Robert Tilman

Male 1675 - 1737  (~ 62 years)


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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Robert Tilman was born 0___ 1675, Prince George County, Virginia (son of Roger Tillman and Winnefred Austin); died 0___ 1737, Albermarle County, Virginia.

    Other Events:

    • Death: 0___ 1738, (Colony of Virginia)

    Robert married Hannah Morris 0___ 1718, (Colony of Virginia). Hannah was born (~ 1690), (Colony of Virginia); died 0___ 1735. [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Thomas Tilman, Sr. was born 1 May 1720, Prince George County, Virginia; died 0___ 1813, Albermarle County, Virginia.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Roger Tillman was born 0___ 1650, Allentown, Accomack County, Virginia Colony (son of Christopher Tilghman, The Immigrant and Ruth Devonshire); died 0___ 1690, Prince George County, Virginia.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Roger Tilghman

    Notes:

    Confliting marriage record - John Coffey cites Roger's wife as Susannah Parrum, daughter of Lewis Parrum, which is contrary to James Cocke's citation...DAH
    Hope Nelson Tillman's website, http://www.hopetillman.com/tng/getperson.php?personID=I388&tree=tree1&PHPSESSID=8704e7a1124a598446cebb625c58469e, agrees with James Cocke...DAH

    Conflict settled, Winnefred is his 1st wife - found in http://www.hopetillman.com/tng/getperson.php?personID=I385&tree=tree1

    ROGER TILGHMAN (of 1467), b. circa 1650 in Accomac County, Virginia. He left a family Bible, or journal, to his son Robert. Fragments of this have been retained by several descendant lines. M. 1st 1674 Winnefred Austin.

    Children: Robert born 1675. M. 2nd 1680 (Mrs.) Susannah Parram (or Parham) born 1648 and died 2 March 1717 and settled Prince George County, Virginia. Children: John born 1682, George 10 January 1683, Jane who married Nicholas Robinson, and Christine who married Robert Abernathy.

    Roger Tilghman located on 1,060 acres of land in Bristol Parish, Charles City County, Virginia, 20 April 1689, according to records of the land office at Richmond, Virginia. This patent was for the transportation of 22 persons into the Colony, and was in the form of headrights.

    The settlement was known as Fort Tillman, and was situated on the south side of the Appomattox River at Moneus-a-Nock (Monk's Neck), thence to Gravelly Run. This is now in Dinwiddie County, Virginia.

    On coming to Prince George County, Virginia, he changed the spelling of his name from Tilghman to Tillman.

    Roger TILGHMAN

    Father: Christopher TILGHMAN b: ABT 1585 in Selling Parish, England
    Mother: Ruth DEVONSHIRE b: ABT 1618 in England

    Marriage 1 Winnifred AUSTIN
    Married: 1674 in Virginia
    Marriage 1 Unknown
    Children
    Robert TILLMAN

    Marriage 2 Susannah PARHAM b: ABT 1647 in Virginia
    Married: ABT 1680 in Prince George Co., Virginia
    Children
    Christine TILLMAN b: 1681 in Virginia
    Jane TILGHMAN
    John TILGHMAN
    George TILGHMAN
    ----------------------------------------------------------
    From Stephen Tillman:

    1. ROGER TILLMAN, son of Christopher and Ruth (Devonshire) Tilghman, was born 1641. He left a family journal or Bible, of his marriage, etc., which passed on to the family of his first-born son Robert. Why he changed the spelling of his name from Tilghman to that of Tillman is not known. The land office at Richmond, Virginia, show that on April 20, 1689 Roger Tillman received patent to 1,060 acres located in Bristol Parish, Charles City County, Virginia, from Nathaniel Bacon, President of the Council.

    This was for the transportation of 22 persons into the Colony. This would indicate that Roger Tillman was a man of means at this time, since the patent was no doubt in the form of headrights. These headrights were granted to persons who would, in reality, have been "indentured servants," or persons who lacked the price of their transportation from England. This servant class was widely inclusive. In it were farm laborers, mechanics, masons, carpenters, shipbuilders, and often educated but impecunious clerks, tutors and teachers. They sold themselves for a specific period, to planters in the Colonies prepared to pay the cost of their voyage. Not only did the importing planters acquire their labor for "their time," but something that was even more coveted, their headrights. For the period of his service the indentured servant was really a white slave, and as such was bought and sold, given as wedding presents to children, bequeathed in wills along with horses, cows and other livestock of the plantation, just as was his successor, the negro slave. This would indicate that Roger Tillman was of sufficient means to pay the cost of transportation of 22 persons.

    This settlement, known as Fort Tillman, was located on the south side of the Appomattox River at a place called "Moneusa-Nock" (Monk's Neck), "beginning at ye mouth of ye Great Branch and runneth up that branch, being nigh (near) the line of Thomas Lee: crossing Moneus-a-Nock main creek, thence to Gravelly Run." It is believed that the present location of this settlement would be in Dinwiddie County, Virginia.

    Roger Tillman married first 1674 Winnefred Austin. Issue by this marriage: Robert, born 1675. Later Roger married (2d) 1680 a widow by the name of Susannah Parram (or Parham), who died March 2, 1717 in Prince George County, Virginia. Issue: John, born 1682, George, born January 10, 1683, Jane, who married Nicholas Robinson: and Christene, who married Robert Abernathy.

    Christopher Tilghman was born in 1600 in Kent, England. In 1630 he married Ruth Devonshire and they had children: George, John and Roger. Christopher died in James City, VA. Christopher Tilghman is listed in Early Emigrants and Patents of VA. He came to possess Rhodes Court and later sold it to Thomas Carter. Rhodes Court was a manor in the southeast Parish of Selling in the borough of Rhodes in England. Christopher arrived in VA to James City County on 9 May 1635. Roger Tilghman was born in 1650 in Accomac, VA and married before 1675 to Winnifred Austin. He married secondly in 1680 to Susannah Parham. His children are: Robert, Jane, Christine, John and George. Roger owned 1060 acres in Bristol Parish, Charles County, VA. He transported 22 persons into the colony (perhaps including Robert A. Abernathy). His land was known as Fort Tilman and was located on the south side of Appamattox River at Monk's Head. Roger died in 1690 in Prince George, VA. After settling in VA, Roger changed his name from Tilghman to Tillman.

    Also in Accomac, VA was Ruth Devonshire's family and Winnifred Austin's family.

    Roger married Winnefred Austin 0___ 1675, Accomack County, Virginia Colony. Winnefred was born 0___ 1647, Charles City, Accomack County, Virginia Colony; died 0___ 1680, Charles City, Accomack County, Virginia Colony. [Group Sheet]


  2. 3.  Winnefred Austin was born 0___ 1647, Charles City, Accomack County, Virginia Colony; died 0___ 1680, Charles City, Accomack County, Virginia Colony.

    Notes:

    I am searching for the ancestry of Winnefred Austin, who married Christopher Tilghman (or Tillman)in Virginia Colony. I've discovered the immigrants Richard Austin, George Austin, Thomas Austin, Edward Austin, all Virginia immigrants of the time period, probably arriving in Charles City, Virginia Colony, but have been unable to find records of their respective children.

    The name may also be spelled "Austen." Other possible variant: "Austan." George Austin (b. 1620 in London or Surrey, England) may be a possibility.

    I would appreciate any information. I have discovered Austin families in Massachusetts Bay Colony but don't believe the Austins of Virginia are related, although they may be.

    Children:
    1. 1. Robert Tilman was born 0___ 1675, Prince George County, Virginia; died 0___ 1737, Albermarle County, Virginia.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Christopher Tilghman, The Immigrant was born 0___ 1600, Selling, Kent, England (son of Christopher Tilghman, Sr. and Anna Sanders); died 0___ 1673, James City County, Virginia.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Christopher Tillman
    • Possessions: 0___ 1621; Rhodes Court, Selling, Kent, England
    • Immigration: 9 May 1635

    Notes:

    Notes for Christopher Tilghman:

    The time of his arrival in VA is listed in Greer's "Early Emigrants ot Virginia," and in "Patents of Virginia" as May 9, 1635.

    In the "Visitation of Kent," it is recorded that Christopher Tilghman came into possession of Rhodes Court, formerly owned by Thomas Bealde, and that Christopher later sold this estate to Thomas Carter.

    Rhodes Court is described as being a Manor situated in the southeast extremity of the Parish of Selling, in the borough of Rhodes. Selling was a parish on the south or opposite side, of the London Road.

    Rhodes Court, Snelling is a British Listed Building ... http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-176825-rhode-court-selling-kent#.WCm_DGorJQJ:

    Grade: II
    Date Listed: 24 January 1967
    English Heritage Building ID: 176825

    OS Grid Reference: TR0577356178
    OS Grid Coordinates: 605773, 156178
    Latitude/Longitude: 51.2676, 0.9483

    Location: Selling, Kent ME13 9PS

    Locality: Selling
    Local Authority: Swale Borough Council
    County: Kent
    Country: England
    Postcode: ME13 9PS

    Possessions:
    RHODES-COURT is a manor situated in the south-east extremity of this parish, in the borough of the same name, which borough, though within the parish of Selling, is yet within the hundred of Faversham, the court leet of which claims over it. It was antiently written Rode, and la Rode, and was part of the possessions of the wealthy family of Badlesmere, one of whom, Bartholomew de Badlesmere, in the 9th year of king Edward II. obtained a grant of free-warren for all his demesne lands within this manor. His son Giles de Badlesmere dying in the 12th year of Edward III. s.p. leaving his four sisters his coheirs, (fn. 4) upon the division of their inheritance, this manor was, among others, allotted to Margaret, whose husband Sir John Tibetot, or Tiptost, as the name was usually called, became possessed of it in her right; his son Robert died without male issue, and this manor went into the colateral branch of that family, in which it continued down to John Tiptost, earl of Worcester, who, for his adherence to the house of York, was attained and beheaded in 1471, anno 10 Edward, IV. king Henry being then restored to the crown, through the successful services of Richard, earl of Warwick. He left by his second wife only one son Edward, then an infant, who, though he was afterwards restored in blood by Edward IV. I do not find that he was ever reinstated in the possession of this manor, which seems to have remained in the crown till the reign of Henry VIII. In the 26th year of which, anno 1534, Thomas Bealde, of Godmersham, died possessed of it, leaving two daughters, to whom he devised this manor.

    After this it came into the possession of Christopher Tilghman, gent of this parish, who owned it in 1621, and he sold it to Thomas Carter, of Crundal, in whose family it remained till it was alienated by Thomas Carter. esq. of Crundal, in 1714, to Mr. George Smith, of Faversham, who died in 1763, and his son, of the same name, within these few years, sold it to John Sawbridge, esq. of Ollantigh, whose son Samuel-Elias Sawbridge, esq. is the present possessor of it.

    Accessed November 14th, 2016; http://www.british-history.ac.uk/survey-kent/vol7/pp38-50

    Died:
    Death 1673 in Somerset Co. MD or Accomac Co. VA

    Christopher married Ruth Devonshire 0___ 1647, Accomack County, Virginia Colony. Ruth (daughter of Charles Blount, Knight and Penelope Devereux) was born 0___ 1600, Selling, Fabersham Hundred, Kent, England; died 0___ 1694, Manokin, Somerset County, Maryland. [Group Sheet]


  2. 5.  Ruth Devonshire was born 0___ 1600, Selling, Fabersham Hundred, Kent, England (daughter of Charles Blount, Knight and Penelope Devereux); died 0___ 1694, Manokin, Somerset County, Maryland.

    Notes:

    Biography

    Ruth was born in 1600 in Selling, Kent county, England. She was the illegitimate daughter of Lady Penelope (Devereux) Rich and Charles Blount, 8th Baron Montjoy, KG, both eminent members of the British aristocracy and courtiers of the ageing Queen Elizabeth I. Lady Penelope, considered "a leading beauty" in her time, had several legitimate children by her husband, Baron Robert Rich, but their marriage had turned sour and, in light of his refusal to divorce her, by 1595 she entered into a well-known "secret" liaison with Charles Blount, who was later named the 1st Earl of Devonshire (hence Ruth's adopted name: "Ruth Devonshire").

    See Penelope Blount Countess of Devonshire article on Wikipedia for a full account of Lady Penelope's life, including mention of her 4 illegitimate children by the Earl of Devonshire, who died less than a year after the two finally married in 1605 and he legitimized their children (but in midst of a scandal that continued to "taint" Ruth and her sister Elizabeth Blount). Lady Penelope died in July 1607, leaving all her Blount/Devonshire children as minors.

    A convenient solution for Ruth Blount Devonshire's future was to marry her to a younger son of a well-bred gentry family from her native Kent. Christopher Tilghman, whose mother, Ann Saunders Tilghman, was a great-great grand-daughter of King Edward III by Philippa of Hainaut, was a perfect match for Ruth. He was a second son and had been born about the same time as Ruth in Selling Parish, Kent.

    It's probable that the pair were married in Kent, where Christopher Tilghman had obtained possession of Rhodes Court, formerly owned by Thomas Bealde, in about 1621 (his majority year). In "The Visitations of Kent," Christopher Tilghman is described as "of this parish, gent., who owned [Rhodes Court] in 1621 and [later] sold it to Thomas Carter..." Rhodes Court is described as being a manor situated in the southeast extremity of Selling parish, in the borough of Rhodes. Selling Parish, adjoins Boughton to the south of Graveney. A small part of it, within the Borough of Rhodes, is within Faversham Hundred, Kent.

    Some genealogies say that Christopher and Ruth married in 1630; this seems logical but is unproven. It is possible that two of their four children were born in Kent, England. These were:

    Mildred Tilghman, b. ca. 1631 in Boughton Under Bleane, Kent
    John Tilghman, b. ? in Faversham Hundred, Kent, England

    There may have been other children who died in infancy; that may be the reason why some genealogies state that Ruth was born in 1625 (it may have been a first daughter named Ruth who died young).

    In 1638, Christopher Tilghman, who, according to family tradition, had had a violent dispute with his older brother John, agreed to "seek his fortune" in Virginia. This solution would have met with favor among those who knew his wife's origins and who sought to "export" her to the distant British colony of Virginia.[1]

    In "Cavaliers and Pioneers," by Nell Marion Nugent, it is stated that Christopher Tilghman came to Virginia in the party organized by George Mynifie, a merchant, on April 19, 1638. No mention is made of exactly where he settled, nor of his wife and children (leading some to guess that he married Ruth Devonshire in Virginia, but 38 was very old for either a man or woman to marry at that time). Land records indicate that the family settled on land near the Charles River in Charles City County and later moved across the Bay to Accomack County on Virginia's "Eastern Shore".[2]

    Christopher and Ruth (Devonshire) Tilghman had 2 children in Virginia:

    Roger Tilghman b: 1641 Charles River, Charles City Co., VA
    Gideon Tilghman b: ca. 1652 in Accomack Co, VA
    Christopher Tilghman died in 1673 either in James City County, Virginia, or, as family tradition asserts, at the home of his son Gideon Tilghman, located on the Manokin River in Somerset Co., Maryland. His wife survived and died in 1694, most likely also at her son Gideon Tilghman's home in Somerset Co., Maryland.

    Sources

    Mayo, ashton, coplin, comer, salinas and lystra families and supporting families - Christopher Tilghman. A well-researched family genealogy that cites the family Bible and traditions, recounting Ruth & Christopher's situation. See also: Ann Devonshire by the same authors.
    See preceding note; cited in family genealogy from secondary sources.

    See also:

    Penelope Blount Countess of Devons on Wikipedia. Lists "Ruth Blount" as one of her 4 illegitimate children by Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devonshire. This daughter was later called "Ruth Devonshire" by family genealogists.
    Source: S-1299699169 Repository: #R-1552298038 U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900; compiled by Yates Publishing: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc., 2004. APID: 1,7836::0
    Repository: R-1552298038 Name: Ancestry.com - http://www.Ancestry.com
    Source: S-1300436665 Repository: #R-1552298038 Family Tree files submitted by Ancestry.com members. http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/AMTCitationRedir.aspx?tid=48463223&pid=236
    Acknowledgments

    Thank you to Bob Nichol for creating WikiTree profile Devonshire-17 through the import of Hamilton.ged on Mar 9, 2013. Click to the Changes page for the details of edits by Bob and others.
    Thank you to Margaret Moyer for creating WikiTree profile Devonshire-18 through the import of mmcook3.ged on May 24, 2013. Click to the Changes page for the details of edits by Margaret and others.
    Thank you to Fran Mason for creating WikiTree profile Devonshire-22 through the import of Mason Family Tree.ged on Oct 28, 2013. Click to the Changes page for the details of edits by Fran and others.
    Thank you to Crickett Lucero, for creating WikiTree profile Blount-430 from firsthand knowledge. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Crickett and others.
    Thank you to Chet Snow for researching this person, cleaning up sources in preparation for merging so there is just one profile for his historic personage, on December 1, 2015.

    Children:
    1. 2. Roger Tillman was born 0___ 1650, Allentown, Accomack County, Virginia Colony; died 0___ 1690, Prince George County, Virginia.


Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Christopher Tilghman, Sr. was born ~ 1570, Selling, Kent, England (son of Nicholas Tilghman and Jane Benson); died 1615-1619, (Selling, Faversham Hundred, Kent) England.

    Notes:

    Go to...http://boards.ancestry.com/surnames.tilghman/102/mb.ashx

    "...I found in Virginia Cavaliers by Nell M. Nugent, Vol. I, page 118

    George Mynifie, Merchant, transported Christopher Tilllman among the total of 60 persons, to Virginia. Recorded at James City Co. VA , April, 19, 1638."


    Also...http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/c/o/f/John-A-Coffey/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0194.html

    Christopher is described in the "Visitation of Kent," as being "de Selling," which means he lived in the Parish of Selling, Faversham Hundred. English records show that his wife Anna Sanders Tilghman was a direct descendant of William the Conqueror. (through her paternal grandmother, Anna Whetenhall, her mother Alice Berkeley, her mother Elizabeth Neville, her father George Neville, his mother Isabel Despencer, her mother Constance Plantaganet, her father Edmund Langley, his father Edward, his father Henry, his father Geoffrey, his father Fulk Plantaganet)

    Christopher married Anna Sanders 0___ 1589, Selling, Fabersham Hundred, Kent, England. Anna (daughter of Edward Sanders and Anna Pendreth) was born 0___ 1572, Snelling, Fabersham Hundred, Kent, England; died 0___ 1630, Snelling, Fabersham Hundred, Kent, England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 9.  Anna Sanders was born 0___ 1572, Snelling, Fabersham Hundred, Kent, England (daughter of Edward Sanders and Anna Pendreth); died 0___ 1630, Snelling, Fabersham Hundred, Kent, England.

    Notes:

    ...English records show that his wife, Anna Sanders Tilghman, was a direct descendant of William the Conqueror

    through her paternal grandmother, Anna Whetenhall,
    her mother Alice Berkeley,
    her mother Elizabeth Neville,
    her father George Neville,
    his mother Isabel Despencer,
    her mother Constance Plantaganet,
    her father Edmund Langley,
    his father Edward,
    his father Henry,
    his father Geoffrey,
    his father Fulk Plantaganet...http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/c/o/f/John-A-Coffey/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0194.html

    Children:
    1. 4. Christopher Tilghman, The Immigrant was born 0___ 1600, Selling, Kent, England; died 0___ 1673, James City County, Virginia.

  3. 10.  Charles Blount, KnightCharles Blount, Knight was born 0___ 1563, Derbyshire, England (son of James Blount, 6th Baron Mountjoy and Catherine Leigh); died 3 Apr 1606, Gloucestershire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland
    • Also Known As: 8th Baron Mountjoy
    • Also Known As: Earl of Devonshire

    Notes:

    Charles "Eighth Baron Mountjoy, Earl of Devonshire, Lord-lieutenant of Ireland" Blount
    Born 1563 in Derbyshire, Englandmap
    Son of James Blount and Catherine Leigh
    Brother of William Blount
    Husband of Penelope (Devereux) Blount — married 20 Dec 1605 in Abbey, London, Englandmap
    Father of Mountjoy Blount, Ruth (Devonshire) Tilghman, Elizabeth Blount and St. John Blount K.B.
    Died 3 Apr 1606 in Gloucestershire, Englandmap
    Profile manager: Crickett Lile private message [send private message]
    Blount-426 created 8 Oct 2011 | Last modified 29 Jan 2017 | Last edit:
    29 Jan 2017
    05:41: Chris Little edited the Biography for Charles Blount. [Thank Chris for this]
    This page has been accessed 1,195 times.

    Contents

    [hide]
    1 Biography
    1.1 Family and Education
    2 Sources
    2.1 Acknowledgements
    Biography

    Charles Blount was born in 1563.

    In 1594, Charles' brother, William seventh Baron Mountjoy, died and Charles succeeded him as eighth Baron Mountjoy.[1]

    Charles was created Earl of Devonshire in 1603 in reward for his services as Lord-lieutenant of Ireland.[1]

    Lord Charles Blount eighth Baron Mountjoy, first Earl of Devonshire, died in 1606, and having previously parted with most of his estate, left Thurvaston in his will to his natural son Mountjoy Blount.[1]

    Unto A Lady, by Mildmay Fane, 2nd Earl of Westmorland

    Family and Education

    b. 1563, 2nd s. of James, 6th Lord Mountjoy, by Catherine, da. of Thomas Lee of St. Oswalds, Yorks. educ.Winchester scholar 1573; Oxf.; Clifford’s Inn; M. Temple 1579. m. 26 Dec. 1605, Lady Penelope Devereux (d. 7 July 1607), da. of Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, div. w. of Robert Rich, 3rd Baron Rich, 2s. 2da. all illegit. 1 posth. ch. Kntd. 1587; KG 1597; suc. e. bro. as 8th Lord Mountjoy 1594; cr. Earl of Devonshire 1603. [2]
    Charles had no legitimate children.[1] He did have illegitimate children:

    Mountjoy Blount who was later created Earl of Newport.[1]
    Sources

    http://www.thepeerage.com/p43803.htm#i438022

    ? 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 J Charles Cox, Notes on the Churches of Derbyshire, Vol III The Hundreds of Appletree and Repton and Gresley, (Chesterfield: W Edmunds, 1877), https://archive.org/stream/notesonchurcheso03coxjiala#page/8/mode/2up pp.8.
    ? The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1558-1603, ed. P.W. Hasler, 1981 [1]

    *

    Charles married Penelope Devereux 20 Dec 1605, London, Middlesex, England. Penelope (daughter of Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex and Lettice Knollys) was born 0Jan 1563, Chartley Castle, Staffordshire, England; died 7 Jul 1607. [Group Sheet]


  4. 11.  Penelope DevereuxPenelope Devereux was born 0Jan 1563, Chartley Castle, Staffordshire, England (daughter of Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex and Lettice Knollys); died 7 Jul 1607.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Penelope Rich

    Notes:

    Penelope Rich, Lady Rich, later styled Penelope Blount, Countess of Devonshire (nâee Devereux; January 1563[1] – 7 July 1607) was an English noblewoman. She was the sister of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex and is traditionally thought to be the inspiration for "Stella" of Sir Philip Sidney's Astrophel and Stella sonnet sequence (published posthumously in 1591).[2][3] She married Robert Rich, 3rd Baron Rich (later 1st Earl of Warwick) and had a public liaison with Charles Blount, Baron Mountjoy, (later first Earl of Devonshire), whom she married in an unlicensed ceremony following her divorce from Rich. She died in 1607.

    Early life and first marriage

    Born Penelope Devereux at Chartley Castle in Staffordshire, she was the elder daughter of Walter Devereux, 2nd Viscount Hereford, later 1st Earl of Essex and Lettice Knollys, daughter of Sir Francis Knollys and Catherine Carey, and sister of William Knollys, later 1st Earl of Banbury. Catherine Carey was the daughter of Lady Mary Boleyn by either her husband Sir William Carey, Gentleman of the Privy Chamber, or her lover King Henry VIII.

    Her father was created Earl of Essex in 1572. Penelope was a child of fourteen when Sir Philip Sidney accompanied her distant cousin Queen Elizabeth on a visit to Lady Essex in 1575, on her way from Kenilworth, and must have been frequently thrown into the society of Sidney, in consequence of the many ties between the two families. Essex died at Dublin in September 1576. He had sent a message to Philip Sidney from his death-bed expressing his desire that he should marry his daughter, and later his secretary wrote to the young man's father, Sir Henry Sidney, in words which seem to point to the existence of a very definite understanding.[3]

    Penelope's brother, Robert, Viscount Hereford, inherited the Earldom of Essex on their father's death in 1576, and Penelope, her sister Dorothy, and younger brother Walter were entrusted to the guardianship of their kinsman Henry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon.[4][5] In 1578[6] their widowed mother married the Queen's favourite, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. Perhaps the marriage of Lady Essex with the earl of Leicester, which destroyed Philip Sidney's prospects as his uncle Leicester's heir,[7] had something to do with the breaking off of the proposed match with Penelope.[3]

    In January 1581, she arrived at court accompanied by her guardian's wife, Catherine, Countess of Huntingdon, who was Leicester's sister and Sidney's aunt.[4] In March 1581 Huntingdon as her guardian secured the queen's assent through Lord Burghley, Master of the Court of Wards, for her marriage with Robert Rich, 3rd Baron Rich (later 1st Earl of Warwick). Penelope is said to have protested in vain against the alliance with Rich.[3][8]

    Penelope's children by Robert Rich were:

    Robert Rich (1587–1658), later 2nd Earl of Warwick
    Henry Rich (1590–1649), later 1st Earl of Holland
    Sir Charles Rich (d. 1627), died unmarried and without issue
    Lettice Rich (d. 1619), named after her maternal grandmother Lettice Knollys. Married firstly Sir George Carey and secondly Sir Arthur Lake
    Penelope Rich, married Sir Gervase Clifton
    Essex Rich, married Sir Thomas Cheek and had three sons and five daughters
    Isabella Rich, married Sir John Smythe, son of Sir Thomas Smythe, first governor of the East India Company
    Poets' muse[edit]

    Portrait at Longleat House believed to be of Dorothy and Penelope Devereux c. 1581
    Penelope Rich was considered one of the beauties of Elizabeth's court. She was golden-haired with dark eyes, a gifted singer and dancer, fluent in French, Italian, and Spanish.[3][9]

    Penelope is traditionally thought to have inspired Philip Sidney's sonnet sequence Astrophel and Stella (sometimes spelled Astrophil and Stella). Likely composed in the 1580s, it is the first of the famous English sonnet sequences, and contains 108 sonnets and 11 songs. Many of the poems were circulated in manuscript form before the first edition was printed by Thomas Newman in 1591, five years after Sidney's death.[3][10] They were set by the French lutenist Charles Tessier and published in London in 1597.

