Sir Richard Rich, Baron Rich

Male 1496 - 1567  (~ 71 years)


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  • Name Richard Rich 
    Title Sir 
    Suffix Baron Rich 
    Born 0___ 1496  Saint Lawrence Jewry, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 12 Jun 1567  Rochford, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried 8 Jul 1567  Felsted, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I26782  The Hennessee Family
    Last Modified 3 May 2015 

    Father Richard Rich,   b. Abt 1470, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Joan Dingley,   b. Abt 1472, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married (London) England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Family ID F9601  Group Sheet

    Family Elizabeth Jenkes,   b. 0___ 1510, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Dec 1558, Saintbartholomew,London,England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 48 years) 
    Married Bef May 1536  (London) England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
     1. Richard Rich,   b. 1547, (London) England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 27 Mar 2017 
    Family ID F9603  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 0___ 1496 - Saint Lawrence Jewry, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Bef May 1536 - (London) England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 12 Jun 1567 - Rochford, Essex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 8 Jul 1567 - Felsted, Essex, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Early possible Rich family to New World
      Posted by: Albert NasonDate: February 11, 2000 at 18:07:08
      of 1299


      [this is info I sent to Donita, but which should interest other Riches,
      since it concerns the earliest Riches possibly arriving in maryland,
      virginia, and N. Carolina]
      Here is the info I mentioned about the connection between the barons Rich
      and the colony of Virginia. The Dictionary of National Biography, a sort
      of historical who's who in England, has many entries under "Rich".

      --Richard Rich, first baron Rich, was the unscrupulous lawyer of Henry
      VIII, who supposedly forged evidence and gave tainted testimony that
      condemned Sir thomas More to be beheaded. Maybe this is so, but we never
      hear Rich's side. I have read that he was a devout Catholic himself, and
      his almost photographic portrait by Hans Holbein the younger shows a
      handsome sensitive face, rather sad. Holbein also did a portrait of Lady
      Rich, who looks like a onetime glamourous woman who ran to fat early in
      life. The first baron was father of the second baron, who was father of
      the third baron, called "the rich Lord Rich"--the family had gained many
      estates formerly monasteries.

      --the 3rd baron Rich, the "rich Lord Rich" married the beautiful Penelope
      Devereux, sister of the Earl of Essex, the aging Queen Elizabeth's
      boyfriend, executed by her in 1601 (Lord Essex was beheaded, not
      Penelope.). Penelope left Lord Rich, and 5 or 6 children by him and moved
      in with Charles Blount, Lord Mountjoy and they had 5 or 6 children. I
      think both the large North Carolina families of Blount and Rich are
      related to these people, though not perhaps Penelope's descendants. Her
      illegitimate and legitimate children got along well enough but there were
      so many I think some might have come to the new world, since they were not
      ALL rich, or Riches.

      However, another source was Sir Nathaniel Rich, born 1585?- d 1636,
      merchant adventurer, apparently the bastard of the first Lord Rich (says
      the Dict of Nat Bio, but I think he may be a grandson, since the first
      Lord Rich died on June 12, 1587.) His mother was daughter of John Machell,
      sheriff of London. He was given a legal education and became a member of
      Parliament and was knighted in 1617 by James I (who gave out titles
      lavishly, usually expecting a monetary gift). He was connected with the
      Bermudas company in 1616 and bought shares in the Virginia Co in 1619. He
      gave lavishly to the colony and died before 26 May 1636, supposedly when
      Massachusetts colony sent him a poisoned "antimonial cup". He left his
      manor of Stondon, Essex to a nephew Nathaniel, probably Nathaniel Rich who
      died 1701.

      --Nathaniel Rich d 1701 was son of Robert Rich, by Elizabeth, daughter of
      Sir Thomas Dutton. He obtained the manor of Stondon Essex, and so was
      probably nephew to the above Nathaniel. He studied law and fought in the
      English civil war on the parliamentarian side. he was in favor of the
      widest religious toleration, but was opposed to extending the right to
      vote, and feared extreme democracy. he was later imprisoned by king
      Charles II after the Restoration, but managed to marry anyway, to Lady
      Anne Kerr, daughter of Robert Kerr, first earl of Ancrum. By his first
      wife, Elizabeth daughter of Sir Edmund Hampden, he had two sons Nathaniel
      and Robert. Robert in 1677 succeeded to the baronetcy of his distant
      relative and father-in-law, Sir Charles Rich. [In other words, Robert
      married his title; did his older brother Nathaniel , without a title of
      his own, go to Va. to seek his fortune?]

      --the first Lord Rich had four illegitimate children, of whom Richard was
      father of Sir nathaniel Rich (not the one who died 1701, but his childless
      uncle).

      --Richard Rich, author of "Newes from Virginia" was possibly the same
      Richard Rich, illegitmate son of first baron rich and father of Sir
      Nathaniel Rich. he was a soldier and adventurer, who sailed in 1609 from
      Plymouth england for Virginia, in the "Sea Venture", a ship soon
      shipwrecked in Bermuda. Along with several future governors of Va, one of
      the other shipwrecked passengers was John Rolfe, married to another wife
      than Pocahontas at that time. Rich and the others eventually got to Va,
      whence Rich returned to england in 1610 and wrote his "Newes of Va", which
      some think inspired Shakespeare to write "The Tempest". he announced in
      the book that he intended to return to Va, but his later life is obscure.
      {was this the Va. ancestor of Timothy and the North Carolina Riches?]

      That's all I have for now. We think of the english nobles as being
      powerful and wealthy, as they later were in the 19th and early 20th
      century, but in the 1500s and 1600s, most of them had very precarious
      finances, especially younger sons and daughters who sometimes only got a
      bare education and a commision in the army or navy, if that. It was not
      unusual for even a duke to give his daughter to a wealthy merchant to
      avoid a dowry. Many of these younger sons came to America. And the
      situation was even worse for noble bastards. Some of the great Elizabethan
      families that apparently sent out younger sons were the Blounts, the
      Riches, the Culpepers, the Drakes, the Gilberts--all names found in Va and
      NC
    • From: "Frank Young"
      To: "David Hennessee"
      Subject: Re: Earl of Manchester
      Date: Thursday, January 18, 2001 2:16 PM

      On Thu, 18 Jan 2001, David Hennessee wrote:

      > Dear Frank - Thank you very much for the erudite response. Misread the deed
      > abstract and now seek information on Sir Nathaniell RICH. This is a
      > first-time effort searching English peerage. Will be grateful for any
      > direction from you.

      A knighthood, or a baronetcy, for that matter, is NOT a part of the
      peerage. Barons, viscounts, earls, marquesses, and dukes (royal or
      not) constitute the peerage.

      And speaking of peerage: Your Sir Nathaniel was the grandson of Richard
      Rich, 1st Lord Rich, one of the slimier men of the 16th century. I've
      included a small bit about him, below. Also below are a few odds and ends
      to get you started, including a two-item bibliography at the bottom, as
      well as some genealogical materials.

      You really should email the fellow who made the presentation on him at the
      conference (cited below) -- he probably has a good chunk of material on
      his subject.

      Let me know if you run into difficulties with any of this -- but it should
      be self explanatory. You can get any of the sources cited through
      interlibrary loan at your local public, college, or university library.

      Regards, Frank Young
      tipcat@wam.umd.edu 703-527-7684
      Post Office Box 2793, Kensington, Maryland 20891
      "Videmus nunc per speculum in aenigmate... Nunc cognosco ex parte"

      *************************

      Robin Swales, History, presented the paper, "Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy
      in the 1620s: Sir Nathaniel Rich in England and Ireland" to the
      Pacific Northwest Conference on Renaissance Legacies at the University
      of Saskatchewan on May 14. A longer version on the same subject was
      presented to the Eighth International Conference on Seventeenth
      Century Studies at Durham University, England, on July 27. While in
      England he also attended the 68th Anglo-American Conference of
      Historians at the Institute of Historical Research (Race and
      Ethnicity) in London, the Luxury and Aesthetics Conference at Warwick
      University, and the Donne Conference at Queen Mary College, London.

