Notes


Matches 39,601 to 39,700 of 41,877

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   Notes   Linked to 
39601 This is no doubt she...DAH

https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MC6Q-QN8
ame: Mary Ann Meek
vent Type: Census
vent Date: 1850
vent Place: White county, White, Tennessee, United States
ender: Female
ge: 12
arital Status:
ace (Original):
ace:
irthplace: Tennessee
irth Year (Estimated): 1838
ouse Number: 59
amily Number: 59
ine Number: 26
ffiliate Publication Number: M432
ffiliate Film Number: 900
S Film number: 444856
igital Folder Number: 004206057
mage Number: 00015
ollection: Mary Ann Meek in household of Charles Meek, "United States Census, 1850" 
Meek, Marian Moon (I16889)
 
39602 This is probably John & antecedents... https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/SPX5-GTS Bieber, John (I34125)
 
39603 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Price, Sarah Jane (I38216)
 
39604 This is probably Senith B. MOORE, listed as her older sister...DAH Moore, Betheana (I17521)
 
39605 This is the information I have for Tennessee V(irginia) Webb

1860 census: Tennessee Webb, age 12, birth abt 1848 TN, McMinnville, Warren, TN
1880 census: Tennessee Bess, age 28, birth abt 1852 TN, District 13, Warren, TN, Spouse William Bess
1900 census: Tennessee V. Bess, age 38, birth June 1861 GA, married 38 years, Spouse William T. Bess, 5 of 9 children living

Marriage: Tennessee Webb to W. B. Bess, 7 Nov 1869, Warren County (source:
TN compiled marriage records)
Death: presumed shortly after 1900 based on her husband William being listed as a widow in 1910 census.
Also William's 1935 obit says he lived the last 35 years of his life with his daughter Sallie Bess Lorhum.
Burial: no info

Father Jesse Webb (1818 - ?)
Mother Elizabeth Henry (1822 - ?)
Married 10 Feb 1842, Rhea County, TN

Jesse Webb's parents were Townsend Webb (1787-1826) and Nancy Kendrick (1790-1826).

Townsend Webb's parents were Jesse Webb and Didama Townsend.

William Bess is listed on various documents throughout his life with three different middle initials: T, B, and M.

Most records for Tennie indicate she as well as her parents were born in TN, however her 1880 census record says her father was born in Georgia and her
1900 census record says she was born in Georgia but her father was born in TN. Go figure!

FYI, the half-brother Henry who is mentioned in William Bess' obit is Henry Jackson Bess (1870-1951), youngest child of Thomas Bess and Franky Webb. All of William's other siblings (from mother Mary Polly Ellis) and half-siblings (from Frankly Webb) predeceased him.

Lori 
Webb, Tennessee "Tennie" (I33476)
 
39606 This is the probate file for Hannah Brown Hennessee (wife of William R Hennessee):



end of message 
Brown, Hannah M. (I1809)
 
39607 This is the same son sometimes shown as Joseph M. Hembree. He is confused with Joel Joseph Emery (b. 1802NC) of Union Co, IL.:

"Joel Hembry married Eve Fite March 17, 1828 in Rowan County, NC." Eva Fite was born c. 1805 NC, the daughter of Henry Fite and Deborah Fraley. Joel is listed in the 1830 and 1840 censuses for Rowan County but was in Illinois by 1845. According to the 1850 Census, his youngest son Moses was born 1843 in Kentucky. His eldest son remained or returned to North Carolina, where he served in the Confederate Army.

His other sons served for the Union. In the 1860 Census for Union Co, Illinois he is listed as "Joseph Emery" (age 60) with wife "Evie Emery" (age 55). He is apparently the son of John Hembrie/Emery b.1766 NC who lived in Rowan Co, NC.

The Joel Hembree of Cocke Co, TN 1840 is ours. He is then found in the 1850 Census for Jefferson Co, TN. We think he died before 1860 in that county but he may have left Tennessee. 
Hembree, (Joel) Joseph M. (I48877)
 
39608 This James Byars is a provisional son of John Byars. This family is presented as connected for the purpose of recording data that will prove or disprove their relationship. gst He left a will in Granville Co.,
NC in 1799, in which he names his wife Sarah, William Byars and William Bullock as executors.

It was witnessed by Ruth Grinage, Guliemus Byars. Heirs were four daughters, all minors: Betsy Byars, Catey Byars, Nancy Glen Byars, and Lucy Bullock Byars. 
Byars, James (I39339)
 
39609 This lady's death certificate indicates that she is the daughter of Emanuel Hennessee and Caroline E Johnson. She is Sarah W Hennessee. She married George I Farr and they were the parents of a daughter, Mannie B Farr.
Sarah died of influenza. Her widower was subsequently admitted to the Western NC asylum and died there in 1929. He is buried there. 
Hennessee, Sarah W. (I1216)
 
39610 This link may identify John: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=33372732 Byars, John (I5621)
 
39611 This marriage cannot be located in Warren or White county registries...DAH Family F14388
 
39612 This may be "Bee":

Birth: Jul. 13, 1898
Death: Oct. 29, 1968


Family links:
Spouse:
Annie Sparkman George (1898 - 1977)

Children:
Eucle George (1919 - 2003)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Crain Hill Cemetery
White Hill
Van Buren County
Tennessee, USA

Created by: Jenifer Crone
Record added: Mar 24, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 67397049

end of note 
George, Bee (I49618)
 
39613 This may be Florence...

Name: N F Mobley
itles and Terms:
vent Type: Census
vent Year: 1910
vent Place: Justice Precinct 1, Montague, Texas, United States
istrict: 162
ender: Female
ge: 30
arital Status: Married
ace: White
ace (Original): White
elationship to Head of Household: Wife
elationship to Head of Household (Original): Wife
irth Year (Estimated): 1880
irthplace: Tennessee
mmigration Year:
ather's Birthplace: Tennessee
other's Birthplace: Tennessee
heet Number and Letter: 14A
ousehold ID: 224
ine Number:
ffiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
ffiliate Publication Number: M1283
S Film number: 1375592
igital Folder Number: 004454393
mage Number: 00032
Household Gender Age Birthplace
ead R W Mobley M 29 Texas
ife N F Mobley F 30 Tennessee
on Melvin Mobley M 9 Texas
on Willie Mobley M 7 Texas
aughter Ella Mobley F 5 Texas
aughter Allie Mobley F 4 Texas
on Jim Mobley M 1 Texas
Citing this Record:
United States Census, 1910," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M2SJ-1TY : accessed 30 Aug 2013), N F Mobley in entry for R W Mobley, 1910. 
Hudson, Nora Florence "Florence" (I29371)
 
39614 This may be Geneva's parents & siblings:

Name: Geneva Carlton
itles and Terms:
vent Type: Census
vent Year: 1920
vent Place: Murfreesboro Ward 6, Rutherford, Tennessee, United States
istrict: 128
ender: Female
ge: 0
arital Status: Single
ace: White
ace (Original): White
an Read:
an Write:
elationship to Head of Household: Daughter
elationship to Head of Household (Original): Daughter
wn or Rent:
irth Year (Estimated): 1920
irthplace: Tennessee
mmigration Year:
ather's Birthplace: Tennessee
other's Birthplace: Tennessee
heet Number and Letter: 14B
ousehold ID: 353
ine Number: 65
ffiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
ffiliate Publication Number: T625
S Film number: 1821760
igital Folder Number: 004392010
mage Number: 00325
Household Gender Age Birthplace
ead Martha Guy F 71 Tennessee
riend Sallie Wright F 38 Tennessee
ead Willie E Carlton M 36 Tennessee
ife Levy B Carlton F 34 Tennessee
aughter Mabel J Carlton F 10 Tennessee
aughter Nadine Carlton F 9 Tennessee
aughter Geneva Carlton F 0 Tennessee
Citing this Record:
United States Census, 1920," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MNR7-SLW : accessed 11 Feb 2014), Geneva Carlton in household of Martha Guy, Murfreesboro Ward 6, Rutherford, Tennessee, United States; citing sheet , family 353, NARA microfilm publication T625, FHL microfilm 1821760. 
Carlton, Geneva (I507)
 
39615 This may be Harrison...

Name: Hennessee
Event Type: Death
Event Date: 11 Jan 1916
Event Place: Lawrence, Arkansas
Gender:
Age (Original):
Race:
Birth Year (Estimated):
Certificate Number: 902
Page Number:
Volume Number: 4
Affiliate Film Number: 19141923



Citing this Record:
"Arkansas Death Index, 1914-1950," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VJR6-NVB : accessed 17 January 2015), Hennessee, 11 Jan 1916; derived from "Arkansas, Death Index, 1914-1950," index and images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 2005); a multigenerational derivative citing Division of Vital Records, Arkansas Department of Health, Arkansas Death Index, 1914-1950 (Arkansas: Arkansas Genealogical Society). 
Hennessee, Harrison J. (I1210)
 
39616 This may be he & his partial family...

https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NSCH-P7G
ame: Maranda Kirby Mckinnie
vent: Death
vent date: 24 Sep 1931
vent place: Nashville, Davidson, Tennessee
ender: Female
arital status: Married
ace or color: White
ge: 73
stimated birth year:
irth date: 1858
irthplace: Tenn
pouse: James B. Mckinnie
ather: Shelby Kirby
ather's birthplace: Dont Know
other: Mary Kirby Cagle
other's birthplace: Tenn.
ccupation: Housekeeper
treet address: Bull Run Creek Road
esidence:
emetery:
urial place: Marrowbone Creek
urial date: 25 Sep 1931
nformant:
dditional relatives:
igital folder number: 4184123
mage number: 1998
ilm number: 1876780
olume/page/certificate number: cn 19483
ollection: Shelby Kirby in entry for Maranda Kirby Mckinnie, "Tennessee, Death Records, 1914-1955" 
Kirby, Isaac Shelby (I32708)
 
39617 This may be her daughter...

https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VT29-TJ2
ame: Ronald O Flint
ame Suffix:
vent Type: Marriage
vent Date: 18 Mar 1989
vent Place: Travis, Texas, United States
ge: 32
irth Year (Estimated): 1957
pouse's Name: Kathleen H Heft
pouse's Age: 35
pouse's Birth Year (Estimated): 1954
ertificate Number: 023860
ffiliate County Code: 227
ollection: Kathleen H Heft, "Texas, Marriages, 1966-2010" 
Hennessee, Ellen Kathleen "Kathleen" (I21446)
 
39618 This may be her family...

https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M23P-F3V
ame: Fannie M Campbell
irthplace: Texas
elationship to head of household: Daughter
esidence: Forney, Kaufman, Texas
arital status: Single
ace : White
ender: Female
mmigration year:
ather's birthplace: Illinois
other's birthplace: Texas
amily number: 16
age number: 1
ollection: Fannie M Campbell in household of William Campbell, "United States Census, 1910" 
Campbell, May Dell Fannie (I812)
 
39619 This may be her family...

Name: Marie Smith
itles and Terms:
vent Type: Census
vent Year: 1930
vent Place: Dunlap, Sequatchie, Tennessee, United States
istrict: 0004
ender: Female
ge: 16
arital Status: Single
ace: White
ace (Original): White
elationship to Head of Household: Daughter
elationship to Head of Household (Original): Daughter
irth Year (Estimated): 1914
irthplace: Tennessee
mmigration Year:
ather's Birthplace: Tennessee
other's Birthplace: Tennessee
heet Number and Letter: 13B
ousehold ID: 277
ine Number: 71
ffiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
ffiliate Publication Number: T626
ffiliate Film Number: 2271
S Film number: 2342005
igital Folder Number: 004547919
mage Number: 00525
Household Gender Age Birthplace
ead John M Smith M 54 Tennessee
ife Dona Smith F 48 Tennessee
aughter Velma Smith F 20 Tennessee
aughter Marie Smith F 16 Tennessee
aughter Myrtle Price F 31 Tennessee
randson Bobbie Price M 8 Tennessee
randdaughter Betty J Price F 5 Tennessee
Citing this Record:
United States Census, 1930," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/SP7M-S3J : accessed 09 Aug 2013), Marie Smith in entry for John M Smith, 1930. 
Smith, Geneva Marie "Marie" (I937)
 
39620 This may be her family...

Name: Mary L Long
vent Type: Census
vent Date: 1850
vent Place: Cabarrus county, Cabarrus, North Carolina, United States
ender: Female
ge: 18
arital Status:
ace (Original):
ace:
irthplace: North Carolina
irth Year (Estimated): 1832
ouse Number: 888
amily Number: 888
ine Number: 31
ffiliate Publication Number: M432
ffiliate Film Number: 622
S Film number: 18108
igital Folder Number: 004189785
mage Number: 00546
Household Gender Age Birthplace
acob G Long M 37 North Carolina
artha Long F 44 North Carolina
ary L Long F 18 North Carolina
ohn G Long M 16 North Carolina
anah A Long F 14 North Carolina
argaret S Long F 10 North Carolina
artha C Long F 8 North Carolina
arah E Long F 4 North Carolina
Citing this Record:
United States Census, 1850," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M4BW-GFL : accessed 13 Dec 2013), Mary L Long in household of Jacob G Long, Cabarrus county, Cabarrus, North Carolina, United States; citing dwelling 888, family 888, NARA microfilm publication M432, roll 622. 
Long, Mary Lou (I38081)
 
39621 This may be his family:

Name: Elmer Jones
Titles and Terms:
Event Type: Census
Event Date: 1920
Event Place: Civil District 13, Warren, Tennessee, United States
District: ED 136
Gender: Male
Age: 15
Marital Status: Single
Race: White
Race (Original): White
Can Read: Yes
Can Write: Yes
Relationship to Head of Household: Son
Relationship to Head of Household (Original): Son
Own or Rent:
Birth Year (Estimated): 1905
Birthplace: Tennessee
Immigration Year:
Father's Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother's Birthplace: Tennessee
Sheet Letter: B
Sheet Number: 4
Sheet Number and Letter: 4B
Household ID: 82
Line Number: 78
Affiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
Affiliate Publication Number: T625
Affiliate Film Number: 1769
GS Film Number: 1821769
Digital Folder Number: 004968829
Image Number: 00891


Household Role Sex Age Birthplace
Albert Jones Head M 47 Tennessee
Ada Jones Wife F 49 Tennessee
Marion Jones Son M 17 Tennessee
Elmer Jones Son M 15 Tennessee



Citing this Record:
"United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MNGR-189 : accessed 29 July 2017), Elmer Jones in household of Albert Jones, Civil District 13, Warren, Tennessee, United States; citing ED 136, sheet 4B, line 78, family 82, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1769; FHL microfilm 1,821,769. 
Jones, Noah Elmer (I49124)
 
39622 This may be his father...

https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M2SL-S8Q
ame: George W Stapleton
irthplace: Texas
elationship to Head of Household: Self
esidence: Justice Precinct 2, Nolan, Texas
arital Status: Married
ace : White
ender: Male
mmigration Year:
ather's Birthplace: Tennessee
other's Birthplace: Georgia
amily Number: 112
age Number: 6
ollection: United States Census, 1910 
Stapleton, Jesse Vernon (I2018)
 
39623 This may be Jesse with spouse and children...https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/K77J-2SJ Harmon, Jesse Lea (I30064)
 
39624 This may be Jesse's family:

Name: Jessie Haris
Event Type: Census
Event Year: 1850
Event Place: Dade county, part of, Dade, Missouri, United States
Gender: Male
Age: 8
Race: White
Race (Original):
Birth Year (Estimated): 1842
Birthplace: Missouri
Household ID: 450
House Number: 439
Line Number: 1
Affiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
Affiliate Publication Number: M432
Affiliate Film Number: 398
GS Film Number: 443606
Digital Folder Number: 004200558
Image Number: 00071


Household Role Gender Age Birthplace
Saml Harris M 31 Kentucky
Martha Harris F 23 Tennessee
Thomas Harris M 9 Missouri
Jessie Haris M 8 Missouri
James Haris M 5 Missouri
Henry Haris M 2 Missouri
Mary Haris F 0 Missouri



Citing this Record:
"United States Census, 1850," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MDZ4-5LL : accessed 17 April 2015), Jessie Haris in household of Saml Harris, Dade county, part of, Dade, Missouri, United States; citing family 450, NARA microfilm publication M432 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.). 
Harris, Jesse Franklin (I42266)
 
39625 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Stepp, Joseph (I36381)
 
39626 This may be Mary Jane's lineage... https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/MCBC-G77 Lynch, Mary Jane (I29025)
 
39627 This may be our Lousa...

https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MWDS-FMS
ame: Louisa Carr
irth Year (Estimated): 1810
ender: Female
ge (Original): 60y
ace: White
irthplace: North Carolina
vent Place: North Carolina, United States
ollection: Louisa Carr in household of Enoch Britt Carr, "United States Census, 1870" 
Hennessee, Louisa (I17826)
 
39628 This may be the same John Kimbro...

Would like to share info with anybody related to this family.

