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39801 William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick (1237-1298) was an English nobleman and soldier, described as a “vigorous and innovative military commander."[1] He was active in the field against the Welsh for many years, and at the end of his life campaigned against the Scots.


He became hereditary High Sheriff of Worcestershire for life on the death of his father in 1268.

He was a close friend of Edward I of England, and was an important leader in Edward's invasion of Wales in 1277.[2][3] In 1294 he raised the siege of Conwy Castle, where the King had been penned in,[4] crossing the estuary.[5] He was victorious on 5 March 1295 at the battle of Maes Moydog, against the rebel prince of Wales, Madog ap Llywelyn.[6] In a night attack on the Welsh infantry he used cavalry to drive them into compact formations which were then shot up by his archers and charged.[7]R


His father was William de Beauchamp (d.1268) of Elmley Castle and his mother Isabel Mauduit, sister and heiress of William Mauduit, 8th Earl of Warwick, from whom he inherited his title in 1268. He had a sister, Sarah, who married Richard Talbot.

He married Maud FitzJohn. Their children included:

Isabella de Beauchamp,[8] married firstly, Sir Patrick de Chaworth and, secondly, Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester
Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick, who married Alice de Toeni, widow of Thomas de Leyburne

de Beauchamp, Baron William (I46007)
39802 William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton, KG (c. 1312 – 16 September 1360) was an English nobleman and military commander.


He was the fifth son of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan. He had a twin brother, Edward. His maternal grandparents were Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile.


William de Bohun assisted at the arrest of Roger Mortimer in 1330, allowing Edward III to take power. After this, he was a trusted friend and commander of the king and he participated in the renewed wars with Scotland.[1]

In 1332, he received many new properties: Hinton and Spaine in Berkshire; Great Haseley, Ascott, Deddington, Pyrton and Kirtlington in Oxfordshire; Wincomb in Buckinghamshire; Longbenington in Lincolnshire; Kneesol in Nottinghamshire; Newnsham in Gloucestershire, Wix in Essex, and Bosham in Sussex.

In 1335, he married Elizabeth de Badlesmere (1313 – 8 June 1356). Her parents Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere, and Margaret de Clare had both turned against Edward II the decade before. Elizabeth and William were granted some of the property of Elizabeth's first husband, who had also been Mortimer's son and heir.

William was created Earl of Northampton in 1337, one of the six earls created by Edward III to renew the ranks of the higher nobility. Since de Bohun was a younger son, and did not have an income suitable to his rank, he was given an annuity until suitable estates could be found.

In 1349 he became a Knight of the Garter. He served as High Sheriff of Rutland from 1349 until his death in 1360.[2]

Campaigns in Flanders, Brittany, Scotland, Victor at Sluys & Crecy[edit]
In 1339 he accompanied the King to Flanders. He served variously in Brittany and in Scotland, and was present at the great English victories at Sluys and was a commander at Crâecy.

His most stunning feat was commanding an English force to victory against a much bigger French force at the Battle of Morlaix in 1342. Some of the details are in dispute, but it is clear that he made good use of pit traps, which stopped the French cavalry.

Renowned Diplomat

In addition to being a warrior, William was also a renowned diplomat. He negotiated two treaties with France, one in 1343 and one in 1350. He was also charged with negotiating in Scotland for the freedom of King David Bruce, King of Scots, who was held prisoner by the English.


1. Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford (1341-1373)

Mary de Bohun (1368-1394); mother of Henry V of England
2. Elizabeth de Bohun (c. 1350-1385); married Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel 
de Bohun, Sir William Knight, 1st Earl of Northampton (I43568)
39803 William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton, KG (c. 1312 – 16 September 1360) was an English nobleman and military commander.


He was the fifth son of Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan. He had a twin brother, Edward. His maternal grandparents were Edward I of England and his first Queen consort Eleanor of Castile.


William de Bohun assisted at the arrest of Roger Mortimer in 1330, allowing Edward III to take power. After this, he was a trusted friend and commander of the king and he participated in the renewed wars with Scotland.[1]

In 1332, he received many new properties: Hinton and Spaine in Berkshire; Great Haseley, Ascott, Deddington, Pyrton and Kirtlington in Oxfordshire; Wincomb in Buckinghamshire; Longbenington in Lincolnshire; Kneesol in Nottinghamshire; Newnsham in Gloucestershire, Wix in Essex, and Bosham in Sussex.

In 1335, he married Elizabeth de Badlesmere (1313 - 8 June 1356). Her parents Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere, and Margaret de Clare had both turned against Edward II the decade before. Elizabeth and William were granted some of the property of Elizabeth's first husband, who had also been Mortimer's son and heir.

William was created Earl of Northampton in 1337, one of the six earls created by Edward III to renew the ranks of the higher nobility. Since de Bohun was a younger son, and did not have an income suitable to his rank, he was given an annuity until suitable estates could be found.

In 1349 he became a Knight of the Garter. He served as High Sheriff of Rutland from 1349 until his death in 1360.[2]

Campaigns in Flanders, Brittany, Scotland, Victor at Sluys & Crecy

In 1339 he accompanied the King to Flanders. He served variously in Brittany and in Scotland, and was present at the great English victories at Sluys and was a commander at Crâecy.

His most stunning feat was commanding an English force to victory against a much bigger French force at the Battle of Morlaix in 1342. Some of the details are in dispute, but it is clear that he made good use of pit traps, which stopped the French cavalry.

Renowned Diplomat

In addition to being a warrior, William was also a renowned diplomat. He negotiated two treaties with France, one in 1343 and one in 1350. He was also charged with negotiating in Scotland for the freedom of King David Bruce, King of Scots, who was held prisoner by the English.


1. Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford (1341-1373)

Mary de Bohun (1368-1394); mother of Henry V of England
2. Elizabeth de Bohun (c. 1350-1385); married Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel

In Historical Fiction

In Bernard Cornwell's series the Grail Quest, the Earl of Northampton plays a minor role as Thomas of Hookton's lord.


Jump up ^ Mortimer, Ian (2008). The Perfect King The Life of Edward III, Father of the English Nation. Vintage. p. 138.
Jump up ^ The history of the worthies of England, Volume 3 By Thomas Fuller. Retrieved 2011-07-13.

de Bohun, Sir William Knight, 1st Earl of Northampton (I43568)
39804 William de Braose
4th Lord of Bramber

Grosmont Castle

Born: probably 1140/50

Died: 9th August 1211 at Corbeuil

At his peak, William was Lord of Bramber, Gower, Abergavenny, Brecknock, Builth, Radnor, Kington, Limerick and the three castles of Skenfrith, Grosmont (right) and Whitecastle.

He inherited Bramber, Builth and Radnor from his father; Brecknock and Abergavenny through his mother. He was the strongest of the Marcher Lords involved in constant war with the Welsh and other lords. He was particularly hated by the Welsh for the massacre of three Welsh princes, their families and their men, which took place during a feast at his castle of Abergavenny in 1175. He was sometimes known as the "Ogre of Abergavenny". One of the Normans' foremost warriors, he fought alongside King Richard at Chalus in 1199 (when Richard received his fatal wound).

William immediately transferred his loyalty to Prince John and supported his claim to the throne. John's entry to England was via William's port of Shoreham in Sussex.

John extended William's landholdings. He received Limerick, without the city, in 1201 and was also given custody of Glamorgan, Monmouth and Gwynllwg in return for large payments.

William captured Arthur, Count of Brittany at Mirebeau in 1202 and was in charge of his imprisonment for King John. He was well rewarded in February 1203 with the grant of Gower. He may have had knowledge of the murder of Arthur and been bribed to silence by John with the city of Limerick in July. His honours reached their peak when he was made Sheriff of Herefordshire by John for 1206-7. He had held this office under Richard from 1192 to 1199.

His fall began almost immediately. William was stripped of his office as bailiff of Glamorgan and other custodies by King John in 1206/7. Later he was deprived of all his lands and, sought by John in Ireland, he returned to Wales and joined the Welsh Prince Llywelyn in rebellion. He fled to France in 1210 via Shoreham "in the habit of a beggar" and died in exile near Paris. Despite his stated intention to be interred at St. John's, Brecon, he was buried in the Abbey of St. Victoire, Paris by Stephen Langton, the Archbishop of Canterbury, another of John's chief opponents who was also taking refuge there. His wife and son William were starved to death in captivity at either Windsor or Corfe Castle.

Note: The arms shown above are attributed to this William by Matthew Paris (see Aspilogia II , MP IV No7)

Father: William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber, Sheriff of Herefordshire

Mother: Bertha de Păitres

Married to Maud de St Valery ("before 1170" - Powicke's Loretta)

Child 1: William de Braose
Child 2: Maud (Susan) = Gruffyd ap Rhys
Child 3: Giles, Bishop of Hereford
Child 4: Roger
Child 5: Philip
Child 6: Bertha = William de Beauchamp
Child 7: Thomas
Child 8: Walter
Child 9: John = Amabil de Limesi
Child 10: Margaret = Walter de Lacy
Child 11: Henry
Child 12: Annora = Hugh de Mortimer
Child 13: Loretta = Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester
Child 14: Reginald de Braose
Child 15: Flandrina, Abbess of Godstow
Child 16: Bernard

This ordering of the children follows the Braose genealogy given in the 13th century MS
(British Library, Cotton Julius D, x) on the history of the Lords of Brecon.

Matthew Boulter has written a dissertation on the career of this William de Braose which he has kindly made available to readers of this site.
bottom of secttion
de Braose, Sir William III, Knight, 4th Lord of Bramber (I46779)
39805 William de Braose (c. 1197 – 2 May 1230) was the son of Reginald de Braose by his first wife, Grecia Briwere. He was an ill-fated member of a powerful and long-lived dynasty of Marcher Lords.

Early years

William de Braose was born in Brecon, probably between 1197 and 1204. The Welsh, who detested him and his family name, called him Gwilym Ddu, Black William. He succeeded his father in his various lordships in 1227, including Abergavenny and Buellt.[citation needed]


He was captured by the Welsh forces of Prince Llywelyn the Great, in fighting in the commote of Ceri near Montgomery, in 1228. William was ransomed for the sum of ą2,000 and then furthermore made an alliance with Llywelyn, arranging to marry his daughter Isabella de Braose to Llywelyn's only legitimate son Dafydd ap Llywelyn. However, it became known that William had committed adultery with Llywelyn's wife, Joan, Lady of Wales, and Braose was taken at his own home and transported to Wales.[2] The marriage planned between their two children did, however, take place.[3]


The Chronicle of Ystrad Fflur's entry for 1230 reads:[citation needed]

"In this year William de Breos the Younger, lord of Brycheiniog, was hanged by the Lord Llywelyn in Gwynedd, after he had been caught in Llywelyn's chamber with the king of England's daughter, Llywelyn's wife".[citation needed]
Llywelyn had William publicly hanged on 2 May 1230,[4] possibly at Crogen, near Bala, though others believe the hanging took place near Llywelyn's palace at Abergwyngregyn.


With William's death by hanging and his having four daughters, who divided the de Braose inheritance between them and no male heir, the titles now passed to the junior branch of the de Braose dynasty, the only male heir was now John de Braose who had already inherited the titles of Gower and Bramber from his far-sighted uncle Reginald de Braose.[citation needed]


William married Eva Marshal, daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke. They had four daughters:[citation needed]

Isabella de Braose (born c. 1222), wife of Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn
Maud de Braose (born c. 1224 – 1301), wife of Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer another very powerful Marcher dynasty.
Eleanor de Braose (c. 1226 – 1251), wife of Humphrey de Bohun and mother of Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford.
Eva de Braose (c. 1227- July 1255), wife of William III de Cantilupe.
William's wife Eva continued to hold de Braose lands and castles in her own right, after the death of her husband. She was listed as the holder of Totnes in 1230, and was granted 12 marks to strengthen Hay Castle by King Henry III on the Close Rolls (1234–1237).[citation needed]

de Braose, Sir William Lord of Brycheiniog (I46115)
39806 William de Braose arrived in England with William the Conqueror. His mother’s name was Gunnor. She became a nun at the Abbaye aux Dames in Caen, Normandy, which was established by the Conqueror’s queen, Matilda. Some of the property Gunnor gave to the abbey was associated with members of the the Ivry family - Albereda, Hugh and Roger. Emma d’Ivry was the mother of William the Conqueror’s most powerful favourite, William fitz Osbern.

These are the best clues we have as to William de Braose’s parentage. He was entrusted with a key Sussex position at Bramber and land in other English counties, besides Briouze, a strategic location in Normandy. It seems likely that he came from the extended family of the Dukes of Normandy but for genealogists his ancestry is still a frustrating loose end. William probably married the widow of Anchetil de Harcourt, Eve de Boissey, but even this detail remains inconclusive.

Images for Braose coats of arms:

de Braose, Sir William Knight, 1st Lord of Bramber (I46787)
39807 William de Braose, (alias Breuse, Brewes, Brehuse,[1] Briouze, Brewose etc.; c. 1224–1291) was the first Baron Braose, as well as Lord of Gower and Lord of Bramber.[2]

Family and early life

Braose was the son of John de Braose, the Lord of Bramber and Gower and John's wife Margaret, the daughter of Llywelyn the Great, prince of Gwynedd.[2] These members of the Braose family were all descendants of William de Braose, who died around 1093 and was the Domesday tenant of Bramber.[3] His family had its origins at Briouze in Normandy.[4]

Braose's father was dead in 1232, before 18 July, when William became lord of his father's properties. William came of age before 15 July 1245,[2] making his birth around 1224.[1]

Lord and baron

He served King Henry III of England and Henry's son Edward I as a councilor and in various councils.[2] He sided with King Henry against Simon de Montfort during the civil war in England in the later part of Henry's reign.[1] In April and May 1292, he was summoned to Parliament, as Lord Braose.[2]

Braose was a benefactor of Sele Priory, with surviving charters recording the grant of a large estate in Crockhurst, Sussex to the priory in 1254.[5] The charter was dated 4 January 1254, and was in exchange for 10 marks as an annual rent from the priory.[6] Another charter records the gift of land near the road from Chichester to Bramber that was made at the urging of his mother Margaret.[5] Other benefactions included gifs of rents[7] and two small gifts of land.[8] Around 1280, Braose released the priory from performing certain customary services and rents that it had previously paid to him and his ancestors.[9][Notes 1]

Marriages, death, and legacy

Braose married three times. His first wife was Aline, daughter of Thomas de Multon. His second was Agnes, daughter of Nicholas de Moeles. His third wife was Mary, daughter of Robert de Ros.[10] He died at Findon in Sussex shortly before 6 January 1291.[2] He was buried at Sele Priory in Sussex on 15 January.[1]

Braose's son, William de Braose, 2nd Baron Braose, by his first wife, succeeded him.[2] By his second wife, he had a son Giles, who was knighted and fought in Scotland in 1300.[11] By his third wife, William had at least three children – Richard, Peter, and Margaret (wife of Ralph de Camoys, 1st Baron Camoys) – and possibly a fourth – William.[1] Richard was dead before 9 February 1296, and Peter died before 7 February 1312.[12]

See also

House of Braose 
de Braose, Sir William VI, Knight, 1st Baron Braose (I46480)
39808 William de Braose, (sometimes William de Briouze, William de Breuse, William de Brewes or William de Brewose; c. 1260–1326) was the second Baron Braose, as well as Lord of Gower and Lord of Bramber. He was held as a hostage after being captured in 1264 during the Second Barons' War and records of some of his childhood expenses survive from his time as a hostage. He first entered royal service in 1286 and, in 1291, he succeeded his father as baron. He continued in royal military service, serving in Scotland as well as in Wales. Protracted disputes over his lands embroiled him throughout his life and at the end of his life helped spark a revolt against King Edward II of England's favourites, the Despensers. He married twice, and his heirs were his daughter Aline and his grandson John de Bohun.

Family and early life

Braose was the son of William de Braose, 1st Baron Braose and his first wife, Aline, daughter of Thomas de Multon.[1] He was likely born around 1260, as his age was given as about 46 in 1307. Other events prove that he was born prior to 1264, as he was captured in that year. This came about during the Second Barons' War (1264–1267) during the reign of King Henry III of England, as the elder Braose had sided with the king during Simon de Montfort's rebellion. The younger Braose was a hostage in the custody of Montfort's wife, Eleanor. Her household accounts include expenses related to the younger William's care.[2]

Sometime around 1285, Braose confirmed grants of land by his ancestors to the religious house of Sele Priory.[3][a] In 1286 Braose was in the king's service, for unspecified duties overseas. It is possible that these included accompanying the king, Edward I, to Paris where Edward performed homage to the new French king, Philip IV, for Edward's French lands.[2] Braose played a significant role in King Edward's Welsh wars. In the winter of 1287–8 he commanded the force blockading Emlyn castle. His men also provided the escort for the transport of a huge siege engine from Dryslwyn to Emlyn. The arrival of the engine, with 480 great stones as ammunition, persuaded the defenders of the castle to surrender peaceably.[5]

Marcher Baron

The younger Braose succeeded his father before 1 March 1291, when he did homage for his father's lands.[1] He received custody of his father's lands on 2 March 1291, which had been placed into the custody of Robert de Tibetot on 12 January 1291.[6] He was summoned a number of times to Parliament from 1291 until 1322 as Baron Braose. He was the second Baron Braose, as well as Lord of Gower and Lord of Bramber.[1]

After his father's death, Braose continued to serve Edward. He contributed both money and personal military service in Edward's wars in Wales, Scotland, and France.[2] He saw service in Gascony in 1294.[3] In 1297 he took part in a military campaign in Flanders. As a reward for his service in Flanders, he received the wardship of John de Mowbray, who Braose eventually married to his daughter Aline.[2] From 1298 to 1306 he was involved in the Scottish wars, and was at the Battle of Falkirk on 22 July 1298.[3] Besides the military service, he served the king in 1301 by signing a letter from the leading barons of England to Pope Boniface VIII in which the barons decried papal interference in the royal rights of England.[2]

Braose captured the Welsh rebel William Cragh in 1290, whose miraculous resurrection after being hanged was attributed to Thomas de Cantilupe.[7] This led in 1307 to Braose giving testimony to papal commissioners inquiring into the events surrounding Cragh's hanging and whether or not it would support the canonisation of Cantilupe.[8]

It was most likely Braose who commissioned a condensed copy of Domesday Book, now Public Record Office manuscript E164/1. This copy has a marginal notation of "Br" next to the estates owned by Braose's ancestor, the first William de Braose.[9]

Braose was embroiled in a dispute over his lordship of Gower in 1299 when the Bishop of Llandaff, John de Monmouth, brought a case against Braose to the king. Although the case was adjudicated in 1302, the resulting decision was overturned. In 1304 Braose secured King Edward's confirmation of earlier grants and charters granting Braose special rights and liberties in Gower. He managed this because he was serving the king in Scotland at the time, and thus had easy access to the king. In 1305, however, Braose miscalculated and insulted a royal judge,[10] using "gross and contumelious words" to describe the royal official.[11] This episode caused the case of Gower to be reopened in 1306, and Braose was only able to settle the issue again by the grant of rights to his men in Swansea and Gower.[10]

In 1320 King Edward II of England confiscated the lordship of Gower on the grounds that Braose had given it to his son-in-law Mowbray without royal permission. Over the preceding years Braose had promised Gower to a number of persons,[12] including Humphrey de Bohun, the Earl of Hereford, Hugh Despenser the Younger, and Roger Mortimer of Wigmore. Mowbray then in late 1319 took custody of Gower to protect his rights. Despenser persuaded the king in 1320 to take Gower into royal hands in October, and was appointed keeper of the honour in November.[13] The other lords in the Welsh Marches resented this seizure, feeling that the king's excuse for it was not applicable. The seizure was one of the precipitating causes of the baronial rebellion that led to the exile of the Despensers in 1321.[12] In 1322 Gower was given to the younger Despenser again, who then traded it for the honours of Usk and Caerleon. Braose was then induced to sue the new holder of Gower for the return of the barony in April 1324, which action succeeded in June 1324. Braose then promptly gave Gower to the elder Despenser, returning the property to the Despenser family once more.[14] The lordship of Gower eventually ended up in the hands of the Beauchamp family, but it was not until the 1350s that the issue was decided.[15]

Marriage, death, and legacy

The name of Braose's first wife was Agnes,[16] but her family is not known. His second wife was Elizabeth, the daughter and heiress of Raymund de Sully. He had two daughters with his first wife, but no children with his second wife, who outlived him.[1] It appears that there was a son named William, who was the subject of a military summons from King Edward in 1311, but nothing further is mentioned of him after 1315. In 1316 a settlement of William the father's estates made no mention of this son making it likely that the son died before this date.[17]

Braose died not long before 1 May 1326[1] and his heirs were his daughter Aline and his grandson John de Bohun.[18] Aline, the elder daughter,[13] married John de Mowbray and Richard de Peschale. The second daughter, Joan, married James de Bohun and Richard Foliot, son of Jordan Foliot. Mowbray received the lands of Gower and Bramber before Braose's death.[1]

Braose was known as a man often in debt and as being unable to manage his cash flow well.[17] Thomas Walsingham stated in his chronicle that Braose was "very rich by descent but a dissipater of the property left to him".[19] 
de Braose, Sir William VII, Knight, 2nd Baron de Braose (I46478)
39809 William de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale (died 16 July 1212), was the second but eldest surviving son of Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale.

His elder brother, Robert III de Brus, predeceased their father, never holding the lordship of Annandale. William de Brus thus succeeded his father when the latter died in 1194.

William de Brus possessed large estates in the north of England. He obtained from King John, the grant of a weekly market at Hartlepool, and granted lands to the canons of Gisburn.[1] Very little else is known about William's activities. He makes a few appearances in the English government records and witnessed a charter of King William of Scotland.

He married a woman called Beatrice de Teyden, and had by her at least two sons and one daughter:

Robert (his successor)
Agatha married Ralph Tailboys
Jump up ^ Burke, Sir Bernard, CB., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms, The Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, London, 1883, p.80.


Burke, Messrs., John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with Their Descendants, &c., London, 1848: vol.1, pedigree XXXIV.
Northcliffe, Charles B., of Langon, MA., editor, The Visitation of Yorkshire, 1563/4 by William Flower, Norroy King of Arms, London, 1881, p. 40.
Duncan, A. A. M., ‘Brus , Robert (II) de, lord of Annandale (d. 1194?)’, in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 14 Nov 2006 
de Brus, William 3rd Lord of Annandale (I46702)
39810 William de Cantilupe (died 25 September 1254) (anciently Cantelow, Cantelou, Canteloupe, etc, Latinised to de Cantilupo) [2] was jure uxoris Lord of Abergavenny, in right of his wife Eva de Braose, heiress of the de Braose dynasty of Welsh Marcher Lords. His chief residences were at Calne in Wiltshire and Aston Cantlow (named after his family), in Warwickshire, until he inherited Abergavenny Castle and the other estates of that lordship.

He was the eldest son and heir of William de Cantilupe (died 1251) by his wife Millicent de Gournay. His younger brother was Thomas de Cantilupe, Bishop of Hereford and Chancellor of England.

At some time before 15 February 1248 he married Eva de Braose, daughter and heiress of William de Braose (died 1230) by his wife Eva Marshal, daughter of William Marshall, 1st Earl of Pembroke. By his wife he had children including:

George de Cantilupe (died 1273), Lord of Abergavenny, only son and heir, who died childless, leaving his sisters or their issue as his co-heiresses.
Milicent de Cantilupe (died 1299[3]), who married twice, firstly to Eudo la Zouche and secondly to John de Montalt[4][3]
Joan de Cantilupe (died 1271), who married Henry de Hastings (c. 1235 – 1269).[5]
He died "in the flower of his youth"[6] in 1254. Simon de Montfort, a close friend of the family, was one of the chief mourners at his funeral.[7]

de Cantilupe, Sir William III, Lord of Abergavenny (I47770)
39811 William de Chesney (sometimes William of Norwich or William fitzRobert;[1] died 1174) was a medieval Anglo-Norman nobleman and sheriff. Son of landholder in Norfolk, William inherited after the death of his two elder brothers. He was the founder of Sibton Abbey, as well as a benefactor of other monasteries in England. In 1157, Chesney acquired the honour of Blythburgh, and was sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk during the 1150s and 1160s. On Chesney's death in 1174, he left three unmarried daughters as his heirs.