      Pacific Northwest Renaissance Conference
      Preliminary Programme
      May 13-15
      University of Saskatchewan
      Saskatoon Saskatchewan
      o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/o/
      For Registration Information Contact:
      Ron Cooley
      Dept. Of English,
      University of Saskatchewan
      9 Campus Dr.
      Saskatoon SK S7N 5A5
      phone: (306) 966-5525
      Fax: (306) 966-5951
      e-mail: cooleyr@duke.usask.ca

      3:45-5:15 Concurrent Sessions III

      A) Historical Legacies: Social, Cultural and Intellectual
      i. Richard Cunningham (Penn State), Inventing Experience: Inheriting
      a Concept, Bequeathing the World
      ii. Nat Hardy (University of Alberta), Inheriting Filth: Satirical
      Disgust and the Anxiety of Effluents in Early Modern London
      iii. Robin Swales (University of Regina), Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy in
      the 1620s: Sir Nathaniel Rich in England and Ireland

      *******************************


      In Ireland:



      A. D. 1621
      . Sir Dudley Digges, sir Thomas Crew, sir Nathaniel Rich, sir James
      Perrot, &c. came over commissioners to inquire into the state of the
      kingdom upon some complaints of the Irish.

      They allow (by the king's order) the new lord deputy Falkland all the
      profits abating only at the rate of 2,000 1. per ann. till he should
      come and receive the sword.

      ***************************************


      MUST READ:


      The Charter of New England : 1620

      The Charter of New England : 1620 JAMES, by the Grace of God, King of
      England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c. to
      all whom these Presents shall come, Greeting, Whereas, upon the humble
      Petition of divers of our well disposed Subjects, that intended to
      make several Plantations in the Parts of America, between the Degrees
      of thirty-ffoure and ffourty-five; We according to our princely
      Inclination, favouring much their worthy Disposition, in Hope thereby
      to advance the in Largement of Christian Religion, to the Glory of God
      Almighty, as also by that Meanes to streatch out the Bounds of our
      Dominions, and to replenish those Deserts with People governed by
      Lawes and Magistrates, for the peaceable Commerce of all, that in time
      to come shall have occasion to traffique into those Territoryes,
      granted unto Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers, Knights, Thomas
      Hanson, and Raleigh Gilbert, Esquires, and of their Associates, for
      the more speedy Accomplishment thereof, by our Letters-Pattent,
      bearing Date the Tenth Day of Aprill, in the Fourth Year of our Reign
      of England, France and Ireland, and of Scotland the ffourtieth, free
      Liberty to divide themselves into two several Collonyes; the one
      called the first Collonye, to be undertaken and advanced by certain
      Knights, Gentlemen, and Merchants, in and about our Cyty of London;
      the other called the Second Collonye, to be undertaken and advanced by
      certaine Knights, Gentlemen, and Merchants, and their associates, in
      and about our Citties of Bristol, Exon, and our Towne of Plymouth, and
      other Places, as in and by our said Letters-Pattents, amongst other
      Things more att large it doth and may appears. And whereas, since that
      Time, upon the humble Petition of the said Adventurers and Planters of
      the said first Collonye, We have been graciously pleased to make them
      one distinct and entire Body by themselves, giving unto them their
      distinct Lymitts and Bounds, and have upon their like humble Request,
      granted unto them divers Liberties, Priveliges, Enlargements, and
      Immunityes, as in and by our severall Letters-Patents it doth and may
      more at large appears. Now forasmuch as We have been in like Manner
      humbly petitioned unto by our trusty and well beloved Servant, Sir
      fferdinando Gorges, Knight, Captain of our ffort and Island by
      Plymouth, and by certain the principal Knights and Gentlemen
      Adventurers of the said Second Collonye, and by divers other Persons
      of Quality, who now intend to be their Associates, divers of which
      have been at great and extraordinary Charge, and sustained many Losses
      in seeking and discovering a Place fitt and convenient to lay the
      Foundation of a hopeful Plantation, and have divers Years past by
      God's Assistance, and their own endeavours, taken actual Possession of
      the Continent hereafter mentioned, in our Name and to our Use, as
      Sovereign Lord thereof, and have settled already some of our People in
      Places agreeable to their Desires in those Parts, and in Confidence of
      prosperous Success therein, by the Continuance of God's Devine
      Blessing, and our Royall Permission, have resolved in a more
      plentifull and effectual Manner to prosecute the same, and to that
      Purpose and Intent have desired of Us, for their better Encouragement
      and Satisfaction herein, and that they may avoide all Confusion,
      Questions, or Differences between themselves, and those of the said
      first Collonye, We would likewise be graciously pleased to make
      certaine Adventurers, intending to erect and. establish fishery,
      Trade, and Plantacion, within the Territoryes, Precincts, and Lymitts
      of the said second Colony, and their Successors, one several distinct
      and entire Body, and to grant unto them, such Estate, Liberties,
      Priveliges, Enlargements, and Immunityes there, as in these our
      Letters-Pattents hereafter particularly expressed and declared. And
      for asmuch as We have been certainly given to understand by divers of
      our good Subjects, that have for these many Years past frequented
      those Coasts and Territoryes, between the Degrees of Fourty and
      Fourty-Eight, that there is noe other the Subjects of any Christian
      King or State, by any Authority from their Soveraignes, Lords, or
      Princes, actually in Possession of any of the said Lands or Precincts,
      whereby any Right, Claim, Interest, or Title, may, might, or ought by
      that Meanes accrue, belong, or appertaine unto them, or any of them.
      And also for that We have been further given certainly to knowe, that
      within these late Yeares there hath by God's Visitation reigned a
      wonderfull Plague, together with many horrible Slaugthers, and
      Murthers, committed amoungst the Sauages and brutish People there,
      heertofore inhabiting, in a Manner to the utter Destruction,
      Deuastacion, and Depopulacion of that whole Territorye, so that there
      is not left for many Leagues together in a Manner, any that doe claime
      or challenge any Kind of Interests therein, nor any other Superiour
      Lord or Souveraigne to make Claime "hereunto, whereby We in our
      Judgment are persuaded and satisfied that the appointed Time is come
      in which Almighty God in his great Goodness and Bountie towards Us and
      our People, hath thought fitt and determined, that those large and
      goodly Territoryes, deserted as it were by their naturall Inhabitants,
      should be possessed and enjoyed by such of our Subjects and People as
      heertofore have and hereafter shall by his Mercie and Favour, and by
      his Powerfull Arme, be directed and conducted thither. In
      Contemplacion and serious Consideracion whereof, Wee have thougt it
      fitt according to our Kingly Duty, soe much as in Us lyeth, to second
      and followe God's sacred Will, rendering reverend Thanks to his Divine
      Majestie for his gracious favour in laying open and revealing the same
      unto us, before any other Christian Prince or State, by which Meanes
      without Offence, and as We trust to his Glory, Wee may with Boldness
      goe on to the settling of soe hopefull a Work, which tendeth to the
      reducing and Conversion of such Sauages as remaine wandering in
      Desolacion and Distress, to Civil Societie and Christian Religion, to
      the Inlargement of our own Dominions, and the Aduancement of the
      Fortunes of such of our good Subjects as shall willingly intresse
      themselves in the said Imployment, to whom We cannot but give singular
      Commendations for their soe worthy Intention and Enterprize; Wee
      therefore, of our especiall Grace, mere Motion, and certaine
      Knowledge, by the Aduice of the Lords and others of our Priuy Councell
      have for Us, our Heyrs and Successors, graunted, ordained, and
      established, and in and by these Presents, Do for Us, our Heirs and
      Successors, grant, ordaine and establish, that all that Circuit,
      Continent, Precincts, and Limitts in America, lying and being in
      Breadth from Fourty Degrees of Northerly Latitude, from the
      Equnoctiall Line, to Fourty-eight Degrees of the said Northerly
      Latitude, and in length by all the Breadth aforesaid throughout the
      Maine Land, from Sea to Sea, with all the Seas, Rivers, Islands,
      Creekes, Inletts, Ports, and Havens, within the Degrees, Precincts and
      Limitts of the said Latitude and Longitude, shall be the Limitts; and
      Bounds, and Precints of the second Collony: And to the End that the
      said Territoryes may forever hereafter be more particularly and
      certainly known and distinguished, our Will and Pleasure is, that the
      sa.ne shall from henceforth be nominated, termed, and called by the
      Name of New-England, in America; and by that Name of New-England in
      America, the said Circuit, Precinct, Limitt, Continent, Islands, and
      Places in America, aforesaid, We do by these Presents, for Us, our
      Heyrs and Successors, name, call, erect, found and establish, and by
      that Name to have Continuance for ever. And for the better Plantacion,
      ruling, and governing of the aforesaid New-England, in America, We
      will, ordaine, constitute, assigne, limits and appoint, and for Us,
      our Heyrs and Successors, Wee, by the Advice of the Lords and others
      of the said priuie Councill, do by these Presents ordaine, constitute,
      limett, and appoint, that from henceforth, there shall be for ever
      hereafter, in our Towne of Plymouth, in the County of Devon, one Body
      politicque and corporate, which shall have perpetuall Succession,
      which shall consist of the Number of fourtie Persons, and no more,
      which shall be, and shall be called and knowne by the Name the
      Councill established at Plymouth, in the County of Devon for the
      planting, ruling, ordering, and governing of New-England, in America;
      and for that Purpose Wee have, at and by the Nomination and Request of
      the said Petitioners, granted, ordained, established, and confirmed;
      and by these Presents, for Us, our Heyres and Successors, doe grant,
      ordaine, establish, and confirme, our right trusty and right well
      beloved Cosins and Councillors Lodovick, Duke of Lenox, Lord Steward
      of our Houshold, George Lord Marquess Buckingham, our High Admiral of
      England, James Marquess Hamilton, William Earle of Pembrocke, Lord
      Chamberlaine of our Houshold, Thomas Earl of Arundel, and our right
      trusty and right well beloved Cosin, William Earl of hathe, and right
      trusty and right well beloved Cosin and Councellor, Henry Earle of
      Southampton, and our right trusty and right well beloved Cousins,
      William Earle of Salisbury, and Robert Earle of Warwick, and our right
      trusty and right well beloved John Viscount Haddington, and our right
      trusty and well beloved Councellor Edward Lord Zouch, Lord Warden of
      our Cincque Ports, and our trusty and well beloved Edmond Lord
      Sheffield, Edward Lord Gorges, and our well beloved Sir Edward
      Seymour, Knight and Barronett, Sir Robert Manselle, Sir Edward Zouch,
      our Knight Marshall, Sir Dudley Diggs, Sir Thomas Roe, Sir fferdinando
      Gorges, Sir Francis Popham, Sir John Brook, Sir Thomas Gates, Sir
      Richard Hawkins, Sir Richard Edgcombe, Sir Allen Apsley, Sir Warwick
      Hale, Sir Richard Catchmay, Sir John Bourchier, Sir Nathaniel Rich,
      Sir Edward Giles, Sir Giles Mompesson, and Sir Thomas Wroth, Knights;
      and our well beloved Matthew Sutcliffe, Dean of Exeter, Robert Heath,
      Esq; Recorder of our Cittie of London, Henry Bourchier, John Drake,
      Rawleigh Gilbert, George Chudley, Thomas Hamon, and John Argall,
      Esquires, to be and in and by these Presents; We do appoint them to be
      the first modern and present Councill established at Plymouth, in the
      County of Devon, for the planting, ruling, ordering, and governing of
      New-England, in America; and that they, and the Suruiuours of them,
      and such as the Suruluours and Suruinor of them shall, from tyme to
      tyme elect, and chuse, to make up the aforesaid Number of fourtie
      Persons, when, and as often as any of them, or any of their Successors
      shall happen to decease, or to be removed from being of the said
      Councill, shall be in, and by these Presents, incorporated to have a
      perpetual Succession for ever, in Deed, Fact, and Name, and shall be
      one Bodye corporate and politicque; and that those, and such said
      Persons, and their Successors, and such as shall be elected and chosen
      to succeed them as aforesaid, shall be, and by these Presents are, and
      be incorporated, named, and called by the Name of the Councill
      established at Plymouth, in the County of Devon, for the planting,
      ruling, and governing of New-England, in America; and them the said
      Duke of Lenox, Marquess Buckingham, Marquess Hamilton, Earle of
      Pembroke, Earle of Arundell, Earle of hathe, Earle of Southampton,
      Earle of Salisbury, Earle of Warwick, Viscount Haddington, Lord Zouch,
      Lord Sheffleld, Lord Gorges, Sir Edward Seymour, Sir Robert Mansell,
      Sir Edward Zouch, Sir Dudley Diggs, Sir Thomas Roe, Sir fferdinando
      Gorges, Sir ffrancis Popham, Sir John Brooks, Sir Thomas Gates, Sir
      Richard Hawkins, Sir Richard Edgcombe, Sir Allen Apsley, Sir Warwick
      Heale, Sir Richard Catchmay, Sir John Bourchier, Sir Nathaniell Rich,
