Joseph Polk Chisam

Male 1864 - 1937  (~ 73 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Joseph Polk Chisam was born 0___ 1864, (White County) Tennessee (son of James R. "Grammar-Jim" Chisam and Sallie Anderson); died 0___ 1937.

    Other Events:

    • Count of Children:

    Joseph married Sarah Abigale Humphrey 25 Dec 1895. Sarah was born 16 Aug 1869, (White County) Tennessee; died 0___ 1949. [Group Sheet]


Generation: 2

  1. 2.  James R. "Grammar-Jim" Chisam was born 23 Jan 1842, White County, Tennessee (son of Overton DeWeese Chisam and Celia Jane Hash); died 14 Aug 1918, White County, Tennessee; was buried Jericho Cemetery, Quebeck, White County, Tennessee.

    James — Sallie Anderson. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Sallie Anderson
    Children:
    1. Carleen Chisam was born (White County) Tennessee.
    2. Rosetta "Zettie" Chisam was born (White County) Tennessee; was buried Jericho Cemetery, Quebeck, White County, Tennessee.
    3. 1. Joseph Polk Chisam was born 0___ 1864, (White County) Tennessee; died 0___ 1937.
    4. Violet "Villia" Chisam was born 14 Mar 1877, (White County) Tennessee; died 29 Jun 1911; was buried Jericho Cemetery, Quebeck, White County, Tennessee.
    5. Aaron Chisam was born (White County) Tennessee.
    6. Silas Marion Chisam was born 9 Jun 1881, White County, Tennessee; died 24 Apr 1965, North Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas; was buried Arkansas Memorial Gardens Cemetery, Little Rock, Pulaski County, Arkansas.
    7. James Manuel "Spike" Chisam was born 29 Jan 1873, White County, Tennessee; died 13 Jun 1949, White County, Tennessee; was buried Mount View Cemetery, McMinnville, Warren County, Tennessee.
    8. Thomas Chisam was born (White County) Tennessee.
    9. George Chisam was born (White County) Tennessee.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Overton DeWeese Chisam was born 11 Feb 1811, (White County) Tennessee (son of John "Hickory John" Chisam and Mary Ann "Polly" Harris); died 5 Jan 1883, Walling, White County, Tennessee; was buried Chisam Cemetery, White County, Tennessee.

    Overton married Celia Jane Hash 0___ 1832, White County, Tennessee. Celia (daughter of William Wesley Hash and Elizabeth Baldwin) was born 10 Oct 1814, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee; died 25 Jul 1895, Walling, White County, Tennessee; was buried Chisam Cemetery, White County, Tennessee. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Celia Jane Hash was born 10 Oct 1814, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee (daughter of William Wesley Hash and Elizabeth Baldwin); died 25 Jul 1895, Walling, White County, Tennessee; was buried Chisam Cemetery, White County, Tennessee.

    Other Events:

    • Burial: Leon Thompson Farm, Walling, White County, Tennessee

    Notes:

    Birth: Oct. 10, 1814
    Rock Island
    Warren County
    Tennessee, USA
    Death: Jul. 25, 1895
    White County
    Tennessee, USA

    Wife of Overton D. Chisam.
    Celia is my GG grandmother. She was one of three Hash sisters who married three Chisam brothers. (Hickory John Chisam's sons)

    Family links:
    Spouse:
    Overton D Chisam (1811 - 1883)*

    Children:
    Francis E Chisam Taylor (1847 - 1929)*
    William Overton Chisam (1849 - 1915)*
    John David Chisam (1853 - 1931)*
    Celia Jane Chisum Mason (1856 - 1946)*

    *Calculated relationship

    Note: Photo credit listed for Celia Jane Hash Chisam is false. This photo was lifted from Ancestry.com, copy of the original obtained via the Chisam family.

    Burial:
    Chisam Cemetery
    White County
    Tennessee, USA

    Created by: Graveyard Shift
    Record added: Apr 21, 2010
    Find A Grave Memorial# 51417116

    end

    Children:
    1. Julie Chisam was born 21 Mar 1836, (White County) Tennessee; died 21 Oct 1910; was buried Sparta Cemetery, Sparta, White County, Tennessee.
    2. Martha Chisam was born ~ 1839, (White County) Tennessee; was buried Mount Pisgah Cemetery, White County, Tennessee.
    3. 2. James R. "Grammar-Jim" Chisam was born 23 Jan 1842, White County, Tennessee; died 14 Aug 1918, White County, Tennessee; was buried Jericho Cemetery, Quebeck, White County, Tennessee.
    4. Frances Chisam was born 0___ 1847, (White County) Tennessee; died 0___ 1929.
    5. Mary Chisam was born (White County) Tennessee.
    6. William Overton "Billy" Chisam was born 18 Dec 1849, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee; died 20 Oct 1915, Warren County, Tennessee; was buried Mount View Cemetery, McMinnville, Warren County, Tennessee.
    7. John David Chisam was born 0___ 1853, (White County) Tennessee; died 0___ 1931.
    8. Celia Jane Chisam was born 0___ 1856, (White County) Tennessee; died 0___ 1946.
    9. Josephine Chisam


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  John "Hickory John" Chisam was born 30 Nov 1780, York County, South Carolina (son of John "Blind John" Chisholm and Sarah Harris); died 0___ 1855, White County, Tennessee; was buried Chisam Cemetery, White County, Tennessee.

    Other Events:

    • Alt Birth: 30 Nov 1779, Spartanburg County, South Carolina

    Notes:

    Birth: Nov. 30, 1779
    Spartanburg County
    South Carolina, USA
    Death: 1855
    White County
    Tennessee, USA


    Family links:
    Spouse:
    Mary Ann Harris Chisam (1782 - 1891)

    Children:
    Overton D Chisam (1811 - 1883)*
    John H. Chisam (1816 - 1863)*
    William M Chisam (1822 - 1905)*

    *Calculated relationship

    Burial:
    Chisam Cemetery
    White County
    Tennessee, USA

    Created by: Graveyard Shift
    Record added: Apr 20, 2010
    Find A Grave Memorial# 51411260

    end

    John married Mary Ann "Polly" Harris 0___ 1804, Spartanburg County, South Carolina. Mary (daughter of Jonathan Harris and Margarette Patterson) was born 23 Feb 1782, Virginia; died 22 Aug 1869, White County, Tennessee; was buried Chisam Cemetery, White County, Tennessee. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Mary Ann "Polly" Harris was born 23 Feb 1782, Virginia (daughter of Jonathan Harris and Margarette Patterson); died 22 Aug 1869, White County, Tennessee; was buried Chisam Cemetery, White County, Tennessee.

    Notes:

    Birth: Feb. 23, 1782
    Virginia, USA
    Death: 1891
    White County
    Tennessee, USA

    Mary Ann "Polly" (Harris) Chisam, daughter of Jonathan and Margarette (Patterson) Harris, wife to "Hickory" John Chisam.
    Her death date of 1891 on her stone makes her 108 at her death. I have been unable to document her past 1862.

    Family links:
    Parents:
    Jonathan Harris (1751 - 1834)

    Spouse:
    John "Hickory" Chisam (1779 - 1855)*

    Children:
    Overton D Chisam (1811 - 1883)*
    John H. Chisam (1816 - 1863)*
    William M Chisam (1822 - 1905)*

    *Calculated relationship

    Burial:
    Chisam Cemetery
    White County
    Tennessee, USA

    Created by: Graveyard Shift
    Record added: Apr 25, 2010
    Find A Grave Memorial# 51596255

    end

    Children:
    1. Preston Chisum was born 0___ 1808, White County, Tennessee.
    2. 4. Overton DeWeese Chisam was born 11 Feb 1811, (White County) Tennessee; died 5 Jan 1883, Walling, White County, Tennessee; was buried Chisam Cemetery, White County, Tennessee.
    3. John Hickory Chisum, Jr. was born 0___ 1814, White County, Tennessee; died 0___ 1863, Missouri.
    4. William M. Chisam was born 7 Dec 1822, White County, Tennessee; died 4 Dec 1905, White County, Tennessee; was buried William Chisam Cemetery, Walling, White County, Tennessee.

  3. 10.  William Wesley Hash was born 0___ 1783, Grayson County, Virginia (son of John Hash and Theodocia Sturgill); died 1 Oct 1851, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee; was buried Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee.

    Other Events:

    • Probate: 8 Nov 1851, Warren County, Tennessee

    Notes:

    I have the dubious distinction of having my g-g-g-g grandfather and two of his brothers marrying three Hash sisters.Celia, Cynthia, and Mat(h)ilda married Overton, Preston, and John Chisam respectively.Celia, and her sisters are the daughters of William Wesley Hash.

    Celia Hash and Overton Chisam are my direct line.

    There must be a great story behind these two families.Did they live near each other growing up?Anyone?

    Buried:
    Hash Cemetery

    William married Elizabeth Baldwin 0___ 1809, Warren County, Tennessee. Elizabeth was born 0___ 1789, North Carolina; died 0___ 1872, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee; was buried Hash Cemetery, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Elizabeth Baldwin was born 0___ 1789, North Carolina; died 0___ 1872, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee; was buried Hash Cemetery, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee.
    Children:
    1. Cynthia L. Hash was born 0___ 1810, (Rock Island) Warren County, Tennessee; died Bef 1870.
    2. 5. Celia Jane Hash was born 10 Oct 1814, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee; died 25 Jul 1895, Walling, White County, Tennessee; was buried Chisam Cemetery, White County, Tennessee.
    3. Matilda Hash was born 0___ 1818, (Rock Island) Warren County, Tennessee; died Aft 1853.
    4. John Wilburn "Wilburn" Hash, Sr. was born 24 Nov 1818, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee; died 9 Oct 1896, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee; was buried Hash Cemetery, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee.
    5. Julius Hash was born Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee.
    6. Martha "Patsy" Hash was born 23 Oct 1823, Warren County, Tennessee; died 28 Jul 1903, Warren County, Tennessee; was buried Hash Cemetery, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee.
    7. William Wesley Hash, Jr. was born 1827, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee; died 2 Feb 1898, Warren County, Tennessee; was buried Friendship Cemetery, Campaign, Warren County, Tennessee.


Generation: 5

  1. 16.  John "Blind John" Chisholm was born 1 Jan 1756, Amelia County, Virginia (son of James D. Chisholm and Barbara Estes); died 15 Jun 1829, Marion, Madison County, Alabama.