Early life

Chesney was the son of Robert fitzWalter and Sybil de Chesney, and a younger brother of John de Chesney.[2] Sybil was the daughter of Ralph de Chesney.[3] Robert fitzWalter was lord of Horsford in Norfolk,[2] which was originally held by Walter de Caen, Robert's father. The barony was assessed at 10 knight's fees.[4][a]

Roger was the eldest brother of William, but died childless during their father's lifetime.[6] The next son, John, inherited the family lands, but died around 1149[2] without children.[7] William then inherited the lands.[2] John and William had a sister called Margaret, who was the wife of Haimo de St Clair.[7] Their father married a second time, and had a son named Simon by that marriage. William took his surname from his mother's family, as did his half-brother Simon, who was not related to the Chesney family except by marriage.[8] Two further children of Robert's, Elias and Peter, are known, but whether they were the children of the first marriage or the second is unclear.[9] Chesney should be distinguished from another William de Chesney,[2] who controlled the town of Oxford and its castle as well as the town of Deddington and its castle in the same time period.[10][b]


Chesney founded Sibton Abbey,[2] and after his brother John's death he confirmed the foundation of that Cistercian monastery,[7] which was the only Cistercian house in Suffolk.[1] Besides founding that monastery, he also gave lands or other gifts to Colne Priory, Essex, Thetford Priory, Castle Acre Priory, St John's Abbey, Stoke-by-Clare Priory, and Blythburgh Priory.[12]

Chesney acquired the barony of Blythburgh in Suffolk in 1157.[2] These lands were recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as being held by the king, and when Chesney was granted them they were assessed at one knight's fee in feudal service.[13] Besides Blythburgh, Chesney also acquired lands in Norfolk and Essex which he added to the family lands in Norfolk and Suffolk.[14]

In 1153 or 1154, Chesney was the recipient of the lordship of a hundred and a half in Norfolk,[c] possibly in compensation for the loss of the manor of Mileham. Chesney likely lost Mileham to another noble family, the fitzAlans, as part of the settlement resulting from the Treaty of Wallingford which settled the civil war in England.[16] Both William's father Robert and his elder brother John had held these offices before him.[9]

Chesney was Sheriff of Norfolk in the late 1140s and the 1150s, being recorded as holding that office in two documents – one dated to between 1146 and 1149 and the other dated to between 1146 and 1153.[17] The same documents record him as holding the office of Sheriff of Suffolk at concurrent times.[18] He held both offices again between 1156 and 1163.[2]

Death and legacy

Chesney died in 1174, having had three daughters with his wife Gilla.[2] Her ancestry is unknown, and it is possible that William married another time, to Aubrey de Poynings, because a Lewes Priory charter dated to around 1165 names a William de Chesney and Aubrey his wife, but it is not clear whether this charter is referring to William de Chesney the sheriff or to another William.[8] William and Gilla's daughters were Margaret, Clemence, and Sara,[2] all of whom were unmarried at the time of their father's death.[19] Margaret married twice – first to Hugh de Cressy and second to Robert fitzRoger. Clemence married Jordan de Sackville, and Sara married Richard Engaine.[2] Margaret inherited the majority of her father's estates.[20]

At his death, Chesney had outstanding debts, both to the king and to Jewish moneylenders. In 1214, his daughter Margaret was exempted from repaying any of her father's debts to those moneylenders by a royal grant.[14]


Jump up ^ A knight's fee was the amount of land that was granted to someone in exchange for a knight's military service of 40 days per year.[5]
Jump up ^ Sybil was the daughter of Ralph de Chesney,[3] The other William was the son of Roger de Chesney and Alice de Langetot,[2] who were the parents of Ralph de Chesney,[11] who was Sybil's father, making William de Chesney of Oxford the great-uncle of William de Chesney the sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk.[3]
Jump up ^ A hundred was a sub-division of a county.[15]


^ Jump up to: a b Brown "Introduction" Sibton Abbey Cartularies p. 1
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l Keats-Rohan Domesday Descendants p. 370
^ Jump up to: a b c Keats-Rohan Domesday Descendants p. 369
Jump up ^ Brown "Introduction" Sibton Abbey Cartularies p. 7
Jump up ^ Coredon Dictionary of Medieval Terms & Phrases p. 170
Jump up ^ Round "Early Sheriffs" English Historical Review p. 483–484
^ Jump up to: a b c Keats-Rohan Domesday Descendants pp. 363–364
^ Jump up to: a b Brown "Introduction" Sibton Abbey Cartularies p. 13
^ Jump up to: a b Brown "Introduction" Sibton Abbey Cartularies pp. 11–12
Jump up ^ Crouch Reign of King Stephen p. 205
Jump up ^ Keats-Rohan Domesday Descendants p. 368
Jump up ^ Brown "Introduction" Sibton Abbey Cartularies p. 16–17
Jump up ^ Sanders English Baronies p. 16
^ Jump up to: a b Brown, "Introduction" to Sibton Abbey Cartularies, pp. 14–16
Jump up ^ Coredon Dictionary of Medieval Terms & Phrases p. 159
Jump up ^ Crouch Reign of King Stephen p. 276 footnote 76
Jump up ^ Green English Sheriffs p. 62
Jump up ^ Green English Sheriffs p. 77
Jump up ^ Brown "Introduction" Sibton Abbey Cartularies p. 21
Jump up ^ Green Aristocracy of Norman England p. 380


Brown, Philippa (1985). "Introduction". In Brown, Philippa. Sibton Abbey Cartularies and Charters. Suffolk Charters. 7. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell and Brewer for the Suffolk Records Society. ISBN 0-85115-413-1.
Coredon, Christopher (2007). A Dictionary of Medieval Terms & Phrases (Reprint ed.). Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer. ISBN 978-1-84384-138-8.
Crouch, David (2000). The Reign of King Stephen: 1135–1154. New York: Longman. ISBN 0-582-22657-0.
Green, Judith A. (1997). The Aristocracy of Norman England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-52465-2.
Green, Judith A. (1990). English Sheriffs to 1154. Public Record Office Handbooks Number 24. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. ISBN 0-11-440236-1.
Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. (1999). Domesday Descendants: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents, 1066–1166: Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum. Ipswich, UK: Boydell Press. ISBN 0-85115-863-3.
Round, J. H. (October 1920). "Early Sheriffs of Norfolk". The English Historical Review. 35 (140). doi:10.1093/ehr/XXXV.CXL.481. JSTOR 552094.
Sanders, I. J. (1960). English Baronies: A Study of Their Origin and Descent 1086–1327. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. OCLC 931660.

de Chesney, Sir William Knight, Baron of Horsford (I46107)
39812 William de Gyrlyngton, born 1391, died 1501. Son of John de Gyrlyngton. Married Johanna (maiden name unknown). Had son Nicholas Girlington I. He was a citizen and draper of York, and served on Parliment for York in 1440. Was Lord Mayor of York 1441.
de Gyrlyngton, William (I35635)
39813 William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, KG (16 October 1396 – 2 May 1450), was an English commander in the Hundred Years' War and Lord High Admiral of England from 1447 until 1450. He was nicknamed Jackanapes. He also appears prominently in William Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 1 and Henry VI, Part 2. Already holder of the title Earl of Suffolk, he was granted the additional titles Marquess of Suffolk (1444), Earl of Pembroke (1447) and Duke of Suffolk (1448).


William de la Pole was born at Cotton, Suffolk, the second son of Michael, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, and Katherine de Stafford, daughter of Hugh, Earl of Stafford, KG, and Lady Philipa de Beauchamp.

Almost continually engaged in the wars in France, he was seriously wounded during the Siege of Harfleur (1415), where his father died from dysentery.[1] Later that year his older brother Michael, 3rd Earl of Suffolk, was killed at the Battle of Agincourt,[2] and William succeeded as 4th Earl. He became co-commander of the English forces at the Siege of Orlâeans (1429), after the death of Thomas, Earl of Salisbury. When that city was relieved by Joan of Arc in 1429, he managed a retreat to Jargeau where he was forced to surrender on 12 June. He remained a prisoner of Charles VII of France for three years, and was ransomed in 1431.

After his return to the Kingdom of England in 1434 he was made Constable of Wallingford Castle. He became a courtier and close ally of Cardinal Henry Beaufort. His most notable accomplishment in this period was negotiating the marriage of King Henry VI with Margaret of Anjou in 1444. This earned him a promotion from Earl to Marquess of Suffolk. However, a secret clause was put in the agreement which gave Maine and Anjou back to France, which was partly to cause his downfall. His own marriage took place on 11 November 1430, (date of licence), to (as her third husband) Alice Chaucer (1404–1475), daughter of Thomas Chaucer of Ewelme, Oxfordshire, and granddaughter of the notable poet Geoffrey Chaucer and his wife, Philippa Roet.

With the deaths in 1447 of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester and Cardinal Beaufort, Suffolk became the principal power behind the throne of the weak and compliant Henry VI. In short order he was appointed Chamberlain, Admiral of England, and to several other important offices. He was created Earl of Pembroke in 1447, and Duke of Suffolk in 1448. However, Suffolk was later suspected of being a traitor. On 16 July he met in secret with Jean, Count de Dunois, at his mansion of the Rose in Candlewick street. The first of several meetings in London, they planned a French invasion. Suffolk passed Council minutes to Dunois, the French hero of the Siege of Orleans. It was rumoured that Suffolk never paid his ransom of ą20,000 owed to Dunois. Lord Treasurer, Ralph Cromwell, wanted heavy taxes from Suffolk; the duke's powerful enemies included John Paston and Sir John Fastolf. Many blamed Suffolk's retainers for lawlessness in East Anglia.[3]

The following three years saw the near-complete loss of the English possessions in northern France. Suffolk could not avoid taking the blame for these failures, partly because of the loss of Maine and Anjou through his marriage negotiations regarding Henry VI. On 28 January 1450 he was arrested, imprisoned in the Tower of London and impeached in parliament by the commons. The king intervened to protect his favourite, who was banished for five years, but on his journey to Calais his ship was intercepted by the Nicholas of the Tower; Suffolk was captured, subject to mock trial, and executed by beheading.[4][5] He was later found on the sands near Dover,[6] and the body was probably brought to a church in Suffolk, possibly Wingfield.

Suffolk was interred in the Carthusian Priory in Hull by his widow Alice, as was his wish, and not in the church at Wingfield, as is often stated. The Priory, founded in 1377 by his grandfather the first Earl of Suffolk, was dissolved in 1539, and most of the original buildings did not survive the two Civil War sieges of Hull in 1642 and 1643.[7]


Suffolk's only known legitimate son, John, became the second Duke of Suffolk in 1463.

Suffolk also fathered an illegitimate daughter, Jane de la Pole.[8] Her mother is said to have been a nun, Malyne de Cay. "The nighte before that he was yolden [yielded himself up in surrender to the Franco-Scottish forces of Joan of Arc on 12 June 1429] he laye in bed with a nonne whom he toke oute of holy profession and defouled, whose name was Malyne de Cay, by whom he gate a daughter, now married to Stonard of Oxonfordshire".[9] Jane de la Pole (d. 28 February 1494) was married before 1450 to Thomas Stonor (1423–1474), of Stonor in Pyrton, Oxfordshire. Their son Sir William Stonor, KB, was married to Anne Neville, daughter of John, Marquess of Montagu and had two children: John Neville, married to Mary Fortesque, daughter of Sir John Fortesque of Punsburn, Hereford, but died without issue; and Anne Neville, married to Sir Adrian Fortesque, who distinguished himself at the Battle of the Spurs; he was beheaded in 1539. Thomas Stonor and Jane de la Pole's two other sons were Edward and Thomas. Thomas Stoner married Savilla Brecknock, daughter of Sir David Brecknock. His great-great-grandson Thomas Stoner (18 December 1626 – 2 September 1683) married in 1651 Elizabeth Nevill (b. 1641), daughter of Henry, Lord Bergavenny and his second wife Katherine Vaux, daughter of The Hon. George Vaux and sister of Edward, Lord Vaux of Harrowden. Thomas's son John Stoner (22 March 1654 – 19 November 1689) married on 8 July 1675 Lady Mary Talbot, daughter of Francis, Earl of Shrewsbury and his wife Jane Conyers, daughter of Sir John Conyers.[10] 
de la Pole, Sir William Knight, 1st Duke of Suffolk (I43925)
39814 William de Lancaster I, or William Fitz Gilbert, was a nobleman of the 12th century in Northwest England. According to a document some generations later, he was also referred to as William de Tailboys (de Taillebois) when younger, and then became "William de Lancaster, baron of Kendal", although there is some uncertainty amongst most commentators concerning the exact meaning of the term "baron" in this case. He is the first person of whom there is any record to bear the name of Lancaster and pass it on to his descendants as a family name. He died in about 1170.

Titles and positions

Earliest holdings

Despite his surname, William and his relatives appear in contemporary documents relating mainly to what is now the modern county of Cumbria, not Lancashire, especially Copeland in western Cumberland, Furness in the Lake District, The Barony of Kendal, which became part of Westmorland, and various areas such as Barton between Kendal and Ullswater, also in Westmorland. Much of this area was not yet permanently part of England.

Although only part of this area was within the later English county of Lancaster or Lancashire, this entity had not yet come to be clearly defined. So the title of "de Lancaster", by which William is remembered, could have referred not only to the church city of Lancaster, to the south of this area, but to an area under its control. In 1900, William Farrer claimed that "all of the southern half of Westmorland, not only the Kirkby Lonsdale Ward of Westmorland, but also the Kendal Ward, were linked with Northern Lancashire from a very early time" and formed a single district for fiscal administrative purposes.[1]

The two apparently lost records which are said to have mentioned William's father Gilbert also apparently connected him to Cumbria, specifically to the area of Furness.[2]

The following are areas associated with him, for example ...

Muncaster in Cumberland. According to William Farrer, in his 1902 edition of Lancashire Pipe Rolls and early charters,wrote:

It appears that he was possessed of the lordship of Mulcaster (now Muncaster), over the Penningtons of Pennington in Furness, and under Robert de Romille, lord of Egremont and Skipton, who held it in right of his wife, Cecilia, daughter and heiress of William de Meschines.[3]

According to Farrer, this title would have been one of those granted by Roger de Mowbray, son of Nigel de Albini, having come into his hands after the decease without male heirs of Ivo de Taillebois. He also believed that this grant to William de Lancaster came to be annulled.

Workington, Lamplugh and Middleton. The manors of Workington and Lamplugh in Cumberland were given by William de Lancaster, in exchange for Middleton in Westmorland, to an apparently close relative, Gospatric, son of Orme, brother-in-law of Waldeve, Lord of Allerdale.[4]

Hensingham. The Register of St Bees shows that both William son of Gilbert de Lancastre, and William's son William had land in this area. William's was at a place called Swartof or Suarthow, "probably the rising ground between Whitehaven and Hensingham, known locally as Swartha Brow". The appears to have come from his father Gilbert. His brother Roger apparently held land at Walton, just outside modern Hensingham, and had a son named Robert. Roger and William also named a brother called Robert.[5]

Ulverston. Farrer argued that this may have been held by William and perhaps his father Gilbert, before it was granted by Stephen, Count of Boulogne and Mortain, to Furness Abbey in 1127.[6] The possible connection of William's father Gilbert to Furness will be discussed further below.

Enfeoffment from King Stephen

King Stephen's reign in England lasted from 1135 to 1154, but only during a small part of this did he control this region. For the majority of his reign all or most of this area was under the rule of David I of Scotland.

During the period when Stephen was in control "we possess distinct and clear evidence that Stephen, as king, enfeoffed a knight of the lands of Warton in Kentdale and the wide territory of Garstang, in Lancashire, to hold for the service of one knight. This was William de Lancaster, son of Gilbert by Godith his wife, described in the Inquest of service made in 1212 as "Willelmus filius Gilberti primus," that is, the first to be enfeoffed of that fee."[7]

Enfeoffment from Roger de Mowbray

At a similar time, during the period 1145-1154, a major enfeoffment by Roger de Mowbray put William in control, or perhaps just confirmed his control, of what would become the Barony of Kendal, plus Warton, Garstang, and Wyresdale in Lancashire, as well as Horton in Ribblesdale and "Londsdale". The latter two are sometimes apparently being interpreted as indicating possession for some time of at least part of what would become the Wapentake of Ewcross in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

The Scottish period

During the Scottish occupation, Hugh de Morville became the overlord of much of this area, a position he kept when the area later returned to English control. Farrer and Curwen remark:

William de Lancaster no longer held anything in Kentdale of Roger de Mowbray; but he appears to have held his lands in Westmarieland and Kentdale of Morevill by rendering Noutgeld of ą14 6s. 3d. per annum, and some 16 carucates of land in nine vills in Kentdale as farmer under Morevill. In 1166 William de Lancaster I held only two knight's fees, of the new feoffment of Roger de Mowbray in Sedbergh, Thornton, Burton in Lonsdale, and the other places in Yorkshire previously named, which his descendants held long after of the fee of Mowbray by the same service. The Mowbray connexion with Kentdale had come to an end upon the accession of Henry II, who placed Hugh de Morevill in possession of Westmarieland in return, possibly, for past services and in pursuance of the policy of planting his favourites in regions of great strategic importance. Probably the change of paramount lord had little, if any, effect on the position of William de Lancaster in Kentdale.[7]

In Cumberland further west, according to several websites, William was castellan in the castle of Egremont under William fitz Duncan.[citation needed]

The Barony of Kendal?

William de Lancaster is often described as having been a Baron of Kendal. In fact this is not so clear what kind of lordship existed over Kendal, given the lack of clarity of records in this period. The word barony developed specific meanings during the Middle Ages, namely feudal baron and baron by writ. William Farrer wrote, in the Introduction to his Records of Kendal:

After a careful review of the evidence which has been sketched above, the author is of opinion that no barony or reputed barony of Kentdale existed prior to the grants of 1189–90; and that neither William de Lancaster, son of Gilbert, nor William de Lancaster II, his son and successor, can be rightly described as "baron" of Kentdale.[7]

Whether or not "Barony" is the clearest word, what became the Barony of Kendal is generally accepted as having come together under Ivo de Taillebois (d. 1094) in the time of William Rufus, some generations before William. And, as will be discussed below, at least in later generations William was depicted by his family as having been a Taillebois. A continuity is therefore often asserted between what Ivo held, and what William later held, despite the fact that William had no known hereditary claim on Kendal, and Ivo had no male heirs. (This is also the reason for the frequent assertion that William held the entire wapentake of Ewcross, even though it seems that the family of Roger de Mowbray kept hold of at least Burton in Kendal. William held two parts of it, mentioned above, while Ivo had held another, Clapham. The rest is speculation.)

According to Farrer, the Barony of Kendal became a real barony only in the time of William's grand daughter Hawise, who married Gilbert son of Roger fitz Reinfrid. Both he and his son William de Lancaster III, both successors of William de Lancaster I (and possibly of Ivo de Taillebois) were certainly Barons of Kendal.

Concerning other specific holdings and ranks

Furness and the Royal forests. According to a later grant to Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid, William must have held some position over the whole forest of Westmarieland (the Northern or Appleby Barony of Westmorland), Kendal and Furness. His claims in Furness may have gone beyond just the forest, but this appears to have put him in conflict with the claims of the Furness Abbey, and this conflict continued over many generations. His family may have had links there before him. Some websites report that his father Gilbert was known as "Gilbert of Furness". (This apparently comes from a 17th-century note by Benjamin Ayloffe, mentioned below.)

Lancaster Castle. According to Dugdale, the eminent English antiquarian, he was governor of Lancaster Castle in the reign of Henry II, about 1180. Little is known about how William came to hold the honour of Lancaster and use the surname, but it is sometimes suggested that it implies connections to royalty, perhaps coming from his apparent marriage to Gundred de Warrenne (or was this just yet another reward for some forgotten service, perhaps against the Scots?).

Seneschal. According to a note written by the 17th century antiquarian Benjamin Ayloffe, which is reproduced in the introduction of Walford Dakin Selby's collection of Lancashire and Cheshire Records, p.xxix, William was Seneschallus Hospitii Regis, or steward of the king's household. The same note also states that William's father was the kings "Receiver for the County of Lancaster".[8]


William's father was named Gilbert, and his mother was Godith. They are both mentioned clearly in a benefaction of William to St Mary de Prâe and William was often referred to as William the son of Gilbert (fitz Gilbert).

William was also said to have descended from both Ivo de Taillebois and Eldred of Workington, who were contemporaries of William Rufus. But the exact nature of the relationship is unclear and indeed controversial. There may be a connection through daughters or illegitimate sons of these two men. A discussion of the main proposals follows:-

Ivo de Taillebois and Eldred both in the male line. A once widespread understand was that Ivo was father of Eldred, who was father of Ketel who was father of Gilbert. This now seems to be wrong, or at least has gone out of favour and has been adapted in various ways (for example removing Ketel from this chain). The two authorities for a direct line of father-son descent from Ivo to Eldred to Ketel to Gilbert to William de Lancaster were records made much later in Cockersand Abbey and St Mary's Abbey in Yorkshire.[9] But monastic genealogies concerning their benefactors are generally considered difficult to rely upon.[10]

One of the concerns with this account is chronological, because it requires too many generations in a short period, both in order to make Ivo father of his contemporary Eldred, and also to make Ketel the father of his contemporary, Gilbert. Other concerns arise from because of complexities that this gives for explaining inheritances. For example, it implies that William de Lancaster was heir to Ketel fitz Eldred, but Ketel is commonly thought to have had another heir. And there is also no record of Eldred being an heir to Ivo. Also, it is highly unusual that in this account, the descendants of a Norman noble (Ivo) all use Anglo Saxon names (Eldred, Ketel, etc.).

Eldred in the male line, if not Taillebois. Nevertheless, concerning the connection to Eldred, in a Curia Regis Roll item dated 1212 (R., 55, m. 6), Helewise and her husband Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid make claims based upon the fact that "Ketel filius Eutret" was an "antecessor" of Helewise. This could mean he was an ancestor, but it could also perhaps merely mean he was a predecessor more generally.

But evidence was found in the twentieth century which gave clear problems for this theory. One charter to St Leonard's York William refers to Ketel, the son of "Elred", as his avunculus, which would literally mean "maternal uncle" (but the word was not always used precisely, the more general meaning of "uncle" might have been intended). And a 1357 charter printed by Reverend F. W. Ragg in 1910 repeats the claim that Ketel son of "Aldred" was the avunculus of William son of Gilbert.[11] These records appear to make it impossible for Ketel to be the father of Gilbert.

The possibility remains, and is for example proposed by Frederick Ragg who first noted this avunculus relationship, that Gilbert is the son of Eldred, and therefore a brother of Ketel, so still in the same male line. (Under this proposal, avunculus is being used to mean simply "uncle", and not in an exact way.)[12] So a male line ancestry from Eldred is not considered impossible, even if it retains difficulties, for example concerning how to explain the connection to the Taillebois family, and also the heirship of Eldred's family.

Taillebois through his father, if not Eldred. According to the annalist Peter of Blois, Ivo's "only daughter, who had been nobly espoused, died before her father; for that evil shoots should not fix deep roots in the world, the accursed lineage of that wicked man perished by the axe of the Almighty, which cut off all his issue." The only known heiress of Ivo was a daughter named Beatrix. Her sons by her one definitely known husband, Ribald of Middleham, did however on occasions apparently use the surname Taillebois also.

Apart from the above-mentioned monastic genealogies however, a connection to Ivo de Taillebois is partly proposed based upon a similarity of land holdings between William and Ivo de Taillebois, and a record in the Coucher Book of Furness Abbey, concord number CCVI, wherein Helewise, granddaughter and heir of William is party. In the genealogical notice it is claimed that William had been known as William de Tailboys, before receiving the right to be called "Willelmum de Lancastre, Baronem de Kendale".[13] This is the only relatively contemporary evidence for this assertion however, and other facts in this document are questioned by Farrer and Curwen, as discussed above, because they say that William was probably not Baron of Kendal, but rather an under-lord there.[7]

Whether or not Ivo himself was in the male line of William's ancestry, there was a Tailboys family present in Westmorland during the 12th century, for example in Cliburn, and these were presumably relatives of William de Lancaster. This family used the personal name Ivo at least once, and may have been related to Ivo and Beatrix.[14]

Eldred in the female line. Compatible with the above, though in contrast to the earlier proposal of Ragg (that Ketel is paternal uncle to William, and brother to Gilbert), it has been proposed by G. Washington and G. A. Moriarty that Ketel is maternal uncle to William, and brother to Gilbert's wife Godith. This proposal had the added attractions of making the use of Anglo-Saxon names more explicable, and of matching the most precise meaning of "avunculus". Washington wrote:

William de Lancaster's father, Gilbert, was a Norman knight, as evidenced by the French Christian names given to all his recorded children; whilst William's mother, Godith, was clearly the sister of Ketel son of Eldred and thus of native English stock (it will be recalled that Ketel was called William de Lancaster's avunculus, a term which strictly speaking means 'maternal uncle'). It is even possible, as Mr. Moriarty surmises, that Ketel's wife, Christian or Christina, may have been a Taillebois by birth; for, according to Peter of Blois, Ivo himself 'had an only daughter, nobly espoused' (see the Duchess of Cleveland's Battle Abbey Roll, III, 345), and certainly William de Lancaster's granddaughter, Helewise, along with her husband Gilbert fitz Renfrid, later confirmed some of Ivo's grants to the abbey of St. Mary at York.[15]
Taillebois in the female line. Keats-Rohan accepts this proposal of Moriarty and Washington that Godith and Ketel were siblings, but also maintains support for an older idea that their mother is of Ivo's one known daughter, Beatrix, through a marriage (of which no contemporary record exists) to Eldred. This would, as in the explanation of Moriarty and Washington, make Ketel maternal uncle to William, and Gilbert a French Taillebois, however Keats-Rohan offers no ancestry for him.[16]

Descendants and relatives

William married Gundreda, perhaps his second wife, who is sometimes said to be the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey and Elizabeth of Vermandois. In this case she was the widow of Roger, the Earl of Warwick. But William Farrer believes that it is much more likely that this Gundreda was a daughter to the Roger and the elder Gundreda.[17] Note that King Stephen's son, William, married Gundred's niece, Isabel de Warenne, Countess of Surrey. This implies a very close relationship with the King's party.

William had issue:

Avicia, who married Richard de Morville, constable of Scotland (and had possibly married earlier to William de Peveral)
William, who became William de Lancaster II, and whose legitimate heir Helewise de Lancaster married Gilbert son of Roger Fitz Reinfrid. Many modern Lancasters, especially in Cumbria, appear to descend from his two illegitimate sons, Gilbert and Jordan.
Jordan, who died young, and is mentioned in a benefaction to St Mary de Prâe in Leicester. In the same benefaction, William II is also mentioned, apparently an adult.
Agnes who married Alexander de Windsore[18]
Sigrid, married to William the clerk of Garstang.[18]
Perhaps Warine de Lancaster, royal falconer, and ancestor of a family known as "de Lea". The charters concerning Forton in the Cockersand Chartulary say, firstly that William de Lancaster II confirmed a grant made by his father to Warine, father of Henry de Lea, and secondly, in Hugh de Morville's confirmation that this William de Lancaster I was "his uncle" (awnculi sui). The record appears to allow that William might have been either Henry's uncle or Warine's. If he was Warine's uncle then the theory is that Warine was the son of an otherwise unknown brother of William de Lancaster I named Gilbert.
Gilbert fitz Reinfrid and Helewise's son William also took up the name de Lancaster, becoming William de Lancaster III. He died without male heirs, heavily indebted, apparently due to payments demanded after he was captured at Rochester during the First Barons' War, and ransomed off by his father.

William de Lancaster III's half brother Roger de Lancaster of Rydal inherited some of the Lancaster importance. It is thought that Roger was a son of Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid, but not of Helewise de Lancaster. Roger is widely thought to be the ancestor of the Lancasters of Howgill and Rydal in Westmorland. (In fact the line starts with one John de Lancaster of Howgill, whose connection to Roger de Lancaster and his son, John de Lancaster of Grisedale and Stanstead, is unclear except for the fact that he took over Rydal and Grasmere from the latter John.[19])

The Lancasters of Sockbridge, Crake Trees, Brampton, Dacre, and several other manors in Westmorland and Cumberland, were apparently descended from William de Lancaster II's illegitimate son Gilbert de Lancaster.[11] Many or perhaps all of the old Lancaster families found throughout Cumbria seem to descend from Gilbert and his brother Jordan.[19]

The de Lea family eventually lost power in the time of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, a member of the Plantagenet royal family, with whom they had become allied during his rebellion.

Another Lancaster family, in Rainhill in Lancashire, also seems to have claimed descent, given that they used the same coat of arms as Gilbert Fitz Reinfrid and his sons (argent, two bars gules, with a canton of the second, and a "lion of England", either white or gold, in the canton). However the exact nature of the link, if any, is unknown.[20]

de Lancaster, Sir William I, Baron of Kendal (I47838)
39815 William de Mowbray, 6th Baron of Thirsk, 4th Baron Mowbray (c.?1173–c.?1222) was an Norman Lord and English noble who was one of the twenty five executors of the Magna Carta. He was described as being as small as a dwarf but very generous and valiant.[1]

Family and early life

William was the eldest of the one daughter and three or four sons of Nigel de Mowbray, by Mabel, thought to be daughter of William de Patri, and grandson of Roger de Mowbray.[2]

Career under Richard I

William appears to have been in the company of Richard I in Speyer, Germany, on 20 November 1193 during Richard's period of captivity on his return from Palestine.[3] In 1194 he had livery of his lands. paying a relief of ą100. He was immediately called upon to pay a sum nearly as large as his share of the scutage levied towards Richard's ransom, for the payment of which he was one of the hostages.[4] William was later a witness to Richard's treaty with Baldwin of Flanders in 1197.[3]

Career under John

In 1215 Mowbray was prominent with other north-country barons in opposing King John. He was appointed one of the twenty-five executors of the Magna Carta, and as such was specially named among those excommunicated by Pope Innocent III. His youngest brother, Roger, has sometimes been reckoned as one of the twenty-five, apparently by confusion with, or as a substitute for, Roger de Mumbezon. Roger died without heirs about 1218, and William received his lands.[4][5]

Career under Henry III

In the First Barons' War, Mowbray supported Louis. Mowbray was taken prisoner in the Battle of Lincoln (1217), and his estates bestowed upon William Marshal the younger; but he redeemed them by the surrender of the lordship of Bensted in Surrey to Hubert de Burgh, before the general restoration in September of that year.[4]

In January 1221, Mowbray assisted Hubert in driving his former co-executor, William of Aumăale, from his last stronghold at Bytham in Lincolnshire.[4]

Benefactor, marriage and succession

William de Mowbray founded the chapel of St. Nicholas, with a chantry, at Thirsk, and was a benefactor of his grandfather's foundations at Furness Abbey and Newburgh, where, on his death in Axholme about 1224, he was buried.[4][3]

He married Avice, a daughter of William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel, of the elder branch of the d'Aubignys. By her he had two sons, Nigel and Roger. The ‘Progenies Moubraiorum’ makes Nigel predecease his father, and Nicolas and Courthope accept this date; but Dugdale adduces documentary evidence showing that he had livery of his lands in 1223, and did not die (at Nantes) until 1228. As Nigel left no issue by his wife Mathilda or Maud, daughter of Roger de Camvile, he was succeeded as sixth baron by his brother Roger II, who only came of age in 1240, and died in 1266. This Roger's son, Roger III, was seventh baron (1266-1298) and father of John I de Mowbray, eighth baron.[4]

There has been some speculation that de Mowbray was the inspiration for the character of Tyrion Lannister in Game of Thrones.[citation needed]


Jump up ^ Michel, Francique, ed. (1840). Histoire des Ducs de Normandie et des Rois d'Angleterre (in French). Paris. p. 145. Guillaumes de Moubray, qui estoit autresi petis comme uns nains; mais moult estoit larges et vaillans.
Jump up ^ Tait, James; Thomas, Hugh M. "William de Mowbray". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19461. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
^ Jump up to: a b c Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2 ed.). p. 198. ISBN 978-0806317595.
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Tait 1894.
Jump up ^ Browning, Charles H. (1898). The Magna Charta Barons and Their American Descendants. p. 114. ISBN 0806300558. LCCN 73077634. reprinted 1969


This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Tait, James (1894). "Mowbray, William de". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 39. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

View The House of Mowbray ...

de Mowbray, Sir William Knight, 6th Baron of Thirsk (I46138)
39816 William de Neville [37222] Liversedge, Birstall, West Riding, Yorkshire, England

Sheila's 18th great grandfather:


David's 22nd great-grandfather: 
de Neville, William (I37222)
39817 William de Ros or Roos, 1st Baron de Ros of Helmsley (c.1255 – 6 or 8 August 1316), was one of the claimants of the crown of Scotland in 1292 during the reign of Edward I.[2]


William de Ros was the eldest son of Robert de Ros (d. 17 May 1285) of Helmsley, Yorkshire, and Isabel d'Aubigny (c.1233 – 15 June 1301), daughter and heiress of William D'Aubigny of Belvoir, Leicestershire, and granddaughter of William d'Aubigny.[3] He had four brothers and three sisters:[4]

Sir Robert de Ros of Gedney, Lincolnshire.
John de Ros.
Nicholas de Ros, a cleric.
Peter de Ros, a cleric.
Isabel de Ros, who married Walter de Fauconberg, 2nd Baron Fauconberg.
Joan de Ros, who married John Lovell, 1st Baron Lovell.
Mary de Ros, who married William de Braose, 1st Baron Braose.


