Thomas Bowes

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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Thomas Bowes (son of George Bowes, MP and Jane Talbot).

    Thomas — Anne Warcop. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Thomas Bowes was buried 9 Sep 1661, Barnard Castle, Durham, England.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  George Bowes, MP was born ~1527, Streatlam, Durham, England (son of Richard Bowes, Esquire and Elizabeth Aske); died 20 Aug 1580, Shetland Islands, Scotland.

    George married Jane Talbot 1 Jul 1558. Jane (daughter of John Talbot and Frances Giffard) was born ~1537. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Jane Talbot was born ~1537 (daughter of John Talbot and Frances Giffard).
    Children:
    1. 1. Thomas Bowes


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Richard Bowes, Esquire was born 1497 (son of Ralph Bowes and Margery Conyers); died 10 Nov 1558.

    Richard married Elizabeth Aske >8 Jul 1521. Elizabeth (daughter of Roger Aske and Margery Sedgwick) was born 1505, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died ~1572. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Elizabeth Aske was born 1505, Aske, Yorkshire, England (daughter of Roger Aske and Margery Sedgwick); died ~1572.

    Other Events:

    • Baptism: 0Aug 1505

    Notes:

    Elizabeth Bowes (nâee Aske; 1505 - c. 1572) was an English Protestant exile, and a follower of John Knox, her son-in-law.


    Life

    Elizabeth Aske, baptized in August 1505,[1] was the granddaughter of William Aske (d. 23 August 1512) and Felice Strangeways, and the daughter of Roger Aske (d. before 1510/11), esquire, of Aske, North Yorkshire, by Margery Sedgwick, the daughter of Humphrey Sedgwick of Walbrun, Yorkshire.[2][3]

    While they were still children, she and her sister Anne were coheiresses to their father, mother and grandfather.[1] Their wardships were sold in 1510 to her future husband's father, Sir Ralph Bowes (d.1482) of Streatlam.[4] Anne Aske married Ralph Bulmer.,[1] and in 1521 Elizabeth Aske was betrothed to her guardian's youngest son, Richard Bowes (c.1497–1558), to whom the King granted special livery of half the lands of William Aske, to be received at his marriage. Richard Bowes, like the rest of his family, was engaged in border business, but seems to have lived chiefly at Aske.

    In 1548 Richard Bowes was made captain of Norham. His wife and family followed him northwards and lived in Berwick. Elizabeth, religious and much affected by the Protestant Reformation, met John Knox, who was living at Berwick in 1549. Knox wished to marry Elizabeth's daughter, Margery Bowes, but Richard Bowes' family pride was hurt by Knox's offer, and he refused his consent. Nonetheless Knox, who was about the same age as Elizabeth, contracted himself to Margery, and in July 1553 they were married in spite of opposition from Margery's family. At this time Knox's fortunes were at a low ebb, and Queen Mary had just ascended the throne. His letters to Elizabeth were intercepted by spies, and in January 1554 he left England.

    In June 1556 Elizabeth and Margery joined Knox at Geneva, where two sons were born to Margery and her husband. Knox left Geneva for Scotland in 1559, followed shortly afterwards by his wife. After a short stay in England, where Elizabeth I was now Queen, Elizabeth Bowes too made her way to her son-in-law, who wrote for the Queen's permission for her journey. In 1560 Margery died, but her mother still stayed near Knox, leaving her own family. She died about 1572,[1] and after her death Knox gave an account of the relationship in the Advertisement to his Answer to a Letter of a Jesuit named Tyrie (1572), published a letter to Elizabeth, dealing with her troubled conscience.

    Marriage and issue

    She married Richard Bowes (d. 10 November 1558), esquire, by whom she had five sons and seven daughters:[5]

    Ralph Bowes.[6]
    Francis Bowes.[6]
    Sir George Bowes (d. 20 August 1580).[5][7]
    Christopher Bowes.[6]
    Robert Bowes.[6][8]
    Bridget Bowes, who married Thomas Hussey, esquire.[6]
    Anne Bowes, who married Marmaduke Vincent, esquire.[6]
    Muriel Bowes, who married John Jackson.[6]
    Margery Bowes, who married the Scottish reformer John Knox.[6]
    Elizabeth Bowes, who married George Bainbrigge.[6]
    Margaret Bowes, who married firstly Thomas Middleton and secondly Ambrose Birkbeck.[6]
    Jane Bowes.[6]

    end of biography

    Children:
    1. 2. George Bowes, MP was born ~1527, Streatlam, Durham, England; died 20 Aug 1580, Shetland Islands, Scotland.

  3. 6.  John Talbot was born 1513 (son of Gilbert Talbot, Knight of the Garter and Elizabeth Greystoke); died 6 Jun 1555.

    John married Frances Giffard 18 Feb 1544. Frances was born ~1520; died <25 May 1558. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Frances Giffard was born ~1520; died <25 May 1558.
    Children:
    1. 3. Jane Talbot was born ~1537.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Ralph Bowes was born ~1450 (son of William Bowes and Maud FitzHugh); died 1482; was buried Barnard Castle, Durham, England.

    Notes:

    Buried:
    in Egglestone Abbey

    Ralph — Margery Conyers. Margery (daughter of Richard Conyers, Knight and Alice Wycliffe) was born ~1456, South Cowton, Yorkshire, England; died > 6 Aug 1524; was buried South Cowton, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Margery Conyers was born ~1456, South Cowton, Yorkshire, England (daughter of Richard Conyers, Knight and Alice Wycliffe); died > 6 Aug 1524; was buried South Cowton, Yorkshire, England.
    Children:
    1. 4. Richard Bowes, Esquire was born 1497; died 10 Nov 1558.

  3. 10.  Roger Aske was born ~1480, Aske, Yorkshire, England (son of William Aske and Felecia Strangeways); died >1511.

    Roger — Margery Sedgwick. Margery was born ~1482, Walbrun, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Margery Sedgwick was born ~1482, Walbrun, Yorkshire, England.
    Children:
    1. 5. Elizabeth Aske was born 1505, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died ~1572.

  5. 12.  Gilbert Talbot, Knight of the Garter was born 1452 (son of John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury and Elizabeth Butler, Countess of Talbot); died 16 Aug 1517.

    Gilbert — Elizabeth Greystoke. Elizabeth (daughter of Ralph de Greystoke, 5th Baron Greystoke and Elizabeth Fitzhugh) was born Abt 1426, Greystoke Manor, Penrith, England; died Aft 1488, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 13.  Elizabeth Greystoke was born Abt 1426, Greystoke Manor, Penrith, England (daughter of Ralph de Greystoke, 5th Baron Greystoke and Elizabeth Fitzhugh); died Aft 1488, England.
    Children:
    1. 6. John Talbot was born 1513; died 6 Jun 1555.


Generation: 5

  1. 16.  William Bowes was born ~1415, Streatlam Castle, Durham, England (son of William Bowes and Joan Greystoke); died 28 Jul 1466, Streatlam, Durham, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alt Birth: 1422, Streatlam, Durham, England

    Notes:

    William Bowes
    Born about 1415 in Streatlam Castle, Co. Durham

    Son of William Bowes and Joan (Greystoke) Bowes
    [sibling(s) unknown]
    Husband of Maud (FitzHugh) Bowes — married about 1445 [location unknown]
    DESCENDANTS descendants
    Father of Margaret (Bowes) Lisle, Joan Bowes, Ralph Bowes and Margery (Bowes) Hilton
    Died 1466 in Streatlam, Co. Durham, England
    Profile managers: Katherine Patterson private message [send private message] and Kevin Gerald Ryan private message [send private message]
    Bowes-46 created 21 Feb 2011 | Last modified 22 Jun 2016
    This page has been accessed 1,029 times.


    Sir William Bowes was born in 1422 at Streatlam, it says here.[1]

    Around 1445 he married Maud FitzHugh, daughter of the 4th Lord FitzHugh and Margaret Willoughby.

    They had 5 sons and 6 daughters, including

    Sir Ralph, 4th son and heir
    Katherine, wife of Sir Richard Conyers
    Anne, wife of Ralph Wycliffe.
    Sir William died on 28th July 1466.

    Sources

    Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. I page 493
    ? Marlyn Lewis

    end of profile.

    William married Maud FitzHugh 1445. Maud (daughter of William Fitzhugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh and Margery Willoughby, Baroness of Ravensworth) was born ~1428, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England; died >1466, Streatlam, Durham, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 17.  Maud FitzHugh was born ~1428, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England (daughter of William Fitzhugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh and Margery Willoughby, Baroness of Ravensworth); died >1466, Streatlam, Durham, England.

    Notes:

    Maud Bowes formerly FitzHugh
    Born about 1428 in Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England
    ANCESTORS ancestors
    Daughter of William FitzHugh and Margery (Willoughby) FitzHugh
    Sister of Margery (FitzHugh) Melton, Elizabeth (FitzHugh) Greystoke, Lora (FitzHugh) Constable, Henry FitzHugh, Eleanor FitzHugh, Lucy FitzHugh and Joan (FitzHugh) le Scrope
    Wife of William Bowes — married about 1445 [location unknown]
    DESCENDANTS descendants
    Mother of Margaret (Bowes) Lisle, Joan Bowes, Ralph Bowes and Margery (Bowes) Hilton
    Died after 1466 in Streatlam, Durham, England


    Maud FitzHugh was the daughter of Sir William FitzHugh of Ravensworth and his wife Margery Willoughby, daughter of the 5th Lord Willoughby de Eresby and Lucy le Strange.

    She married Sir William Bowes of Streatlam (sheriff of NBL), son and heir of Sir William Bowes and Joan Greystoke.[1]

    They had 5 sons and 6 daughters:

    William Esq
    Robert
    Thomas
    Sir Ralph
    Henry
    Margery, wife of Sir William Hilton
    Joan, wife of Sir Ralph Bulmer
    Katherine, wife of Sir Richard Conyers (see query below)
    Margaret, wife of Sir Humphrey Lisle.[2]
    Isabel, wife of John Swinnow
    Anne, wife of Ralph Wycliffe.
    Maud was living when her husband died on 28 July 1466.

    Query. Maud's son Sir Ralph married Margery Conyers, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Richard Conyers of South Cowton and his wife Alice Wycliffe. This Sir Richard reportedly built the church and "Castle" at South Cowton, ca. 1450-1470. He or another Sir Richard is said to have cleared and demolished the village there in 1489-90.

    So did Sir Ralph's sister Katherine become a late 2nd wife of Sir Ralph's father-in-law? (Many similar cases of a man marrying his son-in-law's sister have been noted.) Or did Katherine marry a man from a different branch of the clan?

    Effigies in the church are said to be those of Sir Richard and his two wives, but are described elsewhere as those of Sir Christopher Boynton (of Sedbury) and his two wives.

    Sources

    Marlyn Lewis.
    Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. I page 493
    http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=7384491&pid=819153895
    Acknowledgement

    This person was created through the import of Redmond_Chambers(3).ged on 28 January 2011.

    end of biography

    Children:
    1. 8. Ralph Bowes was born ~1450; died 1482; was buried Barnard Castle, Durham, England.

  3. 18.  Richard Conyers, Knight was born 1425-1444, South Cowton, Yorkshire, England (son of Christopher Conyers, Knight and Ellen Rolleston, of Hornby); died >1485, (South Cowton, Yorkshire, England).

    Notes:

    Richard Conyers, Knight
    Birthdate: between 1425 and 1444
    Birthplace: South Cowton, Gillington, Yorkshire, England
    Death: before 1485
    probably, South Cowton, North Yorkshire, England
    Place of Burial: South Cowton, North Yorkshire, England, UK
    Immediate Family:
    Son of Sir Christopher Conyers, of Hornby and Ellen Conyers, Lady of Hornby
    Husband of Alice Conyers
    Father of Margery Bowes; Sir Thomas Conyers; Richard Conyers; Margaret Danby and Eleanor Lassells
    Brother of Sir John Conyers, Sheriff of Yorkshire; Catherine Conyers; Roger Conyers; Sibilla Conyers; James (Jacob) Conyers and 9 others
    Half brother of Alice Conyers; Margaret Pudsey; Nicholas Conyers; Conan Conyers; Henry Conyers and 1 other
    Managed by: Carole (Erickson) Pomeroy,Vol. C...
    Last Updated: March 31, 2017
    View Complete Profile

    mmediate Family

    Alice Conyers
    wife

    Margery Bowes
    daughter

    Sir Thomas Conyers
    son

    Richard Conyers
    son

    Margaret Danby
    daughter

    Eleanor Lassells
    daughter

    Ellen Conyers, Lady of Hornby
    mother

    Sir Christopher Conyers, of Hornby
    father

    Sir John Conyers, Sheriff of Yor...
    brother

    Catherine Conyers
    sister

    Roger Conyers
    brother

    Sibilla Conyers
    sister
    About Sir Richard Conyers of South Cowton
    Richard Conyers

    Birth: about 1444 - of South Cowton, Gilling, Yorkshire, England
    Death: before 1485 (note 1)
    Parents: Christopher Conyers, Ellen Rolleston
    Married: Alice Wycliffe
    Children

    Richard Conyers, married Catherine Bowes (dau. of William Bowes and Maud Fitzhugh) d ABT 1483, South Cowton, Durham, England (note 3)
    Margaret, married Robert Danby
    Margery, married Robert Bowes (son of William Bowes and Maud Fitzhugh) ABT 1475 , Durham, England
    Eleanor, married Robert Lassells
    Sir Richard Conyers of South Cowton, knight, married Alice Wycliffe. He left three coheiresses: Margery, the wife of Sir Ralph Bowes of Streatlam; Margaret, the wife of Robert Danby, esq of Yafford, who died on Bosworth field, leaving behind him three daughters (note 2); and Eleanor, who married Robert Lassells of Sowerby near Thirsk, esq.

    Sir Richard is buried under an altar tomb at South Cowton where he founded a chantry, he having by will ordered himself to be buried there; the priest was to receive eight marks per annum. and to pray for the founder, and " Alice my now wife etc."

    His wife was to have the nomination for her life, and after her, "Sir Raufe Bowes, kt wcb hath marryed my daughter dame Marjory."

    From a copy of the original at Hornby Castle.

    Notes

    death date estimated as "before 1485" as his will names "Robert Danby, esq., husband of my daughter Margaret." Danby died 1485 in the Battle of Bosworth Field.
    the three daughters of Robert Danby & Margaret Conyers mentioned more likely belong to the next generation (their son Ralph)
    son Richard is not mentioned in his will so presumably died before its date
    __________________

    Sir Richard Conyers1,2,3
    M, #34844
    Father Sir Christopher Conyers, Sheriff of Yorkshire b. c 1393
    Mother Eleanor Rolleston b. c 1390, d. 6 Aug 1444
    Sir Richard Conyers was born at of South Cowton, Yorkshire, England. He married Alice Wycliffe, daughter of John Wycliffe, Esq. and Anne Rokeby.2,3
    Family Alice Wycliffe
    Child
    Margery Conyers+4,2,3 b. c 1456, d. 12 Aug 1532
    Citations
    [S10787] Unknown author, The Lineage and Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles, by Gerald Paget, Vol. II, p. 168.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 292.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 493.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 144.
    From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1160.htm#i34844
    _____________________________

    Richard CONYERS
    Born: ABT 1444
    Father: Christopher CONYERS
    Mother: Ellen ROLLESTON
    Married: Alice WYCLIFFE (b. 1446)
    Children:
    1. Richard CONYERS
    2. Margaret CONYERS
    From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/CONYERS1.htm#Richard CONYERS1
    ___________________

    Name Sir Richard Conyers [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
    Born Abt 1425 of, Cowton South, Yorkshire, England
    Father Sir Christopher Conyers, Knight, b. of, Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England d. 6 Aug 1444, of, Hornby, Yorkshire, England
    Mother Eleanor Rolleston
    Family Alice Wycliffe
    Children
    1. Margery Conyers, b. Abt 1456, d. Aft 6 Aug 1524 (Age ~ 68 years)
    2. Elizabeth Conyers, b. Abt 1462
    3. Eleanor Conyers
    4. Margaret Conyers
    Sources
    [S495] #683 Ducatus Leodiensis, Or, the Topography of the Ancient and Populous Town and Parish of Leedes and Parts Adjacent, in the West-riding of the County of York: with the Pedigrees of Many of the Nobility and Gentry (1816), Thoresby, Ralph, (2nd edition. Leeds: Printed by B. Dewhirst for Robinson, Son and Holdsworth, 1816), FHL book Q 942.74 E5td; FHL microfilm 1,440,979 item 3., vol. 2 p. 202.
    [S304] #694 Dugdale's Visitation of Yorkshire, with Additions (1899-1917), Clay, J. W., (3 volumes. Exeter: William Pollard, 1899-1917), FHL book 942.74 D23c; FHL microfilm 823,741 items 1-3., vol. 2 p. 23.
    [S196] #3613 Yorkshire Pedigrees (1942-1944), Walker, John William, (Publications of the Harleian Society Visitations, volume 94. 3 volumes. London: [Harleian Society], 1942-1944), FHL book 942 B4h; FHL microfilm 162,083 items 1-3., Publications of the Harleian Society, vol. 94 p. 79.
    [S64] #3945 The Visitations of Yorkshire in the Years 1563 and 1564, Made by William Flower, Esquire, Norroy King of Arms (1881), Flower, William, (Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volume 16. London: [Harleian Society], 1881), FHL book 942 B4h volume 16; FHL microfilm 162,050 item 2., vol. 16 p. 31.
    [S64] #3945 The Visitations of Yorkshire in the Years 1563 and 1564, Made by William Flower, Esquire, Norroy King of Arms (1881), Flower, William, (Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volume 16. London: [Harleian Society], 1881), FHL book 942 B4h volume 16; FHL microfilm 162,050 item 2., p. 75.
    [S102] #667 The Extinct and Dormant Peerages of the Northern Counties of England (1913), Clay, John William, (London: James Nisbet, 1913), FHL microfilm 990,409 item 4., p. 32.
    [S63] #739 The Visitation of Yorkshire, Made in the Years 1584-85: to Which Is Added the Subsequent Visitation Made in 1612, by Richard St. George, Norry King of Arms: with Several Additional Pedigrees Edited by Joseph Foster (1875), Glover, Robert, (London: Robert Glover, 1875), FHL microfilm 990,320 item 1., p. 203.
    [S228] #247 [1816-1840] The History and Antiquities of the County Palatine of Durham (1816-1840), Surtees, Robert, of Mainsforth, Esq. F. S. A., (4 volumes. London: J.B. Nichols, Parliament-Street and G. Andrews, Durham 1816-1840), FHL book Folio 942.81 H2s; FHL microfilms 899,861-899,864., vol. 4 p. 107.
    From: https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I44644&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous
    ________________________

    Name Sir Richard Conyers, Knight [1]
    Born of, South Cowton, Gilling, Yorkshire, England [1]
    Family Alice Wycliffe
    Children
    1. Margery Conyers, b. Abt 1456, of, South Cowton, Gilling, Yorkshire, England d. Aft 6 Aug 1524 (Age ~ 68 years)
    Sources
    1. [S6] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 46 BOWES:4 (Reliability: 3).
    From: https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I17086&tree=Nixon
    ______________________

    South Cowton Castle

    South Cowton Castle is a 15th-century fortified dwelling house in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated on the land that was once the medieval village of South Cowton.
    The castle was built by Sir Richard Conyers in 1470 and it is the oldest surviving building in any of the Cowtons. The castle was built at the time of the Wars of the Roses, which gives an indication of why what is a country gentleman's house is so heavily fortified.
    The castle is a Grade I listed building; it situated near the 15th-century St Mary's Church, and overlooks the field markings from the abandoned village of South Cowton.
    The building is rectangular in plan, with two towers at the south western and north eastern corners. It is three storeyed with four-storey towers. The castle was altered in the 19th century and repaired in 1980.
    The castle is now used as a private farmhouse, it can be found just off the B1263 road near Atley Hill.
    From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Cowton_Castle
    ___________________

    South Cowton

    South Cowton is a village and Civil Parish located on the site of an abandoned medieval village in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire in England.
    The original village was founded some time after the Norman Conquest, The Domesday Book tells us that South Cowton was owned by Count Alan of Richmond, and was ruled by Godric the Steward. The archaeological remains of the village suggest that there were at least 20 houses during the Medieval era.
    The two major historic buildings in South Cowton are The Castle and St Mary's Church. Both buildings were erected in the 15th century. They were both built by Richard Conyers, one of the few lords of the many Cowton manors, ever to actually live there.
    Between 1489 and 1490 Richard Conyers demolished the village of South Cowton, evicting its tenants in order to convert the land into pastures.
    The current village consists of little more than a few widely dispersed farms, the Castle and the church. The former villages of Temple Cowton and Atley Cowton as well as the hamlets of Atley Hill and Pepper Arden have been incorporated into the parish of South Cowton.
    From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Cowton
    _______________

    St Mary's Church, South Cowton

    St Mary's Church is a redundant Anglican church standing in open countryside in the former village of South Cowton, near Scotch Corner in North Yorkshire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building,[1] and is under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[2]
    The church was built between 1450 and 1470 by Sir Richard Conyers, who also built South Cowton Castle to the south of the church.[2] The village of South Cowton was destroyed by Sir Richard and its land cleared for agricultural use.[3] The church was restored in 1883.[4] St Mary's was vested in the Trust on 1 April 1988.[5]
    St Mary's is constructed in rubble and sandstone ashlar, with a lead roof. Its plan consists of a three-bay nave with a two-storey south porch, a three-bay chancel with a northeast vestry, and a west tower. The tower is in Perpendicular style. It has a two-light, ogee-arched bell opening on each side, an embattled parapet with pinnacles, and a stair turret on the southeast corner. On the south wall of the nave are three windows, two with three lights and the middle one with two lights. In the central bay of the south wall of the chancel is a doorway over which are two panels bearing the arms of the Conyers and the Boynton families. On each side of the doorway, at a higher level, is a two-light window.[1]
    Internally there is a low-pitched tie-beam roof. The font is octagonal and dates from the 15th century. On the chancel arch is a painting, also from the 15th century, and from the same period are the choirstalls, the rood screen and alabaster effigies of Sir Christopher Boynton and his two wives.[1] The porch has a barrel roof, over which is a room for the priest. On one of the choirstalls is a "two-faced" carving.[2] There is a ring of three bells, one dated 1700 cast by Samuel I Smith, one by Edward I Seller cast in 1712, and the third by John Warner & Sons, dating from 1883.[6]
    From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Mary%27s_Church,_South_Cowton
    ______________________

    Sir John Conyers (died 1490), one of twenty-five children of Sir Christopher Conyers (died 1460),[1] was a pre-eminent member of the gentry of Yorkshire, northern England, during the fifteenth century Wars of the Roses.
    Based in Hornby Castle,[2] he was originally retained by his patron, the regional magnate Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury at a fee of ¹8 6s. 8d.[3] By 1465, he was Steward of the Honour of Richmondshire and was being retained, along with his brothers William and Richard, by Salisbury's son and successor as regional magnate, the earl of Warwick,[4] for which he received ¹13 6s. 8d. He accompanied Salisbury on his journey from Middleham to Ludlow in September 1459, and took part in the Battle of Blore Heath on the 23rd of that month.[5] He later took part in Warwick's rebellion against Edward IV in 1469 and the Battle of Edgecote, raising his 'Wensleydale connection,[6] and possibly even being the ringleader, 'Robin of Redesdale.'[7] He submitted to the King in March 1469. After Edward's successful return to power in 1471 he was a Justice of the Peace for Yorkshire's North Riding.[8] A loyal retainer and probable ducal councillor of Edward's brother, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, later King Richard III, (who retained him for ¹20 annually)[9] he was made a knight of the body, at 200 marks per annum annuity, and substantial estates in Yorkshire, "where he was very active on local commissions." He was also elected to the Order of the Garter.[10] In August 1485 he appears to have fought in and survived the Battle of Bosworth in the army of Richard III, and was later granted offices in Richmondshire by the new king, Henry VII in February 1486, as a result of 'good and faithful service.'[11] He supported Henry during the first rebellion of his reign, in spring 1486, a position that has been called 'particularly significant' and, according to Michael Hicks, it 'was a momentous decision'.[12]
    From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_John_Conyers
    ___________________________

    Name: Richard Conyers of South Cowton

    Surname: Conyers

    Given Name: Richard

    Suffix: of South Cowton

    Sex: M

    Birth: 1425 in Cowton, Yorkshire

    _UID: 277C3F582526CC45BFDB9F7BEC37AE06212E 1 2

    Change Date: 18 Aug 2009 at 01:00:00

    Father: Christopher Conyers b: 1383 in Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England

    Mother: Ellen Rolleston b: ABT 1395 in Rolleston, Staffordshire, England

    Marriage 1 Alice Wycliffe

    Children

    Marjory Conyers
    Sources

    [S347] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 46 BOWES:4.
    The history and antiquities of the county palatine of Durham, William Fordyce, John Joicey, Publication: Vol. 2 - 1857
    Testamenta Eboracensia, Or Wills Registered at York: 1395-1491, James Raine, John William Clay, Publication: Vol. 3 - 1865
    _______________________

    Links
    http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/GEN-MEDIEVAL/2002-05/1022492556

    Richard — Alice Wycliffe. [Group Sheet]


  4. 19.  Alice Wycliffe
    Children:
    1. 9. Margery Conyers was born ~1456, South Cowton, Yorkshire, England; died > 6 Aug 1524; was buried South Cowton, Yorkshire, England.

  5. 20.  William Aske was born 1455, Aske, Yorkshire, England (son of Roger Aske, Esquire and unnamed spouse); died 24 Aug 1512.

    William — Felecia Strangeways. Felecia was born ~1469, Harlsey & Whorlton, Yorkshire, England; died <1511. [Group Sheet]


  6. 21.  Felecia Strangeways was born ~1469, Harlsey & Whorlton, Yorkshire, England; died <1511.
    Children:
    1. 10. Roger Aske was born ~1480, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died >1511.

  7. 24.  John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury was born 12 Dec 1413, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England (son of John Talbot, 4th Earl Shrewsbury, Knight of the Garte and Maud Neville); died 10 Jul 1460, Northamptonshire, England.

    Notes:

    Died:
    during the Battle of Northampton -

    Battle of Northampton
    Part of the Wars of the Roses
    York victory over Lancaster.svg
    Date 10th July 1460
    Location Northampton in Northamptonshire, England
    Coordinates: 52°14'12?N 0°53'36.8?W
    Result Decisive Yorkist victory[1]
    Belligerents
    White Rose Badge of York.svg House of York Red Rose Badge of Lancaster.svg House of Lancaster
    Commanders and leaders
    Arms of Elizabeth of York (Princess).svg Edward, Earl of March
    Coat of Arms of Sir William Nevill, 6th Baron Fauconberg, KG.png William Neville, Lord Fauconberg
    Neville Warwick Arms.svg Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick Royal Arms of England (1470-1471).svg Henry VI (POW)
    Stafford Coat of Arms.jpg Humphrey Stafford, Duke of Buckingham †
    Coat of Arms of Sir John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, KG.png John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury †
    Coat of Arms of Grey.svg Edmund, Lord Grey (switched sides)
    Strength
    unknown unknown
    Casualties and losses
    unknown 300 killed
    [show] v t e
    Wars of the Roses

    Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Northampton_(1460)

    John — Elizabeth Butler, Countess of Talbot. Elizabeth (daughter of James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond and Joan de Beauchamp) was born 1420, Kilkenny Castle, Ormond, Ireland; died 8 Sep 1473, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  8. 25.  Elizabeth Butler, Countess of Talbot was born 1420, Kilkenny Castle, Ormond, Ireland (daughter of James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond and Joan de Beauchamp); died 8 Sep 1473, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England.

    Notes:

    Elizabeth "Countess of" Talbot formerly Butler
    Born 1420 in Kilkenny Castle, Ormond, Kerry, Ireland
    HIDE ANCESTORS
    Daughter of James Butler and Joan (Beauchamp) Butler
    Sister of James Butler, Ellen Butler, John Butler and Thomas Butler
    Wife of John Maupas — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
    Wife of John Talbot KG — married [date unknown] [location unknown]

    DESCENDANTS descendants

    Mother of Anne (Talbot) Vernon, John Talbot KG, Gilbert Talbot KG and Sibell (Maupas) Berkeley

    Died 8 Sep 1473 in Shrewsbury Abbey, Shropshire, England

    Profile managers: Katherine Patterson private message [send private message], Terry Wright private message [send private message], Jamie Swindells private message [send private message], Dawn Truitt private message [send private message], Frank Hanna private message [send private message], and Anonymous Large private message [send private message]
    Butler-75 created 14 Apr 2010 | Last modified 16 Dec 2016
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    Elizabeth (Butler) Talbot has Irish ancestors.
    Elizabeth Butler[1]
    Birth: 1420 Ormond, Ireland[2]
    Death: 8 Sep 1473 Shrewsbury Abbey, Shropshire[3]
    Marriage: 1445-03 Ormond, Ireland[4]
    Sources

    ROYAL ANCESTRY by Douglas Richardson Vol. V, page 125
    JOHN TALBOT, K.G., 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord Furnival, Chancellor of Ireland, 1446, etc., son and heir by his father's 1st marriage, born about 1413. He married (2nd) before March 1444/5 ELIZABETH BUTLER, daughter of James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond, by Joan, daughter of William Beauchamp, K.G., Lord Bergavenny [see BUTLER 10 for her ancestry]. She was born 21 Dec. 1421. They had five sons, John, Knt. [3rd Earl of Shrewsbury], James, Knt., Gilbert, K.G., Christopher [Archdeacon of Chester], and George, and two daughters, Anne and Margaret (wife of Thomas Chaworth, Esq.). SIR JOHN TALBOT, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, was slain with his brother, Sir Christopher Talbot, at the Battle of Northampton 10 July 1460, fighting on the Lancastrian side, and was buried at Worksop Priory, Nottinghamshire. Elizabeth, Countess of Shrewsbury, died 8 ( or 11) Sept. 1473, and was buried at Shrewsbury Abbey.

    ROYAL ANCESTRY by Douglas Richardson Vol. II page 50-52
    ? Truitt Family Tree again.ged on 13 Aug 2010 S-2090308147 S-2090308147. Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT
    ? Truitt S-2090308147
    ? Truitt S-2090308147, S-2093685953; 104-B.ged on 12 Sep 2010
    ? 104-B.ged on 12 Sep 2010; 104-B.ged on 12 Sep 2010

    Children:
    1. 12. Gilbert Talbot, Knight of the Garter was born 1452; died 16 Aug 1517.

  9. 26.  Ralph de Greystoke, 5th Baron Greystoke was born 9 Sep 1406, Greystoke Manor, Penrith, England (son of John de Greystoke, 4th Baron of Greystock and Elizabeth de Ferrers, son of Ralph de Greystoke, 3rd Baron Greystoke and Catherine Clifford, Baroness of Ravensworth); died 1 Jun 1487, Kirkham, Yorkshire, England; was buried Monastery, Kirkham, Northumberland, England.

    Ralph married Elizabeth Fitzhugh 1 Jul 1436, Worcester, Worcestershire, England. Elizabeth (daughter of William Fitzhugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh and Margery Willoughby, Baroness of Ravensworth) was born ~ 1419, Ravensworth, Kirby, North Riding, Yorkshire, England; died 20 Mar 1468, Greystoke Manor, Northumberland, England. [Group Sheet]


  10. 27.  Elizabeth Fitzhugh was born ~ 1419, Ravensworth, Kirby, North Riding, Yorkshire, England (daughter of William Fitzhugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh and Margery Willoughby, Baroness of Ravensworth); died 20 Mar 1468, Greystoke Manor, Northumberland, England.

    Notes:

    Married:
    Map & history of Worcester... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worcester,_England

    Children:
    1. 13. Elizabeth Greystoke was born Abt 1426, Greystoke Manor, Penrith, England; died Aft 1488, England.
    2. Ann Greystoke was born ~ 1440, Northumberlandshire, England.


Generation: 6

  1. 32.  William Bowes was born 1389-1394, Streatlam, Durham, England; died 1460-1465, Streatlam, Durham, England.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Soldier
    • Residence: France

    Notes:

    Sir William Bowes (1389–1460?) was a military commander.

    Bowes was the founder of the political importance of his family. He was the son of Sir Robert Bowes, and of Maude, lady of Dalden. He married Jane, daughter of Ralph, Lord Greystoke. His wife died in the first year of her marriage, whereon 'he toke much thoght and passed into France' about the year 1415. He showed much gallantry in the French war, and so commended himself to John, Duke of Bedford, whom he served as chamberlain. He fought at the battle of Verneuil, where he was knighted. While in France he was impressed with the architecture of the country, and sent home plans for rebuilding his manor house at Streatlam, near Barnard Castle. He returned from France after seventeen years' service and superintended his buildings at Streatlam, which unfortunately have been entirely destroyed. After his return he took part in the government of the borders, as warden of the middle marches and governor of Berwick.

    He died at a good old age, and is known in the family records as 'Old Sir William.'

    References

    This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Bowes, William". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

    William married Joan Greystoke 1414, Owesley, Yorkshire, England. Joan (daughter of Ralph de Greystoke, 3rd Baron Greystoke and Catherine Clifford, Baroness of Ravensworth) was born ~1394, Cumbria, England; died ~1415, Durham, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 33.  Joan Greystoke was born ~1394, Cumbria, England (daughter of Ralph de Greystoke, 3rd Baron Greystoke and Catherine Clifford, Baroness of Ravensworth); died ~1415, Durham, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Jane Greystoke

    Children:
    1. 16. William Bowes was born ~1415, Streatlam Castle, Durham, England; died 28 Jul 1466, Streatlam, Durham, England.

  3. 34.  William Fitzhugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh was born ~ 1399, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England (son of Henry FitzHugh, IV, Knight, 3rd Baron FitzHugh and Elizabeth Grey); died 22 Oct 1452, (Ravensworth) Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Member of Parliament

    Notes:

    William FitzHugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh (c. 1399 - 22 October 1452) was an English nobleman and Member of Parliament.

    Born at Ravensworth, North Riding of Yorkshire, England. He was the son of Henry FitzHugh, 3rd Baron FitzHugh and Elizabeth Grey. He served as a Member of Parliament from 1429-1450.

