John Carew

Male 1310 - 1363  (~ 53 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  John Carew was born 0___ 1310 (son of John Carew and Joanna Talbot); died 22 May 1363, Castle Carew, Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales.

    John — Margaret Mohun. Margaret was born ~ 1322; died Dunster, Somerset, England. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Leonard Carew was born 0___ 1342; died 4 Oct 1369, Castle Carew, Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wale.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  John Carew was born ~ 1277, Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales (son of Nicholas Carew and Amicia Peverell); died 26 Jun 1324, Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: John de Carew

    Notes:

    Sir John de CAREW formerly Carew
    Born about 1277 in Carew, Pembrokeshire, Walesmap
    Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
    [sibling(s) unknown]
    Husband of Eleanor (Mohun) de Mohun — married about 1300 in Carew, Pembrokeshire, Walesmap
    Husband of Joanna Talbot — married 1309 in Carew, Pembrokeshire, Walesmap
    Father of Nicholas Carew and John Carew
    Died 26 Jun 1324 in Carew, Pembrokeshire, Walesmap

    Biography

    Sir John de Carew was the son of Sir Nicholas Carew and Amicia Peverell.[1]He married, firstly, Eleanor Mohun daughter of Sir William de Mohun in 1300 at Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales. He married, secondly, Joan Talbot, daughter of Gilbert Talbot, 1st Lord Talbot in 1309 at Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales. He died on the 26th of Jun 1324 in Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales.

    Sources

    ? Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003. volume 1, page 682.
    Maxwell-Lyte, Henry Churchill, A History of Dunster and of the Families of Mohun & Luttrell (London: St. Catherine Press, 1909.), p. 33
    Cokayne, George Edward, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910.), 4:199, 5:463
    Nicolas, Nicholas Harris, The Controversy between Sir Richard Scrope and Sir Robert Grosvenor in the Court of Chivalry (London: Bentley, 1832.), p. 245
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_Carew_(died_1311). see Marriage & progeny for son John

    end

    John married Joanna Talbot 0___ 1309, Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Joanna Talbot (daughter of Gilbert Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot and Anne le Boteler).

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Joan Talbot

    Children:
    1. 1. John Carew was born 0___ 1310; died 22 May 1363, Castle Carew, Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Nicholas CarewNicholas Carew was born (Carew Castle, Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales) (son of Nicholas de Carew and Avice Tuitt); died 0___ 1311.

    Notes:

    Nicholas Carew (died 1311), feudal lord of Carew Castle in Pembrokeshire, feudal lord of Odrone[2] (mod. Idrone, County Carlow)[3] in Ireland and lord of the manor of Moulsford in Berkshire (since 1974 in Oxfordshire), was a soldier. He was the first of the Carew family to form a connection with the English county of Devon,[4] where his descendants became very prominent until modern times. His descendants obtained three Carew baronetcies and four peerage titles, namely Baron Carew (1605) in the Peerage of England (for Sir Sir George Carew (1555–1629), created in 1626 Earl of Totnes) and Baron Carew (1834) in the Peerage of Ireland and Baron Carew (1838) of Castle Boro in the County of Wexford, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom (both for Robert Shapland Carew (1787–1856)).

    Origins

    He was the eldest son and heir of Nicholas de Carew (died 1297), feudal lord of Carew Castle in Pembrokeshire, lord of the manor of Molesford in Berkshire and jure uxoris feudal lord of Odrone, by his wife Avice Tuitt, daughter and heiress of Richard Tuitt of Marston in County Westmeath, Ireland, whose family had acquired the Barony of Odrone by an earlier marriage to the heiress of Odrone.[5]

    Career

    As Nic(olae)us de Carru, D(omi)n(u)s de Mulesford ("Nicholas de Carew, lord of the manor of Moulsford") he was one of 103 signatories of the Barons' Letter of 1301 addressed to Pope Boniface VIII as a repudiation of his claim of feudal overlordship of Scotland and as a defence of the rights of King King Edward I of England as overlord of that kingdom.

    "Baron Carew"
    In 1300–1 he was summoned to Parliament by writ of King Edward I (1272–1307) as Dominus de Moulsford ("lord of the manor of Moulsford") by which he is deemed to have become Baron Carew.[6] He is called "Baron Carew" in various sources,[7] but a peerage title Baron Carew at this early date is not mentioned in the authoritative Complete Peerage (1887–98) by George Edward Cokayne. Pole however states that he was summoned to Parliament by writ of King Edward I (1272–1307), which would have made him a baron.[8] If so, there is no clear descent of such barony, and no explanation of why it had no clear ending.[9] According to Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage, 1968: "For several generations the heads of the family are described as Barons of Carew and Hidron, but none of them sat in Parliament with the exception of Nicholas de Carew who subscribed to the celebrated Barons' letter to the Pope in 1300".[10]

    Caerlaverock Roll

    He was present at the Siege of Caerlaverock Castle in Scotland in 1301, during which his armorials were amongst those blazoned in French verse by English heralds in the Caerlaverock Roll of Arms, as follows:[11]

    An vaillant home e de grant los
    O lui, Nichole de Karru,
    Dont meinte foiz orent paru
    Li fait en couvert e en lande
    Sur la felloune gent d'Irlande;
    Baniere ot jaune bien passable,
    O treis lyouns passans de sable.
    ("A valliant man ... Nicholas de Carew, who many times appeared ... a banner of gold ... three lions passant of sable")

    Marriage and children

    Arms of Peverell of Ermington: Or, an eagle displayed azure[12]
    He married Amicia (or Amy) Peverell,[13] daughter of Hugh Peverell lord of the manor of Ermington in Devon, and heiress of her brother Sir John Peverell of Ermington,[14] the last in the male line. By Amicia he had children including:

    John Carew (died 1324), eldest son and heir, who married twice:
    Firstly to Elinor de Mohun, daughter and heiress of Sir William de Mohun of Mohuns Ottery[15] in the parish of Luppit, Devon, by whom he had a son Nicholas Carew (died 1323) who married Elinor Talbot, daughter of Richard Lord Talbot,(sic, Vivian, 1895) (should be Sir Richard Talbot, who signed and sealed the Barons' Letter, 1301 and held the manor of Eccleswall in Herefordshire in right of his wife Sarah, sister of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick) but died childless.[16] Sir William de Mohun of Mohuns Ottery was a younger son of Reginald de Mohun (1206–1258), feudal baron of Dunster (son), by his second wife Isabel de Ferrers, widow of Gilbert Basset (died 1241)[17] and daughter of William de Ferrers, 5th Earl of Derby (1193–1254) by his wife Sibyl Marshal, a daughter and co-heiress of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1146/7-1219).[18] Reginald de Mohun gave the manor of Ottery to his younger son Sir William Mohun.[19]
    Secondly John Carew married Joan Talbot, daughter of Sir Gilbert Talbot, by whom he had a son John Carew (died 1363), the heir of his half-brother Nicholas Carew (died 1323),[20] from whom he inherited Mohuns Ottery, an important future seat of the Carew family. Joan Talbot survived him and remarried to John Dartmouth (alias Tuckett).[21]

    Thomas de Carew (died 1331).[22]

    William de Carew (died 1359), died childless.[23]

    David de Carew[24]

    Nicholas Carew (died 1390) of Beddington in Surrey, Keeper of the Privy Seal during the reign of King Edward III. He married Lucy de Willoughby, daughter and heiress of Sir Richard de Willoughby (c. 1290 – 1362), Chief Justice of the King's Bench, of Beddington, and widow of Sir Thomas

    Huscarle[25][26] (d. by 1352), MP, of Purley Magna, Berkshire and established a prominent and long-lived branch of the Carew family at Beddington.

    Landholdings

    Through his wife he inherited several manors including:

    Weston Peverell, near Plymouth;[27]
    Mamhead[28]
    Ashford[29]
    Galmeton[30]
    Further reading[edit]

    The Life of Sir Peter Carew, of Mohun Ottery, co. Devon., edited by Sir Thomas Phillipps, 1st Baronet (1792–1872), published 1840 in Archaeologia, the journal of the Society of Antiquaries of London. Concerning early history of the Carew family, source quoted by Vivian, 1895.
    Hamilton-Rogers, William Henry, Memorials of the West, Historical and Descriptive, Collected on the Borderland of Somerset, Dorset and Devon, Exeter, 1888, chapter The Nest of Carew (Ottery-Mohun), pp. 269–330, esp. pp. 286 et seq. [6]

    end

    Birth:
    Hey Cousiin Christine:

    Click on the following link and see images and read history about the old Carew Castle in Wales ... http://www.pembrokeshirecoast.org.uk/default.asp?PID=262

    Nicholas — Amicia Peverell. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Amicia PeverellAmicia Peverell
    Children:
    1. 2. John Carew was born ~ 1277, Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales; died 26 Jun 1324, Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales.
    2. Thomas Carew was born Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales; died 0___ 1331.
    3. William de Carew was born Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales; died 0___ 1359.
    4. David de Carew was born Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales.
    5. Nicholas Carew was born 0___ 1322, Sandford, Devon, England; died 17 Aug 1390, Mallerforde, Buckinghamshire, England.

  3. 6.  Gilbert Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot was born 18 Oct 1276, Wyke, Cornwall, England (son of Richard Talbot, Lord of Eccleswall and Sarah de Beauchamp); died 13 Feb 1346, Herefordshire, England.

    Notes:

    Gilbert Talbot
    Birthdate: October 18, 1276 (69)
    Birthplace: Wyke, Cornwall, England
    Death: Died February 13, 1346 in Eccleswall, Herefordshire, England
    Immediate Family:
    Son of Richard Talbot, 4th Lord and Sarah Talbot
    Husband of Anne le Boteler
    Father of Joan Talbot; Philippa de Talbot and Sir Richard Talbot, 2nd Lord Talbot, of Goodrich
    Brother of Gwenllian Talbot; Joan Talbot; Sir Richard Talbot, of Richard's Castle; Catherine Talbot and Thomas Talbot, priest
    Occupation: Justice of South Wales
    Managed by: Private User
    Last Updated: October 31, 2014

    About Sir Gilbert Talbot, 1st Lord Talbot
    Gilbert Talbot, 1st Lord Talbot1

    M, #203466, b. 18 October 1276, d. 13 February 1346

    Gilbert Talbot, 1st Lord Talbot was born on 18 October 1276.
    1 He was the son of Sir Richard Talbot and Sarah de Beauchamp.

    3 He died on 13 February 1346 at age 69.

    Gilbert Talbot, 1st Lord Talbot was created 1st Lord Talbot [England by writ] on 27 January 1331/32.4
    Child of Gilbert Talbot, 1st Lord Talbot

    1.Joan Talbot+1

    Child of Gilbert Talbot, 1st Lord Talbot and Ann le Botiler

    1.Richard Talbot, 2nd Lord Talbot+3 b. 1305, d. 23 Oct 1356

    http://thepeerage.com/p20347.htm#i203466

    Sir Gilbert Talbot1

    M, b. 18 October 1276, d. 24 February 1346, #10943

    Father Richard Talbot2,3 b. circa 1250, d. before 3 September 1306

    Mother Sarah de Beauchamp2 d. after July 1317

    Arms His arms were de goules a un lion rampand de or od la bordur' endente de or (Parl.).3

    Name Variation Sir Gilbert Talbot was also styled Talebot.3

    Birth* He was born on 18 October 1276.1,4,3

    Marriage* He married Anne le Boteler, daughter of Sir William le Boteler of Wem and Ankaret verch Griffith.1,4

    Event-Misc He had livery of his father's lands on 21 October 1306.3

    Event-Misc* He was a commissioner to view St. Briavel's Castle and the vert and venison of Dene Forest on 22 March 1311.5,3

    Note* He was given a pardon for his part in the death of Piers de Gavaston on 16 October 1313.5,3

    Event-Misc He was called to serve against the Scots between 1314 and 1315.5

    Summoned* He was summoned to serve against the Scots on 30 June 1314.3

    Feudal* He held Longhope and Blechesdon, Glou., Credenhill and Linton, Hereford on 5 March 1316.3

    Criminal* He was An order for his arrest was dated. The charges included attacking the King's subjects in Warwicckshire and attacking and burning Bridgnorth. His lands were taken into the King's (Edward II) hands. On 15 January 1321/22.6,3

    (Rebel) Battle-Boroughbridge On 16 Mar 1322, Sir John Gifford, Sir Hugh de Audley, Sir Gilbert Talbot, Sir Bartholomew de Burghersh, Sir Bartholomew de Badlesmere and Sir Humphrey VIII de Bohun fought on the side of the Earl of Lancaster at the Battle of Boroughbridge in Yorkshire He was captured, but allowed to ransom his life and lands for ¹2000.7,3,8

    Event-Misc He was released from prison on 11 July 1322.6

    Event-Misc He was empowered to arrest malefactors in Gloucestershire. On 28 October 1322 at Gloucestershire, England.6

    Event-Misc He was pardoned. On 1 November 1322.6

    Event-Misc He is to arrest disturbers of peace in Glou., Worc., and Here. He is made Custos of Gloucester Caslte, town, and barton under Hugh le Despenser, jun. On 1 November 1322.3

    Event-Misc* He is not to aggrieve Aymer, Earl of Pembroke for fishing in his ponds and taking his goods. On 27 December 1322.3

    Event-Misc He was among the knights to attend the Great Council on 9 May 1324 at Westminster.6,3

    Summoned He was summoned to serve in Guienne on 7 January 1325.3

    Event-Misc* His fines were cancelled by King Edward III on 13 February 1326/27.6,3

    Event-Misc He was styled Banneret on 24 November 1327.6

    Event-Misc He was the king's chamberlain in March 1327/28.6

    Event-Misc He obtained grants for Eccleswall and Credenhill, Hereford, and Longhope in Gloucstershire. In April 1328.6

    Event-Misc He was Justice of South Wales on 23 October 1330.6

    Event-Misc Summoned to Parliament between 27 January 1332 and 20 April 1343.6

    Event-Misc He and Hugh le Despenser were appointed to be captains against the King's enemies. On 13 July 1337.6

    Death* He died on 24 February 1346 at Eccleswall, Herefordshire, England, at age 69.1,5

    Title* He held the title of 1st Lord Talbot.6

    Inquisition Post Mor* At the inquisition post mortem of Sir Gilbert Talbot, on 1 March 1346, leaving s. h. Richard.3

    Family Anne le Boteler

    Marriage* He married Anne le Boteler, daughter of Sir William le Boteler of Wem and Ankaret verch Griffith.1,4

    Children

    Philippa Talbot

    Sir Richard Talbot M.P. b. c 1305, d. 23 Oct 1356

    Last Edited 5 Feb 2005

    Citations

    [S168] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots, 84A-30.

