Matches 44,201 to 44,300 of 44,744

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44201 William A Hillis
BIRTH 25 Jan 1924
DEATH 29 Oct 1989 (aged 65)
Shockley Cemetery
Welchland, Van Buren County, Tennessee, USA
MEMORIAL ID 38788177 · View Source

end of profile 
Hillis, William (I52673)
44202 William Abraham Cate

Have discovered my forefather William Abraham Cate born about 1640-1650. lived on Elscombe Lane near Keat's Mill in Yarcomb Parish, Devonshire. Any known records of his exact dates, parents names, anything would be appreciated. He had two sons, Robert Ezra Cate & Richard Nehimiah Cate (twins born August 21, 1667) who immigrated to VA in 1689.

Wow. I am officially tantalized.
What is the source of this info on William Abraham. I didn't have anything other than a name.


The population studies of Colyton in the 1600s indicate that people had small families and did not start children until later in life, women average age about 25, men 30. So your time frame for William's estimated birth may be closer to 1637, plus or minus a few years. Do you know if Robert and Richard had any siblings?

Wiliam Cate/s of Coleydon
The particular information that I quoted came from Regional: U. S. States
Virginia Genealogy Forum posted by John Cates Oct 22, 2004. I find his research to be very accurate, if he is unsure, he will state such. Much more intensive information can be found on general forums. Cate forum. FYI ,William was reportedly born in 1647.
Let me know what you can sort out from all this. I have much to read.

William Cate's wife
By the way, his wife's name was suposedly Mary Agnes Ingles. No proof.

My information is that William Abraham married Margaret Agnes Ingles.

The 1647 date is, I believe, a conjecture and not based on any particular record. If there is a record I would be thrilled to know. The date is found in the LDS database which is why it is bandied about. But the LDS database accuracy is only as good as the accuracy of its contributors.

Are you ready for some conjecture on William?

I don't have the records yet to back this up but here is my working theory: William Abraham is the son of William Cate who married Agnes Dummett in 1633. They had several children including a William born in 1639, very close to the conjectured date for William Abraham's birth. William was, in turn, the son of Edward Cate who is, I believe the same Edward mentioned in the will of Agnes Cate created in 1621 and probated in 1627. In that will she mentions her children: Joane, Edward, Mary and Emi. I find marriage records for all four. Mary, for example married in 1613 to Abraham Edwards who apparently married her when she was pregnant from her first husband, Richard Pike, who she married in 1612. I believe it was Abrahams willingness to marry a pregnant widow and provide for her child that endeared him to the family and thus, when nephew William is naming children he names one William Abraham Cate. (The name Abraham was not at all common among any of the families in the area if you look around). Agnes cate mentions in her will her good friend: Agnes Edwards. In addition, Abraham had a tenancy on lands of the Bishop of Salisbury by 1635 and who else is there: William Cate in a co-tenancy with his own father in law: Christopher Dummett. And Edward, brother to Mary.

If this conjecture plays out then William Abraham's parents were William and Agnes Cate, grandparents were Edward and Elizabeth Cate, great grandparents were Agnes Cate (husbands name unknown but could be Peter, John or Hugh) and grandfather is William Cate, the one likely born in Colyton in 1527 and likely one of the sons of Thomas Cate (the name mentioned as the father of Robert Cate born in Colyton in 1525). By the way, Agnes Dummett was the daughter of Christopher Dummett and Thomasina Mitchell. Thomasina's parents were Alexander Mitchell and Johane (Joan) Palfraye and Johan's parents were Richard Palfraye and Florens Bolly, all from the Chardstock area.

These links are logical to me but I lack the direct records of birth,marriage,death to complete these. But the stories have held together after new data has come to light and I am getting increasiningly convinced I am on the right track. Still can't find anything on the lineage of Robert Ezra's mother though. Please take the foregoing with a great grain of salt but it is sometimes helpful to have a construct to assist in searching, so long as one is willing to change the narrative when new information upends old assumptions.

Hello, I am also working on the theory that William Abraham Cate was the son son William and Agnes Dummet . William was born 1639 according to DORSEt OPC in Chardstock. I am very interested, if you have found anything else. Also are you aware, that a William Cate of Colyton, who died 1670. Had a will, which is at Wiltshire Archives. Thank you, John

Cate, William Abraham (I26979)
44203 William Acy Smith, Sr
BIRTH 26 Jan 1782
North Carolina, USA
DEATH 26 Aug 1881 (aged 99)
Warren County, Tennessee, USA
Shellsford Cemetery
McMinnville, Warren County, Tennessee, USA
MEMORIAL ID 27294652 · View Source

He was the son of Col. Larkin Smith (1756-1813) and Mary Eleanor HILL Smith (1760-1797). His parents are thought to be buried in or near the same cemetery.

Children not listed below:
Tabitha Smith (1812-1884)
Franklin Smith (1820-1907)
Sarah "Sally" Smith (born 1820, death unknown)
Isaiah Isaac Smith (1822-1826)
Myrna Jane Smith (1825-1907)

end of profile 
Smith, William Asa (I2318)
44204 William Alexander England was the youngest son of Landy and Martha England. He returned to Grundy Co Tn from Blount Co Al with his father and Brother after the Civil War...Thomas England

England, William Alexander (I28627)
44205 William Alford Norris, obituary, "Southern Standard",
abstracted by Margie Tucker,"Hache-Hash...",p. 133 
Source (S22657)
44206 William Alford Norris, obituary, "Southern Standard",
abstracted by Margie Tucker,"Hache-Hash...",p. 134 
Source (S22660)
44207 William Alford Norris, obituary, "Southern Standard",
abstracted by Margie Tucker., abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Monday, December 11th, 2018 
Source (S22652)
44208 William Ancell Carter (1591-1634), Source (S6917)
44209 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Stubblefield, Locksley Stuart (I39097)
44210 William B Harman, "United States Census, 1850," index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 21 Jun 2013), William B Harman, 1850., revisited or retrieved, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Friday, October 13th, 2017, by David A. Hennessee,
Abstracted or parsed by David A. Hennessee,,
retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the this website,, Fridday, May 24th, 2019 
Source (S14193)
44211 William B Harman, "United States Census, 1850," index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 21 Jun 2013), William B Harman, 1850., revisited or retrieved, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Friday, October 13th, 2017, by David A. Hennessee,
Abstracted or parsed by David A. Hennessee,,
retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the this website,, Fridday, May 24th, 2019 
Source (S49779)
44212 William B. Allen and Nancy Cantrell--TN

Home: Surnames: Cantrell Family Genealogy Forum

William B. Allen and Nancy Cantrell--TN
Posted by: Claudia Allen (ID *****8897)Date: April 25, 2003 at 19:57:56
of 4305

I found the following information in the 1850 DeKalb County Tennessee census:
William B. Allen 57 NC
Mahaley 55 NC
Charles M. 19
William P. 16
James 14
Elizabeth J. RHEA 4
Does anyone have any information on this family? What is the connection between
Nancy Cantrell and the Allen's.
Claudia Allen
Rhea, Elizabeth Jane (I21089)
44213 William Bardolf, 4th Baron Bardolf and 3rd Baron Damory (21 October 1349 – 29 January 1386) of Wormegay, Norfolk, was an extensive landowner in Norfolk, Lincolnshire, Suffolk and Surrey. He was the son of John Bardolf, 3rd Baron Bardolf and Hon. Elizabeth Damory, suo jure 2nd Baroness Damory.[1] His maternal grandparents were Sir Roger Damory, Lord Damory and Lady Elizabeth de Clare, a granddaughter of King Edward I.[1] In 1382, Bardolf had livery of his lands from the Crown. He was a descendant of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey.[citation needed]

He was summoned to parliament from 20 January 1376 to 3 September 1385, as "William Bardolf of Wormegay". He served in the French and Irish wars, latterly under John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster.


He married Agnes (d. 12 June 1403), daughter of Sir Michael de Poynings, 2nd Baron Poynings, Kt., of Bures (1317–1369). Coppinger wrote: "Sir Michael de Poynings, 2nd Baron, gave a thousand marks to Queen Philippa in 1366 for the wardship and marriage of William, son and heir of John Lord Bardolf, to the end that he might take Agnes his daughter to wife, who by the name of 'Agnes Bardolf' is mentioned as a legatee in the will of her mother, Joane Lady Poynings dated 12th May 1369 and by that of 'Lady Bardolf my sister' in the will of Thomas Lord Poynings 28th October 1374."

Lord Bardolf and his wife had two sons and two daughters:[1]

Thomas Bardolf, 5th Baron Bardolf[1]
William Bardolf[1]
Cecily Bardolf (d. 1432) married Sir Brian Stapleton, of Ingham (1379–1438), Sheriff of Norfolk, a veteran of the Battle of Agincourt, and had issue Sir Miles Stapleton.[1]
Elizabeth Bardolf, wife of Robert Scales, 5th Lord Scales and secondly Sir Henry Percy, son of Sir Thomas Percy and Elizabeth Strabolgi.[1]
Bardolf died in 1385, aged 36, and was succeeded by his son, Thomas Bardolf, 5th Baron Bardolf. His widow remarried Sir Thomas Mortimer, illegitimate son of Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March. Thomas was attainted as a traitor in 1397 and died shortly before Agnes in 1403.


^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g Douglas Richardson. Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, Genealogical Publishing, 2005. pg 608. Google eBook
Burke, John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with their Descendants, Sovereigns and Subjects, London, 1851, vol.2, p.vii, and pedigree CXVII.
Waters, Robert E.C., B.A., Barrister of the Inner Temple, Genealogical Memoirs of the Extinct Family of Chester of Chicheley &c., London, 1878, vol.1, p. 140.
Burke, Sir Bernard, C.B.,LL.D., Ulster King of Arms, The Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, London, 1883, p. 22)
Coppinger, W.A., M.A., etc., The Manors of Suffolk, London, 1905, pp. 46–49.
Rye, Walter, (editor), The Visitation of Norfolk, 1563 & 1613, made by William Hervey, Clarencieux King of Arms, Clarencieux Cooke, and John Raven, Richmond Herald, London, 1891, p. 65.
Rye, Walter, Norfolk Families, part II, Norwich, 1912, p. 845.
Carr-Calthrop, Colonel Christopher William, C.B.E.,M.D., etc., Notes on the Families of Calthorpe & Calthrop, etc., Third edition, London, 1933. A pedigree showing Bardolf's the descent from Edward I, King of England and his wife Eleanor of Castile is on p. 43.
The Visitation of Suffolk, 1561, pp. 186 & 243.
Weis, Frederick Lewis, et al., The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, 5th edition, Baltimore, 2002, p. 49.
Richardson, Douglas, Magna Carta Ancestry, Baltimore, 2005, p. 40. 
Bardolf, Sir William Knight, 3rd & 4th Baron Damory (I45184)
44214 William Bess, Citing this Record
"United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 21 December 2018), William Bess, District 04, Putnam, Tennessee, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 6, sheet 3A, line 17, family 35, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 2268; FHL microfilm 2,342,002., abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Friday, December 21st, 2018 
Source (S13465)
44215 William Bess, Citing this Record
"United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 21 December 2018), William Bess, District 04, Putnam, Tennessee, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 6, sheet 3A, line 17, family 35, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 2268; FHL microfilm 2,342,002., abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Friday, December 21st, 2018 
Source (S48405)
44216 William Bethel
Born [date unknown] in Overwharton Parish, Stafford, VAmap
ANCESTORS ancestors
Son of William Bethel and [mother unknown]
Brother of Edward Bethel, Mary Bethel and Elizabeth Bethel
Husband of Jean (Hurst) Bethel - married 26 Dec 1739 in Overwhartonparrish, Stafford Co., VA
DESCENDANTS descendants
Father of Elizabeth (Bethel) Allen, Peggy (Bethel) Mullins, John Bethel, Martha Bethel, Samuel Bethel, William Bethel and Sampson Bethel
Died before 24 Feb 1756 in Frederick Co., VA


Note: William Bethel and Jean Hurst may have lived in Overwharton Parish early in their marriage and then moved to Frederick County by 1750; or they may have lived in Frederick County the whole time and their marriage and children are listed in Overwharton Parish because that was the nearest"official Church" and it included Frederick County at that time.

Both Augusta and Frederick counties were formed at the same time (1738) and some records were recorded in the wrong county. This William lived in Frederick County (the part that is now Warren County).

A William Bethel petitioned for a road from Thorn's Gap to Henry Nethertons in 1751/1752. In Augusta County, Virginia a William Bethelwas licensed for an "ordinary" (Court of Justice) 26 November 1751.William bought one hundred and fourty seven acres of land in FrederickCounty, Virginia from Henry and Sary Netherton on 1 March 1755.

Virginia, Frederick County was formed in 1743 out of Orange County.

William's personal effects: "a parcel of books...carpenters and cooperstools and shoemakers violin..." He also owned three slaves.Frederick Co., VA, Will Book, pg. 183.

He was a member of the court of justice in Augusta Co., from 1751 (orearlier) until 1756 or (later).

Marriage Record:

Early Virgina Marriages: Stafford County -- Overwharton Parrish, 1739 Dec 26 William Bethel married Jean Hurst.


Source: #S54
Name: Page
While processing relationships in the gedcom some additional information was found which may be relevant.

@F371@ FAM
Husband: @I755@
Wife: @I756@
Child: @I757@
Child: @I760@
Child: @I761@
Child: @I758@
Child: @I759@
Child: @I734@
Child: @I762@
Date: 26 DEC 1739
Place: Overwhartonparrish, Stafford Co., VA
Source: #S73
Name: Page


Source S52
Abbreviation: Virginia, Frederick County, WILL BOOK #2
Title: Virginia, Frederick County, WILL BOOK #2
Subsequent Source Citation Format: Virginia, Frederick County, WILL BOOK #2
BIBL Virginia, Frederick County, WILL BOOK #2.
Name: Footnote
VALUE Virginia, Frederick County, WILL BOOK #2
Name: ShortFootnote
VALUE Virginia, Frederick County, WILL BOOK #2
Name: Bibliography
VALUE Virginia, Frederick County, WILL BOOK #2.
Repository: #R0

No REPO record found with id R0.

Source S53
Abbreviation: Virginia, Frederick County, COURT OF ORDINARY
Title: Virginia, Frederick County, COURT OF ORDINARY (Probate Records, Will of William Bethel)
Subsequent Source Citation Format: Virginia, Frederick County, COURT OF ORDINARY
BIBL Virginia, Frederick County, COURT OF ORDINARY. Probate Records, Will of William Bethel.
Name: Footnote
VALUE Virginia, Frederick County, COURT OF ORDINARY (Probate Records, Will of William Bethel)
Name: ShortFootnote
VALUE Virginia, Frederick County, COURT OF ORDINARY
Name: Bibliography
VALUE Virginia, Frederick County, COURT OF ORDINARY. Probate Records, Will of William Bethel.
Repository: #R0
Source S54
Abbreviation: Frederick Co., VA Will Book, page 183.
Title: Frederick Co., VA Will Book, page 183.
Subsequent Source Citation Format: Frederick Co., VA Will Book, page 183.
BIBL Frederick Co., VA Will Book, page 183..
Name: Footnote
VALUE Frederick Co., VA Will Book, page 183.
Name: ShortFootnote
VALUE Frederick Co., VA Will Book, page 183.
Name: Bibliography
VALUE Frederick Co., VA Will Book, page 183..
Repository: #R0
Source S73
Abbreviation: Early VA marriages. Stafford Co., Overwharton Parish, VA
Title: Early VA marriages. Stafford Co., Overwharton Parish, VA
Subsequent Source Citation Format: Early VA marriages. Stafford Co., Overwharton Parish, VA
BIBL Early VA marriages. Stafford Co., Overwharton Parish, VA.

end of biography 
Bethell, William (I4819)
44217 William Bethel married Jean Hurst (1722) on 26 Dec 1739 and is the father of 7 children and the grandfather of 22 grandchildren. Listed below are details on up to five generations of descendants. Also see William's DNA Descendants and Family Tree & Genealogy Tools for more views.

Elizabeth (Bethel) Allen ancestors descendants (bef 26 May 1740 - 07 May 1827) m. Thomas Daniel Allen (abt 1735 - 30 Jul 1759) on 30 Jul 1759.
Daniel Allen ancestors (Feb 1759 - 30 Jul 1834) m. Aletha Hale (1771 - 16 Jun 1858).
Daniel Allen ancestors (Feb 1769 - 30 Jul 1834) m. Alathea Hales () on 27 Mar 1788.
Moses Allen ancestors (1770 - 22 Aug 1845) m. Priscilla Sleath () on 2 May 1795.
William Allen ancestors (1774)
Charity Allen ancestors (Jan 1775 - 1826) m. Charles Lawrence () on 1800.
Bethel Allen ancestors (29 Apr 1780 - 15 Sep 1856) m. Elizabeth D. Reed (abt 1780) on 1800.
Nancy Allen ancestors (12 Jan 1782 - 10 Oct 1851) m. John Philips UNKNOWN ().
Sampson Allen ancestors (abt 1787 - 07 May 1826) m. Polly Somers () on 10 Jul 1811.
Thomas Allen ancestors (15 Sep 1790 - 23 Aug 1883) m. Elizabeth Betsey Daugherty (06 Apr 1795 - 26 Jul 1837). m. Elizabeth A Daugherty () on 13 Sep 1813.
Peggy (Bethel) Mullins ancestors (30 Nov 1741 - 27 Jan 1822) m. Thomas Mullins (1737) on 1762.
John Bethel ancestors (23 Jun 1744 - 1804) m. Mary UNKNOWN (1748) on 1769.
Martha Bethel ancestors (1746)
Samuel Bethel ancestors (09 Feb 1749 - 1806) m. Mary Moonly (1753) on 1774.
William Bethel ancestors (19 Feb 1749 - 30 Aug 1804) m. Nancy Stewart Stubblefield (1750).
Sampson Bethel ancestors descendants (10 Jul 1750 - 10 Feb 1806) m. Mary Cantrell (04 Dec 1754 - 1820) on 24 Aug 1773.
Larkin Bethel ancestors (04 Mar 1775) m. Mary Thompson (1777) on 28 Sep 1798.
Constance (Bethel) Cantrell ancestors descendants (22 Oct 1776 - 1848) m. Richard Cantrell (10 Mar 1771 - aft 01 Jun 1840) on 18 Feb 1794.
Sampson Cantrell ancestors descendants (18 Feb 1795 - bef 1840)
John Jones Cantrell ancestors (1832 - 05 Dec 1863)
Larkin Cantrell ancestors (18 Feb 1797 - aft 1860) m. Eunice Moberly (abt 1803 - abt 1844) abt 1821.
Mary (Cantrell) Magness ancestors descendants (20 Jul 1799 - 03 Jan 1863) m. Perry Green Magness (23 May 1796 - 01 Mar 1884) on 1815.
Harriet (Magness) Potter ancestors descendants (02 Jun 1817 - 20 Jul 1866) m. Watson Cantrell Potter (15 Feb 1815 - 20 Jul 1891) on 5 Jan 1834.
Mary Elizabeth (Potter) Womack ancestors descendants more descendants (02 Oct 1834 - 29 Apr 1894)
Samantha (Potter) Cantrell ancestors (28 Dec 1851 - 24 May 1897)
Sarah (Magness) Webb ancestors descendants (12 Sep 1819 - 10 Jan 1890) m. Daniel Watkins Webb (14 May 1815 - 23 Sep 1866) abt 1836.
Samantha J (Webb) Gribble ancestors (Jun 1838 - 06 Aug 1892)
Perry Green Webb ancestors descendants more descendants (1839 - 1862)
Mary (Webb) Womack ancestors (1841)
Juleus Caesar Webb ancestors (03 Feb 1843 - 07 Nov 1898)
Hannah Webb ancestors (1844 - 1866)
Bethel Magness Webb ancestors (21 Sep 1847 - 26 Oct 1911)
Martha (Webb) Nowlin ancestors (1850)
Evan Webb ancestors (25 Feb 1852 - 1915)
Daniel Webb ancestors (1854 - 1898)
Eugenia (Webb) Evans ancestors descendants more descendants (14 Aug 1857 - 09 May 1903)
Tennessee Gertrude (Webb) Womack ancestors (25 May 1858 - 16 Oct 1920)
Felix Zollicoffer Webb ancestors (19 Sep 1860 - 16 Oct 1920)
Cartie (Webb) Moore ancestors (1863 - 02 Dec 1924)
Isaac Cantrell ancestors descendants (27 Sep 1802 - 21 Sep 1840) m. Nancy Upchurch (abt 1805 - aft 1860) abt 1825.
Sampson Bethel Cantrell ancestors descendants (abt 1826 - 17 Nov 1883) m. Frances VanTrease (30 Jul 1816 - 14 Feb 1874) on 9 Oct 1851. m. Mary Catherine Lewis (22 Jul 1835 - 02 Jul 1889) on 13 Jun 1874.
John Isaac Cantrell ancestors descendants more descendants (18 Aug 1853 - 30 Jun 1910)
Roena (Cantrell) McPherson ancestors (Feb 1861 - 07 Nov 1949)
Sarah Cantrell ancestors (abt 1863)
Eliza Frances (Cantrell) Lewis ancestors (05 May 1879 - 30 Aug 1928)
Mary (Cantrell) Holland ancestors (abt 1827)
Richard H. Cantrell ancestors descendants (03 Mar 1828 - 25 Sep 1889) m. Marinda Broyles (18 Oct 1832 - 10 Nov 1908) abt 1852.
Henry M. Cantrell ancestors descendants more descendants (1854 - 1900)
Isaac Cantrell ancestors descendants more descendants (1858 - 1892)
Nancy Finetta (Cantrell) Culpepper ancestors (Sep 1859 - 17 Jul 1901)
Tillman S. Cantrell ancestors (1862 - 1881) [unmarried] [no children]
James M. Cantrell ancestors descendants (1830 - 1897) m. Mary Caroline Davis (Sep 1835 - aft 1910) on 23 Oct 1851.
Elizabeth (Cantrell) Sloan ancestors (16 Mar 1853 - 19 May 1930)
Cephas Cantrell ancestors descendants more descendants (22 Oct 1854 - 04 Jul 1943)
Vinetta Cantrell ancestors (abt 1864)
Catherine (Cantrell) Lewis ancestors descendants (23 Feb 1832 - abt 22 Oct 1886) m. James Daniel Lewis (abt 1832 - abt 1891) on May 1864.
Thomas A. Lewis ancestors (abt 1865)
Mary J. Lewis ancestors (abt 1867)
Finetta Lewis ancestors (abt 1869 - bef 1880) [unmarried] [no children]
Jonathan Osborne Cantrell ancestors descendants (Apr 1834 - aft 1900) m. Ellen J. Lampkin (Nov 1842 - aft 1900) on 4 Nov 1862.
Richard Allen Cantrell ancestors (Oct 1863 - 10 Feb 1936)
Sarah Arizona (Cantrell) Lane ancestors (17 Jan 1866 - 01 Feb 1916)
Missouri A. Cantrell ancestors (Oct 1867)
Mary Keturah (Cantrell) Craddock ancestors (Jul 1870 - 1948)
Nancy D. (Cantrell) Irvin ancestors (14 Oct 1873 - 23 Oct 1924)
Harriet Senora (Cantrell) Russell ancestors (17 Nov 1875 - 02 Apr 1956)
Charlotte D. Cantrell ancestors (Oct 1877)
Maud Cantrell ancestors (Jul 1881)
Elizabeth A. (Cantrell) Vantrease ancestors descendants (24 Mar 1836 - 27 Feb 1883) m. John William Vantrease (27 Mar 1825 - 28 Jan 1901) on 3 Mar 1853.
Pauline Catherine (Vantrease) Boyd ancestors (27 Jan 1854 - 10 Mar 1870)
Thomas Osborne Vantrease ancestors (Sep 1861 - 30 Nov 1931)
Thomas A. Cantrell ancestors (Sep 1837 - aft 1900) m. Harriett Unknown (abt 1847 - abt 1875) abt 1862. m. Sarah E. Smith (Sep 1860 - aft 1910) abt 1879.
Tilmon Cantrell ancestors descendants (May 1839 - 31 Dec 1900) m. Caroline Burnett (abt 1849 - abt 1875) abt 1864. m. Minerva A. Tate (20 Dec 1851 - 21 Feb 1940) abt 1876.
Pinkney Cantrell ancestors (02 Jun 1865 - 21 Jun 1914)
John I. Cantrell ancestors (09 Jul 1869 - 23 Apr 1934)
Nancy J. (Cantrell) Barker ancestors (Sep 1879 - aft 1930)
James Cantrell ancestors (12 Dec 1883 - 21 Mar 1973)
Finetta Cantrell ancestors (abt 1840)
Anna (Cantrell) Odle ancestors descendants (20 Oct 1804 - 27 Jun 1876) m. Uriah Odle (1793 - abt 1850) on 1822.
John Odle ancestors descendants (20 Jun 1826 - 01 Oct 1874) m. Charlotte Dudley Lamkin (28 Aug 1835 - 16 Jan 1909) on 18 Dec 1853.
Fanny (Odle) Boczkiewicz ancestors descendants more descendants (23 Jul 1865 - 04 Aug 1944)
Bethel Cantrell ancestors (27 Jan 1807 - 03 Jan 1858)
Tilman Bethel Cantrell ancestors (07 Jan 1815 - 14 May 1873)
Narcissus Cantrell ancestors (18 Oct 1823 - 14 Oct 1881)
John Bethel ancestors (02 Oct 1778)
Cantrell Bethel ancestors (17 Dec 1779 - 22 Oct 1849) m. Mary Anna Bratten (1788) on 1809.
Cantrell Bethell ancestors descendants (17 Dec 1779 - 22 Oct 1848) m. Mary Anne Bratten (1786 - 22 Oct 1846) on 1809.
Lemuel Hall Bethell ancestors descendants (27 Sep 1810 - 01 Jun 1888) m. Elizabeth Buchanan (01 Aug 1815 - 22 Jun 1892) on 11 Dec 1833.
William R. E. Bethell ancestors descendants (1837 - 11 Jan 1897) m. Angeline Pauline Fitzhugh (1841) abt 18 Jan 1865.
Lemuel Hall Bethell II ancestors descendants more descendants (08 Jun 1867 - 28 Aug 1904)
Pierpont Bethel ancestors (26 Feb 1783)
Green Bethel ancestors (24 Jul 1784 - aft 1842) m. Zilpha Bucey () on 1808.
P. Bethel ancestors (30 May 1786)
Tilman Bethel ancestors descendants (05 Dec 1788 - 09 Mar 1865) m. Sarah Root Daugherty (24 Mar 1793 - 26 Nov 1869) on 2 Sep 1813.
Harriet Daugherty Bethel ancestors descendants (30 May 1814 - 13 Nov 1892) m. James Henry Henry Perriman (abt 05 Jul 1807 - 25 Oct 1884) on 1831.
Laura Ann B. Periman ancestors (27 Nov 1832 - 05 Nov 1892)
Elizabeth Allen (Periman) Davis ancestors (07 Aug 1834 - 10 Apr 1894)
Sarah Jane (Periman) Ballinger ancestors (11 Sep 1836 - 21 Oct 1901)
Mary Matilda (Periman) Brockus ancestors (20 Mar 1839 - 12 Jun 1915)
Tillman Bethel Periman ancestors (1841 - 16 Aug 1864)
William Green Periman ancestors (14 Mar 1843 - 26 Jun 1906)
John Alexander Periman ancestors (21 Jul 1845)
Chester Lafayette Periman ancestors (08 Sep 1847 - 13 Nov 1912)
Orlena Melcena (Periman) Pelts ancestors (20 Mar 1850 - 19 Jan 1929)
Harriet (Periman) Hadduck ancestors (07 Mar 1855 - 04 Apr 1940)
Mary Cantrell Bethel ancestors (04 Jan 1816 - 15 Oct 1895) m. Peter Daniel (1812) on 2 Feb 1837.
Nancy Daugherty Bethel ancestors (18 Apr 1817 - 12 Jan 1821)
Unnamed Bethel ancestors (12 Dec 1818 - 13 Dec 1818)
John Witt Bethel ancestors descendants (11 Jan 1820 - 11 Sep 1878) m. Sarah J ( - Jun 1902).
Eliza J. Bethell ancestors descendants (04 Mar 1846 - 14 Aug 1912) m. Elijah Madsen Whaley (21 Aug 1842 - 21 Aug 1901) on 2 Jan 1868.
John Isaac Whaley ancestors (abt 1869 - 06 Oct 1890)
John Isaac Whaley ancestors (09 May 1869 - 06 Oct 1890)
Reps UNKNOWN ancestors (13 Nov 1870 - 1937)
Reps Lemuel Whaley ancestors (13 Nov 1870 - 22 Dec 1936)
Nancy "Nannie) Whaley ancestors (15 Sep 1872 - 25 Nov 1947)
Sarah "Sallie" Whaley ancestors descendants more descendants (15 Sep 1872 - 09 Sep 1945)
Nancy Whaley ancestors descendants more descendants (15 Sep 1873 - 25 Nov 1947)
Sarah Whaley ancestors descendants more descendants (15 Sep 1873 - 09 Sep 1945)
Lela Mai Whaley ancestors (22 Nov 1877 - 09 Apr 1953)
Lelia Mai Whaley ancestors descendants more descendants (22 Nov 1877 - 09 Apr 1953)
Edgar William Whaley ancestors (08 Sep 1878 - Jan 1879)
Oscar William Whaley ancestors descendants more descendants (08 Sep 1878 - 29 Jan 1954)
Tilman A. Bethel ancestors (1848)
Mary C. Bethel ancestors (1855) m. [private spouse]
Harriet F. Bethel ancestors (17 Feb 1859 - 27 Apr 1932) m. [private spouse]
Dela Bethel ancestors (1860) m. [private spouse]
Green William Bethel ancestors descendants (23 Dec 1821) m. Eliza UNKNOWN (1830).
Tennesse F. Bethel ancestors (1830)
Caldonie Bethel ancestors (1854)
Monroe B. Bethel ancestors (1856)
Charles W. Bethel ancestors (1858)
William M. Bethel ancestors (1860)
Susan Elizabeth Bethel ancestors (17 Oct 1823 - 30 Jun 1882) m. Eli Rowland (1819) on 31 Jan 1849.
Chester F. Bethel ancestors (18 Aug 1825) m. Martha Ann Daugherty (1827) on 29 Sep 1848.
Lafayette A. Bethel ancestors (29 Mar 1827) m. Diane Thorinson () on 1850.
Eliza J. Bethel ancestors (28 Sep 1828)
Bluford J. Bethel ancestors descendants (26 Dec 1830) m. Sara Jane Eason (1840).
Maggie Eason ancestors (1859)
Madora Melcenie Bethel ancestors (26 May 1833) m. Isaac Newton Fite () on 1856.
Sarah Palmira Bethel ancestors (02 Feb 1836 - 08 Sep 1906) m. Samuel C. Duncan (1832) on 8 Sep 1870.
Unknown Bethel ancestors (02 Feb 1836)
Woodford M. L. Bethel ancestors (30 Apr 1838) m. Tennie UNKNOWN (1838) on 27 Nov 1859.
Elizabethbethlema Bethel ancestors (1839 - 1914)
Chester F. Bethel ancestors (07 Jan 1791 - abt 1869) m. Jennie Jane Jones (1794) on 2 Aug 1815.
Cloud Bethel ancestors (19 May 1793 - 30 Mar 1844) m. Rachel Floyd (1794) on 2 Aug 1815.
Talitha P. Bethel ancestors (22 Apr 1795 - 12 Nov 1859) m. Jonathan Floyd (09 Oct 1784 - 30 Sep 1855) on 1815.
C. Bluford Bethel ancestors (08 Feb 1798 - 22 Nov 1854) m. Mary Bowen (1799) on 1820.

end of registry

Bethell, William (I4819)
44218 William Blackburn Elliott, was the son of Rev. War patriot William Elliott and his wife Miriam Leath (daughter of Josiah and Elizabeth Leath). He married Margaret Austin March 27, 1835. They had 13 children: Josiah, Ailcy, Jonathan, Nancy, George, Sarah, Mary Jane, William, Julia, Zachary, Martha, Susan, and John. Elliott, William Blackburn (I40506)
44219 William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy (c.1478 – 8 November 1534), KG, of Barton Blount, Derbyshire, was an English courtier, scholar and patron of learning. He was one of the wealthiest English nobles of his time.


