Matches 44,701 to 44,800 of 45,394

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44701 Who is the mother of Orbin & James who were both born before the marriage
date of 1897? 
Grissom, Orbin (I23692)
44702 who married and had descendants in White Co., Arkansas...Thomas G. Webb Magness, John (I32160)
44703 Who was first wife?...DAH Boyd, William (I22038)
44704 Who was her first marriage? Cantrell, Edith Faye\Caroline (I10258)
44705 who was the second of the four daughters of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere, of Badlesmere in Kent and Margaret de Clare. Badlesmere, Lady Maude de Countess of Oxford (I43503)
44706 Who were the parents of Solon J. Keltner, age 47 (Aug 1852), MO TN TN, living in Kaufman Co., TX, in 1900?Wife, Mary H. 44 KY KY KY, married 15 years, 0 children. A foster/adoped son, Oliver, age 13 TX TX TX was living with them.Solon J. was living one household away from another Keltner connected family, Henry Bailey and his fil, William House.William House had been married to the late Mary Keltner, daughter of Emanuel and Pernina Keltner of Giles Co., TN.Their daughter the late Rachel House, was the first wife of Henry Bailey.

In 1910 Commanche Co., OK, was a S.J. Keltner, age 58 MO TN TN.Wife, Prisa (Pricily in 1900) 44 KY KY KY, married (X2 both) 5 years, daughter Benna 4 TX MO KY, and 5 Hicks stepchildren.Believe he is the same person in 1900 Kaufman Co., TX.

Could Solon J. have been the Jasper Keltner, age 26 MO, listed in the 1880 Greene Co., MO, census, with a wife Victory, age 30 GA, and two daughters, Ida, age 7 MO and Dara, age 3 MO?And, therefore, the son, Jasper, listed for Absoleum and Margaret Keltner of Christian Co., MO?

Wasn't finnished 6)bro. John L. went to Texas like this guy did 7) all of Absalom's Kids I know of had both a first and middle name. This would give a second to Jasper. 8) Even thogh the namme Solon doesn't seem To fit it sounds a lot likeSolom like the second part of his dads name and lile Solom on using the first part of his uncles name ( a stretch it seems but some of the old timers including the Mo. Keltners did such things) IF you have found anything let me know I have been searching for Jasper for many years.
Keltner, Solon J. (I15173)
44707 Why isn't she listed with Alexander in 1860 Warren Census?...DAH Hennessee, Harriet (I466)
44708 Why would there be two "Sarahs"...DAH Webb, Sarah (I20647)
44709 Wickson,Beverly;;26 Mar 99;Tel:508/746-4209,
30 Worrall Road,Plymouth,MA 02360 
Source (S35343)
44710 Widow of Mr. Lawson. Lawson, Hannah (I5566)
44711 Widowed - Texas Death Index, 1964-1998 for Ransom I Webb Webb, Ransom Isaac Sr. (I10975)
44712 Widowed - Texas Deaths, 1890-1976 for Vada Estelle Ferrell Chaffin, Vada Estelle (I9409)
44713 Widowed - Texas Deaths, 1890-1976 for William Breckenridge Knowles Knowles, William Breckenridge (I20641)
44714 Widowed - United States Census, 1930 for Dewey Hurn (HH) of Lawrence Co.,AR

6 Apr 2014: Conflict of data:

a. 1930 Census cites him as, "James",
b. Burial records cites him as, "John William Hurn", 
Hurn, John William (I30439)
44715 Widowed -North Carolina Deaths and Burials, 1898-1994 for Albert Patrick Garri Garrison, Albert Patrick (I30258)
44716 widowed... Family F11157
44717 widowed... Family F11395
44718 Widower at the time of death.
Living with brother, Thomas, in 1910 DeKalb Census.
Also listed in Warren County Death Cerificates...DAH 
Cantrell, William Watson (I5048)
44719 widower born in TN, Mechanic in Garage, Boarder in home of Amyx family Young, Lodis Melton (I720)
44720 Wife & family enumerated with his father-in-law during 1870 Warren Co.,TN census,p. 75...DAH

1850 Cannon Co.,TN Census enumerates, "John A. Sissom, b. 1841,TN", son of Jesse & Melissa...DAH 
Sissom, John A. (I25414)
44721 Wife of 1st Joseph Warren McEntire and 2nd James Franklin Atkins; daughter of Mary Esther Hatfield and John Rawlin Harris Family F10539
44722 Wife of Barzillia Wright and daughter of George Conrad and Jane Swindell Swindell, Christian Charity "Charity" (I28461)
44723 Wife of Benjamin EMERY, daughter of John Calvin & Elizabeth PENDERGRASS.

Cemetery surveyed & photgraphed by Becky GILL THOMAS. Photographs and rubbings of grave markers in possession of Lola L. ALLEN, contributed by Becky GILL THOMAS.
Pendergrass, Harriet Jane (I38539)
44724 Wife of Benjamin Lazarus Shook and daughter of Rush Nalley and Jennie Vaughn. Mother of Dollie Shook and Grace Shook Skinner. Nalley, Mattie Elizebeth (I41736)
44725 Wife of Casson Caswell Wilson.

Mother of Gertrude Wilson, Charles Lite Wilson, Mary Jane Wilson, Chester Allen Wilson, John B. Wilson, Joseph Hampton Wilson and Herbert Caswell Wilson.

Crossville Chronicle May 20, 1937

Funeral services for Mrs Dovie McPeake Wilson, age 81, wife of C. C. Wilson of Wats_, were held at the home Saturday with Rev Ed Patton in charge.

Mrs Wilson had been confined to her bed only about 3 weeks.

She was a native of White county, as is Mr Wilson, having moved to the Watson neighborhood about 45 years ago.

They had passed their 60th wedding anniversary several years ago.

The deceased is survived by her husband Casson Caswell Wilson who has passed his 81st. birthday; 3 sons, Charles and Joe Wilson, and Herbert of Bay Pines, Fl; 1 daughter, Mrs. Mary Denton, Rossville, Ga; 1 sister, Bessie McPeake, Sparta.

2 sons, John and Chester, who had grown to manhood, preceded her in death. 
McPeak, Dovie Ann (I15509)
44726 Wife of Charles Barnes 1809-1864, daughter of Isaac Smith and Brittania Beda Savage Smith, Susanna (I33446)
44727 Wife of Charles Michael Flanders
HM3 US Navy 
Gomez, Paula Maria (I33975)
44728 Wife of Christopher Columbus Bearden. Daughter of Henry Kelly Byars and Laura Elizabeth Massey. Married Christopher Columbus 14 Nov 1876 in Jefferson County, Alabama. Byars, Mary Jane (I39842)
44729 wife of Clyde Calvin Bunton Family F13738
44730 wife of Clyde J. Bunton Family F13723
44731 Wife of Eaph Hall
Mother of Boyd Hall, Mary Frances (Hall) Smith Whitaker, Joy Ann Hall, James C. Hall, Eaphraim Benjamin (Bud) Hall

Hall, Effie Frances, age 95, of Lenoir City, passed away Saturday, June 3, 2006, at the Baptist Health Care Center. Effie was a member of Pleasant Hill Baptist Church and the Golden, age Sunday School Class. She retired from the Eaton Corporation working 22 years as a lock assembler. Effie was an avid quilter, homemaker and gardener. Preceded in death by her husband, Eaph Hall; daughter, Joy Ann Hall; brothers: Estel, Luskar and John Cornett; sister, Debbie Cassidy; son-in-law, Bob J. Smith. She is survived by her daughter and son-in-law, Mary Frances and Marvin Whitaker of Lenoir City; sons and daughters-in-law: Boyd and Kay Hall of McDonough, GA, Jim and Lynda Hall of Cookeville, E.B. (Bud) and Connie Hall of Lenoir City; grandchildren: Dennis Hall, Anita Roberts, Tim Hall, Josh Hall, Caleb Hall, Tony Hall and Tammy McKinley; seven great grandchildren and one great-great grandchild; several nieces and nephews. The family will receive friends from 6-7:45 p.m. Monday followed by funeral services at 8 p.m. in the Hawkins Chapel at 102 B Street in Lenoir City. Rev. Glenn C. Gamble will officiate. Family and friends will gather in the Pleasant Hill Cemetery at 1 p.m. Tuesday for graveside services and interment with the grandsons serving as pallbearers. Hawkins Chapel in Lenoir City is serving the family of Effie Hall.

Family links:
Ben Cornett (1871 - 1943)
Julia M Gaston Cornett (1877 - 1970)

Eaphraim Boyd Hall (1900 - 1947)*

Joy Ann Hall (1943 - 1953)*

John Finis Cornett (1895 - 1973)*
Debbie L Cornett Cassady (1904 - 1989)*
Effie Frances Cornett Hall (1910 - 2006) 
Cornett, Effie Frances (I45948)
44732 Wife of Edmond Judkins. She was born about 1807 and died after the 1870 federal census. Her grave is unmarked.

Family Members
Edmond Judkins
unknown–1850 (m. 1832)

Nathaniel Zibi Judkins

William Lane Judkins

Henry Thomas Judkins

Elizabeth B. Judkins Martin
1848 – unknown

Isabella S Judkins Trapp

Edmond Dan Judkins

end of profile 
Rice, Zilpha (I6189)
44733 Wife of Edmond Judkins. She was born about 1807 and died after the 1870 federal census. Her grave is unmarked. Family F2272
44734 Wife of Isaac W. Johnson. Parents of Cicero buried here; Romulus M.; Sarah; Laura A.(J.Newton); Wm.Monroe; Dudley L.; Isaac I.; & Jesse Joseph Johnson. Dau. of Jesse & Mary [McDaniel] Raper of the Cherokee Nation. Raper, Catherine "Katie" (I11551)
44735 Wife of J. A. Wright, Mother of William Thomas Wright. Smith, Myra Jane (I27325)
44736 Wife of J.C. Betenbaugh; 'Gone but not forgotten' Family F13797
44737 Wife of James Goodson who was the son of Mandew Goodson of North Carolina.
Mother of Ozias Goodson FG # 7858598 Lewis County Missouri, and Belteshazzar Goodson FG # 11394122 Clinton County Ohio. 
LNU, Mary (I34933)
44738 wife of James Monroe Roberts Family F32
44739 Wife of Jesse Raper, buried here. Parents of Martin Jackson; Charles; Catherine (I.W.Johnson); Martha "Patsey"(Dr.T.Tillman Fain); Lewis; Eliza(J.D.Brown); Gabriel; Nan (J.Holland); Rachel(W.L.Webster)[buried at Macedonia Cemetery, Cherokee Co., N.C.; John A.; & Alonzo Raper. Dau. of Alexander & Catherine [Wilson] McDaniel, Sr. of the Cherokee Nation; granddau. of Grunuaille (Grace -celtic) "Hopper" [Dau. of Old Hop, Cherokee Leader] and Wm. McDaniel, Sr.,Scot trader/Cherokee Nation. McDaniel, Mary "Polly" (I33157)
44740 Wife of John Anderson Conaway. Daughter of Thomas A. Byars of GA, and Elizaeth McGee of SC. Family F13306
44741 Wife of John Stiles and daughter of Scott T Hale and Lucretia G. Mooneyham Hale, CanZada (I45242)
44742 Wife of Joseph T. Lonon. Daughter of James Swafford and Jane Chapman. Information obtained from death certificate. Swofford, Zipporah (I3579)
44743 Wife of Joseph Thomas Medlin. Daughter of Hiram Victor Brooks and Sarah Jane Albright. Brooks, Myrtle I. (I34648)
44744 Wife of Nathaniel Judkins Cantrell, Mary Elizabeth "Bettie" (I7089)
44745 Wife of R. H. Webb Webb, Beulah J. (I8522)
44746 Wife of Robert Horace Hennessee. Daughter of Joseph Taylor Lonon and Zipporah Swafford. Information obtained from death certificate. Lonon, Lula Alice (I1359)
44747 Wife of Roland Burton Ware who is buried in South Liberty Cemetery at Athens, TN. (Near Riceville)

Her children were:
Allen ~ Ruth Dodson
Wiley ~ 1. Mary Clark 2. Lettie Argo
Isom ~ Martha Norton
Joseph T. ~ unknown
Hampton Price ~ unknown
Twin daughters:
Sarah ~ Ezekial McGregor
Susan ~ Willis McGregor

As Roland Ware named a son Allen, it is speculated that this was his wife's maiden name. An indenture between Elizabeth Allen and Roland Ware, on 10 February 1795, (Montgomery Co., NC Record of Deeds, 1774-1849C.067.40001,
1st Vol., 2nd p. 131) gave to Rowland Ware a slave, a horse, various furniture items, four cattle, 12 hogs, 6 geese, etc. as collateral for an indebtedness. If the indebtedness was paid by 4 April 1800, the indenture
was void. Roland only received the collateral in the event the debt remained unpaid at that date. Elizabeth Allen may have been the mother of his wife.
Once source indicates that Temperance was a White, but this is also not supported by documentation.

Erroneous Information concerning Temperance Ware:

Some Ware researchers believe that Temperance Allen/White Ware was the daughter of Daniel White and Abigail Turner born c1769 d 26 Aug 1848, buried in West Bridgewater, MA (Plymouth). Daniel White was a descendant of Peregrine White who was the first English child born at Plymouth, MA. His daughter, Temperance White, never married and is buried in West Bridgewater, MA. Information found in the book: Vital Records of West Bridgewater, MA to year 1850. While I am not certain about our Temperance Ware's maiden name, I am certain that she was not the daughter of Daniel and Abigail White. 
White, Temperance (I19668)
44748 Wife of Rush Nalley and daughter of Alberto Vaughn and Martha Jane Royal. Vaughan, Martha Jane "Jennie" (I41734)
44749 Wife of Simpson Clouse

Family Members
Patrick Roberts Alexander Hennessee

Loucinda Smith Hennessee

Simpson Clouse

James Robert Hennessee

Half Siblings
Thomas William Hennessee

Bula Mae Clouse Bradley

Woodward Hampton Clouse

end of profile 
Hennessee, Harriet Leola "Leola" (I1498)
44750 wife of T C Underwood, Jr Family F437
44751 Wife of T J Byars

FromThe Jackson Progress-Argus, April 18, 1924
Mrs. T. J. Byars Passed Away Monday Morning

The death of Mrs. T. J. Byars, aged 65, occurred at her home in Barnesville Monday morning and followed an illness of more ten a year. Mrs. Byars, who was a Miss Fincher before marriage, formerly resided in Butts county, and had many friends and relatives here who regret to know of her passing.

Mrs. Byars is survived by her husband, six sons, two daughters, two brothers and two sisters. The funeral was held at the Watkins-Byars cemetery Tuesday afternoon and interment was in the family lot.

Contributor: SPMcD (48452228) •

Family Members
T. J. Byars

Cyrus J Byars

Moses Franklin Byars

Paul D. Byars

Phillip Dewy Byars

Enoch J. Byars

Harry B. Byars

end of obituary 
Fincher, Cora Bell (I19507)
44752 Wife of Thomas Gribble.

Daughter of John M. & Mary "Polly" Hogan Randolph 
Randolph, Irena B. "Renie" (I390)
44753 wife of Tolbert Seay, they had 9 children:

Emma Lucy
Harold Rusty
Guyman R.
Gray, Anna (I42251)
44754 Wife of W. C. Roberts

Family Members
William Claude Roberts

James Copeland Roberts

William Swindell Roberts

end of profile 
Copeland, Mahala (I45927)
44755 Wife of W.F. Atwood Family F973
44756 Wife of William J. Keeton Married Aug 14, 1894 It is assumed that she is buried here in Old Zion Cemetery because her name is on his gravestone, but without a death date. Swindle, Sarah J(ane) (I15272)
44757 Wife of William Wesley Pevehouse, Jr. Married April 21, 1885 in Kirksville, Adair County, Missouri. To this union 5 children were born, 2 living to adulthood. Daughter of Samuel B. and Drucilla Byars Crawley. She is also known by Lou Ellen, and possibly Lodema Ellen. Crawley, Lodema Ellen (I27514)
44758 Wife of: Ethel Eldridge Smith
Buried in Bud Smith Cemetery
It is believed her father was John McDowell.
Her kinship does not go to the McDowell family line of Bledsoe Co.Tn. 
McDowell, Matilda (I38558)
44759 wife was alta l bottoms, parents were john and mollie (Mary) g. hale-childers, daughter imogene frances childers-waters.Marvin's sister was genora (nora) childers-long. marvin died shortly after his daughter was born. Childers, Marvin (I27074)
44760 Wife's last name found in the Warren County Marriage Records ... DAH

end of note 
Denton, Tabitha Mariah (I49432)
44761 Wife: Of Johann Valentin Reece
Mother of Anthony Reece


6 Sons:
John Reese
Jacob Reece
Valentine Reece JR.
Anthony Reece
Issac Reese
Daniel Reece

4 Daughters:
Hannah Reese
Anna Reece
Mary Reece
Elisabeth Reece 
Harmon, Christina (I39706)
44762 Wikipedia notes and history for Calne... Cloude, Robert II (I32469)
44763 does not report her marriage to Sir John Blount ...