    [S168] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots, 84A-29.

    [S325] Rev. C. Moor, Knights of Edward I, v. 5, p. 3.

    [S301] Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, p. 242.

    [S301] Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, p. 246.

    [S301] Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, p. 243.

    [S325] Rev. C. Moor, Knights of Edward I, v. 2, p. 114.

    [S301] Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, p. 31.

    Chamberlain to Edward III. Summoned to parliament by writ directed 'Gilberto Talbot' whereby he is held to have become Baron Talbot 27 Jan 1331/2

    end

    Gilbert [Talbot], 1st Baron Talbot
    son and heir of Richard Talbot, feudal Lord of Eccleswall, co. Hereford, by his wife Sarah de Beauchamp, sister of William [de Beauchamp], 9th Earl of Warwick, and dau. of William de Beauchamp, of Elmley, co. Worcester, by his wife Isabel Mauduit, sister and hrss. of William [Mauduit], 8th Earl of Warwick, and dau. of William Mauduit, of Hanslope, co. Buckingham, by his wife Lady Alice de Beaumont, only dau. by his second wife of Waleran [de Beaumont], 4th Earl of Warwick
    born
    18 Oct 1276
    mar.
    Anne le Botiler, dau. of William le Botiler, of Wem, co. Shrewsbury
    children
    1. Sir Richard Talbot, later 2nd Baron Talbot
    died
    24 Feb 1345/6
    created
    by writ 27 Jan 1331/2 Baron Talbot
    suc. by
    son

    end

    Died:
    in Eccleswall Manor...

    Gilbert — Anne le Boteler. Anne (daughter of William le Boteler and Ankaret verch Griffith) was born ~ 1278, (Wemme) Shropshire, England; died 0___ 1340, Linton, Herefordshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 7.  Anne le Boteler was born ~ 1278, (Wemme) Shropshire, England (daughter of William le Boteler and Ankaret verch Griffith); died 0___ 1340, Linton, Herefordshire, England.

    Notes:

    Anne le Boteler
    Also Known As: "Anne le Botiler"
    Birthdate: circa 1278 (62)
    Birthplace: Probably Wemme, Shropshire, England
    Death: Died 1340 in Linton, Herefordshire, England
    Immediate Family:
    Daughter of Sir William le Boteler of Wem and Angharad verch Griffith
    Wife of Sir Gilbert Talbot, 1st Lord Talbot
    Mother of Joan Talbot; Philippa de Talbot and Sir Richard Talbot, 2nd Lord Talbot, of Goodrich
    Sister of John le Boteler; Sir Nigel le Boteler; Gawine Le Boteler; William le Boteler, 1st Baron Boteler and Denise de Cokesey
    Managed by: Noah Tutak
    Last Updated: September 23, 2016

    About Anne le Boteler
    Ann le Botiler1

    F, #213398 Last Edited=4 Dec 2006

    Ann le Botiler is the daughter of William le Botiler.1

    Child of Ann le Botiler and Gilbert Talbot, 1st Lord Talbot

    1.Richard Talbot, 2nd Lord Talbot+1 b. 1305, d. 23 Oct 1356

    notes

    He [Gilbert Talbot] is said to have married Anne, daughter of William LE BOTILER, of Wem. He died 24 February 1345/6 at Eccleswall. [Complete Peerage XII/1:610-12, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

    Links

    http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/14/24795.htm
    http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jweber&id=I08897
    http://thepeerage.com/p21340.htm#i213398

    Anne le Boteler1

    F, #10944

    Father Sir William le Boteler of Wem2 d. before 11 December 1283

    Mother Ankaret verch Griffith1 b. circa 1248, d. after 22 June 1308

    Name Variation Anne le Boteler was also styled Anne le Botiler.2

    Marriage* She married Sir Gilbert Talbot, son of Richard Talbot and Sarah de Beauchamp.2,3

    Family Sir Gilbert Talbot b. 18 October 1276, d. 24 February 1346

    Children

    Philippa Talbot

    Sir Richard Talbot M.P. b. c 1305, d. 23 Oct 1356

    Last Edited 5 Feb 2005

    Citations

    [S301] Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, p. 33.

    [S168] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots, 84A-30.

    [S301] Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, p. 242.

    Anne le Boteler1

    F, #10944

    Father Sir William le Boteler of Wem2 d. before 11 December 1283

    Mother Ankaret verch Griffith1 b. circa 1248, d. after 22 June 1308

    Name Variation Anne le Boteler was also styled Anne le Botiler.2

    Marriage* She married Sir Gilbert Talbot, son of Richard Talbot and Sarah de Beauchamp.2,3

    Family Sir Gilbert Talbot b. 18 October 1276, d. 24 February 1346

    Children

    Philippa Talbot

    Sir Richard Talbot M.P. b. c 1305, d. 23 Oct 1356

    Last Edited 5 Feb 2005

    Citations

    [S301] Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, p. 33.

    [S168] Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots, 84A-30.

    [S301] Carl Boyer 3rd, Medieval English Ancestors of Robert Abell, p. 242.

    end

    Children:
    1. 3. Joanna Talbot
    2. Richard Talbot, 2nd Baron Talbot was born 1302-1305, Wyke, Axminster, Devon, England; died 23 Oct 1356.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Nicholas de Carew was born (Carew Castle, Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales); died 0___ 1297.

    Nicholas — Avice Tuitt. Avice (daughter of Richard Tuitt and unnamed spouse) was born County Westmeath, Ireland. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Avice Tuitt was born County Westmeath, Ireland (daughter of Richard Tuitt and unnamed spouse).
    Children:
    1. 4. Nicholas Carew was born (Carew Castle, Carew, Pembrokeshire, Wales); died 0___ 1311.

  3. 12.  Richard Talbot, Lord of Eccleswall was born ~ 1250, Linton Manor, Bromyard, Herefordshire, England (son of Gilbert Talbot and Gwenllian ferch Rhys); died Bef 3 Sep 1306, Herefordshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Richard de Talbot

    Notes:

    Baron Talbot is a title that has been created twice. The title was created first in the Peerage of England. On 5 June 1331, Sir Gilbert Talbot was summoned to Parliament, by which he was held to have become Baron Talbot.

    The title Lord Talbot, Baron of Hensol, in the County of Glamorgan, was created in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1733 for Charles Talbot, a descendant of the John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury (the 8th Baron of the first creation), the Earl Talbot.

    Barons Talbot (1331)

    Gilbert Talbot (1276–1346), Lord Chamberlain of the Household to King Edward III, was summoned to Parliament as Lord Talbot in 1331, which is accepted as evidence of his baronial status at that date.

    Ancestry

    He was descended from Richard Talbot, a tenant in 1086 of Walter Giffard at Woburn and Battledsen in Bedfordshire. The Talbot family were vassals of the Giffards in Normandy.[4] Hugh Talbot, probably his son, made a grant to Beaubec Abbey, confirmed by his son Richard Talbot in 1153. This Richard (d. 1175) is listed in 1166 as holding three fees of the Honour of Giffard in Buckinghamshire. He also held a fee at Linton in Herefordshire, for which his son Gilbert Talbot (d. 1231) obtained a fresh charter in 1190.[5] Gilbert's grandson Gilbert (d. 1274) married Gwenlynn Mechyll, daughter and sole heiress of the Welsh Prince Rhys Mechyll, whose armorials the Talbots thenceforth assumed in lieu of their own former arms. Their son Sir Richard Talbot, who signed and sealed[6] the Barons' Letter, 1301 held the manor of Eccleswall in Herefordshire in right of his wife Sarah, sister of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick. In 1331 Richard's son Gilbert Talbot (1276–1346) was summoned to Parliament, which is considered evidence of his baronial status.[7]

    Succession

    The first baron's grandson, the 3rd Baron Talbot, died in Spain supporting John of Gaunt's claim to the throne of Castile. Richard, the fourth Baron, married Ankaret, 7th Baroness Strange of Blackmere, daughter and heiress of John le Strange, 4th Baron Strange of Blackmere. In 1387, during his father's lifetime, Richard 4th Baron was summoned to Parliament as Ricardo Talbot de Blackmere in right of his wife. His son [Gilbert], the fifth Baron, also succeeded his mother as eighth Baron Strange of Blackmere.

    On the early death of the 5th Baron, the titles passed to his daughter, Ankaret, the sixth and ninth holder of the titles. However, she died a minor and was succeeded by her uncle, John seventh Baron Talbot. John married Maud Nevill, 6th Baroness Furnivall, and, in 1409, he was summoned to Parliament in right of his wife as Johann Talbot de Furnyvall. In 1442 John was created Earl of Shrewsbury in the Peerage of England and in 1446 Earl of Waterford in the Peerage of Ireland.

    Barons Talbot (1733)

    The title was created in 1733 when Charles Talbot was raised to the Peerage of Great Britain as Lord Talbot, Baron of Hensol, in the County of Glamorgan. He was eldest the son of William Talbot, Bishop of Oxford, of Salisbury and of Durham and a descendant of Sir Gilbert Talbot (died 1518), third son of John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury.

    The title fell into abeyance between the three daughters of Gilbert Talbot, 7th Earl of Shrewsbury until the deaths of two of them without issue.

    List of titleholders

    Barons Talbot (1331)
    Gilbert Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot (1276–1346)
    Richard Talbot, 2nd Baron Talbot (c.1305–1356)
    Gilbert Talbot, 3rd Baron Talbot (c.1332–1387)
    Richard Talbot, 4th Baron Talbot (c.1361–1396)
    Gilbert Talbot, 5th Baron Talbot, 8th Baron Strange of Blackmere (c.1383–1419)
    Ankaret Talbot, 6th Baroness Talbot, 9th Baroness Strange of Blackmere (d. 1421)
    John Talbot, 7th Baron Talbot, 10th Baron Strange of Blackmere (1390–1453) (created Earl of Shrewsbury in 1442)
    John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, 8th Baron Talbot (1413–1460)
    John Talbot, 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury, 9th Baron Talbot (1448–1473)
    George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, 10th Baron Talbot (1468–1538)
    Francis Talbot, 5th Earl of Shrewsbury, 11th Baron Talbot (1500–1560)
    George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, 12th Baron Talbot (1528–1590)
    Gilbert Talbot, 7th Earl of Shrewsbury, 13th Baron Talbot (1552–1616)
    abeyant 1616-1651
    Alethea Howard, Countess of Arundel, 13th Baroness Furnivall and 14th Baroness Talbot (d. 1654)
    Thomas Howard, 5th Duke of Norfolk, 15th Baron Talbot (1627–1677)
    Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk, 16th Baron Talbot (1628–1684)
    Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk, 17th Baron Talbot (1655–1701)
    Thomas Howard, 8th Duke of Norfolk, 18th Baron Talbot (1683–1732)
    Edward Howard, 9th Duke of Norfolk, 19th Baron Talbot (1685–1777)
    abeyant since 1777

    end

    Died:
    at Eccleswall Manor...

    Richard married Sarah de Beauchamp Aft 1268. Sarah (daughter of Walter de Beauchamp and Joan Mortimer) was born 0___ 1255, Elmley Castle, Worcester, England; died Aft 1316. [Group Sheet]


  4. 13.  Sarah de Beauchamp was born 0___ 1255, Elmley Castle, Worcester, England (daughter of Walter de Beauchamp and Joan Mortimer); died Aft 1316.
    Children:
    1. 6. Gilbert Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot was born 18 Oct 1276, Wyke, Cornwall, England; died 13 Feb 1346, Herefordshire, England.