    FitzHugh married, before 18 November 1406, at Ravensworth, Margery Willoughby, daughter of William Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, and Lucy le Strange, by whom he had a son and seven daughters:[1]

    Henry FitzHugh, 5th Baron FitzHugh, who married Lady Alice Neville, daughter of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury and Alice Montacute, 5th Countess of Salisbury, daughter and heiress of Thomas de Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury and Lady Eleanor Holland.[2] They were great-grandparents to queen consort Catherine Parr.

    Elizabeth FitzHugh, whom married Ralph Greystoke, 5th Baron Greystoke.[2]
    Eleanor FitzHugh, who married Ranulph Dacre, 1st Baron Dacre of Gilsland.[2]
    Maud FitzHugh, whom married Sir William Bowes (d. 28 July 1466) of Streatlam, Durham, by whom she was the grandmother of Sir Robert Bowes.[3][2]
    Lora FitzHugh, who married Sir John Constable of Halsham, Yorkshire.[2]
    Lucy, who became a nun.[2]
    Margery FitzHugh, who married John Melton.[2]
    Joan FitzHugh, who married John Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton.[2]

    end of biography

    Sir William's 5-generation pedigree... http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/ahnentafel.php?personID=I20341&tree=00&parentset=0&generations=5

    Photo, map & history of Ravensworth Castle, home of the Fitzhugh family... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ravensworth_Castle_(North_Yorkshire)

    end

    William married Margery Willoughby, Baroness of Ravensworth Bef 18 Nov 1406, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England. Margery (daughter of William Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby and Lucy le Strange) was born ~ 1398, Willoughby Manor, Eresby, Spilsby, Lincoln, England; died Bef 1453, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 35.  Margery Willoughby, Baroness of Ravensworth was born ~ 1398, Willoughby Manor, Eresby, Spilsby, Lincoln, England (daughter of William Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby and Lucy le Strange); died Bef 1453, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Margaret Willoughby
    • Probate: 22 Oct 1452, Yorkshire, England

    Notes:

    Her lineage to William the Conqueror (1024-1087) ... http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/ahnentafel.php?personID=I20303&tree=00&parentset=0&generations=12

    Birth:
    Map & history of Spilsby... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spilsby

    Children:
    1. 27. Elizabeth Fitzhugh was born ~ 1419, Ravensworth, Kirby, North Riding, Yorkshire, England; died 20 Mar 1468, Greystoke Manor, Northumberland, England.
    2. Margery Fitzhugh was born Ravensworth, Kirby, North Riding, Yorkshire, England; died Aft 1510, Kirkby, North Yorkshire, England.
    3. Henry FitzHugh, 5th Baron FitzHugh was born 1429-1435, Ravensworth, Kirby, Yorkshire, England; died 8 Jun 1472, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England.
    4. Lora FitzHugh was born (Ravensworth, Kirby, Yorkshire, England).
    5. Joan FitzHugh was born (Ravensworth, Kirby, Yorkshire, England).
    6. 17. Maud FitzHugh was born ~1428, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England; died >1466, Streatlam, Durham, England.

  5. 36.  Christopher Conyers, Knight was born ~ 1393, Hornby Castle, Hornby, Bedale, DL8 1NQ (son of John Conyers and Margaret St. Quintin); died 0___ 1462, Hornby Castle, Hornby, Bedale, DL8 1NQ.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Sheriff of Yorkshire
    • Also Known As: Lord of Hornby
    • Also Known As: Sir Christopher Conyers of Knayth

    Notes:

    About Sir Christopher Conyers, of Hornby
    Sir Christopher Conyers, Sheriff of Yorkshire1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
    M, #15074, b. circa 1393
    Father Sir John Conyers d. bt Jun 1438 - Jul 1438
    Mother Margaret St. Quinton d. c 1426

    Sir Christopher Conyers, Sheriff of Yorkshire was born circa 1393 at of Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England. He married Eleanor Rolleston, daughter of Thomas Rolleston, Esq. and Beatrice Haulay, before September 1415.2,6
    Sir Christopher Conyers, Sheriff of Yorkshire married Margaret Waddeley, daughter of Robert Waddeley, circa 1447.3,7

    Family 1 Eleanor Rolleston b. c 1390, d. 6 Aug 1444

    Children

    Sir John Conyers, Sheriff of Yorkshire, Constable of Middleham, Bailiff & Steward of Richmond Liberty, Steward of the lordship of Middleham+9,2,6 d. 14 Mar 1490
    Sir Richard Conyers+
    Elizabeth Conyers+10 b. c 1413
    Roger Conyers, Esq.+ b. c 1419
    Joan Conyers+ b. c 1423
    Isabel Conyers+11,4,8 b. c 1433
    Margaret Conyers+ b. c 1435

    Family 2 Margaret Waddeley
    Child
    Margaret Conyers+12,13,3,5,7 b. c 1451, d. 1500

    Citations
    [S3949] Unknown author, Lineage and Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles by Paget, Vol. II, p. 407; Plantagenet Ancestry of 17th Century Colonists, by David Faris, p. 70.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 530-531.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 400.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 128.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 248.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 288.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 431-432.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 69.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 227.
    [S40] RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 695.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 218.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 597-598.
    From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p502.htm#i15074
    ___________________

    Christopher Conyers1
    M, #220984
    Last Edited=9 Apr 2007
    Christopher Conyers lived at Hornby, Yorkshire, England.1
    Child of Christopher Conyers
    Margaret Conyers+1
    Citations
    [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III, page 294. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
    From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p22099.htm#i220984
    ________________________

    Christopher CONYERS
    Born: ABT 1380
    Died: AFT 1462
    Father: John CONYERS
    Mother: Margaret St. QUINTIN
    Married 1: Ellen ROLLESTON (b. ABT 1399 - d. 6 Aug 1444)
    Children:
    1. John CONYERS (Sir)
    2. Joan CONYERS
    3. Richard CONYERS
    4. Isabel CONYERS
    5. Margery CONYERS
    6. Eleanor CONYERS
    7. Elizabeth CONYERS
    Married 2: Margaret WADELEY AFT 1444
    Children:
    7. Margaret CONYERS
    From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/CONYERS1.htm#Christopher CONYERS2
    ____________________

    Name Sir Christopher Conyers, Knight [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
    Born of, Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England
    Died 6 Aug 1444 of, Hornby, Yorkshire, England [1, 9, 10]
    Father Sir John Conyers, Lord Conyers, b. Abt 1360, Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England
    Mother Margaret St. Quintin, b. Abt 1362, Brandesburton, Yorkshire, England
    Family 1 Eleanor Rolleston
    Children
    1. Sir John Conyers, d. 14 Mar 1489-1490
    2. Sir Richard Conyers, b. of, Marske, Yorkshire, England
    3. Sir Richard Conyers, b. Abt 1425, of, Cowton South, Yorkshire, England
    4. Thomas Conyers, d. 1449
    5. Isabel Conyers, b. Abt 1428
    6. Christopher Conyers, Rector of Rudby, d. Bef 1 Sep 1483
    7. Elizabeth Conyers, b. Abt 1433
    8. Ralph Conyers
    9. Jacob Conyers
    10. Sir Roger Conyers, Knight, b. of, Winyard, Durham, England
    11. Catherine Conyers
    12. Joan Conyers
    13. George Conyers
    14. Margaret Conyers
    15. Sibilla Conyers
    16. Margery Conyers
    17. James Conyers
    18. Hawise Conyers
    Family 2 Margaret Waddeley
    Children
    1. Brian Conyers, d. Bef 16 Oct 1478, of, Pinchingthorpe, Yorkshire, England
    2. Margaret Conyers, b. of, Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England d. 1500, Bolton, Yorkshire, England
    3. Nicholas Conyers, Gentleman, d. Bef 6 Feb 1497-1498
    4. Henry Conyers
    5. Conan Conyers
    6. Alice Conyers
    Sources
    [S29] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 items 6-9., vol. 2 p. 225.
    [S452] #892 Record Series: The Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Association (1885-), ([S.I.]: Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Association, 1885-), FHL book 942.74 B4a., vol. 56 pedigree chart: Pudsay of Bolton.
    [S22] The royal descents of 600 immigrants to the American Colonies or the United States : who were themselves notable or left descendants notable in American history, Roberts, Gary Boyd, (Baltimore [Maryland] : Genealogical Pub. Co., c2004), 973 D2rrd., p. 431.
    [S767] Ancestors of American presidents, Roberts, Gary Boyd,, (Boston, Massachusetts : New England Historic Genealogical Society, c2009), 973 D2r 2009., p. 392.
    [S23] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 4 p. 128.
    [S64] #3945 The Visitations of Yorkshire in the Years 1563 and 1564, Made by William Flower, Esquire, Norroy King of Arms (1881), Flower, William, (Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volume 16. London: [Harleian Society], 1881), FHL book 942 B4h volume 16; FHL microfilm 162,050 item 2., p. 9, 74.
    [S66] Magna Carta Ancestry, Richardson, Douglas, (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Pub. Co., c2005), 942 D5rdm., p. 343.
    [S143] #696 Visitations of the north, or, some early heraldic visitations of, and collections of pedigrees relating to, the north of England, Blair, Charles Henry Hunter, (Durham [England] : Andrews, 1912-1932. Part of the Publications of the Surtees Society.), 942 B4s., vol. 147 p. 92.
    [S102] #667 The Extinct and Dormant Peerages of the Northern Counties of England (1913), Clay, John William, (London: James Nisbet, 1913), FHL microfilm 990,409 item 4., p. 32.
    [S64] #3945 The Visitations of Yorkshire in the Years 1563 and 1564, Made by William Flower, Esquire, Norroy King of Arms (1881), Flower, William, (Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volume 16. London: [Harleian Society], 1881), FHL book 942 B4h volume 16; FHL microfilm 162,050 item 2., p. 74.
    From: https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I44795&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous
    _________________________

    Sir John Conyers (died 1490), one of twenty-five children of Sir Christopher Conyers (died 1460),[1] was a pre-eminent member of the gentry of Yorkshire, northern England, during the fifteenth century Wars of the Roses.
    Based in Hornby Castle,[2] he was originally retained by his patron, the regional magnate Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury at a fee of ¹8 6s. 8d.[3] By 1465, he was Steward of the Honour of Richmondshire and was being retained, along with his brothers William and Richard, by Salisbury's son and successor as regional magnate, the earl of Warwick,[4] for which he received ¹13 6s. 8d. He accompanied Salisbury on his journey from Middleham to Ludlow in September 1459, and took part in the Battle of Blore Heath on the 23rd of that month.[5] He later took part in Warwick's rebellion against Edward IV in 1469 and the Battle of Edgecote, raising his 'Wensleydale connection,[6] and possibly even being the ringleader, 'Robin of Redesdale.'[7] He submitted to the King in March 1469. After Edward's successful return to power in 1471 he was a Justice of the Peace for Yorkshire's North Riding.[8] A loyal retainer and probable ducal councillor of Edward's brother, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, later King Richard III, (who retained him for ¹20 annually)[9] he was made a knight of the body, at 200 marks per annum annuity, and substantial estates in Yorkshire, "where he was very active on local commissions." He was also elected to the Order of the Garter.[10] In August 1485 he appears to have fought in and survived the Battle of Bosworth in the army of Richard III, and was later granted offices in Richmondshire by the new king, Henry VII in February 1486, as a result of 'good and faithful service.'[11] He supported Henry during the first rebellion of his reign, in spring 1486, a position that has been called 'particularly significant' and, according to Michael Hicks, it 'was a momentous decision'.[12]
    From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_John_Conyers
    ___________________________

    The Yorkshire Background of the Boyntons of Rowley", from "The Colonial Genealogist", by Robert Joseph Cuffman, MA, FAS/he, FSO, Associate Editor, reprinted by the Augustan Society 1988.
    "Sir Robert Conyers - Lord of Ormsby, holding also Coatham in Durham - b.1325 d. 1392 (Vist. of Yorks 1563-4 70 ft.; VCH Durham 3:301); married (1) Joan de Melton, niece of William de Melton, Archbishop of York 1317-40. (Vist. of Yorks 1563-4 70 ft.; Walker, Yorks. Peds. 2:285), thus d/o Henry de Melton. He married (2) Juliana Percy, d/o and heiress of John Percy, Lord of Ormsby, of the line of Percy of Kildale, who died without male issue and was sometimes given "William" (VCH Yorks NR 2:278; VCH Durham 3:301; Visit. of Yorks 1563-4 70 ft.) . He married (3) Aline de la Ley d. 1408, Lady of Dalden, d. 1408, by whom he had an only child, heiress to her mother, the Joan Conyers who married Sir Robert Bowes, Knight Banneret."
    |
    John Conyers (son of Sir Robert Conyers and 1st. wife Joan de Melton) married Margaret St. Quinton, living Oct 1426 d/o Sir Anthony St. Quinton (Vist. of Yorks. 1563-4 70 ft., 74 & ft.). "He was no doubt the 'John Conyers' who, with Sir Robert Conyers (his son) and Sir Thomas Boynton, settled Tanton Manor on William Percy of Castle Leavington in 1397 (VCH Yorks NR 2:307)"
    |
    Christopher Conyers (son of John Conyers and Margaret St. Quinton) Lord of Hornsby 1427, living 1459 (VCH Yorks NR 1:401) m. 1st. Ellen Roleston, d. 6 Aug 1444. Married 2nd. Margaret Wadeley (d/o Robert) (Vist. of Yorks. 1563-4 74 & ft.). "He was doubtless the 'Christopher Conyers' who with John Conyers of Ormsby and Christopher Boynton, was a trustee of Tanton Manor in 1434 (VCH Yorks NR 2:307) and who with those trustees settled Castle Leavington on Sir William Bowes, along with other trustees that year. (VCH Yorks NR 2:360)." Two of his sons were, Sir John Conyers of Hornby d. 1490, Sheriff of Yorkshire who m. Margery, dau. and coheir of Philip, Lord Darcy and Meynell and Robert Conyers, heir of Hornby, married Margaret, dau. and coheir of Rowland Darcy of Hinton, Leicestershire.
    ____________

    "Britannia" by William Camden (1607)

    YORKSHIRE

    62. [The river] Swale driveth on with a long course, not without some lets [obstructions] heere and there in his streame, not farre from Hornby Castle, belonging to the family of Saint Quintin, which afterwards came to the Cogniers [Conyers], and seeth nothing besides fresh pastures, country houses, and villages,

    ________________________

    Name: Christopher Conyers

    Surname: Conyers
    Given Name: Christopher
    Prefix: Sir
    Sex: M
    Birth: 1383 in Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England
    Death: 1456 in Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England
    _UID: 53FBD77679A94C4180F1D7DAEB0C31E377CD

    Note:
    He administered the will of his cousin John Conyers of Ormsby in 1438. His will was dated 1426. In it, he asks to be buried in the kirk of Hornby beside his father. He leaves Ellen, his wife one third of his goods. To son Thomas he left lands in Hornby, Brokeholme, North Ottrington and half his lands in Erythorne, Hunton, Hesilton, Little Crakehall and Whitby. Also mentioned were son John and daughter Joan. His mother dame Margaret Conyers was named one of the executors.

    CHRISTOPHER CONYERS, of Hornby; m Ellene, dau and coheir of - Rylestone (d 1443), and had, with a yr s (Sir William, of Marske, Yorks, identified by some historians (others prefer his er bro Sir John) with 'Robin of Redesdale', leader 1469 of an insurrection fomented by the 1st and last Earl of Warwick ('Warwick the Kingmaker') of the March 1449/50 cr (see ABERGAVENNY, M) against EDWARD IV, in particular his favourites and in-laws the Woodvilles, d 1495): Sir JOHN CONYERS 1 2 3

    Change Date: 18 Aug 2009 at 01:00:00
    Father: John Conyers b: 1371 in Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England
    Mother: Margaret St Quintin b: ABT 1380 in Brandsburton, Yorkshire, England
    Marriage 1 Ellen Rolleston b: ABT 1395 in Rolleston, Staffordshire, England
    Married: BEF 1415
    Children
    John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire b: ABT 1414 in Hornby, North Riding, Yorkshire
    Joan Conyers b: 1428 in Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England
    Roger Conyers b: 1419
    Catherine Conyers b: 1417
    Margaret Conyers b: 1421
    Sibyl Conyers b: 1423
    Richard Conyers of South Cowton b: 1425 in Cowton, Yorkshire
    Thomas Conyers b: 1426
    James Jacob Conyers b: 1429
    Isabel Conyers b: 1430
    Ralph Conyers b: 1432
    Christopher Conyers b: 1435
    Robert Conyers b: 1437
    Elizabeth Conyers b: 1439
    Margery Conyers b: 1440
    George Conyers b: 1442
    Sources:
    Repository:
    Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215
    Author: Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Ed
    Publication: 1999
    Page: 164
    Title: Visitations of the North c 1480-1500, Publications of the Surtee's Society
    Page: #144:92, 116
    Title: Burke's Peerage and Gentry
    Publication: http://www.burkes-peerage.net/Welcome.aspx
    Page: Yarborough Family Page
    _______________________

    Hornby Castle, Yorkshire (North Riding), was a fourteenth and fifteenth-century courtyard castle, with a late fourteenth-century corner tower known as St Quintin's Tower, after the medieval family which occupied the castle (demolished in 1927) and fifteenth-century work done for William, Lord Conyers.[1]

    Hornby was largely rebuilt in the 1760s by John Carr of York, who was responsible for the surviving south range and the east range (demolished in the 1930s) and outbuildings, for Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness. The eventual heir was the Duke of Leeds, who assembled there rich early eighteenth-century furniture from several houses, illustrated in the books of Percy Macquoid.

    ___________________________

    Stirnet.com
    'Pudsey1'
    (A) Henry Pudsey o'f Barforth or Berforth'
    m. Margaret Conyers (dau of Christopher (not Sir John) Conyers of Hornby)
    ________________________

    *

    Re: Conyers of Sockburn, Coatham, Ormesby and Hornby
    On Oct 31, 7:35 am, John Watson wrote:
    Hi all,

    Something which has puzzled me and I am sure many other genealogists over the years, how do the families of Conyers of Sockburn, Conyers of Coatham, Conyers of Ormesby and Conyers of Hornby fit together. Here is my suggestion, which is full of holes but at least has the merit of fitting the available facts. The main differences to the perceived pedigrees being the identification of Scolastica de Cotum's husband as Roger Conyers, and the subsequent descent of lands in Coatham, Durham and Northumberland. Any corrections or additions would be gratefully received.

    1. Humphrey Conyers
    --------------------
    Birth: abt. 1215
    Death: bef. 1283 [1]
    Father: Geoffrey (Galfrid) Conyers

    succeeded his brother John as lord of Sockburn, and Girsby[1]

    Spouse: Pernel [1]

    Children: John Conyers (- <1304)
    Sir Roger Conyers (- <1298)

    1.1 John Conyers
    --------------------
    Birth: abt. 1240
    Death: bef. 1304[1]

    proved his right to free warren in Girsby in 1293[1]

    Spouse: Unknown

    Children: John Conyers (c.1270-<1342)
    Roger Conyers (-) >>> Conyers of Sockburn

    1.2 Roger Conyers
    -------------------
    Birth: abt. 1250
    Death: bef. 1298
    Father: Humphrey Conyers
    Mother: Pernel

    Sir Roger de Conyers, knight [2]
    protection for 4 years going to Holy Land, 10 Feb 1271 [2]
    Holding 1 knight's fee in Northumberland [2]
    Distrained to receive knighthood 1278 [2]
    Quittance of eyre, Northumberland 27 Dec 1278 [2]
    Safe conduct for him, sent by King to Rothelan, 28 Apr 1279 [2]
    Protection till Michaelmas 31 Mar 1282 [2]

    He and his wife dead at the date of his father-in-law, Ralph de Cotum's ipm, when Ralph's heirs were his daughter Alice and John Conyers, son of his daughter Scolastica [4]

    Spouse: Scolastica de Cotum
    Death: bef. 14 Sep 1298 (date of writ for father's ipm) [3]
    Father: Sir Ralph de Cotum
    Mother: Christian

    Children: John Conyers (1284-1310)

    1.2.1 John Conyers
    --------------------
    Birth: abt. 1270
    Death: bef. Apr 1310 [5]
    Father: Roger Conyers
    Mother: Scolastica de Cotum

    Of Coatham Conyers, in the parish of Long Newton, Durham, also know as Coatham Stub and Stubhouse [7]

    21 July 1300, had pourparty of the lands late of Ralph de Cotun, his grandfather [6] included manors of Cronkley & Benrig, Northumberland [9]

    John Conyers 'of Stubhouse' made a grant of land in Cronkley (Northumberland) in 1306 [7]

    29 April 1310, Debtor: Thomas de Aynill, of Deighton, Creditor: John de Coyners of Stib Ho (Stubhous), recently deceased [5]

    Spouse: Unknown

    Children: Robert Conyers (c. 1305->1338)

    1.2.1.1 Robert Conyers
    ------------------------
    Birth: abt. 1305
    Death: aft. 1338 [10]
    Father: John Conyers

    de Banco Rolls relating to Northumberland for 1321: Robert, son of John de Conyers of Stubhous, plaintiff, William de Herle, defendant. Manor of Benrigge [8]

    de Banco Rolls for Northumberland for 1338, Robert de Conyers of Hubhouse, plaintiff, William Hunter and others, defendant. Trespass at Crumclyf [Cronkley] for 20s. [10]

    Spouse: Unknown

    Children: Robert Conyers (c.1325->Nov 1390)

    1.2.1.1.1 Robert Conyers
    -------------------------
    Birth: abt. 1325
    Death: bef 18 Nov 1390 (date of ipm) [11]
    Father: Robert Conyers

    Of Coatham Stub and and through first wife, Juliana de Percy, lord of Ormesby in Cleveland, Yorkshire

    ipm for Durham of Robert Coniers taken 18 November 1390. Robert Conyers, aged 34 is his son and next heir. He had been enfeoffed of his manor jointly with Alina his wife, to hold to them and their heirs of Robert and his first wife Juliana. He held the manor of Cotom next Longnewton of Thomas, son and heir of Alexander Surtees [11]

    Spouse 1: Juliana de Percy (c.1330-1370) [12]
    Father: John de Percy of Ormesby (->1325)

    Children: Sir Robert Conyers (c.1356-1432)
    John Conyers(c.1360-1412)
    William Conyers ( -<1412)
    Margaret Conyers ( -1408)

    Spouse 2: Aline de la Legh (c.1340-1408)
    Widow of William de Dalden (d. 1369) [13]

    Children: Joan Conyers (c.1380-1438)

    Note: Robert Conyers of Coatham Stub, Durham did not marry Joan, niece of William de Melton, as suggested by N. Harris Nicholas. Robert Conyers who married Joan was of Norton Conyers, Yorkshire - see Feet of Fines for the county of York, 1327 to 1347, Yorkshire Archaeological Society Record Series, vol. 42; 1910, p. 52

    1.2.1.1.1.1 Robert Conyers
    ---------------------------
    Birth: abt. 1356 [11]
    Death: bef. 18 Jul 1432 [15]
    Father: Robert Conyers
    Mother: Juliana de Percy

    Sir Robert Conyers of Ormesby

    de Banco Rolls for 1369 for Northumberland. Robert Conyers, chivaler, executor of Goscelin Surtays, plaintiff. Robert Conyers de Stubhouse and Elizabeth his wife, defendants [14]

    Robert Conyers, knight, brother of John Conyers of Horneby, mentioned in a royal pardon, dated 22 Apr 1423 [16]

    John Conyers of Ormesby administered to his father Sir Robert Conyers's effects on 18 Jul 1432 [15]

    Spouse: Elizabeth

    Children: John Conyers (c.1385-1438)

    1.2.1.1.1.2 John Conyers
    -------------------------
    Birth: abt.1360
    Death: bef. Jul 1412 [18]
    Father: Robert Conyers
    Mother: Juliana de Percy

    John Conyers of Hornby

    17 Aug 1403, Robert and John Conyers, brothers, were appointed custodians of the castle of Skelton, the manors of Skelton and Marske, and all the other lands of Thomas Faucomberge knight in cos. York and Northumberland [17]

    dead before 24 April 1412, when Richard de Norton and Laurence de Middleton, vicar of the church of Grimston granted to Richard son of John Conyers of Hornby, deceased, the manor of Solberge (Solbergh Super Wysk') [18]

    Spouse: Margaret St. Quintin
    Birth: abt. 1385
    Death: aft. May 1435
    Father: Anthony St. Quintin
    Mother: Elizabeth Gascoigne?

    Children: Christopher Conyers (c.1400-1460)
    Richard Conyers [18]
    Thomas Conyers [18]

    Regards,

    John

    References:
    1. 'Parishes: Sockburn', A History of the County of York North Riding:Volume 1 (1914), pp. 449-454
    2. Harleian Society, Vol 80, Knights of Edward I , Vol I (London:1929) p 234
    3. Calendar of Fine Rolls, Vol 1, p 403
    4. Calendar of Fine Rolls, Vol 1, p 424
    5. Chancery: Certificates of Statute Merchant and Statute Staple, C241/68/74
    6. Calendar of Fine Rolls, Vol 1, p 432
    7. 'Parishes: Long Newton', A History of the County of Durham: Volume3 (1928), pp. 299-304
    8. Archaeologica Aeliana, Third Series, Vol 6 (Newcastle: 1910) p 45
    9. John Hodgson, A History of Northumberland, Vol V (Vol 3, Part 1) (London: 1820) p 53 & 104
    10. Archaeologica Aeliana, Third Series, Vol 6 (Newcastle: 1910) p 48
    11. 45th Annual Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records(London: 1885) p 175
    12. 'Parishes: Ormesby', A History of the County of York North Riding:Volume 2 (1923), pp. 276-283
    13. 45th Annual Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records(London: 1885) p 183
    14. Archaeologica Aeliana, Third Series, Vol 7 (Newcastle: 1910) p 59
    15. Surtees Society, Vol 30, Testamenta Eboracensia, Part II (Durham:1855) p 64n
    16. Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry 6, Vol 1, p 28
    17. Complete Peerage, Vol 5, p 277
    18. Lincolnshire Archives, Yarborough [YARB 16/1/1]

    Hi all,

    I spotted a small error in my previous post.

    John Conyers, son of Sir Roger Conyers must have been born before
    1279, since the king gave him his share of Ralph de Cotum's lands âin
    1300 when he must have been 21 or more.

    Regards,

    Birth:
    Hornby Castle, Yorkshire is a grade I listed fortified manor house on the edge of Wensleydale between Bedale and Leyburn.

    Originally 14th century, it has been remodelled in the 15th, 18th and 20th centuries. It is constructed of coursed sandstone rubble with lead and stone slate roofs.[1] The present building is the south range of a larger complex, the rest of which has been demolished.

    Images & History ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hornby_Castle,_Yorkshire

    More images ... https://www.google.com/search?q=hornby+castle+yorkshire&rlz=1C1KMZB_enUS591US591&tbm=isch&imgil=L17fJ7zgL9tiQM%253A%253BYOgSjyDjMuVhYM%253Bhttps%25253A%25252F%25252Fen.wikipedia.org%25252Fwiki%25252FHornby_Castle%25252C_Yorkshire&source=iu&pf=m&fir=L17fJ7zgL9tiQM%253A%252CYOgSjyDjMuVhYM%252C_&usg=__cshmFIN46k_oBFIrYWJnyvm3JAw%3D&biw=1440&bih=810&ved=0ahUKEwi4z-bTuozWAhVG0WMKHRESDlcQyjcIOA&ei=YMOtWbifKMaijwORpLi4BQ#imgrc=XkWlJVgO35F9_M:

    Christopher — Ellen Rolleston, of Hornby. Ellen was born ~1395; died 6 Aug 1444, Hornby, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 37.  Ellen Rolleston, of Hornby was born ~1395; died 6 Aug 1444, Hornby, Yorkshire, England.

    Notes:

    About Sir Christopher Conyers, of Hornby
    Sir Christopher Conyers, Sheriff of Yorkshire1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
    M, #15074, b. circa 1393
    Father Sir John Conyers d. bt Jun 1438 - Jul 1438
    Mother Margaret St. Quinton d. c 1426

    Sir Christopher Conyers, Sheriff of Yorkshire was born circa 1393 at of Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England. He married Eleanor Rolleston, daughter of Thomas Rolleston, Esq. and Beatrice Haulay, before September 1415.2,6
    Sir Christopher Conyers, Sheriff of Yorkshire married Margaret Waddeley, daughter of Robert Waddeley, circa 1447.3,7

    Family 1 Eleanor Rolleston b. c 1390, d. 6 Aug 1444

    Children

    Sir John Conyers, Sheriff of Yorkshire, Constable of Middleham, Bailiff & Steward of Richmond Liberty, Steward of the lordship of Middleham+9,2,6 d. 14 Mar 1490
    Sir Richard Conyers+
    Elizabeth Conyers+10 b. c 1413
    Roger Conyers, Esq.+ b. c 1419
    Joan Conyers+ b. c 1423
    Isabel Conyers+11,4,8 b. c 1433
    Margaret Conyers+ b. c 1435

    Family 2 Margaret Waddeley
    Child
    Margaret Conyers+12,13,3,5,7 b. c 1451, d. 1500

    Citations
    [S3949] Unknown author, Lineage and Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles by Paget, Vol. II, p. 407; Plantagenet Ancestry of 17th Century Colonists, by David Faris, p. 70.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 530-531.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 400.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 128.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 248.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 288.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 431-432.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 69.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 227.
    [S40] RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 695.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 218.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 597-598.
    From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p502.htm#i15074
    ___________________

    Christopher Conyers1
    M, #220984
    Last Edited=9 Apr 2007
    Christopher Conyers lived at Hornby, Yorkshire, England.1
    Child of Christopher Conyers
    Margaret Conyers+1
    Citations
    [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III, page 294. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
    From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p22099.htm#i220984
    ________________________

    Christopher CONYERS
    Born: ABT 1380
    Died: AFT 1462
    Father: John CONYERS
    Mother: Margaret St. QUINTIN
    Married 1: Ellen ROLLESTON (b. ABT 1399 - d. 6 Aug 1444)
    Children:
    1. John CONYERS (Sir)
    2. Joan CONYERS
    3. Richard CONYERS
    4. Isabel CONYERS
    5. Margery CONYERS
    6. Eleanor CONYERS
    7. Elizabeth CONYERS
    Married 2: Margaret WADELEY AFT 1444
    Children:
    7. Margaret CONYERS
    From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/CONYERS1.htm#Christopher CONYERS2
    ____________________

    Name Sir Christopher Conyers, Knight [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
    Born of, Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England
    Died 6 Aug 1444 of, Hornby, Yorkshire, England [1, 9, 10]
    Father Sir John Conyers, Lord Conyers, b. Abt 1360, Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England
    Mother Margaret St. Quintin, b. Abt 1362, Brandesburton, Yorkshire, England
    Family 1 Eleanor Rolleston
    Children
    1. Sir John Conyers, d. 14 Mar 1489-1490
    2. Sir Richard Conyers, b. of, Marske, Yorkshire, England
    3. Sir Richard Conyers, b. Abt 1425, of, Cowton South, Yorkshire, England
    4. Thomas Conyers, d. 1449
    5. Isabel Conyers, b. Abt 1428
    6. Christopher Conyers, Rector of Rudby, d. Bef 1 Sep 1483
    7. Elizabeth Conyers, b. Abt 1433
    8. Ralph Conyers
    9. Jacob Conyers
    10. Sir Roger Conyers, Knight, b. of, Winyard, Durham, England
    11. Catherine Conyers
    12. Joan Conyers
    13. George Conyers
    14. Margaret Conyers
    15. Sibilla Conyers
    16. Margery Conyers
    17. James Conyers
    18. Hawise Conyers
    Family 2 Margaret Waddeley
    Children
    1. Brian Conyers, d. Bef 16 Oct 1478, of, Pinchingthorpe, Yorkshire, England
    2. Margaret Conyers, b. of, Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England d. 1500, Bolton, Yorkshire, England
    3. Nicholas Conyers, Gentleman, d. Bef 6 Feb 1497-1498
    4. Henry Conyers
    5. Conan Conyers
    6. Alice Conyers
    Sources
    [S29] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 items 6-9., vol. 2 p. 225.
    [S452] #892 Record Series: The Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Association (1885-), ([S.I.]: Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Association, 1885-), FHL book 942.74 B4a., vol. 56 pedigree chart: Pudsay of Bolton.
    [S22] The royal descents of 600 immigrants to the American Colonies or the United States : who were themselves notable or left descendants notable in American history, Roberts, Gary Boyd, (Baltimore [Maryland] : Genealogical Pub. Co., c2004), 973 D2rrd., p. 431.
    [S767] Ancestors of American presidents, Roberts, Gary Boyd,, (Boston, Massachusetts : New England Historic Genealogical Society, c2009), 973 D2r 2009., p. 392.
    [S23] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 4 p. 128.
    [S64] #3945 The Visitations of Yorkshire in the Years 1563 and 1564, Made by William Flower, Esquire, Norroy King of Arms (1881), Flower, William, (Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volume 16. London: [Harleian Society], 1881), FHL book 942 B4h volume 16; FHL microfilm 162,050 item 2., p. 9, 74.
    [S66] Magna Carta Ancestry, Richardson, Douglas, (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Pub. Co., c2005), 942 D5rdm., p. 343.
    [S143] #696 Visitations of the north, or, some early heraldic visitations of, and collections of pedigrees relating to, the north of England, Blair, Charles Henry Hunter, (Durham [England] : Andrews, 1912-1932. Part of the Publications of the Surtees Society.), 942 B4s., vol. 147 p. 92.
    [S102] #667 The Extinct and Dormant Peerages of the Northern Counties of England (1913), Clay, John William, (London: James Nisbet, 1913), FHL microfilm 990,409 item 4., p. 32.
    [S64] #3945 The Visitations of Yorkshire in the Years 1563 and 1564, Made by William Flower, Esquire, Norroy King of Arms (1881), Flower, William, (Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volume 16. London: [Harleian Society], 1881), FHL book 942 B4h volume 16; FHL microfilm 162,050 item 2., p. 74.
    From: https://histfam.familysearch.org//getperson.php?personID=I44795&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous
    _________________________

    Sir John Conyers (died 1490), one of twenty-five children of Sir Christopher Conyers (died 1460),[1] was a pre-eminent member of the gentry of Yorkshire, northern England, during the fifteenth century Wars of the Roses.
    Based in Hornby Castle,[2] he was originally retained by his patron, the regional magnate Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury at a fee of ¹8 6s. 8d.[3] By 1465, he was Steward of the Honour of Richmondshire and was being retained, along with his brothers William and Richard, by Salisbury's son and successor as regional magnate, the earl of Warwick,[4] for which he received ¹13 6s. 8d. He accompanied Salisbury on his journey from Middleham to Ludlow in September 1459, and took part in the Battle of Blore Heath on the 23rd of that month.[5] He later took part in Warwick's rebellion against Edward IV in 1469 and the Battle of Edgecote, raising his 'Wensleydale connection,[6] and possibly even being the ringleader, 'Robin of Redesdale.'[7] He submitted to the King in March 1469. After Edward's successful return to power in 1471 he was a Justice of the Peace for Yorkshire's North Riding.[8] A loyal retainer and probable ducal councillor of Edward's brother, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, later King Richard III, (who retained him for ¹20 annually)[9] he was made a knight of the body, at 200 marks per annum annuity, and substantial estates in Yorkshire, "where he was very active on local commissions." He was also elected to the Order of the Garter.[10] In August 1485 he appears to have fought in and survived the Battle of Bosworth in the army of Richard III, and was later granted offices in Richmondshire by the new king, Henry VII in February 1486, as a result of 'good and faithful service.'[11] He supported Henry during the first rebellion of his reign, in spring 1486, a position that has been called 'particularly significant' and, according to Michael Hicks, it 'was a momentous decision'.[12]
    From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_John_Conyers
    ___________________________

    The Yorkshire Background of the Boyntons of Rowley", from "The Colonial Genealogist", by Robert Joseph Cuffman, MA, FAS/he, FSO, Associate Editor, reprinted by the Augustan Society 1988.
    "Sir Robert Conyers - Lord of Ormsby, holding also Coatham in Durham - b.1325 d. 1392 (Vist. of Yorks 1563-4 70 ft.; VCH Durham 3:301); married (1) Joan de Melton, niece of William de Melton, Archbishop of York 1317-40. (Vist. of Yorks 1563-4 70 ft.; Walker, Yorks. Peds. 2:285), thus d/o Henry de Melton. He married (2) Juliana Percy, d/o and heiress of John Percy, Lord of Ormsby, of the line of Percy of Kildale, who died without male issue and was sometimes given "William" (VCH Yorks NR 2:278; VCH Durham 3:301; Visit. of Yorks 1563-4 70 ft.) . He married (3) Aline de la Ley d. 1408, Lady of Dalden, d. 1408, by whom he had an only child, heiress to her mother, the Joan Conyers who married Sir Robert Bowes, Knight Banneret."
    |
    John Conyers (son of Sir Robert Conyers and 1st. wife Joan de Melton) married Margaret St. Quinton, living Oct 1426 d/o Sir Anthony St. Quinton (Vist. of Yorks. 1563-4 70 ft., 74 & ft.). "He was no doubt the 'John Conyers' who, with Sir Robert Conyers (his son) and Sir Thomas Boynton, settled Tanton Manor on William Percy of Castle Leavington in 1397 (VCH Yorks NR 2:307)"
    |
    Christopher Conyers (son of John Conyers and Margaret St. Quinton) Lord of Hornsby 1427, living 1459 (VCH Yorks NR 1:401) m. 1st. Ellen Roleston, d. 6 Aug 1444. Married 2nd. Margaret Wadeley (d/o Robert) (Vist. of Yorks. 1563-4 74 & ft.). "He was doubtless the 'Christopher Conyers' who with John Conyers of Ormsby and Christopher Boynton, was a trustee of Tanton Manor in 1434 (VCH Yorks NR 2:307) and who with those trustees settled Castle Leavington on Sir William Bowes, along with other trustees that year. (VCH Yorks NR 2:360)." Two of his sons were, Sir John Conyers of Hornby d. 1490, Sheriff of Yorkshire who m. Margery, dau. and coheir of Philip, Lord Darcy and Meynell and Robert Conyers, heir of Hornby, married Margaret, dau. and coheir of Rowland Darcy of Hinton, Leicestershire.
    ____________

    "Britannia" by William Camden (1607)

    YORKSHIRE

    62. [The river] Swale driveth on with a long course, not without some lets [obstructions] heere and there in his streame, not farre from Hornby Castle, belonging to the family of Saint Quintin, which afterwards came to the Cogniers [Conyers], and seeth nothing besides fresh pastures, country houses, and villages,

    ________________________

    Name: Christopher Conyers

    Surname: Conyers
    Given Name: Christopher
    Prefix: Sir
    Sex: M
    Birth: 1383 in Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England
    Death: 1456 in Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England
    _UID: 53FBD77679A94C4180F1D7DAEB0C31E377CD

    Note:
    He administered the will of his cousin John Conyers of Ormsby in 1438. His will was dated 1426. In it, he asks to be buried in the kirk of Hornby beside his father. He leaves Ellen, his wife one third of his goods. To son Thomas he left lands in Hornby, Brokeholme, North Ottrington and half his lands in Erythorne, Hunton, Hesilton, Little Crakehall and Whitby. Also mentioned were son John and daughter Joan. His mother dame Margaret Conyers was named one of the executors.