Beauchamp, Eleanor (I37525)
44764 Wikipedia: Thomas I, Marquess of Saluzzo Saluzzo, Sir Thomas of Marquess of Saluzzo (I46255)
44765 Wilcher, George W.
18th Regiment, Tennessee Infantry
George N./Wilcher
M231 ROLL 46

end of profile 
Wilcher, George Walton (I13334)
44766 Wilcher,Jr.,Thomas:Will Source (S34788)
44767 Wilcher,Jr.,Thomas:Will;Debra Wilcher Source (S34785)
44768 Wiley is her second husband... Whiteside, Almira Tennessee "Tennessee" (I31955)
44769 Wiley Jaco
Born 8 Feb 1842 in Warren County, Tennesseemap
ANCESTORS ancestors
Son of Phillip Henry Jaco and Mary Elizabeth (Burchfield) Jaco
Brother of Martha Jaco, Franky Jaco, Jeremiah J. Jaco, Sarah Jaco, James Jaco, Ann Jaco, Richard Jaco, William Jaco, Phillip Henry Jaco Jr and Thomas J Jaco
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died 20 Nov 1914 in Dekalb, Tennesseemap
Profile manager: Tony Lacey private message [send private message]
Profile last modified 29 Nov 2018 | Created 15 Sep 2017 | Last significant change:
29 Nov 2018
13:15: Tony Lacey edited the Birth Date and Status Indicators for Wiley Jaco. [Thank Tony for this | 1 thank-you received]
This page has been accessed 46 times.
Wiley was born in 1843. He is the son of Phillip Jaco and Mary Unknown.

"United States Census, 1850," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 12 April 2016), Wily Jaco in household of Phillip Jaco, Warren county, Warren, Tennessee, United States; citing family 769, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
"United States Census, 1860", database with images, FamilySearch ( : 26 July 2017), Wiley Jaco in entry for Phil Jaco, 1860.
1870 ?
1880 ?
1900 ?
1910 ?
"Tennessee Death Records, 1914-1963," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 25 May 2014), Wiley Jaco, 20 Nov 1914; citing Cemetery, Dekalb, Tennessee, 144, State Library and Archives, Nashville; FHL microfilm 1,299,620.

end of this bio 
Jaco, Wiley (I52244)
44770 Wiley Jaco (1842 - 1914), Pedigree & Profile,, abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Saturday, December 8th, 2018 Source (S13428)
44771 Wiley Jaco, Cemetery Profile,, abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Saturday, December 8th, 2018 Source (S13426)
44772 Wiley Woodson Winstead was the son of William Ephraim Winstead (1822-1899) and Emeline Rogers (1825-1904). Wiley was the grandson of Ephraim Winstead (1786-1832) and Margaret Martin (1794-1872).

Wiley Woodson Winstead married Emma Catherine (Simrell) Simril on 1 Sep 1881 in Sparta, White Co., Tennessee, USA. They had the following children: William Ephraim Winstead (1884-1942), Mary C. Winstead (1887-1966), Joseph R. Winstead (1890-1924), Henry Story Winstead (1892-1958), Alex Wayman Winstead (1896-1953), Notie S. Winstead Johnson (1899-1978), Claude Potter Winstead (1902-1975) 
Winstead, Wiley Woodson (I19471)

Miriam Phillips Hennessee, beloved wife of the late Kiffin Hennessee, passed away early on Monday, Dec. 12, 2005, at Dogwood Forest Assisted Living facility in Atlanta, Ga. She had fallen into a sharp decline over the past three months as a result of Alzheimer's disease. She died as she lay sleeping, in her own bed, without pain and without suffering. Miriam grew up in Ashe and Wilkes counties, the daughter of G.W. Phillips and Josephine Dillard Phillips.

She attended Lenoir-Rhyne College. Miriam married Kiffin Hennessee of Burnsville on April 30, 1945. The two lived for a time in Burnsville, and later in Asheville and Morganton, before they settled permanently in Wilkesboro, where they resided for over forty years together. Miriam will be much missed by her sisters, Margaret Jenkins and Joan Watson of West Jefferson; and her brothers, Howard Phillips and Bruce Phillips of North Wilkesboro; and their wives, husbands and many children, grandchildren and great grandchildren. Miriam worked for several years in the Bank of North Wilkesboro as a teller, where she was known and trusted by the entire Wilkes community.

Her family entrusted the bookkeeping for its real property to her for her whole adult life. But her real passion was homemaking, in the grand style of Southern women for many generations past, and her table was always overflowing with fresh baked biscuits, pies and cakes complementing big plates of fried chicken and garden vegetables. For more than fifty years, her husband, her children, her grandchildren and many of their friends rushed to sit at her table and praise her cooking, to her great delight and joy.

Her family knows and trusts that she is with our Lord God, and that if there is any need to feed multitudes, or to preparest a table in the presence of enemies, that the Lord will call on her. Miriam leaves behind her two sons, Keith and his wife Hella of Houston, Texas, and Philip and his wife Ellen of Atlanta; six grandchildren, Karl Hennessee of Toulouse, France, Christiane Hennessee of Honolulu, Hawaii, Katie Hennessee of Vienna, Austria, Alison Hennessee, a sophomore at Agnes Scott College in Atlanta, Ian Hennessee of Atlanta and Zachary Hennessee of Atlanta; and a great-grandson, Nicky Hennessee of Toulouse, France. All of the grandchildren inherited an abundance of good looks, intelligence, talent and charm from their much-loved grandmother.

There will be a viewing at Reins-Sturdivant Funeral Home in North Wilkesboro from 6 to 8 p.m. on Monday, Dec. 19. Funeral services will be held at 11 a.m. Tuesday, Dec. 20, at First Baptist Church of North Wilkesboro, followed by a brief burial service at Mountlawn Memorial Park. The family requests that in lieu of flowers, donations may be made to First Baptist Church of North Wilkesboro, where she and Kiffin were members from 1958 until their deaths.

Published in Winston-Salem Journal on December 18, 2005 
Phillips, Miriam Virginia (I1788)
44774 WILL - see memories tab

Dame Margaret Sutton - written 1 Oct 1525 - to be buried in church of Cheriburton by Lincoln by my son Anthony - daughter Dame Mary - son Robert Sutton (has an eldest son Henry), Nicholas, Hamond (his wife was Emlyn and he has an eldest son), Sir John Sutton "knight of the Roode" - daughter Upton - daughter Skeum - daughter Barnaby - daughter Jane - daughter Alice has a son Thomas Grauntham and he has a great aunt "maistres Grauntham of Dunham" - Sir John Hussey's daughter - execs are Sir John Sutton Knyght (would be her son), daughter Jane Sutton, son Hamond Sutton and son Nicholas Sutton - overseer is son Robert Sutton, esq 
Sheffield, Margaret (I50467)
44775 Will book- 8 Feb 1790

James Byars of Hanover Co., and Rachel his wife to Pleasant Terrell; 1/2 of New Market Grist Mill on Little River and 2-1/2 acres of land loining said mill; the one half acre on the opposite side of the river from the mil and the other acre and 3/4 joining the mill house...Dossels line...Browns the mill house there being about 1-3/4 acres in said line; further I give said Terrel liberty to build a Cay Dam on my land joining William Harris provided said Harris is willing for same to be built and logs to build said dam.

Byars, Captain James Henry (I2525)
44776 Will casts doubt on information
ahgenealogy (View posts)
Posted: 07 Aug 2008 10:44AM
Classification: Query
Surnames: McGregor, Flowers, Sandefur, Mitchell, Williams, Hardin (Hardan),
Need Information - Information I find that seems accepted suspect could be wrong.
Haven been told for years now that John McGregor, of Northampton Co., NC d. c. 1794, sp. In will named Mary was Mary(Polly) Flowers d/o Ransford Flowers of same county, who d. 1789.
And That
William McGregor, of Northampton Co., NC, was married to a Sarah Flowers d/o Ransford Flowers and sister of Mary (Polly) Flowers above.
Just found what is in Ransford Flowers’ will which cast great doubt on this and on most of the information on the McGregor and Sandefur information found on the web for genealogy research.
Ransford Flowers will (1788) lists living children as:
Sarah Hardan (Hardin – husband maybe a John Hardin from some land records but not certain)
Polly Mitchell (husband probably Jesse Mitchell – from land records and he witnessed Ransford Flowers will.
Ann Flowers
Ransford Flowers
Elizabeth “Betsy” Flowers
He also mentions a grandson – William McGregor (only grandchild mentioned) – the executor of the will was John McGregor
Have John McGregor of Northampton Co., NC will 1794 (Anson Co.) with surviving sp. Mary
Children listed in will:
Sarah Williams
Francis Sandefur (John Sandefur)
Cynthia (Centhey) Sandefur (Robert Sandefur)
Flowers McGregor
William McGregor
Elizabeth McGregor
(Order of children how they are listed in will am not sure of birth order)
These 2 wills are only 6 years apart. Ransford Flowers’ daughter Polly (assume this is Mary) in 1788 is married to a Mitchell – so very doubtful if she is the Mary sp of John McGregor found 6 years later in Johns will with 6 children 3 with married names.
Who is John McGregor’s wife Mary – is she a Flowers and if so who are her parents?
Who is William McGregor grandson of Ransford Flowers mentioned in his will – it appears he was his only McGregor grandchild maybe of a daughter who was dead by 1788…
John McGregor’s will of 1794 also mentions a brother – William McGregor.
Have a will of a William McGregor of Northampton Co., NC – written 1809 and proved 1810 (again in Anson Co. with sp. Nancy.
Children listed:
Anthony, William, Alexander, Nancy Williams and Frances McGregor
Who is this William McGregor – he left property in his will which is called Jack Swamp. John McGregor (Megreger) (sp. Elizabeth according to deed) transferred property called Jack Swamp to William McGregor (Megreger) of Warwick Co., VA This was a 287 acre parcel which John McGregor (Megreger) had purchased from John Justice – is this the same piece of property and then was is the relationship of these men. William McGregor of Warwick Co., VA I have been told went to Warren Co., TN – or is he the William with a will stating he was of Northampton Co., NC?
Any Information to help sort this out with documentation would be appreciated. It seems that people put whatever they find on the web without noting that much is speculation and then if becomes urban legend and it will be very hard for people to know that there genealogy is accurate. This is not a good thing for those who love genealogy and are searching for truth. And then you have the nuts out there who are so excited that their DNA have shown them to trace back to Adam – please understand just what DNA can and cannot show. There is a McGregor genealogy on the web which is cited for source information and they have all sort of McGregor families mixed up and are a complete mess.
Thanks for any help and for listening to my soap box chat.

Re: Will casts doubt on information
Jerrilyn French (View posts)
Posted: 07 Nov 2008 08:33PM
Classification: Query
I have info on Hardan of Washington State...mostly, if you are interested. Jerrilyn

Re: Will casts doubt on information
ahgenealogy (View posts)
Posted: 05 Jan 2009 03:06PM
Classification: Query
would this be the John Harden who was the son-in-law of Ransford Flowers? Thanks

Re: Will casts doubt on information
Jerrilyn French (View posts)
Posted: 06 Jan 2009 11:28AM
Classification: Query
Sorry he is not the son-in-law of Ransford Flowers. Jerrilyn

Re: Will casts doubt on information
laurastrees (View posts)
Posted: 15 Jul 2009 05:02PM
Classification: Query
Surnames: McGregor, Crick, Hunt, Moseley
The William McGregor you mention as having left a portion of land called Jack Swamp is known as "The Preacher". He was licensed to preach in the American colonies in 1776. A hand written statement in the Sandy Creek Baptist Church records (Franklin County, N.C.) reads as follows: "At a meeting in conference Sandy Creek meeting house of June 1776, ordered that William McGregor have liberty to exercise his right in preaching the Gospel of Christ." At least from this time until his death, he was the pastor of the Mouth of the Uwharrie Baptist Church. He may have also pastored a the Fishing Creek Baptist Church in Bute Co., NC. Some of his descendents headed to GA.

It is believed, but not confirmed, that the McGregor family that settled for a time in TN were descendents of one William McGregor who d aft. 1786, known as William "The Rebel". Ironically, he seems to be the one who served as a Justice of the Peace until his resignation was accepted by the House of Commons of the North Carolina Legislature on November 30, 1786, and endorsed by the Senate on December 1, 1786.

Re: Will casts doubt on information
rechrg (View posts)
Posted: 09 May 2010 10:28AM
Classification: Query
Surnames: McGregor
Hi AmyAnn;

I wondered if you've made any further progress on this line? I believe I descend from the Wm McG you mention, and have the following:

The senior WILLIAM MCGREGOR D. Bef 1815 NC was in Warrick Co. VA 1767-84 before moving his family to Northampton Co. NC prior to the 1790 Federal Census. A property transaction in 1767 is indicated when he buys land from a James Dancy. And, on the VA State Enumerations he appears in Warrick Co. for 1782 and 1784. There is a William McGregor in the Warwick County, VA 1782 enumeration with a family of 7 whites and 12 blacks (obviously prosperous and established).

He receives land (287 acres on Jack Swamp) in Northampton, NC, on 4 Mar 1776 deeded from John MeGreger and his wife Elizabeth (2nd wife for John?) to "Wm MeGreger, planter of Warwick Co, VA". (Deeds of Northampton, Co, NC 1774-1787). John McGregor is his neighbor on the 1790 census, and possibly his brother since John's will of 1794 mentions a brother, William. On 10 Dec 1789 he is a buyer of personal property at the estate sale of Ransford Flowers in Northampton Co. He is head of a household in that county for the 1790 census.

This Wm McG writes his will Apr 1809 with a codicil added in 1810. He dies before 15 Jan 1815 when his children agree that their brother Wm is authorized to sell property of the father; this is land on Jack Swamp. The property is sold to John Sandifer 11 Dec 1816.

In 1809, when the will is drawn, the senior Wm names his (second) wife Nancy (to be an executor with son Wm); the children named are: William, Anthony, Nancy, Alexander and Frances. An unnamed daughter (probably deceased), is one of the three oldest children thought to have been born in Warrick Co. VA. This daughter appears to have married a John Little, as a grandson Willis Little is named in an 1810 codicil to the will.

I have a close DNA match (FTDNA yDNA 35-marker, distance=2) to a claimed descendant of the John McGregor above, suggesting a common ancestor around this time. John and Wm are likely brothers or otherwise closely related. We both also a close match (FTDNA 35/67-marker, distance=1,2,3) to a large number of people with the Monroe surname, suggesting a linkage of some sort in the 1600's or 1700's, but I can't find anything in the paper trail that would otherwise link these two surnames.

Re: Will casts doubt on information
JANISF (View posts)
Posted: 20 Jun 2010 08:03PM
Classification: Query
I am trying to determine the parents of William T. McGregor (born abt 1798, married Mary "Polly" Allen - 1828) who 1st purchased land in Marengo County, AL in 1833. I believe his father might be the John McGregor (married to Nancy) who bought land there in 1824, but can't figure out which John this is. The 2 of them have ties to Wilson County, TN, which is where you will find Flowers McGregor. A Willis McGregor purchased land in Marengo County in 1825, but I believe that he is one of the Warren County, TN bunch. Lastly, who are the parents of Lucy Jane McGregor who marries Joseph Vaughn in Sumter County, AL in 1845? I am thinking that she is either a child of William T. McGregor (from a previous marriage), or his little sister.

Re: Will casts doubt on information
ahgenealogy (View posts)
Posted: 14 Nov 2010 08:53AM
Classification: Query
This is interesting... The William who left the land in Jack Swamp was a planter of Warwick Co., VA - his will is from Northampton Co. and was for 287 acres on Jack Swamp in an area of a Quaker meeting house where as the Rev. William was from Montgomery Co and had taxed 500 acres - you have it documented that these two men are the same men?

William the Rebel as you call him - is he the Scot who was in NC from around the 1740's? who wouldn't sware allegence to England but worked with Gov. Johnson of NC?

Thanks for any help with this.

Re: Will casts doubt on information
ahgenealogy (View posts)
Posted: 14 Nov 2010 09:04AM
Classification: Query
you mentioned that John McGregor with wife Elizabeth that she was a second wife? Do you know who his first was would have been? Also do you know how old this William McGregor was when he died? You also indicate that this William McGregor's wife Nancy mentioned in his will was his second wife - do you know the name of his first wife? and who is the mother of his children listed in his will?

I am trying to sort through what I have on these lines and will try to post it here.

I am not convinced that John (wife Elizabeth) and John with widow Mary are one and the same people... But this line seems to be tied up with the Flower family and I am at a loss which William would be the grandson of Ransford Flower or by what name the mother of said grandson would have been.

The will indicates that William had a grandson of the name Little? do you know the name of his mother and father?

Has anyone ever found a will in Montgomery Co., NC for any McGregors?


