Sir Thomas de Mowbray, Knight, 1st Duke of Norfolk

Sir Thomas de Mowbray, Knight, 1st Duke of Norfolk

Male 1366 - 1399  (33 years)

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  • Name Thomas de Mowbray 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix Knight, 1st Duke of Norfolk 
    Born 22 Mar 1366  Epworth, Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Earl of Nottingham  [3
    Died 22 Sep 1399  Venice, Itlaly Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    • As a result of his involvement in the power struggles which led up to the fall of Richard II, he was banished and died in exile in Venice.
    Person ID I42415  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 8 Mar 2016 

    Father John de Mowbray, Knight, 4th Baron Mowbray,   b. 24 Jun 1340, Epworth, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Oct 1368, Thrace, Turkey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 28 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth Segrave,   b. 25 Oct 1338, Blaby, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 May 1368, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years) 
    Married ~ 1343  [4, 5, 6
    Family ID F15939  Group Sheet

    Family Elizabeth FitzAlan, Duchess of Norfolk,   b. 0___ 1366, Derbyshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jul 1425, Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 59 years) 
    Married 0Jul 1384  Arundel Castle, Arundel, West Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 7
    • arranged marriage...
    Children 
     1. Margaret Mowbray, Duchess of Norfolk,   b. Abt 1387, Axholme, Lincoln, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jul 1425  (Age ~ 38 years)
     2. John de Mowbray, Knight, 2nd Duke Norfolk,   b. 0___ 1390,   d. 0___ 1432  (Age ~ 42 years)
     3. Isabel de Mowbray,   b. ~ 1396, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Sep 1452, Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 56 years)
    Last Modified 11 Dec 2017 
    Family ID F15348  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 22 Mar 1366 - Epworth, Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 0Jul 1384 - Arundel Castle, Arundel, West Sussex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 22 Sep 1399 - Venice, Itlaly Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Sir Thomas de Mowbray (1366-1399)
    Sir Thomas de Mowbray (1366-1399)

  • Notes 
    • Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, KG, Earl Marshal (22 March 1367 or 1368 - 22 September 1399) was an English peer. As a result of his involvement in the power struggles which led up to the fall of Richard II, he was banished and died in exile in Venice.

      Family

      Mowbray was the second son of John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray, and Elizabeth de Segrave, suo jure Lady Segrave, daughter and heiress of John de Segrave, 4th Baron Segrave, by Margaret, daughter and heiress of Thomas of Brotherton, son of Edward I.[1] He had an elder brother, John de Mowbray, 1st Earl of Nottingham, and three sisters, Eleanor, Margaret and Joan (for details concerning his siblings see the article on his father, John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray)

      Career[

      Depiction of Mowbray, Arundel, Gloucester, Derby and Warwick demanding of Richard II that he let them prove by arms the justice of their rebellion
      In April 1372, custody of both Thomas and his elder brother, John, was granted to Blanche Wake, a sister of their grandmother, Joan of Lancaster.[2]

      On 10 February 1383, he succeeded his elder brother, John Mowbray, 1st Earl of Nottingham, as Baron Mowbray and Segrave, and was created Earl of Nottingham on 12 February 1383.[3] On 30 June 1385 he was created Earl Marshal for life, and on 12 January 1386 he was granted the office in tail male.[4] He fought against the Scots and then against the French. He was appointed Warden of the East March towards Scotland in 1389, a position he held until his death.

      He was one of the Lords Appellant to King Richard II who deposed some of the King's court favourites in 1387. The King's uncle, Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, was imprisoned at Calais, where Nottingham was Captain. When Gloucester was killed in 1397, it was probably at the King's orders and probably with Nottingham's involvement. On 29 September 1397 he was created Duke of Norfolk.[4][3]

      In 1398, Norfolk quarrelled with Henry of Bolingbroke, 1st Duke of Hereford (later King Henry IV), apparently due to mutual suspicions stemming from their roles in the conspiracy against the Duke of Gloucester. Before a duel between them could take place, Richard II banished them both. Mowbray left England on 19 October 1398.[5] While in exile, he succeeded as Earl of Norfolk when his grandmother, Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk, died on 24 March 1399.[5]