    CHRISTOPHER CONYERS, of Hornby; m Ellene, dau and coheir of - Rylestone (d 1443), and had, with a yr s (Sir William, of Marske, Yorks, identified by some historians (others prefer his er bro Sir John) with 'Robin of Redesdale', leader 1469 of an insurrection fomented by the 1st and last Earl of Warwick ('Warwick the Kingmaker') of the March 1449/50 cr (see ABERGAVENNY, M) against EDWARD IV, in particular his favourites and in-laws the Woodvilles, d 1495): Sir JOHN CONYERS 1 2 3

    Change Date: 18 Aug 2009 at 01:00:00
    Father: John Conyers b: 1371 in Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England
    Mother: Margaret St Quintin b: ABT 1380 in Brandsburton, Yorkshire, England
    Marriage 1 Ellen Rolleston b: ABT 1395 in Rolleston, Staffordshire, England
    Married: BEF 1415
    Children
    John Conyers Sheriff of Yorkshire b: ABT 1414 in Hornby, North Riding, Yorkshire
    Joan Conyers b: 1428 in Hornby Castle, Yorkshire, England
    Roger Conyers b: 1419
    Catherine Conyers b: 1417
    Margaret Conyers b: 1421
    Sibyl Conyers b: 1423
    Richard Conyers of South Cowton b: 1425 in Cowton, Yorkshire
    Thomas Conyers b: 1426
    James Jacob Conyers b: 1429
    Isabel Conyers b: 1430
    Ralph Conyers b: 1432
    Christopher Conyers b: 1435
    Robert Conyers b: 1437
    Elizabeth Conyers b: 1439
    Margery Conyers b: 1440
    George Conyers b: 1442
    Sources:
    Repository:
    Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215
    Author: Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Ed
    Publication: 1999
    Page: 164
    Title: Visitations of the North c 1480-1500, Publications of the Surtee's Society
    Page: #144:92, 116
    Title: Burke's Peerage and Gentry
    Publication: http://www.burkes-peerage.net/Welcome.aspx
    Page: Yarborough Family Page
    _______________________

    Hornby Castle, Yorkshire (North Riding), was a fourteenth and fifteenth-century courtyard castle, with a late fourteenth-century corner tower known as St Quintin's Tower, after the medieval family which occupied the castle (demolished in 1927) and fifteenth-century work done for William, Lord Conyers.[1]

    Hornby was largely rebuilt in the 1760s by John Carr of York, who was responsible for the surviving south range and the east range (demolished in the 1930s) and outbuildings, for Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness. The eventual heir was the Duke of Leeds, who assembled there rich early eighteenth-century furniture from several houses, illustrated in the books of Percy Macquoid.

    ___________________________

    Stirnet.com
    'Pudsey1'
    (A) Henry Pudsey o'f Barforth or Berforth'
    m. Margaret Conyers (dau of Christopher (not Sir John) Conyers of Hornby)
    ________________________

    *

    Re: Conyers of Sockburn, Coatham, Ormesby and Hornby
    On Oct 31, 7:35 am, John Watson wrote:
    Hi all,

    Something which has puzzled me and I am sure many other genealogists over the years, how do the families of Conyers of Sockburn, Conyers of Coatham, Conyers of Ormesby and Conyers of Hornby fit together. Here is my suggestion, which is full of holes but at least has the merit of fitting the available facts. The main differences to the perceived pedigrees being the identification of Scolastica de Cotum's husband as Roger Conyers, and the subsequent descent of lands in Coatham, Durham and Northumberland. Any corrections or additions would be gratefully received.

    1. Humphrey Conyers
    --------------------
    Birth: abt. 1215
    Death: bef. 1283 [1]
    Father: Geoffrey (Galfrid) Conyers

    succeeded his brother John as lord of Sockburn, and Girsby[1]

    Spouse: Pernel [1]

    Children: John Conyers (- <1304)
    Sir Roger Conyers (- <1298)

    1.1 John Conyers
    --------------------
    Birth: abt. 1240
    Death: bef. 1304[1]

    proved his right to free warren in Girsby in 1293[1]

    Spouse: Unknown

    Children: John Conyers (c.1270-<1342)
    Roger Conyers (-) >>> Conyers of Sockburn

    1.2 Roger Conyers
    -------------------
    Birth: abt. 1250
    Death: bef. 1298
    Father: Humphrey Conyers
    Mother: Pernel

    Sir Roger de Conyers, knight [2]
    protection for 4 years going to Holy Land, 10 Feb 1271 [2]
    Holding 1 knight's fee in Northumberland [2]
    Distrained to receive knighthood 1278 [2]
    Quittance of eyre, Northumberland 27 Dec 1278 [2]
    Safe conduct for him, sent by King to Rothelan, 28 Apr 1279 [2]
    Protection till Michaelmas 31 Mar 1282 [2]

    He and his wife dead at the date of his father-in-law, Ralph de Cotum's ipm, when Ralph's heirs were his daughter Alice and John Conyers, son of his daughter Scolastica [4]

    Spouse: Scolastica de Cotum
    Death: bef. 14 Sep 1298 (date of writ for father's ipm) [3]
    Father: Sir Ralph de Cotum
    Mother: Christian

    Children: John Conyers (1284-1310)

    1.2.1 John Conyers
    --------------------
    Birth: abt. 1270
    Death: bef. Apr 1310 [5]
    Father: Roger Conyers
    Mother: Scolastica de Cotum

    Of Coatham Conyers, in the parish of Long Newton, Durham, also know as Coatham Stub and Stubhouse [7]

    21 July 1300, had pourparty of the lands late of Ralph de Cotun, his grandfather [6] included manors of Cronkley & Benrig, Northumberland [9]

    John Conyers 'of Stubhouse' made a grant of land in Cronkley (Northumberland) in 1306 [7]

    29 April 1310, Debtor: Thomas de Aynill, of Deighton, Creditor: John de Coyners of Stib Ho (Stubhous), recently deceased [5]

    Spouse: Unknown

    Children: Robert Conyers (c. 1305->1338)

    1.2.1.1 Robert Conyers
    ------------------------
    Birth: abt. 1305
    Death: aft. 1338 [10]
    Father: John Conyers

    de Banco Rolls relating to Northumberland for 1321: Robert, son of John de Conyers of Stubhous, plaintiff, William de Herle, defendant. Manor of Benrigge [8]

    de Banco Rolls for Northumberland for 1338, Robert de Conyers of Hubhouse, plaintiff, William Hunter and others, defendant. Trespass at Crumclyf [Cronkley] for 20s. [10]

    Spouse: Unknown

    Children: Robert Conyers (c.1325->Nov 1390)

    1.2.1.1.1 Robert Conyers
    -------------------------
    Birth: abt. 1325
    Death: bef 18 Nov 1390 (date of ipm) [11]
    Father: Robert Conyers

    Of Coatham Stub and and through first wife, Juliana de Percy, lord of Ormesby in Cleveland, Yorkshire

    ipm for Durham of Robert Coniers taken 18 November 1390. Robert Conyers, aged 34 is his son and next heir. He had been enfeoffed of his manor jointly with Alina his wife, to hold to them and their heirs of Robert and his first wife Juliana. He held the manor of Cotom next Longnewton of Thomas, son and heir of Alexander Surtees [11]

    Spouse 1: Juliana de Percy (c.1330-1370) [12]
    Father: John de Percy of Ormesby (->1325)

    Children: Sir Robert Conyers (c.1356-1432)
    John Conyers(c.1360-1412)
    William Conyers ( -<1412)
    Margaret Conyers ( -1408)

    Spouse 2: Aline de la Legh (c.1340-1408)
    Widow of William de Dalden (d. 1369) [13]

    Children: Joan Conyers (c.1380-1438)

    Note: Robert Conyers of Coatham Stub, Durham did not marry Joan, niece of William de Melton, as suggested by N. Harris Nicholas. Robert Conyers who married Joan was of Norton Conyers, Yorkshire - see Feet of Fines for the county of York, 1327 to 1347, Yorkshire Archaeological Society Record Series, vol. 42; 1910, p. 52

    1.2.1.1.1.1 Robert Conyers
    ---------------------------
    Birth: abt. 1356 [11]
    Death: bef. 18 Jul 1432 [15]
    Father: Robert Conyers
    Mother: Juliana de Percy

    Sir Robert Conyers of Ormesby

    de Banco Rolls for 1369 for Northumberland. Robert Conyers, chivaler, executor of Goscelin Surtays, plaintiff. Robert Conyers de Stubhouse and Elizabeth his wife, defendants [14]

    Robert Conyers, knight, brother of John Conyers of Horneby, mentioned in a royal pardon, dated 22 Apr 1423 [16]

    John Conyers of Ormesby administered to his father Sir Robert Conyers's effects on 18 Jul 1432 [15]

    Spouse: Elizabeth

    Children: John Conyers (c.1385-1438)

    1.2.1.1.1.2 John Conyers
    -------------------------
    Birth: abt.1360
    Death: bef. Jul 1412 [18]
    Father: Robert Conyers
    Mother: Juliana de Percy

    John Conyers of Hornby

    17 Aug 1403, Robert and John Conyers, brothers, were appointed custodians of the castle of Skelton, the manors of Skelton and Marske, and all the other lands of Thomas Faucomberge knight in cos. York and Northumberland [17]

    dead before 24 April 1412, when Richard de Norton and Laurence de Middleton, vicar of the church of Grimston granted to Richard son of John Conyers of Hornby, deceased, the manor of Solberge (Solbergh Super Wysk') [18]

    Spouse: Margaret St. Quintin
    Birth: abt. 1385
    Death: aft. May 1435
    Father: Anthony St. Quintin
    Mother: Elizabeth Gascoigne?

    Children: Christopher Conyers (c.1400-1460)
    Richard Conyers [18]
    Thomas Conyers [18]

    Regards,

    John

    References:
    1. 'Parishes: Sockburn', A History of the County of York North Riding:Volume 1 (1914), pp. 449-454
    2. Harleian Society, Vol 80, Knights of Edward I , Vol I (London:1929) p 234
    3. Calendar of Fine Rolls, Vol 1, p 403
    4. Calendar of Fine Rolls, Vol 1, p 424
    5. Chancery: Certificates of Statute Merchant and Statute Staple, C241/68/74
    6. Calendar of Fine Rolls, Vol 1, p 432
    7. 'Parishes: Long Newton', A History of the County of Durham: Volume3 (1928), pp. 299-304
    8. Archaeologica Aeliana, Third Series, Vol 6 (Newcastle: 1910) p 45
    9. John Hodgson, A History of Northumberland, Vol V (Vol 3, Part 1) (London: 1820) p 53 & 104
    10. Archaeologica Aeliana, Third Series, Vol 6 (Newcastle: 1910) p 48
    11. 45th Annual Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records(London: 1885) p 175
    12. 'Parishes: Ormesby', A History of the County of York North Riding:Volume 2 (1923), pp. 276-283
    13. 45th Annual Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records(London: 1885) p 183
    14. Archaeologica Aeliana, Third Series, Vol 7 (Newcastle: 1910) p 59
    15. Surtees Society, Vol 30, Testamenta Eboracensia, Part II (Durham:1855) p 64n
    16. Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry 6, Vol 1, p 28
    17. Complete Peerage, Vol 5, p 277
    18. Lincolnshire Archives, Yarborough [YARB 16/1/1]

    Hi all,

    I spotted a small error in my previous post.

    John Conyers, son of Sir Roger Conyers must have been born before
    1279, since the king gave him his share of Ralph de Cotum's lands âin
    1300 when he must have been 21 or more.

    Regards,

    Children:
    1. 18. Richard Conyers, Knight was born 1425-1444, South Cowton, Yorkshire, England; died >1485, (South Cowton, Yorkshire, England).

  7. 40.  Roger Aske, Esquire was born ~1430, Aske, Yorkshire, England (son of Conan Aske and Alice Savile); died 1 Feb 1505.

    Roger — unnamed spouse. unnamed was born (Yorkshire, England). [Group Sheet]


  8. 41.  unnamed spouse was born (Yorkshire, England).
    Children:
    1. 20. William Aske was born 1455, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died 24 Aug 1512.

  9. 48.  John Talbot, 4th Earl Shrewsbury, Knight of the Garte was born 1384-1392, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England (son of Richard Talbot, 4th Baron Talbot and Ankaret le Strange, Baroness of Furnival); died 17 Jul 1453.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: 7th Lord Talbot
    • Also Known As: Count of Clermont
    • Also Known As: Old Talbot

    John — Maud Neville. [Group Sheet]


  10. 49.  Maud Neville
    Children:
    1. 24. John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury was born 12 Dec 1413, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England; died 10 Jul 1460, Northamptonshire, England.

  11. 50.  James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond was born 23 May 1393, Kilkenny, Ireland (son of James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond and Anne Welles); died 23 Aug 1452, Dublin, Ireland; was buried St. Mary's Abbey, Dublin, Ireland.

    Notes:

    James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond (23 May, 1393 – 23 August, 1452) was the son of James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond. He was called 'The White Earl' and was esteemed for his learning. He was the patron of the Irish literary work, 'The Book of the White Earl'. His political career was marked by his long and bitter feud with the Talbot family.

    Family

    James Butler was the second but eldest surviving son of James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond, and Anne Welles, daughter of John de Welles, 4th Baron Welles by Maude de Ros, daughter of William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros of Helmsley.[1]

    Career

    Ireland in 1450 showing the Earldom of Ormond.
    He prevailed upon Henry V to create a King of Arms in Ireland, with the title of Ireland King of Arms (altered by Edward VI to Ulster King of Arms), and he gave lands in perpetuity to the College of Heralds, London. He was appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland in 1405, and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1420, 1425, and 1442. He appointed James FitzGerald, 6th Earl of Desmond as Seneschal of Imokilly in 1420.

    The Butler–Talbot feud

    His term as Lord Lieutenant was marked by a bitter feud with the Talbot family, headed by John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and his brother Richard, Archbishop of Dublin. The dispute reached its height in 1442 when Archbishop Talbot, supposedly acting on behalf of the Irish Parliament, presented the Privy Council with a long list of grievances against Ormonde, who was accused of being old and feeble (in fact he was only fifty, which was not considered a great age even in the fifteenth century), and of having lost most of his Irish estates through negligence; there were vague references to treason and "other crimes which could not be named".[2] The Council summoned Ormonde to account for his actions: he defended himself vigorously, and made detailed counter-charges against the Archbishop. The Council took no action against him but rebuked both sides to the dispute severely for disrupting the good governance of Ireland. The feud gradually cooled off, and friendly relations between the two families were finally established by the marriage of Ormonde's daughter Elizabeth to Shrewsbury's son and heir John.[3]

    Later years

    Ormonde remained an influential figure, although his last years were troubled by fresh quarrels with the Earl of Desmond, with Giles Thorndon, the Treasurer of Ireland, and with Richard Wogan, the Lord Chancellor of Ireland. Wogan in particular complained of Ormonde's "heavy lordship" and asked to be allowed to deputise his duties.[4]

    In 1440 he had a grant of the temporalities of the See of Cashel for ten years after the death of the Archbishop of Cashel, Richard O'Hedian. He built the castles of Nenagh, Roscrea and Templemore in north County Tipperary and Tulleophelim (or Tullowphelim) in County Carlow. He gave the manor and advowson of Hickcote in Buckinghamshire to the Hospital of St Thomas of Acre in London, which was confirmed by the Parliament of England (in the third year of Henry VI) at the suit of his son.[5]

    Since his father-in-law had no surviving son, Ormond, in right of his second wife, claimed possession of the Earldom of Kildare, and for some years was able to keep the legitimate heirs out of their inheritance.

    He died in Dublin on 23 August 1452 on his return from an expedition against Connor O'Mulrian, and was buried in St. Mary's Abbey near Dublin.

    Marriage and Children

    He married firstly, in 1413, Joan Beauchamp (1396-1430), the daughter of William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny and Joan Arundel, by whom he had three sons and two daughters:[6]

    James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond, who died without any legitimate children
    John Butler, 6th Earl of Ormond, who died without any legitimate children
    Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond.
    Elizabeth Butler, who married John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury.
    Anne Butler, who died unmarried.
    He married secondly, by licence dated 18 July 1432, Elizabeth FitzGerald (c.1398 – 6 August 1452), widow of John Grey, 2nd Baron Grey of Codnor (d. 14 September 1430), and daughter of Gerald FitzGerald, 5th Earl of Kildare, by whom he had no children.

    *

    James — Joan de Beauchamp. Joan (daughter of William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny and Joan FitzAlan, Baroness Bergavenny) was born 0___ 1396, (Warwick, Warwickshire) England; died 5 Aug 1430. [Group Sheet]


  12. 51.  Joan de Beauchamp was born 0___ 1396, (Warwick, Warwickshire) England (daughter of William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny and Joan FitzAlan, Baroness Bergavenny); died 5 Aug 1430.
    Children:
    1. 25. Elizabeth Butler, Countess of Talbot was born 1420, Kilkenny Castle, Ormond, Ireland; died 8 Sep 1473, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England.
    2. Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond was born 0___ 1426, Kilkenny, Ireland; died 3 Aug 1515, London, England.

  13. 52.  John de Greystoke, 4th Baron of Greystock was born 0___ 1389, Penrith, Cumbria, England (son of Ralph de Greystoke, 3rd Baron Greystoke and Catherine Clifford, Baroness of Ravensworth); died 8 Aug 1436, Northamptonshire, England; was buried Collegiate Church, Greystoke, Penrith, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Ralph Greystock

    Notes:

    Click here for photos & hsitory of Greystoke Castle - the family home... http://greystoke.com/

    son and heir, aged 28 and more at his father's death.

    On 9 May 1418 the King took his homage and fealty and he had livery of his father's lands.

    He was summoned to Parliament from 24 August 1419 to 5 July 1435, by writs directed Johanni baroni de Greystok', with the addition of chivaler on and after 24 February 1424/5.

    On 22 March 1420/1 he was appointed Keeper of Roxborough Castle, for 4 years, at a salary of ¹1,000 a year in time of peace and ¹2,000 a year in time of war.

    He was appointed a commissioner to treat of peace with the Scots, and concerning violations of the truces, &c ... http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/18/53265.htm

    John married Elizabeth de Ferrers 28 Oct 1407, Greystoke Castle, Penrith, Cumbria, England. Elizabeth (daughter of Robert de Ferrers, III, Knight, 2nd Baron Ferrers of Wem and Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland) was born 0___ 1393, (Suffolkshire) England; died 1434-1436, (Northumberland) England; was buried Black Friars Church, York, England. [Group Sheet]


  14. 53.  Elizabeth de Ferrers was born 0___ 1393, (Suffolkshire) England (daughter of Robert de Ferrers, III, Knight, 2nd Baron Ferrers of Wem and Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland); died 1434-1436, (Northumberland) England; was buried Black Friars Church, York, England.

    Notes:

    Sir Thomas Wriothesley, the Garter King of Arms, recorded more details about the family in the century after their deaths. It is said that Sir Thomas was unable to record all the details of the family living at that time, but it leads the family historian with an interesting bit of research to do.

    The Pedigrees were printed in Collectanea topographica & genealogica , Vol 2, 1834-1843, edited by John Gough Nichols, and were derived from the volume written by Sir Thomas Wriothesley (National Archives MS. Addit. 5530 - note: this reference may need revising).

    Children:
    1. 26. Ralph de Greystoke, 5th Baron Greystoke was born 9 Sep 1406, Greystoke Manor, Penrith, England; died 1 Jun 1487, Kirkham, Yorkshire, England; was buried Monastery, Kirkham, Northumberland, England.
    2. Joan Greystoke was born 0___ 1408, Greystoke, Cumbria, England; died 0___ 1456, Hornby Castle, Hornby, Bedale, DL8 1NQ.


Generation: 7

  1. 66.  Ralph de Greystoke, 3rd Baron GreystokeRalph de Greystoke, 3rd Baron Greystoke was born 18 Oct 1353, Ravensworth Castle, Yorkshire, England; was christened 18 Oct 1353, Kirkby Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England (son of William de Greystoke, 2nd Baron Greystoke and Joane FitzHugh); died 6 Apr 1418, Kirkby Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England.

    Notes:

    Ralph de Greystoke, 3rd Baron Greystoke, (18 October 1353 – 6 April 1418) was an English peer and landowner.

    Life

    Greystoke was the son of William de Greystoke, 2nd Baron Greystoke, and Joane, daughter of Lord Fitzhugh, his second wife.[3][1] He was born on 18 October 1353 at Ravensworth Castle, North Yorkshire, the home of his maternal uncle Henry.[1] As he was still a child when his father died, his estates were placed under the guardianship of Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford.[4]

    He was summoned to Parliament between 28 November 1375 and 5 October 1417,[5] and, in the 1370s and 1380s, served as a warden of the Scottish Marches.[1]

    In 1384, he led an English force that was defeated by the Scots, under the command of George I, Earl of March, while they were travelling to Roxburgh.[2] Greystoke was captured and taken to Dunbar Castle, where he was provided with a meal in the great hall, served upon his own dining-ware, which had been seized from his baggage train along with hangings that now decorated the walls of the great hall.[2] Greystoke's ransom was 3,000 marks,[5] and his younger brother William was his hostage in the exchange.[6] While at Dunbar, William took ill with fever and died.[6] William was buried at the castle, but two years later his remains were moved to Newminster Abbey in Northumberland, where his grandfather Ralph de Greystoke, 1st Baron Greystoke, was buried.[6] Greystoke returned to fight the Scots in 1402 at the Battle of Humbleton Hill in Northumberland.[7]

    In the 1390s, "disillusioned" with the reign of Richard II, Greystoke backed the return of the exiled Henry of Bolingbroke, son of John of Gaunt and grandson of Edward III.[1] Greystoke brought his own men to join those of the exile at Doncaster in 1399 and, after Richard II was deposed, with other northern English lords he remained loyal to Bolingbroke, who succeeded to the crown as Henry IV.[8]

    Personal

    Greystoke married Katherine, the daughter of his former guardian Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford.[4] They had two children: John, his heir,[1] and Maude, who married Eudo de Welles, son of John de Welles, 5th Baron Welles.[6]

    Greystoke died on 6 April 1418.[1] At inquisitions following his death, his estate was assessed to include messuages, or "dwelling-houses", and land holdings in Westmorland, Northumberland, and Yorkshire, as well as the manors and castles of Greystoke and Morpeth.[9]

    References

    ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h Dockray, Keith (2004). "Greystoke family (per. 1321–1487)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/54524. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
    ^ Jump up to: a b c David R. Perry; Mark A. S. Blackburn (2000). Castle Park, Dunbar: Two Thousand Years on a Fortified Headland. Society Antiquaries Scotland. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-903903-16-5.
    Jump up ^ John Burke (1831). A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, extinct, dormant, and in abeyance. England. p. 244.
    ^ Jump up to: a b Summerson, Henry (2004). "Clifford, Roger, fifth Baron Clifford (1333–1389)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5660. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
    ^ Jump up to: a b John Burke (1831). A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, extinct, dormant, and in abeyance. England. p. 245.
    ^ Jump up to: a b c d Samuel Jefferson (1840). The history and antiquities of Leath Ward: in the county of Cumberland: with biographical notices and memoirs. S. Jefferson. pp. 342–343.
    Jump up ^ Wm. E. Baumgaertner (January 2010). Squires, Knights, Barons, Kings: War and Politics in Fifteenth Century England. Trafford Publishing. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-4269-0769-2.
    Jump up ^ Gwilym Dodd; Douglas Biggs (1 January 2003). Henry IV: The Establishment of the Regime, 1399–1406. Boydell & Brewer Ltd. p. 130. ISBN 978-1-903153-12-3.
    Jump up ^ Great Britain. Public Record Office (2002). Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and Other Analogous Documents Preserved in the Public Record Office: Henry V. Boydell & Brewer Ltd. pp. 28–31. ISBN 978-0-85115-899-0.

    endo of biography

    Baron Ralph de Greystoke (1353-1418) is the 21st great-grandfather of the grand-children of Ma Byars (1894-1985)

    Baron Ralph de Greystoke (1353-1418) is the 12th great-grandson of William the Conqueror (1024-1087) ... http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/ahnentafel.php?personID=I14874&tree=00&parentset=0&generations=12

    History and development of Brougham Castle... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brougham_Castle

    Do you remember the 1984 Bristish film, "Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes"... go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greystoke:_The_Legend_of_Tarzan,_Lord_of_the_Apes

    General Notes:

    on and heir, by 2nd wife, born and baptized at Kirkby Ravensworth, co. York, 18 October 1353. He was appointed Warden of the West Marches, 12 February 1373 /4. The King took his homage and fealty and he had livery of his father's lands, 19 May 1374, and of those which Alice, his grandmother, had held in dower, 20 May 1375. He was summoned, for Military Service, 13 June 1385, and to Parliament from 28 December 1375 to 5 October 1417, by writs directed Radulpho haroni de Graystok'. He was appointed Warden of the West Marches, 16 July 1376; Constable of the castle of Lochmaben, and Justice, Steward, and Keeper of the lordship of Annandale, for three years, 1 December 1376; Warden of the West Marches, 16 July 1377; Warden of the East and West Marches, 12 December 1377; Warden of the West Marches, 4 June and 4 November 1379; Warden of the East Marches, 10 March 1379/80, 29 May 1380, and 16 June 1382; and of the West Marches, 27 March 1386. He was taken prisoner by George, Earl of Dunbar [SCT], in a skirmish at Horseridge in Glendale ward, Northumberland, 25 June 1380. He was one of the Lords who gave his assent in Parliament, 23 October 1399, to the secret imprisonment of Richard II. On 8 November 1403 the King took his homage and fealty and he had livery of the lands which Joan, his mother, had held in dower. He married Katherine, daughter of Roger (DE CLIFFORD), LORD CLIFFORD, by Maud, daughter of Thomas (DE BEAUCHAMP), EARL OF WARWICK. She died 23 April 1413. He died 6 April 1418, aged 64. [Complete Peerage VI:195-6, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)] ... http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/18/53249.htm

    Ancestral File Number: 8J5R-02.

    end of profile

    Birth:
    Image, map & history ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ravensworth_Castle_(North_Yorkshire)

    Ralph married Catherine Clifford, Baroness of Ravensworth 0___ 1377, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, England. Catherine (daughter of Roger de Clifford, Knight, 5th Baron de Clifford and Maud Beauchamp) was born ~1367, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, England; was christened Ravensworth, Kirby, North Riding, Yorkshire, England; died 23 Apr 1413, (North Riding, Yorkshire) England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 67.  Catherine Clifford, Baroness of Ravensworth was born ~1367, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, England; was christened Ravensworth, Kirby, North Riding, Yorkshire, England (daughter of Roger de Clifford, Knight, 5th Baron de Clifford and Maud Beauchamp); died 23 Apr 1413, (North Riding, Yorkshire) England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Katherine de Clifford

    Children:
    1. 52. John de Greystoke, 4th Baron of Greystock was born 0___ 1389, Penrith, Cumbria, England; died 8 Aug 1436, Northamptonshire, England; was buried Collegiate Church, Greystoke, Penrith, England.
    2. Maud Greystoke was born ~1390, Greystoke, Cumbria, England; died ~1416, Welles Lincolnshire, England.
    3. 33. Joan Greystoke was born ~1394, Cumbria, England; died ~1415, Durham, England.
    4. Ralph de Greystoke, 5th Baron Greystoke was born 9 Sep 1406, Greystoke Manor, Penrith, England; died 1 Jun 1487, Kirkham, Yorkshire, England; was buried Monastery, Kirkham, Northumberland, England.

  3. 68.  Henry FitzHugh, IV, Knight, 3rd Baron FitzHughHenry FitzHugh, IV, Knight, 3rd Baron FitzHugh was born 1359-1363, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England (son of Henry FitzHugh, KG, 2nd Baron FitzHugh of Ravensworth and Joan Scrope); died 14 Jan 1425, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England; was buried Jervaulx Abbey, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Chamberlain of the Household for King Henry VI, 1413-1425
    • Occupation: Diplomat, 1420
    • Occupation: Member of Parliament, 1388
    • Occupation: Treasurer of England, 1416-1421
    • Residence: Vadstena Abbey, Vadstena, Sweden
    • Also Known As: Henry Scrope
    • Military: Battle of Agincourt (October 25, 1415)
    • Military: Battle of Homildon Hill, Wooler, Northumberland, England

    Notes:

    Henry FitzHugh, 3rd Baron FitzHugh KG (c.?1363 - 11 January 1425) was an English administrator and diplomat who served under Henry IV and Henry V.