    Whether Sidney fell passionately in love with Penelope in the years between her arrival at court in 1581 and his own marriage in 1583, or whether the "Stella" sonnets were courtly amusements reflecting fashionable poetic conceits may never be known. In her essay "Sidney, Stella, and Lady Rich", Katherine Duncan-Jones writes:

    No one since 1935 has seriously doubted that Sidney intended the first readers of Astropil and Stella, whoever they may have been, to link "Stella" with Lady Rich. The exact nature of Sidney's relationship with the famous beauty is another and much more ticklish matter ..." [11]

    Sidney died of wounds received at the Battle of Zutphen in 1586. In 1590, Penelope's brother Essex married Sidney's widow Frances, daughter of Sir Francis Walsingham, and Lady Rich was much cultivated by poets and musicians during her brother's ascendancy at court in the 1590s.[12] Poet Richard Barnfield dedicated The Affectionate Shepherd, his first work, which was published anonymously in November 1594, to Penelope Rich.[8] Bartholomew Yong dedicated his translation of Jorge de Montemayor's Diana (1598) to her; and sonnets are addressed to her by John Davies of Hereford and (to her portrait by Nicholas Hilliard) by Henry Constable.[3][8]

    The queen's miniaturist Nicholas Hilliard is known to have painted two miniatures of Lady Rich, in 1589 and 1590 respectively. One was given to James VI of Scotland (later James I of England) and the other to the French ambassador. A miniature in the Royal Collection (above) may be one of these.[13] Charles Tessier dedicated his book of part-songs in French and Italian, Le premier livre de chansons, to "Madame Riche", commending (in Italian) her musical judgement,[14] and John Dowland composed "My Lady Rich's Galliard" in her honour.

    Love affair

    Penelope's marriage to Rich was unhappy, and by 1595 she had begun a secret affair with Charles Blount, Baron Mountjoy. Lord Rich took no action during the lifetime of Penelope's brother, the powerful Earl of Essex, who became the aging Queen's favourite in the years after the death of Leicester in 1588.[15]

    But Penelope was tainted by association with her brother's plotting. Essex shocked many people, after the failure of the Earl of Essex Rebellion, by denouncing her as a traitor- and after his execution for treason in 1601, Lord Rich had Penelope and her children by Mountjoy cast out. Mountjoy, like Penelope, had been implicated in the Essex rebellion, but the Queen, who wished to show as much clemency as possible to the rebels, took no action against either of them. Lady Rich moved in with her lover, and the couple began a very public relationship. Mountjoy was created Earl of Devonshire on the accession of James I, and Lady Rich was in high favour at court,.[3] She was among the ladies who escorted Anne of Denmark on her entry to London in 1603 and served Anne as a Lady of the Bedchamber.[8][9] She danced as the nymph Ocyte in Ben Jonson's Masque of Blackness on Twelfth Night 1605.[8][16]

    In 1605, Rich sued for a divorce, and Penelope wanted to marry Blount and legitimise their children. In the divorce proceedings, she publicly admitted to adultery. The divorce was granted, but the requests to remarry and legitimise her children were refused. She married Blount in a private ceremony conducted by his chaplain, William Laud, afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury, on 26 December 1605 at Wanstead House in London. This proceeding, carried out in defiance of canon law, was followed by the disgrace of both parties, who were banished from court by King James. The couple continued to live together as husband and wife with their children until his death a few months later. Blount died on 3 April 1606[3] and Penelope on 7 July 1607.

    Penelope's illegitimate children acknowledged by Charles Blount were:

    Mountjoy Blount (1597–1663), later 1st Earl of Newport
    Elizabeth Blount
    John Blount
    Ruth Blount

    Children:
    1. 5. Ruth Devonshire was born 0___ 1600, Selling, Fabersham Hundred, Kent, England; died 0___ 1694, Manokin, Somerset County, Maryland.


Generation: 5

  1. 16.  Nicholas Tilghman was born Selling, Kent, England (son of Thomas Tilghman and unnamed wife).

    Notes:

    Notes for Nicholas Tilghman:

    Death date estimate is documented in Harleian Manuscript #25 P. 195, T-book #1458.

    Birth location documented "Miscellanea Genealogical et Heraldica", 5th. 5. 4 p. 184.

    Nicholas married Jane Benson 0___ 1539, England. Jane was born England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 17.  Jane Benson was born England.
    Children:
    1. 8. Christopher Tilghman, Sr. was born ~ 1570, Selling, Kent, England; died 1615-1619, (Selling, Faversham Hundred, Kent) England.

  3. 18.  Edward Sanders was born 0___ 1546, Northbourne, Kent, England (son of John Saunders and Anna Whetenhall); died Northbourne, Kent, England.

    Other Events:

    • Death: 0___ 1636, Chilton, Berkshire, England

    Edward married Anna Pendreth 0___ 1570, (Berkshire) England. Anna (daughter of Miles Pendreth and Elizabeth Lowin) was born 0___ 1550, Chilton, Berkshire, England; died 0___ 1642, Chilton, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 19.  Anna Pendreth was born 0___ 1550, Chilton, Berkshire, England (daughter of Miles Pendreth and Elizabeth Lowin); died 0___ 1642, Chilton, Berkshire, England.
    Children:
    1. 9. Anna Sanders was born 0___ 1572, Snelling, Fabersham Hundred, Kent, England; died 0___ 1630, Snelling, Fabersham Hundred, Kent, England.

  5. 20.  James Blount, 6th Baron Mountjoy was born 0___ 1533, Derby, Derbyshire, England (son of Charles Blount, 5th Baron Mountjoy and Anne Willoughby); died 10 Oct 1582, Hook, Dorsetshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Alt Birth: 0___ 1533, Newport, Devonshire, England

    Notes:

    James Blount, 6th Baron Mountjoy, (c. 1533 - 1582) was an English peer.

    Life

    James Blount was born circa 1533 in Newport, Devon, the eldest son of Charles Blount, 5th Baron Mountjoy (1516–1544) and Ann Willoughby. He inherited his title on the death of his father. He was made a Knight of the Bath at the coronation of Queen Mary (29 September 1553); and was Lord Lieutenant of Dorset in 1559.[1]

    He was one of the commissioners who tried the Duke of Norfolk (1572), and spent the fortune of his family in the pursuit of alchemy. Sir William Cecil encouraged him in the manufacture of alum and copperas between 1566 and 1572.[1]

    Blount also had a reputation as a supporter of Protestantism, in line with that of his father and grandfather. Henry Bennet lauded him in 1561, mentioning also his patronage of Eliseus Bomelius, and the same year Jean Veron dedicated to him an anti-papal tract.[2][3]

    Family

    He married on 17 May 1558 Catherine Leigh, daughter of Thomas Leigh of St. Oswalds. They had 5 children, William, Charles, Christopher, Ann and Edward.[1]

    On his death on 10 October 1582 in Hook, Dorset the title passed to his eldest son William Blount, 7th Baron Mountjoy.[1]

    James married Catherine Leigh 17 May 1558. Catherine (daughter of Thomas Lee and Joan Cotton) was born 0___ 1539, St. Oswalds, Yorkshire, England; died 0___ 1577, Shoreditch, London, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 21.  Catherine Leigh was born 0___ 1539, St. Oswalds, Yorkshire, England (daughter of Thomas Lee and Joan Cotton); died 0___ 1577, Shoreditch, London, England.

    Notes:

    Catherine Leigh
    Born 1539 in St. Oswalds, Yorkshire, Englandmap
    Daughter of [father unknown] and Joan (Cotton) Chaloner
    [sibling(s) unknown]
    Wife of James Blount — married 17 May 1558 [location unknown]
    Mother of William Blount and Charles Blount
    Died 1577 in Shoreditch, London, Englandmap
    Profile manager: Norman Perry private message [send private message]
    Leigh-522 created 25 Feb 2014 | Last modified 18 Apr 2016
    This page has been accessed 572 times.

    Biography

    Catherine was born in 1539. Catherine Leigh ... She passed away in 1577. [1]

    CATHERINE LEIGH (1539-1577) Catherine Leigh was the daughter and heir of Sir Thomas Leigh (Lee/Legh) of London, Hogston, Middlesex, and St. Oswalds, Yorkshire (d. November 24, 1545) and Joan Cotton (d. January 1557).

    Her father was active in the dissolution of the monasteries and acquired leases on a number of monastic properties, making his London home in part of the former Haliwell Priory in Shoreditch.

    In his will, written on March 9, 1544, he assigned a third of his lands to the Crown for Catherine's wardship.

    The will was proved December 23, 1545. By October 1550, Catherine's mother had remarried, taking as her second husband Sir Thomas Chaloner (1521-65).

    Catherine became Chaloner's ward and he arranged her marriage to James Blount, 6th baron Mountjoy (c.1533-October 20, 1581). They were married May 17, 1558 and had two sons, William (1561-June 27, 1594) and Charles (1563-April 3, 1606). They were not the parents of Christopher (x.1601).

    Some genealogies also list an Ann and an Edward.

    Mountjoy was fascinated by alchemy and spend his fortune pursuing this interest.

    The biography of the earl of Huntingdon by Claire Cross recounts a small segment of the family's financial difficulties. Mountjoy owned two thirds of the manor of Canford in Dorset. Copperas ore was discovered there and there was the possibility of also producing alum (both were used in dyeing) and in 1564 mining operations were begun, but in 1567, Mountjoy and Catherine mortgaged their part of Canford to John Browne, Catherine's uncle.

    In 1568, Mountjoy assigned a mortgage on the manor of Puddletown, Dorset and leased his alum and copperas workings to George Carleton, another of Catherine's kinsman, and John Hastings.

    In 1570, the earl of Huntingdon bought Puddletown for ¹2500 and the title to the manor at Canford from Browne for ¹2100. Catherine was said to welcome this transaction as relief from the mass of debt her husband had accumulated. Some ¹30,000 in bonds and statutes had been charged by Mountjoy on the property.

    In 1572, Sir Thomas Smith and his associates leased a mining house at Poole from Lady Mountjoy as part of a scheme to try to make copper from iron. She hoped to salvage something for her sons, but Mountjoy continued raising mortgages on the mines. As long as Catherine lived, Huntingdon refrained from asserting control over his purchases, but after her death he laid claim to them. Her sons, William and Charles, promptly started legal proceedings against him, even though their father was still living. The litigation dragged on for another six years.

    source: http://www.kateemersonhistoricals.com/TudorWomenL.htm


    Sources

    First-hand information as remembered by Norman Perry, Tuesday, February 25, 2014. Replace this citation if there is another source.

    *

    Children:
    1. William Blount, 7th Baron Mountjoy was born 0___ 1561.
    2. 10. Charles Blount, Knight was born 0___ 1563, Derbyshire, England; died 3 Apr 1606, Gloucestershire, England.
    3. Christopher Blount
    4. Ann Blount
    5. Edward Blount

  7. 22.  Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex was born 16 Sep 1541, Chartley Lodge, Stafford, England (son of Richard Devereux, Knight and Dorothy Hastings); died 22 Sep 1576.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Soldier & Courtier
    • Also Known As: Viscount Hereford

    Notes:

    Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, KG (16 September 1541 – 22 September 1576), was an English nobleman and general. From 1573 until his death he fought in Ireland in connection with the Plantation of Ulster, where he ordered the massacre of Rathlin Island. He was the father of Elizabeth I's favourite of her later years, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex.

    Family

    Walter Devereux was the eldest son of Sir Richard Devereux, who was created a Knight of the Bath on 20 February 1547 and died that same year, in the lifetime of his father, Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford. [1] Walter Devereux's mother was Dorothy Hastings, daughter of George Hastings, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and Anne Stafford, said to have been a mistress of Henry VIII. Through his paternal ancestry he was related to the Bourchier family, to which previous Earls of Essex had belonged:[2][a] John Devereux, son of Walter Devereux who died at the Battle of Bosworth, married Cecily Bourchier, sister of Henry Bourchier, 2nd Earl of Essex.[1]

    Career

    On his grandfather's death, Devereux became on 27 September 1558 the 2nd Viscount Hereford and 10th Baron Ferrers of Chartley.[3] He was entrusted with joint custody of the Queen of Scots in 1568, and appointed Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire in 1569 (which he held through the end of his life).[3] Devereux provided signal service in suppressing the Northern Rebellion of 1569, serving as high marshal of the field under the Ambrose Dudley, 3rd Earl of Warwick and Lord Clinton.[3] For his zeal in the service of Queen Elizabeth I on this and other occasions, he was made a knight of the Garter on 17 June 1572 and was created Earl of Essex and Ewe, and Viscount Bourchier on 4 May 1572.[2][3][b]

    Eager to give proof of "his good devotion to employ himself in the service of her Majesty," he offered on certain conditions to subdue or colonise, at his own expense, a portion of the Irish province of Ulster. At that time, Ulster was completely under the dominion of the O'Neills, led by Sir Brian MacPhelim and Turlough Luineach, and of the Scots led by Sorley Boy MacDonnell. His offer, with certain modifications, was accepted. He set sail for Ireland in July 1573, accompanied by a number of earls, knights and gentlemen, and with a force of about 1200 men.

    His enterprise had an inauspicious beginning; a storm dispersed his fleet and drove some of his vessels as far as Cork and the Isle of Man. His forces did not all reach the place of rendezvous till late in the autumn, and he was compelled to entrench himself at Belfast for the winter. Here his troops were diminished by sickness, famine and desertion to not much more than 200 men.

    Intrigues of various sorts and fighting of a guerilla type followed, and Essex had difficulties both with his deputy Fitzwilliam and with the Queen. He was in dire straits, and his offensive movements in Ulster took the form of raids and brutal massacres among the O'Neills. In October 1574, he treacherously captured MacPhelim at a conference in Belfast, and after slaughtering his attendants, had MacPhelim, his wife and brother executed at Dublin. He arrested William Piers, who had been active in driving the Scots out of Ulster, and accused him of passing military intelligence to Brian mac Phelim O'Neill. Essex ordered Piers's arrest and detention in Carrickfergus Castle in December 1574, but Piers was freed and he successfully executed Brian mac Phelim O'Neill for treason.[4]

    After encouraging Essex to prepare to attack the Irish chief Turlough Luineach, apparently at the instigation of the earl of Leicester, the queen suddenly commanded him to "break off his enterprise." However, she left him a certain discretionary power, and he took advantage of that to defeat Turlough Luineach and chastise County Antrim. He also massacred several hundreds of Sorley Boy's following, chiefly women and children, who had hidden in the caves of Rathlin Island in the face of an amphibious assault led by Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Norreys.

    He returned to England at the end of 1575, resolved "to live henceforth an untroubled life." He was however persuaded to accept the offer of the queen to make him Earl Marshal of Ireland. He arrived in Dublin in September 1576, but died three weeks later of dysentery. It was suspected that he had been poisoned at the behest of the Earl of Leicester, who married his widow two years later. A post-mortem was carried out and concluded that Essex had died of natural causes. He was succeeded in the Earldom of Essex by his son Robert.

    Marriage and issue

    Dorothy and Penelope Devereux

    In 1561 or 1562, Devereux married Lettice, daughter of Sir Francis Knollys and Catherine Carey. Walter and Lettice had the following children:

    Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex[5] Married Frances Walsingham
    Sir Walter Devereux. Married Margaret, daughter of Arthur Dakyns. He was killed at the siege of Rouen in 1591.[5]
    Penelope Devereux Married Robert Rich, 3rd Baron Rich[5]
    Dorothy Devereux. Married Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland[5]
    Francis Devereux (died in infancy)[6]

    See also

    Betrayal of Clannabuidhe
    Rathlin Island Massacre

    Notes

    The Bourchier Earldom of Essex and Viscountancy of Bourchier became extinct with the death of Henry Bourchier in 1540. Henry’s daughter, Anne Bourchier, was repudiated by her husband, William Parr, on 17 April 1543 and her children declared bastards and incapable of inheriting. William Parr was created Earl of Essex on 23 December 1543 “with the same place and voice in Parliament as his wife’s [Anne Bourchier’s] father had in his lifetime.” Parr was attainted in 1553 whereby the Earldom of Essex and all his other honors were forfeited. William Parr died 28 October 1570 and Anne Bourchier 28 January 1570/1, and both lacked legitimate heirs causing these titles to become extinct.
    Jump up ^ The titles assumed by the 1st Earl of the Devereux family are attributed to his son in the act of restoration, which recites that “the said Robert, late Earl of Essex, before his said attainder, was lawfully and rightly invested … with the name, state, place, and dignity of Earl of Essex and Ewe, Viscount Hereford and Bourchier, Lord Ferrers of Chartley, and Lord Bourchier and Louvaine.”

    Walter married Lettice Knollys 1561-1562. Lettice (daughter of Francis Knollys, Knight and Catherine Carey) was born 8 Nov 1543, Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire, England; died 25 Dec 1634, Drayton Bassett, Staffordshire, England; was buried Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick, Warwickshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  8. 23.  Lettice KnollysLettice Knollys was born 8 Nov 1543, Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire, England (daughter of Francis Knollys, Knight and Catherine Carey); died 25 Dec 1634, Drayton Bassett, Staffordshire, England; was buried Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick, Warwickshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Countess of Essex
    • Also Known As: Countess of Leicester
    • Also Known As: Lady Essex
    • Also Known As: Lettice Dudley
    • Also Known As: Viscountess Hereford

    Notes:

    Lettice Knollys (/'no?lz/ nohlz, sometimes called Laetitia, also known as Lettice Devereux or Lettice Dudley), Countess of Essex and Countess of Leicester (8 November 1543[1] – 25 December 1634), was an English noblewoman and mother to the courtiers Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex and Lady Penelope Rich, although via her marriage to Elizabeth I's favourite, Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, she incurred the Queen's unrelenting displeasure.[2][3]

    A grandniece of Anne Boleyn and close to Princess Elizabeth since childhood, Lettice Knollys was introduced early into court life. At 17 she married Walter Devereux, Viscount Hereford, who in 1572 became Earl of Essex. After her husband went to Ireland in 1573 she possibly became involved with Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. There was plenty of scandalous talk, not least when Essex died in Ireland of dysentery in 1576. Two years later Lettice Knollys married Robert Dudley in private. When the Queen was told of the marriage she banished the Countess forever from court, effectively curtailing her social life. The couple's child, Robert, Lord Denbigh, died at the age of three, to the great grief of his parents and ending all prospects for the continuance of the House of Dudley. Lettice Knollys' union with Leicester was nevertheless a happy one, as was her third marriage to the much younger Sir Christopher Blount, whom she unexpectedly married in 1589 only six months after the Earl's death. She continued to style herself Lady Leicester.

    The Countess was left rich under Leicester's will; yet the discharge of his overwhelming debts diminished her wealth. In 1604–1605 she successfully defended her widow's rights in court when her possessions and her good name were threatened by the Earl's illegitimate son, Robert Dudley, who claimed that he was his father's legitimate heir, thus implicitly declaring her marriage bigamous. Lettice Knollys was always close to her large family circle. Helpless at the political eclipse of her eldest son, the second Earl of Essex, she lost both him and her third husband to the executioner in 1601. From the 1590s she lived chiefly in the Staffordshire countryside, where, in reasonably good health until the end, she died at age 91 on Christmas Day 1634.

    Family and upbringing

    Lettice Knollys was born on 8 November 1543 at Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire.[1] Her father, Sir Francis Knollys, was a Member of Parliament and acted as Master of the Horse to Prince Edward.[4] Her mother, Catherine Carey, was a daughter of Mary Boleyn, sister to Anne Boleyn. Thus Catherine was Elizabeth I's first cousin, and Lettice Knollys her first cousin once removed.[5] Lettice was the third of her parents' 16 children.[6]

    Sir Francis and his wife were Protestants.[6] In 1556 they went to Frankfurt in Germany to escape religious persecution under Queen Mary I, taking five of their children with them.[6] It is unknown whether Lettice was among them, and she may have passed the next few years in the household of Princess Elizabeth with whom the family had a close relationship since the mid-1540s.[1] They returned to England in January 1559, two months after Elizabeth I's succession.[1] Francis Knollys was appointed Vice-Chamberlain of the Royal Household; Lady Knollys became a senior Lady of the Bedchamber, and her daughter Lettice a Maid of the Privy Chamber.[6]

    First marriage and love affair

    Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, Lettice Knollys' first husband in 1572, aged 32
    In late 1560 Lettice Knollys married Walter Devereux, Viscount Hereford. The couple lived at the family seat of Chartley in Staffordshire.[1] Here the two eldest of their five children, the daughters Penelope and Dorothy, were born in 1563 and 1564, respectively.[7] Lettice Devereux returned to court on at least one occasion, in the summer of 1565, when the Spanish ambassador Diego Guzmâan de Silva described her as "one of the best-looking ladies of the court" and as a favourite with the Queen.[8] Pregnant with her first son, she flirted with Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, the Queen's favourite.[1] The Queen found out at once and succumbed to a fit of jealousy.[9] The Viscountess went back to Staffordshire where, in November 1565, she gave birth to Robert, later 2nd Earl of Essex. Two more sons followed: Walter, who was born in 1569, and Francis, who died soon after birth at an unknown date.[10]

    Walter Devereux was raised to the earldom of Essex in 1572.[1] In 1573 he successfully suggested to the Queen a project to plant Englishmen in Ulster.[1] In the autumn he went to Ireland, not to return for two years. During this time Lettice Devereux possibly engaged in a love-affair with the Earl of Leicester; her whereabouts in the following years are largely unknown, though.[1] In 1573 Leicester sent her a present of venison to Chartley from his seat Kenilworth Castle in Warwickshire, and she made hunting visits to Kenilworth in 1574 and 1576.[1] She was also present in July 1575 when Dudley entertained the Queen with a magnificent 19-days festival at the castle.[11] Elizabeth and the court (including the Earl of Leicester) then progressed to Chartley, where they were welcomed by the Countess of Essex.[12]

    When Walter Devereux returned to England in December 1575, the Spanish agent in London, Antonio de Guaras, reported:

    As the thing is publicly talked of in the streets, there can be no harm in my writing openly about the great enmity between the Earl of Leicester and the Earl of Essex, in consequence, it is said, of the fact that while Essex was in Ireland his wife had two children by Leicester. ... Great discord is expected in consequence.[13]

    These rumours were elaborated on years later in Leicester's Commonwealth, a Catholic underground libel against the Protestant Earl of Leicester satirically detailing his alleged enormities.[14] Here the Countess of Essex, after having a daughter by Leicester, kills a second child "cruelly and unnaturally" by abortion to prevent her homecoming husband from discovering her affair.[15] There is no evidence that any such children ever existed.[13]

    The Earl of Essex returned to Ireland in July 1576. At Dublin, he died of dysentery on 22 September during an epidemic, bemoaning the "frailness of women" in his last words.[16] Rumours of poison, administered by Leicester, immediately sprung up and continued notwithstanding an official investigation which concluded that Essex had died of natural causes.[17][18] His body was carried over to Carmarthen, where his widow attended the funeral.[1]

    The Countess' jointure, the lands left to her under her husband's will, was too little to live by and did not comprise Chartley, so that she and her children had to seek accommodation elsewhere.[1][19] She partly lived in her father's house at Rotherfield Greys, but also with friends; Leicester's Commonwealth claimed that Leicester had her move "up and down the country from house to house by privy ways".[1] She pleaded for an augmentation of her jointure with the authorities and, to reach a compromise with the late Earl's executors, threatened "by some froward advice" to claim her dower rights.[1] These would have amounted to one third of the Devereux estate.[20] After seven months of wrangling a more satisfactory settlement was reached, the Countess declaring to be "content to respect my children more than myself".[20] She equally—though unsuccessfully—tried to move the Queen to forgive Essex' debts to the Crown, which very much burdened the inheritance of her son, the young Earl of Essex.[21]

    Marriage to Leicester and banishment from court

    Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, 1575, aged about 43
    Lettice Knollys married Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester on 21 September 1578 at around seven o'clock in the morning. Only six other people were present at the Earl's country house at Wanstead, Essex; among these were the bride's father and brother, Francis and Richard Knollys, the bridegroom's brother, Ambrose, Earl of Warwick, and his two friends, the Earl of Pembroke and Lord North.[22] The officiating chaplain Humphrey Tyndall later remarked that the bride wore a "loose gown" (an informal morning dress[23]), which has triggered modern speculation that she was pregnant and that the ceremony happened under pressure from her father.[1][note 1] The marriage was, however, in planning between Leicester and his wedding guests for almost a year. While Lettice Devereux may well have been pregnant, there is no further indication as to this.[1][23] The marriage date coincided with the end of the customary two-years-mourning for a widow.[1]