    Other Events:

    • Military: Revolutionary War Patriot

    Notes:

    So named as he lost his eyesight during the Revolution... http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/c/h/i/Michael-Chism/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0584.html

    http://www.tngenweb.org/revwar/counties/white.htm

    SC Line, sol's only heir, Nancy FISHER stated 5 Sep 1855 that he died 15 Jun 1829 in AL leaving a widow Sarah who d 30 Aug 1848 in White Co, TN. He and wife had 7 children, to wit: Nancy FISHER, John, Chisam [sic], Rachel RIDDLES, Polly PULLEN, Betsy BURNSIDES, Sarah CHISAM & Frances HATELY & all were dec'd in 1855 except Nancy FISHER. He and wife had married in Spartansburg Dist, SC in 1774. A Mary CHISAM stated in Aug 1855 that she was a widow of one of his sons & that she drew a pension as only heir of Jonathan & Margaret HARRIS. (RW Pension File R1932) See also RW Jonathan HARRIS below.

    - "Abstracts of Rev. War Pension Files", p. 625, provided by Woodrow Barnes & Family.

    "CHISAM, John, Sarah, R1932, SC Line, sol's only heir Nancy Fisher stated 5 Sep 1855 that sold 15 Jun 1829 in AL leaving a widow Sarah who died 30 Aug 1848 in White Cty TN, sol & wife had 7 children, to wit;

    Nancy Fisher,
    John Chisam,
    Rachel Riddles,
    Polly Pullen,
    Betsy Burnsides,
    Sarah Chisam &
    Frances Hatley,

    all were dec'd in 1855 except Nancy Fisher, sol & wife m in Spartanburg Dist SC in 1774,a Mary Chisam stated in Aug 1855 that she was a widow of one of sol's sons & that she drew a pension as only heir of Jonathan & Margaret Hanis."


    16 Jun 2007

    http://genforum.genealogy.com/harris/messages/10166.html

    Re: HARRIS/MIDDLETON/ORSO Washington Co.,MS
    Posted by: Audrey Young Date: March 13, 2001 at 05:57:05
    In Reply to: Re: HARRIS/MIDDLETON/ORSO Washington Co.,MS by Nancy Benson of 20799


    John Chisholm was the oldest son of David and Ann Chisholm and was born about 1730 in Hanover Co. VA. His marriage to Sarah Harris produced 12 Chism children: William, Rachel, Polly, "Hickory John", Betsy, Elisha, Elijah, Gatewood, Frances, Sarah, Nancy, James. I didn't realize I mistyped the date their son William Chisholm married Ann Praytor about 1793 -- not 1703. I'm still looking for parents of Sarah Harris and of Mary Middleton, who married 1760 William Praytor in SC. Does your line connect to these family surnames? Audrey

    More...Slate of issue: http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/c/h/i/Michael-Chism/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0584.html


    Posted By: William Chisholm; chishwl@otelco.net
    Email: chishwl@otelco.net
    Subject: "Blind John" Chisholm/Chisum/etc--"New Information"
    Post Date: February 10, 2008 at 09:56:58
    Message URL: http://genforum.genealogy.com/chisholm/messages/1661.html
    Forum: Chisholm Family Genealogy Forum
    Forum URL: http://genforum.genealogy.com/chisholm/


    Recently, while tracking down one of the many Johns, I ran across the following information in the records of Madison Co, AL.

    Letters of Administration for the estate of one John Chisolm were issued to a Lazarus Vann on 8/16/1830. These letters were issued with the consent of the widow, Sarah. John died intestate.

    Filtering thru the notes and letters, I found the heirs to be: Sarah (widow), John Chisolm Jr., William Chisolm Sr, Isham Pullen, Alfred Marrow, Andrew Burnside, and Nancy Fisher. Nancy Fisher, and John Chisum had a letter written from White Co, Tn to the judge of probate requesting that slaves Hannah (old woman) and Dolly (girl), part of the estate of John Chisolm, be sold and the proceeds of the sale be divided among the heirs.

    A LeRoy Chisum, who apparently lived in Madison Co, Al attached his concurrence. (Sarah, Nancy, and LeRoy can not write). LeRoy's concurrence is dated April or Aug. 18, 1832. One William L. Chisam charged the estate 2.00 for bringing the slaves to Huntsville on 7/2/1832. Around this time, Sarah, the widow, had a letter written to the judge of probate asking that the judge provide her with the status of the settlement of the estate, stating that she had not received a single penny from the estate of her husband and that she had sent a letter to the administrator but not heard from him. She also stated that her husband had promised that she would be able to keep the slaves to "wate" on her during her old age.

    Soon after the letter was received, the judge ordered the sherriff to have Mr Van bring all records of the estate to court. No mention of the disposition or fate of Mr Vann is mentioned. I recoginized this John to be "Blind John" because several years ago I had read of his daughter's troubles in applying for his Revoloutionary War Pension.

    "Blind John" is listed, in most accounts, as having died in Perry Co, AL but it is apparent he died in Madison Co, AL It could be that he was a resident of Perry Co and happened to die in Madison Co. That may be why $2.00 was charged to bring the slaves to Huntsville. No records I have seen show the first names of John's son in laws, Burnside and Pullen. I think this record in Madison Co makes those name clear. Alfred Marrow may be another son in law.

    The file in Madison Co, AL has the estate sale, listing all property sold and to whom. There are also several slips of paper where Mr Vann made charges to the estate for "services" and one page which was faded and unreadable.

    There was no charge for transportation of the body so I assume John was buried in Madison Co or someone transported his body free of charge to "wherever". There is a charge of $2.00 for a casket.

    Hope this is helpful to you "Blind John" folks. BTW the spelling of the name Chisolm is all over the lot. Chisolm,Chisum,Chism,Chisam,etc. Seems that none could read or write.

    W.L. Chisholm

    end



    I have a tree at ancestry.com. Here is the link:

    My Grandmother was Clara Emmalynn Chisam from her you can follow the Chisam line to Overton (and his brothers) and beyond. As you will see in the tree,Overton, John and Preston Chisam (all brothers) married the three Hash sisters Celia, Matilda and Cynthia respectively.

    I have been told by other researchers that at the time the two families properties were adjacent to each other.

    There has been some controversy over the lineage of John “Blind John” Chisholm. Some say he descended from David and Adam Chisholm but that is another John Chisholm. There were so many John Chisholm’s that it is easy to muddle the lines. I’m certain of my research with Richard Cheesome (various spellings) being the patriarch of my clan lineage.

    If for any reason this doesn’t give you the information you seek then let me know.

    I have seen the sight you referenced and it looks like an old email of mine is with Mary Elizabeth Spencer. My Hennessee/Spencer line is also detailed in my tree with Mary Spencer marrying James Walker (in Georgia) and I have lots of other Walkers as well.

    Happy New Year to you too!

    Julia Bond

    end

    Letters of Administration for the estate of one John Chisolm were issued to a Lazarus Vann on 8/16/1830. These letters were issued with the consent of the widow, Sarah. John died intestate. Filtering thru the notes and letters, I found the heirs to be: Sarah (widow), John Chisolm Jr., William Chisolm Sr, Isham Pullen (son-in-law?), Alfred Marrow (son-in-law?), Andrew Burnside (son-in-law?), and Nancy Fisher.

    Nancy Fisher, and John Chisum had a letter written from White Co, Tn to the judge of probate requesting that slaves Hannah (old woman) and Dolly (girl), part of the estate of John Chisolm, be sold and the proceeds of the sale be divided among the heirs.

    A LeRoy Chisum, who apparently lived in Madison Co, AL attached his concurrence. (Sarah, Nancy, and LeRoy can not write). LeRoy's concurrence is dated April or Aug. 18, 1832.

    One William L. Chisam charged the estate 2.00 for bringing the slaves to Huntsville on 7/2/1832.

    Around this time, Sarah, the widow, had a letter written to the judge of probate asking that the judge provide her with the status of the settlement of the estate, stating that she had not received a single penny from the estate of her husband and that she had sent a letter to the administrator but not heard from him. She also stated that her husband had promised that she would be able to keep the slaves to "wate" on her during her old age. Soon after the letter was received, the judge ordered the sheriff to have Mr Van bring all records of the estate to court. No mention of the disposition or fate of Mr Vann is mentioned.

    This John is believed to be "Blind John" because whose daughter had troubles in applying for his Revolutionary War Pension.

    " Blind John" is listed, in most accounts, as having died in Perry Co, AL but it is apparent he died in Madison Co, AL It could be that he was a resident of Perry Co and happened to die in Madison Co. That may be why $2.00 was charged to bring the slaves to Huntsville.

    The file in Madison Co, AL has the estate sale, listing all property sold and to whom. There are also several slips of paper where Mr Vann made charges to the estate for "services" and one page is faded and unreadable.

    There was no charge for transportation of the body so probably John was buried in Madison Co or someone transported his body free of charge to "wherever." There is a charge of $2.00 for a casket.

    Hope this is helpful to you "Blind John" folks. BTW the spelling of the name.

    Research by: W.L. Chisholm and posted on ancestry.com message board 10 Feb 2008 6:00PM GMT

    end

    Died:
    intestate...

    John married Sarah Harris 0___ 1774, Tryon, Polk County, North Carolina. Sarah was born 0___ 1756, York County, South Carolina; died 30 Aug 1848, Sparta, White County, Tennessee. [Group Sheet]


  2. 17.  Sarah Harris was born 0___ 1756, York County, South Carolina; died 30 Aug 1848, Sparta, White County, Tennessee.

    Notes:

    23 Nov 2007: Clues...

    Posted By: Audrey Young
    Email: acpyoung@yahoo.com
    Subject: Re: Harris - Chism
    Post Date: June 03, 2006 at 09:19:06
    Message URL: http://genforum.genealogy.com/harris/messages/19981.html
    Forum: Harris Family Genealogy Forum
    Forum URL: http://genforum.genealogy.com/harris/

    It is a small world. If I can't find my ancestors in the normal way, I tend to go up and see if there is a downward connection. In my family notes I had written:

    "I haven’t been able to prove the parents of Sarah. A number of years ago, another researcher reported her as the daughter of James and Sarah Harris of St. Martin’s Parish, Virginia.
    27 April 1766 James and Sarah Harris of St. Martin's Parish, Louisa County, Virginia [formerly Hanover County] lived on a branch of Long Creek beside Waddy, Pope, Marks, Jones and Sharp – selling this property 11 August 1766 [Louisa County Deeds 1759-1774 by Davis]

    One line that has been well researched from immigrants Capt. Thomas and Adria Harris was through their son Robert Harris who married Mary Clairborn; and their grandson William and Temperance Harris. William and Temperance Harris had children: Benjamin, Robert, William, Jr., John, James and Jemima. Several members of this family are found in the records of the Hanover County area."

    I'm trying to prove or disprove my Samuel Howell, whose sons, David and Reece, settled in Lincoln County, TN is the same man as the Rev. Samuel Howell.

    If I find a good lead, will let you know.