      Sir Edward Giles, Sir Giles Mompesson, Sir Thomas Wroth, Knights;
      Matthew Suttcliffe, Robert Heath, Henry Bourchier, John Drake,
      Rawleigh Gilbert, George Chudley, Thomas Haymon, and John Argall,
      Esqrs. and their successors, one Body corporate and politick, in Deed
      and Name, by the Name of the Councell established att Plymouth, in the
      County of Devon for the planting, ruling, and governing of
      New-England, in America. Wee do by these Presents, for Us, our Heyres
      and Successors, really and fully incorporate, erect, ordaine. name,
      constitute, and establish, and that by the same Name of the said
      Councill, they and their Successors for ever hereafter be
      incorporated, named, and called, and shall by the same Name have
      perpetual Succession. And further, Wee do hereby for Us, our Heires
      and Successors, grant unto the said Councill established aft Plymouth,
      that they and their Successors, by the same Name, be and shall be, and
      shall continue Persons able and capable in the Law, from time to time,
      and shall by that Name, of Councill aforesaid, have full Power and
      Authority, and lawful Capacity and Habilily, as well to purchase,
      take, hold, receive, enjoy, and to have, and their Successors for
      ever, any Manors, Lands, Tenements, Rents, Royalties, Privileges,
      Immunities, Reversions, Annuities, Hereditaments, Goods, and Chattles
      whatsoever, of or from Us, our Heirs, and Successors, and of or from
      any other Person or Persons whatsoever, as well in and within this our
      Realme, of England, as in and within any other Place or Places
      whatsoever or wheresoever; and the same Manors, Lands, Tenements, and
      Hereditaments, Goods or Chattles, or any of them, by the same Name to
      alien and sell, or to do, execute, ordaine and performe all other
      Matters and Things whatsoever to the said Incorporation and Plantation
      concerning and-belonging. And further, our Will and Pleasure is, that
      the said Councill, for the time being, and their Successors, shall
      have full Power and lawful authority, by the Name aforesaid, to sue,
      and be sued; implead, and to be impleaded; answer, and to be answered,
      unto all Manner of Courts and Places that now are, or hereafter shall
      be, within this our Realme and elsewhere, as well temporal as
      spiritual, in all Manner of Suits and Matters whatsoever, and of what
      Nature or Kinde soever such Suite or Action be or shall be. And our
      Will and Pleasure is, that the said flourty Persons, or the greater
      Number of them, shall and may, from time to time, and at any time
      hereafter, at their owne Will and Pleasure, according to the Laws,
      Ordinances, and Orders of or by them, or by the greater Part of them,
      hereafter in Manner and forme in these Presents mentioned, to be
      agreed upon, to elect and choose amongst themselves one of the said
      dourty Persons for the Time being, to be President of the said
      Councill, which President soe elected and chosen, Wee will, shall
      continue and be President of the said Councill for so long a Time as
      by the Orders of the said Councill, from time to time to be made, as
      hereafter is mentioned, shall be thought fitt, and no longer; unto
      which President, or in his Absence, to any such Person as by the Order
      of the said Councill shall be thereunto appointed, Wee do give
      Authority to give Order for the warning of the said Council, and
      summoning the Company to their Meetings. And our Will and Pleasure is,
      that from time to time, when and so often as any of the Councill shall
      happen to decease, or to be removed from being of the said Councell,
      that then, and so often, the Survivors of them the said Councill, and
      no other, or the greater Number of them, who then shall be from time
      to time left and remaininge, and who shall, or the greater Number of
      which that shall be assembled at a public Court or Meeting to be held
      for the said Company, shall elect and choose one or more other Person
      or Persons to be of the said Councill, and which from time to time
      shall be of the said Councill, so that the Number of Bounty Persons of
      the said Councill may from time to time be supplied: Provided always
      that as well the Persons herein named to be of the said Councill, as
      every other Councellor hereafter to be elected, shall be prevented
      Lord Chancellor of England, or to the Lord High Treasurer of England,
      or to the Lord Chamberlaine of the Household of Us, our Heires and
      Successors for the Time being, to take his and their Oath and Oathes
      of a Councellor and Councellors to Us, our Heirs and Successors, for
      the said Company and Collonye in New-England. And further, Wee will
      and grant by these Presents, for Us, our Heires and Successors, unto
      the said Councill and their Successors, that they and their Successors
      shall have and enjoy for ever a Common Seale, to be engraver according
      to their Discretions; and that it shall be lawfull for them to appoint
      whatever Seale or Seales, they shall think most meete and necessary,
      either for their Use, as they are one united Body incorporate here, or
      for the publick of their Gouvernour and Ministers of New-England
      aforesaid, whereby the Incorporation may or shall scale any Manner of
      Instrument touching the same Corporation, and the Manors, Lands,
      Tenements, Rents, Reversions, Annuities, Hereditaments, Goods,
      Chattles, Affaires, and any other Things belonging unto, or in any
      wise appertaininge, touching, or concerning the said Councill and
      their Successors, or concerning the said Corporation and plantation in
      and by these our Letters-Patents as aforesaid founded, erected, and
      established. And Wee do further by these Presents, for Us, our Heires
      and Successors, grant unto the said Councill and their Successors,
      that it shall and may be lawfull to and for the said Councill, and
      their Successors for the Time being, in their discretions, from time
      to time to admits such and so many Person and Persons to be made free
      and enabled to trade traffick unto, within, and in New-England
      aforesaid, and unto every Part and Parcell thereof, or to have,
      possess, or enjoy, any Lands or Hereditaments in New-England
      aforesaid, as they shall think fitt, according to the Laws, Orders,
      Constitutions, and Ordinances, by the said Councill and their
      Successors from time to time to be made and established by Virtue of,
      and according to the true Intent of these Presents, and under such
      Conditions, Reservations, and agreements as the said Councill shall
      set downe, order and direct, and not otherwise. And further, of our
      especiall Grace, certaine Knowlege, and mere Motion, for Us, our
      Heires and Successors, Wee do by these Presents give and grant full
      Power and Authority to the said Councill and their Successors, that
      the said Councill for the Time being, or the greater Part of them,
      shall and may, from time to time, nominate, make, constitute, ordaine,
      and confirms by such Name or Names, Style or Styles, as to them shall
      seeme Good; and likewise to revoke, discharge, change, and alter, as
      well all and singular, Governors, Officers, and Ministers, which
      hereafter-shall be by them thought fill and needful to be made or
      used, as well to attend the Business of the said Company here, as for
      the Government of the said Collony and Plantation, and also to make,
      ordaine, and establish all Manner of Orders, Laws, Directions,
      Instructions, Forms, and Ceremonies of Government and Magistracy fitt
      and necessary for and concerning the Government of the said Collony
      and Plantation, so always as the same be not contrary to the Laws and
      Statutes of this our Realme of England, and the same att all Times
      hereafter to abrogate, revoke, or change, not only within the
      Precincts of the said Collony, but also upon the Seas in going and
      coming to and from the said Collony, as they in their good Discretions
      shall thinke to be fittest for the good of the Adenturers and
      Inhabitants there. And Wee do further of our especiall Grace, certaine
      Knowledge, and mere Motion, grant, declare, and ordain, that such
      principall Governor, as from time to time shall be authorized and
      appointed in Manner and Forme in these Presents heretofore expressed,
      shall haue full Power and Authority to use and exercise marshall Laws
      in Cases of Rebellion, Insurrection and Mutiny in as large and ample
      Manner as our Lieutenants in our Counties within our Realme of England
      have or ought to have by Force of their Commission of Lieutenancy. And
      for as much as it shall be necessary for all our lovinge Subjects as
      shall inhabit within the said Precincts of New-England aforesaid, to
      determine to live together in the Feare and true Worship of Allmighty
      God, Christian Peace, and civil Quietness, each with other, whereby
      every one may with more Safety, Pleasure, and Profist, enjoye that
      whereunto they shall attaine with great Pain and Perill, Wee, for Us,
      our Heires and Successors, are likewise pleased and contented, and by
      these Presents do give and grant unto the said Council and their
      Successors, and to such Governors, Officers, and Ministers, as shall
      be by the said Councill constituted and appointed according to the
      Natures and Limitts of their Offices and Places respectively, that
      they shall and may, from time to time for ever heerafter, within the
      said Precincts of New-England, or in the Way by the Seas thither, and
      from thence have full and absolute Power and Authority to correct,
      punish, pardon, governe, and rule all such the Subjects of Us, our
      Heires and Successors, as shall from time to time adventure themselves
      in any Voyage thither, or that shall aft any Time heerafter inhabit in
      the Precincts or Territories of the said Collony as aforesaid,
      according to such Laws, Orders, Ordinances, Directions, and
      Instructions as by the said Councill aforesaid shall be established;
      and in Defect thereof, in Cases of Necessity, according to the good
      Discretions of the said Governors and Officers respectively, as well
      in Cases capital and criminal, as civill, both marine and others, so
      allways as the said Statutes, Ordinances, and Proceedings, as near as
      conveniently may be, agreeable to the Laws, Statutes, Government and
      Policie of this our Realme of England. And furthermore, if any Person
      or Persons,-Adventurers or Planters of the said Collony, or any other,
      aft any Time or Times heereafter, shall transport any Moneys, Goods,
      or Merchandizes, out of any of our Kingdoms, with a Pretence or
      Purpose to land, sell, or otherwise dispose of the same within the
      Limitts and Bounds of the said Collony, and yet nevertheless being att
      Sea, or after he hath landed within any Part of the said Collony shall
      carry the same into any other fforaigne Country with a Purpose there
      to sell and dispose thereof, that then all the Goods and Chattles of
      the said Person or Persons so offending and transported, together with
      the Ship or Vessell wherein such Transportation was made, shall be
      forfeited to Us, our Heires and Successors. And Wee do further of our
      especial Grace, certaine Knowledge, and meere Motion for Us, our Heirs
      and Successors for and in Respect of the Considerations aforesaid, and
      for divers other good Causes and Considerations, us thereunto
      especially moving, and by the Advice of the Lords and Others of our
      said Privy Councill have absolutely giuen, granted, and confirmed, and
      do by these Presents absolutely give, grant, and confirm unto the said
      Councill, called the Counceil established att Plymouth in the County
      of Devon for the planting, ruling, and governing of New-England in
      America, and unto their Successors for ever, all the aforesaid Lands
      and Grounds, Continent, Precinct, Place, Places and Territoryes, viz,
      the aforesaid Part of America, lying, and being in Breadth from
      ffourty Degrees of Northerly Latitude from the Equinoctiall Line, to
      ffourty-eight Degrees of the said Northerly Latitude inclusively, and
      in Length of, and within all the Breadth aforesaid, throughout the
      Maine Land from Sea to Sea, together also, with the Firme Lands,