    Leicester—a widower since 1560—had for many years been in hope of marrying Elizabeth herself, "for whose sake he had hitherto forborne marriage", as he confessed to Lord North.[22] He also feared Elizabeth's reaction and insisted that his marriage be kept a secret. It did not remain one for long, the French ambassador, Michel de Castelnau, reporting it only two months later.[1] When the Queen was told of the marriage the next year, she banished Lettice Dudley permanently from court; she never forgave her cousin, nor could she ever accept the marriage.[24][25] Even Lady Leicester's movements through London were resented by the Queen,[26] let alone summer visits to Kenilworth by husband and wife.[1]


    Dorothy and Penelope Devereux, the daughters of Lettice Knollys, c. 1580
    Lettice Dudley continued to style herself Countess of Essex for several years into her new marriage.[1] She lived very discreetly, often with her relatives at the Knollys family home in Oxfordshire. In February 1580 she was expecting the birth of a child there. For the birth of Leicester's heir, Robert, Lord Denbigh, in June 1581, she moved to Leicester House on the Strand. A further advanced pregnancy was reported in September 1582 by the French ambassador, yet the outcome is again unknown.[1] The next year Lettice Dudley became officially resident at Leicester House, and Elizabeth was once again furious with the Earl "about his marriage, for he opened the same more plainly than ever before".[1] A few weeks later Michel de Castelnau was a guest at Leicester's palatial mansion: "He especially invited me to dine with him and his wife, who has much influence over him and whom he introduces only to those to whom he wishes to show a particular mark of attention."[27]

    Robert Dudley had been close to the Knollys family since the early 1550s; several of Lettice's brothers had been in his service and his marriage only enhanced his relations with her siblings. To his four stepchildren he was a concerned and generous stepfather.[1][28] The Dudleys' domestic life is partly documented in the Earl's accounts;[1] Lettice Dudley financed her personal expenses and servants out of her revenue as Dowager Countess of Essex,[29] remaining largely excluded from society life.[27]

    The three-year-old Lord Denbigh died suddenly on 19 July 1584 at Wanstead. His death shattered the dynastical hopes of the House of Dudley.[23] Leicester stayed away from his court duties for a few weeks "to comfort my sorrowful wife for the loss of my little son, whom God has lately taken from us."[30] He also thanked Lord Burghley for—unsuccessfully—pleading with the Queen "on behalf of my poor wife. For truly my Lord, in all reason she is hardly dealt with."[31]

    In 1585 Leicester led an English expedition to assist the rebellious United Provinces against Spain. He incurred Elizabeth's wrath when he accepted the title of Governor-General in January 1586—what had especially kindled her fury was a tale that the Countess of Leicester was planning to follow her husband to the Netherlands "with such a train of ladies, and gentlewomen, and such rich coaches, litters, and side-saddles, as Her Majesty had none, and that there should be such a court of ladies, as should far pass Her Majesty's court here."[1][32] Thomas Dudley, who informed Leicester about these events, stressed that "this information" was "most false".[32] At this same time the Earl was giving his wife authority to handle certain land issues during his absence, implying they had no plans to meet in Holland.[1] William Davison, whom Leicester had sent to explain his doings to the Queen, described a visit to the Countess during the crisis: "I found her greatly troubled with tempestuous news she received from court, but somewhat comforted when she understood how I had proceeded with Her Majesty."[33][34]

    The Earl returned to England in December 1586, but was sent again to the Netherlands in the following June—to the grief of his wife, as the young Earl of Essex remarked in a letter.[1] Leicester eventually resigned his post in December 1587. The Countess was with him when he died unexpectedly, possibly of malaria, on 4 September 1588 at Cornbury Park, Oxfordshire; they had been on their way to Kenilworth and Buxton.[35] The Earl's funeral at Warwick in October 1588 was attended by his widow as well as numerous members of her family circle.[35][36]

    Blount and Essex

    Lettice Knollys, c.1595, by Nicholas Hilliard
    Lettice Dudley was left a wealthy widow. Leicester's will appointed her as executrix and her income from both her husbands' jointures amounted to ¹3,000 annually, to which came plate and movables worth ¹6,000. However, her jointure was to suffer greatly from paying off Leicester's debts, which at some ¹50,000 were so overwhelming that she was advised to decline the responsibility of dealing with her husband's financial legacy.[1]

    In March or April 1589 the Countess married Sir Christopher Blount,[37] a relatively poor Catholic soldier 12 years her junior, who had been the Earl of Leicester's Gentleman of the Horse and a trusted friend of his.[38][39] The marriage was a great surprise and the Earl of Essex complained that it was an "unhappy choice".[1][37] In the face of tittle-tattle that had reached even France,[37] Lady Leicester—she continued to be styled thus[40]—explained her choice with being a defenceless widow; like her marriage to Leicester, the union proved to be a "genuinely happy" one.[1][37] Some 60 years later it was claimed in a satirical poem that she had poisoned the Earl of Leicester on his deathbed, thereby forestalling her own murder at his hands, because he had found out about her supposed lover, Sir Christopher Blount.[41]

    In 1593 Lettice Knollys sold Leicester House to her son, after which it became known as Essex House. She moved to Drayton Bassett near Chartley in Staffordshire, her main residence for the rest of her life.[1] Still banished from court, she saw no point in returning to London without being reconciled to Elizabeth. In December 1597 she had heard from friends that "Her Majesty is very well prepared to hearken to terms of pacification", and was prepared to do "a winter journey" if her son thought "it be to any purpose".[1] "Otherwise a country life is fittest for disgraced persons", she commented.[42] She travelled to London, staying at Essex House from January till March 1598,[1] and seeking a reconciliation with Elizabeth. At last a short meeting was granted in which the Countess kissed the Queen and "the Queen kissed her", but nothing really changed.[42]

    Lettice's second son, Walter Devereux, died 1591 in France while on military duty,[43] and in subsequent years she was anxious for her elder son's safety. She addressed him "Sweet Robin", longing for his letters and helpless about his moodiness and depression.[44][45] After returning from his command in Ireland without licence, Essex was imprisoned in 1599; his mother came to London to intercede for him with the Queen.[1] She tried to send Elizabeth a present in form of a gown, which Elizabeth neither accepted nor refused.[46] Her efforts to get sight of her son made matters worse: "Mislike is taken that his mother and friends have been in a house that looks into York Garden where he uses to walk and have saluted each other out of a window."[46]

    During Essex' revolt, trial, and execution in February 1601, Lettice remained at Drayton Basset. She not only lost her son but her "best friend", as she called her third husband.[1][40] Sir Christopher Blount was executed on 18 March 1601, three weeks after the execution of his stepson, to whom he had been a friend and confidant for many years.[1][37]

    Litigation and old age

    Effigy of Lettice Knollys, Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick
    The executions and attainders of Essex and Blount led to a legal dispute over the Countess of Leicester's remaining property. In this context she claimed that Blount, in the process of paying off Leicester's debts, had squandered her jewels and much of her landed wealth.[1][37] The death of Elizabeth I in 1603 meant some form of rehabilitation for the Countess; the new monarch, James I, not only restored her grandson, the third Earl of Essex, to his father's title and estate, but quickly cancelled the rest of her debts to the Crown, almost ¹4,000.[1]

    Even more than his debts, the Earl of Leicester's will triggered litigation. He had intended his illegitimate son from his early 1570s relationship with Douglas Sheffield, the adolescent Robert Dudley, to inherit Kenilworth after the death of his brother, Ambrose Dudley, 3rd Earl of Warwick. Some of the countess' jointure manors lay in the castle's vicinity, while at the same time they had been assigned to the younger Dudley's inheritance by the overseers of Leicester's will. After Warwick's death in February 1590, lengthy legal proceedings ensued over whether particular parts of Lady Leicester's jointure belonged to the Kenilworth estate or not.[47]

    In 1603 Dudley initiated moves to prove that he was the legitimate son of his parents and thus the heir to the earldoms of Warwick and Leicester. If successful, this claim would not only have implied that Lettice Knollys' union with Leicester had been bigamous, but would also have nullified her jointure rights.[47] Consequently, in February 1604, she filed a complaint against Dudley in the Star Chamber, accusing him of defamation. She was backed by Sir Robert Sidney, who considered himself the only legitimate heir of his uncles Leicester and Warwick. During the Star Chamber proceedings 56 former servants and friends of the Earl of Leicester testified that he had always regarded Dudley as his illegitimate son.[1] The other side was unable to cite clear evidence and the King's chief minister, Robert Cecil, thought it unwise to rake up the existing property settlement, so the outcome was in favour of Lady Leicester. All the evidence was impounded to preclude a resumption of the case.[1][47]

    Throughout her life, Lettice Knollys cared for her siblings, children, and grandchildren.[48][49][50] Until their respective deaths in 1607 and 1619, her daughters Penelope and Dorothy were her closest companions.[1] The young third Earl of Essex, also called Robert, shared much of his life with the old Countess at Chartley and Drayton Bassett.[1] Still walking a mile a day at nearly 90, she died in her chair in the morning of 25 December 1634, aged 91.[1][51] Widely mourned as a symbol of a by-gone age, she wished to be buried "at Warwick by my dear lord and husband the Earl of Leicester with whom I desire to be entombed".[1] Her request was respected and she came to rest in the Beauchamp Chapel of Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick, opposite the tomb of her son, young Lord Denbigh.[1]

    *

    Children:
    1. 11. Penelope Devereux was born 0Jan 1563, Chartley Castle, Staffordshire, England; died 7 Jul 1607.
    2. Dorothy Devereux, Countess of Northumberland was born 0___ 1564, Chartley Lodge, Stafford, England; died 3 Aug 1619; was buried Petworth, Sussex, England.
    3. Robert Devereux, KG, PC, 2nd Earl of Essex was born 10 Nov 1565, Bromyard, Herefordshire, England; died 25 Feb 1601, Tower of London, London, Middlesex, England.


Generation: 6

  1. 32.  Thomas Tilghman was born Surry County, England (son of Nicholas Tilghman and unnamed spouse).

    Notes:

    Notes for Thomas Tilghman:
    Thomas is listed in T-book #1457, Harleian Manuscript #25.

    More About Thomas Tilghman:
    Property: Betchworth Castle, Surrey, England. For more information...http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betchworth_Castle

    Thomas — unnamed wife. [Group Sheet]


  2. 33.  unnamed wife
    Children:
    1. 16. Nicholas Tilghman was born Selling, Kent, England.

  3. 36.  John Saunders was born 0___ 1505, Chilton, Kent, England (son of Edward Saunders and Joan Mackerness); died 0___ 1575, (Kent) England.

    John married Anna Whetenhall (Kent) England. Anna (daughter of George Whetenhall and Alice Berkeley) was born 0___ 1505, Hextall's Court, East Peckham, Kent, England; died 0___ 1539, Selling, Kent, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 37.  Anna Whetenhall was born 0___ 1505, Hextall's Court, East Peckham, Kent, England (daughter of George Whetenhall and Alice Berkeley); died 0___ 1539, Selling, Kent, England.

    Notes:

    No doubt her lines go to the family of WHETENHALL, however, there is a generation or two missing...

    http://www.ourfamilyhistories.org/ahnentafel.php?personID=I99828&tree=00&parentset=0&generations=12

    Children:
    1. 18. Edward Sanders was born 0___ 1546, Northbourne, Kent, England; died Northbourne, Kent, England.

  5. 38.  Miles Pendreth was born 0___ 1524, Chilton, Berkshire, England; died 0___ 1604, Faversham Parish, Kent, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Miles Pandreth

    Miles married Elizabeth Lowin (Kent) England. Elizabeth (daughter of Thomas Lowin and unnamed spouse) was born Bef 1528, Faversham Parish, Kent, England; died 0___ 1550, Berkshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 39.  Elizabeth Lowin was born Bef 1528, Faversham Parish, Kent, England (daughter of Thomas Lowin and unnamed spouse); died 0___ 1550, Berkshire, England.
    Children:
    1. 19. Anna Pendreth was born 0___ 1550, Chilton, Berkshire, England; died 0___ 1642, Chilton, Berkshire, England.

  7. 40.  Charles Blount, 5th Baron Mountjoy was born 28 Jun 1516, Tourna, Belgium (son of William Blount, KG, 4th Baron Mountjoy and Alice Keble); died 10 Oct 1544, Hooke, Dorset, England; was buried St Mary Aldermary, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Residence: France
    • Residence: Yeaveley, Derbyshire, England
    • Will: 30 Apr 1544

    Notes:

    Charles Blount, fifth Baron Mountjoy (28 June 1516 – 10 October 1544) was an English courtier and patron of learning.

    Life

    Charles Blount was born on 28 June 1516 in Tournai, where his father, William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy, was governor. Charles Blount's mother was William 's second wife, Alice, daughter of Henry Keble, Lord Mayor of London.[1]

    In 1522 Jan van der Cruyce, a graduate of the university at Leuven and a friend of Erasmus, travelled to England to become private tutor to Mountjoy's children. He remained in the household until 1527, when he returned to Leuven and was appointed a professor of Greek. Possibly on the recommendation of Erasmus, van der Cruyce was succeeded by Petrus Vulcanius of Bruges, also a graduate of Leuven, who remained in England until 1531. In 1531 Erasmus praised Blount for his fine written style, but after Vulcanius's departure realized that the credit should have gone to the preceptor rather than the student.

    John Palsgrave, who composed L'esclarcissement de la langue francoyse (printed in 1530 and dedicated to Henry VIII) and was tutor to Henry Fitzroy, also gave tuition to the sons of several court noblemen, Blount among them. One of his fellow schoolmates in this group was Lord Thomas Howard, son of the second Duke of Norfolk, whose own tutor at Lambeth had been John Leland. Leland in turn praised Charles's skill in Latin and presented a book along with commendatory verses to him.

    In 1523 Juan Luis Vives wrote a short educational treatise dedicated to Charles, De ratione studii puerilis ad Carolum Montioium Guilielmi filium. This served as a parallel to the tract on female education Vives had composed in the same year for the benefit of Mary Tudor. Erasmus added Charles's name to that of his father in the dedication to the 1528 edition of the Adagia and Charles was the dedicatee of the next two editions (1533, 1536) as well. Erasmus also dedicated his 1531 edition of Livy to him.

    About August 1530 Charles Blount married his stepsister Anne, daughter of Robert Willoughby, 2nd Baron Willoughby de Broke. Her mother was Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Grey, Marquess of Dorset, who had become the fourth wife of Charles's father.

    Succeeding to the title after his father's death in 1534, Mountjoy was regular in his attendance in the House of Lords. In May 1537 he was one of the peers summoned for the trial of lords Darcy and Hussey and he was also on the panel of 3 December 1538 for the trial of Henry Pole, 1st Baron Montagu, and Henry Courtenay, Marquess of Exeter, his own brother-in-law. His country house was at Apethorpe, Northamptonshire, and in London he lived in Silver Street.

    After the dissolution of Syon Abbey in 1539 Mountjoy granted asylum at his London house to the pious, learned, and outspokenly conservative priest Richard Whitford, who had been patronized by his father. Whitford remained in the household until his death in 1542 and may have acted as tutor to Mountjoy's children. Like his father, Mountjoy was deeply interested in the humanist educational programme and he tried to engage the learned scholar and educationist Roger Ascham, then teaching at Cambridge, as a tutor to his eldest son and secretary to himself. Although Ascham did not take the position — and he also refused a similar offer from Margaret Roper — he admired Mountjoy and referred in flattering terms to his learning, likening his household for its patronage of learning to that of the Medici.

    Mountjoy was granted Yeaveley Preceptory in Derbyshire, by Henry VIII, following the dissolution.[2]

    Mountjoy drew up his will on 30 April 1544, just before embarking for France with the expeditionary force. In it he admonished his children to 'kepe themselfes worthye of so moche honour as to be called hereafter to dye for there maister and countrey' (PRO, PROB 11/30, fol. 343). He also composed his own epitaph in English verse. After being present with Henry VIII at the siege of Boulogne he died on 10 October 1544 at Hooke, Dorset (formerly the home of his mother), probably from illness contracted on campaign. In his will he reckoned his assets, in money, goods, and debts owed to him, at nearly ¹2,100. Among other bequests he left 40 marks to provide lectures for the children of Westbury-under-the-Plain, Wiltshire, for the succeeding two years. He was buried at St Mary Aldermary in the City of London. His widow remarried and lived until 1582.

    *

    Residence:
    at the Yeaveley Preceptory; definition: 1 : a subordinate house or community of the Knights Templars; broadly : commandery 1. 2 : commandery 2.

    Died:
    (formerly the home of his mother)

    Charles married Anne Willoughby 0Aug 1530. Anne (daughter of Robert Willoughby and Dorothy Grey) was born Aft 1514; died ~ 1545. [Group Sheet]


  8. 41.  Anne Willoughby was born Aft 1514 (daughter of Robert Willoughby and Dorothy Grey); died ~ 1545.
    Children:
    1. 20. James Blount, 6th Baron Mountjoy was born 0___ 1533, Derby, Derbyshire, England; died 10 Oct 1582, Hook, Dorsetshire, England.

  9. 42.  Thomas Lee was born (Cumbria) England; died 24 Nov 1545; was buried St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Residence: Denmark
    • Residence: Germay
    • Residence: Durham, England
    • Also Known As: Thomas Leigh, Thomas Legh
    • Occupation: 0___ 1536; Member of Parliament for Hindon, Wiltshire, England
    • Will: 9 Mar 1544, Haggerston, London, England
    • Occupation: 0___ 1545; Member of Parliament for Wilton, Wiltshire, England
    • Probate: 23 Dec 1545

    Notes:

    ConstituencyDates
    HINDON1
    1536
    WILTON2
    1545
    Family and Education
    b. by 1511. educ. Camb. BCL 1527, DCL 1531; adv. Doctors’ Commons 7 Oct. 1531. m. by 1537, Joan, da. of William Cotton of Oxenhoath, Kent, 1 da. Kntd. 11 May 1544.3

    Offices Held

    Visitor and commr. for suppression of monasteries 1535-9; master, Sherburn hospital, co. Dur. Sept. 1535-d.; master in Chancery 1537.4

    Biography

    The imperial envoy Chapuys’s description of Thomas Lee as ‘a doctor of low quality’ was undeserved, for its subject came of a cadet branch of the long-established and well-connected Cumberland family of Isel. Lee’s father has not been identified but he was a brother of William Lee of Frizington, Cumberland, and he once said that his father’s lands lay three miles from Calder abbey. Sir James Leyburn was his kinsman and godfather and he seems to have owed his education and early advancement to another ‘cousin’, Rowland Lee, afterwards bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, whom he followed at Cambridge, perhaps at St. Nicholas’s hostel, the hospitium juristarum attended by Dr. John Rokeby, Thomas Lee’s companion from childhood. Lee is to be distinguished from a slightly older namesake who had gone up to Cambridge from Eton.5

    From 1532 Lee found employment in the matter of the King’s divorce, having doubtless been brought to Cromwell’s notice by Rowland Lee. In December 1532 he was sent on a diplomatic mission to Denmark and north Germany and on his return it was he who cited Queen Catherine to appear before Archbishop Cranmer’s court at Dunstable. After attending to such matters as the election of Cromwell’s nominee as abbot of Malmesbury, he was again sent overseas early in 1534, but he was launched on the work for which he is best known by Richard Layton, a Cumberland man also trained in civil law at Cambridge, who in June 1534 urged Cromwell to employ himself and Lee in a visitation of the northern monasteries; both of them, Layton pointed out, were entirely beholden to Cromwell and both had friends within a dozen miles of every religious house and kinsfolk ready to support them in the event of opposition. A year later Lee was still in London, examining a servant of Bishop Fisher, but by August 1535 he had begun the visitation, although not of the northern houses and not with Layton but with the Oxford civilian John Price.6

    Characterized by a modern historian as ‘a humourless, overbearing man, colder but more incisive of mind than Layton’, Lee was to bring lasting discredit upon the visitors by behaviour which some of them deplored. In October 1535, apparently in answer to a letter in which Cromwell had upbraided him for keeping quiet about Lee’s conduct, Price himself described Lee as ‘very insolent and pompatique’, of a ‘satrapic countenance’ and ‘excessive in taking’, while recommending leniency towards faults which could largely be attributed to youth and ‘high courage’ and which to punish severely would compromise government policy. After visiting the south and Cambridge university, Lee joined Layton at Lichfield in December 1535 for a tour of the north. While in Durham he took possession of Sherburn hospital to which he had been collated in the previous September. He was in London by March 1536 but was in Lincolnshire when the rising took place there in October. Chapuys reported that the first act of the rebels was to hang Lee’s cook, and he was named with Layton, Rowland Lee and Cromwell himself among those whose punishment was called for. Lee survived to take part in the examination of captured rebels.7

    By then Lee may already have appeared in the Commons. In a list of boroughs and nominees seemingly prepared by Cromwell for the Parliament of 1536 his name is coupled with Ralph Sadler’s for Hindon. The three boroughs mentioned belonged to the see of Winchester and one of Lee’s namesakes, who was to sit for the city of Winchester in 1539, was probably a servant of Bishop Gardiner; but Gardiner was abroad in 1536 and those named were men of standing, and most of them, like Sadler, were closely linked with the minister. Owing to the loss of so many names it is not possible to say whether, like Sadler, Lee was re-elected to the next two Parliaments before being returned for Wilton. In October 1536 Lee shared with Sadler and his own brother William in a grant of the next presentation to the wardenship of St. Buryan’s chapel, Cornwall, and in the following March he received the reversion to the mastership of the hospital of Burton Lazars, Leicestershire. The 3rd Duke of Norfolk, as founder, opposed this grant on the formal ground that Lee was disqualified by marriage but added, ‘Alas! What a pity it were that such a vicious man should have the governance of that honest house’.8

    During the next three years Lee was busy taking the surrender of religious houses throughout the country, including that of Holme Cultram, Cumberland, which he sought to obtain for himself and his brother: instead, in July 1538, he was granted a lease of Calder abbey. He was in trouble with Cromwell in 1538 for what Bishop Lee called his ‘fickle dealing’ but once again managed to clear himself. He survived the minister’s fall and while no longer needed as a monastic visitor was regularly employed in positions of trust until the year of his death. In 1542 he was included on a commission for the Scottish borders and in July 1543 he was appointed to accompany the treasurer in the army for the Netherlands and at the same time entrusted with ¹2,000 for the Duke of Suffolk’s forces in the north. When Cranmer was accused of heresy and in effect made judge in his own cause, Lee was named to assist his inquiry. He accompanied the army which invaded Scotland under the Earl of Hertford and was knighted at Leith on 11 May 1544. Hertford, who reported to the King that Lee had served ‘honestly and willingly’, may have had a hand in his return for Wilton on 28 Jan. 1545, as may Cranmer, but his distant relationship with the Parrs could have been a sufficient recommendation to the patron of Wilton, (Sir) William Herbert I. Lee’s last public service was to take the surrender of the see of Oxford in May 1545 and he died on the following 25 Nov. His death had been reported in August, so that he had probably been ill for some months and could scarcely have taken his seat in the Parliament which opened on 23 Nov. No evidence has been found of a by-election to replace him.9

    Lee had acquired leases of other monastic property besides Calder, including the priory of St. Bees, Cumberland, the Yorkshire priories of Guisborough and Nostell, and property in Shoreditch, formerly of Haliwell priory, where he made his home while in London. He had made his will on 9 Mar. 1544 as of Haggerston, Middlesex, the London ward which included Shoreditch, and had asked to be buried there ‘if it chance me to die on this side the sea’: a brass was erected to his memory in St. Leonard’s, Shoreditch. He assigned a third of his lands to the crown for the wardship of his only child Catherine, later the wife of James Blount, 6th Lord Mountjoy, left another third to his wife Joan for life and set aside most of the remainder for the payment of debts and the performance of legacies. Calder, however, was to go to his nephew Thomas Lee III who was also to succeed to two thirds of the lands left to the widow should Lee’s hopes for a son be disappointed; if there was a son, this nephew was to share his custody with Joan Lee’s brother-in-law Thomas Gargrave. The widow was named executrix, with the testator’s ‘especial kinsman and friend’ (Sir) Edward North, Gargrave and the younger Thomas Lee as substitutes should she die before the grant of probate. Cranmer, Chancellor Wriothesley, Sir Richard Rich, Dr. Rokeby and Thomas Cotton were named supervisors. The will was proved on 23 Dec. 1545. Joan Lee took as her second husband (Sir) Thomas Chaloner.10

    Ref Volumes: 1509-1558
    Author: T. F.T. Baker

    Notes

    1.LP Hen. VIII, x. 40(ii) citing Cott. Otho C10, f. 218.
    2. Did not serve for the full duration of the Parliament.
    3. Date of birth estimated from first employment. LP Hen. VIII, xii; Vis. Kent (Harl. Soc. lxxiv), 42; DNB; G. D. Squibb, Doctors’ Commons, 27, 146.
    4.LP Hen. VIII, ix-xiv; VCH Durham, ii. 116.
    5.LP Hen. VIII, v, vi, ix, xii, add; Trans. Cumb. and westmld. Antiq. and Arch. Soc. n.s. xxv. 138-9, 242.
    6.LP Hen. VIII, v-ix; M. L. Robertson, ‘Cromwell’s servants’ (Univ. California Los Angeles Ph.D. thesis, 1975), 203-5, 518.
    7. D. Knowles, Rel. Orders in Eng. iii. 272; LP Hen. VIII, ix-xii; Elton, Reform and Renewal, 32-33.
    8.LP Hen. VIII, xi, xii.
    9. Ibid. xi, xiii, xvii-xx; VCH Cumb. ii. 177; APC. i. 12; C142/74/73.
    10.LP Hen. VIII, xvi-xxi; VCH Cumb. ii. 182; VCH Yorks. ii. 347; CPR, 1550-3, p. 10; PCC 45 Pynnyng; Mill Stephenson, Mon. Brasses, 317.