    Audrey

    Children:
    1. 8. John "Hickory John" Chisam was born 30 Nov 1780, York County, South Carolina; died 0___ 1855, White County, Tennessee; was buried Chisam Cemetery, White County, Tennessee.
    2. Nancy Chisum was born 0___ 1791, Spartanburg County, South Carolina; died 0Dec 1858, White County, Tennessee; was buried Fisher Cemetery, DeKalb County, Tennessee.
    3. Rachel Chisholm died BY 1855.
    4. (Martha) Polly Chisholm died BY 1855.
    5. Elizabeth "Betsy" Chisholm died BY 1855.
    6. Sarah Chisholm died BY 1855.
    7. Frances Chisholm died BY 1855.

  3. 18.  Jonathan Harris was born 0___ 1751, Hopewell County, New Jersey; died 28 Jun 1834, White County, Tennessee.

    Other Events:

    • Military: Revolutionary War Patriot
    • Will: 25 Jun 1834, White County, Tennessee

    Notes:

    Tennesseans in the Revolutionay War... http://www.tngenweb.org/revwar/counties/white.htm

    Jonathan Harris NC Line, applied 16 Aug 1833 White Co, TN aged 82, he lived in Rowan Co, NC at enl, was born in 1751 in Hopewell Co in East Jersey; his widow applied 4 Apr 1838 White Co TN aged 86, declared they had married in Feb 1772 in Lancaster Co, PA.

    He died 28 Jun 1834, and his daughter Mary CHISOM made affidavit on 24 Feb 1852 White Co TN & she stated her mother had died 24 Aug 1849 leaving only 1 child Mary "Polly" CHISOM; a copy of his will is in the file dated 25 Jun 1834 in White Co TN, naming his wife and John CHISOM whom he appointed executor & Polly CHISOM; refers to grandchildren (not named) (RW Pension File W4979) Private, North Carolina Line, $20.00 Annual Allowance $60.00 Amount Received September 30 1833 Pension Started Age 83 (1835 TN Pension Roll) See also RW John CHISUM above.

    Jonathan married Margarette Patterson 0Feb 1772, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Margarette was born 0___ 1752, (Pennsylvania); died 24 Aug 1849, White County, Tennessee. [Group Sheet]


  4. 19.  Margarette Patterson was born 0___ 1752, (Pennsylvania); died 24 Aug 1849, White County, Tennessee.

    Other Events:

    • Alt Death: 24 Aug 1843, White County, Tennessee

    Children:
    1. 9. Mary Ann "Polly" Harris was born 23 Feb 1782, Virginia; died 22 Aug 1869, White County, Tennessee; was buried Chisam Cemetery, White County, Tennessee.

  5. 20.  John Hash was born 0___ 1764, Orange County, Virginia; died 0___ 1842, Madison County, Arkansas.

    John married Theodocia Sturgill 0___ 1780, Ashe County, North Carolina. Theodocia was born 0___ 1765, Orange County, Virginia; died 0___ 1830, Washington County, Arkansas. [Group Sheet]


  6. 21.  Theodocia Sturgill was born 0___ 1765, Orange County, Virginia; died 0___ 1830, Washington County, Arkansas.
    Children:
    1. 10. William Wesley Hash was born 0___ 1783, Grayson County, Virginia; died 1 Oct 1851, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee; was buried Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee.
    2. Thomas Hash was born 2 Apr 1792, North Carolina; died 0___ 1864, (Warren County) Tennessee; was buried Hash Cemetery, Rock Island, Warren County, Tennessee.


Generation: 6

  1. 32.  James D. Chisholm was born 0___ 1734, Caroline County, Virginia (son of John Chisum, III and Elleanor Gillentine); died 0___ 1786, (Caroline County, Virginia).

    Notes:

    Birth:
    in St. Margaret's Parish...

    James married Barbara Estes (Caroline County) Virginia. Barbara (daughter of Thomas Estes and Ann Rogers) was born 0___ 1718, Caroline County, Virginia; died Halifax County, Virginia. [Group Sheet]


  2. 33.  Barbara Estes was born 0___ 1718, Caroline County, Virginia (daughter of Thomas Estes and Ann Rogers); died Halifax County, Virginia.
    Children:
    1. James Thomas Chisholm was born 0___ 1754, (Amelia County, Virginia); died 0___ 1819.
    2. 16. John "Blind John" Chisholm was born 1 Jan 1756, Amelia County, Virginia; died 15 Jun 1829, Marion, Madison County, Alabama.


Generation: 7

  1. 64.  John Chisum, III was born ~ 1704, Amelia County, Virginia (son of John Chisum, Sr. and Elizabeth Bradley); died 9 Oct 1792, Amelia County, Virginia.

    Other Events:

    • Probate: 24 Jan 1793, Amelia County, Virginia

    Notes:

    Abstracted from the Amelia Co.,VA Will Book IV, p. 351;

    "In the name of God Amen, I John Chisum of Amelia County being of sound mind and memory do Constitute Make and Ordain this to be my last Will and Testament as follows --

    I give and devise to my Son and Law William Pattello and his Heirs forever a Certain trac or parcel of Land bound as follow Beginning at a Path by Jose Hillsmans line thence along the said line to a corner and from thence along the line formly John Hughes Sen then nearly a westerly Course (to) the large county Road thence down the said Road to Elford Booker line to a corner pine on Obadiah Chisum's line from then along the said Chisum's line to the beginning for fifty acres to be the same more or less...

    I give and devise unto my loving wife Ellender all my moveable Estate to dispose of as she thinks Proper after my Death.

    Lastly I Appoint my Wife Executrix and William Pattello Executers of this my last Will and Testament in Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this 28th day of September 1792.


    John Chisum seal


    Signed Sealed & Published
    in presence of us

    Blackburn Hughes
    Thomas Tabb
    David Allen


    At a Court held for Amelia County the 24th day of January 1793 the Last Will and Testament of John Chisum dec'd was exhibited into Court and proved by the Oath of Blackburn Hughes one of the witnesses thereto Subscribed and was ordered to be Certified and at another Court held for the said County the 28th February 1793 the same was further proved by the Oath of David Allen another Witness thereto subscribed and was Ordered to be Recorded."

    Birth:
    in St. John's Parish...

    John married Elleanor Gillentine ~ 1730, Amelia County, Virginia. Elleanor (daughter of Nicholas Gillentine, The Immigrant and Mary Eleanor Eckolls) was born ~ 1716, King William County, Virginia Colony; died 0Apr 1804, Amelia County, Virginia. [Group Sheet]


  2. 65.  Elleanor Gillentine was born ~ 1716, King William County, Virginia Colony (daughter of Nicholas Gillentine, The Immigrant and Mary Eleanor Eckolls); died 0Apr 1804, Amelia County, Virginia.
    Children:
    1. John Chisum was born ~ 1732, St. Margaret's Parish, Caroline County, Virginia; died Bef 1789.
    2. 32. James D. Chisholm was born 0___ 1734, Caroline County, Virginia; died 0___ 1786, (Caroline County, Virginia).
    3. Elizabeth Chisum was born 0___ 1736, St. Margaret's Parish, Caroline County, Virginia; died Bef 1795, Logan County, Kentucky.
    4. Absalom Chisum was born 0___ 1740.
    5. Adam Chisum was born 0___ 1742.
    6. Elijah James Chisum, Sr. was born 0___ 1744, Amelia County, Virginia; died 0___ 1818, White County, Tennessee; was buried Walker Cemetery, Sparta, White County, Tennessee.
    7. Isham Chisum was born 0___ 1746.
    8. Chloe Chisum was born 0___ 1748.
    9. Anna Chisum was born 0___ 1750.
    10. Priscilla Chisum was born 0___ 1750.
    11. Obediah Chisum was born 12 Jan 1767, Amelia County, Virginia; died 18 Jan 1837, Springfield, Robertson County, Tennessee.
    12. Sarah Chisum was born ~ 1770, Amelia County, Virginia; died Bef 1804, Kentucky.

  3. 66.  Thomas Estes was born 0___ 1688, St. Stephen's Parish, King and Queen County, Virginia (son of Abraham Estes, The Immigrant and Barbara LNU); died 14 Jun 1745, Caroline County, Virginia.

    Thomas married Ann Rogers 0___ 1717, Caroline County, Virginia. Ann was born 0___ 1690, Caroline County, Virginia; died 0___ 1745, Caroline County, Virginia. [Group Sheet]


  4. 67.  Ann Rogers was born 0___ 1690, Caroline County, Virginia; died 0___ 1745, Caroline County, Virginia.
    Children:
    1. Moses Estes was born 0___ 1710, King and Queen County, Virginia, British Colonies of North America; died 0___ 1788, Halifax County, Virginia.
    2. 33. Barbara Estes was born 0___ 1718, Caroline County, Virginia; died Halifax County, Virginia.


Generation: 8

  1. 128.  John Chisum, Sr. was born 0___ 1681, Lancaster County, Virginia (son of James Chisam and Anne Carter); died 0___ 1734, Caroline County, Virginia.

    Notes:

    3144.[John] Chisum, [I], born Abt. 1681 in Lancaster Co., VA; died 1734 in Caroline Co., VA.He was the son of 6288. [James] Chisum and 6289. [Ann Carter].He married 3145. [Elizabeth Bradley] Abt. 1703 in Richmond Co., VA.
    3145.[Elizabeth Bradley], born Abt. 1683; died Unknown.She was the daughter of 6290. [Thomas Bradley, III] and 6291. ?.

    Children of [John] Chisum and [Elizabeth Bradley] are:
    1572 i. [John] Chisum, [II], born Abt. 1704 in St. John's Par., Amelia Co., VA; died October 09, 1792 in Amelia Co., VA; married [Ellender Gillington] Abt. 1730 in Amelia Co., VA.
    ii. William Chisum, born in [Amelia Co.], VA; died Unknown.

    end

    John Chisholm (son of James Chisholm and Anne Carter) was born 1681 in Lancaster, Virginia Colonies, and died April 1773 in Virginia Colonies.He married Elizabeth Bradley, daughter of Thomas Bradley.

    Includes NotesNotes for John Chisholm:

    Received this from Jetta Chism McCool--no reference page, but copied from printed book:

    John Chism of Amelia, bor about 1704, maried about 1730, died in Amelia Co. Va, Oct. 9, 1792, was the son of John Chism of Caroline County, VA. and his wife Elizabeth Bradley.

    His birth place was Polecat Creek in the Mattapony River Valley in Old St. John's Parish, which was divided in 1720 leaving the Chism Plantation in St. Margarets's Parish,.

    Until 1727 the plitical subdivision was King William County.

    Young John received a good education, studying probablywith the Rev. James Marye, "a scholarly Huguenot" who had an academy in nearby Fredricksburg. (J. T. Duke, Kenmore and the Lewises, P. 21).

    Later on, the great George Washington and his sister Betty went to this same school. John's practical training, however, must have come from his lawyer father and from his uncle, James Chism, who was employed as secretery, rent collector, and entry-taker for Gov. Spotswood and for Sir
    Thomas Fox.

    This James Chism is the ancestor of the central Ky. Chisholms.