Descendants of John Kimbro

Generation No. 1

1. JOHN A. KIMBRO was born 1799 in NC. He married UNKNOWN. (Spouse not enumerated on this 1850 Bedford Co.,TN census record)

Children of JOHN KIMBRO and UNKNOWN are:

i. SUSAN-ANN2 KIMBRO, b. 1823.
2. ii. JOHNSON E KIMBRO, b. May 04, 1830, Bedford City, TN,.
iii. MARY ANN KIMBRO, b. 1833.
iv. ELIZABETH KIMBRO, b. 1835.
v. ELENOR KIMBRO, b. 1837.
vi. ROBERT P. KIMBRO, b. 1847.
3. vii. JOHN A. KIMBRO, b. 1848.
viii. JEREMIAH R. KIMBRO, b. 1850. 
Kimbro, John (I20754)
 
39629 This may be the Susan enumerated in the 1880 Van Buren census, page 53, and listed with a probable wood's colt son, John DODSON, Jr. ...DAH Dodson, Susan (I23492)
 
39630 This may be Waymon's family:

Name: Waman Kerby
Event Type: Census
Event Year: 1860
Event Place: [Blank], Van Buren, Tennessee, United States
Gender: Male
Age: 14
Race: White
Race (Original): [Blank]
Birth Year (Estimated): 1846
Birthplace: Tennessee
Page: 37
Household ID: 247
Affiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
Affiliate Publication Number: M653
GS Film Number: 805277
Digital Folder Number: 004297419
Image Number: 00041


Household Role Gender Age Birthplace
Jesse Kerby M 57 Tennessee
Elizabeth Kerby F 33 Tennessee
Waman Kerby M 14 Tennessee
Mahala Kerby F 12 Tennessee
Rufus Kerby M 7 Tennessee
Milton Kerby M 6 Tennessee
Henry Thomason M 16 Tennessee
M E Thomasson F 23 Tennessee
James Kerby M 18 Tennessee
Elizabeth Kerby F 20 Tennessee



Citing this Record:
"United States Census, 1860," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M8TT-T6W : accessed 7 February 2015), Waman Kerby in household of Jesse Kerby, [Blank], Van Buren, Tennessee, United States; from "1860 U.S. Federal Census - Population," Fold3.com; citing p. 37, household ID 247, NARA microfilm publication M653, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.; FHL microfilm 805,277. 
Kirby, Waymon (I41291)
 
39631 This may be William's wife:

Martha Ellen Bailey Moore

Birth: Jan. 26, 1864
Death: Jan. 7, 1952


Family links:
Spouse:
George W. Sparkman (1859 - 1889)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Friendship Cemetery
Campaign
Warren County
Tennessee, USA

Created by: Reba Bain
Record added: Oct 11, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 30502185

https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Moore&GSiman=1&GScid=12197&GRid=30502185& 
LNU, Martha (I49713)
 
39632 This memorial is dedicated Ambrose Cobbs.

He was born between 1563 and 1565 in Eastleigh Court, Lyminge, Kent and died between 31 Dec 1605 and 26 Mar 1607 in Petham, Kent.

He married Angelica Hunt about 1584 in Kent County, England.

He was the first in our lineage to be called "Ambrose", a name which has been repeated so many times in America.

His sixth child was also named Ambrose, however this infant died within days of being born.

To continue the name in the family, the eighth child was also named Ambrose. And this child would become my emigrant ancestor.

Ambrose relocated from Eastleigh Court to Petham, about 1601. Quoting from "The Cobbs of Tennessee", Ruralist Press; Atlanta,1968, " It is possible that while living at Petham, Ambrose and his family lived on a tract of land there known as 'Great Cobbs'. This tract contained 5 acres and was bounded in 1660 by lands of John Thompson to the north, south and east and by the highway to the west, and another parcel of land called 'Little Cobbs' containing 2 acres bounded by the highway to the east, land late of William Crammer to the south and west, and lands of John Thomsen (sic) to the north. The two tracts of land, Great Cobb and Little Cobb, were across the highway from each other, making a total of 7 acres. This land was sold the first of June 1660 by John Hawked of Petham, yeoman, to John Thompson (sic).

Ambrose and Angelica were the parents of:

Susanna Cobbs was born about 1586 in Eastleigh Court, Lyminge, Kent. She was christened on 27 Nov 1586 in Lyminge, Kent.
Rachel Cobbs was born about 1588 in Eastleigh Court, Lyminge, Kent. She was christened on 19 Nov 1588 in Lyminge, Kent.
Thomas Cobbs (born about 1590).
Edmund Cobbs was born about 1592 in Eastleigh Court, Lyminge, Kent. He was probably about 13 years of age when his father died in 1605. He was one of three sons to share gavelkind from his father's estate. He was eventually apprenticed to Thomas Pordag of Canterbury, and after completing his training, he became a "freeman" of Canterbury, on 28 Oct 1619, at Elmstone. He was successful at business and was the bondsman for the marriage of his sister Elizabeth, in 1619. He was a dealer of textiles and fabrics, especially silks. He probably died single without issue.
Elizabeth Cobbs (born about 1594).
Ambrose Cobbs died in Aug 1595 in Eastleigh Court, Lyminge, Kent. He was christened on 24 Aug 1595 in Lyminge, Kent. He was buried on 27 Aug 1595 in Eastleigh Court, Lyminge, Kent.
Jane Cobbs (born about 1597).
Ambrose Cobbs "the Emigrant" (born about 1603).
******************************
Ambrose's will was proved March 26, 1607, indicating he had died during the interim. In it his three sons shared an inheritence per the Kentish custom of "gavelkind", meaning all shared equally, without preference to the eldest son.
His brother in law, Stephen Hunt, was named Executor.
In his Will he requested that his brother-in-law Stephen Hunt be the sole executor.
He also requested that Hunt be appointed the guardian of his minor children, a responsibility which Hunt chose to reject. He petitioned the court to be excused from this duty, and was excused from it.
******************************
"THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF AMBROSE COBBS, OF EASTLEIGH COURT AND PETHAM: In the name of God, Amen, the 31 December 1605/6. I, Ambrose Cobb(s) of Petham in the County of Kent of perfect remembrance make my last will and testament in the manner and form following:

FIRST, I bequeath my soul to Christ, my Redeemer, and my body to be buried in Petham Churchyard.

ITEM: My will is that my Manor of Eastleigh Court with all services and appurtenances thereto belonging in the County of Kent and all my land goods and chattels wheresoever shall be sold by my executor for the payment of my debts and these my legacies following:

First, I give and bequeath of the premises 20 shillings unto the poor of the parish of Petham.

ITEM: I give unto my daughter, Susanna, three score pounds.
ITEM: I give unto my daughter, Rachel, 50 pounds.
ITEM: I give and bequeath unto my daughter, Elizabeth, 50 pounds.
ITEM: I give and bequeath unto my daughter, Jane, 50 pounds.
ITEM: I give and bequeath unto my son, Thomas, 120 pounds.
ITEM: My will is that the remnant of my goods, chattels and the price of my said manor and lands with the appurtenances shall be equally divided between my other two sons, Edmund and Ambrose Cobb(s) unto whom I give and bequeath it by even portions. And of this my last will and testament,

I make Stephen Hunt of Chislet, my brother-in-law, my sole executor and my daughter, Susanna, overseer.
In witness whereof to this my last will and testament I have set my hand seal and delivered the same day above written in the presence of:

Ralph Bower,
Elizabeth Maxted (her mark),
Richard Stimson (his mark),
Elizabeth Gilven (her mark).

Signed: Ambrose Cobb(s) by his mark" 
Cobbs, Ambrose Sr. (I43995)
 
39633 This memorial is dedicated Ambrose Cobbs. He was the son of Ambrose Cobbs and Angelica Hunt. Ambrose married Ann White on April 18, 1625 in Norton Parish, Kent County, England.

They were the parents of

Ambrose Cobbs was christened on March 12, 1625 in Willesborough, Kent. He died before August 18, 1626 in Kent.
Robert Cobbs (born before January 7, 1627).
Jane Cobbs was born before 1630 in Willesborough, Kent. She died before January 12, 1634. She was buried in Willesborough, Kent.
Margaret Cobbs (born in 1631).
Ambrose Cobbs (born in 1635/36).

Thomas Cobbs was born in 1637 in Charles River County, Virginia. He died in 1702 in York County, Virginia. He never married and died without issue.
In 1633, Ambrose and Ann sold their lands in England, and probably made their immigration in 1635, most likely landing at Jamestown. Their party consisted of Ambrose and Ann; children Robert, and Margaret.
The land settled by Ambrose and Ann Cobbs is now partially occupied by "Point of Rocks Park", a 188-acre athletic complex operated by Chesterfield County (Chesterfield was created from Henrico in 1749.). The park is located on Enon Church Road, about 1.5 miles south of Interstate Highway 295. An archeological survey was done of the property prior to development, and those plats and maps are available in the Virginia State Archives. A historical marker identifies the park as being the original location of Cobbs Hall.

Ambrose and Ann were buried in the small cemetery that is located at the extreme northeast corner of the tract. In 1864, invading Union troops destroyed all the headstones but one (a woman not related to the Cobbs family who died in 1801). Some years later, Wyndham Robertson (1803-1888), a Bolling descendant and one-time governor of Virginia, and a direct descendant of Pocahontas, was buried at "Cobbs", and his grave is prominently marked. The cemetery is not accessible directly from the park. It can only be reached by a public street that runs parallel to the northern park boundary. It is located in a cul de sac and is surrounded by a rock wall approximately four feet in height. 
Cobbs, Jr., Ambrose The Immigrant (I43993)
 
39634 This memorial is dedicated to Angelica Hunt.

Angelica had at least one brother, Stephen Hunt of Chislete, County Kent. However, it is reported she had at least two others; the Reverend Robert Hunt who migrated to America on the original voyage to Jamestown, in 1607; and Thomas Hunt who arrived in Jamestown on the second supply ship in September 1608.

Angelica married Ambrose Cobbs about 1584 in Kent County, England. They were the parents of:

Susanna Cobbs was born about 1586 in Eastleigh Court, Lyminge, Kent. She was christened on 27 Nov 1586 in Lyminge, Kent.
Rachel Cobbs was born about 1588 in Eastleigh Court, Lyminge, Kent. She was christened on 19 Nov 1588 in Lyminge, Kent.
Thomas Cobbs (born about 1590).
Edmund Cobbs was born about 1592 in Eastleigh Court, Lyminge, Kent. He was probably about 13 years of age when his father died in 1605. He was one of three sons to share gavelkind from his father's estate. He was eventually apprenticed to Thomas Pordag of Canterbury, and after completing his training, he became a "freeman" of Canterbury, on 28 Oct 1619, at Elmstone. He was successful at business and was the bondsman for the marriage of his sister Elizabeth, in 1619. He was a dealer of textiles and fabrics, especially silks. He probably died single without issue.
Elizabeth Cobbs (born about 1594).
Ambrose Cobbs died in Aug 1595 in Eastleigh Court, Lyminge, Kent. He was christened on 24 Aug 1595 in Lyminge, Kent. He was buried on 27 Aug 1595 in Eastleigh Court, Lyminge, Kent.
Jane Cobbs (born about 1597).
and my ancestor Ambrose Cobbs "the Emigrant" (born about 1603). 
Hunt, Angelica (I43996)
 
39635 This message was receiced Friday, May 5th, 2017:

Hey cuz,

Here is a link that tells about the regiment that my GGUncle Joseph Raymond Hennessee fought in: He was with the 259th Infantry within the 65th Infantry Division. He was in Company A. I thought you may want to attach it to his page on the website or something.

I also found this:

I am trying to get more information and will let you know if I do!

Love,
Stef

end of message 
Hennessee, Joseph Raymond "Little Joe" (I3105)
 
39636 This might be Clarence...

https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VBKX-66L
ame: Clarence W Atwood
itles & terms:
vent: Census
vent year: 1940
vent place: Chickasaw Township, Pontotoc, Oklahoma, United States
ender: Male
ge: 43
arital status: Married
ace (original):
ace (standardized): White
elationship to head of household (original):
elationship to head of household (standardized): Head
irthplace: Oklahoma
stimated birth year: 1897
esidence in 1935: Same Place
numeration district number: 62-18
amily number: 89
heet number and letter: 7B
ine number: 69
ara publication number: T627
ara roll number: 3326
igital folder number: 005454667
mage number: 00665
ollection: "United States Census, 1940," Clarence W Atwood, Chickasaw Township, Pontotoc, Oklahoma, United States 
Atwood, Clarence (I29986)
 
39637 This might be Edward, however it does not cite Sarah as a daughter... http://www.geni.com/people/Rev-Edward-Pigg/6000000003694459478 Pigg, Edward (I34743)
 
39638 This might be Juanita...

Name: Juanita Whisenant
itles and Terms:
vent Type: Census
vent Date: 1940
vent Place: Fort Oglethorpe, Militia District 1096, Catoosa, Georgia, United States
ender: Female
ge: 13
arital Status: Single
ace (Original): White
ace: White
elationship to Head of Household (Original): Daughter
elationship to Head of Household: Daughter
irthplace: Georgia
irth Year (Estimated): 1927
ast Place of Residence: Same House
istrict: 23-7
amily Number: 413
heet Number and Letter: 20A
ine Number: 38
ffiliate Publication Number: T627
ffiliate Film Number: 648
igital Folder Number: 005460973
mage Number: 00191
Household Gender Age Birthplace
ead Clifford H Whisenant M 32 Georgia
ife Ethel Whisenant F 33 Tennessee
aughter Juanita Whisenant F 13 Georgia
Citing this Record:
United States Census, 1940," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/K72Y-7SZ : accessed 05 Aug 2013), Juanita Whisenant in entry for Clifford H Whisenant, 1940. 
Whisenant, Juanita (I17948)
 
39639 This might be she:

20 Sep 2009:

http://files.usgwarchives.org/nc/burke/census/morgandis.txt

This census is from Microcopy No. T-498 Roll 2

"Glance, Catherine 2,0,1,0,0"

1790 Census North Carolina
Lincoln County Morgan District

2 of 1st # free white males 16 year upwards and head of families
0 of 2nd # free white males under 16 years
1 of 3rd # free white females and head of families
0 of 4th # all other free persons
0 of 5th # slaves 
Rhine, Sarah Catherine (I5087)
 
39640 This might be the "Maxine" in question ...

Name: Maxine Troxell
Event Type: Death
Event Date: 20 Dec 1967
Event Place: Los Angeles, California, United States
Birth Date: 08 Sep 1916
Birthplace: Oklahoma
Gender: Female
Father's Name:
Mother's Name: Robinson



Citing this Record:
"California, Death Index, 1940-1997," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VPJW-R49 : accessed 10 Aug 2014), Maxine Troxell, 20 Dec 1967; citing Department of Public Health Services, Sacramento. 
Troxell, Mary Maxine 'Maxine' (I27334)
 
39641 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. LNU, Grace (I21688)
 
39642 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Nichols, Betty Joyce (I47417)
 
39643 This MIGHT be this person as birthdate & location is favorable ... http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=fowler&GSfn=john+&GSmn=henry&GSbyrel=all&GSdyrel=all&GSob=n&GRid=44987156&df=all&

or

https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K3F6-XT9 
Fowler, John Henry (I43595)
 
39644 This might Henry and his family... https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/M757-X6F Chambers, Henry (I25627)
 
39645 This might the "Grace" in question...

Name: Grace Miller
Titles and Terms:
Event Type: Census
Event Year: 1910
Event Place: Civil District 6, Hamilton, Tennessee, United States
District: 93
Gender: Female
Age: 12
Marital Status: Single
Race: White
Race (Original): White
Relationship to Head of Household: Daughter
Relationship to Head of Household (Original): Daughter
Birth Year (Estimated): 1898
Birthplace: Tennessee
Immigration Year:
Father's Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother's Birthplace: Indiana
Sheet Number and Letter: 17A
Household ID: 353
Line Number:
Affiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
Affiliate Publication Number: M1283
GS Film number: 1375515
Digital Folder Number: 004449323
Image Number: 00701


Household Role Gender Age Birthplace
Saml Miller Head M 35 Tennessee
Clara Miller Wife F 33 Indiana
Matilda Miller Daughter F 14 Tennessee
Grace Miller Daughter F 12 Tennessee
Bessie Miller Daughter F 9 Tennessee
Ida Miller Daughter F 7 Tennessee
Cora Miller Daughter F 5 Tennessee
Elmer Miller Son M 1 Tennessee



Citing this Record:
"United States Census, 1910," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MG6B-PGP : accessed 21 Aug 2014), Grace Miller in household of Saml Miller, Civil District 6, Hamilton, Tennessee, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 93, sheet 17A, family 353, NARA microfilm publication T624, FHL microfilm 1375515. 
Millard, Grace L. (I29695)
 
39646 This might the Avery in question as his age and location are favorable...

Name: Avery York
itles and Terms:
vent Type: Census
vent Year: 1930
vent Place: Precinct 1, Mitchell, Texas, United States
istrict: 0004
ender: Male
ge: 57
arital Status: Single
ace: White
ace (Original): White
elationship to Head of Household: Brother
elationship to Head of Household (Original): Brother
irth Year (Estimated): 1873
irthplace: Texas
mmigration Year:
ather's Birthplace: Alabama
other's Birthplace: Alabama
heet Number and Letter: 5A
ousehold ID: 84
ine Number: 30
ffiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
ffiliate Publication Number: T626
ffiliate Film Number: 2377
S Film number: 2342111
igital Folder Number: 004547356
mage Number: 00415
Household Gender Age Birthplace
ead Leslie York M 23 Texas
other Virgie York F 70 Alabama
rother Avery York M 57 Texas
Citing this Record:
United States Census, 1930," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/HFCW-RPZ : accessed 15 Nov 2013), Avery York in household of Leslie York, Precinct 1, Mitchell, Texas, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 0004, sheet , family 84, NARA microfilm publication . 
York, Thomas Avery (I37729)
 
39647 This must be second marriage...DAH. Mullican, James Riley "Riley" (I10610)
 
39648 this person is not cited on the 1860 Marenco County, Alabama census, ergo she is deceased or divorced from Thomas... Family F11336
 
39649 This person's information was combined while in Ancestral File. The following submitters of the information may or may not agree with the combining of the information: EVELYN W/BAIRD/ (2189748) PAMELA JO PICKERING/SLINKER/ (2202658) MARY ALICE/BARTA/ (2213746) MICHAEL ANTHONY/NEAL/ (2250330) KAREN/ROSASCO/ (2347115) NELDA LEORA JONES/ERICKSON/ (2353228) CLAUDIA/OWENS/ (2353425) PAMELA JO/SLINKER/ (2484433) FRANCIS J./BREARTON/ (2510395) KATHLEEN HOUSE/PETERSEN/ (2527797

Potter, Ephraim (I29003)
 
39650 This person, place or event was submitted by Lynda Diane Fant Hill, cited in her pedigree Tuesday, January 9th, 2018 and recorded & uploaded to the website, www.TheHennesseeFamily.com, Wednesday, January 10th, 2018, by David A. Hennessee, info@classroomfurniture.com Source (S12083)
 
39651 This probate file is for the widow of John Hennessee.. Eliza Hennessee .



Note the executor's name is John WATSON and the documents name another WATSON in them. This makes me wonder if her maiden name was actually WATSON instead of WILSON. I checked the sources for her surname but there were none that cited records.

end of record 
Wilson, Eliza(beth) (I914)
 
39652 This proved to be a turbulent marriage and produced only daughters. Family F13616
 
39653 This record conflicts with the previous messages...DAH

After Gabriel Woodmancy/Woodmansee's death Sarah married ? Ricks and they remained in New London, New London, Connecticut. At the end of their life they deeded the homestead that had been left to Sarah by Gabriel to their son, Gabriel, who took care of them in their Old Age. ?? Ricks died 1717 and Gabriel in 1720 leaving Sarah the sole legatee.

