Henry II, King of England

Henry II, King of England

Male 1133 - 1189  (56 years)

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  • Name Henry II  
    Suffix King of England 
    Born 5 Mar 1133  Le Mans, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Christened 25 Mar 1133  Le Mans, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As Count of Anjou  [3
    Also Known As Count of Nantes  [3
    Also Known As Curt Mantel  [4
    Also Known As Duke of Aquitaine  [3
    Also Known As Duke of Normandy  [3
    Also Known As Henry Curtmantle  [5
    Also Known As Henry FitzEmpress  [1
    Also Known As Henry II, King of England 
    Died 6 Jul 1189  Chinon Castle, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 3, 4
    Buried 7 Jul 1189  Fontevraud Abbey, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3
    Person ID I36604  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 9 Dec 2016 

    Father Geoffrey "Le Bon" Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy,   b. 24 Sep 1113, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Sep 1151, Chateau-Du-Loir, Eure-Et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years) 
    Mother Matilda of England, Queen of England,   b. 7 Feb 1102, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Sep 1167, Notre Dame, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Married 3 Apr 1127  Le Massachusetts, Sarthe, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    • The marriage was meant to seal a peace between England/Normandy and Anjou. She was eleven years older than Geoffrey, and very proud of her status as an Empress (as opposed to being a mere Countess). Their marriage was a stormy one with frequent long separations, but she bore him three sons and survived him.
    Family ID F13811  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Eleanore de Aquitaine, Queen of England,   b. 0___ 1123, Chateau de Belin, Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Mar 1204, Poitiers, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 81 years) 
    Married 18 May 1152  Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 7, 8
    • thier marriage turned sour after Henry's affair with Rosamund Clifford...
    Residence (Family) England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Richard Plantagenet, I, King of England,   b. 8 Sep 1157, Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Apr 1199, Limousin, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years)
     2. Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile,   b. 13 Oct 1162, Domfront Castle, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Oct 1214, Burgos, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years)
     3. John I, King of England,   b. 24 Dec 1166, Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Nottinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)
    Last Modified 28 Jun 2017 
    Family ID F13745  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Annabel Balliol,   b. 18 May 1153, Bernard Castle, Gainford, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Mar 1204  (Age 50 years) 
    Married 5 Jun 1169  [9
    Last Modified 28 Jun 2017 
    Family ID F13815  Group Sheet

    Family 3 Ida de Tosny, Countess of Norfolk,   d. Aft 1185 
    _MARRIED
    _MSTAT Partners 
    Not married
    • she was mother of one of his illegitimate sons, William Longesp‚ee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, (b c. 1176-March 7, 1226)
    Children 
     1. William (Plantagenet) Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury,   b. ~ 1176, (Salisbury, Wiltshire) England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Mar 1226, Salisbury Castle, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years)
    Last Modified 28 Jun 2017 
    Family ID F13837  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 5 Mar 1133 - Le Mans, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 25 Mar 1133 - Le Mans, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 18 May 1152 - Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 6 Jul 1189 - Chinon Castle, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 7 Jul 1189 - Fontevraud Abbey, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence (Family) - - England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Henry II, King of England
    Henry II, King of England

    Henry II is the 27th great grandfather of the grandchildren of Jesse D. Hennessee (1880-1952) through his 12th great granddaughter,

    Catherine Mountfort Booth (1450-1483) ... http://thehennesseefamily.com/getperson.php?personID=I32450&tree=hennessee

    Henry II (1133-1189) is the great-grandson of William the Conqueror (1024-1087) ergo

    William the Conqueror (1024-1087) is the 30th great-grandfather of all the grandchildren of Jesse D Hennessee (1880-1952)

  • Notes 
    • Henry founded the Plantagenet Dynasty... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_II_of_England

      Henry II is the 27th great grandfather of the grandchildren of Jesse D Hennessee (1880-1952) through his 12th great granddaughter,

      Catherine Mountfort Booth (1450-1483) ...

      http://www.thehennesseefamily.com/getperson.php?personID=I32450&tree=hennessee

      Henry II (1133-1189) is the great-grandson of William the Conqueror (1024-1087) ergo

      William the Conqueror (1024-1087) is the 30th great-grandfather of all the grandchildren of Jesse D Hennessee (1880-1952)

      Who could forget Peter O'Toole's magnificient protrayal of Henry II in the 1968 movie production of "The Lion in Winter" and Katherine Hepburn's Eleanor of Aquitaine? ... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_in_Winter_(1968_film)

      History of Henry II and his reign... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_II_of_England [3, 12]
    • Source: 'The World Book Encyclopedia', 1968, p H178. 'Royalty for Commoners', Roderick W. Stuart, 1993, p 37-38. Reigned 1154-1189.