    Royal service

    Summoned to parliament in 1388, FitzHugh became active in public affairs following Henry IV's succession. He was engaged in Anglo-Scottish diplomacy, taking part in the Battle of Humbleton Hill in 1402 and negotiating the surrender of his uncle, Archbishop of York Richard le Scrope, in 1405. The next year he travelled to Denmark as part of the escort of Philippa, Henry's daughter, for her marriage to Eric of Pomerania, king of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.[1]

    At the coronation of Henry V in 1413, FitzHugh was Constable.[2] During Henry's reign, he served as Chamberlain of the Household (1413–1425, into the reign of Henry VI), and Treasurer of England (1416–1421). He participated in the Battle of Agincourt in 1415 and subsequent diplomacy with the French, which led to the Treaty of Troyes in 1420. He travelled with the king to France, and he escorted the king's remains back to England following his death in 1422. He was an executor of Henry's will and was a feoffee of lands in the will.[1]

    He became a Knight of the Garter about 1409.[3]

    After his death on 11 January 1425, FitzHugh was buried at Jervaulx Abbey in Yorkshire at his request.[1]

    Religion

    During his travels to the Scandinavian Peninsula in 1406, he visited the Bridgettine Vadstena Abbey in Sweden, where he volunteered to help establish a Bridgettine community in England, including the promise of a manor at Cherry Hinton in Cambridgeshire. An English order was established in 1415 at Twickenham with the assistance of Henry V.[1][4] He also attended the Council of Constance in 1415.[1]

    Family

    A descendant of Akarius Fitz Bardolph,[2] FitzHugh was the first son of Hugh FitzHugh, 2nd Baron FitzHugh, and Joan, daughter of Henry Scrope, 1st Baron Scrope of Masham. He married Elizabeth Grey (born c. 1363), daughter of Sir Robert de Grey and his wife, Lora St Quentin. Robert was a son of John de Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Rotherfield and Avice Marmion (a descendant of John, King of England).[5] They had eight sons and six daughters, including:[5]

    William FitzHugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh, married to Margery Willoughby, daughter of William Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby de Eresby.[5] They were parents to Henry FitzHugh, 5th Baron FitzHugh who became a brother-in-law to "Warwick, the Kingmaker" by his marriage to Lady Alice Neville; they were great-grandparents to queen consort Catherine Parr.[5]

    Hon. Robert FitzHugh, Bishop of London[5]

    Eleanor FitzHugh, who married firstly to Philip Darcy, 6th Lord Darcy of Knayth; they were parents to Elizabeth Darcy, wife of Sir James Strangeways. Eleanor married secondly to Thomas Tunstall and thirdly to Henry Bromflete, 1st Baron Vesci.[5][6]

    Elizabeth FitzHugh, married firstly on 10 December 1427 to Sir Ralph Gray of Chillingham (d.17 March 1442/3) and secondly, in 1445, Sir Edmund Montfort.[5] Her only issue was by her first husband.[5] Elizabeth was a lady-in-waiting to queen consort Margaret of Anjou.[5]

    Maud FitzHugh, wife of Sir William Eure of Witton.[5]

    References

    ^ Jump up to: a b c d e Reeves, A. C. (January 2008). "Fitzhugh, Henry, third Baron Fitzhugh (1363?–1425)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/50151. Retrieved 5 June 2011. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
    ^ Jump up to: a b Burke, John (1831). A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, extinct, dormant, and in abeyance. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 202. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
    Jump up ^ "Knights of the Garter". leighrayment.com. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
    Jump up ^ "History of the Bridgettine Order in the UK". Bridgettine Order in the UK. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
    ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g h i j editor, Douglas Richardson ; Kimball G. Everingham,. Plantagenet ancestry : a study in colonial and medieval families (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City, UT.: Douglas Richardson. p. 83. ISBN 9781449966348.
    Jump up ^ Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta ancestry : a study in colonial and medieval families, Vol II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City, UT.: Douglas Richardson. p. 27. ISBN 9781449966386.

    Occupation:
    The Lord Chamberlain or Lord Chamberlain of the Household is the senior officer of the Royal Household of the United Kingdom, overseeing the departments which support and provide advice to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.

    The Lord Chamberlain is always sworn of the Privy Council, is usually a peer and before 1782 the post was of Cabinet rank. Until 1924 the position was a political one. The office dates from the Middle Ages, when the King's Chamberlain often acted as the King's spokesman in Council and Parliament.[1]

    Occupation:
    The post of Lord High Treasurer or Lord Treasurer was an English government position and has been a British government position since the Acts of Union of 1707. A holder of the post would be the third highest ranked Great Officer of State, below the Lord High Chancellor and above the Lord President of the Council.

    Occupation:
    led to the Treaty of Troyes in 1420...

    The Treaty of Troyes was an agreement that King Henry V of England and his heirs would inherit the throne of France upon the death of King Charles VI of France. It was signed in the French city of Troyes on 21 May 1420 in the aftermath of Henry's successful military campaign in France. It forms a part of the backdrop of the latter phase of the Hundred Years' War finally won by the French at the Battle of Castillon in 1453, and in which various English kings tried to establish their claims to the French throne.

    Residence:
    The Abbey of Our Lady and of St. Bridget (Latin: Monasterium sanctarum Mariµ Virgáinis et Brigidµ in Vatzstena), more commonly referred to as Vadstena Abbey, situated on Lake Vèattern, in the Diocese of Linkèoping, Sweden, was the motherhouse of the Bridgettine Order. The abbey started on one of the farms donated to it by the king, but the town of Vadstena grew up around it. It was active from 1346 until 1595.

    Military:
    The Battle of Agincourt (Azincourt in French) was a major English victory in the Hundred Years' War.[a] The battle took place on Friday, 25 October 1415 (Saint Crispin's Day), near Azincourt, in northern France.[5][b] Henry V's victory at Agincourt, against a numerically superior French army, crippled France and started a new period in the war during which Henry V married the French king's daughter, and their son, later Henry VI of England and Henry II of France, was made heir to the throne of France as well as of England. English speakers found it easier to pronounce "Agincourt" with a "g" instead of the original "z". For all historians in the non-English speaking world, the battle is referred to with the toponymy of Azincourt, whereas English-only speaking historians kept the modified spelling of Agincourt.

    Henry V led his troops into battle and participated in hand-to-hand fighting. The French king of the time, Charles VI, did not command the French army himself as he suffered from severe psychotic illnesses with moderate mental incapacitation. Instead, the French were commanded by Constable Charles d'Albret and various prominent French noblemen of the Armagnac party.

    This battle is notable for the use of the English longbow in very large numbers, with English and Welsh archers forming most of Henry's army. The battle is the centrepiece of the play Henry V by William Shakespeare.

    more ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Agincourt

    Military:
    The Battle of Homildon Hill was a conflict between English and Scottish armies on 14 September 1402 in Northumberland, England. The battle was recounted in Shakespeare’s Henry IV, part 1. Although Humbleton Hill is the modern name of the site, over the centuries it has been variously named Homildon, Hameldun, Holmedon, and Homilheugh.

    more ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Homildon_Hill

    Henry married Elizabeth Grey ~ 1380, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England. Elizabeth (daughter of Robert de Grey and Lora St. Quintin) was born ~ 1363, Wilcote, Oxfordshire, England; died 12 Dec 1427, (Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England); was buried Jervaulx Abbey, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 69.  Elizabeth Grey was born ~ 1363, Wilcote, Oxfordshire, England (daughter of Robert de Grey and Lora St. Quintin); died 12 Dec 1427, (Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England); was buried Jervaulx Abbey, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Will: 24 Sep 1427
    • Probate: 29 Dec 1427

    Notes:

    Elizabeth Grey1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17
    F, #12937, b. between 1363 and 1366, d. 12 December 1427
    Father Sir Robert de Grey2,3,4,5,6,7,18,9,10,19,12,13,14,15,16,20 d. 19 Aug 1367
    Mother Lora de St. Quentin2,6,18,19,15,20 b. c 1342, d. 1369
    Elizabeth Grey was born between 1363 and 1366 at of Wilcote, Oxfordshire, England; Age 21 or 24 in 1387.2,6,15 She married Sir Henry FitzHugh, 3rd Lord FitzHugh, Lord High Treasurer, Chamberlain to King Henry V, son of Henry FitzHugh, 2nd Lord FitzHugh and Joan le Scrope, before 1391; They had 8 sons (Henry; John; Sir William, 4th Lord FitzHugh; Sir Geoffrey; Robert, Bishop of London; Ralph; Herbert; & Richard) & 6 daughters (Elizabeth; Joan, wife of Sir Robert, 6th Lord Willoughby; Eleanor, wife of Sir Philip, 6th Lord Darcy of Knaith, of Sir Thomas Tunstall, & of Sir Henry Bromflete, Lord Vescy; Maud, wife of Sir William Eure; Elizabeth, wife of Sir Ralph Gray, & of Sir Edmund Montfort; & Lora, wife of Sir Maurice Berkeley).2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17 Elizabeth Grey left a will on 24 September 1427.6,15 She wrote a codicil on 10 December 1427.6,15 She died on 12 December 1427; Buried at Jervaulx Abbey, Yorkshire.2,6,15 Her estate was probated on 29 December 1427.15
    Family
    Sir Henry FitzHugh, 3rd Lord FitzHugh, Lord High Treasurer, Chamberlain to King Henry V b. c 1358, d. 11 Jan 1425

    Children

    Matilda (Maud) FitzHugh+21,22,4,6,13,15 d. 17 Mar 1467
    Henry FitzHugh23
    John FitzHugh23
    Ralph FitzHugh23
    Herbert FitzHugh23
    Richard FitzHugh23
    Joan FitzHugh23
    Lora FitzHugh+23,24,22,5,6,14,15 d. a 12 Mar 1461
    Robert FitzHugh, Bishop of London23 d. 15 Jan 1436
    Eleanor FitzHugh+25,26,22,27,3,6,9,28,10,29,12,15,30 b. c 1391, d. 30 Sep 1457
    Sir William FitzHugh, 4th Lord FitzHugh+6,15 b. c 1399, d. 22 Oct 1452
    Geoffrey FitzHugh+ b. c 1405
    Elizabeth FitzHugh+23,22,31,6,7,15,16 b. c 1410, d. a 1453

    Citations

    [S3657] Unknown author, The Complete Peerage, by Cokayne, Vol. V, p. 422-425; Lineage and Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles by Paget, Vol. II, p. 405.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 324.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 27-28.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 126.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 172-173.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 198-199.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 258.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 272.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 97-98.
    [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 407-408.
    [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 83-84.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 391.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 526.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 591.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 630-631.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 109-110.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 275.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 271-272.
    [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 83.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 274-275.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 295-296.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 325.
    [S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. V, p. 434, chart.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 312.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 158-159.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 256.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 731.
    [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 237.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 571-572.
    [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 217.
    [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 354-355.

    Children:
    1. Eleanor Fitzhugh was born ~ 1391; died 30 Sep 1457, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England.
    2. 34. William Fitzhugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh was born ~ 1399, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England; died 22 Oct 1452, (Ravensworth) Yorkshire, England.
    3. Lora Fitzhugh was born ~ 1400, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England.

  5. 70.  William Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de EresbyWilliam Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby was born 1370-1375, Eresby, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England (son of Robert Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby and Margery la Zouche, Baroness of Willoughby); died 4 Dec 1409, Edgefield, Linconshire, England; was buried St. James Church, Willoughby Chapel, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Ordained: 0Jan 1400

    Notes:

    William Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby de Eresby KG (c.1370 - 4 December 1409) was an English baron.

    Origins

    William Willoughby was the son of Robert Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, by his first wife,[1] Margery la Zouche, the daughter of William la Zouche, 2nd Baron Zouche of Harringworth, by Elizabeth de Roos, daughter of William de Roos, 2nd Baron de Roos of Hemsley, and Margery de Badlesmere (130-–1363), eldest sister and co-heir of Giles de Badlesmere, 2nd Baron Badlesmere. He had four brothers: Robert, Sir Thomas (died c. 20 August 1417), John and Brian.[2]

    After the death of Margery la Zouche, his father the 4th Baron married, before 9 October 1381, Elizabeth le Latimer (d. 5 November 1395), suo jure 5th Baroness Latimer, daughter of William Latimer, 4th Baron Latimer, and widow of John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby, by whom the 4th Baron had a daughter, Margaret Willoughby, who died unmarried. By her first marriage Elizabeth Latimer had a son, John Neville, 6th Baron Latimer (c.1382 – 10 December 1430), and a daughter, Elizabeth Neville, who married her step-brother, Sir Thomas Willoughby (died c. 20 August 1417).[3]

    Career

    The 4th Baron died on 9 August 1396, and Willoughby inherited the title as 5th Baron, and was given seisin of his lands on 27 September.[4]

    Hicks notes that the Willoughby family had a tradition of military service, but that the 5th Baron 'lived during an intermission in foreign war and served principally against the Welsh and northern rebels of Henry IV'.[5] Willoughby joined Bolingbroke, the future King Henry IV, soon after his landing at Ravenspur, was present at the abdication of Richard II in the Tower on 29 September 1399, and was one of the peers who consented to King Richard's imprisonment. In the following year he is said to taken part in Henry IV's expedition to Scotland.[6]

    In 1401 he was admitted to the Order of the Garter, and on 13 October 1402 was among those appointed to negotiate with the Welsh rebel, Owain Glyndwr. When Henry IV's former allies, the Percys, rebelled in 1403, Willoughby remained loyal to the King, and in July of that year was granted lands that had been in the custody of Henry Percy (Hotspur), who was killed at the Battle of Shrewsbury on 21 July 1403. Willoughby was appointed to the King's council in March 1404. On 21 February 1404 he was among the commissioners appointed to expel aliens from England.[7]

    In 1405 Hotspur's father, Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, again took up arms against the King, joined by Lord Bardolf, and on 27 May Archbishop Scrope, perhaps in conjunction with Northumberland's rebellion, assembled a force of some 8000 men on Shipton Moor. Scrope was tricked into disbanding his army on 29 May, and he and his allies were arrested. Henry IV denied them trial by their peers, and Willoughby was among the commissioners[8] who sat in judgment on Scrope in his own hall at his manor of Bishopthorpe, some three miles south of York. The Chief Justice, Sir William Gascoigne, refused to participate in such irregular proceedings and to pronounce judgment on a prelate, and it was thus left to the lawyer Sir William Fulthorpe to condemn Scrope to death for treason. Scrope was beheaded under the walls of York before a great crowd on 8 June 1405, 'the first English prelate to suffer judicial execution'.[9] On 12 July 1405 Willoughby was granted lands forfeited by the rebel Earl of Northumberland.[10]

    In 1406 Willoughby was again appointed to the Council. On 7 June and 22 December of that year he was among the lords who sealed the settlement of the crown.[11]

    Marriages and issue

    Willoughby married twice:

    Firstly, soon after 3 January 1383, Lucy le Strange, daughter of Roger le Strange, 5th Baron Strange of Knockin, by Aline, daughter of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, by whom he had two sons and three daughters:[12]

    Robert Willoughby, 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, who married firstly, Elizabeth Montagu, and secondly, Maud Stanhope.

    Sir Thomas Willoughby, who married Joan Arundel, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Richard Arundel by his wife, Alice. Their descendants, who include Catherine Willoughby, Duchess of Suffolk, inherited the Barony. Catherine became the 12th Baroness and the title descended through her children by her second husband, Richard Bertie.

    Elizabeth Willoughby, who married Henry Beaumont, 5th Baron Beaumont (d.1413).

    Margery Willoughby, who married William FitzHugh, 4th Baron FitzHugh. Their son, the 5th Baron, would marry Lady Alice Neville, sister of Warwick, the Kingmaker. Alice was a grandniece of Willoughby's second wife, Lady Joan Holland. The 5th Baron and his wife Alice were great-grandparents to queen consort Catherine Parr.

    Margaret Willoughby, who married Sir Thomas Skipwith.

    Secondly to Lady Joan Holland (d. 12 April 1434), widow of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, and daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, by Lady Alice FitzAlan, daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, by whom he had no issue.[13] After Willoughby's death his widow married thirdly Henry Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope of Masham, who was beheaded on 5 August 1415 after the discovery of the Southampton Plot on the eve of King Henry V's invasion of France. She married fourthly, Henry Bromflete, Lord Vescy (d. 16 January 1469).[14]

    Death & burial

    Church of St. James, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, burial place of William Willoughby, 5th Baron
    Willoughby died at Edgefield, Norfolk on 4 December 1409 and was buried in the Church of St James in Spilsby, Lincolnshire, with his first wife.[15] A chapel in the church at Spilsby still contains the monuments and brasses of several early members of the Willoughby family, including the 5th Baron and his first wife.[16]

    Sources

    Cokayne, George Edward (1936). The Complete Peerage, edited by H.A Doubleday and Lord Howard de Walden IX. London: St. Catherine Press.
    Cokayne, G.E. (1959). The Complete Peerage, edited by Geoffrey H. White. XII (Part II). London: St. Catherine Press.
    Harriss, G.L. (2004). Willoughby, Robert (III), sixth Baron Willoughby (1385–1452). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 5 December 2012. (subscription required)
    Hicks, Michael (2004). Willoughby family (per. c.1300–1523). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 6 December 2012. (subscription required)
    Holmes, George (2004). Latimer, William, fourth Baron Latimer (1330–1381). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 6 December 2012. (subscription required)
    McNiven, Peter (2004). Scrope, Richard (c.1350–1405). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 7 December 2012. (subscription required)
    Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966373
    Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 144996639X
    Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1460992709

    References

    Jump up ^ Cokayne and Hicks state that Margery was the 4th Baron's second wife; however Richardson states that recent research establishes that Margery was his first wife.
    Jump up ^ Cokayne 1959, pp. 661–2; Richardson III 2011, pp. 450–2; Richardson IV 2011, pp. 332–3, 422–5; Hicks 2004.
    Jump up ^ Cokayne 1936, p. 503; Cokayne 1959, pp. 661–2; Richardson I 2011, p. 333; Richardson III 2011, pp. 242–6; Richardson IV 2011, pp. 332–3; Holmes 2004.

    *

    Biography of Sir William... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Willoughby,_5th_Baron_Willoughby_de_Eresby

    The Most Noble Order of the Garter... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_of_the_Garter

    A listing of the "Knights of the Garter"... http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Documents/Knights%20of%20the%20Garter.htm

    A panorama of St. James Church... http://www.panoramio.com/photo/53324562

    Willoughby Chapel in St. James Church... http://homepage.ntlworld.com/peter.fairweather/docs/spilsby.htm

    19th great grandfather of the grandchildren of Jesse D Hennessee (1880-1952)

    *

    Birth:
    Map & history of Spilsby... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spilsby

    Ordained:
    as a "Knight of the Garter"...

    Buried:
    William the fifth Lord ( Died 1410 ) and his wife are portrayed as 3’ 10" brasses and each has a canopy engraved

    William married Lucy le Strange Aft 3 Jan 1383, Dudley, Worcester, England. Lucy (daughter of Roger le Strange, 5th Baron Strange of Knockin and Aline FitzAlan) was born ~ 1365, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England; died 28 Apr 1398, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England; was buried St. James Church, Willoughby Chapel, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 71.  Lucy le Strange was born ~ 1365, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England (daughter of Roger le Strange, 5th Baron Strange of Knockin and Aline FitzAlan); died 28 Apr 1398, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England; was buried St. James Church, Willoughby Chapel, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alt Birth: Abt 1367, Knockyn, Shropshire, England
    • Alt Death: 28 Apr 1405, Lincolnshire, England

    Notes:

    Baroness Lucy's 5-generation pedigree... http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/ahnentafel.php?personID=I20302&tree=00&parentset=0&generations=5

    Notes

    Some details of Lucy Strange were provided by Adrian Hill in hisHill-Dickson-Lamotte genealogy.

    Lucy Le Strange
    ?Birth about 1367 - Knockyn, Shropshire, England
    ?Died 28 April 1398 - Eresby, Lincolnshire, England; age at death:possibly 31 years old

    Parents

    ?Roger Strange Jr. ca 1327-1381
    ?Aline FitzAlan ca 1309-1385

    Spouse

    ?Married to William Willoughby ca 1370-1410
    (Parents: Robert Willoughby 1349-1396 & Alice Skipwith ca 1355-ca1412)

    Children

    ?Robert Willoughby 1385-1452
    ?Thomas Willoughby 1387-1432
    ?Elizabeth Willoughby 1388-1428
    ?Margaret Willoughby 1388
    ?Marjory Willoughby 1397-1452
    -- Alan Hill,http://gw0.geneanet.org/index.php3?b=aahill&lang=en;p=lucy;n=le+strange

    Sources

    1. GeneaNet
    Alan Hill,
    2. Angel Streur, GeneaNet genealogy
    http://gw.geneanet.org/index.php3?b=dragonladys&lang=en&n=N&v=Le%20Str
    3. Le Strange Website
    Descent, http://www.ls.u-net.com/le_Strange/Seat-H2.htm

    *

    Birth: 1367
    Shropshire, England
    Death: Apr. 28, 1405
    Lincolnshire, England

    Daughter of Roger Le Strange and Aline (Fitzalan) Le Strange,( the daughter of Edmund Fitzalan (Earl of Arundel). Married Lord William Willoughby Apr. 23, 1383. Mother of Margaret Willoughby (Skipwith).


    Family links:
    Spouse:
    William 5th Lord Willoughby (1370 - 1409)

    Children:
    Margaret Willoughby Oldhall*
    Thomas Willoughby*
    Margaret Willoughby Oldhall (____ - 1455)*
    Robert Willoughby (1385 - 1452)*

    *Calculated relationship

    Burial:
    Saint James Churchyard
    Spilsby
    East Lindsey District
    Lincolnshire, England

    Created by: Kaaren Crail Vining
    Record added: Mar 05, 2010
    Find A Grave Memorial# 49143946

    Birth:
    Map & history of Spilsby... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spilsby

    Children:
    1. 35. Margery Willoughby, Baroness of Ravensworth was born ~ 1398, Willoughby Manor, Eresby, Spilsby, Lincoln, England; died Bef 1453, Yorkshire, England.

  7. 72.  John Conyers was born ~ 1360, Coatham Stob, Long Newton, Durham, England; died ~ 1438.

    John — Margaret St. Quintin. Margaret (daughter of John de St. Quintin and Elizabeth Gascoigne) was born Aft 1377, Hornby Castle, Hornby, Bedale, DL8 1NQ; died Aft May 1435. [Group Sheet]


  8. 73.  Margaret St. Quintin was born Aft 1377, Hornby Castle, Hornby, Bedale, DL8 1NQ (daughter of John de St. Quintin and Elizabeth Gascoigne); died Aft May 1435.

    Notes:

    Birth:
    Hornby Castle, Yorkshire is a grade I listed fortified manor house on the edge of Wensleydale between Bedale and Leyburn.

    Originally 14th century, it has been remodelled in the 15th, 18th and 20th centuries. It is constructed of coursed sandstone rubble with lead and stone slate roofs.[1] The present building is the south range of a larger complex, the rest of which has been demolished.

    Images & History ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hornby_Castle,_Yorkshire

    More images ... https://www.google.com/search?q=hornby+castle+yorkshire&rlz=1C1KMZB_enUS591US591&tbm=isch&imgil=L17fJ7zgL9tiQM%253A%253BYOgSjyDjMuVhYM%253Bhttps%25253A%25252F%25252Fen.wikipedia.org%25252Fwiki%25252FHornby_Castle%25252C_Yorkshire&source=iu&pf=m&fir=L17fJ7zgL9tiQM%253A%252CYOgSjyDjMuVhYM%252C_&usg=__cshmFIN46k_oBFIrYWJnyvm3JAw%3D&biw=1440&bih=810&ved=0ahUKEwi4z-bTuozWAhVG0WMKHRESDlcQyjcIOA&ei=YMOtWbifKMaijwORpLi4BQ#imgrc=XkWlJVgO35F9_M:

    Children:
    1. 36. Christopher Conyers, Knight was born ~ 1393, Hornby Castle, Hornby, Bedale, DL8 1NQ; died 0___ 1462, Hornby Castle, Hornby, Bedale, DL8 1NQ.

  9. 80.  Conan Aske was born 1403 (son of Roger Aske and Elizabeth Pert); died 1440.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Conant Aske

    Conan — Alice Savile. Alice (daughter of Thomas Savile, (V) Knight and Margaret Pilkington) was born ~1397, Thornhill, West Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  10. 81.  Alice Savile was born ~1397, Thornhill, West Yorkshire, England (daughter of Thomas Savile, (V) Knight and Margaret Pilkington).
    Children:
    1. 40. Roger Aske, Esquire was born ~1430, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died 1 Feb 1505.

  11. 96.  Richard Talbot, 4th Baron Talbot was born 0___ 1361, Goodrich Castle, Hereford, England (son of Gilbert Talbot, 3rd Baron Talbot and Petronella Butler); died 7 Sep 1396, London, Middlesex, England.

    Notes:

    Richard Talbot
    Also Known As: "Richard Talbat", "Sir Richard Talbot Baron of Blackmere"
    Birthdate: circa 1361 (35)
    Birthplace: Blackmere, Cornwall, England
    Death: Died September 7, 1396 in London, Middlesex, England
    Immediate Family:
    Son of Gilbert Talbot, 3rd Lord of Talbot and Petronella Talbot
    Husband of Ankaret Talbot, Baroness of Talbot
    Father of Sir Gilbert Talbot, of Irchingfield; Mary Green; Richard Talbot; Elizabeth Talbot; Lady Alice Talbot de la Barre and 7 others
    Brother of Elizabeth Grey, Baroness Grey of Wilton and Gilbert Talbot
    Managed by: Peter Scianna
    Last Updated: February 22, 2017
    View Complete Profile

    About Richard Talbot, 4th Baron Talbot
    Sir Richard Talbot, 4th Lord Talbot, Baron de Blackmere1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15
    M, #11084, b. circa 1361, d. 8 September 1396
    Father Sir Gilbert Talbot, 3rd Lord Talbot16,17,18 b. c 1332, d. 24 Apr 1387
    Mother Petronilla Butler16,17,18 b. c 1332, d. 1368
    Sir Richard Talbot, 4th Lord Talbot, Baron de Blackmere was born circa 1361 at of Eccleswall, Linton, Herefordshire, England; Age 26 in 1387.2,7,15 He married Ankaret le Strange, daughter of Sir John le Strange, 4th Lord Strange of Blackmere and Mary FitzAlan, before 23 August 1383; They had 5 sons (Sir Gilbert, 5th Lord Talbot, Lord Strange of Blackmere; Sir John, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, 7th Lord Talbot; Richard, Archbishop of Dublin, Chancellor of Ireland; Sir Thomas; & Sir William) and 4 daughters (Elizabeth, contracted to marry Sir John, Lord Arundel & Mautravers; Anne, wife of Sir Hugh, 5th Lord Courtenay, 12th Earl of Devon, & of John Botreaux; Mary, wife of Sir Thomas Greene, & of John Nottingham, Esq; & Alice, wife of Sir Thomas Barre).2,19,3,4,5,7,8,9,10,12,13,15 Sir Richard Talbot, 4th Lord Talbot, Baron de Blackmere died on 8 September 1396 at London, Middlesex, England.2,7,8,13,15

    Family Ankaret le Strange b. c 1361, d. 1 Jun 1413

    Children

    Anne Talbot+20,2,5,6,7,12,14,15 d. 16 Jan 1441
    Richard Talbot, Archbishop of Dublin2
    Mary Talbot+21,2,22,7,23,15 b. c 1382, d. 13 Apr 1434
    Sir Gilbert Talbot, 5th Lord Talbot, Lord Strange of Blackmere, Chief Justice of Chester2,7,15 b. c 1383, d. 19 Oct 1418
    Elizabeth Talbot24,3,9 b. c 1387, d. b 1407
    Alice Talbot+2,11,15 b. c 1388, d. b 28 Sep 1436
    Sir John Talbot, 4th Earl Shrewsbury, Wexford, Waterford, 7th Lord Talbot, Count of Clermont+2,7,15 b. c 1392, d. 17 Jul 1453

    Citations

    1.[S2878] Unknown author, Lineage and Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles by Paget, Vol. II, p. 405; The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, by Ronny O. Bodine, p. 66.
    2.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 702-704.
    3.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 33.
    4.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 211.
    5.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 547.
    6.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 40.
    7.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 166-167.
    8.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 258-259.
    9.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 152-153.
    10.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 376.
    11.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 310-311.
    12.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 332.
    13.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 52.
    14.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 644-645.
    15.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 117-118.
    16.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 702.
    17.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 165-166.
    18.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 116-117.
    19.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 737.
    20.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. IV, p. 326.
    21.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 356.
    22.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 260.
    23.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 112.
    24.[S15] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, p. 11-12.
    From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p369.htm#i11084
    _______________________________

    Richard Talbot, 4th Lord Talbot
    M, #9289, d. 7 September 1396
    Last Edited=29 Mar 2013
    Richard Talbot, 4th Lord Talbot was the son of Gilbert Talbot, 3rd Lord Talbot and Petronilla Butler. He married Ankaret Lestrange, daughter of John Lestrange, 4th Lord Strange (of Blackmere) and Mary FitzAlan, before 1383.1 He died on 7 September 1396.
    But this is usually seen as a fresh created rather than as a summons to attend Parl as a peer in right of his wife issue.2 On 3 March 1383 who was called to Parl as LORD (Baron) TALBOT (of Blackmere) between /4 and 17 Dec 1387.2 He succeeded to the title of 4th Lord Talbot [E., 1332] in 1387.
    Child of Richard Talbot, 4th Lord Talbot
    1.Eleanor Talbot
    Children of Richard Talbot, 4th Lord Talbot and Ankaret Lestrange
    1.Anne Talbot+ d. 16 Jan 1440/41
    2.Richard Talbot
    3.Mary Talbot+ d. 1433
    4.Gilbert Talbot, 5th Lord Talbot+ b. 1383, d. 19 Oct 1419
    5.General John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury+ b. c 1390, d. 20 Jul 1453
    Citations
    1.[S8] BP1999 volume 1, page 14. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S8]
    2.[S37] BP2003 volume 3, page 3473. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
    From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p929.htm#i9289
    ____________________________

    Richard TALBOT (4º B. Talbot)
    Born: ABT 1361
    Died: 7 Sep 1383/ 9 Sep 1396, London (of Goodrich, Herefs)
    Father: Gilbert TALBOT (3° B. Talbot)
    Mother: Petronella BUTLER
    Married: Ankaret STRANGE (B. Strange of Blackmere) 23 Aug 1383
    Children:
    1. John TALBOT (1º E. Shrewsbury)
    2. Gilbert TALBOT of Irchingfield (5º B. Strange of Blackmere)
    3. Mary TALBOT
    4. Richard TALBOT (Archbishop of Dublin)
    5. George TALBOT
    6. Anne TALBOT (C. Devon)
    7. Thomas TALBOT of Wrockwardine (Sir Knight) (had no Children) (d. 1419/20)
    8. William TALBOT
    9. Alice TALBOT
    10. Elizabeth TALBOT
    From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/TALBOT.htm#Richard TALBOT (4º B. Talbot)
    ______________________________