William Blount was born in about 1478 in Barton Blount, Derbyshire, the eldest son of John Blount, 3rd Baron Mountjoy (c. 1450 – 1485) by his wife Lora Berkeley (d.1501), daughter of Edward Berkeley (d.1506) of Beverston Castle, Gloucestershire. After her husband's death in 1485, Lora Berkeley remarried firstly to Sir Thomas Montgomery (d.1495), and secondly to Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond (d.1515), grandfather of Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire,[1] father of Queen Anne Boleyn, second wife of King Henry VIII.


Blount was a pupil of Erasmus, who called him inter nobiles doctissimus ("The most learned amongst the nobles"). His friends included John Colet, Thomas More and William Grocyn.

In 1497 he commanded part of a force sent to suppress the rebellion of Perkin Warbeck. In 1509 he was appointed Master of the Mint. In 1513 he was appointed Governor of Tournai, and his letters to Cardinal Wolsey and King Henry VIII describing his vigorous government of the town are preserved in the British Library.[2]

In 1520 he was present with Henry VIII at the Field of the Cloth of Gold, and in 1522 at the king's meeting with Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Having served since 1512 as Chamberlain to Queen Catherine of Aragon, it fell to him in that office to announce to her the intention of Henry VIII to divorce her. He also signed the letter to the Pope conveying the king's threat to repudiate papal supremacy unless the divorce were granted.

Mountjoy married four times:

Firstly, in about Easter 1497, to Elizabeth Say (d. before 1506[1]), a daughter and co-heiress of Sir William Say of Essenden, Hertfordshire, by whom he had a daughter:
Gertrude Blount, later a lady in waiting to Queen Mary I (1553–1558), who on 25 October 1519 married Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter (c. 1498 – 1538), KG, PC, the eldest son of William Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon by his wife Catherine of York, daughter of King Edward IV.

Secondly, before the end of July 1509, Mountjoy married Inez de Venegas,[3] one of the Spanish attendants of Catherine of Aragon while she was Princess of Wales.

Thirdly, before February 1515, Mountjoy married Alice Keble (d. 8 June 1521), daughter of Henry Keble, Lord Mayor of London in 1510 and widow of Sir William Browne (d.1514), Lord Mayor of London in 1513. She died in 1521 and was buried at the Greyfriars, London.[4][5] By Alice he had children as follows:
Charles Blount, 5th Baron Mountjoy, eldest son and heir, like his father also a patron of learning.[2]
Catherine Blount (c.1518 – 25 February 1559), who married firstly Sir John Champernowne of Modbury, Devon, and secondly Sir Maurice Berkeley (d.1581) of Bruton, Somerset.

Fourthly, before 29 July 1523, Mountjoy married Dorothy Grey (daughter of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset by his wife Cecily Bonville (the greatest heiress of her age)) and widow of Robert Willoughby, 2nd Baron Willoughby de Broke. Dorothy Grey was the sister of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk (1517–1554), father of Lady Jane Grey (1536/1537–1554) Queen of Nine Days. By Dorothy he had the following children,[1][6] all first cousins to Lady Jane Grey:
John Blount
Mary Blount, who married (as his first wife) Robert Denys (d.1592) of Holcombe Burnell in Devon.[7]
Dorothy Blount, who married John Blewett (d.1585) of Holcombe Rogus in Devon.[8]

Mountjoy died on 8 November 1534 and was buried at Barton Blount.

Blount, Sir William KG, 4th Baron Mountjoy (I46652)
44220 William Bourchier, 1st Count of Eu (1374-28 May 1420), was an English knight created by King Henry V 1st Count of Eu, in Normandy.


He was born in 1374, the son of Sir William Bourchier (d.1375), (the younger son of Robert Bourchier, 1st Baron Bourchier (d.1349), of Halstead, Essex, Lord Chancellor) by his wife Eleanor de Louvain (27 March 1345 – 5 October 1397), daughter and heiress of Sir John de Louvain (d.1347)[1] (alias Lovayne etc.), feudal baron[2] of Little Easton in Essex. The arms of Louvain were: Gules billety or a fess of the last, often shown with varying number of billets and on occasion with a fess argent, for example in stained glass at Hengrave Hall, Suffolk: Gules, a fess argent, between fourteen billets or.[3] Eleanor was descended from Godfrey de Louvain (d.1226), feudal baron of Little Easton,[4] son of Godfrey III, Count of Louvain (1142-1190), by his 2nd marriage, and half-brother of Henry I, Duke of Brabant (1165-1235).[5] His inheritance from his mother's Louvain lands included the Suffolk manors of Bildeston, Hopton, Shelland and "Lovaynes" in Drinkstone, and in Essex Little Easton, Broxted and Aythorpe Roding.[6]


He fought at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. In 1417 he was in the retinue of King Henry V during his second expedition to France, and played a significant role in the capture of Normandy. In 1419 he was appointed Captain of Dieppe and was granted powers to receive the submission of the town and Comtâe of Eu. The French count of Eu had refused to pay homage to the conquering English king and thus had been held prisoner in England since Agincourt. In June 1419 King Henry V awarded six captured French comtâes to certain of his more significant English supporters, and the Comtâe of Eu was granted to William Bourchier, thus making him 1st Count of Eu.[7]

Marriage & progeny

Arms of William Bourchier, 1st Count of Eu (1374-1420) (Quarterly Bourchier and Lovain, feudal barons of Little Easton, Essex) impaling arms of his father-in-law Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester (1355-1397), youngest son of King Edward III (Royal Arms of England, a label of three points argent for difference). Stained glass, west window, Tawstock Church, Devon. The Count's son William Bourchier, 9th Baron FitzWarin (1407-1470) was the first to be connected with the manor of Tawstock, having married the heiress of that manor
He married Anne of Gloucester, Countess of Stafford, the daughter of the Plantagenet prince, Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester (1355-1397) (youngest son of King Edward III) by his wife Eleanor de Bohun elder daughter and coheiress of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford (1341-1373), Earl of Essex and Northampton. The Wrey baronets who were the heirs of the Bourchier Earls of Bath quartered the arms of Wrey with those of Bourchier, the Royal Arms of England and Bohun. They had the following progeny:[8]

Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex (1404 – 4 April 1483), eldest son
William Bourchier, (25 Oct 1415-1474), jure uxoris 9th Baron FitzWarin, 2nd son.
John Bourchier, 1st Baron Berners (c.1416 – 16 May 1474), 3rd son
Thomas Bourchier, (ca. 1418 – 30 March 1486), Archbishop of Canterbury and a cardinal, 4th son
Eleanor Bourchier, (ca. 1417 – November, 1474), wife of John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk

Death & burial

He died at Troyes, France on 28 May 1420 and was buried at Llanthony Priory, Gloucestershire.[9]

Bourchier, Sir William 1st Count of Eu (I46936)
44221 William Bowes
Born about 1415 in Streatlam Castle, Co. Durham

Son of William Bowes and Joan (Greystoke) Bowes
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of Maud (FitzHugh) Bowes — married about 1445 [location unknown]
DESCENDANTS descendants
Father of Margaret (Bowes) Lisle, Joan Bowes, Ralph Bowes and Margery (Bowes) Hilton
Died 1466 in Streatlam, Co. Durham, England
Profile managers: Katherine Patterson private message [send private message] and Kevin Gerald Ryan private message [send private message]
Bowes-46 created 21 Feb 2011 | Last modified 22 Jun 2016
This page has been accessed 1,029 times.

Sir William Bowes was born in 1422 at Streatlam, it says here.[1]

Around 1445 he married Maud FitzHugh, daughter of the 4th Lord FitzHugh and Margaret Willoughby.

They had 5 sons and 6 daughters, including

Sir Ralph, 4th son and heir
Katherine, wife of Sir Richard Conyers
Anne, wife of Ralph Wycliffe.
Sir William died on 28th July 1466.


Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. I page 493
? Marlyn Lewis

end of profile. 
Bowes, Sir William (I50200)
44222 William Boyd
Born 26 Feb 1776 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, British Colonial America
Ancestors ancestors
Son of James Boyd and Mary (Cummins) Boyd
Brother of Abraham Boyd, Jonathan Boyd, Elizabeth (Boyd) Keys, Jane (Boyd) Bigley, Margaret (Boyd) Cox and James Boyd
Husband of Susannah (Walling) Boyd — married about 1803 in Meigs Township, Adams Co, Ohio, USA
Descendants descendants
Father of Mary Ann (Boyd) Foos, Elizabeth (Boyd) Kyle, Delashmitt Boyd, William Boyd Jr and Thomas Boyd
Died 4 Mar 1852 in Radnor, Delaware, Ohio, United States


William Boyd was of Irish and his wife of German descent. William Boyd was a wheelwright by trade, and at an early date made spinning wheels. The account which he kept shows that he has made 3,500.

In the later years of his life he was a farmer, and brought up his son on the farm, allowing him an education from the common schools in Delaware County.

Radnor Cemetery, Radnor, Delaware, Ohio
Find A Grave Memorial # 54994799


(1) Carolyn Davidson Carey, Greenwood Village, CO. Cites: (a) Highland Co., OH, Common Pleas Record Book C, p.560, Spring Session 1824, case of James Boyd, dec'd.

(2) 1806 tax record, Highland Co., OH, Auditor of State, Vol. 2-7. LDS film #0522,838.

(3) Graves Registration of Soldiers Buried in Ohio, Adjutant General's Office, OH. FHL #182,710. Cites: (a) Lytle's History.

(4) "Pioneer Ohio Newspapers 1793-1810," by Karen Mauer Green (Frontier Press, Galveston, TX, 1986) p.304. Cites: (a) "Scioto Gazette and Chillicothe Advertiser," Chillicothe, OH, Wed., 14 Mar 1810.

(5) "Index to Ohio Tax Lists 1800-1810." FHL #977.1 R4j.

(6) "Tombstone Inscriptions and Other Records of Delaware County, Ohio," comp. by Esther Weygandt Powell (1972) p.214,226. FHL #977.1535 V22p.

(7) 1850 census, Radnor Twp., Delaware Co., OH, p.349. FHL #20,223.

(8) "Index to A History of the Early Settlement of Highland Co., OH." Appendix. FHL #977.1/A1 #172.

(9) "Common Pleas Court Records of Highland Co., Ohio 1805-1860," comp. by David N. McBride and Jane N. McBride (Edwards Letter Shop, Ann Arbor, MI, 1959) p.119. Cites: (a) Record C, p.560.

(10) "A History of Adams County, Ohio, from its Earliest Settlement to thee Present Time," by Nelson W. Evans & Emmons B. Strivers (West Union, OH: E. S. Stivers, 1900) p.122.

Birth: (3) 1775. (6) Age 76 yrs, 8 days at death on 4 Mar 1852 (b. 25 Feb 1776). (7) Age 73 in 1850 (b. 1777), b. KY.

Marriage to Susannah __: (6) Susannah BOYD, wife of William, buried in Radnor Cemetery.

Death: (3) 1852. (6) 4 Mar 1852.

Burial: (3,6) Radnor Cemetery, Radnor Twp., Delaware Co., OH. (3) Row 9, Old Section, Grave 45. Also buried there, in Grave 46, is William BOYD, b. 16 Sep 1819, d. 22 Feb 1849, served in Mexican War.

(10) 1801, Sep: A survey of Zane's road to change it from John TREBER's on the highlands to the old Indian ford of Brush Creek, thence to intersect the main road at the 27 mile tree on the top of Brush Creek hill in Adams Co., OH was granted upon the petition of Peter WICKERHAM, John TREBER, Joseph HORN, Nathan ELLIS, Abrahram SHEPHERD, Samuel SWAN, William MURFIN, James BOYD, Abraham BOYD, Jonathan BOYD, William BOYD, Peter PLATTER, David HONSELL, John MILLIGAN, David BUNNELL and James BUNNELL

(2) 1806: William BOYD, resident proprietor, taxed $.65 for 100 acres, Highland Co., OH.

(8) 1807: William BOYD, William BOYD Jr., and Thomas BOYD are living in New Market Twp., Highland Co., OH. [NOTE: Probably the family of the William BOYD that settled there with James c.1800.]

(5) 1808: William BOYD taxed, Meigs Twp., Adams Co., OH.

(5) 1810: William BOYD taxed New Market Twp., Highland Co., OH and Delaware Co., OH. [NOTE: The William BOYD of Highland Co. probably another. See note under 1807.]

(4a) 1810, 14 Mar: Samuel SMITH reported in the Chillicothe, OH newspaper that Ezekiel VANHORN and William BOYD appraised a horse found by Daniel STRONG of Radnor Twp., Delaware Co.

(3a) Served in the War of 1812.

1824, Apr: In reference to petition filed July 1820, the court in Highland Co. found that James BOYD had died and left the following heirs: Jonathan BOYD of Highland Co., William BOYD of Delaware Co., OH, James BOYD of Illinois, Peggy, late BOYD, wife of Jacob COX, Jane, late BOYD, wife of Peter BIGBY, Elizabeth, late BOYD, wife of Isaac KEYS, all the latter of Adams Co., OH.

(7) 1850, 6 Aug: Living in Radnor Twp., Delaware Co., OH, adjacent to Thomas BOYD. Mary FOOS, age 17, b. OH, living in household. Value of real estate $4,000.


Thank you to Michael Foos for creating WikiTree profile Boyd-3386 through the import of JHFoos.ged on Dec 8, 2013. Click to the Changes page for the details of edits by Michael and others. 
Boyd, William (I45751)
44223 William Bragg and an unknown woman. William was born 1624 in Northhampton, VA and died in 1679. Some records indicate his arrival in Virginia in 1649, but he must have been sailing to his parents’ home in England and then returning here. Vital Probate Records for Wiltshire Parish, England has a reference that might relate to William Bragg’s father: 25 September [1640], New Sarum, Wiltshire, England, William Bragg and others.

“PASSENGERS AND IMMIGRATION LISTS INDEX. VOLUME 1. A – G. Ed. Y Pk William Telley w/Mary K Meyer. 1981. Bragg, Wm. n.a.; Virginia 1650 – 2772 page 42.

EARLY VIRGINIA IMMIGRANTS 1623 - 1666. George Cabell Greer. 1989. Bragg, Wm. 1650 by Wingfield Webb and Richard Pate.

CAVALIERS AND PIONEERS. ABSTRACTS OF VIRGINIA LAND PATENTS AND GRANTS 1623 - 1666. Nell Marion Negent. Vol. I. 1983. Page 185 – William Bragg transported by Captain Randall Herle 5 October 1649 to Northampton County.Page 204 – William Bragg transported by Wingfield Webb (Webbe) and Richard Pate 12 December 1650. 
Bragg, William (I49485)
44224 William Brian Byers, telephone interview;
1624 Old Hilton Road
Chapin,SC 29036 
Source (S16711)
44225 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Hawkins, James Darren (I41207)
44226 William Buchanan Preston
Gender: Male
Birth: November 22, 1801
Death: February 14, 1855 (53)
Cannon Co, Tennessee
Immediate Family:
Son of William Preston?? and FRANCES "FANNY" Ross
Husband of Mary Nancy Preston
Father of John F. Preston

About edit | history
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Son of William Preston?? and FRANCES "FANNY" Ross
Husband of Mary Nancy Preston
Father of John F. Preston

end of profile 
Preston, William Buchanan (I51645)
44227 William Bulstrode, London
Birthdate: 1440
Birthplace: London,,Middlesex,England
Death: Died December 28, 1478 in London, Middlesex, England
Immediate Family:
Son of Sir William Bulstrode and Agnes Norreys, of Bray
Husband of Jean Franklin
Father of Philippa Bulstrode; Thomas Bulstrode; Jane Bulstrode and William Bulstrode
Brother of Jane Hungerford; Richard Bulstrode; Philippia Bulstrode and Thomas Bulstrode, Jr.
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated: October 31, 2014 
Bulstrode, William (I35777)
44228 William Burdett accurm:lated wast acreage in both Northampton and Accomac]
He was deceased by 1657, according to a deed drawn by John Custis on 8 October 1657 in Nothampton County, for 200 acres of land ',adjoining William Burdett, deceased. Thomas Burdett in 1658 in Northampton County VA acguired by conveyance 1050 acres of land virtue of rights of a patent "by granted unto his father, wiLliam Burdett, conveying the sane guant,ity and by him deserted", all according to Nugent's ',Cavaliers and Pioneers, Volume f", page 363. 
Burdette, William (I33692)
44229 William Byars bought Brooke Hall from his cousin James M. Dysart in 1806. He later built a second Brooke Hall across the road. He was one of 14 children of John Byars who died in 1781 in Louisa County, Virginia. John's wife was Elizabeth Thomas. John's parents were Henry Byars and Peggy Gentry. James Dysart was married to Agnes Nancy Beattie whose Brother David was Elizabeth Beattie's Father. The Byars were already related to the Dysart's and Beattie's in Ireland and Scotland. James Dysart and David Beattie fought in the Battle of King's Mountain in the revolution. Byars, William M. (I13379)
44230 William Bybee (Bibby)
Also Known As: "Bybee", "Bibbie"
Birthdate: November 17, 1598 (38)
Birthplace: Coppull Parish, Standish, Lancashire, England
Death: September 28, 1637 (38)
Accomack Parish, Jamestown , Virginia
Immediate Family:
Son of Thomas Bybee and Elizabeth Bybee
Husband of Mary Bibby
Father of Edmond Bibby, I; Thomas Bybee and Elizabeth Freshwater
Brother of Phillip Bybee; Joane Bybee; Mary Bybee; Thomas Bybee; Andrew Bybee and 2 others
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated: January 26, 2017

Immediate Family

Mary Bibby

Edmond Bibby, I

Thomas Bybee

Elizabeth Freshwater

Elizabeth Bybee

Thomas Bybee

Phillip Bybee

Joane Bybee

Mary Bybee

Thomas Bybee

Andrew Bybee

John Bybee
About William Bybee
Probably a younger or even youngest son, with few or no expectations in England.

In "Muster rolls of Settlers in Virginia" was listed: William Bibbie age 22, in the SWAN, 1620. William landed at Accawmacke Plantation on the "Eastern Shore" in VA seven months before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth rock. Additionally, in "Family and Local Histories," William Bibby is listed as living in Elizabeth Cittie, in 1624. He is also listed in "The Living and the Dead in Virginia." February, 1623, as residing "at the Eastern Shore."


William died before September 25, 1637, and his wife died in November of the same year. The two orphaned children, Edmund and Elizabeth, were taken into the care of Captain William Roper and George Travellor, respectively - but with very different results.

Detailed and sometimes gruesome account of William Bibby/Bybee/Bibbie and his orphaned children here:

end of biography 
Bybee, William The Immigrant (I24808)
44231 William Byron Clark, obituary, "Southern Standard", September 10,1973,
abstracted by Margie Tucker. 
Source (S7545)
44232 William Calender Barber born March 1 1839 in Fulton Co. Illinois to Samuel and ?. Married Sarah Candice Sawvel Dec 25 1881 in Bentonville Arkansas. Their children were Lillie Edna, Teena Grace, Mary Christina, Clare Mae, Nora Ellen, Hattie Candace.

They lived in Stroud, Lincoln County, Oklahoma.

(Information sent from Virginia Smith Saul)
Barber, William Calender (I38622)
44233 William Calhoun "Hoss" Bottoms, obituary, "Southern Standard", date unknown,
abstracted by Margie Tucker 
Source (S15514)
44234 William Cantrell, Jr. immigrant to Jamestown,, abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Wednesday, February 13th, 2019 Source (S13681)
44235 William Cantrill

Sex: M

Birth: 1575 in Derbyshire, England

Death: 1619 in Jamestown, Virginia

Marriage 1 Mary


Henry Cantrill b: 1616 in Derbyshire, Blackwell Parish, England

An acquaintance of John Smith, it is said he was at his marriage to Pocahontas.

Arrived in America in 1608. He was listed as a "Gentleman" and was said to be familiar with firearms.

end of biography 
Cantrell, Gentleman William Jr., The Immigrant (I32260)
44236 William Carey, of Aldenham, in Hertfordshire (c. 1500 - 22 June 1528) was a courtier and favourite of King Henry VIII of England. He served the king as a Gentleman of the Privy chamber, and Esquire of the Body to the King. His wife, Mary Boleyn, is known to history as a mistress of King Henry VIII and the sister of Henry's second wife, Anne Boleyn.


William Carey was the second son of Sir Thomas Carey (1455–1500), of Chilton Foliat in Wiltshire, and his wife, Margaret Spencer, daughter of Sir Robert Spencer and Eleanor Beaufort, and grandson of Sir William Cary of Cockington, Devon, an eminent Lancastrian.[2] This Cary family were anciently recorded in Devon, and originally held the manors at Cockington and Clovelly in that county.[3] Eleanor was the daughter of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, whose brother John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, was the father of Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby, grandmother of King Henry VIII; thus William and Henry VIII were third cousins. William's maternal aunt was Catherine Spencer, Countess of Northumberland, and through her, he was first cousin to Henry Percy, 6th Earl of Northumberland, the former suitor of his sister-in-law Anne Boleyn.

On 4 February 1520,[4] he was married to Mary Boleyn, the elder daughter of Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Howard. They resided at Aldenham in Hertfordshire.

Shortly after their marriage, Mary became the mistress of King Henry VIII. The Boleyns received grants of land, and Carey himself profited from his wife's unfaithfulness, being granted manors and estates by the King while it was in progress.[5] Carey was also a noted art collector and he introduced the famed Dutch artist, Lucas Horenbout, to the Kingdom of England in the mid-1520s. Perhaps one of the reasons the athletic King Henry VIII favoured Carey was the fact that Carey appears to have been fond of activities such as riding, hunting and jousting. Carey distinguished himself in jousting at the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520.

Anne Boleyn, Mary's sister, caught Henry's eye a year after his affair with Mary ended. Henry proposed marriage to her in 1527. William Carey did not live to enjoy his sister-in-law's prosperity, since he died of the sweating sickness the following year. Brian Tuke, Henry's secretary at the time of Carey's death wrote this to Lord Legat the day after his death: "Now is word common that M. Cary, which before I came lay in the chamber where I lie, and with whom at my first coming I met here in this place, saying that he had been with his wife at Plashey, and would not be seen within, because he would ride again and hunt, is dead of the sweat. Our Lord have mercy on his soul; and hold his hand over us." He died greatly in debt, and his wife was reduced to pawning her jewellery before Anne Boleyn arranged a pension for her.

Children of William Carey and Mary Boleyn[edit]
William Carey and Mary Boleyn were the parents of two children:

Catherine Carey (c. 1524 – 15 January 1568). Maid of Honour to Anne of Cleves and Catherine Howard. She was married to the Puritan Sir Francis Knollys, Knight of the Garter. She was later lady-in-waiting to her cousin, Elizabeth I. One of her daughters, Lettice Knollys, became the second wife of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, the favourite of Elizabeth I.
Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon (4 March 1526 – 23 July 1596). He was ennobled by Queen Elizabeth I just after her coronation and created Knight of the Garter in 1561. When Henry was dying, Elizabeth offered him the Boleyn family title, Earl of Ormonde, which he had long sought, but he refused the honour.
Because of Mary's affair, it has been suggested that Catherine and Henry may have been instead Henry VIII's biological children (see Issue of Mary Boleyn). The veracity of this claim is the subject of historical debate.

Carey, William (I47456)
44237 William Cary b: 1437 in , England d: May 06, 1471
+Elizabeth Paulett
Notes for William Cary:

1.) He was an ardent supporter of the House of Lancaster, and took an active part in the struggle between the adherents of Henry VI and Edward IV in the WAR OF THE ROSES.
2.) At the Battle of Tewksbury on May 4, 1471, the Lancastrians were defeated, and William with others took refuge in the Abbey Church. According to the customs of the times the church was a 'Sanctuary', so that they could not be taken out of it. They were enticed out on the promise of pardon and two days later were beheaded. His property was confiscated as usual in such cases, but Henry VII restored it to his son Robert. We cannot ascertain for what reason, but probably because King Henry was a scion of the House of Lancaster in whose cause, his father lost his life and property.

3.) William left two sons Robert and Thomas. From Robert sprang the families of Clovelly, Torre Abbey, and Somersetshire. And from Thomas the three lines of nobles, Baron Hunsdon, Earl of Monmouth, and Viscount Falkland Line.

4.) He lived during the reign of Henry VI and Edward IV.

11 Robert Cary b: 1460 in, England d: 1540
+Agnes Hody Father: William Hody

Notes for Robert Cary:

1.) His tomb is in the Little Clovelly Church. It has a figure if a Knight set in brass in the slab with this inscription: PRAY FOR THE SOWLE OF SIR ROBERT CARY, ESQUIRE, SONNE AND HEYER OF SIR WM. CARY, KNYGHTE. WHICH SIR ROBERT DECESSYD THE XXV DAY OF JUNE IN THE YERE OF OUR LORD GOD M.V.XL O'WHO'S SOWLE IHU MERCY.
2.) Lived during the reigns of Edward IV and V, Richard III, and Henry VII and VIII.

Cary, Sir William Knight (I46189)
44238 William Cary, the first husband of Mary Boleyn, sister of Queen Anne Boleyn, and ancestor to the Cary Barons Hunsdon, Barons Cary of Leppington, Earls of Monmouth, Viscounts Rochford and Earls of Dover. Family F17418
44239 William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley KG PC (13 September 1520 – 4 August 1598) was an English statesman, the chief advisor of Queen Elizabeth I for most of her reign, twice Secretary of State (1550–53 and 1558–72) and Lord High Treasurer from 1572. Albert Pollard says, "From 1558 for forty years the biography of Cecil is almost indistinguishable from that of Elizabeth and from the history of England."[1]

Burghley set as the main goal of English policy the creation of a united and Protestant British Isles. His methods were to complete the control of Ireland, and to forge an alliance with Scotland. Protection from invasion required a powerful Royal Navy. While he was not fully successful, his successors agreed with his goals.[2] Cecil was not a political genius or an original thinker; but he was a cautious man and a wise counselor, with a rare and natural gift for avoiding dangers. In 1587, Cecil persuaded the Queen to order the execution of the Roman Catholic Mary Queen of Scots, after she was implicated in a plot to assassinate Elizabeth. [3]Derek Wilson (2013) says, "Few politicians were more subtle or unscrupulous than William Cecil."[4] He was the founder of the Cecil dynasty which has produced many politicians including two Prime Ministers.

Born William Cecil
13 September 1520
Bourne, Lincolnshire
Kingdom of England
Died 4 August 1598 (aged 77)
Cecil House
Westminster, London
Kingdom of England
Resting place St. Martin's Church
Stamford, Lincolnshire
United Kingdom
52°38'56?N 0°28'39?W
Spouse(s) Mary Cheke (d. 1543)
Mildred Cooke
Children Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter
Frances Cecil
Anne Cecil, Countess of Oxford
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury
Elizabeth Cecil-Wentworth
Parents Sir Richard Cecil
Jane Heckington
Residence Burghley House
Cecil House
Theobalds House

Early life

Cecil was born in Bourne, Lincolnshire, in 1520, the son of Sir Richard Cecil, owner of the Burghley estate (near Stamford, Lincolnshire), and his wife, Jane Heckington. Pedigrees, elaborated by Cecil himself with the help of William Camden the antiquary, associated him with the Welsh Cecils or Seisyllts of Allt-Yr-Ynys, Walterstone,[5] on the border of Herefordshire and Monmouthshire, and traced his descent from an Owen of the time of Harold Godwinson and a Seisyllt of the reign of William Rufus. Seisyllt is the original Welsh spelling of the anglicised Cecil. There is now no doubt that the family was from the Welsh Marches and Lord Burghley himself acknowledged this in his family pedigree painted at Theobalds.[6] The family had connections with Dore Abbey.[7] However, the move to Stamford provides information concerning the Lord Treasurer's grandfather, David; he, according to Burghley's enemies, kept the best inn in Stamford. David somehow secured the favour of the first Tudor king, Henry VII, to whom he seems to have been Yeoman of the Guard. He was Sergeant-of-Arms to Henry VIII in 1526, Sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1532, and a Justice of the Peace for Rutland. His eldest son, Richard, Yeoman of the Wardrobe (died 1554), married Jane, daughter of William Heckington of Bourne, and was father of three daughters and the future Lord Burghley.