      He ruled an empire that stretched from the Tweed to the Pyrenees. In spite of frequent hostitilties with the French King his own family and rebellious Barons (culminating in the great revolt of 1173-74) and his quarrel with Thomas Becket, Henry maintained control over his possessions until shortly before his death. His judicial and administrative reforms which increased Royal control and influence at the expense of the Barons were of great constitutional importance. Introduced trial by Jury. Duke of Normandy. Henry II 'Curt Mantel,' Duke of Normandy, Count of Maine and Anjou, King Of England became king in 1154.

      At the height of his power, Henry ruled England and almost all western France. His marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine, the most famous woman of the age, brought the duchy of Aquitaine under his control. Henry also claimed to rule Scotland, Wales, and eastern Ireland. Henry II carried on his grandfather's policy of limiting the power of the nobles. He also tried to make the Roman Catholic Church in England submit to his authority. This policy brought him into conflict with Thomas a Becket, Achbishop of Canterbury. Four of the king's knights murdered Becket while he was at vespers in his cathedral. Henry made Anglo-Saxon common law, rather than the revised Roman law, the supreme law of the land. He introduced trial by jury and circuit courts. In his later years, Henry's sons often rebelled against him. Two of them, Richard the Lion-Hearted and John, became the next two kings of England.

      REF: "Falls the Shadow" Sharon Kay Penman: William the Conqueror requested a large number of Jews to move to England after his conquest. They spoke Norman & did well under his reign. They continued to thrive under William's grandson Henry II.

      REF: British Monarchy Official Website: Henry II (reigned 1154-89)

      ruled over an empire which stretched from the Scottish border to the Pyrenees. Married to Eleanor, the heiress of Aquitaine, the king spent only 13 years of his reign in England; the other 21 years were spent on the continent in his territories in what is now France. By 1158, Henry had restored to the crown some of the lands and royal power lost by Stephen. For example, locally chosen sheriffs were changed into royally appointed agents charged with enforcing the law and collecting taxes in the counties. Personally interested in government and law, Henry strengthened royal justice, making use of juries and re-introduced the sending of justices (judges) on regular tours of the country to try cases for the Crown. His legal reforms have led him to be seen as the founder of English Common Law. Henry's disagreements with his Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket, over Church/State relations ended in Becket's murder in 1170. Family disputes almost wrecked the king's achievements and he died in 1189 at war with his sons.

      Reigned 25 Oct 1154-1189. Invested As Duke Of Nomandy By His Parents In 1150.

      Ruled An Empire That Stretched From The Tweed To The Pyrenees.

      Numerous Quarrels With French King, & His Own Family.

      Quarreled With Thomas Becket.

      Beat Rebellious Barons (Culminating In The Great Revolt Of 1173-74).

      Retained Control Of His Possessions Until Shortly Before His Death.

      Important Judicial & Admin. Reforms Incr. Power Of King At The Expense Of Barons

      Introduced Trial By Jury.

      Count Of Anjou & Aquitaine. [4]

  • Sources 
    1. [S50798] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_II_of_England.

    2. [S51489] http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/getperson.php?personID=I192534&tree=00.

    3. [S7881] "Henry II of England (1133-1189)" biography,.

    4. [S4479] http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/getperson.php?personID=I3425&tree=00.

    5. [S51582] http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/getperson.php?personID=I190062&tree=00.
      French: "Court-Manteau"

    6. [S51583] http://bit.ly/1i49b9d.

    7. [S51490] http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/getperson.php?personID=I198406&tree=00.

    8. [S7880] "Eleanor of Aquitaine (1124-1204) biography,.

    9. [S51605] http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/ahnentafel.php?personID=I7486&tree=00&parentset=0&generations=5.

    10. [S7022] William Longesp‚ee (circa 1176 - 7 March 1226), http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/plantagenet_78.html.

    11. [S7438] "Lord Robert Fitz Roger DE CLAVERING, 5th Baron Warkworth, 1St Baron Clavering" biography, http://knight-france.com/gene.

    12. [S50800] http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=meder%2Ddempsey&id=I1369.