Re: Will casts doubt on information
stampasmile (View posts)
Posted: 04 May 2011 08:37AM
Classification: Query
Surnames: McGregor, McGrigor, MacGregor, Monroe, Irby, Henderson
Here is some information that might be relavant to your DNA match to the Monroe surname... from the Library of Virginia chancery records, Fauquier County, Virginia. Index# 1811-038.

John McGregor vs. Admr. of Daniel Monroe (for some reason this is indexed under John McGregor vs. Admr. of Dodd Monroe). Summary of relavant information is this: that Daniel Monroe died abt. 1789 in Fauquier County, Virginia leaving no children. His wife Mary was either deceased or died soon after her husband. John McGregor who proves to be a half-brother to Daniel Monroe, is the only surviving sibling or half-sibling. Chancery case not settled until 1811. This means that John McGregor and Daniel Monroe share a mother. To me, this also implies that this particular John McGregor was probably Virginia born, since his mother married twice and had children in Virginia.

This document can be viewed online @ Library of VA.

I ran across this while researching my own McGregor, John McGregor who married Mary Ridley Irby. They had at least two daughters; Martha Ann McGregor b.1833 and Catherine McGregor. Martha Ann McGregor married into my Henderson line in Person County, NC; but they lived in Halifax County, VA. There are records of John McGregor in Halifax County as well.

Any information about how my John McGregor ties into the larger McGregor line would be greatly appreciated!!

Heather Rose

end or string 
McGregor, William "The Preacher" (I27125)
44777 Will dated 2/17/1816 and proved 12/19/1825. Dodson, George Jr. (I5718)
44778 Will Emory (1744-1788) of the Cherokee & Chickamauga

Larry Petrisky, November 2004

Will Emory (1744-1788) of the Cherokee & Chickamauga

The Cherokee lost no ground by making war – they lost it all by making peace. - unknown 1792
How do we know Will Emory existed?

From Daniel Boone’s and Lyman Draper’s descriptions of him, we can guess that “Cap’n Will” was a tall, straight Cherokee who spoke English well, ran with the Shawnee, and had a sense of humor. From the early 1800's this person was thought to be Cherokee half-breed Will Emory. “Tribal memory” remembers him.[1]

“Family memory” remembers him as well. Descendants of his son emigrated to Indian Territory and served in the Civil War as Cherokee and Emory. They also inhabited upper central Tennessee, retaining the Emory (Emery) name, the oral history of tribal relationship, and even the Cherokee name “Bullfrog”. [2]

The Chickamauga stronghold “Will’s Town” in upper Alabama was the home of John Watts and was called Willstown by everyone, including Watts and Dragging Canoe (leaders of the Chickamauga), by 1779. Why it was not called “Watts Town” points to an older Cherokee named Will, a compatriot of Dragging Canoe. Historian John Brown (Old Frontiers) speculated that Willstown was named for Chief Walt Webber’s father, Will Webber. But his father was a trader also named Walter Webber and was not associated with the tribe before 1788. [3]

The Emory River in upper Tennessee could not have been named for anyone else but Will Emory, the Cherokee. A newspaper account from the early 1900's attributes the river name to a soldier (William Emery) who was killed crossing the river during the Revolution. [4] (Perhaps it was Will Emory who was killed?) A land application in 1783 calls it “William Emeries River” when it was still contested by the Cherokee. To induce the Cherokee into ceding more land, William Blount proposed in 1791 to locate the capital of the Tennessee territory at the mouth of the river and call it “Emery’s Town”. How would that honor the Cherokee unless Will Emory was one of their own? There were no white settlers in that area named Emory and no soldiers by that name either. A William Embry passed through the area in the early 1800's but he could not have been the namesake for the river. [5]

With this, and more, we have enough circumstantial evidence to accept that mixed blood Will Emory was recognized as a Cherokee tribal member (even a “war chief”) who followed Dragging Canoe and the Chickamauga federation, and died by 1791. It is fair to assume that he was from an influential and well-liked family, but our purpose is not to fabricate a flowery mythology for him, but to reconstruct a reliable record.
Biographical sketch of Will Emory

Will Emory was born 1744 in the Middle or Valley village of Tamah’li or Tomatly about where the current village of Tomotla resides on the Valley River in Cherokee County, North Carolina. [6] He was the son of William (Will) Emory (d.1770) and Mary Grant (d.c.1766), daughter of Ludovic Grant, the licensed Indian trader for Tomatly and two other towns. He was killed in the village of Chota in Tennessee, in 1788. [7]
(It is possible that Will Emory was the son of Indian trader John Amory* -- father of William Emory -- but the simpler construction is that he was Will Emory Jr.) [8]

Will Emory was known as “Will”, “Half Breed Will of Nequasse”, “Long Will”, “Long Fellow”, “Captain Will” and perhaps Salliouwe. He is also commonly but inaccurately called “Chief Watauga” and “Indian Will”. [9]
Some tribal historians claim Will was killed in Pennsylvania before 1761 but this results from an honest confusion of three facts: Will followed his “uncle”, Warhatchy of Keowee, up to Pennsylvania in 1758 to fight the French Shawnee; Warhatchy was murdered in jail in South Carolina upon his heroic return; Indian Will, who was aligned with the French Shawnee, was killed on Will’s Knob in Pennsylvania c.1758, and was much older than our Will (as was Chief Watauga). [10]

The name of Will Emory’s wife is not known, and one known son (Thomas, aka Long Tom or Bullfrog) is tentatively deduced from family and tribal records. [11]

Will was murdered under a flag of truce along with his spiritual father or uncle, Old Abraham, in 1788. The Emory family would be long forgotten except for Dr. Emmett Starr’s tireless reconstruction of Cherokee old families based on the legends and memories of those who went west. Supplementing and correcting Starr’s work is fair sport for today’s Internet “experts” but many of us would have no place to begin if it were not for Starr.

An Interesting Oral Tradition

“William Emory was a captain in a frontier militia, was involved in the building of a fort, and was killed by John Sevier’s men. His father was a British soldier.” This family tradition confuses father and son and was provided by a knowledgeable member of the East Tennessee Historical Society in 1981. [12] While it contains some truth, compare it to the recollections gathered by Starr for hundreds of individuals.

Notes on Will Emory’s white family

Will Emory’s father (who also was called Will Emory) lived with the Cherokee and worked under his father-in-law, Ludovic Grant, a famous Cherokee trader who is amply documented elsewhere. [13] William Emory Senior’s father (John), mother (Sarah), brother (John Robert), and father-in-law (Grant) were all involved in the Indian trade. His sister (Sarah) married Mungo Graham, whose father (Patrick Graham) was Georgia’s Agent to the Creek Indians. [14] Except for Starr’s genealogies, however, there is almost no reference to Will Emory Senior’s life among the Cherokee. Apparently, he never got mentioned because he never got into trouble.
John Amory*, white grandfather of Will Emory (1744-1788) was born in England c.1700,and married Sarah Wilson 13 February 1726 in Lincolnshire, England. He came to Savannah, Georgia, with family in December 1737 but the next year moved to South Carolina, to become caretaker of the late

Governor Johnson’s estate. John Amory* entered the Cherokee trade by 1742 (incurring public expenses in 1740, 1741) and had one known child (John* b.1744 – my ancestor) by a Cherokee woman (Mary Moore*). He died suddenly in 1746 and was buried 5 October 1746 at Saint Philip’s Parish in Charleston, South Carolina. [15]

Sarah Wilson Amory, white grandmother of Will Emory (1744-1788) was born in England c.1705. She was buried 31 Mar 1765 at Saint Philip’s after a sudden illness. She m(2) William Elders 17 Aug 1747 at Saint Philip’s. He d.1748. She m(3) Thomas Nightingale 30 Nov 1749 at Saint Philip’s (Charleston, South Carolina); he was b.1716 , buried at Saint Philip’s 2 November 1769. All three of her husbands were Indian traders, but she made more in the trade than all of them combined. In her first big year, 1743, she was paid 75 pounds (a fair annual wage). In 1749 she was paid ten times that amount, in 1750 twenty times that amount. [16]

Robert Emory (John Robert Amory), white uncle of Will Emory (1744-1788) was christened 30 Oct 1727 in Lincolnshire, England; buried March 1790 at Saint Philip’s in Charleston. He entered the Cherokee trade in 1743, working under Ludovic Grant up to 1747 or so, then he worked at the Keowee trading post (upper South Carolina) under Abraham Smith and his brother Richard Smith. He, along with Richard Smith, were licensed to trade with the Creek Indians in 1750 and Robert resided with the Creeks until 1758 or so (in Georgia or Alabama), having at least one son (Creek warrior Emory or Emarhee) in that tribe. [17] In 1758 or so Robert joined the British army and is not heard of again until he returned to South Carolina in 1787, when he filed a lawsuit to recover family lands lost in the Revolution. [18] Robert wrote his will 19 March 1790 and it was entered for probate 30 March 1790 in Charleston. [19]

William Emory (Amory), father of Will Emory (1744-1788) was christened 20 Oct 1728 in Lincolnshire, England; buried 31 July 1770 at Saint Philip’s in Charleston. He entered the Cherokee trade in 1743, working under Ludovic Grant up till 1753 or so, bringing the family down to the Ninety Six trading post (South Carolina), then Ludovic Grant to Goose Creek in 1755 or so, where Grant died in 1757. In 1758 William returned to England and joined the British army and is not heard of again until he returned to South Carolina in 1765 or 1766, after the death of his mother (1765) and wife (1766). He married widow Sarah Irish Loocock Cantle 18 November 1768. She died a few weeks before he did; her will was entered for probate 20 July 1770, just days before William died. [20]

Family Alignments

The Emorys were aligned with the power structure of the Lower Cherokee, whose primary towns (Keowee, Tugaloo, Toxaway, Estatoe, Tomassee) were most exposed to the decimations of smallpox, military punishments, and hostile raids from the Creeks and Catawba. Many Lower towns had camps or “sister villages” in the mountains to which they moved seasonally or in times of danger. The Lower Cherokee dialect was the one spoken by the early traders so, when the British opened up the Overhill towns for trade posts in 1725, they brought with them some men of the Lower tribe. [21]

Ludovic Grant married a daughter of one of the transplanted Lower headmen and was at the Great Tellico post from 1726 to 1734. When Alexander Cuming skipped the Lower headmen and (guided by Grant) unofficially crowned Moytoy of the Overhills “emperor” of the Cherokees in 1730, he emboldened the Overhill factions to assert themselves in tribal politics against the Lower Cherokee. The death of Moytoy’s brother c.1733 precipitated the removal of Ludovic Grant and his father-in-law to the smaller village of Tomatly in the Middle towns. From this vantage point in the middle,

Ludovic Grant would file reports to the English colonial government in Charleston for twenty years. [22]

South Carolina Governor James Glen was an especially good friend of Ludovic Grant and the Emorys. Others close to the Emorys before 1760 include William Elder(s), John Watts, Thomas Nightingale, Abraham Smith and Richard Smith. Less close, but important were Robert Gouedy, John Vann, Cornelius Daugherty, Daniel Murphy, James Beamer and William Moore. Later close families included Fields, Buffington, Harlan, Martin, Rogers, Pettit, Bushyhead, Murphy, Davis and Welch. [23]
These families lived together along the Valley River in North Carolina, in Willstown, Alabama, and on the Arkansas River out west. [24]

Will Emory’s Cherokee family connections

The Smallpox Conjuror of Keowee (Charity Haig), and an important headman* of Keowee (Skiagusta?) seem to be the earliest known connections.[25] A daughter* of the Keowee headman* was married to Governor James Moore* (or his son*) and gave birth to James Moore (born Cherokee c.1718-1721), Mary Moore* (born Cherokee c.1719-1720), and possibly a William Moore (born Cherokee c.1725-1735 – though he may have been a son of the Cherokee James Moore and born c.1738-1742). [26] Other children of this woman* included Warhatchy (Wauhatchie) (b.c.1724-1730 d.1760). Oconastota (b.1711 d.1783), and possibly Willenawah or Kitagusta (b.c.1720-1730 d.c.1794) may have been her brothers or relatives. [27]

The French Woman of Keowee (Nana or Nani) (b.c.1733 d.c.1831) also figures into the family in a variety of ways. She is known for certain (she died in my ancestor’s house and is listed in the 1830 census as an Emory family member) but the relationships are, for now, speculative. She appears to have had a daughter by William Elder (d. 1748), the daughter was the first wife of John Emory* (1744-1808) – who was the son of Mary Moore* (above) and John Amory* (d.1746) the Indian trader. The daughter died shortly after giving birth to Elizabeth Jane Emory (Quatsy, or Jen/Yen Oconee) (b.c.1765), who was the ancestor of many of the Welch Cherokees. [28] The French Woman also had a brief marriage to Little Carpenter (no children) and agitated both Little Carpenter and the Lower Cherokee into friendship with the French against the English. She was also a spy/interpreter under Little Carpenter against the French Creek in Alabama. [29]

Little Carpenter (nephew of Old Hop) had some connection to the family, though not necessarily a friendly one. His drunken argument with Ludovic Grant sent Grant out of the Cherokee Nation, but he appears later to be a defender of the Emory family. [30]
Abram (later Old Abraham) “adopted” Will Emory. They signed treaties together and they were murdered together (1788). Will had a brother named Abraham Emory (Hembree). The relationship to Old Abram is strong, but unclear. Corn Tassel (later Old Tassel) is another prominent Cherokee related in some way to the Emorys. [31]

Dragging Canoe, son of Little Carpenter, may have been a cousin to Will Emory. They were roughly the same age and both went on the warpath with Warhatchy as young men (14-18) in 1758-1759 under the command of George Washington to fight the French Shawnee. [32] Will later served with Dragging Canoe and the Chickamauga, raiding from Kentucky to Alabama. A long friendship or blood/clan relationship between Will and Dragging Canoe is suggested. [33] John Watts (Dragging Canoe’s lieutenant and son of John Watts who was an associate of John Amory*) was born in Ninety Six, South Carolina, where the Emory and Watts families lived together for several years, during the building of Fort Prince George and Fort Loudon (so a friendship can be inferred). [34] John Jolly, Richard Fields, and Bushyhead (Tahlonteeskee) of the Chickamauga were nephews of Will Emory. [35]

Childhood years 1744-1758

Raised at Tomatly on the Valley River nestled near the Snowbird Mountains of the Smokies, Will formed strong family bonds. His father was English, his grandfather Scottish, but everyone else around him was Cherokee. By the late 1740's the Lower Cherokee realized that their dependence on the English fur trade was a “win-win” situation for the English and a “lose-lose” situation for the Cherokee. After protecting the South Carolina and Georgia colonies from the Spanish, the Tuscarora, Yuchi, and Yamassee Indians, and now the French for trinkets, blankets and rum (while the French were giving the Creek and Shawnee firearms and ammunition), the Cherokee demanded better terms. The depletion of deer, elk and woodland bison from their traditional hunting grounds sent the Cherokee into the lands of the Catawba and Creek, bringing upon themselves fierce raids. The French-armed Creeks gained military superiority over the Lower Cherokee. The British, guarding their treaties with the Creeks, “forbid” the Cherokees from retaliating, nor would they supply them with good firearms or ammunition. French traders secretly visited Cherokee towns, bringing with them horns of gunpowder and jugs of rum that were not watered down. [36]
Smallpox, yellow fever and malaria killed more Cherokee than warfare, however, and the Lower Cherokee were exposed to more disease-spreading contacts than were the Creeks or the Overhill Cherokee. A flare-up of smallpox in 1751-1753 left young Dragging Canoe (b.c.1740 d.1792) with permanent scars on his face. [37]

Slavery was increasingly important to agriculture in the southern colonies and runaway slaves had nowhere to go but into the Cherokee Nation, where they were easily captured. The reward for runaways was as high as 50 pounds but, of course, the captors would be given a cloth shirt or a knife and the trader would keep the reward for himself. The Cherokee asked that their people who were captured and sold into slavery by enemy tribes or ruthless whites be returned to them, but it was seldom convenient for the colonial authorities to help the Cherokee in this way. (The French Woman of Keowee was enslaved as a child, raised by a French family in the West Indies and sent to Charleston to return to her people when she was a young woman. In Charleston, she was auctioned as a slave by the ship’s captain but was rescued by traders who heard her speaking Cherokee. She was returned to Keowee by John Amory*. [38]

By 1749 there was a breakdown in the Cherokee trade and in 1751 most English traders were driven out of the Nation. The Creek attacked and destroyed the Lower Towns in 1750 and 1752. [39]

To regulate the Indian trade, protect the Lower towns, manage the runaway slave trade and prevent French encroachment, it was decided to build a fort in the Lower towns. Governor James Glen and Ludovic Grant were instrumental in getting the Cherokee to cede some land for the new fort (by the time the ink was dry on the treaty, they had given up all land below Ninety Six). The “Great Warrior” (Skiagusta) died just before the 1753 treaty was drawn. The signers were from Keowee and Toxaway and included the Raven of Toxaway, Sinnawa the Hawk’s Head (warrior of Toxaway), Nelle Wagalchy of Toxaway, Yorhalche (Warhatchy) of Toxaway, Owasta (Outtacitie), “the head beloved man of Toxaway”. [40] ,/p> By 1754 a frontier war against the French erupted, and it was the duty of Robert and William Emory to serve England. Robert was trading among the Creeks, his Cherokee daughter remaining with her people at Ninety Six. William brought his family and father-in-law to Ninety Six (later to Goose Creek as Grant’s health failed). [41]

Construction of the fort at Keowee (Fort Prince George) was done in 1754. The Emory family was likely involved. Thomas Nightingale was hired to deliver ammunition and saddles to the new fort. [42] He was somewhat of an uncle to the Emory Cherokees (his wife was the widow of John Amory*). His kindness to the family endured in the oral tradition handed down to me. It is possible that Will Emory named his son Thomas in honor of Thomas Nightingale. [43]

Ludovic Grant died by 1758 and William Emory returned to England around that time to enlist in the army. [44] Young Will Emory was reaching manhood and, being true Cherokee, that meant he was ready to prove himself in war.