Children of GABRIEL and Sarah Woodmansee:
William Joseph, b. 3 May 1668 (died in infancy)
THOMAS Woodmansee, an ancester
Sarah Woodmansee
Joseph Woodmansee
Gabriel Woodmansee, Jr.

Ricks, Sarah Margaret (I28999)
 
39654 This record looks like Celia...

Name: Cecelia Bailey
vent Type: Census
vent Date: 1850
vent Place: Logan county, part of, Logan, Kentucky, United States
ender: Female
ge: 43
arital Status:
ace (Original):
ace:
irthplace: North Carolina
irth Year (Estimated): 1807
ouse Number: 290
amily Number: 290
ine Number: 41
ffiliate Publication Number: M432
ffiliate Film Number: 211
S Film number: 442979
igital Folder Number: 004192501
mage Number: 00188
Household Gender Age Birthplace
iram Bailey M 45 Kentucky
ecelia Bailey F 43 North Carolina
enjamin Bailey M 18 Kentucky
illiam Bailey M 17 Kentucky
sbury Bailey M 9 Kentucky
ary E Bailey F 11 Kentucky
eter Bailey M 10 Kentucky
ouisa Pankey F 10 Kentucky
redonia Pankey F 7 Kentucky
livia Pankey F 10 Kentucky
melia Kavanaugh F 13 Kentucky
Citing this Record:
United States Census, 1850," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M656-WFB : accessed 02 Sep 2013), Cecelia Bailey in entry for Hiram Bailey, 1850. 
Webb, Celia (I20836)
 
39655 This record may be for John ...

Name: John Roberts
Event Type: Census
Event Year: 1860
Event Place: Western Division District No 19, Bedford, Tennessee, United States
Gender: Male
Age: 92
Race: White
Race (Original): [Blank]
Birth Year (Estimated): 1768
Birthplace: Virginia
Page: 69
Household ID: 484
Affiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
Affiliate Publication Number: M653
GS Film Number: 805239
Digital Folder Number: 004296179
Image Number: 00524


Household Role Gender Age Birthplace
John Roberts M 92 Virginia
Artimisa Roberts F 46 Tennessee



Citing this Record:
"United States Census, 1860," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M8T7-WX1 : accessed 19 April 2015), John Roberts, Western Division District No 19, Bedford, Tennessee, United States; from "1860 U.S. Federal Census - Population," database, Fold3.com (http://www.fold3.com : n.d.); citing p. 69, household ID 484, NARA microfilm publication M653 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 805,239. 
Roberts, John (I42301)
 
39656 This surname of HALE has the associated arms recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The arms were granted to Sir Frank Van Hale, eighth son of Frederick de Halle, stated to have been a natural son of Albert, King of the Romans, who was among the followers of the Earl of Derby into Gascony in 1344 and was elected a Knight of the Garter in the year of 1359.

It was a topographic name for someone who lived in a nook or hollow, and was derived from the Old English word HEALH. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in".

The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream.

In northern England the word often has a specialized meaning, denoting a piece of land by the side of a river. In some cases the name may be a habitation name from several places in England so called.

Early records of the name mention Alexander de Hales, who was recorded in 1245 in County Norfolk. Ralph de Hales of County York was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Thomas de Hales of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.
Later instances of the name include Charles Hales and Elizabeth Fysshe who were married in London in 1575, and Isabella Hales, daughter of Henry Hales was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1662. James Hailes wed Marie Donaldson at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1805.

In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. 
Hale, Thomas (I43982)
 
39657 This William Byars is a provisional son of John Byars. This family is presented as connected for the purpose of recording data that will prove or disprove their relationship. gst

The following was written by Gail Tomlinson of Senatobia, Mississippi:

1771--May 22, Granville Co. NC: William Byars appointed searcher between Taylors Road & Grassy Creek Road, the County Line & Hico Road (History and Genealogies of Old Granville County, North Carolina, 1746-1800, Thomas McAdory Owen, Southern Historical Press, Greenville, SC, 1993; p 180)

1778--7 May, Granville Co. NC: Commissions to the following who qual'd.: Ensign: William Byars. (History and Genealogies of Old Granville County, Owen, p 158)

1778--22 May: took loyalty oath in Granville Co. NC along with Nathan Byars. Source: The NC State Records, Vol 22, p 174, "Persons of Island Creek District." (Nathan Byars was a Rev. War patriot, b 1749 in Granville Co., NC, died 1846 in Spartanburg Co SC. Nathan had land where the National Cowpens Battle Ground is in Cherokee Co. SC. To the writer's knowledge, the descendants of Nathan have not found his parents as of 1999.)

Editor's Note: for more information regarding Nathan Byars, go to this link:

http://thehennesseefamily.com/getperson.php?personID=I1090&tree=hennessee

1781--May (1st Monday), Wm. Byars apt. assessor for present year (History and Genealogies of Old Granville County, North Carolina, Owen; [Beginning of vol. 6, Minutes], p 165)

1781--Aug. 7: Jesse Harper is app'td. overseer of the Road from the Schoolhouse branch near the Mountain to Taylors Road with his own hands and the hands of Joseph Glover, Sarah Proshea Barnets Wm. Byars Jesse Barnet & Henry Williams." Ibid, pg. 205

1781--6 Nov.: William Byars to be paid 36-2 lbs. "for money which he has p'd. Rich'd. Taylor as Juror to Hillsborough Sup'r. Court. April Term 1780." Ibid, pg. 199

William is also referred to in Colonial Records of NC, Vol. 22, p 371; and COLONIAL GRANVILLE CO. AND ITS PEOPLE, by Worth S. Ray, p 301.

Apparently William Byars was a lawyer. Guilliame Byars sometimes witnessed documents. One of the probate records calls this William, Capt. William Byars, indicating Revolutionary War service.

1786-87--Granville Co. North Carolina Court Minutes, p 78 in the original records: William Byars proved deed from Sherwood Harris to John Penn for 78 ac. P 82 also makes reference to suit Ragland vs. Byars for debts. This is related to Ambrose Barker's inventory of the estate of Stephen Ragland. Court Minutes of Granville County North Carolina 1746-1820; Zae H. Gwynn; Joseph W. Watson, Rocky Mount, NC, 1977; p 78.

1784-1787--State Census of North Carolina, Island Creek District:
William Byars: 4 white males 21-60 yrs.
3 white males under 21 & above 60
2 white females all ages
1 blacks 12-50

Writer considers it a strong possibility that William Byars was married prior to his marriage in 1790 to the widow Nunn. Perhaps the older Anderson appearing in Granville Co. tax records is a son of William.

1790, July 26 - Granville Co. NC: James Vaughan was the bondsman for the marriage to Lucy Clayton Nunn; H. Potter was the witness.

1791, 27 Dec. - Orange Co. NC (Deed Bk. 5, p 177) Deed registered in which William Byars, David Carlton and William Nunn witness a land sale from Jeremiah Spencer of King William Co., VA to Ann Brown of King and Queen Co. VA, 213 a on Robert Campbell's line and William Sheppard's line.

1795 - Granville Co. NC: William Byars became the guardian of Polly & Patsy Nunn.

1797--Granville Co. NC tax list: William Byars in Island Creek District
1798--Granville Co. NC tax list: William Byars in Abrams Plains District, 540 ac, 3 slaves
1799--Granville Co. NC tax list: William Byars in Island Creek District, 340 ac. Also a William Byars in Henderson District with 551 ac, 4 slaves
1800--Granville Co. NC tax list: Thomas Nunn in Island Creek District, 1 poll, 1 slave

1800--Granville Co. NC census, printed pg 519:
William Byars: males: 1(26-45)
females: 1(26-45)

(This could be the Anderson Byars who appears on Granville tax lists before and after 1800 in a sporadic way. He later married a Dortch in Mecklenburg Co. VA. He reportedly moved into Williamson Co. TN. He is called William Anderson Byars by at least one Williamson Co. researcher, but writer has never seen documentation to that fact. An Anderson Byars, believed to be this individual sold property in Mecklenburg Co. NC in 1831. Perhaps he moved west at the same time of his extended family from Granville Co.)

1800 Granville Co. NC census, printed pg. 567: (this is probably our subject, William Byars)
William Byars: males: 1(under 10), 1(45-upwards)
females: 3(under 10), 1(10-16) 1(26-45)
4 slaves of all ages

1810 Granville Co. NC census, printed pg 125:
William Byars: males: 1(16-25), 1(45-over)
females: 3(16-25), 1(45-over)
other persons: 2
slaves: 1

1820 Granville Co. NC census, printed pg 43:
William Byars: males: 1(45-over)
females: 1(16-26), 1(45-over)
slaves: 4

1830 Granville Co. NC census, printed pg 50:
William Byars: males: 1(90-100)
females: 1(70-80)

1830 neighbors to each side: William Aiken, Jr., Isaac Adams, Jessie Wheeler, Parker Brogden, Wm. BYARS, James Vincent, Jacob Huffman, Sr., Jacob Huffman, Jr., Susan Bullock, John Waggstaff, Richard H. Bullock

Note: Thomas & Lucy Clayton Nunn's daughter Polly married William Aiken (this according to THE NUNNS OF XVIIIth CENTURY VIRGINIA, by Norris Smith).

1831, 25 Apr. - Granville Co. NC, left a will which was proved Feb. 1832 by Benjamin Bullock, adm.

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:2609172&id=I1675

The following was written by Gail Tomlinson of Senatobia, Mississippi:

Notes for GULIEMUS BYARS:
1800 Tax Lists, Abrams Plains District, Granville Co., NC: Guilliame Byars, 1 white poll; no acreage. William Byars in this district.
1801 Tax Lists, same..: 1 white poll, no acreage. William Byars in this district.
1802 Tax Lists, same..: 1 white poll, no acreage. William Byars in this district.
1803 Tax Lists, Island River District, Byars, Gulliame, 1 white poll, no acreage. William Byars in Dutch District. Not found on Granville Co. records after 1803.

1800 Granville Co., NC census, p 548:
Gulemus Byers
males: 1(u 10), 1(10-16), 1(16-26) 1(26-45)
females: 3(u 10), 1(10-16), 2(16-26)
slaves of all ages: 1

It appears that he is a widower, or that he had never married. These children may be the children of James Byars and Sarah "Salley" Campbell. 
Byars, William (I34901)
 
39658 This William Roberts was actually the 4th generation of William Roberts in his family line. His father was also named William Roberts, born abt. 1693 in Connecticut and married to Mary Vaughn. His grandfather was also named William Roberts and he was born before Sep. 4, 1664 in Milford, New Haven, CT. (husband of Elizabeth Lobdell). William's great grandfather was also named William Roberts and he was born abt. 1617 in Hertfordshire, England (wife Johanna).

We are told that this William Roberts (William the 4th) was married to Isabel Graham, daughter of Nathaniel Graham and Margaret Codry, on Feb.14,1767, in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. However there do not appear to be any marriage records that survived for that time and place (according to the Somerset County, PA. GenWeb website). So if that is correct the date and place must have come from family records (family Bibles).

Adding to the doubt on this date for their marriage is the fact that their first born child, Mary Roberts, was born in September 1768, in Rowan County, North Carolina.

Their second known child, Henry Graham Roberts, was born in Sullivan County, Tennessee in May of 1773. And their next six known children were all born there in Sullivan County, Tennessee as well (Rachel b. July 1775, Margaret b. Dec. 1777, David b. Jan. 1780, William the 5th b. July 1782, John b. Oct. 1784, and Graham b. March 1787). Their youngest known child, Isabella, was born in Feb. 1790, in Hawkins County, TN.

 
Roberts, William IV (I36011)
 
39659 This year the Community Table is on track to break records: more than 25,000 meals served and 10,000 food boxes sent home with families, and the need continues to grow, Director Amy Sims said this week.

A $10,000 donation made Monday (Dec. 22) from the W.C. and Stella Hennessee Foundation will go a long way to helping feed those who might otherwise go hungry, she said.

“The amount they donated represents almost a sixth of our budget,” Sims said. “It will be a huge help. The need has increased and so has our overhead.”

Jack Hennessee, son of the late W.C. and Stella Hennessee, presented the check.

“People really need help and we’re glad to be able to do it,” he said.

Both he and his wife, Carol, have volunteered at the Table.

“It’s really needed this time of the year,” Carol Hennessee said.

The Sylva-based Hennessee Foundation was established in the 1980s. It’s first major gift was a $400,000 donation to what was then C.J. Harris Community Hospital to begin a chaplaincy program. Through the years, the Foundation has given more than $1 million to the program. When Duke LifePoint bought what had become Harris Regional Hospital, the institution became for-profit, which meant the Foundation could no longer contribute.

The Hennessee Foundation board had to look elsewhere for recipients and selected the Table.

Following the Dec. 22 presentation, Foundation officials indicated they are planning to make a $10,000 gift next week to Jackson County Neighbors in Need.

Sims said that donations, including this week’s from the Hennessee Foundation, have been especially helpful this year and expressed gratitude to everyone who has donated.

end of article 
Hennessee, Jack Merton Sr. (I2465)
 
39660 THOM MONTGOMERY
Date: Thursday, 10 July 2008, at 12:12 p.m. 
Source (S5467)
 
39661 Thom Montgomery | 8 May 2007 | thom@thommont.com Source (S36571)
 
39662 Thom Montgomery; email;8 May 2007;thom@thommont.com;
310.413.4672
http://thommont.com/page2.html 
Source (S36569)
 
39663 Thom Montgomery; email;8 May 2007;thom@thommont.com;
310.413.4672 
Source (S36559)
 
39664 Thomas "Road Tom" Cate
Born after 1725 in Orange County, North Carolinamap
ANCESTORS ancestors
Son of Robert Cate and Elizabeth Wyatt
Brother of Barnard Cate, Richard Mathias Cate, Sarah Cate, Thomas (Cates) Cate, Robert Cate, Joseph Cate, Joseph Cate, Charles Cate, Ann Cate and John Cate Sr.
Husband of Elizabeth Fussell — married 1757 in Rowan, North Carolinamap
DESCENDANTS descendants
Father of Thomas B. Cate, Robert Cate, Mary Unity Unicy Cate, Thomas K Cate, Susannah Cate, Nancy Ann Cate, Elizabeth (Cate) Durham, Aaron Cate, Jehu Cate, Ezra Cate and Isaiah Cate
Died 1818 in Newberry, South Carolina, USAmap
Profile managers: Mary Richardson private message [send private message] and US Southern Colonies Project WikiTree private message [send private message]
Cate-324 created 23 May 2014 | Last modified 3 Jul 2017 | Last edit:
3 Jul 2017
04:05: EditBot WikiTree edited the Biography for Thomas Cate. (Renaming category: North Carolina regiments of the Continental Army) [Thank EditBot for this]
This page has been accessed 905 times.

Categories: Orange County, North Carolina | American Revolution | Newberry County, South Carolina | Cate Name Study | North Carolina Line, American Revolution | US Southern Colonist.

1776 Liberty Bell
Event years 1773-1789.
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Biography

Thomas was born abt 1725, in Orange county, North Carolina to parents Robert Cate and Elizabeth Wyatt. Thomas became a road surveyor. Thomas was called due to his surveying Thomas Road Tom Cate. This name is also found in the references. In 1754 Thomas received land in Orange, North Carolina, USA.

He married Elizabeth Fussell in 1757 in Rowan, North Carolina, USA. [1] Their children: Thomas1758, Robert1758, John, Ezra, Elizabeth1763, Mary1769, Aaron1768, Isaiah1776, Jehu1790, ThomasB (1750-1812), Mary (1754-1794) Elizabeth (1751-), Aaron(1768-1816) Nancy Ann(1759-1824), Robert (1760-1820) Elizabeth (1763-), Jehu(1770-) Ezra (1773.)

Thomas Road Tom served in the American Revolution 1775-1783 for Orange Co., North Carolina, USA. Name misspelled "Keats", date Aug 1781. [2]

In 1780 Thomas Cate was in Caswell County, North Carolina, shown by a petition with his name listed to the "House of Burgises" on a petition, 26 Oct 1779, from inhabitants of Caswell Co. asking that an equal division be made of the county since it is forty miles in length and twenty wide. (General Assembly; Box: Oct - Nov 1779 [North Carolina State Archives]; Call Number: Folder: Petitions; P 3; Family Number: 36.) [3] His first wife died.

1800 US Fed Census[4]
He married secondly in 1808 to Yourith Urith McMillian. US Federal census for 1810 reflects this. [5] Thomas was living in Hillsborough, Orange, North Carolina as per U S census. On 29 NOV 1802 (Age: 77) he made a Deed of Gift [6], filed in Orange, North Carolina Newberry District under Deed of Gift, D74 to a daughter and a son named Thomas..

He passed away 9 Jan 1818 (Age: 93) Newberry, Newberry, SC [7]

The will was probated in Newberry Dist Court on 9 Jan 1818. 1st settlement made to the family on 13 Dec 1819, Newbery, South Carolina.

Sources

? U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
? Roster of soldiers from North Carolina in the American Revolution with an appendix containing a collection of miscellaneous.., Ancestry.com
? U.S. Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820 about Thomas Cate
? "United States Census, 1800," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHRC-S3P : accessed 2 December 2016), Thomas Cate, Newberry District, South Carolina, United States; citing p. 68, NARA microfilm publication M32, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 50; FHL microfilm 181,425.
? "United States Census, 1810," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XH23-DJ5 : accessed 2 December 2016), Thomas Cates, Edgefield, South Carolina, United States; citing p. 117, NARA microfilm publication M252 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 62; FHL microfilm 181,421.
? Deed of Gift. State of North Carolina Newberry District, Deed of Gift
? http://www.earljones.net/aqwg5620.htm
D.A.R. Roster of soldiers from North Carolina in American Revolution: with an appendix
Roster of soldiers from North Carolina in the American Revolution with an appendix containing a collection of miscellaneous r
1800 US Census
Deed of Gift 84 State of North Carolina Newberry District, Deed of Gift
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
1800 United States Federal Census
North Carolina, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1790-1890
Orange County, 1752-1952
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
U.S. Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820

end of biography 
Cate, Thomas "Road Tom" (I25268)
 
39665 Thomas (1438-1470), 3rd son.

He is mentioned in Reyborn's will, and had been the custodian of the relics of St Teilo.