    John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and 1st Earl of Waterford KG (1384/1387 Blakemere, Shropshire – 17 July 1453 Castillon, France), known as "Old Talbot" was an important English military commander during the Hundred Years' War, as well as the only Lancastrian Constable of France.
    He was descended from Richard Talbot, a tenant in 1086 of Walter Giffard at Woburn and Battledsen in Bedfordshire. The Talbot family were vassals of the Giffards in Normandy.[1] Hugh Talbot, probably Richard's son, made a grant to Beaubec Abbey, confirmed by his son Richard Talbot in 1153. This Richard (d. 1175) is listed in 1166 as holding three fees of the Honour of Giffard in Buckinghamshire. He also held a fee at Linton in Herefordshire, for which his son Gilbert Talbot (d. 1231) obtained a fresh charter in 1190.[2] Gilbert's grandson Gilbert (d. 1274) married Gwenlynn Mechyll, daughter and sole heiress of the Welsh Prince Rhys Mechyll, whose armorials the Talbots thenceforth assumed in lieu of their own former arms. Their son Sir Richard Talbot, who signed the Barons' Letter, 1301, held the manor of Eccleswall in Herefordshire in right of his wife Sarah, sister of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick. In 1331 Richard's son Gilbert Talbot (1276–1346) was summoned to Parliament, which is considered evidence of his baronial status - see Baron Talbot.[3] Gilbert's son Richard married Elizabeth Comyn, bringing with her the inheritance of Goodrich Castle in Herefordshire.
    John Talbot was second son of Richard Talbot, 4th Baron Talbot, by Ankaret le Strange, 7th Baroness Strange of Blackmere. His younger brother Richard became Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor of Ireland and one of the most influential Irish statesmen of his time.
    His father died in 1396 when Talbot was just nine years old, and so it was Ankaret's second husband, Thomas Neville, Lord Furnival, who became the major influence in his early life. The marriage also gave the opportunity of a title for her second son as Neville had no sons with the title going through his eldest daughter Maud.[4] who would become John's 1st wife.
    Talbot was married before 12 March 1407 to Maud Neville, 6th Baroness Furnivall, daughter and heiress of Thomas Neville, 5th Baron Furnivall, the son of John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby. He was summoned to Parliament in her right from 1409.
    The couple are thought to have four children:
    Thomas Talbot (19 June 1416 Finglas, Ireland - 10 August 1416)
    John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury (c. 1417 – 11 July 1460)
    Sir Christopher Talbot (1419–10 August 1443),
    Lady Joan Talbot (c 1422), married James Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley.
    In 1421 by the death of his niece he acquired the Baronies of Talbot and Strange. His first wife, Maud died on 31 May 1422. It has been suggested as an indirect result of giving birth to daughter Joan, although due to a lack of evidence of her life before her marriage to Lord Berkeley has even led to a theory that she was actually Talbot's daughter-in-law through marriage to Sir Christopher Talbot.
    On 6 September 1425, he married Lady Margaret Beauchamp, eldest daughter of Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick and Elizabeth de Berkeley in the chapel at Warwick Castle. They had five children:
    John Talbot, 1st Viscount Lisle (1426 – 17 July 1453)
    Sir Louis Talbot (c 1429-1458)
    Sir Humphrey Talbot (before 1434 – c. 1492)
    Lady Eleanor Talbot (c February/March 1436 - 30 June 1468) married to Sir Thomas Butler and mistress to King Edward IV.
    Lady Elizabeth Talbot (c December 1442/January 1443). She married John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk.
    Talbot is known to have had at least one illegitimate child, Henry. He may have served in France with his father as it is known that a bastard son of the Earl of Shrewsbury was captured by the Dauphin on 14 August 1443.[5]
    From 1404 to 1413 he served with his elder brother Gilbert in the Welsh war or the rebellion of Owain Glyndwr. Then for five years from February 1414 he was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, where he did some fighting. He had a dispute with the Earl of Ormond and Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn over the inheritance for the honour of Wexford which he held.[6] Complaints were made against him both for harsh government in Ireland and for violence in Herefordshire.[7]
    The dispute with the Earl of Ormond escalated into a long-running feud between Shrewsbury and his brother, the Archbishop of Dublin, on the one hand and the Butler family on the other and their allies the Berkeleys. The feud reached its height in the 1440s, and in the end just about every senior official in Ireland had taken sides in the quarrel; both sides were reprimanded by the Privy Council for weakening English rule in Ireland. Friendly relations were finally achieved by the marriage of Shrewsbury's son and heir to Ormond's daughter.[8]
    From 1420 to 1424 he served in France, apart from a brief return at the end of the first year to organise the festivities of celebrating the coronation of Catherine of France, the bride of Henry V.[9]
    He returned to France in May 1421 and took part in the Battle of Verneuil on 17 August 1424 earning him the Order of the Garter.
    In 1425, he was lieutenant again for a short time in Ireland;[7] he served again in 1446-7.
    So far his career was that of a turbulent Marcher Lord, employed in posts where a rough hand was useful. In 1427 he went again to France,[7] where he fought alongside the Duke of Bedford and the Earl of Warwick with distinction in Maine and at the Siege of Orlâeans. He fought at the Battle of Patay on 18 June 1429 where he was captured and held prisoner for four years.
    He was released in exchange for the French leader Jean Poton de Xaintrailles and returned to England in May 1433. He stayed until July when he returned to France under the Earl of Somerset.[10]
    Talbot was a daring and aggressive soldier, perhaps the most audacious captain of the age. He and his forces were ever ready to retake a town and to meet a French advance. His trademark was rapid aggressive attacks. He was rewarded by being appointed governor and lieutenant general in France and Normandy and, in 1434, the Duke of Bedford made him Count of Clermont.
    In January 1436, he led a small force including Kyriell and routed La Hire and Xaintrailles at Ry near Rouen. The following year at Crotoy, after a daring passage of the Somme, he put a numerous Burgundian force to flight. In December 1439, following a surprise flank attack on their camp, he dispersed the 6000 strong army of the Constable Richemont, and the following year he retook Harfleur. In 1441, he pursued the French army four times over the Seine and Oise rivers in an unavailing attempt to bring it to battle.
    Around February 1442, Talbot returned to England to request urgent reinforcements for the Duke of York in Normandy. In March, under king's orders, ships were requisitioned for this purpose with Talbot himself responsible for assembling ships from the Port of London and from Sandwich.[11]
    On Whit Sunday, 20 May, Henry VI awarded him the title of Comes Salopie, translated as Earl of Shropshire but despite this he popularly became Earl of Shrewsbury. Just five days later, with the requested re-inforcements, Talbot returned to France where in June they mustered at Harfleur. During that time, he met his six-old year daughter Eleanor for the first time and almost certainly left the newly created Countess Margaret pregnant with another child.[12]
    In June 1443, Talbot again returned to England on behalf of the Duke of York to plead for reinforcements, but this time the English Council refused, instead sending a separate force under Shrewsbury's brother-in-law, Edmund Beaufort. His son, Sir Christoper stayed in England where shortly afterwards he was murdered with a lance at the age of 23 by one of his own men, Griffin Vachan of Treflidian on 10 August at "Cawce, County Salop" (Caus Castle).[13]
    He was appointed in 1445 by Henry VI (as king of France) as Constable of France. Taken hostage at Rouen in 1449 he promised never to wear armour against the French King again, and he was true to his word. However, though he did not personally fight, he continued to command English forces against the French. He was defeated and killed in 1453 at the Battle of Castillon near Bordeaux, which effectively ended English rule in the duchy of Aquitaine, a principal cause of the Hundred Years' War. His heart was buried in the doorway of St Alkmund's Church, Whitchurch, Shropshire.[14]
    The victorious French generals raised a monument to Talbot on the field called Notre Dame de Talbot and a French Chronicler paid him handsome tribute:
    "Such was the end of this famous and renowned English leader who for so long had been one of the most formidable thorns in the side of the French, who regarded him with terror and dismay" - Matthew d'Escourcy
    Although Talbot is generally remembered as a great soldier, some have raised doubts as to his generalship. In particular, charges of rashness have been raised against him. Speed and aggression were key elements in granting success in medieval war, and Talbot's numerical inferiority necessitated surprise. Furthermore, he was often in the position of trying to force battle on unwilling opponents. At his defeat at Patay in 1429 he was advised not to fight there by Sir John Fastolf, who was subsequently blamed for the debacle, but the French, inspired by Joan of Arc, showed unprecedented fighting spirit - usually they approached an English position with trepidation. The charge of rashness is perhaps more justifiable at Castillon where Talbot, misled by false reports of a French retreat, attacked their entrenched camp frontally - facing wheel to wheel artillery.
    He is portrayed heroically in Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 1: "Valiant Lord Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, Created, for his rare success in arms". Talbot's failures are all blamed on Fastolf and feuding factions in the English court. Thomas Nashe, commenting on the play in his booklet Pierce Penniless, stated that Talbot's example was inspiring Englishman anew, two centuries after his death,
    How would it have joyed brave Talbot, the terror of the French, to think that after he had lain two hundred years in his tomb, he should triumph again on the stage, and have his bones new embalmed with the tears of ten thousand spectators at least (at several times) who in the tragedian that represents his person imagine they behold him fresh bleeding. I will defend it against any collian or clubfisted usurer of them all, there is no immortality can be given a man on earth like unto plays.
    John Talbot is shown as a featured character in Koei's video game Bladestorm: The Hundred Years' War, appearing as the left-arm of Edward, the Black Prince, in which he assists the former and the respective flag of England throughout his many portrayals.
    Talbot appears as one of the primary antagonists in the PSP game Jeanne d'Arc.
    From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Talbot,_1st_Earl_of_Shrewsbury
    _________________________

    BURGH, Hugh (d.1430), of Wattlesborough, Salop and Dinas Mawddwy, Merion.
    s. of Hugh Burgh. m. (1) by 1413, Elizabeth (c.1389-bef. Oct. 1429), da. of John Mawddwy (alias de la Pole) of Dinas Mawddwy, by Elizabeth, da. and h. of Sir Fulk Corbet of Wattlesborough and h. of her bro. Fulk Mawddwy, 1s. John†; (2) c.1429, Agnes.1
    Offices Held
    Treasurer, Ire. 23 Feb. 1414-Feb. 1420.2
    Commr. of inquiry, Ire. Jan., Aug. 1415,3 Salop May 1422 (concealments), Flints. July 1428 (claims to Mold castle); weirs, Salop Nov. 1424, Dec. 1427, to raise royal loans July 1426, May 1428.
    J.p. Salop 10 Feb. 1416-Mar. 1419, Dec. 1420-d.
    Sheriff, Salop 10 Feb. 1430-d.
    Burgh apparently came from a Westmorland family, and his earliest connexions with Shropshire were as a retainer of Thomas Neville, Lord Furnival, the brother of the earl of Westmorland, and his wife Ankaret, Lady Strange of Blackmere and widow of Richard, Lord Talbot. Burgh served as Neville’s feoffee in the lordship of Worksop, Nottinghamshire, but before Neville’s death in 1407 he entered the service of Lady Ankaret’s younger son, Sir John Talbot (who had married Neville’s elder daughter and coheir by his former wife and was subsequently to succeed him as Lord Furnival). In 1405 Burgh was Talbot’s second-in-command of the garrison of Montgomery, and he was still lieutenant in June 1407 when he collected 100 marks at the Exchequer for the soldiers’ wages. It seems likely that he continued in Talbot’s company throughout the pacification of Wales. In 1408 Lady Ankaret named him as a feoffee of the lordship of Corfham for the settlement of the estate on Talbot, and three years later he performed a similar service as an attorney for the transfer of certain lands in Yorkshire to his superior’s wife. Burgh was involved in other transactions relating to the Talbot and Strange estates and he evidently occupied a position of trust in the Talbot family’s affairs. There is no record of him receiving an annuity from his lord, but in 1414 he was granted by him two thirds of the manor of Alberbury, Shropshire, no doubt in lieu.4
    .... etc.
    From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/burgh-hugh-1430
    ___________________________________

    .... etc.
    Gilbert Talbot (1276–1346), Lord Chamberlain of the Household to King Edward III, was summoned to Parliament as Lord Talbot in 1331, which is accepted as evidence of his baronial status at that date.
    He was descended from Richard Talbot, a tenant in 1086 of Walter Giffard at Woburn and Battledsen in Bedfordshire. The Talbot family were vassals of the Giffards in Normandy.[4] Hugh Talbot, probably his son, made a grant to Beaubec Abbey, confirmed by his son Richard Talbot in 1153. This Richard (d. 1175) is listed in 1166 as holding three fees of the Honour of Giffard in Buckinghamshire. He also held a fee at Linton in Herefordshire, for which his son Gilbert Talbot (d. 1231) obtained a fresh charter in 1190.[5] Gilbert's grandson Gilbert (d. 1274) married Gwenlynn Mechyll, daughter and sole heiress of the Welsh Prince Rhys Mechyll, whose armorials the Talbots thenceforth assumed in lieu of their own former arms. Their son Sir Richard Talbot, who signed the Barons' Letter, 1301, held the manor of Eccleswall in Herefordshire in right of his wife Sarah, sister of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick. In 1331 Richard's son Gilbert Talbot (1276–1346) was summoned to Parliament, which is considered evidence of his baronial status.[6]
    The first baron's grandson, the 3rd Baron Talbot, died in Spain supporting John of Gaunt's claim to the throne of Castile. Richard, the fourth Baron, married Ankaret, 7th Baroness Strange of Blackmere, daughter and heiress of John le Strange, 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere. In 1387, during his father's lifetime, Richard 4th Baron was summoned to Parliament as Ricardo Talbot de Blackmere in right of his wife. His son [Gilbert], the fifth Baron, also succeeded his mother as eighth Baron Strange of Blackmere.
    On the early death of the 5th Baron, the titles passed to his daughter, Ankaret, the sixth and ninth holder of the titles. However, she died a minor and was succeeded by her uncle, John seventh Baron Talbot. John married Maud Nevill, 6th Baroness Furnivall, and, in 1409, he was summoned to Parliament in right of his wife as Johann Talbot de Furnyvall. In 1442 John was created Earl of Shrewsbury in the Peerage of England and in 1446 Earl of Waterford in the Peerage of Ireland. .... etc.
    From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baron_Talbot
    ___________________________

    Talbot, Baron (E, 1332 - abeyant 1777)
    Gilbert [Talbot], 3rd Baron Talbot
    born c. 1332
    mar. (1) bef. 8 Sep 1352 Lady Pernel Butler (d. c. 1368), only dau. of James [Butler], 1st Earl of Ormonde, by his wife Lady Eleanor de Bohun, 1st dau. of Humphrey [de Bohun], 4th Earl of Hereford and 9th Earl of Essex, by his wife and third cousin Princess Elizabeth, widow of John I, Count of Holland and Zealand, and 10th dau. by his first wife of King Edward I
    children by first wife
    1. Sir Richard Talbot, later 4th Baron Talbot
    1. Elizabeth Talbot (d. 10 Jan 1401/2), mar. bef. 3 Feb 1379/80 Henry [Grey], 5th Baron Grey of Wilton, and had issue
    mar. (2) bef. 16 Nov 1379 Lady Joan Cherleton (widow of John [Cherleton], 3rd Baron Cherleton; d. bef. 1397), 2nd dau. of Ralph [de Stafford], 1st Earl of Stafford, by his second wife Lady Margaret de Audley, suo jure Baroness Audley, only dau. and hrss. of Hugh [de Audley], 1st Earl of Gloucester, by his wife Lady Margaret de Gaveston, widow of Piers [de Gaveston], 1st Earl of Cornwall, and 2nd dau. of Gilbert [de Clare], 6th Earl of Gloucester, by his second wife the Princess Joan "of Acre", 5th dau. by his first wife of King Edward I
    died 24 Apr 1387
    suc. by son by first wife
    Richard [Talbot], 4th Baron Talbot
    born c. 1361
    mar. bef. 23 Aug 1383 Ankaret Lestrange, suo jure Baroness Strange of Blackmere (b. c. 1361; mar. betw. 8 Mar and 4 Jul 1401 as his second wife Thomas [Nevill], jure uxoris 5th and 4th Baron Furnivall; d. 1 Jun 1413), only dau. and eventual sole hrss. of John [Lestrange], 1st or 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere, by his wife Lady Mary FitzAlan, 2nd dau. of Richard [FitzAlan], 10th or 3rd Earl of Arundel, by his first wife Isabel le Despencer, 2nd dau. of Hugh [le Despencer], 1st and de jure 2nd Baron le Despencer, by his wife Lady Eleanor de Clare, sister and cohrss of Gilbert [de Clare], 7th Earl of Gloucester, and 1st dau. of Gilbert [de Clare], 6th Earl of Gloucester, by his second wife Princess Joan "of Acre", 2nd surv. dau. by his first wife of King Edward I
    children
    1. Sir Gilbert Talbot, later 5th Baron Talbot later 5th Baron Strange of Blackmere
    2. Sir John Talbot, later jure uxoris 6th and 5th Baron Furnivall later 7th Baron Strange of Blackmere and 7th Baron Talbot later 1st Earl of Shrewsbury
    3. Most Rev Richard Talbot, Archbishop of Dublin
    4. Thomas Talbot, of Wrockwardine, co. Shrewsbury
    died 8 or 9 Sepc1396
    suc. by son
    Gilbert [Talbot], 5th Baron Talbot later 5th Baron Strange of Blackmere, KG
    born 1383
    mar. (1)
    mar. (2) c. 1415 Beatrice ....., a lady of Portugal (mar. (2) bef. 1423 Thomas Fettiplace, of East Shefford, co. Berkshire; d. 25 Dec 1447; bur. at East Shefford, co. Berkshire)
    only child by second wife
    1. Ankaret Talbot, later suo jure Baroness Talbot and Baroness Strange of Blackmere
    died s.p.m. 19 Oct 1418
    suc. by daughter
    From: http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/talbot1332.htm#TALBOT_1332_7
    ____________________________

    Shrewsbury, Earl of (E, 1442)
    John [Talbot], jure uxoris 6th and 5th Baron Furnival later 7th Baron Talbot and 10th Baron Strange of Blackmere later 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, KG
    2nd son of Richard [Talbot], 4th Baron Talbot, by his wife Ankaret Lestrange, suo jure Baroness Lestrange of Blackmere, dau. of John [Lestrange], 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere
    born c. 1384
    mar. (1) bef. 12 Mar 1406/7 Maud de Nevill, suo jure Baroness Furnivall (b. c. 1392; d. bef. 1425; bur. at Worksop Priory, co. Nottingham), only child of Thomas [de Nevill], jure uxoris 5th and 4th Baron Furnivall, by his first wife Joan de Furnival, suo jure Baroness Furnivall, only child of William [de Furnivall], 4th and 3rd Baron Furnivall
    children by first wife
    1. Sir John Talbot, later 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury
    2. Sir Christopher Talbot, of Treeton (d. 10 Jul 1460 at the Battle of Northampton)
    1. Lady Joan Talbot, mar. (1) 25 Jul 1457 as his fourth wife James [de Berkeley], 1st Baron Berkeley, and (2) bef. 26 May 1474 Edmund Hungerford
    mar. (2) 6 Sep 1425 Lady Margaret de Beauchamp (b. 1404; d. 14 Jun 1467; bur. in the Jesus Chapel, St Paul's Cathedral, London), 1st dau. and cohrss. of Richard [de Beauchamp], 13th Earl of Warwick, by his first wife Elizabeth de Berkeley, suo jure Baroness Berkeley, Baroness Lisle of Kingston and Baroness Teyes, only child of Thomas [de Berkeley], 5th Baron Berkeley, by his wife Margaret de Lisle, suo jure Baroness Lisle of Kingston and Baroness Teyes, only child of William [de Lisle], 2nd Baron de Lisle and Baron Teyes
    children by second wife
    3. John Talbot, later 1st Viscount Lisle
    4. Sir Humphrey Talbot, Marshal of Calais (d. 1492)
    5. Sir Lewis Talbot, of Penyard, co. Hereford
    2. Lady Elizabeth Talbot (d. bef. 10 May 1507), mar. bef. 27 Nov 1448 John [de Mowbray], 5th Duke of Norfolk, and had issue
    3. Lady Eleanor Talbot, allegedly precontracted to marry King Edward IV - on account of this the King's marriage to Lady Elizabeth Wydville was declared invalid on 25 Jun 1483 by the Act of Parliament known as "Titulus Regius" and at the same time their children were declared illegitimate and unfit to inherit the Crown - the marriage was ultimately recognised as valid in October 1485 by the first Parliament of King Henry VII and its issue were restored in blood accordingly - Lady Eleanor had an illegitimate son by King Edward, Edward de Wigmore, who died in infancy in 1468 (d. 30 Jun 1468), mar. Sir Thomas Boteler (dvp. and sp. betw. 1450 and 1468), only son and heir ap. of Ralph [Boteler], 7th and 1st Baron Sudeley, by his first wife Elizabeth Hende, widow of John Hende
    died 17 Jul 1453 (bur. at St Alkmund's, Whitchurch, co. Shropshire)
    created
    20 May 1442 Earl of Shrewsbury
    17 Jul 1446 Earl of Waterford and Hereditary Steward of Ireland
    suc. by son by first wife
    note King's Esquire bef. 1407; sum. to Parliament jure uxoris as Baron Furnivall from 26 Oct 1409 to 26 Feb 1420/21; knighted bef. 1413; Commissioner to arrest and imprison Lollards 1413/4; Commissioner to enforce the Statute of Leicester against the Lollards 1414; King's Lieutenant in Ireland 1414-20 and 1444/5-52; Knight of the Garter 1424; Justiciar of Ireland 1425; Captain of Coutances and Pont de l'Ache 1427/8; Captain of Falaise 1428; took part in the siege of Orleans 1428-29; suc. his niece 13 Dec 1431 as 10th Baron Strange of Blackmere and 7th Baron Talbot; cr. Count of Clermont Jun 1434; involved in the French campaign 1435-42; Keeper of the Castle and Town of Porchester and Governor of Portsmouth 1451/2-53; returned to the French Campaign 1451/2 and slain at the siege of Castillon with his son John, Lord Lisle
    From: http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/shrewsbury1442.htm?zoom_highlight=talbot
    _________________________________

    'Talbot01'
    (1) Visitation (Yorkshire,1563-4, Talbot I) contains an illustrious pedigree for the early generations of this family, indicating that a John Talbot came into England from Normandy with the Conqueror and married the daughter of a Rychard, Lord Talbot, descended from a John, Lord Talbot of Eclesfeld, etc.. However, that pedigree appears to be largely spurious. Similarly, Visitation (Worcestershire, 1569, Talbot) provides a pedigree going back 8 generations before the 1st Earl much of which appears spurious. Collins reports that this family is 'said to be in England before the Norman Conquest' but starts with the following Richard. TCP is cautious about the origins of this family, pointing out that Talbot was a common Norman nickname. [A talbot was a long-eared dog used for tracking and hunting. Any reference to someone as 'de Talbot' should probably be read as 'le Talbot'.] BE1883 starts with the following Richard but, apart from mentioning that his son Geoffrey was ancestor of the Talbots of Bashall (which TCP appears to disagree with), then follows the descent of his son Hugh
    (2) On Temp44 we show the interesting additional connections shown by a large online database which we wish to investigate further but which we think important enough to draw attention to.
    Richard Talbot (a 1085)
    m. ?? de Gournay (dau of Gerard, Sire de Gournay, Lord of Yarmouth)
    1. Geoffrey Talbot (d c1129/30)
    His family is as reported in a note to TCP (Munchensy of Norfolk).
    m. Agnes de Lacy (dau of Walter de Laci)
    A. Geoffrey Talbot (d 1140)
    B. Sybil Talbot
    m. Payn FitzJohn of Ewyas, Sheriff of Hereford and Salop
    2. Hugh Talbot (a 1118)
    m. (div) Beatrix de Mandeville (d 19.04.1197, dau of William de Mandeville)
    A. Richard Talbot (d before 25.12.1175) first in the pedigree given by TCP (Talbot)
    m. _ Bulmer (dau of Stephen Bulmer of Appletreewick)
    i. Gilbert Talbot (d before 13.02.1230/1)
    a. Richard Talbot (d before 13.04.1234)
    m. (before 1124) Aline or Aliva Basset (dau of Alan Basset, Baron of Wycombe, widow of Drew de Montacute)
    (1) Gilbert Talbot (d 1274)
    m. Gwendaline (dau of Rhys ap Griffith ap Rhys ap ap Griffith ap Rhys ap Tewdwr Mawr, King of South Wales)
    (A) Richard Talbot, lord of Eccleswall, Sheriff of Gloucester (d 1306)
    m. Sarah de Beauchamp (dau of William de Beauchamp of Elmley, 1st Earl of Warwick)
    (i) Sir Gilbert Talbot, 1st Baron, Lord Chamberlain (d 1346)
    m. Anne Boteler (dau of William Boteler of Wemme)
    (a) Sir Richard Talbot, 2nd Baron (d 1356)
    m. (before 1325) Elizabeth Comyn (b 1299, a 1326, dau of Sir John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch)
    ((1)) Gilbert Talbot, 3rd Baron (d 24.04.1387)
    m1. Petronilla Butler (d 1387, dau of James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormonde)
    ((A)) Sir Richard Talbot, 4th Baron (d 07.09.1396)
    m. Ankaret le Strange (dau of John Strange, 4th Lord of Blackmere)
    ((i)) Gilbert Talbot, 5th Baron, Lord Strange of Blackmere (b 1383, d 19.10.1418-9)
    m1. (before 20.05.1392) Joan Plantagenet (b 1384, d 16.08.1400, dau of Thomas Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester)
    m2. (c1415) Beatrix of Portugal (m2. Thomas Fettiplace of East Shefford) see here
    ((a)) Ankaret Talbot, Baroness (b c1416, d unm 13.12.1431)
    ((ii)) Sir John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewbury (b 1390, d 20.07.1453)
    m1. (12.03.1406) Maud, Baroness Furnivall (d before 1433, dau of Thomas Nevill, Lord Furnival)
    m2. Margaret Beauchamp (dau of Richard de Beauchamp, 5th Earl of Warwick)
    ((iii)) Richard Talbot, Archbishop of Dublin, Lord Deputy of Ireland
    ((iv)) Thomas Talbot of Wrockwardine
    ((v)) Anne Talbot
    m. Hugh Courtenay, 4th Earl of Devon (b 1389, d 16.06.1422)
    ((vi)) Mary Talbot probably of this generation
    m. Sir Thomas Greene of Green's Norton (d 1417)
    ((B)) Elizabeth Talbot
    m. Sir Henry de Grey, 5th Lord of Wilton (d 1395)
    m2. Joan Stafford (dau of Ralph, Earl of Stafford)
    (ii) .... etc.
    Main source(s): BP1934 (Shrewsbury), BE1883 (Talbot - various), Visitation (Surtees Society 1869, Yorkshire, Dugdale 1664-6, Talbot of Thorneton) with support from TCP (Talbot), Collins (1741, Talbot Earl of Shrewsbury).
    From: Stirnet.com
    http://www.stirnet.com/genie/data/british/tt/talbot01.php
    ____________________________

    Lord Talbot de Blackmere IV

    http://www.gordonbanks.com/gordon/family/2nd_Site/geb-p/p33.htm#i1611

    Sir Richard Talbot 4th Lord Talbot of Blackmere, M.P.1

    M, b. circa 1361, d. between 8 September 1396 and 9 September 1396, #1611

    Father Sir Gilbert Talbot M.P.2,3,4,5,6 b. circa 1332, d. 24 April 1387

    Mother Petronilla Butler7,4,5,6 d. 1368

    Birth* Sir Richard Talbot 4th Lord Talbot of Blackmere, M.P. was born circa 1361.7,8,9,10,1,5

    Knighted* He was knighted by Richard II at his coronation on 16 July 1377.5

    Event-Misc Was in Ireland with Edmund, Earl of March in January 1381 at Ireland.5

    Marriage* He married Ankaret le Strange, daughter of Sir John le Strange and Mary FitzAlan, before 23 August 1383.11,12,9,10,1,5

    Event-Misc* Summoned to Parliament in consequence of his marriage to the heiress of Strange of Blackmere. Between 3 March 1384 and 17 December 1387.10,1,5

    Event-Misc Summoned to be present 14 Jul for service against the Scots on 13 June 1385 at Newcastle-on-Tyne, Northumbria, England.5

    Event-Misc Seised of his father's lands on 18 June 1387.5

    Event-Misc Was summoned to Parliament by writ directed Ricard Talbot de Godriche Castell. Between 1 December 1387 and 13 November 1393.5

    Event-Misc Was (upon the death of the 3rd Earl of Pembroke) awarded the Honor of Wexford in Ireland, as coheir through Elizabeth Comyn, his grandmother. On 31 December 1389.5

    Event-Misc Was commissioner of array for Shropshire on 1 March 1392 at Shropshire, England.5

    Event-Misc Was in Ireland in the King's service. In February 1395 at Ireland.5

    Death* He died between 8 September 1396 and 9 September 1396.7,11,9,10,1,5

    Arms* His arms were Gules a lion and a border engrailed or.1

    Family Ankaret le Strange b. 1361, d. 1 June 1413

    Marriage* He married Ankaret le Strange, daughter of Sir John le Strange and Mary FitzAlan, before 23 August 1383.11,12,9,10,1,5

    Children

    Mary Talbot d. 13 Apr 1434

    Richard Talbot d. 15 Aug 1449

    Sir Thomas Talbot Knt.

    Sir William Talbot Knt.

    Elizabeth Talbot

    Anne Talbot

    Alice Talbot

    Eleanor Talbot

    Sir Gilbert Talbot K.G. b. 1383, d. 19 Oct 1418

    Sir John Talbot K.G. b. 1384, d. 17 Jul 1453

    Last Edited 5 Jan 2005

    Citations

    [S284] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, Talbot 11.

    [S183] Jr. Meredith B. Colket, Marbury Ancestry, p. 39.

    [S233] Frederick Lewis Weis, Magna Charta Sureties, 141-6.

    [S234] David Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry, Talbot 9.

    [S287] G. E. C[okayne], CP, XII - 616.

    [S284] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, Talbot 10.

    [S168] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots, 14-32.

    [S183] Jr. Meredith B. Colket, Marbury Ancestry, p.36.

    [S233] Frederick Lewis Weis, Magna Charta Sureties, 141-7.

    [S234] David Faris, Plantagenet Ancestry, Talbot 8.

    [S183] Jr. Meredith B. Colket, Marbury Ancestry, p. 36.

    [S233] Frederick Lewis Weis, Magna Charta Sureties, 34-8.

    Additional Source: "Pedigree Resource File," database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.2.1/SPCG-RNK : accessed 1 September 2012), entry for Richard /Talbot/.

    end

    Richard married Ankaret le Strange, Baroness of Furnival Abt 1371, Blakemere, Hereford, England. Ankaret (daughter of John le Strange, 4th Lord Blackmere and Mary de Arundel) was born Abt 1361, Blakemere, Hereford, England; died 1 Jun 1413, (London) England. [Group Sheet]


  12. 97.  Ankaret le Strange, Baroness of Furnival was born Abt 1361, Blakemere, Hereford, England (daughter of John le Strange, 4th Lord Blackmere and Mary de Arundel); died 1 Jun 1413, (London) England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Ankaret Talbot, 6th Baroness Talbot
    • Also Known As: Ankaret Talbot, 9th Baroness Strange of Blackmere

    Children:
    1. Alice Talbot was born Abt 1375, Blakemere, Hereford, England.
    2. Anne Talbot died 16 Jan 1441.
    3. Richard Talbot, Archbishop of Dublin
    4. Mary Talbot died 13 Apr 1434.
    5. Gilbert Talbot, 5th Lord Talbot
    6. Elizabeth Talbot was born ~1387; died 1407.
    7. 48. John Talbot, 4th Earl Shrewsbury, Knight of the Garte was born 1384-1392, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England; died 17 Jul 1453.

  13. 100.  James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond was born ~ 1359, Kilkenny, Ireland (son of James Butler, 2nd Earl of Ormond and Elizabeth Darcy, Countess of Ormonde); died 7 Sep 1405, Dublin, Ireland; was buried St. Mary's Collegiate Church, Gowran, Ireland.

    Notes:

    James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond (c. 1359 - 7 September 1405), was a noble in the Peerage of Ireland. He acceded to the title in 1382 and built Gowran Castle three years later in 1385 close to the centre of Gowran making it his usual residence, whence his common epithet, The Earl of Gowran. James died in Gowran Castle in 1405 and is buried in St. Mary's Collegiate Church Gowran together with his father James Butler, 2nd Earl of Ormond, his grandfather James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormond and his great great grandfather Edmund Butler, Earl of Carrick and 6th Chief Butler of Ireland.[1] James the 2nd Earl was usually called The Noble Earl, being a great-grandson, through his mother, of King Edward I of England.

    Career

    In 1391 he purchased Kilkenny Castle[2] by deed from Sir Thomas le Despencer, 1st Earl of Gloucester and Isabel his wife, daughter of Gilbert de Clare[disambiguation needed][verification needed]. He also built the castle of Dunfert (also called Danefort) and in 1386 founded a Friary of minorities at Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire.[3]

    In 1384 he was deputy to Sir Philip Courtenay the then Lieutenant of Ireland who was the nephew of the Archbisop of Canterbury, William Courtenay. Butler's title was Governor of Ireland. A rift occurred between them over the disagreement between the Archbishop of Canterbury and Richard II with Butler taking the side of the latter. Insurrection followed which prompted Richard II to send an expedition under the banner of his close friend Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland to quell it. This enterprise was led by John I Stanley of the Isle of Man who was accompanied by Bishop Alexander de Balscot of Meath and Sir Robert Crull.[4] Butler joined them upon their arrival in Ireland. The result of its success was Stanley's appointment as Lieutenant of Ireland, Bishop Alexander as chancellor, Crull as treasurer, and Butler again as governor.[5] On 25 July 1392, he was appointed Lord Justice of Ireland as he was again in 1401. On the departure of Sir Stephen Scrope to England on 26 October 1404, by commission, dated at Carlow, 12 February 1388-9, he was appointed keeper of the peace and governor of counties Kilkenny and Tipperary. He was vested with full power to treat with, to execute, to protect, and to give safe conduct to any rebels, etc. In 1397 he assisted Edmond Earl of March, L.L. against O Brien, and in 1390 took prisoner Teige O Carrol, Prince of Elye.

    Marriage and Children

    Some time before 17 June 1386, he married Anne Welles, the daughter of John de Welles, 4th Baron Welles by his spouse Maud (nâee de Roos). Anne Welles died on 13 November 1397, around the age of 37. They had five children:

    James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond (1392–1452), married firstly Joan de Beauchamp, daughter of William Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny and Lady Joan FitzAlan, and had issue. He married secondly, Lady Joan, widow of Jenico Grey, and daughter and heiress of Gerald FitzGerald, 5th Earl of Kildare, but had no children.
    Sir Richard Butler of Polestown, county Kilkenny, (b. b 1396). His godfather was King Richard II of England. He married Catherine, daughter of Gildas O'Reilly of Cavar, Lord of East Breffny, and had issue.
    Anne Butler, married John Wogan, and had issue.
    Sir Philip Butler, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Cockayne, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, by his wife Ida de Grey, and had issue. Ancestor of Barons Boteler of Brantfield.[6][7][8]
    Sir Ralph Butler, married Margaret de Berwick, and had issue.
    In 1399 the Earl married Katherine FitzGerald of Desmond. They had four children:

    James "Gallda" Butler,
    Edmund Butler
    Gerald Butler
    Theobald Butler
    By an unknown mistress he had at least one illegitimate son, Thomas Le Boteller (died 1420) aka Thomas Bacach (the lame). Thomas joined the order of Knights Hospitaller. He was Lord Deputy of Ireland and Prior of Kilmainham, a distinguished soldier who led an Irish force of 700 men at the Siege of Rouen in 1419.

    *

    James married Anne Welles Bef 17 Jun 1386. Anne (daughter of John Welles, Knight, 4th Lord Welles and Maud de Ros, Lady Welles) died 13 Nov 1397. [Group Sheet]


  14. 101.  Anne Welles (daughter of John Welles, Knight, 4th Lord Welles and Maud de Ros, Lady Welles); died 13 Nov 1397.
    Children:
    1. 50. James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond was born 23 May 1393, Kilkenny, Ireland; died 23 Aug 1452, Dublin, Ireland; was buried St. Mary's Abbey, Dublin, Ireland.

  15. 102.  William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny was born 1343-1345, Warwick, Warwickshire, England (son of Thomas de Beauchamp, Knight, 11th Earl of Warwick and Katherine de Mortimer, Countess of Warwick); died 8 May 1411, Warwick, Warwickshire, England; was buried Black Friars Churchyard, Hereford, Herefordshire, England.

    Notes:

    William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny, KG (circa 1343 - 8 May 1411) was an English peer.

    A younger son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick and Katherine Mortimer, he was summoned to Parliament on 23 July 1392 as "Willilmo Beauchamp de Bergavenny", by which he is held to have become Baron Bergavenny.

    Marriage and heirs

    On 23 July 1392, he married Lady Joan FitzAlan, daughter of the Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel and Elizabeth de Bohun, and they had the following children:

    Richard de Beauchamp (c.1394-1422), later 2nd Baron Bergavenny and then 1st Earl of Worcester
    Joan de Beauchamp, married the 4th Earl of Ormond

    *

    Sir William Beauchamp, 1st Lord Bergavenny. Knight, Knight of the Garter, of Feckenham, Worcestershire. Constable of Castle and County of Pembroke. King's Chamberlain, Captain of Calais, Justice of South Wales.

    Fourth of fifteen children and fourth of five sons of Thomas de Beauchamp and Katherine de Mortimer, born after 1344. Husband of Lady Joan FitzAlan Arundel, daughter of Richard de Arundel, beheaded for high treason against Richard II, and Elizabeth Bohun, married before 04 Mar 1393, the date of her father's will. They had one son and two daughters:
    * Sir Richard, Knight of the Garter m Isabel Despenser
    * Joan m James Butler
    * Elizabeth

    1358 - studied at Oxford until 1361
    1358 - granted canonry of Sarum, but would give up a clerical career around 1361
    1367 - served with John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster at the Battle of Najera in April
    1367 - set out with his brother to join the crusades with the Knights of the Teutonic Order
    1370 - Gascony campaign with John of Gaunt
    1371 - at the capture of Limoges
    1372 - siege of Montpaon
    1373 - served John of Gaunt in France
    1376 - vested as a Knight of the Garter
    1380 - to Brittany to aid John de Montfort
    1382 - commanded the assault and capture on Figueras
    1383 - Captain of Calais
    1386 - in Portugal with John of Gaunt
    1386 - acquired the manors of Snitterfield, Warwickshire from Sir Thomas West
    1389 - acquired the Castle of Abergavenny, Monmouthsire, titled Lord Abergavenny
    1399 - Governor of Pembroke, Justiciar of South Wales

    William died testate 08 May 1411, (inquest held June 5) and his will directed his remains to be buried next to and beneath the tomb of John Hastings, Earl of Pembroke at the Black Friars in Hereford.