    The children of John and Ellender Chism moved from South-western Va. to southern Ky. settling in the Cumberland River Valley. This was before the danger of Indian Raids had ceased

    Children of John Chisholm and Elizabeth Bradley are:

    +John Chisholm, b. Abt. 1704, St. Johns Parish, Amelia County, Virginia, d. October 09, 1792, Amelia County, Virginia.

    John married Elizabeth Bradley ~ 1704, Richmond County, Virginia. Elizabeth (daughter of Thomas Bradley, III, The Immigrant and Alice Damton) was born 1681-1683, Richmond County, Virginia; died 0___ 1711, (Richmond County) Virginia. [Group Sheet]


  2. 129.  Elizabeth Bradley was born 1681-1683, Richmond County, Virginia (daughter of Thomas Bradley, III, The Immigrant and Alice Damton); died 0___ 1711, (Richmond County) Virginia.

    Notes:

    3145.[Elizabeth Bradley], born Abt. 1683; died Unknown.She was the daughter of 6290. [Thomas Bradley, III] and 6291. ?.

    Children of [John] Chisum and [Elizabeth Bradley] are:

    [John] Chisum, [II], born Abt. 1704 in St. John's Par., Amelia Co., VA; died October 09, 1792 in Amelia Co., VA; married [Ellender Gillington] Abt. 1730 in Amelia Co., VA.
    ii. William Chisum, born in [Amelia Co.], VA; died Unknown.

    end

    Elizabeth Chisum (Bradley)
    Birthdate: 1681 (30)
    Birthplace: Richmond County, Virginia, Colonial America
    Death: Died 1711 in Virginia, Colonial America

    Immediate Family:

    Daughter of Thomas Johannes Bradley, III and Alice Bradley
    Wife of John Chisum, I
    Mother of John Chisum, II and William Chisholm
    Sister of Lawrence Bradley, I; John Bradley; Thomas Bradley and Mary Bradley
    Managed by: Jukka Tapani Salakari
    Last Updated: November 27, 2016

    end

    Children:
    1. 64. John Chisum, III was born ~ 1704, Amelia County, Virginia; died 9 Oct 1792, Amelia County, Virginia.
    2. William Chisum was born (Amelia County, Virginia).

  3. 130.  Nicholas Gillentine, The Immigrant was born 28 Nov 1676, Thurland Castle, Tunstall, Lancashire, England; was christened 24 Dec 1676 (son of John Girlington and Margaret Curwen); died 0___ 1773, Halifax County, Virginia, British Colony of America; was buried Halifax County, Virginia.

    Other Events:

    • Residence: Bef 1698, Thurland Castle, Tunstall, Lancashire, England
    • Residence: Aft 1698, Hornby Hall, Brougham, Penrith, Cumbria, England
    • Emigration: ~ 1706, Hornby Hall, Cumbria, England to Halifax County, Virginia
    • Will: 21 Oct 1772, (Halifax, Halifax County, Virginia)
    • Probate: 16 Dec 1773, Halifax County, Virginia

    Notes:

    [Lila Garner]

    Nicholas GILLENTINE was born about 1676 in England, and had immigrated to Virginia by about 1710, when he married Eleanor Echols. Francis Gill[1] writes,

    "I am very confident of the information back from us [he brings some lines of descendancy lines down to the present {about 2000}, but our line enters the family with Richard and Sarah (Hillsman) Borum] to Nicholas Gillentine, because I have done the research myself.

    "Nicholas Gillentine" seems to be the immigrant for the family. There are no others of the surname, or likeness of that surname, in Virginia earlier. His birth year does fit the second marriage of John Girlington [the man thought to be his father]…. As with other cases in genealogy, a ‘leap of faith’ is required."

    Two things make it certain that Nicholas Gillentine was the immigrant: Francis found no others of that surname or likeness of that surname, in Virginia, earlier than or contemporaneous with Nicholas; and Echols[2] signed a family genealogy[3] on 14 June 1850, in which he writes in his own quaint style,

    "Old English John Echols--had 3 Daughters which I would have inserted had Known enough about them to give any satisfactory account of them---I only Know they married Outlandish men-one an Englishman named Nicholas Gilington---of their family I know nothing..."

    By "outlandish", Milner certainly means that they were immigrants, although the term in today’s usage does not suggest that definition. Wading through Milner’s history is difficult and he gives no dates, but his outline of the family has been found to be surprisingly accurate by those who have followed his clues and used census records and state and county documents to prove his statements.
    Nicholas and his wife were the parents of one son and four daughters. If there were other children, they have not been identified.
    I have seen conjecture that after his wife Eleanor died, he married an Elizabeth Ricketts. I do not know whether this is correct.
    A transcription of his will follows:

    "In the Name of God, Amen. I, Nicholas Gillington of Halifax Co., being weak in body but in sound and perfect sense and memory, thanks be to God for same, Calling to mind that men must die and after that must come to judgement, do consider that what of our affairs are not settled in this life cannot be settled hereafter, do make and ordain this, my last will and testament, acknowledging this to be my last will and testament, disannulling all other wills whatsoever, and to proceed, I shall give my estate as followeth, to-wit:

    I give to my daughter Catherine Brown one feather bed, to her and her heirs;

    to Elizabeth Collins I give one feather bed, to her and her heirs;

    to Elizabeth Chisum, daughter of John Chisum, I give one feather bed, to her and her heirs;

    to my son John Gillington I have given 400 acres of land which I intended should be his full portion, nevertheless, to take matters out of dispute, I give to his heirs five pounds cash.

    To John Chisum I give the land and plantation which I now possess in Amelia Co., containing 300 acres, to be at his own disposal for which reason he is to pay to Catherine Brown or to her heirs, -20. current money; to Elizabeth Collins or her heirs, -20.; to Ann Hillsman or her heirs, -20.; to Eleanor Chisum or her heirs, -20.; to Priscilla Hendrick, my granddaughter, or her heirs, -20.;

    and as for my negro woman Rose, she shall choose her mistress among my daughters, and they that she shall choose shall pay -20. to be equally divided among all my children now living and my two granddaughters, which is Elizabeth Chisum, wife of John Estes, and Jerushea, daughter of John Gillington, deceased.

    I therefore make and ordain John Chisum my whole and sole executor of this, my last will and testament, made in the year 1772, and on the 21st day of October.

    "In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand.

    "Nicholas Gillington

    "Witnesses:
    John Dyer
    John Templeton
    Elizabeth Lack"

    He died in 1774 in Halifax County, Virginia, and is buried there.

    There is a hand-drawn picture on the outside of Nicholas’ will, believed to have been drawn by Nicholas himself, that purports to look like Thurland Castle in Yorkshire. Francis describes the drawing as bearing a remarkable resemblance to the left wing of the castle as it looks today.

    There is no question that the name was earlier "Girlington", and a Girlington family inhabited that castle, having been driven out during one of the revolutions there.

    A ‘genealogy’ for Nicholas follows, which Francis Gill believes is accurate but requires a ‘leap of faith’, because it cannot be, or at least has not yet been proven; note that the name ‘Nicholas’ was in the family early:

    Eleventh Girlington Generation
    1516 - John Girlington, christened 9 July 1637 at St. Michael, Lancaster, England
    1517 - Margaret Ducket
    Twelfth Girlington Generation
    3032 - Sir John Girlington, born about 1613, Thurland Castle, Lancaster England; married 1633
    3033 - Katherine Girlington
    3034 - James Ducket
    Thirteenth Girlington Generation
    6064 - Nicholas Gerlington, born about 1590 at Thurland Castle, Lancaster, England
    6065 - Christiana Calton
    6066 - William Girlington Christened 15 May 1589 in St. Martin?s, York, England
    Fourteenth Girlington Generation
    12128 - John Gerlington
    12129 - Christiana Babthorpe
    12130 - Josiah Calton
    12132 - Nicholas Girlington was born in York, England
    12133 - Jane Bayley
    Fifteenth Girlington Generation
    24256- Nicholas Gerlington was born about 1530 in Hackford, York, England
    24257 - Dorothy Mannel
    24258 - William Babthorpe
    24264 - Nicholas Girlington was born in York, England. He died before 1565.
    24265 - Ann Askew was born in York, England
    24266 - John Bayley
    Sixteenth Girlington Generation
    48512 - Nicholas Gerlington was born about 1508 in York, England. He died 10 Jan 1584.
    48513 - Elizabeth Hansard was born in Kelsa Kelya, York, England.
    48514 - Robert Mannel
    48528 - Nicholas Girlington was born in York, England. He died in 1533.
    48529 - Ann Partington was born in York, England
    Seventeenth Girlington Generation
    97024 - Nycholas Gyrlyngton was born about 1450 in Dighton-j-Escrick, York, England. He died in 1509.
    97025 - Margaret Methan
    97026 - Sir William Hansard
    97056 - William Gyrlyngton was born in Dighton-j-Escrik, York, England.
    97057 - Katherine Hilyard was born in York, England
    97058 - Thomas Partington
    Eighteenth Girlington Generation
    194048 - Nicholas Gyrlyngton was born about 1426 in Dighton-j-Escrick, York, England. He died about 1466.
    194049 - Elizabeth died after 1473.
    Nineteenth Girlington Generation
    388096 - William Gyrlyngton was born about 1402 in Gyrlyngton Hall, York, England.
    388097 - Johanna.
    Twentieth Girlington Generation
    776192 - John De Gyrylyngton was born about 1375 in Gyrylyngton Hall, York, England.
    Twenty-first Girlington Generation
    1552384 - Thomas De Gyrylyngton was born about 1350 in Gyrylyngton Hall, York, England.
    1552385 - Matilda.
    Twenty-second Girlington Generation
    3104768 - Sir Robert De Gyrylyngton was born about 1315 at Gyrylyngton Hall, York, England.
    3104769 - Amabelia De York.
    Unproven parentage for Nicholas Gillentine is shown above.

    [1] See the Research Overview within the biography of Person Number 23.
    [2] Milner is descended from an Elizabeth Milner who married first John Palmer and second James Echols. She is not the Elizabeth Milner, born about 1680, daughter of John Milner and Katherine, who is a sibling of Person Number 1239 in this compilation; the time is wrong by about 100 years. There was a Milner in Virginia by 1624 when he is found on a census, while John, the immigrant Milner in our line, arrived in North America in 1659.
    [3] A Short History of our family - from the first that landed in America till the present time, as far as I Can assertain - by Milner Echols.

    *

    more...

    Abstracted from, "The Wiseman Family and Allied Lines", Volume I, by Eugene Wiseman, 1991, pp. 359-360:

    "The Gillentine family of early Virginia records is of English extractions,the name being alternately spelled Guillintine, Guillington, Gillinton,Girlington. The head of the Girlington family of Yorkshire, England had the given name "Nicholas" for many generations, as did the progenitor of the Virginia Family and several of his descendants.