He married Catherine Fetch Morgan (1436-1468), daughter of Welsh nobleman Morgan Ap Llewellyn, and founded the Radyr line of Mathew.

He was also buried at The Gaunt's Chapel, Bristol.

On Thomas' death in 1470, his lands passed to his son William Mathew (1460-1528), who was knighted by King Henry VII at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485.[15]

Sir William accompanied King Henry VIII to the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520.

His successor was his eldest son Sir George Mathew (1486-1557) who became the MP for Glamorgan constituency and in 1545 Sheriff of Glamorgan.[15][16]

From the Radyr line was founded the family of the Earls Landaff in the peerage of Ireland. 
Mathew, Sir Thomas Knight (I44138)
 
39666 Thomas (Booth) del Booth (1320-1368),
http://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Booth-287 
Source (S7039)
 
39667 Thomas (The Immigrant) Bragg
Birthdate: 1580
Birthplace: England
Death: Jamestown, James City, Virginia
Immediate Family:
Son of ? Bragg and Mrs. Bragg
Husband of Mary "Molly" Newport Bragg
Father of William Thomas Bragg and John Bragg
Brother of John Bragg; Child Bragg and William Bragg
Occupation: in the royal navy,"obtained land grants from the Crown" for his service, then hired by Capt. Newport to work on the Susan Constant
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated: June 5, 2016

About Thomas (The Immigrant) Bragg
True or not. There seems to be to much info for Thomas to not have been both real and married to Mary/Molly Newport. He worked for Capt Newport on his 2nd trip and married a daughter. As we know children are left out of records sometimes when born last. Until there is more definitive proof I am considering Thomas/Molly/Christopher my kin. Rather than argue the point I plan to keep this in my tree. JDBragg.5.24.11 Thomas Bragg 1580 m.1610 Mary/Molly Newport Bragg 1585 -25f -30m

Additional curator's notes: The information about Thomas is generally accepted as correct but the name and family of his wife is disputed by several researchers. The citations below show both sides of the dispute. Documents have not been found by any researcher yet to settle the matter.The DAR accepts that Thomas Bragg arrived in Jamestown on the ship Susan Constant, commanded by Adm. Christopher Newport.

Newport made many trips between England and Virginia over a five year period, including the voyage of the Sea Venture which wrecked in Bermuda due to storms. It would not have been unusual occurrence for a naval officer to transport his family to a colony where he made frequent trips. The belief that his daughter could have been in Virginia, met Thomas Bragg and married him is plausible but NOT proven. Maria Edmonds-Zediker, Curator, 4/22/2011

Retrieved 3-4-2009: Story of Thomas and early Bragg family in America: http://thebraggfamily.blogspot.com/2007/05/did-you-know-5.html. Objections made to any connection of marriage between Thomas Bragg and any of the Newport family. Bragg Family Genealogy Forum, Posted by: Mark Bragg, In Reply to: Re: BraggFamily About 1530 by John Shetterlyhttp://genforum.genealogy.com/bragg/messages/1037.html

Janet Tyree, Re: Bragg American Line, Bragg Family Genealogy Forum,http://genforum.genealogy.com/bragg/messages/1887.html

Immigrated to James Town settlement from England in about the early 1600's. Not clear on any record showing he was married to Mary Molly Newport--the daughter of the famed Capt. Christopher Newport. There are stories that Thomas came over with two brothers, but again this is circumstantial. Thomas was reported to do a stint in the Royal Navy even though there is no actual evidence or record of this. The only story of how he and Mary came to be husband and wife is that he was reportedly Cap't Newtons best mariner thus making their marriage a possibility. But this is just a great story without the evidence to support it. I would imagine that due to the conditions and hardships of the new settlement that record keeping would be nearly non existing in James Town. I have researched copies of the remaining records of James Town, which show no evidence of the existance of Thomas Bragg or Mary Molly Newport. If there is evidence or sources that someone has, please e-mail me at nathan.brgg@gmail.com

end of biography 
Bragg, Thomas The Immigrant (I49487)
 
39668 Thomas A. Hennessee | 4 Jun 2010 | Telecon Interview | 210.349.7083 |
27 Aug 2011 - line reported as disconnected 
Source (S37079)
 
39669 Thomas Alex Beavert (1924-2007) Genealogist and historian who concentrated on Sequatchie Valley families and who very helpful to me in researching my HARMON line ( http://thehennesseefamily.com/getperson.php?personID=I6810&tree=hennessee ) Source (S1075)
 
39670 Thomas and his wife, Martha, had ten children: Betsey, Ann, Britton, Nancy, Edwin, Mary, Charles, William, Benjamin and Martha....Lori Snipes King

I have proven my line to Thomas Snipes' father, William Snipes, who served in the American Revolution, to the DAR several years ago....Lori Snipes King 
Snipes, Thomas (I32315)
 
39671 Thomas Beavert, Route 1 Box 326, Dunlap, TN 37327. Genealogist and historian who concentrated on Sequatchie Valley families. Source (S8805)
 
39672 Thomas Belasyse, 1st Baron and 1st Viscount Fauconberg, 2nd Baronet (1577-1653), was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1597 and 1624 and was raised to the peerage in 1627.

He was an ardent supporter of the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.

Belasyse was educated at Jesus College, Cambridge in the early 1590s.

He had Roman Catholic leanings, and married into a known recusant family, but stayed within the laws of the time and attended Anglican Church services.

He entered Parliament in 1597 when he was elected to represent Thirsk, a seat his father had held, in the second from last Elizabethan parliament.

He was knighted by James I and served as a justice of the peace in the North Riding.

He remained active in national politics and represented Thirsk again in the 1614, 1621, and 1624 parliaments of James I 
Belasyse, Sir Thomas Knight,1st Viscount Fauconberg (I37062)
 
39673 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Stark, Diane Elaine (I48777)
 
39674 Thomas Boteler, Knight, of Bewsey, b. 1461, d. 27 Apr 1522, knighted 1485, JP 1486, Baron of Warrington; m. Margaret Delves, daughter of John Delves of Doddington, Knight. [Ancestral Roots]

Note: CP does not recognize him as Baron, it must be a feudal barony 
Boteler, Sir Thomas Knight (I35842)
 
39675 Thomas Bradley pedigree ... http://newsgroups.derkeiler.com/Archive/Soc/soc.genealogy.medieval/2007-04/msg00258.html

end 
Bradley, Thomas III, The Immigrant (I35877)
 
39676 Thomas Bragg was born before 23 January 1579 in Lancashire, England and was baptized on that date in Hawkshead, Lancashire, ENG. The marriage date and place for Thomas and Mary is still unclear, but it is believed that they married in Jamestown, VA about 1615. One record indicates that he arrived at Jamestown, VA in 1649, at the age of 70, and died there in 1660, but this ‘arrival’ might have been after returning from a visit to England.

This is a version of the story of the English Bragg brothers, 3 of whom went north and 3 south. Thomas, William, and John went south and sailed on the Susan Constant with Captain Christopher Newport (former pirate and eventual Admiral of the RN fleet in charge of the VA expeditions. The DAR has confirmed that Thomas and John Bragg, teenagers, were on board.

Thomas served in the Royal Navy prior to being hired by Capt. Newport, his future father-in-law. Having “obtained land grants from the Crown” for his services in the Navy, Thomas and his new bride, Molly Newport, settled down to raise children, the first Braggs born in America, William (1624) and John Bragg. Little is known about John and his family, but the descendants of his brother William have been extensively researched. (Bragg Family Genealogy Forum http://genforum.genealogy.com/bragg and ancestry.com).

Thomas Bragg (1579-1660) was the son of 12. Thomas Bragg and 12a. Agnes Braithwaite (1550-). He was born 17 November 1551 in Solihull, Warwickshire, England, married Agnes Braithwaite 23 January 1579 at Hawkshead, Lancashire, ENG and died after 1579. More on the Moore/Bragg lineage to come…

© Copyright 2015 Linda L Labin, PhD

end of biography 
Bragg, Thomas The Immigrant (I49487)
 
39677 Thomas Bragg | Abstraction | 14 Apr 2005 | tbragg@scottsboro.org Source (S48604)
 
39678 Thomas Brooke married Dorothy Heydon, daughter of Sir Henry Heydon of Baconsthorpe and Anne, daughter of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn and Anne Hoo.[3] They had seven sons and six daughters. His daughter, Elizabeth Brooke, married Sir Thomas Wyatt.

end of note 
Heydon, Sir Henry (I48639)
 
39679 Thomas Brooke, 8th Baron Cobham (died 19 July 1529) was a Tudor baron in England.

Thomas Brooke was the son and heir of Sir John Brooke, 7th Baron Cobham (-1512) and Margaret Neville (-1506).,[1] daughter of Edward Neville, 3rd Baron Bergavenny, and his second wife, Catherine Howard.

Career[edit]
Thomas took part in the wars with France and was at the Siege of Tournay in 1513, and fought at the Battle of the Spurs on 16 August 1513.

He was made Knight Banneret by King Henry VIII in 1514, and attended the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520.

He was summoned to Parliament from 1514 to 1523.

In 1521 he was one of the twelve Barons for the trial of the Duke of Buckingham.[2]

Family[edit]
Thomas Brooke married Dorothy Heydon, daughter of Sir Henry Heydon of Baconsthorpe and Anne, daughter of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn and Anne Hoo.[3] They had seven sons and six daughters. His daughter, Elizabeth Brooke, married Sir Thomas Wyatt.

He was twice widowed. He married secondly Elizabeth Fowthewel[4] widow of Robert Southwell[5] and thirdly Elizabeth Hart, and had no issue from them.[6]

Thomas Brooke died on 19 July 1529 and was buried at St Mary Magdalene New Churchyard, Cobham, Kent.

end of biography 
Brooke, Sir Thomas 8th Baron Cobham (I48266)
 
39680 Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond, P.C. (1426 - 3 August, 1515) was the youngest son of James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond. He was attainted, but restored by Henry VII' s first Parliament in November 1485, and the statutes made at Westminster, by Edward IV, which declared him and his brothers traitors, were abrogated.

Family

Arms of Butler, Earl of Ormond: Gules, three covered cups or[1]

Bench end in Monkleigh Church, Devon (parish church of Annery) showing the Ormonde knot and arms of Butler: Gules, three covered cups or,[2] both displayed on escutcheons within Gothic cusped lancet arches
Thomas Butler was the third son of James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond, by his first wife, Joan de Beauchamp (d. 3 or 5 August 1430). He had two elder brothers, James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond, and John Butler, 6th Earl of Ormond, as well as two sisters, Elizabeth Butler, who married John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, and Anne Butler (d. 4 January 1435), who was contracted to marry Thomas FitzGerald, 7th Earl of Desmond, although the marriage appears not to have taken place. [3]

Career

Thomas Butler, as an Irish peer, should only have sat in the Irish Parliament. However, as a personal friend of Henry VII he was summoned to the English Parliament in November 1488 as "Thomas Ormond de Rochford chevaler". At this time he was already 8th Earl of Carrick and 7th Earl of Ormond,[4] having succeeded his elder brothers James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond and John Butler, 6th Earl of Ormond, neither of whom left legitimate issue.

He was afterwards sworn of the Privy Council of England.

He was known as The Wool Earl, due to his enormous wealth. Besides being in the possession of major lands in the Irish counties of Kilkenny and Tipperary, he owned 72 manors in England, making him one of the richest subjects in the realm.[5]

In 1509, he was appointed Lord Chamberlain to Catherine of Aragon.[6] He held this post until 1512.

Marriage and progeny

He married twice:

Firstly in 1445 to Anne Hankford (1431–1485), daughter and co-heiress of Sir Richard Hankford (c. 1397 – 1431) of Annery, Monkleigh, Devon, jure uxoris feudal baron of Bampton[7] (grandson of Sir William Hankford (c. 1350 – 1423), Chief Justice of the King's Bench) by his 2nd wife Anne Montagu (d.1457), a daughter of John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury (c. 1350 – 1400).[8] By Anne Hankford he had two daughters and co-heiresses who inherited the Butler estates in England:
Lady Anne Butler (1455-June 5, 1533), heiress through her mother of Annery,[9] who married firstly Ambrose Cressacre, esquire, by whom she had no issue, and secondly Sir James St Leger (d.1509), by whom she had two sons, Sir George St Leger, and James St Leger.[10]
Lady Margaret Butler (1465–1537), who married Sir William Boleyn, by whom she had six sons and five daughters, including Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, father of Queen Anne Boleyn, second wife of King Henry VIII.[11]

Secondly in 1486 he married Lora Berkeley (1454–1501), widow successively of John Blount, 3rd Baron Mountjoy (by whom she had two sons and two daughters[12][13][14][15]), and Sir Thomas Montgomery (d. 2 January 1495) of Faulkbourne, Essex, and daughter of Edward Berkeley (d. March 1506) of Beverston Castle, Gloucestershire, by his wife Christian Holt (d.1468), second daughter and coheir of Richard Holt. By his second wife Lora Berkeley, Ormond had one daughter:
Elizabeth Butler[16] (d.1510).[citation needed]

Death & succession

Ormond died on 3 August 1515 and was buried in the Mercers' Chapel of the Hospital of St Thomas of Acre in the City of London.[17] As he died without male progeny the barony supposedly created in 1488 fell into abeyance. The Earldom devolved to his heir male and distant cousin Piers Butler, 8th Earl of Ormond, 1st Earl of Ossory (1467-1539), the grandson of his first cousin Sir Edmund MacRichard Butler (1420-1464) of Polestown, County Kilkenny, Ireland, a grandson of James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond (c.1359-1405) of Gowran Castle in Ireland.

Butler, Sir Thomas 7th Earl of Ormond (I47654)
 
39681 Thomas Cave1

M, #210207
Last Edited=5 Nov 2006
Thomas Cave is the son of Peter Cave and Mary Burdett.2 He married Thomasine Passamer.1
He also had three other sons.1
Children of Thomas Cave and Thomasine Passamer

Richard Cave+2
John Cave2
Citations

[S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 725. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
[S37] BP2003. [S37] 
Cave, Thomas (I49999)
 
39682 Thomas Chaucer (c. 1367 - 18 November 1434) was the Speaker of the English House of Commons and son of Geoffrey Chaucer and Philippa Roet.

Parental connections

Thomas Chaucer was connected with John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster through his aunt Katherine Swynford, sister of his mother, Geoffrey Chaucer's wife Philippa Roet. Swynford was first Gaunt's mistress, and then his third wife. Their four children, John, Henry, Thomas and Joan Beaufort, were first cousins to Thomas Chaucer, and all prospered: John's family became Earls and subsequently Dukes of Somerset, Henry a Cardinal, Thomas became Duke of Exeter, Joan became Countess of Westmorland and was grandmother of Kings Edward IV and Richard III.

King Henry IV - son of John of Gaunt by his first marriage to Blanche of Lancaster - was half-brother to Thomas Chaucer's Beaufort first cousins. Thomas was able to buy Donnington Castle for his only daughter Alice.

Life

Early in life Thomas Chaucer married Matilda (Maud), second daughter and coheiress of Sir John Burghersh, nephew of Henry Burghersh. The marriage brought him large estates, including the manor of Ewelme, Oxfordshire. He was Chief Butler of England for almost thirty years, first appointed by Richard II, and on 20 March 1399 received a pension of twenty marks a year in exchange for offices granted him by the Duke, paying at the same time five marks for the confirmation of two annuities of charges on the Duchy of Lancaster and also granted by the Duke. These annuities were confirmed to him by Henry IV, who appointed him constable of Wallingford Castle, and steward of the honours of Wallingford and St. Valery and of the Chiltern Hundreds. About the same time he succeeded Geoffrey Chaucer as forester of North Petherton Park, Somerset. On 5 November 1402 he received a grant of the chief butlership for life.[1]

He served as High Sheriff of Berkshire and Oxfordshire for 1400 and 1403 and as High Sheriff of Hampshire for 1413. He attended fifteen parliaments as knight of the shire for Oxfordshire (1400–1, 1402, 1405–6, 1407, 1409–10, 1411, 1413, 1414, 1421, 1422, 1425–6, 1427, 1429, 1430–1) and was Speaker of the House five times, a feat not surpassed until the 18th century. He was chosen speaker in the parliament that met at Gloucester in 1407, and on 9 November reminded the king that the accounts of the expenditure of the last subsidy had not been rendered. The chancellor interrupted him, declaring that they were not ready, and that for the future the lords would not promise them. He was chosen again in 1410 and in 1411, when, on making his 'protestation' and claiming the usual permission of free speech, he was answered by the king that he might speak as other speakers had done, but that no novelties would be allowed. He asked for a day's grace, and then made an apology. He was again chosen in 1414.[1] On 23 February 1411 the queen gave him the manor of Woodstock and other estates during her life, and on 15 March the king assigned them to him after her death.

In 1414 he also received a commission, in which he is called domicellus, to treat about the marriage of Henry V, and to take the homage of the Duke of Burgundy. A year later he served with the king in France, bringing into the field 12 men-at-arms and 37 archers. He was not present at the Battle of Agincourt, being sent back to England ill after the siege of Harfluer. It is unknown if he was really sick, or used it as an excuse to return to England. His retinue did march on to Agincourt. In 1417 he was employed to treat for peace with France.[1]

On the accession of Henry VI he appears to have been superseded in the chief butlership, and to have regained it shortly afterwards. In January 1424 he was appointed a member of the council, and the next year was one of the commissioners to decide a dispute between the Earl Marshal and the Earl of Warwick about precedence. In 1430–1 he was appointed one of the executors of the will of the Duchess of York, and was by then very wealthy.[1]

Thomas Chaucer died at Ewelme Palace in the village of Ewelme, Oxfordshire on 18 November 1434 and is buried in St Mary's church in the village.[1]

Family

Thomas' only daughter Alice married William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk and her grandson John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln was the designated heir of Richard III. John and several of his brothers were later executed when Richard lost power. They left descendants however, including the Earls of Rutland and Portmore, William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, who foiled the Gunpowder Plot and Sir Francis Sacheverel Darwin (through his mother, Elizabeth Collier, natural daughter of the Earl of Portmore).

Chaucer, Thomas (I43922)
 
39683 Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford, also 8th Lord of Skipton (25 March 1414 – 22 May 1455), was the elder son of John, 7th Baron de Clifford, and Elizabeth Percy, daughter of Henry "Hotspur" Percy and Elizabeth Mortimer.