  5. 14.  William le Boteler was born ~ 1245, Wem, Shropshire, England; died 11 Dec 1283.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: William le Botiller

    Notes:

    William le BOTILLER and Ankaret verch GRUFFYDD

    HUSBAND:
    William le BOTILLER. (Boteler).
    Born (in 1230)(about 1245) in Wemme, Shropshire, England; son of Ralph le BOTELER and Maud PANTULF.

    He married Ankaret verch Gruffydd after 1261.

    He died on 11 December 1283.

    WIFE:
    Ankaret verch GRUFFYDD Maelor.
    Born (in 1236)(about 1248) (in Powys)(at Bromfield; Lower Powys), Montgomeryshire, Wales; daughter of Gruffydd ap Madog and Emma de Aldithley. (Audley). She died on 22 June 1308.

    Genealogy of Ankaret:
    Ankaret verch Gruffydd (Gruffydd "Griffith" ap Madoc79, Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor78, Angharad77, Cristin verch Gronwy76, Gronwy75, Owain74, Eadwine "Edwin" ap Gronwy73, Gronwy ap Einion72, Einion ap Owain71, Owain ap Hywel "Dda"70, Hywel "Dda" ap Cadell69, Cadell ap Rhodri Mawr68, Rhodri Mawr ap Merfyn67, Merfyn "the Freckled" ap Gwriad66, Gwriad ap Elidir of Man65, Elidir ap Sandde64, Sandde ap Alewn63, Alewn ap Tegid62, Tegid ap Gwair61, Gwair ap Dwywg60, Dwywg ap Llywarch59, Llywarch Hen ap Elidir58, Elidir ap Meirchion57, Meirchion Gul ap Gwrst56, Gwrst Lledlwin ap Ceneu55, Ceneu54, Coel *53, Tegfan Gloff52, Deheuwaint51, Telpwyll50, Urban49, Gradd "Grat"48, Remetel "Jumetel" Rhyfedel47, Rhydeyrn Rhyfedel46, Euddigan45, Eudeyrn44, Eifudd43, Eudos42, Euddolen41, Eugein40, Afallach39, Beli "Mawr" * the Great38, Manogan * ap Eneid37, Eneid *36, Cerwyd *35, Crydon *34, Dyfnarth Cynfarch *33, Prydain *32, Aedd * Mawr31, Antonius *30, Sisillius *29, Gwrst ? *28, Rhiwallon *27, Cunedda *26, Henwyn * ap Bleiddud25, Bleiddud Cyngen ap Asser24, Asser ap Cyngen23, Cyngen Bleiddud22, Dyfnwal ap Gorbonian21, Gorbonian20, Cymryw Camber19, Brutus *18, Silivius *17, Iulus * Ascanius16, Aeneas *15, Anchisa Anchises14, Capps13, Assaracus12, Tros11, Erichthonius10, Dardanus9, Zerah8, Judah *7, Jacob *6, Isaac *5, Abraham *4, Terah *3, Nahor.

    CHILDREN of William le BOTILLER and Ankaret verch GRUFFYDD.
    (Sir) William le BOTILER. First Baron Boteler. Born on 11 January 1274, (of Wemme, Shropshire)(in Oversley, Warwickshire), England. He married (1) Beatrice about 1295. He married (2) Ela de HERDEBURGH before February 1316. He died before 14 September 1334, when an inquest post mortem was held for him.
    Anne le BOTELER. Born (in 1272)(in 1280) in Wemme, Shropshire, England. She married Gilbert TALBOT.
    John Le Boteler was born on 17 Jul 1266.
    Gawaine Le Boteler was born on 2 Feb 1269/1270.
    Ralph le BOTELER. Born about 1244. Died before 5 June 1307.


    SOURCES:
    [S1]. McMahan/Kilsdonk Ancestors. RootsWeb. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=REG&db=kmcmahan&id=I12491.
    [S2]. Wikipedia, the Free Ecyclopedia.

    end

    William married Ankaret verch Griffith Aft 1261. Ankaret (daughter of Gruffydd ap Madog and Emma de Aldithley) was born 1236-1248, Powys, Wales; died 22 Jun 1308. [Group Sheet]


  6. 15.  Ankaret verch Griffith was born 1236-1248, Powys, Wales (daughter of Gruffydd ap Madog and Emma de Aldithley); died 22 Jun 1308.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Ankaret verch Gruffydd

    Notes:

    Genealogy of Ankaret:

    Ankaret verch Gruffydd (Gruffydd "Griffith" ap Madoc79, Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor78, Angharad77, Cristin verch Gronwy76, Gronwy75, Owain74, Eadwine "Edwin" ap Gronwy73, Gronwy ap Einion72, Einion ap Owain71, Owain ap Hywel "Dda"70, Hywel "Dda" ap Cadell69, Cadell ap Rhodri Mawr68, Rhodri Mawr ap Merfyn67, Merfyn "the Freckled" ap Gwriad66, Gwriad ap Elidir of Man65, Elidir ap Sandde64, Sandde ap Alewn63, Alewn ap Tegid62, Tegid ap Gwair61, Gwair ap Dwywg60, Dwywg ap Llywarch59, Llywarch Hen ap Elidir58, Elidir ap Meirchion57, Meirchion Gul ap Gwrst56, Gwrst Lledlwin ap Ceneu55, Ceneu54, Coel *53, Tegfan Gloff52, Deheuwaint51, Telpwyll50, Urban49, Gradd "Grat"48, Remetel "Jumetel" Rhyfedel47, Rhydeyrn Rhyfedel46, Euddigan45, Eudeyrn44, Eifudd43, Eudos42, Euddolen41, Eugein40, Afallach39, Beli "Mawr" * the Great38, Manogan * ap Eneid37, Eneid *36, Cerwyd *35, Crydon *34, Dyfnarth Cynfarch *33, Prydain *32, Aedd * Mawr31, Antonius *30, Sisillius *29, Gwrst ? *28, Rhiwallon *27, Cunedda *26, Henwyn * ap Bleiddud25, Bleiddud Cyngen ap Asser24, Asser ap Cyngen23, Cyngen Bleiddud22, Dyfnwal ap Gorbonian21, Gorbonian20, Cymryw Camber19, Brutus *18, Silivius *17, Iulus * Ascanius16, Aeneas *15, Anchisa Anchises14, Capps13, Assaracus12, Tros11, Erichthonius10, Dardanus9, Zerah8, Judah *7, Jacob *6, Isaac *5, Abraham *4, Terah *3, Nahor.

    CHILDREN of William le BOTILLER and Ankaret verch GRUFFYDD.
    (Sir) William le BOTILER. First Baron Boteler. Born on 11 January 1274, (of Wemme, Shropshire)(in Oversley, Warwickshire), England. He married (1) Beatrice about 1295. He married (2) Ela de HERDEBURGH before February 1316. He died before 14 September 1334, when an inquest post mortem was held for him.
    Anne le BOTELER. Born (in 1272)(in 1280) in Wemme, Shropshire, England. She married Gilbert TALBOT.
    John Le Boteler was born on 17 Jul 1266.
    Gawaine Le Boteler was born on 2 Feb 1269/1270.
    Ralph le BOTELER. Born about 1244. Died before 5 June 1307.


    SOURCES:
    [S1]. McMahan/Kilsdonk Ancestors. RootsWeb. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=REG&db=kmcmahan&id=I12491.
    [S2]. Wikipedia, the Free Ecyclopedia.

    Children:
    1. 7. Anne le Boteler was born ~ 1278, (Wemme) Shropshire, England; died 0___ 1340, Linton, Herefordshire, England.
    2. William le Boteler, 1st Baron Boteler was born 11 Jun 1274, Oversley, Warwickshire, England; died 14 Sep 1334, Wem, Shropshire, England.


Generation: 5

  1. 18.  Richard Tuitt was born County Westmeath, Ireland.

    Richard — unnamed spouse. [Group Sheet]


  2. 19.  unnamed spouse
    Children:
    1. 9. Avice Tuitt was born County Westmeath, Ireland.

  3. 24.  Gilbert Talbot was born ~ 1222 (son of Richard de Talbot and Aliva Basset); died 8 Sep 1274; was buried Womersley Priory, Herefordshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Gilbert de Talbot

    Notes:

    grandfather of Gilbert Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot (died 1345/6),[3] to whom passed the ancient armorials of the House of Dinefwr, assumed as arms of alliance to a great princess in place of his own paternal arms.

    Gilbert — Gwenllian ferch Rhys. [Group Sheet]


  4. 25.  Gwenllian ferch Rhys (daughter of Rhys Mechyll and Matilda de Braose).

    Notes:

    Married:
    (dau. and heir of Rhys Mechyll, lord of Dynevor, son and heir of Rhys Grig, son of Rhys ap Griffith, Prince of Wales)

    Children:
    1. 12. Richard Talbot, Lord of Eccleswall was born ~ 1250, Linton Manor, Bromyard, Herefordshire, England; died Bef 3 Sep 1306, Herefordshire, England.

  5. 26.  Walter de Beauchamp was born 1195-1197, Worcestershire, England; died 0___ 1236.

    Notes:

    Walter de Beauchamp (1195/97–1236) was an English judge, son and heir of William de Beauchamp and Amice de Beauchamp, lord of Elmley, Worcester, and hereditary castellan of Worcester and sheriff of the county.

    A minor at his father's death, he did not obtain his shrievalty till February 1216. Declaring for Louis of France on his arrival (May 1216), he was excommunicated by the legate at Whitsuntide, and his lands seized by the Marchers. But hastening to make his peace, on the accession of Henry, he was one of the witnesses to his reissue of the charter, and was restored to his shrievalty and castellanship.

    He also Attested Henry's 'Third Charter,' on 11 February 1225. In May 1226 and in January 1227 he was appointed an itinerant justice, and 14 April 1236 he died, leaving by his wife Joane Mortimer, daughter of his guardian, Roger de Mortimer, whom he had married in 1212, and who died in 1225, a son and heir, William, who married the eventual heiress of the earls of Warwick, and was grandfather of Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick.

    *

    Walter married Joan Mortimer 0May 1212. Joan (daughter of Roger de Mortimer and Isabel de Ferrers) was born (Wigmore Castle, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England); died 0___ 1225. [Group Sheet]


  6. 27.  Joan Mortimer was born (Wigmore Castle, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England) (daughter of Roger de Mortimer and Isabel de Ferrers); died 0___ 1225.
    Children:
    1. William de Beauchamp was born ~ 1215, Elmley Castle, Worcestershire, England; died 0___ 1268, Elmley Castle, Worcestershire, England.
    2. 13. Sarah de Beauchamp was born 0___ 1255, Elmley Castle, Worcester, England; died Aft 1316.

  7. 30.  Gruffydd ap Madog was born (Wales).

    Gruffydd — Emma de Aldithley. Emma was born (Wales). [Group Sheet]


  8. 31.  Emma de Aldithley was born (Wales).

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Emma Audley

    Children:
    1. 15. Ankaret verch Griffith was born 1236-1248, Powys, Wales; died 22 Jun 1308.


Generation: 6

  1. 48.  Richard de Talbot

    Richard — Aliva Basset. [Group Sheet]


  2. 49.  Aliva Basset
    Children:
    1. 24. Gilbert Talbot was born ~ 1222; died 8 Sep 1274; was buried Womersley Priory, Herefordshire, England.

  3. 50.  Rhys MechyllRhys Mechyll was born (Wales) (son of Rhys Gryg, Prince of Deheubarth and Mathilde de Clare); died 0___ 1244.

    Notes:

    Rhys Mechyll (died 1244) was a Welsh prince of the House of Dinefwr, ruler of part of the kingdom of Deheubarth in southern Wales from 1234 to 1244. He was a son of Rhys Gryg (died 1234) ("Rhys the Hoarse"), son of Rhys ap Gruffydd (1132–1197),[1] "The Lord Rhys", ruler of the kingdom of Deheubarth.

