William de Boulogne

Male Bef 1085 -


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  William de Boulogne was born Bef 1085, Surrey, England (son of Geoffrey fitz Eustace and Beatrice de Mandeville).

    William — unnamed spouse. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Rohese de Boulogne
    2. Faramus de Boulogne

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Geoffrey fitz Eustace (son of Eustace II, Count of Boulogne and Ida of Lorraine).

    Geoffrey — Beatrice de Mandeville. Beatrice (daughter of Geoffrey de Mandeville and Athelaise) was born (Normandy, France). [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Beatrice de Mandeville was born (Normandy, France) (daughter of Geoffrey de Mandeville and Athelaise).
    Children:
    1. 1. William de Boulogne was born Bef 1085, Surrey, England.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Eustace II, Count of BoulogneEustace II, Count of Boulogne was born 0___ 1015, Boulogne, France; died 0___ 1087.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Eustace aux Gernons
    • Military: 0___ 1066; Battle of Hastings

    Notes:

    Eustace II, (c.? 1015 – c.?1087), also known as Eustace aux Gernons (with moustaches) [1][2][3] was Count of Boulogne from 1049–1087. He fought on the Norman side at the Battle of Hastings, and afterwards received large grants of land forming an honour in England. He is one of the few proven Companions of William the Conqueror. It has been suggested that Eustace was the patron of the Bayeux Tapestry.[4]

    Origins

    He was the son of Eustace I of Boulogne.

    Career

    In 1048 Eustace joined his father-in-law's rebellion against the Emperor Henry III. The next year Eustace was excommunicated by Pope Leo IX for marrying within the prohibited degree of kinship. Eustace and Ida were both descended from Louis II of France, and just within the prohibited seventh degree. However, since today not all their ancestors are known, there may have existed a closer relationship.[5] The Pope's action was possibly at the behest of Henry III. The rebellion failed, and in 1049 Eustace and Godfrey submitted to Henry III.

    Eustace visited England in 1051, and was received with honour at the court of Edward the Confessor. Edward and Eustace were former brothers-in-law and remained political allies. On the other side of the political divide the dominant figure in England was Earl Godwin, who had recently married his son Tostig to the daughter of Eustace's rival the Count of Flanders. Furthermore, Godwin's son Sweyn Godwinson had been feuding with Eustace's stepson Ralph the Timid.

    A brawl in which Eustace and his servants became involved with the citizens of Dover led to a serious quarrel between the king and Godwin. The latter, to whose jurisdiction the men of Dover were subject, refused to punish them. His lack of respect to those in authority became the excuse for his being outlawed together with his family. They left England, but returned the next year in 1052 with a large army, aided by the Flemish.

    In 1052 William of Talou rebelled against his nephew Duke William of Normandy. Eustace may well have been involved in this rebellion, although there is no specific evidence, for after William of Talou's surrender he fled to the Boulonnais court.

    The following years saw still further advances by Eustace's rivals and enemies. Count Baldwin of Flanders consolidated his hold over territories he had annexed to the east. In 1060 he became tutor of his nephew King Philip I of France. In contrast Eustace's stepson Walter of Mantes failed in his attempt to claim the County of Maine. He was captured by the Normans and died soon afterwards in mysterious circumstances.

    Fights at Battle of Hastings

    Supposed depiction of Eustace at the Battle of Hastings. Detail from Bayeux Tapestry. Inscription above Duke William: HIC EST WILLELMUS DUX ("Here is Duke William") and above the figure to the right of him E...TIUS (apparently a Latinised form of "Eustace")
    These events evidently caused a shift in Eustace's political allegiances, for he then became an important participant in the Norman conquest of England in 1066. He fought at Hastings, although sources vary regarding the details of his conduct during the battle. The contemporary chronicler William of Poitiers wrote concerning him:

    With a harsh voice he (Duke William) called to Eustace of Boulogne, who with 50 knights was turning in flight and was about to give the signal for retreat. This man came up to the Duke and said in his ear that he ought to retire since he would court death if he went forward. But at the very moment when he uttered the words Eustace was struck between the shoulders with such force that blood gushed out from his mouth and nose and half dead he only made his escape with the aid of his followers.[6]

    The depiction in the Bayeux Tapestry shows a knight carrying a banner who rides up to Duke William and points excitedly with his finger towards the rear of the Norman advance. William turns his head and lifts up his visor to show his knights following him that he is still alive and determined to fight on. This conforms therefore with Eustace having somewhat lost his nerve and having urged the Duke to retreat whilst the Battle was at its height with the outcome still uncertain. Other sources suggest that Eustace was present with William at the Malfosse incident in the immediate aftermath of the battle, where a Saxon feigning death leapt up and attacked him, and was presumably cut down before he could reach William.

    Eustace received large land grants afterwards, which suggests he contributed in other ways as well, perhaps by providing ships.

    Rebellion[edit]
    In the following year, probably because he was dissatisfied with his share of the spoil, he assisted the Kentishmen in an attempt to seize Dover Castle. The conspiracy failed, and Eustace was sentenced to forfeit his English fiefs. Subsequently he was reconciled to the Conqueror, who restored a portion of the confiscated lands.

    Death

    Eustace died circa 1087, and was succeeded by his son, Eustace III.

