Sir Lionel of Antwerp, Knight, 1st Duke of Clarence

Male 1338 - 1368  (29 years)


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  • Name Lionel of Antwerp 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix Knight, 1st Duke of Clarence 
    Born 29 Nov 1338  Antwerp, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Lionel of Antwerp  [2, 4
    Died 17 Oct 1368  Alba, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    • in the Alba Longa region...
    Buried Clare Priory, Suffolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3
    • (Augustine Friars)
    Person ID I37423  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 7 Dec 2016 

    Father Edward III, King of England,   b. 13 Nov 1312, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jun 1377, Richmond Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years) 
    Mother Philippa of Hainaut, Queen of England,   b. 1312-1314, Mons, Hainaut, Belgium, Netherlands Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Aug 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years) 
    Married 24 Jan 1328  York Minster, York, East Riding, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6
    Family ID F13841  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth de Burgh, Duchess of Clarence,   b. Abt 1338, Carrickfergus Castle, Carrickfergus, Antrim, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0Dec 1363, Dublin, Leinster, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 25 years) 
    Married 9 Sep 1342  Tower Hill, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Children 
     1. Philippa Plantagenet, 5th Countess of Ulster,   b. 16 Aug 1355, Eltham Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Jan 1382, Cork, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 26 years)
    Last Modified 19 Jan 2020 
    Family ID F13849  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 29 Nov 1338 - Antwerp, Belgium Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 9 Sep 1342 - Tower Hill, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 17 Oct 1368 - Alba, Italy Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Clare Priory, Suffolk, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, jure uxoris 4th Earl of Ulster and 5th Baron of Connaught, KG (Norman: Leonell Duc de Clarence; 29 November 1338 – 7 October 1368) was the third son, but the second son to survive infancy, of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He was named for his birthplace, at Antwerp in the Duchy of Brabant.[1] Prince Lionel was born of a Flemish mother and was a grandson of William I, Count of Hainaut. He grew to be nearly seven feet in height and had an athletic build.[2][3]

      First marriage

      Betrothed as a child to Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster (died 1363), daughter and heiress of William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster, he was married to her in 1352, but before this date he had entered into possession of her great Irish inheritance. He was called Earl of Ulster from 1347.[4]

      Ireland

      Having been named as his father's representative in England in 1345 and again in 1346, Lionel joined an expedition into France in 1355, but his chief energies were reserved for the affairs of Ireland.[4]

      Appointed governor of that country, he landed at Dublin in 1361, and in November of the following year was created Duke of Clarence, the third dukedom created in England, while his father made an abortive attempt to secure for him the crown of Scotland. His efforts to secure an effective authority over his Irish lands were only moderately successful. After holding a parliament at Kilkenny, which passed the celebrated Statute of Kilkenny in 1366, he dropped the task in disgust and returned to England.[4]

      The poet Geoffrey Chaucer was at one time a page in Lionel's household.[4]

      Second marriage

      After Lionel's first wife Elizabeth died in 1363, a second marriage was arranged with Violante Visconti, daughter of Galeazzo Visconti, lord of Pavia. Journeying to fetch his bride, Lionel was received in great state both in France and Italy and was married to Violante at Milan in June 1368. Some months were then spent in festivities, during which Lionel was taken ill at Alba, where he died on 7 October 1368.[4] There was strong speculation at the time that he had been poisoned by his father-in-law,[5] although this has never been proven.

      Issue

      Lionel had only one child, Philippa, daughter of his first wife Elizabeth. In 1368 she married Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March. Their granddaughter and eventual heir, Anne Mortimer, married into the Yorkist branch of the English royal family and was the mother of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York. The House of York based its claim to the English throne on this line of descent from Lionel, who was the eldest son of King Edward III to establish a lasting blood line (Edward's first-born son, the Black Prince, had no legitimate descendants past his two sons Edward of Angoulăeme and King Richard II).[4] Lionel was the ancestor of Kings Edward IV, Edward V, Richard III and all later British monarchs beginning with Henry VIII (in other words, all later British monarchs except for Henry VII, whose wife Elizabeth of York was his descendant).

      Ancestry

      This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
      [show]Ancestors of Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence [3]

  • Sources 
    1. [S51660] http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/ahnentafel.php?personID=I9713&tree=00&parentset=0&generations=5.

    2. [S7467] "Edward III (13 November 1312 - 21 June 1377)" biography,.

    3. [S10108] "Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence" biography, accessed & downloaded Wedesday, December 7th, 2016 by David A. Henn.

    4. [S51699] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lionel_of_Antwerp,_1st_Duke_of_Clarence.

    5. [S51653] http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/ahnentafel.php?personID=I7926&tree=00&parentset=0&generations=5.

    6. [S13263] "Philippa of Hainault, Queen of England", Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippa_of_Hainault, abstracted by D.