On 24 December 1264 William's father, Robert de Ros (d.1285), was summoned to Simon de Montfort's Parliament in London as Robert de Ros,[5] and for some time it was considered that the barony was created by writ in that year, and that Robert de Ros was the 1st Baron Ros. According to The Complete Peerage:

In 1616 the barony of De Ros was allowed precedence from this writ [of 24 December 1264], a decision adopted by the Lords in 1806 (Round, Peerage and Pedigree, vol. i, pp. 249-50); but these writs, issued by Simon in the King's name, are no longer regarded as valid for the creation of peerages.[6]

Accordingly, the barony is now considered to have been created when William de Ros was summoned to Parliament from 6 February 1299 to 16 October 1315 by writs directed Willelmo de Ros de Hamelak.[7]

William de Ros succeeded to the family honours and estates on the death of his mother. He was an unsuccessful competitor for the crown of Scotland, founding his claim on his descent from his great grandmother, Isabel, a bastard daughter of William I of Scotland. He was buried at Kirkham Priory. He was involved in the wars of Gascony and Scotland.[8] He discovered that Robert De Ros, Lord of Werke, intended to give up his castle to the Scots. William notified the king of this, who sent him with a thousand men to defend that place. The place was then forfeited because of the treason of Robert De Ros. William De Ros then took possession of it. William was appointed warden of the west Marches of Scotland.[8]

Through his marriage to Maud de Vaux the patronage of Penteney and Blakeney Priories in Norfolk and of Frestun in Lincolnshire came into the De Ros family. A video relating to relics found belonging to William de Ros and the Battle of Falkirk can be seen on YouTube under the title "braveheart battle camp metal detecting uk".

Marriage and issue

William de Ros married, before 1287, Maud de Vaux (born c.1261), younger daughter and coheiress of John De Vaux, by whom he had four sons and three daughters.[9]

William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros.
Sir John de Ros (d. before 16 November 1338), who married Margaret de Goushill (d. 29 July 1349).
Thomas de Ros.
George de Ros.
Agnes de Ros, who married firstly Sir Pain de Tibetot, and secondly Sir Thomas de Vere.
Alice de Ros, who married Sir Nicholas de Meinill. Their daughter, Elizabeth de Meinill, married Sir John Darcy, 2nd Lord Darcy of Knayth.
Margaret de Ros.


Jump up ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.347
Jump up ^
Jump up ^ Cokayne 1949, p. 96; Richardson I 2011, pp. 69–73; Richardson III 2011, pp. 447–8.
Jump up ^ Richardson III 2011, pp. 447–8.
Jump up ^ Cokayne 1949, p. 95; Richardson III 2011, p. 448.
Jump up ^ Cokayne 1949, p. 95.
Jump up ^ Cokayne 1949, p. 97; Richardson III 2011, p. 448.
^ Jump up to: a b Burke, John (1831). A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, extinct, dormant, and in abeyance. England. Oxford University
Jump up ^ Richardson III 2011, pp. 448–51.


Cokayne, George Edward (1949). The Complete Peerage, edited by Geoffrey H. White. XI. London: St. Catherine Press.
Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966373
Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 144996639X 
de Ros, Sir William Knight, 1st Baron de Ros of Hamlake (I46066)
39818 William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros of Helmsley (c.1288 - 3 February 1343) was the son of William de Ros, 1st Baron de Ros.


As 2nd Baron de Ros of Hamlake, Werke, Trusbut & Belvoir, he was summoned to Parliament during the reigns of Edward II and Edward III of England. In 1321 he completed the religious foundation which his father had begun at Blakeney. He was created Lord Ross of Werke. He was appointed Lord High Admiral and was one of the commissioners with the Archbishop of York, and others, to negotiate peace between the king and Robert de Bruce, who had assumed the title of king of Scotland.

William de Ros was buried at Kirkham Priory, near the great altar.


William de Ros married, before 25 November 1316, Margery De Badlesmere (c.1306 - 18 October 1363), eldest daughter of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere, with Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas de Clare, with whom he had two sons and three daughters:[2]

William, who succeeded his father as Baron.
Thomas, who succeeded his brother as Baron.
Margaret, who married Sir Edward de Bohun.
Maud, who married John de Welles, 4th Baron Welles.
Elizabeth, who married William la Zouche, 2nd Lord Zouche of Haryngworth, a descendant of Breton nobility.

Maud survived her husband by many years and was one of the very few English people present at the Jubilee, at Rome, in 1350; the king had tried to prevent the attendance of his subjects at this ceremony on account of the large sums of money usually taken out of the kingdom on such occasions.

de Ros, Sir William Knight, 2nd Baron de Ros (I43293)
39819 William de Ros, 6th Baron de Ros of Helmsley, KG (c.1370 - 1 September 1414) was Lord Treasurer of England.

He was a son of Thomas de Ros, 4th Baron de Ros and Beatrice Stafford, daughter of Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford. He was also a younger brother of John de Ros, 5th Baron de Ros.

His older brother died without issue in Paphos, Cyprus during 1394. William was already a Knight and inherited the rank and privileges of his deceased brother. He was first summoned to the Parliament of England on November 20 of the same year. He would regularly attend sessions till 1413.

His first assignment from Richard II of England was to join Walter Skirlaw, Bishop of Durham, Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland and others in negotiating for a peace treaty with Robert III of Scotland.

Richard favored William with a position in his Privy council. In 1396, William accompanied the King to Calais for his marriage to his second Queen consort Isabella of Valois, daughter of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria.

When Henry of Bolingbroke started his revolt against Richard II, William was among the first to support him. He was present for the abdication of Richard II and the declaration of Henry IV as the new King. He retained his position in the Privy council for the rest of his life.

He seems to have been a special favourite with the first monarch of the House of Lancaster and was employed him in various civil affairs of great importance. He served as Lord Treasurer of England from 1403 to 1404. He was created a Knight of the Garter in 1403 along with Edmund de Holand, 4th Earl of Kent and Richard Grey, 4th Baron Grey of Codnor.

William was in charge of investigating the activities of Lollards in Derbyshire, Middlesex and Nottinghamshire from 1413 to his death.

Marriage and issue

William de Ros married, by licence dated 9 October 1394, Margaret Fitzalan (d. 3 July 1438), the daughter of John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel, by Eleanor Maltravers (c.1345 – 12 January 1405), younger daughter and coheir of Sir John Maltravers (d. 22 January 1349) and his wife Gwenthlian, by whom he had five sons and four daughters:[2]

John de Ros, 7th Baron de Ros.
William de Ros.
Thomas de Ros, 8th Baron de Ros.
Sir Robert de Ros, who married Anne Halsham.
Sir Richard de Ros.
Alice de Ros.
Margaret De Ros, who married James Tuchet, 5th Baron Audley about 1415.
Beatrice de Ros (a nun).
Elizabeth de Ros, who married Robert de Morley, 6th Baron Morley. 
de Ros, Sir William Knight, 6th Baron de Ros of Helmsley (I43474)
39820 William de Valence (died 18 May 1296), born Guillaume de Lusignan, was a French nobleman and knight who became important in English politics due to his relationship to Henry III. He was heavily involved in the Second Barons' War, supporting the King and Prince Edward against the rebels led by Simon de Montfort. He took the name de Valence ("of Valence").

He was the fourth son of Isabella of Angoulăeme, widow of king John of England, and her second husband, Hugh X of Lusignan, Count of La Marche, and was thus a half-brother to Henry III of England, and uncle to Edward I. William was born in the Cistercian abbey in Valence, Couhâe-Vâerac, Vienne, Poitou, near Lusignan,[1] sometime in the late 1220s (his elder sister Alice was born in 1224).

Move to England

Coat of Arms of William de Valence before he became Earl of Pembroke, showing for difference a label gules of five points each charged with three lions rampant argent
The French conquest of Poitou in 1246 created great difficulties for William's family, and so he and his brothers, Guy de Lusignan and Aymer, accepted Henry III's invitation to come to England in 1247. The king found important positions for all of them; William was soon married to a great heiress, Joan de Munchensi or Munchensy (c. 1230 – after 20 September 1307), the only surviving child of Warin de Munchensi, lord of Swanscombe, and his first wife Joan Marshal, who was one of the five daughters of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke suo jure. As an eventual co-heiress of the Marshal estates, Joan de Munchensi's portion included the castle and lordship of Pembroke and the lordship erected earldom of Wexford in Ireland. The custody of Joan's property was entrusted to her husband, who apparently assumed the lordships of Pembroke and Wexford between 1250 and 1260.

The Second Barons' War

This favouritism to royal relatives was unpopular with many of the English nobility, a discontent which would culminate in the Second Barons' War. It did not take long for William to make enemies in England. From his new lands in South Wales, he tried to regain the palatine rights which had been attached to the Earldom of Pembroke, but his energies were not confined to this. The King heaped lands and honours upon him, and he was soon thoroughly hated as one of the most prominent of the rapacious foreigners. Moreover, some trouble in Wales led to a quarrel between him and Simon de Montfort, who was to become the figurehead for the rebels. He refused to comply with the provisions imposed on the King at Oxford in 1258, and took refuge in Wolvesey Castle at Winchester, where he was besieged and compelled to surrender and leave the country.

However, in 1259 William and de Montfort were formally reconciled in Paris, and in 1261 Valence was again in England and once more enjoying the royal favour. He fought for Henry at the disastrous Battle of Lewes, and after the defeat again fled to France, while de Montfort ruled England. However, by 1265 he was back, landing in Pembrokeshire, and taking part in the Siege of Gloucester and the final royalist victory at Evesham. After the battle he was restored to his estates and accompanied Prince Edward, afterwards Edward I, to Palestine.

Welsh wars and death

From his base in Pembrokeshire he was a mainstay of the English campaigns against Llywelyn ap Gruffudd and later Dafydd ap Gruffudd; in the war of 1282–3 that led to the conquest of Wales he negotiated the surrender of one of Dafydd's last remaining castles, Castell-y-Bere, with its custodian, Cynfrig ap Madog. He also went several times to France on public business and he was one of Edward's representatives in the famous suit over the succession to the crown of Scotland in 1291 and 1292.

William de Valence died at Bayonne on the 13 June 1296; his body is buried at Westminster Abbey.


William and Joan de Munchensi (described above) had the following children:

Isabel de Valence (died 5 October 1305), married before 1280 John Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings (6 May 1262 – 10 February 1313). Their grandson Lawrence later became earl of Pembroke. They had:

William Hastings (1282–1311)
John Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings (29 September 1286 – 20 January 1325), married to Juliane de Leybourne (died 1367)
Sir Hugh Hastings of Sutton (died 1347)
Elizabeth Hastings (1294 - 6 March 1353), married Roger Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Ruthyn.

Joan de Valence, married to John Comyn (the "Red Comyn"), Lord of Badenoch (died 10 February 1306, murdered), and had
John Comyn (k.1314 at Bannockburn), married to Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake of Liddell
Joan Comyn (c.1296-1326), married to David II Strathbogie, Earl of Atholl
Elizabeth Comyn (1 November 1299 – 20 November 1372), married to Richard Talbot, Lord Talbot

John de Valence (died January 1277)
William de Valence (died 16 June 1282, in the Battle of Llandeilo Fawr in Wales), created Seigneur de Montignac and Bellac
Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke and Wexford in 1296 (c. 1270 – 23 June 1324), married firstly to Beatrice de Clermont and married secondly to Marie de Chatillon
Margaret de Valence, died young. Buried at Westminster Abbey.
Agnes de Valence (born c. 1250, date of death unknown), married (1) Maurice FitzGerald, Baron of Offaly, (2) Hugh de Balliol, son of John de Balliol, and brother of John Balliol, King of Scotland, and (3) John of Avesnes, Lord of Beaumont son of Baldwin of Avesnes. Agnes had children from her first and third marriage:[2]
Gerald FitzMaurice, Baron of Offaly
John of Avesnes
Baldwin of Avesnes, Lord of Beaumont.
Felicite of Avesnes
Jeanne of Avesnes, Abbess of Flines.

de Valence, Sir William Knight, 1st Earl of Pembroke (I35740)
39821 William de Warenne (9 February 1256 - 15 December 1286) was the only son of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey and his wife Alice de Lusignan.[1]


William married Joan, daughter of Robert de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford. They had the following children:

John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey (30 June 1286 – June 1347)
Alice de Warenne (15 June 1287 - 23 May 1338), wife of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel.
William was killed in a tournament at Croydon in 1286,[1] predeceasing his father. It has been suggested that this was murder, planned in advance by William's enemies.[2][3] On the 5th Earl's death the title went to John, the only son of William. John died without legitimate children, so on his death the title passed to Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, eldest son of Edmund FitzAlan and John' sister Alice. 
de Warenne, William (I45592)
39822 William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey, Seigneur de Varennes (died 1088), was a Norman nobleman created Earl of Surrey under William II Rufus. He was one of the few who was documented to have been with William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. At the time of the Domesday Survey, he held extensive lands in 13 counties including the Rape of Lewes in Sussex, now East Sussex.

Early career[

William was a younger son of Ranulf I de Warenne and his 1st wife Beatrice (whose mother was probably a sister of duchess Gunnor, wife of duke Richard I).[a] Likewise, Orderic Vitalis describes William as Roger's consanguineus, literally 'cousin', more generically a term of close kinship, but not typically used to describe brothers, and Roger de Mortimer appears to have been a generation older than William de Warenne, his purported brother.[2] Charters report several earlier men associated with Warenne. A Ranulf de Warenne appears in a charter dated between 1027 and 1035, and in one from about 1050 with a wife Beatrice, while in 1059, Ranulf and wife Emma appear along with their sons Ranulf and William. These occurrences have typically been taken to represent successive wives of a single Ranulf, with Beatrice being the mother of William and hence identical to the Gunnorid niece (Thomas Stapleton,[3] in spite of the 1059 charter explicitly naming Emma as his mother.[4] A reevaluation of the surviving charters led Katherine Keats-Rohan to suggest that, as he appears to have done elsewhere, Robert of Torigny has compressed two generations into one, with a Ranulf (I) and Beatrice being parents of Ranulf (II) de Warenne and of Roger de Mortimer (a Roger son of Ranulf de Warenne appears in a charter dated 1040/1053), and Ranulf (II) and Emma were then parents of Ranulf (III), the heir in Normandy, and William, as attested by the 1059 charter. Associations with Vascśuil led to identification of the Warenne progenitrix with a widow Beatrice, daughter of Tesselin, vicomte of Rouen, appearing there in 1054/60. As Robert of Torigny shows a vicomte of Rouen to have married a niece of Gunnor, this perhaps explains the tradition of a Gunnorid relationship.[5] On Robert's genealogies, see also Eleanor Searle,[6][7][8] William was from the hamlet of Varenne, near to Arques-la-Bataille, Duchy of Normandy, now in the canton of Bellencombre, Seine Maritime.[9][10][11] At the beginning of Duke William’s reign, Ranulf II was not a major landholder and, as a second son, William de Warenne did not stand to inherit the family’s small estates. During the rebellions of 1052-1054, the young William de Warenne proved himself a loyal adherent to the Duke and played a significant part in the Battle of Mortemer for which he was rewarded with lands confiscated from his uncle, Roger of Mortemer, including the Castle of Mortimer and most of the surrounding lands.[12] At about the same time he acquired lands at Bellencombre including the castle which became the center of William de Warenne’s holdings in Normandy[7]

Conquest of England

Coat of Arms of the de Warenne Earls of Surrey
William was among the Norman barons summoned to a council by Duke William when the decision was made to oppose King Harold II's accession to the throne of England.[7][13] He fought at the Battle of Hastings and was well rewarded with numerous holdings. The Domesday book records his lands stretched over thirteen counties and included the important Rape of Sussex, several manors in Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex, the significant manor of Conisbrough in Yorkshire and Castle Acre in Norfolk, which became his caput (see below).[7][8] He is one of the very few proven companions of William the Conqueror known to have fought at the Battle of Hastings in 1066.[14][15][16] He fought against rebels at the Isle of Ely in 1071, where he showed a special desire to hunt down Hereward the Wake who had killed his brother-in-law Frederick the year before.[17][18] Hereward is supposed to have unhorsed him with an arrow shot.[19]

Later career

Sometime between 1078 and 1082,[20] William and his wife Gundred traveled to Rome visiting monasteries along the way. In Burgundy they were unable to go any further due to a war between Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII. They visited Cluny Abbey and were impressed with the monks and their dedication. William and Gundred decided to found a Cluniac priory on their own lands in England. William restored buildings for an abbey. They sent to Hugh, the abbot of Cluny, for monks to come to England at their monastery. At first Hugh was reluctant but he finally sent several monks, including Lazlo who was to be the first abbot. The house they founded was Lewes Priory, dedicated to St. Pancras,[21][22] the first Cluniac priory in England[23]

William was loyal to William II,[17] and it was probably in early 1088 that he was created Earl of Surrey.[24] He was mortally wounded at the First Siege of Pevensey Castle and died 24 June 1088 at Lewes, Sussex, and was buried next to his wife Gundred at the Chapterhouse of Lewes Priory.[25][26]


He married first, before 1070, Gundred, daughter of William the Conqueror and Matilda his wife. This is shown in a charter of William referring to Gundrada (Gundred in Latin) as "Filae Meae" (my daughter),[27][28] sister of Gerbod the Fleming, 1st Earl of Chester. Ordericus Vitalis made many errors in his Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, which he wrote a hundred years after the Conquest. Ordericus Vitalis was a seventy-year-old man with an intense dislike for Normans, and continually made errors in his history (see Reverend Thomas Warren: History of the Warren Family); since then numerous English historians have tried to authenticate its account of Conqueror and his family, but have not succeeded. Gundred De Warren was buried at Lewes Castle. Her grave cover still exists as a marble slab of exactly the same design as that of her mother's grave cover, which is also in the same black decorated marble. DNA is likely to prove that Gundred and Matilda were mother and daughter. Such was the English dislike for the Normans, that they stole both William De Warren's and his wife's grave covers to place over graves of their own.[29][30][31]

William married secondly a sister of Richard Gouet, who survived him.[32]


By Gundred Surrey had:

William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (d. 1138), who married Elisabeth (Isabelle) de Vermandois, widow of Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester.[33]
Edith de Warenne, who married firstly Gerard de Gournay, lord of Gournay-en-Bray, and secondly Drew de Monchy.[34]
Reynold de Warenne, who inherited lands from his mother in Flanders[34] and died c. 1106–08.[35]
An unnamed daughter, who married Ernise de Coulonces.[36]
Surrey, by his second wife, had no issue. 
de Warenne, Sir William Knight, 1st Earl of Surrey (I46723)
39823 William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (died 11 May 1138) was the son of William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey and his first wife Gundred. He was more often referred to as Earl Warenne or Earl of Warenne than as Earl of Surrey.[1]


His father, the 1st Earl, was one of the Conqueror's most trusted and most rewarded barons who, at his death in 1088, was the 3rd or 4th richest magnate in England.[2] In 1088 William II inherited his father's lands in England and his Norman estates including the castles of Mortemer and Bellencombre in Haute-Normandy. But William II was not as disposed to serve the king as his father was.[2] In January 1091, William assisted Hugh of Grantmesnil (d.1094) in his defense of Courcy against the forces of Robert de Belleme and Duke Robert of Normandy.[3] In 1093 he attempted to marry Matilda (or Edith), daughter of king Malcolm III of Scotland.[4] She instead married Henry I of England, and this may have been the cause of William's great dislike of Henry I, which motivated him in the following years.[5]

When Robert Curthose, Duke of Normandy invaded England 1101 William joined him.[6] But when Curthose promptly surrendered to Henry I, William lost his English lands and titles and was exiled to Normandy.[6] There he complained to Curthose that he had expended great effort on the duke's behalf and in return lost all of his English possessions. Curthose's return to England in 1103 was apparently made to convince his brother, the king, to restore William's earldom. This was successful, though Curthose had to give up his 3000 mark annual pension he had received after the 1101 invasion, after which William's lands and titles were restored to him.[5]

To further insure William's loyalty Henry considered marrying him to one of his many illegitimate daughters. Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury forbade the marriage based on the couple being related in the 4th generation on one side, and in the 6th generation on the other.[7] William was one of the commanders on Henry's side (against Robert Curthose) at the Battle of Tinchebray in 1106. Afterwards, with his loyalty thus proven, he became more prominent in Henry's court.[1]

In 1110, Curthose's son William Clito escaped along with Helias of Saint-Saens, and afterwards Warenne received the forfeited Saint-Saens lands, which were very near his own in upper Normandy. In this way king Henry further assured his loyalty, for the successful return of Clito would mean at the very least Warenne's loss of this new territory.[1][8] He fought for Henry I at the Battle of Bremule in 1119.[1][9] William, the second Earl of Surrey was present at Henry's deathbed in 1135.[1][10] After the king's death disturbances broke out in Normandy and William was sent to guard Rouen and the Pays de Caux.[1][11]

William's death is recorded as 11-May-1138 in the register of Lewes Priory and he was buried at his father's feet at the Chapter house there.[12] His wife, the countess Elizabeth, survived him, dying before July 1147.[12]


In 1118 William finally acquired the royal-blooded bride he desired when he married Elizabeth de Vermandois.[13] She was a daughter of count Hugh of Vermandois, a granddaughter of Henry I, King of France, and was the widow of Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester.[14]

By Elizabeth his wife he had three sons and two daughters:

William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey[15][16]
Reginald de Warenne, who inherited his father's property in upper Normandy, including the castles of Bellencombre and Mortemer.[16] He married Adeline or Alice, daughter of William, lord of Wormgay in Norfolk, by whom he had a son William (founder of the priory of Wormegay),[16] whose daughter and sole heir, Beatrice married first Doun, lord Bardolf, and secondly Hubert de Burgh.[17][18] Reginald was one of the persecutors of Archbishop Thomas in 1170.
Ralph de Warenne[19]
Gundred de Warenne,[19] who married first Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick[20] and second William, lord of Kendal, and is most remembered for expelling king Stephen's garrison from Warwick Castle.
Ada de Warenne, who married Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon, the mother of two Scottish kings,[21] she made many grants to the priory of Lewes.[22]
[show]Ancestors of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, Vol. XII/1 (The St. Catherine Press, London, 1953) p. 495
^ Jump up to: a b C. Warren Hollister, 'The Taming of a Turbulent Earl: Henry I and William of Warenne', Historical Reflections, Vol. 3 (1976), p. 87
Jump up ^ The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis, ed. Marjorie Chibnall, Vol. 2 (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1990)p. 692
Jump up ^ C. Warren Hollister, Henry I (Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 2003)p. 340
^ Jump up to: a b C. Warren Hollister, 'The Taming of a Turbulent Earl: Henry I and William of Warenne', Historical Reflections. Vol. 3 (1976) p. 87
^ Jump up to: a b The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis, ed. Marjorie Chibnall, Vol. 2 (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1990), p.785
Jump up ^ Edmund Chester Waters, 'Gundrada de Warenne', Archaeological Journal, Vol. XLI (1884), p. 303
Jump up ^ C. Warren Hollister, 'The Taming of a Turbulent Earl: Henry I and William of Warenne', Historical Reflections, Vol. 3 (1976) p. 89
Jump up ^ Orderic Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, trans. Thomas Forester, Vol. III (Henry G. Bohn, London, 1854) pp. 481-2
Jump up ^ Orderic Vitalis, The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, trans. Thomas Forester, Vol. IV (Henry G. Bohn, London, 1856) p. 150
Jump up ^ C. Warren Hollister, Henry I (Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 2003)p. 375
^ Jump up to: a b G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, Vol. XII/1 (The St. Catherine Press, London, 1953) p. 496
Jump up ^ C. Warren Hollister, 'The Taming of a Turbulent Earl: Henry I and William of Warenne', Historical Reflections, Vol. 3 (1976) p. 90 n. 36
Jump up ^ Detlev Schwennicke, Europčaische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europčaischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band III Teilband 1, Herzogs und Grafenhčauser des Heiligen Rčomischen Reiches Andere Europčaiche Fčurstenhčauser (Marburg, Germany: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafel 55
Jump up ^ G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, Vol. XII/1 (The St. Catherine Press, London, 1953) p. 500
^ Jump up to: a b c Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. VIII - The Honour of Warenne (The Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 1949) pp. 27-8
Jump up ^ G.E.Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, Vol. VII (The St. Catherine Press, 1929), p. 142, footnote (a)
Jump up ^ Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. VIII - The Honour of Warenne (The Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 1949) pp. 33-4
^ Jump up to: a b Early Yorkshire Charters, Vol. VIII - The Honour of Warenne (The Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 1949) pp. 10-11
Jump up ^ Elisabeth van Houts, 'The Warenne View of the Past 1066-1203', Anglo-Norman Studies XXVI, Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2003, ed. John Gillingham (Boydell Press, Woodbridge. 2004), p. 109 n. 49
Jump up ^ The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, ed. Sir James Balfour Paul, Lord Lyon King of Arms, Vol. I (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1904, p. 4
Jump up ^ Early Yorkshire Charters, ed: William Farrer, Charles Travis Clay, Volume VIII - The Honour of Warenne (The Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 1949), p. 11

External links

"Warenne, William de (d.1138)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis, ed. M. Chibnall, vol. 2, p. 264 (Oxford, 1990) 
de Warenne, Sir William Knight, 2nd Earl of Surrey (I46719)
39824 William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey (died 27 May 1240[1]) was the son of Hamelin de Warenne and Isabel,[2] daughter of William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey. His father Hamelin granted him the manor of Appleby, North Lincolnshire.

De Warenne was present at the coronation of John, King of England on 27 May 1199. When Normandy was lost to the French in 1204 he lost his Norman holdings, (in 1202 he was lieutenant of Gascony), but John recompensed him with Grantham and Stamford.

