Crinan of Dunkeld, Abbot of Dunkeld

Male 976 - 1045  (~ 68 years)

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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Crinan of Dunkeld, Abbot of Dunkeld was born ~0976; died 1045.


    Cr‚in‚an of Dunkeld (died 1045) was the hereditary abbot of the monastery of Dunkeld, and perhaps the Mormaer of Atholl. Cr‚in‚an was progenitor of the House of Dunkeld, the dynasty which would rule Scotland until the later 13th century. He was the son-in-law of one king, and the father of another.


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    Cr‚in‚an was married to Beth‚oc, daughter of M‚ael Coluim mac Cin‚aeda (Malcolm II) (King of Scots, who reigned from 1005 to 1034). As M‚ael Coluim had no surviving son, the strongest hereditary claim to the Scottish throne descended through Beth‚oc. Cr‚in‚an and Beth‚oc's eldest son, Donnchad (Duncan I), who reigned from 1034 to 1040.

    It is likely that Cr‚in‚an had a second son Maldred, father of Gospatric of Northumbria.
    Abbot of Dunkeld

    The monastery of Saint Columba was founded on the north bank of the River Tay in the 6th century or early 7th century following the expedition of Columba into the land of the Picts. It may have continued to draw its hierarchy from the Cen‚el Conaill of Donegal.[1] Iain Moncreiffe argued that Crin‚an belonged to a Scottish sept of the Irish Cen‚el Conaill royal dynasty.[2]

    While the title of Hereditary Abbot (coarb in Gaelic) was a feudal position that was often exercised in name only, Crin‚an does seem to have acted as Abbot in charge of the monastery in his time. He was thus a man of high position in both clerical and secular society.

    The magnificent semi-ruined Dunkeld Cathedral, built in stages between 1260 and 1501, stands today on the grounds once occupied by the monastery. The Cathedral contains the only surviving remains of the previous monastic society: a course of red stone visible in the east choir wall that may have been re-used from an earlier building, and two stone ninth - or tenth-century cross-slabs in the Cathedral Museum.

    In 1045, Cr‚in‚an of Dunkeld rose in rebellion against Macbeth in support of his 14-year-old grandson, Malcolm III's claim to the throne.[3] Malcolm was the elder son of Crinan's son, the late King Duncan, who predeceased his father. However, Cr‚in‚an, by then an elderly man, was killed in a battle at Dunkeld.

    Woolf, Alex. "The Problem with Cr‚in‚an", From Pictland to Alba, Edinburgh University Press, 2007
    Sir Iain Moncreiffe of that Ilk, The Highland Clans. Part II. 1982. p. 236

    Knox, James. The topography of the basin of the Tay, Andrew Shorteed, Edinburgh, 1831

    External Source

    Cawley, Charles, Medieval Lands Project on Crinan, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy,[self-published source][better source needed]
    Clans and Families of Ireland and Scotland

    end of biography

    Crinan married Bethoc Scotland. Bethoc (daughter of Malcolm II of Scotland, High King of Scotland and Aefgifu) was born 0984, Scotland; died 1045. [Group Sheet]

    1. Duncan I of Scotland, King of Alba was born ~1001, (Dunkeld, Scotland); died 14 Aug 1040, Elgin, Scotland.
    2. Maldred, King of Cumbria

Generation: 2