    Marriage

    He married Matilda de Braose (died 1248) who betrayed the dynasty's chief castle of Carreg Cennen to the Anglo-Normans in 1248, against the interests of her son Rhys. A Welsh chronicle, the Brut y Tywysogyon, records under the year 1248: "Rhys Fychan ap Rhys Mechyll regained the castle of Carreg Cennen, which his mother had treacherously placed in the power of the French, out of enmity for her son."[2]

    Progeny

    He had a son Rhys Fychan (i.e. "The Younger") ap Rhys Mechyll,[1] and a daughter Gwenllian, his eventual heiress who married Gilbert Talbot (died 1274), grandfather of Gilbert Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot (died 1345/6),[3] to whom passed the ancient armorials of the House of Dinefwr, assumed as arms of alliance to a great princess in place of his own paternal arms.[4]

    Notes

    Walker, David. Medieval Wales, Cambridge University Press, 1990, p. 98. ISBN 978-0-521-31153-3

    end of biography

    Birth:
    Deheubarth (Welsh pronunciation: [d?'h??bar?]; lit. "Right-hand Part", thus "the South")[4] was a regional name for the realms of south Wales, particularly as opposed to Gwynedd (Latin: Venedotia). It is now used as a shorthand for the various realms united under the House of Dinefwr, but that Deheubarth itself was not considered a proper kingdom on the model of Gwynedd, Powys, or Dyfed[5] is shown by its rendering in Latin as dextralis pars or as Britonnes dexterales ("the Southern Britons") and not as a named land.[6] In the oldest British writers, Deheubarth was used for all of modern Wales to distinguish it from Y Gogledd or Hen Ogledd, the northern lands whence Cunedda and the Cymry originated.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deheubarth

    Rhys — Matilda de Braose. Matilda (daughter of Reginald de Braose, Knight and Grace Brewer) was born ~ 1172, Carmarthenshire, Wales. [Group Sheet]


  4. 51.  Matilda de Braose was born ~ 1172, Carmarthenshire, Wales (daughter of Reginald de Braose, Knight and Grace Brewer).
    Children:
    1. Rhys Fychan ap Rhys Mechyll
    2. 25. Gwenllian ferch Rhys

  5. 54.  Roger de Mortimer was born Bef 1153 (son of Hugh de Mortimer and Matilda Le Meschin); died Bef 1215.

    Other Events:

    • Residence: Wales
    • Also Known As: Roger Mortimer of Wigmore

    Notes:

    Roger de Mortimer (before 1153-before 8 July 1214) was a medieval marcher lord, residing at Wigmore Castle in the English county of Herefordshire. He was the son of Hugh de Mortimer (d. 26 February 1181) and Matilda Le Meschin.

    Early life

    Roger would appear to have been of age in 1174 when he fought for King Henry II against the rebellion of his son, Henry. In 1179 Roger was instrumental in the killing of Cadwallon ap Madog, the prince of Maelienydd and Elfael, both of which Mortimer coveted. He was imprisoned until June 1182 at Winchester for this killing.

    Children

    He had married Isabel (d. before 29 April 1252), the daughter of Walchelin de Ferriers of Oakham Castle in Rutland before 1196. With Isabel, Roger had three sons and a daughter:

    Hugh de Mortimer (d.1227) - married Annora (Eleanor) de Braose, daughter of William de Braose and his wife Maud.[1]
    Ralph de Mortimer (d.1246).
    Philip Mortimer
    Joan Mortimer (d.1225) - married May 1212 to Walter de Beauchamp[2]
    He is often wrongly stated to have been the father of Robert Mortimer of Richards Castle (died 1219) - married Margary de Say,[3] daughter of Hugh de Say. But this Robert was born before 1155 and therefore could not have been a son of Roger.

    Lord of Maelienydd

    In 1195 Roger, with the backing of troops sent by King Richard I invaded Maelienydd and rebuilt Cymaron Castle. In 1196 he joined forces with Hugh de Say of Richards Castle and fought and lost the battle of New Radnor against Rhys ap Gruffydd, allegedly losing some forty knights and an innumerable number of foot in the fight. By 1200 he had conquered Maelienydd and issued a new charter of rights to Cwmhir Abbey. In the summer of 1214 he became gravely ill and bought the right for his son to inherit his lands while he still lived from King John. He died before 8 July 1214.

    *

    Roger — Isabel de Ferrers. Isabel (daughter of Walchelin de Ferriers and unnamed spouse) was born Oakham Castle, Rutland, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 55.  Isabel de Ferrers was born Oakham Castle, Rutland, England (daughter of Walchelin de Ferriers and unnamed spouse).

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Isabel de Ferriers

    Children:
    1. Ralph de Mortimer, Knight was born Bef 1198, Wigmore Castle, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England; died Bef 6 Aug 1246.
    2. Hugh de Mortimer was born (Wigmore Castle, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England); died 0___ 1227.
    3. Philip Mortimer was born (Wigmore Castle, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England).
    4. 27. Joan Mortimer was born (Wigmore Castle, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England); died 0___ 1225.


Generation: 7

  1. 100.  Rhys Gryg, Prince of Deheubarth was born (Wales) (son of Rhys ap Gruffydd, Prince of Deheubarth and Gwenllian ferch Madog); died 0___ 1233; was buried St. David's Cathedral, Pembrokeshire, Wales.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Rhys ap Rhys
    • Also Known As: Rhys Fychan
    • Also Known As: Rhys the Hoarse

    Notes:

    Rhys Gryg (English "Rhys the Hoarse") (died 1234), real name Rhys ap Rhys, also known as Rhys Fychan ("The Younger") was a Welsh prince who ruled part of the Kingdom of Deheubarth.

    Lineage

    Rhys was the fourth son of Rhys ap Gruffydd (The Lord Rhys) and his wife Gwenllian, daughter of Madog ap Maredudd of Powys.[1]

    Family feud

    He married Mathilde, the daughter of Richard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford.

    In Rhys ap Gruffydd's old age he had a great deal of trouble keeping control of his sons, and a bitter feud broke out between Gruffydd ap Rhys II and Maelgwn ap Rhys. Rhys Gryg formed an alliance with Gruffydd against Maelgwn, then in 1195 joined with another brother, Maredudd, in a conspiracy against their father and captured Dinefwr Castle. Their father however retaliated by capturing both of them and imprisoning them in Ystrad Meurig Castle.

    Power play

    Rhys Gryg reappears in 1204. Rhys ap Gruffydd had died in 1197 and Rhys Gryg's ally Gruffydd in 1201 and Maelgwn had taken possession of most of Deheubarth. In 1204 Rhys made an alliance with Gruffydd's sons, Rhys and Owain, and drove Maelgwn out of Ystrad Tywi which was then shared between them, with Rhys Gryg getting the Cantref Mawr. By 1211 Rhys had fallen out with his nephews, who were supporters of Llywelyn the Great and intervened on behalf of King John of England, attacking and capturing Llandovery from them with the help of English Royal troops. After John has forced Llywelyn to give up all his conquests outside the core area of Gwynedd, Rhys joined with Maelgwn to eject his nephews from the remainder of their lands. However, when King John built a castle at Aberystwyth, Rhys and Maelgwn changed sides, attacked the castle and burnt it. In 1212 Rhys attacked and burnt Swansea.

    Defeat, flight and capture

    The sons of Gruffydd ap Rhys, Rhys and Owain, had now made their peace with King John and gone over to the English Royal side. In 1213 and English army led by Falkes of Breautâe was sent to strip Rhys Gryg of his lands and give them to his nephews. Rhys was defeated in a battle at Llandeilo and was forced to flee to Ceredigion to seek the protection of his brother Maelgwn. Later in the year he was captured by the English and imprisoned at Carmarthen.

    Release and revolt

    In 1215 however, the sons of Gruffydd ap Rhys turned against the King and made an alliance with their uncle Maelgwn. The English released Rhys Gryg in the hope that he would start a civil war but instead Rhys joined forces with Llywelyn the Great, and he, along with Maelgwn and the sons of Gruffydd ap Rhys were with Llywelyn in the attack which captured many castles in South Wales in December of that year. At the parliament held by Llywelyn at Aberdovey in 1216, Rhys Gryg was allocated Cantref Mawr and Cantref Bychan and other lands.

    Death

    Rhys supported Llywelyn during the remainder of his career. In the war of 1231 he joined with his brother Maelgwn's son, Maelgwn the Younger, to burn Cardigan and then capture the castle for Llywelyn. In 1234 he joined with Maelgwn Fychan again to attack Carmarthen, but received wounds of which he died at Llandeilo Fawr shortly afterwards.

    Burial and succession

    He was buried in St. David's Cathedral and was succeeded by his son Maredudd. He left another son known as Rhys Mechyll (d.1244), who had a son named Rhys Fychan ap Rhys Mechyll and a daughter named Gwenllian Mechyll, who eventually became his heiress and married Gilbert Talbot (d.1274), grandfather of Gilbert Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot (d.1345/6).[2][3] The ancient arms of the House of Dinefwr Gules, a lion rampant or within a bordure or were inherited and assumed in lieu of the Talbot paternal arms as "arms of alliance" on marriage to a great princess.[4]

    Bibliography

    John Edward Lloyd (1911) A history of Wales from the earliest times to the Edwardian conquest (Longmans, Green & Co.)
    Rhys Gryg in Dictionary of Welsh Biography

    end of biography

    Rhys Gryg (died 1233) married a daughter of the Earl of Clare.[65] Rhys eventually became the main power in Deheubarth, but never ruled more than a portion of his father's realm and was a client prince of Llywelyn the Great of Gwynedd.

    end of note

    Birth:
    Deheubarth (Welsh pronunciation: [d?'h??bar?]; lit. "Right-hand Part", thus "the South")[4] was a regional name for the realms of south Wales, particularly as opposed to Gwynedd (Latin: Venedotia). It is now used as a shorthand for the various realms united under the House of Dinefwr, but that Deheubarth itself was not considered a proper kingdom on the model of Gwynedd, Powys, or Dyfed[5] is shown by its rendering in Latin as dextralis pars or as Britonnes dexterales ("the Southern Britons") and not as a named land.[6] In the oldest British writers, Deheubarth was used for all of modern Wales to distinguish it from Y Gogledd or Hen Ogledd, the northern lands whence Cunedda and the Cymry originated.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deheubarth

    Rhys — Mathilde de Clare. Mathilde (daughter of Richard de Clare, Knight, 3rd Earl of Hertford and Amice FitzWilliam, 4th Countess of Gloucester) was born (Hertford, Hertfordshire, England). [Group Sheet]


  2. 101.  Mathilde de Clare was born (Hertford, Hertfordshire, England) (daughter of Richard de Clare, Knight, 3rd Earl of Hertford and Amice FitzWilliam, 4th Countess of Gloucester).
    Children:
    1. Maredudd ap Rhys Gryg was born ( Wales).
    2. 50. Rhys Mechyll was born (Wales); died 0___ 1244.

  3. 102.  Reginald de Braose, KnightReginald de Braose, Knight was born 0___ 1162, (Bramber, West Sussex, England) (son of William de Braose, Knight, 3rd Lord of Bramber and Bertha of Hereford); died BY 1228; was buried Saint John's, Brecon, Wales.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Lord of Brecon, Abergavenny, Builth

    Notes:

    Died: by 1228

    Reginald is said to be buried at St. John's, Brecon (right).

    Reginald supported Giles in his rebellions against King John. They were both active against the King in the barons' war. Neither was present at the signing of Magna Carta because they were still rebels who refused to compromise. King John aquiesced to Reginald's claims to the de Braose estates in Wales in May 1216.

    He became Lord of Brecon, Abergavenny, Builth and other Marcher lordships but was very much a vassal of Llywelyn Fawr, Prince of Gwynedd and now his father-in-law.

    Henry III restored Reginald to favour and the Bramber estates (confiscated from William by King John) in 1217.

    At this seeming betrayal, Rhys and Owain, Reginald's nephews who were princes of Deheubarth, were incensed and they took Builth (except the castle). Llewelyn Fawr also became angry and besieged Brecon. Reginald eventually surrendered to Llewelyn and gave up Seinhenydd (Swansea).

    By 1221 they were at war again with Llewelyn laying siege to Builth. The seige was relieved by Henry III's forces. From this time on Llewelyn tended to support the claims of Reginald's nephew John concerning the de Braose lands.

    sealReginald was a witness to the re-issue of Magna Carta by Henry III in 1225.

    Father: William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber

    Mother: Maud de St. Valery

    Married (1) to Grace, daughter of William Brewer

    Child 1: William de Braose, Lord of Abergavenny

    Child 2 ? Matilda = Rhys Mechyll (of Deheubarth)

    Married (2) to Gwladus Ddu (1215)

    end of biography

    Reginald married Grace Brewer 19 Mar 1202, Bramber, Sussex, England. Grace (daughter of William Brewer and unnamed spouse) was born 0___ 1186, Eu, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France; died 0___ 1226. [Group Sheet]


  4. 103.  Grace Brewer was born 0___ 1186, Eu, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France (daughter of William Brewer and unnamed spouse); died 0___ 1226.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Grecian Alice De BRIWERE

    Children:
    1. William de Braose, Lord of Brycheiniog was born 0___ 1197, Brecon, Wales; died 2 May 1230, Wales; was buried Wigmore Abbey, Wigmore, Herefordshire, England.
    2. 51. Matilda de Braose was born ~ 1172, Carmarthenshire, Wales.

  5. 108.  Hugh de Mortimer died 26 Feb 1181.

    Hugh — Matilda Le Meschin. [Group Sheet]


  6. 109.  Matilda Le Meschin
    Children:
    1. 54. Roger de Mortimer was born Bef 1153; died Bef 1215.

  7. 110.  Walchelin de Ferriers died 0___ 1201.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Walchelin de Ferrers

    Notes:

    Walchelin de Ferrieres (or Walkelin de Ferrers) (died 1201) was a Norman baron and principal captain of King Richard I of England.