    Marriage and progeny

    Eustace married twice:

    Firstly to Goda, daughter of the English king ¥thelred the Unready, and sister of Edward the Confessor.[7] Goda died circa 1047.[3]
    Secondly in about 1049,[3] soon after Goda's death, he married Ida of Lorraine, daughter of Godfrey III, Duke of Lower Lorraine. Eustace and Ida had three sons:
    Eustace III, Count of Boulogne
    Godfrey of Bouillon, King of Jerusalem
    Baldwin I of Jerusalem, King of Jerusalem

    By his second wife, Eustace may also have had a daughter, Ida, wife of Conon, Count of Montaigu.

    Eustace also had a son, Geoffrey fitz Eustace, who married Beatrice de Mandeville, daughter of Geoffrey de Mandeville. Geoffrey and Beatrice were parents of William de Boulogne and grandparents of William’s son Faramus de Boulogne.

    end

    Eustace — Ida of Lorraine. Ida was born 0___ 1040, Boulogne, France; died 13 Apr 1113. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Ida of Lorraine was born 0___ 1040, Boulogne, France; died 13 Apr 1113.

    Notes:

    Ida of Lorraine (also referred to as Blessed Ida of Boulogne)[1] (c. 1040 – 13 April 1113)[2] was a saint and noblewoman.

    She was the daughter of Godfrey III, Duke of Lower Lorraine and his wife Doda.[3] Ida's grandfather was Gothelo I, Duke of Lorraine and Ida's brother was Godfrey IV, Duke of Lower Lorraine.

    Family

    In 1049, she married Eustace II, Count of Boulogne.[2] They had three sons:

    Eustace III, the next Count of Boulogne
    Godfrey of Bouillon, first ruler of Kingdom of Jerusalem
    Baldwin, second ruler of Kingdom of Jerusalem
    A daughter, Ida of Boulogne, has also been postulated. She was married first to Herman von Malsen and second to Conon, Count of Montaigu.

    Ida shunned the use of a wet-nurse in raising her children. Instead, she breast-fed them to ensure that they were not contaminated by the wet-nurse's morals, i.e. her mode of living.[4] When her sons went on the First Crusade, Ida contributed heavily to their expenses.[5]

    Life

    Ida was always religiously and charitably active, but the death of her husband provided her wealth and the freedom to use it for her projects. She founded several monasteries:

    Saint-Wulmer in Boulogne-sur-Mer[1][6]
    Our Lady of the Chapel, Calais[1]
    Saint-Bertin[1]
    Abbey of Cappelle[7]
    Abbey of Le Wast[7]
    She maintained a correspondence with Anselm of Canterbury. Some of Anselm’s letters to Ida have survived.[8][9]

    She became increasingly involved in church life. However, current scholarship feels that she did not actually become a Benedictine Nun, but that she was a “Secular Oblate of the Benedictine Order”.[1][6]

    Death and burial

    Ida died on 13 April 1113, which is the date she is honoured. Traditionally, her burial place has been ascribed to the Monastery of Saint Vaast.[6] Her remains were moved in 1669 to Paris and again in 1808 to Bayeux.[1]

    Her life story was written by contemporary monk of Saint Vaast Abbey.[6]

    She is venerated in Bayeux.[1]

    end

    Children:
    1. 2. Geoffrey fitz Eustace

  3. 6.  Geoffrey de Mandeville was born Normandy, France; died ~ 1100.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Constable of the Tower of London
    • Occupation: First Norman Sheriff of London

    Notes:

    Geoffrey de Mandeville alias de Magnaville (Latinized to: de Magna Villa ("from the great town")), (died c. 1100), Constable of the Tower of London.[1][2] He was a Norman from Magna Villa in the Duchy of Normandy. There are a number of communes that were anciently referred to as Magna Villa such as Manneville-la-Goupil, Mannevillette[3] and others. Some records may indicate he was from today's Thil-Manneville, in Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandy (upper Normandy).[1][4][5]

    Life

    An important Domesday tenant-in-chief, de Mandeville was one of the ten richest magnates of the reign of William the Conqueror. William granted him large estates, primarily in Essex, but in ten other shires as well.[6] He served as the first sheriff of London and Middlesex,[7] and perhaps also in Essex, and in Hertfordshire. He was the progenitor of the de Mandeville Earls of Essex.[8] About 1085 he and Lescelina, his second wife, founded Hurley Priory as a cell of Westminster Abbey.[9][10]

    Family

    He married firstly, Athelaise (Adeliza) (d. bef. 1085),[9] by whom he had:

    William de Mandeville (d. bef. 1130), married Margaret dau. of Eudo, dapifer, who m. 2ndly Otuer fitz Count.[11]
    Beatrice de Mandeville, m. Geoffrey fitz Eustace, natural son of Eustace II, Count of Boulogne.[12] Geoffrey was Lord of Carshalton, Surrey[13]
    Walter, who was also one of his tenants in 1086.[1]

    He married secondly Lescelina, by whom he had no children.[1]

    end

    Geoffrey — Athelaise. Athelaise died Bef 1085. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Athelaise died Bef 1085.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Adeliza

    Children:
    1. 3. Beatrice de Mandeville was born (Normandy, France).