William, the only son, was put to school first at The King's School, Grantham, and then Stamford School, which he later saved and endowed. In May 1535, at the age of fourteen, he went to St John's College, Cambridge,[8] where he was brought into contact with the foremost scholars of the time, Roger Ascham and John Cheke, and acquired an unusual knowledge of Greek. He also acquired the affections of Cheke's sister, Mary, and was in 1541 removed by his father to Gray's Inn, without having taken a degree, as was common at the time for those not intending to enter the Church. The precaution proved useless and four months later Cecil committed one of the rare rash acts of his life in marrying Mary Cheke. The only child of this marriage, Thomas, the future Earl of Exeter, was born in May 1542, and in February 1543 Cecil's first wife died. Three years later, on 21 December 1546 he married Mildred Cooke, who was ranked by Ascham with Lady Jane Grey as one of the two most learned ladies in the kingdom, (aside from another of Ascham's pupils, Elizabeth Tudor, who was later Elizabeth I) and whose sister, Anne, was the wife of Sir Nicholas Bacon, and later the mother of Sir Francis Bacon.

Early career

William Cecil's early career was spent in the service of the Duke of Somerset (a brother of the late queen, Jane Seymour), who was Lord Protector during the early years of the reign of his nephew, the young Edward VI. Cecil accompanied Somerset on his Pinkie campaign of 1547 (part of the "Rough Wooing"), being one of the two Judges of the Marshalsea. The other was William Patten, who states that both he and Cecil began to write independent accounts of the campaign, and that Cecil generously contributed his notes for Patten's narrative, The Expedition into Scotland.

Cecil, according to his autobiographical notes, sat in Parliament in 1543; but his name does not occur in the imperfect parliamentary returns until 1547, when he was elected for the family borough of Stamford.

In 1548, he is described as the Protector's Master of Requests, which apparently means that he was clerk or registrar of the court of requests which Somerset, possibly at Hugh Latimer's instigation, illegally set up in Somerset House to hear poor men's complaints. He also seems to have acted as private secretary to the Protector, and was in some danger at the time of the Protector's fall in October 1549. The lords opposed to Somerset ordered his detention on 10 October, and in November he was in the Tower of London.

Cecil ingratiated himself with Warwick, and after less than three months he was out of the Tower. On 5 September 1550 Cecil was sworn in as one of King Edward's two secretaries of state. In April 1551, Cecil became chancellor of the Order of the Garter.[9] But service under Warwick (by now the Duke of Northumberland) carried some risk, and decades later in his diary, Cecil recorded his release in the phrase "ex misero aulico factus liber et mei juris" ("I was freed from this miserable court").

To protect the Protestant government from the accession of a Catholic queen, Northumberland forced King Edward's lawyers to create an instrument setting aside the Third Succession Act on 15 June 1553. (The document, which Edward titled "My Devise for the Succession", barred both Elizabeth and Mary, the remaining children of Henry VIII, from the throne, in favour of Lady Jane Grey.) Cecil resisted for a while, in a letter to his wife, he wrote: "Seeing great perils threatened upon us by the likeness of the time, I do make choice to avoid the perils of God's displeasure." But at Edward's royal command he signed it.[10] He signed not only the devise, but also the bond among the conspirators and the letters from the council to Mary Tudor of 9 June 1553.[11]

Years afterwards, he pretended that he had only signed the devise as a witness, but in his apology to Queen Mary I, he did not venture to allege so flimsy an excuse; he preferred to lay stress on the extent to which he succeeded in shifting the responsibility on to the shoulders of his brother-in-law, Sir John Cheke, and other friends, and on his intrigues to frustrate the Queen to whom he had sworn allegiance.[12]

There is no doubt that Cecil saw which way the wind was blowing, and disliked Northumberland's scheme; but he had not the courage to resist the duke to his face. As soon, however, as the duke had set out to meet Mary, Cecil became the most active intriguer against him,[13] and to these efforts, of which he laid a full account before Queen Mary, he mainly owed his immunity. He had, moreover, had no part in the divorce of Catherine of Aragon or in the humiliation of Mary during Henry's reign, and he made no scruple about conforming to the Catholic reaction. He went to Mass, confessed, and in no particular official capacity went to meet Cardinal Pole on his return to England in December 1554, again accompanying him to Calais in May 1555.

He was elected to Parliament as knight of the shire for Lincolnshire in 1553 (probably), 1555 and 1559 and for Northamptonshire in 1563.

It was rumoured in December 1554 that Cecil would succeed Sir William Petre as Secretary of State, an office which, with his chancellorship of the Garter, he had lost on Mary's accession to the throne. Probably the Queen had more to do with this rumour than Cecil, though he is said to have opposed, in the parliament of 1555 (in which he represented Lincolnshire), a bill for the confiscation of the estates of the Protestant refugees. But the story, even as told by his biographer,[14] does not represent Cecil's conduct as having been very courageous; and it is more revealing that he found no seat in the parliament of 1558, for which Mary had directed the return of "discreet and good Catholic members".

Reign of Elizabeth

The Duke of Northumberland had employed Cecil in the administration of the lands of Princess Elizabeth. Before Mary died he was a member of the "old flock of Hatfield", and from the first, the new Queen relied on Cecil. He was also the cousin of Blanche Parry, Elizabeth's longest serving gentlewoman and close confidante. The Queen appointed Cecil Secretary of State. His tight control over the finances of the Crown, leadership of the Privy Council, and the creation of a highly capable intelligence service under the direction of Francis Walsingham made him the most important minister for the majority of Elizabeth's reign.

Foreign policy

Dawson argues that Cecil's long-term goal was a united and Protestant British Isles, an objective to be achieved by completing the conquest of Ireland and by creating an Anglo-Scottish alliance. With the land border with Scotland safe, the main burden of defence would fall upon the Royal Navy, Cecil proposed to strengthen and revitalise the Navy, making it the centerpiece of English power. He did obtain a firm Anglo-Scottish alliance reflecting the common religion and shared interests of the two countries, as well as an agreement that offered the prospect of a successful conquest of Ireland. However, his strategy ultimately failed. His idea that England's safety required a united British Isles became an axiom of English policy by the 17th century.[15]

Though a Protestant, Cecil was not a religious purist; he aided the Protestant Huguenots and Dutch just enough to keep them going in the struggles which warded danger from England's shores. But Cecil never developed that passionate aversion from decided measures which became a second nature to Elizabeth. His intervention in Scotland in 1559–60 showed that he could strike hard when necessary; and his action over the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots, proved that he was willing to take on responsibilities from which the Queen shrank.

Engraving of Queen Elizabeth I, William Cecil and Sir Francis Walsingham, by William Faithorne, 1655
Generally he was in favour of more decided intervention on behalf of continental Protestants than Elizabeth would have liked, but it is not always easy to ascertain the advice he gave. He left endless memoranda lucidly (nevertheless sometimes bordering on the ridiculous) setting forth the pros and cons of every course of action; but there are few indications of the line which he actually recommended when it came to a decision. How far he was personally responsible for the Anglican Settlement, the Poor Laws, and the foreign policy of the reign, remains to a large extent a matter of conjecture. However, it is most likely that Cecil's views carried the day in the politics of Elizabethan England. The historian Hilaire Belloc contends that Cecil was the de facto ruler of England during his tenure as Secretary; pointing out that in instances where his and Elizabeth's wills diverged, it was Cecil's will that was imposed.

Leimon and Parker argue that Burghley was the principal protector of Edward Stafford, the English ambassador to Paris and a paid spy who helped the Spanish at the time of the Spanish Armada. However, they do not claim Burghley knew of Stafford's treason.[16]

Domestic politics

Cecil's share in the Religious Settlement of 1559 was considerable, and it coincided fairly with his own Anglican religious views. Like the mass of the nation, he grew more Protestant as time wore on; he was happier to persecute Catholics than Puritans; and he had no love for ecclesiastical jurisdiction. His prosecution of the English Catholics made him a recurring character in the "evil counsellor polemics", written by Catholic exiles across the channel. In these pamphlets, polemicists painted a black picture of Burghley as a corrupting influence over the queen.[17] "The Queen will listen to none but unto him", exiled Catholic intelligencer Richard Verstegan wrote, "and somtymes, she is faine to come to his bedsyde to entreat him in some-things."[18] He warmly remonstrated with John Whitgift, the Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury, over his persecuting Articles of 1583. The finest encomium was passed on him by the queen herself, when she said, "This judgment I have of you, that you will not be corrupted with any manner of gifts, and that you will be faithful to the state."

In Parliament

Cecil presiding over the Court of Wards
He represented Lincolnshire in the Parliament of 1555 and 1559, and Northamptonshire in that of 1563, and he took an active part in the proceedings of the House of Commons until his elevation to the peerage; but there seems no good evidence for the story that he was proposed as Speaker in 1563. In January 1561, he was given the lucrative office of Master of the Court of Wards and Liveries in succession to Sir Thomas Parry. As Master of the Court of Wards, Burghley supervised the raising and education of wealthy, aristocratic boys whose fathers had died before they reached maturity. These included Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, and Roger Manners, 5th Earl of Rutland. He is widely credited with reforming an institution notorious for its corruption, but the extent of his reforms has been disputed by some scholars.[19]

In February 1559, he was elected Chancellor of Cambridge University in succession to Cardinal Pole; he was created M.A. of that university on the occasion of Elizabeth's visit in 1564, and M.A. of Oxford on a similar occasion in 1566. He was the first Chancellor of University of Dublin, between 1592 and 1598.

On 25 February 1571, Queen Elizabeth elevated him as Baron Burghley. The fact that Burghley continued to act as Secretary of State after his elevation illustrates the growing importance of that office, which under his son became a secretary of the ship of state. In 1572 Burghley privately admonished the queen for her "doubtful dealing with the Queen of Scots." He made a strong attack on everything he thought Elizabeth had done wrong as queen. In his view, Mary had to be executed because she had become a rallying cause for Catholics and played into the hands of the Spanish and of the pope, who excommunicated Elizabeth in 1570 and sent in Jesuits to organise a Catholic underground. By 1585–6 these missionaries had set up a secret, but highly effective, underground system for the transport and support of priests arriving from the Continent.[20][21][22] Elizabeth's indecision was maddening; finally in 1587 Elizabeth had Mary executed.[23]


In 1572, Lord Winchester, who had been Lord High Treasurer under Edward, Mary and Elizabeth, died. His vacant post was offered to Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, who declined it and proposed Burghley, stating that the latter was the more suitable candidate because of his greater "learning and knowledge".[24] The new Lord Treasurer's hold over the queen strengthened with the years.

Burghley and Theobalds

Burghley House
Burghley House, near the town of Stamford, was built for Cecil, between 1555 and 1587, and modelled on the privy lodgings of Richmond Palace.[25][26] It was subsequently the residence of his descendants, the Earls and Marquesses of Exeter. The house is one of the principal examples of 16th-century Elizabethan architecture, reflecting the prominence of its founder, and the lucrative wool trade of the Cecil estates. Cecil House was also built by Cecil in the 16th Century, as his London residence, an expansion of an already existing building.[a] Queen Elizabeth I supped with him there, in July 1561, "before my house was fully finished", Cecil recorded in his diary, calling the place "my rude new cottage."[27] It was later inherited by his elder son, Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, and was known as "Exeter House".

A new Theobalds House, just off the main road north from London to Ware, was built between 1564 and 1585 by the order of Cecil, intending to build a mansion partly to demonstrate his increasingly dominant status at the Royal Court, and also to provide a palace fine enough to accommodate the Queen on her visits.[28]. The Queen visited there eight times, between 1572 and 1596.


Tomb of Lord Burghley in St Martin's, Stamford
Lord Burghley collapsed (possibly from a stroke or heart attack) in 1598. Before he died, Robert, his only surviving son by his second wife, was ready to step into his shoes as the Queen's principal adviser. Having survived all his children except Robert and Thomas, Burghley died at his London residence, Cecil House on 4 August 1598, and was buried in St Martin's Church, Stamford.


Lord Burghley firstly married, Mary Cheke (Cheek), daughter of Sir Peter Cheke of Pirgo and Agnes Duffield, and had issue:

Sir Thomas Cecil (b. 5 May 1542), who inherited the Barony of Burghley upon the death of his father, and was later created Earl of Exeter.
He secondly married, Mildred Cooke, eldest daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke of Gidea, Essex and Anne Fitzwilliam, and had the following issue:

Frances Cecil (b. c.1556)
Anne Cecil (b. 5 December 1556), who was the first wife of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, and served as a Maid of Honour to Queen Elizabeth I before her marriage.
Sir Robert Cecil (b. 1 June 1563), who inherited his father's political mantle, taking on the role of Chief Minister, and arranging a smooth transfer of power to the Stuart administration under King James I of England. He was later created Baron Cecil, Viscount Cranborne, and finally Earl of Salisbury.
Elizabeth Cecil (b. 1 July 1564), who married William Wentworth of Nettlestead (c.1555-1582), eldest son of Thomas Wentworth, 2nd Baron Wentworth.
Burghley's descendants include the Marquesses of Exeter, descended from his elder son Thomas; and the Marquesses of Salisbury, descended from his younger son Robert. One of the latter branch, Robert Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (1830–1903), served three times as Prime Minister under Queen Victoria and her son, King Edward VII of England.

Private life

In contrast to his public unscrupulousness, Burghley's private life was upright; he was a faithful husband, a careful father and a dutiful master. A book-lover and antiquarian, he made a special hobby of heraldry and genealogy. It was the conscious and unconscious aim of the age to reconstruct a new landed aristocracy on the ruins of the old, Catholic order. As such, Burghley was a great builder, planter and patron. All the arts of architecture and horticulture were lavished on Burghley House and Theobalds, which his son exchanged for Hatfield.

Public conduct

His public conduct does not present itself in quite so amiable a light. As his predecessor, Lord Winchester, said of himself, he was sprung "from the willow rather than the oak." Neither Burghley nor Winchester was the man to suffer for the sake of obstinate convictions. The interest of the state was the supreme consideration for Burghley, and to it he had no hesitation in sacrificing individual consciences. He frankly disbelieved in toleration; "that state," he said, "could never be in safety where there was a toleration of two religions. For there is no enmity so great as that for religion; and therefore they that differ in the service of their God can never agree in the service of their country."[29] With a maxim such as this, it was easy for him to maintain that Elizabeth's coercive measures were political and not religious. To say that he was Machiavellian is meaningless, for every statesman is so, more or less; especially in the 16th century men preferred efficiency to principle. On the other hand, principles are valueless without law and order; and Burghley's craft and subtlety prepared a security in which principles might find some scope.[30]

Cecil by George S. Stuart
Nicholas White

The most prolonged of Cecil's surviving personal correspondences is with an Irish judge, Nicholas White, lasting from 1566 until 1590; it is contained in the State Papers Ireland 63 and Lansdowne MS. 102, but receives hardly a mention in the literature on Cecil.[31]

White had been a tutor to Cecil's children during his student days in London, and the correspondence suggests that he was held in lasting affection by the family. In the end, White fell into a Dublin controversy over the confessions of an intriguing priest, which threatened the authority of the Queen's deputised government in Ireland; out of caution Cecil withdrew his longstanding protection and the judge was imprisoned in London and died soon after.

White's most remarked-upon service for Cecil is his report on his visit with Mary, Queen of Scots, in 1569, during the early years of her imprisonment. He may have published an English translation of the Argonautica in the 1560s but no copy has survived.

In popular culture

Cecil has been a character in many works of fiction and documentary essay concerned with Elizabeth I's reign. Richard Attenborough depicted him in the film Elizabeth. He was played by Ben Webster in the 1935 film Drake of England. He was a prominent supporting character in the 1937 film Fire Over England, starring Laurence Olivier, Vivien Leigh, and Flora Robson; Burghley (spelled Burleigh in the film) was played by Morton Selten. He also appears in the television mini-series Elizabeth I with Helen Mirren, played by Ian McDiarmid; was portrayed by Ronald Hines in the 1971 TV series Elizabeth R;[32] by Trevor Howard in the 1971 film Mary, Queen of Scots (1971); and by Ian Hart in the 2005 miniseries The Virgin Queen. He is portrayed by David Thewlis in Roland Emmerich's Anonymous.

Cecil appears as a character in the novels I, Elizabeth by Rosalind Miles, The Virgin's Lover and The Other Queen by Philippa Gregory, and is a prominent secondary character in several books by Bertrice Small. He also appears prominently in the alternative history Ruled Britannia, by Harry Turtledove, in which he and his son Sir Robert Cecil are conspirators and patrons of William Shakespeare in an attempt to restore Elizabeth to power after a successful Spanish invasion and conquest of England. In addition, he is portrayed as a young man in Lamentation by C. J. Sansom.

Cecil is also portrayed by Ben Willbond in the BAFTA award-winning children's comedy television series Horrible Histories.

In the BBC TV miniseries Elizabeth I's Secret Agents (2017, broadcast on PBS in 2018 as Queen Elizabeth's Secret Agents), he is played by Philip Rosch;

Burghley also appears in the espionage novels of Fiona Buckley, featuring Elizabeth I's half-sister, Ursula Blanchard.

end of biography 
Cecil, Sir William KG, 1st Baron of Burghley (I50814)
44240 William Cecil, 2nd Earl of Exeter, KG PC (1566 – 6 July 1640), known as the third Lord Burghley from 1605 to 1623, was an English nobleman, politician, and peer.

Exeter was the son of Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, and Dorothy Neville, daughter of John Neville, 4th Baron Latimer.[1] He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and travelled on the continent before being admitted to Gray's Inn.[2]

In 1586, when only 20 years of age, he was returned to Parliament as MP for Stamford and was returned again in 1589.[1] In 1597 he was elected knight of the shire for Rutland.[3] He was invested as a Knight in 1603.[1] He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Northamptonshire between 1623 and 1640.[1] He succeeded to the title of 3rd Baron of Burghley, co. Northampton [E., 1571] on 8 February 1622/23.[1] He succeeded to the title of 2nd Earl of Exeter [E., 1605] on 8 February 1622/23.[1] He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (PC) in 1626.[1] He was invested as a Knight of the Order of the Garter (KG) in 1630.[1]

In 1589, William married Elizabeth Manners, the only child of the 3rd Earl of Rutland, and they had one child:

William Cecil, 17th Baron de Ros.

William Cecil had three daughters with Elizabeth Drury, the second of whom was Elizabeth Cecil (pictured).

Elizabeth died in 1591 and William married Elizabeth Drury, daughter of Sir William Drury and Elizabeth Stafford, and they had three children:

Lady Anne Cecil married Henry Grey, 1st Earl of Stamford, and had issue.
Lady Elizabeth Cecil (d. 1672), married Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Berkshire, and had issue.
Lady Diana Cecil (d. 1658), married Henry de Vere, 18th Earl of Oxford, no issue, remarried Thomas Bruce, 1st Earl of Elgin, also with no issue.[4]

endof biography 
Cecil, Sir William 2nd Earl of Exeter (I50807)
44241 William Champernon
Born before 1248 in Ilfracombe, Devon, England
Ancestors ancestors
Son of Henry (Champernon) de Champernon and Dionysia (English) de Champernon
Brother of Richard Champernon
Husband of Joan (Unknown) Champernon — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Father of Henry Champernon, Reginald Champernon, Dionesia Champernon, John Champernon and Margaret Champernon
Died 1305 in Tywardreath,St Austell,Cornwall,England
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This is a 1999 research summary by Ronny Bodine from this archive:

Sir WILLIAM de CHAMPERNOUN. As the son of Henry, see De Banco Plea Rolls, Trinity 17 Edw. 3, m. 42. Died before 21 Feb 1305 seized of Tywardraith and Trevelowen, co. Cornwall and Ilfracombe, Colrigg, and the hamlets of Heved and Clist, Devonshire (CIPM, 4: no. 312). On 16 Feb 1269/70, William de Chaumbernun was claimant to 1 messauge, 20 acres in Cowick, in St. Thomas (Devon Feet of Fines, no. 714). In July 1279, as a knight, he witnessed an oath to settle a dispute between the abbot and convent of Glastonbury and the prior and convent of Launceston (The Cartulary of Launceston Priory, p. 167). On 15 May 1287 he had letters going overseas (Cal. Patent Rolls 1281-92, p. 269). In 1294, as a knight, he was summoned to proceed to Wales and suppress a rising under a Welsh chieftain named Madog (RTDA, 71: 289-291). Knight of the Shire of Cornwall, Nov 1295 (Parliaments, p. 4; summoned to serve against the Scots 1296 and 1301 (Knights of Edward I, 1: 192); knight of the Shire of Devon, May 1298 (Parliaments, p. 8).

He was married to Joan. In March 1308/9, as Dame Joan de Champernoun, relict of Sir William, she presented to the church of Jacobstowe, co. Cornwall, doing so again in Nov 1309 when she presented John de Campo Arnulphi, a subdeacon and presumably her son, as the new rector (Stapledon, p. 224)


Sir Henry de Campo Arnulphi, m. Joan Bodrigan.
John de Campo Arnulphi (priest).
Reginald de Campo Arnulphi (priest).
William de Campo Arnulphi (priest).

Note: Vivian (p. 160) names John, Reginald and Henry [but not William] as sons of Sir Henry de Campo Arnulphi and his wife Dionisia, although this writer believes he misidentified another John with the priest of the same name. In addition, Vivian named two daughters, Dionisia, wife of Sir William Bottreaux and Margaret, wife of Otho Bodrigan. Sir William Bottreaux, of Worthevale, Penhale, Crackhampton and Botylet, co. Cornwall was born in 1242 and died 1302 (Trigg, 1: 634). Pole (Devon, p. 427) reports he held Cadbury and Stockleigh-English in free-marriage with Dionisia, but the evidence for this has not been found. In fact, Stockleigh-English was held by William Champernoun (viz. no. 10) who presented there in May 1344. The Complete Peerage (2: 199) indeed reports Sir Otho Bodrigan (1290-1331) had a wife named Margaret, but does not venture to identify her family name. Trigg (1: 499, 550) states Sir Otho joined the Earl of Lancaster and fought at the battle of Boroughbridge in 1322. Margaret survived her husband and presented to Marny's Prebend in Apr 1349 in right of her dower. After her death the manor and advowson devolved upon her son, William de Bodrigan, who presented in June 1351.


This person was created through the import of Acrossthepond.ged on 21 February 2011.

This person was created on 19 October 2010 through the import of Ancestors of Lois Greene.ged.

This person was created through the import of paul clare family tree (1).ged on 10 May 2011.

WikiTree profile Champernoun-7 created through the import of SRW 7th July 2011.ged on Jul 7, 2011 by Stephen Wilkinson. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Stephen and others.

end of biography 
Champernon, Sir William (I51192)
44242 William Clack was born in 1628 in Marden Parish, Wiltshire, England. He died about 1682. He was married to Mary ---------- in 1649 in Marden Parish, Wiltshire, England.

Mary ----------The surname of the mother of the Reverend James Clack is unknown. The idea that it was Spencer and that she was the aunt of Nicholas Spencer, immigrant to Virginia in 1678 and later Acting Governor of the colony, seems to have arisen in the 1930's. Octavia Zollicoffer Bond, an indefatigable and competent amateur genealogist, does not mention it in her Family Chronicle and Kinship Book, published in 1928. But it appears in magazine articles a few years later and has, understandably, been accepted ever since by her descendants.

It is wholly untrue. We know that William Clack's wife was named Mary from the record of her burial at Marden parish, Wilts., on Jun 18 1674, but there is no surviving record of his marriage.

And while Nicholas Spencer did, indeed, have an aunt named Mary Spencer, she is recorded in the parish records of Cople, Bedfordshire, as having died on Aug 31 1663 and been buried there the next day. Her name is given as "Mrs. Mary Spencer." "Mrs." in the 17th century, signified social status--the female equivalent of Mr.--not marital status, and the use of her maiden name would indicate that she died unmarried.

Further, James Clack is listed in the record of Oxford University as matriculating "P.P." That stands for puer pauper, "poor boy" in Latin. It should be made clear that that designation did not mean he was a pauper, in the English language sense of the word, only that he came from a family that could not afford the university fees (a situation in which the majority of students at today's Ivy league university's find themselves).

But it does indicate that the Clack family were of a lower social status than the Spencers, who stood at the top of the gentry, and thus it is unlikely that a marriage between Mary Spencer and William Clack would have been permitted.

In other words, there is simply no evidentiary material whatever to support the idea that James Clack's mother was Mary Spencer, and much to indicate that she was not. The exact origin of this genealogical myth is unknown. It is possible a well-meaning amateur genealogist, noting the names Nicholas and Spencer in the Clack family, found the record of Mary Spencer's birth and put two and two together without double checking. It is equally possible that a professional genealogist comitted fraud in order to give a client what he wanted: impressve ancestors.

And Mary Spencer's ancestors are indeed impressive, with three descents from Edward III, and from the 1st Duke of Somerset, the Lord Protector, and from Sir David Owen, a first cousin of King Henry VII, who led a fascinating life.

But while her ancestry is impressive it is also, alas, not ours. Children were:

i. The Reverend Nicholas Clack was born in 1653 in Marden Parish, Wiltshire, England. He was born in 1653 in Marden Parish, Wiltshire, England. He died about Oct 12 1709 in St. Mary's White Chapel Parish, Lancaster County, Virginia. He died about Oct 12 1709 in St. Mary's White Chapel Parish, Lancaster County, Virginia.
ii. The Reverend James Clack.
iii. Richard Clack was born on Mar 18 1662/63. He was born on Mar 18 1662/63.
iv. Francis Clack was born on Apr 5 1666. He was born on Apr 5 1666. 
Clack, William (I40734)
44243 William Clarence Morgan, obituary, "The Southern Standard", Wednesday,
January 26, 1977, extracted by Margie Tucker. 
Source (S16834)
44244 William Claude Baker
Born 19 Dec 1859 in White co.Tn.

ANCESTORS ancestors

Son of William Lyda Baker and Mary Ann (Wilhite) Baker
Brother of Sarah Jane (Baker) Prater, Henry S. Baker, Elizabeth Ann Baker, Easter (Baker) Wilhite, Janette Baker, Catherine (Baker) Blankenship, Amanda Baker, Elijah Mack Baker, Lucinda (Baker) Green, Rebecca Jane Baker and Green Harrison Baker
Husband of Mary Jane Ray — married [date unknown] [location unknown]

DESCENDANTS descendants

Father of Sarah Jane Baker and Lillie Mae (Baker) Goodson
Died 11 Jan 1946 in White co. Tennessee

Profile manager: Kenneth Shelton private message [send private message]
Baker-12423 created 27 Feb 2014 | Last modified 3 Jun 2017
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Birth 19 Dec 1859 • , White, Tennessee, USA 5 Sources 1859

Birth of Sister Rebecca Jane Baker(1866–1940) 18 Mar 1866 • Sparta, White County, Tennessee, USA 1866 6

Marriage 17 Aug 1881 • Smith, Tennessee, United States Mary Jane Ray (1854–1926) 2 Sources 1881 21

Birth of Daughter Emma Lou Baker(1883–1968) 1883 1883 23

Birth of Daughter Emily Baker(1883–1968) Oct 1883 • Tennessee 1883 23

Birth and Death of Daughter Mary Baker(1887–1887) 20 June 1887 • Sparta, White, Tennessee, USA 1887 27

Birth of Daughter Maria A Baker(1890–1975) Jan 1890 • Tennessee 1890 30

Birth of Daughter Sarah J Baker(1891–1922) 22 Aug 1891 • Tennessee 1891 31

Birth of Daughter Nannie Lee Baker(1893–1898) 6 Oct 1893 • Sparta, White, Tennessee, USA 1893 33

Birth of Daughter Maggie Ann Baker(1894–1977) 19 Sept 1894 • Sparta, White, Tennessee, USA 1894 34

Death of Mother Mary Ann Wilhite(1825–1895) 1895-05-19 • ,White,Tennessee,USA 1895 35

Death of Father William Lyda Baker(1820–1896) 14 Mar 1896 • Sparta, White, Tennessee, USA 1896 36

Birth of Daughter Zeta Frances Baker(1896–1966) 6 December 1896 • Doyle, White, Tennessee, United States 1896 36

Birth of Daughter Lillie Mae Baker(1897–1975) May 17, 1897 • White, Tennessee, United States 1897 37

Death of Daughter Nannie Lee Baker(1893–1898) 4 Dec 1898 • Sparta, White, Tennessee, USA 1898 38

Residence 1900 • Civil District 6, White, Tennessee, USA Marital Status: Married; Relation to Head of House: Head 1 Source 1900 41

Birth of Daughter Gusta Rebecca Baker(1904–1990) 7 Aug 1904 • Sparta, White, Tennessee, USA 1904 44

Birth of Daughter Dovie Baker(1908–1909) 12 Aug 1908 • Sparta, White, Tennessee, USA 1908 48

Death of Daughter Dovie Baker(1908–1909) 21 Feb 1909 • Sparta, White, Tennessee, USA 1909 49

Residence 1920 • Civil District 6, White, Tennessee, USA Marital Status: Married; Relation to Head of House: Head 1 Source 1920 61

Death of Daughter Sarah J Baker(1891–1922) 29 Sep 1922 • White, Tennessee, United States 1922 62

Death of Wife Mary Jane Ray(1854–1926) 20 Oct 1926 • , White, Tennessee, USA 1926 66

Death of Sister Rebecca Jane Baker(1866–1940) 18 Jul 1940 • Sparta, White County, Tennessee, USA 1940 80

Death 11 Jan 1946 • , White, Tennessee, USA 3 Sources 1946 86

Burial 13 Jan 1946 • White County, Tennessee, USA 2 Sources


Name William C Baker Age 41 Birth Date Dec 1858 Birthplace Tennessee Home in 1900 Civil District 6, White, Tennessee House Number 6 Sheet Number 12B Number of Dwelling in Order of Visitation 231 Family Number 235 Race White Gender Male Relation to Head of House Head Marital Status Married Spouse's Name Mary J Baker Marriage Year 1882 Years Married 18 Father's Birthplace Tennessee Mother's Birthplace Tennessee Occupation Farmer Months Not Employed 0 Can Read Yes Can Write Yes Can Speak English Yes House Owned or Rented R Farm or House F Household Members Name Age William C Baker Mary J Baker Emily Baker Maria A Baker Sarah J Baker Lillie M Baker

Citation Information Detail Year: 1900; Census Place: Civil District 6, White, Tennessee; Roll: 1604; Page: 12B; Enumeration District: 0153; FHL microfilm: 1241604

Name William C Baker Age 62 Birth Year abt 1858 Birthplace Tennessee Home in 1920 Civil District 6, White, Tennessee House Number Farm Race White Gender Male Relation to Head of House Head Marital Status Married Spouse's Name Mary Jane Baker Father's Birthplace Tennessee Mother's Birthplace Tennessee Able to Speak English Yes Occupation Farmer Industry General Farm Employment Field Employer Home Owned or Rented Own Home Free or Mortgaged Mortgaged Able to read Yes Able to Write No Household Members Name Age William C Baker 62 Mary Jane Baker 68 Lillie May Baker 22

Citation Information Detail Year: 1920; Census Place: Civil District 6, White, Tennessee; Roll: T625_1770; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 146; Image: 1001

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end of biography 
Baker, William Claude (I49762)
44245 William Claude Baker (1859-1946), Cemetery Profile,, abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Thursday, January 3rd, 2019 Source (S13511)
44246 William Clement
Birthdate: 1419 (24)
Birthplace: Caron Is Clawdd, Cardigan, Wales, UK
Death: 1443 (24)
Cardiganshire, Wales
Immediate Family:
Son of John Clement
Husband of Angharad verch Gruffudd
Father of Mawd Clement and Sir William Clement
Managed by: Emily Damiano
Last Updated: June 10, 2017 
Clement, William (I49234)
44247 William Clifton (abt. 1580 - 1636), Biography & Registry,, abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Thursday, February 7th, 2019 Source (S13661)
44248 William Clifton is the 12th great-grandson of John de Normandie, King of England (1166- 1216) ...

end of note 
Clifton, William (I32104)
44249 William Clifton, Registry,, abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Thursday, February 7th, 2019 Source (S13663)
44250 William Clifton, Registry,, abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Thursday, February 7th, 2019 Source (S44908)
44251 William Columbus Harmon
BIRTH 12 Apr 1868
Nixon, Hardin County, Tennessee, USA
DEATH 25 May 1943 (aged 75)
Adamsville, McNairy County, Tennessee, USA
Shiloh Methodist Church Cemetery
Shiloh Battlefield, Hardin County, Tennessee, USA
MEMORIAL ID 97600297 · View Source

Son of Peter Harmon and Samantha Cammishie Gammill.
Married Ollie R Brown on 14 August 1888 in Hardin County, Tennessee.

