Sir Robert Spencer

Sir Robert Spencer

Male 1430 - 1510  (~ 80 years)

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  • Name Robert Spencer 
    Title Sir 
    Born ~1430  Spencer Combe, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Died ~1510  [4
    Probate 12 Apr 1510  [5
    Also Known As Captain of the castle of Homet and Thomeline in Normandy  [5
    Person ID I37238  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 16 Nov 2019 

    Father John Spencer, Esquire, MP 
    Mother Joan LNU 
    Married Y  [6
    Family ID F17420  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Eleanor Beaufort, Countess of Ormonde,   b. 1431, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Aug 1501  (Age 70 years) 
    Married ~1465  Crediton, Devonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8
    Children 
     1. Margaret Spencer,   b. ~1471, Spencer Combe, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1536  (Age ~ 64 years)
     2. Catherine Spencer, Countess of Northumberland,   b. 1477, Spencer Combe, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1542  (Age 65 years)
    Last Modified 5 Dec 2019 
    Family ID F13750  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~1430 - Spencer Combe, Devon, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - ~1465 - Crediton, Devonshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Arms of Sir Robert Spencer (d. circa 1510) of Spencer Combe
    Arms of Sir Robert Spencer (d. circa 1510) of Spencer Combe

  • Notes 
    • Sir Robert Spencer (d.pre-1510) "of Spencer Combe" in the parish of Crediton, Devon, was the husband of Eleanor Beaufort (14311501), the daughter of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset (14061455), KG, and was father to two daughters and co-heiresses who made notable marriages.

      Origins

      The origins of Spencer are unclear. The Devon historian Tristram Risdon (d.1640), quoting his source "Vincent upon Brooke and Mills", suggested he was lord of the manor of Spencer Combe in the parish of Crediton, Devon, which his ancestor Richard Spencer had inherited by marriage to Alice Hody, daughter of William Hody of Combe Lancells, whose own family had inherited it from the Lancells family.[2] However Risdon's contemporary Sir William Pole (d.1635) makes no mention of Sir Robert at Spencer Combe, and states that the estate descended via the heiress Jone Spencer to the Giffard family.[3] His origin at Spencer Combe is however traditional, and is given thus in most published pedigrees and rolls of arms.[4]

      The American genealogist Douglas Richardson[5] suggests that Sir Robert Spencer was in fact the son and heir of John Spencer, Esquire, MP for Dorset, of Frampton in Dorset, Ashbury in Devon and Brompton Ralph in Somerset, by his wife Jone.

      Career
      Little if anything is known about the career of Sir Robert Spencer, other than Risdon's statement that he was "Captain of the castle of Homet and Thomeline in Normandy".[6] Due to his wife's inheritance of the manor and advowson of Hazelbury Bryan in Dorset, Spencer made presentations to the rectory in 1493 and 1496.[7]

      Landholdings
      He held the following manors, in right of his wife's dower:[8]

      Chilton Foliat, Wiltshire, from where he dated his will.
      Hazelbury Bryan, Dorset
      Puncknowle, Dorset
      Toller Porcorum, Dorset
      Batheaston, Somerset
      Kingsdon, Somerset
      Shockerwick, Somerset
      Somerton Erleigh (in Somerton), Somerset
      Somerton Randolph (in Somerton), Somerset.
      Marriage & progeny

      17th century stained-glass escutcheon in the Percy Window, Petworth House, Sussex, showing arms of Henry Percy, 5th Earl of Northumberland (14771527), KG, (with 16 quarterings) impaling quarterly of 4: 1&4: Sable, two bars nebuly ermine (Spencer of Spencer Combe), 2&3: The Royal Arms of England within a bordure compony argent and azure (Beaufort). The two halves of the escutcheon are inscribed below: Percy (dexter) and Spe(n)cer (sinister)
      In about 1465[9] he married (as her 2nd husband) Eleanor Beaufort (14311501), the daughter of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset (14061455), KG, and a sister of the 3rd and 4th Dukes of Somerset, widow of James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond, 1st Earl of Wiltshire (d.1461). He had by his wife progeny of two daughters and co-heiresses as follows:

      Margaret Spencer (14721536), (or Eleanor Spencer[10]) wife of Thomas Cary of Chilton Foliat, Wiltshire, second son of Sir William Cary (14371471) of Cockington, Devon.[11] She had two sons:
      Sir John Cary (14911552) of Plashey, eldest son, ancestor to the Cary Viscounts Falkland.[12]
      William Cary, her 2nd son, the first husband of Mary Boleyn, sister of Queen Anne Boleyn, and ancestor to the Cary Barons Hunsdon, Barons Cary of Leppington, Earls of Monmouth, Viscounts Rochford and Earls of Dover.[13]
      Katherine Spencer (14771542), wife of Henry Percy, 5th Earl of Northumberland (14771527), KG, and mother to Henry Percy, 6th Earl of Northumberland.
      Death
      Sir Robert Spencer died shortly before 1510, his will having been proved on 12 April 1510.[14]

      Armorials
      The arms of "Spencer of Spencer Combe" as quartered by the Percy Earls of Northumberland, visible in the Percy Window in the chapel at Petworth House and by the Cary Viscounts Falkland[15] are: Sable, two bars nebuly ermine. Sir William Pole, however, gives the arms of Spencer of Spencer Combe as:[16] Argent, on a bend sable two pairs of keys or.

      External links
      Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spencer (of Spencer Combe, Crediton, Devon) arms.
      References
      Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.438, Viscount Falkland
      Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, pp.100101
      Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.227
      e.g. Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.438, arms of Cary, Viscount Falkland, the 3rd quarter is given as "Spencer of Spencer Combe"
      Richardson, Douglas, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Baltimore, Maryland, Genealogical Publishing Co, 2004, p.480, pedigree of Carey [1]
      Risdon, p.101
      Richardson
      Richardson, posted at [2]
      Richardson, p.480
      Vivian, p.150, pedigree of Cary
      Vivian, p.150, pedigree of Cary
      Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, pp.150, 1546, pedigree of Cary
      Vivian, pp.150, 1546, pedigree of Cary
      Richardson, p.480, quoting "Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 27 Bennett"
      Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.438, arms of Cary, Viscount Falkland, the 3rd quarter is given as "Sable, two bars nebuly ermine (Spencer of Spencer Combe)"
      Pole, p.502

      end of this biography [5]

  • Sources 
    1. [S51509] http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/ahnentafel.php?personID=I133312&tree=00&parentset=0&generations=9.

    2. [S51529] http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/getperson.php?personID=I16718&tree=00.

    3. [S9759] "Edward Cary" 9-Generation Ahnentafel, http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/ahnentafel.php?personID=I16536&tree=00&parentse.

    4. [S10614] "Sir William Cary (1437-1471)" biography, which was abstracted, downloaded and published Thursday, March 9th, 2017 by Da.

    5. [S14887] Robert Spencer of Spencer Combe, died pre 1510, Biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Spencer_of_Spencer_Combe.

    6. [S10396] "William Carey (courtier) ~ 1500-6/22/1528" pedigree, abstracted, downloaded and published Wednesday, February 15th, 201.

    7. [S7453] "Henry Clifford, 1st Earl of Cumberland" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Clifford,_1st_Earl_of_Cumberland.

    8. [S7458] "Lady Eleanor Beaufort (1431 - 16 August 1501)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_Beaufort.