Warhatchy of Keowee 1757-1760

The success of French Indians along the colonial frontiers almost brought an early end to the war. The colonial army general, George Washington, urged the British to induce the Cherokee into joining the war against the French. [45] The Overhill Cherokee experienced humiliation at the hands of the well-armed Shawnee and were willing to join the war provided they received rifles, ammunition, and a fort in the Overhills to protect their families. The British promised all three, but failed to deliver.[46]
Richard Parris (Pearis) of Virginia, Richard Smith of Keowee, and John Watts of Ninety Six went with the Lower Cherokee to go north, promising them (on the word of the governors of Virginia and North Carolina) horses, guns, ammunition, winter blankets, and favorable trading concessions. The South Carolina legislature invalidated the promises made by Virginia, but nobody informed the Cherokee. While a fort was being completed in the Overhills (Fort Loudon), Warhatchy led a group of young warriors up to Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania. [47]

The Cherokee inflicted surprising damage on the French Indians and turned the tide of the war (psychologically). They were honored by the colonial governments of Maryland and Pennsylvania, provoking an absurd jealousy in Virginia. Complaints to the crown got Richard and Abraham Smith removed as the licensed traders of Keowee, Parris lost his military commission in Virginia and was driven to South Carolina, and Warhatchy was arrested after he refused to return to South Carolina without getting the horses and weapons he was promised. In a surly mood, the Cherokee went home, and were attacked by settlers in Virginia and North Carolina. They defeated and plundered the settlers and continued toward home. [48]
When they arrived at Keowee, they discovered that the lieutenant commander of Fort Prince George had raped and abused the wife of one of the warriors. Instead of keeping her as his wife, he drove her away – a further shame. The man had gone unpunished by either whites or Cherokee. Warhatchy directed that revenge be taken against the wife of a white warrior. [49]

The settlers of Virginia demanded that the Cherokee be brought to justice while the young men with Warhatchy urged the Cherokee to rise up and punish the offender at Prince George. South Carolina, absent the services of James Glen and Ludovic Grant, was on the verge of a Cherokee war. Calmer heads prevailed. Oconastota and Willenawah, possibly the relatives of Warhatchy, disbanded the war party and got Warhatchy to calm down. Nineteen headmen of the Lower Cherokee approached the South Carolina government to work for peace. They were escorted under guard back to Fort Prince George, where they were arrested and put in confinement. Warhatchy was among them. The colonial government wanted to exchange the hostages for those guilty of the attacks in North and South Carolina. Since Warhatchy was most responsible and already in jail, it was impossible to meet the demand. A few volunteers were exchanged for Oconastota and Willenawah, but Warhatchy remained in jail (by choice, as one report says he was exchanged). [50]
Smallpox hit the Keowee area and some of the captives died in jail. The Overhill Cherokees made it clear to the British that this was a Lower Cherokee problem, and they would not take sides. The young warriors of the Overhill, however, began gathering around Fort Prince George. Oconastota saw a chance to gain stature among the warriors and led them into getting revenge on the lieutenant commander. Enraged, the militia guards at Fort Prince George murdered the surviving captives in January 1760. Warhatchy was killed. [51]

The Lower Cherokee were now at war.

Cherokee War 1760-1761

The Lower Cherokee began a half-hearted siege of Fort Prince George. Cold weather, smallpox, and friends kept war fever from getting out of hand. Many of the militia men in the fort were related to the Cherokee. Old traders Cornelius Daugherty and Ambrose Davis were among the defenders of the fort. [52] The British Army was called to punish the Cherokee but turned around after suffering losses from smallpox, desertions, and Cherokee ambushes. [53]
Attempts to help Fort Prince George from Fort Loudon caused Oconastota to turn the warriors loose on the Overhill outpost. The long siege and surrender of Fort Loudon was an embarrassment to the British army. After the fort was emptied, the young warriors selected 23 of the soldiers for scalping, followed by slow execution. (This matched the number of Cherokee massacred at Fort Prince George.) The British determined to wipe out the Lower Cherokee for “chastisement”. Fat British colonel James Grant led the punitive expedition. They destroyed every lower town and almost all of the middle towns. They redrew the boundaries of the Cherokee Nation. When the anger subsided, the Lower Cherokee were all but gone. [54]
Will of Nequasse 1761

Niquassi, or Nequasse, a Middle Town, was a refuge village for the Lower Cherokee. It was located where the current town of Franklin, North Carolina is. The “high road” from Keowee to the Overhills went through Toxaway then to Niquassi. The “low road” went through Oconee, Toccoa, Tugaloo, Estatoe (Chestoe) then to Niquassi. From Niquassi, the trail split toward Chilhowee through Watauga, and toward Tomatly through Ayoree. [55]
The Grant Expedition destroyed and burned “Nikwasi” on June 11-12, 1761. Captain Christopher French of the expedition mentioned in his journal on 28 August 1761 some of the key leaders of the Middle and Valley towns: “Willinewaw the great Warrior’s brother, Attakallakulla [Little Carpenter] old Hop’s [adoptive] son (who had been King), Caesar (the triple nosed) already mentioned, Classati (the Man Killer of Neuquasse), Halfbreed Will (the headman of Nequasse), the Raven & the young Raven of Hywassee etc¼.” [56] Since Nequasse was a “satellite” village of Tomatly and Keowee, Will Emory is a logical, if somewhat young, choice to be “Halfbreed Will”. John Watts Sr. brought Little Carpenter (Attakullakulla), Willenawah, the Raven of Hiwassee, “Halfbreed Will” (Will Emory) and a few others under a flag of truce to talk to military leaders of the Grant Expedition. [57]
Two halfbreed Wills can be identified in 1761: Will Emory (Long Will) and Will Elder (Little Will or Otterlifter). They were about the same age. Will Elder was likely born in the Overhills at Great Tellico c.1740 and was associated with the Overhill town of Toqua (in what is now Monroe County, Tennessee). (His grandson Will Elder was the chief by that name.) [58] (A third halfbreed Will unknown as yet is also possible.) Could a 17-year old warrior claim to be headman of a burned-down village? Certainly, but he may have had a clan claim through his great-grandfather, the Old Warrior of Tomatly.

Will of Nequasse seems to disappear after 1761: he takes on no name (“Young Warrior”?) then the name Longfellow and slips down to the Lower Cherokee village of Chestoe (Estatoe) in upper Georgia, close to his sisters who were near Tugaloo. From there he disappears again. This fits with the roving, raiding Will Emory. [59]

Raids and Federations 1763-1775

The French and Indian War ended in 1763. The Shawnee had joined with the French to drive the white settlers back to the lee side of the Appalachians, but the French gave up and a stream of white trappers and settlers flowed into the Ohio basin. The Shawnee attempted to continue the war under their war chief Pontiac but were defeated in 1764. The idea of a federation of tribes across Algonquin, Iroquois, Sioux and Muskogee traditional boundaries, however, caught the imagination of war chiefs on the windward side of the Appalachians. [60] The Shawnee were of the Algonquin language family, the Cherokee were of the Iroquois language family, the Catawba were of the Sioux language family, the Creeks were of the Muskogee language family. In the early 1760's, some Creeks joined with the Cherokee warriors and by the late 1760's, a group of them were in Ohio and Kentucky with the Shawnee. [61] Daniel Boone had his first encounter with Will Emory among the Shawnee in 1769.

Captures of Daniel Boone 1769, 1771, 1778

Daniel Boone (b.1734 PA d.1820 MO) first tried to settle in the Kentucky hunting grounds in 1773 but was attacked by the Shawnee. Boone’s son James was killed and the family moved back to central North Carolina. But Boone made a hunting trip into the Kentucky area earlier, in 1769, and was captured by Indians (Shawnee with some Cherokee) who were also hunting. One of his captors could speak English and warned Boone that if he caught him again he would kill him. Boone spent almost two years exploring and was captured again. According to Boone, his captor was going to put him to death but they spent a few days talking. Boone rightly saw that as a hint to escape, and he did.

On December 22, 1769, while engaged in a hunt, Boone and Stewart were surprised and captured by a large party of Shawanoes, led by Captain Will, who were returning from the autumn hunt on Green River to their villages north of the Ohio. Boone and Stewart were forced to pilot the Indians to their main camp, where the savages, after robbing them of all their peltries and supplies and leaving them inferior guns and little ammunition, set off to the northward. They left, on parting, this menacing admonition to the white intruders: "Now, brothers, go home and stay there. Don't come here any more, for this is the Indians' hunting-ground, and all the animals, skins, and furs are ours. If you are so foolish as to venture here again, you may be sure the wasps and yellow jackets will sting you severely."

[Archibald Henderson, The Conquest of the Old Southwest, Chapt X, 1920; cf. John Bakeless, Daniel Boone, Master of the Wilderness, 1939 – the major biography on Boone. Henderson was a descendant of Col. Richard Henderson.]

Joining with Colonel Richard Henderson’s Transylvania (“across the woods”)Company, Boone went back into Kentucky in March 1775. He blazed the path known as the Wilderness Trail (just combining existing east-west hunting paths)and established the remote settlement of Boonesborough. In 1778 Boone was again captured and held prisoner for five months by the Shawnee chief Blackfish. The Shawnee and the British were on their way to attack Boonesborough and another settlement so Boone made his escape and warned the fort. They fought off the attack for ten days in September but his familiarity with Blackfish and the attackers brought charges of treason against him. During his stay among the Shawnee in 1778, Daniel Boone recognized his former captor Captain Will and greeted him, “How d’ya, Cap’n Will.” They both called to mind Will’s pledge to kill Boone if they ever met again, but Boone’s bravery and sense of humor matched Will’s. [62]

Hard Labor, Lochaber and the Donelson Line (1768-1771)

John Stuart and his deputy commissioner Alexander Cameron brought the Cherokee together at Hard Labor Creek in the Ninety Six District in May 1766 to define the border of the Cherokee Nation as it pertained to Virginia and North Carolina. They came together again at the same place (probably on land owned by the Waite family) on October 14, 1768. [63] More encroachments required another definition of the border, which was accomplished at the Treaty of Lochaber (South Carolina) on 18 October 1770. [64] Little Carpenter took pity on some settlers on the Holston River and allowed a modification of the line in 1771. Under the direction of Alexander Cameron and Little Carpenter, John Donelson surveyed the new line with the help of the Cherokee. His interpreter/scout was Will Emory. [65] (This indicates a position of trust under Little Carpenter.)

The Treaty of Sycamore Shoals (March 1775) (Tennessee)

Old Abraham, Longfellow, Dragging Canoe, John Watts, and 900 others were at the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals (the whites called it the Transylvania Purchase). [66] Whites were pouring into the land over the mountains and encroaching on all the boundaries set by prior treaties. The Overhill Cherokee wanted to divert white settlement northward, into the hunting grounds later called Kentucky. The Cherokee were told that the treaty would provide for the removal of settlers from Tennessee. This, of course, was not to be the case. Neither side wanted another war, and the land seemed limitless, so the course of wisdom was to negotiate a peace that would give the Cherokee a boundary that the whites would never cross and the whites some land that the Cherokee would still be able to hunt on as they always had, but mindful of the white settlers there as well. It was an amicable fiction: the spoken word agreed to did not match the words written down. The whites came to grab land, not make a treaty (which they had no authority to do anyway). The “treaty” was written in the language of a land deed and recorded as a land deed, which too was illegal. [67]

The Transylvania Purchase (Treaty of Sycamore Shoals) was concluded March 17, 1775. Taking advantage of the confusion over what the Cherokee had agreed to, two more land cessions were worked in: the Robertson Watauga Purchase of March 19, and the Jacob Brown Watauga Purchase of March 25. [68]

This was the catalyst for the Chickamauga War (1775-1796). The warriors displaced from the Lower Cherokee were used to defying the elder headmen of the Overhills. Dragging Canoe’s vow to turn the ceded territory into a “bloody ground”, against the wishes of the elder headmen, is well-documented. [69]

Will Emory was noted on the treaty as “Long Fellow, Tuskeegeeteechee of Chistatoa”. (Old Abraham was listed as headman of Chilhowee.) “Chistatoa” (“Rabbit Place”) is Chestoe or Estatoe, a Lower Town in Georgia. This is consistent with Will Emory’s sisters being in the Tugaloo area 1775-1785. [70] Chilhowee is a Middle Town in the Smokies (though it moved seasonally down river toward Tellico). Abraham or Abram was always associated with Chilhowee and a stream in the Smoky Mountain National Park still bears his name (Abrams Creek). [71] This helps to show that Abraham and Longfellow were not literally father and son.

Cherokee Loyalists 1775-1777

British Indian Superintendent John Stuart (father of Bushyhead by Susannah Emory) declared the Transylvania Purchase null and void. (The governors of Virginia and North Carolina issued arrest warrants for Richard Henderson.) A shipment of arms and ammunition promised to the Cherokee was hijacked by rebels at Ninety Six (South Carolina) and a skirmish broke out in 1775 (before the Declaration of Independence). The rebels intended to enjoy the Transylvania Purchase and even began settling on Cherokee lands secured “forever” by prior treaty and recognized by the Transylvania Purchase. The British urged the Cherokee to punish the rebels and promised military help. The Cherokee attacked settlers in South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee and Kentucky but suffered huge losses because British help never arrived until the Cherokee were completely defeated in 1777. They were forced to sign two treaties in 1777: at the Long Island of Holston River (in Tennessee) and at Dewess (Dewitt’s) Corner (in South Carolina). [72]
With the treaties signed, the Cherokee tribe officially began a period of neutrality during the Revolution, but many warriors continued the fight as part of the Chickamauga federation. John Stuart fled to Florida, Joseph Martin was appointed Cherokee Agent by the American rebels. When Martin set up headquarters in Toccoa (near Tugaloo) on the Georgia side of the Tugaloo-Savannah River, he befriended the Ward family and the Emory family of Cherokees. [73] It’s clear, however, that the warriors and half breeds of the Emory family took up arms as loyalists and/or joined the Chickamauga.

Chickamauga federation 1775-1796

The Chickamauga were a federation of Cherokee, half breeds, loyalists, Creeks, and former slaves. The Shawnee added warriors to the federation and provided support in the north. [74] The Chickamauga formed their own towns after 1777 but were socially and legally regarded as part of the Cherokee. Dragging Canoe was war chief of the Chickamauga but was sought whenever treaties with the Cherokee were attempted. In 1777 and 1784 he set aside the ways of war and gave the settlers a chance to make peace. [75] In his 1777 speech, he even rejects the British as liars:
Brother Tho’ your messenger is not come to me yet I have heard your Talks and hold them fast as long as I live, for they have opened my Eyes and made me see clear, that Cameron and Stewart have been telling me lies, when we had any Talks with the Virginians he was always with us, and told us that all the Virginians wanted was to get our Land and kill us, and that he had often told us we would not hear him till the Virginians would come and kill us all. Now Brother I plainly see that he made me quarrel with the greatest friends that we ever had, who took pity on us even in the greatest distress, when my old men, women and children is perrishing for something to live on, this makes it more plain to me that he cared not how many of us were killed on both sides so that we were dead, killed in Battle, or perrished with hunger, any way so we were dead. . . .(1777)
[Encyclopedia of Native American Biography , p.115.]

