Lady Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland

Female 1379 - 1440  (~ 61 years)


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  • Name Joan Beaufort 
    Title Lady 
    Suffix Countess of Westmorland 
    Born ~ 1379  Chateau Beaufort, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    • She was probably born at the Swynford manor of Kettlethorpe in Lincolnshire. Her surname probably reflects her father's lordship of Beaufort in Champagne, France, where she might also have been born.[2] In 1391, at the age of twelve, Joan married Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem, at Beaufort-en-Vallâee, Anjou. They had two daughters before he died in about 1395.
    Gender Female 
    Died 13 Nov 1440  Howden, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 6
    Buried Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    • St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London. It sits on Ludgate Hill at the highest point of the City of London. Its dedication to Paul the Apostle dates back to the original church on this site, founded in AD 604.[1] The present church, dating from the late 17th century, was designed in the English Baroque style by Sir Christopher Wren. Its construction, completed in Wren's lifetime, was part of a major rebuilding programme in the City after the Great Fire of London.[2]

      The cathedral is one of the most famous and most recognisable sights of London. Its dome, framed by the spires of Wren's City churches, dominated the skyline for 300 years.[3] At 365 feet (111 m) high, it was the tallest building in London from 1710 to 1962. The dome is among the highest in the world. St Paul's is the second largest church building in area in the United Kingdom after Liverpool Cathedral.

      St Paul's Cathedral occupies a significant place in the national identity.[4] It is the central subject of much promotional material, as well as of images of the dome surrounded by the smoke and fire of the Blitz.[4] Services held at St Paul's have included the funerals of Lord Nelson, the Duke of Wellington and Sir Winston Churchill; Jubilee celebrations for Queen Victoria; peace services marking the end of the First and Second World Wars; the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer, the launch of the Festival of Britain and the thanksgiving services for the Golden Jubilee, the 80th Birthday and the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II.

      St Paul's Cathedral is a working church with hourly prayer and daily services.

      more ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Paul%27s_Cathedral
    Person ID I37042  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 20 Jan 2016 

    Father John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster,   b. 6 Mar 1340, St. Bavo's Abbey, Ghent, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Feb 1399, Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Mother Katherine de Roet, Duchess of Lancaster,   b. 25 Nov 1350, Picardie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 May 1403, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Married 0___ 1396  Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 8, 9
    • formerly his mistress...
    Family ID F13842  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Robert de Ferrers, III, Knight, 2nd Baron Ferrers of Wem,   b. ~ 1373, Willisham, Suffolkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 29 Nov 1396  (Age ~ 23 years) 
    Married 0___ 1391  Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    • at Beaufort-en-Vallâee
    Children 
     1. Elizabeth de Ferrers,   b. 0___ 1393, (Suffolkshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1434-1436, (Northumberland) England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 43 years)
     2. Mary de Ferrers,   b. 0___ 1394, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jan 1458, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 64 years)
    Last Modified 20 Oct 2018 
    Family ID F13746  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Ralph Neville, Knight, 1st Earl of Westmorland,   b. 0___ 1364, Castle Raby, Raby-Keverstone, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Oct 1425, Castle Raby, Raby-Keverstone, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 61 years) 
    Married Bef 29 Nov 1396  Chateau Beaufort, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3, 4, 5, 11, 12, 13
    • by Papal Dispensation...
    Children 
     1. Eleanor Neville, Countess of Northumberland,   b. 1397-1399, Raby, Staindrop, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 0___ 1472  (Age 73 years)
     2. Richard Neville, I, Knight, 5th Earl of Salisbury,   b. Abt 1400, Raby Castle, Staindrop, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Dec 1460, Wakefield, St. John, West Riding, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 60 years)
     3. Katherine Neville,   b. ~ 1400,   d. Aft 1483  (Age ~ 84 years)
     4. Robert Neville,   b. 0___ 1404, Raby Castle, Staindrop, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jul 1457  (Age ~ 53 years)
     5. George Neville, 1st Baron Latimer,   b. 1407-1414, Raby Castle, Staindrop, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Dec 1469  (Age 55 years)
     6. Edward Neville, 3rd Baron of Abergavenny,   b. 0___ 1414, Raby Castle, Staindrop, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Oct 1476, (Raby-Keverstone Castle, Staindrop, Durham, England) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 62 years)
     7. Cecily Neville, Duchess of York,   b. 3 May 1415, Raby Castle, Staindrop, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 May 1495, Berkhamsted Castle, Berkhamsted, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
     8. Ralph Neville
     9. Anne Neville,   b. 1414,   d. 1480  (Age 66 years)
     10. William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent,   b. ~1405,   d. 9 Jan 1463  (Age ~ 57 years)
    Last Modified 20 Oct 2018 
    Family ID F13644  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - ~ 1379 - Chateau Beaufort, Anjou, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 0___ 1391 - Anjou, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Bef 29 Nov 1396 - Chateau Beaufort, Anjou, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 13 Nov 1440 - Howden, Yorkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland (c. 1379 - 13 November 1440), was the fourth of the four children (and only daughter) of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and his mistress, later wife, Katherine Swynford. In her widowhood, she was a powerful landowner in the North of England.

      Early life and marriages

      She was probably born at the Swynford manor of Kettlethorpe in Lincolnshire. Her surname probably reflects her father's lordship of Beaufort in Champagne, France, where she might also have been born.[2] In 1391, at the age of twelve, Joan married at Beaufort-en-Vallâee, Anjou, Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem, and they had two daughters before he died in about 1395.