    The Ferriers family hailed from the southern marches of Normandy and had previously protected the duchy from the hostility of the counts of Maine and Anjou. With the union of the domains of Anjou and Normandy in 1144, and the investment of Geoffrey V Plantagenet as duke of Normandy, most of this land lost its strategic importance.

    Walchelin was the son of Henry de Ferrieres, a nephew of Robert de Ferrers, 1st Earl of Derby. His father Henry was son of either Enguenulf or William. Like his father, Walchelin held the castles of Ferriáeres-Saint-Hilaire and Chambray for the service of 5 knights. He had 42 and 3/4 in his service, enfeoffed in his lands. In England, Walchelin held the manors of Oakham in Rutland and Lechlade in Gloucestershire. He is known to have held this land since at least 1172.

    During the Third Crusade, he and his son and heir, Henry, served in the force of Richard I of England. A John de Ferrieres, believed to be a nephew, was also present. Walchelin had stayed with the King in Sicily. It is apparent that Walchelin was close in the counsel of the king. He and his knights arrived at Saint-Jean d'Acre sometime in April or June 1191. Some months previously, his second cousin, William de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby had been killed at the siege.

    After the conclusion of the siege, Richard of England and Hugh III of Burgundy marched their forces south to the city of Jaffa. Along the road, several skirmishes broke out between the marching crusaders and the Saracen army marching parallel under Saladin. On 7 September 1191, the great battle of Arsuf was fought. Richard had made Walchelin a commander of one of the elite bodies of knights according to the chronicle attributed to Geoffrey de Vinsauf.

    Later, in 1194, Richard was imprisoned in Germany. Walchelin brought the treasure of Normandy to Speyer and gave himself as a hostage (along with many others) to the Western Emperor Henry VI. He was freed from captivity around 1197. His sons Henry and Hugh managed his estates during the years he spent in prison. Sometime prior to his death, the younger son, Hugh was granted lordship of the manor of Lechlade.

    Walchelin died in 1201 and was succeeded by his son, Henry. Henry sided with John of England over King Philip II of France until December 1203 when John left Normandy, never to return. At this point, Henry did Philip homage for his Norman lands. Hugh had left England and the care of Lechlade and Oakham went to their sister, Isabella, who was married to Roger de Mortimer of Wigmore. After her death, the land was escheated to the crown as Terra Normanorum.

    Walchelin — unnamed spouse. [Group Sheet]


  8. 111.  unnamed spouse
    Children:
    1. 55. Isabel de Ferrers was born Oakham Castle, Rutland, England.


Generation: 8

  1. 200.  Rhys ap Gruffydd, Prince of Deheubarth was born ~ 1132, Wales (son of Gruffydd ap Rhys, King of Deheubarth and Gwenllian verch Gruffudd ap Cynan); died 28 Apr 1197; was buried St. David's Cathedral, Pembrokeshire, Wales.

    Notes:

    Rhys ap Gruffydd or ap Gruffudd (often anglicised to "Griffith") (1132 – 28 April 1197) was the ruler of the kingdom of Deheubarth in south Wales from 1155 to 1197. Today, he is commonly known as The Lord Rhys, in Welsh Yr Arglwydd Rhys, although this title may have not been used in his lifetime.[2] He usually used the title "Proprietary Prince of Deheubarth" or "Prince of South Wales", but two documents have been discovered in which he uses the title "Prince of Wales" or "Prince of the Welsh".[3] Rhys was one of the most successful and powerful Welsh princes, and, after the death of Owain Gwynedd of Gwynedd in 1170, the dominant power in Wales.

    Rhys's grandfather, Rhys ap Tewdwr, was king of Deheubarth, and was killed at Brecon in 1093 by Bernard de Neufmarchâe. Following his death, most of Deheubarth was taken over by the Normans. Rhys's father, Gruffydd ap Rhys, eventually was able to become ruler of a small portion, and more territory was won back by Rhys's older brothers after Gruffydd's death. Rhys became ruler of Deheubarth in 1155. He was forced to submit to King Henry II of England in 1158. Henry invaded Deheubarth in 1163, stripped Rhys of all his lands and took him prisoner. A few weeks later he was released and given back a small part of his holdings. Rhys made an alliance with Owain Gwynedd and, after the failure of another invasion of Wales by Henry in 1165, was able to win back most of his lands.

    In 1171 Rhys made peace with King Henry and was confirmed in possession of his recent conquests as well as being named Justiciar of South Wales. He maintained good relations with King Henry until the latter's death in 1189. Following Henry's death Rhys revolted against Richard I and attacked the Norman lordships surrounding his territory, capturing a number of castles. In his later years Rhys had trouble keeping control of his sons, particularly Maelgwn and Gruffydd, who maintained a feud with each other. Rhys launched his last campaign against the Normans in 1196 and captured a number of castles. The following year he died unexpectedly and was buried in St David's Cathedral.


    Genealogy and early life

    Rhys was the second son of Gruffydd ap Rhys, ruler of part of Deheubarth, by his second wife Gwenllian ferch Gruffydd, daughter of Gruffudd ap Cynan, king of Gwynedd. His elder brother was Maredudd ap Gruffydd, and there were two younger brothers, Morgan and Maelgwn. He also had two older half-brothers, Anarawd and Cadell, from his father's first marriage.[4] Rhys married Gwenllian ferch Madog, daughter of Madog ap Maredudd, the last Prince of all Powys.[5]


    Deheubarth was one of the traditional kingdoms of Wales, shown here as they were in 1093 when Rhys ap Tewdwr died.
    His grandfather, Rhys ap Tewdwr, had been king of all Deheubarth until his death in 1093. Rhys ap Tewdwr was killed in Brycheiniog, and most of his kingdom was taken over by Norman lords. Gruffydd ap Rhys was forced to flee to Ireland.[6] He later returned to Deheubarth and ruled a portion of the kingdom, but was forced to flee to Ireland again in 1127. When Rhys was born in 1132, his father held only the commote of Caeo in Cantref Mawr.[7]

    The death of King Henry I of England and the ensuing rivalry between Stephen and Matilda gave the Welsh the opportunity to rise against the Normans. A revolt spread through south Wales in 1136, and Gruffydd ap Rhys, aided by his two eldest sons, Anarawd and Cadell, defeated the Normans in a battle near Loughor, killing over five hundred. After driving Walter de Clifford out of Cantref Bychan, Gruffydd set off to Gwynedd to enlist the help of his father-in-law, Gruffudd ap Cynan.[8] In the absence of her husband, Gwenllian led an army against the Norman lordship of Cydweli (Kidwelly), taking along her two youngest sons, Morgan and Maelgwn. She was defeated and killed by an army commanded by Maurice de Londres of Oystermouth Castle. Morgan was also killed and Maelgwn captured.[9]

    Gruffydd formed an alliance with Gwynedd, and later in 1136 the sons of Gruffudd ap Cynan, Owain Gwynedd and Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd, led an army to Ceredigion. Their combined forces won a decisive victory over the Normans at the Battle of Crug Mawr. Ceredigion was reclaimed from the Normans, but was annexed by Gwynedd as the senior partner in the alliance. Gruffydd ap Rhys continued his campaign against the Normans in 1137, but died later that year. The leadership of the family now passed to Rhys's half-brother Anarawd ap Gruffydd. In 1143, when Rhys was eleven, Anarawd was murdered by the bodyguard of Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd, brother of Owain Gwynedd, king of Gwynedd. Owain punished Cadwaladr by depriving him of his lands in Ceredigion.[10]

    First battles (1146–1155)

    Rhys gained his first recorded military experience at the age of fourteen when he participated in the storming of Llansteffan Castle in 1146.
    Anarawd's brother, Cadell ap Gruffydd, took over as head of the family. Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Pembroke, rebuilt Carmarthen castle in 1145 then began a campaign to reclaim Ceredigion. He built a castle in the commote of Mabudryd, but Cadell, aided by Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd who held Ceredigion for Gwynedd, destroyed it in 1146. Rhys appears in the annals for the first time in 1146, fighting alongside his brothers Cadell and Maredudd in the capture by assault of Llansteffan Castle.[11] This was followed by the capture of Wiston in 1147, Carmarthen in 1150 and Loughor in 1151. In 1151 Cadell was attacked while out hunting by a group of Norman and Flemish knights from Tenby, and left for dead. He survived, but suffered injuries which left him unable to play an active role, and in 1153 he left on a pilgrimage to Rome.[12]

    Maredudd became ruler of Deheubarth and continued a campaign, begun in 1150, aimed at recovering Ceredigion, which had been held by Gwynedd since 1136. Maredudd and Rhys were able to drive Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd from Ceredigion by 1153. The same year Rhys is recorded as an independent commander for the first time, leading an army to capture the Norman castle of St Clears.[13] Maredudd and Rhys also destroyed the castles at Tenby and Aberafan that year. Maredudd died in 1155 at the age of twenty-five and left Rhys as ruler of Deheubarth. Around this time he married Gwenllian ferch Madog, daughter of Madog ap Maredudd, prince of Powys.[14]

    Early reign

    Loss of territory (1155–1163)

    Shortly after becoming ruler of Deheubarth, Rhys heard rumours that Owain Gwynedd was planning to invade Ceredigion in order to reclaim it for Gwynedd. Rhys responded by building a castle at Aberdyfi in 1156.[15] The threatened invasion did not take place, and Turvey claims that Owain's intention may have been to test the resolve of the new ruler.[16]

    King Stephen had died in October 1154, bringing to an end the long dispute with the Empress Matilda which had helped Anarawd, Cadell and Maredudd to extend their rule in Deheubarth. With disunity within the realm no longer a problem, the new king of England, Henry II, soon turned his attention to Wales. He began with an invasion of Gwynedd in 1157. This invasion was not entirely successful, but Owain Gwynedd was induced to seek terms and to give up some territory in the north-east of Wales.[17]


    In 1158 King Henry stripped Rhys of all his territories apart from Cantref Mawr; the areas in Deheubarth held by various Norman lords are shown in grey.
    The following year, Henry prepared an invasion of Deheubarth. Rhys made plans to resist, but was persuaded by his council to meet the king to discuss peace terms. The terms were much harsher than those offered to Owain: Rhys was stripped of all his possessions apart from Cantref Mawr, though he was promised one other cantref. The other territories were returned to their Norman lords.[18]

    Among the Normans who returned to their holdings was Walter de Clifford, who reclaimed Cantref Bychan, then invaded Rhys's lands in Cantref Mawr. An appeal to the king produced no response, and Rhys resorted to arms, first capturing Clifford's castle at Llandovery then seizing Ceredigion. King Henry responded by preparing another invasion, and Rhys submitted without resistance. He was obliged to give hostages, probably including his son Hywel.[19]

    The king was absent in France in 1159, and Rhys took the opportunity to attack Dyfed and then to lay siege to Carmarthen, which was saved by a relief force led by Earl Reginald of Cornwall. Rhys retreated to Cantref Mawr, where an army led by five earls, the Earls of Cornwall, Gloucester, Hertford, Pembroke and Salisbury, marched against him. The earls were assisted by Cadwaladr, brother of Owain Gwynedd, and Owain's sons, Hywel and Cynan. However they were forced to withdraw and a truce was arranged.[20] In 1162, Rhys again attempted to recover some of his lost lands, and captured Llandovery castle. The following year Henry II returned to England after an absence of four years and prepared for another invasion of Deheubarth. Rhys met the king to discuss terms and was obliged to give more hostages, including another son, Maredudd. He was then seized and taken to England as a prisoner.[21] Henry appears to have been uncertain what to do with Rhys, but after a few weeks decided to free him and allow him to rule Cantref Mawr. Rhys was summoned to appear before Henry at Woodstock to do homage together with Owain Gwynedd and Malcolm IV of Scotland.[22]

    Welsh uprising (1164–1170)

    In 1164 all the Welsh princes united in an uprising. Warren suggests that when Rhys and Owain were obliged to do homage to Henry in 1163 they were forced to accept a status of dependent vassalage instead of their previous client status, and that this led to the revolt.[23] Rhys had other reasons for rebellion, for he had returned to Deheubarth from England to find that the neighbouring Norman lords were threatening Cantref Mawr. His nephew, Einion ab Anarawd, who was the captain of his bodyguard, had been murdered at the instigation of Roger de Clare, Earl of Hertford. The murderer had been given the protection of the Clares in Ceredigion.[24] Rhys first appealed to the king to intercede; when this failed, he invaded Ceredigion and recaptured all of it apart from the town and castle of Cardigan. The Welsh revolt led to another invasion of Wales by King Henry in 1165. Henry attacked Gwynedd first, but instead of following the usual invasion route along the north coast he attacked from the south, following a route over the Berwyn hills. He was met by the united forces of the Welsh princes, led by Owain Gwynedd and including Rhys. According to Brut y Tywysogion:


    The arms attributed to Rhys ap Gruffydd are those of the princes of Deheubarth and feature a lion rampant.[25]
    ... [King Henry] gathered an innumerable host of the selected warriors of England and Normandy and Flanders and Gascony and Anjou ... and against him came Owain and Cadwaladr the sons of Gruffydd with all the host of Gwynedd, and Rhys ap Gruffydd with all the host of Deheubarth and Iorwerth the Red son of Maredudd and the sons of Madog ap Maredudd with all the host of Powys.[26]