Family Members
Peter Harmon

Samantha Cammishie Gammill Harmon Phillips

Ollie Brown Harmon

Thomas Newton Harmon

Oliver Arch Harmon

Oscar Monroe Harmon

Jay Hugh Harmon

end of profile 
Harmon, William Columbus (I51669)
44252 William Comyn was Lord of Badenoch and Earl of Buchan. He was one of the seven children of Richard Comyn, Justiciar of Lothian, and Hextilda of Tynedale. He was born in Scotland, in Altyre, Moray in 1163 and died in Buchan in 1233 where he is buried in Deer Abbey.

William made his fortune in the service of king William I of Scotland fighting the Meic Uilleim in the north. William witnesses no less than 88 charters of the king. William was sheriff of Forfar (1195-1211), Justiciar of Scotia (1205-33) and warden of Moray (1211-2). Between 1199 and 1200, William was sent to England to discuss important matters on King William's behalf with the new king, John.

William was appointed to the prestigious office of Justiciar of Scotia, the most senior royal office in the kingdom, in 1205. Between 1211 and 1212, William, as Warden of Moray (or Guardian of Moray) fought against the insurgency of Gofraid mac Domnaill (of the Meic Uilleim family), who William beheaded in Kincardine in 1213.[1] Upon finally destroying the Meic Uilleim's in 1229, he was given the Lordship of Badenoch and the lands it controlled.

From an unknown date, William held the title Lord of Kilbride.

He helped oversee the construction of St Mungo's Cathedral in Glasgow and after his death, Marjory continued his work there.

Earl of Buchan

During his period as Warden of Moray, Comyn was so successful, it may have been the reason he received the hand of Marjory (aka. Margaret), Countess of Buchan, sometime between 1209-1212. Her father Fergus, Earl of Buchan, had no male heirs and so in marrying his daughter to William he ensured a suitable line for his titles before his death. Dying sometime around 1214 (perhaps earlier) William took over the management of the mormaerdom (earldom) of Bucham, by right of his wife.

Family tree

William (is believed to have) had six children through his first wife Sarah Fitzhugh and eight through Marjory, Countess of Buchan. The two branches would be associated with the Lordship of Badenoch through his first wife and the Earldom of Buchan through the second. For the historian Alan Young, William's life, and particularly his marriage to the Countess of Buchan, marks the beginning of the "Comyn century".

NB. Children are ranked according to either accounts showing a specific rank in the order of Williams children's birth or according to the earliest available date the child was thought to have been born.

father Richard Comyn (b.c.1115-1123 d.c.1179); mother Hextilda of Tynedale (aka. Hextilda FitzUchtred or Hextilda FitzWaldeve) (b.1112-1122 d.c. 1149-1189). Hextilda's first husband was Malcolm, 2nd Earl of Atholl, making their son Henry, 3rd Earl of Atholl, William Comyn's half-brother.

first wife married 1193: Sarah Fitzhugh (aka. Sarah filia Roberti) (b.1155-1160 d.c.1204)

Richard (b.c.1190-1194 d.c.1244-1249); married to unknown wife; father of John I Comyn, Lord of Badenoch (b.c.1220 d.c.1277)
Jardine Comyn, Lord of Inverallochy (b. during or before 1190)
Walter, Lord of Badenoch (b.1190 d.c.1258) married Isabella, Countess of Menteith
Johanna (aka. Jean) (b.c.1198 d.c.1274); married c.1220: Uilleam I, Earl of Ross (aka. William de Ross) (b.c.1194-1214 d.1274)
John Comyn, jure uxoris Earl of Angus (died 1242); married (c.1242); Matilda, Countess of Angus (aka. Maud) (b.c.1222, d.1261)
David Comyn, Lord of Kilbride (died 1247); married Isabel de Valoigne (d.1253)
second wife married c.1209-1212: Marjory (aka. Margaret), Countess of Buchan (aka. Margaret Colhan of Buchan) (b.c.1184 d.c.1243-1244)
Idonea (aka. Idoine) (b.c.1215-1221); married 1237: Gilbert de Haya of Erroll (aka. Gilbert de la Hay) (d.1262)
Alexander, Earl of Buchan (b.c.1217 d.c.1289-1290); married: Elizabetha de Quincy (aka. Isabel) (b.1220 d.1282)
William (b.c.1217)
Margaret (b.c. 1218-1230); married Sir John de Keith, Marischal of Scotland (b.1212 d.1270)
Fergus (b.c.1219-1228 d.); married 1249: unknown wife; father of Margaret Comyn (b.c.1270)
Elizabeth (b.c. 1223 d.1267); married: Uilleam, Earl of Mar (d.1281)
Agnes (b.c.1225); married 1262: Sir Philip de Meldrum, Justiciar of Scotia (aka. Philip de Fedarg or Philip de Melgarum) 
Comyn, William Lord of Badenoch (I45616)
44253 William Cooke was apparently born in Dorset, but his birth record has not been found. He attended Magdalen College, Oxford and graduated in 1587 with a masters degree. Cooke was a non-conformist. The Queen wrote a letter to the Fellowes of Magdalen, commanding them to elect Nicholas Bond as President. Twelve of the Fellows, including Cooke, petitioned the Archbishop of Canterbury on behalf of the non-conformist candidate, Ralph Smith, who was elected. This displeased the Queen and the election was overturned. In 1589, Cooke was a lecturer at Magdalen and was given a year's leave to preach in Wales.

In 1598, he resigned from the college and became the second vicar of Crediton, Devon. He had been the vicar's preacher for two years before that. He married Martha White of Stanton St. John, Oxford, daughter of John White, gentleman, on April 27, 1597 at Stockton, Wiltshire. The rector of Stockton was John Terry, husband of Martha's sister Mary. As vicar of Crediton, he became one of the twelve governors of Crediton. William and Martha had seven children, all probably born at Crediton.

William wrote his will on February 7, 1615 and it was proved on June 26, 1615. The parish register for that year is in very poor conition and the exact date of Williams' death is unknown. His successor as vicar was instituted on April 4, 1615 indicating William's death before that date. As vicar, William would have been buried in the churchyard of Holy Cross Church in Crediton. 
Cooke, Reverend William Vicar (I41173)
44254 William Cornwallis Esq.
Born about 1470 in Brome, England
Son of Thomas Cornwallis Esq and Philippe (Tyrell) Cornwallis
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of Elizabeth (Stanford) Cornwallis — married about 1492 (to 1519) in Thrandeston, Suffolk, Englandmap [uncertain]
DESCENDANTS descendants
Father of John Cornwallis, Edward Cornwallis, Elizabeth (Cornwallis) Singleton and Affra (Cornwallis) Aucher
Died 20 Nov 1519 in Oakley Manor, Suffolk, England
Profile managers: Michelle Brooks private message [send private message] and Robert Adams private message [send private message]
Profile last modified 27 Jan 2018 | Created 16 Sep 2012
This page has been accessed 1,669 times.

Sir William Cornwallis1
M, #252846, d. November 1519; Last Edit=25 Nov 2007
Sir William Cornwallis was the son of Thomas Cornwallis.2 He married Elizabeth Stanford, daughter of John Stanford.1 He died in November 1519.1 He lived at Brome, Suffolk, England.1 He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Bath (K.B.).1
Child of Sir William Cornwallis and Elizabeth Stanford:
Sir John Cornwallis+2 b. c 1490, d. 1544
Marriage and Issue
William married Elizabeth Stanford, (or Stamford), daughter and co-heiress of John Stanford, Esq., and his wife Joan Butler (or Boteler). They had 5 sons and six daughters.[1]

Death and Burial
William Cornwallis "died 20 November 1519 and was buried in the chancel in St. Nicholas's, Oakley, Suffolk," England. [2] "He left a will proved 29 November 1519." [2]
Source: [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 903.
Source: [S37] BP2003. [S37]
Elizabeth Stanford1
F, #252847; Last Edit=25 Nov 2007
Elizabeth Stanford is the daughter of John Stanford.2 She married Sir William Cornwallis, son of Thomas Cornwallis.1 Her married name became Cornwallis.
Child of Elizabeth Stanford and Sir William Cornwallis:
Sir John Cornwallis+2 b. c 1490, d. 1544
Source: [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 903.
William Cornwallis, Esq. was born circa 1470 at of Brome & Oakley, Suffolk, England; Age 40 in 1510.1,2,3 He married Elizabeth Stanford, daughter of John Stanford, Esq. and Joan Boteler, circa 1492.
They had 5 sons:
Sir John
Thomas (clerk)
Francis ... and 6 daughters:
Elizabeth, wife of William Singleton
Affra, wife of Sir Anthony Aucher
Dorothy, wife of John Head
Katherine (nun at Elstow Abbey)
Prudence, wife of Mr. Roydon
Edith, wife of William Barwike.1,2,3
William Cornwallis, Esq. died on 20 November 1519; Buried in the chancel in St. Nicholas's, Oakley, Suffolk.4,2,3 His estate was probated on 29 November 1519.2,3
Source: The Peerage. Accessed: 23 March 2015. URL:
Source: Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, (2011), Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Royal Ancestry series, 2nd edition, 4 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham, (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2011), volume II, page 20, entry for William Cornwallis.
Source: Richardson, Douglas, Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, 2nd Edition.
Marshall, George William. The Visitations of the County of Nottingham in the Years 1569 and 1614 (London, 1871) Page 161
Find A Grave 102232428

? Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 616.
? 2.0 2.1
Ancestral File Number: 9XPJ-7S[3]
Thanks to Robert Adams, Michelle Brooks for starting this profile. Click the Changes tab for the details of contributions by Michelle and others.

end of this biography 
Cornwallis, William Sir (I51264)
44255 William d'Aubigny (died 1139[1]), also called William de Albini or William d'Albini and known as Pincerna,[a] was an Anglo-Norman nobleman. He was lord of the manor of Old Buckenham Castle in Norfolk, England.[1]

Life and career

William was the son of Roger d'Aubigny and his wife, Amice; one of their other children was Nigel d'Aubigny.[2] William served the household of Henry I of England as "Pincerna" (butler), and fought at the Battle of Tinchebrai.[1] He founded Wymondham Priory (later Wymondham Abbey) in 1107.[3]


William married Maud Bigod, daughter of Roger Bigod of Norfolk in 1107. She brought an unusually high dowry to the match for a woman of the Anglo-Norman aristocracy who was not an heiress, 10 knights' fees.[4] They were the parents of the following children:[5]

William d'Aubigny (died 1176), became Earl of Arundel
Nele d'Aubigny or Nigel d'Aubigny
Oliver d'Aubigny
Roland d'Aubigny (attributed)
Oliva d'Aubigny, married Ralph de la Haye
Jump up ^ The title or nickname "Pincerna" referred to the master butler of the Royal household.

d'Aubigny, Sir William "Pincerna" Lord of Buckingham (I48125)
44256 William d'Aubigny or D'Aubeney or d'Albini, Lord of Belvoir (died 1 May 1236) was a prominent member of the baronial rebellions against King John of England.

Family background

D'Aubigny was the son of William d'Aubigny of Belvoir and grandson of William d'Aubigny, and was heir to Domesday Book landholder Robert de Todeni, who held many properties, possibly as many as eighty. Amongst them was one in Leicestershire, where he built Belvoir Castle, which was the family's home for many generations.[1] He was High Sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicester and High Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire in 1199.

Involvement in military actions

D'Aubigny stayed neutral at the beginning of the troubles of King John's reign, only joining the rebels after the early success in taking London in 1215. He was one of the twenty-five sureties or guarantors of the Magna Carta. In the war that followed the sealing of the charter, he held Rochester Castle for the barons, and was imprisoned (and nearly hanged) after John captured it. He became a loyalist on the accession of Henry III in October 1216, and was a commander at the Second Battle of Lincoln on 20 May 1217.[2]


He died on 1 May 1236, at Offington, Leicestershire, and was buried at Newstead Abbey and "his heart under the wall, opposite the altar at Belvoir Castle".[1] He was succeeded by his son, another William d'Aubigny, who died in 1247 and left only daughters. One of them was Isabel, a co-heiress, who married Robert de Ros. 
d'Aubigny, Sir William Lord of Belvoir (I46884)
44257 William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Lincoln and 1st Earl of Arundel (c. 1109[citation needed] – 12 October 1176[1]), also known as William d'Albini, William de Albini and William de Albini II,[2] was an English nobleman. He was the son of William d'Aubigny "Pincerna"[a] of Old Buckenham Castle in Norfolk, and Maud Bigod, daughter of Roger Bigod of Norfolk.

Died 12 Oct 1176
Buried Wymondham Abbey
Spouse(s) Queen Adeliza


William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel
Reynor d'Aubigny
Henry d'Aubigny
Geoffrey d'Aubigny
Alice d'Aubigny
Olivia d'Aubigny
Agatha d'Aubigny
Father William d'Aubigny
Mother Maud Bigod
Occupation Master butler of the Royal household

Life and career

William fought loyally for King Stephen of England, who made him first Earl of Lincoln and then Earl of Arundel (more precisely, Earl of Sussex). In 1153 he helped arrange the truce between Stephen and Henry Plantagenet, known as the Treaty of Wallingford, which brought an end to The Anarchy. When the latter ascended the throne as Henry II, he confirmed William's earldom and gave him direct possession of Arundel Castle (instead of the possession in right of his wife (d.1151) he had previously had). He remained loyal to the king during the 1173 revolt of Henry the Young King, and helped defeat the rebellion.

In 1143, as Earl of Lincoln, he made two charters confirming a donation of land around Arundel in Sussex to the abbey of Affligem in Brabant (representing his wife Adeliza of Louvain), with William's brother, Olivier, present.

He was the builder of Castle Rising Castle at Castle Rising, Norfolk.

William is the first proven English supporter of the crusader Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem and before 1146 had granted them land at Wymondham and built a Leper Hospital near his castle in Norfolk.[3] His wife, Adeliza, was also a major benefactor to leper hospitals at Wilton, Wiltshire and Arundel[3] and his cousin, Roger de Mowbray and his family, were to become the most significant patrons of the Order's headquarters based at Burton Lazars Hospital.[4][5]

Marriage and issue

The younger William was an important member of Henry I of England's household. After Henry's death, William married his widow, Queen Adeliza in 1138. William and Adeliza were parents to the following children:

William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel (d. 24 December 1193)
Reynor d'Aubigny
Henry d'Aubigny
Geoffrey d'Aubigny
Alice d'Aubigny (d. 11 September 1188)
Olivia d'Aubigny
Agatha d'Aubigny

end of biography 
d'Aubigny, Sir William Knight, 1st Earl of Arundel (I48126)
44258 William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel (b. [1138-1150], d. 24 December 1193), also called William de Albini III,[1] was the son of William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel and Adeliza of Louvain, widow of Henry I of England.[2]

He married Matilda St Hilary de Harcoučet and among their children was William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel. The Duke of Norfolk's Archives Assistant Librarian Sara Rodger wrote that William "did have three sons, William who succeeded him as Earl in 1196, and Alan and Geoffrey, of whom we know nothing." His daughter, Matilda d'Aubigny, married William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey. In 1176/7 he was created Earl of Sussex and in 1190 he inherited the earldom of Arundel. He is buried at Wymondham Abbey, Norfolk, England.[3]


Jump up ^ Brown, R. Allen (1988). Castle Rising Castle. London, UK: English Heritage. p. 15. ISBN 185074159X.
Jump up ^ Aubigny, William d' [William de Albini; known as William d'Aubigny Pincerna], first earl of Arundel (d. 1176), magnate by Graeme White, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Jump up ^

d'Aubigny, Sir William Knight, 2nd Earl of Arundel (I48130)
44259 William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel, also called William de Albini IV,[1] (before 1180 – 1 February 1221) was an English nobleman, a favourite of King John, and a participant in the Fifth Crusade.

A royal favourite

William was a favourite of King John. He witnessed King John's concession of the kingdom to the Pope on 15 May 1213. On 14 June 1216 he joined Prince Louis (later Louis VIII of France) after King John abandoned Winchester. He returned to the allegiance of the King Henry III after the Royalist victory at Lincoln, on 14 July 1217.

Death returning from the Fifth Crusade

He joined in the Fifth Crusade (1217–1221), in 1218. He died on his journey home, in Caneill, Italy, near Rome, on 1 February 1221. News of his death reached England on 30 March 1221. He was brought home and buried at Wymondham Abbey.[2]

His title was held by his son William, until he died, childless, in 1224, when it was passed to William's youngest son Hugh.

Marriage and issue

After 1196 and before 1200 William married Mabel of Chester (born c. 1173), daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester, and Bertrade de Montfort. They were the parents of eight children.

Avice de Aubigny (1196–1214), the wife of William Mowbray
Maud d'Aubigny, (d.aft 1210), the wife of 1. Robert de Tateshal, 2. Gille Brigte, Earl of Strathearn
Cicely d'Aubigny married Roger de Mahaut of Elford (d.1260)
Colette d'Aubigny (d.aft 1233)
William d'Aubigny, 4th Earl of Arundel (d. 1224); buried Wymondham Abbey
Hugh d'Aubigny, 5th Earl of Arundel (d. 7 May 1243); buried Wymondham Abbey
Isabel d'Aubigny; married John Fitzalan, Lord of Oswestry
Nicole or Nichole d'Aubigny (d.abt 1240); married Roger de Somery, Baron Somery of Dudley Castle (died 26 August 1273), son of Ralph de Somery (died 1211).
Lady Mabel d'Albini(1240-1330)married Robert de Tattershall


Jump up ^ Brown, R. Allen (1988). Castle Rising Castle. London, UK: English Heritage. p. 15. ISBN 185074159X.
Jump up ^ Harley MS 6700, London: British Library, Harley MS 6700

Secondary Sources[edit]

Wikisource has the text of the 1885–1900 Dictionary of National Biography's article about William de Albini.

Lewis Weis, Frederick. Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700.
Remfry, P.M. Buckenham Castles, 1066 to 1649. ISBN 1-899376-28-3.
Cokayne, George .E.; Gibbs, Vicary; Doubleday, Harry.A.; White, Geoffrey H.; Warrand, Duncan; de Walden, Lord Howard (2000) [1910–1959]. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. vol. I (new ed., 13 volumes in 14 ed.). Gloucester: Alan Sutton Publishing. 
d'Aubigny, Sir William Knight, 3rd Earl of Arundel (I46164)
44260 William D. /Green/, "Pedigree Resource File," database, FamilySearch ( : accessed 3 December 2018), entry for William D. /Green/, cites sources; "Brian Keith Anderson Tree" file (2:2:2:MMDK-8PK), submitted 9 December 2015 by andersonbrian [identity withheld for privacy]., abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Monday, December 3rd, 2018 Source (S13366)
44261 William Dacre, 7th Baron Greystock, later 3rd Baron Dacre of Gilsland (ca. 1493 - 18 November 1563) was an English peer, a Cumberland landowner, and the holder of important offices under the Crown, including many years' service as Warden of the West Marches.


The son of Thomas Dacre, 2nd Baron Dacre, by his marriage to Elizabeth Greystoke, Dacre succeeded his mother as Baron Greystock on 14 August 1516 and his father as Baron Dacre in 1525.[1] From his father he inherited about 70,000 acres (280 km˛) of land in Cumberland, 30,000 acres (120 km˛) in Yorkshire and 20,000 acres (80 km˛) in Northumberland.

On an unknown date between 18 May 1519 and 1527, he married Lady Elizabeth Talbot, the fifth daughter of George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, by his marriage to Anne Hastings, only daughter of William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings. She was still alive on 6 May 1552.[1]

He was Captain of Norham Castle in 1522-23, Steward of Penrith, Warden of the West Marches from 1527 to 1534 and again from 1549 until his death in 1563, Governor of Carlisle 1549 to 1551 and Warden of the Middle Marches from 1553 until 1555.[1]

On his death in 1563, he was succeeded by his eldest son Thomas Dacre, 4th Baron Dacre.[1]

Children of William Dacre and Elizabeth Talbot:

Anne Dacre (died c. July 1581)
Dorothy Dacre
Thomas Dacre, 4th Baron Dacre (c. 1526 – 1566)
Leonard Dacre (c. 1527 – 12 August 1573)
Edward Dacre (c. 1528 – 1584)
Francis Dacre (c. 1529 – 19 February 1633)
Magdalen Dacre (1538 – c. 1608)
^ Jump up to: a b c d 
Dacre, Sir William 3rd Baron Dacre of Gisland (I43544)
44262 William David Womack, Cemetery Profile,, abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Tuesday, December 12th, 2018 Source (S13439)
44263 William de Albini, surnamed Pincerna, son of Roger de Albini and elder brother of Nigel de Albini, whose posterity assumed and attained such eminence under the name of Mowbray, accompanied the Conqueror into England and acquired extensive territorial possessions by royal grants in Norfolk and other counties.

Of these grants was the lordship of Bokenham, to be holden by the service of being Butler to the Kings of England on the day of their coronation, and in consequence we find this William styled in divers charters "Pincerna Henrici Regis Anglorum.

" William de Albini founded the abbey of Wymondham in Norfolk and gave to the monks of Rochester the tithes of the manor of Elham, as also one carucate of land in Achestede, with a wood called Acholte. He likewise bestowed upon the abbey of St. Etienne at Caen, in Normandy, all his lands lying in Stavell, which grant he made in the presence of King Henry and his barons.

He m. Maude, dau. of Roger Bigot, with whom he obtained ten knights' fees in Norfolk. At the obsequies of Maud, William de Albini gave to the monks of Wymondham the manor of Hapesburg, in pure alms, and made livery thereof to the said monks by a cross of silver, in which (says Dugdale) was placed certain venerable reliques, viz., "part of the wood of the cross whereon our Lord was crucified; part of the manger wherein he was laid at his birth; and part of the sepulchre of the Blessed Virgin; as also a gold ring, and a silver chalice for retaining the Holy Eucharist, admirably wrought in form of a sphere; unto which pious donation his three sons were witnesses, with several other persons."

The exact time of the decease of this great feudal baron is not ascertained, but it is known that he was buried before the high altar in the abbey of Wymondham, and that the monks were in the constant habit of praying for his soul by the name of "William de Albini, the king's butler."

[Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, England, 1883, p. 2, Albini, Earls of Arundel]

d'Aubigny, Sir William "Pincerna" Lord of Buckingham (I48125)
44264 William de Beauchamp (c.1185–1260) was a British judge and High Sheriff.

Early life

Beauchamp was the son of Simon de Beauchamp (c.1145–1206/7) and his wife Isabella, whose parents are unknown.

Magna Carta baron

de Beauchamp took part in the 1210 expedition to Ireland and the 1214 expedition to Poitiers before joining the rebellious barons in 1215 at the beginning of the First Barons' War, entertaining them at his seat of Bedford Castle; as such Beauchamp was one of the rebels excommunicated by Pope Innocent III.

Involvement in military actions

de Beauchamp was captured at the Battle of Lincoln on 20 May 1217 but made his peace with the government; by this point he had already lost Bedford Castle to Falkes de Breautâe in 1215, leading to an odd situation; Breautâe was granted the castle, while Beauchamp held the barony. When Breautâe fell from power Bedford Castle was besieged and partially destroyed on royal orders, but Beauchamp was granted licence to build a residence within its Bailey. He was part of a royal expedition ambushed by Richard Marshal in 1233, and was appointed a Baron of the Exchequer in 1234 and 1237.

Other offices
He also served as Sheriff of Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire for 1236 and when Eleanor of Provence was crowned queen that year he served as an Almoner.

Family and death

He died in 1260, leaving a son, also called William as well as five other children.[1] His wife was Ida Longespee, daughter of William Longespâee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury and Ela, Countess of Salisbury.


"Oxford DNB article:Beauchamp, William de". Retrieved 5 October 2008.

end of this biography 
Beauchamp, Sir William de Knight, Baron of Bedford (I43515)
44265 William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny, KG (circa 1343 - 8 May 1411) was an English peer.

A younger son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick and Katherine Mortimer, he was summoned to Parliament on 23 July 1392 as "Willilmo Beauchamp de Bergavenny", by which he is held to have become Baron Bergavenny.

Marriage and heirs

On 23 July 1392, he married Lady Joan FitzAlan, daughter of the Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel and Elizabeth de Bohun, and they had the following children:

Richard de Beauchamp (c.1394-1422), later 2nd Baron Bergavenny and then 1st Earl of Worcester
Joan de Beauchamp, married the 4th Earl of Ormond

Beauchamp, Sir William de 1st Baron Bergavenny (I43471)
44266 William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick (1237-1298) was an English nobleman and soldier, described as a "vigorous and innovative military commander". He was active in the field against the Welsh for many years, and at the end of his life campaigned against the Scots.


He became hereditary High Sheriff of Worcestershire for life on the death of his father in 1268.

He was a close friend of Edward I of England, and was an important leader in Edward's invasion of Wales in 1277.[2][3] In 1294 he raised the siege of Conwy Castle, where the King had been penned in,[4] crossing the estuary.[5] He was victorious on 5 March 1295 at the battle of Maes Moydog, against the rebel prince of Wales, Madog ap Llywelyn.[6] In a night attack on the Welsh infantry he used cavalry to drive them into compact formations which were then shot up by his archers and charged.[7]R


His father was William de Beauchamp (d.1268) of Elmley Castle and his mother Isabel Mauduit, sister and heiress of William Mauduit, 8th Earl of Warwick, from whom he inherited his title in 1268. He had a sister, Sarah, who married Richard Talbot.

He married Maud FitzJohn. Their children included:

Isabella de Beauchamp,[8] married firstly, Sir Patrick de Chaworth and, secondly, Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester
Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick, who married Alice de Toeni, widow of Thomas de Leyburne


[show]Ancestors of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick
Jump up ^ Barfield, Sebastian. "Chapter 1 - The Beauchamp family to 1369". The Beauchamp Earls of Warwick, 1298-1369. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
Jump up ^ F. M. Powicke, The Thirteenth Century (1962 edition), p. 409.
Jump up ^ Osprey Publishing - The Castles of Edward I in Wales 1277–1307
Jump up ^ Welsh Castles - Conwy Castle
Jump up ^ T. F. Tout, The History of England From the Accession of Henry III. to the Death of Edward III (1216-1377) ,online.
Jump up ^ R. R. Davies, The Age of Conquest: Wales 1063-1415 (1991), p. 383.
Jump up ^ Powicke, p. 442-3.
Jump up ^ Lundy, Darryl. "p. 10687 § 106863 - Person Page 10687". The Peerage.[unreliable source]

External links

Lundy, Darryl. "p. 2648 § 26478 page". The Peerage. 
de Beauchamp, Sir William Knight, 9th Earl of Warwick (I46005)
44267 William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick (1237-1298) was an English nobleman and soldier, described as a “vigorous and innovative military commander."[1] He was active in the field against the Welsh for many years, and at the end of his life campaigned against the Scots.


He became hereditary High Sheriff of Worcestershire for life on the death of his father in 1268.