After Dragging Canoe’s death in 1792, the Chickamauga federation broke into factions. Rivalries and treachery plagued the greater tribe for the next century. Only the War of 1812 gave the Cherokee a common cause for a few years. [76]
Willstown 1779-1792

“Will’s Town” became a Chickamauga lower town in 1778 or 1779, and was known as a refugee town for the displaced Lower Cherokee, as from Keowee, South Carolina. It was located in upper Alabama. It was the residence of John Watts and George Guess/Gist (Sequoyah). Fort Payne was built in the shadow of Willstown. Later Cherokee residents of Willstown / Will’s Valley / Will’s Creek, Alabama: [77]

Ellis Buffington (1817) and Ezekiel Buffington (1817)
James Buffington (1828) and Ellis Buffington (1828) “gone”
John McCoy (1828,1834) and Milo Hoyt (1828) “gone to Arkansas”
Five Killer (1828) and Andrew Ross (1834, 1835)
Turtle Fields (1835) and Richard Fields (1835)
Rider Fields (1835)

According to historian John P. Brown, Willstown was named for Will Weber (or Webber), father of Chief Walter Webber of Webbers Falls in Arkansas Territory. [78] The first mention of any Weber or Webber among the Cherokee, according to Brown, however, is in 1793. [79] An online source claims Will Webber in a meeting of chiefs in 1791. So far, there is no record of a Webber among the tribe before 1788. Dr. John D. Webber, a descendent, identifies the father of Walter Webber (born 1799 in Willstown, Alabama, died after 1829 near Webbers Falls on the Arkansas River) as Walter Webber, who married Tusa-luh or Tsa-lu. [80]

These men, father and son, show up on the 1817 Reservation Roll and the 1817 Emigration Roll as Wally and Wallie. They emigrated in 1818 to Indian Territory. [81]

In other words, the Will Webber of Willstown did not exist, or he did not arrive among the Cherokee before 1788. Will Emory would be far more likely to be the namesake for Willstown than Will Webber. Will Elder would be possible, but less likely than Emory. (Elder was associated with the Overhills, briefly with the Chickamauga). Brown also determined from other Cherokee sources that Willstown was named for a “red-headed Will”. [82] If Will Emory had red hair, it would be a recessive trait for someone of Native American blood (appearing in odd generations). Will Emory would have been the odd (3rd) generation, his grandparents being the 1st generation. Since I have the same recessive trait and Emory Cherokee ancestry, this intrigued me. I was the only one of 18 grandchildren to have red hair; my grandfather Herman Edward Love* had red hair (the only one of his generation); his grandmother Sarah Emory* (or Hembree) had the trait (photos exist). Her grandfather was Edward Emory Sr.*, who was the grandson of John Amory* (d.1746) and Cherokee Mary Moore*. Will Emory was also a grandson of John Amory*. Admittedly, this “proof” sounds better around a campfire, but we must look at every broken twig as we track the lost ones of the tribe.
Hopewell (Keowee) Treaty 1785 (South Carolina)

The mediation of Joseph Martin, Old Tassel, Abraham, and Hanging Maw brought many of the Chickamauga leaders to the Treaty of Hopewell at Keowee in 1785. Dragging Canoe may or may not have attended, but the Chickamauga would not have gone to the treaty talks without his consent. Most of them used “full blood” names and pretended they could not speak English, appointing an interpreter to handle all communication (even though some of the “warriors” were deserters from the British army, born in England). In Will Emory’s case, he was involved in attacks in Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, and South Carolina. It was better that he not use his English name so he gave his Cherokee name: Tuskegatahee, or Long Fellow of Chistohoe.

The purpose of the treaty at Keowee (Hopewell) was peace:

The hatchet shall be forever buried, and the peace given by the United States, and friendship re-established between the said states on the one part, and all the Cherokees on the other, shall be universal; and the contracting parties shall use their utmost endeavors to maintain the peace given as aforesaid, and friendship re-established. It also expressly prohibited further settlement on Cherokee lands:

If any citizen of the United States, or other person not being an Indian, shall attempt to settle on any of the lands westward or southward of the said boundary which are hereby allotted to the Indians for their hunting grounds, or having already settled and will not remove from the same within six months after the ratification of this treaty, such person shall forfeit the protection of the United States, and the Indians may punish him or not as they please: Provided nevertheless, That this article shall not extend to the people settled between the fork of French Broad and Holstein rivers... [83]
Will signed his name along with his elders Old Tassel, Abraham, and Hanging Maw, and many of his Chickamauga companions, using “fullblood” names, except for Will Elder who used “Will of Akoha”. The list of signers (from the Yale University website):

Koatohee, or Corn Tassel of Toquo, his x mark [Old Tassel] 1785Seholauetta, or Hanging Man of Chota, his x mark [Hanging Maw]Tuskegatahu, or Long Fellow of Chistohoe, his x mark [Long Fellow]Ooskvrha, or Abraham of Chilkowa, his x mark [Abraham of Chilhowee]Kolakusta, or Prince of Noth, his x mark [Kitagusta or Willenawa]Newota, or the Gritzs of Chicamaga his x mark [Moses Gritts, Chickamauga]Konatota, or the Rising Fawn of Highwassay, his x mark [Hiwassee]Tuckasee, or Young Terrapin of Allajoy, his x mark [Ellijay]Toostaka, or the Waker of Oostanawa, his x mark [Oostenalla]Untoola, or Gun Rod of Seteco, his x mark [Settico]Unsuokanail, Buffalo White Calf New Cussee, his x mark [Nequasse]Kostayeak, or Sharp Fellow Wataga, his x mark [Chief Watauga?]Chonosta, of Cowe, his x markChescoonwho, Bird in Close of Tomotlug, his x mark [Tomatly]Tuckasee, or Terrapin of Hightowa his x markChesetoa, or the Rabbit of Tlaeoa, his x markCheseeotetona, or Yellow Bird of the Pine Log, his x markSketaloska, Second Man of Tillico, his x mark [Tellico]Chokasatahe, Chiekasaw Killer Tasonta, his x mark [Chickasaw Killer]Onanoota,of Koosoate,hisx mark, [Coosawatie]Ookoseta, or Sower Mush of Kooloque, his x markUmatooetha. the Water Hunter Choikamawga, his x mark [Chickamauga]Wyuka, of Lookout Mountain, his x markTulco, or Tom of Chatuga, his x markWill, of Akoha, his x mark [Will Elders?]Neeatee, of Sawta, his x markAmokontakona, Kuteloa, his x markKowetatahee, in Frog Town, his x markKeukuck, Taleoa, his x markTulatiska, of Chaway, his x mark [Tahlonteeskee of Chilhowee]Wooaluka, the Waylayer, Chota, his x markTatliusta, or Porpoise of Tilassi, his markJohn, of Little Tallico, his x mark [John Watts?? Of Little Tellico near Hiwassee]Skelelak, his x markAkonoluchta, the cabin, his x markCheanoka, of Kawetakae, his x markYellow Bird, his x mark

Many of the Cherokee give residences in Georgia but Alabama, Tennessee and North Carolina are also represented. Note Abraham of Chilhowee and Tahlonteeskee of Chilhowee. If Tahlonteeskee is Bushyhead, as indicated by Emmett Starr, [84] this adds to the special relationship between Abraham and the Emory Cherokees. Also note the first signers: Old Tassel, Hanging Maw, Long Fellow, Abraham and Willenawah. I think this does not indicate eagerness to sign, or rank in the tribe, but rather the “hosts”, the children of Keowee of the Lower Cherokee. This is nothing more than a hunch, though.

Long Fellow’s Peace Talk (1787/8)

"In another talk to the governor, Chief Long Fellow (Tuskegetchee or Tuskegatahu) said that he had formerly been a Chickamaugan but Colonel [Joseph] Martin had persuaded him to come north and keep the peace, which he had done for the past six winters. He said he commanded seven towns, while thirteen others listened to him. 'I have long taken the Virginians by the hand,' he said, 'and have at this time one of their medals around my neck. I should be sorry to throw that off, but you suffer your people to settle to ourtowns and say nothing about it.' " Virginia Calendar of State Papers, 4:306

Murder of Will (June 1788)

Tassel knew there was no escape, that his end had come. He was old, and his elder brothers (white people) were throwing him away. He bowed his head and took the fatal blow from Kirk. One by one the chiefs were axed to death: Tassel; his son; and chiefs Fool Warrior, Long Fellow, and Abram, brother to Hanging Maw. Sevier's militia rode off leaving the bodies unburied. [85]

Words, to the Cherokee, meant something. To Revolutionary War vets from the north,who were promised land in Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Alabama, the 1785 treaty meant nothing. They moved in large numbers up to and over the treaty borders. There was trouble between the Cherokee and the settlers. Among those who moved onto tribal territory was the Kirk family. They were killed in 1788. Settlers wanted all Cherokee killed or removed. Another round of war – one which the Cherokee would lose – was about to break out. A regiment of militia came to advise Old Abraham – surprising him in his lodge – that an emergency peace talk had to be arranged. Abraham agreed and sent runners to bring Old Tassel. Gathered under a flag of truce at the town of Chota were Old Abraham, Old Corn Tassel, Fool Warrior, Long Fellow, and a son of Tassel. The militia surrounded and bound the headmen, telling them they were taking them to the Great Tellico Blockhouse until Colonel John Sevier and Colonel Joseph Martin could be summoned. The headmen had no love for Sevier but they knew Martin to be a fair man, even though they fought him in battle, he was a friend in peace. [86]

But when the men were bound and held at gunpoint John Kirk, the grown son of the massacred Kirks, stepped forward with a Cherokee tomahawk. He laid into one or two of the Cherokee (the story says all) but was soon joined by eager troops who brutalized the bodies as they beat and stabbed them to death.These men were under the command of Sevier, who was not there, and ultimately under the command of Colonel Joseph Martin. Sevier made no effort to bring justice to the perpetrators of this outrage, and Martin resigned as Indian Agent, unable to sanction this brutality. [87]
The Emory Cherokee kin who were on the path to peace and conciliation drew back and hardened their hearts. That’s why many of them left for the west before 1805 and so many left in 1817 – the Old Settlers. [88]

This is the standard version of the story, but there are two things that deserve to be included: (1) the Kirk family represented dozens of families that violated the treaty by settling on Cherokee land and the treaty allowed the Cherokee to “punish” them which, in those days, could only mean attack and destroy. George Washington had asked Congress for action on these illegal settlers [89]; (2) the Cherokee young man who precipitated the attack was known as “Slim Tom”, another translation for “Long Tom”, a son of Will Emory. [90] In other words, if the son of Will Emory took the blood of the Kirk family, it would be understandable to the Cherokee that the son of the Kirks took the blood of the father of Slim Tom (Long Will) and his “family” (Abraham, Tassel). The right of blood revenge was satisfied, there was no retaliation for the murders of the headmen at Chota. (Subsequent attacks were against the illegal settlers.) Although speculative, it agrees with the furtive, almost fugitive, lifestyle of Tom Emory’s descendants and the traditions of “an uncle” who went by various names and moved about because he had killed someone. (This fits a few uncles in the Cherokee branch of the Emory family tree.)

Emory River 1783-1791

If you walked the old warrior path on the Cumberland ridges (now traced by U.S. Highway 27 in the dales) from Boonesboro (Kentucky) to Willstown (Alabama), you would camp a couple of nights on the waters of the Emory River in Tennessee. This truly was a war path – no permanent Native American settlements have been discovered in this corridor. The Chickamauga fighters used this north-south route to disappear in advance of armies and militias. Descendants of Will Emory lived in this area before and after the removal (1838); one noted recently: “It’s still a good place to hide.” [91]

The Emory River Watershed includes cool, clear streams with high gradients. Parts of Clear Creek, Daddy’s Creek, the Emory River, and the Obed River are part of the National Wild and Scenic River System. The Emory River Watershed is located in East Tennessee and includes parts of Bledsoe, Cumberland, Fentress, Morgan, and Roane counties. Wartburg (pop. 932) in Morgan County is the largest town on the river until Harriman (pop. 7119) is reached near the river mouth.

The Emory River cuts through a limestone shelf that has been unfriendly to habitation and agriculture even to this day. Kayakers and bear hunters enjoy the rugged area but it has never been known as a place to settle. When Colonel Evan Shelby attacked and burned a Cherokee hunting camp in this area in 1779, he happened upon a much larger Chickamauga encampment. [92]

According to a 1910 article in a Tennessee journal, a soldier named William Emery was killed in pursuit of the Indians at this river during the Shelby raid, so the river was named after him. [93]
Who was this soldier? A careful search of available records has yet to turn up a soldier or a settler by that name anywhere near the area, even accounting for spelling variants (Emry, Embry, Embree, Eimerich, Amory, Hemery, Hembree, Imre, etc.). Furthermore, one would be hard-pressed to find landmarks named for a soldier below the rank of captain before 1860 – it just was not done. It was quite common, though, to name landmarks after Native Americans, which invites the question: was it Will Emory who was killed by Shelby’s men in 1779? This could explain why the Chickamauga camp in upper Alabama was named Will’s Town around that time.

The Embree family that settled in eastern Tennessee around 1790 is well-documented and had no William missing. Some records before 1810 indicate a William Embry passed through the area [94] but the river was given that name long before then.

William Blount used the name in an application for a land grant in 1783: “William Emeries River”. [95] But who gave him that name? Captain John Chisholm came to the new territory in 1778, served as a scout for William Blount, and had two Cherokee wives. He lived among the Cherokee and knew the families first-hand. He may have provided the name. [96]

When Blount approached the Cherokee in 1791 with the Holston Treaty, he said he would locate the new state capital at the mouth of the Emory River and call it “Emery’s Town”. This was an incentive for the Cherokee to give up the land (the capital was located instead at White’s Fort , which became Knoxville). How would the name be an inducement to the Cherokee unless Emory was one of their own? [97] There is no way to say for sure that the Emory River is named for the Cherokee Will Emory. So far, though he seems to be the most likely candidate.

The Treaty of Holston (1791) (Tennessee)

On July 2, 1791, the Cherokee gave up much more land as a concession for the Chickamauga wars. The Treaty of Holston was Governor William Blount’s fourth time promising the Cherokee a “permanent” boundary. (Blount replaced Joseph Martin as Indian Superintendent as well as being territorial governor). There were some familiar provisions:


The United States solemnly guarantee to the Cherokee nation, all their lands not hereby ceded.


If any citizen of the United States, or other person not being an Indian, shall settle on any of the Cherokees' lands, such person shall forfeit the protection of the United States, and the Cherokees may punish him or not, as they please.


No citizen or inhabitant of the United States, shall attempt to hunt or destroy the game on the lands of the Cherokees; nor shall any citizen or inhabitant go into the Cherokee country, without a passport first obtained from the Governor of some one of the United States, or territorial districts, or such other person as the President of the United States may from time to time authorize to grant the same. [98]

An important problem with the identification of Will Emory occurs in this treaty. “Long Will” signs the treaty next to John Watts and other young Chickamauga chiefs Bloody Fellow and Doublehead:
Chuleoah, or the Boots, his x mark, 1791Squollecuttah, or Hanging Maw, his x mark, Oecunna,or the Badger,his x mark, [see Auknah below]Enoleh, or Black Fox, his x mark,Nontuaka, or the Northward, his x mark,Tekakiska, his x markChutloh, or King Fisher, his x mark,Tuckaseh,orTerrapin,his x mark, Kateh, his x mark Kunnochatutloh, or the Crane, his x mark Canquillehanah, or the Thigh, his x mark,Chesquotteleneh, or Yellow Bird, his x mark, Chickasawtehe, or Chickasaw Killer, his x mark, Tuskegatehe, Tuskega Killer, his x mark, Kulsatehe, his x mark,Tinkshalene, his x mark Sawntteh, or Slave Catcher, his x mark, Auknah, his x mark [Aukumna? = Badger aka Long Tom]Oosenaleh, his x mark Kenotetah, or Rising Fawn, his x mark, Kanetetoka, or Standing Turkey, his x mark.Yonewatleh, or Bear at Home, his x mark, Long Will, his x markKunoskeskie, or John Watts, his x mark,Nenetooyah, or Bloody Fellow, his x mark, Chuquilatague, or Double Head his x mark, Koolaquah, or Big Acorn, his x mark, Kulsatche, his x mark, Auquotague, the Little Turkey's Son, his x mark, Talohteske, or Upsetter, his x mark, [Tahlonteeskee] Cheakoneske, or Otter Lifter, his x mark Keshukaune, or She Reigns, his x mark, Toonaunailoh, his x mark, Teesteke, or Common Disturber his x mark, Robin McClemore Skyuka [George Miller] John Thompson, Interpreter. James Cery, Interpreter.
Six headmen signed an addendum in Philadelphia on 17 February 1792:

Iskagua, or Clear Sky, his x mark (formerly Nenetooyah, or Bloody Fellow), Nontuaka, or the Northward, his x mark, Chutloh, or King Fisher, his x mark, Katigoslah, or the Prince, his x mark, [Kitagusta or Willenawah]Teesteke, or Common Disturber, his x mark,Suaka, or George Miller, his x mark.
Who is this Long Will? He is right where Will Emory (Long Will) should be – next to John Watts. (Their grandfathers, John Amory and John Watts, worked together.) Was this actually Will Emory? I believe this was a “stand in” for the spirit of Will Emory: a son, a nephew, or a close clan member. This was a common practice among Native Americans, not just the Cherokee, and explains why there were two “Dragging Canoes”, a “Warhatchy” and an “Oconastota” at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814. [99] This “Long Will” makes no further appearance in tribal records. Who was the stand in? A son named Will is possible, but Emory family research does not support this. The older Will Elder (b.1740-1745), nephew William Falling (Fallen) Jr. (b.c.1767 d.1828), nephew Richard Fields (b.1772-1778) (who went with the Chickamauga to Texas), son Tom Emory (b.c.1770), or even John Watts III (b.c.1774, son of the Chickamauga chief) are also possible. [100]

Will Emory Family Sheet

Will Emory was b.1744 Tomatly, Cherokee Nation (North Carolina) d.1788 Chota, Cherokee Nation (Tennessee). He was the son of William Emory (d.1770) and Mary Grant (d.c.1766) who was the Cherokee daughter of Ludovic Grant (d.1757).