    Torrential rain forced Henry's army to retreat in disorder without fighting a major battle, and Henry vented his spleen on the hostages, having Rhys's son Maredudd blinded. Rhys's other son, Hywel, was not among the victims. Rhys returned to Deheubarth where he captured and burned Cardigan Castle. He allowed the garrison to depart, but held the castellan, Robert Fitz-Stephen, as a prisoner. Shortly afterwards Rhys captured Cilgerran castle.[27]

    In 1167 he joined Owain Gwynedd in an attack on Owain Cyfeiliog of southern Powys, and spent three weeks helping Owain besiege the Norman castle of Rhuddlan.[28] In 1168 he attacked the Normans at Builth, destroying its castle. Rhys benefited from the Norman invasion of Ireland in 1169 and 1170, which was largely led by the Cambro-Norman lords of south Wales. In 1167 the King of Leinster, Diarmait Mac Murchada, who had been driven out of his kingdom, had asked Rhys to release Robert Fitz-Stephen from captivity to take part in an expedition to Ireland. Rhys did not oblige at the time, but released him the following year and in 1169 Fitz-Stephen led the vanguard of a Norman army which landed in Wexford. The leader of the Norman forces, Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, known as "Strongbow", followed in 1170. According to Warren:

    They were prompted to go by a growing suspicion that King Henry did not intend to renew his offensive against the Welsh, but was instead seeking an accommodation with the Welsh leaders.[29]

    The departure of the Norman lords enabled Rhys to strengthen his position, and the death of Owain Gwynedd in late 1170 left him as the acknowledged leader of the Welsh princes.[30]

    Later reign

    Peace with King Henry (1171–1188)

    In 1171 King Henry II arrived in England from France, on his way to Ireland. Henry wished to ensure that Richard de Clare, who had married Diarmait's daughter and become heir to Leinster, did not establish an independent Norman kingdom in Ireland.[31] His decision to try a different approach in his dealings with the Welsh was influenced by the events in Ireland, although Warren suggests that "it seems likely that Henry began rethinking his attitude to the Welsh soon after the dâebãacle of 1165".[32] Henry now wished to make peace with Rhys, who came to Newnham to meet him. Rhys was to pay a tribute of 300 horses and 4,000 head of cattle, but was confirmed in possession of all the lands he had taken from Norman lords, including the Clares. They met again in October that year at Pembroke as Henry waited to cross to Ireland. Rhys had collected 86 of the 300 horses, but Henry agreed to take only 36 of them and remitted the remainder of the tribute until after his return from Ireland. Rhys's son, Hywel, who had been held as a hostage for many years, was returned to him. Henry and Rhys met once more at Laugharne as Henry returned from Ireland in 1172, and shortly afterwards Henry appointed Rhys "justice on his behalf in all Deheubarth".[33] According to A. D. Carr:

    This meant the delegation to him of any authority which the king might have claimed over his fellow Welsh rulers; it might also have involved some authority over the king's Anglo-Norman subjects ... Rhys was more than a native Welsh ruler; he was one of the great feudatories of the Angevin empire.[34]


    Dinefwr Castle was the chief seat of the Dinefwr dynasty; the earliest surviving part of the present castle may have been built by Rhys or by his son, Rhys Gryg.[35]
    The agreement between Henry and Rhys was to last until Henry's death in 1189. When Henry's sons rebelled against him in 1173 Rhys sent his son Hywel Sais to Normandy to aid the king, then in 1174 personally led an army to Tutbury in Staffordshire to assist at the siege of the stronghold of the rebel Earl William de Ferrers.[36] When Rhys returned to Wales after the fall of Tutbury, he left a thousand men with the king for service in Normandy. King Henry held a council at Gloucester in 1175 which was attended by a large gathering of Welsh princes, led by Rhys. It appears to have concluded with the swearing of a mutual assistance pact for the preservation of peace and order in Wales.[37] In 1177 Rhys, Dafydd ab Owain, who had emerged as the main power in Gwynedd, and Cadwallon ap Madog from Rhwng Gwy a Hafren swore fealty and liege homage to Henry at a council held at Oxford.[38] At this council the king gave Meirionnydd, part of the kingdom of Gwynedd, to Rhys. There was some fighting in Meirionnydd the following year, but Rhys apparently made no serious attempt to annex it.


    Carreg Cennen Castle
    Rhys built a number of stone castles, starting with Cardigan castle, which was the earliest recorded native-built stone castle in Wales.[39] He also built Carreg Cennen castle near Llandeilo, a castle set in a spectacular position on a mountain top. He held a festival of poetry and song at his court at Cardigan over Christmas 1176. This is generally regarded as the first recorded Eisteddfod.[40] The festival was announced a year in advance throughout Wales and in England, Scotland, Ireland and possibly France. Two chairs were awarded as prizes, one for the best poem and the other for the best musical performance. J. E. Caerwyn Williams suggests that this event may be an adaptation of the similar French puys.[41] R.R. Davies suggests that the texts of Welsh law, traditionally codified by Hywel Dda at Whitland, were first assembled in book form under the aegis of Rhys.[42]


    Talley Abbey
    Rhys founded two religious houses during this period. Talley Abbey was the first Premonstratensian abbey in Wales, while Llanllyr was a Cistercian nunnery, only the second nunnery to be founded in Wales and the first to prosper.[43] He became the patron of the abbeys of Whitland and Strata Florida and made large grants to both houses.[44] Giraldus Cambrensis, who was related to Rhys, gives an account of his meetings with Rhys in 1188 when Giraldus accompanied Archbishop Baldwin around Wales to raise men for the Third Crusade. Some Welsh clerics were not happy about this visit, but Rhys was enthusiastic and gave the Archbishop a great deal of assistance. Giraldus says that Rhys decided to go on crusade himself and spent several weeks making preparations, but was eventually persuaded to change his mind by his wife Gwenllian, "by female artifices".[45]

    Final campaigns (1189–1196)

    Henry II died in 1189 and was succeeded by Richard I. Rhys considered that he was no longer bound by the agreement with King Henry and attacked the Norman lordships surrounding his territory. He ravaged Pembroke, Haverfordwest, and Gower and captured the castles of St. Clear's, Laugharne, and Llansteffan. Richard's brother, Prince John (later King John), came to Wales in September and tried to make peace. He persuaded Rhys to raise the siege of Carmarthen and accompany him to Oxford to meet Richard. Rhys arrived at Oxford to discover that Richard was not prepared to travel there to meet him, and hostilities continued.[46]


    By 1196 Rhys ruled almost all of Deheubarth, as well as controlling much of the remainder of south Wales through client princes; the remaining Norman-held areas in Deheubarth are shown in grey.
    In his later years Rhys had trouble keeping control of his sons, particularly Maelgwn and Gruffydd. In 1189 Gruffydd persuaded Rhys to imprison Maelgwn, and he was given into Gruffydd's keeping at Dinefwr. Gruffydd handed him over to his father-in-law, William de Braose. Gruffydd is also said to have persuaded his father to annex the lordship of Cemais and its chief castle of Nevern, held by William FitzMartin, in 1191. This action was criticized by Giraldus Cambrensis, who describes Gruffydd as "a cunning and artful man". William FitzMartin was married to Rhys's daughter Angharad, and, according to Giraldus, Rhys "had solemnly sworn, by the most precious relics, that his indemnity and security should be faithfully maintained".[47] Rhys had also annexed the Norman lordships of Cydweli and Carnwyllion in 1190.[48] In 1192 Rhys secured Maelgwn's release, but by now Maelgwn and Gruffydd were bitter enemies. In 1194 Rhys was defeated in battle by Maelgwn and Hywel, who imprisoned him in Nevern castle, though Hywel later released his father without Maelgwn's consent. Giraldus suggests that Rhys's incarceration in Nevern castle was divine vengeance for the dispossession of William FitzMartin.[49] In 1195 two other sons, Rhys Gryg and Maredudd, seized Llanymddyfri and Dinefwr, and Rhys responded by imprisoning them.[50] Rhys launched his last campaign against the Normans in 1196. He captured a number of castles, including Carmarthen, Colwyn, Radnor and Painscastle, and defeated an army led by Roger de Mortimer and Hugh de Say near Radnor, with forty knights among the dead. This, the Battle of Radnor, was Rhys' last battle.[51] William de Braose offered terms, and Painscastle was returned to him.[52]

    Death and aftermath (1197)

    Rhys was buried in St David's Cathedral, where an effigy said to be of him, but carved over 100 years later, can still be seen.[1]
    In April 1197 Rhys died unexpectedly and was buried in St David's Cathedral. The chronicler of Brut y Tywysogion records for 1197:

    ... there was a great pestilence throughout the island of Britain ... and that tempest killed innumerable people and many of the nobility and many princes, and spared none. That year, four days before May Day, died Rhys ap Gruffydd, Prince of Deheubarth and unconquered head of all Wales.[53]

    Rhys died excommunicate, having quarreled with the Bishop of St. David's, Peter de Leia, over the theft of some of the bishop's horses some years previously. Before he could be buried in the cathedral, the bishop had his corpse scourged in posthumous penance.[54]

    Rhys had nominated his eldest legitimate son, Gruffydd ap Rhys, as his successor, and soon after his father's death Gruffydd met the Justiciar, Archbishop Hubert Walter, on the border and was confirmed as heir. Maelgwn, the eldest son but illegitimate, refused to accept this and was given military assistance by Gwenwynwyn ab Owain of Powys. Maelgwn took the town and castle of Aberystwyth and captured Gruffydd, whom he handed over to the custody of Gwenwynwyn. Gwenwynwyn later handed him over to the king, who imprisoned him at Corfe Castle.[55] Gruffydd was set free the following year and regained most of Ceredigion. In 1201 Gruffydd died, but this did not end the fighting between rival claimants. In 1216 Llywelyn the Great of Gwynedd held a council at Aberdyfi where he allocated parts of Deheubarth to several sons and grandsons of Rhys.

    Character and historical assessment

    Giraldus Cambrensis frequently mentions Rhys in his writings and describes him as "a man of excellent wit and quick in repartee".[56] Gerald tells the story of a banquet at Hereford in 1186 where Rhys sat between two members of the Clare family. What could have been a tense affair, since Rhys had seized lands in Ceredigion previously held by the Clare family, passed off with an exchange of courteous compliments, followed by some good-natured banter between Rhys and Gerald about their family connections.[57] Rhys gave Gerald and Archbishop Baldwin a great deal of assistance when they visited Wales to raise troops for the crusade in 1188, and Gerald several times refers to his "kindness" and says that Rhys accompanied them all the way from Cardigan to the northern border of Ceredigion "with a liberality peculiarly praiseworthy in so illustrious a prince".[58]

    Another contemporary writer also wrote of Rhys if Roger Turvey is correct in stating that Walter Map's piece Of the King Appollonides deals with Rhys under a pseudonym.[59] Map was less favourably disposed toward Rhys, describing him as "This king I have seen and know, and hate", but goes on to say "I would not have my hatred blacken his worth; it is not my wish ever to suppress any man's excellence through envy". He tells the following story about Apollonides/Rhys:

    This same man gave provisions to his enemies when besieged and driven by risk of famine to capitulate; he wished them to be overcome by his own strength and not by want of bread; and though he deferred victory, he increased the renown of it.[60]

    Davies provides the following assessment of Rhys:

    Rhys's career was indeed a remarkable one. Its very length was a tribute to his stamina and skill: he had occupied the stage of Welsh politics for over fifty years, from his first appearance in his early 'teens, at the capture of Llansteffan castle in 1146, to his death in 1197. But it was his achievement which was astounding: he had reconstituted the kingdom of Deheubarth and made it the premier Welsh kingdom. For once, the poet's compliment was well-deserved: Rhys had restored "the majesty of the South".[61]

    Davies also notes two flaws in Rhys's achievement. One was the personal nature of his accord with Henry II, which meant that it did not survive Henry's death. The other was his inability to control his sons and to force the other sons to accept Gruffydd as his successor.[62]

    Children

    Several of Rhys's children, including Gruffydd and Maelgwn, were buried at Strata Florida Abbey.
    Rhys had at least nine sons and eight daughters.[63] Confusingly, three of the sons were named Maredudd and two of the daughters were named Gwenllian.

    Gruffydd ap Rhys II (died 1201) was the eldest legitimate son and was nominated by Rhys as his successor. He married Maud de Braose, the daughter of William de Braose.[64]

    Maelgwn ap Rhys (died 1231), who was the eldest son but illegitimate, refused to accept Gruffydd as his father's successor. A bitter feud developed between the two, with several of Rhys's other sons becoming involved.

    Rhys Gryg (died 1233) married a daughter of the Earl of Clare.[65] Rhys eventually became the main power in Deheubarth, but never ruled more than a portion of his father's realm and was a client prince of Llywelyn the Great of Gwynedd.