    Among the Halifax County,VA courthouse loose papers is a crude drawing of the left wing of the Thurland Castle and following inscription:

    "Nicholas Gillinting, his hand in the 97th year of my age 1773"

    This inscription particulary well written for a person of his advanced years and is the only record which tells the age of Nicholas Gillentin. Although there is no proof in the church records it is believed, based on the drawing, that Nicholas is the son of John Girlington of Thurland Castle and his second wife Margaret, daughter of James Ducket of County Westmorland. John Girlington (born 1637) was the oldest surviving son of Sir John Girlington of Thurland Castle and his wife Katherine, daughter of Wm. Girlington (a cousin)."

    Thurland Castle images... http://www.google.com/search?q=thurland+castle&hl=en&qscrl=1&nord=1&rlz=1T4GGIH_enUS266US266&site=webhp&prmd=imvnso&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=C5ylT4v1MI2o8QS7qdW1Bg&sqi=2&ved=0CG0QsAQ&biw=969&bih=534

    It is possible that Margaret Duckett gave birth to Nicholas Girlington out of wedlock, which could account for Nicholas not being identified as heir to John's possessions. This issue may take much more research for resolution.

    *

    more...

    Nicholas Gillington, born about 1675 in Thurland Castle , had son John and daughters Ann, Elizabeth, Catherine, and Ellender. Was decribed by Milner Echols in his book, "History of Echols Family", as 'outlandish'. It is probable that Nicholas was illegitimate, and that his parents wed after his birth (as his father was married once before). This would explain his not inheriting any of his father's estate and his decision to migrate to the Americas.

    Residence:
    View the short distances between Tunstall and Hornby on the map ...

    Select: http://www.genuki.org.uk/cgi-bin/showmap?CCC=LAN,LAT=54.111589,LON=-2.637832,T=SP

    Select: "New Search"

    View image of Hornby Hall ... http://www.geog.port.ac.uk/webmap/thelakes/html/lgaz/hb0612.htm

    Will:
    In 1772, Moses Jr. was also a security for the will of Nicholas Gillington, the grandfather of Elizabeth Chism, the wife of Moses's brother John. In Amelia County, Moses Sr.'s land abutted Nicholas's land, so the families were well acquainted ... Roberta J. Estes

    Probate:
    View Map & History of Halifax County, Virginia ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halifax_County,_Virginia

    Died:
    View Map & History of Halifax County, Virginia ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halifax_County,_Virginia

    Nicholas married Mary Eleanor Eckolls ~ 1714, (Virginia). Mary (daughter of John Echols, II, The Immigrant and Mary Cave) was born ~ 1690, King and Queen County, Virginia Colony; died 2 Nov 1771, Halifax County, Virginia. [Group Sheet]


  4. 131.  Mary Eleanor Eckolls was born ~ 1690, King and Queen County, Virginia Colony (daughter of John Echols, II, The Immigrant and Mary Cave); died 2 Nov 1771, Halifax County, Virginia.

    Other Events:

    • Alt Birth: 0___ 1676, King and Queen County, Virginia Colony

    Notes:

    Notes from
    A daughter of John Echols and Mary Cave, married an Englishman named Nicholas Gillintine . He was one of the "outlandish men" she and her sisters married. Deeds in Caroline County reveal her name was Mary.
    Links

    Children:
    1. John G. Gillentine was born 0___ 1722, Amelia County, Virginia; died Bef 1763, Halifax County, Virginia.
    2. 65. Elleanor Gillentine was born ~ 1716, King William County, Virginia Colony; died 0Apr 1804, Amelia County, Virginia.
    3. Ann Gillentine was born 0___ 1730, Amelia County, Virginia; died 0___ 1771, Amelia County, Virginia.
    4. Elizabeth Gillentine was born 0___ 1725, Amelia County, Virginia Colony; died 0___ 1790, Halifax County, Virginia.

  5. 132.  Abraham Estes, The Immigrant was born 0___ 1647, Fordwich, Nonington, Kent, England (son of Sylvester Estes and Ellen Martin); died 21 Nov 1720, Stevensville, King and Queen County, Virginia Colony.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Linen Weaver
    • Immigration: 20 Apr 1682, Lyndhaven, Virginia
    • Residence: 0___ 1683, Kent County,Virginia Colony
    • Residence: 0___ 1704, Stevensville, King and Queen County, Virginia Colony

    Notes:

    ABRAHAM ESTES, born 1647 at Nonington, Kent, England.

    Abraham's baptism record does not survive, however he was mentioned in his mother's will. He was a linen weaver at Sandwich, Kent, by 1672. He married Ann Burton (a widow), 29/12/1672, at Worth, Kent.

    Abraham emigrated to the British colonies in North America, arriving in the parish of Lyndhaven (Old Westmoreland Co.), Virginia, on 20/4/1682. In 1683 he was living in New Kent Co, VA, before settling in the parish of St Stephen's, King and County, VA.

    In 1683 he was a signatory of a petition whilst in St. Stephen's Parish. In 1704 he paid quit rent on 200 acres in King and Queen County.

    Abraham died 21/11/1720, in King and Queen County, Virginia, leaving his estate to his wife, Barbara. Barbara made her will 25/11/1720, leaving part of the estate to several of her children and the remainder to Elisha Estes and Thomas Poor and wife Susanna, for the raising of Moses and Barbara, who upon their parents death's were raised by Thomas and Susanna Poor.

    end

    The Estes Family of England and Virginia

    The Estes are one of the great pioneer families of the United States. Numbered in their thousands they are are to be found in most parts of the country and a selection of their life histories would amply illustrate the history of America. They are to be found in the annals of the American Revolution, the expansion westwards and the Civil War and are representative of the whole social fabric from log cabin to Whitehouse! Though not among the great politicil families they produced a vice-presidential:candidate in Senator Estes Kefauver and a son-in-law on the bench to President Harrison, and they produced their own brand of tycoon in Billie Sol Estes. They were trail blazers, slave-owners and freers, Quakers. Episcopalians, Presbyterians and Baptists. They drowned in frozen rivers and were captured by Indians as children. They fought on both sides in the Civil War and nursed their dying countrymen in that conflict. Their traditional Biblical names shared place with those of George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson and their family name, which is hardly known elsewhere, has become very much an American surname.
    While it is known that the ancestors of the American Estes came from Kent in England and while there is a strong belief that the family was ultimately of Italian origin, very little has been written about the English ancestors and the English branches of the family. Indeed, a great deal of speculation and incorrect information has been circulated over the last hundred years, both in America and England. Largely due to the researches of an English genealogist employed by Charles Estes. The American families have been exposed to the belief that they descend from a family named Este which, in turn, descended from the Marquis Francesco d'Este of Burgundy who settled in England after the death of his friend and patron Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy. The story has some credibility in that Francesco, a trained diplomat, may well have been in the service of the Duchess, widow of Charles, who was an English princess and known to be sympathetic to the English pretender Lambert Simnel who claimed to be her nephew. Nevertheless it seems strange that no record of Francesco appears to survive in the English State Papers.

    The English Estes, most branches of which had adopted the Eastes spelling by the mid-eighteenth century, perpetuated another variant of this story though they had Francesco's descendants remaining in Europe where some of them became Protestant-. a,-id fled to England to escape persecution. In garbled form of this story was given false authority by another English professional genealogist in the mid-nineteenth century who stated that two brothers, sons of the Baron d'Este, a descendant of the Marquis d'Este, were Huguenots and fled to England after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. As the families of the two brothers can be traced back much earlier in Kent the story only makes sense if those who fled to England did so in the mid-sixteenth century when hundreds of Walloon and Fleming refugees fled from the Spanish Netherlands (the former Duchy of Burgundy) to escape the Inquisition. It makes even greater sense when we recall that the Flemings and Walloons were commonly referred to as Huguenots in later times.

    What we know of the English Estes is pieced together from a thorough examination of the parish registers and bishops transcripts available for Acrise, Ashford, Bucldand, Canterbury, Deal, Dover, Elnam, Folkestone, Guston, Hythe, London, Lydden, Margate, Nonington, Northbourne, Ringwould, Ripple, Rotherhithe, St Margarets at Cliff, Sandwich, Sholden, Waldershare, Walmer, West Langdon, Wingham and Wooton. The greatest linking was only achieved in recent years by an experienced English researcher, Donald Bowler, but other researchers have contributed in fitting the genealogical jigsaw together.

    The Estes of Kent were described as a "maritime" family and this may explain why the earliest appearances of the name are found scattered about the southern coast from Morwenstow in Cornwall (1558) to Harwich in Essex.' There was probably a link between the Estes of Harwich and Deal, both centres of Walloon refugee settlement, as the registers of St Leonard, Deal, list the burial on 31 August 1621 of Hugh 'Estie' of Harwich who was bound from Germinie [Netherlands] in a ship called the Sion of London [Zion, a typical Protestant name]. It is clear from the records of St Leonard that all variants of the name were used interchangeably, the earliest instances being as follows: Eastes (1581), Este (1601), Estis (1618) and Eastis (1726). John Estye, who became a freeman of Canterbury by purchase on 27 June 1562, was a shearman or maker of shears, an occupation closely associated with the Walloon textile industry. He was no doubt the same John Estey or Estye who was a clothworker mentioned in Canterbury records between 1571 and 1593.
    The first progenitor of the Deal family for whom we have reasonable records was Henry Este or Eagtes (b. about 1549 in Deal) who made his will as Henry Eastice, fisherman of Deal, on 13 April 1590. His widow Mary/Maria Rand Este (b. before 1575) was buried at St Leonards on 19 June 1601. The available evidence suggests that Henry and Mary had the following children:

    1. Richard of Deal, born 1578
    2. Henry of Deal, bapt. St Leonards 6 April 1581
    3. Mary, bapt. St Leonards 15 January 158617, buried St Leonards 29 December 1587
    4. Aron, bapt.. St Leonards 6 July 1589
    Henry left his 'pinasse' (two masted vessel) and other property to be shared equally between his three sons Richard, Henry and Aron who were all very young. His executor was his brother Robert who was probably the founder of the Ringwould branch. Robert of Ringwould had links with Deal through his son Matthew, the marriage of his grand-daughter Ellen with Moses Estes, grandson of Richard of Deal, and the fact that some of his family became mariners, like the Deal family.
    Robert of Ringwould married Ann Woodward at Sholden on 2 December 1591. He probably died about 1616. His widow Annie's will, dated 21 April 1630, was probated 9 June 1630 and gives certainty to the next generation. Their children were as follows:

    1. Matthew, bapt. Sholden 11 June 1592
    2. Sylvester,, bapt. Ringwould 26 September 1596
    3. Alice, bapt. 26 March 1597, married at Ringwould, 28 October 1628 Thomas Beane
    4. Matthew, born 1601, married at Deal 23 November 1620 Margaret Johnson
    and buried Deal 4 June 1621
    5. Robert, bapt. Ring-would 29 May 1603
    6. Thornas, bapt. Ring-would 2 June 1605 Susan, bapt. Ringwould 30 October 1608
    8. John, bapt. Ringwould 3 March 1610
    9. ?, an infant who died in 1616
    Most of the American families appear to descend from the eldest surviving child Sylvester and the fourth surviving child Robert, although the family of Richard Estes of Deal (born 1578) also had American connections. Several persons named Estes or one of its variants arrived in America before the Restoration of the Stuart monarchy in England.
    A John Estes was brought to Virginia by Theodore Moyser in 1637 and another of that name was transported in 1659. Thomas Estes and his .wife Jane nee Jones were living in Westmoreland County, Virginia, in 1654 and James Estes or Estasse, probably a relation of Thomas, was living there in 1658. The early Estes could have come from the West Country rather than Kent though the most suitable candidate for Thomas would seem to be the second son of Robert of Ringwould, born in 1636. Sylvester Estes of Ringwould, sometime church warden, married Ellen Martin of Great Hardres on 24 November 1625. Ellen was of Waldershare according to her will of 1649. Sylvester had died before December 1667 when his daughter Ellen married. He left a large family:

    1. Robert, Senior, of Waldershare,bapt. Ringwould 10 September 1626, buried Waldersha're 23 June 1692 (ancestor of the Estes of Waldershare)
    2. Anne, bapt. Ring-would 25 November 1627
    3. Silvester (a daughter), bapt. Ringwould 31 May 1629 (afterwards Mrs Nash)
    4. Susan, bapt. Ringwould, 30 March 1631
    5. Thomas, bapt. Ring7would 20 January 1633 (ancestor of Estes of Acrise, etc.)
    6. Richard, bapt. Ring-would 5 October 1634 (ancestor of Estes and Eastes of Dover, West Langdon, St Margaret at Cliff and Guston)
    7. Mary, bapt. Ringwould 2 October 1636
    8. Anne, born in 1637
    9. Nicholas of Wingham, bapt. Nonington 9 December 1638
    10. Elizabeth, b. c.1640
    11. Ellen, bapt. Nonington 11 December 1642, married at Deal, 23 December 1667, Moses Estes of Deal as his second Wife.
    12. John, bapt. Nonington 29 December 1644
    13 Abraham, born in 1647

    The youngest child Abraham is an obvious candidate to be founder of the Virginia family. He was mentioned in his mother's will in 1649 and was a linen weaver in the old Walloon town of Sandwich, aged 25, when he married Ann widow of John Burton at Worth on 29 December 1672. Presumably Am died and he started a new life in Virginia. Family members who did not realise that Silvester was a woman could have assumed that Abraham was the youngest of seven brothers which may account for the American tradition that seven brothers had gone to America. The original claim was probably that Abraham was 'one of seven brothers' which later family members misconstrued to mean that they all came.

    That Abraham, son of Sylvester of Ringwould, was the Virginian ancestor is partly supported by the fact that Abraham Estes of Virginia named his son Sylvester as his executor, a position usually filled by the eldest son who was invariably named after his paternal grandfather. Although most of the listings of the children of Abraham and Barbara Estes do not place Sylvester first the most logical arrangement is that worked out by Margaret M. Hayes of Illinois, based on a close study of the Virginia records.It is as follows:

    1. Sylvester, b. c.1684, living in 1720
    2. Samuel, b. c.1686, married Rebecca
    3. Thomas, b.c.1688, d.1744, married c.1717 Ann Rogers who d. 1745
    4. Mary, b. c.1690 (Mrs. Thomas Watkins)
    5. Susanna, b. c.1692 (Mrs Thomas Poore)
    6. Robert, b. c.1695, d. Lunenburg Co. 13 April 1775, married c.1725 Mary
    7. Abraham, b.c.1697, d. before Feb. 1759, married (1) before 1717 Ann
    (2) c. 1740 Elizabeth Jeeter who d. 1774
    8. Richard, b. c.1699, d. Feb. 1774/5, married c.1727 Mary Yancy
    9. John, b. c.1701, married Elizabeth
    10. Elisha, b. c.1703, d. Henry Co. Virginia 1782 married before 1735 Mary Ann
    11. Sarah, b. c.1705, unmarried in 1720
    12 Moses, b. c.1710, d. 1788, married c.1731 Elizabeth.
    13. Barbara, b. c.1712, d. unmarried 1729
    We now return to Robert (b.1603), the English progenitor of the Estes of New
    England. Robert Estes of Ring-would married at Ringwould 31 January 1634 Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Wilson. Her sister Joan married Robert's brother Thomas on 21 November 1636. Robert and Dorothy had the following children.

    1. Robert, bapt. Ringwould 27 February 1635
    2. Thomas, bapt. Ringwould 23 October 1636
    3. Sylvester, bapt. Ringwould 9 September 1638
    4. Sarah, bapt. Ringwould, 22 March 1639/40
    5. child, b. 1643
    6. Matthew, b. Dover 28 May 1645, d. Salem, Massachusetts July 1723 (ancestor of one branch of the New England Estes)
    7. Richard, b. Dover 16 March 1647, d. (ancestor of the second branch of the New England Estes).
    Matthew Estes, a master mariner and master.of the Scituate-built sloop Unity of Boston in 1697-98, was already living in Dover, New Hampshire, when he married Philadelphia, widow of Edward Hayes, daughter of Ronald and Ann Jenkins, on 14 June 1676. He was living in Lynn as early as 1695 and died there on 9 July 1723. He was a member of the Society of Friends or Quakers." His brother Richard was also a Quaker and came to New England in 1684 where he married Elizabeth Beck at Dover , New Hampshire, on 23 April 1687. He lived mainly at Lynn and Salem though he is regarded as the founder of the Estes family of Hanover through his eldest son Matthew.
    The third family to have American connections was that of Richard of Deal. Richard married Agnes Dove at Ringwould on November 16 and was buried at St Leonards, Deal, on 21 February 1625/26. They had the following children.

    1. Richard, Junior, bapt. St Leonards, Deal 13 October 1605
    2. Annis, bapt. St Leonards 26 July 1618, married at Northbourne 1645 John Bowen
    Richard Estes, Junior, of Deal, married (1) at St Leonards 8 October 1627 Sara Norman, and (2) 31 March 1673 Mary Hyle or Hild, a widow. He was buried at St Leonards 31 May 1673. His will dated 27 May 1673 was probated 23 June 1673. He left the following children:
    1. Aaron, bapt. At St. Leonards 11 December 1631, a mariner, married at St Leonards 11 Apn'l 1653 Susanna Whetstone and had issue six children before he died about 1664. The eldest for the West lndies' and left Nicholas, also a mariner, was born in 1653 and married Elizabeth Sprusham at Canterbury in 1677.2 He is probably the same Nicholas Estes who was Lieutenant of the fireship Vulture in Her Majesty's Service who made his will on 20 June 1707 when'outward bound his real and personal estate to his wife Elizabeth." Aaron's fourth child Elizabeth was baptised at St Leonards 3 September 1660 and married Nathaniel Hatch of Boston, Massachusetts, at Deal on 9 October 1684, founding another American family.
    2. Sara, bapt. St Leonards 10 June 1633, married 4 December 1651 Stephen Mumbray
    3. Mary, bapt. St Leonards 28 June 1635, married 18 February 1656 Jeffrey Saffery of Lower Deal.
    4. Richard, junior, of Deal, bapt. St Leonards 19 February 1636, buried St Leonards 30 May 1663. He married Sarah Bridger of Sandwich in 1656 and had issue four children.
    5. John, bapt. St Leonards 18 November 1638, buried St Leonards 23 May 1646.
    6. Ann, b. in 1641, died young
    7. Moses, bapt. St Leonards 12 November 1643
    8. Samuel, also a mariner, bapt. St Leonards 14 December 1646, married Elizabeth Sillary at Ripple in 1666
    9. John, also a mariner in Her Majesty's Service, bapt. St Leonards 2 September 1649, buried St Leonards 27 November 1695. He married Sarah Banes at St Leonards 2 March 1673 and had eight children
    10. Ann, bapt. St Leonards, 16 November 1651, married at St Leonards 4 November 1669 John Bowen, a seaman, probably her cousin.
    The seventh child, Moses, is probably ancestor of Moses Estes who settled in Virginia in 1783. He married (1) at St Leonards 30 November 1663 Mary Mumbray who was buried St Leonards 29 November 1664 leaving an infant daughter Mary who died soon afterwards. He then married Ellen or Ella Estes, daughter of Sylvester and Ellen Estes of Ringwould and presumably full sister of Abraham Estes of Virginia." Moses died at Deal 19 March 1707/8 and was buried at St Leonards where there is a Memorial headstone carved with a skull and cross-bones and an hourglass." Ellen was buried at St Leonards 26 December 1729. Moses and Ellen had the following children:
    1. Richard, bapt. St Leonards 29 January 1667/8, buried St Leonards December 1668
    2. Constant, bapt. St Leonards 28 December 1669. She was buried at St Leonards 20 November 1708 where she was commemorated on her father's headstone
    3. Aaron, bapt. St Leonards 7 February 1671
    4. Samuel, bapt. St Leonards 28 February 1674/5.
    Samuel Estes married Ann Reed at St Mary the Virgin, Aldermanbury, London on 25 October'1704 and died in 1745. He had the following children:
    1. Moses, bapt. St Dunstans, Stepney on 22 August 17 1027
    2. Ann, bapt. St Dunstans, Stepney on 22 December 1713
    3. Samuel, bapt. St Leona.rds, Deal 25 November 1719
    4. Thomas, bapt. St Leonards 27 October 1721.
    Other Estes may have come independently to America but they did not proliferate like the original pioneers. Early this century a family of Eastes of Dutch nationality arrived from Holland; they were descendants of a Richard Eastes from England who had settled in the Netherlands. This sequence of events gives a strange twist to the myth of family origins. The English Estes family was not lawfully armigerous since none of them had registered Arms, and there is no evidence of an Estes family bearing Arms before the establishment of the College of Arms in 1483. There is evidence, however, that the Eastes of Kent used armorial insignia (a garb and three fleurs-de-lys) which tends to support their Walloon or Flemish origins, since burgher arms (i.e., arms assumed by the citizenry) were proudly displayed in the Netherlands. Many of the old Walloon and Herriing families introduced this custom to England though it was never officially recognised unless the bearers applied for registration. Usually these burgher arms had the simplicity of trade signs tending to symbolise the occupation of the bearer. A garb or sheaf, for instance, could be an indication that the bearer was a brewer. Robert Eastes who became a freeman of Canterbury by redemption in 1681, was a maltster." The Crest used by the Eastes of Ashford was Issuant from three fleurs-de-lys: a garb."
    The tombstone of Thomas and @lary Eastes in Guston Churchyard, Kent, erected in 1743, displays a coat-of-arms which was once thought to be that of the family: A chevron between two {fleurs de lys} in chief and a garb in base. For crest An arm holding a [fleur de lys]." On close inspection, however, these arms appear to be those of the Worshipful Company of Tylers and Bricklayers granted on 3 February 1569: Azure a chevron or, in chief a fleur-de-lys argent between two brick-axes palewise or, in base a brush also or. For crest On a wreath or and azure a dexter arm enibowed vested party per pale or and gules, cuffed argent, holding in the hand proper a brick-axe or.