His first tenure of office as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports began in 1204, and lasted until 1206. He was also a Warden of the Welsh Marches between 1208 and 1213.

William was one of the few barons who remained loyal to King John (who was his cousin) during the king’s difficulties with the barons, when they sought for the French prince to assume the English throne, and is listed as one of those who advised John to accede to the Magna Carta. His allegiance only faltered a few times when the king’s cause looked hopeless.

In March 1217 he again demonstrated his loyalty to England by supporting the young King Henry III, and he was also responsible for the establishment of Salisbury Cathedral.

Between the years 1200 and 1208, and during 1217–1226 he was to serve as the High Sheriff of Surrey. In 1214 he was again appointed Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.

William married Maud Marshal,[3] on 13 October 1225. They had a son and a daughter.[4] The son John (1231–1304) succeeded his father as earl, while the daughter, Isabel de Warenne (c. 1228–1282), married Hugh d'Aubigny, 5th Earl of Arundel.

William may also have had an earlier, childless marriage to another Matilda, daughter of William d'Aubigny, 2nd Earl of Arundel.[5] 
de Warenne, Sir William Knight, 5th Earl of Surrey (I45564)
39825 WILLIAM DENNEY was born about 1784 in Henry Co, VA and died 1851 in Van Buren Co, TN. He moved with his parents, JAMES DENNEY and ESTHER SMALL to Wayne County, KY on Turkey Creek in 1801 and on 28 Feb 1806, William married MARTHA / Patsy BURNETT. The Bondsman was William's brother-in-law, JOHN AUSTIN. Consent note: "Mr. Taul, 9th Feb 1806 } This is to certify that I am willing that William Denney should wed with my daughter Patsey /s/ Jeremiah Burnett. Teste: Thomas Small." John Austin married RACHEL DENNEY, 30 June 1802. William Denney was the Bondsman. (Wayne Co, KY Marriages & Vital Records, Vol 1, p.10,88, by Bork).

Martha/Patsy Burnett was born about 1787/90 on Rockcastle Creek in Henry Co, VA in that part that became Patrick Co in 1791 and died before 1850 in Van Buren Co, TN. Both she and William were buried in Big Fork Baptist Church Cemetery in Van Buren Co.

The Denneys and Smalls were formerly from Albemarle Co, VA. James Denney was born in Albemarle Co about 1745/50. He took the Oath of Allegiance in Henry Co on 13 Sep 1777. James died between May and Oct 1821 in Wayne Co, KY. James, Esther and Charles Denney are said to be buried under a stack of rocks in the Denney Cemetery behind Clay Hill Church on Hwy 92 in Wayne County. In 1810, Esther Small Denney was a member of the Old Bethel Church in Wayne.

Jeremiah Burnett II, b. 1740 in Albemarle Co, VA; served in Rev. War under Capt. James Franklin's Company of Amherst. Jeremiah died 1816 Wayne Co, KY in house of James Hurt and his wife Ursula Burnett Hurt. Jeremiah Burnett and all of his children left Patrick Co, VA and removed to Wayne Co and settled on Turkey Creek with the Denneys by 1805 except two sons,

Jeremiah Burnett III, b. 1760; d. 1848 Jackson Co, MO, married EFFANIAH CRAWLEY/CROWLEY and his brother
Obadiah Burnett who married Sarah Mayo.

Children of William Denney and Martha Burnett:

1) John D. Denney, b. 17 Mar 1807 in Wayne Co, KY; d. before 1877 Carroll Co, AR (Estate Settlement date); m. 1/ ___; m.2/ Martha ____.

2) Burnett Denney, b. 1808 in White Co, TN; 1850 Census Madison Co, AR; had wife Priscilla ___, b. 1807 SC.

3) Charles Crockett Denney, b. 1810 White Co, TN; d. in Civil War in Little Rock, AR; m. Mary Bryan (1809-1899) of White Co, TN, dau of Wm Bryan Jr & Jane Gillespie. Charles was Administrator of his father's estate; went to Arkansas about 1860.

4) William Denney Jr, b. 1812; died in Civil War; buried Baker-Bussey Cemetery in Carroll Co, AR; m. Nancy Jane, b. 1820 GA.

5) Nancy Ann Denney, b. 1813, d. 1885 Van Buren Co, TN; m. c1835 to JOSEPH CUMMINGS JR, b. c1802 Fauquier Co,VA; d.1868 in Cummingsville, Van Buren Co, TN; buried Big Fork Cem; son of Joseph Cummings Sr and Rosannah Colyer/Seilers. Joseph Cummings Sr. was a Rev. War pensioner and Justice of Peace of Van Buren Co.


(A) Sarah Carter Cummings, b. 21 Aug 1848; d. 6 Mar 1936 in Van Buren Co; m. 1 Oct 1876 in White Co, TN to BYRD/BIRD LEWIS, b. 23 Nov 1846 in White Co, TN; died there 2 Aug 1937; buried Hickory Valley Cem. Bird, son of THOMAS LEWIS, b. 5 Jun 1812; d. 4 Nov 1900 White Co; m. there 12 Jul 1840 to MARTHA CRAWLEY, b. 3 Feb 1815 White Co, dau of THOMAS & MARGARET CRAWLEY. In Sep 1842, THOMAS CRAWLEY, and wife Margaret of Van Buren Co Co sold 150 acres & entered into agreement to give personal property to THOMAS LEWIS of White Co in exchange for his provision & care of them.

Thomas Crawley, b. 1755 Albemarle Co, VA; d. 1843 in Van Buren Co; served in Rev. War. Thomas & Martha Lewis were living 1860 White Co, River Hill Post Office, p.29).

6) Martha/Mattie Denney, b.24 Oct 1814 in White Co. TN; m. 1837 to WILLIAM BURRELL CUMMINGS, b.11 May 1810 TN; d. 1884; son of Joseph Cummings Sr.; lived Van Buren Co.

7) Mary Elizabeth Denney, b. 2 Aug 1821 in Sparta, White Co. TN; d. 8 Jun 1898 Carroll Co, AR; m. 23 Dec 1838 in White Co, TN to Jamison Bussey (1821-1858)

8) James Preston Denney, b. 13 Feb 1826 in White Co. TN; m.1/ 21 May 1851 Van Buren Co to HANNAH SHOCKLEY, dau of Samuel Shockley & Darcus Arminda Hoodenpyle. Hannah Denney had two children, Theola Denney and William Denney, all three are buried in Big Fork Cemetery in Van Buren Co; James P. Denney m. 2/ Sarah Grissom and had large family.

James Preston and brother Austin Denney went to Texas but returned to TN..

WILLIAM SHOCKLEY, a bro of Samuel, b. 1785 Carroll Co, VA; m. 29 Dec 1810 in Grainger Co, TN to MARY CRAWLEY, b. 1795 Surry Co, NC.

The 1790 Census of Surry Co, NC shows SAMUEL CRAWLEY & THOMAS CRAWLEY, who both served in Rev. War. The name of CRAWLEY has been found as Crowley, Croley, Craley, Cralle, Creely, etc. The a's and o's appear the same in ancient script plus the old court clerks spelled a name as they heard it.

9) Jane Denney, b. 27 Apr 1829 in White Co. TN; d. 1 Aug 1886 Van Buren Co; m. there 3 Dec 1846 to William Carroll Haston, b. 2 Mar 1828 White Co; d. 11 Jan 1902. (

10) Nathan Austin Denney, (called Austin), b. 1831/2 in White Co. TN; d. there 1882; m. 1/ 11 Oct 1851 to Sarah Bryan; m. 2/ 1854 to Martha Sparkman. All children born at Bond Cave in Van Buren Co.

1851 Sep 01 - Van Buren Co, TN - Court Order Bk 2:-352-3:



To the Worshipful County Court of Van Buren County, the Petition of

John Denney
Burnet Denney
Charles Denney
William Denney
James P. Denney
Austin Denney
Joseph Cummings [Jr] & his wife Nancy Ann
William B. Cummings and his wife Martha
William F. Carter & his wife Sarah
Jamison Bussey & Mary
William C. Haston & his wife Jane

show that WILLIAM DENNEY SR lately departed this life seized of lands where he lived and several tracts adjoining in all about 238 acres; also 1/2 of a tract of about 4,489 acres on the mountain...that said lands are not subject to division to advantages and it works manifestly to this advantage to have the lands sold for division: The above petitioners further show that the above named WILLIAM DENNEY SR departed this life seized of four (4) Slaves, to wit: FAN & her child FRANK, DICE & ROSE and that said Slaves are not subject to division.. To sell said Slaves fordivision which they may.

JOHN DENNEY and other heirs of WILLIAM DENNEY SR, dec'd - Petition to sell land & Slaves.

The above petition was heard by the Court and it appearing to the satisfaction of the Court for the lands and Slaves first giving 20 days notice of the time and place to be sold at the late residence of William Denney, dec'd.. The lands to be sold on a credit of 1, 2 & 3 years with Bond & good security from the purchaser and retain a Lien on said land until paid... and the Slaves to be sold on credit of one year Bond and Security & report same at November Term of Court ... It is further ordered that a minimum price of the lands to be at $6.00 per acre and the mountain lands mentioned at 1 cent per acre and the slaves:

FAN & her child FRANK to be at $650.00.. DICE at $600.. ROSE at $600 and that $25.00 out of the purchase price of the HOME TRACT be paid in advance..

Ordered by the Court that JOSEPH CUMMINGS be Administrator of the Estate of WILLIAM DENNEY SR, dec'd to have further time to return an inventory of said estate.

(Records submitted by Mrs. Eugene Denney of Grants Pass, Or & Marie Graves of Lakeland, FL,1990; Published: Burnetts & Their Connections, Vol 1, pp.259-265; 502-506 by June Baldwin Bork, 1989 -

1850 Van Buren Co, TN - 3rd dist 6 sep p.373a #86
Eliza Denney 40 Tn living with Joseph C. Kaston (Haston?)

1850 Van Buren Co, TN - 3rd dist 6 sep p.373b - #88
William Denney 71 [1779] SC; farmer; 1500
Austin (son) 18 TN{son Austin named after Uncle John Austin)

1850 Van Buren Co, TN - p.375a - 3rd Dist - 7 Sep 1850
James T. Crewley 64 [1786] TN; laborer
Lucy C. 43 Tn
Sion C. 05 TN
Margaret 01Tn

1850 Van Buren Co, TN -
p.375a - 3rd Dist - 7 Sep 1850
William Denney36 [1814] TN; farmer 900
Jane 30 GA
m/Preston 10 TN
m/Malachi 09 Tn
m/Polk 07 Tn
John 05 TN
William 01 Tn
Mordicai Brown18 GA

p.386b - 7th dist
16 Sep
Emerline Creely 15 TN
living with M.Y. Brookett

p.387b/ 388a
Angeline Creely 12 Tn; (living w/Love family
Isaac Creeley 9 TN 
Denney, William (I43631)
39826 William Edward (Billy) Byars was the son of James Absalom Byars and the grandson of Seth Byars. He was the husband of Rutha Ellen Elmore Byars and the father of Mary Charlotte (Lottie) Byars Strickland, my grandmother... Kathy Vogel Byars, William Edward "Billy" (I35158)
39827 William Ephraim Winstead was born and died in White, Tennessee, USA.

He was the son of Wiley Woodson Winstead and Emma Catherine Simril.

He was the grandson of William Ephraim Winstead & Emeline Rogers and William Marion Simril & Rebecca England.

He was the great grandson of Ephraim Winstead & Margaret Martin and Daniel Simril & Rachel Hunter. 
Winstead, William Ephraim (I19723)
39828 William F. and Belle Atwood
Caddo Co. Oklahoma Queries Forum

William F. and Belle Atwood
Posted by Peggy Atwood on Sat, 27 Mar 1999
William F. ATWOOD was born in LaClede County Missouri on November 30, 1860. He died in Anadarko, Caddo County, OK on July 18, 1941. William ATWOOD was married to Belle HENNESSEE (?) and they had several children in Anadarko from the 1890's to 1910. I have William and Belle ATWOOD in Caddo County on the 1910 Oklahoma census. I also have pictures of them about 1910. By the 1920 census, William was married to Sally GROOMS.
I would like to share any information and pictures that I have with anyone interested. Would also like to find out about any death information on Belle. Thanking you in advance for any help.

Peggy Dean-ATWOOD

The Caddo Co. Oklahoma Queries Forum is maintained by 
Hennessee, Melissa Belle "Belle" (I1376)
39829 William Fairfax (d. 1588) = Anne Baker. William settled at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. He married Anne in 1542. The genealogical manuscript of Matthias Candler (1604-1663), preserved in Harleian Manuscript 6071 (p. 502/f. 249v) in the British Library proves that this William was the son of Sir Thomas and that William’s son was: Fairfax, William (I37178)
39830 William Fisher was the second son by the second wife of John Fisher (Elizabeth). He was born in Rutherford County,North Carolina, and he moved to White County, Tennessee, around 1809. He settled across the Caney Fork River from where his father, John, had settled in what is now DeKalb County, Tennessee. He and his wife, Nancy Chisam Fisher, spent the remainder of their lives on the homestead at the base of Hickory Nut Mountain. They raised nine children there.

The genealogical data of the Nicholas Fisher family compiled by E.E.(Elisha Edmond) Webb in December, 1930, indicates that William and his wife Nancy were buried in the Fisher Grave Yard in present day DeKalb County, Tennessee. There do not appear to be markers for their graves. 
Fisher, William (I15701)
39831 William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester (died 1183) was the son and heir of Sir Robert de Caen, 1st Earl of Gloucester, and Mabel FitzRobert of Gloucester, daughter of Robert Fitzhamon.


William FitzRobert was the son of Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, an illegitimate son of King Henry I of England, during whose reign William was born. Thus William was a nephew of the Empress Maud and a cousin of King Stephen, the principal combatants of the English Anarchy period. It also meant that William is the great-grandson of the famed William the Conqueror.

Early career[edit]
In October 1141, William looked after the Baronial estates, when his father fell into the hands of partisans at Winchester. His father was exchanged for King Stephen, and during his father's absence in Normandy in 1144 he served as Governor of Wareham. In 1147, he overthrew Henry de Tracy at Castle Cary.

In 1154 he made an alliance with Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, by which they agreed to aid each other against all men except Henry II of England.

FitzRobert granted Neath, a town in Glamorgan, a charter. He was Lord of the manor of Glamorgan, as well as Caerleon, residing chiefly at Cardiff Castle. It was there that in 1158 he and his wife and son were captured by the Welsh Lord of Senghenydd, Ifor Bach ("Ivor the Little") and carried away into the woods, where they were held as prisoners until the Earl redressed Ivor's grievances.

Relationship with King Henry II

In 1173 the earl took the King's part against his sons, but thereafter he appears to have fallen under suspicion, for the following year he submitted to the King, and in 1175 surrendered to him Bristol Castle. Because his only son and heir Robert died in 1166, Earl William made John, the younger son of King Henry II, heir to his earldom, in conformity with the King's promise that John should marry one of the Earl's daughters, if the Church would allow it, they being related in the third degree.

Earl William was present in March 1177 when the King arbitrated between the Kings of Castile and Navarre, and in 1178, he witnessed Henry's charter to Waltham Abbey. But during the King's struggles with his sons, when he imprisoned a number of magnates of whose loyalty he was doubtful, Earl William was among them.

Family and children

He was married to Hawise de Beaumont of Leicester, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester and Amica de Gael and had children:

Robert fitz William (1151, Cardiff, Glamorganshire – 1166, Cardiff, Glamorganshire).
Mabel fitz William, married Amaury V de Montfort, her son Amaury briefly being Earl of Gloucester
Amice fitz William, d. 1220. Married Richard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, their descendants eventually inherited the Earldom of Gloucester
Isabel, Countess of Gloucester. She was married three times:
Prince John
Geoffrey FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex, Earl of Gloucester
Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent
The earl died in 1183; his wife Hawise survived him. Since their only son, Robert, predeceased his father, their daughters became co-heirs to the feudal barony of Gloucester.


William Lord of Glamorgan was also known as Robert de Wintona according to records found in English historical ledgers. 
FitzRobert, Sir William Knight, 2nd Earl of Gloucester (I46131)
39832 William Fitz William le Boteler was born about 1309. He called himself William Fitz William le Boteler, lord of Warrington in a deed, 1328, in which he gave to place of land in the Market "stret" to Mathew de Southworth. His mother Sibilla was still alive at the time. Again, 15 May 1330 he calls himself

William Fitz William le Boteler lord of Warrington on another deed, this time he gave Adam Southworth, for life, two acres and half a rood of land in Burtonwood, with housebot and haybot for himself and two tenants wherewith to build on and enclose the land, and also to burn. William had an extensive estate with many tenants. His name appears on many deeds and charters through out his life.

Warrants from King Edward were sent to his knights though out his kingdom commanding them to help subdue the Scots. One such though out was dated 18 Feb 1335 in which he commanded his beloved and faithful John de Haryngton the elder, Adam Banastre, Henry de Croft, William de Clifton,

William le Boteler de Werynton and Robert de Langeton to jointly elect (meaning impress) from within the county of Lancaster a hundred hobblers (horsemen who were lightly mounted) and three thousand archers and other strong able foot soldier, and properly arm them in order to be ready to march with the king to restrain the Scotch rebels who had invaded the marches.

As was the custom of the time, William le Boteler contracted to marry his eldest son Richard le Boteler, just an infant at the time, to Joanna, daughter of Thomas de Dutton, one of the great house of Dutton. This contract was dated 18 Oct 1339, and according to it, William entered into a bond to pay Thomas Dutton two hundred and twenty-six marks in silver. His son Richard died not long after this marriage took place leaving no children. Joanna his wife, married John de Haydok.

Sir William died 3 Mar 1380. He was at least seventy-one years old when he died. His wife, Elizabeth, had died before him. Elizabeth was one of two daughters and coheiresses of the house of Havering.

The children of William and his wife Elizabeth were:

Richard, eldest son who married Joan, daughter of Thomas Dutton, and died without issue before 1343.
John, who was knighted before 32 Edward II, and who ultimately was heir to the family estates.
Norman, who was granted the lands called Mosswood in Burtonwood by his father in 1349
Elizabeth, who married Sir Piers, son of Edmund de Dutton and brother and heir of Sir Lawrence de Dutton, Sir Piers fought at Shrewsbury under the banner of Hotspur, and was afterwards pardoned for it. He was made keeper of Northwood park in 1423 and died in 1433 at age 66.

Botiller, Sir William Jr., Knight, Lord of Warrington (I43618)
39833 William FitzHugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh (c. 1399 - 22 October 1452) was an English nobleman and Member of Parliament.

Born at Ravensworth, North Riding of Yorkshire, England. He was the son of Henry FitzHugh, 3rd Baron FitzHugh and Elizabeth Grey. He served as a Member of Parliament from 1429-1450.

FitzHugh married, before 18 November 1406, at Ravensworth, Margery Willoughby, daughter of William Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, and Lucy le Strange, by whom he had a son and seven daughters:[1]

Henry FitzHugh, 5th Baron FitzHugh, who married Lady Alice Neville, daughter of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury and Alice Montacute, 5th Countess of Salisbury, daughter and heiress of Thomas de Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury and Lady Eleanor Holland.[2] They were great-grandparents to queen consort Catherine Parr.

Elizabeth FitzHugh, whom married Ralph Greystoke, 5th Baron Greystoke.[2]
Eleanor FitzHugh, who married Ranulph Dacre, 1st Baron Dacre of Gilsland.[2]
Maud FitzHugh, whom married Sir William Bowes (d. 28 July 1466) of Streatlam, Durham, by whom she was the grandmother of Sir Robert Bowes.[3][2]
Lora FitzHugh, who married Sir John Constable of Halsham, Yorkshire.[2]
Lucy, who became a nun.[2]
Margery FitzHugh, who married John Melton.[2]
Joan FitzHugh, who married John Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton.[2]

Fitzhugh, Sir William 4th Baron Fitzhugh (I32436)
39834 William Floyd Childress, obituary, "Southern Standard", September 26, 1979,
abstracted by Margie Tucker. 
Source (S26019)
39835 William Floyd Childress, obituary, "Southern Standard", September 26, 1979,
abstracted by Margie Tucker;1900 Deksalb census,p.93 
Source (S26029)
39836 William Floyd Childress, obituary, "Southern Standard", September 26, 1979,
abstracted by Margie Tucker;Nocerino,Jennifer:Pedigree 
Source (S26018)
39837 William Fortescue II
Born about 1345 in Wympstone, Modbury, Devonshire
Son of William Fortescue I and Alice (Strechleigh) Fortescue
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of Elizabeth (Beauchamp) Fortescue — married about 1374 [location unknown]
Father of William Fortescue III and John Fortescue
Died after 1410 in England


"He [William] was succeeded by his son William who had married, during his father's lifetime, Elizabeth Beauchamp daughter of Sir John Beauchamp of Ryme in Dorsetshire, great-grandson of Robert de Bello Campo or Beachamp Baron of Hatch in Somerset. She afterwards became a co-heiress with her sister Joan, wife of Sir Robert Chalons, to her brother Thomas Beauchamp of Ryme, who died without issue.

"She was the widow, without children, of Richard Branscomb. There was an assignment of dower dated the Tuesday after the Feast of St. Martin, 18 Richard II., A.D. 1394, by John Martyn, probably a trustee, to William Fortescue, the younger, and Elizabeth his wife, over all the lands in Over-Aller which were the property of the aforesaid Richard Branscomb. This assignment was sealed with the Fortescue arms, with a crescent for difference.

"In the year 1406, being the eighth year of King Henry IV., William Fortescue and Elizabeth his wife left their manor of Estecot, "juxta Otery beatae Mariae," to John Asshe and his wife for their lives.

"I find in Hutchins' History of Dorsetchire the following particulars of the inheritance of Elizabeth and Joan Beachamp:--- "Ryme Intrinseca.--- This little Vill is situated on the borders of the co. of Somerset. It was the seat of Sir Humphrey Beauchamp, second son of Robert de Bello Campo, Baron of Hatch in Somersetshire, whose son Sir John, by the duaghter and heir of Sir Roger Novant, had issue Sir John Beachamp of Ryme, father of Thomas, who died issueless, leaving for his heirs his sisters, wedded to Sir Robert Chalons and John (William) Fortescue. The Fortescues do not seem to have possessed this manor long. William Fortescue was Lord of Wimpstone, in Devon."

"The children by this marriage were two sons, William and John.

"The family estates appear by this time to have grown to a considerable extent, increased from time to time by several marriages with heiresses. From the foregoing account of grants and portions it may be gathered that this William of Wympston, or Wimstone, possessed, besides that estate, lands in Holberton, Stechleigh, Forsan, Cokesland, Broke, Donstan, Tamerton, Smytheston, Wimpell, Thurveton, and Estecot, all of them, I believe, in South Devon; besides the manor of Ryme in Dorset, inherited from the Beauchamps. Upon his death the first offset from the main trunk of the tree of descent occurs; the eldest son William succeeding at Wimstone, and, as we shall presently see, becoming the origin of several branches of Fortescues; while the second son, John, although he inherited but a small portion of the paternal estates was, through his three sons, the source whence at least as many considerable houses sprang."[1]


Clermont, Thomas Fortescue, Lord. A History of the Family of Fortescue in All Its Branches, 2nd ed. (Ellis & White, London, 1880) Page 3
Thomas (Fortescue) Lord Clermont, A History of the Family of Fortescue in All Its Branches, Second Edition, London (Ellis and White) 1880, pp. 5-6, quoted at The Ancestors of Gordon McCrea Fisher.

Fortescue, Sir William II (I48038)
39838 William Francis Bailey in Cannon Co. After here death, (of TB in 1895 at the age of 25), he remarried, had a second family, and came to TX. Shirley Bailey, William Francis (I35923)
39839 William Gascoigne [9222]

Sheila's 21st great-grandfather:

David's 20th great-grandfaather: 
Gascoigne, Sir William VI (I9222)
39840 William Gladden III
United States Census, 1880 for Zipporah Swofford,McDowell Co.,NC 
Source (S3857)
39841 William H. Magness, "Southern Standard", August 11, 1976,
abstracted by Margie Tucker. 
Source (S26127)
39842 William Hale b 1733 [WKH: probably explored Halifax Co VA and entered land there in 1762 and had left PA for good by 1768--see Richard Hale's estate administration papers.

Might this be the William Hale who on April 3rd 1779 was shot and wounded by Indians near Muncy's on Walker Creek but managed to make his way to the New River residence of a Shannon family who lived near the Big Crossing of New River?

Source: Letter from Col William Preston to Capt William Robinson on pages 275 and 276 of Frontier Advance on the Upper Ohio, 1778-1779, Edited By Louise Phelps Kellogg.] 
Hale, William (I47247)
39843 William Hale married Elizabeth Francis in 1823 in Roane County, Tennessee. They had the following children: Joseph, Francis, Fountain, Frances "Franky" (Line), Matilda Jane (Bottom), John Woodson, Elizabeth "Bettie" (Gaut)(Biggs) and William M.

William Hale was drowned in the Mississippi River when he went to sell produce at New Orleans, according to an account by his youngest son, William M. Hale. After his death, his wife Elizabeth married Sanford Richey and was the mother of several more children. Its unknown where William is buried.

Elizabeth's parents were Frances "Franky" Smith (1774-1822) and Hugh Francis (1773-1843). She married WILLIAM HALE in 1823 in Roane County, TN. After Mr. Hale died, she married Sanford Richey about 1840 in Hamilton County, TN.

Her Hale children were: Joseph, Francis, Fountain, Frances "Franky" (Line), Matilda Jane (Bottom), John Woodson, Elizabeth "Bettie" (Gaut)(Biggs) and William M.

Her Richey children were: Jane, Mary, Pelemla Josephine (Campbell), Martha, Charles "Polk", Teresa Ann Frances (Campbell), Louisa Eliza Lucretia (Moore).

Elizabeth's youngest Hale son, William M, said that she died at Chattanooga, TN, in an article that was written about his life. (NOT CONFIRMED) 
Hale, William (I35044)
39844 William Hale was drowned in the Mississippi River when he went to sell produce at New Orleans, according to an account by his youngest son, William M. Hale. Hale, William (I35044)
39845 William Hale was the son of Richard Hale of King's Warden and his first wife Mary Lambert. He was born c. 1551 at Codicote, Hertfordshire, England. He married Rose Bond of Watton-at-Stone, Hertfordshire. Rose was born c. 1555, the daughter of Sir George Bond, Knight. They were the parents of eight children. He died Aug. 1634.

William Hale was named High Sheriff of Hertfordshire in 1621, during the reign of James I.

William was the primary heir of his father, Richard Hale, however, King's Walden was bequeathed to William's brother Richard. Eventually, the property ended up coming into William's estate.

I have seen sources stating a first wife name Martha but cannot find sources for her or for the children she bore. There are several Hale families in Hertfordshire, with similar names, so I am sure there is confusion among families. I have NOT included Martha or her children in this profile overview.

Children of William Hale and wife Rose Bond:

Richard Hale, b. 1596, Herefordshire,England William Hale, b. 1597, Hexton, Hertfordshire, England Rowland Hale, b. Abt 1599, Of Herfordshire,England George Hale, c. 13 Jul 1601, Herefordshire,England Alicia Hale, b. 1603, Herefordshire,England Winefreda Hale, b. 1604, Herefordshire,England Anne Hale, c. 25 Jun 1609, Kings Warden,Hertfordshire,England , d. 2 Sep 1651 Dionisia Hale, c. 17 Mar 1611, Hertfordshire, England Links to additional material: 
Bond, Rose (I31319)
39846 William Harold Bethell

William Harold "Lefty" was born February 11, 1922 to Ernest Berrell Bethell (1892-1955) and Etna Mae Gardner (1895-1943) in Fort Worth, Tarrant County, Texas. Records show that EB and Etna were living at 2906 Azle Avenue in Fort Worth in 1927. EB was working as the manager of the supply department for Burdett Oxygen Company. The 1930 Federal Census shows Ernest, Edna (Etna), Maurine, Joe and Harold living in Fort Worth. Records show that EB and Etna were living at 904 Main Street in Big Spring in 1934 where he was the Fire Marshal. In 1940 the Bethell's lived at 606 Greg Street in Big Spring. Later they moved to 605 Nolan.