    Hywel ap Rhys (died 1231) spent many years as a hostage at the court of Henry II and on his return became known as Hywel Sais (Hywel the Saxon, i.e. Englishman).

    Maredudd ap Rhys (died 1239) was also given as a hostage, but was less fortunate than Hywel. He was blinded by King Henry after the failure of the invasion of Wales in 1165, and became known as Maredudd Ddall (Maredudd the Blind). He ended his days as a monk at Whitland Abbey.

    Another Maredudd (died 1227) became Archdeacon of Cardigan.[64]

    Rhys's daughter Gwenllian ferch Rhys married Rhodri ab Owain, prince of the western part of Gwynedd.

    Another Gwenllian (circa 1178 – 1236) married Ednyfed Fychan, seneschal of Gwynedd under Llywelyn the Great, and through her, Rhys became an ancestor of the Tudor dynasty. Through the Tudors inter-marrying with the House of Stuart Rhys is an ancestor to the current ruling house of the United Kingdom and also an ancestor of several ruling houses in Europe. When Henry Tudor landed in Pembrokeshire, Wales in 1485 to make a bid for the throne, his descent from Rhys was one of the factors which enabled him to attract Welsh support (Henry flew a (Welsh) dragon banner at the battle of Bosworth Field).[66]

    Angharad ferch Rhys married William FitzMartin, lord of Cemais.

    Other daughters married the Welsh rulers of Gwrtheyrnion and Elfael.[67]

    Birth:
    Deheubarth (Welsh pronunciation: [d?'h??bar?]; lit. "Right-hand Part", thus "the South")[4] was a regional name for the realms of south Wales, particularly as opposed to Gwynedd (Latin: Venedotia). It is now used as a shorthand for the various realms united under the House of Dinefwr, but that Deheubarth itself was not considered a proper kingdom on the model of Gwynedd, Powys, or Dyfed[5] is shown by its rendering in Latin as dextralis pars or as Britonnes dexterales ("the Southern Britons") and not as a named land.[6] In the oldest British writers, Deheubarth was used for all of modern Wales to distinguish it from Y Gogledd or Hen Ogledd, the northern lands whence Cunedda and the Cymry originated.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deheubarth

    Buried:
    Photos and history ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_David%27s_Cathedral

    Rhys — Gwenllian ferch Madog. Gwenllian (daughter of Gruffydd ap Cynan, King of Gwynedd and unnamed spouse) was born Gwynedd, Wales. [Group Sheet]


  2. 201.  Gwenllian ferch Madog was born Gwynedd, Wales (daughter of Gruffydd ap Cynan, King of Gwynedd and unnamed spouse).
    Children:
    1. Gruffydd ap Rhys, II was born 0___ 1148, Wales; died 25 Jul 1201; was buried Strata Florida Abbey, Ceredigion, Wales.
    2. 100. Rhys Gryg, Prince of Deheubarth was born (Wales); died 0___ 1233; was buried St. David's Cathedral, Pembrokeshire, Wales.
    3. Hywel ap Rhys
    4. Gwenllian ferch Rhys was born (Wales); died 0___ 1236.
    5. Angharad ferch Rhys

  3. 202.  Richard de Clare, Knight, 3rd Earl of Hertford was born ~ 1153, Tonbridge Castle, Kent, England (son of Richard de Clare, Knight, 2nd Earl Pembroke and Eva Aoife Mac Murchada, Countess Pembroke); died 28 Nov 1217.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: 6th Lord of Cardigan
    • Also Known As: 6th Lord of Clare
    • Also Known As: 6th Lord of Tonbridge

    Notes:

    Richard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford, 6th Lord of Clare, 6th lord of Tonbridge, 5th Lord of Cardigan (c.?1153–1217), was a powerful Norman nobleman with vast lands in England and Wales.

    Career

    Richard was the son of Roger de Clare, 2nd Earl of Hertford and Maud, daughter of James de St. Hillary.[1] More commonly known as the Earl of Clare, he had the majority of the Giffard estates from his ancestor, Rohese.[2] He was present at the coronations of King Richard I at Westminster, 3 September 1189, and King John on 27 May 1199. He was also present at the homage of King William of Scotland as English Earl of Huntingdon at Lincoln.[citation needed]

    Marriage

    He married (c. 1172) Amice FitzWilliam, 4th Countess of Gloucester (c. 1160–1220), second daughter, and co-heiress, of William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester, and Hawise de Beaumont. Sometime before 1198, Earl Richard and his wife Amice were ordered to separate by the Pope on grounds of consanguinity. They separated for a time because of this order but apparently reconciled their marriage with the Pope later on.[citation needed]

    Magna Carta

    He sided with the Barons against King John, even though he had previously sworn peace with the King at Northampton, and his castle of Tonbridge was taken. He played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta, being one of the twenty five sureties. On 9 November 1215, he was one of the commissioners on the part of the Barons to negotiate the peace with the King. In 1215, his lands in counties Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun. He and his son were among the Barons excommunicated by the Pope in 1215. His own arms were: Or, three chevronels gules.[citation needed]

    Family

    Richard and Amice had children:

    Gilbert de Clare (ca. 1180 – 25 October 1230), 4th Earl of Hertford and 5th Earl of Gloucester, (or 1st Earl of Gloucester of new creation). Married in 1217 Isabel Marshal.
    Maud de Clare (ca. 1184–1213), married in 1206,[citation needed] Sir William de Braose, son of William de Braose and Maud de St. Valery.
    Richard de Clare (ca. 1184 – 4 Mar 1228, London)[citation needed]
    Mathilde, married Rhys Gryg son of Rhys ap Gruffydd, ruler of the kingdom of Deheubarth.

    References

    icon Normandy portal
    Jump up ^ George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant Extinct or Dormant, eds. H. A. Doubleday; Howard de Walden, Vol. V (London: The St. Catherine Press, Ltd., 1926), p. 736
    Jump up ^ I. J. Sanders, English Baronies: A Study of Their Origin and Descent 1086–1327) (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1963), pp. 34, 62

    end of biography

    Birth:
    Hsitory, Images, Drawing, Map & Source for Tonbridge Castle ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonbridge_Castle

    Richard married Amice FitzWilliam, 4th Countess of Gloucester 0___ 1180, England. Amice (daughter of William FitzRobert, Knight, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Hawise de Beaumont) was born 0___ 1160, Gloucestershire, England; died 1220-1225. [Group Sheet]


  4. 203.  Amice FitzWilliam, 4th Countess of Gloucester was born 0___ 1160, Gloucestershire, England (daughter of William FitzRobert, Knight, 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Hawise de Beaumont); died 1220-1225.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Amice de Caen

    Children:
    1. Gilbert de Clare, Knight, 4th Earl of Hertford was born 0___ 1180, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England; died 25 Oct 1230, Brittany, France; was buried Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England GL20 5RZ.
    2. 101. Mathilde de Clare was born (Hertford, Hertfordshire, England).

  5. 204.  William de Braose, Knight, 3rd Lord of Bramber was born 0___ 1100, Bramber, Sussex, England (son of Philip de Braose, Knight, 2nd Lord Bramber and Aanor de Totnes); died 21 Oct 1190, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Sheriff of Hereford
    • Also Known As: William Bruce

    Notes:

    William de Braose, 3rd lord of Bramber was a Marcher lord, active during the 12th century period of anarchy and the subsequent reign of Henry II. He served as sheriff of Herefordshire from 1173 to 1175.

    William was the eldest son of Philip de Braose, lord of Bramber. His mother was Aenor, daughter of Juhel of Totnes. He was the third in the line of the Anglo-Norman Braose family. After his father died in the 1130s William held lordships, land and castles in Sussex, with his caput at Bramber, also at Totnes in Devon and Radnor and Builth in the Welsh Marches. He confirmed the grants of his father and grandfather to the abbey of St Florent in Anjou and made further grants to the abbey's dependent priory at Sele in Sussex. About 1155, he also inherited through his mother's family one half of the honour of Barnstaple in Devon, paying a fee of 1000 marks for the privilege.

    William became an internationally recognised figure. When Archbishop Theobald of Canterbury was asked by Pope Adrian IV to inquire into the background of a certain Walter, canon of St Ruf, his reply, dated to 1154/9 read:

    "The facts which you demand need but little enquiry; for they shine so brightly in themselves that they cannot be hid; so great is the brilliance of his noble birth and the glory of all his kin. For Walter, as we know for a fact, was the son of a distinguished knight and born of a noble mother in lawful wedlock, and he is closely related by blood to the noble William de Braose."

    William had married Bertha, daughter of Miles of Gloucester by 1150. When each of Bertha's four brothers died leaving no issue William's marriage became unexpectedly valuable. He gained control of the lordships of Brecon and Abergavenny after 1166 when the last brother died. These additional land holdings greatly expanded the territorial power and income of the Braose family. They now held a vast block of territory in the Middle March as well as their extensive interests in Sussex and Devon. William's daughters were able to make good marriages, notably Sibyl to William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby. William's son and heir, became a major player in national politics under King John.

    Empress Maud landed in England in 1139 in an attempt to press her claim to the monarchy. She was soon besieged by King Stephen's forces at Arundel castle. Stephen allowed Maud a safe conduct to Bristol, and provided her with an escort which included William de Braose. Thus, at the start of this conflict, William was an adherent of King Stephen. He witnessed three charters with Stephen at Lewes dated by Davis as 1148/53 so it appears that he remained loyal to the king until the Treaty of Wallingford which ended the hostilities.

    William was in Sussex in 1153, but he followed Duke Henry, soon to become King Henry II, across to Normandy in 1154. William was frequently with the new king. He was one of the great men in the army at Rhuddlan in 1157. He witnessed one of the king's charters at Romsey in 1158 and he is recorded at the king's court in Wiltshire in 1164 when the Constitutions of Clarendon were enacted. He accompanied the king on expedition to France, witnessing at Leons, in 1161 and Chinon in 1162. William is also documented on the Irish campaign at Dublin in 1171 and Wexford 1172.

    When Henry was facing war with his sons in 1173, William was appointed as sheriff of Hereford at Easter. He maintained the King's interests in Herefordshire until 1175. King Henry withdrew his favour from the family after William's son organised the murder of Seisyll ap Dyfnwal and other Welsh princes at Abergavenny in 1175. There is little record of William in public life after this and it is likely that he retired to his estates in Sussex. It is at this time that the extensions were made to St. Mary's, Shoreham. (Pictured at top)

    (The above is an adaptation of the article I wrote for Wikipedia. Sources for the information given can be found there.)

    Father: Philip de Braose

    Mother: Aanor

    Married to Bertha, daughter of Miles of Gloucester, Earl of Hereford

    Child 1: William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber

    Child 2: Maud = John de Brompton

    Child 3: Sibilla = (1)William de Ferrers =(2)Adam de Port

    Child 4: John

    Child 5: Roger
    Roger is a witness to a charter of his brother William. (Dugdales "Monasticon" iv, p616)

    (Some sources give a daughter Bertha who married a Beauchamp. I believe this Bertha is a daughter of William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber. See her page for references.)

    end of biography

    William (de Braose) BRUCEPrint Family Tree William de /Braose/ , William de /Braose/


    Born in 1100 - Bramber, Sussex, England
    Deceased 21 October 1190 - London, England , age at death: 90 years old

    Parents
    Philip (de Braose) BRUCE, born in 1073 - Bramber, Sussex, England, Deceased in 1134 - Bramber, Sussex, England age at death: 61 years old
    Married in 1104, Barnstaple, Devon, England, to
    Aenor De TOTNES, born in 1084 - Barnstaple, Devon, England, Deceased in 1102 - Bramber, Sussex, England age at death: 18 years old

    Spouses, children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren
    Married in 1148, Herefordshire, England, to Bertha De PITRES, born in 1107 - Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, Deceased - Bramber, Sussex, England (Parents : M Miles (Fitzwalter) De (1st Earl of Hereford) PITRES 1092-1143 & F Sybil (de Neufmarche) NEWMARCH 1092-1142) with
    F Bertha (de Braose) BRUCE ca 1145- married before 1180, Wales, to Gilbert De (Baron) MONMOUTH 1140-1190 with
    M John De (SIR - Lord of Monmouth) MONMOUTH ca 1180- married in 1202, Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales, to Cecily Waleran FitzWalter 1182-1222 with :
    F Joan Margaret De MONMOUTH ca 1201-1247
    M William De Monmouth