    *

    Will:
    He had made his will on 9 Mar. 1544 as of Haggerston, Middlesex, the London ward which included Shoreditch, and had asked to be buried there ‘if it chance me to die on this side the sea’: a brass was erected to his memory in St. Leonard’s, Shoreditch. He assigned a third of his lands to the crown for the wardship of his only child Catherine, later the wife of James Blount, 6th Lord Mountjoy, left another third to his wife Joan for life and set aside most of the remainder for the payment of debts and the performance of legacies.

    Thomas married Joan Cotton BY 1537. Joan (daughter of William Cotton, Esquire and Margaret Culpeper) was born 0___ 1539, (Oxenhoath, Kent, England); died 0Jan 1577. [Group Sheet]


  10. 43.  Joan Cotton was born 0___ 1539, (Oxenhoath, Kent, England) (daughter of William Cotton, Esquire and Margaret Culpeper); died 0Jan 1577.

    Notes:

    Her father was active in the dissolution of the monasteries and acquired leases on a number of monastic properties, making his London home in part of the former Haliwell Priory in Shoreditch.

    *

    Children:
    1. 21. Catherine Leigh was born 0___ 1539, St. Oswalds, Yorkshire, England; died 0___ 1577, Shoreditch, London, England.

  11. 44.  Richard Devereux, Knight was born ~ 1513 (son of Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford and Mary Grey); died 13 Oct 1547; was buried London, Middlesex, England.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Member of Parliament
    • Residence: Carmarthenshire, Wales

    Notes:

    Sir Richard Devereux was a rising political figure during the reign of Henry VIII and Edward VI when his career was cut short by his sudden death during the life of his father. His son would complete the family’s ascendency when he was created Earl of Essex.

    Family

    He was born by 1513, the son of Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford and Mary Grey (1491-22 February 1538).[1]

    His paternal grandparents were John Devereux, 8th Baron Ferrers of Chartley and Cecily Bourchier.[1] His maternal grandparents were Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset and his second wife Cecily Bonville, Baroness Harington and Bonville.[1]

    Career

    Richard Devereux lived in Carmarthen, Wales where he was Bailiff from 1534 to 1535, and Mayor in 1536 to 1537.[2] He was Commissioner for the tenths of spiritualities for St. David’s diocese in 1535.[2] He later came out strongly for the canons in their dispute with Bishop Barlow of St. David’s.[2] In 1542 he was a candidate for election to Parliament, and noted for enlivening the town of Camarthen by his encouragement of unruly behavior and resort to force, which prompted his adversary to lodge a complaint.[2] Later in 1546 Devereux would be examined by the Privy Council for comments on religious practices he thought were superstitious.[2]

    He was Deputy steward of the lordships of Arwystli and Cyfeiliog in Montgomeryshire in 1537.[2] He supported his father in his dispute with the 2nd Earl of Worcester, and the borough of New Camarthen.[2]

    In 1543 he served under Sir John Wallop when he led a small force to help the Emperor Charles V in his invasion of France.[2] He was mentioned in a dispatch on this campaign.

    Devereux was Deputy justice and chamberlain of South Wales during the reign of Henry VIII.[2] He was justice of peace for Cardiff and Pembrokeshire in 1543, and Gloucester and Monmouthshire in 1547.[2] He was Custos Rotulorum of Carmarthenshire from 1543 until his death in 1547.[2]

    Richard Devereux was created a Knight of the Bath on 20 February 1547[2] at the coronation of Edward VI of England. Later this year he was made a member of the council in the marches of Wales.[2]

    Parliament

    He was elected to Parliament for Carmarthenshire in 1545, and again just prior to his death in 1547.[2]

    Marriage and Children[edit]
    He married Dorothea Hastings on 1 July 1536, a daughter of George Hastings, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and Anne Stafford.[1]

    They had children:

    Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex[1]
    Elizabeth Devereux. She married Sir John Vernon of Hodnet.[1]
    Sir George Devereux[1]
    Ann Devereux. She married Henry Clifford.[1]
    Death[edit]
    He died on 13 October 1547.[2] He was buried in the parish church of St. Olave Hart Street, London under the inscription 'Richarde Deuereux, sonne and Heyre to the lord Ferrers of Chartley'.[3] His inquisition post-mortem in July 1548 showed possession of Lamphey which was to be held by his wife in her widowhood, and then to his son, George, for life with remainder to his other son, Walter.[2] He also was possessed of the ancestral Devereux manor of Bodenham, Herefordshire.[1]

    Buried:
    He was buried in the parish church of St. Olave Hart Street, London under the inscription 'Richarde Deuereux, sonne and Heyre to the lord Ferrers of Chartley'.

    Richard married Dorothy Hastings 1 Jul 1536. Dorothy (daughter of George Hastings, Knight, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and Anne Stafford, Countess of Huntingdon) was born (Leicestershire, England). [Group Sheet]


  12. 45.  Dorothy Hastings was born (Leicestershire, England) (daughter of George Hastings, Knight, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and Anne Stafford, Countess of Huntingdon).
    Children:
    1. 22. Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex was born 16 Sep 1541, Chartley Lodge, Stafford, England; died 22 Sep 1576.
    2. Elizabeth Devereux
    3. George Devereux
    4. Ann Devereux

  13. 46.  Francis Knollys, KnightFrancis Knollys, Knight was born 1511-1514, Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire, England (son of Robert Knollys and Lettice Penystone); died 19 Jul 1596; was buried Rotherfield Greys, England.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Member of Parliament
    • Residence: Ireland
    • Residence: Germany

    Notes:

    Sir Francis Knollys of Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire, KG (c. 1511 / c. 1514 – 19 July 1596) was a courtier in the service of Henry VIII, Edward VI and Elizabeth I, and was a Member of Parliament for a number of constituencies.

    Early appointments

    Francis Knollys was born 1511, the elder son of Sir Robert Knollys (d. 1520/1) and Lettice Peniston (d. 1557/8), daughter of Sir Thomas Peniston of Hawridge, Buckinghamshire, henchman to Henry VIII.[1]

    He appears to have received some education at Oxford. He married Catherine Carey. Henry VIII extended to him the favour that he had shown to his father, and secured to him in fee the estate of Rotherfield Greys in 1538. Acts of Parliament in 1540–41 and in 1545–46 attested this grant, making his wife in the second act joint tenant with him. At the same time Francis became one of the gentlemen-pensioners at court, and in 1539 attended Anne of Cleves on her arrival in England. In 1542 he entered the House of Commons for the first time as member for Horsham.[2]

    At the beginning of Edward VI's reign he accompanied the English army to Scotland, and was knighted by the commander-in-chief, the Duke of Somerset, at the camp at Roxburgh on 28 September 1547.[2]

    Knollys' strong Protestant convictions recommended him to the young king and to his sister the Princess Elizabeth, and he spent much time at court, taking a prominent part not only in tournaments there, but also in religious discussion. On 25 November 1551 he was present at Sir William Cecil's house, at a conference between several Catholics and Protestants respecting the corporeal presence in the Sacrament. About the same date he was granted the manors of Caversham in Oxfordshire (now Berkshire) and Cholsey in Berkshire (now Oxfordshire). At the end of 1552 he visited Ireland on public business.[2]

    Mary I of England and exile

    The accession of Mary in 1553 darkened Knollys' prospects. His religious opinions placed him in opposition to the government, and he deemed it prudent to cross to Germany. On his departure the Princess Elizabeth wrote to his wife a sympathetic note, expressing a wish that they would soon be able to return in safety. Knollys first took up his residence in Frankfurt, where he was admitted a church-member on 21 December 1557, but afterwards removed to Strasburg. According to Fuller, he "bountifully communicated to the necessities" of his fellow-exiles in Germany, and at Strasburg he seems to have been on intimate terms with John Jewel and Peter Martyr.[2]

    Before Mary's death he returned to England, and as a man "of assured understanding and truth, and well affected to the Protestant religion," he was admitted to Elizabeth's privy council in December 1558. He was soon afterwards made Vice-Chamberlain of the Household and captain of the halberdiers, while his wife – a first cousin of Elizabeth – became a woman of the queen's privy chamber. In 1560 Knollys' wife and son Robert were granted for their lives the manor of Taunton, part of the property of the see of Winchester.[2]

    Member of Parliament & other offices

    In 1559 Knollys was chosen MP for Arundel and in 1562 knight of the shire for Oxfordshire.[3] He was appointed chief steward of Oxford in Feb 1564 until 1592. In 1572 he was re-elected member for Oxfordshire, and sat for that constituency until his death. Throughout his parliamentary career he was a frequent spokesman for the government on questions of general politics, but in ecclesiastical matters he preserved as a zealous puritan an independent attitude.[2]

    Knollys' friendship with the queen and Cecil led to his employment in many state offices. In 1563 he was governor of Portsmouth, and was much harassed in August by the difficulties of supplying the needs in men and money of the Earl of Warwick, who was engaged on his disastrous expedition to Le Havre. In April 1566 he was sent to Ireland to control the expenditure of Sir Henry Sidney, the lord deputy, who was trying to repress the rebellion of Shane O'Neill, and was much hampered by the interference of court factions at home; but Knollys found himself compelled, contrary to Elizabeth's wish, to approve Sidney's plans. It was, he explained, out of the question to conduct the campaign against the Irish rebels on strictly economical lines. In August 1564 he accompanied the queen to Cambridge, and was created MA. Two years later he went to Oxford, also with his sovereign, and received a like distinction there. In the same year he was appointed treasurer of the queen's chamber[2] and in 1570 promoted to Treasurer of the Household.

    Mary, Queen of Scots

    In May 1568 Mary, Queen of Scots fled to England, and flung herself on Elizabeth's protection. She had found refuge in Carlisle Castle, and the delicate duty of taking charge of the fugitive was entrusted jointly to Knollys and to Henry Scrope, 9th Baron Scrope of Bolton. On 28 May Knollys arrived at the castle, and was admitted to Mary's presence. At his first interview he was conscious of Mary's powerful fascination. But to her requests for an interview with Elizabeth, and for help to regain her throne, he returned the evasive answers which Elizabeth's advisers had suggested to him, and he frankly drew her attention to the suspicions in which Darnley's murder involved her.[2]

    A month passed, and no decision was reached in London respecting Mary's future. On 13 July Knollys contrived to remove her, despite "'her tragical demonstrations", to Bolton Castle, the seat of Lord Scrope, where he tried to amuse her by teaching her to write and speak English.[citation needed] Knollys's position grew more and more distasteful, and writing on 16 July to Cecil, whom he kept well informed of Mary's conversation and conduct, he angrily demanded his recall. But while lamenting his occupation, Knollys conscientiously endeavoured to convert his prisoner to his puritanic views, and she read the English prayer-book under his guidance. In his discussions with her he commended so unreservedly the doctrines and forms of Geneva that Elizabeth, on learning his line of argument, sent him a sharp reprimand. Knollys, writing to Cecil in self-defence, described how contentedly Mary accepted his plain speaking on religious topics. Mary made in fact every effort to maintain good relations with him. Late in August she gave him a present for his wife, desired his wife's acquaintance, and wrote to him a very friendly note, her first attempt in English composition.[2]

    In October, when schemes for marrying Mary to an English nobleman were under consideration, Knollys proposed that his wife's nephew, George Carey, might prove a suitable match. In November the inquiry into Mary's misdeeds which had begun at York, was reopened at Westminster, and Knollys pointed out that he needed a larger company of retainers to keep his prisoner safe from a possible attempt at rescue. In December he was directed by Elizabeth to induce Mary to assent to her abdication of the Scottish throne. In January 1569 he plainly told Elizabeth that, in declining to allow Mary either to be condemned or to be acquitted on the charges brought against her, she was inviting perils which were likely to overwhelm her, and entreated her to leave the decision of Mary's fate to her well-tried councillors. On 20 January orders arrived at Bolton to transfer Mary to Tutbury, where the Earl of Shrewsbury was to take charge of her. Against the removal the Scottish queen protested in a pathetic note to Knollys, intended for Elizabeth's eye, but next day she was forced to leave Bolton, and Knollys remained with her at Tutbury till 3 February. His wife's death then called him home. Mary blamed Elizabeth for the fatal termination of Lady Knollys' illness, attributing it to her husband's enforced absence in the north.[2]

    Relations with Elizabeth I

    In April 1571 Knollys strongly supported the retrospective clauses of the bill for the better protection of Queen Elizabeth, by which any person who had previously put forward a claim to the throne was adjudged guilty of high treason. Next year he was appointed treasurer of the royal household, and he entertained Elizabeth at Abbey House in Reading [1], where he often resided by permission of the crown. The office of treasurer he retained till his death.[2]

    Elizabeth was a first cousin of Knollys' wife. Although he was invariably on good terms personally with his sovereign, he never concealed his distrust of her statesmanship. Her unwillingness to take "safe counsel", her apparent readiness to encourage parasites and flatterers, whom he called "King Richard the Second's men", was, he boldly pointed out, responsible for most of her dangers and difficulties. In July 1578 he repeated his warnings in a long letter, and begged her to adopt straightforward measures so as to avert such disasters as the conquest of the Low Countries by Spain, the revolt of Scotland to France and Mary Stuart, and the growth of papists in England. He did not oppose the first proposals for the queen's marriage with Alenðcon which were made in 1579, but during the negotiations he showed reluctance to accept the scheme, and Elizabeth threatened that "his zeal for religion would cost him dear".[2]

    In December 1581 he attended the Jesuit Campion's execution, and asked him on the scaffold whether he renounced the pope. He was a commissioner for the trials of Parry the Jesuit in 1585, of Anthony Babington and his fellow-conspirators, whom he tried to argue into Protestantism, in 1586, and of Queen Mary at Fotheringay in the same year. He urged Mary's immediate execution in 1587 both in Parliament and in the council. In April 1589 he was a commissioner for the trial of Philip Howard, earl of Arundel. On 16 December 1584 he introduced into the House of Commons the bill legalising a national association to protect the queen from assassination. In 1585 he offered to contribute ¹100 for seven years towards the expenses of the war for the defence of the Low Countries, and renewed the offer, which was not accepted, in July 1586. In 1588–9 he was placed in command of the land forces of Hertfordshire and Cambridgeshire, which had been called together to resist the Spanish Armada. Knollys was interested in the voyages of Frobisher and Drake, and took shares in the first and second Cathay expeditions.[2]

    Puritanism

    Knollys never wavered in his consistent championship of the puritans. In May 1574 he joined Bishop Grindal, Sir Walter Mildmay, and Sir Thomas Smith in a letter to Parkhurst, Bishop of Norwich, arguing in favour of the religious exercises known as "prophesyings". But he was zealous in opposition to heresy, and in September 1581 he begged Burghley and Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester to repress such "anabaptisticall sectaries" as members of the "Family of Love", "who do serve the turn of the papists". Writing to Whitgift, archbishop of Canterbury, 20 June 1584, he hotly condemned the archbishop's attempts to prosecute puritan preachers in the Court of High Commission as unjustly despotic, and treading "the highway to the pope". He supported Cartwright with equal vehemence. On 24 May 1584 he sent to Burghley a bitter attack on "the undermining ambition and covetousness of some of our bishops", and on their persecutions of the puritans. Repeating his views in July 1586, he urged the banishment of all recusants and the exclusion from public offices of all who married recusants. In 1588 he charged Whitgift with endangering the queen's safety by his popish tyranny, and embodied his accusation in a series of articles which Whitgift characterised as a fond and scandalous syllogism.[2]

    In the parliament of 1588–9 he vainly endeavoured to pass a bill against non-residence of the clergy and pluralities. In the course of the discussion he denounced the claims of the bishops "to keep courts in their own name", and denied them any "worldly pre-eminence". This speech, "related by himself" to Burghley, was published in 1608, together with a letter to Knollys from his friend, the puritan John Rainolds, in which Bishop Bancroft's sermon at St Paul's Cross (9 February 1588–9) was keenly criticised. The volume was entitled "Informations, or a Protestation and a Treatise from Scotland … all suggesting the Usurpation of Papal Bishops". Knollys' contribution reappeared as "Speeches used in the parliament by Sir Francis Knoles", in William Stoughton's "Assertion for True and Christian Church Policie" (London, 1642). Throughout 1589 and 1590 he was seeking, in correspondence with Burghley, to convince the latter of the impolicy of adopting Whitgift's theory of the divine right of bishops. On 9 January 1591 he told his correspondent that he marvelled "how her Majestie can be persuaded that she is in as much danger of such as are called Purytanes as she is of the Papysts". Finally, on 14 May 1591, he declared that he would prefer to retire from politics and political office rather than cease to express his hostility to the bishops' claims with full freedom.[2]

    Domestic affairs and death

    Knollys' domestic affairs at times caused him anxiety. In spite of his friendly relations with the Earl of Leicester, he did not approve the royal favourite's intrigues with his daughter, Lettice, widow of Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, and he finally insisted on their marriage at Wanstead on 21 September 1578. The wayward temper of his grandson, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex (son of his daughter Lettice by her first husband), was a source of trouble to him in his later years, and the queen seemed inclined to make him responsible for the youth's vagaries. Knollys was created KG in 1593 and died on 19 July 1596. He was buried at Rotherfield Greys, and an elaborate monument, with effigies of seven sons, six daughters, and his son William's wife, still stands in the church there.[2]

    Issue

    He married Catherine Carey, the daughter of Sir William Carey of Aldenham and Mary Boleyn in Hertfordshire on 26 April 1540. Sir Francis and Lady Knollys had a total of 15 children:

    Mary Knollys (c. 1541[4] – 1593). She married Edward Stalker.
    Sir Henry Knollys (c. 1542 – 1583). He was a Member of Parliament representing Shoreham, Sussex in 1562, Reading, Berkshire (1563–1572) and then Oxfordshire. Esquire of the Body to Elizabeth I. He was married to Margaret Cave (1549–1600), daughter of Sir Ambrose Cave and Margaret Willington. Their daughter Lettice Knollys (1583–1655) married before 19 June 1602 William Paget, 4th Baron Paget.
    Lettice Knollys, Countess of Essex and of Leicester (8 November 1543 – 25 December 1634). She married first Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, secondly Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester and thirdly Sir Christopher Blount.

    Lettice Knollys, Catherine's eldest daughter

    Robert Devereux son of Lettice Knollys
    Sir William Knollys, 1st Earl of Banbury, (c. 1544[5] – 25 May 1632). Member of Parliament for Tregony and Oxfordshire. He was married first to Dorothy Bray, who was 20 years his senior; and secondly to Elizabeth Howard, daughter of Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk and his second wife Catherine Knyvett.
    Edward Knollys (1546–1580). He was a member of Parliament for Oxford (1571–1575).
    Sir Robert Knollys (1547[6] 1619 or 1626[7]). Member of Parliament representing Reading, Berkshire (1572–1589), Brecknockshire (1589–1604), Abingdon, Oxfordshire (1604, 1624–1625) and finally Berkshire again (1626). He married Catherine Vaughan, daughter of Sir Rowland Vaughan, of Porthamel.
    Richard Knollys (1548[8] – 21 August 1596). Member of Parliament representing first Wallingford (1584) and then Northampton (1588). Married Joan Heigham, daughter of John Heigham, of Gifford's Hall, Wickhambrook, Suffolk.
    Elizabeth Knollys (15 June 1549 – c.1605). She married Sir Thomas Leighton of Feckenham, Worcester, son of John Leighton of Watlesburgh and Joyce Sutton, in 1578. Her husband served as Governor of Jersey and Guernsey.
    Maud Knollys (c.1550[9] – 155?/6?), died young.
    Sir Thomas Knollys (1558[10] – 1596). Better known for service in the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648). Governor of Ostend in 1586. Married Odelia de Morana, daughter of John de Morada, Marquess of Bergen.
    Sir Francis Knollys "the Younger" (c. 1552[11] – 1648[12]). Privateer and admiral and Member of Parliament representing several constituencies from 1575 to his death in 1648. He married Lettice Barrett, daughter of John Barrett, of Hanham. Father-in-law of John Hampden.
    Anne Knollys (19 July 1555 – 30 August 1608),[citation needed] who married Thomas West, 2nd Baron De La Warr,[13] by whom she had six sons and eight daughters, including Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr,[14] after whom the state of Delaware is named.
    Catherine Knollys (21 October 1559 – 20 December 1620). Married first in October 1578[15] Gerald FitzGerald, Baron Offaly (son of Gerald FitzGerald, 11th Earl of Kildare and Mabel Browne) and secondly Sir Phillip Butler, of Watton Woodhall. She was the mother of Lettice Digby, 1st Baroness Offaly.
    Cecily Knollys (c. 1560 - ?).[citation needed] No known descendants.
    Dudley Knollys (1562 - 156?/157?), died young.

    *

    Knollys family
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    (Redirected from Knollys (family))
    Knollys, the name of an English family descended from Sir Thomas Knollys (died 1435), Lord Mayor of London. The first distinguished member of the family was Sir Francis Knollys (c. 1514–1596), English statesman, son of Sir Robert Knollys, or Knolles (died 1521), a courtier in the service and favour of Henry VII and Henry VIII. Robert had also a younger son, Sir Henry, who took part in public life during the reign of Elizabeth I and who died in 1583. From the time of Sir Francis, the family were associated with Greys Court at Rotherfield Greys and Caversham Park, then in Oxfordshire, as well as the nearby town of Reading in Berkshire, where the family's private chapel could once be seen in the church of St Laurence.

    Contents [show]
    Sir Francis Knollys (c.1514–1596)[edit]
    Main article: Francis Knollys (the elder)
    Francis Knollys, who entered the service of Henry VIII before 1540, became a member of parliament in 1542 and was knighted in 1547 while serving with the English army in Scotland. He became custodian of Wallingford Castle in 1551. A strong and somewhat aggressive supporter of the reformed doctrines, he retired to Germany soon after Mary became queen, returning to England to become a privy councillor, vice-Chamberlain of the royal household and a member of parliament under Queen Elizabeth, whose cousin Catherine Carey (d. 1568), daughter of William Carey and niece of Anne Boleyn, was his wife. After serving as governor of Plymouth, Knollys was sent in 1566 to Ireland, his mission being to obtain for the queen confidential reports about the conduct of the lord-deputy Sir Henry Sidney.

    Approving of Sidney's actions, he came back to England, and in 1568 was sent to Carlisle to take charge of Mary, Queen of Scots, who had just fled from Scotland; afterwards he was in charge of the queen at Bolton Castle and then at Tutbury Castle. He discussed religious questions with his prisoner, although the extreme Protestant views which he put before her did not meet with Elizabeth's approval, and he gave up the position of guardian just after his wife's death in January 1569. In 1584 he introduced into the House of Commons, where since 1572 he had represented Oxfordshire, the bill legalising the national association for Elizabeth's defence, and he was treasurer of the royal household from 1572 until his death on 19 July 1596.

    His monument may still be seen in the church of Rotherfield Greys. Knollys was repeatedly free and frank in his objections to Elizabeth's tortuous foreign policy; but, possibly owing to his relationship to the queen, he did not lose her favour and he was one of her commissioners on such important occasions as the trials of Mary Queen of Scots, of Philip Howard, earl of Arundel, and of Anthony Babington. An active and lifelong Puritan, his attacks on the bishops were not lacking in vigour and he was also very hostile to heretics. He received many grants of land from the queen, and was chief steward of the city of Oxford and a Knight of the Garter.

    It would seem that his son Sir Francis Knollys the Younger, in earlier years a pirate and soldier was Elizabeth's Vice-Chamberlain, who may be associated with The Lord Chamberlain's Men – Shakespeare's company – through Carey family connections to Sir Francis the Elder. In either case, Franklin's or Francolin's – an anagram of Francis Knollys – substitutes for Chamberlain's as a pun in the company's title.

    Children of Sir Francis Knollys the Elder[edit]
    Sir Francis's sons Sir Henry (died 1583), Sir Edward (died 1580), Sir Robert (died 1625), Sir Richard (died 1596), Sir Francis (died 1648) and Sir Thomas, were all courtiers and served the queen in parliament or in the field. Richard's family continued to live at Rotherfield Greys, while Francis Junior's descendants held Battle Manor in Reading. The latter's daughter, Lettice (died 1666), was the second wife of the parliamentarian, John Hampden. Francis Senior's daughter, Lettice (1540–1634), married Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex and then Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester. She was the mother of Elizabeth's favourite, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex.

    Sir Francis Knollys's second son William (c. 1547–1632) served as a member of parliament and a soldier during the reign of Queen Elizabeth and was knighted in 1586. William inherited his father's estates in Oxfordshire (his eldest brother Henry having died without sons in 1583) and became in 1596 a privy councillor and comptroller, and subsequently treasurer, of the royal household. Sir William enjoyed the favour of the new king, James I, whom he had visited in Scotland in 1585, and was made Baron Knollys in 1603 and Viscount Wallingford in 1616. But in this latter year his fortunes suffered a temporary reverse. Through his second wife Elizabeth Howard (1586–1658), daughter of Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk, William was related to Frances, Countess of Somerset, and when this lady was tried for the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury her relatives were regarded with suspicion; consequently Lord Wallingford resigned the treasurership of the household and two years later the mastership of the Court of Wards, an office which he had held since 1614. However, he regained the royal favour, and was created earl of Banbury in 1626. He died in London on 25 May 1632.