From September 1929 through November 30 1930, Lefty attended W. J. Turner elementary school in Fort Worth, Texas. He moved to Big Spring and attended West Ward for Nov 1930 until May 1936. He attended Big Spring High School from September 1936 until May 1940 where he graduated and was selected to Texas All-State Football team. He went to John Tarleton Agriculture College in Stephenville, Texas from August 1940 until May 1941 on a football scholarship.

Lefty married Euna Lee Long on March 19, 1942 in Colorado City, Texas. He joined the Navy on August 2, 1942. From letters, it appears that he did his basic training in Norfolk, VA. After Basic, he was stationed with the 23 Battalion, Company “A”, Platoon #4 at N.C.T.C., Davisville, R.I. Postmarks show that Lefty was in Port Hueneme, California Oct 26, 1942. His name appears on a U. S. Navy Muster Roll on October 31, 1942 on the ship Chaumont (AP5) as a Seaman 1st Class. His service number was 616 89 99. I assume that this is when he was sent to the Aleutian Islands in Alaska. Letters stopped being censored by the Navy in January 1944 and his address shows that he was stationed at Camp Parks in California. He was reassigned back to Port Hueneme in June and was Honorable Discharged in Oct 6, 1944 at the rank of Petty Officer 3rd Class.

Euna Lee moved to Santa Clara, California in March 1944 and lived at 1045 Benton Street. Jerry Hall Bethell was born Oct 8, 1944 in Santa Clara, California. Jerry's nickname before birth was Ickebod. Richard Harold Bethell was born on Dec. 23, 1945 in Big Spring, Texas.

In 1946 he was working for the Soil Conservation Service.

Bethell, William Harold "Lefty" (I42327)
39847 William Harold Bethell biography, submitted by Richard Bethell, April 21, 2015, Richard is a fellow BETHEL researcher. Source (S6177)
39848 William Harper Brock was born in Cleveland, Conway Co., AR. He was the son of Henry Gordon Brock (1850- 1934) who was born in Liberty, Van Buren Co., AR and Marth Ellen Reid (1861-1951) who was born in Conway Co., AR. His sister, born of William Harper and Lula Woodward was Edna Lois who was born in 1907. His half siblings born of William Harper and Beulah Lovett were Gladys Lee, Wylie Henry, Calvin C. and Betty May. The burial place of Lula Woodward Brock is unknown Brock, William Harper (I35185)
39849 William Harper is enumerated in the household of James Hennessee during the Warren County, Tennessee of 1850 Census (cited below).

I posit it is highly possible that James Hennessee is William's uncle by marriage. James Hennessee first married, Sarah "Sallie" Wilcher, sister to Elizabeth "Betsy" Wilcher who married John Harper. Click here to view their relationship:

Ergo, William is the son of Thomas Harper, who would be the son of Elizabeth "Betsy" Wilcher, who married John Harper, and is the daughter of Thomas Wilcher.

Name: William Harper
Event Type: Census
Event Year: 1850
Event Place: Warren county, Warren, Tennessee, United States
Gender: Male
Age: 25
Race: White
Race (Original): undefined
Birth Year (Estimated): 1825
Birthplace: Alabama
Household ID: 438
House Number: 438
Line Number: 11
Affiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
Affiliate Publication Number: M432
Affiliate Film Number: 898
GS Film Number: 444854
Digital Folder Number: 004206055
Image Number: 00072

Household Role Gender Age Birthplace
James Hennessee undefined M 84 North Carolina
Jane Hennessee undefined F 52 Tennessee
Samuel Hennessee undefined M 19 Tennessee
Easther Hennessee undefined F 17 Tennessee
Anderson T Hennessee undefined M 14 Tennessee
Eliza J Hennessee undefined F 11 Tennessee
William Harper undefined M 25 Alabama

Citing this Record:
"United States Census, 1850," index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 24 Jun 2014), James Hennessee, Warren county, Warren, Tennessee, United States; citing family 438, NARA microfilm publication M432. 
Harper, William Thomas Sr. (I444)
39850 William Hash, obituary, "The Southern Standard", Wednesday, September 15, 1993
abstracted by Margie Tucker. 
Source (S18474)
39851 William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings KG (c. 1431 – 13 June 1483) was an English nobleman. A loyal follower of the House of York during the Wars of the Roses, he became a close friend and one of the most important courtiers of King Edward IV, whom he served as Lord Chamberlain. At the time of Edward's death he was one of the most powerful and richest men in England. He was summarily executed following accusations of treason by Edward's brother and ultimate successor, Richard III.


Signature of William Lord Hastings
William Hastings, born about 1431, was the eldest son of Sir Leonard Hastings (c.1396 – 20 October 1455), and his wife Alice Camoys, daughter of Thomas de Camoys, 1st Baron Camoys.[1][2][a] Hastings succeeded his father in service to the House of York and through this service became close to his distant cousin the future Edward IV, whom he was to serve loyally all his life. He was High Sheriff of Warwickshire and High Sheriff of Leicestershire in 1455.

He fought alongside Edward at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross and was present at the proclamation of Edward as king in London on 4 March 1461 and then when the new king secured his crown at the Battle of Towton shortly thereafter. He was knighted on the field of battle. With the establishment of the Yorkist regime, Hastings became one of the key figures in the realm, most importantly as Master of the Mint and Lord Chamberlain, an office he held for the duration of the reign and which made him one of the most important means of access to the king. He was also created Baron Hastings, a title reinforced by grants of land and office, primarily in Leicestershire and Northamptonshire. In 1462 he was invested as a Knight of the Garter.

In 1474, he was awarded royal licence to crenellate at three of his landholdings in Leicestershire; at Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Kirby Muxloe, and at Bagworth. He built extensively at Ashby, mostly making additions to the pre-existing manor house built by the de la Zouch family in the thirteenth century. His greatest achievement at Ashby was, of course, the Hastings Tower – an imposing and thoroughly impressive creation. At Kirby Muxloe Castle he began an intricate and beautiful fortified house of red brick, one of the first of its kind in the county. Thanks to English Heritage, the castles at Ashby and Kirby can still be seen, but regrettably nothing survives to indicate any construction at Bagworth.

His importance in these years is recorded in a number of sources and was recognised by the greatest peer in the realm, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick. In 1462, Warwick arranged for Hastings to marry his widowed sister, Katherine Neville. (Katherine's first husband, Lord Bonville, had been killed at St Albans in 1461 ; their infant daughter, Cecily, succeeded to the Bonville titles and estates.)[12][13][14]

Despite this matrimonial relationship with the Nevilles, when Warwick drove Edward IV into exile in 1470, Hastings went with Edward and accompanied the king back the following spring. Hastings raised troops for Edward in the English Midlands and served as one of the leading captains of the Yorkist forces at both Barnet and Tewkesbury.

His service, loyalty, and ability, along with the fall of his Neville in-laws, made Hastings even more important during the second half of Edward IV's reign. He continued to serve as Chamberlain and was awarded the position of Chamberlain of the Exchequer in 1471, which he held until 1483. He was also appointed Lieutenant of Calais, which made him an important player in foreign affairs, and given authority over an increasingly large section of the English Midlands. At court, he was involved in two lengthy feuds with members of Queen Elizabeth Woodville's family, most notably with her son Thomas Grey, first Marquess of Dorset.


After the death of Edward IV on 9 April 1483, the dowager queen sought to monopolise political power for her family by appointing family members to key positions and rushing the coronation of her young son Edward V as king, thereby circumventing Richard, Duke of Gloucester, whom the late king had appointed Lord Protector. Hastings, who had long been friendly with Richard and hostile to the Woodvilles, was a key figure in checking these manoeuvres. While keeping the Woodvilles in check in London, Hastings informed Richard of their proceedings and asked him to hasten to London. Richard intercepted the young king, who also was on his way to London, with his Woodville relatives. Hastings then supported Richard's formal installation as Lord Protector and collaborated with him in the royal council.

Affairs changed dramatically on 13 June 1483 during a council meeting at the Tower of London: Richard, supported by the Duke of Buckingham, accused Hastings and two other council members of having committed treason by conspiring against his life with the Woodvilles, with Hastings's mistress Jane Shore (formerly also mistress to Edward IV and possibly Dorset), acting as a go-between. While the other alleged conspirators were imprisoned, Hastings was immediately beheaded on Richard's orders over a log in the courtyard of the Tower.

The summary execution of the popular Hastings was controversial among contemporaries and has been interpreted differently by historians and other authors: while the traditional account, harking back to authors of the Tudor period including William Shakespeare, considered the conspiracy charge invented and merely a convenient excuse to remove Hastings (who was known for his loyalty to the dead king and his heirs) as while he remained alive he would have been too formidable an obstacle to Richard's own plans to seize the throne,[15] others have been more open to the possibility of such a conspiracy and that Richard merely reacted to secure his position.[16]

Despite the accusations of treason, Richard did not issue an attainder against Hastings and his family. Hence his wife and sons were allowed to inherit his lands and properties. Hastings himself was buried in the north aisle of St George's Chapel, Windsor, next to Edward IV.[17]

In literature

He is portrayed in Shakespeare's Richard III.


Hastings married, before 6 February 1462,[17] Katherine Neville, sister of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick—known as "Warwick the Kingmaker"—and widow of William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington, slain at the Battle of Wakefield on 30 December 1460, by whom he had had four sons and two daughters:[12][13][14]

Edward Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings, who married Mary Hungerford.[18][19]
Sir William Hastings.[13]
Sir Richard Hastings, who married, and had two daughters and coheirs, Elizabeth Hastings, who married John Beaumont of Gracedieu, Leicestershire, Master of the Rolls, and Mary Hastings, who married Thomas Saunders of Harringworth, Northamptonshire.[13][20]
George Hastings.[13]
Anne Hastings, who married her father's ward, George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury.[13]
Elizabeth Hastings.[13]


Sir Leonard Hastings (c.1396 – 20 October 1455) was a member of the English gentry who moved his seat to Leicestershire from Yorkshire where the family had long been established. His wife was Alice Camoys, daughter of Thomas de Camoys, 1st Baron Camoys, and his first wife, Elizabeth Louches, the daughter and heiress of William Louches.[1][2]

Sir Leonard Hastings had three other sons and three daughters:[2][3][4]

Richard Hastings, Baron Welles (d.1503), also styled Lord Willoughby, who married firstly, before 1 June 1470 Joan Welles, only daughter of Richard de Welles, 7th Baron Welles, by his first wife, Joan Willoughby, only daughter of Robert Willoughby, 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, and secondly Joan Romondbye (d. 20 March 1505), widow of Richard Pigot, (died c. 15 April 1483), Serjeant-at-law.[5][6][7][8][9]
Sir Ralph Hastings (d.1495) of Harrowden, Northamptonshire, who married Amy Tattershall, daughter and heiress of John Tattershall, esquire, of Woolwich, Kent, and Wanstead, Essex, by whom he had six daughters.[5][10]
Thomas Hastings.
Elizabeth Hastings (c.1450 – 1508), who married, before 1465, Sir John Donne (1450–1503) of Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, third son of Griffith Donne of Kidwelly by Janet, daughter of Sir John Scudamore, and by him had two sons, Sir Edward Donne (c.1482 – 1552) and Sir Griffith Donne (c.1487 – 1543), and two daughters, Anne Donne (c.1471 – c. 1507), who was the first wife of Sir William Rede of Boarstall, Buckinghamshire, and Margaret Donne (born c.1480), who married Edward Trussell (c.1478 – 16 June 1499) of Elmesthorpe, and was the mother of Elizabeth Trussell (1496–1527), wife of John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford.[11]
Anne Hastings, who married Thomas Ferrers, esquire.[5]
Joan Hastings, who married John Brokesby, esquire.[5]

end of biography 
Hastings, Sir William Knight, 1st Baron Hastings (I43540)
39852 William HAYNES
[F7488]. William HAYNES. Often appears in records as HAINES.
Born about 1623 in Bedfordshire, England; possibly at Dunstable.

In the last few years there has been a great deal of interest and speculation concerning the ancestry of William and Richard Haynes. Some people are convinced they were the sons of Walter Haynes and Mary Watford who were married 27 Apr 1607 in Renhold, Bedfordshire, England and after the death of Mary in 1632 and Walter in 1633, these two boys, ages ten and twelve, were sent or taken to New England. According to the Renhold, Bedfordshire Parish baptismal records for Walter and Mary, their son Richard Haynes was baptized 18 November 1621 and William on 6 June 1624. The records for Walter and Mary indicate there were five older children in the family and another son named Robert baptized the same day as William. Although Richard was mentioned in Walter's will, William was not and Robert was described as the youngest son. It seems odd that only these two, Richard and William, were transported to New England in 1634 on the "Griffin" and especially in the company of such notable and controversial religious nonconformist as Rev. John Lothrop and Anne Hutchinson. Charles Upham wrote in 1865 the family of William Haynes of Salem was somewhat of a mystery and in my opinion this is still true.{S1}.

He arrived Boston, Massachusetts on 18 September 1634 on board the ship Griffin. Richard Haynes, his brother, was on the ship with him. They both settled at Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts. Governor Winthrop's journal entry of Sept. 18, 1634 records The Griffin and another ship now arriving with about 200 passengers. Mr. Lathrop and Mr. Sims, two godly ministers coming in the same ship. {S1}.

Prior to 1644, William Haynes purchased jointly with Richard Ingersoll, from John Pease, the Weston Grant, and jointly with Richard Haynes a portion of the Townsend Bishop Grant of 540 acres in the northern end of the Salem Town boundary territory. These interior land areas subsequently became known as Salem Farms, Salem Village and is presently Danvers, Massachusetts. It was a short distance of approximately four miles from Salem (Town). {S1}.

He married Sarah INGERSOLL [F7489] before 1644 in Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts. She was the daughter of Richard Ingersoll, his partner in the Weston Grant purchase. This was evidenced by the will of Richard Ingersoll written 21 July 1644. {S1,S2}.

At a General Town Meeting on 7 July 1644 he was appointed, along with several other inhabitants of Salem, to patrol the settlement each Sabbath Day. Each patrol consisting of two men, were instructed to take note of Sabbath breakers and report their names to the authorities. {S1}.

William and Richard Haynes sold one third of their Townsend Bishop Grant land to Abraham Page in 1647, who in turn sold it to Simon Bradstreet, the Governor of Massachusetts. William and Richard were held equally responsible in a 1647 court case involving the death of two cows belonging to their adjacent neighbor, the Honorable Simon Bradstreet. On 29: 4th month: 1648, William and Richard sold the other two-thirds shares of the Townsend Bishop Grant land to John Porter, who also bought the other third from Simon Bradstreet. {S1}.

Charles W. Upham suggested in his book, Salem Witchcraft, that because of the great purchasing power of William and Richard Haynes, and the respect demonstrated toward them, they were persons of great means and influence. Mr. Upham also mentioned that although the family of William Haynes had always been somewhat of a mystery, it was stated in the family papers of the Ingersoll family, recently uncovered around 1865, that William Haynes was a brother of John Haynes, the Governor of Massachusetts, founder of Hartford, and Lieut-Governor of Connecticut. This theory of ancestry has often been examined and contemplated by Haynes descendants, but so far has not been proven true. Gov. John Haynes came to New England from Copford Hall, Essex County on the first sailing of the "Griffin" in 1633. He removed in May 1637 to Connecticut. {S1}.

On 25: 9 month: 1645, William Haynes gave a power-of-attorney to Thomas Haynes Col, a merchant living at the White Bear in Basin Street in London, to receive a debt of 28 lbs. of Thomas Perkins of Dunstable in Bedfordshire chandlor, and with power to substitute another attorney. (Aspinwalls Notes of Early Boston). {S1}.

This transaction indicates a possible relationship between William Haynes of New England, to Thomas Haynes who has been reported in references (and incorrectly) as migrating shortly afterwards and settling 1658 in Maine and later at Amesbury, Massachusetts. On the other hand, it is not imprudent to suggest Thomas Haynes was a relative of William Haynes. Apparently Charles Banks used Aspinwalls Notes to pinpoint Dunstable, Bedfordshire as the homeplace of William and Richard Haynes, Topographical Dictionary of English Emigrants to New England, Bedfordshire page 1. {S1}.

This book was published in 1937, after the death of Mr. Banks, and was compiled using the manuscripts in his library. The reference given for William Haynes and Richard Haines was "Aspinwall". This document, which is found in Aspinwall's Notes, however, does not indicate William Haynes was actually from Dunstable, Bedfordshire but was attempting to collect a debt at Dunstable, Bedfordshire. Thomas Perkins, on the other hand, was a resident of Dunstable, Bedfordshire. I assume Charles Banks was referring to the records that William Aspinwall kept at Boston as notary from 1644 to 1651 which were published in a volume entitled A Volume Relating to the Early History of Boston Containing the Aspinwall Notorial Records from 1644 to 1651, Boston Record Commissioners' Reports 32, (Boston, 1903). Mr. Banks was a notable expert in Emigrant genealogy and had searched throughout English parish for records concerning nearly 3,000 emigrants. {S1}.

It has also been suggested that either William Haynes or Richard Haynes was the father of Thomas Haynes of Amesbury, Massachusetts. This statement is unlikely, although it is possible they were related in some other way; perhaps cousins. {S1}.

Thomas Haynes of Amesbury, Massachusetts, received land in Amesbury 1661, 1666, and 1675, and made an Oath of Allegiance at Amesbury in 1677. He married Martha Barnard, of Salisbury on 26 December 1667 and died in 1683 leaving a widow and children, Thomas, Eleanor, Aquila, John and Mary. Several of his children settled in York, Maine. It is doubtful he was the same Thomas Haynes who appeared in earlier records of Casco Bay, Massachusetts/Maine who eventually retreated to Lynn, Massachusetts. {S1}.

Richard Haynes, brother of William is seen 1640, 1645, 1665 and 1669 in the Salem Town records. He resided in a settlement identified as the "Cape Ann" and "Bass River" side of Salem, known as Beverly and made his Oath of Allegiance 3 December 1677 at Beverly. {S1}.

He died after 14 NOV 1649 in Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts; and was buried before 13 November 1651 in Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts. {S2}.

William Haynes' name is listed as a full communicant of the First Church of Salem in 1647-1648 and Sarah was listed in April 1648. Sometime after the initial entry date, and in a different handwriting, the word "dead" was inserted following William's name. It is believed he died in the early part of 1651, or if it occurred before March 25th, according to the old calendar, in the later part of the year 1650. {S1}.

[F7489]. Sarah INGERSOLL.
Born about 1627 in Bedfordshire, England; daughter of Richard INGERSOLL [F14978] and Ann LANGLEY [F14979] . She was christened on 1 July 1627 at Sutton, Bedfordshire, England. She married (1) William HAYNES [F7488] before 1644. She married (2) Joseph HOULTON Sr. on 13 November 1651 at Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts. Joseph, at an earlier time was a servant in her father's household. They resided in Newbury. She died (in 1702-1703-S1)(in 1719-S2,S3) in (Houlton-S2,S3)(Salem Village-S2), Massachusetts. The will of Joseph Houlton Sr. was written 24 May 1703 and probated 27 June 1705.

end of biography 
Haynes, William (I32071)
39853 William Henry Brown (1856 - 1937)" biography submitted by Allan Thomas, last modified December 6, 2015 and abstracted December 16, 2015 by David A. Hennessee,, Source (S8748)
39854 William Henry was about 24 when he married 16-year-old Martha Anderson in Perry County in 1876. Their first child, John Wiley or Wesley was born July 15, 1878 in Tennessee when Martha was about 18 but by the time of the 1880 census, they are living in Shoal Creek, Barry County, Missouri where his father James Swindle was living. The 1880 census taken June 16th 1880, page 27, ED3 show William Henry and his family (last name spelled Wicks) on lines 10-12, just below his half-sister Martha and her husband James Parks and their family:

Wicks, William 26, farmer, can't read or write, born in Tennessee, both parents born in Tennessee

Wicks, Martha 21, wife, keeping house, can't read or write, born in Tennessee, both parents born in Tennessee

Wicks, John 1, son, born in Tennessee, both parents born in Tennessee

In the 1900 census, William Henry and his family are still living in Shoal Creek, ED14, 23 June, Sheet 15, lines 50-61:

Weeks, William born February 1852, 48, married 24 years, born in TN, father born in TN, mother born in Alabama, farmer, can read and write, owns his farm (mortgaged)

Weeks, Martha, wife, born February 1860, 40, married 24 years, born in TN, father born in TN, mother born in AL

Weeks, John, son, born July 1878, 21, single, born in TN, father born in TN, mother born in AL, farm laborer

Weeks, Arthur, son, born April 1881, 19, single, born in MO, both parents born in TN, farm laborer

Weeks, Oscar, son, born February 1883, 17, single, born in MO, both parents born in TN, farm laborer

Weeks, Albert, son, born October 1884, 15, born in MO, both parents born in TN, farm laborer

Weeks, Mintie, daughter, born March 1886, 14, born in MO, both parents born in TN

Weeks, Mamie, daughter, born December 1888, 11, born in MO, both parents born in TN

Weeks, Loyd, son, born October 1890, 9, born in MO, both parents born in TN

Weeks, Monta, daughter, born April 1893, 7, born in MO, both parents born in TN

Weeks, Maudie, daughter, born June 1895, 4, born in MO, both parents born in TN

Weeks, Mable, daughter, born March 1899, 1, born in MO, both parents born in TN

William Henry is in the 1920 census for Curry County, ED50, Sheet 5A, lines 44-45, 12-14 January:

Weeks, William H., owns his home (mortgaged), 67, widowed, can read and write, born in TN, father born in TN, mother born in AL, farmer

Weeks, Monta P., daughter, 22, single, can read and write, born in MO, both parents born in TN, no occupation

According to a report done by Tama Spencer who descends from William Henry’s daughter Mayme, William Henry leased his land in New Mexico for oil in 1920.

The 1930 census shows William Henry living in Murry County Oklahoma, Allen Township, ED50-1, Sheet 8A, 17 April, line 2, Dwelling 124, family 126:

Weeks, William H., living on a farm he owns, age 78, widow, born in TN, father born in U.S., mother born in Alabama, farmer, truck farm.

As far as we know, William Henry never remarried. He died October 29, 1946 in Purdy, Barry County, Missouri and was buried in Corsicana Cemetery where his wife and his father James Swindle were buried.

I have a copy of his death certificate and it says he was born February 4, 1850 in Memphis, Tennessee. He wasn't in the 1850 census with either his mother Ann or the Swindle family, but he is in the 1860 census as age 8, which means he probably was born in 1852. His father's name is listed as ? Weeks, born in Tennessee, and his mother's maiden name is not given. Her first name is almost impossible to read but looks like it could be Cynthia. It also says he died in the rural area of Exeter and that he was a retired farmer. His obit was in the Cassville Missouri Democrat.
Weeks, William Henry (I37745)

William Hicks, born circa 1793, VA, occupation farmer, married circa 1809, in Tennessee, Sarah "Sally" Magness, born Sep 1794, NC, (daughter of George Magness and Mary "Polly" Durham) died circa 1890, DeKalb Co., TN. William died after 1850, Warren Co., TN. The couple had eight or more children.

The couple were divorced in 1854. DeKalb County, TN chancery court records tell us the following:

"Sarah Hicks vs. William Hicks: Complainant and defendant have been married more than 40 years. The defendant, some three years since, maliciously and without any reasonable cause, abandoned complainant and has refused to live with or provide for her. The bonds of matrimony are dissolved. 27 October 1854."

In her old age, Sally lived with a daughter, Becky Scott, in DeKalb County near her brother's home. 
Hicks, William (I4255)
39856 William Hurt and his son John had been in the area for more than thirty years. Hurt, William (I36735)
39857 William II de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby (c. 1168 – c. 1247) was a favourite of King John of England. He succeeded to the estate (but not the title) upon the death of his father, William de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby, at the Siege of Acre in 1190. He was head of a family which controlled a large part of Derbyshire which included an area known as Duffield Frith.

He adopted his father's allegiance to King Richard as the reigning king. On Richard's return from the Third Crusade, in the company of David Ceannmhor and the Earl of Chester he played a leading role in besieging Nottingham Castle, on 28 March 1194, which was being held by supporters of Prince John. For seven weeks after this he held the position of Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire.[1]

On the accession of John after the death of his brother, in 1199, William gave him his allegiance, and became a great favourite. He restored to the de Ferrars' family the title of Earl of Derby, along with the right to the "third penny", and soon afterwards bestowed upon him the manors of Ashbourne and Wirksworth, with the whole of that wapentake, subject to a fee farm rent of ą70 per annum.[2]

When, in 1213, John surrendered his kingdoms of England and Ireland to the Pope, William was one of the witnesses to the "Bulla Aurea." In the following year William gave surety on behalf of the king for the payment of a yearly tribute of 1,000 marks.

In the same year, 1214, the King granted the Earl the royal castle of Harestan (Horsley Castle). William was a patron of at least 2 abbeys and 4 priories. In 1216, John made him bailiff of the Peak Forest and warden of the Peak Castle.

In that year, John was succeeded by the nine-year-old Henry III. Because of continuing discontent about John's violations of the Magna Carta, some of the barons had approached Prince Louis of France who invaded in that year. William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke acting on behalf of the young King sought to repel the invaders and pacify the barons. His forces, with the assistance of de Ferrers, the Earl of Chester and others, defeated the rebels at the siege of Lincoln.

De Ferrers was allowed to retain the royal castles of Bolsover, Peak and Horston (Horsley) until the King's 14th birthday. The latter had been given him in 1215 as a residence for his wife, during his planned absence with the King on Crusade.[3] and the Earl was among those who made representation to the King, which would in 1258 led to the Provisions of Oxford .

Henry reached his fourteenth birthday in 1222 and his administration sought to recover the three royal castles, to de Ferrers' indignation. In 1254 they would pass to Edward I, Henry's son, exacerbating Robert's, the sixth earl, resentment against the prince.[4]

He was married to Agnes De Kevelioch, sister of Ranulph de Blondeville, 4th Earl of Chester, for 55 years. As the Earl advanced in years he became a martyr to severe attacks of the gout, a disease which terminated his life in the year 1247. He was succeeded by his elder son, also William, the Fifth Earl of Derby.

William de Ferrers School

William de Ferrers School and Sixth form is a "foundation comprehensive" (state-funded, non-selective, with some control over how to spend its allotted money) school in the rural town of South Woodham Ferrers, Essex. The school is named after William Ferrers a descendant of Henry de Ferrers who was given the area as a gift from William the Conqueror after the Norman Conquest.

William De Ferrers Football Club

Henry Ferrers' descendant gave his name to the local Essex (UK) football team of the same name, often abbreviated to Willy De or known simply as The Baby blues. The club was founded in 1983 and currently has 3 senior men’s teams.[citation needed]

Family and children

William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby
Sybil de Ferrers, married Sir John Vipont [1], Lord of Appleby and had issue.
Sir Thomas of Chartley Ferrers
Sir Hugh of Bugbrooke Ferrers (married and had issue)
Petronille de Ferrers (married Hervey de Stafford)


Jump up ^ See High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and the Royal Forests.
Jump up ^ Bland, W., 1887 Duffield Castle: A lecture at the Temperance Hall, Wirksworth Derbyshire Advertiser
Jump up ^ Turbutt, G., (1999) A History of Derbyshire. Volume 2: Medieval Derbyshire, Cardiff: Merton Priory Press
Jump up ^ J. R. Maddicott, 'Ferrers, Robert de, sixth earl of Derby (c. 1239–1279)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [ accessed 28 Oct 2007]

de Ferrers, Sir William Knight, 4th Earl of Derby (I46771)
39858 William is enumerated in the household of, W. L. STEAKLEY...DAH

Why is there no mention of him in 1860T.T census?...DAH 
Crelia, William (I25769)
39859 William John Gillentine, obituary, "The Southern Standard", date unknown,
abstracted by Margie Tucker 
Source (S24885)
39860 William KNOWLES

Birth: Abt 1824
Death: Aft 1880

Note: Farmer. In 1850 and 1860 census' William and Catherine living next to his parents, John and Mahala Knowles

Father: John K KNOWLES b: 1784 in Augusta Va
Mother: Mahala HARDIN b: 1784 in N. C.