      Legitimation

      Along with her three brothers, Joan had been privately declared legitimate by their cousin Richard II of England in 1390. Her parents were married in Lincoln Cathedral in February 1396.[3] Joan was already an adult when she was legitimized by the marriage of her mother and father with papal approval. The Beauforts were later barred from inheriting the throne by a clause inserted into the legitimation act by their half-brother, Henry IV of England, although it is not clear that Henry IV possessed sufficient authority to alter an existing parliamentary statute by himself, without the further approval of Parliament. Soon after the legitimation, on 3 February 1397, when she was eighteen, Joan married Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, who had also been married once before.

      Inheritance

      When Ralph de Neville died in 1425, his lands and titles should, by law of rights, have passed on to his grandson through his first marriage, another Ralph Neville. Instead, while the title of Earl of Westmorland and several manors were passed to Ralph, the bulk of his rich estate went to his wife, Joan Beaufort. Although this may have been done to ensure that his widow was well provided for, by doing this Ralph essentially split his family into two and the result was years of bitter conflict between Joan and her stepchildren who fiercely contested her acquisition of their father's lands. Joan however, with her royal blood and connections, was far too powerful to be called to account, and the senior branch of the Nevilles received little redress for their grievances. Inevitably, when Joan died, the lands would be inherited by her own children.

      Death

      Joan died on 13 November 1440 at Howden in Yorkshire.[3] Rather than be buried with her husband Ralph (who was not buried with his first wife, though his monument has effigies of himself and his two wives) she was entombed next to her mother in the magnificent sanctuary of Lincoln Cathedral. Joan's is the smaller of the two tombs; both were decorated with brass plates – full-length representations of them on the tops, and small shields bearing coats of arms around the sides — but those were damaged or destroyed in 1644 by Roundheads during the English Civil War. A 1640 drawing of them survives, showing what the tombs looked like when they were intact, and side-by-side instead of end-to-end, as they are now.

      Descendants

      Joan Beaufort was mother to Cecily, Duchess of York and thus grandmother of Edward IV of England, and of Richard III of England, whom Henry VII defeated to take the throne. Henry then married Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV, and their son became Henry VIII of England. Henry VIII's sixth wife, Catherine Parr, was also a descendant through Joan and Ralph's eldest son, Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, and thus Henry's third cousin. The Earl of Salisbury was father to Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, "the Kingmaker" (father of Queen consort Anne Neville).

      Children of Joan Beaufort and Robert Ferrers

      In 1391, at the age of twelve, Joan married Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem, at Beaufort-en-Vallâee, Anjou. They had 2 children:

      Elizabeth Ferrers, 6th Baroness Boteler of Wem (1393–1474). She is buried at Black Friars Church, York. She married John de Greystoke, 4th Baron Greystoke (1389–1436), on 28 October 1407 in Greystoke Castle, Greystoke, Cumberland, and had issue.
      Margaret (or Mary) Ferrers (1394 – 25 January 1457/1458). She married her stepbrother, Sir Ralph Neville, son of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmoreland, c. 1413 in Oversley, Warwickshire, and had issue

      Children of Joan Beaufort and Ralph Neville

      They had 14 children:

      Lady Katherine Neville, married first on 12 January 1411 John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk; married second Sir Thomas Strangways; married third John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont; married fourth Sir John Woodville (d. 12 August 1469).
      Lady Eleanor Neville (d. 1472), married first Richard le Despenser, 4th Baron Burghersh, married second Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland
      Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury (1400–1460), married Alice Montacute, suo jure 5th Countess of Salisbury. Had issue. Their descendants include Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick; queen consort Anne Neville, wife of Richard III; and queen consort Catherine Parr, sixth wife of King Henry VIII (great-grandson of Richard's sister, Cecily).
      Robert Neville (d. 1457), Bishop of Durham
      William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent (c.1410–1463)
      Lady Anne Neville (?1411–20 September 1480), married Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham
      Edward Neville, 3rd Baron Bergavenny (d. 1476)
      Lady Cecily Neville (1415–1495) ("Proud Cis"), married Richard, 3rd Duke of York, and mothered Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England
      George Neville, 1st Baron Latimer (d. 1469)
      Joan Neville, became a nun
      John Neville, died young
      Cuthbert Neville, died young
      Thomas Neville, died young
      Henry Neville, died young [6]

  • Sources 
    1. [S49536] http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/ahnentafel.php?personID=I16294&tree=00&parentset=0&generations=5.

    2. [S51444] http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/getperson.php?personID=I7867&tree=00.

    3. [S51653] http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/ahnentafel.php?personID=I7926&tree=00&parentset=0&generations=5.

    4. [S6521] Catherine Neville's 5-Generation Ahnentafel, http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/pedigree.php?personID=I132833&tree=00.

    5. [S7023] Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 40.

    6. [S7086] "Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland (c. 1379 - 1440)",.

    7. [S8958] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lincoln_Cathedral.

    8. [S7467] "Edward III (13 November 1312 - 21 June 1377)" biography,.

    9. [S7933] "Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster" biogrpahy, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katherine_Swynford.

    10. [S7931] "Robert Ferrers, 2nd Baron Ferrers of Wem (c. 1373 - bef. 29 November 1396)" biography, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ro.

    11. [S51338] http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/getperson.php?personID=I6674&tree=00.

    12. [S7166] "Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, KG (22 November 1428 - 14 April 1471) Biogrpahy", https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.

    13. [S7834] "Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland (1364-1425)" biography,.