    Some of Sir Francis Knollys's letters are in T. Wright's Queen Elizabeth and Her Times (1838) and the Burghley Papers, edited by S. Haynes (1740); and a few of his manuscripts are still in existence. A speech which Knollys delivered in parliament against some claims made by the bishops was printed in 1608 and again in W. Stoughton's Assertion for True and Christian Church Policie (London, 1642).

    Buried:
    The parish church includes the 16th-century Knollys Chapel, which houses an ornate tomb of the Knollys family. This includes effigies of Sir Francis Knollys and his wife, who was lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth I. ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotherfield_Greys

    Francis married Catherine Carey 26 Apr 1540, Hertfordshire, England. Catherine (daughter of William Carey and Mary Boleyn) was born ~ 1524; died 15 Jan 1569, Hampton Court Palace, London, England; was buried Westminster Abbey, 20 Deans Yd, London SW1P 3PA, United Kingdom. [Group Sheet]


  14. 47.  Catherine CareyCatherine Carey was born ~ 1524 (daughter of William Carey and Mary Boleyn); died 15 Jan 1569, Hampton Court Palace, London, England; was buried Westminster Abbey, 20 Deans Yd, London SW1P 3PA, United Kingdom.
    Children:
    1. 23. Lettice Knollys was born 8 Nov 1543, Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire, England; died 25 Dec 1634, Drayton Bassett, Staffordshire, England; was buried Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick, Warwickshire, England.
    2. Henry Knollys died 0___ 1583.
    3. Anne Knollys, Lady de la Warr was born 15 Jul 1555, Reading, Berkshire, England; died 30 Aug 1608, Lasham, Hampshire, England.


Generation: 7

  1. 64.  Nicholas Tilghman was born Abt 1480, Kent, England (son of Richard Tilghman and Dionspia Holloway).

    Notes:

    Notes for Nicholas Tilghman:
    He is recorded in Harleian Manuscript #25, T-book #1456.

    Nicholas — unnamed spouse. [Group Sheet]


  2. 65.  unnamed spouse
    Children:
    1. 32. Thomas Tilghman was born Surry County, England.

  3. 72.  Edward Saunders was born ~ 1468, Harrington, Northampton, England (son of Robert Saunders and Agricola LNU); died 0___ 1549, (East Haddon, Northamptonshire) England.

    Edward married Joan Mackerness 0___ 1487, Rothwell, Northampton, England. Joan was born ~ 1463, Harrington, Northampton, England; died 0___ 1514, East Haddon, Northamptonshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 73.  Joan Mackerness was born ~ 1463, Harrington, Northampton, England; died 0___ 1514, East Haddon, Northamptonshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Birth: 0___ 1470, Harrington, Northampton, England

    Children:
    1. 36. John Saunders was born 0___ 1505, Chilton, Kent, England; died 0___ 1575, (Kent) England.

  5. 74.  George Whetenhall was born 0___ 1476, East Peckham, Kent, England; died 0___ 1543, East Peckham, Kent, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: "Whiatnoll"
    • Death: 0___ 1573, East Peckham, Kent, England

    Notes:

    About George Whetenhall
    George Whetenhall
    M, #80924, b. circa 1475
    George Whetenhall was born circa 1475 at of Hextal's Place, East Peckham, Kent, England. He married Alys Berkeley, daughter of Sir Thomas Berkeley and Elizabeth Neville, circa 1507.
    Family Alys Berkeley b. c 1490
    Child
    Mary Whetenhall+ b. c 1508
    From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p2693.htm#i80924
    ______________
    Alice BERKELEY
    Born: ABT 1500
    Father: Thomas BERKELEY
    Mother: Elizabeth NEVILLE
    Married: Son WHETENHALL
    Children:
    1. Anna WHETENHALL (mother of Edward Sanders)
    From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/BERKELEY1.htm#Alice BERKELEY2
    ____________
    William Whetenhall, Esq., Sheriff of Kent, Justice of the Peace for Kent1,2,3,4
    M, #89816, b. 8 November 1467
    Father William Whetenhall, Gent.1,2,3 b. c 1430, d. c 1468
    Mother Margaret Hexstall1,2,3 b. c 1445, d. b 22 Dec 1499
    William Whetenhall, Esq., Sheriff of Kent, Justice of the Peace for Kent was born on 8 November 1467 at East Peckham, Kent, England; Also christened there.1,2,5 A settlement for the marriage William Whetenhall, Esq., Sheriff of Kent, Justice of the Peace for Kent and Anne Crowmer was made in 1489; They had 2 sons (George, Esq; & Lewis) and 6 daughters (Margaret, wife of Thomas Roydon, Esq; Alice, wife of Thomas Hodde, & of Thomas Darrell, Esq; Jane, wife of John Culpeper, Esq; Rose, wife of Thomas Wilsford, Esq; Ursula, wife of James Blechenden, Gent; & Juliane, a nun).1,2,5,4 His estate was probated on 27 November 1539; Buried at Our Lady chapel in the church of East Peckham, Kent.2,5
    Family Anne Crowmer b. c 1470, d. a 1520
    Children
    Jane Whetenhall+ b. c 1497
    Alice Whetenhall6,3,4 b. c 1499
    Rose Whetenhall+1,7,2,8,3 b. c 1505
    Citations
    1.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 246.
    2.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 566.
    3.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 351-352.
    4.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 116.
    5.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 352.
    6.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 264.
    7.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 112.
    8.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 260.
    From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p2990.htm#i89816

    George married Alice Berkeley (Gloucestershire) England. Alice (daughter of Thomas Berkeley and Elizabeth Neville) was born 0___ 1490, Beverston, Gloucestershire, England; died 0___ 1573, Kent, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 75.  Alice Berkeley was born 0___ 1490, Beverston, Gloucestershire, England (daughter of Thomas Berkeley and Elizabeth Neville); died 0___ 1573, Kent, England.

    Notes:

    About Alice Alys Berkeley
    Alys Berkeley
    F, #80925, b. circa 1490

    Father Sir Thomas Berkeley1 b. c 1470, d. 1500
    Mother Elizabeth Neville1 b. c 1467, d. a 1500
    Alys Berkeley was born circa 1490 at of Avon in Sopley, Hampshire, England. She married George Whetenhall circa 1507.
    Family George Whetenhall b. c 1475
    Child
    Mary Whetenhall+ b. c 1508

    Citations

    1.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 313.
    From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p2693.htm#i80925
    ______________
    Alice BERKELEY
    Born: ABT 1500
    Father: Thomas BERKELEY
    Mother: Elizabeth NEVILLE
    Married: Son WHETENHALL
    Children:
    1. Anna WHETENHALL (mother of Edward Sanders)

    From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/BERKELEY1.htm#Alice BERKELEY2
    ___________________

    Children:
    1. 37. Anna Whetenhall was born 0___ 1505, Hextall's Court, East Peckham, Kent, England; died 0___ 1539, Selling, Kent, England.

  7. 78.  Thomas Lowin was born 0___ 1460, Faversham Parish, Kent, England; died (Kent, England).

    Thomas married unnamed spouse (Kent, England). [Group Sheet]


  8. 79.  unnamed spouse
    Children:
    1. 39. Elizabeth Lowin was born Bef 1528, Faversham Parish, Kent, England; died 0___ 1550, Berkshire, England.

  9. 80.  William Blount, KG, 4th Baron Mountjoy was born 0___ 1478, Barton Blount, Derbyshire, England (son of John Blount, 3rd Baron Mountjoy and Lora Berkeley); died 8 Nov 1534, Sutton-on-the-Hill, Derbyshire, England; was buried Saint Chad Church, Barton Blount, Derbyshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: Governor of Tournai
    • Will: 13 Oct 1534
    • Probate: 11 Feb 1535

    Notes:

    William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy (c.1478 – 8 November 1534), KG, of Barton Blount, Derbyshire, was an English courtier, scholar and patron of learning. He was one of the wealthiest English nobles of his time.

    Origins

    William Blount was born in about 1478 in Barton Blount, Derbyshire, the eldest son of John Blount, 3rd Baron Mountjoy (c. 1450 – 1485) by his wife Lora Berkeley (d.1501), daughter of Edward Berkeley (d.1506) of Beverston Castle, Gloucestershire. After her husband's death in 1485, Lora Berkeley remarried firstly to Sir Thomas Montgomery (d.1495), and secondly to Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond (d.1515), grandfather of Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire,[1] father of Queen Anne Boleyn, second wife of King Henry VIII.

    Biography

    Blount was a pupil of Erasmus, who called him inter nobiles doctissimus ("The most learned amongst the nobles"). His friends included John Colet, Thomas More and William Grocyn.

    In 1497 he commanded part of a force sent to suppress the rebellion of Perkin Warbeck. In 1509 he was appointed Master of the Mint. In 1513 he was appointed Governor of Tournai, and his letters to Cardinal Wolsey and King Henry VIII describing his vigorous government of the town are preserved in the British Library.[2]

    In 1520 he was present with Henry VIII at the Field of the Cloth of Gold, and in 1522 at the king's meeting with Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Having served since 1512 as Chamberlain to Queen Catherine of Aragon, it fell to him in that office to announce to her the intention of Henry VIII to divorce her. He also signed the letter to the Pope conveying the king's threat to repudiate papal supremacy unless the divorce were granted.

    Mountjoy married four times:

    Firstly, in about Easter 1497, to Elizabeth Say (d. before 1506[1]), a daughter and co-heiress of Sir William Say of Essenden, Hertfordshire, by whom he had a daughter:
    Gertrude Blount, later a lady in waiting to Queen Mary I (1553–1558), who on 25 October 1519 married Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter (c. 1498 – 1538), KG, PC, the eldest son of William Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon by his wife Catherine of York, daughter of King Edward IV.

    Secondly, before the end of July 1509, Mountjoy married Inez de Venegas,[3] one of the Spanish attendants of Catherine of Aragon while she was Princess of Wales.

    Thirdly, before February 1515, Mountjoy married Alice Keble (d. 8 June 1521), daughter of Henry Keble, Lord Mayor of London in 1510 and widow of Sir William Browne (d.1514), Lord Mayor of London in 1513. She died in 1521 and was buried at the Greyfriars, London.[4][5] By Alice he had children as follows:
    Charles Blount, 5th Baron Mountjoy, eldest son and heir, like his father also a patron of learning.[2]
    Catherine Blount (c.1518 – 25 February 1559), who married firstly Sir John Champernowne of Modbury, Devon, and secondly Sir Maurice Berkeley (d.1581) of Bruton, Somerset.

    Fourthly, before 29 July 1523, Mountjoy married Dorothy Grey (daughter of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset by his wife Cecily Bonville (the greatest heiress of her age)) and widow of Robert Willoughby, 2nd Baron Willoughby de Broke. Dorothy Grey was the sister of Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk (1517–1554), father of Lady Jane Grey (1536/1537–1554) Queen of Nine Days. By Dorothy he had the following children,[1][6] all first cousins to Lady Jane Grey:
    John Blount
    Mary Blount, who married (as his first wife) Robert Denys (d.1592) of Holcombe Burnell in Devon.[7]
    Dorothy Blount, who married John Blewett (d.1585) of Holcombe Rogus in Devon.[8]

    Mountjoy died on 8 November 1534 and was buried at Barton Blount.

    *

    Birth: 1478
    Barton Blount
    South Derbyshire District
    Derbyshire, England
    Death: Nov. 8, 1534
    Sutton-on-the-Hill
    South Derbyshire District
    Derbyshire, England

    4th Baron Mountjoy, Knight of the Garter, Master of the Mint in the Tower of London, and a member of the Privy Council of Henry VIII.

    Died testate with a will dated Oct. 13, 1534, which was proved Feb. 11, 1535 [Testamenta Vetusta, 670-671].

    Family links:
    Parents:
    John Blount (1450 - 1485)
    Lora Berkeley Montgomery (____ - 1501)

    Spouses:
    Alice Keble Blount (____ - 1521)*
    Elizabeth Say Blount (____ - 1506)*
    Dorothy Grey Blount (1480 - 1553)*

    Children:
    Kathryn Blount Berkeley (____ - 1559)*
    Dorothy Blount Bluett*
    Gertrude Blount Courtenay (1504 - 1558)*
    Charles Blount (1516 - 1544)*

    Siblings:
    Lora Blount (____ - 1480)*
    Anne Blount (____ - 1480)*
    William Blount (1478 - 1534)

    *Calculated relationship

    Burial:
    Saint Chad Church
    Barton Blount
    South Derbyshire District
    Derbyshire, England

    Created by: Todd Whitesides
    Record added: Sep 09, 2014
    Find A Grave Memorial# 135662811

    *

    William — Alice Keble. Alice (daughter of Henry Keble, Sir and Joan Bryce) was born ~ 1475; died 8 Jun 1521; was buried Grey Friars, London, Middlesex, England. [Group Sheet]


  10. 81.  Alice Keble was born ~ 1475 (daughter of Henry Keble, Sir and Joan Bryce); died 8 Jun 1521; was buried Grey Friars, London, Middlesex, England.

    Notes:

    Birth: unknown
    Death: Jun. 8, 1521


    Family links:
    Parents:
    Henry Keble (____ - 1517)

    Spouse:
    William Blount (1478 - 1534)

    Children:
    Kathryn Blount Berkeley (____ - 1559)*
    Charles Blount (1516 - 1544)*

    *Calculated relationship

    Burial:
    Grey Friars London
    London
    City of London
    Greater London, England

    Created by: Todd Whitesides
    Record added: Oct 27, 2013
    Find A Grave Memorial# 119406777

    *

    Children:
    1. 40. Charles Blount, 5th Baron Mountjoy was born 28 Jun 1516, Tourna, Belgium; died 10 Oct 1544, Hooke, Dorset, England; was buried St Mary Aldermary, London, England.

  11. 82.  Robert Willoughby (son of Robert Willoughby, Knight and Blanche Champernon).

    Robert — Dorothy Grey. Dorothy (daughter of Thomas Grey, KG, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington) was born 0___ 1480, (Groby, Leicestershire, England); died Aft 4 Apr 1552, Groby, Leicestershire, England. [Group Sheet]


  12. 83.  Dorothy Grey was born 0___ 1480, (Groby, Leicestershire, England) (daughter of Thomas Grey, KG, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington); died Aft 4 Apr 1552, Groby, Leicestershire, England.
    Children:
    1. 41. Anne Willoughby was born Aft 1514; died ~ 1545.

  13. 86.  William Cotton, Esquire was born ~ 1479, Landwade, Cambridgeshire, England (son of Thomas Cotton and Jane Sharp).

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: William Cotton of Oxonhoat

    Notes:

    Biography

    William Cotton was born around 1480 in Landwade, Cambridgeshire, England. He was the 3rd son of Sir Thomas Cotton of Landwade, Cambridgeshire, England, and Jane (Sharp) Cotton, daughter and heir of Richard Sharp of Copthall, County Essex, England. His grandfather was Thomas Cotton of Landwade.

    In 1508 at West Peckham, Kent, William Cotton married Margaret, born in Kent in 1481, youngest daughter and co-heiress of Sir Richard Culpeper (who died without male issue in 1484), so his estate passed to his 3 daughters: Elizabeth, Joyce, and Margaret. By this marriage, William Cotton became Lord of Oxon Hoath (Oxonholt) Manor in the county of Kent. [1] He thenceforth became known as "William Cotton of Oxonhoath".

    William and Margaret (Culpeper) Cotton had a son and a daughter:

    Thomas Cotton, b: around 1520 in Kent, England.

    Anne Cotton, b: around 1510 in Kent, England. She married Sir Thomas Gargrave (1495–1579) a knight who was High Sheriff of Yorkshire. They had one son: Sir Cotton Gargrave, born about 1530; he also became High Sheriff of Yorkshire and served as a Member of Parliament for Yorkshire in 1571.[2]

    Margaret (Culpeper) Cotton died around 1530. William Cotton survived her. He died in the 1540s. On William's death, Oxon Hoath Manor passed to his son, Sir Thomas Cotton, who, having debts, alienated the estate to John Chowne of Fairlawne, Plaxtol, England. It thereby passed out of the Culpeper/Cotton family.

    Sources

    ? Oxon Hoath article on Wikipedia.
    ? Gargrave, Cotton MP in Historyofparliamentonline
    The Mark D. Montgomery Family File - William of Oxenhoth Cotton. Misspelling: Oxonhoath or Oxonholt.
    "The Visitation of Kent, Taken in the Years 1619-1623"; by John Philipot, William Camden... A Google Book.
    Bradley - Collette - Gillespie - Opp Ancestry William Cotton

    William married Margaret Culpeper 0___ 1508, West Peckham, Kent, England. Margaret (daughter of Richard Culpeper, Knight and Isabel Worsley) was born 0___ 1481, Oxen Hoath, Kent, England; died ~ 1530. [Group Sheet]


  14. 87.  Margaret Culpeper was born 0___ 1481, Oxen Hoath, Kent, England (daughter of Richard Culpeper, Knight and Isabel Worsley); died ~ 1530.

    Notes:

    Margaret Cotton formerly Culpeper aka Welbeck
    Born about 1481 in Oxenhoath, West Peckham, Kent, Englandmap
    Daughter of Richard Culpepper Knt. and Isabel (Worsley) Leigh
    Sister of Joyce (Culpeper) Howard
    Wife of William Cotton Esq — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
    Mother of Anne (Cotton) Gargrave
    Died after 1538 in Englandmap
    Profile manager: Doug Lockwood private message [send private message]
    Culpeper-64 created 28 Jun 2015 | Last modified 20 Mar 2016
    This page has been accessed 165 times.

    Biography

    Father Sir Richard Culpeper, Sheriff of Kent[1] b. c 1430, d. 4 Oct 1484

    Mother Isabel Worsley[2] b. c 1460, d. 18 Apr 1527

    Margaret Culpeper was born circa 1481 at of Oxenhoath, West Peckham, Kent, England; Age 11 in 1492.[3]

    She married William Cotton, Esq., son of Sir Thomas Cotton and Jane Sharpe, after 28 April 1513; They had 2 sons (Sir Thomas; & John) and 2 daughters (Joan, wife of Sir Thomas Leigh; & Anne, wife of Sir Thomas Gargrave).[4]Margaret Culpeper died after 1538;

    She had married (1) Richard Welbeck, Esq., by whom she had 2 daughters (Joyce, wife of John Carleton; & Margaret).[5]

    Family 1

    William Cotton, Esq. b. c 1479, d. a 1538
    Children

    Sir Thomas
    John
    Joan, wife of Sir Thomas Leigh
    Anne, wife of Sir Thomas Gargrave
    Family 2

    Richard Welbeck, Esq
    Children

    Joyce, wife of John Carleton
    Margaret
    Sources

    ? Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 347.
    ? Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 242.
    ? Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 74-75.
    ? Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 108.
    ? Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 45.
    Richardson, Douglas: Plantagenet Ancestry, 2nd edn. (2011), 3 vols, Volume 2, page 138

    *

    Children:
    1. 43. Joan Cotton was born 0___ 1539, (Oxenhoath, Kent, England); died 0Jan 1577.

  15. 88.  Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford was born 0___ 1488, Chartley, Staffordshire, England (son of John Devereux, 8th Baron Ferrers of Chartley and Cecily Bourchier); died 17 Sep 1558, Chartley, Staffordshire, England; was buried Stowe Church, Chartley, Staffordshire, England.

    Notes:

    Walter DEVEREUX (1° V. Hereford)

    Born: 1488, Chartley, Staffordshire, England

    Acceded: 1550

    Died: 17 Sep 1558, Chartley

    Buried: Stowe Church, Chartley, Staffordshire, England

    Notes: Knight of the Garter. B. Ferrers of Chartley. The Complete Peerage vol.V, pp.326-328. Present at the capture of Boulogne.

    Father: John DEVEREUX (2º B. Ferrers of Chartley)

    Mother: Cecille BOURCHIER (B. Ferrers of Chartley)

    Married 1: Mary GREY BEF 15 Dec 1503

    Children:

    1. Richard DEVEREUX (Sir Knight)

    2. Edward DEVEREUX

    3. William DEVEREUX (Sir)

    4. Catherine DEVEREUX
    5. Henry DEVEREUX

    Married 2: Margaret GARNEYS (V. Hereford) (m.2 William Willoughby, Lord Parham) ABT 1557, England

    Children:
    6. Edward DEVEREUX

    *

    Walter married Mary Grey Bef 15 Dec 1503. Mary (daughter of Thomas Grey, KG, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington) was born 0___ 1491, (Groby, Leicestershire, England); died 22 Feb 1538. [Group Sheet]


  16. 89.  Mary Grey was born 0___ 1491, (Groby, Leicestershire, England) (daughter of Thomas Grey, KG, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington); died 22 Feb 1538.
    Children:
    1. 44. Richard Devereux, Knight was born ~ 1513; died 13 Oct 1547; was buried London, Middlesex, England.

  17. 90.  George Hastings, Knight, 1st Earl of Huntingdon was born 0___ 1488, Ashby-de-La-Zouch, Leicestershire, England (son of Edward Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings and Mary Hungerford, 4th Baroness Hungerford); died 24 Mar 1544.

    Notes:

    Family

    George Hastings, born in 1488 at Ashby-de-la-Zouch, was the son of Edward Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings, and Mary Hungerford, daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Hungerford of Rowden, Wiltshire, by Anne Percy, daughter of Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, and Eleanor Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland.[1]

    Career

    Hastings was created a Knight of the Bath in November 1501, and succeeded to his father's title between 4 and 15 November 1506. In 1513 he served with King Henry VIII's army in France, and was present when both Therouanne and Tournai were taken by the English forces. He was created Earl of Huntingdon on 8 December 1529.[2] On the same day his eldest son, Francis, gained a seat at the so-called Reformation Parliament.[citation needed] In 1536 he held a command in the forces which put down the rebellion called the Pilgrimage of Grace.[3]

    Huntingdon was a close friend of the King.[citation needed] His wife, Anne, was the King's mistress in 1510, and possibly until 1513.[4] She was later prosecuted for adultery with another of her husband's friends, William Compton.

    Marriage and issue

    George Hastings married, about December 1509, Anne Stafford, widow of Sir Walter Herbert (d. 16 December 1507). She was the daughter of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, and Katherine Woodville, the daughter of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers, by Jacquetta of Luxembourg, daughter of Pierre de Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol.[5]

    George Hastings and Anne Stafford had five sons and three daughters:[6]

    Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon (1514 – 25 January 1569). Father of both Henry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon and George Hastings, 4th Earl of Huntingdon.
    Sir Thomas Hastings. Married Winifred Pole, daughter of Henry Pole, 11th Baron Montacute and Jane Neville. Jane was a daughter of George Nevill, 4th Baron Bergavenny and Margaret Fenne.
    Edward Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings of Loughborough.
    Henry Hastings.
    William Hastings.
    Dorothy Hastings, who married Sir Richard Devereux, a son of Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford. They were parents of Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex.
    Mary Hastings, who married Thomas Berkeley, 6th Baron Berkeley.
    Katherine Hastings.

    *

    George married Anne Stafford, Countess of Huntingdon 0Dec 1509. Anne (daughter of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Katherine Woodville, Duchess of Buckingham) was born ~ 1483; died 0___ 1544; was buried Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  18. 91.  Anne Stafford, Countess of HuntingdonAnne Stafford, Countess of Huntingdon was born ~ 1483 (daughter of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Katherine Woodville, Duchess of Buckingham); died 0___ 1544; was buried Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire, England.

    Notes:

    Anne Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon (nâee Lady Anne Stafford) (c. 1483–1544) was the daughter of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, and Lady Katherine Woodville. She was the wife of Sir Walter Herbert, and George Hastings, 1st Earl of Huntingdon, and served in the household of King Henry VIII's daughter, Princess Mary, the future Queen Mary I.

    Family

    Lady Anne Stafford, born around 1483, the year her father was executed for treason by order of King Richard III, was the daughter of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, and Katherine Woodville, sister to Elizabeth Woodville, queen consort of King Edward IV.[1]

    By her father's marriage to Katherine Woodville, Anne Stafford had two brothers, Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham,[2] and Henry Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, and a sister, Elizabeth, who married Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex.[3]

    After the execution of the 2nd Duke of Buckingham, his widow, Katherine Woodville, married Jasper Tudor, uncle of King Henry VII. Katherine Woodville died on 18 May 1497. Her mother cared for Anne until her marriage in 1503.[citation needed]

    When Anne's first husband, Sir Walter Herbert, died in 1507, Anne, then only 20 years of age, turned over control of her jointure, which included Raglan Castle in Wales, to her brother, Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham. Anne resided in her brother's household at Thornbury until her second marriage to George Hastings in 1509.[4]

    In 1510, shortly after her second marriage, Anne was the subject of scandal when her brother, Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, after hearing rumours concerning Anne and Sir William Compton, found Compton in Anne's room. Compton was forced to take the sacrament to prove that he and Anne had not committed adultery, and Anne's husband, the Earl of Huntingdon, sent Anne away to a convent 60 miles distant from the court. There is no extant evidence establishing that Anne and Sir William Compton were guilty of adultery. However, in 1523 Compton took the unusual step of bequeathing land to Anne in his will, and directing his executors to include her in the prayers for his kin for which he had made provision in his will.[5]

    Despite this scandal, Anne and her second husband, the Earl of Huntingdon, appear to have enjoyed a close and loving relationship, as evidenced by a letter written to Anne by the Earl in 1525 which has been described as 'one of the most affectionate and charming letters of the period'.[6]

    Marriages and issue

    Anne Stafford married firstly, in 1503,[citation needed] Sir Walter Herbert (d. 16 September 1507),[7] an illegitimate[8] son of William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke.[9] The marriage was childless.

