Sir Paon de Roet, Knight

Male 1310 - 1380  (~ 70 years)


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  • Name Paon de Roet 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix Knight 
    Born ~ 1310  Roeulx, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • Roeulx is a French commune located in the department of North , in region Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy .
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Paganus de Rodio  [1
    Also Known As Sir Gilles de Roet  [1
    Died 1380  Ghent, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried Old St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • Old St Paul's Cathedral was the medieval cathedral of the City of London that, until 1666, stood on the site of the present St Paul's Cathedral. Built from 1087 to 1314 and dedicated to Saint Paul, the cathedral was the fourth church on the site at Ludgate Hill.

      Paon de Roet's tomb was in Old St Paul's Cathedral, near Sir John Beauchamp's tomb (commonly called "Duke Humphrey's"). The antiquary John Weever had previously recorded that "Once a fair marble stone inlaid all over with brass, nothing but the heads of a few brazen nails are at this day visible, previously engraven with the representation and coat of arms of the party defunct, thus much of a mangled funeral inscription was of late times perspicuous to be read".[6]

      By 1658, viewed without its brass plate and effigies, this tomb was described by William Dugdale. The tomb, along with the tombs of many others, including John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster's, were completely destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666. A modern monument in the crypt lists De Roet amongst the important graves lost.

      The former inscription was as follows:

      " Hic Jacet Paganus Roet Miles Guyenne Rex
      Armorum Pater Catherine Ducisse Lancastrie."
      (Here lies Paon de Roet, knight, Guyenne King of Arms, father of Katherine Duchess of Lancaster)

      Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paon_de_Roet
    Person ID I37230  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 3 Oct 2018 

    Family unnamed spouse 
    Married Y  [2
    Residence (Family) Le Roeulx, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Residence (Family) London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
     1. Katherine de Roet, Duchess of Lancaster,   b. 25 Nov 1350, Picardie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 May 1403, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years)
     2. Phillipa de Roet,   b. ~ 1346, Somme, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. June 1387, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 41 years)
    Last Modified 20 Oct 2018 
    Family ID F15983  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~ 1310 - Roeulx, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 1380 - Ghent, Belgium Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Old St. Paul's Cathedral, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence (Family) - - Le Roeulx, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence (Family) - - London, Middlesex, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Paon de Roet sometimes Payne Roet of Guienne (c.1310-1380), and also referred to as Sir Gilles de Roet, was a herald and knight from Hainaut who was involved in the early stages of the Hundred Years War. He became attached to the court of King Edward III of England through the king's marriage to Philippa of Hainaut.

      He is most notable for the fact that he became the ancestor of the monarchs of England because his daughter Katherine married John of Gaunt. Her children, given the surname "Beaufort", became the forebears of the Tudor dynasty through Margaret Beaufort. Another of his daughters also made a notable marriage, to the poet Geoffrey Chaucer.

      Early life

      Paon de Roet was "probably christened as Gilles",[1] but seems to have been known as "Paon" or "Payne", Latinised as "Paganus". He is named in a legal document in the form Paganus de Rodio — referring to Rodium, the mediaeval Latin form corresponding to the Roeulx, or Le Rœulx, a town of 3000 inhabitants, 8 miles north-east of Mons, on the highway leading from Mons to Nivelle located in the County of Hainaut.

      Paon de Roet may have been impelled to seek his fortune in England by the recital of the exploits of Fastre de Roet, who accompanied John of Beaumont in 1326, when, with three hundred followers, he went to assist the English against the Scots. Fastre was the younger brother of the last lord of Roeulx, descended from the Counts of Hainault. He and his brother Eustace fell into pecuniary straits, and were obliged to alienate their landed possessions. Fastre died in 1331, and was buried in the abbey church of Roeulx, while his brother Eustace survived till 1336. Paon was, like Fastre, a younger brother — possibly of a collateral line.

      In England

      Paon de Roet may have come to England as part of the retinue of Philippa of Hainaut, accompanying the young queen in her departure from Valenciennes to join her youthful husband Edward III in England at the close of 1327. His name does not appear in the official list of knights who accompanied the queen from Hainaut. However, Froissart says he was one of a number of additional young knights and squires who added to the queen's retinue, referred to as 'pluissier jone esquier', i.e. "plusiers jeunes escuyers" ('other young squires'); Speght (1598)[2]

      Froissart's account of the history of English monarchs includes a genealogical tree, the relevant part of which begins with Paon's name. He is described as "Paganus de Rouet Hannoniensis, aliter dictus Guien Rex Armorum" ("Paon de Rouet of Hainaut, also called Guyenne King of Arms"). The latter part refers to the title of King of Arms granted by Edward III to Roet for the territory of Guyenne (Aquitaine) which was controlled by Edward.

      France and Hainaut

      In 1347, Roet was sent to the Siege of Calais, and was one of two knights deputed by Queen Philippa to conduct out of town the citizens whom she had saved (the so-called Burghers of Calais).[3]

      He had returned to the lands of Hainaut, probably by 1349. He went to serve the queen’s sister, Marguerite, who was the empress of Germany, and his three younger children—Walter, Philippa and Katherine—were left in the care of Queen Philippa.[4] He died in Ghent in 1380.

      Family

      Paon had three daughters, Katherine, Philippa and Isabel (also called Elizabeth) de Roet, and a son, Walter. Isabel was to become Canoness of the convent of St. Waudru at Mons in Hainaut, c. 1366. Philippa married the poet Geoffrey Chaucer in 1366. They met while still children when they were attached to the household of Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster.[5]

      Katherine became governess to the daughters of John of Gaunt. After the death of John's wife Blanche in 1369, Katherine and John began a love affair which would bring forth four children born out of wedlock and would endure as a lifelong relationship. However, John made a dynastic marriage to Constance of Castille, a claimant to the throne of Castile, after which he called himself "King of Castille". When Constance died he married Katherine and legitimised their children.

      Tomb

      Roet's name listed amongst early graves lost noted on the memorial in St Paul's Cathedral
      Paon de Roet's tomb was in Old St Paul's Cathedral, near Sir John Beauchamp's tomb (commonly called "Duke Humphrey's"). The antiquary John Weever had previously recorded that "Once a fair marble stone inlaid all over with brass, nothing but the heads of a few brazen nails are at this day visible, previously engraven with the representation and coat of arms of the party defunct, thus much of a mangled funeral inscription was of late times perspicuous to be read".[6]

      By 1658, viewed without its brass plate and effigies, this tomb was described by William Dugdale. The tomb, along with the tombs of many others, including John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster's, were completely destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666. A modern monument in the crypt lists De Roet amongst the important graves lost.

      The former inscription was as follows:

      " Hic Jacet Paganus Roet Miles Guyenne Rex
      Armorum Pater Catherine Ducisse Lancastrie."
      (Here lies Paon de Roet, knight, Guyenne King of Arms, father of Katherine Duchess of Lancaster) [1]

  • Sources 
    1. [S7934] "Paon de Roet sometimes Payne Roet of Guienne (c.1310-1380)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paon_de_Roet.

    2. [S7933] "Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster" biogrpahy, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katherine_Swynford.