    His widow, Lady Joan, was found by inquisition to have "raised a murderous affray at Birmingham." She died in 1435 and was buried next to her husband at Black Friars.

    William married Joan FitzAlan, Baroness Bergavenny 23 Jul 1392. Joan (daughter of Richard FitzAlan, Knight, 11th Earl of Arundel and Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel, Countess of Surrey) was born 0___ 1375, Arundel Castle, Arundel, West Sussex, England; died 14 Nov 1435, Herefordshire, England; was buried Black Friars Churchyard, Hereford, Herefordshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  16. 103.  Joan FitzAlan, Baroness Bergavenny was born 0___ 1375, Arundel Castle, Arundel, West Sussex, England (daughter of Richard FitzAlan, Knight, 11th Earl of Arundel and Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel, Countess of Surrey); died 14 Nov 1435, Herefordshire, England; was buried Black Friars Churchyard, Hereford, Herefordshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Baptism: Black Friars, Hereford, England

    Notes:

    Family and lineage

    Lady Joan FitzAlan was born in 1375, at Arundel Castle, Sussex, England, one of the seven children of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel, Earl of Surrey, and his first wife Elizabeth de Bohun. Her only surviving brother was Thomas Fitzalan, 12th Earl of Arundel, of whom Joan was his co-heiress. She had an older sister Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan who married as her second husband Thomas Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk. Her paternal grandparents were Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster, and her maternal grandparents were William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere.

    On 3 April 1385, her mother died. Joan was about ten years old. Her father married secondly, Philippa Mortimer on 15 August 1390, by whom he had a son, John Fitzalan, who was born in 1394.[1] John died sometime after 1397.[2]

    On 21 September 1397, Joan's father, the Earl of Arundel, who was also one of the Lords Appellant, was beheaded on Tower Hill, London, on charges of high treason against King Richard II of England. The Earl had always enjoyed much popularity with the citizens of London. His titles and estates were forfeited to the Crown.[3]

    In October 1400, the new king Henry IV who had ascended the throne following Richard's deposition in 1399, restored the titles and estates to Thomas Fitzalan, Joan's brother. He became the 12th Earl of Arundel and Earl of Surrey. Although he married Beatrice, an illegitimate daughter of King John I of Portugal and Inez Perez Esteves, he died childless on 13 October 1415. The Earldom and castle of Arundel passed to a cousin John Fitzalan, 13th Earl of Arundel, the remainder of his inheritance was divided among Joan and her two surviving sisters, Elizabeth and Margaret.[citation needed]

    Marriage and issue

    On 23 July 1392, Joan was married to William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny (c.1344 - 8 May 1411) the son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick and Katherine Mortimer. He was more than thirty years Joan's senior.[citation needed]

    The marriage produced a son and a daughter:

    Richard de Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester, 2nd Baron Bergavenny (born before 1397 – died 1422), married Isabel le Despenser, daughter of Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester and Constance of York, by whom he had one daughter Elizabeth de Beauchamp, Lady of Abergavenny.
    Joan de Beauchamp (1396 – 3 August 1430), married 28 August 1413 James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond, son of James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond and Anne Welles, by whom she had five children, including Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond. Anne Boleyn and Mary Boleyn were notable descendants.

    Death

    Joan, Baroness Bergavenny, died on 14 November 1435, at the age of 60. She was buried in Black Friars, Hereford.[2]

    Children:
    1. Richard Beauchamp, Knight, 1st Earl of Worcester was born 0___ 1394, (Warwick, Warwickshire) England; died 0___ 1422, Meaux, France.
    2. 51. Joan de Beauchamp was born 0___ 1396, (Warwick, Warwickshire) England; died 5 Aug 1430.

  17. 106.  Robert de Ferrers, III, Knight, 2nd Baron Ferrers of Wem was born ~ 1373, Willisham, Suffolkshire, England (son of Robert de Ferrers, 4th Baron Ferrers of Wem and Elizabeth Boteler, 4th Baroness Boteler of Wem); died Bef 29 Nov 1396.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: 5th Baron Boteler of Wem

    Notes:

    Robert Ferrers, 2nd Baron Ferrers of Wem (c. 1373 - bef. 29 November 1396). He was born in Willisham, Suffolk.

    Robert was the son of Sir Robert Ferrers, 1st Baron Ferrers of Wem (created by Writ of Summons dated December 28, 1375[1]), and Elizabeth Boteler, 4th Baroness Boteler of Wem, who died in June 1411, and paternal grandson of Robert de Ferrers, 2nd Baron Ferrers of Chartley and Agnes or Aeneas de Bohun. Upon the death of his father in December 1380, he became Baron Boteler of Wem jure matris (he predeceased his mother, so never actually became the 5th baron; after his death, his mother's 3rd husband assumed this title jure uxoris[2]) as well as 2nd Baron Ferrers of Wem. He had no son but two daughters. Female siblings being co-heiresses in England, both baronies are still abeyant between the descendants of these two sisters.[2]

    Family

    Robert Ferrers married Joan Beaufort in 1391 at Beaufort-en-Vallâee, Anjou. They had two daughters:

    Elizabeth (1393 – 1434). She is buried at Black Friars Church, York. She married John de Greystoke, 4th Baron Greystoke (1389 – 1436) on 28 October 1407 in Greystoke Castle, Greystoke, Cumberland, and had issue. They had 12 children.[3] One of their daughters, Anne married Sir Ralph Bigod, descendant of Hugh Bigod (Justiciar)[4] and his wife Joan de Stuteville (daughter of Dervorguilla I of Galloway, daughter of Lochlann of Galloway), and became ancestress of George Gascoigne, poet, and Zachary Taylor,[5] 12th president of the U.S.A.

    Mary or Margery (1394 – 25 January 1457/1458). She married her stepbrother, Sir Ralph Neville, son of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmoreland, c. 1413 in Oversley, Warwickshire and had issue. Her granddaughter Joan was the mother of Sir William Gascoigne (c. 1450 – 1486) who married Margaret Percy and became ancestor of many notable persons including Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, Diana, Princess of Wales, Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, George Washington and William Howard Taft (see entry on Margaret Percy for further details).

    *

    Robert married Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland 0___ 1391, Anjou, France. Joan (daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Katherine de Roet, Duchess of Lancaster) was born ~ 1379, Chateau Beaufort, Anjou, France; died 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  18. 107.  Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland was born ~ 1379, Chateau Beaufort, Anjou, France (daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Katherine de Roet, Duchess of Lancaster); died 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

    Notes:

    Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland (c. 1379 - 13 November 1440), was the fourth of the four children (and only daughter) of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and his mistress, later wife, Katherine Swynford. In her widowhood, she was a powerful landowner in the North of England.

    Early life and marriages

    She was probably born at the Swynford manor of Kettlethorpe in Lincolnshire. Her surname probably reflects her father's lordship of Beaufort in Champagne, France, where she might also have been born.[2] In 1391, at the age of twelve, Joan married at Beaufort-en-Vallâee, Anjou, Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem, and they had two daughters before he died in about 1395.

    Legitimation

    Along with her three brothers, Joan had been privately declared legitimate by their cousin Richard II of England in 1390. Her parents were married in Lincoln Cathedral in February 1396.[3] Joan was already an adult when she was legitimized by the marriage of her mother and father with papal approval. The Beauforts were later barred from inheriting the throne by a clause inserted into the legitimation act by their half-brother, Henry IV of England, although it is not clear that Henry IV possessed sufficient authority to alter an existing parliamentary statute by himself, without the further approval of Parliament. Soon after the legitimation, on 3 February 1397, when she was eighteen, Joan married Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, who had also been married once before.

    Inheritance

    When Ralph de Neville died in 1425, his lands and titles should, by law of rights, have passed on to his grandson through his first marriage, another Ralph Neville. Instead, while the title of Earl of Westmorland and several manors were passed to Ralph, the bulk of his rich estate went to his wife, Joan Beaufort. Although this may have been done to ensure that his widow was well provided for, by doing this Ralph essentially split his family into two and the result was years of bitter conflict between Joan and her stepchildren who fiercely contested her acquisition of their father's lands. Joan however, with her royal blood and connections, was far too powerful to be called to account, and the senior branch of the Nevilles received little redress for their grievances. Inevitably, when Joan died, the lands would be inherited by her own children.

    Death

    Joan died on 13 November 1440 at Howden in Yorkshire.[3] Rather than be buried with her husband Ralph (who was not buried with his first wife, though his monument has effigies of himself and his two wives) she was entombed next to her mother in the magnificent sanctuary of Lincoln Cathedral. Joan's is the smaller of the two tombs; both were decorated with brass plates – full-length representations of them on the tops, and small shields bearing coats of arms around the sides — but those were damaged or destroyed in 1644 by Roundheads during the English Civil War. A 1640 drawing of them survives, showing what the tombs looked like when they were intact, and side-by-side instead of end-to-end, as they are now.

    Descendants

    Joan Beaufort was mother to Cecily, Duchess of York and thus grandmother of Edward IV of England, and of Richard III of England, whom Henry VII defeated to take the throne. Henry then married Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV, and their son became Henry VIII of England. Henry VIII's sixth wife, Catherine Parr, was also a descendant through Joan and Ralph's eldest son, Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, and thus Henry's third cousin. The Earl of Salisbury was father to Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, "the Kingmaker" (father of Queen consort Anne Neville).

    Children of Joan Beaufort and Robert Ferrers

    In 1391, at the age of twelve, Joan married Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem, at Beaufort-en-Vallâee, Anjou. They had 2 children:

    Elizabeth Ferrers, 6th Baroness Boteler of Wem (1393–1474). She is buried at Black Friars Church, York. She married John de Greystoke, 4th Baron Greystoke (1389–1436), on 28 October 1407 in Greystoke Castle, Greystoke, Cumberland, and had issue.
    Margaret (or Mary) Ferrers (1394 – 25 January 1457/1458). She married her stepbrother, Sir Ralph Neville, son of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmoreland, c. 1413 in Oversley, Warwickshire, and had issue

    Children of Joan Beaufort and Ralph Neville

    They had 14 children:

    Lady Katherine Neville, married first on 12 January 1411 John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk; married second Sir Thomas Strangways; married third John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont; married fourth Sir John Woodville (d. 12 August 1469).
    Lady Eleanor Neville (d. 1472), married first Richard le Despenser, 4th Baron Burghersh, married second Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland
    Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury (1400–1460), married Alice Montacute, suo jure 5th Countess of Salisbury. Had issue. Their descendants include Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick; queen consort Anne Neville, wife of Richard III; and queen consort Catherine Parr, sixth wife of King Henry VIII (great-grandson of Richard's sister, Cecily).
    Robert Neville (d. 1457), Bishop of Durham
    William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent (c.1410–1463)
    Lady Anne Neville (?1411–20 September 1480), married Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham
    Edward Neville, 3rd Baron Bergavenny (d. 1476)
    Lady Cecily Neville (1415–1495) ("Proud Cis"), married Richard, 3rd Duke of York, and mothered Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England
    George Neville, 1st Baron Latimer (d. 1469)
    Joan Neville, became a nun
    John Neville, died young
    Cuthbert Neville, died young
    Thomas Neville, died young
    Henry Neville, died young

    Birth:
    She was probably born at the Swynford manor of Kettlethorpe in Lincolnshire. Her surname probably reflects her father's lordship of Beaufort in Champagne, France, where she might also have been born.[2] In 1391, at the age of twelve, Joan married Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem, at Beaufort-en-Vallâee, Anjou. They had two daughters before he died in about 1395.

    Buried:
    St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London. It sits on Ludgate Hill at the highest point of the City of London. Its dedication to Paul the Apostle dates back to the original church on this site, founded in AD 604.[1] The present church, dating from the late 17th century, was designed in the English Baroque style by Sir Christopher Wren. Its construction, completed in Wren's lifetime, was part of a major rebuilding programme in the City after the Great Fire of London.[2]

    The cathedral is one of the most famous and most recognisable sights of London. Its dome, framed by the spires of Wren's City churches, dominated the skyline for 300 years.[3] At 365 feet (111 m) high, it was the tallest building in London from 1710 to 1962. The dome is among the highest in the world. St Paul's is the second largest church building in area in the United Kingdom after Liverpool Cathedral.

    St Paul's Cathedral occupies a significant place in the national identity.[4] It is the central subject of much promotional material, as well as of images of the dome surrounded by the smoke and fire of the Blitz.[4] Services held at St Paul's have included the funerals of Lord Nelson, the Duke of Wellington and Sir Winston Churchill; Jubilee celebrations for Queen Victoria; peace services marking the end of the First and Second World Wars; the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer, the launch of the Festival of Britain and the thanksgiving services for the Golden Jubilee, the 80th Birthday and the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II.

    St Paul's Cathedral is a working church with hourly prayer and daily services.

    more ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Paul%27s_Cathedral

    Notes:

    Married:
    at Beaufort-en-Vallâee

    Children:
    1. 53. Elizabeth de Ferrers was born 0___ 1393, (Suffolkshire) England; died 1434-1436, (Northumberland) England; was buried Black Friars Church, York, England.
    2. Mary de Ferrers was born 0___ 1394; died 25 Jan 1457.


Generation: 8

  1. 132.  William de Greystoke, 2nd Baron Greystoke was born 6 Jan 1321, Grimthorpe, Cumbria, England (son of Ralph de Greystoke, 1st Baron Audley and Alice de Audley); died 10 Jul 1359, Brancepeth Castle, Durham, England; was buried St. Andrews Church, Greystoke, Cumbria, England.

    Notes:

    William de Greystoke, 2nd Baron Greystoke, (6 January 1321 – 10 July 1359) of Greystoke in Cumbria, was an English peer and landowner.

    Origins

    Greystoke was the son of Ralph de Greystoke, 1st Baron Greystoke, and his wife Alice, daughter of Hugh, Lord Audley.[1]

    Career

    He was born at the family home in Grimthorpe, on 6 January 1321.[1] Greystoke's father died while he was still a child and he became a ward of his mother's second husband, Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby,[2] until he reached his majority in 1342.[1] During the next ten years he was involved, on the English side, in the Hundred Years' War between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France and was present at the Siege of Calais in 1346.[1] He served under Edward, the Black Prince, in France.[3] He participated in the Northern Crusades of Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster to Prussia in 1351–2.[1] In the early 1350s he was involved in the negotiations to secure the release of King David II of Scotland, who had been taken prisoner at the Battle of Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346.[1] Greystoke was made a captain of Berwick-upon-Tweed, but due to his service in France, he was not present when the town fell to the Scots in August 1355.[1] In October 1353 Greystoke received a royal licence to crenellate "his dwelling place", later known as Greystoke Castle.[4] He was also responsible for renovations on Morpeth Castle which he also owned.[4]

    Marriages and children

    He married twice and had children by his second wife only:

    Firstly to Lucy de Lucie,[3] daughter of Thomas de Lucy, 2nd Baron Lucy (died 1365),[5] but the marriage was childless,[2] and they divorced.[3] During this time, his stepfather, Ralph Neville, unsuccessfully proposed that Greystoke should name his half-brothers, Ralph, Robert, and William Neville, as his heirs.[2]
    Secondly he married Joane FitzHugh, daughter of Baron Fitzhugh, by whom he had four children:
    Ralph de Greystoke, 3rd Baron Greystoke, eldest son and heir.
    Robert de Greystoke;
    William de Greystoke;
    Alice de Greystoke,[3] the first wife of Robert Harington, 3rd Baron Harington (1356–1406)[6] of Gleaston Castle in the manor of Aldingham in Furness, Lancashire.
    Death and burial[edit]
    Greystoke died on 10 July 1359, at Brancepeth Castle, the seat of his step-father Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby,[5] and was buried in the parish church of St. Andrew's in Greystoke, Cumbria,[1] with a mass conducted by Gilbert de Welton, Bishop of Carlisle.[5] His funeral took place with "great pomp and solemnity", and was attended by great personages including: Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford,[7] Henry Scrope, 1st Baron Scrope of Masham, Thomas, Baron Musgrave, the Abbot of Holmcultram Abbey and the Abbot of Shap Abbey.[5]

    end of biography

    William — Joane FitzHugh. [Group Sheet]


  2. 133.  Joane FitzHugh
    Children:
    1. 66. Ralph de Greystoke, 3rd Baron Greystoke was born 18 Oct 1353, Ravensworth Castle, Yorkshire, England; was christened 18 Oct 1353, Kirkby Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England; died 6 Apr 1418, Kirkby Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England.

  3. 134.  Roger de Clifford, Knight, 5th Baron de Clifford was born 10 Jul 1333, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, England (son of Robert de Clifford, Knight, 3rd Baron de Clifford and Isabel de Berkeley); died 13 Jul 1389, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: 5th Baron of Westmorland

    Notes:

    Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford, ninth Lord Clifford, fifth Baron of Westmoreland (10 July 1333[1] - 13 July 1389), was the son of Robert de Clifford, 3rd Baron de Clifford (d. 20 May 1344), second son of Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford (1273–1314), the founder of the northern branch of the family. His mother was Isabella (d. 25 July 1362), daughter of Maurice, 2nd Lord Berkeley. He succeeded his elder brother, Robert de Clifford, 4th Baron de Clifford in 1350, on which day he made proof of his age.[2]

    Military career

    Clifford entered on his military career when hardly more than twelve, being armed at the time of Jacob van Artevelde's death on 17 July 1345.[3]

    In August 1350 he was engaged in the seafight with the Spaniards near Winchelsea; and in 1355 he accompanied his father-in-law, Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, on the expedition to Gascony.[4] He again served in Gascony in 1359, 1360, and in the French expedition of the Duke of Lancaster in 1373.

    A document dated at Brougham 10 July 1369 shows him engaging the services of Richard le Fleming and his company for a year. In the same way he retained Sir Roger de Mowbray; and was himself retained, with his company of nearly eighty men, by Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, on 25 September 1379.[5]

    On 15 March 1361 he was called upon to assist Lionel, duke of Clarence, in his great Irish expedition on pain of forfeiting his Irish estates. A similar summons to defend his lands in Ireland was issued on 28 July 1368.[6]

    His chief services, however, were rendered on the Scotch borders. In July 1370 he was appointed one of the wardens of the west marches; but according to Sir H. Nicolas he is found defending the northern borders fourteen years earlier.[7] Resigned the truce with Scotland on 24 August 1369, and was warden of both east and west marches on five occasions between 1380 and 1385.

    In August 1385 he accompanied Richard II's expedition against Scotland with sixty men-at-arms and forty archers. His last border sendee seems to have been in October 1388, when he was ordered to adopt measures of defence for the Scotch Marches.[8] In May 1388 he accompanied Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, in his naval expedition to Brittany.[9]

    Political Offices

    He was hereditary High Sheriff of Westmorland from 1350? until his death in 1389. In 1377 he was made High Sheriff of Cumberland and governor of Carlisle, a city whose walls he appears to have inspected and found weak in the preceding year. To the last two offices he was reappointed on Richard II's accession.

    He was made a commissioner of array against the Scots (26 February 1372), and one of a body of commissioners to correct truce-breakers and decide border disputes 26 May 1373, having sat on a similar commission in September 1367.

    Parliament

    Clifford was summoned to all parliaments from 15 December 1356 to 28 July 1388.[10] He was trier of petitions in many parliaments from November 1373 to September 1377. In August 1374 he was appointed one of the commissioners to settle the dispute between Henry de Percy and William, Earl of Douglas, relative to the possession of Jedworth Forest. In the parliament of November 1381 he was member of a committee to confer with the House of Commons. On 12 October 1386 he gave evidence in the great Scrope and Grosvenor case at St. Margaret's Church, Westminster.

    Death and Succession

    Roger de Clifford died 13 July 1389, being then possessed of enormous estates, chiefly situated in Yorkshire, Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmoreland, but spread over several other counties.[11] He was succeeded by his son Thomas de Clifford, 6th Baron de Clifford.

    Marriage and Issue

    He married Maud (d. 1403), daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick.[12]

    Thomas de Clifford, 6th Baron de Clifford (d. 1391 ?)
    William Clifford, the Governor of Berwick (d. 1419)
    Margaret, married Sir John Melton, knight
    Katherine, married Ralph, lord Greystock
    Philippa, married William Ferrers, 5th Baron Ferrers of Groby (Lewis, Ancestral Roots, 8th ed. (2006), line 11, no. 34)
    Dugdale gives him a third son, the Lollard, Sir Lewis Clifford (d. 1404), whom, however, Sir H. Nicolas shows to have been probably his brother, but certainly not his son[13]

    Magna Carta Ancestry by Douglas Richardson lists three sons, including a Roger, no additional information.

    Genealogy

    The genealogical table in Whitaker gives Clifford two brothers, John de Clifford and Thomas de Clifford, said to have been the ancestor of Richard de Clifford, Bishop of London, and three sisters.

    References

    Jump up ^ (Scr. and Gros. Roll, text, i. 197)
    Jump up ^ (Dugdale, i. 240; Whitaker, pp. 310-11; Hist. Peerage, 117; Hist. of Westmoreland, i. 279; Escheat Rolls, ii. 118, 248)
    Jump up ^ (Scr. and Gros. Roll, i. 197)
    Jump up ^ (Whitaker, 314- 315; Dugdale, i. 340)
    Jump up ^ (Dugdale, i. 340; Whitaker, 317)
    Jump up ^ (Rymer, vi. 319, 595)
    Jump up ^ (Rymer, vi. 657; Dugdale, i. 340; Scrope Roll, ii. 469, &c.)
    Jump up ^ (Rymer, vi. 570, 637, 714, vii. 9, 475; Nicolas, Scr. and Gros. Roll, ii. 469, &c.)
    Jump up ^ (Scr. and Gros. Roll, i. 197, ii. 469, &c.; Rymer, vii. 45)
    Jump up ^ (Dugdale, i. 340; Hist. Peerage, 117)
    Jump up ^ (Dugdale, i. 341; Escheat Rolls, iii. 113)
    Jump up ^ (cf. Escheat Rolls, iii. 286)
    Jump up ^ (Dugdale, i. 340-2; Whitaker, 314-16; Nicolas, Scr. and Gros. Roll, ii. 427, &c.)
    This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Clifford, Roger de (1333-1389)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

    *

    Roger — Maud Beauchamp. Maud (daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp, Knight, 11th Earl of Warwick and Katherine de Mortimer, Countess of Warwick) was born 0___ 1335, Warwickshire, England; died 0Feb 1403, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 135.  Maud Beauchamp was born 0___ 1335, Warwickshire, England (daughter of Thomas de Beauchamp, Knight, 11th Earl of Warwick and Katherine de Mortimer, Countess of Warwick); died 0Feb 1403, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, England.
    Children:
    1. Margaret Clifford was born Brougham Castle, Westmorland, England.
    2. Thomas Clifford, Knight, 6th Baron de Clifford was born 1363-1364, Cumbria, England; died 18 Aug 1391.
    3. 67. Catherine Clifford, Baroness of Ravensworth was born ~1367, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, England; was christened Ravensworth, Kirby, North Riding, Yorkshire, England; died 23 Apr 1413, (North Riding, Yorkshire) England.
    4. Phillippa Clifford, Baroness Ferrers of Groby was born 0___ 1371, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, England; died Bef 9 Aug 1416.

  5. 136.  Henry FitzHugh, KG, 2nd Baron FitzHugh of Ravensworth was born 0___ 1338, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England (son of Henry FitzHugh, 1st Baron FitzHugh of Ravensworth and Joan Fourneux); died 29 Aug 1368, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England.

    Henry married Joan Scrope Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England. Joan (daughter of Henry le Scrope, Knight, 1st Baron Scrope of Masham and Joan LNU) was born 0___ 1336, Masham, Yorkshire, England; died 0___ 1386, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 137.  Joan Scrope was born 0___ 1336, Masham, Yorkshire, England (daughter of Henry le Scrope, Knight, 1st Baron Scrope of Masham and Joan LNU); died 0___ 1386, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England.
    Children:
    1. 68. Henry FitzHugh, IV, Knight, 3rd Baron FitzHugh was born 1359-1363, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England; died 14 Jan 1425, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England; was buried Jervaulx Abbey, Yorkshire, England.
    2. Eleanor FitzHugh was born Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England.

  7. 138.  Robert de Grey was born ~ 1333 (son of John de Grey, KG, 2nd Baron Grey of Rotherfield and Avice Marmion); died Bef 30 Nov 1367, Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Marmion

    Robert — Lora St. Quintin. Lora was born ~ 1342; died 0___ 1369, Brandesburton in Holderness, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  8. 139.  Lora St. Quintin was born ~ 1342; died 0___ 1369, Brandesburton in Holderness, Yorkshire, England.
    Children:
    1. 69. Elizabeth Grey was born ~ 1363, Wilcote, Oxfordshire, England; died 12 Dec 1427, (Ravensworth, Yorkshire, England); was buried Jervaulx Abbey, Yorkshire, England.

  9. 140.  Robert Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby was born 1343-1350, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England (son of John Willoughby and Cecily Ufford); died 9 Aug 1396, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England; was buried Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England.

    Notes:

    Alice Skipworth is also cited as a spouse...

    Robert married Margery la Zouche, Baroness of Willoughby Abt 1369. Margery (daughter of William la Zouche, 2nd Baron Zouche of Haryngworth and Elizabeth de Ros) was born Abt 1355, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England; died 18 Oct 1391. [Group Sheet]


  10. 141.  Margery la Zouche, Baroness of Willoughby was born Abt 1355, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England (daughter of William la Zouche, 2nd Baron Zouche of Haryngworth and Elizabeth de Ros); died 18 Oct 1391.

    Other Events:

    • Alt Death: Bef 1412, (Lincolnshire) England

    Notes:

    Married:
    He [Robert de Willoughby] married, 3rdly, Elizabeth, de jure suo jure (according to modern doctrine) BARONESS LATIMER, widow of John (DE NEVILLE), 3rd LORD NEVILLE (of Raby), daughter and heir of William (LE LATIMER), 4th LORD LATIMER, by his wife Elizabeth.

    Children:
    1. 70. William Willoughby, 4th Baron Willoughby de Eresby was born 1370-1375, Eresby, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England; died 4 Dec 1409, Edgefield, Linconshire, England; was buried St. James Church, Willoughby Chapel, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England.
    2. Thomas Willoughby was born Bef 1378, Eresby, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England; died Bef 20 Aug 1417.

  11. 142.  Roger le Strange, 5th Baron Strange of Knockin was born ~ 1327, Knockyn, Shropshire, England (son of Roger le Strange, 4th Baron Strange of Knockin and Joan de Ingham, Baroness Ingham); died 26 Aug 1382, Monmouthshire, Wales.

    Roger married Aline FitzAlan ~ 1350, Arundel Castle, Arundel, West Sussex, England. Aline (daughter of Edmund FitzAlan, Knight, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne, Countess of Arundel) was born 0___ 1314, Arundel Castle, Arundel, West Sussex, England; died 20 Jan 1386. [Group Sheet]


  12. 143.  Aline FitzAlan was born 0___ 1314, Arundel Castle, Arundel, West Sussex, England (daughter of Edmund FitzAlan, Knight, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne, Countess of Arundel); died 20 Jan 1386.
    Children:
    1. 71. Lucy le Strange was born ~ 1365, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England; died 28 Apr 1398, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England; was buried St. James Church, Willoughby Chapel, Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England.

  13. 146.  John de St. Quintin was born ~ 1341, Hornby Castle, Hornby, Bedale, DL8 1NQ; died Aft 2 May 1378, Estbrompton Manor, Northallerton, Yorkshire, England.

    Notes:

    Birth:
    Hornby Castle, Yorkshire is a grade I listed fortified manor house on the edge of Wensleydale between Bedale and Leyburn.

    Originally 14th century, it has been remodelled in the 15th, 18th and 20th centuries. It is constructed of coursed sandstone rubble with lead and stone slate roofs.[1] The present building is the south range of a larger complex, the rest of which has been demolished.

    Images & History ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hornby_Castle,_Yorkshire

    More images ... https://www.google.com/search?q=hornby+castle+yorkshire&rlz=1C1KMZB_enUS591US591&tbm=isch&imgil=L17fJ7zgL9tiQM%253A%253BYOgSjyDjMuVhYM%253Bhttps%25253A%25252F%25252Fen.wikipedia.org%25252Fwiki%25252FHornby_Castle%25252C_Yorkshire&source=iu&pf=m&fir=L17fJ7zgL9tiQM%253A%252CYOgSjyDjMuVhYM%252C_&usg=__cshmFIN46k_oBFIrYWJnyvm3JAw%3D&biw=1440&bih=810&ved=0ahUKEwi4z-bTuozWAhVG0WMKHRESDlcQyjcIOA&ei=YMOtWbifKMaijwORpLi4BQ#imgrc=XkWlJVgO35F9_M:

    John — Elizabeth Gascoigne. Elizabeth (daughter of William Gascoigne, VII, Knight and Margaret Agnes Franke) was born ~ 1352, Harewood, Yorkshire, England; died ~ 1378. [Group Sheet]


  14. 147.  Elizabeth Gascoigne was born ~ 1352, Harewood, Yorkshire, England (daughter of William Gascoigne, VII, Knight and Margaret Agnes Franke); died ~ 1378.
    Children:
    1. 73. Margaret St. Quintin was born Aft 1377, Hornby Castle, Hornby, Bedale, DL8 1NQ; died Aft May 1435.

  15. 160.  Roger Aske was born 0___ 1380, Aske, Yorkshire, England; died 0Dec 1440.

    Roger — Elizabeth Pert. Elizabeth (daughter of William Pert and Joan Scrope) was born 0___ 1380; died 14 Apr 1429, Leyburne, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  16. 161.  Elizabeth Pert was born 0___ 1380 (daughter of William Pert and Joan Scrope); died 14 Apr 1429, Leyburne, Yorkshire, England.
    Children:
    1. Euphemia Marie Aske was born ~ 1399, Aske, Yorkshire, England.
    2. 80. Conan Aske was born 1403; died 1440.

  17. 162.  Thomas Savile, (V) Knight was born Thornhill, West Yorkshire, England (son of Henry Savile, (IV) Esquire and Elizabeth Thornhill).

    Thomas married Margaret Pilkington Aft 1436. Margaret (daughter of John Pilkington, Knight and Margaret de Verdun, 2nd Baroness de Verdon) was born Pilkington, Lancashire, England; died ~ 1445, Thornhill, West Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  18. 163.  Margaret Pilkington was born Pilkington, Lancashire, England (daughter of John Pilkington, Knight and Margaret de Verdun, 2nd Baroness de Verdon); died ~ 1445, Thornhill, West Yorkshire, England.
    Children:
    1. John Savile, (VI) Knight was born ~ 1411, Harewood, Yorkshire, England; died 15 Jun 1482; was buried Thornhill, England.
    2. Margaret Savile
    3. 81. Alice Savile was born ~1397, Thornhill, West Yorkshire, England.
    4. Elizabeth Savile was born Thornhill, West Yorkshire, England.

  19. 192.  Gilbert Talbot, 3rd Baron Talbot was born 0___ 1332, Goodrich Castle, Hereford, England; was christened Ecclesfield, West Riding, Yorkshire, England (son of Richard Talbot, 2nd Baron Talbot and Elizabeth Comyn); died 24 Apr 1386, Roales del Pan, Spain.

    Gilbert married Petronella Butler Bef 8 Sep 1352. Petronella (daughter of James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormond and Eleanor de Bohun, Countess of Ormonde) was born 0___ 1332, Ormonde, Kerry, Munster, Ireland; was christened Pollecott, Buckingham, England; died 23 Apr 1368. [Group Sheet]


  20. 193.  Petronella Butler was born 0___ 1332, Ormonde, Kerry, Munster, Ireland; was christened Pollecott, Buckingham, England (daughter of James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormond and Eleanor de Bohun, Countess of Ormonde); died 23 Apr 1368.
    Children:
    1. 96. Richard Talbot, 4th Baron Talbot was born 0___ 1361, Goodrich Castle, Hereford, England; died 7 Sep 1396, London, Middlesex, England.

  21. 194.  John le Strange, 4th Lord Blackmere was born 13 Jan 1331, Whitechurch, Shropshire, England; died 12 May 1361, Blakemere, Hereford, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere

    Notes:

    Biography

    This biography is a rough draft. It was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import and needs to be edited.

    Occupation

    Occupation: 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere
    Name

    Name: John /le STRANGE/ [1][2][3]
    Birth

    Date: ca 1324/32
    Place: Whitechurch,Shropshire
    Date: BET 13 JAN 1331 AND 1332
    Place: Whitechurch, SAL, England[4]
    Marriage

    Date: ABT 1352[5]
    Death

    Date: 12 MAY 1361[6]
    Sources

    ROYAL ANCESTRY by Douglas Richardson Vol. I page 375
    www.geni.com/people/Baron-John-le-Strange/6000000000351064723
    Source: S1952 Title: Type: Ancestral File Number Abbreviation: Type: Ancestral File Number
    Source: S2 Title: Pedigree Resource File CD 49 Abbreviation: Pedigree Resource File CD 49 Publication: (Salt Lake City, UT: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., 2002)
    Source: S3 Title: Ancestral File (TM) Abbreviation: Ancestral File (TM) Author: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day SAINTS Publication: June 1998 (c), data as of 5 JAN 1998 Repository: #R1
    Repository: R1 Name: Unknown
    Source: S4 Title: hofundssonAnces.ged Abbreviation: hofundssonAnces.ged Repository: #R1
    Marlyn Lewis.
    Richardson, Douglas, and Kimball G. Everingham. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. (2nd edition, 4 vol.), Volume 1, page 209, BLACKMERE 7.
    Richardson, Douglas: Plantagenet Ancestry, 2nd edn. (2011), 3 vols, Volume 1, page 277, BLACKMERE 9.

    John married Mary de Arundel ~ 1352. Mary (daughter of Edmund FitzAlan, Knight, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne, Countess of Arundel) was born Corfham Castle, Diddlebury, Shropshire, England; died 29 Aug 1396, Corfham, Shropshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  22. 195.  Mary de Arundel was born Corfham Castle, Diddlebury, Shropshire, England (daughter of Edmund FitzAlan, Knight, 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne, Countess of Arundel); died 29 Aug 1396, Corfham, Shropshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Mary FitzAlan

    Children:
    1. 97. Ankaret le Strange, Baroness of Furnival was born Abt 1361, Blakemere, Hereford, England; died 1 Jun 1413, (London) England.