    She married secondly, in December 1509,[citation needed] George Hastings, 1st Earl of Huntingdon. They had five sons and three daughters:[10]

    Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon, who married Katherine Pole (d. 23 September 1576), elder daughter of Henry Pole, 1st Baron Montagu, and by her had six sons, including Henry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon, and George Hastings, 4th Earl of Huntingdon, and five daughters, including Frances, wife of Henry Compton, 1st Baron Compton.[11]
    Sir Thomas Hastings, who married, before October 1553, Winifred Pole (d. 22 February 1602), daughter of Henry Pole, 1st Baron Montagu, and Jane Neville, daughter of George Neville, 4th Baron Bergavenny. There were no issue of the marriage. After Sir Thomas Hastings' death, Winifred Pole married Sir Thomas Barrington (d.1581).[12]
    Edward Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings of Loughborough.
    Henry Hastings.
    William Hastings.
    Lady Dorothy Hastings, who married Sir Richard Devereux (d.1548), second son of Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford, and Mary Grey, the daughter of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset. The eldest son of Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford, predeceased him, as did his second son, Sir Richard Devereux (d.1548). However Sir Richard Devereux and Dorothy Hastings had a son, Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, who was his grandfather's heir.[13]
    Lady Mary Hastings, who married Thomas Berkeley, 6th Baron Berkeley.[14]
    Lady Katherine Hastings.

    *

    Children:
    1. 45. Dorothy Hastings was born (Leicestershire, England).

  19. 92.  Robert Knollys (son of Robert Knollys and Elizabeth Troutbeck); died 0___ 1521.

    Other Events:

    • Will: 27 Jul 1582
    • Probate: 2 Sep 1583

    Notes:

    Sir Robert Knollys (or Knolles) (died 1521) was an English courtier in the service and favour of Henry VII and Henry VIII.[1]

    Biography

    Sir Robert was the son of Robert Knollys and Elizabeth Troutbeck, paternal grandson of Sir Richard Knollys and Margaret D'Oyley, and maternal grandson of Sir John Troutbeck and Margaret Hulse.

    In 1488 Knollys was one of Henry VII's henchmen, and late in that year was appointed to wait on ‘the king's dearest son the prince’ (Arthur). He received ¹5 ‘by way of reward’ for each of the three years 1488 to 1490, and when Henry VII met Archduke Philip in 1500, Knollys accompanied the English king as one of the ushers of the chamber. He continued in the same office under Henry VIII, and received an annuity of ¹20, on 15 November 1509, and a grant of Upclatford, called Rookes Manor, in Hampshire — part of the confiscated property of Sir Richard Empson — on 10 February 1510/11. On 9 July 1514 the usher and his wife were jointly granted the manor of Rotherfield Greys, near Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, in survivorship, at an annual rental of a red rose at midsummer. The grant was confirmed on 5 January 1517/18 by letters patent for their own lives and that of one successor. Other royal gifts followed.[1]

    Robert Knollys died in 1521, and was buried in the church of St Helen's Bishopsgate. His will, dated 13 November 1520, was proved 19 June 1521. His widow, Letitia or Lettice, was daughter of Sir Thomas Penyston or Penystone, of Hawridge and Marsworth, both in Buckinghamshire, and Alice Bulstrode, and granddaughter of Sir Richard Penystone and Margaret Herris, and Richard Bulstrode and Alice Knyffe. After Robert Knollys's death she became the second wife of Sir Robert Lee, of Burston, Buckinghamshire, son of Richard Lee (died c.1500) and Joan Saunders (d.1516).[2] Sir Robert Lee, by whom she had issue, died in 1539, when she became the second wife of Sir Thomas Tresham of Rushton, Northamptonshire, prior (under Queen Mary of England) of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem. Her will, dated 28 June 1557, was proved 11 June 1558.[1]

    Robert Knollys's children included Francis Knollys, a son Henry and two daughters, Mary and Jane. The latter married Sir Charles Wingfield of Kimbolton Castle. The son Henry (died 1583) was in some favour with Edward VI and Queen Elizabeth. He went abroad with his brother Francis during Queen Mary of England's reign. In 1562 he was sent on a diplomatic mission to Germany, to observe the temper of German Protestants, and in 1569 was temporarily employed in warding both Mary, Queen of Scots, at Tutbury and the Duke of Norfolk in the Tower. He was M.P. for Reading in 1563, and for Christchurch in 1572. His will, dated 27 July 1582, was proved 2 September 1583.[1]

    Robert — Lettice Penystone. Lettice (daughter of Thomas Penystone, Knight and Alice Bulstrode) was born ~ 1485, Hawridge, Buckinghamshire, England; died 11 Jun 1557, Rothwell, Essex, England. [Group Sheet]


  20. 93.  Lettice Penystone was born ~ 1485, Hawridge, Buckinghamshire, England (daughter of Thomas Penystone, Knight and Alice Bulstrode); died 11 Jun 1557, Rothwell, Essex, England.

    Notes:

    About Lettice Penistone
    Also known as Katherine or Leticia.

    The Peniston line, for the most part, follows the research of William Henry Corbusier, Colonel, United States Army, retired honorary member of the Bermuda Historical Society, etc. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~bmuwgw/penistongen2.htm

    In the records the name is also spelled Penygeston, Peningstone, Penison, Pennystone, Penystone, Penistone and Penn is ton. Penn (Welsh) signifies a head or promontory of land, ton or tun (Gaelic) an enclosure or estate. The early Penistons were Britons and the name was of repute in the year 959.

    Sir Thomas Peniston (Pennystone), son of 25.i., 5 E IV, 1466. Lord of Hawridge (Hawrudge) and Marshall Co. Bucks Esq., Married Alice daughter of Richard Bulstrode: Sable a Stage head cabussed A. attired or. a cross pattee ficchee between the antlers and an arrow untinctured in its mouth fessways.

    Issue:

    i. Thomas of Deane, 30;

    ii. Jane, 31, married to John Hastings of Delford. Co. Oxon Esq; iii. Lettice or Leticia, 32. married firstly to Robert Knowles, armiger of Nether Winchedon, Co. Bucks Esq., (Rotherfield, Grays Oxford ..., a widow in 1521 she was married secondly to Sir Robert Lee, knt., of Burston (Quarrendon) Co. Bucks 1529, whose will was made October 8, 1537. proved May 10th 1539 died Feb. 23,1538/39. She was his second wife. Her will was made June 28, 1557. proved June 11, 1558. (The Heradl and Genealogist, London, 1874. pg. 292).

    *

    Children:
    1. 46. Francis Knollys, Knight was born 1511-1514, Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire, England; died 19 Jul 1596; was buried Rotherfield Greys, England.

  21. 94.  William CareyWilliam Carey was born ~ 1500, Aldenham, Hertfordshire, England (son of Thomas Carey and Margaret Spencer); died 22 Jun 1528.

    Notes:

    William Carey, of Aldenham, in Hertfordshire (c. 1500 - 22 June 1528) was a courtier and favourite of King Henry VIII of England. He served the king as a Gentleman of the Privy chamber, and Esquire of the Body to the King. His wife, Mary Boleyn, is known to history as a mistress of King Henry VIII and the sister of Henry's second wife, Anne Boleyn.

    Biography

    William Carey was the second son of Sir Thomas Carey (1455–1500), of Chilton Foliat in Wiltshire, and his wife, Margaret Spencer, daughter of Sir Robert Spencer and Eleanor Beaufort, and grandson of Sir William Cary of Cockington, Devon, an eminent Lancastrian.[2] This Cary family were anciently recorded in Devon, and originally held the manors at Cockington and Clovelly in that county.[3] Eleanor was the daughter of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, whose brother John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, was the father of Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby, grandmother of King Henry VIII; thus William and Henry VIII were third cousins. William's maternal aunt was Catherine Spencer, Countess of Northumberland, and through her, he was first cousin to Henry Percy, 6th Earl of Northumberland, the former suitor of his sister-in-law Anne Boleyn.

    On 4 February 1520,[4] he was married to Mary Boleyn, the elder daughter of Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Howard. They resided at Aldenham in Hertfordshire.

    Shortly after their marriage, Mary became the mistress of King Henry VIII. The Boleyns received grants of land, and Carey himself profited from his wife's unfaithfulness, being granted manors and estates by the King while it was in progress.[5] Carey was also a noted art collector and he introduced the famed Dutch artist, Lucas Horenbout, to the Kingdom of England in the mid-1520s. Perhaps one of the reasons the athletic King Henry VIII favoured Carey was the fact that Carey appears to have been fond of activities such as riding, hunting and jousting. Carey distinguished himself in jousting at the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520.

    Anne Boleyn, Mary's sister, caught Henry's eye a year after his affair with Mary ended. Henry proposed marriage to her in 1527. William Carey did not live to enjoy his sister-in-law's prosperity, since he died of the sweating sickness the following year. Brian Tuke, Henry's secretary at the time of Carey's death wrote this to Lord Legat the day after his death: "Now is word common that M. Cary, which before I came lay in the chamber where I lie, and with whom at my first coming I met here in this place, saying that he had been with his wife at Plashey, and would not be seen within, because he would ride again and hunt, is dead of the sweat. Our Lord have mercy on his soul; and hold his hand over us." He died greatly in debt, and his wife was reduced to pawning her jewellery before Anne Boleyn arranged a pension for her.

    Children of William Carey and Mary Boleyn[edit]
    William Carey and Mary Boleyn were the parents of two children:

    Catherine Carey (c. 1524 – 15 January 1568). Maid of Honour to Anne of Cleves and Catherine Howard. She was married to the Puritan Sir Francis Knollys, Knight of the Garter. She was later lady-in-waiting to her cousin, Elizabeth I. One of her daughters, Lettice Knollys, became the second wife of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, the favourite of Elizabeth I.
    Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon (4 March 1526 – 23 July 1596). He was ennobled by Queen Elizabeth I just after her coronation and created Knight of the Garter in 1561. When Henry was dying, Elizabeth offered him the Boleyn family title, Earl of Ormonde, which he had long sought, but he refused the honour.
    Because of Mary's affair, it has been suggested that Catherine and Henry may have been instead Henry VIII's biological children (see Issue of Mary Boleyn). The veracity of this claim is the subject of historical debate.

    *

    William married Mary Boleyn 4 Feb 1520. Mary (daughter of Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire and Elizabeth Howard, Countess of Wiltshire) was born 1499-1500, Blickling Hall, Norfolk, England; died 19 Jul 1543. [Group Sheet]


  22. 95.  Mary BoleynMary Boleyn was born 1499-1500, Blickling Hall, Norfolk, England (daughter of Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire and Elizabeth Howard, Countess of Wiltshire); died 19 Jul 1543.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Lady Mary

    Notes:

    Mary Boleyn, also known as Lady Mary [1] (c. 1499/1500 – 19 July 1543), was the sister of English queen Anne Boleyn, whose family enjoyed considerable influence during the reign of King Henry VIII.

    Mary was one of the mistresses of Henry VIII, from a period of roughly 1521 to 1526. It has been rumoured that she bore two of the king's children, though Henry did not acknowledge either of them as he had acknowledged Henry FitzRoy, his son by another mistress, Elizabeth Blount. Mary was also rumoured to have been a mistress of Henry VIII's rival, King Francis I of France, for some period between 1515 and 1519.[2]

    Mary Boleyn was married twice: in 1520 to William Carey, and again, secretly, in 1534, to William Stafford, a soldier from a good family but with few prospects. This secret marriage to a man considered beneath her station angered both Henry VIII and her sister, Queen Anne, and resulted in Mary's banishment from the royal court. She spent the remainder of her life in obscurity. She then died seven years later.

    Early life

    Mary was probably born at Blickling Hall, the family seat in Norfolk, and grew up at Hever Castle, Kent.[3] She was the daughter of a rich diplomat and courtier, Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, by his marriage to Lady Elizabeth Howard, the eldest daughter of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk.

    There is no evidence of Mary's exact date of birth, but it occurred sometime between 1499 and 1508. Most historians suggest that she was the eldest of the three surviving Boleyn children.[4] Evidence suggests that the Boleyn family treated Mary as the eldest child; in 1597, her grandson Lord Hunsdon claimed the earldom of Ormond on the grounds that he was the Boleyns’ legitimate heir. Many ancient peerages can descend through female heirs, in the absence of an immediate male heir. If Anne had been the elder sister, the better claim to the title would have belonged to her daughter, Queen Elizabeth I. However, it appears that Queen Elizabeth offered Mary's son, Henry, the earldom as he was dying, although he declined it. If Mary had been the eldest Boleyn sister, Henry would have inherited the title upon his grandfather's death without a new grant from the queen.[5] There is more evidence to suggest that Mary was older than Anne. She was married first, on 4 February 1520;[6] an elder daughter was traditionally married before her younger sister. In 1532, when Anne was created Marchioness of Pembroke, she was referred to as "one of the daughters of Thomas Boleyn". Were she the eldest, that status would probably have been mentioned. Most historians now accept Mary as the eldest child, placing her birth some time in 1499.[7]

    Mary was brought up with her brother George and her sister Anne by a French governess at Hever Castle in Kent. She was given a conventional education deemed essential for young ladies of her rank and status, which included the basic principles of arithmetic, grammar, history, reading, spelling, and writing. In addition to her family genealogy, Mary learned the feminine accomplishments of dancing, embroidery, etiquette, household management, music, needlework, and singing, and games such as cards and chess. She was also taught archery, falconry, riding, and hunting.[8]

    It is possible that Mary began her education abroad and spent time as a companion to Archduchess Margaret of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands, but it is believed that it was Anne who was chosen to go to the court of the Archduchess.[9] Mary remained in England for most of her childhood, until she was sent abroad in 1514 around the age of fifteen when her father secured her a place as maid-of-honour to the King’s sister, Princess Mary, who was going to Paris to marry King Louis XII of France.

    After a few weeks, many of the Queen's English maids were sent away, but Mary was allowed to stay, probably due to the fact that her father was the new English ambassador to France. Even when Queen Mary left France after she was widowed on 1 January 1515, Mary remained behind at the court of Louis' successor, Francis I and his queen consort Claude.[10]

    Royal affair in France

    Mary was joined in Paris by her father, Sir Thomas, and her sister, Anne, who had been studying in France for the previous year. During this time Mary is supposed to have embarked on several affairs, including one with King Francis himself.[11][12] Although some historians believe that the reports of her sexual affairs are exaggerated, the French king referred to her as "The English Mare", "my hackney",[12] and as "una grandissima ribalda, infame sopra tutte" ("a great slag, infamous above all").[11][13][14]

    She returned to England in 1519, where she was appointed a maid-of-honour to Catherine of Aragon, the queen consort of Henry VIII.[15]

    Royal mistress

    Signature of Mary Boleyn as "Mary Carey" after her marriage to William Carey
    Soon after her return, Mary was married to William Carey, a wealthy and influential courtier, on 4 February 1520; Henry VIII was a guest at the couple's wedding.[16] At some point, Mary became Henry's mistress; the exact date is unclear, but it probably began some time in 1521.[17] Her first child, Catherine, was born in 1524. Henry's involvement is believed to have ended prior to the birth of Mary's second child, Henry Carey, in March 1526, at which point his involvement would have lasted for five years.[17][18]

    During this time, it was rumoured that one, or both, of Mary's children were fathered by the king.[19][20] One witness noted that Mary's son, Henry Carey, bore a resemblance to Henry VIII.[17] John Hale, Vicar of Isleworth, some ten years after the child was born, remarked that he had met a 'young Master Carey' who was the king's purported bastard child.[17] No other contemporary evidence exists to support the argument that Henry was the king’s biological son.

    Henry VIII's wife, Catherine of Aragon, had first been married to Henry's elder brother Arthur when he was a little over fifteen years old, but Arthur had died just a few months later. Henry later used this to justify the annulment of his marriage to Catherine, arguing that her marriage to Arthur had created an affinity between Henry and Catherine; as his brother's wife, under canon law she became his sister. When Mary's sister Anne later became Henry's wife, this same canon law might also support that a similar affinity had been created between Henry and Anne due to his earlier liaison with Mary. In 1527, during his initial attempts to obtain a papal annulment of his marriage to Catherine, Henry also requested a dispensation to marry Anne, the sister of his former mistress.[21]

    Sister’s rise to power

    Anne had returned to England in January 1522; she soon joined the royal court as one of Queen Catherine's maids-of-honour. Anne achieved considerable popularity at court, although the sisters already moved in different circles and were not thought to have been particularly close.

    Although Mary was alleged to have been more attractive than her sister, Anne seems to have been more ambitious and intelligent. When the king took an interest in Anne, she refused to become his mistress, being shrewd enough not to give in to his sexual advances and returning his gifts.[22] By the middle of 1527, Henry was determined to marry her. This gave him further incentive to seek the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. A year later, when Mary's husband died during an outbreak of sweating sickness, Henry granted Anne Boleyn the wardship of her nephew, Henry Carey. Mary's husband had left her with considerable debts, and Anne arranged for her nephew to be educated at a respectable Cistercian monastery. Anne also interceded to secure her widowed sister an annual pension of ¹100.[23]

    Second marriage

    In 1532, when Anne accompanied Henry to the English Pale of Calais on his way to a state visit to France, Mary was one of her companions. Anne was crowned queen on 1 June 1533 and on 7 September gave birth to Henry's daughter Elizabeth, who later became Queen Elizabeth I. In 1534, Mary secretly married an Essex landowner's younger son: William Stafford (later Sir William Stafford). Since Stafford was a soldier, his prospects as a second son so slight, and his income so small, many believed the union was a love match.[24] When Mary became pregnant, the marriage was discovered. Queen Anne was furious, and the Boleyn family disowned Mary. The couple were banished from court.

    Mary's financial circumstances became so desperate that she was reduced to begging the king’s adviser Thomas Cromwell to speak to Henry and Anne on her behalf. She admitted that she might have chosen "a greater man of birth and a higher" but never one that should have loved her so well, nor a more honest man. And she went on, "I had rather beg my bread with him than to be the greatest queen in Christendom. And I believe verily ... he would not forsake me to be a king". Henry, however, seems to have been indifferent to her plight. Mary asked Cromwell to speak to her father, her uncle, and her brother, but to no avail. It was Anne who relented, sending Mary a magnificent golden cup and some money, but still refused to reinstate her position at court. This partial reconciliation was the closest the two sisters attained; it is not thought that they met after Mary's exile from the king's court.

    Mary's life between 1534 and her sister's execution on 19 May 1536 is difficult to trace. There is no record of her visiting her parents, and no evidence of any correspondence with, or visits to, her sister Anne or her brother George when they were imprisoned in the Tower of London. Like their uncle, Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, she may have thought it wise to avoid association with her now-disgraced relatives.[citation needed]

    Letters Patent by Henry VIII, referenced in Alison Weir's 2011 book, Mary Boleyn: 'The Great and Infamous Whore', reveal that Mary had been posthumously accorded the title Dame Mary Stafford. Her husband, William, had been knighted on 23 September 1545, with Mary having died in 1543, two years earlier. These letters indicate that, in their final years, the couple had remained outcasts from the court and in 1542 were dealing with family real estate concerns, living in retirement at Rochford Hall in Essex, which was owned by the Boleyns.[25] If the couple had had children, none of them survived infancy.[citation needed] After Anne’s execution, their mother retired from court, dying in seclusion just two years later. Her father, Thomas, died a year after his wife. Following the deaths of her parents, Mary inherited some property in Essex. She seems to have lived out the rest of her days in obscurity and relative comfort with her second husband. Hever Castle, home of the Boleyns, was returned to the Crown at the death of her father, Thomas. When Henry VIII sold it, he sent Mary some of the proceeds, though he had given her nothing of value at the end of their affair when it would have been expected for him to do so.[citation needed] Mary died of unknown causes, on 19 July 1543, in her early forties.

    Issue[edit]
    Mary married William Carey (1500 – 22 June 1528) but it has long been thought that one or both of Mary Boleyn's older children were fathered by Henry VIII.[26][27] Some writers, such as Alison Weir, question whether Henry Carey (Mary's son) was fathered by the King,[28] while others, such as Dr. G.W. Bernard (author of The King's Reformation) and Joanna Denny (author of Anne Boleyn: A New Life of England's Tragic Queen and Katherine Howard: A Tudor Conspiracy) argue that he may have been.

    When comparing portraits, it has been argued that Catherine Carey and her daughters Lettice, Anne, and Elizabeth Knollys all bore a marked resemblance to Henry VIII and Elizabeth I. If Catherine was indeed born in June 1524, then this would point to her being fathered by Henry VIII, since Mary Boleyn's affair with him appears to have begun around 1522 and ended in the early summer of 1525. This date also makes it possible for Henry Carey to have been conceived just before the end of the affair. A close reading of the Letters and Papers (a collection of surviving documents from the period) seems to pinpoint Henry Carey's birth to March 1526.[29][30]

    Also in favour of the king's paternity of Mary's son is that the child was named Henry, and at least one observer noted that Mary's son bore a resemblance to Henry VIII. That person was John Hales, vicar of Isleworth, who some ten years after Mary's son was born remarked that he had met "young Master Carey," who some believed was the king's son. There is no other existing contemporary evidence that Henry Carey was the king’s biological child.

    Mary Boleyn was the mother of:

    Catherine Carey (1524 – 15 January 1569). Maid-of-honour to both Anne of Cleves and Catherine Howard, she married a Puritan, Sir Francis Knollys, Knight of the Garter, by whom she had issue. She later became chief lady of the bedchamber to her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I. One of her daughters, Lettice Knollys, became the second wife of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, the favourite of Elizabeth I.
    Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon (4 March 1526 – 23 July 1596). He was ennobled by Queen Elizabeth I shortly after her coronation, and later made a Knight of the Garter. When he was dying, Elizabeth offered Henry the Boleyn family title of Earl of Ormond, which he had long sought, but at that point, declined. He was married to Anne Morgan, by whom he had issue.
    Mary's marriage to William Stafford (d. 5 May 1556) may have resulted in the birth of two further children:[31]

    Edward Stafford (1535–1545).
    Anne Stafford (b. 1536?–?), probably named in honour of Mary's sister, Queen Anne Boleyn.

    Notes:

    Married:
    William Cary, the first husband of Mary Boleyn, sister of Queen Anne Boleyn, and ancestor to the Cary Barons Hunsdon, Barons Cary of Leppington, Earls of Monmouth, Viscounts Rochford and Earls of Dover.

    Children:
    1. 47. Catherine Carey was born ~ 1524; died 15 Jan 1569, Hampton Court Palace, London, England; was buried Westminster Abbey, 20 Deans Yd, London SW1P 3PA, United Kingdom.
    2. Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon was born 0Mar 1526.


Generation: 8

  1. 128.  Richard Tilghman was born Abt 1400, Faversham Parish, Kent, England (son of Nicholas Tilghman and unnamed spouse); died Abt 1490.

    Notes:

    From Stephen Tillman:

    7. RICHARD TILGHMAN, son of William (6) Tilghman, is shown in the "Visitation of Kent" as living at Holloway Court, Snodland Parish, Kent County, during the time of King Henry, the 4th (1399-1413), and that he was the father of Thomas, and William.

    The "Maryland Historical Magazine," June, 1905, states that this Richard Tilghman was living 1450 at Holloway Court and that his wife was Dionysia --, surname not given, and that he was the father of: Thomas, and William, died 1493-94, and who married Margaret Saunders. The "Visitation of Kent" indicates that William Tilghman was of Faversham Parish. It may be that Richard Tilghman married Dionysia Holloway.

    Richard married Dionspia Holloway (Faversham Parish) Kent, England. Dionspia was born (Faversham Parish) England. [Group Sheet]


  2. 129.  Dionspia Holloway was born (Faversham Parish) England.
    Children:
    1. 64. Nicholas Tilghman was born Abt 1480, Kent, England.

  3. 144.  Robert Saunders was born Abt 1445, Shangton, Leicester, England (son of William Saunders and Joan Carew).

    Robert married Agricola LNU ~ 1468, Harrington, Northampton, England. Agricola was born ~ 1450, Shangton, Leicester, England. [Group Sheet]


  4. 145.  Agricola LNU was born ~ 1450, Shangton, Leicester, England.
    Children:
    1. 72. Edward Saunders was born ~ 1468, Harrington, Northampton, England; died 0___ 1549, (East Haddon, Northamptonshire) England.

  5. 150.  Thomas Berkeley was born 0___ 1462, Beverston Castle, Gloucestershire, England (son of Edward Berkeley and Christine Holt); died 0___ 1500.

    Notes:

    Birth:
    Map, photo & history ... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beverston_Castle

    Thomas married Elizabeth Neville ~ 1497. Elizabeth (daughter of George Neville, Knight, 2nd & 4th Baron Bergavenny and Margaret Fiennes) was born 0___ 1468, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales; died 0___ 1510, Beverston Castle, Gloucestershire, England. [Group Sheet]


  6. 151.  Elizabeth Neville was born 0___ 1468, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales (daughter of George Neville, Knight, 2nd & 4th Baron Bergavenny and Margaret Fiennes); died 0___ 1510, Beverston Castle, Gloucestershire, England.

    Notes:

    Died:
    Map, photo & history ... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beverston_Castle

    Children:
    1. 75. Alice Berkeley was born 0___ 1490, Beverston, Gloucestershire, England; died 0___ 1573, Kent, England.

  7. 160.  John Blount, 3rd Baron Mountjoy was born 0___ 1450, Rock, Worcestershire, England (son of Walter Blount, KG, 1st Baron Mountjoy and Ellen Byron); died 12 Oct 1485.

    Other Events:

    • Will: 6 Oct 1485

    Notes:

    John Blount, 3rd Baron Mountjoy (c. 1450 - 12 October 1485) was an English peer and soldier.