Marriage 1 Catherine ROBERTS b: 16 May 1824 in White Co Tn

* Married: 20 Sep 1846 in White Co Tn 10


1. Mahala KNOWLES b: Jun 1851 in White Co. Tn
2. John Lorenzo KNOWLES b: Oct 1853 in Tn
3. Sarah A KNOWLES b: Feb 1857 in White Co. Tn
4. William KNOWLES b: Abt 1858 in Tn
5. James KNOWLES b: 1861 in Tn


1. Title: 1850 White Co Tn. 
Knowles, William M. (I5993)
39861 William L. Keeling had resided in the rural Reeds, Missouri community for 67 years, having been a carpenter, now retired.
His wife Matilda Keeling preceded him in death in 1934.

He had been a patient in McCune-Brooks Hospital 5 days previously to his death from complications cold and flu affecting chronic myocarditis.
Dr. Baker was the attending physician and his funeral arrangements were placed in the care of the Ulmer Funeral Home in Carthage, MO

His parents were:
FATHER: Camel Keeling
Birthplace: Tennessee
MOTHER: Mary Tutt Keeling
Birthplace: Tennessee 
Keeling, William Leonard (I25159)
39862 William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer, KG (24 March 1330 - 28 May 1381) was an English noble, soldier and diplomat. After serving in France and for the household of Edward III, he was impeached during the Good Parliament of 1376, the earliest recorded impeachment in the Parliament of England.

Early life and service in France

Born on 24 March 1330 in Scampston, Ryedale Wapentake, North Riding of Yorkshire (now North Yorkshire), England Latimer was the son of William Latimer, 3rd Baron Latimer, by Elizabeth, daughter of John de Botetourt, 1st Baron Botetourt. He had married Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne, by 1353 and they had a daughter, Elizabeth (1357-1395). She married firstly John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby and secondly Robert Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby.

He was present at the Battle of Crâecy in 1346, and by 1351 he had been knighted and was in royal service in Calais. In January 1356 he was present when Edward Balliol surrendered his claim to the Scottish throne and he served in Gascony in 1359. He was created a Knight of the Garter in 1361 in succession to Sir William FitzWarin and fought on the side of John de Montfort, Duke of Brittany at the Battle of Auray in 1364. In 1368 he was appointed Keeper of Bâecherel and in 1370 of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte.[2]

Return to England and impeachment

After returning to England, he served as Steward of the Household from 1368 to 1370 and Chamberlain of the Household from 1371. His son-in-law John Neville, Lord Neville de Raby was appointed Steward of the Household in the same year, and until 1376 they were prominent figures in court[2] and Latimer was high in favour with John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, the king's son. He became Constable of Dover Castle in 1373 and Warden of the Cinque Ports in 1374. He was also involved in negotiations with Portugal in 1373 and France in 1375.

When Parliament was called in April 1376, known as the Good Parliament and led by Peter de la Mare, the members wanted to remove corrupt advisers from court. Latimer, Neville, London merchant Richard Lyons and Alice Perrers were accused, and the charges against Latimer were that he had been guilty of oppression in Brittany; had sold the castle of Saint-Sauveur to the enemy, and impeded the relief of Bâecherel in 1375; that he had taken bribes for the release of captured ships, and retained fines paid to the king, notably by Sir Robert Knolles, and the city of Bristol; and finally, that in association with Robert Lyons he had obtained money from the crown by the repayment of fictitious loans. Seconded by William of Wykeham, de la Mare sought to have Latimer immediately convicted, with the Commons acting on behalf of the king. They were unsuccessful and a trial took place.[3] The charges were proven and he was removed from his positions in the royal household and on the council, fined and imprisoned. He was pardoned in October 1376 and with Lancaster's recovered influence he returned to favour.

Latimer's impeachment is the earliest recorded in Parliament.[4]

Later life

Latimer was named an executor of the will of Edward III, who died in June 1377. In 1377 he became governor of Calais, and took part against the Spaniards at the battle of Sluys. He also accompanied Thomas of Woodstock, Earl of Buckingham on his expedition through France into Brittany in 1380.

Latimer died on 28 May 1381 and was buried at Guisborough, Yorkshire. He was survived by his wife and their daughter, Elizabeth who married John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby, and had descendants.

Latimer, Sir William VI, KG, 4th Baron Latimer of Corby (I47603)
39863 William le Boteler, 1st Baron Boteler
Also Known As: "Sir William le Boteler of Wem was also styled Botiller."
Birthdate: June 11, 1274 (61)
Birthplace: Oversley, Warwick, England
Death: Died September 14, 1335 in Wem, Shropshire, England
Immediate Family:
Son of Sir William le Boteler of Wem and Angharad verch Griffith
Husband of Beatrice Boteler and Ela de Herdeburgh
Father of Isabel le Boteler; William Lord Wem le Boteler, 2nd Baron of Wem and Oversley; Alice Longford; Edmund le Boteler; Edward le Boteler and 5 others
Brother of John le Boteler; Sir Nigel le Boteler; Gawine Le Boteler; Denise de Cokesey and Anne le Boteler
Occupation: 1st Baron le Botelier
Managed by: Hatte Blejer on partial hiatus
Last Updated: May 14, 2016

About William le Boteler, 1st Baron Boteler
William Boteler, who in the 24th year of Edward I was in ward to Walter de Langton, lord treasurer of England, and Walter de Beauchamp, of Alcester, steward of the king's household. This feudal lord obtaining renown in the Scottish wars of the period, was summoned to parliament as a Baron from 10 March 130_ to 10 October 1325. His lordship married 1st Ankeret, daughter of Griffin, and had an only son, William, his successor. He married Ela, daughter and co-heiress of Roger de Herdeburgh, by whom he had two sons, Edmund and Edward, who both died issueless, and four daughters:

Children by Ankeret, daughter of Griffin:

William, eldest son and heir and successor
Children by Ela de Herdeburgh

Edmund, died issueless
Edward, died issueless
Ankeret married to John le Strange, of Black mere
Ida, married to Wm Tnusell
Alice married to Nicholas STANDFORD
Dionysa, married to Hugh de Cokesey
He died in 1334 and was succeeded by his eldest son, William Boteler, 2nd Baron Boteler, of Wemme, but never summoned to parliament.

William 1st Baron did NOT marry a Beatrice

He md 1 Ankaret daughter of Griffin and 2 Ela

William Bâoteler, who, in the 24th Edward I., was In ward to Walter de Langton, lord treasurer of England, and Walter de Beauchamp, of Alcester, steward of the king's household. This feudal lord obtaining renown in the Scottish wars of the period, was summoned to parliament as a baron from 10 March, 1308, to 10 October, 1325.

His lordship m. 1st, Ankeret, dau. of Griffin. and had an only son, William, his successor. He m. 2ndly, Ela, dau. and co-heiress of Roger de Herdeburgh, by whom he had two sons, Edmund and Edward, who both died issueless, and four daus., viz.,
Ankeret m. to John Le Strange, of Blackmere.

Ida, w. to Wm. Trussell

Alice, m. to Nicholas Langford

Dionyse, m. to Hugh de Cokesey.

He d. in 1334,

This information is according to:

"The history of Wem: and [other] ... townships [in Shropshire]" By Samuel Garbett pp 31-40

"A genealogical history of the dormant, abeyant, forfeited, and extinct Peerages of the British Empire" by Sir Bernard Burke p. 63

both found at Google books online complete and free

He was baptized on 6 Nov. 1274 at Wem, Chroopshire & Oversley, Warwickshire, ENGLAND

William II Baron le Boteler of Wemme
born 1274 Wemme, Salo, Shropshire, England

died 14 September 1335


William I Baron le Boteler of Wemme
died before 11 December 1283


Angharad verch Gruffyd Maelor of Bromfield
born about 1242/45 Bromfield, Lower Powys, Wales

died 22 June 1308

married after 2 October 1262


John le Boteler

Gawaine le Boteler


Ela de Herdeburgh
born about 1276 Wemme, Shropshire, England


Dionyse le Boteler
Anne le Boteler

spouse (other?):

Beatrice wife of William II Baron le Boteler of Wemme
(end of information)

children (from other marriage?):

William le Botiler
born 8 September 1296

died December 1361

biographical and/or anecdotal:

notes or source:

Sir William le Boteler of Wem1

M, b. 11 June 1274, d. before 14 September 1334, #14335

Father Sir William le Boteler of Wem2 d. before 11 December 1283

Mother Ankaret verch Griffith2 b. circa 1248, d. after 22 June 1308

Pop-up Pedigree

Charts Pedigree for Anne Marbury

Note* Her served as Justice of Assize, Conservator of the Peace, and Commander of levies.3

Arms* His arms were Gules crusily or, a fess checky argent and sable. De goules crusule de or a une fesse chekere de argent e de sable. (Parl.). Gu. A fesse chequy sa. and or (als. arg. and sa.) bet. 6 crosslets arg. (Guillim).2,4

Name Variation Sir William le Boteler of Wem was also styled Botiller.2

Birth* He was born on 11 June 1274 at Oversley, Warwickshire, England.2,4,5

Event-Misc* He had livery of his lands on 8 April 1296.4

Marriage* He married first Beatrice (?) before 1298.2,4,5

Summoned He was summoned to serve in Flanders on 2 January 1298.4

Summoned He was summoned to serve against the Scots on 25 May 1298.4

Event-Misc He was kin and heir of Maude de Wemme, who held 3 Kt. Fees, and of Wm. le Boteler, deceased. On 26 October 1298.4

Event-Misc He was kin and heir of Ralph le Boteler of Wmme and of Maud le Boteler on 1 November 1298.4

Marriage* He married second Ela de Herdeburgh, daughter of Sir Roger de Herdeburgh and Ida de Oddingsells, between 1305 and 1310.2,4

Summoned* He was summoned to Parliament by writs directed Willielmlo le Botiller de Wem from 10 March 1308 to 10 October 1325.2,4

Feudal* He held Wem, Whixhall, Hinsock, Fraunkton, Lopington, and Burlington, Salop, and Almington, Staffordshire in 1316.4

Death* He died before 14 September 1334.2,4

Family 1 Ela de Herdeburgh b. say 1282

Marriage* He married second Ela de Herdeburgh, daughter of Sir Roger de Herdeburgh and Ida de Oddingsells, between 1305 and 1310.2,4


Ankaret le Boteler d. 8 Oct 1361

William le Boteler the Younger

Edmund le Boteler

Edward le Boteler

Denise le Boteler

Ida le Boteler

Alice le Boteler

Family 2 Beatrice (?) d. before 22 November 1306

Marriage* He married first Beatrice (?) before 1298.2,4,5


Sir William le Boteler the Elder b. 8 Sep 1296, d. 22 Dec 1361

Last Edited 5 Feb 2005


[S284] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, Blackmere 8.

[S284] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, Blackmere 7.

[S301] Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, p. 34.

[S325] Rev. C. Moor, Knights of Edward I, v. 1, p. 122.

[S301] Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, p. 33.

William le Botiler, 1st Lord le Botiller1

M, #137676, b. 11 June 1274, d. before 14 September 1334

Last Edited=1 Jan 2005

William le Botiler, 1st Lord le Botiller was born on 11 June 1274.1 He was the son of William le Botiler of Wem and Angharad ap Madoc ap Griffith Maelor.1 He married, firstly, Beatrice (?) before 1298.2 He married, secondly, Ela of Herdeburgh, daughter of Roger of Herdeburgh, before February 1315/16.2 He died before 14 September 1334.1 An inquest post mortem was held for his on 14 September 1334.2
On 8 April 1296 he had livery of his brother John's lands.2 He was created 1st Lord le Botiller [England by writ] on 10 March 1307/8.2 He lived at Oversley, Warwickshire, England.2 He lived at Wem, Shropshire, England.2
Child of William le Botiler, 1st Lord le Botiller and Beatrice (?)

William le Botiler+ b. 8 Sep 1298, d. Dec 13612


[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 231. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 232.

William II Baron le Boteler of Wemme
born 1274 Wemme, Salo, Shropshire, England died 14 September 1335


William I Baron le Boteler of Wemme
died before 11 December 1283


Angharad verch Gruffyd Maelor of Bromfield
born about 1242/45 Bromfield, Lower Powys, Wales died 22 June 1308 married after 2 October 1262

siblings: John le Boteler Gawaine le Boteler


Ela de Herdeburgh
born about 1276 Wemme, Shropshire, England


Dionyse le Boteler
Anne le Boteler

spouse (other?):

Beatrice wife of William II Baron le Boteler of Wemme
About William II le Boteler, 1st Lord Botiller William Boteler, who in the 24th year of Edward I was in ward to Walter de Langton, lord treasurer of England, and Walter de Beauchamp, of Alcester, steward of the king's household. This feudal lord obtaining renown in the Scottish wars of the period, was summoned to parliament as a Baron from 10 March 130_ to 10 October 1325. His lordship married 1st Ankeret, daughter of Griffin, and had an only son, William, his successor. He married Ela, daughter and co-heiress of Roger de Herdeburgh, by whom he had two sons, Edmund and Edward, who both died issue less, and four daughters. Children by Ankeret, daughter of Griffin: William, eldest son and heir and successor

le Boteler, Sir William 1st Baron Boteler (I46851)
39864 William le BOTILLER and Ankaret verch GRUFFYDD

William le BOTILLER. (Boteler).
Born (in 1230)(about 1245) in Wemme, Shropshire, England; son of Ralph le BOTELER and Maud PANTULF.

He married Ankaret verch Gruffydd after 1261.

He died on 11 December 1283.

Ankaret verch GRUFFYDD Maelor.
Born (in 1236)(about 1248) (in Powys)(at Bromfield; Lower Powys), Montgomeryshire, Wales; daughter of Gruffydd ap Madog and Emma de Aldithley. (Audley). She died on 22 June 1308.

Genealogy of Ankaret:
Ankaret verch Gruffydd (Gruffydd "Griffith" ap Madoc79, Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor78, Angharad77, Cristin verch Gronwy76, Gronwy75, Owain74, Eadwine "Edwin" ap Gronwy73, Gronwy ap Einion72, Einion ap Owain71, Owain ap Hywel "Dda"70, Hywel "Dda" ap Cadell69, Cadell ap Rhodri Mawr68, Rhodri Mawr ap Merfyn67, Merfyn "the Freckled" ap Gwriad66, Gwriad ap Elidir of Man65, Elidir ap Sandde64, Sandde ap Alewn63, Alewn ap Tegid62, Tegid ap Gwair61, Gwair ap Dwywg60, Dwywg ap Llywarch59, Llywarch Hen ap Elidir58, Elidir ap Meirchion57, Meirchion Gul ap Gwrst56, Gwrst Lledlwin ap Ceneu55, Ceneu54, Coel *53, Tegfan Gloff52, Deheuwaint51, Telpwyll50, Urban49, Gradd "Grat"48, Remetel "Jumetel" Rhyfedel47, Rhydeyrn Rhyfedel46, Euddigan45, Eudeyrn44, Eifudd43, Eudos42, Euddolen41, Eugein40, Afallach39, Beli "Mawr" * the Great38, Manogan * ap Eneid37, Eneid *36, Cerwyd *35, Crydon *34, Dyfnarth Cynfarch *33, Prydain *32, Aedd * Mawr31, Antonius *30, Sisillius *29, Gwrst ? *28, Rhiwallon *27, Cunedda *26, Henwyn * ap Bleiddud25, Bleiddud Cyngen ap Asser24, Asser ap Cyngen23, Cyngen Bleiddud22, Dyfnwal ap Gorbonian21, Gorbonian20, Cymryw Camber19, Brutus *18, Silivius *17, Iulus * Ascanius16, Aeneas *15, Anchisa Anchises14, Capps13, Assaracus12, Tros11, Erichthonius10, Dardanus9, Zerah8, Judah *7, Jacob *6, Isaac *5, Abraham *4, Terah *3, Nahor.

CHILDREN of William le BOTILLER and Ankaret verch GRUFFYDD.
(Sir) William le BOTILER. First Baron Boteler. Born on 11 January 1274, (of Wemme, Shropshire)(in Oversley, Warwickshire), England. He married (1) Beatrice about 1295. He married (2) Ela de HERDEBURGH before February 1316. He died before 14 September 1334, when an inquest post mortem was held for him.
Anne le BOTELER. Born (in 1272)(in 1280) in Wemme, Shropshire, England. She married Gilbert TALBOT.
John Le Boteler was born on 17 Jul 1266.
Gawaine Le Boteler was born on 2 Feb 1269/1270.
Ralph le BOTELER. Born about 1244. Died before 5 June 1307.

[S1]. McMahan/Kilsdonk Ancestors. RootsWeb.
[S2]. Wikipedia, the Free Ecyclopedia.

le Boteler, Sir William (I48158)
39865 William le Latimer, 1st /2nd Lord (Baron) Latimer (of Corby), so created by writ of summons to Parliament 6 Feb 1298/9 (ie. nearly a year prior to the first recorded writ of sommons to his father, though the latter may have been summoned even earlier); fought at English defeat by Scots of Bannockburn 1314, when captured and held at Bothwell till ransomed some eight months after the battle;

fought for Edward II at Battle of Boroughbridge 16 March 1321/2 against the rebellious Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, though one of the latter's supporters till c1318;

Keeper of York Jan 1322/3; envoy to negotiate peace with Scotland 1324;

married 1st by 20 April 1295 (divorce by 22 July 1312) Lucy, younger daughter and coheir of Sir Robert de Thweng, and had issue;

married 2nd by 18 Aug 1314 Sibyl, daughter of Sir Richard de Fourneaux and widow of William de Huntingfield, and died by 12 July 1317, leaving by her a son (Thomas);

his son by his 1st wife [William le Latimer, 3rd Baron]. [Burke's Peerage]


WILLIAM (LE LATIMER), LORD LATIMER, son and heir. He was stated to be aged 40 and more in March 1316/7.

On 7 August 1294 he was attorney for his father,, who was setting out for Gascony, and next year (17 October) he himself had a protection on going there with the King's brother. He was summoned for military service for Gascony 1295, 1324, 1325, and against the Scots 1297 and (as a "baron") 1299 and onward to 1323; and it appears that he held lands of the value of ą20 per annum in Northants and ą40 in Yorks. He was serving with the King in Wales in April 1295. He was summoned to Parliament 6 February 1298/9 ten months before his father, by writ directed Willelmo le Latimer juniori, whereby he also is held to have become LORD LATIMER, and to later Parliaments down to 3 December 1326.

In November 1299 he had a protection on going to Scotland with the King, and in 1303 was in Scotland serving under John de Segrave.

On 12 December 1303, by charter granted at Dunfermline, he obtained a weekly market and annual fair for his manor of Sinnington, co. York, and free warren in the demesne.

In 1305 he had a grant of pontage in aid of a bridge for his town of Yarm, co. York.

In May 1306 the King gave him in fee two parts of the manor of Lamdnby, Cumberland, with its hamlets of Gamblesby and Unthank, valued at ą30 per annum.

In 1307 he was ordered to proceed to Scotland for the defence of the country and of his own possessions.

He was summoned 18 January 1307/8 to the Coronation of Edward II, and in the following March received the custody of Rockingham Castle and the stewardship of the forests between the bridges of Oxford and Stamford.

In 1309 he was at a tournament at Dunstable, and in July was going beyond seas on the King's service. The King in December 1309 wrote on his behalf to the Pope and Cardinals.

In 1311 he had a grant of the custody of the lands of Nicholas Poyntz during minority. The custody of Scarborough Castle was committed to him in January 1311/2, but Henry de Percy refused to give it up.

In 1313 he was forbidden to attend a tournament at Newmarket.

On 7 February 1313/4 he is styled notre cher bacheler monsire William le Latymer in connection with debts of himself and his father. He shared in the English defeat at Bannockburn, 24 June 1314, was taken prisoner, and confined at Bothwell until ransomed, being released before February 1314/5.

On 14 April 1315 he was summoned to a council of war at Doncaster. In the following August he was ordered to remain in the North during the winter campaign.

On 26 June 1317 he had livery of his mother's inheritance. He was at this time an adherent of the Earl of Lancaster, but received pardon on 22 October 1318, and afterwards joined the King's party.

In 1321 he was requested to abstain from illegal confederacies and assemblies, and in particular from attending the meeting of "Good Peers" at Doncaster.

On 6 February 1321/2 he was ordered to raise men to join the King at Coventry and march against Thomas of Lancaster, and to gather the forces of Yorkshire. He fought at Boroughbridge for the King, 16 March 132I/2.

On 4 August following he was going with the Earl of Arundel to Scotland on the King's service, and soon afterwards was a commissioner of array in co. York.

On 19 January 1322/3 he was appointed keeper of the city of York.

In the following June he and William Herle were commissioned to receive the oaths of Robert de Bruce.and other magnates of Scotland to observe a truce for 13 years and to receive hostages; Latimer was to conduct Bruce's envoys in safety on their return to Scotland.

On 8 Nov. 1324 he was one of those empowered to make peace with Robert Bruce.

On 18 February 1326/7 he had licence to grant his manor of Corby to William his son in tail.

He married, 1stly, before 20 April 1295, Lucy, heir of Sir Robert DE THWENG elder brother of Marmaduke, 1st Lord Thweng (and granddaughter of Sir Marmaduke DE THWENG, of Kilton in Cleveland, by Lucy, sister and coheir of Sir Piers DE BRUS, of Skelton and Danby in Cleveland).

On 16 February 1303/4 the Sheriff of York was ordered to find Lucy, wife of William le Latimer the younger, arrest her by force if necessary, and take her back to William's manor of Brunne, co. York, delivering her to William's attorney, as William had left her there to remain during his absence on service in Scotland and she was taken away against his will by force.

On 10 February 1310/1 William and Lucy quitclaimed to the King the manor of Danby with the free chase of Danby (North Riding, Yorks), and the manor of Bozeat (Northants), being of Lucy's inheritance, and they were regranted to William le Latimer for life, with remainder to William son of William and Lucy and his issue, and with further remainder to Lucy and her heirs. A divorce between them had been pronounced before 22 July 1312, when as daughter and heir of Richard [sic] de Thweng she was to be distrained for lands which she and her husband William le Latimer held before their divorce the King having taken her fealty and respited homage till midsummer. A grant by her to her late husband, dated 21 July 1312, gave him the manor of Sinnington for his life. She married, 2ndly, before 29 January 1312/3, Sir Robert DE EVERINGHAM, who died s.p., before 4 April 1316; and, 3rdly, Sir Bartholomew DE FANACOURT. She, who was born 24 March 1278/9, at Kilton Castle, died 8 January 1346/7, and was buried at Guisborough. William le Latimer married, 2ndly, before 18 August 1314, Sibyl, widow of William DE HUNTINGFIELD, of Huntingfield (died September 1313), and daughter of Sir Richard DE FOURNEAUX, and sister and in her issue coheir of William DE FOURNEAUX, of Carlton in Lindrick, Kingston, Notts, &c.

On 28 September 1314 her dower from William de Huntingfield was taken into the King's hand because she had married again without licence. In 1315 William le Latimer and Sibyl sought from Roger de Pedewardyn, keeper of the lands and heir of William de Huntingfield, dower in the manors of Fraunton and Suthorpe, and there was an order restoring her dower on 3 February 1314/5. She died before 23 July 1317. William, Lord Latimer, died 27 February 1326/7, and was buried at Guisborough. [Complete Peerage VII:465-8, XIV:425, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

le Latimer, Sir William IV, 2nd Baron of Corby (I47627)
39866 William le Scrope, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, King of Mann KG (1350–1399) was a close supporter of King Richard II of England. He was a second son of Richard le Scrope, 1st Baron Scrope of Bolton.


He was a soldier-adventurer in Lithuania,[1] Italy and France, where he served with John of Gaunt. Gaunt made him seneschal of Aquitaine in 1383.[2] He was made vice-chamberlain of the household of King Richard II in 1393 and granted the castle and manor of Marlborough in Wiltshire.[3] In the same year his father purchased for him the Isle of Man from the earl of Salisbury, giving him the nominal title Dominus de Man or King of Mann.[4] In 1394 he became a Knight of the Garter.

He was created Earl of Wiltshire in 1397 and became Lord High Treasurer in 1398.[5] He became effective head of the government in Richard's absence.[6] He benefitted from the confiscated estates of Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, who was kept for a time under his care in the Isle of Man, and of John of Gaunt; he also accumulated control of a number of strategic castles.[7] He was left 2,000 marks in King Richard's will in April 1399.

He had been closely involved in Richard's second marriage to the 6-year-old Isabella of Valois in 1396 [8] and was made Isabella's guardian at Wallingford Castle,[9] of which he was castellan,[10] when the King went to Ireland in 1399.

Together with Sir John Bussy, Sir William Bagot and Sir Henry Green he had been made responsible for assisting Edmund of Langley, Duke of York in the defence of the realm during Richard's absence, when the exiled Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford seized his chance to invade. Scrope was captured with Bussy and Green when Bristol Castle surrendered to Henry on July 28, 1399. He was executed without trial at Bristol Castle, together with Bussy and Green, and his head carried to London in a white basket to be displayed on London Bridge. After Hereford's ascendance to the throne as Henry IV, Parliament confirmed the sentence and determined that all his estates and title were to be forfeit to the crown.[11]


He married in 1396 Isabel Russell (d.1437), 2nd. daughter of Sir Maurice Russell (1356–1416) of Dyrham, Glos. and Kingston Russell, Dorset.[12]


An attempt was made by Simon Thomas Scrope to reclaim the Earldom by a collateral descendant, over 500 years later. Although he was proven to be the senior heir male general, the claim failed on other grounds.

In 1869, the Committee for Privileges of the House of Lords, after a series of hearings beginning in 1862 under the title of Wiltes Claim of Peerage 4 HL 126, rejected the claim of Simon Thomas Scrope, of Danby, to the Earldom of Wiltes (Wiltshire) granted to William le Scrope, above. It was proved that Simon Thomas Scrope was the senior heir male of the Earl of Wiltes, but the Committee for Privileges decided that as a matter of law an English peerage could not descend to heirs male general who were not directly descended from the original grantee; they also rejected arguments based on the irregularity of the original sentence by Henry IV before he had become King. The Committee declined to follow its own earlier decision in the Devon Peerage Claim (1831) 5 English Reports 293, in which a grant to "heirs male" had been allowed to pass to heirs male collateral.


Jump up ^ Christopher Tyerman, England and the Crusades, 1095-1588 (1996), p. 270.
Jump up ^ Scrope
Jump up ^ The Scropes and the Isle of Man
Jump up ^ Bolton Castle
Jump up ^ E. B. Fryde, Handbook of British Chronology (1996), p. 106.
Jump up ^ John Smith Roskell, Parliament and Politics in Late Medieval England II (1981), p. 61.
Jump up ^ Anthony Emery, Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales, 1300-1500 (1996), p. 497.
Jump up ^ Michael Bennett, Richard II and the Revolution of 1399 (1999), p. 79.
Jump up ^ Wallingford Characters
Jump up ^ Wallingford Characters
Jump up ^ Baron Scrope of Bolton
Jump up ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004, Scrope, William
Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed] 
le Scrope, Sir William Knight, 1st Earl of Wiltshire (I46053)
39867 William Logan alias "Clench" or "Clinch" was born around 1709 and may have emigrated from England or Scotland. William was frequently mentioned in Spottsylvania Co., Virginia court records from 1731 to 1743 for assault, battery and trespass and was fined for "... gaming and playing cards on the Lord's Day."

