539

      end of article [6]
    • William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings KG (c. 1431 – 13 June 1483) was an English nobleman. A loyal follower of the House of York during the Wars of the Roses, he became a close friend and one of the most important courtiers of King Edward IV, whom he served as Lord Chamberlain. At the time of Edward's death he was one of the most powerful and richest men in England. He was summarily executed following accusations of treason by Edward's brother and ultimate successor, Richard III.

      Biography

      Signature of William Lord Hastings
      William Hastings, born about 1431, was the eldest son of Sir Leonard Hastings (c.1396 – 20 October 1455), and his wife Alice Camoys, daughter of Thomas de Camoys, 1st Baron Camoys.[1][2][a] Hastings succeeded his father in service to the House of York and through this service became close to his distant cousin the future Edward IV, whom he was to serve loyally all his life. He was High Sheriff of Warwickshire and High Sheriff of Leicestershire in 1455.

      He fought alongside Edward at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross and was present at the proclamation of Edward as king in London on 4 March 1461 and then when the new king secured his crown at the Battle of Towton shortly thereafter. He was knighted on the field of battle. With the establishment of the Yorkist regime, Hastings became one of the key figures in the realm, most importantly as Master of the Mint and Lord Chamberlain, an office he held for the duration of the reign and which made him one of the most important means of access to the king. He was also created Baron Hastings, a title reinforced by grants of land and office, primarily in Leicestershire and Northamptonshire. In 1462 he was invested as a Knight of the Garter.

      In 1474, he was awarded royal licence to crenellate at three of his landholdings in Leicestershire; at Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Kirby Muxloe, and at Bagworth. He built extensively at Ashby, mostly making additions to the pre-existing manor house built by the de la Zouch family in the thirteenth century. His greatest achievement at Ashby was, of course, the Hastings Tower – an imposing and thoroughly impressive creation. At Kirby Muxloe Castle he began an intricate and beautiful fortified house of red brick, one of the first of its kind in the county. Thanks to English Heritage, the castles at Ashby and Kirby can still be seen, but regrettably nothing survives to indicate any construction at Bagworth.

      His importance in these years is recorded in a number of sources and was recognised by the greatest peer in the realm, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick. In 1462, Warwick arranged for Hastings to marry his widowed sister, Katherine Neville. (Katherine's first husband, Lord Bonville, had been killed at St Albans in 1461 ; their infant daughter, Cecily, succeeded to the Bonville titles and estates.)[12][13][14]

      Despite this matrimonial relationship with the Nevilles, when Warwick drove Edward IV into exile in 1470, Hastings went with Edward and accompanied the king back the following spring. Hastings raised troops for Edward in the English Midlands and served as one of the leading captains of the Yorkist forces at both Barnet and Tewkesbury.

      His service, loyalty, and ability, along with the fall of his Neville in-laws, made Hastings even more important during the second half of Edward IV's reign. He continued to serve as Chamberlain and was awarded the position of Chamberlain of the Exchequer in 1471, which he held until 1483. He was also appointed Lieutenant of Calais, which made him an important player in foreign affairs, and given authority over an increasingly large section of the English Midlands. At court, he was involved in two lengthy feuds with members of Queen Elizabeth Woodville's family, most notably with her son Thomas Grey, first Marquess of Dorset.

      Death

      After the death of Edward IV on 9 April 1483, the dowager queen sought to monopolise political power for her family by appointing family members to key positions and rushing the coronation of her young son Edward V as king, thereby circumventing Richard, Duke of Gloucester, whom the late king had appointed Lord Protector. Hastings, who had long been friendly with Richard and hostile to the Woodvilles, was a key figure in checking these manoeuvres. While keeping the Woodvilles in check in London, Hastings informed Richard of their proceedings and asked him to hasten to London. Richard intercepted the young king, who also was on his way to London, with his Woodville relatives. Hastings then supported Richard's formal installation as Lord Protector and collaborated with him in the royal council.

      Affairs changed dramatically on 13 June 1483 during a council meeting at the Tower of London: Richard, supported by the Duke of Buckingham, accused Hastings and two other council members of having committed treason by conspiring against his life with the Woodvilles, with Hastings's mistress Jane Shore (formerly also mistress to Edward IV and possibly Dorset), acting as a go-between. While the other alleged conspirators were imprisoned, Hastings was immediately beheaded on Richard's orders over a log in the courtyard of the Tower.

      The summary execution of the popular Hastings was controversial among contemporaries and has been interpreted differently by historians and other authors: while the traditional account, harking back to authors of the Tudor period including William Shakespeare, considered the conspiracy charge invented and merely a convenient excuse to remove Hastings (who was known for his loyalty to the dead king and his heirs) as while he remained alive he would have been too formidable an obstacle to Richard's own plans to seize the throne,[15] others have been more open to the possibility of such a conspiracy and that Richard merely reacted to secure his position.[16]

      Despite the accusations of treason, Richard did not issue an attainder against Hastings and his family. Hence his wife and sons were allowed to inherit his lands and properties. Hastings himself was buried in the north aisle of St George's Chapel, Windsor, next to Edward IV.[17]

      In literature

      He is portrayed in Shakespeare's Richard III.