    Life

    John Blount was born circa 1450 in Rock, Worcestershire,[citation needed] the second son of Walter Blount, 1st Baron Mountjoy, by his first wife, Ellen Byron, the daughter of Sir John Byron of Clayton, Lancashire.[1]

    Career

    Blount was appointed Lieutenant of Hammes in the Pale of Calais on 6 April 1470.[1] Blount's father died 1 August 1474, and was buried at the Greyfriars, London. His eldest son and heir, William Blount, had died of wounds received at the Battle of Barnet on 14 April 1471, and William's underage son, Edward, succeeded as 2nd Baron Mountjoy. When Edward died without male issue on 1 December 1476, John Blount inherited the barony as next male heir.[1]

    Mountjoy was knighted in January 1478 at the marriage of Edward IV's young son, Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York. [1] When Richard III became King, he appointed Mountjoy Constable of Guãines, after which time, according to Horrox, Mountjoy 'left Hammes to his younger brother, James, who had been granted the office jointly with him in May 1476'.[1]

    By 14 August 1484 Mountjoy was gravely ill, and Sir Thomas Montgomery, who later married Mountjoy's widow, was authorized to act as his deputy at Guãines,[1] while Mountjoy's brother, James Blount, took over as captain of Hammes. A tense, even dramatic confrontation then unfolded within the Pale, with John Blount only nominally in command.[2]

    In 1484 James Blount became disaffected from Richard, and a supporter of Henry of Richmond, the future King Henry VII.[3] This became apparent to King Richard when, later that year, he ordered the return to England of John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, who had been held prisoner at Hammes for nearly a decade. Thomas Montgomery, who was deputizing for Mountjoy, also went over to Henry's side.[2] James Blount had taken Oxford to Henry's court, and in December an attack was mounted on Hammes by John Dynham, 1st Baron Dynham, captain of Calais. In January 1485 Oxford, with Thomas Brandon, successfully evacuated the force from Hammes, including Blount's wife, and his brother, James Blount, and they joined Henry.[4] Richard, seeing the affinity of William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings (died 1483) falling away, negotiated inconsistently, with offers of pardons mixed with confiscations, and John of Gloucester was brought in over Dynham.[2] James Blount and others were with Henry when he invaded England and became King after defeating Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth.[5]

    Mountjoy made his will on 6 October 1485, bequeathing to his second son, Rowland Blount, a chain of gold with a gold lion set with diamonds, and to his daughter, Constance, ¹100 for her marriage portion. He instructed his two sons to ‘live rightwisely and never to take the state of baron upon them if they may leave it from them, nor to desire to be great about princes for it is dangerous’.[6][1] He died on 12 October. In 1488 the wardship of his eldest son and heir, William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy, was granted to his brother, James (d.1492), third son of Walter Blount, 1st Baron Mountjoy.[1]

    Marriage and issue
    Mountjoy married, about 1477, Lora Berkeley (d.1501), the daughter of Edward Berkeley (d. March 1506) of Beverston Castle, Gloucestershire, and Christian Holt (d.1468), second daughter and coheir of Richard Holt, esquire, by whom he had two sons and two daughters:[7][1][8][6]

    William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy.
    Rowland Blount, who died in 1509 without issue.
    Lora Blount (d.1480)
    Constance Blount, who married Sir Thomas Tyrrell of Heron in East Horndon, Essex, son of Sir Thomas Tyrrell of Heron (d.1512), by whom she was the mother of John Tyrrell (d.1540), esquire, Sir Henry Tyrrell (d. 20 May 1588), Sir William Tyrrell, Thomas Tyrrell, Charles Tyrrell and George Tyrrell.[9]

    After Mountjoy's death, his widow, Lora (nâee Berkeley), married secondly, in 1485, Sir Thomas Montgomery (d. 2 January 1495) of Faulkbourne, Essex, by whom she had no issue, and thirdly Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond, by whom she had a daughter, Elizabeth Butler. Lora (nâee Berkeley) was buried in New Abbey, London, with her second husband.[7][1][10]

    *

    John married Lora Berkeley ~ 1477. Lora (daughter of Edward Berkeley and Christine Holt) was born 0___ 1454, Beverston Castle, Gloucestershire, England; died 30 Dec 1501, Kircudbright, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. [Group Sheet]


  8. 161.  Lora Berkeley was born 0___ 1454, Beverston Castle, Gloucestershire, England (daughter of Edward Berkeley and Christine Holt); died 30 Dec 1501, Kircudbright, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland.
    Children:
    1. 80. William Blount, KG, 4th Baron Mountjoy was born 0___ 1478, Barton Blount, Derbyshire, England; died 8 Nov 1534, Sutton-on-the-Hill, Derbyshire, England; was buried Saint Chad Church, Barton Blount, Derbyshire, England.

  9. 162.  Henry Keble, Sir died 0Apr 1517, London, England; was buried St Mary Aldermary, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: 0___ 1503; Sheriff of London
    • Occupation: 0___ 1510; Lord Mayor of London

    Notes:

    Sir Henry Keble (died April 1517) was a grocer and Lord Mayor of London in 1510, in the second year of King Henry VIII's reign.[1]

    Sir Henry was a leading grocer in London. He was a Merchant of the Staple in Calais. He was originally from Coventry, but had settled in the parish of St Mary Aldermary. He was six times Master of the Grocers' Company. He left bequests to the Company, and gave ¹1,000 to rebuild St. Antholin's, Budge Row.[2]

    Sir Henry was also an alderman. He was Sheriff of London in 1503 [3] and Lord Mayor in 1510.

    Keble's daughter, Alice (d.1521) married firstly, Sir William Browne (d. 3 June 1514), and after his death, William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy.[4]

    In 1515 Keble, his son-in-law, Lord Mountjoy, and others bought the manor of Apethorpe in Willybrook Hundred, Northamptonshire.

    He left Apethorpe entailed successively on his son, George Keble, and William Lord Mountjoy and Alice his wife, with remainder to John Browne, Alice's son by Sir William Browne, late Mayor of London.

    *

    Birth: unknown
    Death: 1517


    Family links:
    Children:
    Alice Keble Blount (____ - 1521)*

    *Calculated relationship

    Burial:
    St Mary Aldermary
    London
    City of London
    Greater London, England

    Created by: Todd Whitesides
    Record added: Sep 09, 2014
    Find A Grave Memorial# 135665652

    Henry — Joan Bryce. [Group Sheet]


  10. 163.  Joan Bryce
    Children:
    1. 81. Alice Keble was born ~ 1475; died 8 Jun 1521; was buried Grey Friars, London, Middlesex, England.

  11. 164.  Robert Willoughby, Knight was born 0___ 1452 (son of John Willoughby, 8th Baron Latimer of Corby and Anne Cheyne); died 23 Aug 1502, Wiltshire, England.

    Robert — Blanche Champernon. Blanche was born 0___ 1453; died 0___ 1480. [Group Sheet]


  12. 165.  Blanche Champernon was born 0___ 1453; died 0___ 1480.
    Children:
    1. 82. Robert Willoughby

  13. 166.  Thomas Grey, KG, 1st Earl of HuntingdonThomas Grey, KG, 1st Earl of Huntingdon was born 0___ 1455, Groby, Leicestershire, England (son of John Grey, 1st Baron Grey of Groby and Elizabeth Lucy Wydeville, Queen of England); died 20 Sep 1501, London, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: 1st Marquess of Dorset
    • Also Known As: 7th Baron Ferrers of Groby
    • Also Known As: Lord Astley
    • Also Known As: Lord Ferrers de Groby
    • Also Known As: Lord Harington and Bonville
    • Alt Birth: 22 Jun 1457

    Notes:

    Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and 7th Baron Ferrers of Groby KG (1455 – 20 September 1501),[1][2] was an English nobleman, courtier and the eldest son of Elizabeth Woodville and her first husband Sir John Grey of Groby. Her second marriage to King Edward IV made her queen consort of England, thus elevating Grey's status at court and in the realm as the stepson of the King.[3] Through his mother's assiduous endeavours, he made two materially advantageous marriages to wealthy heiresses - his first wife being Anne Holland (daughter of the King's sister, Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter), and his second wife, Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington. By the latter he had 14 children.

    Family

    Thomas Grey was born in 1455 close to Westminster on the north bank of the Thames. He was the elder son of Sir John Grey and his wife Elizabeth Woodville, who later became queen consort to Edward IV of England. His younger full brother, Sir Richard Grey (1457-1483), was arrested by Richard, Duke of Gloucester on 30 April 1483, after being accused of plotting to take the throne. Gloucester's forces later executed Richard Grey at Pontefract Castle. The Grey brothers had ten half-siblings by their mother's marriage to Edward IV.

    Career

    His mother endeavoured to improve his estates by the conventional methods of their class and time, through his marriages and purchase of wardships.

    On the death of his stepfather, Edward IV, and his 12-year-old half-brother, Edward V's, accession to the throne on 9 April 1483, Grey proved unable to maintain his family's position. It was not possible to arrange a Woodville regency. Internal fighting, particularly the long-established battle for ascendancy in Leicestershire between the Grey and Hastings families, now on the national stage, allowed Gloucester to seize power and usurp the throne. On 25 June 1483, an assembly of Parliament declared Richard III to be the legitimate king, and Thomas's uncle and brother, Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers and Richard Grey respectively, were executed. Later in the summer, learning of the apparent murder of both his young half-brothers, Grey joined the Duke of Buckingham's rebellion against Richard III. When the rebellion failed he fled to Brittany to join Henry Tudor, the future Henry VII, who pledged to marry Grey's half-sister Elizabeth of York and heal the Yorkist/Lancastrian division.

    However, just before Henry and the Lancastrian army left to launch their ultimately successful invasion of England in August 1485, Grey heard rumours from England that his mother had come to terms with Richard III, and he was persuaded to desert Henry Tudor. He was intercepted at Compiáegne on his way to England, and played no part in the invasion or subsequent overthrow of Richard III. Grey was instead confined to Paris, as security for the repayment of a loan made to Henry Tudor by the French government, unable to return home until Henry VII was safely installed as king of England.

    Thereafter Henry VII took good care to keep his Queen's half-brother under control and Grey was not permitted to recover his former influence. Thomas Grey was confined in the Tower in 1487 during Lambert Simnel's rising and not released until after the House of Tudor victory in the Battle of Stoke Field. Though he accompanied the King on his expedition to France in 1492, he was obliged to commit himself in writing to ensure he did not commit treason. He was permitted to assist in suppression of the Cornish rising in 1497.

    Thomas Grey, Marquess of Dorset, died in London on 20 September 1501, aged about 48, and was buried in the collegiate church of Astley, Warwickshire. His wife survived him and married Grey's cousin, Henry Stafford, later Earl of Wiltshire.

    Marriages and issue

    His mother sought to make provision for him by marriage to wealthy heiresses. He married firstly, at Greenwich in October 1466, Lady Anne Holland (1461[4]-c.1474), the only daughter of Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter, and Anne of York. His mother-in-law was the second child and eldest surviving daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville, thus sister to his mother's second husband King Edward IV.

    After Anne Holland died young without issue, Thomas married secondly, by papal dispensation 5 September 1474,[5] Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington of Aldingham and 2nd Baroness Bonville, the wealthiest heiress in England.[6] Cecily Bonville, born in 1461, was the daughter and heiress of William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington, by his wife Katherine Neville, daughter of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury.[5] Katherine was sister to the late Earl of Warwick and thus aunt to his daughters.

    By his second wife Grey had seven sons and seven daughters:[5]

    Lord Edward Grey, eldest son and heir, who predeceased his father, and was buried in the church of St Clement Danes, London. He married Anne (nâee Jerningham), daughter of Sir Edward Jerningham (d. 6 January 1515) of Somerleyton, Suffolk, by Margaret Bedingfield (d. 24 March 1504), by whom he had no issue. After his death she remarried four times, firstly to a husband surnamed Berkeley; secondly to Henry Barley (d. 12 November 1529) of Albury, Hertfordshire;[7] thirdly to Sir Robert Drury; and fourthly to Sir Edmund Walsingham.[8][9][10][11][3][12]

    Anthony Grey, who predeceased his father.

    Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset (22 June 1477 – 22 June 1530), who married firstly Eleanor St John, by whom he had no issue, and secondly Margaret Wotton, widow of William Medley, esquire, and daughter of Sir Robert Wotton by Anne Belknap, daughter of Henry Belknap esquire, by whom he had four sons, including Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, father of Lady Jane Grey, and four daughters.[13]

    Sir Richard Grey, who married Florence Pudsey. He is mentioned in the will of his brother, Sir John Grey.[5][14]

    Sir John Grey, who married firstly Elizabeth Catesby, widow of Roger Wake (d. 16 May 1504) of Blisworth, Northamptonshire, and daughter of Sir William Catesby, and secondly Anne Barley or Barlee (d. 1557 or 1558), widow of Sir Robert Sheffield of Butterwick, Lincolnshire, Speaker of the House of Commons. Grey apparently had no issue by either of his wives, as his will dated 3 March 1523 makes no mention of children. After Grey's death his widow, Anne, married Sir Richard Clement of Ightham Mote, Kent.[15][16]

    Leonard Grey, 1st Viscount Grane (c.1490 – 28 June 1541),[17] According to Richardson, Grey married firstly Elizabeth Arundel, widow of Sir Giles Daubeney, and secondly Eleanor Sutton, daughter of Edward Sutton, 2nd Baron Dudley by Cecily Willoughby, daughter and coheiress of Sir William Willoughby; however according to Lyons it is unclear whether Grey ever married.[15][18][19] He is mentioned in the will of his brother, Sir John Grey.[14] He served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

    George Grey, in holy orders. He is mentioned in the will of his brother, Sir John Grey.[5][14]

    Cecily Grey (d. 28 April 1554),[citation needed] who married John Sutton, 3rd Baron Dudley.[15]

    Bridget Grey,[5] believed to have died young.

    Dorothy Grey (1480–1552),[citation needed] who married firstly Robert Willoughby, 2nd Baron Willoughby de Broke, by whom she had issue, and secondly William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy.[15]

    Elizabeth Grey, who married Gerald FitzGerald, 9th Earl of Kildare.[5]

    Margaret Grey, who married Richard Wake, esquire,[5] She is mentioned, as 'Margaret Grey', in the will of her brother, Sir John Grey.[5][14]

    Eleanor Grey (or "Elizabeth"[20]) Grey (d. by December 1503) who married, as his first wife, Sir John Arundell (1474–1545) of Lanherne, Cornwall, Receiver General of the Duchy of Cornwall and "the most important man in the county",[21] by whom she was the mother of two sons and a daughter:

    Sir John Arundell (c.1500 – 1557), eldest son and heir, MP for Cornwall in 1554;

    Thomas Arundell, MP for Dorset, of Wardour Castle, who married Margaret Howard, daughter and coheiress of Lord Edmund Howard, and sister of Catherine Howard, fifth wife of King Henry VIII;

    Elizabeth Arundel, who married Sir Richard Edgecombe;[22][15]

    Mary Grey (1493 – 22 February 1538),[citation needed] who married Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford.[5]

    Titles

    Lord Astley, 1461–, inherited on the death of his father
    Earl of Huntingdon, 1471–1475, created for him but after acquiring the next it was surrendered to the King so the King might be able to give it to the Earl of Pembroke whose title the King wanted for his own son
    Lord Harington and Bonville in right of his (second) wife, 1474, his wife being unable to sit in Parliament
    Marquess of Dorset, 1475–, created for Thomas Grey 14 May 1475 (Whitsunday) in place of the re-possessed earldom of Huntingdon
    Lord Ferrers of Groby, 1483–, inherited on the death of his grandmother Elizabeth Ferrers.
    Attainted 1484 following the bid to oust Richard III

    After reversal of his attainder by Henry VII, styled himself marquess of Dorset, lord Ferrers of Groby, Bonville, and Harington

    *

    Birth:
    in Groby Old Hall

    Thomas married Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington 5 Sep 1474. Cecily (daughter of William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington and Katherine Neville, 2nd Baroness Hastings) was born 30 Jun 1460, Axminster, Devon, England; died 12 May 1529; was buried Collegiate Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Astley, Warwickshire, England. [Group Sheet]


  14. 167.  Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington was born 30 Jun 1460, Axminster, Devon, England (daughter of William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington and Katherine Neville, 2nd Baroness Hastings); died 12 May 1529; was buried Collegiate Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Astley, Warwickshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: 2nd Baroness Bonville
    • Also Known As: Countess of Wiltshire
    • Also Known As: Marchioness of Dorset

    Notes:

    Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington and 2nd Baroness Bonville (c. 30 June 1460 – 12 May 1529) was an English peer, who was also Marchioness of Dorset by her first marriage to Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, and Countess of Wiltshire by her second marriage to Henry Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire.

    The Bonvilles were loyal supporters of the House of York during the series of dynastic civil wars that were fought for the English throne, known as the Wars of the Roses (1455–1487). When she was less than a year old, Cecily became the wealthiest heiress in England after her male relatives were slain in battle, fighting against the House of Lancaster.

    Cecily's life after the death of her first husband in 1501, was marked by an acrimonious dispute with her son and heir, Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset. This was over Cecily's right to remain sole executor of her late husband's estate and to control her own inheritance, both of which Thomas challenged following her second marriage to Henry Stafford; a man many years her junior. Their quarrel required the intervention of King Henry VII and the royal council.

    Lady Jane Grey, Lady Catherine Grey and Lady Mary Grey were her great-granddaughters. All three were in the Line of Succession to the English throne. Jane, the eldest, reigned as queen for nine days in July 1553.

    Bonville inheritance

    Arms of Bonville: Sable, six mullets argent pierced gules [1]
    Cecily Bonville was born on or about 30 June 1460[2] at Shute Manor in Shute near Axminster, Devon, England. She was the only child and heiress of William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington of Aldingham and Lady Katherine Neville, a younger sister of military commander Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick known to history as "Warwick the Kingmaker". Her family had acquired the barony of Harington through the marriage of her paternal grandfather, William Bonville, to Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of William Harington, 5th Baron Harington of Aldingham.[3]

    When Cecily was just six months old, both her father, Lord Harington, and grandfather, William Bonville, were executed following the disastrous Battle of Wakefield on 30 December 1460. The Bonvilles, having fought with the Yorkist contingent, were shown no mercy from the victorious troops of the Queen of England, Margaret of Anjou (wife of King Henry VI), who headed the Lancastrian faction, and were thus swiftly decapitated on the battlefield. Cecily's maternal grandfather, Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury was also executed after the battle which had been commanded on the Lancastrian side by Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset, while Richard, 3rd Duke of York, had led the Yorkists and was consequently slain in the fighting. Queen Margaret was in Scotland at the time raising support for her cause, so had not been present at Wakefield.[4] The deaths of her father and grandfather made Cecily heir apparent to her great-grandfather, William Bonville, 1st Baron Bonville, thus being one of few female heirs apparent in English history.

    In less than two months, the Yorkists suffered another major defeat at the Second Battle of St Albans on 17 February 1461, and the Lancastrian army's commander Margaret of Anjou, in an act of vengeance, personally ordered the execution of Cecily's great-grandfather, Baron Bonville the next day.[5] These executions left Cecily Bonville, the wealthiest heiress in England,[6][7] having inherited numerous estates in the West Country,[8] as well as manors in Lancashire, Lincolnshire, Yorkshire, and Cumberland.[9] She succeeded to the title of suo jure 7th Baroness Harington of Aldingham, on 30 December 1460,[10] and the suo jure title of 2nd Baroness Bonville, on 18 February 1461.[11]

    Stepfather

    Her mother remarried shortly before 6 February 1462. Cecily's stepfather was William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings, one of the most powerful men in England, serving as Lord Chamberlain and a personal advisor to her first cousin once removed,[n 1] King Edward IV, who by that time sat upon the English throne, having been proclaimed king in London on 4 March 1461. Edward had strengthened his claim with the resounding Yorkist victory on 29 March at the Battle of Towton where he as overall commander of the Yorkist army had overwhelmingly defeated the Lancastrians who suffered heavy losses including the deaths of two of their commanders Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland and Sir Andrew Trollope.[12]

    In addition to her own dowry, Katherine brought the wardship of Cecily to her new husband.[13]

    By her mother's marriage to Lord Hastings, Cecily would acquire three surviving half-brothers, Edward Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings (26 November 1466 – 8 November 1506), who married Mary Hungerford, Baroness Botreaux, by whom he had issue, Richard Hastings (born 1468), William Hastings who married Jane Sheffield; and a half-sister, Anne Hastings who married George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, by whom she had issue.

    First marriage

    Cecily was considered as a possible marriage candidate for William, the eldest son and heir of the Earl of Pembroke, who approached her influential uncle, the Earl of Warwick with his proposal in about 1468. Warwick turned his offer down as he considered the Earl's son to have been lacking in sufficient noble birth and prestige to marry a member of his family. About six years later, another spouse was found for Cecily; however, Warwick, who by then was dead (he was slain at the Battle of Barnet in 1471 by the forces of King Edward having two years earlier switched his loyalties to the Lancastrians), had had nothing to do with the bridegroom that was chosen for her.[14]

    She married Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset on 18 July 1474, about two and a half weeks after her fourteenth birthday. He was the eldest son of King Edward's queen consort, Elizabeth Woodville by her first husband, Sir John Grey of Groby, a Lancastrian knight who had been killed in combat at the Second Battle of St. Albans, the site of Cecily's great-grandfather's execution. It was Thomas's second marriage. His first wife, whom he had married in October 1466, was Anne Holland, the only daughter and heiress of Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter and Anne of York. Anne had died childless sometime between 26 August 1467 and 6 June 1474.[15] Cecily's marriage had been proposed and arranged by Queen Elizabeth Woodville, who, with assistance from King Edward, persuaded Cecily's stepfather and legal guardian Baron Hastings to agree to the marriage, despite the latter's dislike of Thomas and her mother Lady Hastings's opposition to the match.[16][17] The Queen had that same year bought Cecily's wardship from Hastings to facilitate the marriage.[18] The marriage accord stipulated that were Thomas to die prior to the consummation of the marriage, Cecily would then marry his younger brother Sir Richard Grey.[19][n 2] This accord was confirmed by an Act of Parliament.[19] The marriage had cost Elizabeth Woodville the sum of ¹2,500. She in turn, held on to Cecily's inheritance until the latter turned 16 years old.[20] Cecily Bonville and Thomas Grey shared a common ancestor in the person of Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn, who married twice; firstly to Margaret de Ros, and secondly to Joan de Astley. At the time of Cecily's marriage to Thomas, the latter held the title of Earl of Huntingdon; he resigned this peerage a year later in 1475, when he was created Marquess of Dorset. Being that women were not permitted to sit in Parliament, Thomas sat in Cecily's place as Baron Harington and Bonville.