He was a close friend of Edward I of England, and was an important leader in Edward's invasion of Wales in 1277.[2][3] In 1294 he raised the siege of Conwy Castle, where the King had been penned in,[4] crossing the estuary.[5] He was victorious on 5 March 1295 at the battle of Maes Moydog, against the rebel prince of Wales, Madog ap Llywelyn.[6] In a night attack on the Welsh infantry he used cavalry to drive them into compact formations which were then shot up by his archers and charged.[7]R


His father was William de Beauchamp (d.1268) of Elmley Castle and his mother Isabel Mauduit, sister and heiress of William Mauduit, 8th Earl of Warwick, from whom he inherited his title in 1268. He had a sister, Sarah, who married Richard Talbot.

He married Maud FitzJohn. Their children included:

Isabella de Beauchamp,[8] married firstly, Sir Patrick de Chaworth and, secondly, Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester
Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick, who married Alice de Toeni, widow of Thomas de Leyburne

de Beauchamp, Baron William (I46007)
44268 William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton, KG (c. 1312 – 16 September 1360) was an English nobleman and military commander.


He was the fifth son of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan. He had a twin brother, Edward. His maternal grandparents were Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile.


William de Bohun assisted at the arrest of Roger Mortimer in 1330, allowing Edward III to take power. After this, he was a trusted friend and commander of the king and he participated in the renewed wars with Scotland.[1]

In 1332, he received many new properties: Hinton and Spaine in Berkshire; Great Haseley, Ascott, Deddington, Pyrton and Kirtlington in Oxfordshire; Wincomb in Buckinghamshire; Longbenington in Lincolnshire; Kneesol in Nottinghamshire; Newnsham in Gloucestershire, Wix in Essex, and Bosham in Sussex.

In 1335, he married Elizabeth de Badlesmere (1313 – 8 June 1356). Her parents Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere, and Margaret de Clare had both turned against Edward II the decade before. Elizabeth and William were granted some of the property of Elizabeth's first husband, who had also been Mortimer's son and heir.

William was created Earl of Northampton in 1337, one of the six earls created by Edward III to renew the ranks of the higher nobility. Since de Bohun was a younger son, and did not have an income suitable to his rank, he was given an annuity until suitable estates could be found.

In 1349 he became a Knight of the Garter. He served as High Sheriff of Rutland from 1349 until his death in 1360.[2]

Campaigns in Flanders, Brittany, Scotland, Victor at Sluys & Crecy[edit]
In 1339 he accompanied the King to Flanders. He served variously in Brittany and in Scotland, and was present at the great English victories at Sluys and was a commander at Crâecy.

His most stunning feat was commanding an English force to victory against a much bigger French force at the Battle of Morlaix in 1342. Some of the details are in dispute, but it is clear that he made good use of pit traps, which stopped the French cavalry.

Renowned Diplomat

In addition to being a warrior, William was also a renowned diplomat. He negotiated two treaties with France, one in 1343 and one in 1350. He was also charged with negotiating in Scotland for the freedom of King David Bruce, King of Scots, who was held prisoner by the English.


1. Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford (1341-1373)

Mary de Bohun (1368-1394); mother of Henry V of England
2. Elizabeth de Bohun (c. 1350-1385); married Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel 
de Bohun, Sir William Knight, 1st Earl of Northampton (I43568)
44269 William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton, KG (c. 1312 – 16 September 1360) was an English nobleman and military commander.


He was the fifth son of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan. He had a twin brother, Edward. His maternal grandparents were Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile.


William de Bohun assisted at the arrest of Roger Mortimer in 1330, allowing Edward III to take power. After this, he was a trusted friend and commander of the king and he participated in the renewed wars with Scotland.[1]

In 1332, he received many new properties: Hinton and Spaine in Berkshire; Great Haseley, Ascott, Deddington, Pyrton and Kirtlington in Oxfordshire; Wincomb in Buckinghamshire; Longbenington in Lincolnshire; Kneesol in Nottinghamshire; Newnsham in Gloucestershire, Wix in Essex, and Bosham in Sussex.

In 1335, he married Elizabeth de Badlesmere (1313 - 8 June 1356). Her parents Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere, and Margaret de Clare had both turned against Edward II the decade before. Elizabeth and William were granted some of the property of Elizabeth's first husband, who had also been Mortimer's son and heir.

William was created Earl of Northampton in 1337, one of the six earls created by Edward III to renew the ranks of the higher nobility. Since de Bohun was a younger son, and did not have an income suitable to his rank, he was given an annuity until suitable estates could be found.

In 1349 he became a Knight of the Garter. He served as High Sheriff of Rutland from 1349 until his death in 1360.[2]

Campaigns in Flanders, Brittany, Scotland, Victor at Sluys & Crecy

In 1339 he accompanied the King to Flanders. He served variously in Brittany and in Scotland, and was present at the great English victories at Sluys and was a commander at Crâecy.

His most stunning feat was commanding an English force to victory against a much bigger French force at the Battle of Morlaix in 1342. Some of the details are in dispute, but it is clear that he made good use of pit traps, which stopped the French cavalry.

Renowned Diplomat

In addition to being a warrior, William was also a renowned diplomat. He negotiated two treaties with France, one in 1343 and one in 1350. He was also charged with negotiating in Scotland for the freedom of King David Bruce, King of Scots, who was held prisoner by the English.


1. Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford (1341-1373)

Mary de Bohun (1368-1394); mother of Henry V of England
2. Elizabeth de Bohun (c. 1350-1385); married Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel

In Historical Fiction

In Bernard Cornwell's series the Grail Quest, the Earl of Northampton plays a minor role as Thomas of Hookton's lord.


Jump up ^ Mortimer, Ian (2008). The Perfect King The Life of Edward III, Father of the English Nation. Vintage. p. 138.
Jump up ^ The history of the worthies of England, Volume 3 By Thomas Fuller. Retrieved 2011-07-13.

de Bohun, Sir William Knight, 1st Earl of Northampton (I43568)
44270 William de Braose
4th Lord of Bramber

Grosmont Castle

Born: probably 1140/50

Died: 9th August 1211 at Corbeuil

At his peak, William was Lord of Bramber, Gower, Abergavenny, Brecknock, Builth, Radnor, Kington, Limerick and the three castles of Skenfrith, Grosmont (right) and Whitecastle.

He inherited Bramber, Builth and Radnor from his father; Brecknock and Abergavenny through his mother. He was the strongest of the Marcher Lords involved in constant war with the Welsh and other lords. He was particularly hated by the Welsh for the massacre of three Welsh princes, their families and their men, which took place during a feast at his castle of Abergavenny in 1175. He was sometimes known as the "Ogre of Abergavenny". One of the Normans' foremost warriors, he fought alongside King Richard at Chalus in 1199 (when Richard received his fatal wound).

William immediately transferred his loyalty to Prince John and supported his claim to the throne. John's entry to England was via William's port of Shoreham in Sussex.

John extended William's landholdings. He received Limerick, without the city, in 1201 and was also given custody of Glamorgan, Monmouth and Gwynllwg in return for large payments.

William captured Arthur, Count of Brittany at Mirebeau in 1202 and was in charge of his imprisonment for King John. He was well rewarded in February 1203 with the grant of Gower. He may have had knowledge of the murder of Arthur and been bribed to silence by John with the city of Limerick in July. His honours reached their peak when he was made Sheriff of Herefordshire by John for 1206-7. He had held this office under Richard from 1192 to 1199.

His fall began almost immediately. William was stripped of his office as bailiff of Glamorgan and other custodies by King John in 1206/7. Later he was deprived of all his lands and, sought by John in Ireland, he returned to Wales and joined the Welsh Prince Llywelyn in rebellion. He fled to France in 1210 via Shoreham "in the habit of a beggar" and died in exile near Paris. Despite his stated intention to be interred at St. John's, Brecon, he was buried in the Abbey of St. Victoire, Paris by Stephen Langton, the Archbishop of Canterbury, another of John's chief opponents who was also taking refuge there. His wife and son William were starved to death in captivity at either Windsor or Corfe Castle.

Note: The arms shown above are attributed to this William by Matthew Paris (see Aspilogia II , MP IV No7)

Father: William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber, Sheriff of Herefordshire

Mother: Bertha de Păitres

Married to Maud de St Valery ("before 1170" - Powicke's Loretta)

Child 1: William de Braose
Child 2: Maud (Susan) = Gruffyd ap Rhys
Child 3: Giles, Bishop of Hereford
Child 4: Roger
Child 5: Philip
Child 6: Bertha = William de Beauchamp
Child 7: Thomas
Child 8: Walter
Child 9: John = Amabil de Limesi
Child 10: Margaret = Walter de Lacy
Child 11: Henry
Child 12: Annora = Hugh de Mortimer
Child 13: Loretta = Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester
Child 14: Reginald de Braose
Child 15: Flandrina, Abbess of Godstow
Child 16: Bernard

This ordering of the children follows the Braose genealogy given in the 13th century MS
(British Library, Cotton Julius D, x) on the history of the Lords of Brecon.

Matthew Boulter has written a dissertation on the career of this William de Braose which he has kindly made available to readers of this site.

end of biography 
de Braose, Sir William III, Knight, 4th Lord of Bramber (I46779)
44271 William de Braose (c. 1197 – 2 May 1230) was the son of Reginald de Braose by his first wife, Grecia Briwere. He was an ill-fated member of a powerful and long-lived dynasty of Marcher Lords.

Early years

William de Braose was born in Brecon, probably between 1197 and 1204. The Welsh, who detested him and his family name, called him Gwilym Ddu, Black William. He succeeded his father in his various lordships in 1227, including Abergavenny and Buellt.[citation needed]


He was captured by the Welsh forces of Prince Llywelyn the Great, in fighting in the commote of Ceri near Montgomery, in 1228. William was ransomed for the sum of ą2,000 and then furthermore made an alliance with Llywelyn, arranging to marry his daughter Isabella de Braose to Llywelyn's only legitimate son Dafydd ap Llywelyn. However, it became known that William had committed adultery with Llywelyn's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales, and Braose was taken at his own home and transported to Wales.[2] The marriage planned between their two children did, however, take place.[3]


The Chronicle of Ystrad Fflur's entry for 1230 reads:[citation needed]

"In this year William de Breos the Younger, lord of Brycheiniog, was hanged by the Lord Llywelyn in Gwynedd, after he had been caught in Llywelyn's chamber with the king of England's daughter, Llywelyn's wife".[citation needed]
Llywelyn had William publicly hanged on 2 May 1230,[4] possibly at Crogen, near Bala, though others believe the hanging took place near Llywelyn's palace at Abergwyngregyn.


With William's death by hanging and his having four daughters, who divided the de Braose inheritance between them and no male heir, the titles now passed to the junior branch of the de Braose dynasty, the only male heir was now John de Braose who had already inherited the titles of Gower and Bramber from his far-sighted uncle Reginald de Braose.[citation needed]


William married Eva Marshal, daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke. They had four daughters:[citation needed]

Isabella de Braose (born c. 1222), wife of Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn
Maud de Braose (born c. 1224 – 1301), wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer another very powerful Marcher dynasty.
Eleanor de Braose (c. 1226 – 1251), wife of Humphrey de Bohun and mother of Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford.
Eva de Braose (c. 1227- July 1255), wife of William III de Cantilupe.
William's wife Eva continued to hold de Braose lands and castles in her own right, after the death of her husband. She was listed as the holder of Totnes in 1230, and was granted 12 marks to strengthen Hay Castle by King Henry III on the Close Rolls (1234–1237).[citation needed]

de Braose, Sir William Lord of Brycheiniog (I46115)
44272 William de Braose arrived in England with William the Conqueror. His mother’s name was Gunnor. She became a nun at the Abbaye aux Dames in Caen, Normandy, which was established by the Conqueror’s queen, Matilda. Some of the property Gunnor gave to the abbey was associated with members of the the Ivry family - Albereda, Hugh and Roger. Emma d’Ivry was the mother of William the Conqueror’s most powerful favourite, William fitz Osbern.

These are the best clues we have as to William de Braose’s parentage. He was entrusted with a key Sussex position at Bramber and land in other English counties, besides Briouze, a strategic location in Normandy. It seems likely that he came from the extended family of the Dukes of Normandy but for genealogists his ancestry is still a frustrating loose end. William probably married the widow of Anchetil de Harcourt, Eve de Boissey, but even this detail remains inconclusive.

Images for Braose coats of arms:

end of comment 
de Braose, Sir William Knight, 1st Lord of Bramber (I46787)
44273 William de Braose, (alias Breuse, Brewes, Brehuse,[1] Briouze, Brewose etc.; c. 1224–1291) was the first Baron Braose, as well as Lord of Gower and Lord of Bramber.[2]

Family and early life

Braose was the son of John de Braose, the Lord of Bramber and Gower and John's wife Margaret, the daughter of Llywelyn the Great, prince of Gwynedd.[2] These members of the Braose family were all descendants of William de Braose, who died around 1093 and was the Domesday tenant of Bramber.[3] His family had its origins at Briouze in Normandy.[4]

Braose's father was dead in 1232, before 18 July, when William became lord of his father's properties. William came of age before 15 July 1245,[2] making his birth around 1224.[1]

Lord and baron

He served King Henry III of England and Henry's son Edward I as a councilor and in various councils.[2] He sided with King Henry against Simon de Montfort during the civil war in England in the later part of Henry's reign.[1] In April and May 1292, he was summoned to Parliament, as Lord Braose.[2]

Braose was a benefactor of Sele Priory, with surviving charters recording the grant of a large estate in Crockhurst, Sussex to the priory in 1254.[5] The charter was dated 4 January 1254, and was in exchange for 10 marks as an annual rent from the priory.[6] Another charter records the gift of land near the road from Chichester to Bramber that was made at the urging of his mother Margaret.[5] Other benefactions included gifs of rents[7] and two small gifts of land.[8] Around 1280, Braose released the priory from performing certain customary services and rents that it had previously paid to him and his ancestors.[9][Notes 1]

Marriages, death, and legacy

Braose married three times. His first wife was Aline, daughter of Thomas de Multon. His second was Agnes, daughter of Nicholas de Moeles. His third wife was Mary, daughter of Robert de Ros.[10] He died at Findon in Sussex shortly before 6 January 1291.[2] He was buried at Sele Priory in Sussex on 15 January.[1]

Braose's son, William de Braose, 2nd Baron Braose, by his first wife, succeeded him.[2] By his second wife, he had a son Giles, who was knighted and fought in Scotland in 1300.[11] By his third wife, William had at least three children – Richard, Peter, and Margaret (wife of Ralph de Camoys, 1st Baron Camoys) – and possibly a fourth – William.[1] Richard was dead before 9 February 1296, and Peter died before 7 February 1312.[12]

See also

House of Braose

end of this biography 
de Braose, Sir William VI, Knight, 1st Baron Braose (I46480)
44274 William de Braose, (sometimes William de Briouze, William de Breuse, William de Brewes or William de Brewose; c. 1260–1326) was the second Baron Braose, as well as Lord of Gower and Lord of Bramber. He was held as a hostage after being captured in 1264 during the Second Barons' War and records of some of his childhood expenses survive from his time as a hostage. He first entered royal service in 1286 and, in 1291, he succeeded his father as baron. He continued in royal military service, serving in Scotland as well as in Wales. Protracted disputes over his lands embroiled him throughout his life and at the end of his life helped spark a revolt against King Edward II of England's favourites, the Despensers. He married twice, and his heirs were his daughter Aline and his grandson John de Bohun.

Family and early life

Braose was the son of William de Braose, 1st Baron Braose and his first wife, Aline, daughter of Thomas de Multon.[1] He was likely born around 1260, as his age was given as about 46 in 1307. Other events prove that he was born prior to 1264, as he was captured in that year. This came about during the Second Barons' War (1264–1267) during the reign of King Henry III of England, as the elder Braose had sided with the king during Simon de Montfort's rebellion. The younger Braose was a hostage in the custody of Montfort's wife, Eleanor. Her household accounts include expenses related to the younger William's care.[2]

Sometime around 1285, Braose confirmed grants of land by his ancestors to the religious house of Sele Priory.[3][a] In 1286 Braose was in the king's service, for unspecified duties overseas. It is possible that these included accompanying the king, Edward I, to Paris where Edward performed homage to the new French king, Philip IV, for Edward's French lands.[2] Braose played a significant role in King Edward's Welsh wars. In the winter of 1287–8 he commanded the force blockading Emlyn castle. His men also provided the escort for the transport of a huge siege engine from Dryslwyn to Emlyn. The arrival of the engine, with 480 great stones as ammunition, persuaded the defenders of the castle to surrender peaceably.[5]

Marcher Baron

The younger Braose succeeded his father before 1 March 1291, when he did homage for his father's lands.[1] He received custody of his father's lands on 2 March 1291, which had been placed into the custody of Robert de Tibetot on 12 January 1291.[6] He was summoned a number of times to Parliament from 1291 until 1322 as Baron Braose. He was the second Baron Braose, as well as Lord of Gower and Lord of Bramber.[1]

After his father's death, Braose continued to serve Edward. He contributed both money and personal military service in Edward's wars in Wales, Scotland, and France.[2] He saw service in Gascony in 1294.[3] In 1297 he took part in a military campaign in Flanders. As a reward for his service in Flanders, he received the wardship of John de Mowbray, who Braose eventually married to his daughter Aline.[2] From 1298 to 1306 he was involved in the Scottish wars, and was at the Battle of Falkirk on 22 July 1298.[3] Besides the military service, he served the king in 1301 by signing a letter from the leading barons of England to Pope Boniface VIII in which the barons decried papal interference in the royal rights of England.[2]

Braose captured the Welsh rebel William Cragh in 1290, whose miraculous resurrection after being hanged was attributed to Thomas de Cantilupe.[7] This led in 1307 to Braose giving testimony to papal commissioners inquiring into the events surrounding Cragh's hanging and whether or not it would support the canonisation of Cantilupe.[8]

It was most likely Braose who commissioned a condensed copy of Domesday Book, now Public Record Office manuscript E164/1. This copy has a marginal notation of "Br" next to the estates owned by Braose's ancestor, the first William de Braose.[9]

Braose was embroiled in a dispute over his lordship of Gower in 1299 when the Bishop of Llandaff, John de Monmouth, brought a case against Braose to the king. Although the case was adjudicated in 1302, the resulting decision was overturned. In 1304 Braose secured King Edward's confirmation of earlier grants and charters granting Braose special rights and liberties in Gower. He managed this because he was serving the king in Scotland at the time, and thus had easy access to the king. In 1305, however, Braose miscalculated and insulted a royal judge,[10] using "gross and contumelious words" to describe the royal official.[11] This episode caused the case of Gower to be reopened in 1306, and Braose was only able to settle the issue again by the grant of rights to his men in Swansea and Gower.[10]

In 1320 King Edward II of England confiscated the lordship of Gower on the grounds that Braose had given it to his son-in-law Mowbray without royal permission. Over the preceding years Braose had promised Gower to a number of persons,[12] including Humphrey de Bohun, the Earl of Hereford, Hugh Despenser the Younger, and Roger Mortimer of Wigmore. Mowbray then in late 1319 took custody of Gower to protect his rights. Despenser persuaded the king in 1320 to take Gower into royal hands in October, and was appointed keeper of the honour in November.[13] The other lords in the Welsh Marches resented this seizure, feeling that the king's excuse for it was not applicable. The seizure was one of the precipitating causes of the baronial rebellion that led to the exile of the Despensers in 1321.[12] In 1322 Gower was given to the younger Despenser again, who then traded it for the honours of Usk and Caerleon. Braose was then induced to sue the new holder of Gower for the return of the barony in April 1324, which action succeeded in June 1324. Braose then promptly gave Gower to the elder Despenser, returning the property to the Despenser family once more.[14] The lordship of Gower eventually ended up in the hands of the Beauchamp family, but it was not until the 1350s that the issue was decided.[15]

Marriage, death, and legacy

The name of Braose's first wife was Agnes,[16] but her family is not known. His second wife was Elizabeth, the daughter and heiress of Raymund de Sully. He had two daughters with his first wife, but no children with his second wife, who outlived him.[1] It appears that there was a son named William, who was the subject of a military summons from King Edward in 1311, but nothing further is mentioned of him after 1315. In 1316 a settlement of William the father's estates made no mention of this son making it likely that the son died before this date.[17]

Braose died not long before 1 May 1326[1] and his heirs were his daughter Aline and his grandson John de Bohun.[18] Aline, the elder daughter,[13] married John de Mowbray and Richard de Peschale. The second daughter, Joan, married James de Bohun and Richard Foliot, son of Jordan Foliot. Mowbray received the lands of Gower and Bramber before Braose's death.[1]

Braose was known as a man often in debt and as being unable to manage his cash flow well.[17] Thomas Walsingham stated in his chronicle that Braose was "very rich by descent but a dissipater of the property left to him".[19] 
de Braose, Sir William VII, Knight, 2nd Baron de Braose (I46478)
44275 William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber (fl. 1135–1179) was a 12th-century Marcher lord who secured a foundation for the dominant position later held by the Braose family in the Welsh Marches. In addition to the family's English holdings in Sussex and Devon, William had inherited Radnor and Builth, in Wales, from his father Philip. By his marriage he increased the Braose Welsh holdings to include Brecon and Abergavenny.

William remained loyal to King Stephen during the 12th-century period of civil war. He became a trusted royal servant during the subsequent reign of Henry II, accompanying the king on campaigns in France and Ireland. He served as sheriff of Herefordshire from 1173 until 1175. The family's power reached its peak under his son William during the reigns of King Richard I and King John.

William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber
Lord of Bramber
Died after 1179
Noble family House of Braose
Spouse(s) Bertha, daughter of Miles of Gloucester and Sibyl de Neufmarchâe
William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber
Father Philip de Braose
Mother Aenor de Totnes, daughter of Juhel of Totnes

Lands and family

William was the eldest son of Philip de Braose, lord of Bramber.[1] His mother was Aenor, daughter of Juhel of Totnes.[1] He was the third in the line of the Anglo-Norman Braose family founded by his grandfather, the first William de Braose.[1] After his father died in the 1130s William inherited lordships, land and castles in Sussex, with his caput at Bramber. He also held Totnes in Devon and Radnor and Builth in the Welsh Marches.[2] He confirmed the grants of his father and grandfather to the abbey of St Florent in Anjou and made further grants to the abbey's dependent priory at Sele in Sussex.[3] In about 1155, he also inherited through his mother's family one half of the honour of Barnstaple in Devon, paying a fee of 1000 marks for the privilege.[2] William became an internationally recognised figure. When Archbishop Theobald of Canterbury was asked by Pope Adrian IV to inquire into the background of a certain Walter, canon of St Ruf, his reply, dated to 1154/9 read:

The facts which you demand need but little enquiry; for they shine so brightly in themselves that they cannot be hid; so great is the brilliance of his noble birth and the glory of all his kin. For Walter, as we know for a fact, was the son of a distinguished knight and born of a noble mother in lawful wedlock, and he is closely related by blood to the noble William de Braose.[4]

William had married Bertha, daughter of Miles of Gloucester and Sibyl de Neufmarchâe, by 1150.[1] When each of Bertha's four brothers (Walter de Hereford, Henry FitzMiles (or Henry de Hereford), Mahel de Hereford and William de Hereford) died leaving no issue, William's marriage became unexpectedly valuable. He gained control of the lordships of Brecon and Abergavenny after 1166 when the last brother died.[1] These additional land holdings greatly expanded the territorial power and income of the Braose family. They now held a vast block of territory in the Welsh Marches as well as their extensive interests in Sussex and Devon. William's daughters were able to make good marriages, notably Sibyl to William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby.[5] Maud was married to John de Brompton of Shropshire.[6] William's son and heir, another William de Braose, became a major player in national politics under King John.[7]

Royal service

Empress Maud, the only legitimate living child of Henry I, landed in England in 1139 in an attempt to press her claim to the monarchy. She was soon besieged by King Stephen's forces at Arundel castle. Stephen allowed Maud a safe conduct to Bristol and provided her with an escort, which included William de Braose,[8] suggesting that he was an adherent of King Stephen. William was present as a witness when three charters were issued by Stephen at Lewes dated to the years 1148–53,[9] therefore it appears that he remained loyal to the king until the Treaty of Wallingford ended the hostilities.

William was in Sussex in 1153,[nb 1] but he followed Duke Henry, soon to become King Henry II, to Normandy in 1154.[nb 2] William was frequently with the new king. He was one of the military leaders who supported Henry at Rhuddlan in 1157.[12] He witnessed one of the king's charters at Romsey in 1158,[13] and he is recorded at the king's court in Wiltshire in 1164 when the Constitutions of Clarendon were enacted.[14] He accompanied the king on expedition to France, witnessing at Leons[nb 3] in 1161 and Chinon in 1162. William is also documented on the Irish campaign at Dublin in 1171 and Wexford 1172.[15] William's younger brother, Philip, also accompanied the king to Ireland, and remained with the garrison at Wexford. In 1177 Philip was granted the kingdom of Limerick by Henry but failed to take possession after the citizens set fire to the town.[16]

When Henry was facing war with his sons in 1173, William was appointed as sheriff of Herefordshire at Easter. He maintained the King's interests in Herefordshire until 1175.[1]

Later life and death

King Henry withdrew his favour from the family after William's son organised the murder of Seisyll ap Dyfnwal and other Welsh princes at Abergavenny in 1176.[17] There is little subsequent record of William in public life, and it is likely that he retired to his estates in Sussex. William died after 1179 and was succeeded by his son, William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber,[1] who gained the favour of both King Richard I and King John and became a dominant force in the Welsh Marches during their reigns.[18]

end of biography 
de Braose, Sir William Knight, 3rd Lord of Bramber (I46781)
44276 William de Braose, 3rd lord of Bramber was a Marcher lord, active during the 12th century period of anarchy and the subsequent reign of Henry II. He served as sheriff of Herefordshire from 1173 to 1175.

William was the eldest son of Philip de Braose, lord of Bramber. His mother was Aenor, daughter of Juhel of Totnes. He was the third in the line of the Anglo-Norman Braose family. After his father died in the 1130s William held lordships, land and castles in Sussex, with his caput at Bramber, also at Totnes in Devon and Radnor and Builth in the Welsh Marches. He confirmed the grants of his father and grandfather to the abbey of St Florent in Anjou and made further grants to the abbey's dependent priory at Sele in Sussex. About 1155, he also inherited through his mother's family one half of the honour of Barnstaple in Devon, paying a fee of 1000 marks for the privilege.

William became an internationally recognised figure. When Archbishop Theobald of Canterbury was asked by Pope Adrian IV to inquire into the background of a certain Walter, canon of St Ruf, his reply, dated to 1154/9 read:

"The facts which you demand need but little enquiry; for they shine so brightly in themselves that they cannot be hid; so great is the brilliance of his noble birth and the glory of all his kin. For Walter, as we know for a fact, was the son of a distinguished knight and born of a noble mother in lawful wedlock, and he is closely related by blood to the noble William de Braose."

William had married Bertha, daughter of Miles of Gloucester by 1150. When each of Bertha's four brothers died leaving no issue William's marriage became unexpectedly valuable. He gained control of the lordships of Brecon and Abergavenny after 1166 when the last brother died. These additional land holdings greatly expanded the territorial power and income of the Braose family. They now held a vast block of territory in the Middle March as well as their extensive interests in Sussex and Devon. William's daughters were able to make good marriages, notably Sibyl to William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby. William's son and heir, became a major player in national politics under King John.

Empress Maud landed in England in 1139 in an attempt to press her claim to the monarchy. She was soon besieged by King Stephen's forces at Arundel castle. Stephen allowed Maud a safe conduct to Bristol, and provided her with an escort which included William de Braose. Thus, at the start of this conflict, William was an adherent of King Stephen. He witnessed three charters with Stephen at Lewes dated by Davis as 1148/53 so it appears that he remained loyal to the king until the Treaty of Wallingford which ended the hostilities.

William was in Sussex in 1153, but he followed Duke Henry, soon to become King Henry II, across to Normandy in 1154. William was frequently with the new king. He was one of the great men in the army at Rhuddlan in 1157. He witnessed one of the king's charters at Romsey in 1158 and he is recorded at the king's court in Wiltshire in 1164 when the Constitutions of Clarendon were enacted. He accompanied the king on expedition to France, witnessing at Leons, in 1161 and Chinon in 1162. William is also documented on the Irish campaign at Dublin in 1171 and Wexford 1172.

When Henry was facing war with his sons in 1173, William was appointed as sheriff of Hereford at Easter. He maintained the King's interests in Herefordshire until 1175. King Henry withdrew his favour from the family after William's son organised the murder of Seisyll ap Dyfnwal and other Welsh princes at Abergavenny in 1175. There is little record of William in public life after this and it is likely that he retired to his estates in Sussex. It is at this time that the extensions were made to St. Mary's, Shoreham. (Pictured at top)

(The above is an adaptation of the article I wrote for Wikipedia. Sources for the information given can be found there.)

Father: Philip de Braose

Mother: Aanor

Married to Bertha, daughter of Miles of Gloucester, Earl of Hereford

Child 1: William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber

Child 2: Maud = John de Brompton

Child 3: Sibilla = (1)William de Ferrers =(2)Adam de Port

Child 4: John

Child 5: Roger

Roger is a witness to a charter of his brother William. (Dugdales "Monasticon" iv, p616)

(Some sources give a daughter Bertha who married a Beauchamp. I believe this Bertha is a daughter of William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber. See her page for references.)

end of biography 
de Braose, Sir William Knight, 3rd Lord of Bramber (I46781)
44277 William de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale (died 16 July 1212), was the second but eldest surviving son of Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale.

His elder brother, Robert III de Brus, predeceased their father, never holding the lordship of Annandale. William de Brus thus succeeded his father when the latter died in 1194.

William de Brus possessed large estates in the north of England. He obtained from King John, the grant of a weekly market at Hartlepool, and granted lands to the canons of Gisburn.[1] Very little else is known about William's activities. He makes a few appearances in the English government records and witnessed a charter of King William of Scotland.

He married a woman called Beatrice de Teyden, and had by her at least two sons and one daughter:

Robert (his successor)
Agatha married Ralph Tailboys
Jump up ^ Burke, Sir Bernard, CB., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms, The Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, London, 1883, p.80.