Family

Thomas Clifford was born 25 March 1414, the elder son and heir of John, Lord de Clifford by Elizabeth Percy, daughter of Henry 'Hotspur' Percy and Elizabeth Mortimer, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March. He had a younger brother, Henry Clifford,[1] and two sisters, Mary and Blanche.[2] [3] The Clifford family was seated at Skipton from 1310 to 1676.

Career

Clifford inherited the barony and the title of High Sheriff of Westmorland at the age of seven upon his father's death at the Siege of Meaux on 13 March 1422.[2][3] He made proof of age in 1435/6.[2]

In 1435 Clifford campaigned with the Duke of Bedford in France, and about 1439 led the English forces which defended Pontoise against Charles VII of France.[4] In 1450/51 he was sent as an embassy for King James III of Scotland.[2]

Clifford was slain fighting on the Lancastrian side at the First Battle of St Albans on 22 May 1455, the first battle in the Wars of the Roses, and was buried at St Alban's Abbey.[4] He was succeeded by his elder son, John, 9th Baron de Clifford.

Marriage and issue

After March 1424 Clifford married Joan Dacre, the daughter of Thomas, 6th Baron Dacre of Gilsland, by Philippa, daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, by whom he had four sons and five daughters:[5]

John Clifford, 9th Baron de Clifford, who married Margaret Bromflete, by whom he had two sons, Henry Clifford, 10th Baron de Clifford, and Richard Clifford, esquire, and a daughter, Elizabeth, who married Robert Aske. He was slain at Ferrybridge 24 March 1461 on the eve of the Battle of Towton.[5]

Sir Roger Clifford, who married Joan Courtenay (born c.1447), the eldest daughter of Thomas Courtenay, 13th Earl of Devon, by Margaret Beaufort, the daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset. Sir Roger Clifford was beheaded in 1485, and his widow married secondly, Sir William Knyvet of Buckenham, Norfolk.[4][6]

Sir Robert Clifford (d. 15 March 1508), who married Elizabeth (nâee Barley), widow of Sir Ralph Jocelyn (d. October 25, 1478), twice Lord Mayor of London, and daughter of William Barley of Aspenden, Hertfordshire by Elizabeth Darcy. Both

Sir Robert Clifford and his father-in-law, William Barley, were supporters of the pretender to the Crown, Perkin Warbeck.[4][7][8]

Sir Thomas Clifford.

Elizabeth Clifford, who married firstly, Sir William Plumpton of Knaresborough, Yorkshire,[9] slain at the Battle of Towton, and secondly, John Hamerton.[4][10]

Maud Clifford, who married firstly Sir John Harrington of Hornby, Lancashire, slain at the Battle of Wakefield in 1460, and secondly, Sir Edmund Sutton of Dudley, Staffordshire.[4][11]

Anne Clifford, who married firstly, Sir Richard Tempest, and secondly, William Conyers, esquire.[4]

Joan Clifford, who married Sir Simon Musgrave.[4]

Margaret Clifford, who married Robert Carre ( 12 April 1467) [4]

Shakespeare and Thomas Clifford

According to Shakespeare's, Henry VI, Part 3 following Hall's Chronicle and Holinshed's Chronicles, it was Thomas Clifford's son and heir, John Clifford, 9th Baron de Clifford, who slew, in cold blood after the Battle of Wakefield, the young Edmund, Earl of Rutland, son of Richard, 3rd Duke of York, cutting off his head and sending it crowned with paper to Henry VI's wife, Margaret of Anjou, although later authorities state that Lord Rutland had been slain during the battle.[2] 
Clifford, Sir Thomas 8th Baron de Clifford (I41374)
 
39684 Thomas COBBES (of Reculver) (Edmund (Edward)-5, Edward (Edmund)-4, Richard-3, John-2, Henry-1) died in 1441 in Chislete, Reculver, Kent, England. He died in the 19th year of the reign of King Henry VI.

He was born in Cobbs Court, Romney, Kent. Thomas, the younger brother of John, the "Advocante" left the Romney Marsh in the middle of the 15th century and settled in the neighborhood of Reculver, where his descendants remained for two hundred years before returning to Romney in about 1676.

It is recorded that he sold his brother John all his interest in a field called Cobbs Close, in the 14th year of the reign of Henry 6th. It is believed he moved to Chislete, Parish of Reculver, at this time. The name of
his wife is lost. Thomas COBBES (of Reculver) had the following children:

+14 i. John COBBES. 
Cobbs, Thomas (I44001)
 
39685 Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, KG (/'kr?mw?l/ or /'kr?mw?l/;[1] c.?1485 - 28 July 1540), was an English lawyer and statesman who served as chief minister to King Henry VIII of England from 1532 to 1540.

Cromwell was one of the strongest and most powerful advocates of the English Reformation. He helped to engineer an annulment of the king's marriage to Queen Catherine of Aragon to allow Henry to marry his mistress Anne Boleyn. After failing in 1534 to obtain the Pope's approval of the request for annulment, Parliament endorsed the King's claim to be head of the breakaway Church of England, thus giving Henry the authority to annul his own marriage. Cromwell subsequently plotted an evangelical, reformist course for the embryonic Church of England from the unique posts of vicegerent in spirituals and vicar-general.

During his rise to power, Cromwell made many enemies, including his former ally Anne Boleyn; he played a prominent role in her downfall. He later fell from power after arranging the King's marriage to a German princess, Anne of Cleves. Cromwell hoped that the marriage would breathe fresh life into the Reformation in England, but because Henry found his new bride unattractive, it turned into a disaster for Cromwell and ended in an annulment six months later. Cromwell was arraigned under a bill of attainder and executed for treason and heresy on Tower Hill on 28 July 1540. The King later expressed regret at the loss of his chief minister.

Early life

Thomas Cromwell was born around 1485, in Putney, Surrey, as the son of Walter Cromwell, a blacksmith, fuller and cloth merchant, and owner of both a hostelry and a brewery.[6] Thomas's mother, Katherine, was the aunt of Nicholas Glossop of Wirksworth in Derbyshire. She lived in Putney in the house of a local attorney, John Welbeck, at the time of her marriage to Walter Cromwell in 1474.[6] Cromwell had two sisters: the elder, Katherine, married Morgan Williams, a Welsh lawyer; the younger, Elizabeth, married a farmer, William Wellyfed. Katherine and Morgan's son Richard was employed in his uncle's service and changed his name to Cromwell.

Little is known about Thomas Cromwell's early life. It is believed that he was born at the top of Putney Hill, on the edge of Putney Heath. In 1878, his birthplace was still of note:

The site of Cromwell's birthplace is still pointed out by tradition and is in some measure confirmed by the survey of Wimbledon Manor, quoted above, for it describes on that spot 'an ancient cottage called the smith's shop, lying west of the highway from Richmond to Wandsworth, being the sign of the Anchor'. The plot of ground here referred to is now covered by the Green Man public house.[7]

Putney Heath was a noted haunt of highwaymen and only a few brave souls ventured across it at night.

Marriage and issue

At some time during these years, Cromwell returned to England, where around 1515 he married Elizabeth Wyckes (1489–1528). She was the widow of Thomas Williams, a Yeoman of the Guard, and the daughter of a Putney shearman, Henry Wykes, who had served as a Gentleman Usher to King Henry VII.[6] The couple had three children:[9]

Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell (c. 1520–51), who married Elizabeth Seymour
Anne Cromwell (died c. 1529)
Grace Cromwell (died c. 1529)
Cromwell's wife is believed to have died during the epidemic of sweating sickness sweeping across England in 1527–28, most likely in the summer of 1528. The last reference to his wife was in a letter from Richard Cave, a man who knew him very well, on 18 June 1528.[10] Cromwell's daughters, Anne and Grace, are believed to have died not long after their mother. Provisions made for Anne and Grace in Thomas Cromwell's will, written on 12 July 1529, have been crossed out at a later date.[11][12] Gregory would later die of sweating sickness as well, though he did outlive his father by many years.[13][14][15][16][17]

Thomas Cromwell also had an illegitimate daughter, Jane (c. 1520/25 – c. 1580).[18] Jane's early life is a complete mystery. According to writer and historian Dame Hilary Mantel, "Cromwell had an illegitimate daughter, and beyond the fact that she existed, we know very little about her. She comes briefly into the records, in an incredibly obscure way — she's in the archives of the county of Chester."[19][20][21][22] Jane married William Hough (c. 1525–85), of Leighton in Wirral, Cheshire, sometime between 1535-39.[23] William Hough was the son of Richard Hough (1508–73/74) who was Cromwell's agent in Chester from 1534-40.[24][25][26][22] It is unknown what role Thomas and Gregory Cromwell played in her life. Jane and her husband William Hough remained staunch Roman Catholics who, together with their daughter, Alice, her husband, William Whitmore and their children, all came to the attention of the authorities as recusants during the reign of Elizabeth I.[27]

A successful merchant and lawyer, Thomas Cromwell was a self-made man of relatively humble beginnings whose intelligence and abilities enabled him to rise to become the most powerful man in England next to the king. His own father, Walter Cromwell, had been a jack of all trades—a blacksmith, fuller, and brewer—who had, from time to time, come to the attention of the authorities. Cromwell was sent to school as a boy, where he learned to read and write and was taught a little Latin.[citation needed]

Cromwell declared to Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer that he had been a "ruffian … in his young days".[6] As a youth, he left his family in Putney and crossed the Channel to the continent. Accounts of his activities in France, Italy and the Low Countries are sketchy and contradictory. It is alleged that he first became a mercenary and marched with the French army to Italy, where he fought in the battle of Garigliano on 28 December 1503. While in Italy, he entered service in the household of the Florentine banker Francesco Frescobaldi.[citation needed]

Later, he visited leading mercantile centres in the Low Countries, living among the English merchants and developing a network of contacts while learning several languages. At some point he returned to Italy. The records of the English Hospital in Rome indicate that he stayed there in June 1514,[6] while documents in the Vatican Archives suggest that he was an agent for the Archbishop of York, Cardinal Christopher Bainbridge, and handled English ecclesiastical issues before the Roman Rota.[8]

*** 
Cromwell, Sir Thomas Knight, 1st Earl of Essex (I45297)
 
39686 Thomas D. Hennessee, obituary, newspaper unknown,abstracted by Della Hennessee Source (S2208)
 
39687 Thomas Dacre, 2nd Baron Dacre of Gilsland, KG (25 November 1467 – 24 October 1525) was the son of Humphrey Dacre, 1st Baron Dacre of Gilsland and Mabel Parr, great-aunt of queen consort Catherine Parr, the sixth and final wife of King Henry VIII of England.[1] His mother was the daughter of Sir Thomas Parr of Kendal by his wife, Alice Tunstall.

Born 25 November 1467
Gilsland, Cumberland, England.
Died 24 October 1525
Borders of Scotland and England.
Title Baron Dacre of Gilsland
Tenure 30 May 1485 – 24 October 1525
Nationality English
Residence Naworth Castle
Predecessor Humphrey Dacre, 1st Baron Dacre
Successor William Dacre, 3rd Baron Dacre
Spouse(s) Elizabeth de Greystoke, ''suo jure'' 6th Baroness Greystoke
Issue Mabel Dacre, Baroness Scrope of Bolton
Elizabeth Dacre, Lady Musgrave
William Dacre, 3rd Baron Dacre
Anne Dacre, Baroness Conyers
Mary Dacre, Countess of Shrewsbury
Hon. Humphrey Dacre
Jane Dacre, Lady Tailboys
Parents Humphrey Dacre, 1st Baron Dacre
Mabel Parr


Early career

Thomas Dacre was born in Cumberland, the eldest of nine children.[2] His father Humphrey died of natural causes on 30 May 1485, whereupon, Thomas succeeded him as Baron Dacre of Gilsland.

Dacre took part in the Battle of Bosworth (22 August 1485) on the Yorkist side against Henry Tudor, where the Yorkist king, Richard III of England, was defeated and killed. He however quickly made peace with the victor. This early support for the House of Tudor earned him some favour with Henry Tudor (who had now ascended the throne as "King Henry VII of England"), who would continue to trust his services for the remainder of his reign. King Henry VII named him a Knight of the Bath in 1503. Dacre later swore loyalty to King Henry's son and successor, Henry VIII of England, when he ascended the throne in 1509.


Tomb of Sir Thomas Dacre, Lanercost Priory
He was named deputy of the Lord Warden of the Marches (an officer on the border with Scotland) in 1485, and then Warden of the Western marches, and finally Warden-general over all the marches in 1509. Dacre and his forces served under Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey at the Battle of Flodden (9 September 1513), where the invading army of King James IV of Scotland was crushingly defeated and its king killed. Dacre had commanded the "Border Lancers" at the battle, and their charge had saved Lord Edmund Howard, commander of the English right wing. King James IV himself had been killed, and the Kingdom of Scotland then ceased its involvement in the War of the League of Cambrai. The victory further helped solidify the reputation of Dacre as a soldier. After the battle, Dacre discovered the body of the Scottish king, informed Thomas Howard, Lord Admiral, and took it to Berwick upon Tweed. He later wrote that the Scots, "love me worst [i.e. very much; the most] of any Inglisheman living, by reason that I fande the body of the King of Scotts."[3]

King Henry VIII named him a Knight of the Garter in 1518, alongside William Sandys, 1st Baron Sandys of the Vyne. Dacre died on the borders on 24 October 1525, killed by a fall from his horse, and was buried in his family's mausoleum at Lanercost Priory. By the time of his death, he held about 70,000 acres (280 km²) of land in Cumberland, 30,000 acres (120 km²) in Yorkshire, and 20,000 acres (80 km²) in Northumberland. Much of these lands had been inherited through marriages with the heiresses of the Greystoke, de Multon, and de Vaux families, as well as grants given by both Kings, Henry VII and Henry VIII.

Known as "the Builder Dacre", Thomas Dacre built the gateway of Naworth Castle (the seat of the Dacre family), and placed over it his coat of arms with the Dacre family motto below: Fort en Loialte (Norman-French: "Strong in Loyalty").[4]

Marriage

Circa 1488, Dacre eloped with Elizabeth Greystoke, 6th Baroness Greystoke suo jure (10 July 1471 – 14 August 1516), daughter of Sir Robert de Greystoke and Lady Elizabeth Grey, daughter of Edmund Grey, 1st Earl of Kent and Lady Katherine Percy. Dacre took her at night from Brougham Castle in Westmorland where, as a ward of the King, she was in the custody of Henry Clifford, 10th Baron de Clifford.[4]

Elizabeth was the eldest granddaughter and heiress of Ralph de Greystoke, 5th Baron Greystoke. She had only recently succeeded her grandfather in the barony, when by their marriage, Dacre became the jure uxoris Baron Greystoke. The extensive lands held by the Greystokes passed to the Dacre family through this marriage. These included Greystoke Castle and the barony of Greystoke, Morpeth Castle and the barony of Morpeth, along with the lost manor of Henderskelf, which is now the site of Castle Howard.[4]

Thomas and Elizabeth had eight children:[5]

Mabel Dacre (c. 1490–1533), married Henry Scrope, 7th Baron Scrope of Bolton.[5] They were parents of John Scrope, 8th Baron Scrope of Bolton and grandparents of Henry Scrope, 9th Baron Scrope of Bolton. The 9th Baron is better known because he was governor of Carlisle in the time of Queen Elizabeth I of England, and as such, took charge of Mary, Queen of Scots, when she crossed the border in 1568. He took her to Bolton Castle, where she remained there till January 1569.
Elizabeth Dacre (1495-1538), married Sir Thomas Musgrave, Marshall of Berwick. Their son was William Musgrave, MP.[5]
William Dacre, 3rd Baron Dacre (29 April 1500 – 18 November 1563),[5] married Lady Elizabeth Talbot, a daughter of George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury and Anne Hastings, by whom he had issue.
Anne Dacre (c. 1501 – 21 April 1548), married Christopher Conyers, 2nd Baron Conyers.[5] They were the parents of John Conyers, 3rd Baron Conyers.
Mary Dacre (c.1502 – 29 March 1538), married her sister-in-law's brother, Francis Talbot, 5th Earl of Shrewsbury.[5] They were the parents of George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury.
Hon. Humphrey Dacre,[5] married Isabel Martindale, daughter and co-heiress of James Martindale of Newton, Allerdale, Cumberland.[6]
Jane Dacre, wife of Lord Tailboys.[5]

Legacy

His illegitimate son Thomas Dacre, nicknamed "the Bastard", successfully led a few hundred English bordermen against part of the invading force of James V of Scotland on 12 November 1542. His success paved the way for the Scottish defeat at Battle of Solway Moss (24 November 1542). This Thomas was rewarded with land grants and from him starts a secondary line of "Dacres of Lanercost".