      Family

      Hastings married, before 6 February 1462,[17] Katherine Neville, sister of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick—known as "Warwick the Kingmaker"—and widow of William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington, slain at the Battle of Wakefield on 30 December 1460, by whom he had had four sons and two daughters:[12][13][14]

      Edward Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings, who married Mary Hungerford.[18][19]
      Sir William Hastings.[13]
      Sir Richard Hastings, who married, and had two daughters and coheirs, Elizabeth Hastings, who married John Beaumont of Gracedieu, Leicestershire, Master of the Rolls, and Mary Hastings, who married Thomas Saunders of Harringworth, Northamptonshire.[13][20]
      George Hastings.[13]
      Anne Hastings, who married her father's ward, George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury.[13]
      Elizabeth Hastings.[13]

      Notes

      Sir Leonard Hastings (c.1396 – 20 October 1455) was a member of the English gentry who moved his seat to Leicestershire from Yorkshire where the family had long been established. His wife was Alice Camoys, daughter of Thomas de Camoys, 1st Baron Camoys, and his first wife, Elizabeth Louches, the daughter and heiress of William Louches.[1][2]

      Sir Leonard Hastings had three other sons and three daughters:[2][3][4]

      Richard Hastings, Baron Welles (d.1503), also styled Lord Willoughby, who married firstly, before 1 June 1470 Joan Welles, only daughter of Richard de Welles, 7th Baron Welles, by his first wife, Joan Willoughby, only daughter of Robert Willoughby, 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, and secondly Joan Romondbye (d. 20 March 1505), widow of Richard Pigot, (died c. 15 April 1483), Serjeant-at-law.[5][6][7][8][9]
      Sir Ralph Hastings (d.1495) of Harrowden, Northamptonshire, who married Amy Tattershall, daughter and heiress of John Tattershall, esquire, of Woolwich, Kent, and Wanstead, Essex, by whom he had six daughters.[5][10]
      Thomas Hastings.
      Elizabeth Hastings (c.1450 – 1508), who married, before 1465, Sir John Donne (1450–1503) of Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, third son of Griffith Donne of Kidwelly by Janet, daughter of Sir John Scudamore, and by him had two sons, Sir Edward Donne (c.1482 – 1552) and Sir Griffith Donne (c.1487 – 1543), and two daughters, Anne Donne (c.1471 – c. 1507), who was the first wife of Sir William Rede of Boarstall, Buckinghamshire, and Margaret Donne (born c.1480), who married Edward Trussell (c.1478 – 16 June 1499) of Elmesthorpe, and was the mother of Elizabeth Trussell (1496–1527), wife of John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford.[11]
      Anne Hastings, who married Thomas Ferrers, esquire.[5]
      Joan Hastings, who married John Brokesby, esquire.[5]

      end of biography [2]
    • Sir William Hastings (c. 1430–1483) served as Lord Chamberlain and as Ambassador to France. He was summoned to Parliament as Lord Hastings on 26 July 1461. He was a great friend and confidant of Edward IV and one of the wealthiest and most powerful men of his time. Lord Hastings was summarily beheaded on Tower Hill in 1483 following an accusation of treason by Richard of Gloucester during the events that led to the latter's usurpation of the throne. However as he was not attainted for treason the title was passed to his son, Edward, the second Baron, who married Mary, daughter of Robert Hungerford, 3rd Baron Hungerford, who had been attainted in 1461. Mary managed to obtain a reversal of the attainders of the Barony of Hungerford, Barony of Botreaux and Barony of De Moleyns. Their son, the third Baron, inherited the Barony of Hastings from his father and the Baronies of Hungerford, Botreaux and De Moleyns from his mother. In 1513 he was created Earl of Huntingdon.

      On the death of the tenth Earl in 1789 the earldom became dormant, while the baronies of Hastings, Hungerford, Botreaux and De Moleyns passed on to his sister Elizabeth, the wife of John Rawdon, 1st Earl of Moira. Their son, the second Earl of Moira, inherited the four baronies on his mother's death in 1808. In 1816 he was created Marquess of Hastings. Lord Hastings married Flora Mure-Campbell, 6th Countess of Loudoun. Their son, the second Marquess, also inherited the Earldom of Loudoun from his mother. He married Barbara, 20th Baroness Grey de Ruthyn. On the death in 1868 of their younger son, the fourth Marquess (who had also succeeded his mother as Baron Grey de Ruthyn), the marquessate became extinct, the Scottish earldom of Loudoun passed on to his eldest sister, while the Baronies of Hastings, Hungerford, Botreaux, De Moleyns and Grey de Ruthyn fell into abeyance between the sisters.

      end of biography [3]

  • Sources 
    1. [S7167] "Richard Neville, jure uxoris 5th Earl of Salisbury and 7th and 4th Baron Montacute, KG, PC (1400 - 31 December 1460) Bi.

    2. [S10408] "William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings KG (c. 1431 - 13 June 1483)" biography, abstracted, downloaded and published Wedne.

    3. [S10410] "Baron Hastings", abstracted, downloaded and published Wednesday, February 16th, 2017 by David A. Hennessee, info@classr.

    4. [S10446] "Alice de Camoys" profile, abstracted, downloaded and published Sunday, February 19th, 2017 by David A. Hennessee, info@.

    5. [S11039] "Kirby Muxloe Castle", History, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kirby_Muxloe_Castle, retrieved, recorded & uploaded to thi.

    6. [S11040] "Lost Brooch", http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-leicestershire-39954553, contributed by Martha Ann Millsaps, Sunday, M.