Will Emory’s Cherokee wife is unknown. Will was almost constantly on the move but was associated with the village of Chestoe (Estatoe) in northeast Georgia during the years he was most likely to be having children (his sisters were also located in this area in the late 1760's up until 1780 or so). Since he was ranging from Ohio to Alabama, however, his wife and family could have been anywhere.

Children of Will Emory and unknown Cherokee are:

i. Thomas (Long Tom) Emory b.c.1765-1778 Cherokee Nation; d.bef.1817.
ii. Unknown female Emory b.c.1768-1784 Cherokee Nation; d.unk.
? iii. James Emory? b.c.1780-1786 see note below

Notes on Will Emory:

It is unlikely that he had more than 2 or 3 children. A mixed blood James Emory of eastern Tennessee (1830, 1840 census Sevier County) is a possible son (b.1780) or possible grandson (b.c.1786). [101] (Will Emory could be the father of Creek children as well, or even Shawnee children. So little is known about those tribal genealogies.)

Thomas Emory (b.c.1805 d.bef.1840) was probably a grandson of Will Emory and probably a son of Long Tom Emory (son of Will Emory) because they both went by the Cherokee name “Bullfrog”. Tom Emory had two families: one remained in Tennessee, one emigrated on the Trail of Tears (1838). In the early 1800's at least 3 Cherokee men were called Bullfrog: Tom Sr, Tom Jr, and an unknown third, no relation. Not sure which of these were Ca-Noo-Nah, Dun-A-Waws or Ah-kum-Ne (Badger aka Long Tom). [102]


Nothing can be stated with certainty about Will Emory. Like most searches for the old Cherokees (before the 1817 rolls) so much is based on inference and best-fit guessing. The reader is invited to question/challenge the suppositions presented. I know I will.
Larry Petrisky, Atlanta. email:

End Notes

* John Amory, et al = the asterisk indicates direct ancestor of author

[1] “Cap’n Will” = Will Emory. Richard Pangburn’s Indian Blood, Finding Your Native American Ancestor, cites Draper Manuscript 3QQ117 on a 1774 incident: “Will Emery, a half-breed Cherokee. . .known to be in the Shawanese interest.” Lyman Draper assembled contemporary data in the 1800's.

[2] Will Emory descendants in TN, Indian Territory. On records as Bullfrog, Tom, Long Tom.
See John D. Emery, Emery Family Forum msgs 1321, 1588, 14104, 14114 at
Also author at Emory Family Forum msg 288 Cited:
Larry S. Watson, Cherokee Emigration Records 1829 – 1835, Reprint Senate Doc #403 24th Cong. 1st Sess. (Laguna Hills, CA.: Histree,1990): pp.35,39,333
James L. Douthat, Cherokee Ration Books 1836-1837-1838, New Echota (Signal Mtn, TN : Mountain Press, 1999). Cited at Rootsweb archive

[3] Walter Webber. See notes 78, 79, 80, 81, 82 below.

[4] Wm. Emery, soldier. See notes 92, 93 below.

[5] Wm. Embry, transient early 1800's. See note 94 below.

[6] Will Emory born 1744 at Tomatly. See Emory Forum msg 349, 352 “William Emory of the Cherokee” by author at The Yamassee Indians were also called the Tomatly Indians and their chief was called the “king of Tomatly”, but the Cherokee village by that name was known from the early 1700's. [SC Indian Docs 1710-1718, pp. 13, 17, 27.]

[7] Killed at Chota 1788 or at the Emory River 1779. See note 12 below and elsewhere for grounds.

[8] John Amory possible father of Will. See Old John Hembree (aka John Emory) available online from Joyce Reece at .

[9] Names of Will Emory. His father went by Will also. [Coulter & Saye, Early Settlers of Georgia, p. 17] The other names are deduced from references. He, of course, never referred to himself as Indian Will or Halfbreed Will. “Longfellow” is said to be a brother of Nancy Ward, which is a reasonable inference given that the Wards of Tugaloo were neighbors of the Emory family and of Longfellow, up river at Estatoe. That he was the son of “Sir Francis Ward” (or any other Ward) can be rejected unless someone can present proof of a Ward among the Cherokee before 1760. (See also notes

10, 59.)
[10] Indian Will and Chief Watauga. Indian Will of the Allegheny Ridge on PA-MD border. References to him in deeds as early as 1740's make him non-Cherokee and much older than our Will. [History of Bedford County, Pennsylvania].
In 1775 naturalist William Bartram (1739-1823), who was just a few years older than our Will, encountered “a friendly Chief of Watauga, about 60 years old, tall and straight.” [McFall, Keowee River. p.60-61] For more on Bartram’s Travels, see

[11] Will’s son Tom, Long Tom. See Will Emory Family Sheet, here. Cherokee Emorys in Tennessee and Indian Territory cannot be accounted for except through the line of Will Emory (or, less likely, through his brothers).

[12] Personal correspondence c.1981, from Mr. J. Russell (deceased). “Was killed by Sevier’s men” puts Will’s death in 1788 but if it was “killed by Shelby’s men” death would be in 1779.

[13] Ludovic Grant. See Emory Forum msg 347, 365 “Ludovic Grant and the Emory Cherokees” by author at Emmett Starr, History of the Cherokee Indians, “Old Families”, p.304,305.

[14] Emory Family details. See Emory Forum msg 346 “Cherokee Emory Roots” by author at

[15] John Amory. See Emory Forum msg 346 “Cherokee Emory Roots” by author at and Abraham Hembree Data Project, pp.55-72

[16] Sarah (Wilson) Amory. See note 15 above & references.

[17] Creek warrior Emory, Emarhee.

Don L. Shadburn, the foremost researcher of Georgia Cherokees, says in his Cherokee Planters in Georgia 1832-1838 (Roswell, GA: W.H.Wolfe Associates, 1989, 1990): “. . . William Emory . . . sired both Cherokee and Creek children in the 1750’s and 1760’s”. (p.16) (I think this applies to Robert Emory, rather than to William. Robert was licensed to trade among the Creeks in 1750. SC Indian Docs 1750-1754, p.128)
The Creek village “Emarhee” was named for the trader, Emaree (Emory). The Creek have a “hard” ending syllable, so pronounced Emar t’lee, Emar tla, Emar chee. The Creek “Rabbit town” Chistotoe is the same as the Cherokee “Rabbit Place” Chestoe or Estatoe. “Creek Indians Tribal Census” (Department of Indian Affairs, Federal Archives),

[18] Robert Emory witness will, sues sheriff William Davis upon return to South Carolina.
Robert Emory witnessed the will of Paul Murrel in Berkeley County, South Carolina in August 1787. [see note 19]
Date: 1787. JUDGMENT ROLL. Dewees, Elizabeth vs. William Ransom Davis.
[SC Archives Series roll S136002 Box 132A Item 52A]
(a white relative of Robert Dewes [Due] who m. Elizabeth Emory, Cherokee)
Date: 1789. JUDGMENT ROLL. Emory, Robert, alias Robert Emery and W. Emory vs. William Ransom Davis.
[SC Archives Series roll S136002 Box 143A Item 200A]

[19] Robert Emory will dated 19 March 1790, probate entered 30 March 1790. Caroline T. Moore, Abstracts of Wills of South Carolina.

[20] “William Emory of the Cherokee”

[21] Permanent Overhills trade after expedition of Col George Chicken 1725. Earlier trade posts (“factories”) before 1720 were located at Chota and Tellico in the Overhills. [SC Indian Docs 1710-1718, pp.214-5, 231]. A readable synopsis of the early Cherokee history can be found at Lee Sultzman’s site at and at Ken Martin’s site
Excerpts of George Chicken journal at

[22] “Ludovic Grant and the Emory Cherokees” at Grant Forum #5964.
William Elder (b.c.1699 d.1748) was trader at Great Tellico c.1738-1746. SC Commons Journal of 31 Jan 1740 and Candler, Col Recs of GA, XXV 55,56 (1746).

[23] Families close to the Emory family. See Abraham Hembree Data Project, Old John Hembree (aka John Emory) available online from Joyce Reece at and and “Notes on the Amory-Emory Family of Charleston” all by author (printed, in part, in the Abraham Hembree Data Project).
Gov. James Glen made mention of Sarah Amory in passing tribute in 1753: “four years ago . . . some of the Cherokees died at Mrs. Amory’s” (from sickness). [SC Commons Journal 13 April 1753]. In 1748 Gov. Glen vouched for Abraham Smith’s voucher for expenses by noting that one of the services he performed was keeping Smith’s Keowee warriors and James Beamer’s Tugaloo warriors from killing each other in Charleston: “[Smith was] sent up to meet the Tugoloo People and prevent their speaking with the Keowee People at Mrs. Amory’s”. [SC Commons Journal 28 Jun 1748]

[24] Family cluster on Valley River, in ne GA, in Willstown, in Indian Territory. See 1851 Chapman Roll of the Eastern Cherokee, Valley River, for example. Bushyhead, Welch and others – Emory descendants. The same pattern of Emory-related Cherokee is found in five locations before 1850.

[25] Charity Haig, Skiagusta. The identification of “Charite Hagey”, the smallpox conjuror of Keowee, is up for grabs. The colonial records seem to regard him as the spiritual leader of the Lower Cherokee who had military and trade responsibilities and who negotiated the treaty with James Moore in 1718/1721. [SC Indian Docs 1710-1718, pp.72-3, 77, 85, 89, 151-2, 214-5, 231, 303, 311-2] But was not the headman of Keowee. [Ibid., pp.221] Yet a more romantic interpretation is that she was an important female of the tribe. As the Cherokee abandoned agriculture to pursue the fur trade, the female role diminished. She was a healer and a prophetess, who foretold a future race of warriors who would have the bravery of Cherokee and the resistance to smallpox of the whites (i.e., the Chickamauga). Intermarriage with whites was believed to be a strategy that would produce these future warriors, thus there was no  
Emory, William "Will" (Jr.) (I48850)
44779 Will get back to you on this when I have time.


On Tue, Feb 10, 2015 at 8:27 AM, wrote:
Hello Joyce.
You are citing:

Is this correct? Did you see the gravesite yourself? Please advise as there are many conflicting burial sites for Joseph.

end of query - no response 
Cantrell, Joseph C. (I3944)
44780 Will made 23 May 1880, proved July Term 1800, Rutherford Co.,NC. Killed by a horse...Tucker. Watkins, Daniel Sr. (I4429)
44781 Will made 4/27/1740. Dodson, David (I5591)
44782 Will of Abner Womack, Warren County, Tennessee
From Generations of Thomas A and Louvisa Rice Womack, by Oscar B Womack

Warren Co, TN Will Book 3, p.279

The last will and testament of Abner Womack, deceased.

I, Abner Womack do make and publish this my last will and testament, hereby revoking and making void all other wills by me at any time made.

First, I direct that my funeral expenses and all my debts be paid as soon after my death as possible, out of any moneys that I may die in possession of or that come into the hands of my executor.

Secondly. I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife, Martha Womack, a certain tract or parcel of land lying and being in the county of Warren and State of Tennessee, on Mountain Creek, it being the same tract that I am possessed of by my marriage to her. I also direct that she have one the first choice of my cows and calves, also a choice two or three year old heifer or steer, also a choice bedstead and furniture and half the bedclothing now in my possession. One brass mounted bureau, a choice set of plates, teacups and saucers and dish, also choice of three knives and forks, three chairs and three glasses, the smallest size kettle, a choice pot and skillet, all her own clothing and the value of five dollars in small articles not herein mentioned together with twenty-five dollars in good and lawful money out of my effects, also a small dining table. I also desire that my beloved wife shall be treated with all the respect due a faithful and virtuous step-mother by each and every one of my children and that they at no time see her in need without ministering to her relief.

Thirdly. Having given something more or less to all my children and not having any correct knowledge of the amount, I therefore desire that no account be taken of it.

Fourthly, I also desire that all my lands, negroes, horses, cattle, hogs, and sheep and every other description of property that I am possessed of, be sold and the proceeds thereof be equally divided between all m children or their heirs (that is to say), William, John, Nathan, Burgess, Drucilla, Abner C., Lucy, Elizabeth, Ransom P., Artelera, Robert B., Mary, Berry H., and Martha.

Lastly. I do hereby appoint Burgess H. and Ransom P. my executors. In witness I do to this my last will set my hand and seal this 28th day of December, 1842.

Abner Womack (seal)

Signed, sealed and published in our presence.
W. T. Christian
Henry Watkins
Hiram Christian

I also desire that my wife, Martha, {have?} a spinning wheel and cards and her own looking glass, candle stand, and candlestick, also one white flowered pitcher. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 21st of January 1843.

Abner Womack (seal)

W. T. Christian
Henry Watkins
Hiram Christian

State of Tenn. Warren County. January term County Court 1856.
This day the will was proven by the oath of W.T. Christian, one of the subscribing witnesses to this will and also the oath of proven the handwriting of Henry Watkins and Hiram Christian, they living in another State, and ordered by the court to be spread {?} of record.
Given under my hand at office in McMinnville, this 7th day of January 1856.
R, McGregor, clk. 
Womack, Abner Clemmons I (I2101)
44783 Will of Elisha Dodson

Pittsylvania DB9, p.11

p.11 27 Apr 1791

Elisha Dodson to Presley Dodson, William Dodson, Margaret the wife of Railey [Rawleigh]Dodson, Lydda the wife of John Waller, Ruth the wife of Jesse Dodson, Sarah the wife of Thomas Dodson, Jemimah the wife of Joshua Hardey & Elisha Dodson Jr.

For natural love & affection to his said children and also for 5sh (shillings), makes over to them, the land whereon he now lives.

300 acres on Toby Creek unto his sd sons Presley & William to be divided between them Presley the N side & Wm the S including to William 4 acres on N side known Antain Land reputed bounds thereof.

Also the following slaves: Simon, Harry, Sam, Winney, Milley, Lettey, Cresia, Suckey, Aggy & Ever.

And all his moveable estate of what kind of quality.

Said Negro Harry to be delivered to John Waller and with him to remain until a debt is paid which the sd Elisha Dodson is now owing the sd Waller.

Negro Aggy already given & in possession of sd Elisha Dodson Jr.

After sd Debt is paid then Harry to be returned into a division.

Slaves & moveable estate to be equally divided between all the afore named children.

Wit: W. Wright, Ann Wright, Martha (X) Wright.

Ack by Elisha Dodson 16 May 1791

Dodson, Elisha Sr. (I778)
44784 Will of Gabriel Ferrel. Probated 4 January 1803:

Last Will and Testiment
Gabriel Ferrel 1802
August 20,1987 F030,695
Botetourt County, Virginia Wills ~ 1770-1824
STATE OF VIRGINIA, Botetourt County

In the year of our Lord Eighteen Hundred and Two I Gabriel Ferrel being of sound mind but poorly in boday make this may last will and testament. My boday I resign to the dust and my soul I resign to God that gave it hoping to rest with him forever amen. desire that all my lawful and just debts shall first be paid and then after that I will and bequeath as follows. I leave all that remains unto my wife Anna as long as she shall live and at her death I will and bequeath as follows unto my two dauters namely Milley Hans and Elizabeth Ferrel the negro woman Irene (?) and her children to be equally divided between them and then I will and bequeath unto my two sons namely Abner Ferrel and Stephan Ferrel the rest of my property such as stock of all kinds and household furniture and working tuls of all kind and a negro man Mitchal to be equally divided between them my two sons and hearby I disannul all other wills and own this my last will and testament and I leave Hamton Hans and my son Stephan my executors this being the levant (11th or 7th?) day of August 1802.
Gabriel Ferrel

Test ·
James Howell
Roger Edison
At Botetourt January Fourt 1803
This instrument of writing purporting to be the last will and testament of Gabriel Ferrel dec'd was exhibited in court and proven by the oath of James Howell and Roger Edison witness these to (nadeis?) to be recorded and are Hampton Haynes, Stephan Ferrel the excr's therein named made oath & with security entered into and acknowledged bond according to law, Certificate is granted them for obtaining a probate thereof in said form and that Daniel McNeal, Abnor Howell, James Stuart Junr.. & James Howell & any three of them being first duly sworn do appraise the personal estate (shown? if any) of the said decedent and makes return
thereafter court (?).
Teste W. Bouger DMC
(copied with spelling as is)

end of will 
Ferrel, Gabriel (I47189)
44785 Will of Gabriel Washburn

In the name of God, Amen.I Gabriel Washburn of Rutherford County, N.C. being of sound and perfect mind and memory(blessed be God) do this twelfth day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and 20 two make and publish this my last will and testament in manner following that is to say

First:I give and bequeath to my daughter Mary Davis five dollars to be paid by my executors in twelve month after my decease

Second:I give and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth five dollars to be paidas aforesaid

Thirdly: I give and bequeath to Thomas Martin Jun. and the four children he had by my daughter Rhonda his wife who is since dead five dollars to be paid as aforesaid

Fivithly: I give and bequeath to my son Josiah Washburn one horse bridle and saddle two cows and calves one featherbed and furniture to be delivered when needed.