    Anyone unacquainted with the Guild arms could be excused for confusing the brush in base as a garb as it is not a common heraldic charge. It was in fact a bundle of laths which are evidently indispensable in the tiling of roofs. Also the brickaxes (larger than the central fleur-de-lys) are so nondescript as to resemble the central section of the fleur-de-lys. Why the Arms should include a fleur-de-lys at all is not Clear except that they are often a symbol of the Blessed Virgin Mary who may have been the saint to whom the early members of the fraternity made their VOWS.

    Thomas Eastes, son of Thomas and Mary, became a Freeman of Canterbury by marriage and as a Citizen and Bricklayer he would have believed himself entitled to use the Guild Arms on his father's tombstone especially as the Company had relaxed its rules after the Great Fire of London in 1666 to allow non-freemeil to enjoy all its City Privileges. It is possible, of course, that a misreading of the Arms on Thomas Eastes headstone was responsible for the family using armorial insignia displaying a garb and three fleurs-de-lys.

    Other families did not adopt Arms until the mid-nineteenth century, when they were made aware of the Arms of the Estes of Ferrara displayed on the coinage of Niccolo d'Este. The Eastes of Whitstable and Sydney assumed the quarterings of Niccolo and Leonello d'Este: 1 and 4. Azure three fleurs-de-lys or (bestowed upon the family by Charles VII in 1432) and 2 and 3. Azure an eagle argent, beaked, membered and crowned gules. These were substantially the same Arms used by the Marquis Francesco in Burgundy as on the reverse of his portrait by Roger van der Weyden in the Metropolitan Museum, New York, though the lily quarterings were surrounded by a bordure 'double indented or and gules'.

    It is intriguing that the Este arms assumed by some of the American families in modern times not only features the fleurs-de-lys quartering .vith the double indented bordure but also a garb." These arms are blazoned in Burke's General Armoury as follows: Azure, three fleurs-de-lis or, within a bordure parted per bordure dancetee over all, exterior argent, interior gules. For crest - A garb or, banded gules. These would appear to be the legitimate arms of a well-known family of Este in England whose ancestor was in the court of James I and changed the spelling of his name from East to Este at the king's suggestion because of the belief that they were a branch of the Estes of Ferrara." In the eighteenth century the head of this family was the Reverend Charles Este, a nephew of Dr Charles Este, Bishop of Waterford, and a noted literary figure described as 'the most extraordinary character of his time'." His eldest son Charles Lambton Este (1775-1841), a naval surgeon and fidend of Lord Nelson, moved to Paiis where he married Sophie Charlotte, the daughter of the banker Sir. Robert Smyth, fifth baronet and friend of Tom Paine, in 1803, and assumed the style and title of Charles Edouard, Baron D'Este.

    Although all the male members of this family have been styled Baron D'Este, the direct succession has been as follows:

    1. Charles Edouard, Baron D'Este 1775-1841
    2. Charles Michel Oscar, Baron D'Este 1809-1879
    3. Beresford Alfred, Baron D'Este,' born 1840
    4. Charles, Baron D'Este, born c.1873
    These assumed Barons remained loyal to the Church of England, took English brides and were even assumed to belong to the nobility of France being given an entry, for instance, in the Annuaire General Heraldique edited by Jules Wigniolle (Paiis, 1904). They no longer used the English arms, however, replacing them with the antique blazon of the Italian family: Dazur, a 1'aigle d'argent armee dor
    . It would be interesting to know what pedigrees they possess and whether or not there is any connection between them and the English and American Estes. The garb in their crest suggests that they may originally have come from the Netherlands also. There is always the possibility of course that Este was plain East (as West is West) or that Estis was Eustace. Niel Gunson is a historian by profession and holds the position of Senior Feflow in Pacific Histo a The Australian National University in Canberra. His earliest Australian ancestors (a great gre grandfather) arrived in 1842. His mother's family arrived in 1853. His maternal grandmother was the last to arrive from England in 1889 and it is through her that he is descended from the Estes (Eastes) family. He grew up in the Victorian countryside before going to school and university in Melbourne. He has always been interested in family history and has been a member of the Genealogical Society of Victoria (of which he is a Fellow) since 1949. He was editor of its magazine for 20 years and was also instrumental in founding the Heraldry and Genealogy Society of Canberra in 1966. He has written or edited several books relating to the Pacific and also a local history.

    NOTES

    I am greatly indebted to Donald Bowler of Canterbury, England, and Margaret M Hayes of Illinois for assistance with this paper. 1 would also like to thank Ma'ry Estes Beckham, Audrey Chappell, Tabitha Driver, Jesse Estes, Michael F. Gibbons and Mtty Estes Savage for their contributions.

    1. David Kirkpatrick Estes (1786-1876), Judge of the Superior Court of Ohio, married Lucy Harrison in 1819. Their last remaining descendant, Louise Harrison Reynolds, died in 1972.
    2. See 'Estes: Three-Sided Country Slicker', Fortune, July 1962, 166-70, 269-70, 275-76, 2-J S, 281.

    3. Col. John L. Vivian of London. Charles Estes, Estes Genealogies (Salem 1894), x, )dii. Two glaring typographical errors in the Introduction have been repeated in later histories of the family and should be corrected. Esteuse (p.viii) should read Estense and Ericolo (p.ix) should read Nicolo.

    4. The most complete account of Francesco in English is to be found in 'The Este Portrait by Roger van der Weyden' by Ernst H. Kantorowicz in his Selected Studies (New York 1965), 366-80.

    5. Apparently the antiquarian D. Benham who possessed a coin of Niccolo d'Este displaying the Este arms. The results of the 'research' were forwarded to Charles Eastes of Sandgate by his father William Eastes, of East Cliff Academy, Folkestone in a letter franked at Sandgate 3 April 1858. For more detail see Niel Gunson, 'The Obsession of the Estes', Ancestor 5 (1966) no.4, 111)8-46; 6 (1967) no.2, 45-49.

    See Niel Gunson, 'Boat People of the Sixteenth Century: the transformation of a multi-cultural society', The Ancestral Searcher vol.13 no.1 (March 1990), 4-19; John Peters, A Family From Flanders (London 1985).

    7. Unless otherwise indicated all genealogical details that follow are taken from parish registers.

    8. Joan Eustes of Deal, buried in 1561, was probably of this family. The name appears at Sholden as Esties (1591) and Estise (1592).

    9. I am indebted to Donald Bowler's notes on the freemen of Canterbury.

    10. According to his mother's will he was aged 20 when he died which suggests that the first born Matthew did not survive infancy.

    11. Early Estes arrivals in America have been documented by Kitty Estes Savage

    12. N.E. Snow and M.M. Jillson (Snow-Estes Ancestry 2 vols. Hillburn, New York 1939, II, 3) incorrectly confuse Sylvester with his grandson of the same name who died in January 1692/3. Ellen Estes' marriage records make it plain that she was a 'maiden, age 24, whose parents are dead in Deal'.

    13. Snow and Jillson incorrectly attach the Waldershare family to Robert (born 1635), the eldest brother of Matthew and Richard of New England.

    14. Family Bible entries rarely gave details of the marriage of siblings so a younger generation would only see the names.

    15. Others argue that Robert (b.1603), father of the New England pioneers, had seven sons, though this is equally hypothetical.

    16. Samuel's wife's name is given by Dr Lucille Dillinger Alexander, The Estes Family of Virginia, Southern Kentucky, Iowa, Missouri and Kansas... Wayne N.J. 1990), 89.

    17. Dr Alexander (Estes Family, 88) is less certain about the identity of Thomas's wife but suggests Ann or Eliz. Ann Rogers. Several sources suggest that Thomas died in 1774 and cite Thomas's will in Crozier's Record of Spotsylvania Co VA, vol.i, 305. 18. The name of Elizabeth Jeeter was supplied by Deborah J. 1Gzer, a descendant of the second marriage.

    19. See generally Charles Estes, Estes Genealogies.

    20. A check of the surname indexes to the Digest Registers of births, marriages and burials at Friends House, London, by Tabitha Driver reveals that there are no Estes/Estis/Eastes entries for Kent Quarterly Meeting or for Hereford, Worcester & Wales Quarterly Meeting and no births or marriages for London & Middlesex Quarterly Meeting.

    21. See John S. Barry, Historical Sketch of the Town of Hanover, Mass. '97ith Family Genealogies (Hanover 1853), 307-10, and Jedediah Dwelley and John F. Simmons, History of the Town of Hanover, Mass. (Hanover 1910), 176-84.

    22. Snow and Jillson (Snow-Estes Ancestry, II, 2) has Nicholas maldng a second marriage and dying in 1681 even though his sister Susanna mentions him in her will in 1697. Nicholas Estes of Thannington was probably Nicholas of Wingham.

    23. Original will in MS Collection, Society of Genealogists, London.

    24. For Moses Estes (b. 1732) and his descendants see Estes Trails, Vol. 11 no.4 (Spring 1991), 4-7.

    25. He was probably her second cousin once removed.

    26. Duncan W. Harrington, ed., Monumental Inscriptions ... St Leonard's Church, Upper Deal, Kent (Kent Family History Society Publication No.16, 1983), 28.

    27. Tlis family, like that of Robert and Dorothy of Dover, appears to have left Kent. American traditions suggest Wales as a temporary place of residence.

    28. Information from Alrs Amelia Jones of Alberquerque, New Mexico, 26 September 1988. Her father, William Thomas Eastes, came to New York from Holland in 1914.

    29. This Robert (1654-1704) was a grandson of Sylvester and Ellen, and a nephew of Abraham.

    30. Examples include the stationery of James Smith Eastes of Fairlawn. The Eastes of Ashford also had brewing connections.

    31. As blazoned in 1928 in Jekyn file, Elwyn Papers, MS Collection, Society of Genealogists.

    32. This discovery was made by Mrs Donald Bowler of Canterbury.

    33. John Bromley and Heather Child, The Arniorial Bearings of the Guilds of London (London 1960), 248.

    34. See Kantorowicz, Selected Studies, 370 and plate 36.

    35. See, for instance, May Folk Webb and Patrick Mann Estes, Cary-Estes Genealogy (Rutland, Vt 1939 R1979), 79 and armorial dustjacket. 37. Charles Este published his autobiography, My Own Life, in 1787.