The meaning of "alias Clench" is a mystery. One theory is that, as was the custom in those days, it was used as a discriminant and "Clench" or "Clinch" was William's mother's maiden name.

William was the father of the four Logan brothers, all of Lincoln County, North Carolina, who fought at the Battle of King's Mountain on October 7, 1780, which was an important Patriot victory in the southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War.

William, Jr. and Joseph were Patriots and served in Mattock's Company as Whigs; Thomas and John were Loyalists and served with Ferguson's Unit of the British Army as Tories.

Children of William Logan are:

*William Logan II, 1749-1832, married Jane Black
*Joseph Logan, Baptist Minister, married Anna "Annie" Bias Zachariah
*Thomas Logan, 1750-1780, injured & left on battlefield (may have survived)
*John Logan b.1755. married Native American Pamela Collins in 1780.

Logan, William "Clinch" (I34661)
39868 William Logue, Sr. is cited as a Revolutionary Soldier in a listing from Hancock, Georgia. What's he doing in Georgia? Logue, William Sr. (I31564)
39869 William Longespâee (circa 1176 - 7 March 1226), biography, Source (S7022)
39870 William Longespâee was the illegitimate son of the first Plantagenet king, Henry II and Ida de Tosny, a member of the Tosny (or Toesny) family. The epithet "Longespâee" ,or Longsword is a reference to his great size and the huge weapons he wielded.

Ida de Tosny was a royal ward who became the mistress of King Henry II. The first evidence of contemporary information about Ida came to light in 1979 with the publication in the of two charters found in the Bradenstoke Priory Cartulary where he mentions "Comitissa Ida, mater mea" (Countess Ida, my mother), until then, it was assumed that Rosamund Clifford, a previous and more famous mistress of King Henry II's, was William's mother. Four years after William's birth, in 1181, Ida de Tosny was married to Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk, by whom she had a number of children.

King Henry II readily acknowledged William as his son and in 1188 granted him the honour of Appleby in Lincolnshire. Following the death of his father in 1189, his half brother King Richard I 'the Lionheart' succeeded to the throne, William began his successful military career by fighting alongside his half brother in Normandy.

King Richard arranged for the marriage of his half brother to the young heiress, Ela FitzPatrick, who was Countess of Salisbury in her own right, the daughter of William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury and Elâeonore de Vitrâe.

Richard died of a crossbow wound at Chalus, near Limoges in 1199 to be succeeded by his younger brother, King John, William held various offices during John's reign, sheriff of Wiltshire; lieutenant of Gascony; constable of Dover; and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports; and later warden of the Welsh Marches. He was appointed sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire about 1213.

William LongswordWilliam took part in John's Welsh and Irish expeditions of 1210-1212. In 1213, Salisbury led a large fleet to Flanders, where he seized or destroyed a good part of a French invasion fleet anchored at or near Damme, then the port of Bruges, thus temporarily ending the French invasion threat.

In 1214, Salisbury was dispatched to aid John's nephew and ally, Otto IV of Germany, in his invasion of France. Salisbury commanded the right wing of Otto's army at their disastrous and decisive defeat in that year at the Battle of Bouvines, where he was taken prisoner by the French.

William returned to England to find the barons in revolt against John, he was one of the few who remained loyal to his unpopular half brother. In the civil war that broke out the year after the signing of the Magna Carta, William served as one of the leaders of the king's army in the south. Along with William Marshall he raised the siege of Lincoln, but after Prince Louis of France, son and heir of the John's arch enemy French King Philip II 'Augustus' landed in England in alliance with the rebels, Salisbury, assuming John's cause now lost, deserted him and went over to the rebels.

William LongswordWhile retreating before this incursion, King John died of dysentry at Newark on the wild stormy night of 18th October, 1216, leaving England in a state of anarchy and civil war. His nine year old son Henry was crowned King Henry III of England at the Abbey Church of Gloucester with a circlet belonging to his mother Isabella of Angouleme, since his father had previously lost the royal treasure in the Wash.

After the defeat of Louis, Salisbury joined the cause of John's young son Henry. By 1218, the English and French signed the Treaty of Lambeth, which agreed that the French prince Louis would surrender his claims to the English throne.

William held an influential place in the government during the young king's minority and fought in Gascony to help secure the remaining remnant of the once great Angevin Empire in France. He fell sick after campaigning in Gascony in 1226. Salisbury's ship was nearly lost in a storm while returning to England, and he spent some months in refuge at a monastery on the French island of Râe.

William Longespâee died on 7 March 1226 at Salisbury Castle soon after his return to England. Roger of Wendover alleged that he had been poisoned by Hubert de Burgh. He was buried at Salisbury Cathedral of which he had been a benefactor. His eldest son William succeeded to the title Earl of Salisbury, His widow, Ela, Countess of Salisbury lived on until 1261 and was buried in Lacock Abbey.

The tomb of William Longespâee was opened in 1791, inside his skull was found the remains of a rat which carried traces of arsenic. The rat is now on display at the Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum.

Longespee, Sir William (Plantagenet) 3rd Earl of Salisbury (I37358)
39871 William Longespâee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury (c. 1176 – 7 March 1226) ("Long Sword", Latinised to de Longa Spatha) was an English noble, primarily remembered for his command of the English forces at the Battle of Damme and for remaining loyal to his half-brother, King John. His nickname "Longespâee" is generally taken as a reference to his great size and the outsize weapons he wielded.

Early life

He was an illegitimate son of Henry II, King of England. His mother was unknown for many years until the discovery of a charter William made that mentions "Comitissa Ida, mater mea" (Countess Ida, my mother).[1][2] This referred to Ida de Tosny, a member of the prominent Tosny (or Toesny) family, who had married Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk[3] in 1181.

Prior to the discovery of the charter mentioning Countes Ida, speculation and folklore gave Rosamond Clifford, another misress of Henry II, as William's mother. URL

King Henry acknowledged William as his son and gave him the honour of Appleby, Lincolnshire, in 1188. Eight years later, his half brother King Richard I married him to a great heiress, Ela of Salisbury, 3rd Countess of Salisbury.

During the reign of King John, Salisbury was at court on several important ceremonial occasions and held various offices: sheriff of Wiltshire; lieutenant of Gascony; constable of Dover; and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports; and later warden of the Welsh Marches. He was appointed sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire about 1213.

Military career

He was a commander in the king's Welsh and Irish expeditions of 1210–1212 and was appointed Viceroy of Ireland, jointly with John de Gray, Bishop of Norwich, when the king left for England in 1210.[4] The king also granted him the honour of Eye in Suffolk.

In 1213, Salisbury led a large fleet to Flanders, where he seized or destroyed a good part of a French invasion fleet anchored at or near Damme. This ended the invasion threat but not the conflicts between England and France. In 1214, Salisbury was sent to help Otto IV of Germany, an English ally, who was invading France. Salisbury commanded the right wing of the army at their disastrous defeat in that year at the Battle of Bouvines, where he was captured.

By the time he returned to England, revolt was brewing amongst the barons. Salisbury was one of the few who remained loyal to John. In the civil war that took place the year after the signing of the Magna Carta, Salisbury was one of the leaders of the king's army in the south. He was made High Sheriff of Wiltshire again, this time for life. After raising the siege of Lincoln with William Marshall he was also appointed High Sheriff of Lincolnshire (in addition to his current post as High Sheriff of Somerset) and governor of Lincoln castle. However, after the French prince Louis (later Louis VIII) landed as an ally of the rebels, Salisbury went over to his side. Presumably, he thought John's cause was lost.

Tomb of William Longespâee in Salisbury Cathedral
After John's death and the departure of Louis, Salisbury, along with many other barons, joined the cause of John's young son, now Henry III of England. He held an influential place in the government during the king's minority and fought in Gascony to help secure the remaining part of the English continental possessions. He was appointed High Sheriff of Devon in 1217 and High Sheriff of Staffordshire and Shropshire in 1224. Salisbury's ship was nearly lost in a storm while returning to England in 1225, and he spent some months in refuge at a monastery on the French island of Râe.


He died not long after his return to England at Salisbury Castle. Roger of Wendover alleged that he was poisoned by Hubert de Burgh. He was buried at Salisbury Cathedral in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.

William Longespâee's tomb was opened in 1791. Bizarrely, the well-preserved corpse of a rat which carried traces of arsenic, was found inside his skull.[5] The rat is now on display in a case at the Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum.[5]


A terracotta statue of Longespâee, dating from 1756, is located in the Great Hall of Lacock Abbey in Lacock, Wiltshire, England. A likeness of his wife Ela is also on display, while several other statues are believed to show their children.


By his wife Ela, Countess of Salisbury, he had four sons and six daughters:[6]

William II Longespâee (1212?–1250), who was sometimes called Earl of Salisbury but never legally bore the title because he died before his mother, Countess Ela, who held the earldom until her death in 1261.
Richard, a canon of Salisbury.
Stephen (d. 1260), who was seneschal of Gascony and married Emeline de Ridelsford, widow of Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster. Their two daughters were Eleanor Longspee, who married Sir Roger La Zouche and Emeline Longspee, who married Sir Maurice FitzMaurice, Justiciar of Ireland.
Nicholas (d. 1297), bishop of Salisbury.
Isabella Longespâee, who married Sir William de Vesci.
Ela Longespâee, who first married Thomas de Beaumont, 6th Earl of Warwick, and then married Philip Basset. No issue.[7]
Ida Longespâee, married firstly Ralph who was son of Ralph de Somery, Baron of Dudley, and Margaret, daughter of John Marshal;[7] she married secondly William de Beauchamp, Baron of Bedford, by whom she had six children, including Maud de Beauchamp, wife of Roger de Mowbray.[8]
Ida II de Longespâee (she is alternatively listed as William and Ela's granddaughter: see notes below), married Sir Walter FitzRobert, son of Robert Fitzwalter, by whom she had issue including Ela FitzWalter, wife of William de Odyngsells. Ela's and Williams's grandsons include William de Clinton and John de Grey.[7]
Mary Longespâee, married. No issue.[7]
Pernel Longespâee.

Longespee, Sir William (Plantagenet) 3rd Earl of Salisbury (I37358)
39872 William M Harris was the son of Clark M Harris and Nancy Garner

William married Clarinda Cowan in Gordon County, GA.

Additional information from death record.

Name: William Harris
Titles and Terms:
Event Date: 23 Nov 1926
Death Year (Estimated):
Age (Formatted): 80 years 3 months 16 days
Event Place: Fulton, Georgia, United States
Birth Date: 06 Aug 1846
Birth Year (Estimated):
Gender: Male
Marital Status:
Race: White
Ethnicity: American 
Harris, William M. (I40391)
39873 William M. Hennessee, testimony, written 15 Dec 1982 to Barbara R. Claxton, 1208 Desert Eve Drive,Alamagordo,NM 88310 Source (S321)
39874 William M. Hennessee, testimony, written 29 Jan 1983 to Barbara R. Claxton, 1208 Desert Eve Drive, Alamagordo, NM 88310 Source (S319)
39875 William M. Hennessee, testimony, written 29 Jan 1983 to Barbara R. Claxton, 1208 Desert Eve Drive, Alamagordo, NM 88310 Source (S6328)
39876 William M. Hennessee,testimony,written 15 Dec 1982 to Barbara R. Claxton,
1208 Desert Eve Drive,Alamagordo,NM 88310 
Source (S335)
39877 William M. Hennessee,testimony,written 15 Dec 1982 to Barbara R. Claxton,
1208 Desert Eve Drive,Alamagordo,NM 88310
Frank Benson email | 20 Feb 2011 | 
Source (S2161)
39878 William M. Hennessee,testimony,written 15 Dec 1982 to Barbara R. Claxton,
1208 Desert Eve Drive,Alamagordo,NM 88310
United States Census, 1930 for Ray Hill (HH) in Lawrence Co.,AR 
Source (S2164)
39879 William M. Hennessee,testimony,written 15 Dec 1982 to Barbara R. Claxton,
1208 Desert Eve Drive,Alamagordo,NM 88310;Chada,Bob & Tammie:FGR
United States Census, 1930 for Ray Hill (HH) in Lawrence Co.,AR 
Source (S2157)
39880 William M. Hennessee,testimony,written 29 Jan 1983 to Barbara R. Claxton,
1208 Desert Eve Drive,Alamagordo,NM 88310 and 1870 Lawrence Co.,AR Census,
p. 261,abstracted by Midge Stouffer;1880 Lawrence Co.,AR census...Skete Turner 
Source (S3343)
39881 William M. Hennessee,testimony,written 29 Jan 1983 to Barbara R. Claxton,
1208 Desert Eve Drive,Alamagordo,NM 88310 |
United States Census, 1910 for Drice Spence 
Source (S29953)
39882 William M. Hennessee,testimony,written 29 Jan 1983 to Barbara R. Claxton,
1208 Desert Eve Drive,Alamagordo,NM 88310;"Lawrence Co.,AR Marriage Records" 
Source (S29951)
39883 William M. Hennessee,testimony,written 29 Jan 1983 to Barbara R. Claxton,
1208 Desert Eve Drive,Alamagordo,NM 88310;1910 Lawrence Co.,AR census 
Source (S29962)
39884 William M. Hennessee,testimony,written 29 Jan 1983 to Barbara R. Claxton,
1208 Desert Eve Drive,Alamagordo,NM 88310;Chada,Bob & Tammie;FGR 
Source (S29955)
39885 William M. Hennessee,testimony,written 29 Jan 1983 to Barbara R. Claxton,
1208 Desert Eve Drive,Alamagordo,NM 88310;Chada,Bob & Tammie;FGR;
1900 Lawrence Co.,AR census,abstracted by Ginger Turner 
Source (S3357)
39886 William made his money operating a grist mill and a distillery. The profits were used to expand his land holdings and to purchase slaves (he owned 47 by 1830). In the late 1820s he built an immense estate which he also called Brook Hall. The 8,800 square foot home consisted of 26 rooms, including a ballroom. There were several unique features including a suite of rooms built for the colonel's daughters that could only be accessed through a hidden stairway. The house sat 3 stories tall and included a basement. Byars, William M. (I13379)

William Madison Moore born Sparta, White Co. TN, 25 March 1835. Married about 1858 in Sparta, White Co.TN to Marian (Martha) Meeks, born 17 Nov. 1840 in Sparta to Charles Meeks and wife Nancy. I have copy of page in marriage book where license was issued, was not later filed for recording.1

Following service and capture and being in several prisons he was traded at the end of the war after promising service to the State of the Union, and returned to Sparta, White Co. TN.2 Another child, Charles Meeks Moore was born 4 Feb. 1866 in TN. Some hard feelings caused family upset and as a result W.M. and family left for the south-west arriving in Coryell County in the late 1860's. At first the family settled in the southern part of the county, land which was later taken over by Ft. Hood. Some time in the 70's they relocated to an area of the county known at that time as Waldo, Coryell Co.3 No trace of Waldo remains and after moving across the nearby McLennan Co. line, they settled on some of the best farm land in the country4. Children of William M. and Marian Moore are:

1. Nancy Moore, born 1859, White Co. TN, married J.W.Dowis, daughter , Jeaneane Dowis Lipman.
2. Rance P. Moore born about 1863. Married 1. Virginia 2. Jesse Alice Oglesby.
3. Charles Meeks Moore, born 4 Feb. 1866 married 15 Nov. 1894 in Tyler, Smith Co. TX to Bertha Georgia Amelia Albertson.56
4. Hugh Moore, born about 1869. Eugene, lived New Mexico, has 3 girls
5. John W. Moore born 14 Jan. 1872. Never married. No children
6. Clark Moore, born about 1875. M. Willis Hopkins, no children.
7. Joe Moore, married, Joe Ann, William Madison.
8. James B. Moore, born April 1877. Married Catherine Barcus, son Richard, children: Robert E. (Bobby)and Dick Moore
9. Ida Crain Moore born Jan. 1882.
10. Mae Moore born 31 Jan. 1885.
11. Frank Moore born after 1885

This growing family managed to miss the census in 1870 and 1880, not appearing on a census until 1900 In McLennan County, page 174 A #179-188.7
Moore, Wm. M. b 1841 59 TN TN TN Landlord
Marion .1842 57 " " "
James Apr 1877 23 TX TN " Dentist8
Joseph Apr 1879 21 " " " Student
Ida Jan 1882 18 9 " " "
Frank Nov.1885 16 " " " At school
Not positive of birth order, have conflicting info.

William Madison Moore died 18 Feb. 1922 and is buried in the McGregor cemetery. Marion Meeks Moore Died 30 Oct 192610 and is buried by his side in the McGregor cemetery. Also buried there are Ida who died 22 March 1957; Mae who died 9 March 1968 and Dr. John W. who died 27 July 1910, James B.(Dent) who


Third child of Wm.M.and Marion Moore was born in Sparta, White Co. TN 14 Feb. 1866 and was brought to Texas at an early age by his parents and grew up in Coryell County Texas, very near the McLennan county line on some of the best farm land in the country. The little town was called Waldo and nothing is left to mark it's place. The house that existed up into the 90's has been captured in early and late photos that show the passage of time by the trees.

All of Wm.M.'s boys became doctors or dentists, with Charles M. becoming a Doctor and was in Tyler, Smith Co. TX. There he met a lovely, educated, first generation norwegian girl, Bertha Georgia Amelia Albertson and they were married 15 Nov. 1894.11 Bringing his bride to Coryell County, they are listed on the 1900 census page 174A #260 with first born Elif Albertson Moore. Later children were Fred William and Bruce Vivian Moore. Bruce died at the age of nine. Doctor Moore's first practice was on horseback, and he was named on call by the Santa Fe Railroad, which ran Through Clifton and as Clifton had no hospital, he took his patients to Temple by train. Dr. Moore was always interested in farm land and cattle operations, up on retirement he moved to his farm in Coryell County near Hurst Springs.12

Charles Meeks Moore died 4-12-1940 and was buried in the Clifton Cemetery. Bertha Albertson Moore died 18-10-194213 and is buried at his side.

Elif Moore was an educator. After serving in the medical corp of the AEF in World War I, he graduated with B.A. from Austin College in 1921, and finished with a M.A. at the University of Texas. He was
Principle of Meridian High School and then taught at the Clifton Lutheran College in Clifton. He married Torese Jorgenson and they had three daughters, Marcelle, Doris and Ruth.
Elif Moore died in 1969 and is buried in the Clifton cemetery. Torese is at his side.

Fred William was a graduate of Texas A. & M. College. He became a Principal at the Meridian Public schools and later as Superintendant of the Iredell Public Schools where he met and married Elizabeth Carol Smith daughter of Mrs. Bettie Smith of Walnut Springs, TX. on April 20, 1929. He soon went into the farming business with his father and they removed to the Hurst Springs ranch. Their children were:

1. Elizabeth Carol Moore, born 1930 living
2. Charles William Moore, born 5 Nov 1931 living
3. Ellen Ann Moore, born 1942 living

Fred died 30 June 1952 and is buried in the Clifton cemetery,Carol died 12 Nov. 1982 and is at his side.


1 Book 1838, -81 Marriage records of White Co, TN. With note from County Clerk that liscense was not returned for filing.
2 Civil War records of Wm. Maddison Moore. Also contains description of said Moore.
3 First legal information found was 8 Feb. 1872, bought land from Jno.Christy.
4-4-1881 Wm. M. Moore paid taxes on 150 acres of F.Ramsdale survey.
R.P.Moore (Rance) paid taxes on 120 acres of J. Lindall and horses.
8-8-1884 bought 120 acres on county line.
8-8-1885 & 7-20-95 bought land
11-18-1876 bought 160 acres from Wm Oglesby (Rance's father in law)
4 Photo of Moore home, McLennan Co. TX in earlier days and again many years later.
5 Photo of Dr. Charles Meeks Moore.
6 Have copy of marriage record.
7 1900 Census McLennan Co. TX.
8 Photo of Dr. Jim Moore.
9 Photo of Ida Crain Moore
10 Waco Tribune-Herald Nov. 1, 1926. Obituary of Marion Meeks Moore. died in 1920.
11 Smith Co. TX Marriages listed alphabetically., have copy of marriage record.
12 1900, 1910 Census of Bosque County.
13 Death certificate.
14 Death Certificate.
15 Obituary 12 Nov 1982 
Moore, William Madison (I16872)
39888 William married Isabel STAVELEY, Of Bignell [1334], daughter of William STAVELEY [231] and Alice FRANCIS [235], in 1488 in Staindrop, Durham, England. (Isabel STAVELEY, Of Bignell [1334] was born in 1460 in Bignell, Oxford, England, christened on 16 Jul 1492 of Bignell, Buckingham, England and died in 1545 in , Buckingham, England.) Family F13678
39889 William married twice, but produced no surviving male progeny:

Firstly in September 1214, aged 24, William married Alice de Bethune (d. pre-1215), daughter of his father's ally Baldwin of Bethune. She was murdered while pregnant with her son. No surviving male progeny resulted, as her son died as she did.[2] There are no existing sources to prove this, they simply state she died nine months after the marriage. Shortly before her death she was involved in a land dispute, leading to theories she was murdered. [3]

Secondly in 1224 William married Eleanor of Leicester, youngest daughter of King John by Isabella of Angoulăeme, thereby strengthening the Marshal family's connection with the Plantagenets. No surviving progeny resulted. 
Family F15996
39890 william Marrs Logue b.1777
allyrisley? (View posts) Posted: 18 Jan 2013 10:22PM
Classification: Query
Surnames: Edwards, Logue, Marrs

Seeking info on where the Marrs names fits into my tree. William Marrs Logue was born in 1777 in VA to William Logue (b. 1760 MD, yes this makes him 17 when he had W. Marrs, so correct me if you know something I don't) & Martha Jane Edwards (b. 1757 Scotland). Assuming the Marrs comes from Marthas side but I hit a wall at William Logue Sr. & Martha, so it could come from either side. Any info is appreciated. 
Edwards, Martha Jane (I31565)
39891 William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1146 or 1147 - 14 May 1219), also called William the Marshal (Norman French: Williame le Mareschal), was an Anglo-Norman soldier and statesman.[1] He served five English kings – The "Young King" Henry, Henry II, Richard I, John, and Henry III.

Knighted in 1166, he spent his younger years as a knight errant and a successful tournament fighter; Stephen Langton eulogized him as the "best knight that ever lived."[2] In 1189, he received the title of Earl of Pembroke through marriage during the second creation of the Pembroke Earldom. In 1216, he was appointed protector for the nine-year-old Henry III, and regent of the kingdom.

Before him, his father's family held an hereditary title of Marshal to the king, which by his father's time had become recognized as a chief or master Marshalcy, involving management over other Marshals and functionaries. William became known as 'the Marshal', although by his time much of the function was actually delegated to more specialized representatives (as happened with other functions in the King's household). Because he was an Earl, and also known as the Marshal, the term "Earl Marshal" was commonly used and this later became an established hereditary title in the English Peerage.

Early life

Tomb effigy of William Marshal in Temple Church, London
William's father, John Marshal, supported King Stephen when he took the throne in 1135, but in about 1139 he changed sides to back the Empress Matilda in the civil war of succession between her and Stephen which led to the collapse of England into "the Anarchy".[4]

When King Stephen besieged Newbury Castle in 1152, according to William's biographer, he used the young William as a hostage to ensure that John kept his promise to surrender the castle. John, however, used the time allotted to reinforce the castle and alert Matilda's forces. When Stephen ordered John to surrender immediately or William would be hanged, John replied that he should go ahead saying, "I still have the hammer and the anvil with which to forge still more and better sons!" Subsequently there was a bluff made to launch William from a pierriáere, a type of trebuchet towards the castle. Fortunately for the child, Stephen could not bring himself to harm young William.[5] William remained a crown hostage for many months, only being released following the peace that resulted from the terms agreed at Winchester on 6 November 1153 that ended the civil war.


As a younger son of a minor nobleman, William had no lands or fortune to inherit, and had to make his own way in life. Around the age of twelve, when his father's career was faltering, he was sent to Normandy to be brought up in the household of William de Tancarville, a great magnate and cousin of young William's mother. Here he began his training as a knight. This would have included basic biblical stories and prayers written in Latin, as well as exposure to French romances, which conferred the basic precepts of chivalry to the budding knight.[6] In addition, while in Tancarville’s household, it is likely that Marshal also learned important and lasting practical lessons concerning the politics of courtly life. According to his thirteenth-century biography, L'Histoire de Guillaume le Marechal, Marshal had a number of adversaries in court who machinated to his disadvantage—these individuals likely would have been threatened by the boy’s close relationship with the magnate.[7] He was knighted in 1166 on campaign in Upper Normandy, then being invaded from Flanders. His first experience in battle came with mixed reviews. According to L'Histoire, everyone who witnessed the young knight in action agreed that he had acquitted himself well in combat. However, as medieval historian David Crouch explains, “War in the twelfth century was not fought wholly for honour. Profit was there to be made…”[8] On this front, Marshal was not so successful, as he was unable to parlay his combat victories into profit from either ransom or seized booty. As described in L'Histoire, the Earl of Essex, who was expecting the customary tribute from his valorous knight following battle, jokingly remarked: “Oh? But Marshal, what are you saying? You had forty or sixty of them — yet you refuse me so small a thing!”[9] In 1167 he was taken by William de Tancarville to his first tournament where he found his true mâetier. Quitting the Tancarville household he then served in the household of his mother's brother, Patrick, Earl of Salisbury. In 1168 his uncle was killed in an ambush by Guy de Lusignan. William was injured and captured in the same skirmish. It is known that William received a wound to his thigh and that someone in his captor's household took pity on the young knight. He received a loaf of bread in which were concealed several lengths of clean linen bandages with which he could dress his wounds. This act of kindness by an unknown person perhaps saved Marshal's life as infection setting into the wound could have killed him. After a period of time, he was ransomed by Eleanor of Aquitaine, who was apparently impressed by tales of his bravery.