Sixly: I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Priscilla Washburn all my estate real and personal during her life or widowhood otherwise to have a Child's part also to have the privilege to self swop or convey any part of my property whatever except my land and two Negro girls Polly and Rachel with their increase.

Seventhly: At the death of my wife or marriage I give and bequeath to my son Abraham Washburn three hundred acres of landby estimation to be run off the No. Est. side of my land above dills branch joining lands of Martin Elliott, Richard Covington and Charles Durham and my line, also the aforesaid Negro girl Polly with her increase if any.

Eightly: At the death or marriage of my wife I give and bequeath to my son Josiah before mentioned all the balance of my real estate, also the aforesaid Negro Rachel and her increase if any a still and vessels belonging thereto with my tight tasks, also a pair of chain tracesand harness, one pole axe and Mattox two plows one weeding hoe and all my farming carpenter tools.

Ninthly: At the death of my wife Igive and bequeath all my personal estate to my following children is to John Washburn, Thomas Washburn, Sarah Washburn Harrill, Abram Washburn and Joshiah Washburn to be equally divided among them, and I hereby make and ordain my beloved wife Priscilla and my sons Abraham and Josiah Washburn my executrix and executors of this my last will and testament.

Source: Joan DeaverJ Deavor Website

More About Gabriel Washburn and Priscilla McSwain:
Marriage: May 14, 1782
Children of Gabriel Washburn and Priscilla McSwain are:
Mary Washburn, b. Bet. 1773 - 1799.
Elizabeth Washburn, b. Bet. 1772 - 1799.
Roda Washburn, b. March 05, 1790.
John Washburn.
Thomas Washburn, b. Bet. 1700 - 1799.
Sarah Washburn, b. November 30, 1785.
Reuben Washburn, b. March 25, 1787.
Gabriel Jr. Washburn, b. November 14, 1789.
Jonathan Washburn, b. Bet. 1773 - 1799.
Susannah Washburn, b. October 08, 1796.
Abriam Washburn.
Nancy Washburn.
Margaret Washburn, b. July 28, 1788.
Josiah Washburn, b. Bet. 1773 - 1799.
Leuranner Washburn.
Martha Washburn.
Priscaila Washburn. 
Washburn, Gabriel (I39791)
44786 Will of Rawleigh Dodson Sr. Will Book __, Page 145

In the Name of God, Amen. I, Rawleigh Dodson Sr. being in an infirm state of health but of sound mind and considering that I may shortly leave this life, I have thought it necessary to make this my last Will & Testament, revoking all former wills by me made, and in the first place I resign myself to the disposal of my Creator hoping for mercy & forgiveness.

In respect of my Earthly affairs, To my wife I leave and bequeath my whole Estate real & personal to her use during her natural life, after which

I leave to my son Rawleigh Dodson the plantation on which I now live with all the appurtenances, also one other piece of land joining, butted and bounded as appears by the patent in my name, also all my working tools, horses, except a motherless colt, three cows with their calves, one feather bed with the furniture, half the pewter, and one half pot mettal, also what hay I may have remaining.

To my grandchildren Mary and Nancy Shelton, the remainder of my cattle equally divided, also the remainder of the pewter and pot mettal to be equally divided between them, and to Mary Shelton one bed and furniture, also the motherless colt, one cotton and one linen wheel and half the cards, the other wheel & cards to Nancy.

There is a bond due me of fifteen pounds from Henry Rowan to be collected and my debts paid out of it.

Peggey Manafee my eldest daughter having by her husband obtained credit for sixty pounds for which I have his note, I hereby direct my Executor to give up said note.

My sons Lazarus and Tolliver I have done a Fatherly part by and hereby acquit them of all demands that I may have against them.

My daughter Nelly the wife of John Saunders I consider I have done enough for, having given her husband the land he now lives on.

My son James to whom I have (already) given several things, I now bequeath my claim on Thos. Jackson for share of some land to be obtained by a warrant by me given to said Jackson to be laid on the halves provided said warrant obtains a title for land. Warrant was for 300 acres.

I also appoint my son Lazarus and my neighbor Rodham Kenner my Executors and do authorize and direct them to put this my said Will & Testament into effect.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal This 20th day of July A.D. 1793.

Rawleigh [X] Dodson (seal) (his mark)
Thos. Jackson
Rodham Kenner
Mary [X] Shelton (her mark) 
Dodson, Raleigh (I5716)
44787 Will of Richard Mynatt, July Session 1824, County Court of Knoxville, Tennessee

The last Will and Testament of richard Mynatt, deceased, was produced to court for probate whereuopn William Mynatt and Richard Mynatt subscribing witnesses thereto -- made oath that they saw the said Richard Mynatt sign and seal said instruments of writing and head heard him pronounce, publish and declard the same to be his Last Will and Testament and that he was at the time of publishing the same of sound mind and memory to the best of their knowledge and belief, which Will is ordered to be recorded and is in the words and figures following to wit:

"In the name of God, Amen, I, Richard Mynatt of the county of Knox and state of Tennessee being of sound and perfect mind and memory blessed be God do the fourth day of July, one thousand-eight hundred and four make and publish this my Last Will and Testament in Manner Following, that is to say I will, bequeath and positively order that all my just debts be paid and the remainder of my estate, both real and personal be desposed of as follow:

I give and bequeath to my loving son, John Mynatt all my estate, both real and personal.

I give and bequeath to my loving daughter, Susannah Hallmark, five shillings;


I give and bequeath to my loving son William Mynatt, five shillings.


I give and bequeath to my loving son William Mynatt, five shillings.


I give and bequeath to my loving daughter Sarah Ann Ferguson, five shillings.


I give and bequeath to my loving son George Mynatt, five shillings.


I give and bequeath to my loving daughter Hannah Smith, five shillings.


I give and bequeath to my loving daughter Nancy Grimes, five shillings.


I give and bequeath to my loving daughter Elizabeth Wilson, five shillings.

and I hereby make and ordain my worthy friend, William Mynatt, executor of my Last Will and Testament in note thereof, I the said Richard Mynatt has to this my Last Will and Testament set my hand and seal the day and year as written.

/s/ Richard Mynatt (seal)

Signed, sealed, publishind and declared by the said Richard Mynatt, the Testator as his Last Will and Testament in the presence of as and ever present at the time of signing and sealing thereof.

/s/ William Hankins
/s/ William Mynatt
/s/ Richard Mynatt"

end of this message 
Mynatt, Richard II, The Immigrant (I32736)
44788 Will of Robert Jones Hennessee

end of file 
Hennessa, Robert Jones (I1208)
44789 Will of Samuel Braswell - 1795, great, great grandfather of Peter Sampson Braswell

In the name of God - Amen I, Samuel Braswell of the County of Nash and State of No Carolina being of sound and perfect mind and memory (blessed be God) do this 30th day of Nov in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four, make and publish this my last will and testament in manner following that is to say:

First I give and bequeath to my beloved wife, SARAH BRASWELL, one negro woman named Mary Ann and one mare called Jenny to her, her heirs and assign forever.

Item, I lend to my said wife SARAH the land and plantation where I now dwell and the land and plantation where my father lived and died containing on the whole my estimation, two hundred and ninety-six acres it being two parcels of land that was given me by my father also one still for and during her life or widowhood, and at her marriage or death

I give the two parcels and plantation and also my still to my son, SAMPSON BRASWELL to him and his heirs and assign forever.

Item, I give and bequeath to my son MICAJAH BRASWELL all the cattle that he has in his possession belonging to me, one colt called Sam and my part of a ---- to him and his heirs and assign.

Item I give and bequeath to my daughter, ELIZABETH WOODWARD, one negro man named Jack and three head of sheep to her, her heirs and assign.

Item, I give and bequeath to my daughter, MARGARET BRASWELL, one feather bed and furniture and young horse, Jolly. The horse to be sold and money be applied to her use, and two cows and calves to her, her heirs and assign.

Item, I give and bequeath to my son, SAMPSON BRASWELL, one hundred acres of land I purchased of William Hunt also two hundred acres of land more of a new survey adjoining the other tract I purchased of William Hunt to him, his heirs and assign forever.

Item, I give and bequeath to my son, WILSON BRASWELL, all my land that is not bequeathed in this will to my other sons, one feather bed and furniture two cows and calves, two sows, one rifle, one chest, one pocket compass, and the colt that his mother's mare Jenny is now with foal with to him, his heirs and assign forever.

Item, I give and bequeath to daughter, QUEENIE BRASWELL, one negro man named Simon, one feather bed and furniture to her, her heirs, and assign forever.

Item, I lend to my wife, SARAH, one negro man named Peter, and the rest and residue of my estate of all kinds whatsoever for and during her life or widowhood and at her marriage or death,

I give my negro man Peter to my daughter, SALLIE BRASWELL, to her, her heirs, and assign forever.

After paying my just debts, I leave to my wife, SARAH, all the residue of my estate during her life or widowhood, and at her marriage or death to be equally divided between my two grandchildren to wit, SAMPSON BRASWELL and POLLY BRASWELL, to them, their heirs, and assign forever.

And I do hereby constitute and appoint make or ordain my worthy friends, Howell Ellin and Fredrick Hines executers of this my last will and testament. February Court 1795, Nash Cty, NC

Samuel Braswell paid taxes on 596 acres, and 2 slaves valued at 312 pds.

Nash Co. Will Abs. p. 24 His will was recorded on page 94 of the book in the county court, dated Nov. 30, 1794-Feb Ct. 1795. Wife Sarah the plantation whereon I dwell and the land where my father lived and died-the two parcels containing 296 acres were given me by my father with reversion to my son Micajah. Sons: 1. Micajah, 2. Sampson, 3. Quinny, 4. Sally. Ex: Howell Ellen, Frederick Hines. Wit: James Williams, Jesse Hunt, Martha Thomas.

Betty Moore Majors, compiler, DeKalb Co., TN Settlements 1846-1865, 28 Sept. 1848, Tillman Bethel, Sampson Bethel, Thomas Simpson Commissioners,

We the undersigned freeholders set apart to Sarah Williams, widow of Samuel Williams dec'd so much of the crop and possessions on hand as will be sufficient in our opinion to support her and her family one year from the death of her said husband: We lay off and set apart 20 barrels of corn and the present crop and 20 bushels of wheat, 80 lbs. of pork or killing hogs and 40 lbs of lard, 50 lbs of coffee, 100 lbs of sugar, 2 barrels of salt & $2.00 worth of spice ginger & pepper & $12.00 worth of leather, $12.00 worth of wool & the present cotton crop & all the household & kitchen furniture, 2 cows & calves, 2 horse beasts, 12___, 6 head of sheep & all fowls & poultry and the crop of potatoes & all the fodder on hand, 1 pickling tub & one beef. Property exempted from execution: 1 cow & calf, 2 beds & furnitre, 1 1/2 doz. knives & forks, 6 plates, 1 dish basin, 1 pot, 1 dutch oven, 1 spinning wheel, 1 pair of cards, 600 lbs of pork, 1 farm horse, mule or yoke of oxen, 1 plow & gears for plowing, 1 iron wedge & hoe, 5 heads of sheep, 2 head of stock hogs, all fowls & poultry, 6 chairs, 1 Bible & hymn book, ___&___ bushels of oats, 500 bushels of (faded, can't read), stack of hay, _saddle & bridle

Braswell, Samuel (I40620)
44790 Will of Samuel Merryman of Baltimore Co., dated 16 January 1754

In The name of God Amen. I Samuel Merryman of Baltimore County being of sound and perfect mind and memory but calling to mind the ? of man and knowing that it is appointed for all men now to die, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament. Imprimis and first I commend my Soul into the Hand of Almighty God that first gave to me and my body to be decently buried at the Discretion of my Executor nothing doubting and I shall receive the Lord again at the ? resurrection and for such worldly goods as it hath pleased God to provide me with. I give and bequeath in manner and form following:

Item I give and bequeath to me eldest son Samuel Merryman all that land or parcell of land called Drunkrids Hall to him and his Heirs forever and also three Negroes Liz, Jacob and Judith to him and his Heirs forever and also one feather bed and furniture, Three Silver spoons & one Silver Cup and to have no more of my personal Estate.

Item I give and bequeath to my daughter Rebecca Price one Negro boy named Loney to her and her Heirs for ever and I give no more of my personal Estate.

Item I give and bequeath to my daughter Katurah Parish one negro boy named Davy to her and her Heirs for ever and to have no more of my personal Estate.

Item I give and bequeath to my son Nicholas Merryman all that Land or Parcell of Land called Merrymans Pasture to him and his Heirs for ever and also all my personal Estate after my just debts are paid to him and his Heirs forever of this my last Will and Testament.

In Testimony where of I have hereunto ? set my hand and affixed my seal this sixteenth day of January in the year of our lord Seventeen Hundred and fifty four. Signed Sealed and Delivered by Samuel Merryman (his Seal),

in presence of Benj ~Brown,
??, Wm (his mark) Oliver.
March 23 1754 Benj~ Brown one of the Subscribing Witnesses to the forgoing Will made his solemn affirmation that he saw the Testator Sam Merryman sign the forgoing Will at the same time ?? & Wm Oliver the other two subscribing witness being duly and solemnly sworn on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God dispose & say that they saw the Testator Samuel Merryman sign the foregoing Will and heard him publish and the same to be his last Will and Testament. That at the time of his so doing he was to the best of their apprehensions of a Sound and Disposing mind & memory & that they Subscribed their subscribers names as Witnesses to the Will in presence of the Testator and at his request. Signed and Sworn to before H Young D Court. Baltimore County.

Extracted From: Maryland Probate Records Vol.28 1751-1756 SLC Family History Center Film # 0012852 
Merriman, Samuel (I42362)
44791 Will of Sir Thomas Windebank one of the Clerkes of His Majesty's Signet of Saint Martin in the Fields, Middlesex .

Proved 26 January 1607/08

- Transcription by TLM

In the name of God Amen

the three and twenty daye of Aprill one thowsande sixe hundred and five in the fourth yere of the Reigne of oure Soveraigne Lorde James by the grace of god kinge of greate Britaine France and Irland defender of the faithe I Thomas Windebank Knighte one of the clarkes of his Ma[je]sties Signett beying of whole and perfecte memorye wherof in all humblenes I thank my Lorde god I do make this my last will and Testament in manner and forme folowing First I comitte and commend my selfe bothe bodye and Soule into the handes and mercey of my heavenly father and creato[r]
of my Redeemer and Savyoure Jesus Christ and of my comforter the holie ghost beyng three persons and one eternal living god withe forme and constante faith and beleife to obtayne full remission of all my synnes and everlasting life by the merittes only of my redemer and savyoure Jesus [?] [?] all and any other meanes whatsoever of mens traditions and Inventions as [to*hing] that poynte of remission of my sinnes and of my salvation. And as concerning my worldly wealthe and substance I do hereby dispose of the same in manner and forme folowing.


I give and bequeath to the [pastor] of the parishe of Saint Martins in the feildes, neare to Charingcrosse the somme of five poundes thirteen shillings and fower pence to be distributed amongst them at the discretion of my executor the one [moytie?] therof ymeadiatly after my buryall and the other within five monethes next after folowinge Item I give and bequeth to the [pastor] of the parishe of Hurste in the Counties of wiltes [Wiltshire] and Barks [Berkshire] the somme of three poundes five shillinges and eighte pence, to be distributed amongst them at the Discretion of my executors withyn five monethes next folowinge after my decease.


I give to Thomas Cordill fyve poundes. To Edith my [?she?] servannte fyve poundes.


I give and bequeath to my daughter Margaret Windebanke eighte hundred poundes of lawfull money of England. Of which somme I will the one halfe to be payed unto her within five monethes next folowing after my decease.And the other [moytie?] [?] [?] hundred pounds next after the first sixe monethes.

I give and bequeathe to my Servannt John Lightwood tenne poundes to be payed unto hym at theende of five monethes next after my ecease.


I give and bequeathe to my Servabbte Frances Burtland nowe wife to the saied John Lightwood tenne poundes to be paied unto her within fyve monethes next after my decease.