      He died of the plague at Venice on 22 September 1399.[3] Bolingbroke returned to England in 1399 and usurped the crown on 30 September 1399; shortly afterward, on 6 October 1399, the creation of Mowbray as Duke of Norfolk was annulled by Parliament, although Mowbray's heir retained his other titles.[5][3]

      Arms of Mowbray



      Arms of Thomas de Mowbray as Earl Marshall, , ca.1395
      The traditional, and historic arms for the Mowbray family are "Gules, a lion rampant argent". Although it is certain that these arms are differenced by various devices, this primary blazon applies to all the family arms, including their peerages at Norfolk. They are never indicated to bear the arms of Thomas Brotherton, nor any other English Royal Arms.

      Sir Bernard Burkes, C.B., LL.D.,Ulster King of Arms, in his book 'A General Armory of England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland', 1884, page 713, provides the following detailed listing of the Mowbray/Norfolk arms:

      "Mowbray (Duke of Norfolk, Earl of Nottingham, Earl of Warren and Surrey, Earl Marshal of England, and Baron Mowbray: dukedom and earldoms extinct 1475, when the barony fell into abeyance. The Mowbrays descended from Roger de Mowbray, son of Nigel d'Albini, who, possessing the lands of Mowbray [Montbray], assumed that surname by command of Henry I., his descendant, Roger de Mowbray, was summoned to Parliament 1295, the fifth baron was created Earl of Nottingham, 1377, d.s.p., his brother, the sixth Baron, was re-created Earl of Nottingham, 1383, constituted Earl Marshal, and created Duke of Norfolk, 139G, the fourth duke was created Earl of Warren and Surrey, vita patris, and d. without surviving issue, when all his honours became extinct except the barony, which fell into abeyance among the descendants of the daus. of the first Duke, of whom Lady Isabel is represented by the Earl of Berkeley, and Lady Margaret by the Lords Stourton and Pttre, as heirs general, and by the Duke of Norfolk, as heir male).

      Marriages and issue

      He married firstly, after 20 February 1383, Elizabeth le Strange (c. 6 December 1373 23 August 1383), suo jure Lady Strange of Blackmere, daughter and heiress of John le Strange, 5th Baron Strange of Blackmere, by Isabel Beauchamp, daughter of Thomas Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, by whom he had no issue.[3]

      He married secondly Elizabeth Arundel (c.1372 8 July 1425), widow of Sir William Montagu, and daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, by Elizabeth Bohun, daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton, by whom he had two sons and three daughters:[3]

      Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk.[6]
      John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk.[6]
      Elizabeth Mowbray, who married Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk.[6]
      Margaret Mowbray, who married firstly Sir Robert Howard, by whom she was the mother of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk, and secondly Sir John Grey of Ruthin, Derbyshire.[6]
      Isabel Mowbray; married firstly Sir Henry Ferrers, son of 5th Baron Ferrers of Groby, and secondly James Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley.[6]

      Shakespeare

      Mowbray's quarrel with Bolingbroke and subsequent banishment are depicted in the opening scene of Shakespeare's Richard II.[7] Thomas Mowbray (as he is called in the play) prophetically replies to King Richard's "Lions make leopards tame" with the retort, "Yea, but not change his spots." Mowbray's death in exile is announced later in the play by the Bishop of Carlisle.

      View the Noble House of Mobray ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Mowbray [3]

  • Sources 
    1. [S6242] Eleanor Plantagenet, Countess of Arundel (1311-1372) 8 - Generation Registry: http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/register.

    2. [S7374] "Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, KG, Earl Marshal (22 March 1367 or 1368 - 22 September 1399)" Biography, https:.

    3. [S7525] "Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, KG, Earl Marshal (22 March 1367 or 1368 - 22 September 1399)" Biography, http:/.

    4. [S7812] "John Segrave, 4th Baron Segrave (1315-1353)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Segrave,_4th_Baron_Segrave.

    5. [S7813] "John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray (1340-1368)" biography,.

    6. [S11890] "Eleanor de Mowbray (before 1361 - before 13 August 1417)", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_de_Mowbray,.

    7. [S8782] "Ancestor List for William (Brereton) of Brereton Esq", http://www.wikitree.com/treewidget/Brereton-289/9, abstracted De.