    38. The precedent for name changes by Este, East and Eastes families was probably the adoption of the D'Este surname by the Duke of Sussex for his children by his morganatic wife in 1794. The following are some of the name changes: George Eastes of Bradford to George D'Este (1865), Herbert Hinton East East of Boughton House, Moreton-in-the-Marsh, Gloucestershire, to H.H. D'Este East (1895), Albert Victor Eastes to A.V. D'Este Eastes (after 1918), Clarence Sydney Stock, heir of the Eastes of Walthamstow, to C.S. d'Este Stock (@-.fter 1918), Da,.,id Eastes of North Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia, to David William D'Este (after 1946).

    39. Beresford D'Este, known as the Baron D'Este, was a planter and justice-of-the-peace in Fiji from 1870 until he returned to France.

    end

    end

    Occupation:
    in Sandwich, Kent, England

    Immigration:
    Lacking any verifiable sources for the claim that Abraham arrived in Virginia on the "Martha" in early 1674, one must view the claim with a high degree of skepticism, especially in light of one source being destroyed before 1840 and the other making no reference to the "Martha" or Abraham at all (apart from a latter reference in 1682 to Abraham). Did Abraham arrive on the "Martha" early 1674? It's possible, but there's no evidence for it. Equally likely he could have arrived in 1675 on the "Mary" or flown to Virginia on a magic carpet! ... http://www.roots-boots.net/ft/estes-ab.txt

    Abraham married Barbara LNU ~ 1690, St. Stephen's Parish, King and Queen County, Virginia. Barbara was born 1662-1670, Stevensville, King and Queen County, Virginia Colony; died 0___ 1720, Amelia Court House, Amelia County, Virginia. [Group Sheet]


  6. 133.  Barbara LNU was born 1662-1670, Stevensville, King and Queen County, Virginia Colony; died 0___ 1720, Amelia Court House, Amelia County, Virginia.

    Other Events:

    • Will: 25 Nov 1720

    Notes:

    Barbara's maiden name is a matter of some dispute. It has generally been claimed she was Barbara Brock, however there is no documentary evidence to support this.

    end

    Slavery in Virginia was not yet institutionalized. It wasn’t until 1720, about the time Abraham and Barbara died, that Virginia passed a law relegating slaves to “personal property” status, meaning they could be bought and sold and were never free.

    Abraham died on November 21, 1720 or 1721. There is a discrepancy in the year within the documents themselves. At that time, Abraham’s wife, Barbara, was living, and made her will as well, apparently 4 days later. We don’t know if she made her will at that time because she too was ill, which was the typical reason or if other forces were at play. For example, she could have made her will simply because there was a lawyer available and she was already involved in settling her husband’s estate, or she could have made her will because someone was afraid if she didn’t, they wouldn’t get their fair share. She could also have made her will because she wanted to be positive that her youngest children would be taken care of, especially Barbara who was clearly a very dependent “special needs” child. The only clue we have is that Abraham’s wife, Barbara, apparently died very shortly thereafter. This must have been exceedingly difficult for their children, especially those who were still at home, Moses and Barbara (the daughter) who may not have had the capacity to understand – to lose both parents, possibly in a matter of days.

    From the chancery suit:

    Your orator Moses Eastis that in the year of our lord 1721 on the 21st day of Nov your orator’s late father Abraham Eastes departed this life after making and constituting in writing his last will and testament and thereby after specifically leaving? part of his estate did give or further lend his who personal estate to his wife Barbara during her natural life and to be disposed of amongst his children then living as she might think proper.

    Note that it says two things. First, “his children” and second, “as she might think proper.”

    Here’s what Barbara’s will said, again, from the chancery suit:

    He further stated? that the said Barbara Eastes agreeable to the trust and in the presence aforesaid reposed in her by your orator’s father on the 25th day of Nov. 1720 she made in writing her last will and testament in writing and surety? after giving an inconsiderable part of her aforesaid husband’s estate to several of her children therein mentioned directly that the remainder should remain in the hands of her executor Elisha Eastes, Thomas Poor and Susana his wife for the sole benefit of your orator and Barbara Eastes your orator’s sister whom she concluded were incapable of getting their living. But with a precise that they should become an ? in their leave? or either of them should die then the same to be equally divided amongst Sylvester, Thomas, Elisha, Robert, Richard, John, Moses Eastes, Martha Watkins, Susana Poor and Sarah Eastes or the survivors of them as by the said last will and testament will more fully appear reference being that there to and to which your orator for greater certainty refer and on the day of departed this life without altering or revoking the will.

    It’s hard to know why Barbara made her will, but what we do know is that Moses and Barbara, her two youngest children began living with Thomas Poor and his wife, Susanna, in 1721, per the depositions in the chancery suit.

    This tells us that Barbara died not long after Abraham, perhaps within a few days. She was only about 50. She may have had the same illness as Abraham. We do know that there was a severe smallpox epidemic in Boston in 1721, killing upwards of 6000 and causing the entire population of the city to flee, bringing smallpox to the rest of the thirteen colonies.

    This lawsuit also gives us hints as to Barbara’s age. Her youngest child was Barbara who was born about 1713. She was disabled and epileptic – perhaps a Downs child – very commonly found in the youngest child to older mothers. Barbara was the last child born, so if we presume Barbara, the mother, was about age 43, that puts her birth at about 1670, and her marriage to Abraham about 1690, give or take a couple of years.

    Several children were mentioned in Barbara’s will, which is referenced in the lawsuit. Unfortunately, her will is missing and has been for years, along with Abraham’s from the Amelia County lawsuit. It was referenced in the 1940s by researchers, and fortunately, the pleadings in the suit summarize the contents of the will.

    Barbara lists the following 11 children in her will. I’ve included a summary of what we know about each one.

    Sylvester – wife unknown, by 1722 owned land in King and Queen County, moved to Bertie Co., NC by 1734 and was in Granville Co., NC by 1744, Northampton Co., NC by 1754.
    Thomas – married Ann Rogers, died in Caroline County, VA in1745.
    Elisha – married Mary Ann Mumford, was the executor of his father’s estate in 1720, lived in Amelia County as late as 1770, died in Henry County, VA in 1782.
    Robert – married Mary “Millie” Smith, moved to Lunenburg County where he died in 1775.
    Richard – married Mary Yancy, died in 1741/1742 in Hanover County.
    John – married Elizabeth “Nutty” Pickett, died in 1765/1770 in Louisa County, VA.
    Moses – born 1701, was one of two minor children upon the death of Abraham, married Elizabeth, surname unknown by whom he had children, and died in 1787 in Halifax County, VA.
    Sarah – married James Young sometime after her mother’s death in 1721 – no further information.
    Barbara – died as a child.
    Martha Watkins – Also noted as Mary by some, husband Thomas Watkins. No further information.
    Susana Poor – husband Thomas Poore, had daughter Elizabeth, born about 1710, who married a Harris and Mary who married Zachariah Williams
    The bolded children are females who may have had daughters that could have descendants today, through all females, who would be candidates for mitochondrial DNA testing.

    The Estes family was very fortunate. According to the Virginia History series, if a child lived past 20, their life expectancy was about 40 years, but half of the children didn’t survive. This is one reason why the colonies were so dependent on immigration.

    If Barbara married Abraham in 1690 and had a child every other year, this would be just about perfect, although the only two children appearing to be underage in 1721 were Moses and Barbara, which suggest the other 9 were age 18 by 1721, or born before 1703. Nine children born every two years suggests births beginning about 1785.

    There are two other children believed to be Abraham’s, a son, Abraham, and a son Samuel. Evidence for Samuel being a son is somewhat sketchy, but evidence that Abraham was Abraham’s son is rather convincing, including the same first name and the fact that it appears that Abraham may have wound up with Abraham Sr.’s land. It was not unusual in that time and place for the eldest son to inherit all of the land, sometimes by conveyance prior to the parent’s death, and then not be mentioned in the will.

    Regardless of why, neither Abraham nor Samuel were mentioned in Barbara’s will.

    If Abraham and Samuel were Barbara’s children, they were probably the oldest males.

    Given that Abraham immigrated in 1673, and was not married to Barbara until about 1690, it’s certainly possible that he was married in Virginia prior to marrying Barbara. In fact, it would be unlikely that Abraham remained single this entire time, even if he did serve an indentured servitude for 7 years, a possibility that has been debated within the Estes family for years.

    What we don’t know from the lawsuit or any other documentation of any kind about Barbara, the wife who died in 1721 and the mother of most of Abraham’s children, is her surname.

    Given that New Kent and King and Queen are burned counties, and there is absolutely no evidence that Abraham and Barbara ever lived in any other location, there is nothing, absolutely nothing, indicating Barbara’s surname or parents.

    However, when you look on Ancestry.com, her surname is listed in all the trees as Brock, and that is absolutely incorrect. Or maybe better stated, there is not one shred of evidence anyplace that her surname is Brock. Nada – not one. If you find one, please, PLEASE send it to me! By the way, evidence is not someone else’s tree or contributed family information. Evidence is a Bible, a tax list, a deed, a will, a lawsuit – something of that nature. Personally, I’m still hoping for that Bible on e-bay:)

    The Brock surname seems to have attached itself to Barbara in the 1980s when a historical fiction book that included the Estes family was published and assigned Brock as Barbara’s surname. It also doesn’t help any that Abraham’s probable son, Abraham, had a daughter, Barbara, who married Henry Brock, so indeed there was a Barbara Brock in the family, although she was Barbara Estes Brock, not Barbara Brock Estes – and two generations later. Those pesky details!!!

    DNA evidence isn’t going to help us find Barbara’s surname, unfortunately.

    However, there is one other possible DNA avenue to learn more about Barbara Not Brock Estes. She did have daughters, although we have no information about two of those daughters after they married. If they survived, they surely had children – and possibly daughters.

    Anyone who descends through all females from Barbara carries her mitochondrial DNA. Her mitochondrial DNA will tell us about her heritage – where her people came from – England perhaps? Native American? If we can find her mitochondrial DNA, we will have that answer. Barbara had three daughters. Of those, we know little about 2, but the third daughter had at least 2 daughters, so there is hope that some descendant today descends from Barbara through all females. I have a DNA testing scholarship for the first person with proof of their descent from Barbara through all females!!!

    end

    Birth:
    All of the colonies had a total population in 1660 of 75,000 people, in 1670 of 112,000

    Notes:

    Married:
    In 1700, King and Queen County had a population of 4,206 people, was the most populous and based on its tobacco production, also the wealthiest.

    Children:
    1. 66. Thomas Estes was born 0___ 1688, St. Stephen's Parish, King and Queen County, Virginia; died 14 Jun 1745, Caroline County, Virginia.
    2. Abraham Estes, Jr. was born Bef 1697, King and Queen County, Virginia Colony; died 0___ 1759, (King and Queen County, Virginia Colony).
    3. John Estes, Sr. was born 0___ 1701, St. Stephen's Parish, King and Queen County, Virginia.
    4. Moses Estes was born 0___ 1711; died 1787-1788, Halifax County, Virginia.