  23. 200.  James Butler, 2nd Earl of Ormond was born 4 Oct 1331 (son of James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormond and Eleanor de Bohun, Countess of Ormonde); died 18 Oct 1382, Knocktopher, Ireland; was buried St. Canice's Cathedral, Kilkenny, Ireland.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Lord Justice of Ireland

    Notes:

    James Butler, 2nd Earl of Ormond (4 October 1331 – 18 October 1382) was a noble in the Peerage of Ireland. He was Lord Justice of Ireland in 1359, 1364, and 1376, and a dominant political leader in Ireland in the 1360s and 1370s.

    The son of James Butler, 1st Earl of Ormond and Lady Eleanor de Bohun. James was born at Kilkenny and given in ward, 1 September 1344, to Maurice FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Desmond for the fine of 2306 marks; and afterward to Sir John Darcy who married him to his daughter Elizabeth. He was usually called The Noble Earl, being a great-grandson, through his mother, of King Edward I of England.[1]

    Career

    In 1362, he slew 600 of Mac Murrough's followers at Teigstaffen (County Kilkenny). On 22 April 1364, was appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland to Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence: Clarence, from his first arrival in Ireland, placed great trust in him, and for a few years it seems that as Deputy he was almost all-powerful. In the 1360s he clashed with Maurice FitzGerald, 4th Earl of Kildare. In 1364 the Irish House of Commons sent a delegation to England, headed by Kildare, to complain of misgovernment, and to ask for the removal of "corrupt" officials, some of whom had links to Ormond. A number of these officials were removed, but Ormomd's position was not seriously threatened.

    He was Lord Justice by 24 July 1376, with a salary of ¹500 a year, in which office he was continued by King Richard II of England. On 2 April 1372, he was made constable of Dublin Castle, with the fee of ¹18 5s. a year.[2] He was summoned to the Parliaments held by Richard II.

    He died 18 October 1382 in his castle of Knocktopher (near which he had, in 1356, founded a Friary for Carmelite friars). He was buried in St. Canice's Cathedral, Kilkenny.

    Marriage and Children

    On 15 May 1346, he married Elizabeth Darcy, daughter of Sir John Darcy, Knight of Knaith (another Lord Justice of Ireland) and Joan de Burgh. They had four children:

    James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond (1359–1405).
    Thomas Butler, Justice of Cork
    Eleanor Butler who married Gerald FitzGerald, 3rd Earl of Desmond. She died in 1404.
    Jean Butler who married Teige O'Carroll, Prince of âEile. She died of the plague in 1383.

    *

    Buried:
    Images and history ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Canice%27s_Cathedral

    James married Elizabeth Darcy, Countess of Ormonde 14 May 1346, Ormonde, Ireland. Elizabeth (daughter of John Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy, Knight of Knaith and Joan de Burgh) was born 13 Apr 1332, County Meath, Ireland; died 24 Mar 1389, Kilkenny Castle, Leinster, Kildare, Ireland. [Group Sheet]


  24. 201.  Elizabeth Darcy, Countess of Ormonde was born 13 Apr 1332, County Meath, Ireland (daughter of John Darcy, 1st Baron Darcy, Knight of Knaith and Joan de Burgh); died 24 Mar 1389, Kilkenny Castle, Leinster, Kildare, Ireland.

    Notes:

    Elizabeth DARCY (C. Ormonde)

    Born: ABT 1332, probably Platten Meath, Ireland

    Died: 24 Mar 1389

    Father: John DARCY (1° B. Darcy of Knaith)

    Mother: Joan BURGH (B. Darcy of Knaith)

    Married: James BUTLER (2° E. Ormonde) 14 May 1346, Ormonde, Ireland

    Children:

    1. Ralph BUTLER

    2. Eleanor BUTLER (C. Desmond)

    3. James BUTLER (3° E. Ormonde)

    4. Thomas BUTLER

    5. Catherine BUTLER

    *

    Children:
    1. 100. James Butler, 3rd Earl of Ormond was born ~ 1359, Kilkenny, Ireland; died 7 Sep 1405, Dublin, Ireland; was buried St. Mary's Collegiate Church, Gowran, Ireland.

  25. 202.  John Welles, Knight, 4th Lord Welles was born 23 Aug 1334, Bonthorpe, Lincolnshire, England; died 11 Oct 1361, Welles, Lincolnshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: 4th Baron Welles
    • Also Known As: John de Welles

    Notes:

    John de Welles, 4th Lord Welles1

    M, #189143, b. 23 August 1334, d. 11 October 1361
    Last Edited=16 Sep 2014
    John de Welles, 4th Lord Welles was born on 23 August 1334 at Bonthorpe, Lincolnshire, England.2 He was the son of Adam de Welle, 3rd Lord Welles and Margaret (?).2 He married Maud de Ros, daughter of William de Ros, 2nd Lord de Ros of Helmsley and Margery de Badlesmere, circa 1344/45. He died on 11 October 1361 at age 27.2
    He gained the title of 4th Lord Welles.
    Children of John de Welles, 4th Lord Welles and Maud de Ros

    Anne de Welles+1 d. a 1396
    Margery de Welles+3 d. 29 May 1422
    John de Welles, 5th Baron Welles+4 b. 20 Apr 1352, d. 26 Aug 1421
    Citations

    [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume X, page 122. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
    [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume XII/2, page 441.
    [S474] FamilySearch, online http://www.familysearch.com. Hereinafter cited as FamilySearch.
    [S22] Sir Bernard Burke, C.B. LL.D., A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, new edition (1883; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1978), page 572. Hereinafter cited as Burkes Extinct Peerage.

    John married Maud de Ros, Lady Welles 1344-1345. Maud (daughter of William de Ros, Knight, 2nd Baron de Ros and Margery de Badlesmere) was born (Helmsley, Yorkshire, England); died 9 Dec 1388. [Group Sheet]


  26. 203.  Maud de Ros, Lady Welles was born (Helmsley, Yorkshire, England) (daughter of William de Ros, Knight, 2nd Baron de Ros and Margery de Badlesmere); died 9 Dec 1388.
    Children:
    1. Margery Welles, Baroness of Masham died 29 May 1422.
    2. 101. Anne Welles died 13 Nov 1397.
    3. John de Welles died 8 Apr 1426.

  27. 204.  Thomas de Beauchamp, Knight, 11th Earl of WarwickThomas de Beauchamp, Knight, 11th Earl of Warwick was born 14 Feb 1313, Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire, England (son of Guy de Beauchamp, Knight, 10th Earl of Warwick and Alice de Toeni, Countess of Warwick); died 13 Nov 1369, (Warwickshire) England; was buried St. Mary's Church, Warwick, Warwickshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Thomas de Beauchamp

    Notes:

    Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, KG (c. 14 February 1313 – 13 November 1369) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War. In 1348 he became one of the founders and the third Knight of the Order of the Garter.

    Early life

    Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick depicted in 1347 as one of the 8 mourners attached to the monumental brass of Sir Hugh Hastings (d. 1347) at St Mary's Church, Elsing, Norfolk. He displays the arms of Beauchamp on his tunic
    Thomas de Beauchamp was born at Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England to Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick and Alice de Toeni. He served in Scotland frequently during the 1330s, being captain of the army against the Scots in 1337. He was hereditary High Sheriff of Worcestershire from 1333 until his death (in 1369). In 1344 he was also made High Sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire for life.[citation needed]

    Victor at Crâecy and Poitiers


    Left:Seal (obverse) of Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, dated 1344: S(IGILLUM) THO(M)E COMITIS WARRWYCHIE ANNO REGNI REGIS E(DWARDII) TE(RT)II...(continued on counter-seal) ("Seal of Thomas, Count (Earl) of Warwick in the year of the reign of King Edward the Third..."). He displays on his surcoat, shield and horse's caparison the arms of Beauchamp, and carries on his helm as crest a swan's head and neck; right: Counter-seal/reverse: (legend continued from face of seal) ...POST CO(N)QUESTU(M) ANGLIE SEPTI(M)O DECIM(0) ET REGNI SUI FRANCIE QUARTO ("...after the Conquest of England the seventeenth and of his reign of the Kingdom of France the fourth"). This dates the seal to 1344. The arms are those of de Newburgh, the family of the Beaumont Earls of Warwick: Checky azure and or, a chevron ermine. This same display of double arms was used on the seal of his father Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick on his seal affixed to the Barons' Letter, 1301
    Warwick was Marshall of England from 1343/4 until 1369, and was one of the commanders at the great English victories at Crâecy and Poitiers.

    Thomas de Beauchamp fought in all the French wars of King Edward III; he commanded the center at the Battle of Crecy (where many of his relatives were killed including his younger half-brother Alan la Zouche de Mortimer). He was trusted to be guardian of the sixteen-year-old Black Prince. Beauchamp fought at Poitiers in 1356 and at the Siege of Calais (1346).

    He began the rebuilding of the Collegiate Church of Saint Mary in Warwick using money received from the ransom of a French Archbishop. He died of plague in Calais on 13 November 1369 and was entombed in the Beauchamp Chapel. The chapel contains the finest example of the use of brisures for cadency in medieval heraldry -- seven different Beauchamp coats of arms.

    Marriage and children

    He married Katherine Mortimer, daughter of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March. They had five sons and ten daughters:[1]

    Thomas b. 16 Mar 1338 d. 8 Aug 1401, who married Margaret Ferrers and had descendants. His son Richard succeeded him as Earl and inherited most of his property.
    Guy (d. 28 April 1360). He had two daughters who by entail were excluded from their grandfather's inheritance: Elizabeth (d. c.1369), and Katherine, who became a nun.
    Reinbrun, (d. 1361); he was named for a character in Guy of Warwick.
    William (c. 1343–1411), who inherited the honour of Abergavenny. Married Joan FitzAlan.
    Roger (d. 1361)
    Maud (d. 1403), who married Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford.
    Philippa de Beauchamp who married Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford.
    Alice (d. 1383), who married first John Beauchamp, 3rd Baron Beauchamp and then Sir Matthew Gournay.
    Joan, who married Ralph Basset, 4th Baron Basset de Drayton.
    Isabell (d. 1416) who married first John le Strange, 5th Baron Strange, and then to William de Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk. After the latter's death she became a nun.
    Margaret, who married Guy de Montfort and after his death became a nun.
    Elizabeth, married Thomas de Ufford, KG
    Anne, married Walter de Cokesey
    Juliana
    Katherine, became a nun at Shouldham

    Catherine Montacute, Countess of Salisbury was not his daughter, although she is presented as such in William Painter's Palace of Pleasure and in the Elizabethan play, Edward III that may be by William Shakespeare.

    Thomas married Katherine de Mortimer, Countess of Warwick 19 Apr 1319, (Warwickshire) England. Katherine (daughter of Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville) was born 0___ 1314, Wigmore Castle, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England; died 4 Aug 1369, (Warwickshire) England; was buried St. Mary's Church, Warwick, Warwickshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  28. 205.  Katherine de Mortimer, Countess of Warwick was born 0___ 1314, Wigmore Castle, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England (daughter of Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville, 2nd Baroness Geneville); died 4 Aug 1369, (Warwickshire) England; was buried St. Mary's Church, Warwick, Warwickshire, England.

    Notes:

    Katherine Mortimer, Countess of Warwick (1314 - 4 August 1369) was the wife of Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick KG, an English peer, and military commander during the Hundred Years War. She was a daughter and co-heiress of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville, Baroness Geneville.

    Sometime before 1355, she became an important figure at the royal court of King Edward III.

    Family and lineage

    Katherine Mortimer was born at Ludlow Castle, Shropshire, England, in 1314, one of the twelve children and a co-heiress of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March and Joan de Geneville, Baroness Geneville. Her paternal grandparents were Edmund Mortimer, 2nd Baron Mortimer and Margaret de Fiennes, and her maternal grandparents were Sir Piers de Geneville, of Trim Castle and Ludlow, and Jeanne of Lusignan.

    Her father was de facto ruler of England together with his mistress Isabella of France, Queen consort of King Edward II, until his eventual capture and execution by the orders of King Edward III, eldest son of Isabella and King Edward II. The latter had been deposed in November 1326, and afterwards cruelly murdered by assassins acting under the orders of Mortimer and Queen Isabella. Katherine was sixteen years old when her father was hanged, Tyburn, London on 29 November 1330. Roger Mortimer was NOT Hanged drawn and quartered as stated but only hanged and his body was left until monks from Greyfriars in London took it down.

    Marriage

    On 19 April 1319, when she was about five years old, Katherine married Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick, eldest son of Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick and Alice de Toeni.[1] Their marriage required a Papal dispensation as they were related within the prohibited third and fourth degrees. Beauchamp had succeeded to the earldom at the age of two, therefore Katherine was styled Countess of Warwick from the time of her marriage until her death. The marriage had been arranged in July 1318 in order to settle a quarrel between the two families over the lordship of Elfael, which was thus given to Katherine as her marriage portion.[2] For the term of his minority, Beauchamp's custody had been granted to Katherine's father, Roger Mortimer.[3]

    Katherine later became an important personage at the court of King Edward III. As a sign of royal favour she was chosen to stand as one of the godmothers, along with Queen Philippa of Hainault, to the latter's granddaughter, Philippa, Countess of Ulster in 1355. This honour bestowed on Katherine is described by 19th century author Agnes Strickland according to the Friar's Genealogy: "Her [Philippa, Countess of Ulster] godmother also was of Warwick Countess, a lady likewise of great worthiness".[4]

    Issue

    Katherine and Beauchamp together had fifteen children:[5]

    Guy de Beauchamp (died 28 April 1360), married Philippa de Ferrers, daughter of Henry de Ferrers, 2nd Lord Ferrers of Groby and Isabel de Verdun, by whom he had two daughters.[6]
    Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick (16 March 1339- 1401), married Margaret Ferrers, daughter of William Ferrers, 3rd Lord of Groby and Margaret de Ufford, by whom he had issue, including Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick.
    Reinbrun de Beauchamp
    William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny (c. 1343- 8 May 1411), on 23 July 1392, married Lady Joan FitzAlan, daughter of Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel and Elizabeth de Bohun, by whom he had a son Richard de Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester, and a daughter, Joan de Beauchamp, 4th Countess of Ormond. Queen consort Anne Boleyn was a notable descendant of the latter.
    Roger de Beauchamp (died 1361)
    Maud de Beauchamp (died 1403), married Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron Clifford, by whom she had issue, including Thomas de Clifford, 6th Baron Clifford.
    Philippa de Beauchamp, married Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford, by whom she had nine children.
    Alice Beauchamp (died 1383), married firstly John Beauchamp, 3rd Baron Beauchamp of Somerset, and secondly Sir William Gournay.[7] She died childless.
    Joan de Beauchamp, married Ralph Basset, 3rd Baron Basset of Drayton. She died childless.
    Isabella de Beauchamp (died 29 September 1416), married firstly John le Strange, 5th Baron Strange, and secondly, William de Ufford, 2nd Earl of Suffolk. Upon the latter's death, she became a nun. She died childless.
    Margaret de Beauchamp, married Guy de Montfort, and after his death, she became a nun. She died childless.
    Elizabeth de Beauchamp, married Thomas de Ufford KG,
    Anne de Beauchamp, married Walter de Cokesey.
    Juliana de Beauchamp
    Katherine de Beauchamp, became a nun at Shouldham Priory.

    Death and effigy

    Katherine Mortimer died on 4 August 1369 at the age of about fifty-five. Two years before her death, in 1367, Katherine was a legatee in the will of her sister Agnes de Hastings, Countess of Pembroke.[8] Katherine was buried in St. Mary's Church, Warwick, Warwickshire. She lies alongside her husband, who died three months after her of the Black Death. Their tomb with well-preserved, alabaster effigies can be seen in the centre of the quire. Katherine is depicted wearing a frilled veil with a honeycomb pattern and she is holding hands with Beauchamp. The sides of the tomb chest are decorated with figures of mourners, both male and female.

    Children:
    1. Maud Beauchamp was born 0___ 1335, Warwickshire, England; died 0Feb 1403, Brougham Castle, Westmorland, England.
    2. Thomas de Beauchamp, Knight, 12th Earl of Warwick was born 16 Mar 1338, Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire, England; died 10 Apr 1401, (Warwickshire) England.
    3. Philippa Beauchamp was born 1334-1344, Elmley, Gloucestershire, England; died 6 Apr 1386.
    4. 102. William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny was born 1343-1345, Warwick, Warwickshire, England; died 8 May 1411, Warwick, Warwickshire, England; was buried Black Friars Churchyard, Hereford, Herefordshire, England.
    5. Guy de Beauchamp

  29. 206.  Richard FitzAlan, Knight, 11th Earl of ArundelRichard FitzAlan, Knight, 11th Earl of Arundel was born 25 Mar 1346, Arundel, Sussex, England (son of Richard FitzAlan, Knight, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor Plantagenet, Countess of Arundel); died 21 Sep 1397, London, Middlesex, England; was buried Augustin Friars, Bread Street, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Governor of Brest
    • Also Known As: Arundel
    • Also Known As: Earl of Surrey
    • Military: Admiral of the West and South
    • Military: Knight of the Garter

    Notes:

    Lineage

    Born in 1346, he was the son of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.[2] He succeeded his father to the title of Earl of Arundel on 24 January 1376.

    His brother was Thomas Arundel, the Bishop of Ely from 1374 to 1388, Archbishop of York from 1388 to 1397, and Archbishop of Canterbury in 1397 and from 1399 until his death in 1414.[3]

    At the coronation of Richard II, Richard FitzAlan carried the crown.[2]

    Admiral

    Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel; Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester; Thomas de Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham; Henry, Earl of Derby (later Henry IV); and Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, demand Richard II to let them prove by arms the justice for their rebellion
    In 1377, Richard FitzAlan held the title of Admiral of the West and South.[2] In this capacity, he attacked Harfleur at Whitsun 1378, but was forced to return to his ships by the defenders. Later, he and John of Gaunt attempted to seize Saint-Malo but were unsuccessful.[4]

    Power Struggle

    FitzAlan was closely aligned with Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, who was uncle of King Richard II. Thomas was opposed to Richard II's desire for peace with France in the Hundred Years War and a power struggle ensued between him and Gloucester. In late 1386, Gloucester forced King Richard II to name himself and Richard FitzAlan to the King's Council.[5] This Council was to all intents and purposes a Regency Council for Richard II. However, Richard limited the duration of the Council's powers to one year.[6]

    Knight of the Garter

    In 1386, Richard II named Richard FitzAlan Admiral of England, as well as being made a Knight of the Garter.[2] As Admiral of England, he defeated a Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off Margate in March 1387, along with Thomas de Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham.[6]

    New favourites

    In August of 1387, the King dismissed Gloucester and FitzAlan from the Council and replaced them with his favourites - including the Archbishop of York, Alexander Neville; the Duke of Ireland, Robert de Vere; Michael de la Pole; the Earl of Suffolk, Sir Robert Tresilian, who was the Chief Justice; and the former Mayor of London Nicholas Brembre.[7]

    Radcot Bridge

    The King summoned Gloucester and FitzAlan to a meeting. However, instead of coming, they raised troops and defeated the new Council at Radcot Bridge on 22 December 1387. During that battle, they took the favourites prisoner. The next year, the Merciless Parliament condemned the favourites.

    FitzAlan was one of the Lords Appellant who accused and condemned Richard II's favorites.[5] He made himself particularly odious to the King by refusing, along with Gloucester, to spare the life of Sir Simon Burley who had been condemned by the Merciless Parliament. This was even after the queen, Anne of Bohemia, went down on her knees before them to beg for mercy. King Richard never forgave this humiliation and planned and waited for his moment of revenge.

    In 1394, FitzAlan further antagonized the King by arriving late for the queen's funeral. Richard II, in a rage, snatched a wand and struck FitzAlan in the face and drew blood. Shortly after that, the King feigned a reconciliation but he was only biding his time for the right moment to strike. Arundel was named Governor of Brest in 1388.[2]

    Opposed to peace

    Peace was concluded with France in 1389. However, Richard FitzAlan followed Gloucester's lead and stated that he would never agree with the peace that had been concluded.[5]

    Marriage and children

    Arundel married twice.

    His first wife was Elizabeth de Bohun, daughter of William de Bohun, Lord High Constable of England, 8th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere. They married around 28 September 1359 and had seven children:[2][8]

    Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel[2]
    Lady Eleanor FitzAlan (c.1365 – 1375), on 28 October 1371, at the age of about six, married Robert de Ufford. Died childless.
    Elizabeth FitzAlan (c.1366 – 8 July 1425), married first William Montacute (before December 1378); no issue. Married second, in 1384, Thomas Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk; had issue. Married third, before August 1401, Sir Robert Goushill of Hoveringham; had issue. Married fourth, before 1411, Sir Gerard Afflete; no issue.[2][9]
    Joan FitzAlan (1375 – 14 November 1435), who married William Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny;[2]
    Alice FitzAlan (1378 – before October 1415), married before March 1392, John Charleton, 4th Baron Cherleton. (not mentioned as an heir of Thomas in the Complete Peerage). Had an affair with Cardinal Henry Beaufort, by whom she had an illegitimate daughter, Jane Beaufort.[4]
    Margaret FitzAlan, who married Sir Rowland Lenthall;[2] by whom she had two sons.
    William (or Richard) FitzAlan

    After the death of his first wife in 1385, Arundel married Philippa Mortimer, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March. Her mother was Philippa Plantagenet, the only daughter of Lionel of Antwerp and thus a granddaughter of Edward III. They had no children.[2]

    Death and succession

    On 12 July 1397, Richard FitzAlan was arrested for his opposition to Richard II,[2] as well as plotting with Gloucester to imprison the king.[10] He stood trial at Westminster and was attainted.[11] He was beheaded on 21 September 1397 and was buried in the church of the Augustin Friars, Bread Street, London.[2] Tradition holds that his final words were said to the executioner, "Torment me not long, strike off my head in one blow".[12]

    In October 1400, the attainder was reversed, and Richard's son Thomas succeeded to his father's estates and honors.[2]

    Military:
    In 1377, Richard FitzAlan held the title of Admiral of the West and South.[2] In this capacity, he attacked Harfleur at Whitsun 1378, but was forced to return to his ships by the defenders. Later, he and John of Gaunt attempted to seize Saint-Malo but were unsuccessful.

    Died:
    He was beheaded on 21 September 1397...

    Richard married Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel, Countess of Surrey 28 Sep 1365, (Derbyshire) England. Elizabeth (daughter of William de Bohun, Knight, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth Badlesmere, Countess of Northampton) was born ~ 1350, Derbyshire, England; died 3 Apr 1385, Arundel, West Sussex, England. [Group Sheet]


  30. 207.  Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel, Countess of Surrey was born ~ 1350, Derbyshire, England (daughter of William de Bohun, Knight, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth Badlesmere, Countess of Northampton); died 3 Apr 1385, Arundel, West Sussex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Baptism: Lewes Priory, Sussex, England

    Notes:

    Lady Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Arundel, Countess of Surrey (c. 1350 – 3 April 1385) was a member of the Anglo-Norman Bohun family, which wielded much power in the Welsh Marches and the English government. She was the first wife of Richard FitzAlan, a powerful English nobleman and military commander in the reigns of Edward III and Richard II. She was the mother of seven of his children, and as the wife of one of the most powerful nobles in the realm, enjoyed much prestige and took precedence over most of the other peers' wives.

    Family and lineage

    Lady Elizabeth de Bohun was born around 1350, the daughter of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton and Elizabeth de Badlesmere. Her older brother Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford married Joan FitzAlan, a sister of the 11th Earl of Arundel, by whom he had two daughters. Elizabeth had a half-brother, Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March, by her mother's first marriage to Sir Edmund Mortimer.

    Her paternal grandparents were Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, daughter of King Edward I of England and Eleanor of Castile. Her maternal grandparents were Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Baron Badlesmere and Margaret de Clare.

    Lady Elizabeth's parents both died when she was young, her mother having died in 1356, and her father in 1360.


    Arundel Castle, principal residence of Richard Fitzalan and Elizabeth de Bohun

    Marriage and issue

    On 28 September 1359, by Papal dispensation,[1] Elizabeth married Richard FitzAlan, who succeeded to the earldoms of Arundel and Surrey upon the death of his father, Richard FitzAlan, 3rd Earl of Arundel in 1376. Their marriage was especially advantageous as it united two of the most powerful families in England. The alliance was further strengthened by the marriage of Elizabeth's brother, Humphrey to FitzAlan's sister Joan.

    As the Countess of Arundel, Elizabeth was one of the most important women in England, who enjoyed much prestige, and after the Queen, the Duchesses of Lancaster and York, and the Countess of Buckingham, took precedence over the other noble ladies in the realm.

    At the coronation of King Richard II, FitzAlan carried the crown. In the same year, 1377, he was made Admiral of the South and West. The following year, 1378, he attacked Harfleur, but was repelled by the French.

    FitzAlan allied himself with the King's uncle Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester, who was married to FitzAlan's niece Eleanor de Bohun, who was also Elizabeth's niece. The two men eventually became members of the Council of Regency, and formed a strong and virulent opposition to the King. This would later prove fatal to both men.

    Richard and Elizabeth had seven children:[1]

    Thomas FitzAlan, 5th Earl of Arundel, Earl of Surrey KG (13 October 1381- 13 October 1415), married 26 November 1405, Beatrice, illegitimate daughter of King John I of Portugal and Inez Perez Esteves.[2] The marriage was childless.
    Lady Eleanor FitzAlan (c.1365- 1375), on 28 October 1371, at the age of about six, married Robert de Ufford. Died childless.
    Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan (1366- 8 July 1425), married firstly before 1378, Sir William de Montagu, secondly in 1384, Thomas Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, by whom she had four children, thirdly before 19 August 1401, Sir Robert Goushill, by whom she had two daughters, and fourthly before 1411, Sir Gerard Afflete. The Howard Dukes of Norfolk descend from her daughter Margaret Mowbray who married Sir Robert Howard. Joan Goushill, daughter from the 3rd marriage, was ancestress of James Madison,[3] 4th President of the U.S.A.
    Lady Joan FitzAlan (1375- 14 November 1435), married William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny, by whom she had a son, Richard de Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester and a daughter Joan de Beauchamp, wife of James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormonde.
    Lady Alice Fitzalan (1378- before October 1415), married before March 1392, John Cherlton, Lord Cherlton. Had an affair with Cardinal Henry Beaufort, by whom she had an illegitimate daughter, Jane Beaufort.[4]
    Lady Margaret FitzAlan (1382- after 1423), married Sir Rowland Lenthall, of Hampton Court, Herefordshire, by whom she had two sons.
    Son FitzAlan (his name is given as either Richard or William).

    Death

    Elizabeth de Bohun died on 3 April 1385 at the age of about thirty-five. She was buried at Lewes in Sussex. Her husband married secondly Philippa Mortimer on 15 August 1390, by whom he had a son: John FitzAlan (1394- after 1397).

    Richard FitzAlan was executed by decapitation on 21 September 1397 at Tower Hill Cheapside, London for having committed high treason against King Richard.[5] His titles and estates were attainted until October 1400, when they were restored to his son and heir, Thomas FitzAlan, 5th Earl of Arundel, by the new king, Henry IV, who had ascended to the English throne upon the deposition of King Richard in 1399.

    Notes:

    Residence (Family):
    Click here to view many images of Arundel Castle ... http://bit.ly/1J6YiEy

    Children:
    1. Elizabeth FitzAlan, Duchess of Norfolk was born 0___ 1366, Derbyshire, England; died 8 Jul 1425, Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, England; was buried (St Michael's Church) Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, England.
    2. 103. Joan FitzAlan, Baroness Bergavenny was born 0___ 1375, Arundel Castle, Arundel, West Sussex, England; died 14 Nov 1435, Herefordshire, England; was buried Black Friars Churchyard, Hereford, Herefordshire, England.

  31. 212.  Robert de Ferrers, 4th Baron Ferrers of Wem was born 1341-1350, Chartley, Stafford, England (son of Robert de Ferrers, 3rd Baron Ferrers of Chartley and Joan de la Note, Lady of Willisham); died 31 Dec 1380.

    Robert married Elizabeth Boteler, 4th Baroness Boteler of Wem ~ 1369. Elizabeth (daughter of William Boteler, 3rd Baron Boteler of Wem and Elizabeth de Handsacre, Baroness Boteler of Wemme) was born 1345-1350, Wem, Shropshire, England; died 19 Jun 1411, London, Middlesex, England; was buried Brothers of the Holy Cross, London, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet]


  32. 213.  Elizabeth Boteler, 4th Baroness Boteler of Wem was born 1345-1350, Wem, Shropshire, England (daughter of William Boteler, 3rd Baron Boteler of Wem and Elizabeth de Handsacre, Baroness Boteler of Wemme); died 19 Jun 1411, London, Middlesex, England; was buried Brothers of the Holy Cross, London, Middlesex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: "Botiller/le Botelir/Botiler"

    Notes:

    About Elizabeth le Boteler, Baroness Boteler of Wemme
    'Elizabeth le Botiller1,2,3
    'F, b. circa 1345, d. 19 June 1411

    Father Sir William le Botiller, 3rd Lord le Botiller of Wem and Oversley2,3 b. c 1331, d. 14 Aug 1369
    Mother Elizabeth de Handesacre2,3 d. a May 1361

    Elizabeth le Botiller was born circa 1345 at of Wemme, Whixall, Hinstock, & Loppington, Shropshire, England; Age 24 in 1369.2,3 She and Sir Robert de Ferrers, 1st Baron Ferrers of Wemme obtained a marriage license on 27 September 1369 at Acton Burnell, Shropshire, England; They had 1 son, Robert.2,4,3
    Elizabeth le Botiller married Sir John Say before 24 November 1381.2,3
    Elizabeth le Botiller married Sir Thomas Molington before 25 October 1398; Date of Papal indult.5,2,3
    Elizabeth le Botiller died on 19 June 1411;
    Requested to be buried in the Church of the Crutched Friars next to the Tower of London.2,3

    'Family 1 Sir Robert de Ferrers, 1st Baron Ferrers of Wemme b. c 1350, d. 31 Dec 1380

    Child

    ?Sir Robert de Ferrers, 2nd Lord Ferrers of Wem+2,3 b. c 1372, d. b 29 Nov 1396
    'Family 2 Sir John Say d. bt 5 Jul 1395 - 25 Oct 1398
    'Family 3 Sir Thomas Molington d. 7 May 1408

    Citations

    1.[S3676] Unknown author, The Complete Peerage, by Cokayne, Vol. II, p. 232, 233; Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, 4th Ed., by F. L. Weis, p. 148; Wallop Family, p. 117.
    2.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 134.
    3.[S15] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, p. 877-878.
    4.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 308.
    5.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. V, p. 334, chart.

    http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p432.htm#i12957

    Children:
    1. 106. Robert de Ferrers, III, Knight, 2nd Baron Ferrers of Wem was born ~ 1373, Willisham, Suffolkshire, England; died Bef 29 Nov 1396.

  33. 214.  John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of LancasterJohn of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster was born 6 Mar 1340, St. Bavo's Abbey, Ghent, Belgium (son of Edward III, King of England and Phillipa d'Avesnes, Queen of England); died 3 Feb 1399, Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England; was buried 15 Mar 1399, St. Paul's Cathedral, London, Middlesex, England..

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Duke of Aquitaine
    • Also Known As: King of Castile

    Notes:

    John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, KG (6 March 1340 – 3 February 1399) was a member of the House of Plantagenet, the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He was called "John of Gaunt" because he was born in Ghent, then rendered in English as Gaunt. When he became unpopular later in life, scurrilous rumours and lampoons circulated that he was actually the son of a Ghent butcher, perhaps because Edward III was not present at the birth. This story always drove him to fury.[2]

    As a younger brother of Edward, Prince of Wales (Edward, the Black Prince), John exercised great influence over the English throne during the minority of Edward's son, who became King Richard II, and the ensuing periods of political strife. Due to some generous land grants, John was one of the richest men in his era. He made an abortive attempt to enforce a claim to the Crown of Castile that came courtesy of his second wife Constance, who was an heir to the Castillian Kingdom, and for a time styled himself as such.

    John of Gaunt's legitimate male heirs, the Lancasters, include Kings Henry IV, Henry V, and Henry VI. His other legitimate descendants include his daughters Queen Philippa of Portugal and Elizabeth, Duchess of Exeter (by his first wife Blanche of Lancaster), and Queen Catherine of Castile (by his second wife Constance of Castile). John fathered five children outside marriage, one early in life by a lady-in-waiting to his mother, and four by Katherine Swynford, Gaunt's long-term mistress and third wife. The children of Katherine Swynford, surnamed "Beaufort," were legitimised by royal and papal decrees after John and Katherine married in 1396. Descendants of this marriage include Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland, a grandmother of Kings Edward IV and Richard III; John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, a great-grandfather of King Henry VII; and Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scots, from whom are descended all subsequent sovereigns of Scotland beginning in 1437 and all sovereigns of England, Great Britain and the United Kingdom from 1603 to the present day. The three houses of English sovereigns that succeeded the rule of Richard II in 1399 — the Houses of Lancaster, York and Tudor — were all descended from John's children Henry IV, Joan Beaufort and John Beaufort, respectively. In addition, John's daughter Catherine of Lancaster was married to King Henry III of Castile, which made him the grandfather of King John II of Castile and the ancestor of all subsequent monarchs of the Crown of Castile and united Spain. Through John II of Castile's great-granddaughter Joanna the Mad, John of Gaunt is also an ancestor of the Habsburg rulers who would reign in Spain and much of central Europe.

    John of Gaunt's eldest son and heir, Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford, the son of his first wife Blanche of Lancaster, was exiled for ten years by King Richard II in 1398 as resolution to a dispute between Henry and Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk.[3] When John of Gaunt died in 1399, his estates and titles were declared forfeit to the crown, since King Richard II had named Henry a traitor and changed his sentence to exile for life.[3] Henry Bolingbroke returned from exile to reclaim his inheritance and depose Richard. Bolingbroke then reigned as King Henry IV of England (1399–1413), the first of the descendants of John of Gaunt to hold the throne of England.