    Cecily's husband, a notorious womaniser, shared the same mistress, Jane Shore with his stepfather King Edward.[17][21] When the King died in April 1483, Jane then became the mistress of Cecily's stepfather Baron Hastings.[22] This new situation only deepened the sour relations between Hastings and Thomas.[17] Together with his mother Thomas attempted to seize power immediately following the King's death as the new king Edward V was a minor of 12. Thomas had stolen part of the royal treasure from the Tower of London, dividing it between his mother and uncle Sir Edward Woodville who used his portion to equip a fleet of ships at Thomas's instigation; ostensibly to patrol the English coasts against French pirates but in fact it was a Woodville fleet to be used against their enemies within England.[23] Jane Shore was instrumental in Hastings' defection from the side of King Edward's youngest brother, Richard, Duke of Gloucester who had been made Lord Protector of the realm by the will of Edward IV. In this position of authority Richard had gathered a force of friends, local gentry and retainers, headed south in an armed cavalcade from his Yorkshire stronghold of Middleham Castle to take into protective custody and separate the young king from the Woodvilles, putting a prompt end to their ambitions and long dominion at court. Jane persuaded Hastings to join the Woodville family in a conspiracy aimed at removing the Lord Protector, and when Richard was apprised of Hastings' treachery, he ordered his immediate execution on 13 June 1483 at the Tower of London. Hastings was not attainted, however, and Cecily's mother was placed under Richard's protection.[24]

    Thomas's maternal uncle Anthony Woodville, Earl Rivers, and his younger full brother Richard Grey were both executed on 25 June 1483 by the orders of the former Lord Protector King Richard III, who had three days earlier claimed the crown of England for himself. Richard's claim was supported by an Act of Parliament known as Titulus Regius which declared Thomas's half-brother the uncrowned King Edward V and his siblings illegitimate. Although Thomas and Cecily attended Richard's coronation, later that year, Thomas joined the rebellion of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham against the king. When this revolt failed and Buckingham subsequently executed, he left Cecily behind in England and escaped to Brittany where he became an adherent of Henry Tudor, who would ascend the English throne as Henry VII following his success at the Battle of Bosworth on 22 August 1485. During the time Thomas remained abroad in the service of Henry Tudor, King Richard ensured that Cecily and the other rebels' wives were not molested nor their personal property rights tampered with.[25] King Richard would be slain at Bosworth by the Lancastrian forces of Henry ushering in the Tudor dynasty. Thomas however had played no part in Henry Tudor's invasion of England or the subsequent battle having been confined in Paris as security for the repayment of a French loan to Henry. In 1484 Thomas had switched his allegiance back to King Richard after learning his mother had come to terms with him. He had been on his way home to England to make his peace with Richard when he was intercepted at Compiáegne by Henry Tudor's emissaries and compelled to remain in France.[26]

    Notwithstanding her Yorkist family background and her husband's desertion of the Tudor cause in support of King Richard, she and Thomas (since returned to England) were both guests at King Henry VII's's coronation; the following month, the new king lifted the attainder which had been placed on Thomas in January 1484 by Richard III for his participation in the Duke of Buckingham's unsuccessful rebellion.[27] The Dorsets also attended the wedding of Henry and Elizabeth of York in January 1486. Elizabeth was Thomas' eldest uterine half-sister by his mother's second marriage to King Edward. When she was crowned Queen consort in November 1487, Cecily and Thomas were present inside Westminster Abbey to witness the ceremony. Cecily had been honoured the preceding year on the occasion of Prince Arthur's baptism when she was chosen to carry the boy's train while her mother-in-law, the dowager queen, stood as the Prince's sponsor. The ceremony had taken place at Winchester Cathedral.[28]

    Thomas and Cecily together had a total of fourteen children, eleven of whom survived to adulthood. Her eldest son, Thomas's birth was noted in a letter from John Paston II to John Paston III in June 1477: Tydyngys, butt that yisterdaye my lady Marqueys off Dorset whyche is my Lady Hastyngys dowtre, hadd chylde a sone.[29]

    Issue

    Lady Jane Grey
    was the great-granddaughter of Cecily Bonville and her first husband Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset
    Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset (22 June 1477 – 22 June 1530), married Margaret Wotton, by whom he had issue, including Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk who in his turn married Lady Frances Brandon, the daughter of Mary Tudor, Queen of France. Henry Grey and Frances Brandon were the parents of Lady Jane Grey, Lady Catherine Grey, and Lady Mary Grey.
    Leonard Grey, 1st Viscount Grane (c.1478 – 28 July 1541) Lord Deputy of Ireland, married Eleanor Sutton. He was attainted and executed at the Tower of London for High Treason by the orders of King Henry VIII.
    Lady Dorothy Anne Grey (1480–1552), married firstly Robert Willoughby, 2nd Baron Willoughby de Broke, by whom she had issue, and secondly, William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy, by whom she had issue.
    Lady Mary Grey (1491 – 22 February 1538), married 15 December 1503 Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford, by whom she had three sons, including Sir Richard Devereaux, who was the grandfather of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, and Penelope Devereux.
    Lady Elizabeth Grey (c.1497 – after 1548), Maid of Honour to Mary Tudor, Queen of France and the latter's successor, Queen Claude of France; married in about 1522 Gerald FitzGerald, 9th Earl of Kildare, by whom she had issue, including Lady Elizabeth FitzGerald, also known as "The Fair Geraldine", and Gerald FitzGerald, 11th Earl of Kildare.
    Lady Cecily Grey (died 1554), married John Sutton, 3rd Baron Dudley, by whom she had issue.
    Lord Edward Grey, married Anne Jerningham.
    Lady Eleanor Grey, married John Arundell (1474–1545), by whom she had issue.
    Lady Margaret Grey, married Richard Wake, Esq.
    Lord Anthony Grey, died young.
    Lady Bridget Grey, died young.
    Lord George Grey, entered clerical orders; nothing further is known about him.
    Lord Richard Grey, married Florence Pudney.
    Lord John Grey, died young.
    Later years[edit]

    The "Dorset Aisle"

    The Church of Ottery St Mary, where Cecily added a splendid fan vaulted aisle known as the "Dorset Aisle"
    On an unknown date sometime in the 1490s, Cecily added a magnificent fan vaulted aisle, which she had personally designed, to the Church of Ottery St Mary in Devon. This north aisle is therefore known as the "Dorset Aisle". As Cecily had been present at the inauguration of the St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle in 1476, she was inspired by its construction to later design the north aisle at Ottery St Mary in a similar style.[30] Her coat-of-arms, a figure of St. Cecilia, and carved heraldic devices and badges are displayed throughout the aisle representing her own lineage as well as that of her two spouses. She had also made several additions to other churches that were situated within the realm of her vast West Country holdings; however, none were executed as splendidly, and with such meticulous attention to detail as the Dorset Aisle.

    Upon the death of Thomas Grey in September 1501, Cecily's eldest son Thomas inherited his title and some of his estates, however Cecily kept the greater portion of his lands and properties. Cecily was also named as one of her mother's executors in the latter's will, which was written shortly before her death in 1504.[31]

    Dispute with her son

    She married a second time in 1503 on her Feast Day of 22 November, Henry Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire; however, this marriage did not produce any children. As the marriage had required a papal dispensation and the King's licence, Stafford paid Henry VII the sum of ¹2,000 for the necessary permission to marry Cecily, who at 43 years old was 19 years older than her spouse. Her son Thomas, the 2nd Marquess of Dorset vehemently disapproved of the match, as it is alleged he feared she would use her inheritance to "endow her new husband at his own expense".[32] His fears did have some foundation as Cecily gave Stafford a life estate in holdings valued at ¹1,000 per year and even vowed to leave him the remainder of her capital should Thomas happen to predecease her.[33] This provoked Thomas to challenge Cecily's right to continue as his father's sole executor, resulting in an acrimonious dispute that necessitated the intervention of King Henry VII and his council to stop it from escalating even further.[34] The settlement the King decreed allowed Cecily to manage her late husband's estate until she had paid off his debts, but prevented her from claiming her dowry until she had transferred the remainder of her son's inheritance to him.[34] King Henry's arbitrary decision also severely limited her control over her own inheritance: she was required to bequeath all of it to Thomas upon her death; until then, Cecily was permitted to grant lands worth up to 1,000 marks per annum for a certain number of years.[34] Historian Barbara Jean Harris stated that the Crown's oppressive decree greatly restricted Cecily's personal rights as an heiress in favour of those of her eldest son and the tradition of primogeniture.[34] Nearly two decades later, she and her son quarrelled again; on this occasion it was about their mutual duties towards Thomas's seven surviving siblings. Cardinal Thomas Wolsey arbitrated on behalf of King Henry VIII and ordered both Cecily and Thomas to contribute to the dowries of her four living daughters: the ladies Dorothy, Mary, Elizabeth, and Cecily. She was also forced to create individual annuities drawn from her own funds for her three younger sons.[35] In 1527 she gave her daughter Elizabeth an additional dowry of ¹1000 although her marriage to the Earl of Kildare had gone against the wishes of both Cecily and her first husband. She added the following explanation for the gift of money despite having had earlier misgivings: "Forasmuch as the said marriage is honourable and I and all her friends have cause to be content with the same".[36] Cecily is recorded as having made her last will on 6 March 1528,[37] signing her name as Cecill Marquess of Dorset, Lady Haryngton and Bonvyll, late wife of Thomas Marquess of Dorset.[38]

    Death and legacy

    Presumed, partially damaged effigy of Cecily Bonville on her tomb in the Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Astley, Warwickshire

    Cecily died during an outbreak of the sweating sickness on 12 May 1529 at Shacklewell, in Hackney, although she is buried in the Collegiate Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Astley, Warwickshire, where her effigy (which has been damaged), can be seen alongside those of Sir Edward Grey and Elizabeth Talbot. Cecily is on the far left of the group wearing a pedimental head-dress, a high-cut kirtle, cote-hardie, and mantle, at the corners of which are two small dogs. She was not quite sixty-nine years old at the time of her death. Her second husband had died six years earlier, deeply in debt; these debts, Cecily had been legally obliged to repay.[39] In her will, Cecily had expressed her wish to be buried with her first husband, and had made the necessary provisions for the construction of a "goodly tomb".[40] She also requested for a thousand masses to be said for her soul "in as convenient haste as may be".[41]

    Cecily Bonville had many notable descendants, including Lady Jane Grey, Lady Catherine Grey, Elizabeth FitzGerald, Countess of Lincoln, Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, Elizabeth Vernon, Frances Howard, Countess of Somerset, Sir Winston Churchill, as well as those who are living today which include Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Sarah, Duchess of York.

    One of Cecily Bonville's West Country estates, Sock Denny Manor in Somerset was farmed for ¹22 in 1527-28, and again, ten years after her death, in 1539-40, .[42]

    In February 1537, her daughter Cecily Sutton wrote to Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, complaining of the poverty in which she and her husband were forced to live.[43] There is also an extant letter which Cecily Bonville herself had written to Cromwell.

    *

    Buried:
    Collegiate Church of St. Mary the Virgin

    Notes:

    Married:
    by whom she had fourteen children

    Children:
    1. Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset was born 22 Jun 1477, (Groby, Leicestershire, England); died 22 Jun 1530.
    2. 83. Dorothy Grey was born 0___ 1480, (Groby, Leicestershire, England); died Aft 4 Apr 1552, Groby, Leicestershire, England.
    3. 89. Mary Grey was born 0___ 1491, (Groby, Leicestershire, England); died 22 Feb 1538.

  15. 172.  Thomas Cotton was born Landwade, Cambridgeshire, England.

    Thomas — Jane Sharp. [Group Sheet]


  16. 173.  Jane Sharp (daughter of Richard Sharp and unnamed spouse).
    Children:
    1. 86. William Cotton, Esquire was born ~ 1479, Landwade, Cambridgeshire, England.

  17. 174.  Richard Culpeper, Knight was born ~ 1430, Oxen Hoath, Kent, England (son of William Culpepper and Elizabeth de Ferrers); died 4 Oct 1484.

    Other Events:

    • Occupation: SHeriff of Kent

    Richard — Isabel Worsley. Isabel was born ~ 1460, Southwark, Surrey, England. [Group Sheet]


  18. 175.  Isabel Worsley was born ~ 1460, Southwark, Surrey, England.
    Children:
    1. 87. Margaret Culpeper was born 0___ 1481, Oxen Hoath, Kent, England; died ~ 1530.

  19. 176.  John Devereux, 8th Baron Ferrers of Chartley was born 0___ 1463, Chartley, Staffordshire, England (son of Walter Devereux, KG, 7th Baron Ferrers of Chartley and Anne de Ferrers, 7th Baroness Ferrers of Chartley); died 3 May 1501.

    Notes:

    John Devereux, 8th Baron Ferrers of Chartley (1463 – 3 May 1501) was an English peer.

    Family

    He was the eldest son and heir of Anne Ferrers, 7th Baroness Ferrers of Chartley by her husband and consort Walter Devereux, Lord Ferrers of Chartley.[1]

    His mother died of natural causes on 9 January 1468/9, but his father remained the jure uxoris Baron for the remainder of his life.[1] John Devereux served as Justice of the Peace with his father in 1483 and 1484.,[2] and on 1 August 1483 they were assigned to assess and appoint collectors of the subsidies granted by Parliament from aliens in Herefordshire.[3] His father died in the Battle of Bosworth Field (22 August 1485)[1] fighting for Richard III of England under John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk. Richard III was killed in the battle and his opponent succeeded him as Henry VII of England causing the Devereux lands to be forfeited.

    On 4 March 1485/6 John Devereux was granted special livery, without proof of age, of his mother's lands.[1] He was summoned to Parliament on 1 September 1487 for the first time.[1] At his second Parliament on 13 January 1488/9 his petition for reversal of his father's attainder and forfeiture was granted,[1][4] and he was thereby able to inherit his father's lands. He would remain loyal to Henry VII for the rest of his life.

    Marriage

    He was first married to Cecily Bourchier. She was a daughter of William Bourchier, Viscount Bourchier and Anne Woodville.[1] William Bourchier was a son of Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex and Isabel of Cambridge. Anne Woodville was a daughter of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg.

    The Baron and his first wife would have two children:

    Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford (1488 – 17 September 1558).[1][5]
    Ann Devereux (born c. 1490). Married first Henry Clifford and secondly David Owen. She was mother of Walter Clifford, Nicholas Clifford, Joan Clifford, Dorothea Clifford, Lettice Clifford, Henry Owen, John Owen and Elizabeth Owen.[5]
    His first wife died in 1493.[1] He married secondly to Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Langham,[5] and possibly had two sons.

    *

    John — Cecily Bourchier. Cecily (daughter of William Bourchier, Viscount Bourchier and Anne Woodville, Viscountess Bourchier) was born (England); died 0___ 1493. [Group Sheet]


  20. 177.  Cecily Bourchier was born (England) (daughter of William Bourchier, Viscount Bourchier and Anne Woodville, Viscountess Bourchier); died 0___ 1493.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Cicely

    Children:
    1. 88. Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford was born 0___ 1488, Chartley, Staffordshire, England; died 17 Sep 1558, Chartley, Staffordshire, England; was buried Stowe Church, Chartley, Staffordshire, England.

  21. 180.  Edward Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings was born 26 Nov 1466, Kirby Muxloe Castle, Leicestershire, England (son of William Hastings, Knight, 1st Baron Hastings and Katherine Neville, 2nd Baroness Hastings); died 8 Nov 1506.

    Other Events:

    • Will: 4 Nov 1506

    Notes:

    Edward Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings, KB (26 November 1466 – 8 November 1506) was an English peer.

    Origins

    Edward Hastings was born in Kirby Muxloe Castle, Leicestershire[citation needed] to Sir William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings and Katherine Neville, the daughter of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, and Alice Montagu, the daughter of Thomas Montagu, 4th Earl of Salisbury. At the time of the marriage Katherine Neville was the widow of William Bonville, 6th Baron Harington (1442-1460), beheaded after the Battle of Wakefield, by whom she had a daughter, Cecily.[1] Edward Hastings had three brothers, Sir William, Sir Richard, and George, and two sisters, Anne, who married George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, and Elizabeth.[2] His brothers William and Richard were alive at the time he made his will on 4 November 1506.[3]

    Career

    Edward Hastings was invested as a Knight of the Bath in 1475.[1]

    He was High Steward of the Honour of Leicester in 1485. He was Constable of Leicester Castle 1485. He was High Forester of Southwood in 1488' He was appointed a Privy Councillor in 1504.[4]

    Marriage and Family

    Between 1478 and 1480 he married Mary Hungerford (born c. 1468 – died before 10 July 1533), daughter of Sir Thomas Hungerford of Rowden and Anne Percy, daughter of Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, and Eleanor Neville.[5] Edward Hastings and Mary Hungerford had two sons and a daughter:[6]

    George Hastings, 1st Earl of Huntingdon (1486/7 – 24 March 1544), who married Anne Stafford, widow of Sir Walter Herbert, and daughter of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, and Katherine Wydeville[7]
    William Hastings, who may have predeceased his father, as he is not mentioned in his will[8]
    Anne Hastings (1485 – buried 17 November 1550), who married Thomas Stanley, 2nd Earl of Derby[9]
    While he was still only a youth 16 years of age, his father William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings, incurred the enmity of Richard, Duke of Gloucester, and on 13 June 1483 was arrested at a council meeting on Richard's orders, and beheaded without trial,[10] an event dramatized in Shakespeare's Richard III.

    Edward Hastings died, aged 39, on 8 November 1506, and is said to have been buried at the Blackfriars, London.[11] On 1 May 1509 his widow married Sir Richard Sacheverell (d. 14 April 1534), but had no issue by him. She died before 10 July 1533, and was buried at Leicester.[12]

    Birth:
    Kirby Muxloe Castle, known also as Kirby Castle is an unfinished 15th century fortified manor house in Kirby Muxloe, Leicestershire, England (grid reference SK524046).

    View photo, map & history ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kirby_Muxloe_Castle

    Edward married Mary Hungerford, 4th Baroness Hungerford 1478-1480. [Group Sheet]


  22. 181.  Mary Hungerford, 4th Baroness Hungerford (daughter of Thomas Hungerford and Anne Percy).

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Baroness Botreaux

    Children:
    1. 90. George Hastings, Knight, 1st Earl of Huntingdon was born 0___ 1488, Ashby-de-La-Zouch, Leicestershire, England; died 24 Mar 1544.

  23. 182.  Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham was born 4 Sep 1455, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales (son of Humphrey Stafford, Earl of Stafford and Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Stafford); died 2 Nov 1483, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.

    Notes:

    Died:
    ...was executed for treason...

    Henry — Katherine Woodville, Duchess of Buckingham. Katherine (daughter of Richard Woodville, Knight, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg, Countess Rivers) was born ~ 1458, (Maidstone, Kent, England); died 18 May 1497. [Group Sheet]


  24. 183.  Katherine Woodville, Duchess of Buckingham was born ~ 1458, (Maidstone, Kent, England) (daughter of Richard Woodville, Knight, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg, Countess Rivers); died 18 May 1497.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Catherine
    • Also Known As: Duchess Bedford

    Notes:

    Catherine Woodville (or Wydeville; c. 1458[1] – 18 May 1497[2]) was an English medieval noblewoman. She was the sister-in-law of King Edward IV of England and gave birth to several illustrious children. Catherine was the daughter of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers, and Jacquetta of Luxembourg. When her sister Elizabeth married King Edward IV, the King elevated and promoted many members of the Woodville family. Elizabeth Woodville's household records for 1466/67 indicate that Catherine was being raised in the queen's household.

    Sometime before the coronation of Elizabeth in May 1465, Catherine was married to Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham; both were still children. A contemporary description of Elizabeth Woodville's coronation relates that Catherine and her husband were carried on squires' shoulders due to their youth. According to Dominic Mancini, Buckingham resented his marriage to a woman of inferior birth. However, the couple had four children:

    Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham (3 February 1478 – 17 May 1521)
    Elizabeth Stafford, Countess of Sussex (ca. 1479 – 11 May 1532)
    Henry Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire (c. 1479 – 6 April 1523)
    Anne Stafford, Countess of Huntingdon (c. 1483–1544)
    In 1483, Buckingham first allied himself to the Richard, Duke of Gloucester, helping him succeed to the throne as Richard III, and then to Henry Tudor, leading an unsuccessful rebellion in his name. Buckingham was executed for treason on 2 November 1483.

    After Richard III was defeated by Henry Tudor at Bosworth in 1485, Catherine married the new king's uncle Jasper Tudor on 7 November 1485.

    After Jasper's death in 1495 - not later than 24 February 1496,[3] - Catherine married Richard Wingfield, who outlived her.

    Depiction in fiction

    Catherine is the main protagonist in Susan Higginbotham's 2010 historical novel The Stolen Crown. She is briefly mentioned in Philippa Gregory's historical novels The White Queen (2009), The Red Queen (2010), and The White Princess (2013).

    end of biography

    Catherine Woodville was born in 1458. She died on 18 May 1497. She married Henry Stafford, son of Humphrey Stafford and Margaret Beaufort (a different Margaret Beaufort than the mother of Henry VII). Henry Stafford was born on 04 Sep 1455. He was executed for treason by Richard III on 02 Nov 1483.

    Catherine Woodville and Henry Stafford had four children, two sons and two daughters.

    Catherine Woodville then married Jasper Tudor, son of Owen Tudor and Catherine of Valois (and half-brother to Henry VI).

    She then married Richard Wingfield, son of John Wingfield and Elizabeth FitzLewis. He died on 22 Jul 1525.

    end of biography

    Children:
    1. 91. Anne Stafford, Countess of Huntingdon was born ~ 1483; died 0___ 1544; was buried Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire, England.

  25. 184.  Robert Knollys (son of Richard Knollys and Margaret D'Oyley).

    Robert — Elizabeth Troutbeck. Elizabeth (daughter of John Troutbeck and Margaret Hulse) was born ~ 1452. [Group Sheet]


  26. 185.  Elizabeth Troutbeck was born ~ 1452 (daughter of John Troutbeck and Margaret Hulse).
    Children:
    1. 92. Robert Knollys died 0___ 1521.

  27. 186.  Thomas Penystone, Knight was born ~ 1446, Hawridge, Buckinghamshire, England (son of Richard Penystone and Margaret Harris); died 0___ 1506, Buckinghamshire, England.

    Other Events:

    • Also Known As: Thomas Peniston

    Notes:

    About Sir Thomas Peniston

    The Peniston line, for the most part, follows the research of William Henry Corbusier, Colonel, United States Army, retired honorary member of the Bermuda Historical Society, etc. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~bmuwgw/penistongen2.htm

    In the records the name is also spelled Penygeston, Peningstone, Penison, Pennystone, Penystone, Penistone and Penn is ton. Penn (Welsh) signifies a head or promontory of land, ton or tun (Gaelic) an enclosure or estate. The early Penistons were Britons and the name was of repute in the year 959.

    Sir Thomas Peniston (Pennystone), son of 25.i., 5 E IV, 1466. Lord of Hawridge (Hawrudge) and Marshall Co. Bucks Esq., Married Alice daughter of Richard Bulstrode: Sable a Stage head cabussed A. attired or. a cross pattee ficchee between the antlers and an arrow untinctured in its mouth fessways.

    Issue:

    i. Thomas of Deane, 30;

    ii. Jane, 31, married to John Hastings of Delford. Co. Oxon Esq; iii. Lettice or Leticia, 32. married firstly to Robert Knowles, armiger of Nether Winchedon, Co. Bucks Esq., (Rotherfield,

    Grays Oxford ..., a widow in 1521 she was married secondly to Sir Robert Lee, knt., of Burston (Quarrendon) Co. Bucks 1529, whose will was made October 8, 1537. proved May 10th 1539 died Feb. 23,1538/39. She was his second wife. Her will was made June 28, 1557. proved June 11, 1558. (The Heradl and Genealogist, London, 1874. pg. 292).

    *

    Thomas — Alice Bulstrode. [Group Sheet]


  28. 187.  Alice Bulstrode (daughter of Richard Bulstrode and Alice Knyffe).

    Other Events:

    • Will: 28 Jun 1557
    • Probate: 11 Jun 1558

    Children:
    1. 93. Lettice Penystone was born ~ 1485, Hawridge, Buckinghamshire, England; died 11 Jun 1557, Rothwell, Essex, England.

  29. 188.  Thomas Carey was born 0___ 1465, Clovelly, Devon, England (son of William Cary, Knight and Alice Fulford); died Bef 1548, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England.

    Thomas married Margaret Spencer ~ 1492. Margaret (daughter of Robert Spencer and Eleanor Beaufort, Countess of Ormonde) was born ~ 1471, Spencer Combe, Devon, England; died 0___ 1536. [Group Sheet]


  30. 189.  Margaret Spencer was born ~ 1471, Spencer Combe, Devon, England (daughter of Robert Spencer and Eleanor Beaufort, Countess of Ormonde); died 0___ 1536.

    Other Events:

    • Baptism: Spencer Combe, Devon, England
    • Also Known As: Eleanor Spencer

    Notes:

    Margaret (or Eleanor) Spencer (1472–1536) was the daughter of Sir Robert Spencer, of Spencer Combe in the parish of Crediton, Devon,[1] by his wife Lady Eleanor Beaufort, the daughter of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset and Lady Eleanor Beauchamp.

    Marriage and issue

    In 1490 she married Sir Thomas Carey, of Chilton Foliat, in Wiltshire, second son of Sir William Cary (1437-1471) of Cockington, Devon, by his second wife Alice (or Anna) Fulford,[2] a daughter of Sir Baldwin Fulford (d.1476) of Great Fulford, Devon.[3] They had eight children:

    Sir John Carey, of Plashey (1491–1552), married Joyce Denny (1495–1559). She was the daughter of Sir Edmund Denny, of Cheshunt by his second wife, Mary Troutbeck.
    Anne Carey (1493–1550)
    William Carey (1500–1528), Gentleman of the Privy Chamber and Esquire of the Body to King Henry VIII of England, married Mary Boleyn. It is thought that shortly after the marriage, Henry VIII began an affair with Mary, and around this time she gave birth to two children whose parentage is questioned by historians, Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon and Catherine Carey. If they were Margaret's biological grandchildren, then her descendants include Charles Darwin, Winston Churchill, Elizabeth II and Diana, Princess of Wales.
    Margaret Carey (1496–1560)
    Eleanor Carey (died after 1528). She was a nun at Wilton Abbey.
    Daughter Carey. She was a nun at Wilton Abbey.
    Edward Carey (1498–1560)
    Mary Carey (1501–1560), married John Delaval, Sheriff of Northumberland (1493–1562).

    *

    Children:
    1. John Carey, Knight was born ~ 1495, Pleshey, Essex, England; died 8 Sep 1552, Hunsdon, Hertfordshire, England; was buried 9 Sep 1552, Hunsdon, Hertfordshire, England.
    2. 94. William Carey was born ~ 1500, Aldenham, Hertfordshire, England; died 22 Jun 1528.

  31. 190.  Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of WiltshireThomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire was born 0___ 1477, Bickling, Norfolk, England (son of William Boleyn and Margaret Butler); died 12 Mar 1539, Hever, Kent, England.

    Notes:

    was an English diplomat and politician in the Tudor era. He was born at the family home, Hever Castle, Kent, which had been purchased by his grandfather Geoffrey Boleyn, who was a wealthy mercer.

    He was buried at St. Peter's parish church in the village of Hever. His parents were Sir William Boleyn (1451 - 10 October 1505) and Lady Margaret Butler (1454-1539).

    He was the father of Anne Boleyn, the second wife of Henry VIII of England. As such, he was the maternal grandfather of Queen Elizabeth I.

    Thomas married Elizabeth Howard, Countess of Wiltshire Abt 1500, Bickling, Norfolk, England. Elizabeth (daughter of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey) was born Abt 1486, Norwich, Norfolk, England; died 3 Apr 1537. [Group Sheet]


  32. 191.  Elizabeth Howard, Countess of Wiltshire was born Abt 1486, Norwich, Norfolk, England (daughter of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk and Elizabeth Tilney, Countess of Surrey); died 3 Apr 1537.
    Children:
    1. 95. Mary Boleyn was born 1499-1500, Blickling Hall, Norfolk, England; died 19 Jul 1543.
    2. Anne Boleyn, Queen of England was born 0___ 1501, Blickling Hall, Blickling, Norfolk, England; died 19 May 1536, Tower Hill, London, England.