I give and bequeath to my servannt Sara [Grout] fyve poundes.
To Robert Giles fortie shillinges.
To Thomas Gyles fortie Shillinges.
To Richard Barnarde fortie shillinges.
To Henry Rolf three poundes five shillinges eighte pence.
To Anne Lord my servannt I give fyve pounds

The saied severall legacieys to be payed by my executors to every of my saied servannts within five monethes next [ensuing] my decease.

And where I have perchased of one Francis Barnard gentleman two howses in the parishe of Saint Martyn in the feides of which two howses the one was late in the [tenire] of one Mistres Fenner nowe in the occupacon of one Orrell a Taylor for certayne yeres yet [?]

I give that house to my daughter Anne Reade and to the heires of her bodye lawfully begotten. And the other house wherein one Emery a taylor late deceased dwelt and nowe
one [Hewine] a Scottihman shomaker to the [?] [?] [?] doth dwell

I give to my Daughter Mildred Reade and to the heires of her bodye lawfully begotten. And for defaulte of suche yssue of my saied two daughters then the same two howses with theire [?], to come to my righte heires for ever.

Item I give and bequeath

page 2

the Lease and terme of yeres which I have as yet remayning in my dwelling [crease - houses in the?] parish of Saint Martins in the feildes with all the furniture and [crease - household stuff ?]

to my sonne Franncys Windebanke and to his heires and to his heires and assignes . [crease - Item I give ?]

and bequeathe to my sayed Daughter Margaret my chaine of gold and my [crease - T ??] rynge.

And where I have purchased of Oliver Coxed and of Judith his [crease - ?] certeyne house called Haynes Hall in the parishe of Hurst with certeyne [crease - Land ?] the runto belonging and lying in the counties of wiltes and Berks:

In [crease - which ??] I have [?] with me my sonne Henry Reade and my old good servannte [crease - and ?] Henry Greene of meere truste I give and bequeathe the same [crease - howse ? and ?] landes so purchsed as above is sayed with certeyne other parcells of land [crease - ?] Gades [groue - grave?] ad[j]oyning to the same wherof I boughte the fee [?] in [crease - R?? on ?] of Mt Thomas Kerrey one of the clerkes of the privie seale

to my saied [creasde - sonne Francis ?] Windebanke and to the heires males of his bodye lawfullie begotten [crease - ? ?]

want of suche yssue to the heires males of my daughter Anne Reade And [crease - for? ?]

of suche yssue to the heires males of my daughter Mildred Red And [crease - ? ?]

of suche yssue to the heires males of my Daughter Margaret Windebank [crease - ? ?] the same to be lawfully begotten. And for defaulte of suche yssue to my [crease - ? ?] heires for ever.

And where I hould a Lease in [Reue*tion] for fortie yeres [crease - of? ?] cite of the mannor of Clare neere windsor in the countie of Birks, and [crease - ? Dorchett?] Ferrey likewise neere windesor given me by [? our ?] late most gracious [crease - Sovereign ?] Quene Elizabeth out of her most princely bountye.

I give and [crease - bequeath ?] the whole state of yeres which I have in the Scite of the sayed [crease - mannor of ?]

Clare and Dorchett [? Datchet - TLM ] ferrye to my saied sonne Franncys Windebank and [crased - his hiers and ?] assignes Item where I purchased lately from one Mathewe two howses situa[ted crease ? ?] parish of Saint Martines in the feildes. In the one of which howses one [crease ? ?] Jonas dwelleth and in the other dwelleth one Mr Stowe

I give and [crease bequeath] the first of those two houses to my sonne Franncys Windebank and [crease his] heires for ever :

And the other howse to my saied Daughter Margarett [crease Windebank] and to her heires for ever. And where I have lately purchases of [crease ? ?] Sandes Knighte the [mannor ?] Lordshippe and Farme of Hynton [crease P - Hinton Pipard ] in the Counties of Berkesh and wiltesh;

I give and bequeathe the [crease saied mannor ?] of Hiton Pepp**s and the Farme of Stanlakes [?] to my sayed [crease sonne ?] Franncys Windebank, and to the heires males of his bodye lawfully [crease begotten ?] And for wante of suche yssue to the heires males of my daughter [crease Mildred Reade]

And for want of suche yssue to the heires males of my daughter [crease Margaret] Windebank And for wante of suche yssue to my Right heires for ever [crease

I give and ?] bequeath to my olde servannte and freinde Henry Greene Fiftie [crease poundes ? ?] and lawfull money of England to be payed unto hym within one yere [crease next after ?] my decease

The rest of all my goodes and chattells ( the charges of [crease my funeralls ?] in decent manner defrayed and performed and my debtes and [crease legacies ? ? ] payed and Discharged ) I give and bequeathe to my sayed sonne [crease Franncys Windebanke]
whome and my saied old servannte and freind Henry [crease Greene I ?]

do name ordeyne constitute and appoynte to be myne executors of this my [crease last ?] will and testamt

And my sonne in lawe Hanry Reade to be Overseer of [crease ? ?] which I have signed and sealed with my owne hande and seale the [crease th** ?] twenteth daye of Aprill one thousand sixe hundred and five in the [crease forth yere] of the raigne

page 3

of [? our ?] soveraigne Lorde James by the grace of god Kinge of greate Brittaine France and Ireland By me Thomas Windebanke witnesses herein to Henry Rolfe Thomas Cordall

Probatum [Latin] 
Windebank, Sir Thomas Lord of Haynes Hall (I32009)
44792 Will of Thomas Durham

Will dated 4 Aug 1711; Probated 1 Jun 1715. Named wife Dorothy, children Thomas, John and Mary Durham., a grandson Thomas Dodson. [Richmond Co WB 3, p210][10]

In the name of God Amen, I Thomas Durham of Northfarnham in the County of Richmond...

Item. I give and Bequeath unto my Dear and Loving wife Dorothy Durham the use of my Plantations, together with all my Lands and Tenements with all and Every of their Appurtenances--Profits and Commoditys ----Belonging or appertaining for and During the ----of her natural Life and after her Decease if my Son Thomas Durham and Mary his wife do by some sufficient instrument in writing under their hands and seals and affording to due forme of Law Release and Acquitt all and singular their Right ,title and Interest in and unto Fifty acres of Land being the same Tract & Plantations which we had conveyed us by Mary Gilbert unto my son John Durham and his heirs or pay him the said: John Durham Eight Thousand Pounds of Tobacco in Lieu of His said Land and also pay unto my Daughter Mary Dodson Fifteen hundred pounds of Tobacco that then and upon this consideration-----aforesaid: I do give and bequeath unto my said son Thomas Durham and his heirs Lawfully Begotten and for want of such issue unto my son John Durham and his heirs Lawfully Begotten and for want of such issue unto my GrandSon Thomas Dodson and his heirs. But if my said son Thomas Durham doth refuse and will not release the said fifty acres of Land nor pay the Tobacco aforesaid: I do will and Bequeath the said Plantation whereon I now dwell with all my Lands unto my son John Durham and his heirs---

Item. I give and Bequeath unto my Son John Durham Fifty acres of Land more or less being the Plantation with all the Tract and Parcell of Land that was Conveyed us by Mary Gilbert, to have and to hold the said Tract and Parcell of Land with the appurtainances unto my said son John Durham and his heirs Lawfully begotten and for want of such issue unto my GrandSon Thomas Dodson and his heirs-

Item. I give and bequeath unto my Son John Durham one Feather Bed and Furniture, one Cow and calf, one Mare and Iron Pott, Two ____ Dishes and half a dozen Plates

Item. I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Mary Dodson Five Thousand Pounds of Tobacco; Fifteen hundred Pounds of the same to be paid by my son Thomas Durham within Nine months after the Decise of my wife and Five hundred the Rest of the said Tobacco to be paid by my Son John Durham at the Decease of my Wife----

Item. I give and Bequeath all the Residue of my Estate, Goods, Cattle and Chattells unto my wife Dorothy Durham for & During her widowhood, but if she doth Marry that _____ off my Personall Estate, Except what is herein given to John Durham shall be Equally Divided between my wife and my three Children, and I do make and Ordain my Dear & well beloved Wife Sole Executrix of this my Last Will & Testament---Rattifying and Confirming this & none other to be my Last Will & Testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal this Fourth Day of August in the year of our Lord, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eleven.

Signed, Sealed & Published and Declared in the presence of us-- Joan O Searles her mark, Arthur Kay his mark, Miles Walters Thomas Durham his mark (seal)

Att. at a Court held for Richmond County ye first Day of June 1715 This Will was approved in open Court by the oaths of Arthur Key & Joan Searles ______ of the Witness or tthereto be on admitted to Recored...Tests M: Beckewith C.C.O."

Durham, Thomas Sr. (I479)
44793 Will of Valentine Martin

In the name of God Amen. May the 21st 1758 I, Valentine Martin, being sick and weak but in perfect senses mind and memory doth make this my last will and Testament in marnner and form followeth, viz:

Item. I give and bequeath to my son Orson Martin two hundred acres of land and plantation whereon he now dwells to him and his heirs forever. I give and bequeath to my son Orson Martin six head of cattle to him and his heirs forever.

Item. I give and bequeath to my son Valentine Martin one hundred acres of land joining Orson's land to him and his heirs forever.

Item. I give and bequeath to my son Jobe Martin one hundred acres of land to him and his heirs forever the land joining Valentine's land.

Item. I give and bequeath to my two sons that is Samuel and Isom, the land whereon I now dwell to be equally divided between them. Isom having the Plantation on his part but if Isom should die without an heir my will and desire is that my son John Martin may have his part of the land.

Item. I give and bequeath to my son John Martin one shilling stearlin.

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Ester Bond one shilling stearlin.

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Sarah Cunningham one cow and calf.

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Jane Boatright one cow and calf.

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Mildred one cow and calf and one bed of new feathers and furniture.

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Ann Martin one feather bed and furniture and a cow and calf.

Item. I give and bequeath the remainder part of my estate to my beloved wife to do as she shall think proper.

My desire is that my estate be not appraised.

I nominate and appoint my beloved wife executrix of this my last will and testament.

(signed) Valentine V. Martin [His Mark]

Witnesses: Sam Taylor, David Thompson, Samuel Bridgewater.

Cumberland Co., VA court held 28th July 1760 this last will and testament of Valentine Martin, decd. was proved by witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded and on motion of Jane Martin executrixtherein named who made oath according to law, certificate is granted her forobtaining a probate thereof in due form giving security whereupon she together with Samuel Bridgwater and James Cunningham her securetys entered into the ackowledged their bond with condition according to law. 
Martin, Valentine (I42167)
44794 Will of William Haynes 1781

Bedford County, VA - Will Book 1, page 394

IN THE NAME OF GOD AMENI William Haynes being in the full exercise of my reason and memory (Thanks be to Almighty God) and calling to mind the mortality of my Body -- and knowing that it is appointed for all men to die, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament.

IMPRIMIS. I will that out of that Estate with which it hath pleased God to bless me in this life all my just debts be punctually paid and after the payment thereof -- I give devise and dispose of the same in the following manner viz. I give to my son-in-law Stephen Sanders -the Land and Plantation whereon I now live containing 200 acres to him and his Heirs, forever, only reserving to John Otey one acre whereon his Mill now stands provided the said Otey, agreeable to a former bargain-shall keep the said Mill in repair and grind all the grain, the said Sanders shall want for the use of the said Plantation or any other person into whose hands the said Land may fall toll free, and on failure the said Acre of Land is to revert to the said Sanders his Heirs or Assignees.

ITEM. I lend to my Daughter Ann Ferril two Negroes to wit Lucy and Jean during her natural life and at her decease to be equally divided between her two daughters Mildred and Elizabeth, also I give to my daughter Ann Ferril one feather bed and furniture.

ITEM. I give to my son John Haynes and to my daughter Frances Smith one Negro boy Peter to be equally divided among them.

ITEM. I give to my daughter Elizabeth Leftwich one Negro boy Ceazer to her and her heirs, also a sorrel horse called Pompey.

ITEM. I give to my son William Haynes one Negro man named James to him and his heirs.

ITEM. I give to my daughter Mildred Sanders one Negro woman named Peg to her and her heirs.

ITEM. I give to my daughter Mary Long one Negro girl named Judith to her and her heirs.

ITEM. I give to Elizabeth Sanders, oldest daughter of Stephen Sanders and Mildred his wife, one Negro girl named Sall to her and her heirs.

ITEM. I give to my son Henry Haynes one bay horse and all the residue of my Estate I give to be equally divided between my daughter Elizabeth Leftwich and my son Henry Haynes - giving the said Henry one feather bed and furniture he accounting with the said Elizabeth for the value thereof in the above division.

And I do constitute and appoint William Leftwich and Stephen Sanders Executors of this my last Will and Testament.

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this Eighth Day of April One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty.

Test Merry Carter, Frances (X her mark) Carter, Mary Carter

William W. Haynes (his mark)

At a Court held for Bedford County the 25th day of June 1781. This last Will and Testament of William Haynes deceased was proved by the Oaths of Merry Carter and Frances Carter Witnesses thereto Subscribed and Ordered to be Recorded and on the Motion of William Leftwich Gent. One of the Executors therein named who made Oath thereto Certificate is granted him for obtaining Probate in due form giving security whereupon he together with David Wright and Merry Carter his securities entered unto and acknowledged their bond in the penalty of Three Hundred Thousand Pounds for the said Executors due and faithful administration of the said Decedents Estate and performance of his will - Liberty being reserved the other Executor mentioned in said Will to join in the Probate thereof when he shall think fit.

Teste J. Steptoe, Clerk

end of will 
Haynes, William (I47196)
44795 WILL OF WILLIAM WALTON, (the father of Jesse Walton)

I, William Walton of Goochland Co. and Parish of St. James Northam being sick and weak but of perfect sense and memory thanks be to God for the same and calling to mind and duly considering the uncertainty of human life do make this my last Will and Testament.

First and principally I give my soul into the hands of my Blessed Maker trusting in his mercies and in the merit of my Dear Redeemer for the remission of all my sins, I commit my body to the earth from whence it came to be decently interred at the discretion of my executrix hereafter mentioned. As to my temporal state, I give and bequeath and dispose of it in the following manner. Item: I give and bequeath to my eldest son William one tract of three hundred acres of land in Albemarle County on the north side of James River just below the mouth of Hardeway** River. Item: I give and bequeath to my youngest son Jesse one tract of four hundred acres of land in Albemarle County of the South side of James River including the fork of Slate River. Item: I give and bequeath to my eldest daughter Susannah one tract of four hundred acres of land in Albemarle County on the south side of James River on the North fork of Slate River joining Pattison's land.

Item: I give and bequeath to my daughter Mary one tract of two hundred and twenty acres of land in Albemarle County on the south side of James River joining the land above given to my son Jesse.
Item: I give and bequeath to my daughter Anne one tract of four hundred acres of land in Albemarle County on the south side of James River on the North fork of Slate River joining the land above give to Jesse.
Item: I give and bequeath to my daughter Louisa one tract of four hundred acres of land in Albemarle County on the South side of James River on the North fork of Slate River joining the land above given to Ann.
Item: I give and bequeath to my daughter Frances (after her mother's decease) one Tract of four hundred Acres of Land in Goochland County on the North side of James River it being the place where I now live.

And as to my real and personal estate, my will and desire is that it be kept together 'till my eldest son William comes to the age of twenty-one years before a division is made and if, please God, that if either son or daughter should die without issue that their part shall be equally divided amongst the rest, and at the within mentioned time of the division, I lend my dearly beloved wife three of her choice of the negroes during her life and then to be divided among my children and I do appoint my dearly beloved wife as executrix and John Cobbs and George Walton # as Executors of this my last will and Testament as well to receive any debt or debts due either to me in my lifetime or to my estate when I am deceased and Item:

I give and bequeath to each on my Executors Five pounds currant money for their trouble of paying and receiving, requesting them that they will see this Will satisfied and all my debts paid and my desire is that my estate be not appraised and I do maintain this only to be my Last Will and Testament. In Witness whereof, I have hereunto put my hand and seal this twenty-fifth day of May 1747.
William Walton
Sealed and signed in the presence of us: George Walton, James (his mark) Prophet
These words in the tenth line of the last side "and my desire is that my estate be not appraised" were enterlined before signed. Goochland Co., VA Will Bk 5, p379

Walton, William Sr. (I25622)
44796 Will probated August 26, 1865, White County, TN.
Purchased 4 tracts of land, totalling 100 acres, 11 Nov 1818,in White County, from Matthew Babb. 
Earles, Nathaniel Sr. (I3815)
44797 Will probated March 14, 1933. Clontz, Milton A(braham) (I11883)
44798 Will probated October 30, 1849. Long, Adam Sr. (I11741)
44799 Will proved 6 Oct 1856 in Warren Co.,TN. Does not identify his fifth son in his will neither does he mention Willis and Ezekiel, Jr...DAH McGregor, Ezekiel Sr. (I17335)
44800 Will proved by Thomas Lain...

Map & History of Burke County, North Carolina 
Hennessee, Patrick (I14)

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