    Duke of Lancaster

    Kenilworth Castle, a massive fortress extensively modernised and given a new Great Hall by John of Gaunt after 1350
    John was the fourth son of King Edward III of England. His first wife, Blanche of Lancaster, was also his third cousin, both as great-great-grandchildren of King Henry III. They married in 1359 at Reading Abbey as a part of the efforts of Edward III to arrange matches for his sons with wealthy heiresses. Upon the death of his father-in-law, the 1st Duke of Lancaster, in 1361, John received half his lands, the title "Earl of Lancaster", and distinction as the greatest landowner in the north of England as heir of the Palatinate of Lancaster. He also became the 14th Baron of Halton and 11th Lord of Bowland. John inherited the rest of the Lancaster property when Blanche's sister Maud, Countess of Leicester (married to William V, Count of Hainaut), died without issue on 10 April 1362.

    John received the title "Duke of Lancaster" from his father on 13 November 1362. By then well established, he owned at least thirty castles and estates across England and France and maintained a household comparable in scale and organisation to that of a monarch. He owned land in almost every county in England, a patrimony that produced a net income of between ¹8,000 and ¹10,000 a year.[4]

    After the death in 1376 of his older brother Edward of Woodstock (also known as the "Black Prince"), John of Gaunt contrived to protect the religious reformer John Wycliffe, possibly to counteract the growing secular power of the church.[5] However, John's ascendancy to political power coincided with widespread resentment of his influence. At a time when English forces encountered setbacks in the Hundred Years' War against France, and Edward III's rule was becoming unpopular due to high taxation and his affair with Alice Perrers, political opinion closely associated the Duke of Lancaster with the failing government of the 1370s. Furthermore, while King Edward and the Prince of Wales were popular heroes due to their successes on the battlefield, John of Gaunt had not won equivalent military renown that could have bolstered his reputation. Although he fought in the Battle of Nâajera (1367), for example, his later military projects proved unsuccessful.

    When Edward III died in 1377 and John's ten-year-old nephew succeeded as Richard II of England, John's influence strengthened. However, mistrust remained, and some[who?] suspected him of wanting to seize the throne himself. John took pains to ensure that he never became associated with the opposition to Richard's kingship. As de facto ruler during Richard's minority, he made unwise decisions on taxation that led to the Peasants' Revolt in 1381, when the rebels destroyed his home in London, the Savoy Palace. Unlike some of Richard's unpopular advisors, John was away from London at the time of the uprising and thus avoided the direct wrath of the rebels.

    In 1386 John left England to seek the throne of Castile, claimed in Jure uxoris by right of his second wife, Constance of Castile, whom he had married in 1371. However, crisis ensued almost immediately in his absence, and in 1387 King Richard's misrule brought England to the brink of civil war. Only John, on his return to England in 1389, succeeded in persuading the Lords Appellant and King Richard to compromise to usher in a period of relative stability. During the 1390s, John's reputation of devotion to the well-being of the kingdom was largely restored.

    Sometime after the death of Blanche of Lancaster in 1368 and the birth of their first son, John Beaufort, in 1373, John of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford, the daughter of an ordinary knight, entered into an extra-marital love affair that would produce four children for the couple. All of them were born out of wedlock, but legitimized upon their parents' eventual marriage. The adulterous relationship endured until 1381, when it was broken out of political necessity.[6] On 13 January 1396, two years after the death of Constance of Castile, Katherine and John of Gaunt married in Lincoln Cathedral. The children bore the surname "Beaufort" after a former French possession of the duke. The Beaufort children, three sons and a daughter, were legitimised by royal and papal decrees after John and Katherine married. A later proviso that they were specifically barred from inheriting the throne, the phrase excepta regali dignitate ("except royal status"), was inserted with dubious authority by their half-brother Henry IV.

    John died of natural causes on 3 February 1399 at Leicester Castle, with his third wife Katherine by his side.

    Military commander in France

    Because of his rank, John of Gaunt was one of England's principal military commanders in the 1370s and 1380s, though his enterprises were never rewarded with the kind of dazzling success that had made his elder brother Edward the Black Prince such a charismatic war leader.

    On the resumption of war with France in 1369, John was sent to Calais with the Earl of Hereford and a small English army with which he raided into northern France. On 23 August, he was confronted by a much larger French army under Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy. Exercising his first command, John dared not attack such a superior force and the two armies faced each other across a marsh for several weeks until the English were reinforced by the Earl of Warwick, at which the French withdrew without offering battle. John and Warwick then decided to strike Harfleur, the base of the French fleet on the Seine. Further reinforced by German mercenaries, they marched on Harfleur, but were delayed by French guerilla operations while the town prepared for a siege. John invested the town for four days in October, but he was losing so many men to dysentery and bubonic plague that he decided to abandon the siege and return to Calais. During this retreat, the army had to fight its way across the Somme at the ford of Blanchetaque against a French army led by Hugh de Chãatillon, who was captured and sold to Edward III. By the middle of November, the survivors of the sickly army returned to Calais, where the Earl of Warwick died of plague. Though it seemed an inglorious conclusion to the campaign, John had forced the French king, Charles V, to abandon his plans to invade England that autumn.[7]

    In the summer of 1370, John was sent with a small army to Aquitaine to reinforce his ailing elder brother, the Black Prince, and his younger brother Edmund of Langley, Earl of Cambridge. With them, he participated in the Siege of Limoges (September 1370). He took charge of the siege operations and at one point engaging in hand-to-hand fighting in the undermining tunnels.[8] After this event, the Black Prince surrendered his lordship of Aquitaine and sailed for England, leaving John in charge. Though he attempted to defend the duchy against French encroachment for nearly a year, lack of resources and money meant he could do little but husband what small territory the English still controlled, and he resigned the command in September 1371 and returned to England.[9] Just before leaving Aquitaine, he married the Infanta Constance of Castile on September 1371 at Roquefort, near Bordeaux, Guienne. The following year he took part with his father, Edward III, in an abortive attempt to invade France with a large army, which was frustrated by three months of unfavourable winds.

    Probably John's most notable feat of arms occurred in August–December 1373, when he attempted to relieve Aquitaine by the landward route, leading an army of some 9,000 mounted men from Calais on a great chevauchâee from north-eastern to south-western France on a 900 kilometre raid. This four-month ride through enemy territory, evading French armies on the way, was a bold stroke that impressed contemporaries but achieved virtually nothing. Beset on all sides by French ambushes and plagued by disease and starvation, John of Gaunt and his raiders battled their way through Champagne, east of Paris, into Burgundy, across the Massif Central, and finally down into Dordogne. Unable to attack any strongly fortified forts and cities, the raiders plundered the countryside, which weakened the French infrastructure, but the military value of the damage was only temporary. Marching in winter across the Limousin plateau, with stragglers being picked off by the French, huge numbers of the army, and even larger numbers of horses, died of cold, disease or starvation. The army reached English-occupied Bordeaux on 24 December 1373, severely weakened in numbers with the loss of least one-third of their force in action and another third to disease. Upon arrival in Bordeaux, many more succumbed to the bubonic plague that was raging in the city. Sick, demoralised and mutinous, the army was in no shape to defend Aquitaine, and soldiers began to desert. John had no funds with which to pay them, and despite his entreaties, none were sent from England, so in April 1374, he abandoned the enterprise and sailed for home.[10]

    John's final campaign in France took place in 1378. He planned a 'great expedition' of mounted men in a large armada of ships to land at Brest and take control of Brittany. Not enough ships could be found to transport the horses, and the expedition was tasked with the more limited objective of capturing St. Malo. The English destroyed the shipping in St. Malo harbour and began to assault the town by land on 14 August, but John was soon hampered by the size of his army, which was unable to forage because French armies under Olivier de Clisson and Bertrand du Guesclin occupied the surrounding countryside, harrying the edges of his force. In September, the siege was simply abandoned and the army returned ingloriously to England. John of Gaunt received most of the blame for the debãacle.[11]

    Partly as a result of these failures, and those of other English commanders at this period, John was one of the first important figures in England to conclude that the war with France was unwinnable because of France's greater resources of wealth and manpower. He began to advocate peace negotiations; indeed, as early as 1373, during his great raid through France, he made contact with Guillaume Roger, brother and political adviser of Pope Gregory XI, to let the pope know he would be interested in a diplomatic conference under papal auspices. This approach led indirectly to the Anglo-French Congress of Bruges in 1374–77, which resulted in the short-lived Truce of Bruges between the two sides.[12] John was himself a delegate to the various conferences that eventually resulted in the Truce of Leulinghem in 1389. The fact that he became identified with the attempts to make peace added to his unpopularity at a period when the majority of Englishmen believed victory would be in their grasp if only the French could be defeated decisively as they had been in the 1350s. Another motive was John's conviction that it was only by making peace with France would it be possible to release sufficient manpower to enforce his claim to the throne of Castile.

    Head of government

    On his return from France in 1374, John took a more decisive and persistent role in the direction of English foreign policy. From then until 1377, he was effectively the head of the English government due to the illness of his father and elder brother, who were unable to exercise authority. His vast estates made him the richest man in England, and his great wealth, ostentatious display of it, autocratic manner and attitudes, enormous London mansion (the Savoy Palace on the Strand) and association with the failed peace process at Bruges combined to make him the most visible target of social resentments. His time at the head of government was marked by the so-called Good Parliament of 1376 and the Bad Parliament of 1377. The first, called to grant massive war taxation to the Crown, turned into a parliamentary revolution, with the Commons (supported to some extent by the Lords) venting their grievances at decades of crippling taxation, misgovernment, and suspected endemic corruption among the ruling classes. John was left isolated (even the Black Prince supported the need for reform) and the Commons refused to grant money for the war unless most of the great officers of state were dismissed and the king's mistress Alice Perrers, another focus of popular resentment, was barred from any further association with him. But even after the government acceded to virtually all their demands, the Commons then refused to authorise any funds for the war, losing the sympathy of the Lords as a result.

    The death of the Black Prince on 8 June 1376 and the onset of Edward III's last illness at the closing of Parliament on 10 July left John with all the reins of power. He immediately had the ailing king grant pardons to all the officials impeached by the Parliament; Alice Perrers too was reinstated at the heart of the king's household. John impeached William of Wykeham and other leaders of the reform movement, and secured their conviction on old or trumped-up charges. The parliament of 1377 was John's counter-coup: crucially, the Lords no longer supported the Commons and John was able to have most of the acts of 1376 annulled. He also succeeded in forcing the Commons to agree to the imposition of the first Poll Tax in English history — a viciously regressive measure that bore hardest on the poorest members of society.[13] There was organised opposition to his measures and rioting in London; John of Gaunt's arms were reversed or defaced wherever they were displayed, and protestors pasted up lampoons on his supposedly dubious birth. At one point he was forced to take refuge across the Thames, while his Savoy Palace only just escaped looting.[14] It was rumoured (and believed by many people in England and France) that he intended to seize the throne for himself and supplant the rightful heir, his nephew Richard, the son of the Black Prince, but there seems to have been no truth in this and on the death of Edward III and the accession of the child Richard II, John sought no position of regency for himself and withdrew to his estates.[15]

    John's personal unpopularity persisted, however, and the failure of his expedition to Saint-Malo in 1378 did nothing for his reputation. By this time, too, some of his possessions were taken from him by the Crown. For example, his ship, the Dieulagarde, was seized and bundled with other royal ships to be sold (to pay off the debts of Sir Robert de Crull, who during the latter part of King Edward III's reign had been the Clerk of the King's Ships, and had advanced monies to pay for the king's ships .[16] During the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, John of Gaunt was far from the centre of events, on the March of Scotland, but he was among those named by the rebels as a traitor to be beheaded as soon as he could be found. The Savoy Palace was systematically destroyed by the mob and burned to the ground. Nominally friendly lords and even his own fortresses closed their gates to him, and John was forced to flee into Scotland with a handful of retainers and throw himself on the charity of King Robert II of Scotland until the crisis was over.[17]

    King of Castile

    Upon his marriage to the Infanta Constance of Castile in 1371, John assumed (officially from 29 January 1372) the title of King of Castile and Leâon in right of his wife, and insisted his fellow English nobles henceforth address him as 'my lord of Spain'.[18] He impaled his arms with those of the Spanish kingdom. From 1372, John gathered around himself a small court of refugee Castilian knights and ladies and set up a Castilian chancery that prepared documents in his name according to the style of Peter of Castile, dated by the Castilian era and signed by himself with the Spanish formula 'Yo El Rey' ("I, the King").[19] He hatched several schemes to make good his claim with an army, but for many years these were still-born due to lack of finance or the conflicting claims of war in France or with Scotland. It was only in 1386, after Portugal under its new King John I had entered into full alliance with England, that he was actually able to land with an army in Spain and mount a campaign for the throne of Castile (that ultimately failed). John sailed from England on 9 July 1386 with a huge Anglo-Portuguese fleet carrying an army of about 5,000 men plus an extensive 'royal' household and his wife and daughters. Pausing on the journey to use his army to drive off the French forces who were then besieging Brest, he landed at Corunna in northern Spain on 29 July.


    John of Gaunt dines with John I of Portugal, to discuss a joint Anglo-Portuguese invasion of Castile (from Jean de Wavrin's Chronique d'Angleterre).
    The Castilian king, John of Trastâamara, had expected John would land in Portugal and had concentrated his forces on the Portuguese border. He was wrong-footed by John's decision to invade Galicia, the most distant and disaffected of Castile's kingdoms. From August to October, John of Gaunt set up a rudimentary court and chancery at Ourense and received the submission of the Galician nobility and most of the towns of Galicia, though they made their homage to him conditional on his being recognised as king by the rest of Castile. While John of Gaunt had gambled on an early decisive battle, the Castilians were in no hurry to join battle, and he began to experience difficulties keeping his army together and paying it. In November, he met King John I of Portugal at Ponte do Mouro on the south side of the Minho River and concluded an agreement with him to make a joint Anglo-Portuguese invasion of central Castile early in 1387. The treaty was sealed by the marriage of John's eldest daughter Philippa to the Portuguese king. A large part of John's army had succumbed to sickness, however, and when the invasion was mounted, they were far outnumbered by their Portuguese allies. The campaign of April–June 1387 was an ignominious failure. The Castilians refused to offer battle and the Galician-Anglo-Portuguese troops, apart from time-wasting sieges of fortified towns, were reduced to foraging for food in the arid Spanish landscape. They were harried mainly by French mercenaries of the Castilian king. Many hundreds of English, including close friends and retainers of John of Gaunt, died of disease or exhaustion. Many deserted or abandoned the army to ride north under French safe-conducts. Shortly after the army returned to Portugal, John of Gaunt concluded a secret treaty with John of Trastâamara under which he and his wife renounced all claim to the Castilian throne in return for a large annual payment and the marriage of their daughter Catherine to John of Trastâamara's son Henry.

    Duke of Aquitaine

    John left Portugal for Aquitaine, and he remained in that province until he returned to England in November 1389. This effectively kept him off the scene while England endured the major political crisis of the conflict between Richard II and the Lords Appellant, who were led by John of Gaunt's younger brother Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester. Only four months after his return to England, in March 1390, Richard II formally invested Gaunt with the Duchy of Aquitaine, thus providing him with the overseas territory he had long desired. However he did not immediately return to the province, but remained in England and mainly ruled through seneschals as an absentee duke. His administration of the province was a disappointment, and his appointment as duke was much resented by the Gascons, since Aquitaine had previously always been held directly by the king of England or his heir; it was not felt to be a fief that a king could bestow on a subordinate. In 1394–95, he was forced to spend nearly a year in Gascony to shore up his position in the face of threats of secession by the Gascon nobles. He was one of England's principal negotiators in the diplomatic exchanges with France that led to the Truce of Leulingham in 1396, and he initially agreed to join the French-led Crusade that ended in the disastrous Battle of Nicopolis, but withdrew due to ill-health and the political problems in Gascony and England.[20] For the remainder of his life, John of Gaunt occupied the role of valued counsellor of the king and loyal supporter of the Crown. He did not even protest, it seems, when his younger brother Thomas was murdered at Richard's behest. It may be that he felt he had to maintain this posture of loyalty to protect his son Henry Bolingbroke (the future Henry IV), who had also been one of the Lords Appellant, from Richard's wrath; but in 1398 Richard had Bolingbroke exiled, and on John of Gaunt's death the next year he disinherited Bolingbroke completely, seizing John's vast estates for the Crown.

    Relationship to Chaucer

    John of Gaunt was a patron and close friend of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer, most famously known for his work The Canterbury Tales. Near the end of their lives, Lancaster and Chaucer became brothers-in-law. Chaucer married Philippa (Pan) de Roet in 1366, and Lancaster took his mistress of nearly 30 years, Katherine Swynford (de Roet), who was Philippa Chaucer's sister, as his third wife in 1396. Although Philippa died c. 1387, the men were bound as brothers and Lancaster's children by Katherine – John, Henry, Thomas and Joan Beaufort – were Chaucer's nephews and niece.

    Chaucer's Book of the Duchess, also known as the Deeth of Blaunche the Duchesse,[21] was written in commemoration of Blanche of Lancaster, John of Gaunt's first wife. The poem refers to John and Blanche in allegory as the narrator relates the tale of "A long castel with walles white/Be Seynt Johan, on a ryche hil" (1318–1319) who is mourning grievously after the death of his love, "And goode faire White she het/That was my lady name ryght" (948–949). The phrase "long castel" is a reference to Lancaster (also called "Loncastel" and "Longcastell"), "walles white" is thought to likely be an oblique reference to Blanche, "Seynt Johan" was John of Gaunt's name-saint, and "ryche hil" is a reference to Richmond; these thinly veiled references reveal the identity of the grieving black knight of the poem as John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and Earl of Richmond. "White" is the English translation of the French word "blanche", implying that the white lady was Blanche of Lancaster.[22]

    Believed to have been written in the 1390s, Chaucer's short poem Fortune, is also inferred to directly reference Lancaster.[23][24] "Chaucer as narrator" openly defies Fortune, proclaiming he has learned who his enemies are through her tyranny and deceit, and declares "my suffisaunce" (15) and that "over himself hath the maystrye" (14). Fortune, in turn, does not understand Chaucer's harsh words to her for she believes she has been kind to him, claims that he does not know what she has in store for him in the future, but most importantly, "And eek thou hast thy beste frend alyve" (32, 40, 48). Chaucer retorts that "My frend maystow nat reven, blind goddesse" (50) and orders her to take away those who merely pretend to be his friends. Fortune turns her attention to three princes whom she implores to relieve Chaucer of his pain and "Preyeth his beste frend of his noblesse/That to som beter estat he may atteyne" (78–79). The three princes are believed to represent the dukes of Lancaster, York, and Gloucester, and a portion of line 76, "as three of you or tweyne," to refer to the ordinance of 1390 which specified that no royal gift could be authorised without the consent of at least two of the three dukes.[23] Most conspicuous in this short poem is the number of references to Chaucer's "beste frend". Fortune states three times in her response to the plaintiff, "And also, you still have your best friend alive" (32, 40, 48); she also references his "beste frend" in the envoy when appealing to his "noblesse" to help Chaucer to a higher estate. A fifth reference is made by "Chaucer as narrator" who rails at Fortune that she shall not take his friend from him. While the envoy playfully hints to Lancaster that Chaucer would certainly appreciate a boost to his status or income, the poem Fortune distinctively shows his deep appreciation and affection for John of Gaunt.

    Marriages

    Coat of arms of John of Gaunt asserting his kingship over Castile and Leâon, combining the Castilian castle and lion with lilies of France, the lions of England and his heraldic difference

    On 19 May 1359 at Reading Abbey, John married his third cousin, Blanche of Lancaster, daughter of Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster. The wealth she brought to the marriage was the foundation of John's fortune. Blanche died on 12 September 1368 at Tutbury Castle, while her husband was overseas. Their son Henry Bolingbroke became Henry IV of England, after the duchy of Lancaster was taken by Richard II upon John's death while Henry was in exile. Their daughter Philippa became Queen of Portugal by marrying King John I of Portugal in 1387. All subsequent kings of Portugal were thus descended from John of Gaunt.

    In 1371, John married Infanta Constance of Castile, daughter of King Peter of Castile, thus giving him a claim to the Crown of Castile, which he would pursue. Though John was never able to make good his claim, his daughter by Constance, Catherine of Lancaster, became Queen of Castile by marrying Henry III of Castile. Catherine of Aragon is descended from this line.

    During his marriage to Constance, John of Gaunt had fathered four children by a mistress, the widow Katherine Swynford (whose sister Philippa de Roet was married to Chaucer). Prior to her widowhood, Katherine had borne at least two, possibly three, children to Lancastrian knight Sir Hugh Swynford. The known names of these children are Blanche and Thomas. (There may have been a second Swynford daughter.) John of Gaunt was Blanche Swynford's godfather.[25]
    Constance died in 1394.

    John married Katherine in 1396, and their children, the Beauforts, were legitimised by King Richard II and the Church, but barred from inheriting the throne. From the eldest son, John, descended a granddaughter, Margaret Beaufort, whose son, later King Henry VII of England, would nevertheless claim the throne.

    Queen Elizabeth II and her predecessors since Henry IV are descended from John of Gaunt.

    Children

    1640 drawing of tombs of Katherine Swynford and daughter Joan Beaufort

    By Blanche of Lancaster:

    Philippa (1360–1415) married King John I of Portugal (1357–1433).
    John (1362–1365) was the first-born son of John and Blanche of Lancaster and lived possibly at least until after the birth of his brother Edward of Lancaster in 1365 and died before his second brother another short lived boy called John in 1366.[26] He was buried at the Church of St Mary de Castro, Leicester.
    Elizabeth (1364–1426), married (1) in 1380 John Hastings, 3rd Earl of Pembroke (1372–1389), annulled 1383; married (2) in 1386 John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter (1350–1400); (3) Sir John Cornwall, 1st Baron Fanhope and Milbroke (d. 1443)
    Edward (1365) died within a year of his birth and was buried at the Church of St Mary de Castro, Leicester.
    John (1366–1367) most likely died after the birth of his younger brother Henry, the future Henry IV of England; he was buried at the Church of St Mary de Castro, Leicester
    Henry IV of England (1367–1413) married (1) Mary de Bohun (1369–1394); (2) Joanna of Navarre (1368–1437)
    Isabel (1368–1368)[27][28]

    By Constance of Castile:

    Catherine (1372–1418), married King Henry III of Castile (1379–1406)
    John (1374–1375)[28][29]

    By Katherine Swynford (nâee de Roet/Roelt), mistress and later wife (children legitimised 1397):

    John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (1373–1410)—married Margaret Holland.
    Henry Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester and Cardinal (1375–1447)
    Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter (1377–1427), married Margaret Neville, daughter of Sir Thomas de Neville and Joan Furnivall.
    Joan Beaufort (1379–1440)—married first Robert Ferrers, 5th Baron Boteler of Wem and second Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmoreland.

    By Marie de St. Hilaire of Hainaut, mistress:

    Blanche (1359–1388/89), illegitimate, married Sir Thomas Morieux (1355–1387) in 1381, without issue. Blanche was the daughter of John's mistress, Marie de St. Hilaire of Hainaut (1340-after 1399), who was a lady-in-waiting to his mother, Queen Philippa. The affair apparently took place before John's first marriage to Blanche of Lancaster. John's daughter, Blanche, married Sir Thomas Morieux in 1381. Morieux held several important posts, including Constable of the Tower the year he was married, and Master of Horse to King Richard II two years later. He died in 1387 after six years of marriage.

    Buried:
    St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London. It sits on Ludgate Hill at the highest point of the City of London. Its dedication to Paul the Apostle dates back to the original church on this site, founded in AD 604.[1] The present church, dating from the late 17th century, was designed in the English Baroque style by Sir Christopher Wren. Its construction, completed in Wren's lifetime, was part of a major rebuilding programme in the City after the Great Fire of London.[2]

    The cathedral is one of the most famous and most recognisable sights of London. Its dome, framed by the spires of Wren's City churches, dominated the skyline for 300 years.[3] At 365 feet (111 m) high, it was the tallest building in London from 1710 to 1962. The dome is among the highest in the world. St Paul's is the second largest church building in area in the United Kingdom after Liverpool Cathedral.

    St Paul's Cathedral occupies a significant place in the national identity.[4] It is the central subject of much promotional material, as well as of images of the dome surrounded by the smoke and fire of the Blitz.[4] Services held at St Paul's have included the funerals of Lord Nelson, the Duke of Wellington and Sir Winston Churchill; Jubilee celebrations for Queen Victoria; peace services marking the end of the First and Second World Wars; the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer, the launch of the Festival of Britain and the thanksgiving services for the Golden Jubilee, the 80th Birthday and the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II.

    St Paul's Cathedral is a working church with hourly prayer and daily services.

    more ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Paul%27s_Cathedral

    Died:
    Leicester Castle was built over the Roman town walls.

    According to Leicester Museums, the castle was probably built around 1070 (soon after the Norman Conquest in 1066)[2] under the governorship of Hugh de Grantmesnil. The remains now consist of a mound, along with ruins. Originally the mound was 40 ft (12.2 m) high. Kings sometimes stayed at the castle (Edward I in 1300, and Edward II in 1310 and 1311), and John of Gaunt and his second wife Constance of Castile both died here in 1399 and 1394 respectively.

    more ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leicester_Castle

    John married Katherine de Roet, Duchess of Lancaster 0___ 1396, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. Katherine (daughter of Paon de Roet, Knight and unnamed spouse) was born 25 Nov 1350, Picardie, France; died 10 May 1403, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England; was buried Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  34. 215.  Katherine de Roet, Duchess of LancasterKatherine de Roet, Duchess of Lancaster was born 25 Nov 1350, Picardie, France (daughter of Paon de Roet, Knight and unnamed spouse); died 10 May 1403, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England; was buried Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Katherine Swynford

    Notes:

    Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster (also spelled Katharine or Catherine[2]), was the third wife of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, a son of King Edward III. She had been the Duke's lover for many years before their marriage. The couple's children, born before the marriage, were later legitimated during the reign of the Duke's nephew, Richard II, although with the provision that neither they nor their descendants could ever claim the throne of England.

    Their descendants were members of the Beaufort family, which played a major role in the Wars of the Roses. Henry VII, who became King of England in 1485, derived his claim to the throne from his mother Margaret Beaufort, who was a great-granddaughter of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford. His legal claim to the throne, however, was through a matrilineal and previously illegitimate line and Henry's first action was to declare himself king "by right of conquest" retroactively from 21 August 1485, the day before his army defeated King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth.[3]

    Family

    Katherine was the daughter of Paon de Roet, a herald, and later knight, who was "probably christened as Gilles".[4] She had two sisters, Philippa and Isabel (also called Elizabeth) de Roet, and a brother, Walter. Isabel later became Canoness of the convent of St. Waudru's, Mons, c. 1366. Katherine is generally held to have been his youngest child. However, Alison Weir argues that Philippa was the junior and that both were children of a second marriage.[4] Katherine's sister Philippa, a lady of Queen Philippa's household, married the poet Geoffrey Chaucer.

    Life

    She was probably born in Hainaut in 1349 or 1350. Katherine's birth date may have been 25 November, as that is the feast day of her patron, St. Catherine of Alexandria.[citation needed] The family returned to England in 1351, and it is likely that Katherine stayed there during her father's continued travels.

    In about 1366, at St Clement Danes Church, Westminster, Katherine, aged sixteen or seventeen, contracted an advantageous marriage with "Hugh" Ottes Swynford, a Knight from the manor of Kettlethorpe in Lincolnshire, the son of Thomas Swynford by his marriage to Nicole Druel. She had the following children by him: Blanche (born 1 May 1367), Thomas (21 September 1368 – 1432), and possibly Margaret Swynford (born about 1369), later recorded as a nun of the prestigious Barking Abbey nominated by command of King Richard II.

    Katherine became attached to the household of John of Gaunt as governess to his daughters Philippa of Lancaster and Elizabeth of Lancaster. The ailing duchess Blanche had Katherine's daughter Blanche (her namesake) placed within her own daughters' chambers and afforded the same luxuries as her daughters; additionally, John of Gaunt stood as godfather to the child.

    Some time after Blanche's death in 1368 and the birth of their first son in 1373, Katherine and John of Gaunt entered into a love affair that would produce four children for the couple, born out of wedlock but legitimized upon their parents' eventual marriage; the adulterous relationship endured until 1381 when it was truncated out of political necessity[5] and ruined Katherine's reputation. On 13 January 1396, two years after the death of the Duke's second wife, Infanta Constance of Castile, Katherine and John of Gaunt married in Lincoln Cathedral. Records of their marriage kept in the Tower and elsewhere list: 'John of Ghaunt, Duke of Lancaster, married Katharine daughter of Guyon King of Armes in the time of K. Edward the 3, and Geffrey Chaucer her sister'.

    On John of Gaunt's death, Katherine became known as dowager Duchess of Lancaster. She outlived him by four years, dying on 10 May 1403, in her early fifties, an age that most of the women in the 15th century did not reach.

    Tomb

    Katherine Swynford's tomb in 1809
    Katherine's tomb and that of her daughter, Joan Beaufort, are under a carved-stone canopy in the sanctuary of Lincoln Cathedral. Joan's is the smaller of the two tombs; both were decorated with brass plates — full-length representations of them on the tops, and small shields bearing coats of arms around the sides and on the top — but those were damaged or destroyed in 1644 during the English Civil War. A hurried drawing by William Dugdale records their appearance.

    Children and descendants

    Katherine's children by Hugh Swynford were:

    Margaret Swynford (born c. 1369), became a nun at the prestigious Barking Abbey in 1377 with help from her future stepfather John of Gaunt, where she lived the religious life with her cousin Elizabeth Chaucer, daughter of the famous Geoffrey Chaucer and Katherine's sister Philippa de Roet.[4]
    Sir Thomas Swynford (1367–1432), born in Lincoln while his father Sir Hugh Swynford was away on a campaign with the Duke of Lancaster in Castile fighting for Peter of Castile.[4][6]
    Blanche Swynford, named after the Duchess of Lancaster and a godchild of John of Gaunt. (If, as suggested, she was born after 1375, this date is too late for her to have been fathered by Hugh Swynford, who died in 1371/2. However, since John of Gaunt obtained a dispensation for his marriage to Katherine for being Blanche Swynford's godchild, this theory can be discarded).[4]
    In 1846 Thomas Stapleton suggested that there was a further daughter named Dorothy Swynford, born c. 1366, who married Thomas Thimelby of Poolham near Horncastle, Lincolnshire, Sheriff of Lincolnshire in 1380, but there is no current evidence to support this claim.[4]

    Katherine's children by John of Gaunt were:

    John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (1373–1410)
    Henry, Cardinal Beaufort (1375–1447)
    Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter (1377–1426)
    Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland (1379–1440)
    The descendants of Katherine Swynford and John of Gaunt are significant in English and Scottish history. Their four children had been given the surname "Beaufort" and with the approval of King Richard II and the Pope were legitimated as adults by their parents' marriage in 1396. Despite this, the Beauforts were barred from inheriting the throne of England by a clause in the legitimation act inserted by their half-brother, Henry IV, although modern scholarship disputes the authority of a monarch to alter an existing parliamentary statute on his own authority, without the further approval of Parliament. This provision was later revoked by Edward IV, placing Katherine's descendants (including himself) back within the legitimate line of inheritance; the Tudor dynasty was directly descended from John and Katherine's eldest child, John Beaufort, great-grandfather of Henry VII, who based his claim to the throne on his mother's descent from John of Gaunt, a son of Edward III. John Beaufort also had a daughter named Joan Beaufort, who married James I of Scotland and thus was an ancestress of the House of Stuart.[7] John and Katherine's daughter, Joan Beaufort, was grandmother of the English kings Edward IV and Richard III, the latter of whom Henry Tudor (thus becoming by conquest Henry VII) defeated at the Battle of Bosworth Field; Henry's claim was strengthened by marrying Elizabeth of York, eldest daughter of Edward IV. It was also through Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmoreland that the sixth queen of Henry VIII, Catherine Parr, descended.[8] John of Gaunt's son — Katherine's stepson Henry of Bolingbroke — became Henry IV after deposing Richard II (who was imprisoned and died in Pontefract Castle, where Katherine's son, Thomas Swynford, was constable and is said to have starved Richard to death for his step-brother). John of Gaunt's daughter by his first marriage to Blanche of Lancaster, Philippa of Lancaster, was great-great-grandmother to Catherine of Aragon, first wife of Henry VIII and mother of Mary I of England. John of Gaunt's child by his second wife Constance, Catherine (or Catalina), was great-grandmother of Catherine of Aragon as well.

    In literature

    Katherine Swynford is the subject of Anya Seton's novel Katherine (published in 1954) and of Alison Weir's 2008 biography Katherine Swynford: The Story of John of Gaunt and his Scandalous Duchess (ISBN 0-224-06321-9). Swynford is also the subject of Jeannette Lucraft's historical biography Katherine Swynford: The History of a Medieval Mistress. This book seeks to establish Swynford as a powerful figure in the politics of 14th-century England and an example of a woman's ability to manipulate contemporary social mores for her own interests.

    Coat of arms of Katherine Swynford as Duchess of Lancaster, after her marriage to John of Gaunt : three gold Catherine wheels ("roet" means "little wheel" in Old French) on a red field. The wheel emblem shows Katherine's devotion to her patron saint, Catherine of Alexandria, also known as Saint Catherine of the Wheel.,[4] although there was once extant a copy of her seal's impression, ca. 1377, showing her arms of three Catherine wheels of gold on a field Gules, a molet in fess point empaling the arms of Swynford (Birch's Catalogue of Seals

    Buried:
    Lincoln Cathedral (in full The Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lincoln, or sometimes St. Mary's Cathedral) is a cathedral located in Lincoln in England and seat of the Bishop of Lincoln in the Church of England. Building commenced in 1088 and continued in several phases throughout the medieval period. It was reputedly the tallest building in the world for 238 years (1311–1549).[1][2][3] The central spire collapsed in 1549 and was not rebuilt. The cathedral is the third largest in Britain (in floor space) after St Paul's and York Minster, being 484 by 271 feet (148 by 83 m). It is highly regarded by architectural scholars; the eminent Victorian writer John Ruskin declared: "I have always held... that the cathedral of Lincoln is out and out the most precious piece of architecture in the British Isles and roughly speaking worth any two other cathedrals we have."

    more ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lincoln_Cathedral

    Notes:

    Married:
    formerly his mistress...

    Children:
    1. John Beaufort, III, Knight, 1st Earl of Somerset was born 1371-1373, Chateau de Beaufrot, Anjou, France; died 14 Mar 1410, Hospital of St. Katherine's by the Tower, London, England; was buried Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England.
    2. Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter was born 0___ 1377; died 0___ 1427.
    3. 107. Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland was born ~ 1379, Chateau Beaufort, Anjou, France; died 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England; was buried Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.