    John De (SIR - Lord of Monmouth) MONMOUTH ca 1180- married in April 1223, Monmouthshire, Wales, to Agnes de ** MUSCEGROS ca 1190- with :
    M Richard (de Wyesham) De MONMOUTH 1223/-
    M Walter De MONMOUTH 1223/-
    M John De (5th Lord of Monmouth) MONMOUTH 1225-1274
    Bertha (de Braose) BRUCE ca 1145- married before 1182, Bramber, Sussex, England, to Walter De BEAUCHAMP ca 1160-1235 with
    M James De BEAUCHAMP 1182-1233
    M Watchline De BEAUCHAMP 1184-1236 married to Joane De MORTIMER 1194-1268 with :
    M William De BEAUCHAMP 1210-1267
    F Matilda Maud (de Braose) ca 1146- married in 1168, England, to John De BRAMPTON ca 1136-1179 with
    M Brian De BRAMPTON 1168-1197 married in 1195, England, to Alice De Neufmenell 1172- with :
    M Brian De Brampton 1194-1262
    F Margaret (de Braose) (Lady Meath) BRUCE ca 1149- married 19 November 1200, Ewyas Harold, Herefordshire, England, to Walter De (Sir - Lord Meath) LACY ca 1150-1241 with
    F Petronilla De LACY 1195-1288 married to Ralph VI De (Lord Flamstead) TOENI 1190-1239 with :
    F Constance De TOENI ca 1220-1263
    M Roger Michaelmas De (Lord of Flamstead) TOENI 1235-1264
    F Gille Egidia De LACY 1202-1239 married 21 April 1225 to Richard Mor "The Great", De (1st Earl of Ulster) BURGH 1202-1242 with :
    M Walter De ( 1st Earl of Ulster, 2nd Lord of Cornaught) BURGH 1232-1271
    M Gilbert (Of Meath) De LACY 1206-1230 married in 1225, Norfolk, England, to Isabel BIGOD 1212-1250 with :
    F Margery De LACY ca 1232-1256
    F Sybil (de Braose) BRUCE /1151-1227 married to Philip (le Boteler) BUTLER 1157-1174 with
    F Clemence (le Boteler) BUTLER 1175-1231 married in 1188, England, to John (Lackland) (KING OF ENGLAND) PLANTAGENET 1166-1216 with :
    F Joan (Princess of WALES) PLANTAGENET 1190-1236

    Clemence (le Boteler) BUTLER 1175-1231 married in 1205 to Nicholas De (SIR - Baron of Alton, Lord of Farnham) VERDUN 1175- with :
    F Rohese De VERDUN 1204-1246
    M William (de Braose) BRUCE 1153-1211 married in 1174, Bramber, Sussex, England, to Maud (Matilda) De St VALERY 1155-1210 with
    F Matilda Maud (de Braose) 1160-1209 married in 1189 to Gruffydd Ap (Prince of South Wales) RHYS 1148-1201 with :
    M Owain Ap GRUFFYDD ca 1176-1235
    F Lleucu Verch GRUFFYDD 1202-1250
    M William (The Younger) de Braose) BRUCE 1175-1210 married in 1196, Kent, England, to Matilda De CLARE 1175-1213 with :
    F Matilda (de Braose) BRUCE ca 1195-1274
    M John (de Braose) (Lord of Bramber) BRUCE 1197-1232
    F Laurette (de Braose) BRUCE ca 1176-1266 married to Robert "Fitz-Parnell" HARCOURT ca 1156- with :
    M X Harcourt ca 1190-
    M Reginald (de Braose) BRUCE 1182-1227 married 19 March 1202, Bramber, Sussex, England, to Grecian Alice De BRIWERE 1186-1226 with
    F Matilda (de Braose) BRUCE ca 1200-1249 married in 1219, Carmarthenshire, Wales, to Rhys (Mechyll) Ap (Gryg ) RHYS 1174-1244 with :
    M Ieuan Ap RHYS ca 1220-
    F Gwenllian Verch RHYS ca 1225-1268
    M William "Black William" (de Braose) BRUCE 1204-1230 married 2 May 1230, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales, to Eve (Baroness of Abergavenny) MARSHALL 1194-1246 with :
    M William (de Braose) BRUCE 1210-1292
    F Isabella (de Braose) BRUCE 1220/-
    F Eva (de Braose) BRUCE 1220-1255
    F Maud (de Braose) (BARONESS WIGMORE) BRUCE 1226-1300

    Siblings
    F Maud (de Braose) BRUCE 1109-1200 Married about 1130, Wales, to William De BEAUCHAMP 1105-1170

    Paternal grand-parents, uncles and aunts
    M William de (Braose) BRUCE 1049-1093 married (1072)
    F Agnes De SAINT CLARE 1034-1080
    M Philip (de Braose) BRUCE 1073-1134
    married (1104)
    2 children



    Maternal grand-parents, uncles and aunts
    M Juhel De TOTNES 1049-1123 married (1083)
    F ** De PICQUIGNY 1060-1145
    F Aenor De TOTNES 1084-1102
    married (1104)
    2 children


    (hide)

    Timeline
    1100 : Birth - Bramber, Sussex, England
    1112 : Birth - Bramber, Sussex, England
    Sources: Ancestry.com.au - http://www.Ancestry.com.au - Millennium File - Heritage Consulting - Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2003.Original data - Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Heritage Consulting.Original data: Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: - 1,7249::0
    Note http://search.Ancestry.com.au/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=millind&h=1077681&ti=5544&indiv=try&gss=pt - Birth date: 1126 Birth place: Briouze, Normandy, France Death date: 1192-3 Death place: - 1,7249::1077681
    1126 : Birth - Briouze, Orne, Basse-Normandie, France
    Sources: Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - Millennium File - Heritage Consulting - Ancestry.com Operations Inc - 1,7249::0 - 1,7249::1077681
    1148 : Marriage (with Bertha De PITRES) - Herefordshire, England
    before 1190 : LORD of BRAMBER
    21 October 1190 : Death - London, England
    1192 : Death - England
    Sources: Ancestry.com.au - http://www.Ancestry.com.au - Millennium File - Heritage Consulting - Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2003.Original data - Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Heritage Consulting.Original data: Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: - 1,7249::0
    Note http://search.Ancestry.com.au/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=millind&h=1077681&ti=5544&indiv=try&gss=pt - Birth date: 1126 Birth place: Briouze, Normandy, France Death date: 1192-3 Death place: - 1,7249::1077681
    1192 : Death
    Age: 66
    Sources: Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - Millennium File - Heritage Consulting - Ancestry.com Operations Inc - 1,7249::0 - 1,7249::1077681


    Notes
    Individual Note
    Source: Ancestry.com.au - http://www.Ancestry.com.au - Millennium File - Heritage Consulting - Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2003.Original data - Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Heritage Consulting.Original data: Heritage Consulting. The Millennium File. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: - 1,7249::0
    http://search.Ancestry.com.au/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=millind&h=1077681&ti=5544&indiv=try&gss=pt Birth date: 1126 Birth place: Briouze, Normandy, France Death date: 1192-3 Death place: 1,7249::1077681
    Source: Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com - Millennium File - Heritage Consulting - Ancestry.com Operations Inc - 1,7249::0 1,7249::1077681


    Sources
    Individual: Ancestry.com.au - http://www.Ancestry.com.au - Ancestry Family Trees - Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com. Original data: Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry members. - This information comes from 1 or more individual Ancestry Family Tree files. This source citation points you to a current version of those files. Note: The owners of these tree files may have removed or changed information since this source citation was created. - Ancestry Family Trees - http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=18829447&pid=8845

    Family Tree Preview
    Ancestry Chart Descendancy Chart Printable Family Tree
    _____| 16_ Rognvald Wolfs (of Orkey) BRUCE /1000-1046
    _____| 8_ Robert BRUCE 1030-1094
    _____| 4_ William de (Braose) BRUCE 1049-1093
    / \ _____| 18_ Alan III De (Count of Brittany) RENNES 1000-1040
    |2_ Philip (de Braose) BRUCE 1073-1134
    | \ _____| 20_ Mauger (de St Claire) (Seigneur) NORMANDY ca 990-1017
    | \ _____| 10_ Waldron De St CLARE 1015-1047
    | \ _____| 22_ Richard De NORMANDY 1001-1028
    |--1_ William (de Braose) BRUCE 1100-1190
    | _____| 12_ Alured De TOTNES 1015-1080
    | /
    | _____| 6_ Juhel De TOTNES 1049-1123
    | / \
    |3_ Aenor De TOTNES 1084-1102
    \
    \ _____| 14_ Arnoul De PICQUIGNY 1020-1055
    \ /
    \

    end of profile

    William married Bertha of Hereford 0___ 1148, Herefordshire, England. Bertha (daughter of Miles of Gloucester, Knight, 1st Earl of Hereford and Sibyl de Neufmarche, Countess of Hereford, daughter of Bernard de Neufmarche, Lord of Brecknockshire and Nest Verch Osborn le Scrope) was born 0___ 1107, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England; died ~ 1180, Bramber, Sussex, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 205.  Bertha of Hereford was born 0___ 1107, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England (daughter of Miles of Gloucester, Knight, 1st Earl of Hereford and Sibyl de Neufmarche, Countess of Hereford, daughter of Bernard de Neufmarche, Lord of Brecknockshire and Nest Verch Osborn le Scrope); died ~ 1180, Bramber, Sussex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Bertha de Pitres
    • Also Known As: Lady of Abergavenny
    • Also Known As: Lady of Bramber
    • Also Known As: Lady of Hay

    Notes:

    Bertha of Hereford, also known as Bertha de Pitres (born c.1130), was the daughter of Miles de Gloucester, 1st Earl of Hereford, and a wealthy heiress, Sibyl de Neufmarchâe. She was the wife of William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber to whom she brought many castles and Lordships, including Brecknock, Abergavenny, and Hay.

    Family

    Bertha was born in England in about 1130. She was a daughter of Miles, Earl of Hereford (1097- 24 December 1143) and Sibyl de Neufmarchâe.[1] She had two sisters, Margaret of Hereford,[2] who married Humphrey II de Bohun, by whom she had issue,[3] and Lucy of Hereford, who married Herbert FitzHerbert of Winchester, by whom she had issue.[citation needed] Her brothers, included Roger Fitzmiles, 2nd Earl of Hereford, Walter de Hereford, Henry Fitzmiles, William de Hereford, and Mahel de Hereford.[4]

    Her paternal grandparents were Walter FitzRoger de Pitres,Sheriff of Gloucester and Bertha de Balun of Bateden,[5] a descendant of Hamelin de Balun,[citation needed] and her maternal grandparents were Bernard de Neufmarchâe, Lord of Brecon, and Nesta ferch Osbern.[6] The latter was a daughter of Osbern FitzRichard of Richard's Castle, and Nesta ferch Gruffydd.[7] Bertha was a direct descendant, in the maternal line, of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (1007- 5 August 1063) and Edith (Aldgyth), daughter of Elfgar, Earl of Mercia.[citation needed]

    Her father Miles served as Constable to King Stephen of England. He later served in the same capacity to Empress Matilda after he'd transferred his allegiance. In 1141, she made him Earl of Hereford in gratitude for his loyalty. On 24 December 1143, he was killed whilst on a hunting expedition in the Forest of Dean.[8]

    Marriage and issue

    Abergavenny Castle in Monmouthshire, Wales, was one of the castles Bertha of Hereford brought to her husband William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber
    In 1150, she married William de Braose, 3rd Lord of Bramber (1112–1192), son of Philip de Braose, 2nd Lord of Bramber and Aenor, daughter of Judael of Totnes. William and Bertha had three daughters and two sons, including William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber.

    In 1173, her brothers all having died without issue, she brought the Lordships and castles of Brecknock and Abergavenny, to her husband.[8] Hay Castle had already passed to her from her mother, Sibyl of Neufmarche in 1165, whence it became part of the de Braose holdings.

    In 1174, her husband became Sheriff of Hereford.

    Her children include

    William de Braose, 4th Lord of Bramber, (1144/1153- 11 August 1211, Corbeil),[9][10] married Maud de St. Valery, daughter of Bernard de St. Valery, by whom he had 16 children.
    Roger de Braose[11]
    Bertha de Braose[12] (born 1151), married c.1175, Walter de Beauchamp (died 1235), son of William de Beauchamp and Joan de Walerie, by whom she had issue, including Walcherine de Beauchamp who married Joan Mortimer.
    Sibyl de Braose (died after 5 February 1227),[13] married William de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby (1136- 21 October 1190 at Acre on crusade), son of Robert de Ferrers, 2nd Earl of Derby and Margaret Peverel, by whom she had issue.
    Maud de Braose, married John de Brompton, by whom she had issue.[citation needed]

    Legacy

    Bertha died on an unknown date. She was the ancestress of many noble English families which included the de Braoses, de Beauchamps, de Bohuns and de Ferrers; as well as the Irish families of de Lacy and de Burgh.[14][not in citation given]

    end of biography

    Children:
    1. Sybil de Braose was born Bef 1151, Bramber, Sussex, England; died 5 Feb 1227, Derbyshire, England.
    2. William de Braose, III, Knight, 4th Lord of Bramber was born 0___ 1153, Bramber, Sussex, England; died 9 Aug 1211, Corbeil, Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, France; was buried 0___ 1211, Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France.
    3. 102. Reginald de Braose, Knight was born 0___ 1162, (Bramber, West Sussex, England); died BY 1228; was buried Saint John's, Brecon, Wales.

  7. 206.  William Brewer

    William — unnamed spouse. [Group Sheet]


  8. 207.  unnamed spouse
    Children:
    1. 103. Grace Brewer was born 0___ 1186, Eu, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France; died 0___ 1226.