      Soyles, Grounds Havens, Ports, Rivers, Waters, Fishings, Mines, and
      Mineralls, as well Royall Mines of Gold and Silver, as other Mine and
      Mineralls, precious Stones, Quarries, and all, and singular other
      Comodities, Jurisdictions, Royalties, Priveliges, Franchises, and
      Preheminences, both within the same Tract of Land upon the Maine, and
      also within the said Islands and Seas adjoining: Provided always, that
      the said Islands, or any of the Premises herein before mentioned, and
      by these Presents intended and meant to be granted, be not actually
      possessed or inhabited by any other Christian Prince or Estate, nor he
      within the Bounds, Limitts, or Territoryes, of that Southern Collony
      Heretofore by us granted to be planted by diverse of our loving
      Subjects in the South Parts, to have and to hold, possess and enjoy,
      all, and singular, the aforesaid Continent, Lands, Territoryes,
      Islands, Hereditaments and Precincts, Sea Waters, Fishings, with all,
      and all Manner their Commodities, Royalties, Liberties, Preheminences
      and Profitts, that shall arise from thence, with all and singular.
      their Appertenances, and every Part and Parcell thereof, and of them,
      to and unto the said Councell and their Successors and Assignes for
      ever, to the sole only and proper Use, Benefit and Behooffe of them
      the said Council and their Successors and Assignes for ever, to be
      holden of Us, our Heires, and Successors, as of our Manor of
      East-Greenwich, in our County of Kent, in free and common Soccage and
      not in in Capite, nor by Knight's Service; yielding and paying
      therefore to Us, our Heires, our Successors, the fifth Part, of the
      Ores of Gold and Silver, which from time to time, and aft all times
      hereafter, shall happen to be found, gotten, had, and obtained, in or
      within any the said Lands, Limitts, Territoryes, and Precincts, or in
      or within any Part or Parcell thereof, for, or in Respect of all, and
      all Manner of Dutys, Demands, and Services whatsoever, to be done,
      made, or paid to Us, our Heires, and Successors. And Wee do further of
      our especiall Grace, certaine Knowledge and meere Motion, for Us, and
      our Heires, and Successors, give and grant to the said Councell, and
      their Successors for ever by these Presents, that it shall be lawfull
      and free for them and their Assignes, att all and every time and times
      hereafter, out of our Realmes or Dominions whatsoever, to take, load,
      carry, and transport in, and into their Voyages, and for, and towards
      the said Plantation in New-England, all such and so many of our
      loveing Subjects, or any other Strangers that will become our loving
      Subjects, and live under our Allegiance, as shall willingly accompany
      them in the said Voyages and Plantation, with Shipping, Armour,
      Weapons, Ordinances, Munition, Shott, Victuals, and all Manner of
      Cloathing, Implements, Furniture, Beasts, Cattle, Horses, Mares, and
      all other Things necessary for the said Plantation, and for their Use
      and Defence, and for Trade with the People there, and in passing and
      returning to and fro, without paving or yielding, any Custom or
      Subsidie either inwards or outwards, to Us, our Heires, or Successors,
      for the same, for the Space of seven Years, from the Day of the Date
      of these Presents, provided, that none of the said Persons be such as
      shall be hereafter by special Name restrained by Us, our Heire, or
      Successors. And for their further Encouragement, of our especial Grace
      and Favor, Wee do by these Presents for Us, our Heires, and
      Successors, yield and grant, to and with the said Councill and their
      Successors, and every of them, their Factors and Assignes, that they
      and every of them, shall be free and quits from all Subsidies and
      Customes in NewEngland for the Space of seven Years, and from all
      Taxes and Impositions for the Space of twenty and one Yeares, upon all
      Goods and Merchandizes aft any time or times hereafter, either upon
      Importation thither, or Exportation from thence into our Realme of
      England, or into any our Dominions by the said Councill and their
      Successors their Deputies, Factors, and Assignes, or any of them,
      except only the five Pounds per Cent. due for Custome upon all such
      Goods and Merchandizes, as shall be brot and imported into our Realme
      of England, or any other of our Dominions, according to the ancient
      Trade of Marchants; which five Pounds per Cent. only being paid, it
      shall be thenceforth lawful and free for the said Adventurers, the
      same Goods and Merchandize to export and carry out of our said
      Dominions into fforraigne Parts, without any Custom, Tax, or other
      Duty to be paid to Us, our Heires, or Successors, or to any other
      Officers or Ministers of Us, our Heires, or Successors; provided, that
      the said Goods and Merchandizes be shipped out within thirteene Months
      after theire first Landing within any Part of those Dominions. And
      further our Will and Pleasure is, and Wee do by these Presents charge,
      comand, warrant, and authorize the said Councill, and their
      Successors, or the major Part of them, which shall be present and
      assembled for that Purpose, shall from time to time under their comon
      Seale, distribute, convey, assigne, and sett over, such particular
      Portions of Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments, as are by these
      Presents, formerly granted unto each our loveing Subjects, naturally
      borne or Denisons, or others, as well Adventurers as Planters, as by
      the said Company upon a Comission of Survey and. Distribution,
      executed and returned for that Purpose, shall be named, appointed, and
      allowed, wherein our Will and Pleasure is, that Respect be had as well
      to the Proportion of the Adventurers, as to the special Service,
      Hazard, Exploit, or Meritt of any Person so to be recompensed,
      advanced, or rewarded, and wee do also, for Us, our Heires, and
      Successors, grant to the said Councell and their Successors and to all
      and every such Governours, other Officers, or Ministers, as by the
      said Councill shall be appointed to have Power and Authority of
      Government and Command in and over the said Collony and Plantation,
      that they and every of them, shall, and lawfully may, from time to
      time, and aft all Times hereafter for ever, for their severall Defence
      and Safety, encounter, expulse, repel, and resist by Force of Arms, as
      well by Sea as by Land, and all Ways and Meanes whatsoever, all such
      Person and Persons, as without the speciall Licence of the said
      Councell and their Successors, or the greater Part of them, shall
      attempt to inhabitt within the said severall Precincts and Limitts of
      the said Collony and Plantation. And also all, and every such Person
      or Persons whatsoever, as shall enterprise or attempt att any time
      hereafter Destruction, Invasion, Detriment, or Annovance to the said
      Collony and Plantation; and that it shall be lawfull for the said
      Councill, and their Successors, and every of them, from Time to Time,
      and att all Times heereafter, and they shall have full Power and
      Authority, to take and surprize by all Ways and Means whatsoever, all
      and every such Person and Persons whatsoever, with their Ships, Goods,
      and other Furniture, trafficking in any Harbour, Creeke, or Place,
      within the Limitts and Precintes of the said Collony and Plantations,
      and not being allowed by the said Councill to be adventurers or
      Planters of the said Collony. And of our further Royall Favor, Wee
      have granted, and for Us, our Heires, and Successors, Wee do grant
      unto the said Councill and their Successors, that the said
      Territoryes, Lands, Rivers, and Places aforesaid, or any of them,
      shall not be visited, frequented, or traded unto, by any other of our
      Subjects, or the Subjects of Us, our Heires, or Successors, either
      from any the Ports and Havens belonging or appertayning, or which
      shall belong or appertayne unto Us, our Heires, or Successors, or to
      any forraigne State, Prince, or Pottentate whatsoever: And therefore,
      Wee do hereby for Us, our Heires, and Successors, charge, command,
      prohibit and forbid all the Subjects of Us, our Heires, and
      Successors, of what Degree and Quality soever, they be, that none of
      them, directly, or indirectly, presume to vissitt, frequent, trade, or
      adventure to traffick into, or from the said Territoryes, Lands,
      Rivers, and Places aforesaid, or any of them other than the said
      Councill and their Successors, Factors, Deputys, and Assignes, unless
      it be with the License and Consent of the said Councill and Company
      first had and obtained in Writing, under the comon Seal, upon Pain of
      our Indignation and Imprisonment of their Bodys during the Pleasure of
      Us, our Heires or Successors, and the Forfeiture and Loss both of
      theire Ships and Goods, wheresoever they shall be found either within
      any of our Kingdomes or Dominions, or any other Place or Places out of
      our Dominions. And for the better effecting of our said Pleasure
      heerein Wee do heereby for Us, our Heires and Successors, give and
      grant full Power and Authority unto the said Councill, and their
      Successors for the time being, that they by themselves, their Factors,
      Deputyes, or Assignes, shall and may from time to time, and at all
      times heereafter, attach, arrest, take, and seize all and all Manner
      of Ship and Ships, Goods, Wares, and Merchandizes whatsoever, which
      shall be bro't from or carried to the Places before mentioned, or any
      of them, contrary to our Will and Pleasure, before in these Presents
      expressed. The Moyety or one halfe of all which Forfeitures Wee do
      hereby for Us, our Heires and Successors, give and grant unto the said
      Councill, and their Successors to their own proper Use without
      Accompt, and the other Moyety, or halfe Part thereof, Wee will shall
      be and remaine to the Use of Us, our Heires and Successors. And we
      likewise have condiscended and granted, and by these Presents, for Us,
      our Heires and Successors, do condiscend, and grant to and with the
      said Councill and their Successors, that Wee, our Heires or
      Successors, shall not or will not give and grant any Lybertye,
      License, or Authority to any Person or Persons whatsoever, to saile,
      trade, or trafficke unto the aforesaid parts of New-England, without
      the good Will and Likinge of the said Councill, or the greater Part of
      them for the Time Hinge, let any their Courts to be assembled. And Wee
      do for us, our Heires and Successors, give and grant unto the said
      Councill, and their Successors, that whensoever, or so often as any
      Custome or Subsidie shall growe due or payable unto Us, our Heires or
      Successors, according to the Limitation and Appointment aforesaid by
      Reason of any Goods, Wares, Merchandizes, to be shipped out, or any
      Returne to be made of any Goods, Wares, or Merchandizes, unto or from
      New-England, or any the Lands Territoryes aforesaid, that then so
      often, and in such Case the ffarmers, Customers, and Officers of our
      Customes of England and Ireland, and every of them, for the Time
      being, upon Request made unto them by the said Councill, their
      Successors, Factors, or Assignes, and upon convenient Security to be
      given in that Behalfe, shall give and allowe unto the said Councill
      and their Successors, and to all Person and Persons free of the said
      Company as aforesaid, six Months Time for the Payment of the one halfe
      of all such Custome and Subsidie, as shall be due, and payable unto
      Us, our Heires and Successors for the same, for which these our
      Letterspattent, or the Duplicate, or the Enrolrnent thereof, shall be
      Onto our said Officers a sufficient Warrant and Discharge.
      Nevertheless, our Will and Pleasure is, that if any of the said Goods,
      Wares, and Merchandizes, which be, or shall be, aft any Time
      heereafter, ended and exported out of any of our Realmes aforesaid,
      and shall be shipped with a Purpose not to be carried to New-England
      aforesaid, that then such Payment, Duty, Custome, Imposition, or
      Forfieture, shall be paid and belong to Us, our Heires and Successors,
      for the said Goods, Wares, and Merchandices, so fraudulently sought to