Burke, Messrs., John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with Their Descendants, &c., London, 1848: vol.1, pedigree XXXIV.
Northcliffe, Charles B., of Langon, MA., editor, The Visitation of Yorkshire, 1563/4 by William Flower, Norroy King of Arms, London, 1881, p. 40.
Duncan, A. A. M., ‘Brus , Robert (II) de, lord of Annandale (d. 1194?)’, in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 14 Nov 2006 
de Brus, Sir William 3rd Lord of Annandale (I46702)
44278 William de Burgh (c. 1160 - winter 1205/1206)[1] was the founder of the de Burgh/Burke/Bourke dynasty in Ireland.

In Ireland

He arrived in Ireland in 1185 and was closely associated with Prince John.

King Henry II of England appointed him Governor of Limerick and granted him vast estates in Leinster and Munster. De Burgh's castles at Tibberaghny (County Kilkenny), Kilsheelan, Ardpatrick and Kilfeacle were used to protect King John's northern borders of Waterford and Lismore and his castles at Carrigogunnell and Castleconnell were used to protect Limerick. He was Seneschal of Munster (Royal Governor) from 1201 to 1203.

Marriage and alliance

Sometime in the 1190s, William allied with the King of Thomond, either Domnall Mâor Ua Briain, King of Thomond (died 1194) or his son Murtogh, and married one of his daughters. This alliance probably took place during the reign of Murtough, as up to the time of his death Donal had been at war with the Normans. At any rate no more wars are recorded between the two sides for the rest of the decade. According to the Annals of Inisfallen, in 1201 William and the sons of Domnall Mâor led a major joint military expedition into Desmond, slaying Amlaâib Ua Donnabâain among others.

From 1199 to 1202 de Burgh led military campaigns in Desmond with the aid of the Ó Briain. Success in the west and south allowed de Burgh to conquer the Kingdom of Connacht, which although he had been granted probably before 1195, he had never occupied. Cathal Crobhdearg Ua Conchobair, King of Connacht, fought a successful counter-attack against the Anglo-Norman castles in Munster, including de Burgh's castle of Castleconnell. Further fighting led to loss of three castles and property, all of which was eventually retrieved with the exception of much of Connacht.


In 1200, "Cathal Crobhdearg Ua Conchobair went into Munster, to the son of Mac Carthy and William de Burgh to solicit their aid." This marked the start of de Burgh's interest in the province. King Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair (reigned 1190–1224) faced much opposition, mainly from within his own family and wished to engage de Burgh's aid to help secure his position. The following year William and Ua Conchobair led an army from Limerick to Tuam and finally to Boyle. Ua Conchobair's rival, Cathal Carragh Ua Conchobair marched at the head of his army to give them battle but was killed in a combined Burke/Ua Conchobair onslaught after a week of skirmishing between the two sides.

William and Ua Conchobair then travelled to Iar Connacht and stayed at Cong for Easter. Here, William and the sons of Rory O'Flaherty conspired to kill Ua Conchobair but the plot was foiled, apparently by holy oaths they were made to swear by the local Coarb family. However, when de Burgh demanded payment for himself and his retinue, battle finally broke out with over seven hundred of de Burgh's followers said to have been killed. William, however, managed to return to Limerick.

The following year in 1202, William returned and took revenge for his army that was destroyed a year early. He took the title “Lord of Connacht” in 1203.


He died in winter 1205/1206[1] and was interred at the Augustinian Priory of Athassel in Golden which he had founded c. 1200.[2]

The Annals of the Four Masters recorded his passing thus:

"William Burke plundered Connacht, as well churches as territories; but God and the saints took vengeance on him for that; for he died of a singular disease, too shameful to be described."


The identity of William's wife is uncertain. A late medieval genealogy records his marriage to an unnamed daughter of Donmal Mor mac Turlough O'Brien,[3] and the descent of the Earls of Ulster and Clanricarde from their son Richard. A book of genealogies recorded in the 15th century by Câu Choigcrâiche Ó Clâeirigh, one of the Four Masters (published in Annalecta Hibernica 18), indicates that the mother of Richard Mor de Burgh, William's son and successor, was the "daughter of the Saxon [Angevin] king", an illegitimate daughter of Henry II of England or, Richard I of England perhaps? Such a connection would explain the use of the term consanguineus kinsman by Edward I of England to describe Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster.

William had three known children (with the spelling Connaught being used in titles of English nobility):

Richard Mâor de Burgh, 1st Baron of Connaught, Lord of Connaught.
Hubert de Burgh, Bishop of Limerick.
Richard Óge de Burgh, (illegitimate), Sheriff of Connaught. 
de Burgh, William (I49259)
44279 William de Cantilupe (died 25 September 1254) (anciently Cantelow, Cantelou, Canteloupe, etc, Latinised to de Cantilupo) [2] was jure uxoris Lord of Abergavenny, in right of his wife Eva de Braose, heiress of the de Braose dynasty of Welsh Marcher Lords. His chief residences were at Calne in Wiltshire and Aston Cantlow (named after his family), in Warwickshire, until he inherited Abergavenny Castle and the other estates of that lordship.

He was the eldest son and heir of William de Cantilupe (died 1251) by his wife Millicent de Gournay. His younger brother was Thomas de Cantilupe, Bishop of Hereford and Chancellor of England.

At some time before 15 February 1248 he married Eva de Braose, daughter and heiress of William de Braose (died 1230) by his wife Eva Marshal, daughter of William Marshall, 1st Earl of Pembroke. By his wife he had children including:

George de Cantilupe (died 1273), Lord of Abergavenny, only son and heir, who died childless, leaving his sisters or their issue as his co-heiresses.
Milicent de Cantilupe (died 1299[3]), who married twice, firstly to Eudo la Zouche and secondly to John de Montalt[4][3]
Joan de Cantilupe (died 1271), who married Henry de Hastings (c. 1235 – 1269).[5]
He died "in the flower of his youth"[6] in 1254. Simon de Montfort, a close friend of the family, was one of the chief mourners at his funeral.[7]

de Cantilupe, Sir William III, Lord of Abergavenny (I47770)
44280 William de Chesney (sometimes William of Norwich or William fitzRobert;[1] died 1174) was a medieval Anglo-Norman nobleman and sheriff. Son of landholder in Norfolk, William inherited after the death of his two elder brothers. He was the founder of Sibton Abbey, as well as a benefactor of other monasteries in England. In 1157, Chesney acquired the honour of Blythburgh, and was sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk during the 1150s and 1160s. On Chesney's death in 1174, he left three unmarried daughters as his heirs.

Early life

Chesney was the son of Robert fitzWalter and Sybil de Chesney, and a younger brother of John de Chesney.[2] Sybil was the daughter of Ralph de Chesney.[3] Robert fitzWalter was lord of Horsford in Norfolk,[2] which was originally held by Walter de Caen, Robert's father. The barony was assessed at 10 knight's fees.[4][a]

Roger was the eldest brother of William, but died childless during their father's lifetime.[6] The next son, John, inherited the family lands, but died around 1149[2] without children.[7] William then inherited the lands.[2] John and William had a sister called Margaret, who was the wife of Haimo de St Clair.[7] Their father married a second time, and had a son named Simon by that marriage. William took his surname from his mother's family, as did his half-brother Simon, who was not related to the Chesney family except by marriage.[8] Two further children of Robert's, Elias and Peter, are known, but whether they were the children of the first marriage or the second is unclear.[9] Chesney should be distinguished from another William de Chesney,[2] who controlled the town of Oxford and its castle as well as the town of Deddington and its castle in the same time period.[10][b]


Chesney founded Sibton Abbey,[2] and after his brother John's death he confirmed the foundation of that Cistercian monastery,[7] which was the only Cistercian house in Suffolk.[1] Besides founding that monastery, he also gave lands or other gifts to Colne Priory, Essex, Thetford Priory, Castle Acre Priory, St John's Abbey, Stoke-by-Clare Priory, and Blythburgh Priory.[12]

Chesney acquired the barony of Blythburgh in Suffolk in 1157.[2] These lands were recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as being held by the king, and when Chesney was granted them they were assessed at one knight's fee in feudal service.[13] Besides Blythburgh, Chesney also acquired lands in Norfolk and Essex which he added to the family lands in Norfolk and Suffolk.[14]

In 1153 or 1154, Chesney was the recipient of the lordship of a hundred and a half in Norfolk,[c] possibly in compensation for the loss of the manor of Mileham. Chesney likely lost Mileham to another noble family, the fitzAlans, as part of the settlement resulting from the Treaty of Wallingford which settled the civil war in England.[16] Both William's father Robert and his elder brother John had held these offices before him.[9]

Chesney was Sheriff of Norfolk in the late 1140s and the 1150s, being recorded as holding that office in two documents – one dated to between 1146 and 1149 and the other dated to between 1146 and 1153.[17] The same documents record him as holding the office of Sheriff of Suffolk at concurrent times.[18] He held both offices again between 1156 and 1163.[2]

Death and legacy

Chesney died in 1174, having had three daughters with his wife Gilla.[2] Her ancestry is unknown, and it is possible that William married another time, to Aubrey de Poynings, because a Lewes Priory charter dated to around 1165 names a William de Chesney and Aubrey his wife, but it is not clear whether this charter is referring to William de Chesney the sheriff or to another William.[8] William and Gilla's daughters were Margaret, Clemence, and Sara,[2] all of whom were unmarried at the time of their father's death.[19] Margaret married twice – first to Hugh de Cressy and second to Robert fitzRoger. Clemence married Jordan de Sackville, and Sara married Richard Engaine.[2] Margaret inherited the majority of her father's estates.[20]

At his death, Chesney had outstanding debts, both to the king and to Jewish moneylenders. In 1214, his daughter Margaret was exempted from repaying any of her father's debts to those moneylenders by a royal grant.[14]


Jump up ^ A knight's fee was the amount of land that was granted to someone in exchange for a knight's military service of 40 days per year.[5]
Jump up ^ Sybil was the daughter of Ralph de Chesney,[3] The other William was the son of Roger de Chesney and Alice de Langetot,[2] who were the parents of Ralph de Chesney,[11] who was Sybil's father, making William de Chesney of Oxford the great-uncle of William de Chesney the sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk.[3]
Jump up ^ A hundred was a sub-division of a county.[15]


^ Jump up to: a b Brown "Introduction" Sibton Abbey Cartularies p. 1
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l Keats-Rohan Domesday Descendants p. 370
^ Jump up to: a b c Keats-Rohan Domesday Descendants p. 369
Jump up ^ Brown "Introduction" Sibton Abbey Cartularies p. 7
Jump up ^ Coredon Dictionary of Medieval Terms & Phrases p. 170
Jump up ^ Round "Early Sheriffs" English Historical Review p. 483–484
^ Jump up to: a b c Keats-Rohan Domesday Descendants pp. 363–364
^ Jump up to: a b Brown "Introduction" Sibton Abbey Cartularies p. 13
^ Jump up to: a b Brown "Introduction" Sibton Abbey Cartularies pp. 11–12
Jump up ^ Crouch Reign of King Stephen p. 205
Jump up ^ Keats-Rohan Domesday Descendants p. 368
Jump up ^ Brown "Introduction" Sibton Abbey Cartularies p. 16–17
Jump up ^ Sanders English Baronies p. 16
^ Jump up to: a b Brown, "Introduction" to Sibton Abbey Cartularies, pp. 14–16
Jump up ^ Coredon Dictionary of Medieval Terms & Phrases p. 159
Jump up ^ Crouch Reign of King Stephen p. 276 footnote 76
Jump up ^ Green English Sheriffs p. 62
Jump up ^ Green English Sheriffs p. 77
Jump up ^ Brown "Introduction" Sibton Abbey Cartularies p. 21
Jump up ^ Green Aristocracy of Norman England p. 380


Brown, Philippa (1985). "Introduction". In Brown, Philippa. Sibton Abbey Cartularies and Charters. Suffolk Charters. 7. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell and Brewer for the Suffolk Records Society. ISBN 0-85115-413-1.
Coredon, Christopher (2007). A Dictionary of Medieval Terms & Phrases (Reprint ed.). Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer. ISBN 978-1-84384-138-8.
Crouch, David (2000). The Reign of King Stephen: 1135–1154. New York: Longman. ISBN 0-582-22657-0.
Green, Judith A. (1997). The Aristocracy of Norman England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-52465-2.
Green, Judith A. (1990). English Sheriffs to 1154. Public Record Office Handbooks Number 24. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. ISBN 0-11-440236-1.
Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. (1999). Domesday Descendants: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents, 1066–1166: Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum. Ipswich, UK: Boydell Press. ISBN 0-85115-863-3.
Round, J. H. (October 1920). "Early Sheriffs of Norfolk". The English Historical Review. 35 (140). doi:10.1093/ehr/XXXV.CXL.481. JSTOR 552094.
Sanders, I. J. (1960). English Baronies: A Study of Their Origin and Descent 1086–1327. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. OCLC 931660.

de Chesney, Sir William Knight, Baron of Horsford (I46107)
44281 William de Greystoke, 2nd Baron Greystoke, (6 January 1321 – 10 July 1359) of Greystoke in Cumbria, was an English peer and landowner.


Greystoke was the son of Ralph de Greystoke, 1st Baron Greystoke, and his wife Alice, daughter of Hugh, Lord Audley.[1]


He was born at the family home in Grimthorpe, on 6 January 1321.[1] Greystoke's father died while he was still a child and he became a ward of his mother's second husband, Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby,[2] until he reached his majority in 1342.[1] During the next ten years he was involved, on the English side, in the Hundred Years' War between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France and was present at the Siege of Calais in 1346.[1] He served under Edward, the Black Prince, in France.[3] He participated in the Northern Crusades of Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster to Prussia in 1351–2.[1] In the early 1350s he was involved in the negotiations to secure the release of King David II of Scotland, who had been taken prisoner at the Battle of Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346.[1] Greystoke was made a captain of Berwick-upon-Tweed, but due to his service in France, he was not present when the town fell to the Scots in August 1355.[1] In October 1353 Greystoke received a royal licence to crenellate "his dwelling place", later known as Greystoke Castle.[4] He was also responsible for renovations on Morpeth Castle which he also owned.[4]

Marriages and children

He married twice and had children by his second wife only:

Firstly to Lucy de Lucie,[3] daughter of Thomas de Lucy, 2nd Baron Lucy (died 1365),[5] but the marriage was childless,[2] and they divorced.[3] During this time, his stepfather, Ralph Neville, unsuccessfully proposed that Greystoke should name his half-brothers, Ralph, Robert, and William Neville, as his heirs.[2]
Secondly he married Joane FitzHugh, daughter of Baron Fitzhugh, by whom he had four children:
Ralph de Greystoke, 3rd Baron Greystoke, eldest son and heir.
Robert de Greystoke;
William de Greystoke;
Alice de Greystoke,[3] the first wife of Robert Harington, 3rd Baron Harington (1356–1406)[6] of Gleaston Castle in the manor of Aldingham in Furness, Lancashire.
Death and burial[edit]
Greystoke died on 10 July 1359, at Brancepeth Castle, the seat of his step-father Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby,[5] and was buried in the parish church of St. Andrew's in Greystoke, Cumbria,[1] with a mass conducted by Gilbert de Welton, Bishop of Carlisle.[5] His funeral took place with "great pomp and solemnity", and was attended by great personages including: Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford,[7] Henry Scrope, 1st Baron Scrope of Masham, Thomas, Baron Musgrave, the Abbot of Holmcultram Abbey and the Abbot of Shap Abbey.[5]

end of biography 
de Greystoke, Sir William 2nd Baron Greystoke (I50194)
44282 William de Gyrlyngton, born 1391, died 1501. Son of John de Gyrlyngton. Married Johanna (maiden name unknown). Had son Nicholas Girlington I. He was a citizen and draper of York, and served on Parliment for York in 1440. Was Lord Mayor of York 1441.
de Gyrlyngton, William (I35635)
44283 William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, KG (16 October 1396 – 2 May 1450), was an English commander in the Hundred Years' War and Lord High Admiral of England from 1447 until 1450. He was nicknamed Jackanapes. He also appears prominently in William Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 1 and Henry VI, Part 2. Already holder of the title Earl of Suffolk, he was granted the additional titles Marquess of Suffolk (1444), Earl of Pembroke (1447) and Duke of Suffolk (1448).


William de la Pole was born at Cotton, Suffolk, the second son of Michael, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, and Katherine de Stafford, daughter of Hugh, Earl of Stafford, KG, and Lady Philipa de Beauchamp.

Almost continually engaged in the wars in France, he was seriously wounded during the Siege of Harfleur (1415), where his father died from dysentery.[1] Later that year his older brother Michael, 3rd Earl of Suffolk, was killed at the Battle of Agincourt,[2] and William succeeded as 4th Earl. He became co-commander of the English forces at the Siege of Orlâeans (1429), after the death of Thomas, Earl of Salisbury. When that city was relieved by Joan of Arc in 1429, he managed a retreat to Jargeau where he was forced to surrender on 12 June. He remained a prisoner of Charles VII of France for three years, and was ransomed in 1431.

After his return to the Kingdom of England in 1434 he was made Constable of Wallingford Castle. He became a courtier and close ally of Cardinal Henry Beaufort. His most notable accomplishment in this period was negotiating the marriage of King Henry VI with Margaret of Anjou in 1444. This earned him a promotion from Earl to Marquess of Suffolk. However, a secret clause was put in the agreement which gave Maine and Anjou back to France, which was partly to cause his downfall. His own marriage took place on 11 November 1430, (date of licence), to (as her third husband) Alice Chaucer (1404–1475), daughter of Thomas Chaucer of Ewelme, Oxfordshire, and granddaughter of the notable poet Geoffrey Chaucer and his wife, Philippa Roet.

With the deaths in 1447 of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester and Cardinal Beaufort, Suffolk became the principal power behind the throne of the weak and compliant Henry VI. In short order he was appointed Chamberlain, Admiral of England, and to several other important offices. He was created Earl of Pembroke in 1447, and Duke of Suffolk in 1448. However, Suffolk was later suspected of being a traitor. On 16 July he met in secret with Jean, Count de Dunois, at his mansion of the Rose in Candlewick street. The first of several meetings in London, they planned a French invasion. Suffolk passed Council minutes to Dunois, the French hero of the Siege of Orleans. It was rumoured that Suffolk never paid his ransom of ą20,000 owed to Dunois. Lord Treasurer, Ralph Cromwell, wanted heavy taxes from Suffolk; the duke's powerful enemies included John Paston and Sir John Fastolf. Many blamed Suffolk's retainers for lawlessness in East Anglia.[3]

The following three years saw the near-complete loss of the English possessions in northern France. Suffolk could not avoid taking the blame for these failures, partly because of the loss of Maine and Anjou through his marriage negotiations regarding Henry VI. On 28 January 1450 he was arrested, imprisoned in the Tower of London and impeached in parliament by the commons. The king intervened to protect his favourite, who was banished for five years, but on his journey to Calais his ship was intercepted by the Nicholas of the Tower; Suffolk was captured, subject to mock trial, and executed by beheading.[4][5] He was later found on the sands near Dover,[6] and the body was probably brought to a church in Suffolk, possibly Wingfield.

Suffolk was interred in the Carthusian Priory in Hull by his widow Alice, as was his wish, and not in the church at Wingfield, as is often stated. The Priory, founded in 1377 by his grandfather the first Earl of Suffolk, was dissolved in 1539, and most of the original buildings did not survive the two Civil War sieges of Hull in 1642 and 1643.[7]


Suffolk's only known legitimate son, John, became the second Duke of Suffolk in 1463.

Suffolk also fathered an illegitimate daughter, Jane de la Pole.[8] Her mother is said to have been a nun, Malyne de Cay. "The nighte before that he was yolden [yielded himself up in surrender to the Franco-Scottish forces of Joan of Arc on 12 June 1429] he laye in bed with a nonne whom he toke oute of holy profession and defouled, whose name was Malyne de Cay, by whom he gate a daughter, now married to Stonard of Oxonfordshire".[9] Jane de la Pole (d. 28 February 1494) was married before 1450 to Thomas Stonor (1423–1474), of Stonor in Pyrton, Oxfordshire. Their son Sir William Stonor, KB, was married to Anne Neville, daughter of John, Marquess of Montagu and had two children: John Neville, married to Mary Fortesque, daughter of Sir John Fortesque of Punsburn, Hereford, but died without issue; and Anne Neville, married to Sir Adrian Fortesque, who distinguished himself at the Battle of the Spurs; he was beheaded in 1539. Thomas Stonor and Jane de la Pole's two other sons were Edward and Thomas. Thomas Stoner married Savilla Brecknock, daughter of Sir David Brecknock. His great-great-grandson Thomas Stoner (18 December 1626 – 2 September 1683) married in 1651 Elizabeth Nevill (b. 1641), daughter of Henry, Lord Bergavenny and his second wife Katherine Vaux, daughter of The Hon. George Vaux and sister of Edward, Lord Vaux of Harrowden. Thomas's son John Stoner (22 March 1654 – 19 November 1689) married on 8 July 1675 Lady Mary Talbot, daughter of Francis, Earl of Shrewsbury and his wife Jane Conyers, daughter of Sir John Conyers.[10] 
de la Pole, Sir William Knight, 1st Duke of Suffolk (I43925)
44284 William de Lancaster I, or William Fitz Gilbert, was a nobleman of the 12th century in Northwest England. According to a document some generations later, he was also referred to as William de Tailboys (de Taillebois) when younger, and then became "William de Lancaster, baron of Kendal", although there is some uncertainty amongst most commentators concerning the exact meaning of the term "baron" in this case. He is the first person of whom there is any record to bear the name of Lancaster and pass it on to his descendants as a family name. He died in about 1170.

Titles and positions

Earliest holdings

Despite his surname, William and his relatives appear in contemporary documents relating mainly to what is now the modern county of Cumbria, not Lancashire, especially Copeland in western Cumberland, Furness in the Lake District, The Barony of Kendal, which became part of Westmorland, and various areas such as Barton between Kendal and Ullswater, also in Westmorland. Much of this area was not yet permanently part of England.

Although only part of this area was within the later English county of Lancaster or Lancashire, this entity had not yet come to be clearly defined. So the title of "de Lancaster", by which William is remembered, could have referred not only to the church city of Lancaster, to the south of this area, but to an area under its control. In 1900, William Farrer claimed that "all of the southern half of Westmorland, not only the Kirkby Lonsdale Ward of Westmorland, but also the Kendal Ward, were linked with Northern Lancashire from a very early time" and formed a single district for fiscal administrative purposes.[1]

The two apparently lost records which are said to have mentioned William's father Gilbert also apparently connected him to Cumbria, specifically to the area of Furness.[2]

The following are areas associated with him, for example ...

Muncaster in Cumberland. According to William Farrer, in his 1902 edition of Lancashire Pipe Rolls and early charters,wrote:

It appears that he was possessed of the lordship of Mulcaster (now Muncaster), over the Penningtons of Pennington in Furness, and under Robert de Romille, lord of Egremont and Skipton, who held it in right of his wife, Cecilia, daughter and heiress of William de Meschines.[3]

According to Farrer, this title would have been one of those granted by Roger de Mowbray, son of Nigel de Albini, having come into his hands after the decease without male heirs of Ivo de Taillebois. He also believed that this grant to William de Lancaster came to be annulled.

Workington, Lamplugh and Middleton. The manors of Workington and Lamplugh in Cumberland were given by William de Lancaster, in exchange for Middleton in Westmorland, to an apparently close relative, Gospatric, son of Orme, brother-in-law of Waldeve, Lord of Allerdale.[4]

Hensingham. The Register of St Bees shows that both William son of Gilbert de Lancastre, and William's son William had land in this area. William's was at a place called Swartof or Suarthow, "probably the rising ground between Whitehaven and Hensingham, known locally as Swartha Brow". The appears to have come from his father Gilbert. His brother Roger apparently held land at Walton, just outside modern Hensingham, and had a son named Robert. Roger and William also named a brother called Robert.[5]

Ulverston. Farrer argued that this may have been held by William and perhaps his father Gilbert, before it was granted by Stephen, Count of Boulogne and Mortain, to Furness Abbey in 1127.[6] The possible connection of William's father Gilbert to Furness will be discussed further below.

Enfeoffment from King Stephen

King Stephen's reign in England lasted from 1135 to 1154, but only during a small part of this did he control this region. For the majority of his reign all or most of this area was under the rule of David I of Scotland.

During the period when Stephen was in control "we possess distinct and clear evidence that Stephen, as king, enfeoffed a knight of the lands of Warton in Kentdale and the wide territory of Garstang, in Lancashire, to hold for the service of one knight. This was William de Lancaster, son of Gilbert by Godith his wife, described in the Inquest of service made in 1212 as "Willelmus filius Gilberti primus," that is, the first to be enfeoffed of that fee."[7]

Enfeoffment from Roger de Mowbray

At a similar time, during the period 1145-1154, a major enfeoffment by Roger de Mowbray put William in control, or perhaps just confirmed his control, of what would become the Barony of Kendal, plus Warton, Garstang, and Wyresdale in Lancashire, as well as Horton in Ribblesdale and "Londsdale". The latter two are sometimes apparently being interpreted as indicating possession for some time of at least part of what would become the Wapentake of Ewcross in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

The Scottish period

During the Scottish occupation, Hugh de Morville became the overlord of much of this area, a position he kept when the area later returned to English control. Farrer and Curwen remark:

William de Lancaster no longer held anything in Kentdale of Roger de Mowbray; but he appears to have held his lands in Westmarieland and Kentdale of Morevill by rendering Noutgeld of ą14 6s. 3d. per annum, and some 16 carucates of land in nine vills in Kentdale as farmer under Morevill. In 1166 William de Lancaster I held only two knight's fees, of the new feoffment of Roger de Mowbray in Sedbergh, Thornton, Burton in Lonsdale, and the other places in Yorkshire previously named, which his descendants held long after of the fee of Mowbray by the same service. The Mowbray connexion with Kentdale had come to an end upon the accession of Henry II, who placed Hugh de Morevill in possession of Westmarieland in return, possibly, for past services and in pursuance of the policy of planting his favourites in regions of great strategic importance. Probably the change of paramount lord had little, if any, effect on the position of William de Lancaster in Kentdale.[7]

In Cumberland further west, according to several websites, William was castellan in the castle of Egremont under William fitz Duncan.[citation needed]

The Barony of Kendal?

William de Lancaster is often described as having been a Baron of Kendal. In fact this is not so clear what kind of lordship existed over Kendal, given the lack of clarity of records in this period. The word barony developed specific meanings during the Middle Ages, namely feudal baron and baron by writ. William Farrer wrote, in the Introduction to his Records of Kendal:

After a careful review of the evidence which has been sketched above, the author is of opinion that no barony or reputed barony of Kentdale existed prior to the grants of 1189–90; and that neither William de Lancaster, son of Gilbert, nor William de Lancaster II, his son and successor, can be rightly described as "baron" of Kentdale.[7]

Whether or not "Barony" is the clearest word, what became the Barony of Kendal is generally accepted as having come together under Ivo de Taillebois (d. 1094) in the time of William Rufus, some generations before William. And, as will be discussed below, at least in later generations William was depicted by his family as having been a Taillebois. A continuity is therefore often asserted between what Ivo held, and what William later held, despite the fact that William had no known hereditary claim on Kendal, and Ivo had no male heirs. (This is also the reason for the frequent assertion that William held the entire wapentake of Ewcross, even though it seems that the family of Roger de Mowbray kept hold of at least Burton in Kendal. William held two parts of it, mentioned above, while Ivo had held another, Clapham. The rest is speculation.)

According to Farrer, the Barony of Kendal became a real barony only in the time of William's grand daughter Hawise, who married Gilbert son of Roger fitz Reinfrid. Both he and his son William de Lancaster III, both successors of William de Lancaster I (and possibly of Ivo de Taillebois) were certainly Barons of Kendal.

Concerning other specific holdings and ranks

Furness and the Royal forests. According to a later grant to Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid, William must have held some position over the whole forest of Westmarieland (the Northern or Appleby Barony of Westmorland), Kendal and Furness. His claims in Furness may have gone beyond just the forest, but this appears to have put him in conflict with the claims of the Furness Abbey, and this conflict continued over many generations. His family may have had links there before him. Some websites report that his father Gilbert was known as "Gilbert of Furness". (This apparently comes from a 17th-century note by Benjamin Ayloffe, mentioned below.)

Lancaster Castle. According to Dugdale, the eminent English antiquarian, he was governor of Lancaster Castle in the reign of Henry II, about 1180. Little is known about how William came to hold the honour of Lancaster and use the surname, but it is sometimes suggested that it implies connections to royalty, perhaps coming from his apparent marriage to Gundred de Warrenne (or was this just yet another reward for some forgotten service, perhaps against the Scots?).

Seneschal. According to a note written by the 17th century antiquarian Benjamin Ayloffe, which is reproduced in the introduction of Walford Dakin Selby's collection of Lancashire and Cheshire Records, p.xxix, William was Seneschallus Hospitii Regis, or steward of the king's household. The same note also states that William's father was the kings "Receiver for the County of Lancaster".[8]


William's father was named Gilbert, and his mother was Godith. They are both mentioned clearly in a benefaction of William to St Mary de Prâe and William was often referred to as William the son of Gilbert (fitz Gilbert).

William was also said to have descended from both Ivo de Taillebois and Eldred of Workington, who were contemporaries of William Rufus. But the exact nature of the relationship is unclear and indeed controversial. There may be a connection through daughters or illegitimate sons of these two men. A discussion of the main proposals follows:-

Ivo de Taillebois and Eldred both in the male line. A once widespread understand was that Ivo was father of Eldred, who was father of Ketel who was father of Gilbert. This now seems to be wrong, or at least has gone out of favour and has been adapted in various ways (for example removing Ketel from this chain). The two authorities for a direct line of father-son descent from Ivo to Eldred to Ketel to Gilbert to William de Lancaster were records made much later in Cockersand Abbey and St Mary's Abbey in Yorkshire.[9] But monastic genealogies concerning their benefactors are generally considered difficult to rely upon.[10]

One of the concerns with this account is chronological, because it requires too many generations in a short period, both in order to make Ivo father of his contemporary Eldred, and also to make Ketel the father of his contemporary, Gilbert. Other concerns arise from because of complexities that this gives for explaining inheritances. For example, it implies that William de Lancaster was heir to Ketel fitz Eldred, but Ketel is commonly thought to have had another heir. And there is also no record of Eldred being an heir to Ivo. Also, it is highly unusual that in this account, the descendants of a Norman noble (Ivo) all use Anglo Saxon names (Eldred, Ketel, etc.).