Ancestry[edit]
[show]Ancestors of Thomas Dacre, 2nd Baron Dacre
See also[edit]
Naworth Castle, ancestral home of the Dacre family
References[edit]
Jump up ^ Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta ancestry, Genealogical Publishing Com, 2005. pg 253.
Jump up ^ Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2nd Edition, 2011.
Jump up ^ Mackie, R. L., King James IV. Oliver & Boyd (1958), p.269: Letters & Papers Henry VIII, vol.1 (1920), no. 2193
^ Jump up to: a b c "Naworth Castle". Bell's Weekly Messenger. 16 July 1855. Retrieved 16 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2nd Edition, 2011. pg 18.
Jump up ^ Hutchinson, History of. Cumberland Volume II page 289
Jump up ^ Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta ancestry, Genealogical Publishing Com, 2005. pg 643.
Jump up ^ Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta ancestry, Genealogical Publishing Com, 2005. pg 298.

end of biography 
Dacre, Sir Thomas Knight of the Garter (I50469)
 
39688 Thomas Daniel Causby is the son of Horace Jackson Causby and Annie Lou Hennessee Causby. He was born in Burke County, North Carolina. His military service included the Korean and Vietnam War. After he retired from the military, he worked at Maxwell Air Force Base. Causby, Thomas Daniel "Dan" (I31159)
 
39689 Thomas Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy of Darcy or of Temple Hurst, KG, PC, (c. 1467 – 30 June 1537)[1] was an English nobleman, the only son, and heir, of Sir William Darcy (1443 – 30 May 1488) and his wife, Euphemia Langton, the daughter of Sir John Langton.[1] Darcy was opposed to the Dissolution of the Monasteries and for his role in the Pilgrimage of Grace, was convicted of high treason for delivering up Pontefract Castle to the rebels.[2] He was executed on Tower Hill 30 June 1537.[3]

Family

The Darcy family had held lands in Lincolnshire since the Domesday survey, wherein it appears that one Norman de Areci held thirty lordships in that county by the Conqueror's gift. A little later the name became d'Arci, later d'Arcy and finally Darcy. In the reign of Edward III they acquired by marriage other possessions in various counties, among which was the family seat of Templehurst (or Temple Hurst), near Selby in Yorkshire. Sadly, Sir William Darcy died on 30 May 1488, leaving his only son and heir Thomas who was over twenty-one years of age.[3]

Marriage and issue[edit]
He married as his first wife, Dousabella Tempest, (died before 1500),[4][5] daughter and heiress of Sir Richard Tempest of Ribblesdale, North Yorkshire and Mabel, daughter of Walter Strickland.[2] They had three sons and a daughter:[6][7][8]

George Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy of Aston (died 28 Aug 1558) married Dorothy Melton (died 21 Sep 1557), daughter of John Melton and Katherine, daughter of Hugh Hastings.[9] He was knighted 9 September 1513 at Flodden.[10][11]
Richard Darcy
Sir Arthur Darcy (died 3 Apr 1561) married Mary Carew, daughter of Sir Nicolas Carew.[12] He was knighted in 1523.[13]
Mabel Darcy
A letter signed "D. Darcy", believed to have been written by Dousabella to her husband in January 1537,[14] appears to have been written by Dorothy, the wife of George Darcy.[15]

He married in or before 1500,[4][5] Edith Sandys, (died 22 August 1529),[2][16] daughter of Sir William Sandys and Elizabeth Cheney and widow of Ralph, Lord Neville, (died 1498), son of Ralph Neville, 3rd Earl of Westmorland.[2][3] They had a daughter:[6]

Elizabeth Darcy (c. 1501 – ) married 26 Apr 1514, Sir Marmaduke Constable (c.1498 – 20 Apr 1560)[6][17][18]
Through this marriage, Darcy became stepfather to Ralph Neville, 4th Earl of Westmorland.[1]

His wife died at Stepney on 22 August 1529, and was buried at the Friars Observant, Greenwich.[2]

Career

It is evident that Darcy's early career chiefly involved his military abilities and he had distinguished himself in the reign of Henry VII.

Some of the honours he achieved and the offices that he held included:[19]

Knighthood 1489
Knight Banneret 1497
Constable of Bamburgh Castle 1498
Captain of Berwick 1498-1515
Treasurer of Berwick 1501
Warden of the East Marches 1505
Knight of the Garter 1509
Warden of the Royal Forests, North of Trent 1509
Baron Darcy (of Darcy or of Temple Hurst) by writ, 1509
Warden of the East and Middle Marches 1511
Privy Councillor 1513

Political advancement

In 1492 Darcy was bound by indenture to serve Henry VII beyond sea for a whole year with one thousand men, "himself having his costrel and page, 16 archers, and 4 bills, and 6 H." (apparently halberds) on foot. In the latter part of the same year he attended the king at the reception of the French embassy sent to treat for peace. In 1496 he was indicted at quarter sessions in the West Riding for giving to various persons a token or livery called the Buck's Head. But next year he marched with Surrey to raise the siege of Norham Castle, and pursued King James on his retreat into Scotland. He was a knight for the king's body, and is so designated in the patent by which, on 8 June 1498, he was made constable and doorward of Bamburgh Castle in Northumberland. On 16 December of the same year he, being then captain of Berwick, was appointed deputy to Henry, duke of York (then only 7 years old), warden of the east and middle marches. While thus engaged on the borders he had a good deal of correspondence with Henry's able minister Fox, Bishop of Durham, whose bishopric lay continually open to invasion.[3]

In the same year, 1498, he was one of three commissioners appointed to assess fines on those who had taken part in the revolt on behalf of Perkin Warbeck in the previous year in Devon and Cornwall. He was also one of three appointed for a like purpose (but apparently two years later) for the counties of Somerset, Dorset, Wiltshire, and Hampshire, and he had a special commission to himself to execute the offices of constable and marshal of England on those who refused to compound. On 6 July 1499 he was appointed one of five ambassadors to settle disputes with Scotland. Besides being captain of Berwick, he was on 10 September 1501 appointed treasurer and chamberlain of that town, and customer of the port there. In the latter part of the year 1502 he and Henry Babington were despatched into Scotland to receive the oath of James IV to a treaty of peace, which they accordingly did at Glasgow on 10 December.[3]

Shortly before this, in 1499/1500, he was appointed by the crown constable and steward of Sheriff Hutton; and afterwards, on 12 July 1503, receiver-general of the lordships, castles, and manors of Sheriff Hutton, Middleham, and Richmond in Yorkshire. On 8 June 1505 we first find him named Lord Darcy in a patent by which he was made steward of the lands of Raby and other possessions of the young Earl of Westmorland, then a minor. These offices, together with his new peerage, must have given him an influence in the north of England second only to that of the Earl of Northumberland, when on 1 September 1505 he was appointed warden of the east marches, a higher office in dignity than he had yet held, though he had discharged its duties before as deputy to another.[3]

In 1508 he was one of fifteen lords bound by the treaty for the marriage of the king's daughter Mary with Charles of Castile (afterwards the Emperor Charles V) that that marriage should be completed when the bride came to marriageable age. He was also one of the witnesses of the celebration of the match by proxy at Richmond on 17 December following. Just after the accession of Henry VIII in the following spring he was made a knight of the Garter. He was installed on 21 May. Some changes were then made in his appointments and he gave up the constableship and stewardship of Sheriff Hutton, which were given to Sir Richard Cholmeley in his place. But most of the others were renewed, especially his commission as warden of the east marches and captain of Berwick. For these and a number of other offices new patents were granted to him on 18 June 1509, on which day he was also appointed warden, chief justice, and Justice in Eyre of forests beyond Trent. He was also named of the king's council, and when in London he took part in its deliberations, and signed warrants as a privy councillor. His name stood first in the commission of array for Northumberland; and when the bridge at Newcastle upon Tyne had to be repaired it was to be done under the supervision of Darcy and the prior of Durham.[3]

On 17 October 1509, Darcy was summoned to parliament and was created Baron Darcy de Darcy. The same year he also was invested as Knight of the Order of the Garter (KG).

Foreign expeditions

In 1511 Darcy was sent to Spain at his own request to aid Ferdinand in his war against the Moors, the Spanish king having solicited the aid of fifteen hundred English archers. On 8 March, or rather apparently on the 28th, he received his commission from Henry VIII to serve as Ferdinand's admiral, and on the 29th Lord Willoughby de Broke and others were commissioned to muster men for him. The expedition sailed from Plymouth in May and arrived at Cadiz on 1 June. But no sooner had the troops landed than misunderstandings arose between them and the natives, and Ferdinand politely intimated that their services would not be required, as he had made a truce with the Moors in expectation of a war with France. Darcy, much disgusted, re-embarked on 17 June and returned home. On 3 August he had only reached Cape St. Vincent, where he was obliged to give out of his own money ¹20 to each of his captains for the victualling of his men; but apparently this was repaid a year after his return home by the Spanish ambassador, who in a letter of Wolsey's dated 30 September is said to have 'dealt liberally with Lord Darcy in the matter of his soldiers'.[3]

Soon after his return, on 20 October 1511, he was appointed warden both of the east and middle marches against Scotland, which office, however, he resigned in or before December, when Lord Dacre was appointed warden in his place. In 1512 and 1513 he wrote to the king and Wolsey important information of what was doing in Scotland and upon the borders. In the summer of 1513 he accompanied the king in the invasion of France, and was at the siege of Thâerouanne. In January following he writes from his own house at Templehurst an interesting letter to Wolsey, in which he speaks of having recovered from recent sickness, says that his expeditions to Spain and France had cost him ¹4,000 in three years and a half, but declares his willingness to serve the king beyond sea in the following summer. He reminds Wolsey (whose growing influence at this time was marked by everyone) how they had been bedfellows at court and had freely spoken to each other about their own private affairs, and how Wolsey when abroad with the king in the preceding year regretted that Darcy had not been appointed marshal of the army at the beginning of the campaign.[3]

Further public service

In 1514/5 his son and heir apparent, Sir George Darcy, was included with him in some of the appointments he then held. In 1515 he gave up the captaincy of Berwick, and was succeeded by Sir Anthony Ughtred. He appears to have attended parliament in that year, and to have been present in London at the reception of Wolsey's cardinal's hat in November. In May 1516 he witnessed a decree in the Star Chamber. A year later he received Henry VIII's sister: Margaret, the widow of James IV, at her entry into Yorkshire on her return to Scotland. In July 1518 he was one of those who met Cardinal Campeggio on his first mission to England two miles out of London. A year later, a privy search having been ordered to be made throughout London and the neighbourhood for suspicious characters, Darcy and Sir John Nevill were appointed to conduct it in Stepney and the eastern suburbs. In 1519 he attended the feast of St. George on 28 and 29 May. In March 1520 he resigned his offices in Sheriff Hutton to his friend, Sir Robert Constable, whom he familiarly called his brother, in whose favour a new patent was granted by the king. His name occurs shortly afterwards in various lists of persons to accompany the king to the Field of the Cloth of Gold; but it is more than doubtful whether he went there, seeing that on 29 June, just after the interview, he and Lord Berners waited on three French gentlemen and conducted them to see the princess at Richmond, though their arrival the day before was only notified a few hours in advance by letters from Wolsey, who was still at Guisnes.[3]

In 1523 he took an active part in the war against Scotland, making various raids on the borders with a retinue of 1,750 men. In the same year he obtained a principal share in the wardship of the son and heir of Lord Monteagle, which led to many complaints from one of the executors named Richard Bank. On 12 February 1525 he was again appointed to conduct a privy search at Stepney. The annual revenue of his lands in various counties is given in a contemporary document as ¹1,834 4s., and he was taxed for the first and second payment of the subsidy at no less than ¹1,050.[3]

Wolsey’s downfall

In 1529 Darcy prepared the way for his old comrade Wolsey's fall by drawing up a long paper of accusations against him, in which he professed that his motive was "only for to discharge my oath and most bounden duty to God and the king, and of no malice". In the same year he was one of the many witnesses examined on the king's behalf as to the circumstances of Prince Arthur's marriage with Catherine of Aragon, though he had limited evidence to give upon the subject, having been at that time in the king's service in the north of England.[3]

He was one of the peers who signed the articles prepared against Wolsey in parliament on 1 December, partly founded on the charges drawn up by himself five months before; and in the following year he signed the memorial of the lords spiritual and temporal of England to Pope Clement VII, warning him of the danger of not gratifying the desire of Henry VIII in the matter of the divorce.

Opposition to the king

It was not long, however, before Darcy became a rather marked opponent of the court in reference to this very subject. In the parliament which met in January 1532 the Duke of Norfolk made a speech, declaring how ill the king had been used by the pope not remitting the cause to be tried in England, adding that it was maintained by some that matrimonial causes were a matter of temporal jurisdiction, of which the king was the head and not the pope, and finally asking whether they would not employ their persons and goods in defence of the royal prerogative against interference from abroad. To this appeal Darcy was the first to reply. He said his person and goods were at the king's disposal, but as to matrimonial causes he had always understood that they were spiritual and belonged to ecclesiastical jurisdiction; and if the question presented any difficulties it was for the king's council first to say what should be done without involving others in their responsibility. After this it is not surprising to learn that among other peers who were treated in a similar manner he was informed that his presence in the January session of 1534 would be dispensed with, although he had received a regular summons to attend.[3]

Among matters of minor interest about this period we find him reminding Bishop Tunstall after his promotion to Durham of a promise of the offices of steward and sheriff of his bishopric. A long-standing dispute with his neighbours at Rothwell in Yorkshire comes to light in a commission obtained in April 1533 to examine certain of the inhabitants who had threatened, in defiance of a decree of the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, to pull down the gates and hedges of Rothwell park.[3]

In July 1534 he was one of the jury of peers who acquitted Lord Dacre, an act which did little to make him more acceptable to the court. Thomas Cromwell, however, appears to have been his friend (although at the end of his life Darcy showed his deep hatred of and contempt for Cromwell) and obtained for his second son, Sir Arthur Darcy, the office of captain or governor of Jersey in September following, for whose appointment he wrote Cromwell a letter of thanks from Mortlake, regretting that he was unable to visit him personally, owing to his "fulsum diseassis." It appears that he was suffering from a rupture. He at the same time sent Sir Arthur with messages both to Cromwell and to the Duke of Norfolk, among other things complaining that he had not been allowed to go home into Yorkshire since the parliament began. And this must mean since November 1529 when the still existing parliament began, not since the beginning of a session, for it was then vacation time. A significant part of the instructions to Sir Arthur as regards the Duke of Norfolk was to deliver a letter to him "for no goodness in him but to stop his evil tongue."[3]

Rebel

In the same month in which his son was appointed captain of Jersey, Darcy began to hold secret communications with Eustace Chapuys, the imperial ambassador, along with Lord Hussey, whom he called his brother, to invite the emperor to invade England and put an end to what he described as a tyranny in matters secular and religious, which the nation endured only because there was no deliverer. His earnest application for leave to go home was with a view to aid the invaders when this scheme should be set on foot, and he actually succeeded in obtaining a license to absent himself from future feasts of St. George on account of his age and debility. On the same day (28 October) he also obtained a license of absence from future meetings of parliament and exemption from serving on any commission; but the latter did not pass the great seal till 12 February following.

For these important privileges he writes to thank Cromwell on 13 November, dating his letter from Templehurst, where, however, he could hardly have been at that time, as Chapuys expressly says on 1 January 1535 that he had not yet been allowed to retire to his own country. The hope of soon going home to Templehurst seems to have influenced his pen to write as if he were actually there when he really was in or about London. The fact is that, although these exemptions were conceded to him on the ground of age and infirmity, permission to go back to his home in Yorkshire was still persistently withheld. The court apparently suspected that his presence in the north would do them little good, and he remained not only till the beginning of 1535, but through most part of the year, if not the whole of it. He kept up secret communications with Chapuys at intervals in January, March, May, and July, hoping now and again that matters were ripe for a great revolt, and sending the ambassador symbolic presents when he dared not express his meaning otherwise. In the beginning of May he was hopeful at last of being allowed to go home immediately. But in the middle of the month, this hope having apparently disappeared, he was thinking how to escape abroad and endeavour to impress upon the emperor in a personal interview the urgent necessity of sending an expedition against England to redeem the country from what he described as the heresy, oppression, and robbery to which it was constantly subjected. How long he was detained in London we do not know, but it was certainly till after July. He appears to have been at Templehurst in April 1536; but there is a blank in our information as to the whole preceding interval.[3]

His presence not being required in the parliamentary session of February 1536, he escaped the pressure which was doubtless brought to bear upon others to vote for the dissolution of the smaller monasteries, a measure which was very unpopular in the north of England, whatever it might be elsewhere. This, indeed, was one of the chief causes of that great rebellion which, beginning in Lincolnshire in October following, soon spread to Yorkshire, and was called the Pilgrimage of Grace.[3]


Reconstruction of Pontefract Castle

Almost the only place which seemed for a time to hold out against the insurgents was Pontefract Castle, of which Darcy held the command. Thither fled Archbishop Lee of York, who put himself under Darcy's protection with some of the neighbouring gentry. But Darcy, pretending that his provisions had run short, yielded up the castle to the rebels, who compelled him and the archbishop to be sworn to the common cause. The compulsion, however, was more ostensible than real. Darcy, the archbishop, and nearly all the gentry, really sympathised with the insurgents, and it was in vain that Darcy afterwards pleaded that he was doing his utmost for the king by endeavouring to guide aright a power that he could not resist.[3]

He stood by Robert Aske, the leader of the commons, when Lancaster Herald knelt before him, and he negotiated in their favour with the Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk when they were sent down to suppress the rising. His position as a friend and leader of the insurgents was recognised by the king himself, who instructed Norfolk and Fitzwilliam to treat with him as such, and authorised them to give him and the others a safe-conduct if necessary, to come to his presence, or else to offer them a free pardon on their submission. Norfolk, presumably at the King's desire, wrote to Darcy suggesting that he could redeem himself by breaking his word to Aske and arresting him. Darcy, who prided himself on being true to his sworn word, replied indignantly "Alas my good lord that ever you a man of so much honour and great experience should advise or choose me to ....betray or disserve any living man."[20] Both he and Aske wrote to the king to set their conduct in a more favourable light. A meeting with some of the king's council was arranged at Doncaster, and the king sent a pardon even to the chief offenders. But on 6 January following (1537) Henry sent him an imperative summons to come up to London; in reply to which he wrote from Templehurst on the 14th, stating that he had 'never fainted nor feigned' in the service of the king and his father within the realm or abroad for about fifty years; but since the meeting at Doncaster he had been confined to his chamber with two diseases, rupture and flux, as several of the council who saw him at Doncaster and the king's own physicians could bear witness.

The country was at that moment in a very dangerous state, a new rebellion having been just begun by Sir Francis Bigod, which Aske and Darcy did their best to stay. Their services were so real that the king pardoned both of them, and encouraged Darcy to victual Pontefract, that his two sons, Sir George and Sir Arthur, might keep it in case of a new rising. Darcy was further assured, by letters addressed to the Earl of Shrewsbury, that if he would do his duty thenceforward it would be as favourably considered as if he had never done amiss. Encouraged by this he wrote to Aske on 10 February, asking him to redeliver secretly to Pontefract Castle (for the custody of which Darcy was responsible) all the bows and arrows that he had obtained out of it. The letter unluckily was intercepted, and it told a tale.[3]

Information was collected to show that since his pardon Darcy had been guilty of different acts of treason, among which his intimating to the people that there would be a free parliament to consider their grievances was cited in evidence that he was still seeking to promote a change, and that if there were no parliament the rebellious spirit would revive with his approval. Even his recent acts in the king's behalf were construed to his disadvantage; for having given orders to stay the commons till Norfolk came, the words were taken to imply that he only wished them pacified for a season.[3]

Arrest, trial and execution

Darcy was apprehended, brought up to London, and lodged in the Tower of London, as were several other of the northern leaders at the same time.