      be transported, as if this our Grant had not been made nor granted:
      And Wee do for Us, our Heires and Successors, give and grant unto the
      said Councill and theire Successors for ever, by these Presents, that
      the said President of the said Company, or his Deputy for the Time
      being, or any two others of the said Councill, for the said Collony in
      New-England, for the Time beinge, shall and may, and aft all Times
      heereafter, and from time to time, have full Power and Authority, to
      minister and give the Oath and Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, or
      either of them, to all and every Person and Persons, which shall aft
      any Time and Times heereafter, goe or pass to the said Collony in
      New-England. And further, that it shall be likewise-be lawful for the
      said President, or his Deputy for the Time being, or any two others of
      the said Councill for the said Collony of New-England for the Time
      being, from time to time, and aft all Times heerafter, to minister
      such a formal Oath, as by their Discretion shall be reasonably
      devised, as well unto any Person and Persons imployed or to be
      imployed in, for, or touching the said Plantation, for their honest,
      faithfull, and just Discharge of their Service, in all such Matters as
      shall be committed unto them for the Good and Benefist of the said
      Company, Collony, and Plantation, as also unto such other Person or
      Persons, as the said President or his Deputy, with two others of the
      said Councill, shall thinke meete for the Examination or clearing of
      the Truth in any Cause whatsoever, concerning the said Plantation, or
      any Business from thence proceeding, or "hereunto belonging. And to
      the End that now lewd or ill-disposed Persons, Saylors, Soldiers,
      Artificers, Labourers, Husbandmen, or others, which shall receive
      Wages, Apparel, or other Entertainment from the said Councill, or
      contract and agree with the said Councill to goe, and to serve, and to
      be imployed, in the said Plantation, in the Collony in NewEngland, do
      afterwards withdraw, hide, and conceale themselves, or refuse to go
      thither, after they have been so entertained and agreed withall; and
      that no Persons which shall be sent and imployed in the said
      Plantation, of the said Collony in New-England, upon the Charge of the
      said Councill, doe misbehave themselves by mutinous Seditions, or
      other notorious Misdemeanors, or which shall be imployed, or sent
      abroad by the Governour of New England or his Deputy, with any Shipp
      or Pinnace, for Provision for the said Collony, or for some Discovery,
      or other Business or Affaires concerninge the same, doe from thence
      either treacherously come back againe, or returne into the Realme of
      Englande by Stealth, or without Licence of the Governour of the said
      Collonv in New-England for the Time being, or be sent hither as
      Misdoers or Oflendors; and that none of those Persons after theire
      Returne from thence, being questioned by the said Councill heere, for
      such their Misdemeanors and Offences, do, by insolent and contemptuous
      Carriage in the Presence of the said Councill shew little Respect and
      Reverence, either to the Place or Authority in which we have placed
      and appointed them and others, for the clearing of their Lewdness and
      Misdemeanors committed in New-England, divulge vile and scandalous
      Reports of the Country of New-England, or of the Government or Estate
      of the said Plantation and Collonv, to bring the said Voyages and
      Plantation into Disgrace and Contempt, by Meanes whereof, not only the
      Adventurers and Planters already engaged in the said Plantation may be
      exceedingly abused and hindered, and a great number of our loveing and
      well-disposed Subjects, otherways well affected and inclined to joine
      and adventure in so noble a Christian and worthy Action may be
      discouraged from the same, but also the Enterprize itself may be
      overthrowne, which cannot miscarry without some Dishonour to Us and
      our Kingdome: Wee, therefore, for preventing so great and enormous
      Abuses and Misdemeanors, Do, by these Presents for Us, our Heires, and
      Successors, give and grant unto the said President or his Deputy, or
      such other Person or Persons, as by the Orders of the said Councill
      shall be appointed by Warrant under his or their Hand or Hands, to
      send for, or cause to-be apprehended, all and every such Person and
      Persons, who shall be noted, or accused, or found at any time or times
      hereafter to offend or misbehave themselves in any the Affaires before
      mentioned and expressed; and upon the Examination of any such Offender
      or Offenders, and just Proofe made by Oathe taken before the said
      Councill, of any such notorious Misdemeanours by them comitted as
      aforesaid, and also upon any insolent, contemptuous, or irreverent
      Carriage or Misbehaviour, to or against the said Councill, to be
      shewed or used by any such Person or Persons so called, convened, and
      appearing before them as aforesaid, that in all such Cases, our said
      Councill, or any two or more of them for the Time being, shall and may
      have full Power and Authority, either heere to bind them over with
      good Sureties for their good Behaviour, and further therein to
      proceed, to all Intents and Purposes as it is used in other like Cases
      within our Realme of England, or else at their Discretions to remand
      and send back the said offenders, or any of them, to the said Collony
      of New-England, there to be proceeded against and punished as the
      Governour's Deputy or Councill there for the Time being, shall think
      meete, or otherwise according to such Laws and Ordinances as are, and
      shall be, in Use there, for the well ordering and good Government of
      the said Collony. And our Will and Pleasure is, and Wee do hereby
      declare to all Christian Kings, Princes, and States, that if any
      Person or Persons which shall hereafter be of the said Collony or
      Plantation, or any other by License or Appointment of the said
      Councill, or their Successors, or otherwise, shall at any time or
      times heereafter, rob or spoil, by Sea or by Land, or do any Hurt,
      Violence, or unlawfull Hostillity to any of the Subjects of Us, our
      Heires, or Successors, or any of the Subjects of any King, Prince,
      Ruler, or Governour, or State, being then in League and Amity with Us,
      our Heires and Successors, and that upon such Injury, or upon just
      Complaint of such Prince, Ruler, Governour, or State, or their
      Subjects, Wee, our Heires, or Successors shall make open Proclamation
      within any of the Ports of our Realme of England commodious for that
      Purpose, that the Person or Persons having committed any such Robbery
      or Spoile, shall within the Term limited by such a Proclamation, make
      full Restitution or Satisfaction of all such Injuries done, so as the
      said Princes or other, so complaining, may hold themselves fully
      satisfied and contented. And if that the said Person or Persons having
      committed such Robery or Spoile, shall not make or cause to be made
      Satisfaction accordingly within such Terme so to be limited, that then
      it shall be lawful for Us, our Heires, and Successors, to put the said
      Person or Persons our of our Allegiance and Protection; and that it
      shall be lawful and free for all Princes to prosecute with Hostillity
      the said Offenders and every of them, their, and every of their
      Procurers, Aidors, Abettors, and Comforters in that Behalfe. Also, Wee
      do for Us, our Heires, and Successors, declare by these Presents, that
      all and every the Persons, beinge our Subjects, which shall goe and
      inhabitt within the said Collony and Plantation, and every of their
      Children and Posterity, which shall happen to be born within the
      Limitts thereof, shall have and enjoy all Liberties, and ffranchizes,
      and Immunities of free Denizens and naturall Subjects within any of
      our other Dominions, to all Intents and Purposes, as if they had been
      abidinge and born within this our Kingdome of England, or any other
      our Dominions. And lastly, because the principall Effect which we can
      desire or expect of this Action, is the Conversion and Reduction of
      the People in those Parts unto the true Worship of God and Christian
      Religion, in which Respect, Wee would be loath that any Person should
      be permitted to pass that Wee suspected to affect the Superstition of
      the Chh of Rome, Wee do hereby declare that it is our Will and
      Pleasure that none be permitted to pass, in any Voyage from time to
      time to be made into the said Country, but such as shall first have
      taken the Oathe of Supremacy; for which Purpose, Wee do by these
      Presents give full Power and Authority to the President of the said
      Councill, to tender and exhibit the said Oath to all such Persons as
      shall at any time be sent and imployed in the said Voyage. And Wee
      also for us, our Heires and Successors, do covenant and grant to and
      with the Councill, and their Successors, by these Presents, that if
      the Councill for the time being, and their Successors, or any of them,
      shall at any time or times heereafter, upon any Doubt which they shall
      conceive concerning the Strength or Validity in Law of this our
      present Grant, or be desirous to have the same renewed and confirmed
      by Us, our Heires and Successors, with Amendment of such Imperfections
      and Defects as shall appear fitt and necessary to the said Councill,
      or their Successors, to be reformed and amended on the Behalfe of Us,
      our Heires and Successors, and for the furthering of the Plantation
      and Government, or the Increase, continuing, and flourishing thereof,
      that then, upon the humble Petition of the said Councill for the time
      being, and their Successors, to us, our Heires and Successors, Wee,
      our Heires and Successors, shall and will forthwith make and pass
      under the Great Seall of England, to the said Councill and theire
      Successors, such further and better Assurance, of all and singular the
      Lands, Grounds, Royalties, Privileges, and Premisses aforesaid
      granted, or intended to be granted, according to our true Intent and
      Meaneing in these our Letters-patents, signified, declared, or
      mentioned, as by the learned Councill of Us, our Heires, and
      Successors, and of the said Company and theire Successors shall, in
      that Behalfe, be reasonably devised or advised. And further our Will
      and Pleasure is, that in all Questions and Doubts, that shall arise
      upon any Difficulty of Instruction or Interpretation of any Thing
      contained in these our Letters-pattents, the same shall be taken and
      Interpreted in most ample and beneficial Manner, for the said Council
      and theire Successors, and every Member thereof. And Wee do further
      for Us, our Heires and Successors, charge and comand all and singular
      Admirals, Vice-Admirals, Generals, Commanders, Captaines, Justices of
      Peace, Majors, Sheriffs, Bailiffs Constables, Customers, Comptrollers,
      Waiters, Searchers, and all the Officers of Us, our Heires and
      Successors, whatsoever to be from time to time, and att all times
      heereafter, in all Things aiding, helping, and assisting unto the said
      Councill, and their Successors, and unto every of them, upon Request
      and Requests by them to be made, in all Matters and Things, for the
      furtherance and Accomplishment of all or any the Matters and Things by
      Us, in and by these our Letters-pattents, given, granted, and
      provided, or by Us meant or intended to be given, granted, and
      provided, as they our said Officers, and the Officers of Us, our
      Heires and Successors, do tender our Pleasure, and will avoid the
      contrary att their Perills. And Wee also do by these Presents, ratifye
      and confirm unto the said Councill and their Successors, all
      Priveliges, Franchises, Liberties, Immunities granted in our said
      former Letters-patents, and not in these our Letters-patents revoked,
      altered, changed or abridged, altho' Expressed, Mentioned, &c.
      In Witness, &c. Witnes our selfe at Westminster, the Third Day of
      November, in the Eighteenth Yeare of our Reign over England, &c. Par
      Breve de Privato Sigillo, &c.