Eldred in the male line, if not Taillebois. Nevertheless, concerning the connection to Eldred, in a Curia Regis Roll item dated 1212 (R., 55, m. 6), Helewise and her husband Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid make claims based upon the fact that "Ketel filius Eutret" was an "antecessor" of Helewise. This could mean he was an ancestor, but it could also perhaps merely mean he was a predecessor more generally.

But evidence was found in the twentieth century which gave clear problems for this theory. One charter to St Leonard's York William refers to Ketel, the son of "Elred", as his avunculus, which would literally mean "maternal uncle" (but the word was not always used precisely, the more general meaning of "uncle" might have been intended). And a 1357 charter printed by Reverend F. W. Ragg in 1910 repeats the claim that Ketel son of "Aldred" was the avunculus of William son of Gilbert.[11] These records appear to make it impossible for Ketel to be the father of Gilbert.

The possibility remains, and is for example proposed by Frederick Ragg who first noted this avunculus relationship, that Gilbert is the son of Eldred, and therefore a brother of Ketel, so still in the same male line. (Under this proposal, avunculus is being used to mean simply "uncle", and not in an exact way.)[12] So a male line ancestry from Eldred is not considered impossible, even if it retains difficulties, for example concerning how to explain the connection to the Taillebois family, and also the heirship of Eldred's family.

Taillebois through his father, if not Eldred. According to the annalist Peter of Blois, Ivo's "only daughter, who had been nobly espoused, died before her father; for that evil shoots should not fix deep roots in the world, the accursed lineage of that wicked man perished by the axe of the Almighty, which cut off all his issue." The only known heiress of Ivo was a daughter named Beatrix. Her sons by her one definitely known husband, Ribald of Middleham, did however on occasions apparently use the surname Taillebois also.

Apart from the above-mentioned monastic genealogies however, a connection to Ivo de Taillebois is partly proposed based upon a similarity of land holdings between William and Ivo de Taillebois, and a record in the Coucher Book of Furness Abbey, concord number CCVI, wherein Helewise, granddaughter and heir of William is party. In the genealogical notice it is claimed that William had been known as William de Tailboys, before receiving the right to be called "Willelmum de Lancastre, Baronem de Kendale".[13] This is the only relatively contemporary evidence for this assertion however, and other facts in this document are questioned by Farrer and Curwen, as discussed above, because they say that William was probably not Baron of Kendal, but rather an under-lord there.[7]

Whether or not Ivo himself was in the male line of William's ancestry, there was a Tailboys family present in Westmorland during the 12th century, for example in Cliburn, and these were presumably relatives of William de Lancaster. This family used the personal name Ivo at least once, and may have been related to Ivo and Beatrix.[14]

Eldred in the female line. Compatible with the above, though in contrast to the earlier proposal of Ragg (that Ketel is paternal uncle to William, and brother to Gilbert), it has been proposed by G. Washington and G. A. Moriarty that Ketel is maternal uncle to William, and brother to Gilbert's wife Godith. This proposal had the added attractions of making the use of Anglo-Saxon names more explicable, and of matching the most precise meaning of "avunculus". Washington wrote:

William de Lancaster's father, Gilbert, was a Norman knight, as evidenced by the French Christian names given to all his recorded children; whilst William's mother, Godith, was clearly the sister of Ketel son of Eldred and thus of native English stock (it will be recalled that Ketel was called William de Lancaster's avunculus, a term which strictly speaking means 'maternal uncle'). It is even possible, as Mr. Moriarty surmises, that Ketel's wife, Christian or Christina, may have been a Taillebois by birth; for, according to Peter of Blois, Ivo himself 'had an only daughter, nobly espoused' (see the Duchess of Cleveland's Battle Abbey Roll, III, 345), and certainly William de Lancaster's granddaughter, Helewise, along with her husband Gilbert fitz Renfrid, later confirmed some of Ivo's grants to the abbey of St. Mary at York.[15]
Taillebois in the female line. Keats-Rohan accepts this proposal of Moriarty and Washington that Godith and Ketel were siblings, but also maintains support for an older idea that their mother is of Ivo's one known daughter, Beatrix, through a marriage (of which no contemporary record exists) to Eldred. This would, as in the explanation of Moriarty and Washington, make Ketel maternal uncle to William, and Gilbert a French Taillebois, however Keats-Rohan offers no ancestry for him.[16]

Descendants and relatives

William married Gundreda, perhaps his second wife, who is sometimes said to be the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth of Vermandois. In this case she was the widow of Roger, the Earl of Warwick. But William Farrer believes that it is much more likely that this Gundreda was a daughter to the Roger and the elder Gundreda.[17] Note that King Stephen's son, William, married Gundred's niece, Isabel de Warenne, Countess of Surrey. This implies a very close relationship with the King's party.

William had issue:

Avicia, who married Richard de Morville, constable of Scotland (and had possibly married earlier to William de Peveral)
William, who became William de Lancaster II, and whose legitimate heir Helewise de Lancaster married Gilbert son of Roger Fitz Reinfrid. Many modern Lancasters, especially in Cumbria, appear to descend from his two illegitimate sons, Gilbert and Jordan.
Jordan, who died young, and is mentioned in a benefaction to St Mary de Prâe in Leicester. In the same benefaction, William II is also mentioned, apparently an adult.
Agnes who married Alexander de Windsore[18]
Sigrid, married to William the clerk of Garstang.[18]
Perhaps Warine de Lancaster, royal falconer, and ancestor of a family known as "de Lea". The charters concerning Forton in the Cockersand Chartulary say, firstly that William de Lancaster II confirmed a grant made by his father to Warine, father of Henry de Lea, and secondly, in Hugh de Morville's confirmation that this William de Lancaster I was "his uncle" (awnculi sui). The record appears to allow that William might have been either Henry's uncle or Warine's. If he was Warine's uncle then the theory is that Warine was the son of an otherwise unknown brother of William de Lancaster I named Gilbert.
Gilbert fitz Reinfrid and Helewise's son William also took up the name de Lancaster, becoming William de Lancaster III. He died without male heirs, heavily indebted, apparently due to payments demanded after he was captured at Rochester during the First Barons' War, and ransomed off by his father.

William de Lancaster III's half brother Roger de Lancaster of Rydal inherited some of the Lancaster importance. It is thought that Roger was a son of Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid, but not of Helewise de Lancaster. Roger is widely thought to be the ancestor of the Lancasters of Howgill and Rydal in Westmorland. (In fact the line starts with one John de Lancaster of Howgill, whose connection to Roger de Lancaster and his son, John de Lancaster of Grisedale and Stanstead, is unclear except for the fact that he took over Rydal and Grasmere from the latter John.[19])

The Lancasters of Sockbridge, Crake Trees, Brampton, Dacre, and several other manors in Westmorland and Cumberland, were apparently descended from William de Lancaster II's illegitimate son Gilbert de Lancaster.[11] Many or perhaps all of the old Lancaster families found throughout Cumbria seem to descend from Gilbert and his brother Jordan.[19]

The de Lea family eventually lost power in the time of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, a member of the Plantagenet royal family, with whom they had become allied during his rebellion.

Another Lancaster family, in Rainhill in Lancashire, also seems to have claimed descent, given that they used the same coat of arms as Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid and his sons (argent, two bars gules, with a canton of the second, and a "lion of England", either white or gold, in the canton). However the exact nature of the link, if any, is unknown.[20]

end of this biography 
de Lancaster, Sir William I, Baron of Kendal (I47838)
44285 William de Mowbray, 6th Baron of Thirsk, 4th Baron Mowbray (c.?1173–c.?1222) was an Norman Lord and English noble who was one of the twenty five executors of the Magna Carta. He was described as being as small as a dwarf but very generous and valiant.[1]

Family and early life

William was the eldest of the one daughter and three or four sons of Nigel de Mowbray, by Mabel, thought to be daughter of William de Patri, and grandson of Roger de Mowbray.[2]

Career under Richard I

William appears to have been in the company of Richard I in Speyer, Germany, on 20 November 1193 during Richard's period of captivity on his return from Palestine.[3] In 1194 he had livery of his lands. paying a relief of ą100. He was immediately called upon to pay a sum nearly as large as his share of the scutage levied towards Richard's ransom, for the payment of which he was one of the hostages.[4] William was later a witness to Richard's treaty with Baldwin of Flanders in 1197.[3]

Career under John

In 1215 Mowbray was prominent with other north-country barons in opposing King John. He was appointed one of the twenty-five executors of the Magna Carta, and as such was specially named among those excommunicated by Pope Innocent III. His youngest brother, Roger, has sometimes been reckoned as one of the twenty-five, apparently by confusion with, or as a substitute for, Roger de Mumbezon. Roger died without heirs about 1218, and William received his lands.[4][5]

Career under Henry III

In the First Barons' War, Mowbray supported Louis. Mowbray was taken prisoner in the Battle of Lincoln (1217), and his estates bestowed upon William Marshal the younger; but he redeemed them by the surrender of the lordship of Bensted in Surrey to Hubert de Burgh, before the general restoration in September of that year.[4]

In January 1221, Mowbray assisted Hubert in driving his former co-executor, William of Aumăale, from his last stronghold at Bytham in Lincolnshire.[4]

Benefactor, marriage and succession

William de Mowbray founded the chapel of St. Nicholas, with a chantry, at Thirsk, and was a benefactor of his grandfather's foundations at Furness Abbey and Newburgh, where, on his death in Axholme about 1224, he was buried.[4][3]

He married Avice, a daughter of William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel, of the elder branch of the d'Aubignys. By her he had two sons, Nigel and Roger. The ‘Progenies Moubraiorum’ makes Nigel predecease his father, and Nicolas and Courthope accept this date; but Dugdale adduces documentary evidence showing that he had livery of his lands in 1223, and did not die (at Nantes) until 1228. As Nigel left no issue by his wife Mathilda or Maud, daughter of Roger de Camvile, he was succeeded as sixth baron by his brother Roger II, who only came of age in 1240, and died in 1266. This Roger's son, Roger III, was seventh baron (1266-1298) and father of John I de Mowbray, eighth baron.[4]

There has been some speculation that de Mowbray was the inspiration for the character of Tyrion Lannister in Game of Thrones.[citation needed]


Jump up ^ Michel, Francique, ed. (1840). Histoire des Ducs de Normandie et des Rois d'Angleterre (in French). Paris. p. 145. Guillaumes de Moubray, qui estoit autresi petis comme uns nains; mais moult estoit larges et vaillans.
Jump up ^ Tait, James; Thomas, Hugh M. "William de Mowbray". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19461. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
^ Jump up to: a b c Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2 ed.). p. 198. ISBN 978-0806317595.
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Tait 1894.
Jump up ^ Browning, Charles H. (1898). The Magna Charta Barons and Their American Descendants. p. 114. ISBN 0806300558. LCCN 73077634. reprinted 1969


This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Tait, James (1894). "Mowbray, William de". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 39. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

View The House of Mowbray ...

de Mowbray, Sir William Knight, 6th Baron of Thirsk (I46138)
44286 William de Neville [37222] Liversedge, Birstall, West Riding, Yorkshire, England

Sheila's 18th great grandfather:


David's 22nd great-grandfather: 
de Neville, William (I37222)
44287 William de Ros or Roos, 1st Baron de Ros of Helmsley (c.1255 – 6 or 8 August 1316), was one of the claimants of the crown of Scotland in 1292 during the reign of Edward I.[2]


William de Ros was the eldest son of Robert de Ros (d. 17 May 1285) of Helmsley, Yorkshire, and Isabel d'Aubigny (c.1233 – 15 June 1301), daughter and heiress of William D'Aubigny of Belvoir, Leicestershire, and granddaughter of William d'Aubigny.[3] He had four brothers and three sisters:[4]

Sir Robert de Ros of Gedney, Lincolnshire.
John de Ros.
Nicholas de Ros, a cleric.
Peter de Ros, a cleric.
Isabel de Ros, who married Walter de Fauconberg, 2nd Baron Fauconberg.
Joan de Ros, who married John Lovell, 1st Baron Lovell.
Mary de Ros, who married William de Braose, 1st Baron Braose.


On 24 December 1264 William's father, Robert de Ros (d.1285), was summoned to Simon de Montfort's Parliament in London as Robert de Ros,[5] and for some time it was considered that the barony was created by writ in that year, and that Robert de Ros was the 1st Baron Ros. According to The Complete Peerage:

In 1616 the barony of De Ros was allowed precedence from this writ [of 24 December 1264], a decision adopted by the Lords in 1806 (Round, Peerage and Pedigree, vol. i, pp. 249-50); but these writs, issued by Simon in the King's name, are no longer regarded as valid for the creation of peerages.[6]

Accordingly, the barony is now considered to have been created when William de Ros was summoned to Parliament from 6 February 1299 to 16 October 1315 by writs directed Willelmo de Ros de Hamelak.[7]

William de Ros succeeded to the family honours and estates on the death of his mother. He was an unsuccessful competitor for the crown of Scotland, founding his claim on his descent from his great grandmother, Isabel, a bastard daughter of William I of Scotland. He was buried at Kirkham Priory. He was involved in the wars of Gascony and Scotland.[8] He discovered that Robert De Ros, Lord of Werke, intended to give up his castle to the Scots. William notified the king of this, who sent him with a thousand men to defend that place. The place was then forfeited because of the treason of Robert De Ros. William De Ros then took possession of it. William was appointed warden of the west Marches of Scotland.[8]

Through his marriage to Maud de Vaux the patronage of Penteney and Blakeney Priories in Norfolk and of Frestun in Lincolnshire came into the De Ros family. A video relating to relics found belonging to William de Ros and the Battle of Falkirk can be seen on YouTube under the title "braveheart battle camp metal detecting uk".

Marriage and issue

William de Ros married, before 1287, Maud de Vaux (born c.1261), younger daughter and coheiress of John De Vaux, by whom he had four sons and three daughters.[9]

William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros.
Sir John de Ros (d. before 16 November 1338), who married Margaret de Goushill (d. 29 July 1349).
Thomas de Ros.
George de Ros.
Agnes de Ros, who married firstly Sir Pain de Tibetot, and secondly Sir Thomas de Vere.
Alice de Ros, who married Sir Nicholas de Meinill. Their daughter, Elizabeth de Meinill, married Sir John Darcy, 2nd Lord Darcy of Knayth.
Margaret de Ros.


Jump up ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.347
Jump up ^
Jump up ^ Cokayne 1949, p. 96; Richardson I 2011, pp. 69–73; Richardson III 2011, pp. 447–8.
Jump up ^ Richardson III 2011, pp. 447–8.
Jump up ^ Cokayne 1949, p. 95; Richardson III 2011, p. 448.
Jump up ^ Cokayne 1949, p. 95.
Jump up ^ Cokayne 1949, p. 97; Richardson III 2011, p. 448.
^ Jump up to: a b Burke, John (1831). A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, extinct, dormant, and in abeyance. England. Oxford University
Jump up ^ Richardson III 2011, pp. 448–51.


Cokayne, George Edward (1949). The Complete Peerage, edited by Geoffrey H. White. XI. London: St. Catherine Press.
Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966373
Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 144996639X 
de Ros, Sir William Knight, 1st Baron de Ros of Hamlake (I46066)
44288 William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros of Helmsley (c.1288 - 3 February 1343) was the son of William de Ros, 1st Baron de Ros.


As 2nd Baron de Ros of Hamlake, Werke, Trusbut & Belvoir, he was summoned to Parliament during the reigns of Edward II and Edward III of England. In 1321 he completed the religious foundation which his father had begun at Blakeney. He was created Lord Ross of Werke. He was appointed Lord High Admiral and was one of the commissioners with the Archbishop of York, and others, to negotiate peace between the king and Robert de Bruce, who had assumed the title of king of Scotland.

William de Ros was buried at Kirkham Priory, near the great altar.


William de Ros married, before 25 November 1316, Margery De Badlesmere (c.1306 - 18 October 1363), eldest daughter of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere, with Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas de Clare, with whom he had two sons and three daughters:[2]

William, who succeeded his father as Baron.
Thomas, who succeeded his brother as Baron.
Margaret, who married Sir Edward de Bohun.
Maud, who married John de Welles, 4th Baron Welles.
Elizabeth, who married William la Zouche, 2nd Lord Zouche of Haryngworth, a descendant of Breton nobility.

Maud survived her husband by many years and was one of the very few English people present at the Jubilee, at Rome, in 1350; the king had tried to prevent the attendance of his subjects at this ceremony on account of the large sums of money usually taken out of the kingdom on such occasions.

de Ros, Sir William Knight, 2nd Baron de Ros (I43293)
44289 William de Ros, 6th Baron de Ros of Helmsley, KG (c.1370 - 1 September 1414) was Lord Treasurer of England.

He was a son of Thomas de Ros, 4th Baron de Ros and Beatrice Stafford, daughter of Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford. He was also a younger brother of John de Ros, 5th Baron de Ros.

His older brother died without issue in Paphos, Cyprus during 1394. William was already a Knight and inherited the rank and privileges of his deceased brother. He was first summoned to the Parliament of England on November 20 of the same year. He would regularly attend sessions till 1413.

His first assignment from Richard II of England was to join Walter Skirlaw, Bishop of Durham, Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland and others in negotiating for a peace treaty with Robert III of Scotland.

Richard favored William with a position in his Privy council. In 1396, William accompanied the King to Calais for his marriage to his second Queen consort Isabella of Valois, daughter of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria.

When Henry of Bolingbroke started his revolt against Richard II, William was among the first to support him. He was present for the abdication of Richard II and the declaration of Henry IV as the new King. He retained his position in the Privy council for the rest of his life.

He seems to have been a special favourite with the first monarch of the House of Lancaster and was employed him in various civil affairs of great importance. He served as Lord Treasurer of England from 1403 to 1404. He was created a Knight of the Garter in 1403 along with Edmund de Holand, 4th Earl of Kent and Richard Grey, 4th Baron Grey of Codnor.

William was in charge of investigating the activities of Lollards in Derbyshire, Middlesex and Nottinghamshire from 1413 to his death.

Marriage and issue

William de Ros married, by licence dated 9 October 1394, Margaret Fitzalan (d. 3 July 1438), the daughter of John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel, by Eleanor Maltravers (c.1345 – 12 January 1405), younger daughter and coheir of Sir John Maltravers (d. 22 January 1349) and his wife Gwenthlian, by whom he had five sons and four daughters:[2]

John de Ros, 7th Baron de Ros.
William de Ros.
Thomas de Ros, 8th Baron de Ros.
Sir Robert de Ros, who married Anne Halsham.
Sir Richard de Ros.
Alice de Ros.
Margaret De Ros, who married James Tuchet, 5th Baron Audley about 1415.
Beatrice de Ros (a nun).
Elizabeth de Ros, who married Robert de Morley, 6th Baron Morley. 
de Ros, Sir William Knight, 6th Baron de Ros of Helmsley (I43474)
44290 William de Valence (died 18 May 1296), born Guillaume de Lusignan, was a French nobleman and knight who became important in English politics due to his relationship to Henry III. He was heavily involved in the Second Barons' War, supporting the King and Prince Edward against the rebels led by Simon de Montfort. He took the name de Valence ("of Valence").

He was the fourth son of Isabella of Angoulăeme, widow of king John of England, and her second husband, Hugh X of Lusignan, Count of La Marche, and was thus a half-brother to Henry III of England, and uncle to Edward I. William was born in the Cistercian abbey in Valence, Couhâe-Vâerac, Vienne, Poitou, near Lusignan,[1] sometime in the late 1220s (his elder sister Alice was born in 1224).

Move to England

Coat of Arms of William de Valence before he became Earl of Pembroke, showing for difference a label gules of five points each charged with three lions rampant argent
The French conquest of Poitou in 1246 created great difficulties for William's family, and so he and his brothers, Guy de Lusignan and Aymer, accepted Henry III's invitation to come to England in 1247. The king found important positions for all of them; William was soon married to a great heiress, Joan de Munchensi or Munchensy (c. 1230 – after 20 September 1307), the only surviving child of Warin de Munchensi, lord of Swanscombe, and his first wife Joan Marshal, who was one of the five daughters of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke suo jure. As an eventual co-heiress of the Marshal estates, Joan de Munchensi's portion included the castle and lordship of Pembroke and the lordship erected earldom of Wexford in Ireland. The custody of Joan's property was entrusted to her husband, who apparently assumed the lordships of Pembroke and Wexford between 1250 and 1260.

The Second Barons' War

This favouritism to royal relatives was unpopular with many of the English nobility, a discontent which would culminate in the Second Barons' War. It did not take long for William to make enemies in England. From his new lands in South Wales, he tried to regain the palatine rights which had been attached to the Earldom of Pembroke, but his energies were not confined to this. The King heaped lands and honours upon him, and he was soon thoroughly hated as one of the most prominent of the rapacious foreigners. Moreover, some trouble in Wales led to a quarrel between him and Simon de Montfort, who was to become the figurehead for the rebels. He refused to comply with the provisions imposed on the King at Oxford in 1258, and took refuge in Wolvesey Castle at Winchester, where he was besieged and compelled to surrender and leave the country.

However, in 1259 William and de Montfort were formally reconciled in Paris, and in 1261 Valence was again in England and once more enjoying the royal favour. He fought for Henry at the disastrous Battle of Lewes, and after the defeat again fled to France, while de Montfort ruled England. However, by 1265 he was back, landing in Pembrokeshire, and taking part in the Siege of Gloucester and the final royalist victory at Evesham. After the battle he was restored to his estates and accompanied Prince Edward, afterwards Edward I, to Palestine.

Welsh wars and death

From his base in Pembrokeshire he was a mainstay of the English campaigns against Llywelyn ap Gruffudd and later Dafydd ap Gruffudd; in the war of 1282–3 that led to the conquest of Wales he negotiated the surrender of one of Dafydd's last remaining castles, Castell-y-Bere, with its custodian, Cynfrig ap Madog. He also went several times to France on public business and he was one of Edward's representatives in the famous suit over the succession to the crown of Scotland in 1291 and 1292.

William de Valence died at Bayonne on the 13 June 1296; his body is buried at Westminster Abbey.


William and Joan de Munchensi (described above) had the following children:

Isabel de Valence (died 5 October 1305), married before 1280 John Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings (6 May 1262 – 10 February 1313). Their grandson Lawrence later became earl of Pembroke. They had:

William Hastings (1282–1311)
John Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings (29 September 1286 – 20 January 1325), married to Juliane de Leybourne (died 1367)
Sir Hugh Hastings of Sutton (died 1347)
Elizabeth Hastings (1294 - 6 March 1353), married Roger Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Ruthyn.

Joan de Valence, married to John Comyn (the "Red Comyn"), Lord of Badenoch (died 10 February 1306, murdered), and had
John Comyn (k.1314 at Bannockburn), married to Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell
Joan Comyn (c.1296-1326), married to David II Strathbogie, Earl of Atholl
Elizabeth Comyn (1 November 1299 – 20 November 1372), married to Richard Talbot, Lord Talbot

John de Valence (died January 1277)
William de Valence (died 16 June 1282, in the Battle of Llandeilo Fawr in Wales), created Seigneur de Montignac and Bellac
Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke and Wexford in 1296 (c. 1270 – 23 June 1324), married firstly to Beatrice de Clermont and married secondly to Marie de Chatillon
Margaret de Valence, died young. Buried at Westminster Abbey.
Agnes de Valence (born c. 1250, date of death unknown), married (1) Maurice FitzGerald, Baron of Offaly, (2) Hugh de Balliol, son of John de Balliol, and brother of John Balliol, King of Scotland, and (3) John of Avesnes, Lord of Beaumont son of Baldwin of Avesnes. Agnes had children from her first and third marriage:[2]
Gerald FitzMaurice, Baron of Offaly
John of Avesnes
Baldwin of Avesnes, Lord of Beaumont.
Felicite of Avesnes
Jeanne of Avesnes, Abbess of Flines.

de Valence, Sir William Knight, 1st Earl of Pembroke (I35740)
44291 William de Warenne (9 February 1256 - 15 December 1286) was the only son of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey and his wife Alice de Lusignan.[1]


William married Joan, daughter of Robert de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford. They had the following children:

John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey (30 June 1286 – June 1347)
Alice de Warenne (15 June 1287 - 23 May 1338), wife of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel.
William was killed in a tournament at Croydon in 1286,[1] predeceasing his father. It has been suggested that this was murder, planned in advance by William's enemies.[2][3] On the 5th Earl's death the title went to John, the only son of William. John died without legitimate children, so on his death the title passed to Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, eldest son of Edmund FitzAlan and John' sister Alice. 
de Warenne, William (I45592)
44292 William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey, Seigneur de Varennes (died 1088), was a Norman nobleman created Earl of Surrey under William II Rufus. He was one of the few who was documented to have been with William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. At the time of the Domesday Survey, he held extensive lands in 13 counties including the Rape of Lewes in Sussex, now East Sussex.

Early career[

William was a younger son of Ranulf I de Warenne and his 1st wife Beatrice (whose mother was probably a sister of duchess Gunnor, wife of duke Richard I).[a] Likewise, Orderic Vitalis describes William as Roger's consanguineus, literally 'cousin', more generically a term of close kinship, but not typically used to describe brothers, and Roger de Mortimer appears to have been a generation older than William de Warenne, his purported brother.[2] Charters report several earlier men associated with Warenne. A Ranulf de Warenne appears in a charter dated between 1027 and 1035, and in one from about 1050 with a wife Beatrice, while in 1059, Ranulf and wife Emma appear along with their sons Ranulf and William. These occurrences have typically been taken to represent successive wives of a single Ranulf, with Beatrice being the mother of William and hence identical to the Gunnorid niece (Thomas Stapleton,[3] in spite of the 1059 charter explicitly naming Emma as his mother.[4] A reevaluation of the surviving charters led Katherine Keats-Rohan to suggest that, as he appears to have done elsewhere, Robert of Torigny has compressed two generations into one, with a Ranulf (I) and Beatrice being parents of Ranulf (II) de Warenne and of Roger de Mortimer (a Roger son of Ranulf de Warenne appears in a charter dated 1040/1053), and Ranulf (II) and Emma were then parents of Ranulf (III), the heir in Normandy, and William, as attested by the 1059 charter. Associations with Vascśuil led to identification of the Warenne progenitrix with a widow Beatrice, daughter of Tesselin, vicomte of Rouen, appearing there in 1054/60. As Robert of Torigny shows a vicomte of Rouen to have married a niece of Gunnor, this perhaps explains the tradition of a Gunnorid relationship.[5] On Robert's genealogies, see also Eleanor Searle,[6][7][8] William was from the hamlet of Varenne, near to Arques-la-Bataille, Duchy of Normandy, now in the canton of Bellencombre, Seine Maritime.[9][10][11] At the beginning of Duke William’s reign, Ranulf II was not a major landholder and, as a second son, William de Warenne did not stand to inherit the family’s small estates. During the rebellions of 1052-1054, the young William de Warenne proved himself a loyal adherent to the Duke and played a significant part in the Battle of Mortemer for which he was rewarded with lands confiscated from his uncle, Roger of Mortemer, including the Castle of Mortimer and most of the surrounding lands.[12] At about the same time he acquired lands at Bellencombre including the castle which became the center of William de Warenne’s holdings in Normandy[7]

Conquest of England

Coat of Arms of the de Warenne Earls of Surrey
William was among the Norman barons summoned to a council by Duke William when the decision was made to oppose King Harold II's accession to the throne of England.[7][13] He fought at the Battle of Hastings and was well rewarded with numerous holdings. The Domesday book records his lands stretched over thirteen counties and included the important Rape of Sussex, several manors in Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex, the significant manor of Conisbrough in Yorkshire and Castle Acre in Norfolk, which became his caput (see below).[7][8] He is one of the very few proven companions of William the Conqueror known to have fought at the Battle of Hastings in 1066.[14][15][16] He fought against rebels at the Isle of Ely in 1071, where he showed a special desire to hunt down Hereward the Wake who had killed his brother-in-law Frederick the year before.[17][18] Hereward is supposed to have unhorsed him with an arrow shot.[19]

Later career

Sometime between 1078 and 1082,[20] William and his wife Gundred traveled to Rome visiting monasteries along the way. In Burgundy they were unable to go any further due to a war between Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII. They visited Cluny Abbey and were impressed with the monks and their dedication. William and Gundred decided to found a Cluniac priory on their own lands in England. William restored buildings for an abbey. They sent to Hugh, the abbot of Cluny, for monks to come to England at their monastery. At first Hugh was reluctant but he finally sent several monks, including Lazlo who was to be the first abbot. The house they founded was Lewes Priory, dedicated to St. Pancras,[21][22] the first Cluniac priory in England[23]

William was loyal to William II,[17] and it was probably in early 1088 that he was created Earl of Surrey.[24] He was mortally wounded at the First Siege of Pevensey Castle and died 24 June 1088 at Lewes, Sussex, and was buried next to his wife Gundred at the Chapterhouse of Lewes Priory.[25][26]


He married first, before 1070, Gundred, daughter of William the Conqueror and Matilda his wife. This is shown in a charter of William referring to Gundrada (Gundred in Latin) as "Filae Meae" (my daughter),[27][28] sister of Gerbod the Fleming, 1st Earl of Chester. Ordericus Vitalis made many errors in his Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, which he wrote a hundred years after the Conquest. Ordericus Vitalis was a seventy-year-old man with an intense dislike for Normans, and continually made errors in his history (see Reverend Thomas Warren: History of the Warren Family); since then numerous English historians have tried to authenticate its account of Conqueror and his family, but have not succeeded. Gundred De Warren was buried at Lewes Castle. Her grave cover still exists as a marble slab of exactly the same design as that of her mother's grave cover, which is also in the same black decorated marble. DNA is likely to prove that Gundred and Matilda were mother and daughter. Such was the English dislike for the Normans, that they stole both William De Warren's and his wife's grave covers to place over graves of their own.[29][30][31]

William married secondly a sister of Richard Gouet, who survived him.[32]


By Gundred Surrey had:

William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (d. 1138), who married Elisabeth (Isabelle) de Vermandois, widow of Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester.[33]
Edith de Warenne, who married firstly Gerard de Gournay, lord of Gournay-en-Bray, and secondly Drew de Monchy.[34]
Reynold de Warenne, who inherited lands from his mother in Flanders[34] and died c. 1106–08.[35]
An unnamed daughter, who married Ernise de Coulonces.[36]
Surrey, by his second wife, had no issue. 
de Warenne, Sir William Knight, 1st Earl of Surrey (I46723)
44293 William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (died 11 May 1138) was the son of William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey and his first wife Gundred. He was more often referred to as Earl Warenne or Earl of Warenne than as Earl of Surrey.[1]


His father, the 1st Earl, was one of the Conqueror's most trusted and most rewarded barons who, at his death in 1088, was the 3rd or 4th richest magnate in England.[2] In 1088 William II inherited his father's lands in England and his Norman estates including the castles of Mortemer and Bellencombre in Haute-Normandy. But William II was not as disposed to serve the king as his father was.[2] In January 1091, William assisted Hugh of Grantmesnil (d.1094) in his defense of Courcy against the forces of Robert de Belleme and Duke Robert of Normandy.[3] In 1093 he attempted to marry Matilda (or Edith), daughter of king Malcolm III of Scotland.[4] She instead married Henry I of England, and this may have been the cause of William's great dislike of Henry I, which motivated him in the following years.[5]

When Robert Curthose, Duke of Normandy invaded England 1101 William joined him.[6] But when Curthose promptly surrendered to Henry I, William lost his English lands and titles and was exiled to Normandy.[6] There he complained to Curthose that he had expended great effort on the duke's behalf and in return lost all of his English possessions. Curthose's return to England in 1103 was apparently made to convince his brother, the king, to restore William's earldom. This was successful, though Curthose had to give up his 3000 mark annual pension he had received after the 1101 invasion, after which William's lands and titles were restored to him.[5]

To further insure William's loyalty Henry considered marrying him to one of his many illegitimate daughters. Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury forbade the marriage based on the couple being related in the 4th generation on one side, and in the 6th generation on the other.[7] William was one of the commanders on Henry's side (against Robert Curthose) at the Battle of Tinchebray in 1106. Afterwards, with his loyalty thus proven, he became more prominent in Henry's court.[1]

In 1110, Curthose's son William Clito escaped along with Helias of Saint-Saens, and afterwards Warenne received the forfeited Saint-Saens lands, which were very near his own in upper Normandy. In this way king Henry further assured his loyalty, for the successful return of Clito would mean at the very least Warenne's loss of this new territory.[1][8] He fought for Henry I at the Battle of Bremule in 1119.[1][9] William, the second Earl of Surrey was present at Henry's deathbed in 1135.[1][10] After the king's death disturbances broke out in Normandy and William was sent to guard Rouen and the Pays de Caux.[1][11]

William's death is recorded as 11-May-1138 in the register of Lewes Priory and he was buried at his father's feet at the Chapter house there.[12] His wife, the countess Elizabeth, survived him, dying before July 1147.[12]


In 1118 William finally acquired the royal-blooded bride he desired when he married Elizabeth de Vermandois.[13] She was a daughter of count Hugh of Vermandois, a granddaughter of Henry I, King of France, and was the widow of Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester.[14]

By Elizabeth his wife he had three sons and two daughters:

William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey[15][16]
Reginald de Warenne, who inherited his father's property in upper Normandy, including the castles of Bellencombre and Mortemer.[16] He married Adeline or Alice, daughter of William, lord of Wormgay in Norfolk, by whom he had a son William (founder of the priory of Wormegay),[16] whose daughter and sole heir, Beatrice married first Doun, lord Bardolf, and secondly Hubert de Burgh.[17][18] Reginald was one of the persecutors of Archbishop Thomas in 1170.
Ralph de Warenne[19]
Gundred de Warenne,[19] who married first Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick[20] and second William, lord of Kendal, and is most remembered for expelling king Stephen's garrison from Warwick Castle.
Ada de Warenne, who married Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon, the mother of two Scottish kings,[21] she made many grants to the priory of Lewes.[22]
[show]Ancestors of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, Vol. XII/1 (The St. Catherine Press, London, 1953) p. 495
^ Jump up to: a b C. Warren Hollister, 'The Taming of a Turbulent Earl: Henry I and William of Warenne', Historical Reflections, Vol. 3 (1976), p. 87
Jump up ^ The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis, ed. Marjorie Chibnall, Vol. 2 (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1990)p. 692
Jump up ^ C. Warren Hollister, Henry I (Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 2003)p. 340
^ Jump up to: a b C. Warren Hollister, 'The Taming of a Turbulent Earl: Henry I and William of Warenne', Historical Reflections. Vol. 3 (1976) p. 87
^ Jump up to: a b The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis, ed. Marjorie Chibnall, Vol. 2 (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1990), p.785
Jump up ^ Edmund Chester Waters, 'Gundrada de Warenne', Archaeological Journal, Vol. XLI (1884), p. 303
Jump up ^ C. Warren Hollister, 'The Taming of a Turbulent Earl: Henry I and William of Warenne', Historical Reflections, Vol. 3 (1976) p. 89
Jump up ^ Orderic Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, trans. Thomas Forester, Vol. III (Henry G. Bohn, London, 1854) pp. 481-2
Jump up ^ Orderic Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, trans. Thomas Forester, Vol. IV (Henry G. Bohn, London, 1856) p. 150
Jump up ^ C. Warren Hollister, Henry I (Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 2003)p. 375
^ Jump up to: a b G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, Vol. XII/1 (The St. Catherine Press, London, 1953) p. 496
Jump up ^ C. Warren Hollister, 'The Taming of a Turbulent Earl: Henry I and William of Warenne', Historical Reflections, Vol. 3 (1976) p. 90 n. 36
Jump up ^ Detlev Schwennicke, Europčaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europčaischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band III Teilband 1, Herzogs und Grafenhčauser des Heiligen Rčomischen Reiches Andere Europčaiche Fčurstenhčauser (Marburg, Germany: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafel 55
Jump up ^ G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, Vol. XII/1 (The St. Catherine Press, London, 1953) p. 500
^ Jump up to: a b c Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. VIII - The Honour of Warenne (The Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 1949) pp. 27-8
Jump up ^ G.E.Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, Vol. VII (The St. Catherine Press, 1929), p. 142, footnote (a)
Jump up ^ Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. VIII - The Honour of Warenne (The Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 1949) pp. 33-4
^ Jump up to: a b Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. VIII - The Honour of Warenne (The Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 1949) pp. 10-11
Jump up ^ Elisabeth van Houts, 'The Warenne View of the Past 1066-1203', Anglo-Norman Studies XXVI, Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2003, ed. John Gillingham (Boydell Press, Woodbridge. 2004), p. 109 n. 49
Jump up ^ The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, ed. Sir James Balfour Paul, Lord Lyon King of Arms, Vol. I (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1904, p. 4
Jump up ^ Early Yorkshire Charters, ed: William Farrer, Charles Travis Clay, Volume VIII - The Honour of Warenne (The Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 1949), p. 11

External links

"Warenne, William de (d.1138)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis, ed. M. Chibnall, vol. 2, p. 264 (Oxford, 1990) 
de Warenne, Sir William Knight, 2nd Earl of Surrey (I46719)
44294 William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey (died 27 May 1240[1]) was the son of Hamelin de Warenne and Isabel,[2] daughter of William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey. His father Hamelin granted him the manor of Appleby, North Lincolnshire.

De Warenne was present at the coronation of John, King of England on 27 May 1199. When Normandy was lost to the French in 1204 he lost his Norman holdings, (in 1202 he was lieutenant of Gascony), but John recompensed him with Grantham and Stamford.

His first tenure of office as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports began in 1204, and lasted until 1206. He was also a Warden of the Welsh Marches between 1208 and 1213.

William was one of the few barons who remained loyal to King John (who was his cousin) during the king’s difficulties with the barons, when they sought for the French prince to assume the English throne, and is listed as one of those who advised John to accede to the Magna Carta. His allegiance only faltered a few times when the king’s cause looked hopeless.

In March 1217 he again demonstrated his loyalty to England by supporting the young King Henry III, and he was also responsible for the establishment of Salisbury Cathedral.

Between the years 1200 and 1208, and during 1217–1226 he was to serve as the High Sheriff of Surrey. In 1214 he was again appointed Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.

William married Maud Marshal,[3] on 13 October 1225. They had a son and a daughter.[4] The son John (1231–1304) succeeded his father as earl, while the daughter, Isabel de Warenne (c. 1228–1282), married Hugh d'Aubigny, 5th Earl of Arundel.

William may also have had an earlier, childless marriage to another Matilda, daughter of William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel.[5] 
de Warenne, Sir William Knight, 5th Earl of Surrey (I45564)
44295 WILLIAM DENNEY was born about 1784 in Henry Co, VA and died 1851 in Van Buren Co, TN. He moved with his parents, JAMES DENNEY and ESTHER SMALL to Wayne County, KY on Turkey Creek in 1801 and on 28 Feb 1806, William married MARTHA / Patsy BURNETT. The Bondsman was William's brother-in-law, JOHN AUSTIN. Consent note: "Mr. Taul, 9th Feb 1806 } This is to certify that I am willing that William Denney should wed with my daughter Patsey /s/ Jeremiah Burnett. Teste: Thomas Small." John Austin married RACHEL DENNEY, 30 June 1802. William Denney was the Bondsman. (Wayne Co, KY Marriages & Vital Records, Vol 1, p.10,88, by Bork).

Martha/Patsy Burnett was born about 1787/90 on Rockcastle Creek in Henry Co, VA in that part that became Patrick Co in 1791 and died before 1850 in Van Buren Co, TN. Both she and William were buried in Big Fork Baptist Church Cemetery in Van Buren Co.

The Denneys and Smalls were formerly from Albemarle Co, VA. James Denney was born in Albemarle Co about 1745/50. He took the Oath of Allegiance in Henry Co on 13 Sep 1777. James died between May and Oct 1821 in Wayne Co, KY. James, Esther and Charles Denney are said to be buried under a stack of rocks in the Denney Cemetery behind Clay Hill Church on Hwy 92 in Wayne County. In 1810, Esther Small Denney was a member of the Old Bethel Church in Wayne.

Jeremiah Burnett II, b. 1740 in Albemarle Co, VA; served in Rev. War under Capt. James Franklin's Company of Amherst. Jeremiah died 1816 Wayne Co, KY in house of James Hurt and his wife Ursula Burnett Hurt. Jeremiah Burnett and all of his children left Patrick Co, VA and removed to Wayne Co and settled on Turkey Creek with the Denneys by 1805 except two sons,

Jeremiah Burnett III, b. 1760; d. 1848 Jackson Co, MO, married EFFANIAH CRAWLEY/CROWLEY and his brother
Obadiah Burnett who married Sarah Mayo.

Children of William Denney and Martha Burnett:

1) John D. Denney, b. 17 Mar 1807 in Wayne Co, KY; d. before 1877 Carroll Co, AR (Estate Settlement date); m. 1/ ___; m.2/ Martha ____.

2) Burnett Denney, b. 1808 in White Co, TN; 1850 Census Madison Co, AR; had wife Priscilla ___, b. 1807 SC.

3) Charles Crockett Denney, b. 1810 White Co, TN; d. in Civil War in Little Rock, AR; m. Mary Bryan (1809-1899) of White Co, TN, dau of Wm Bryan Jr & Jane Gillespie. Charles was Administrator of his father's estate; went to Arkansas about 1860.

4) William Denney Jr, b. 1812; died in Civil War; buried Baker-Bussey Cemetery in Carroll Co, AR; m. Nancy Jane, b. 1820 GA.

5) Nancy Ann Denney, b. 1813, d. 1885 Van Buren Co, TN; m. c1835 to JOSEPH CUMMINGS JR, b. c1802 Fauquier Co,VA; d.1868 in Cummingsville, Van Buren Co, TN; buried Big Fork Cem; son of Joseph Cummings Sr and Rosannah Colyer/Seilers. Joseph Cummings Sr. was a Rev. War pensioner and Justice of Peace of Van Buren Co.


(A) Sarah Carter Cummings, b. 21 Aug 1848; d. 6 Mar 1936 in Van Buren Co; m. 1 Oct 1876 in White Co, TN to BYRD/BIRD LEWIS, b. 23 Nov 1846 in White Co, TN; died there 2 Aug 1937; buried Hickory Valley Cem. Bird, son of THOMAS LEWIS, b. 5 Jun 1812; d. 4 Nov 1900 White Co; m. there 12 Jul 1840 to MARTHA CRAWLEY, b. 3 Feb 1815 White Co, dau of THOMAS & MARGARET CRAWLEY. In Sep 1842, THOMAS CRAWLEY, and wife Margaret of Van Buren Co Co sold 150 acres & entered into agreement to give personal property to THOMAS LEWIS of White Co in exchange for his provision & care of them.

Thomas Crawley, b. 1755 Albemarle Co, VA; d. 1843 in Van Buren Co; served in Rev. War. Thomas & Martha Lewis were living 1860 White Co, River Hill Post Office, p.29).

6) Martha/Mattie Denney, b.24 Oct 1814 in White Co. TN; m. 1837 to WILLIAM BURRELL CUMMINGS, b.11 May 1810 TN; d. 1884; son of Joseph Cummings Sr.; lived Van Buren Co.

7) Mary Elizabeth Denney, b. 2 Aug 1821 in Sparta, White Co. TN; d. 8 Jun 1898 Carroll Co, AR; m. 23 Dec 1838 in White Co, TN to Jamison Bussey (1821-1858)

8) James Preston Denney, b. 13 Feb 1826 in White Co. TN; m.1/ 21 May 1851 Van Buren Co to HANNAH SHOCKLEY, dau of Samuel Shockley & Darcus Arminda Hoodenpyle. Hannah Denney had two children, Theola Denney and William Denney, all three are buried in Big Fork Cemetery in Van Buren Co; James P. Denney m. 2/ Sarah Grissom and had large family.

James Preston and brother Austin Denney went to Texas but returned to TN..

WILLIAM SHOCKLEY, a bro of Samuel, b. 1785 Carroll Co, VA; m. 29 Dec 1810 in Grainger Co, TN to MARY CRAWLEY, b. 1795 Surry Co, NC.

The 1790 Census of Surry Co, NC shows SAMUEL CRAWLEY & THOMAS CRAWLEY, who both served in Rev. War. The name of CRAWLEY has been found as Crowley, Croley, Craley, Cralle, Creely, etc. The a's and o's appear the same in ancient script plus the old court clerks spelled a name as they heard it.

9) Jane Denney, b. 27 Apr 1829 in White Co. TN; d. 1 Aug 1886 Van Buren Co; m. there 3 Dec 1846 to William Carroll Haston, b. 2 Mar 1828 White Co; d. 11 Jan 1902. (

10) Nathan Austin Denney, (called Austin), b. 1831/2 in White Co. TN; d. there 1882; m. 1/ 11 Oct 1851 to Sarah Bryan; m. 2/ 1854 to Martha Sparkman. All children born at Bond Cave in Van Buren Co.

1851 Sep 01 - Van Buren Co, TN - Court Order Bk 2:-352-3:



To the Worshipful County Court of Van Buren County, the Petition of

John Denney
Burnet Denney
Charles Denney
William Denney
James P. Denney
Austin Denney
Joseph Cummings [Jr] & his wife Nancy Ann
William B. Cummings and his wife Martha
William F. Carter & his wife Sarah
Jamison Bussey & Mary
William C. Haston & his wife Jane

show that WILLIAM DENNEY SR lately departed this life seized of lands where he lived and several tracts adjoining in all about 238 acres; also 1/2 of a tract of about 4,489 acres on the mountain...that said lands are not subject to division to advantages and it works manifestly to this advantage to have the lands sold for division: The above petitioners further show that the above named WILLIAM DENNEY SR departed this life seized of four (4) Slaves, to wit: FAN & her child FRANK, DICE & ROSE and that said Slaves are not subject to division.. To sell said Slaves fordivision which they may.

JOHN DENNEY and other heirs of WILLIAM DENNEY SR, dec'd - Petition to sell land & Slaves.

The above petition was heard by the Court and it appearing to the satisfaction of the Court for the lands and Slaves first giving 20 days notice of the time and place to be sold at the late residence of William Denney, dec'd.. The lands to be sold on a credit of 1, 2 & 3 years with Bond & good security from the purchaser and retain a Lien on said land until paid... and the Slaves to be sold on credit of one year Bond and Security & report same at November Term of Court ... It is further ordered that a minimum price of the lands to be at $6.00 per acre and the mountain lands mentioned at 1 cent per acre and the slaves:

FAN & her child FRANK to be at $650.00.. DICE at $600.. ROSE at $600 and that $25.00 out of the purchase price of the HOME TRACT be paid in advance..

Ordered by the Court that JOSEPH CUMMINGS be Administrator of the Estate of WILLIAM DENNEY SR, dec'd to have further time to return an inventory of said estate.

(Records submitted by Mrs. Eugene Denney of Grants Pass, Or & Marie Graves of Lakeland, FL,1990; Published: Burnetts & Their Connections, Vol 1, pp.259-265; 502-506 by June Baldwin Bork, 1989 -

1850 Van Buren Co, TN - 3rd dist 6 sep p.373a #86
Eliza Denney 40 Tn living with Joseph C. Kaston (Haston?)

1850 Van Buren Co, TN - 3rd dist 6 sep p.373b - #88
William Denney 71 [1779] SC; farmer; 1500
Austin (son) 18 TN{son Austin named after Uncle John Austin)

1850 Van Buren Co, TN - p.375a - 3rd Dist - 7 Sep 1850
James T. Crewley 64 [1786] TN; laborer
Lucy C. 43 Tn
Sion C. 05 TN
Margaret 01Tn

1850 Van Buren Co, TN -
p.375a - 3rd Dist - 7 Sep 1850
William Denney36 [1814] TN; farmer 900
Jane 30 GA
m/Preston 10 TN
m/Malachi 09 Tn
m/Polk 07 Tn
John 05 TN
William 01 Tn
Mordicai Brown18 GA

p.386b - 7th dist
16 Sep
Emerline Creely 15 TN
living with M.Y. Brookett

p.387b/ 388a
Angeline Creely 12 Tn; (living w/Love family
Isaac Creeley 9 TN 
Denney, William (I43631)
44296 William Denton Green, Cemetery Profile,, abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Monday, December 3rd, 2018 Source (S13367)
44297 William Edward (Billy) Byars was the son of James Absalom Byars and the grandson of Seth Byars. He was the husband of Rutha Ellen Elmore Byars and the father of Mary Charlotte (Lottie) Byars Strickland, my grandmother... Kathy Vogel Byars, William Edward "Billy" (I35158)
44298 William Emory, packhorseman, British soldier

William Emory (b.c. 1720-25 d. 1770)

Unless Emmett Starr had mentioned him in his almost-100 year old book on the genealogy of Cherokee families, very few would know of the existence of William Emory. Even now, we discover, debate, and discard things about this mysterious, but very well liked, adventurer.

His father was John Amory (d.1746) but we think his mother died in England before 1725, when Will was a boy. John Amory m. Sarah Wilson on 13 February 1726 in Lincolnshire. It’s probable this Sarah was more church- minded than John and Will was baptized in mid-childhood, as was his older brother John. Will Emory came with his father and step-mother to Savannah, Georgia in December 1737. Will is listed on the ship registry as an available “hand” so he must have been 16 years old, or so. He came over as an indentured servant of his father, which was just a way for him to get his own grant of land after a few years.

Will must have provided a lot of the muscle when his father, his older brother and Robert Emory tried to hack a piece of farmland out of the canebrakes of Pipemakers Creek. Their neighbors, the Lower Creek tribe of (Yuchis?) probably regarded the effort with skepticism. The Amorys planted rice as a cash crop and table vegetables as well. Today, the land has reverted back to the canes and is close to the Savannah Airport.

Will Emory in Charleston

The Amorys went to Charleston, South Carolina, in December 1738 and entered a different world. Charleston was unrestricted, even wild, and a bit dangerous. Ships from all over the world came to Charleston to trade, and some came to settle. Some were pirates and bandits, and had to be fought off. Warships harassed the Carolina coast whenever the British navy went off elsewhere and the threat on land was great. Indians could at any time turn on Charleston and wipe it out. The French from the west and north, and the Spanish from the south were perceived as threats. Another concern was that slaves outnumbered free persons in Charleston almost 3-to-1 and fear of a slave insurrection was the"unspoken golden rule" that shaped defense, law, justice, politics, economics, and even religion in the Carolinas.

Will Emory in the Florida - Georgia War 1740

EnsignThomas Ayers and Cherokee trader Samuel Brown went up to the Cherokee in January – February 1740 to recruit them for an attack on the Spanish fort at Saint Augustine. [Candler, GA Col Recs, IV, 487] In April the Cherokee came with Ayers southward. South Carolina sent 200 men, including Robert, John and Will Emory. In May through September, the English and Cherokee force had off and on skirmishes with the Seminoles and the Spanish. Around October 4th, John Amory Jr. was killed in Georgia. Robert and Will Emory and a few others took the body of John and that of Sgt. John Cooke back to Charleston for a Christian (English) burial. The men were buried at Saint Philip’s on 12 October 1740.

Back in Charleston

The Amorys were living at New Market Plantation, Goose Creek, above Charleston. Will’s only mention in the records in this period is an indirect mention of "a son of John Amory" in the South Carolina Gazette of Thursday 19 February
1741 to Thursday 26 February 1741 (actually 1742 new style):

Brought to Goal in Charles-Town

Febr. 10. Molly, a run away Negro Girl, speaks but little English, and says her Master’s name is Hick, she has on a good Dowlas Shift, and a blue Negro Cloth Gown; taken up at the New-Market Plantation, by a Son of John Amory.

(this could be Robert or Will, most likely Will)

One thing Charleston did not have is young ladies. There were widows, but not many maidens. Nobody was more mindful of this than Robert and Will Emory.

In late 1742 there was a militia alarm in Charleston (Robert and Will no doubt called out) and there was also a visit of a large delegation from the Cherokee Nation. Ludovic Grant, Cornelius Dougherty, James Maxwell and James Beamer came down with the tribe. [SC Commons Journal 19 Jan 1743, 28 Feb 1743]

The visit of the Cherokees was officially to complain about the Creeks attacking them despite their 1740 treaty. It was also a social-political winter visit that predated the white man. There is evidence that the Cherokee from Tomatley in the cold North Carolina mountains came down to lower South Carolina in the winter to gather fish, seashells and salt to take back north.

There was a Tomatley village (taken over by the Yamassee Indians) near Port Royale Island and another one where the "Saltcatchers Fort" was built in 1717 or 1728. [Larry E. Ivers, SC Forts, 8,13]

It was the custom of the Cherokee to bring some women down to do the actual fishing and drying of salt water, while they traded with nearby tribes, and made treaties and plans for a war in the spring against a mutual enemy. (Not much changed with the settlement of the white men.)

In 1742, the Cherokee girls did not have to dry salt water or net fish, but a few were brought along anyway. It could be that the daughters of Ludovic Grant came down with their father. One thing is for sure: the Cherokee camped at New Market Plantation in Goose Creek during their visit. The Amory (Emory) family hosted quite a few of them, including the primary (paid) interpreter, James Beamer, and thus probably the other traders as well. [SC Commons Journal 26 Jan, 28 Feb, 28 Apr 1743. Mrs. Amory overcharged for the interpreter, James Beamer, and her bill was adjusted by the finance committee.]

Into the Cherokee Nation

There was another reason to come down to Charleston: to attract investors and workers / guards / packhorsemen for the "Cherokee Silver Mine Scheme" discussed earlier, of which Will Emory’s father was a part. James Maxwell and Cornelius Daughterty would later present the petition for a land grant where the mine was located. [Candler, GA Col Recs, XXIV, 124,125]

And if Daugherty was involved, Ludovic Grant was involved. And since the land was in north Georgia, close to Tugaloo village, James Beamer was involved. Thomas Nightingale, Edmund Atkin and Robert Bunning of Saint Philips were
traders-investors as well. [SC Commons Journal 14 Oct 1743]

There is no doubt whatsoever that young Robert and Will went with John Amory to Purrysburg (where they had land and where a fort was to be built by Georgia engineer Thomas Ayers and where the silver trade was to pass through).
[SC Commons Journal 24 Feb 1743, 12 Mar 1743]

Then the young men continued with the Cherokee up to Tugaloo and decided to continue north into the mountains with Daugherty and Grant. When the trail divided on the Hiwassee River, they followed Grant up the Valley River to
Tomatley. If Grant’s daughters were along, this would explain their decision. If they were not, perhaps Mr. Grant took a liking to the polite young Englishmenand invited them to meet his pretty young Cherokee daughters. The meeting went well: we don’t hear anything of the Emory lads for eight years.

Duty calls

The frontier war was about to become a formal war between Britain and France. Robert Emory had already left the Cherokee to do his duty as a free English subject. William would have to do the same. He moved his wife and children down to the settlement at Ninety Six in 1755, for their safety. A son was born there in 1755. Will contacted his brother-in-law, Mungo Graham of Savannah, Georgia, for instructions. Sarah (Amory) Graham, Will’s half-sister, was about to return to England when her father-in-law, Patrick Graham, Esq., died (in 1755). That would delay their return to England, but since a declaration of war had not yet been made, it was more pressing for the Grahams to remain in Georgia. The
news of the war declaration reached Ninety Six in the summer of 1756 but it was not until 1758 that Sarah (Amory) Graham and her mother (widow of John Amory) and probably Will Emory returned to England. (Mungo was still delaying in Savannah. Will, as an Indian trader, had no money for transport home and the British navy was engaged in the Caribbean.)

A departure of 1758 seems reasonable because a son was born in 1757, and Will would have had a seven-year enlistment, making his return in 1765 or so. He does shows up again in 1765, as does his half brother, Reverend Isaac Amory, his step mother Sarah Amory (widow of John) and probably his half sister Sarah Graham (looking for Mungo?).

A preliminary search of British military records is underway. He may have obtained a letter of recommendation from Mungo Graham to a Scottish regiment and been a sergeant or a lieutenant right off. Or he would have gone to his home (Lincolnshire) and reported there. Another possibility, someone who is knowledgeable in British service records told me, is that he could have been taken into the British navy while at sea. In any case, his service record may take years to locate.

Return to South Carolina

Reverend Isaac Amory was known to be in Charleston in 1765 and then in Purrysburg in 1766. [Dalcho, Hist. Of the SC Church] On 1 October 1766 William Amory witnessed a lease in the Charleston records. [Langley, SC Deeds, III, 347]

His Cherokee wife, Mary, was believed to have died by 1766.

On 18 November 1768 Will’s marriage to widow Mrs. Sarah (Loocock) Cantle was recorded. [Langdon, Implied SC Marriages, III, 2, 128]

She had married John Cantle on 17 May 1762. John Cantle was buried at Saint Philip’s on 2 August 1768. And she may be the Sarah Irish who (as a widow) married Joseph Loocock on 27 January 1758 at Saint Philip’s. (He was buried 26 February 1762 at Saint Philips.) So she buried Irish, Loocock, Cantle and was probably ready to bury our William.

On 6 June 1769 William Amory, Thomas Nightingale and Aaron Loocock petitioned for land warrants in Charleston. Amory’s was for 300 acres between the Pee Dee and the Savannah Rivers. (That’s pretty much the entire state.) [Holcomb, Petitions for Land, VI, 233]

Since neither Amory nor Nightingale would live to see the lands they wanted, we believe they were obtaining warrants for their mixed blood nephews and sons. (Nightingale was considered an uncle.) The young men could then stake a piece of land, have it surveyed, and file for a grant as an agent of Nightingale or Amory and then just live on it. The land was later designated to be in Ninety Six District, and some of Loococks lands (and Nightingale’s?) were found in Spartanburg.

Final Years in South Carolina

The will of Sarah (Loocock) Amory was dated 11 November 1769. She gives her “husband William my plantation in trust for life”. Her executors were Thomas Mell and George Cooke. Witnesses were James Lankester and George Cousins. [ SC Wills, III, 347]

Her will was proved 20 July 1770. Just a few days later, William died, and was buried at Saint Philip’s on 31 July 1770.

Children of William Emory and Mary Grant

William Emory b.1720-25 Lincolnshire, England, d.July 1770 Charleston, SC, was the son of John Amory (d.1746). He m(1) Mary Grant (b.c.1729 d.c.1766) who was the daughter of Ludovic Grant (d.c.1757) and Eughioote. He m(2) Sarah ( ) Irish Loocock Cantle 18 Nov 1768. She d. July 1770.

Children of William Emory and Mary Grant:

i. Will Emory b.1744 Tomatly, Cherokee Nation (NC) d. 1788 Chota, Cherokee Nation (TN)

ii. Mary Emory b.1746 Tomatly, Cherokee Nation (NC) d.c. 1800 Cherokee Nation (Tennessee)

iii. Elizabeth Emory b.1748 Tomatly, Cherokee Nation (NC) d. 1781 Cherokee Nation (Georgia)

iv. Susannah Emory b.1750 Tomatly, Cherokee Nation (NC) d.c. 1796 near Tugaloo, Georgia

v. Drury Emory (Hembree) b.12 Dec 1755 South Carolina d.1845 Stone County, Missouri

vi. Abraham Emory (Hembree) b. 16 May 1757 South Carolina d. 1837 Hamilton County, Tennessee 
Emory, William (I21522)
44299 William Ephraim Winstead was born and died in White, Tennessee, USA.

He was the son of Wiley Woodson Winstead and Emma Catherine Simril.

He was the grandson of William Ephraim Winstead & Emeline Rogers and William Marion Simril & Rebecca England.

He was the great grandson of Ephraim Winstead & Margaret Martin and Daniel Simril & Rachel Hunter. 
Winstead, William Ephraim (I19723)
44300 William Everett b.1692, Virginia, By user February 07, 2001 at 07:24:52,, abstracted by David A. Hennessee,, retrieved or revisited, recorded & uploaded to the website,, Thursday, February 28th, 2019 
Source (S13739)

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