Examined by the Privy Council, Darcy used the occasion to make clear his hatred and contempt for Thomas Cromwell: "thou that art the very original and chief causer of this rebellion and mischief and likewise art the cause of apprehension to us that be noblemen and dost earnestly travail to bring us to our end and strike off our heads."[21] He warned Cromwell, prophetically, that he must not count on the King's favour towards him lasting, for : "others that have been in such favour with Kings that you now enjoy have come to the same end you bring me to" and expressed his hope that even if Cromwell struck off every nobleman's head, "yet one (i.e. the King) shall remain that shall strike off yours".[21]


Sign at the Tower Hill scaffold location

An indictment found against Darcy and the other northern leaders on 9 May at York says that they had conspired together in October, first to deprive the king of his royal dignity by disowning his title of Supreme Head of the Church of England, and secondly to compel him to hold a parliament; that they had afterwards committed divers acts of rebellion; that after being pardoned they had corresponded with each other, and that Darcy and others had abetted Bigod's rebellion in January. On these charges he and his old friend, John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford were arraigned at Westminster on 15 May before the Marquess of Exeter as Lord High Steward, and a number of their peers.[3]

They were condemned to suffer the extreme penalty for treason, but the punishment actually inflicted upon them was decapitation, which Lord Hussey underwent at Lincoln, where he was conveyed on purpose to strike terror where the insurrection had begun. But Darcy was beheaded on Tower Hill on 30 June.[1] His head was set up on London Bridge, and his body, according to one contemporary writer, was buried at Crutched Friars. But if so, it must have been removed afterwards; at least, if a tombstone inscription may be trusted, it lies with the bodies of other Darcys in the church of St Botolph's Aldgate.[3]

Following his arrest and conviction in 1537, his lands and property were seized,[1] and in 1539, he was posthumously attainted, the barony was forfeited and his knighthood degraded.[1][3] During the reign of Edward VI, his eldest son, Sir George Darcy, was restored in blood, by an Act of Parliament, in 1548, to the dignity of Baron Darcy.[22] Some sources state, however, that this was a new creation, rather than a restoration of his father's forfeited barony.[23] It is remarkable that the new Baron Darcy, took his place in the House of Lords as the junior baron and not in the 1509 precedence of the former Barony, whereas, his son took his seat in the House of Lords in the precedence of the former barony, which assumption seems to have been condoned by the House.[23] Although he never regained any of his father's lands,[1] the title of Lord Darcy of Aston, descended to his heirs male until it became extinct for lack of issue in 1635.[22]

Fictional portrayals

He is one of the principal characters in The Man on a Donkey by H.F.M. Prescott, which portrays him in a sympathetic light.

In the TV drama The Tudors he is played by Colm Wilkinson.

He features in the 2014 novel The King's Curse by Philippa Gregory.

Footnotes[edit]
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g Hoyle Jan 2008.
^ Jump up to: a b c d e Cokayne IV 1916, p. 74.
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w DNB 14 1888, pp. 49–53.
^ Jump up to: a b Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry VII 1: 1485-1500, 1192.
^ Jump up to: a b Collins 1887, pp. 14–20.
^ Jump up to: a b c Flower 1881, p. 92.
Jump up ^ Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, 12(II), 186(40).
Jump up ^ Farrer & Brownbill 1911, pp. 262-266 footnote 14.
Jump up ^ Cokayne IV 1916, pp. 75–76.
Jump up ^ Shaw II 1906, p. 37.
Jump up ^ J. Mackie, 'The English Army at Flodden', Miscellany of the Scottish History Society, VIII (Edinburgh 1951), p.79
Jump up ^ Richardson III 2011, p. 6.
Jump up ^ Shaw II 1906, p. 43.
Jump up ^ Wood II 1847, p. 350.
Jump up ^ Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, 12(I), 81 and footnote 17.
Jump up ^ Stapeleton 1839, p. 268.
Jump up ^ Foster III 1874, Pedigree: Constable of Flamborough.
Jump up ^ Thorpe 1982.
Jump up ^ Cokayne IV 1916, pp. 73–74.
Jump up ^ Moorhouse 2003, p. 195.
^ Jump up to: a b Moorhouse 2003, p. 339.
^ Jump up to: a b Cokayne IV, p. 75.
^ Jump up to: a b Cracroft's Peerage.
Attribution
This article incorporates text from a work in the public domain: Gairdner, James (1888). "Darcy, Thomas". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 14. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 49–53.
Sources[edit]
Cokayne, G. E. (1916). Gibbs, Vicary, ed. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant. IV (new ed.). London: The St. Catherine Press.
Collins, Francis (1887). "Yorkshire Fines: 1500-1505". Feet of Fines of the Tudor period [Yorks]. 1: 1486-1571. pp. 14–20. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
"Darcy of Darcy or of Temple Hurst, Baron (E, 1509 - 1537)". Cracroft's Peerage. Cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
Farrer, William, ed.; Brownbill, J., ed. (1911). "Townships: Little and Darcy Lever". A History of the County of Lancaster. 5. British-history.ac.uk. pp. 262–266. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
Flower, William (1881). Charles Best Norcliffe, ed. The Visitation of Yorkshire in the years 1563 and 1564, Made by William Flower, Esquire, Norroy King of Arms. The Publications of the Harleian Society. XVI. London: Harleian Society.
Foster, Joseph (1874). Pedigrees of the County Families of Yorkshire. III:North and East Riding. London: W. Wilfred Head.
Gairdner, James (1888). "Darcy, Thomas". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 14. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 49–53.
Hoyle, R. W. (January 2008) [2004]. "Darcy, Thomas, Baron Darcy of Darcy (b. in or before 1467, d. 1537)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7148. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Ledward, K. H., ed. (1955). "Close Rolls, Henry VII: 1497-1500". Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry VII. 1: 1485-1500. British-history.ac.uk. pp. 345–363. Retrieved 6 February 2014. (subscription required)
"Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
Moorhouse, Geoffrey (2003). The Pilgrimage of Grace, 1536-7: The Rebellion That Shook Henry VIII's Throne. London: Phoenix. ISBN 9781842126660.
Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. III (2nd ed.). CreateSpace. ISBN 1449966357.
Shaw, W. A. (1906). The Knights of England. II. London: Sherrat and Hughes.
"Sir Marmaduke Constable, Knight". Family Search: Community Trees. Europe: Royal and Noble Houses of Europe. Histfam.familysearch.org. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
Stapleton, Thomas, ed. (1839). Plumpton Correspondence: A Series of Letters, Chiefly Domestick, Written in the Reigns of Edward IV, Richard III, Henry VII, and Henry VIII. Camden Society. Publications. IV. London: John Bowyer Nichols and Son.
Thorpe, S. M. (1982). "Constable, Sir Marmaduke II (by 1498-1560), of London and Nuneaton, Warws.". In Bindoff, S. T. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558. Historyofparliamentonline.org. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
Wood, Mary Anne Everett (1846). Letters of Royal and illustrious Ladies from the Commencement of the Twelfth Century to the Close of the Reign of Queen Mary. II. London: Henry Colburn.
External links[edit]
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pontefract Castle.
Thomas Darcy, Lord Darcy Family tree
Thomas Darcy Find A Grave 
Darcy, Sir Thomas Knight, 1st Baron Darcy de Darcy (I45991)
 
39690 Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, KG (c. 14 February 1313 – 13 November 1369) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War. In 1348 he became one of the founders and the third Knight of the Order of the Garter.

Early life

Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick depicted in 1347 as one of the 8 mourners attached to the monumental brass of Sir Hugh Hastings (d. 1347) at St Mary's Church, Elsing, Norfolk. He displays the arms of Beauchamp on his tunic
Thomas de Beauchamp was born at Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England to Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick and Alice de Toeni. He served in Scotland frequently during the 1330s, being captain of the army against the Scots in 1337. He was hereditary High Sheriff of Worcestershire from 1333 until his death (in 1369). In 1344 he was also made High Sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire for life.[citation needed]

Victor at Crâecy and Poitiers


Left:Seal (obverse) of Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, dated 1344: S(IGILLUM) THO(M)E COMITIS WARRWYCHIE ANNO REGNI REGIS E(DWARDII) TE(RT)II...(continued on counter-seal) ("Seal of Thomas, Count (Earl) of Warwick in the year of the reign of King Edward the Third..."). He displays on his surcoat, shield and horse's caparison the arms of Beauchamp, and carries on his helm as crest a swan's head and neck; right: Counter-seal/reverse: (legend continued from face of seal) ...POST CO(N)QUESTU(M) ANGLIE SEPTI(M)O DECIM(0) ET REGNI SUI FRANCIE QUARTO ("...after the Conquest of England the seventeenth and of his reign of the Kingdom of France the fourth"). This dates the seal to 1344. The arms are those of de Newburgh, the family of the Beaumont Earls of Warwick: Checky azure and or, a chevron ermine. This same display of double arms was used on the seal of his father Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick on his seal affixed to the Barons' Letter, 1301
Warwick was Marshall of England from 1343/4 until 1369, and was one of the commanders at the great English victories at Crâecy and Poitiers.

Thomas de Beauchamp fought in all the French wars of King Edward III; he commanded the center at the Battle of Crecy (where many of his relatives were killed including his younger half-brother Alan la Zouche de Mortimer). He was trusted to be guardian of the sixteen-year-old Black Prince. Beauchamp fought at Poitiers in 1356 and at the Siege of Calais (1346).

He began the rebuilding of the Collegiate Church of Saint Mary in Warwick using money received from the ransom of a French Archbishop. He died of plague in Calais on 13 November 1369 and was entombed in the Beauchamp Chapel. The chapel contains the finest example of the use of brisures for cadency in medieval heraldry -- seven different Beauchamp coats of arms.

Marriage and children

He married Katherine Mortimer, daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March. They had five sons and ten daughters:[1]

Thomas b. 16 Mar 1338 d. 8 Aug 1401, who married Margaret Ferrers and had descendants. His son Richard succeeded him as Earl and inherited most of his property.
Guy (d. 28 April 1360). He had two daughters who by entail were excluded from their grandfather's inheritance: Elizabeth (d. c.1369), and Katherine, who became a nun.
Reinbrun, (d. 1361); he was named for a character in Guy of Warwick.
William (c. 1343–1411), who inherited the honour of Abergavenny. Married Joan FitzAlan.
Roger (d. 1361)
Maud (d. 1403), who married Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford.
Philippa de Beauchamp who married Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford.
Alice (d. 1383), who married first John Beauchamp, 3rd Baron Beauchamp and then Sir Matthew Gournay.
Joan, who married Ralph Basset, 4th Baron Basset de Drayton.
Isabell (d. 1416) who married first John le Strange, 5th Baron Strange, and then to William de Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk. After the latter's death she became a nun.
Margaret, who married Guy de Montfort and after his death became a nun.
Elizabeth, married Thomas de Ufford, KG
Anne, married Walter de Cokesey
Juliana
Katherine, became a nun at Shouldham

Catherine Montacute, Countess of Salisbury was not his daughter, although she is presented as such in William Painter's Palace of Pleasure and in the Elizabethan play, Edward III that may be by William Shakespeare. 
Beauchamp, Sir Thomas de Knight, 11th Earl of Warwick (I43545)
 
39691 Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, KG (16 March 1338 - 8 April 1401[1]) was an English medieval nobleman, and one of the primary opponents of Richard II.

Birth and Marriage

Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel; Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester; Thomas de Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham; Henry, Earl of Derby (later Henry IV); and Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, throw down their gauntlets and demand Richard II to let them prove by arms the justice for their rebellion

He was the son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick and Katherine Mortimer,[2] a daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, and succeeded his father in 1369. He married Margaret Ferrers, daughter of Sir William Ferrers, 3rd Baron Ferrers of Groby and Margaret d'Ufford, daughter of Robert d'Ufford, 1st Earl of Suffolk.

Royal Service

Seal of Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick
Knighted around 1355,[2] Beauchamp accompanied John of Gaunt in campaigns in France in 1373, and around that time was made a Knight of the Garter. In the parliaments of 1376 and 1377 he was one of those appointed to supervise reform of King Richard II's government. When these were not as effective as hoped, Beauchamp was made Governor over the King. He brought a large contingent of soldiers and archers to King Richard's Scottish campaign of 1385.

Conflict with King Richard II

In 1387 he was one of the Lords Appellant, who endeavored to separate Richard from his favorites. After Richard regained power, Beauchamp retired to his estates, but was charged with high treason in 1397, supposedly as a part of the Earl of Arundel's alleged conspiracy. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London (in what is now known as the "Beauchamp Tower"), pleaded guilty and threw himself on the mercy of the king. He forfeited his estates and titles, and was sentenced to life imprisonment on the Isle of Man. The next year, however, he was moved back to the Tower, until he was released in August 1399 after Henry Bolingbroke's initial victories over King Richard II.

Restored by Bolingbroke

After Bolingbroke deposed Richard and became king as Henry IV, Beauchamp was restored to his titles and estates. He was one of those who urged the new King to execute Richard, and accompanied King Henry against the rebellion of 1400.

Death

Monumental effigies of Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick and his wife
Beauchamp died in 1401 (sources differ as to whether on 8 April or 8 August).[3]

Succession

He was succeeded by his son Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick. 
Beauchamp, Sir Thomas de Knight, 12th Earl of Warwick (I43846)
 
39692 Thomas de Berkeley (c. 1293 or 1296 – 27 October 1361), The Rich, feudal baron of Berkeley, of Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire, England, was a peer. His epithet, and that of each previous and subsequent head of his family, was coined by John Smyth of Nibley (d.1641), steward of the Berkeley estates, the biographer of the family and author of "Lives of the Berkeleys".

Origins

He was the eldest son and heir of Maurice de Berkeley, 2nd Baron Berkeley by his wife Eve la Zouche.

Career

In 1327 he was made joint custodian of the deposed King Edward II, whom he received at Berkeley Castle. He was later commanded to deliver custody of the king to his fellow custodians, namely John Maltravers, 1st Baron Maltravers and Sir Thomas Gournay. He left the king at Barkeley Castle and with heavy cheere perceiving what violence was intended he journeyed to Bradley. The king was murdered at Berkeley Castle during his absence. As an accessory to the murder of the deposed king, he was tried by a jury of 12 knights in 1330 and was honourably acquitted.

Marriages & progeny

He married twice:

Firstly to Margaret Mortimer, daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville, by whom he had five children:
Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley (born 1320, date of death unknown), The Valiant, eldest son and heir.
Thomas de Berkeley (born c. 1325, date of death unknown)
Roger de Berkeley (born 1326, date of death unknown)
Alphonsus de Berkeley (born 1327, date of death unknown)
Joan de Berkeley (born 1330, date of death unknown), wife of Reginald de Cobham, 1st Baron Cobham.

Secondly on 30 May 1347 he married Catherine [1] Clivedon (21 January 1351[sic][clarification needed] – 1428) by whom he had a further four children as follows:
Thomas Berkeley (born 7 June 1348, date of death unknown)
Maurice de Berkeley (27 May 1349 – 3 June 1368)
Edmund de Berkeley (born 10 July 1350, date of death unknown)
John Berkeley (21 January 1351 – 1428) of Beverstone Castle, Gloucestershire, a secondary residence of his father

Death & succession

He died on 27 October 1361 in Gloucestershire and was succeeded by Maurice de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley (born 1320, date of death unknown), eldest son and heir from his first marriage.

References

Jump up ^ Plea rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT6/R2/CP40no483/483_0892.htm; first entry: mentions Katherine, formerly wife of Thomas de Berkele of Barkele, knight, as complainant; Year: 1381
Ancestral roots of certain American colonists who came to America before 1700, Frederick Lewis Weis, 1992, seventh edition.
Ancestral roots of sixty colonists who came to New England 1623–1650. Frederick Lewis Weis (earlier edition).
Magna Charta Sureties, 1215., Frederick Lewis Weis, Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr., William R. Beall, 1999, 5th Ed.
Magna Charta Sureties, 1215", Frederick Lewis Weis, 4th Ed.
The Complete Peerage, Cokayne.
Burke's Peerage, 1938.
Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists, David Faris, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1996.
Royal Genealogy information held at University of Hull. 
de Berkeley, Sir Thomas Knight, 3rd Baron Berkeley (I46260)
 
39693 Thomas de Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley (1245 – 23 July 1321), The Wise,[1] feudal baron of Berkeley, of Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire, England, was a peer, soldier and diplomat.[2] His epithet, and that of each previous and subsequent head of his family, was coined by John Smyth of Nibley (d.1641), steward of the Berkeley estates, the biographer of the family and author of "Lives of the Berkeleys".

Origins

Thomas de Berkeley was born in 1245 at Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire, the son of Sir Maurice de Berkeley, feudal baron of Berkeley, by his wife Isabel FitzRoy,[3] a granddaughter of King John (1199-1216), through his son Richard FitzRoy, by his cousin and mistress Adela de Warenne, daughter of Hamelin de Warenne and Isabel de Warenne, 4th Countess of Surrey.

Career

He fought in the Battle of Evesham in 1265.[3] He inherited the feudal baron of Berkeley in 1281 following the death of his father and on 28 June 1283 was created 1st Baron Berkeley by writ of summons to Parliament by King Edward I (1272-1307). In June 1292 he was a commissioner to examine the claims to the crown of Scotland.[3] He was on an embassy to France in January 1296 and held the office of Vice-Constable of England in 1297.[3] He fought in the Battle of Falkirk on 22 July 1298 and was present at the Siege of Caerlaverock, Scotland, in July 1300.[3] He was on an embassy to Pope Clement V in July 1307.[3] He fought in the Battle of Bannockburn on 24 June 1314, where he was taken prisoner, and obliged to pay a large sum for his ransom.[3]

Marriage & progeny

In 1267 Thomas de Berkeley married Joan de Ferrers, a daughter of William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby by his wife Margaret de Quincy,[3] a daughter of Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester. By his wife he had the following children:

Maurice de Berkeley, 2nd Baron Berkeley (April 1271 - 31 May 1326), eldest son and heir.
Thomas de Berkeley, ancestor of the Berkeleys of Wymondham[4]
John de Berkeley (d. circa 1317)
James de Berkeley (d.1327), Bishop of Exeter
Alice de Berkeley, married ... Stourton
Isabel de Berkeley
Margaret de Berkeley (d. circa 1320)
Death & succession[edit]
He died at Berkeley Castle on 23 July 1321 and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son Maurice de Berkeley, 2nd Baron Berkeley.[3]

References

Jump up ^ Cokayne
Jump up ^ [1]
^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i G. E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, pages 127 & 128
Jump up ^ John Burke & John Bernard Burke (1844), Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland and Scotland (hardback), London: John Russell Smith

de Berkeley, Sir Thomas Knight, 1st Baron Berkeley (I46239)
 
39694 Thomas de Camoys, 1st Baron Camoys of the second creation, KG (c. 1351 – 28 March 1421),[1] was an English peer who commanded the left wing of the English army at the Battle of Agincourt.