      ******************************


      , vol. III

      Kingsbury, S.M., 1933 [vol. 3], Washington, Government Printing
      Office, "The records of the Virginia Company of London."


      p. 183-187, "[Sir Nathaniel Rich.] Rough notes in Support of the
      Proceding Charges of Mismanagement of the Virginia Company." May or
      June 1623.

      p. 211-214, "Sir Nathaniel Rich. Notes for the Commissioners [June
      (?), 1623].

      "...That each Aduenturer shall haue so many of the 400 voyces as he
      hath shares: wch is wthin the equitie of the patent & will preuent
      making ouer of shares to others so to increase the troup of
      Aduenturers when indeed one 4th pte ar scarc true but only nomine
      tenus Aduenturers. And so some 14 psons will sway the Gouermt for
      each man can haue but 15 shares...."


      **************************************



      Amendment V

      Document 3

      Controversy over Petition of Right
      3 How. St. Tr. 59, 222--34 1628

      The Petition of Right.
      *****************

      Sir Dudley Diggs. I am as much grieved as ever. Must we not proceed?
      Let us sit in silence, we are miserable, we know not what to do.

      Hereupon there was a silence in the house for a while, which was
      broken by sir Nathaniel Rich, in these words:

      Sir Nathaniel Rich. We must now speak or for ever hold our peace; for
      us to be silent when king and kingdom are in this calamity, is not
      fit. The question is, Whether we shall secure ourselves by silence,
      yea or no? I know it is more for our own security, but it is not for
      the security of those for whom we serve; let us think on them: some
      instruments desire a change, we fear his majesty's safety, and the
      safety of the kingdom, I do not say we now see it; and shall we now
      sit still and do nothing, and so be scattered? Let us go together to
      the lords, and shew our dangers, that we may then go to the king
      together.

      Others said, that the Speech lately spoken by sir John Elliot had
      given offence (as they feared) to his majesty.

      Whereupon the House declared, "That every member of the house is free
      from any undutiful Speech, from the beginning of the parliament to
      that day;" and ordered, "That the house be turned into a Committee to
      consider what is fit to be done for the safety of the kingdom; and
      that no man go out upon pain of going to the Tower." But before the
      Speaker left the chair, he desired leave to go forth; and the house
      ordered that he may go forth, if he please. And the house was hereupon
      turned into a Grand Committee: Mr. Whitby in the chair.

      *************************
      ***********************************

      Series 8: Virginia Records, 1606-1737
      _________________________________________________________________

      Records of the Virginia Company
      Table of Contents for Volume IV

      Document List of
      Records Contents Page


      CCLXXXII 404 [Sir Nathaniel Rich.] Rough Notes touching the Affairs of
      the Virginia and Somers Islands Companies, especially the Salary.
      February (?), 1622/3. 19
      CCLXXXVI 411 [Sir Nathaniel Rich.] A First Rough Draft of a
      Proposition concerning Tobacco. [March], 1622/3. 26
      CCLXXXVII 414 [Sir Nathaniel Rich.] Notes on the Tobacco Contract.
      [March], 1622/3. 29
      CCXCVI 411a Sir Nathaniel Rich. "A Proposicon for the Aduancement of
      His Maties Proffitt and Good of the Plantacons of Virginia and the
      Sumer Ilande by Setling the Trade of Tobacco--." March 20, 1622/3. 49
      CCCXIII 442 [Sir Nathaniel Rich.] Beginning of Rough Draft of a
      Certificate affirming the Truth of Statements of Captain Butler.
      Between April and June, 1623. 92
      CCCXXVII 465 Sir Nathaniel Rich. Draft of Instructions to the
      Commissioners to investigate Virginia Affairs. April 14, 1623. 116
      CCCXLIX 438 [Sir Nathaniel Rich.] Rough Notes in Support of the
      Preceding Charges of Mismanagement of the Virginia Company. May or
      June (after May 9), 1623. 183
      CCCLVI 508 [Sir Nationiel Rich.] "Note Which I Presently Took of
      Captain John Bargrave's Discourse to Me Concerning Sir Edwin Sandys."
      May 16, 1623. 194
      CCCLVII 485 [Sir Nathaniel Rich.] Heads of Two Letters to be written
      to the Virginia Company by Mr. Secretary. May (shortly before May 18),
      1623. 195
      CCCLX 486a [Sir Nathaniel Rich.] An Answer to the Company's Petition.
      May (soon after May 24), 1623. 201
      CCCLXV 516 Sir Nathaniel Rich. Notes for the Commissioners. June (?),
      1623. 211
      CCCLXXIV 524 Sir Nathaniel Rich. Draft of a Proposition for Resettling
      the Estate of Virginia. June 23, 1623. 241