Thereafter he found he could make a good living out of winning tournaments, dangerous, often deadly, staged battles in which money and valuable prizes could be won by capturing and ransoming opponents, their horses and armour. His record is legendary: on his deathbed he recalled besting 500 knights during his tourneying career.[10]

Royal favour

13th-century depiction by Matthew Paris of the Earl of Pembroke's coat of arms[11]
Upon his return during the course of 1185 William rejoined the court of King Henry II, and now served the father as a loyal captain through the many difficulties of his final years. The returns of royal favour were almost immediate. The king gave William the large royal estate of Cartmel in Cumbria, and the keeping of Heloise, the heiress of the northern barony of Lancaster. It may be that the king expected him to take the opportunity to marry her and become a northern baron, but William seems to have had grander ambitions for his marriage. In 1188 faced with an attempt by Philip II to seize the disputed region of Berry, Henry II summoned the Marshal to his side. The letter by which he did this survives, and makes some sarcastic comments about William's complaints that he had not been properly rewarded to date for his service to the king. Henry therefore promised him the marriage and lands of Dionisia, lady of Chăateauroux in Berry. In the resulting campaign, the king fell out with his heir Richard, count of Poitou, who consequently allied with Philip II against his father. In 1189, while covering the flight of Henry II from Le Mans to Chinon, William unhorsed the undutiful Richard in a skirmish. William could have killed the prince but killed his horse instead, to make that point clear. He is said to have been the only man ever to unhorse Richard. Nonetheless after Henry's death, Marshal was welcomed at court by his former adversary, now King Richard I, who was wise to include a man whose legendary loyalty and military accomplishments were too useful to ignore, especially in a king who was intending to go on Crusade.[1]

During the old king's last days he had promised the Marshal the hand and estates of Isabel de Clare (c.1172–1220), but had not completed the arrangements. King Richard however, confirmed the offer and so in August 1189, at the age of 43, the Marshal married the 17-year-old daughter of Richard de Clare (Strongbow). Her father had been Earl of Pembroke, and Marshal acquired large estates and claims in England, Wales, Normandy and Ireland. Some estates however were excluded from the deal. Marshal did not obtain Pembroke and the title of earl, which his father-in-law had enjoyed, until 1199, as it had been taken into the king's hand in 1154. However, the marriage transformed the landless knight from a minor family into one of the richest men in the kingdom, a sign of his power and prestige at court. They had five sons and five daughters, and have numerous descendants.[1] William made numerous improvements to his wife's lands, including extensive additions to Pembroke Castle and Chepstow Castle.[citation needed]

William was included in the council of regency which the King appointed on his departure for the Third Crusade in 1190. He took the side of John, the king's brother, when the latter expelled the justiciar, William Longchamp, from the kingdom, but he soon discovered that the interests of John were different from those of Richard. Hence in 1193 he joined with the loyalists in making war upon him. In spring 1194, during the course of the hostilities in England and before King Richard's return, William Marshal's elder brother John Marshal (who was serving as seneschal) was killed while defending Marlborough for the king's brother John. Richard allowed Marshal to succeed his brother in the hereditary marshalship, and his paternal honour of Hamstead Marshall. The Marshal served the king in his wars in Normandy against Philip II. On Richard's death-bed the king designated Marshal as custodian of Rouen and of the royal treasure during the interregnum.[1]

King John and Magna Carta

A 13th-century depiction of the Second Battle of Lincoln, which occurred at Lincoln Castle on 20 May 1217; the illustration shows the death of Thomas du Perche, the Comte de la Perche

William supported King John when he became king in 1199, arguing against those who maintained the claims of Arthur of Brittany, the teenage son of John's elder brother Geoffrey Plantagenet. William was heavily engaged with the defence of Normandy against the growing pressure of the Capetian armies between 1200 and 1203. He sailed with King John when he abandoned the duchy in December 1203. He and the king had a falling out in the aftermath of the loss of the duchy, when he was sent with the earl of Leicester as ambassadors to negotiate a truce with King Philip II of France in 1204. The Marshal took the opportunity to negotiate the continued possession of his Norman lands.

Before commencing negotiations with King Philip, William had been generously permitted to do homage to the King of France by King John so he might keep his possessions in Normandy; land which must have been of sentimental value due to the time spent there in his youth and adolescence. However, once official negotiations began, Philip demanded that such homage be paid exclusively to him, which King John had not consented to.[12] When William paid homage to King Philip, John took offence and there was a major row at court which led to cool relations between the two men. This became outright hostility in 1207 when John began to move against several major Irish magnates, including William. Though he left for Leinster in 1207 William was recalled and humiliated at court in the autumn of 1208, while John's justiciar in Ireland Meilyr fitz Henry invaded his lands, burning the town of New Ross.

Meilyr's defeat by Countess Isabel led to her husband's return to Leinster. He was once again in conflict with King John in his war with the Braose and Lacy families in 1210, but managed to survive. He stayed in Ireland until 1213, during which time he had Carlow Castle erected[13] and restructured his honour of Leinster. Taken back into favour in 1212, he was summoned in 1213 to return to the English court. Despite their differences, William remained loyal throughout the hostilities between John and his barons which culminated on 15 June 1215 at Runnymede with the sealing of Magna Carta. William was one of the few English earls to remain loyal to the king through the First Barons' War. It was William whom King John trusted on his deathbed to make sure John's nine-year-old son Henry would get the throne. It was William who took responsibility for the king's funeral and burial at Worcester Cathedral.[1]

On 11 November 1216 at Gloucester, upon the death of King John, William Marshal was named by the king's council (the chief barons who had remained loyal to King John in the First Barons' War) to serve as protector of the nine-year-old King Henry III, and regent of the kingdom. In spite of his advanced age (around 70) he prosecuted the war against Prince Louis and the rebel barons with remarkable energy. In the battle of Lincoln he charged and fought at the head of the young King's army, leading them to victory. He was preparing to besiege Louis in London when the war was terminated by the naval victory of Hubert de Burgh in the straits of Dover. [1]

William was criticised for the generosity of the terms he accorded to Louis and the rebels in September 1217; but his desire for an expeditious settlement was dictated by sound statesmanship. Self-restraint and compromise were the keynote of Marshal's policy, hoping to secure peace and stability for his young liege. Both before and after the peace of 1217 he reissued Magna Carta, in which he is a signatory as one of the witnessing barons.

Death and legacy

William Marshal was interred in Temple Church, London
Marshal's health finally failed him early in 1219. In March 1219 he realised that he was dying, so he summoned his eldest son, also William, and his household knights, and left the Tower of London for his estate at Caversham in Berkshire, near Reading, where he called a meeting of the barons, Henry III, the Papal legate Pandulf Verraccio, the royal justiciar (Hubert de Burgh), and Peter des Roches (Bishop of Winchester and the young King's guardian). William rejected the Bishop's claim to the regency and entrusted the regency to the care of the papal legate; he apparently did not trust the Bishop or any of the other magnates that he had gathered to this meeting. Fulfilling the vow he had made while on crusade, he was invested into the order of the Knights Templar on his deathbed. He died on 14 May 1219 at Caversham, and was buried in the Temple Church in London, where his tomb can still be seen.[1]

Descendants of William Marshal and Isabel de Clare

William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (1190–6 April 1231), married (1) Alice de Bâethune, daughter of Earl of Albemarle; (2) 23 April 1224 Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter of King John of England. They had no children.
Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke (1191–16 April 1234), married Gervase le Dinant. He died in captivity. They had no children.
Maud Marshal (1194–27 March 1248), married (1) Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk, they had four children; (2) William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey, they had two children; (3) Walter de Dunstanville.
Gilbert Marshal, 4th Earl of Pembroke (1197–27 June 1241), married (1) Marjorie of Scotland, youngest daughter of King William I of Scotland; by an unknown mistress he had one illegitimate daughter:
Isabel Marshal, married to Rhys ap Maeldon Fychan.
Walter Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke (c. 1199 – November 1245), married Margaret de Quincy, Countess of Lincoln, granddaughter of Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester. No children.
Isabel Marshal (9 October 1200 – 17 January 1240), married (1) Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, whose daughter Isabel de Clare married Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale, the grandfather of Robert the Bruce; (2) Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cornwall
Sibyl Marshal (c. 1201–27 April 1245), married William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby–they had seven daughters.
Agnes Ferrers (died 11 May 1290), married William de Vesci.

Isabel Ferrers (died before 26 November 1260)
Maud Ferrers (died 12 March 1298), married (1) Simon de Kyme, and (2) William de Vivonia (de Forz), and (3) Amaury IX of Rochechouart.
Sibyl Ferrers, married Sir Francis or Franco de Bohun.
Joan Ferrers (died 1267)
Agatha Ferrers (died May 1306), married Hugh Mortimer, of Chelmarsh.
Eleanor Ferrers (died 16 October 1274), married to:

Eva Marshal (1203–1246), married William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny

Isabella de Braose (b.1222), married Prince Dafydd ap Llywelyn. She died childless.
Maud de Braose (1224–1301), in 1247, she married Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Mortimer and they had descendants.
Eva de Braose (1227 – 28 July 1255), married Sir William de Cantelou and had descendants.
Eleanor de Braose (c.1228–1251). On an unknown date after August 1241, she married Sir Humphrey de Bohun and had descendants.

Anselm Marshal, 6th Earl of Pembroke (c. 1208–22 December 1245), married Maud de Bohun, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford. They had no children.
Joan Marshal (1210–1234), married Warin de Munchensi (d. 1255), Lord of Swanscombe
Joan de Munchensi (1230–20 September 1307) married William of Valence, the fourth son of King John's widow, Isabella of Angoulăeme, and her second husband, Hugh X of Lusignan, Count of La Marche. Valence was half-brother to Henry III and Edward I's uncle.

The fate of the Marshal family

During the civil wars in Ireland, William had taken two manors that the Bishop of Ferns claimed but could not get back. Some years after William's death, that bishop is said[14] to have laid a curse on the family that William's sons would have no children, and the great Marshal estates would be scattered. Each of William's sons did become earl of Pembroke and marshal of England, and each died without legitimate issue. William's vast holdings were then divided among the husbands of his five daughters. The title of "Marshal" went to the husband of the oldest daughter, Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk, and later passed to the Mowbray dukes of Norfolk and then to the Howard dukes of Norfolk, becoming "Earl Marshal" along the way. The title of "Earl of Pembroke" passed to William of Valence, the husband of Joan Marshal's daughter, Joan de Munchensi; he became the first of the de Valence line of earls of Pembroke.

Through his daughter Isabel, William is ancestor to the both the Bruce and Stewart kings of Scots. Through his granddaughter Maud de Braose, William is ancestor to the last Plantagenet kings, Edward IV through Richard III, and all English monarchs from Henry VIII and afterward. 
Marshal, Sir William Knight, 1st Earl Pembroke (I45546)
39892 William Maudit (or Mauduit), 8th Earl of Warwick (c. 1220 – 8 January 1267) was an English nobleman and participant in the Barons' War.

He was the son of Alice de Beaumont (daughter of the 4th Earl) and William de Maudit, and so was the grandson of Waleran de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Warwick. His father was the Lord of Hanslope and hereditary Chamberlain of the Exchequer, a title that went back to another William Maudit who held that office for Henry I.

He adhered to Henry III in the wars with the barons. He was surprised in his own castle, Warwick Castle by John Giffard, the governor of Kenilworth Castle. The walls of the castle were destroyed and the countess taken prisoner to Kenilworth, and only released on payment of a ransom nineteen hundred marks.

William Mauduit made the inner ward in the northwestern corner of Portchester Castle (Portus Adurni) for an unknown reason. This was made in 1090 and is a Norman Castle and had palisades on each side of the castle.

William Maudit married to Alice de Segrave and had no issue[1]. When he died, his estates passed to his sister, Isabel de Maudit, who had married William de Beauchamp. She died shortly after Warwick's death and the title passed to their son William Beauchamp, as the 9th Earl of Warwick.


This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (February 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Beaumont, J.P., Edward T. The Beaumonts in History. A.D. 850-1850. Oxford.
Hollister, C. Warren (1978). "The Origins of the English Treasury". English Historical Review. 93: 262–275. doi:10.1093/ehr/XCIII.CCCLXVII.262.
External links[edit] 
Mauduit, Sir William Knight, 8th Earl of Warwick (I46009)
39893 William MERRYMAN and Margaret LANE had the following children:

child72 i. Jemima MERRYMAN was born on 24 Nov 1726. She died on 13 Aug 1736.
child73 ii. Margaret MERRYMAN was born on 24 Feb 1727/28. She died on 5 Aug 1736.
child74 iii. William MERRYMAN was born on 11 Apr 1729.
child75 iv. George MERRYMAN was born on 25 Oct 1734.
child76 v. Joanna MERRYMAN was born on 15 Oct 1736.
child+77 vi. Chloe MERRYMAN. 
Merriman, William (I29373)
39894 William Mitchell, telephone interview, August 28, 2015, 716.691.6508, Source (S7550)
39895 William Montagu, alias de Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury, 3rd Baron Montagu, King of Mann (1301 – 30 January 1344) was an English nobleman and loyal servant of King Edward III.

The son of William Montagu, 2nd Baron Montagu, he entered the royal household at an early age and became a close companion of the young Prince Edward. The relationship continued after Edward was crowned king following the deposition of Edward II in 1327. In 1330, Montagu was one of Edward's main accomplices in the coup against Roger Mortimer, who up until then had been acting as the king's protector.

In the following years Montagu served the king in various capacities, primarily in the Scottish Wars. He was richly rewarded, and among other things received the lordship of the Isle of Man. In 1337, he was created Earl of Salisbury, and given an annual income of 1000 marks to go with the title. He served on the Continent in the early years of the Hundred Years' War, but in 1340 he was captured by the French, and in return for his freedom had to promise never to fight in France again. Salisbury died of wounds suffered at a tournament early in 1344.

Legend has it that Montagu's wife Catherine was raped by Edward III, but this story is almost certainly French propaganda. William and Catherine had six children, most of whom married into the nobility. Modern historians have called William Montague Edward's "most intimate personal friend"[3] and "the chief influence behind the throne from Mortimer's downfall in 1330 until his own death in 1344."[4]

Family background

William Montagu, born at Cassington, Oxfordshire in 1301, was the second but eldest surviving son of William Montagu, 2nd Baron Montagu, and Elizabeth de Montfort, daughter of Sir Peter Montfort of Beaudesert, Warwickshire.[5] by Matilda/Maud de la Mare daughter and heiress of Henry de la Mare of Ashtead, Surrey, Royal Justice, Seneschal of William Longspree II Earl of Salisbury.[6] The Montagu family, a West Country family with roots going back to the Conquest, held extensive lands in Somerset, Dorset and Devon.[7] The father, William Montagu, distinguished himself in the Scottish Wars during the reign of Edward I, and served as steward of Edward II's household. Some members of the nobility, including Thomas of Lancaster, viewed Montagu with suspicion, as a member of a court party with undue influence on the king.[8] For this reason he was sent to Aquitaine, to serve as seneschal. Here he died on 18 October 1319.[8] Even though he sat in parliament as a baron, the second lord Montagu never rose above a level of purely regional importance.[9]

Early service

The younger William was still a minor at the time of his father's death, and entered the royal household as a ward of the king in 1320.[10] On 21 February 1323 he was granted his father's lands and title.[5] His service to Edward II took him abroad to the Continent in both 1320 and 1325.[5] In 1326 he was knighted.[9] After the deposition of Edward II in 1327, Montagu continued in the service of Edward's son Edward III. He helped the new king in repelling the Scottish invasion of 1327, and was created knight banneret in 1328.[5]

Montagu enjoyed a close relationship with Edward III, and accompanied him abroad on a diplomatic mission in 1329. That same year he was sent on an embassy to negotiate a marriage alliance with King Philip VI of France.[5] His most important task, however, came in connection with a mission to the Papacy in Avignon. The young king—along with his government—was under the dominance of his mother Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer, who had been responsible for the deposition of the king's father.[11] Montagu explained the king's situation, and Pope John XXII asked for a special signal that assure him that he was dealing with the king in person. After Montagu's return, Richard Bury, Keeper of the Privy Seal, wrote to inform the pope that only letters containing the words pater sancte (holy father), in Edward's own handwriting, were indeed from the king. Only Edward, Bury and Montagu were party to the scheme.[12]

Coup against Mortimer

When Mortimer discovered the conspiracy against him, Montagu was brought in for interrogation – along with the king – but gave nothing away.[10] Afterward he supposedly advised Edward to move against his protector, because "It was better that they should eat the dog than that the dog should eat them".[5] On 19 October 1330, while Mortimer and Isabella were entrenched in Nottingham Castle, the constable of the castle showed Montagu a secret entrance through an underground tunnel.[13] Along with Edward de Bohun, Robert Ufford, and John Neville and others, he entered the castle, where he met up with the king.[5] A short brawl followed before Mortimer was captured. The queen stormed into the chamber shouting "Good son, have pity on noble Mortimer".[14] Edward did not obey his mother's wishes, and a few weeks later Mortimer was executed for treason in London.[15] As a reward for his part in the coup, Montagu was given lands worth ą1000, including the Welsh lordship of Denbigh that had belonged to Mortimer.[16] His family also benefited; his brother Simon Montacute became Bishop of Worcester and later of Ely.[17] Another brother, Edward Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu, married Alice of Norfolk, a co-heir of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk.[18]

Service under Edward III

Edward III founded the Order of the Garter in 1348, and included Salisbury's son among the founding members.
In the years to come, Montagu acted as Edward's closest companion.[3] In April 1331, the two went on a secret expedition to France, disguised as merchants so they would not be recognised. In September of the same year, Montagu held a tournament at Cheapside, where he and the king were costumed as Tartars.[5] From 1333 onwards, Montagu was deeply engaged in the Scottish Wars, and distinguished himself at the Siege of Berwick and the Battle of Halidon Hill. It was after this event that his lordship over the Isle of Man was recognised, a right he held from his grandfather.[5] The lordship was at the moment of a purely theoretical nature, however, since the island was still under Scottish control.

In February 1334 Montagu was sent on a commission to Edinburgh, to demand Edward Balliol's homage to Edward. In the great summer campaign of 1335, it was Montagu who provided the largest English contingent, with 180 men-at-arms and 136 archers.[5] He was well rewarded for his contributions: after the Scots had been forced to cede the Lowlands, Montagu was granted the county of Peeblesshire. He was also allowed to buy the wardship of Roger Mortimer's son Roger for 1000 marks, a deal that turned out to be very lucrative for Montagu.[19] At this point, however, the fortunes were turning for the English in Scotland. Montagu campaigned in the north again in 1337, but the siege of Dunbar met with failure.[20] Following the abortive attempt in Scotland, Edward III turned his attention to the continent.

The Hundred Years' War

Montagu was created Earl of Salisbury on 16 March 1337. This was one of six comital promotions Edward III made that day, in preparation for what was to become the Hundred Years' War.[21] To allow Montagu to support his new status, the king granted him land and rent of a value of 1000 marks a year. The money was provided from the royal stannaries of Cornwall.[22] A contemporary poem tells of a vow made by the earl on the eve of the wars – he would not open one of his eyes while fighting in France. The story is probably a satire; the truth was that Montagu had already lost the use of one of his eyes in a tournament.[23]

In April 1337, Montagu was appointed to a diplomatic commission to Valenciennes, to establish alliances with Flanders and the German princes.[24] In July 1338, he accompanied the king on another mission to the continent, again providing the greatest number of soldiers, with 123 men-at-arms and 50 archers.[5] In September of that year he was made Marshal of England. After the death of Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk, this office had come into the hands of Norfolk's daughter Margaret. The king did not trust the office with her husband, so he decided instead to bestow it on his trusted companion, Montagu.[25] Edward's policy of building alliances put him in great debt, and when he left the Low Countries to return to England late in 1338, Salisbury had to stay behind as surety to the king's debtors, along with the king's family and the Earl of Derby.[26] The earl had earlier voiced concerns about the costly alliances, but he nevertheless remained loyal to the king's strategy.[27]

While Edward was away, Salisbury was captured by the French at Lille in April 1340, and imprisoned in Paris.[5] Reportedly, King Philip VI of France wanted to execute Salisbury and Robert Ufford, Earl of Suffolk, who was captured with him. Philip was, however, dissuaded by John of Bohemia, who argued that the earls could come in handy in an exchange, should any French noblemen be captured.[28] Though released on parole in September, it was not until May 1342 that he reached a final settlement with the French. Salisbury was freed in a prisoner exchange, but only on the condition that he never fight in France again.[5]

Final years

Salisbury's residence of Bisham Manor in Berkshire.
Salisbury had long been frustrated by the failure of the government in England to provide sufficient funds for the war effort.[29] On his return, however, he played little part in the conflict of 1341 between King Edward and Chancellor John Stratford. In May that year he was appointed to a committee to hear the king's charges against Stratford, but little came from this.[30] In 1342–43 he fought with Robert of Artois in the Breton War of Succession, and in 1343 helped negotiate the Truce of Malestroit.[5] It was probably sometime after this he made good his claim on the Isle of Man, by conquering the island which was until then held by the Scots.[5]

His final international commission took place late in 1343, when he accompanied Henry of Grosmont, Earl of Derby, on a diplomatic mission to Castile.[5] Early in 1344 he was back in England, where he took part in a great tournament at Windsor. It was during this tournament, according to the chronicler Adam Murimuth, that he received wounds that would prove fatal.[5] Salisbury died on 30 January 1344. He was buried at Bisham Priory in Berkshire, adjoining his home, Bisham Manor. He had founded the priory himself in 1337, on his elevation to the earldom.[31] King Edward's financial obligations were never paid in full during the earl's lifetime, and at Salisbury' death the king owed him ą11,720. Of this, some ą6374 were written off by his executors in 1346.


In or before 1327 Salisbury married Catherine, daughter of William de Grandison, 1st Baron Grandison. Two anecdotal stories revolve around Catherine Montagu; in one she is identified as the "Countess of Salisbury" from whose dropped garter Edward III named the Order of the Garter.[5] In the other, Edward III falls in love with the countess, and arranges to be alone with her so he can rape her. Neither story is supported by contemporary evidence, and the latter almost certainly is a product of French propaganda.[32]

William and Catherine had six children, most of whom made highly fortunate matches with other members of the nobility.[18] The first Earl of Salisbury made enormous additions to the family fortune; at the time of his father's death, the lands had been valued at just over ą300. In 1344, only the annual income of the lands has been estimated to more than ą2,300,[18] equivalent to about ą1.82 million in present day terms.[33] Edward was also free with granting franchises to Salisbury, including the return of writs, which gave the earl authority in his lands normally held by the royally appointed sheriff.[34] Salisbury's oldest son William succeeded his father in July 1349, while still a minor, as William Montagu, 2nd Earl of Salisbury.[35] The younger William was one of the founding members of the Order of the Garter, but he never enjoyed the same favour with the king as his father had.[9]

The children of William and Catherine were as follows:[36]

Name Birth Death Notes
Elizabeth Montagu — 1359 Married Hugh le Despencer, 2nd Baron le Despencer before 27 April 1341
Married Guy de Brian, 4th Baron Brian, after 1349

William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury 1328 1397 Succeeded his father 11 June 1349[37]
John de Montacute, 1st Baron Montacute 1330 1390 Father of John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury
Philippa Montagu 1332 1381 Married Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March
Sibyl Montagu — — Married Edmund FitzAlan, the disinherited son of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel
Agnes Montagu — — Was contracted to marry John, eldest son of Roger Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Ruthyn
Alice Montagu — — Married Ralph Daubeney, son of Helias Daubeney, 1st Baron Daubeney

Montagu, Sir William Knight, 1st Earl of Salisbury (I43561)
39896 William Morton, obituary, "Southern Standard", 5 Mar 1993,
abstracted by Margie Tucker. 
Source (S33013)
39897 William MOULTON
[F7490]. William MOULTON.
Born about 1617 at Ormsby, Norfolkshire, England. Ormsby lies “near Great Yarmouth and not far from Norwich, in County Norfolk.”

William came to New England with the family of Robert PAGE [F7614] in 1637, when he was 20 years old. William MOULTON and John MOULTON , both of Ormsby and later Newbury in Massachusetts, were both “examined” on the same day, on 11 APR 1637, before leaving England. John was born about 1599 in Ormsby, and was probably a brother to William; though with the age difference, he could have been his father. Thomas MOULTON was probably another brother. He also lived in Newbury, Massachusetts and Hampton, New Hampshire; but he finally settled in York, Maine.

Two ships apparently sailed together, and these brothers came on one or the other of them. One was the ship John and Dorethy of Ipswich, with William Andrews the master. The other ship was the Rose, commanded by the son of William Andrews.

They probably landed at Boston, and then they went to Newbury, Massachusetts. They remained there a little over a year.

They then joined a new settlement at Winnacunnett, now Hampton, Rockingham County, New Hampshire in (1639-S?). There William MOULTON “took up his permanent abode” near Thomas MOULTON and John MOULTON.

He married Margaret PAGE [7491] about 1651, and they settled for a short time near her parents. William and Margaret moved to Hampton, New Hampshire in (1639-S?)(in 1651-S?).

His will was dated 8 MAR 1663. (Essex County, Mass., Probate Records, Vol. 2, ppg 9-11). In it he declares himself to be “sick and weak of body.” He died 18 APR 1664. He left a large estate, a double mansion in one of the best locations in the new township, with orchards, tillable land, meadows, and marshes, as well as considerable personal estate.

[F7491]. Margaret PAGE.
Born in 1629 at Ormsby, Norfolkshire, England; daughter of Robert PAGE [(F7614)] and Lucy (Lucia) WARD [(F7615)] . She married (1) William MOULTON [F7490] about 1651. She married (2) Lieutenant John SANBORN. She died 13 JUL 1699, probably at Hampton, New Hampshire.

CHILDREN of William MOULTON [F7490] and Margaret PAGE [F7491]:
Joseph MOULTON. He married 24 MAY 1677 to Bathyah SWAINE, daughter of William SWAINE.
Benjamin MOULTON. Born about 1648. He married Hannah WALL, dau. of James WALL. He died 28 MAR 1728.
Hannah MOULTON. Born 15 FEB 1652. She married Josiah SANBORN. She died 6 NOV 1687.
Mary MOULTON. Born in 1654. She died 27 JUL 1664. However, Savage says she also married Jonathan HAYNES, who married (2) her sister Sarah.
[F3745]. Sarah MOULTON . Born 17 DEC 1656. She married 30 DEC 1674 to Jonathan HAYNES [F3744] of Newbury, Massachusetts.
Ruth MOULTON. Born 7 MAY 1659. She married Richard SANBORN.
Robert MOULTON. Born 8 NOV 1661. He married 29 MAY 1689 to Lucy SMITH. He died 11 OCT 1732.
William MOULTON. Born 25 MAY 1664. He married (1) 27 MAY 1685 to Abigail WEBSTER, daughter of John WEBSTER, Jr. of Ipswich, Massachusetts. She died 24 JUL 1723. He married (2) Sarah. He owned land in Amesbury and Salisbury. He is called in various records, Weaver, Inn Holder, Trader, Merchant. He had a shop Near Moulton Hill in Newbury, and he made silver buckles and ornaments. His will was dated 12 OCT 1732, and was proved on 30 OCT 1732.

[S1]. Some Descendants of John Moulton and William Moulton of Hampton, N. H., 1592-1892. Compiled by Augustus F. Moulton. Reprinted by Higginson Book Co., Derby Square, Salem, Mass. 01970.
Moulton, William (I32385)
39898 William O. Chisam, son of Overton DeWeese and Celia (Hash) Chisam, husband to Mary Jane Clark.

It has been handed down that William lived to be 101 and died in 1951, and perhaps the last two numbers of his death date are reversed on the stone, however, I haven't found documents on William past 1910.

Chisam, William Overton "Billy" (I34181)
39899 William of Salisbury, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (died 1196) was an Anglo-Norman peer. Though he is generally known as such, his proper title was Earl of Wiltshire, which title was conferred on his father by the Empress Maud around 1143. He was also called William FitzPatrick. (No relation to the Irish medieval dynasts who bore the surname "Fitzpatrick", which itself is a later anglicization of the Irish "Mac Giolla Phâadraig".)

He was the son and heir of Patrick of Salisbury, Earl of Wiltshire, styled Earl of Salisbury, and of Ela Talvas.[1]


He married Elâeonore, daughter of Robert III de Vitrâe of Tilliers. He died without male issue in 1196. Their only daughter and heiress, was Ela of Salisbury, 3rd Countess of Salisbury who married William Longespâee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, who was half-brother to the king.

Service to Richard

William bore the golden sceptre at the coronation of King Richard I, but the next year when the king became a prisoner in Almaine, he was one of those who adhered to the then Count of Mortain, who later became King John of England. In 1194 he served as High Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset. In 1195, William was back with King Richard in the expedition into Normandy and upon his return to England was one of Richard's great council assembled at Nottingham. The Earl of Salisbury was one of the four earls who supported the canopy of state at the second coronation of Richard that same year [2] 
Salisbury, Sir William of Knight, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (I43133)
39900 William P. Hammond was born in Lincoln County, Tennessee in 1827 to Thomas Hammond and Mary Vaughn. He first married Elizabeth Ann Heflin in Lawrence County, Alabama on March 28th, 1850.

He served in Company K of the 4th Alabama Cavalry, CSA when the war came.

He survived and returned home. By 1879, he was in Conway County, Arkansas, where he married a second time to Susan A. Wordley on April 13th. He had at least six children from these two marriages.
Hammond, William P. (I14212)

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