Thomas de Camoys was the grandson of Ralph de Camoys (d.1336) by his second wife, Elizabeth le Despenser, daughter of Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester (executed 27 October 1326),[2] and the son of Sir John Camoys of Gressenhall, Norfolk, by his second wife, Elizabeth le Latimer, daughter of William le Latimer, 3rd Lord Latimer.[3] From 20 August 1383 to 26 February 1421 he was summoned to Parliament by writ, by which he is held to have become 1st Baron Camoys of the second creation, the first creation of the barony having expired with the death on 11 April 1372 of his uncle, Thomas de Camoys, 2nd Baron Camoys, to whom he was heir.[4]

In 1380 Camoys was in the retinue of his cousin, William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer in an expedition to France, and was knighted by Thomas of Woodstock, then Earl of Buckingham.[5] He also served in an expedition to Scotland in 1385.[6]

According to Leland, Camoys benefited little under Richard II, and after Richard's deposition attended Henry IV's first parliament. His loyalty to the new king brought him several grants. His son, Richard, was knighted by the king at his coronation, and he himself escorted Henry's new queen, Joan of Navarre, to England in June 1403.[7]

Prior to Henry V's embarkation for France, Camoys was present at a meeting of the King's council held for the purpose of planning the invasion, and was appointed on 31 July 1415 to the commission which condemned Richard, Earl of Cambridge and Henry Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope of Masham, to death for the Southampton Plot. At the Battle of Agincourt, Camoys commanded the rearguard, on the left of the English line, and in recognition of his service was made a Knight of the Garter on 23 April 1416.[8]

Camoys married, firstly, Elizabeth Louches, daughter and heiress of William Louches of Great Milton and Chiselhampton, Oxfordshire.[9] By her he had a son, Sir Richard Camoys, who predeceased him,[10] and whose son, Hugh Camoys, inherited the barony, and a daughter, Alice Camoys, who married Sir Leonard Hastings (d. 20 October 1455) and had issue four sons, William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings, Sir Richard, Sir Ralph, and Thomas, and three daughters, Elizabeth, who married Sir John Donne, Anne, who married Thomas Ferrers, and Joan, who married John Brokesby.[11] Lord Camoys married secondly, Elizabeth Mortimer, widow of Henry 'Hotspur' Percy, and daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, and Philippa, 5th Countess of Ulster, daughter of Lionel of Antwerp, second son of King Edward III. By his second wife he had a son, Sir Roger Camoys.[12]

Camoys inherited the manors of Trotton, Broadwater and Elsted in Sussex, and several manors in Northamptonshire from his uncle, Thomas de Camoys, 2nd Baron Camoys (d.1372),[13] and Elizabeth Louches brought him the smaller of two manors at Chiselhampton, Oxfordshire. The fortified farm house of the latter manor is still known as Camoys Court.[14]

Camoys' second wife, Elizabeth Mortimer, died 20 April 1417.[15] Camoys himself died on 28 March 1421.[16] According to Leland, the date of his death is wrongly given as 28 March 1419 on the brass in St. George's Church, Trotton.[17] He was succeeded in the barony by his grandson, Hugh Camoys.

From a legal record in 1422, it would appear that he died intestate, with his estate being administered by Geoffrey Colet & William Estfeld [18] 
de Camoys, Sir Thomas KG, 1st Baron Camoys (I47589)
 
39695 Thomas de Clare, Lord of Inchiquin and Youghal (c. 1245 - 29 August 1287) was a Hiberno-Norman peer and soldier. He was the second son of Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester and his wife Maud de Lacy, Countess of Gloucester. On 26 January 1276 he was granted the lordship of Thomond by Edward I of England; he spent the next eight years attempting to conquer it from the O'Brien dynasty, kings of Thomond.

Career

Thomas was born in about 1245 in Tonbridge, Kent, England, the second eldest son of Richard de Clare and Maud de Lacy.[1] He and his brother Bogo received gifts from King Henry III when they were studying at Oxford from 1257–59.[2]

Thomas was a close friend and intimate advisor of Prince Edward of England, who would in 1272 accede to the throne as King Edward I. Together they took part in the Ninth Crusade. He held many important posts such as Governor of Colchester Castle (1266) and Governor of The City of London (1273). He was made Commander of the English forces in Munster, Ireland and created Lord of Inchiquin and Youghal. On 26 January 1276, he was granted the entire lordship of Thomond by King Edward.

That same year, he jointly commanded a Norman army along with Sir Geoffrey de Geneville, Justiciar of Ireland against the Irish clans of County Wicklow. They were joined by a contingent of men from Connacht led by his father-in-law Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly. Thomas and Justiciar de Geneville's forces attacked the Irish at Glenmalure, but they were soundly defeated and suffered severe losses.[3]

Civil war raged in Thomond between the rival factions of the O'Brien dynasty. In 1276, Brian Ruad, the deposed King of Thomond appealed to Thomas for support to help him regain his kingdom from his great-nephew Toirrdelbach MacTaidg O' Brien, who had usurped the throne. In return for his aid, Brian Ruad promised that Thomas would be allowed to colonise all the land between Athsollus in Quin and Limerick.[4] Together, Thomas and Brian Ruad expelled Toirrdelbach MacTaidg O'Brien and recaptured Clonroad which the latter had taken from Brian Ruad. O'Brien escaped to Galway where he elicited the help of his cousin William de Burgh, and in 1277 together with the assistance from clans, MacNamara and O'Dea they defeated the combined forces of Thomas and Brian Ruad. The latter fled to Bunratty Castle, but Thomas had his former ally hanged and drawn for treason.[5] The civil war continued for the next seven years, with Thomas supporting Brian Ruad's son Donnchad against Toirrdelbach; however, following the drowning death of Donnchad in 1284, Toirrdelbach emerged the victor. Thereafter until his death in 1306, Toirrdelbach MacTaidg O'Brien ruled as undisputed King of Thomond and Thomas had no choice but to accommodate him. O'Brien rented part of Bunratty Manor at ¹121 per annum.[5]

In 1280, Thomas embarked on a castle-building project at Quin, but was disrupted in his efforts by the O'Briens and MacNamaras. Thomas also reconstructed Bunratty Castle in stone, replacing the earlier wooden building.

Marriage and children

In February 1275, he married Juliana FitzGerald, the 12-year-old daughter of Maurice FitzGerald, 3rd Lord of Offaly and Maud de Prendergast.[6]

Thomas and Juliana had four children:

Maud de Clare (c. 1276–1326/27), married firstly, Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford, by whom she had issue; and secondly Robert de Welles.
Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond, (3 February 1281–1308)
Richard de Clare, Steward of Forest of Essex, 1st Lord Clare, Lord of Thomond (after 1281 – 10 May 1318), married a woman by the name of Joan, by whom he had one son, Thomas. He was killed at the Battle of Dysert O'Dea.
Margaret de Clare (c. 1 April 1287 – 22 October 1333/3 January 1334), married firstly, Gilbert de Umfraville; and secondly Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere, by whom she had issue.
During their marriage, Thomas and Juliana lived in Ireland and in England. For instance, on 5 May 1284 the King notified his bailiffs and lieges in Ireland of the attorneys who were to act in Ireland on behalf of the couple as they were then in England. This arrangement was to continue for three years, except when Thomas and Juliana went to Ireland.[7]

Death

When evidence was taken in 1302 to prove the age of his son Gilbert, it was established that Thomas had died on 29 August 1287.[8] A mid-18th century compilation known as the Dublin Annals of Inisfallen states that Thomas was killed in battle against Turlough son of Teige and others. However, none of the earlier records of his death indicate that Thomas met a violent end. Some of the witnesses to Gilbert's age in 1302 referred to the date of Thomas' death in their calculations but all were silent as to its circumstances. This and much other evidence on the subject has been set out and evaluated by Goddard Henry Orpen of Trinity College, Dublin.[9]

Thomas was succeeded as Lord of Thomond by his eldest son, Gilbert who was six years old. His widow Juliana, aged 24 years, would go on to marry two more times. 
de Clare, Sir Thomas Knight, Lord of Thomond (I45462)
 
39696 Thomas de Clifford, 6th Baron de Clifford, also 6th Lord of Skipton (c. 1363 – 1391) was a Knight of The Chamber, hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland, Governor of Carlisle Castle, and Warden of the West Marches.

He was the son of Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford. According to Dugdale, he was a knight of the king's chamber in 8 Richard II (1384-5). On 25 June 1386, Northampton, the herald, was allowed to carry a challenge from 'Thomas de Clifford, chivaler l'eisne Fitz-Rogeri, Sire de Clifford,' to Sir Bursigande, eldest son of 'le Sire Bursigande,' in France. According to Dugdale, Sir Thomas crossed the sea for this tournament in the following May. Rymer has preserved a document, dated 28 January 1387, in which the king licenses 'our very dear and loyal knight, Sir Thomas Clifford, to perform all manner of feats of arms' on the Scotch borders.[1]

He inherited his estates and titles on his father's death in 1380. He and two other English knights challenged three French knights to a tourney in the marches between Boulogne and Calais ; and on 20 June 1390 he procured a safe-conduct through England for William de Douglas, who was coming to the English court with forty knights to a wager of battle with Clifford with reference to certain disputed lands.[1]

In 1384, he was granted the custody of Carlisle Castle for life jointly with John Neville, and in 1386 was appointed a warden of the west march. In September 1388, he was master of the king's horses. He was summoned to Parliament by Writ from December 6, 1389. He was hereditary High Sheriff of Westmorland from 1389 until his own death in 1391. His name occurs in the council minutes for 28 April 1390 ; and according to Dugdale he received summonses to parliament in 1390-2.[1]

In 1391, Clifford was in the Baltic, and became involved in a brawl with Sir William Douglas, an illegitimate son of the earl of Douglas, in which Douglas was killed. Clifford, overcome by remorse, set off for Jerusalem and died in 1391 on an unidentified Mediterranean island.[2] Dugdale gives the date of his death 18 August 1391.[1]


He married before 1379 Elizabeth (died March 1424), daughter of Thomas de Ros, 4th Baron de Ros of Helmesley, by Beatrice, daughter of Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, KG, by whom he had issue. He was succeeded by his eldest son John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford. [1]

Lord Clifford is often styled in documents "King's kinsman".

Issue:

John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford, married Lady Elizabeth Percy, daughter of Henry 'Hotspur' Percy by Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March.
Maud Clifford married 1) John Neville, 6th Baron Latimer; 2) Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge

References

^ Jump up to: a b c d e Archer 1887.
Jump up ^ Summerson 2004.

Attribution

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Archer, Thomas Andrew (1887). "Clifford, Thomas de (d.1391?)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 11. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 77.

Sources

Richardson, Douglas, Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore Md., 2004, p. 216. ISBN 0-8063-1750-7
Summerson, Henry. "Clifford, Thomas". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5662. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) 
Clifford, Sir Thomas Knight, 6th Baron de Clifford (I41378)
 
39697 Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, KG, Earl Marshal (22 March 1367 or 1368 - 22 September 1399) was an English peer. As a result of his involvement in the power struggles which led up to the fall of Richard II, he was banished and died in exile in Venice.

Family

Mowbray was the second son of John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray, and Elizabeth de Segrave, suo jure Lady Segrave, daughter and heiress of John de Segrave, 4th Baron Segrave, by Margaret, daughter and heiress of Thomas of Brotherton, son of Edward I.[1] He had an elder brother, John de Mowbray, 1st Earl of Nottingham, and three sisters, Eleanor, Margaret and Joan (for details concerning his siblings see the article on his father, John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray)

Career[

Depiction of Mowbray, Arundel, Gloucester, Derby and Warwick demanding of Richard II that he let them prove by arms the justice of their rebellion
In April 1372, custody of both Thomas and his elder brother, John, was granted to Blanche Wake, a sister of their grandmother, Joan of Lancaster.[2]

On 10 February 1383, he succeeded his elder brother, John Mowbray, 1st Earl of Nottingham, as Baron Mowbray and Segrave, and was created Earl of Nottingham on 12 February 1383.[3] On 30 June 1385 he was created Earl Marshal for life, and on 12 January 1386 he was granted the office in tail male.[4] He fought against the Scots and then against the French. He was appointed Warden of the East March towards Scotland in 1389, a position he held until his death.

He was one of the Lords Appellant to King Richard II who deposed some of the King's court favourites in 1387. The King's uncle, Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, was imprisoned at Calais, where Nottingham was Captain. When Gloucester was killed in 1397, it was probably at the King's orders and probably with Nottingham's involvement. On 29 September 1397 he was created Duke of Norfolk.[4][3]

In 1398, Norfolk quarrelled with Henry of Bolingbroke, 1st Duke of Hereford (later King Henry IV), apparently due to mutual suspicions stemming from their roles in the conspiracy against the Duke of Gloucester. Before a duel between them could take place, Richard II banished them both. Mowbray left England on 19 October 1398.[5] While in exile, he succeeded as Earl of Norfolk when his grandmother, Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk, died on 24 March 1399.[5]

He died of the plague at Venice on 22 September 1399.[3] Bolingbroke returned to England in 1399 and usurped the crown on 30 September 1399; shortly afterward, on 6 October 1399, the creation of Mowbray as Duke of Norfolk was annulled by Parliament, although Mowbray's heir retained his other titles.[5][3]

Arms of Mowbray



Arms of Thomas de Mowbray as Earl Marshall, , ca.1395
The traditional, and historic arms for the Mowbray family are "Gules, a lion rampant argent". Although it is certain that these arms are differenced by various devices, this primary blazon applies to all the family arms, including their peerages at Norfolk. They are never indicated to bear the arms of Thomas Brotherton, nor any other English Royal Arms.

Sir Bernard Burkes, C.B., LL.D.,Ulster King of Arms, in his book 'A General Armory of England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland', 1884, page 713, provides the following detailed listing of the Mowbray/Norfolk arms:

"Mowbray (Duke of Norfolk, Earl of Nottingham, Earl of Warren and Surrey, Earl Marshal of England, and Baron Mowbray: dukedom and earldoms extinct 1475, when the barony fell into abeyance. The Mowbrays descended from Roger de Mowbray, son of Nigel d'Albini, who, possessing the lands of Mowbray [Montbray], assumed that surname by command of Henry I., his descendant, Roger de Mowbray, was summoned to Parliament 1295, the fifth baron was created Earl of Nottingham, 1377, d.s.p., his brother, the sixth Baron, was re-created Earl of Nottingham, 1383, constituted Earl Marshal, and created Duke of Norfolk, 139G, the fourth duke was created Earl of Warren and Surrey, vita patris, and d. without surviving issue, when all his honours became extinct except the barony, which fell into abeyance among the descendants of the daus. of the first Duke, of whom Lady Isabel is represented by the Earl of Berkeley, and Lady Margaret by the Lords Stourton and Pttre, as heirs general, and by the Duke of Norfolk, as heir male).

Marriages and issue

He married firstly, after 20 February 1383, Elizabeth le Strange (c. 6 December 1373 – 23 August 1383), suo jure Lady Strange of Blackmere, daughter and heiress of John le Strange, 5th Baron Strange of Blackmere, by Isabel Beauchamp, daughter of Thomas Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, by whom he had no issue.[3]

He married secondly Elizabeth Arundel (c.1372 – 8 July 1425), widow of Sir William Montagu, and daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, by Elizabeth Bohun, daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton, by whom he had two sons and three daughters:[3]

Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk.[6]
John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk.[6]
Elizabeth Mowbray, who married Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk.[6]
Margaret Mowbray, who married firstly Sir Robert Howard, by whom she was the mother of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk, and secondly Sir John Grey of Ruthin, Derbyshire.[6]
Isabel Mowbray; married firstly Sir Henry Ferrers, son of 5th Baron Ferrers of Groby, and secondly James Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley.[6]

Shakespeare

Mowbray's quarrel with Bolingbroke and subsequent banishment are depicted in the opening scene of Shakespeare's Richard II.[7] Thomas Mowbray (as he is called in the play) prophetically replies to King Richard's "Lions make leopards tame" with the retort, "Yea, but not change his spots." Mowbray's death in exile is announced later in the play by the Bishop of Carlisle.

View the Noble House of Mobray ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Mowbray 
de Mowbray, Sir Thomas Knight, 1st Duke of Norfolk (I42415)
 
39698 Thomas de Ros, 4th Baron de Ros of Helmsley (1338 - 8 June 1383) was the son of William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros, and the brother of William de Ros, 3rd Baron de Ros. He was heir to his brother in 1352.

In 1364, he accompanied the king of Cyprus to the Holy Land; and was in the French wars, from 1369 to 1371. He was summoned to parliament by both King Edward III of England and King Richard II of England. He died at Uffington, Lincolnshire, 8 June 1383, and was buried at Rievaulx Abbey. His widow became the wife of Sir Richard Burley.

Marriage and issue

Thomas de Ros married 12 Apr 1363, Beatrice Stafford (d. 13 Apr 1415), daughter of Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, by whom he had four sons and two daughters:[2]

John de Ros, 6th Baron de Ros.
William de Ros, 7th Baron de Ros.
Thomas de Ros.
Robert de Ros.
Elizabeth de Ros, who married Thomas de Clifford, 6th Baron de Clifford.
Margaret de Ros, who married Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn.

Footnotes

Jump up ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.347
Jump up ^ Richardson III 2011, pp. 453–5.

References

Cokayne, George Edward (1949). The Complete Peerage, edited by Geoffrey H. White XI. London: St. Catherine Press.
Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966373
Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 144996639X 
de Ros, Sir Thomas Knight, 4th Baron de Ros (I43456)
 
39699 Thomas Dean Hennessee | interviewed 26 Mar 2000 | 1015 Esparanza Way, San Jose, CA 95138 Source (S1285)
 
39700 Thomas Dean Hennessee | interviewed 26 Mar 2000 | 1015 Esparanza Way, San Jose, CA 95138 Source (S1288)
 

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