      ************************************


      ***************************************

      Name: Nathaniel Rich
      Birth: before 1605
      Father: Richard Rich b: 1547 in England
      Mother: Jane Anne Machell b: ABT. 1550 in St. Mary Aldermar, London,
      England

      Ahnentafel, Generation No. 1

      1. Nathaniel Rich. He was the son of 2. Richard Rich and
      3. Jane Anne Machell.

      Ahnentafel, Generation No. 2

      2. Richard Rich was born 1547 in England. He was the son of 4. Richard
      Rich and 5. Elizabeth Jenkes.

      3. Jane Anne Machell was born ABT. 1550 in St. Mary Aldermar, London,
      England.

      Children of Jane Anne Machell and Richard Rich are:
      i. Jane Rich was born 1600 in Cripplegate, London, England. She
      married Thomas Grimsditch ABT. 1620 in St. Giles, Cripplegate, London,
      England, son of Thomas (?) Grimsditch and Elizabeth Newce. He was born
      ABT. 1600 in Cripplegate, London, England.
      ii. Robert Rich was born 1575.
      iii. Margery Rich was born 1577.
      1. iv. Nathaniel Rich was born 1605.
      v. Ann Rich was born 1603.

      Ahnentafel, Generation No. 3

      4. Richard Rich was born 1496 in St. Lawrence Jewry, London, England,
      and died 12 Jun 1567 in Rochford, Essex, England. He was the son of 8.
      Richard Rich and 9. Joan Dingley.

      5. Elizabeth Jenkes was born 1510 in London, England, and died 16 Dec
      1558 in St. Bartholomew, London, England.

      Child of Elizabeth Jenkes and Richard Rich is:
      2. i. Richard Rich was born 1547 in England. He married Jane Anne
      Machell 13 Dec 1574 in St. Mary Aldermar, London, England. She was
      born ABT. 1550 in St. Mary Aldermar, London, England.

      Ahnentafel, Generation No. 4

      8. Richard Rich was born ABT. 1470 in London, England. He was the son
      of 16. Thomas Rich and 17. Elizabeth Mayne (Maine).

      9. Joan Dingley was born ABT. 1472 in London, England.

      Children of Joan Dingley and Richard Rich are:
      4. i. Richard Rich was born 1496 in St. Lawrence Jewry, London,
      England, and died 12 Jun 1567 in Rochford, Essex, England. He married
      Elizabeth Jenkes ABT. 1536. She was born 1510 in London, England, and
      died 16 Dec 1558 in St. Bartholomew, London, England.
      ii. Robert Rich was born 1498.
      iii. Hugh Rich was born 1500.

      Ahnentafel, Generation No. 5

      16. Thomas Rich was born ABT. 1432 in London, England. He was the son
      of 32. Richard Rich and 33. Catherine.

      17. Elizabeth Mayne (Maine) was born ABT. 1440 in London, England.

      Child of Elizabeth Mayne (Maine) and Thomas Rich is:
      8. i. Richard Rich was born ABT. 1470 in London, England. He married
      Joan Dingley. She was born ABT. 1472 in London, England.

      Ahnentafel, Generation No. 6

      32. Richard Rich was born ABT. 1400 in London, England, and died 1464
      in St. Lawrence Jewry, London, England. He was the son of 64. Richard
      Rich.

      33. Catherine was born ABT. 1407 in London, England.

      Children of Catherine and Richard Rich are:
      i. John Rich was born ABT. 1428, and died 29 Jul 1458 in Mercer's
      Chapel, London, England.
      ii. Margaret (Margery) Rich was born ABT. 1430.
      16. iii. Thomas Rich was born ABT. 1432 in London, England. He
      married Elizabeth Mayne (Maine) ABT. 1464 in London, England. She was
      born ABT. 1440 in London, England.
      iv. Ann Rich was born ABT. 1434.
      v. Catherine Rich was born ABT. 1440.


      Another version:


      Ahnentafel, Generation No. 1

      1. Nathaniel RICH was born ABT 1605 in Mary,Aldermanbury,London,England>. He was the son of 2. Richard RICH
      and 3. Jane (Ann) MACHELL.

      Ahnentafel, Generation No. 2

      2. Richard RICH was born 1577 in ,,England. He was the son of 4.
      Richard RICH and 5. Elizabeth JENKES.

      3. Jane (Ann) MACHELL was born ABT 1550 in St Mary
      Aldermar,London,England. She was the daughter of 6. John MACHELL.

      Children of Jane (Ann) MACHELL and Richard RICH are:
      i. Robert RICH was born ABT 1575 in Mary,Aldermanbury,London,England>.
      ii. Margery RICH was born ABT 1577 in Mary,Aldermanbury,London,England>.
      1. iii. Nathaniel RICH was born ABT 1605 in Mary,Aldermanbury,London,England>.
      iv. Miss RICH was born ABT 1603 in ,,England. She married Percey
      BROWNE, son of William BROWNE and Mary SAVAGE. He was born ABT 1602 in
      ,,England.
      v. Ann RICH was born ABT 1603 in Mary,Aldermanbury,London,England>.
      vi. Jane RICH was born 1600 in St Giles Crplega,London,England.

      Ahnentafel, Generation No. 3

      4. Richard RICH was born 1496 in St Lawrence
      Jewry,London,Middlesex,England, and died 12 JUN 1567 in
      of,Rochford,Essex,England. He was buried 8 JUL 1567 in
      of,Felsted,Essex,England. He was the son of 8. Richard RICH and 9.
      Joan DINGLEY.

      5. Elizabeth JENKES was born 1510 in of,London,Middlesex,England, and
      died 16 DEC 1558 in Saintbartholomew,London,Middlesex,England. She was
      buried 18 DEC 1558 in of,Rochford,Essex,England. She was the daughter
      of 10. William (Gynkes) JENKES (GYNKES).

      Children of Elizabeth JENKES and Richard RICH are:
      i. Hugh RICH was born 1539 in England.
      ii. Lady Mary (Marie) RICH was born 1547 in
      of,Enfield,Middlesex,England. She married Thomas WROTH 1539/1540 in
      Enfield,London,England, son of Robert WROTHE and Jane HAWTE. He was
      born 1516 in Durrants,Enfield,Middlesex,England, and died 9 OCT 1573
      in ,,England.
      iii. Robert RICH was born 1537 in England, and died 27 FEB 1581 in
      Felsted.
      iv. Elizabeth RICH OR RICHARD was born ABT 1530 in
      London,London,England, and died 17 OCT 1591 in
      Isleham,Cambridgeshire,England.
      2. v. Richard RICH was born 1577 in ,,England. He married Jane (Ann)
      MACHELL 13 DEC 1574 in St Mary Aldermar,London,Middlesex,England,
      daughter of John MACHELL. She was born ABT 1550 in St Mary
      Aldermar,London,England.
      vi. Agnes RICH was born ABT 1545 [4]

  • Sources 
    1. [S35895] Rich,Jane:Pedigree;abstracted by Frank Young,tipcat@wam.umd.edu,19 Jan 2001, p. 22.

    2. [S35895] Rich,Jane:Pedigree;abstracted by Frank Young,tipcat@wam.umd.edu,19 Jan 2001, p. 21.

    3. [S35895] Rich,Jane:Pedigree;abstracted by Frank Young,tipcat@wam.umd.edu,19 Jan 2001, p. 24.

    4. [S4422] From: "Frank Young" .